Newspaper of The New York Herald, 5 Mart 1862, Page 5

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated 5 Mart 1862 Page 5
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tf payment up to April neat, and /or tehfcft ? wilbb* neeetfry to noJkc provtrivn in the general army estimatee for Ikt ytar. I mration this, at the turns may net be memeidmmUe. I therefore wish to guard again* the Inference which the remarks or my honorable friend might suggest, that the entire coet of the reinforcement* would be covered by this supplementary eatimete. I will state as brietly aa 1 can to the Oo mm it tee the principal item* of which the vote cousins. I will preface iny explanations by re. Marking that the number of men was in excess of the rote during the earlier mouth* of the year, and there;ore it became necetaury for the department to tuku steps for reducing it, in ordor that the number should bo abort of the rote In the latter part of the yoar, and in that manner that a balance might bo established. Accordingly, the recruiting ol' men waa stopped in the Hammer, and the number wuh allowed to fall below the establishment. But when the alarm of a rupture with the United States arose the g>*urnment thought a right to rrcomOi nee recruiting in O'derti increase the battalions in Worth Ame iea by two hundred rank and pie each,.was be bring them up to their fullstressgth. Uowuvor, as so u as we received intelligence inai tne government or tho united states had determined to give up the four men, the suspension of the recruiting was resumed, only 1,3U3 nieu having been enlisted in the mean lime. 1 think that the con1 se taken by the government must eaiiB'y the House that thoy ha.l not contemplated any war; that tficy dirt not lotlow any warlike policy, and that ?M which they felt obliged to make in conseej?<.?'.? of unexpected inlcltifence were not con/inwd after it le arns known that there was no danger of hostilities (Hear, b ar.) The whole or the extraordinary sums now asked uro owing to provisions mado for un emergency. There is a considerable charge for a medical stall'. When it seemed likely that tho militia in Canada would bo called upon 10 niako great exor'lions in assisting to defend that colony wo thought it right to send out truinod olUccrs, and also u medical ttalT, who would bo ready for Immediate service. From all we hail heard, there was a confident anticipation iliat the North American provinces would exert themselves to the utmost for their own defence, end ill order to meol the assistance which they wcro to receive from the . mother country, (hear, hear.) In reforence to sorao remarks whh h wore made this evening, 1 would say that tho reinforcements sout out were strictly <f a elefmiiee ehaiarter. If It so happened that England nud no colonics beyond lite Atlantic, undoubtedly she would not hnvo moved a single soldier. Tho roinforcomcnts Boot out were for tho defence of our own colon! s, and not for ail nggossivu purpose. In tho position In which Cans !u and the other provi ces stand withrcspict to us, we manage their foreign relations. Any od'ance given to us naturally alloc U them; and wo should bo Justly obnoxious to tho clisrgo of pusillanimity and of being unmindful of the interests oouflde I to our chargo If, when tlie people of Canada wero threatcnod with nves on in consequence of an insult to our Hag, wo had shown any rotuissiicss in giving them that assistance which undoubtedly was their right, inasmuch as the quarrel was not theirs, but ours, and Canada was only Incidentally involved in it. 1 quite agree with the opinion given this evening, that the insult ollercd to oar flag was on unhappy uccideut, but as regards tho ofF.cor hiiiis Jl it was premeditated. He himself informal hit countrymen that he mael- the teiiure in conse/Uence of his Studies of inletna/iemeU law. (Laughter.) Therefore it was a deliberate insult so far as he was concerned, but us regards the government it was unintentional ami acci dental. Every one must havo soon from tho first limit was utterly impossible tbat any instructions could bavo bean sent to Gnptuin Wilkes. Ho never protend d that ho ha I any, and Mr. Seward gavo tho most positive assurance to tills government, through Mr. Adams, that . tho act was eutiroly without tlio authority or the American "fiovonmcnt. (Hear, hear.) Hut, though so far tin accident, still, on the pan of an officer of tho United States government it was a deliberate a IT ont to ot;r flag. In consuiiticncv of that affront our North Amoricau provinces were entitled to our assistance?(hear, bear)? and 1 think we should h ive shown an utter absence of all sense of honor and high reeling if, having drawn 'the people of Canada and New lirunswick into our quarrel, wo had left them to cxtrira'o themselves from it aa best th?y might. (Hear, hear.) I think we wore not only juslilled in set.ding these reinforcements, but tbat every obligation of national honor made it necessary to send soldiers to tho frontier. (Hear, hear.) 'lite government took this step in tho most efficacious manner tbat seemed possible, but certainly under a sense of great difficulty in consequence of the short notice and of the absence on our part of any idea of a rupture with tho United States, because I can give the House tho most positive assurance that tho news of this seiztiro came quite unexpectedly on the government, and that wo had no expectation of any rupture with tho United States. (Hear.) Tho news came, too, at atirn ; when the communications hoi wen this ouutry ?u<l North Amo icaare most difficult, and the worn l or is very iuccmuit in Canada. However, as the House is awaro, thogo difficulties havo been overcome without tho loss of a single life, as far as we aro awaro of. The House will agree with mo that tho government had no option as to tho course which they wore called on to take. (Hear, hear.) Though I shall move the votes separately, It may be convenient that I should now explain a few or the moro important items. In vote number three there is a considerable charge for the purchase of horses. Se me cf those wet e for six batteries of royal artillery?ninety-four burses to each battery?making a sum of ?564. Only 180 were sonl out from England, so that the rest had to be provided tn Canada. Other horses were required for two battalions of tho Military Train, which were sent to facilitate the tiansport of tfcfi stores. The entire number of horses was 716, which, at an estimated cost of ?15 tack, give a gfou charge of ?25,000. Thore are then items for medicine and for expenses rendered necessary in consequence of the cold to which men travelling through Canada at this season of the year are exposed. There is an item which was incurrcdowing to the additional hands not on when the IrooDS wore ordered to embark, in or<l*r to Bond out a supply of muskets for the militia in Canada. One of the prlncl|>al items Is ?178.000 for the purchase of warm and extra clothing fur the troops in British North America. It was thought necessary to incur c insiders Mo expense to order to provide warm clothing Bor men who had to serve in that most inclement climate. Those honorable gentlemen who have boon in North Amorica.or who have road accounts of that climate, will be of opinion that the exjionso incurred for the purposo of providing warm clothing for the tnops, although not inconsiderable, was s necossary precaution for the health and comfort of the men. (Hear, hear.) The expense for each jrri vote soldier amount* In ?2 17*. 2d., but that itfludct a rt.mplet provi/ion of all that was re/uirot. There was one article that was not used by any of our regiments, and which was not in store in this conntry?the article of long boots. The Fixncli goreinmrnt haring been informed of our difficulty, undertook the sup/Ay nf 1,800 lot's, which tame over in forty-eight honrt from Parit?)clieers)? and at a toil for which they couUl scarcely hare b en obtained f om our contractors. (Hear,hear.) I am happy to mention this as a proof of the friendly action of the Preach government. (Hear, hear.) There has hern a large issue of provisions, amounting to ?198,900,but that Is so considerable a supply as to diminish the estimate that I shall have afterwords to lay ujon the tahle by about ?60,000. The stores purchased on this occasion will he useful to a groat extent, and, although this is nn extraordinary expenditure, yet the stores will be available to a great extent. One nt the principal items of warlike stores is for gunpowder Thr pun ha seof mltj-tre amounts to ?20,000, and wriosi other dortt of this kind amounts to ?170,000. ff the committer uri'h I will give them!ails?(ao)?bin I ninf briefly state that ample provision was ma le Tor every <-ontingericy, and tint tlio comfort, convenience and health of tha soldiers wor folly provided for. (Hear, hear.) Every arrangement was mode for conducting the war In an effective manner, If war had unfortunately broken?ut, and for making our troops an effective as possible. (Hear.) I believe, too, that no waste was incurred, and that great care was taken hy the efficient officers of tho War Department to observo economy, even when a groat pressure was put upon them to send out tho men as soon as possible. The right honorable gentleman concluded by moving a vote for ?11,7M for pay and allowances. aw MR. AMiKRI.ey's PPEECn. Mr. APTORuir said that the vote having arisen from expenses connected with the defence of our North American colonies, it would be well for the committee toknow what their pioptcti were to be/or the time to crime. It was quite truo that it would have been an act of pusillanimity not to send out troops for the defence of tnc colonists, as they had been drawn Into the dispute without having keen consulted; but tho quarrels that affected the empire affected all its dependencies, and ft was extraordinary if those who shared lit c lonlhs of all llie advantages wore spared all the burdens of the expenditure of the empire. He did not blame tho government for what had been dono, nor did ho sympathize in tho least with the honorable member for Birmingham, who, as the noble Tisoounthad said, stood absolutely alone in tliesenti. meats ho had expressed. (Hear.) Every other person in the House must give tho noble viscount credit for the promptitude, vigor and success with which lie luid averted war by sending succor to Canada. When, however, It was truly said that Canada was our weak point, he would ask why Canada was in to defenceless a stato as It undoubtedly wae at the commencement of the dispute. He agreed that it was a matter of good fortune that the noble viscount succeeded in averting war and in saving Canada. But he would ask the noble lord what would have Happened U England hud been engaged at that moment is defenain i her aim shores, and if the interest! of France Had not concurred ict'H ours, Out hail I em advene to our ownf Cana la would not hnve b en able or ready to hold her own, while England would hnve boon Booking In every quarter for assistance. This might bo good fortune, but It was not good statesmanship, snd he wished to ask whether wo were to trult to good luck for the defence of the colony, and to leave II the next tlmo in a stato so defenceless that unless England bad her hands free, and was able to send out troops, Canada must bo lost to this country. He by no Maane evntnAfhifrtll Willi tllfl nillllUtflB Pdi'Anllv nvnenuestil by Mr. Ooldwln Smith m to the value of our colonits. Socially, commercially, ami Imperially, they wore an abaolute necessity to an island country like this. Still, be did not anlerxtand why we should consider this quarrel as belonging to ourselves so exclusively (hat wo should undertake It, and deprive the rest of tho emplro of the natural privilege and ollbrt of freedom, or why, from somo Imperial pride and vanity, we should allow our colonies to remain In a helpless auto and prevent them from putting forth their own resources. The noble viscount had published the fact or the good fortune of tho colonies, and the vigor with which the Imperial govern ment had como to their aid, but he had also published to tho world that England was the only portion of tho British dominions that was active and ready to tight, and that all the rest of the British Empire was Cive and to be fought for. He trusted Ihst the right treble gentleman would tell tho House a litllo moro about tho Canadian mllllla, and whether the Canadians expected (o be taxed as Kngliabmen were taxing themselves st homo. (Hear, hear.) There were n>u> about 18.000 nritith trooja tn the North American PiovtHOM. and he preeumed they were tn be Icepl there for invent yean (or the purpose of entit ling the North A merican Colonies to form on army on the mime hut's. Wore the colonists going to pay anything, thou, towards the expenses of tbelr troops and stores? Would they pay for the medical stores sent out for their prospective militia? [Sir O. C. liOwis?"Medical ollicorg h.wo been sent out.''] There were Items In tho expenditure for hospital and other stores, and the colonists for whose benefit they were sent out might fairly he expected to contribute towards such expenses. He did not think by asking tlicm to take their fair share In he exponses of an empire like this wo sho dd he deprecating the value of the connexion. He bellovcd they enew exactly how to valuo in puumls, shillings aud pence kbe connoxion with this country; but he firmly believed NEW TORI thai thoy would put a greater and more permanent vafuo upon the natural relatione which should prevail. UK o. c. lbwib' kkplv. Sir 0. C. Lewis?The question which the right honorable gentleman has raised is not necessarily involved in the d.scuaskm uf this estimate, tch is to meet an extraordinary charge In consequence of reinforcements sent out under the special circumstances of this cane. (Hoar.) Now. It may have been very wrong that our prodecees?>rs had not adopted the policy which the right honorable gentleman recommends, and had not required that the colonies should make a la-go exjienditure for thuir own military and naval defence; but, inasmuch as that provision had not bo-ia made, her Majesty's go\eminent could deal with the circumstances only as they existed, and 1 think it mint be seen that if me did nut ten t out (Ait force the frontier of Brttiih \orth America would have remainadutolefend'-d. (Hear, hoar.) The right honorable gontleuian has taken a perfectly fair and proper course in calling aiteutiou to a very important principle of policy which Is Involved in the case before us. Now, during the Atnorican war, the l'urliameiit of tikis oouutry passed an act by which it declared that it was illegal to tax tne colonies. 1 am afraid that it would be very diOicult to pass un act declaring it illegal for the colouies to tux us. (Hear, hear.) Tho questi n virtually umouuts to a tax imposed on tho mother country for the bunellt of the colonies; but inasmuch as tho colonics are dependencies! us wo allow Lhem no option with rogard to our foreign relations, but make thein follow in our wake, make them share our fortune1, and involve them in our wars, it is not unnatural on tho part of the colonies to require that a very largo portion of the expense of tiiuir naval and military dotcncu should be defrayed by the mother country. It is an unquestionable fait that :h.s hius been th ; case with very slight uxcnp lions up to the present time, and it is a matter for the i onsidoratj: n of this House whether a change in this established policy should bo effected. There was a c< ininiltco appointed last session which wont into this subject very fully, and muclo an Interesting re; o. t. the honorable men.her for Taunton (Mr. A. Mils) has given notice of u mi tion founded on ti e report of that committoo, and it is his lntenti n to move a resolution shortly in which tho whole of that policy will be brought before the House. I think it would be belter to r.-sorvo ourselves until that motion is bef. ro us, rather ihiiu now go into u somewhat desultory discussion of llu.t large question, which is nut coulined t<> Canada, but cxU'm.s to tho colonies in general. (Hour, hoar.) As 1 am an iho case of Canada, 1 will point out circumstunccx which I think will not uun.iturally weigh with a Canadian. He too-It remember that (V fnmti-r line between Cana'Ut ami the UritUh oinces of North i.-a* >onie hears again a ntest, and it ,oas settled by negitiat ton, a/tut a: ud by a Plenipotentiary from this country. ,'J.any peple thoghl the tin: whi> k he obtained bdwcin the (Suited States a nt these province- was unfavorable to the provinces, and that he rave up righ's uihi h ha might have retainal. (Hour, heir.) Well, 1 inn net saving Unit the treaty was not for th -iutcroMs of tlio empire, bull thiuk it is not an unnatural thing that the Canadians should say,"If you txko tlio negotiating of our frontier out of our hands and bring the Americans c!o.-o ujiou our river, if you oven concede soino portions of our l rritory''?for I believe that was a fact.?"it is fair you should do something to help us when wo are threatened with a war on that account. -' (lioar, he ar.) I think wheu wo discuss those matters we ought to put ourselves In tha position of our colonists, who do net take tho sutno view as many gentlemen in this house are Inclined to take. (Hear.) With respect to the time during which tho 13,000 men will bu maintained in t'onada, 1 hope the honorable gontlomen will not expect me to give him or tlio House any pleugo with respect to it. 1 can only say that it is certainly no' in the contemplation of the gi rcmm.nt to maintain for any time 'ti'ce five years the increased force which was rejaind only by a temp nary exigency, and winch teas meant to tine' a peculiar occasUn. I do not coutemplnto the necessity of keeping the present amount of force for a long time in Canada, but how long it may be necessary to maintain it there is a matter upon which 1 am not new able to givo a very distinct pledge. With regard to the militia, it is certainly true Hint both in Canada and New Brunswick it has not been very clli-ctive, and thut th-re has been a neglect in calling them out aid training them; hut that subject has boon brought under the attenti -n of tho Governors by the Colonial Department, and they have excite 1 themselves very much, and I am hound to say that the population his responded with great spirit and ieadiness, for they have s .ow tho utmost alacrity in mnkmg pe.uniary sucrilices for tlicir own defence. (Hear, hear.) 1 think it would be impossible for ino to express in too stri ng terms the excellent spi: it which the entire population of the North AmorkgmProvinces have shown on this occasion. (Hear, hour.) -1 believe ihey will take measures lor improving tho systom or their militia: but the committee mutt Uar in mind that the iXorth American Provinces naturally imitate the example of their neif.hhoi tin the United States,who near kept up any large standing army, as wc see by th: measures which they are forad to have recourse to. They arc driven to very extraordinary measures in order to raise an army, ami of course labor under a great did':culty in the absence of trained oiliccrs, or of auy regular milit ry system, and lieuce they are forced to supply bylavish expenditure the defect ol' a regular trained army. (Hear, bear.) THE STONE BLOCKADE. Earl (Lard John) RautU 'i'liiuke the Ob* tructlona only Temporary?Charleston Harbor Cannot be Permanently Dt* troy ed In the House of Lords on the 14th nil. the Pari of Staxiioi'b rose to put a question to the Foreigu See-eta y in. reference to a report which bud just reached this eouulry that a second squa lrou of shi|>s laden with Kione hud been despatched by the govemm. nt of tho United Slates to bo sunk in Muilltt s Ubaunel, in front of Charleston harbor, and also that a third squadron, laden in a similar manner, was in prog;ess of equipment for a similar ob.cct. lie wished to know ireui the noWoearl whether he had received any despatches from Washington in otilirmatiou of that report, and if so. what course he intended to take in the matter. The former despatches of tho nnhlo earl hnl laid before the Aineiicon government in so conipioher.sive a form and with such unanswerable arguments tho considerations which ought to guide thein in regard to such enterprises thai ho had hop id that It Had scttloJ the question. (Hear, hear.) '1 hat despatch secured to lie a most worthy sequel t> the policy with respect to American affairs which ailj artic Here a/rte:i in thinHn/i la-l t'rne fo m'uhtridU to ihe i, oil,earl und bad so fully vjudli ate 1 the honor of the country, und to the approbation which l ad already been bestowed on that policy he begged to add his humble meed of'praise. It was dillicult to see h iw the stnkiug oi large shq s .aden with stone on banks of mud at the entrance of a ha"' h ir could cud in anything else but the permanent destruction of that harbor; and it was on that ground, us fur as he could understand, that the measure was originally put forward aud afterwards justiticil. Tho permanent destruction of a hu-bor was not justified by the laws of war. (Hear, hear.) War undoubtedly (auctioned tunny grievous acts, but it did uot sanction any act of this kind. (Hoar.) Tho iiormanctil destruction of a harbor was not an act of wur of man against man, or of nation aguinst rial inn, hut it was an act ol war ugmst the bounty of Providence, which had vouchsafed Inrbirg for the advantage ot commerce und for the civi'izing influences of intercourse between one peoplo and another. (Hmr, bear.) On this ground we were well entitled and were hound to enter u proton aga.nst such acts. (He ir, hear.) He wished to hear front the nohle carl whether these roports wore well founded, and if so, whet tier ho had taken or designed to take any atcus in fhe matter. He should also wish to know wbetli t the noble carl had received any communication from tho g ivc. ument of Franco on the subject, and whciher tho government of France, to his official knowledge, had made any slmi'nr representations to the government of tho United Slates with respect To the destruction of tho jiort of ( hirlesh n. IMiri iur I'MVIIIIIIVUV imva iiwwmii 11 nin'i rautlon on this subject tub-e<|iKnt to tliat which had already been Inid on the tuble of tbo house. However, IhJ sinking of vessels at the monlfc of u ha bor was r.n op. ration of so much ini|>oi tanco that be could not but belisve that tho reports which hnd appeared must have s >mo foundation. He was happy to hear the noble earl's protest against the permane nt destruction of any harbor. Considering that theco were ccmmcri is!* fcarbots, and that in time of peaco, when tho.-o wat severe weather, vessels of all nuiious,cvvn those nut ultimately destined for them, ran there to find refuge, to destroy them was undoubtedly an act of barbarity. The nohlo earl would bavo seen that tbo reply of the A mem an government tcai that these sttne rtiselt were iiU-mtrl to be an obUi'uction in the chanm l to Hid the Unlade, t ut that they were n't ink ndtd for the ; errn incnt <i stria tum tjf the Kirbors. In conversing with the A mo. icau Minister at this Court that was tbo view which ho took. He sai l that the permanent destruction of Charleston harfrtr usts impossille, thit the two rivers whiih forme I the harbor would be sure to make a channel, and thai it wot imiensibte, even iSir had been in/ended, to effect the perm mint ties', i uc'.ion iff the harts r. That he taid, howevir, was not the inlrntion. The intention was only to make a tem|iorary obstruction, and when peace was restored that obstruction would bo removed. That he believed tho view takeu by the Ainorican government, There had b- ea some communioat tun between her Majesty s government and that of France on this subject, with ret aid to whit h th'- g ,u:rnmcnt a. K*m?nar timk the ame view in that of h r Mans a. I?ut whether Franc* hod made any oillci.ul i('presentation ott tho matter to tho fc tloral government be wm nut able to say. ^ THE AFRICAN SLAVE TRADE. Lord Paltnerston'a Speech on the Dahomer Sacrifices anil African Cotton? Efforts of the United State. Government to End the TrnAc In Slaves. jn tho House of Common., on the 14th ultimo, Lord Pauucsstox nitld:?Sir?In regard to the question put by my noble friend (fard A. Cburc bill) with respect to I>ahoniey and the .lave trade on the coast of Africa, the Houeo Know* very well that measure* for tbo supprrs ion of that trnftlr, hare occupied the most anxious and active attention of tier Mutely'* government for a great number of year*. (Iloar. hear.) My noble friend probably know* well euough that two mi**ione have been ecut out at diflorent time* to tho late King of Dahomey for tho purpose of endeavoring to persuade him to abandon that b?rf>arouR and Inhuman praciicn of human sacrifice, and to *ui?t us in suppressing the slave trade. (Hoar, hear ) 1 am sorry to say thai they wore not st tended with success. (Hear, boar.) Person., however anxious they may bo for the attainment of their ohjects. must recollect w hat obstacles the passions and halnt* or mankind sometimes oppose to what they have In view. This practice of hoinnusacrifices has prevailed extuusively over tho whole of that part of Africa, and when you go to a barbarian (llko the King of Dahomey for the limotMine) Mid ask him to forogo these practice*, to which lis has attached a value as symbols or authority and power, snd a* being token* of roapect for tho*. who have gone before him, It Is Just a* If you asked tho ancient llomans to forego tlie murders which were Oommifed In tho mn phi theatres, or thr finniard ot the i rrtmt iltij/ tho ?lull fiukU which would disgust on Lnglishmau, but which af C HERALD, WEDNESDAY fard groat delight to spectators In Bpain. (Hear, hear.) Mr. Duucau waa aval Homo time ago to the King of Dahomey. and the account he gave wan something utterly (Inflating. (H< ar, hear.) The palace wu surrounded by a large ami exteoaive wall, which waa decorated with human a leu lis on spikes. He himself was controlled to be a withers to oiio of those human sacrifices, where the unhappy captives wore put into things like canoes and thrown over a parai* t from forty to lifty |i>et high, and if not killed by the full they were despatched by |ieopiu sanding below. (Hear, hoar.) Nothing was accomplished by (he mission, and 1 ve-y much doubt whether any persuasion would uniuco the present King of Dahomey, who s -ems, if possible, less imbued with foeliugs of humanity than his father, to abandon this practice. (Hear, hear.) At the same time I can assure my noble friend snd lha House that no opportunity will be lost which appears to hor Majesty's government calculated to effect on opening wi lt the Klrg of Dahomey for effecting our object. (Hear, hour.) Wiih r?;ard to the rkire trade, / fnir pertun'Um mil not induce him, any mure thtin other African chief*. to aiaruloa it. Tlioy will only be induced to abandon it when convinced that It would he moro to their advantage und more easy for them to carry on legitimate trade. The fact is that the chief t orivee great prollt from the slave trade, while the i>eople under him durivo nioroprofitfrnm legitimate trade. The occupation of Lagos has res died in impelling tho slave trade in that quarter; and if wo could only hut up Wh< dah we- should have done much to drive the slave trade from that part of the coast, nut, as stated by my noble friend, tho slave trudo is carried on by Spaniards, Portuguese and Hrazi'ians; and, though their governments have, as governments, ahan doned tho practice of the slavo trade, yet habits to which people are onco trained are very difllc-lt to bo o-adicitort. At the same time much progress has b s-n made, and my nolil > friend is right in saying that, if this slavo trndo from the West Oast of Africa could be stopped, there are sources thereof legitimate trad of In finite valur,?- f only 11 that country its-lf, t ut to England ana a great / art of Europe. Coin /Inn's hare lire a seen plowing naturatly, within a great tone, in a eat abundance, and sheddiig he roll n i.n the ground; ami it it evi'lent that th is ii a hiat'er ofr at im/wr/anre to the m >nufacturert of this country, (Ilear, hoar.) I run assure my noble friond that no exort ions will bo omilleil on tlie part of the government, fust of all to endeavor to oradicato llio Hiiomitiable system of hum-in s icrlt'co, and in the next place to | ut a stop, as far ns possible, to the slave trade. (Hear, hear.) It is quite truo that, owing to the civil war in Amorica,tlie federal government tins withdrawn the greater part of their cruisers from the coast of Africa, and I cannot ray, offhand, whether thero still remains that number of guns which llio United states aro Donna oy tr aty 10 maintain on mat mam lor mo suppression of the slave trade, but It in quilo tri.o that the federal gtnmmmsttl have th irn the tnorl anxious anil sincere d- sire In put in foi e.r their lairs against the since trade; an I it may be expected that when the present unfortunate dispute in Amorica termiruto, whether in tho establishment of ono or two governnvnts, the American authorities will concur with Clrcal Britain in porno arrangement by which more on'ectunl assistance limy bo driven by American cruisers to chock a crimo which it a capital niH net l.y the laws of the Unite it Slates. With n sport, therefore, to th? African coapt, I hope my noble friend will bolevo that we a.o anxious to carry out those views which he lias so properly expressed. (Hear.) Lord A. Chpr him.paid:?In tho present distress arising from dearth of cotton, wo naturally !<>< kod to India fur supplies: bet the shortness of the staple was stielt that as compered wiih American cotton our operatives sustained a loss in manufaclurh g it equal to twcuty-Uve per cent. The African cotton approximated much more ol< sely to the American than that whi h was obtained from India, and by g tting a sujsyly fr m Africa, therefore, the wage* of our operatives would virtually te increased to the extent of twenty-fivep r cent, 'the entire country, furns Dahomey in the Niger, was one vast cotton field, 'lite eo'.ton plant was indigenous and perennial, and consoqi cully it did not reniiro replanting year by year as in America; tho crop had only to be p eked an'! rent home. Of the sugar crop the mine might be said, so that in considering this question lite Hour; would not bo dealing with it purely from a sentimental point of view. They would naturally bo animated by such high princip'rs as tho desire to arrest cruel pr.tctii os, and, if possible, to put nti end to the slave trodo altogether: but they might at the same timo feci that they would bo conferring grcit and dirt ct comraerciul ad van tares en th's country if they could establish in Dahomey a better state of things. Imprisonment of Another Englishman. In the House of Lords on tho ISth the Kurl of Carnarvon callod attention to the imprisontn :nt of Mr. Shaver, a British subject, in Kort Warren, and said it was a cloar case of compensation. Earl Russell said Mr. Shaver had not claimed compensation, and it was net for the government to do it for him, neither he rebutted the charges brought ag dust him. Earl Russell deeply regretted the civil war in America, and expressed the hope that England would treat with forbearance any stretch of power not intended to injure British Interests or to insult tho British flag. Earl Derby presented some petitions, in which the Trent aflhir was justified, but sail that be entirely dissented from tlx viows of tho petitioners. What Is Tliouglit In France. The reading of the address to the Emperor of France ha I taken place in the Senate, and debate commenced upon it on the 20:h uit. The a hire sb regrets the sufferings mil,clod by the civil war in America on trade and manufacturers, but agri'cs with the Emperor that the friendly rclut ons of the two countries render neutrality incumbent, and believes that the quarrel will be nil the shorter if not complicated by foreign intcrferoDce. News from America In Paris. [Paris (Fob. 13^ corre>q>oudence of tho London t hroniclo ] The I'n'rie Bays that it lias received a private despatch from Washington which states that the United .states governineut Is about to send an expedition to occcupy Austin, m> <u t" prevent Ike export of' of on to Kurrpe via J/fZ.'CO. Some of tho evening Journals mention, on the authority of X w York letters, a report ttiat tho Southern Stall's have made propositions at Washington for a:i arrangement with tho North, but Snilherii gentlemen ia Paris express strong doubts of its truth. Americans In Rome. TOTE PUJB THE NINTH AND THE Kt.BKL STATES. |i;oiue (reu. ?> ci'rr" p nucucc <>i iuu ismuou rosi.j On Thursday morn lug his Holiness ga\o to several dating tislicd Hritish aol foreign visiters. Am ug tlic former sore Lady Graham (widow of the late Sir Hellingbutn) and Iter daughter, Mr*. Kluht, widow of Frofossur Ulunt. cf Cambridge (Mass.]): Sir Kichard Kir by, and Mr, an I Mrs. K. Culling Enroley, Mb* Ruckcr.Mr. Itryaut.Mr. T. UxMIi and Madame I'rlelli, Mr. J. Brnspcur, Madame Tick-cs, Ac. The l'opc !o; ked very ill,although net so much so as on Sunday tin ruing at Caudlcm.vs, In his convi rsat.on ho tunc he J but little on politics, that exciting topic being ri served for private audienr.. a; but his holine-r t.mml tuucH ajjeitel when Sire, hard ey mentioned to liuu thai in the Southern States (>f America, and especially hi I-ouisinna, there wcro many whu loved Lint uud reverenced his name. The Pojie tnitutred aft -r Mr. Etrdley's health, end expressed gratification at seeing him in Home, a comp'.iment for which Mr. Dudley .with lus earnest sympathies for lho Italian cause, was quite unprepared', but, In a private audience, ho will noon have an opportunity of conversing moro frculy w l:h lua lb linesa. Tlie Qnntlen In Other Place*. Orders had been received at Phcernos* to dismantle all g iiiboaU prciinrcd for commission under the American difficulty. ? Tlio liotidon Daily X< wi and Star publish the correspondence witb Mr. Seward relative to the passage of flritieh troops through tbe State of Ma tie. Tlio bitter journal accords groat praise to Mr. Seward for his c uno iu this respect. It is reported in I.ivoTpool th?t insurances aro dally effected on ships and their cargoes to run the blockade of the Southern ports. The highest premium paid is fifteen guineas,and tho ships arc entitled to select any portIn some instances tho risks to ports oasy of oecess are as low ns ten guineas. Nearly all the vessels insured arc steamers of 1,600 tons. The Sumter and Tnsearoro. The Tuscnrora left Gibraltar on February 13 for the Spanish wators of Algesiros. Sho had lioen watching tho Sumter, which still remained at Gibraltar, unable to procure coal. British nmin to amtricam war mans. [From the D>ndon Herald. Fob. 14. ] The Commissioners of Customs have issued inslruc lions to their ofllccrs throughout the United Kingdom, that no articles ho allowed to tie shippe I on board any vessel of war or privateer belonging to tho United States, or to tho so-called Confederate state*, during the present war, In any way contrary to the provlsi >ns o( Earl Russell's letter of the 31st ult. And In order to provetu any eucb vessel* proceeding from port to port, and time obtaining euppltee at several |iorta within the proscribed period, the Collector* ol Custom* are called ii|h?i to cue evcrv endeavor to uici r tain from what port tho vessel last arrived, and whether she obUined enpplire there it. Any shipment of stores or of eoal on hoard such veseele to ho specially and 1m mediately reported to the Commissioners of Custom*. THE INVASION OF MEXICO. The Throne of Men leo?Canvass of the Candldatee In Enrope. [rorla (Feb. 14) eorrespondenee of l/mdon Times.] The question of a candidate for the throne of Mexicc has been beforo the world for ectno week*, at home a; well ae abroad. It ha* lieen moro than mtinnated thai Austria might be Induced to listen to proposal* for thr ronunclatlon of hsr right* on Vetietla on condlllon of on* of hor archdukes being called to the throne. Thie ha; been denlod with moro or less acrimony by the official or semi-official press of V ionna. The Fi ench Mrmiltvr seem' to linve carefully avoided it, and the semi-official journali have spoken of it approviugly. Tho monarchical i apors sen In tho establishment of i constitutional sovereign on the throne of Montezuma tin future prosperity of the country: while the so-called du

m< cratlc pre-s turns into ridicule the notion of a monarch! ral form of government among these hanpy republics. Tht tabjett ii riill wiled in mystery. Each of the three Powreri that has wrongs t? renress tin* declared that it will no tnrn thsm to if own advsotage hoyond satisfaction foi those wrongs, and eoeurily that Its subjects shall no ngain bo evosod to the rage of the brigands who, undei the aamo of govorument, havo successively plllsged am r, MAKUH 5, 1862.?TKLPLl murdered all alike. The question still remains to l>? solved, how em such security be obtained with a form of government like that which has brought that vast empire to its present pass* Public rumor attributes to Spain a desire to place some ono of hur many infootaa at the head of the old dependency whit b she once so sadly mismanaged. But of all other jmople the Spaniards ore said to bo the most detested. Prince Napoleon's namo has not, 1 behove, boeu mentioned as a candidate: but the l'rinco t< too <on-Urnt a tlm.ocra! Ut'OittiU <rt?r to wear a crown. Belgium lift- lew to rod loss, but a son of King Leo|s I! has bo-n spoken of. Some who know the impetuous lem|>er and anventur. oca courago of Prim, the commander of the Spanish expeditionary force, would not bo surprised if the victories which hia partial friends are sure of his gaining may msoire him with more ambitious ho|ies than any he b .a hitherto manifested; and bi has probably not forgotten uin example of Iturbido. who began by dnrendlug tho Spanish iut nu: ctiy, but wliu soon net tip lor himself. A NATIVE CANDIDATE OK ROYALTY. [Paris (Fob. 12) correspondence of tbo Loudon Globo.] Respecting the throne of Moxico, and ii? acceptance by a H ip-burg, the principle of hereditary right, an nori'mptorily upheld iu tho case of tlio diS|>ossussod claimants in Italy, has led some journals to notice tho cxisteuco of a direct dfscen 'unt nf the Aitte dynotfy if Mi/nlemint. He touches grammar in tho Indian flullege at Mexico, and his name is Cuinia'iiopocnni, which signifies, in tho native dialort,"Burning Shield." [From tho Paris 8l.*c!o, Fob. 13.] The Spanish government, which has sot itself up as tho dofondor of the priniuplo of Pivino right, and which ro fust s to rorognizo tho King of Italy iu order not to give a blow to tho intorrsts of icgitiuiucy, is about to liiul horse f, without knowing it, iu a very entba 'rnssing P'Wition in Mexico, for there exists in the capital of that country a dose ndant of tlio ancient Aztec sovereigns. That son of k>> many kings is a Professor of grammar at the Indian College; ho is railed Ckiniulpopocam (smoking bucklor), a namo which was also borne by one of his glorious ancestors. W find those details in tlio recital of a traveller who is a Professor at tho College do Franco, and who forms | art of tho French Ai ademy. "M. Cliiiualoopocani," says M. Ampere, "allirms that ho is a dose ndant of.Montezuma. Ilo oven doclarcd to mo that, at the lime of tho Hnitod States expedition,some overtures wero ma le to him oh the subject, but ho only regarded thorn us intrigues, to which he took care not to loud himself." We are not at all iu the soorets of diplomacy, arid know not whether an Aztec restoration enters into its views; wo cnni'uo ourselves to rcmilidir g it of this fragment from ihi vnya ro of M. Ampero to Mexico. I'e: haps M. (himnlpoiiGcuni would show himself more accessible to any overtures which might be mado to him at the present time. WHAT THE ARCHDUKE MAXIMILION REQUIRE.9, [From the Paris Palrie,Fob. 14.] Wo are assured lhat the propositions made by tho Mexican envoys to the Archduke Maximilian have tven sorio sly examined by tho Prince, and that ho, beforo giving a deflnitlvo reply, has demanded that tlio followiilg conditi. ns Shall ho ftillillod:?That the |>opi:lution of Mexico shall manifest their desire to establish a liberal monarchy in the country; that they shall frooly make known their intentions us to the clu ice of a sovereign, and that their clioieo shall bo ratilicd by Kuropc. MEXICAN NEWS I'ROM FRANCE AND ITALY. It is assorted that the government has said tiiere was conflrmuth n of the news via America thai, the Spaniards had sustained a decided defeat, by the Mexicans, and that the despatch of reinforcements is roudorod necessary. 'Iho 7'ua/mand cthor French journals demonstrate that a monarchical restoration in North America would only ut:iivni> *7|*hiu nun ?i?u >-|L-iuiau uiuuurcuicui luicirsis uxisi ing there. Baron Rica soli slat *?l in Parliament that the government hud no intention to send ships to relaforee the Mexican expedition, but lnerolv cnnsidcie 1 it advisable to s?nd a Tew frigates to the colonies to protect Italian subjects. JEFF. DAVIS' COTTON BOI TK THROUOn MEXICO. jl'aris (Feb. 14) correspondence of JauidMi ( hrnuiclo.j The I'.iirie roverts to a subject it had before in ntioned as a consequence of the occupation by the allied Powers of the coast of tho State of Tam uilipns, a province o? Mexico, adjoinirg Texas, which, ns is well known, forms pari of the Stales sopurated from those of the North. When, in October last, President Davis was informed of the combined expedition which was being prepared against Mexico, he occupiedhiin/etf toi h establish!up a tnnde of teumit aci nus Ike Southern Stales or far a* the f rontur which s-parates T<mu from Mexico. Tliat road, it is said, is in full progress of execution, and is join, d to the rail- '' ways and canals which run through the S ulhrrn States in terry direc'it n. Europe may thus supply herself with cotton in the ports of the Gulf of Mexico, and tho Powers Would no longer have to occupy themselves with (ho question of the blockade of the. Southern ports by the federal government, us this transit road will be quite equivalent to froeaccess to the (Southern ports, as far as regards tho export of cotton. It is needless to add, re marks your contemporary, that tho shipment of eotton in the Mexican ports will not bo ia opixeilion to any of tho principles of international law. The German Confederation. THE AGITATION FOR THE LEAD OF THE FEDERAL ALLIANCE. [From the Loudon Times, Fob. 14.) Pni'Sia is now tho leader uf the Gorman Confederation. Ilor |M>silinii has also been strengthened by (he demonstraiioiisofaitichmciit mado by the inhabitants of tho Rhine province two years ago. The Khmcluiidcr*, tt need not bo said, expressed inure iheir love of German nationality than of the rule of Berliu, but still tho Frussiun power guns i>y having amng IU subjects these who stand in the ttrst line of German defence. Since King Wiiltain's vis.t to Compicgno, and the declaration that u good understanding exists between Ih t two moutt ehb-s, Prussian inflnence 0:1 the Confederation is naturally more powerful than ever. It may be that the Court of lterlin is williug to take udrautugc of this pre oinineuco to gain a )iermancnt aulhority at the expense of its grc it rivul of Vienna. For the present Austria can do little for tho Fatherland. Site is a cause ol' danger, and not of surety. In any convulsion she w ould exhaust, and not food its resources. Site has enemies to fight Tar bcyoud tho limits of the Confederation, unf ti/ontrirt an <1/ iirue wi h. her would nol milt/ call down lh> < notily tf Krone1, Iml would occupy tho forces of tho Gorman States in other concerns than defending the national indo|Kndet co. To make the forees of the Conrederutiou more available for the safety of Germany p o; c.' by placing them, when necessary, under the control of a single sovereign, and to do away with the cumbrous machinery which, though well calculated to preserve tho rights and satisfy llic self esteem of eaeh potty S'verc'gD, is yet ununited lor the rupld action of modern warfare?such are the wishes of some of Ihe best politicians in Gcniaiiy, and tho secret aspirations of the great lio '.v of tho |kmp'.c. It >3sing i lar, then, that though the wauls oi tho c untrv liavic b i n bjJdly sti ken of in the German news jK,r.ji aid ev< n in some of tlio Cham Iters, tho governments ;.re wi'li nit any notions of \vlini i.i to bedouc, or even of what tlicy tb msclvos dost c. Nothing can bo more misty nnd uniutclllglblo than tlto so-c .llo l projects of organization prop tunded and combated by pet sons in ntiiho/ity. Uf talc tbero lias lioon a corresj>ondou<o between lite fax on nnd Prussian governments. Huron Poust, the Saxon Ministor, may bo supposed to represent tlto interests of the minor and purely (jcruiaii Stales, In contradistinction to the twogreat Powers and to tb States, which, like Pen mark, havo pos.-es.-ions beyond Vlte limits of the Federation. Having |k>ndorod over the nature oftho Onnfo Icralion and th luterestsof the Slates, Pan at It rust rconmniotids, so far us xvc ean understand, that the federal organization should bo reconstituted hy uniting the whole of the sovereignties compoaiug it Into some thing which shall have the character of a federal State. Th.s plan Is opttosed by tho Prut-si in government, and fount liernstorir devoted a very long and most obscure despatch some wo Its n.o to comb sting the nrguim-ntii of Itnron Pet st. His Prussian minister thinks that the great evil of tho presont Confederation Is not that it M too cumbrous for purposes of defence, but that it Is t ki active In purely civil and d mestic matters, 'i'ho fede-al con.-titulion,Count Pornstorlf complains, has not proserved the purely tnternall nal cbirnrtor of the Plct, but has altered it by Interfering with questions of Internal public law. Ho deelan s that the fart that four of the States havo "their point of gravitation and the centro of their organisation" beyond the Jurisdiction of I he Plot precludes lite |??--slbllity of tho constitution being ever "clevolojed inn federative sense." In short, winle the Minister of Saxony is endeavoring to fuse ticrnia-.y Into a federative whole, so that by acting together the minor State* maybe able to control Prussia, Prussia, on the other hand, is the."ham|.iin of Statu Indejien lence, and wl I not give np her freedom of nciiou to an authority wliirli might fa I um-'er the Influence of her rival, Austria, or of a combination of petty Stales. H is th same c intest as took Irin, endeavored to draw I'm**in iuto n war w itli France, and Prussia declared tliat her duties ?* an En rope it n Power were to be considered berore berdutiw as it innmber of the Confederation. It in latere-ling to thoee who liave studlej American (MiliticR to nee ihe Jealousy with-whlrh Pru"-ia res sts the supremacy of a fodornl Assembly nml federal Presidents. Goint HuriiRtorlf d?t'nres that ill tha Met, as advocated by I least, the two great fiuitnan lowers would net send half tbo metnhora, and ha Implies that tlio Idea of allowing national allium, mid consequently, in sonic dogri c, I ik: allair.' ef Prussia, to tie adiuininti red i y minor l'rineenchosen liy nuy federal machinery, I* qutte Inadmissible. We havo given thin Blight ske.cli of a long controversy because It shown that the tic *tnnn sovorelgnn, In expectati'>n of great and perha|>* not tar distant dnngors, aro more actuated by a distrust of o ich other ilutu by fear ef a common enemy. Tho Confederation In not to thorn merely an organisation for defouce. It is a marhloery by which thc.v can obtaiu influence ovor each other's policy, and pursue their several schemes of ambition. Wo now sen Prussia on the defctiI slvo. Iuspitoof her great superiority of strength, and the position which recent events have given her, Bite is actually contact with resisting an attempt of tho iulte>r States to dratf her Into an 1'lection to a federal authority. From such a cond111 >n a high spirited monarch would aoon deliver his kingdom, it I* for frusma to take tho initiative In plans of reform, and not t > rest satisfied with , OfejeetMg 10 tli"sc of her neighbors. flMMM allied that a change is MNMry, and, In the nbsem o of any Prussian policy, each sovereign and each mialstor proI<ounds his own. The Flocxls in Austria. Sl'FFBRlNliS OF TIIK I'Ktiri.K FROM COI.D WKATHER and tiik inundations. [Tlttpna (Feb. t?) corres|Kindenro of the London Times.] Tho inundations In tho Austrian dominions have as sumed the proportlonn of a great public calamity. Tlicy are d e to the suddenness and rapidity of the thaw, ami are doing great mischief in various parts of the empire, being especially a cruel Intllcitun upon the |>oorer classes, wh", in many instances, aro driven from their dwellings, and llnd no shelter elsewh to. In the night froin the 6ih to the 7th instant, a hard frost set in again here, and in that from tho 7th to the Hth; it was yesterday rcportod that sovcral doatlis had taken p!a o fiom exiwvure. Subscriptions havo been actively set on foot, in Vienna lor tho sufTercrs, aud the Kmperor has headed the list with lO.i'OO florins. Tho Inrom onlonee caused by tho Interruption of communications la oxcca-dve, and there bus h a in li delay <f mallbugs in various directions. The expr rs trnui from Vienna to Parts and l-cmlon, whloh leaves this B SHEET. - - - ^ usually at 4 P. M.. has coaxed to mart at that hour, and traveller* now have to utart at 7 A M. to arrive no sooner than under tiio former arrui foment. The delay in all between this and the Austrian frontier, and 1a increased by what seems (until the railway o inpuny shall think fit to cxpluiu it) a very unnecessary pr o of four hoars at -alzburg. At oao portion of tho read l>a twon Vicuna and Salzburg travellers have to leave the rail and to proceed for between two and threo hours in carriages drawn by boigcs. They arrive at Salzburg at hnlf-i ust eight in the evening.ami wuit until ha>f ;uet twelve. It is presumable that thero are re.iaous for not leaving Vienna at eleven instead of seven A. M. As it is, tho journey la lengthened by nine hours, and would otfor, while this derangement lasts, little or no udvau a. o o\ er tho other route were it not that on the latter there a alao delay in consequence of inundations. The I anubo, i.i this neighborhood. is converted into a huge torrent full of eddies and whirl pools. At Floridshniin, near Vienna, whore the last station of tho Northern Railway is, it has invaded its shores to a great distance, and has d' Ue a good deal of damage. It is many years such lloo is were scon m these parts. Great Britain. The Parliamentary proceedings hi iho 19th were unimportant. The bill legalizing marriage with a deceased wife's sister was passed to a second reading in tho Commons by 144 to 133. The IrUU fiin< .- says that Sir Robert Peel is rejairted to hare said, in response to some inquiries relative to the Culwuy line, that when that company were prepared t? po. form th"ir part of tho contract government, would bo rpady to perform theirs. It is inferred from this that wh in the comjamy present to tho Govcrnmuui Inspector four first clas slips, of approved stre gib and speed, government will give the subsidy. A proposition was ponding among the Sc tch iron rnsstors to blow out one-eighth of their furnaces, owing to the depression of iho Iron t ado, hut it fell to tho g. i ml, owing to u want of unauimity among iho masters. Tho I/mdon I'oit lias an o i.t rial ui uiug tlio removal of the prohibition iu the West Indies against the elpirts for obtaining celored laborers from any part < f North America, and advocates the migration of free negroes from Canada to the West Indies to dcvolopo the Cottou culture of those islands. France. It is rumored that Irinco Naisiteon is di.-s ilisflod with tho terms of liio addross on tlic It mian question, uud will novo an amendment in more energetic language. it is believed that the speech of f'rinco Napoleon on the address of tho Son ite ill express iho real policy of the Kiupcrur on the Italiuu question. Iho Bourse continued very heavy, and on tho 19th tho three | or cent rentes further dccliued nearly one half per cent, closing at tiU.95. Tho four and a half per cents declined mure than one |>er cent, closing at 991'. A decree i3 published admitting into France froo of duly rough and pui illod cast iron, old iron bars, hoops uud sheet iron, steel, in bars and sheets, and rolled cop. per, when coming from abroad ami destined for re-oxporluti >u, after having been converted in French workshops into ships, machines, or any other work in m ital. Another docreo reduces tho hit-rest on Treasury b- nds to -m, 3 and 3>?. according to Iho l:me of fallii g duo. The I'aris Uoi.iUur says tlio government of the Kmporor lias requested information at lt<>mo respecting ihe pastoral letter convoking all bishops to Rome f ir the ctnonl/ation of martyrs, the letter having been published in France without having he u previously communicated to tho government. Cardinal Antonel.i replied that the invitation was simply a friendly one, and not obligatory in cluiractor?only intended to give weight to the religious coremony. On this reply the Kroneh government expressed tho wish that the bislmps should not leuve their diocesses.atid must not ask permission to quit the empire, cxcopt where serious diocesan interests should call them to Home. The application for conversion four and a half per oont rentes had roacliod twenty inlldon franct. Pokin news of the 15th of Jauuury slates that the French Minister would leave China early in the spring, returning to Franc* via Siberia. Pukiu was perfectly lianquil. The Euqioior had been ill, but hod quite recovered. Italy. The new Italian loan was announced In London on tlic 19ihinst. The total is ?1,782,000 (issued at 74), required for inilroad purposes. One-fourth of the loan was subscribed for in Italy. Spain. * MAPtun, Feb. 20,1862. The Journal KxjMiia demands a monarchy for Peru by universal sulfrugo. Rome, Fob. 20,1862. Clio police have made many arrests. The proclamation of tho National Committco has been cA-rotlv luiUlml till The committee hope for early success, but counsel patience. It ix be1invo<\ that Napoleon has given an assurance to the l'ope that the French troops will not leave P.oiue. A popular manifestation wag prepared to ccleb.-ute the anniversary of the capture of tiueta; but liuuieroug patriots traversed the streets to prcvont its taking placo. Prussia. Bbri in, Feb. 20,1862. The division between Prussia and Austria is continually widening. The language of tho Prussian and Austrian papers is daily more bos: i.e. The agitation In (icrinany Is Increasing. Numerous meetings of tho National Association were to be held, in which Prussia was ox|<octod to take the leadership. 1'ahis, Feb. 15," 1882. The Courrirr d:t Dimancht of to-day says:?"Wc have reason to bxliove that the Prussian government is about to recognize the kingdom of Italy." Tlie sumo journal attributes this resolution to the difficulties now pending between Prussia and Austria. Austria. V not k a, Feb. 21,1862. Austria, by her recent conduct, has lost much of her influence in Northern Germany. M is reported that the Kmperor of Austria will ho here on the 26th, and remain until tho 4th of March. Tim Archduke Maximilian, it is rumored, will leave for Paris and Ixmdou towards the end of February. Ilaselan-Polniiil. Tikiiin. Fob. IS, 1862. Archbishop Felinokl Una receivod the clergy of Warsaw, und advised thein tonhstalu from singing prohibited seugs in the churches. The priests who were c indued iu prison have all boon removed to Russia. M. S ltletikcr lias boon condemned to re-ido permanently within the walls of WologJu, u city sixty miles distant fiom M< scow. Turkey. C >s*T.'NTixomF. Feb. 17,1882. M. FourJ if> prr|*rii?R u report on lluancpil ulfurrs and the menus of liquidating tlio flouting debt. Interesting from In<lla. MEWS OK A W Alt UKTIVKKN KNULAND AN1> THE t'NlTED STATKH?A PERFECT PANIC FKOnt'CED IN TUB NATIVE MARKETS?PKOUKK-S OK THE COTTON TRADE, ft alcutta (JuD. 0) correspondei ce ol London Tlints.J l'lio lirst aiiuounc moiit regarding the American diiflculty received In India wa- that war had been declared by Knglund. 7V effect on <Ae mt'irc trader* and ban'.ert was m irrellout. Not an Kngltslini.-in believed the tart of the declaration of war, but a paoic seized and lor some day a oonlluueil to prevail In the bax .ar. Whoa intelligence somewhat mote pHiillc was c mmunicntcd and tho di tails ol (he American outrage and the stc| tt taken by I'nglumt to obtain sat Is1 ml Ion reached Calcutta by the Itombay mail of tho 3d of December, Englishmen were reassured. bt.t the nitivea did not ceaao tli<*lr fear* ludeed, tboy were increased by a i order, issued on tho receipt Of the flrst telegram, prohihitii g the export ol' saltpetre, and by a more stringent ordinance, directing that all salt|H!tre already In f< reign ships In tha Hooglily should bo J inded, which wits sp ied ou the receipt ot dt Kitchen from the Srcre tary of ftgte. Itather tlutn do this vytu-j Knyli'h tnrrlAinh p.mkated the Amnunn rM|i which I Hi y hud ItHidil ici'h mtltpclre that they might tie ndotted to pro c -cd on their voy age. Trade has hcen |>anily zed and the history of the money market tana simply been 111 it ot Kug'.istis; mediators taking advantage of tho fcara of nnlive holdout ol government securities, who were aiiNl'Mt* to get rtd of th'ctn at prices three ja r cent below tho i ato-" prevailing a w. ek before. 1 know of no large English ladder who tins sold, but of many cases in which natives threw away their |>ap. r at prices considerably below those quoted to-day The olllclal ami, I think, the general conviction here is that war cannot be avoided. Tho threat of war haa not yet affected the |Mi?senger vessels which leav e India, via the Cape, for England, In such Inrge numbers at this seas m. All soetn t > be full, and their charges aro as high as usual. The throat of war lias done much to destroy the eonfl deuce that continued high prices had begun to create lu the Indian cotton market. Sj?cttliifion hiu Urn wild in liiitlit/. nn-l a ronCntuidfatt or Id in lh' pmnl of cotton will b> riin/lp ruin to torn qf the In ryot Knglith Kruttt. Tlx, u-WmIa tnnilniirv if .hip Puilw-itf taint rnuil avmiem ?*itl be to attract cotton 10 (li? went?to Bombay and Sedanhegliur. The export from Qairatta will, for some years, be trilling, and the quality inferior. At the Arst pub to silo, mimo six weeks a?o, high pries wore realized; but tltu staple was short nnd I lie bales dirty, I ho whole having been brought lip mutely as an experimental shipment. Tho s.wnd t il*, held In the beginning of thts week, ?i" a failure. Affaire In Japan. INYUHWI (?r THK UNirKU STATKS MINISTER. [Hong K<>ng (Dec. 31) coi ro-qxjodeuce of Hit London Chronicle.] Mr. Townscnd iltrris, who iirat n|>ened Jajmn, la atlll purauiug his quiet, eflrctual line of policy, uiuilToctod by the general imitation that has distressed the other ministors, with Mr. Alcock at their head. Iln has.beyond all question, the peculiar qualities required in n minister to such a country as this. IDs Immobility amid continued alarms and ass issdnailuns has evidently secured for him tlio respect of this str.mgu |?o|>lc, and Mr. Aloock'e foolish night from Jeddo when the American Meretary of l egation was murdered, never contrasted more deplorably with Mr. Harris' stay In the oily tliun It does now when the tangible results of either pulley are buglnnlug to appear. Wo allude m ro Immediately to the following Item of Intelligence in the JajHtii Herald of Kuvetnbur 3d, an quoted by a shnnghac rotitpmpornry:? We ar.-able to announce thnt the American Minister realdent In Japan, 11 K. Tuwnaend Harris, lias succeeded In getting from the Japanese government, fnrihe mother of the lale H. C. J. Hensken. lato Acting He< reury or the United Mate*'legation, who was murleied at dt ddu on tbo iibtbl oflbe IWli of January last, the aum of 310,tXW. , It will be seen that tho Imlomniflcatlon obtained for the friends or his lato sulmrdluato Is uourly oqunl to what eat h of the sulTerers by tho treachery which led to the destruction of the summer pnlaco will obtain; but theono was th" result of conquest, w hile tho other has merely proceeded from an altitude of cool flrmness on the part of the United Siates Minister. Commercial Intelligence. LONDON MONKV MAKKKT. Tbo English lund.j were dull, but steady, on the 2tnb 5 ultimo. Consols closed flat Money was in njod?.rata demand at the general rate of 2}t per cent. LIVERPOOL COTTON MARKET. The sales of cotton for lour days have been 41 000 bales, including 20,000 bal.-s to speculators and exporters. The market was flrin, with a trifling advance. Tit A OA REPORT. Manchester advice* report goes is and yarns upwards, but the market was pilot LIVERPOOL BRKADSTrFFH MARKET. The market was generally dull. Wakefield, Nash dc Co. report flour quiet and s'oatiy. Wheat quiet and stetuiy; nd Southern and Western, lis. a 12*. 21.; white Southern and Western, 12s a 13s. Com quiet, uiuud aud yellow, 30*. ltd. a 30s. fld. LIVERPOOL PROVISION MARKET. The proviso n market is steady. hut rule* dull and un chained Uo^r steady Pork heavy. Bacon quiet at 3o*. a 3U?. Lard Urmer, at 41s. a 48s. Tailow qi i<-1. LIVEKIOOI. PKOIH'CG HAIIKI-.T. Ashes wera nominal at 3;*.-. 6d. lor pots and pearls. Sugar quiet and steady. L'off'u steady. Kice upwird; sales small. Kos.n duil. common, 12s. 'Jd. fpirils of turpentine quiet at 08s. LONDON MAKKETV. Ilreadst'ifls dull. ?ug r firm. Colfe active. Toa firm. Rice and steady. lad.,* llrmer at 40s. 31. Lin8 id oil steady at 34-'. Cd. Spirit* of tur|i?utinc steady at 07s. a 67s. (id. LONDON MONEY MARKET. Consols closed on Kelirua y 20 at U2'J a U3 for money. AMKI.dl'AN -E' l KniKS. Illinois Central .-Lar s, 4n , d - outil. ! rie Railroad, 20. LATEST VIA LONl'ONMSItUY. 1. > ski ooi, Feb. 21,1801. Cotton.?The rales of tin week f< ot up 80,( 01 bales, inc 1 ding 22,000 bales to 8jH' "tiators aid 1:J,; 00 to exporters. 'lire market is buoyant, and price, have advanced one-eighth a one quarter of a ; em y on ill \\vck. Tbe sales to-day (I'riday) ivacil 10,000 bales, it.eluding 4/itJO to speculators aid exp tei'8, the market clonng Arm at the lollowing authorise I quotations:? /I nr. Middling. Orleans 14 '.,<1. 13d. Mobilo 13 'jd. 12 V'. Uplands 1312??d. T.-e total stm-k in i ort i? intonated at -170 / 00 boles, ilic uUllig 178 0<i() I Atner.c in deFO ipl ,ru:s 1 H.'.Ai>.-na is.?The market cl< --ed v.iih r. downward tendency, and all qualities have siiplitly decline 1. 1'kovm ns.?The market is quiet and sivu ly. I, >ni> n, I' ll 21, 1802. Coss 'Ih closed at C2Ji a 91 for money. Avkiucan Stocks.?"I'm- latest sales were:?Illinois Centra. shares. 4CiX iscount; Krie, 29 a 30. Tlio I tank returns show an increase in bullion of ?148,000. Di?u>ter to the V. S. Ship Vermont. The following extract is taken from a private letter to a frdotal of Aqun,' Assistant Paymaster and Storekeeper of the United Slates ship Vermont, which sailed from Boston en Monday, February 24, for Pjrt Royal, giving the particulars of the disaster which occurred to Ib.t ship:? At about seven o'clock, on Moa lay evening, while gt'ing along comfortably ?n tow- of the Kensington, the ship was suddenly overtaken by a violent galo from the west. The Kensington imm <!ijitcly o ist ofX our haw: ere, and in half an hour was out of bight astern. Tbo Vermont, under doubles reo'ed topsails, was immediately < ff ul the rato of about ten knots. We kept hor bet'oro the w.ud until about eight o'clock, when she gradually Tell off and soon aflor broached to on tbo port tack. By this time the gale had increased to a hurricane, Break<us were reported to leeward, and orders given to lut go bolh bowers. Tito starboard one wont first, wnh i* all the chain: tho |>ort one next, which brought up with some seventy five fathoms out. Tho carpontcr's gang> having been mustered, stood by, ready to cut away the nr.sts, but that was found unnecessary, as tho report o1 breakers proved a mistake. The ship now labored heavily and shippe I considerubio water. One of the ports iu tho sick bay got o| e:i and so much water came In that tho decks woro lli-olcd neatly wa st deep. Tho pumps were manned and til) crow were busy ull night clearing her. Tho sick wcro all removed from the sick bay to tho word room, whore one of thoin died next day. One poor fellow having already departed 'his life tbo previous evening, it was found Impossible to furl the sails, all of which wero blown into shreds, except foresail and luizentopsail, which hod bceu furled before tho gale came on. The noise created by the wind and tho llappiug of the sails was terrible. Orders given could nut bo heard, and all was confusion accordingly. The craw aro generally inexperienced, many of whom seemed perfectly paralyzed and good for nothing. During the night a gun got adrift on the spar deck, which was llnaily secure! with difficulty. On Tuesday morning?tho gale as yet unabated?the sccno aloit and throughout tho a ship beggars description." Of the sails, nothing b it fragments remained, and tho docks were covered with ice and debris, ^it-low everything portable was adrift and in ruins. The meu were engaged in pumping ship, clearing tho wreck and bending new sails. Wednesday was more moderate, and the crew were en gaged getting the ship to rights. Early In the morning of this day tho iron tiller broku, and while getting up an. other tho rmiliar h'oke to niarMi ami ?*ot adrift. Hail i? forced the stern i?oi!ta, which was feared might be the case, wo would have all gone to the bottom. Pro video, tlally that was not tho care. Thursday morning we bant a hawser on to the cable, ed it through the starboard quarter port, slipped the chain, set head sails ami tried to wear ship, hut she would not pay off; parted the hawser and lulled up again, tho wind on tho starboard beam. At two o'clock P. If. this day wo dcscriod a sail.ilred guns and made other slguul* of distress. The schoouor Plying Mist, thus at* traded. bore down for us. A boat'was now tnani.ed and 1 b larded tlie sehoouor with orders to pro ood to the nearest practi -ul port aud comm inicatu with tho naval stations by telegraph. After a tedious passage I reached Chatham ou sunintny afternoon; wo coildno. make the harlior in cnuroqucuca of the gule,l?it ran up off tho town and holstod the colors at It i f m ist. Hilton down. A lifo b. a* put oil' to us, by wbi h I communical d.and fri nt tit. re telegraphed to tho Boston and NewYoik stations tho conditon of the Verm nl 1 left her, requesltug that ns-tstnnc might b- sent ho without delay. Having effected this, we bore away lor Gloucester, from whence I reached tins city by rn 1. When I loft n e Vermont *he was under lio .d satis, hav ing rigged a drag 10 steer by, drifting northwest t?y w st: she was tin n in seventeen lot horns water, but was gradually deepening; she Irce of water and tight, and by to-day (March 3) at twelve M., I sttpptwe her to be in <'oep water, two hundrnl end sixty iniirs southeast of CapoGsl, Highland I ight. Tlio stiamcrs wlncli have gone in soircli will, I approhond. have no dillietilty in tlnding licr, and sho may Boon lie expected to arrive at this port (Boston) or Now York. Boston, March 4,1802. Th > steam tug Roarritnan, from New York, arrived at Pcm- irirolnurn tivilnv ntnl putinrlf Viw.Lro m flehnrmnn who saw tho frigate Vermont, ou March 1, at anchor on George* llauk, with her marls cut away. From Albany. Auuxv, March 4. 18f2. Color, ol Crooks, Eighth regiment cavalry, New York Ptule Volunteers, haying reslgnod his commission, (Jot. Margin bus appointed Capl. Alfred Gibbe, Third United Slater cavalry, to the vacant Colonelcy. Captain Gibbs is a New Yorker by birth, and is endorsed by General McClellan as one of the beat ofllccrs in tbe army. The Maryland Legislature. Baltimorr, 1M., March 4, IMS. The Maryland Legislature met in caucus last night and voted,on tho tenth billot, for Hon Revcrdy Johnson for United States Senator. He received thirty-eight votes out of sevoniy-two. Senator Pearos recoived thirty volci^ The balance were scattering. Weather Kaatn-ard. Boston, March 4.1W2. Revere (hinder showers and a strong gale prevailed oa the Sound last night, from eight o'o'.ock In the evening till one o'clock in the morning. Passengers by tho steamer City of New York, of the New louden and Boston lint, arrived here at eight A. M. Tho 1'all River steamboat train arrived at noon. Tiik Latb Rats and Snow Storms in Virginia.?From the Petersburg (Vs.) Datiy Exprtu of February 27 we learn that the streets and river of Petersburg aie to a deplorabls condition from tbo late rains and storms which havt vlulled that section of the country. For tbe last two months hardly tan days of fine woatber were enjoyed, the balance having boon divided between heavy fills of rain, hail, enow and sleet, and an nccaatonal very high wind, and tbe nigbfs hive been so dark as to occasion great ItiC nvcnlcnce to'pedestrians. Tho James river was swollen to a fearful height, but at last ac<funle was ...LI Ika .. hsrosa ami alrnnla It llil ll it rn}ll<IIY iWOMIHJ I I Villi 111* n II Ml 1V? nuu OV| ,?n., .. .? evwlluwed. Knocicnra Dow* a Snnq Mivrsnr**.? Rot. JTonry Clay Demi collected in audience at Mount Pleasant, Iowa, one ovonlug Uat week, to lecture on Iho "( hnracter cf tlie Rebels. ' Lieutenant Colonel Tun Prummond, of the Fourth Iowa cavalry, attended. with a squad of men, aud compelled the Rev. Mr. Penn to prafaee hli leetnre with an oath of alteglanco, duly signed, under the faar of arrest and the Kiiiirdbo'iss. Then I' an abused Drum mo ml, and Drdtnmuud coooludad the performance by knocking pouti down. Market*. rini.APKi.rniA stock board, I'litLAomnuA, March 4,1803. Mocks steady, Pennsylvania Stnlo 6s, S3: .Reading Railroad,Sit,; Morris (.'anal. 40; Long (aland Railroad, 11)4; Pennsylvania Railroad, 40. Sight oaclianga on New York at par. rmi.APKtrniA, March 4, 18(13. Flour has a dot llnlmi tendency; snporflne, $6 85. Wheat dim; sales 10,000 b i?h'is red: fl 33 a ft 34. (Urn haa a declining tendency. Coflbe ?Rn, lflt^r. a 20c. Mcas pork,$10 60 a $14. La.?d,8)?c. Wlimkey, ifl*. 8 .

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