Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 7, 1862, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 7, 1862 Page 4
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4 NEW YOKE HERALD. j 1i j GOllUOV H B 3 J K IT, E2V10K AN]D RP i'KiKfl*. orrrcs v. w. corker or irtro- nas-ah rt\ : +>JU ?{<'.**> m J/nwc . ttill '"'if -4 ?/ icr. Acme Uu* liutJ* .? ' IVem 1" .? /? '* B *r//.' XM * / J X- /*'?*. 1 X/y .f ir" <vwr 'v>> . 37wrm u 4 Tltlj L I' lit.!' .il.V, ec*.ry Auu"U.'L>, caf aire if# -*rr ft JCiiiiUb *0vm ir*i??ve /, I >.j t-tif* pr?<v;v 54 itrrannvm In c:.y par' n/'Crmf Brit. rr CP I* m? ?it'v turi /' Mr ^<4/ fo inchum/> >.? um; /'m Cnlifwria f<ii' ? lv/. 11.7/ and-let of each month* a:nix I ?r?" ,inr amy. >r $2 7^ re,- annumTlth. J* ?'!U r HSttAJ*l>% on WednesdttV? ** ' four cmtM P* . r. or ; er an?.u?> **'?/ fAr.< V1 ft'.S 7* riY />/- *. ??r*, fr >xt "'??/ quarter of the uc.rtil; if ?..?.?*?. frtV/fc# j jMHtl 'nr. RU** OUR KOKKIQV CW?IKKIIT*okx>!~NTS AUK FmnCPI <BL/ KfQ'.'hMTl L TO bfcAL ALL LluTTkEJ AN L) |*AC?#r.? : J?KN1 Ff ,YP \f}riC* tcJcei of vnoin/K;o'i6 forre*ron<{cncm. h'fr'oni ret> rr re-: erf*<* ?*** tn or iraJ ior<* .1 f* I* filsTf&FMKA J'.S r rrmr 'fait; a'f> *rti*wn1fhu j ?rrf*l in *he VfKWKiv l!;x',in. Family IIlralu, ?i*J ' *? ** ('(iJi'f-rrti't f t'1 / Hfi, r f/? Editionr.. JO ft PHI ATI AC rjcrut'4 ui \ ticaincst. cheap*** ^nd i> If i.7fA Volnanc XXVII Xo. 05 amusements Titr?; EVfixua Niltl.O'S GARDEN, Broadway ?C ou iU?r.<?IIow 19 P\ If fllK It 1 WINTER GARDEN. Broadway.?Paoi Prt-Toodu 8? I'mi - in*'- n .. WALLACE'S Til LATHNo. SM Broadway.? f^moo* A-H.. i .M 1L. LAURA KEEVF-a THEATRE. Broadway.?Tut Kail. i: nr: ?<? Tin l'mr t r i n ^NLW* THEATRE. Ejwery.?" ibt it Srr? BOWEUT THEATRE, Bowery.? 3ticknet"3 Nation.!.:, ClBCCt BARNUM'S AMERICAN MUSEUM. Broadway?Co* Nctt-Livin. UirroPOTjmcs, Whai.k, .?e . a a t u urn.? Baiiax ?n Ka,. <ai.i .,.ou and - reulng. BRYANTS* MINSTRELS, Mecoanics' Hall, 472 BroadBay.? joivr Hi.k>. HOOLKY'S MINSTRELS. Stxywsnnt Institute, No. 83 Broadway.?Etuioihas Sonus. DANCES. Ac. MELODEON CONCERT HALL. 530 BrnAdwny.-RoSuS. Rakcas, BUBltlwlUlLS, Ac.?. OAMCT ..1 a Os Ulicsvui. I1. CANTERr;CRY Ml'SIO HALL, 585 Broadway.?SONOs. 'ahices, ttCKLNSQTTSS, Ac.? 1 t'L X.fl 11 A.' Til,. r' . K. <iAIETIKS CONCERT BOOM, 616 Brosd-v-iv.? Drawim ?k>m ?TK(riW?im, BaLLKTS. paNTOMINKS. karcm. tc. AMERICAN MUSIC HALL. Ill Broadway.?sonus, Batia1f, Pan .oki *es. AO.? O .mi M kcal A CRYSTAL PALACE CONCERT HALL, No45 Bowery.BVBLBSQCIS. SONUS, Da-NCIS, AC.? tukii PARISIAN CABINET OE WONDERS, 5GS Broadway.? Open daily from 10 A. M. till 9 P. M. NOVELTY MUSIC HALL, 616<iCis Eoaea, Dances, Ac. Kcw York, Friday, March 7, VSG.'d. THE SITUATION. The President laid before Congress yesterday a very important message on the question of the emancipation of slaves, which will probably take the ultra abolitionists aback who have been forcing their opinions in favor of universal emancipation as the object of the war, upon the public, the President, the Cabinet and Congress, ever since the rebellion took a tangible shape. By public meetings, lectin es and violent speeches on the floors of Congress, the abolitionists have been endeavoring to convert a conflict consecrated to the restoration of the Union and the vindication of the constitution into a raid upon an institution which it has been their fhuabiin d" ? ? ? t??l - ?- ? ? ** ? a * iatviuc jiiujcti iui viiu a as i quarter ui a ccunuy 10 destroy, with a wanton disregard for the integrity, honor and prosperity of the country. But the President adheres strictly to the conservative doctrines of the constitution, while yielding to the exigencies of the present unnatural and unc.v ccted crisis, in proposing to CongrcR* the nlop'>a of a resolution, guaranteeing to all the South?n States which may desire a graduil cmancipa. >a of their slaves, a full remuneration for the area so manumitted, thus giving the option to the border States now reduced and yet to be reduced to abolish shivery upon just and equitable grounds, if th"y find the institution burdensome and unprofitable. This pfopojal cannot fail to impress the conservative clement, both in the Northern and Southern Stales, most favorably.. The intelligence from Ucnrr.,1 Banks'division continues of the mo.-t sail-factory character. Our despatches from Charlcstown ycstercry state that tlic work oa the Baltimore u:id Ohio 1'ailro.ul progresses rapidly, and that every point between Ctuaborlsml r.nJ Harper's Ferry is strongly protected. i?uni:cr Hi'l was occupied on Wednesday by our troops n- the cxtrcmo out; ost of the di. v;<?.on, and Sauthiield, a town seven miles northwest of Charleatown vraa taken possession of at the sains time. A squad of cavalry captur d a rebel pi-kct belonging to Uie Second Virginia inlautry, near Hunker Hill, yesterday. A futile attempt was maJe by a party of Colonel Ashley's rebel rivalry, on Wednesd iy night, to cut off one of uur scouting parties near Uerryville. Oa Monday four regiments ot rebel infantry, mpportei^ by a battery of fonr gnti3, attempt d to flank Colonel Deary's force at Lovettacille, but were driven back. Tho sentiment of the people in the vicinity ha* undergone a wonderful change. Supplies from the country are freely coming into the Union cam;*. The provisions seized under cont at on arc rapidly filling up tho aiuiy storehouse*, contributing greatly to the comfort of the soldiers. The seizures on Wednesday aniottnted to 570 barrels of flotir, and 700 btuhcls of wheat, in bags, marked "Conn-Jet ate States," but the pro* perty hue changed hands. Activity at ill prevails on the Lower Potomac. A brisk tire w:i.< opened by our flotilla yesterday morning upon the rebel forecast Aqtiia creek, j who were uncovered by ?ouie of our gunboats to be there in force. The al rin was iustantly given through the rebel camps, and the Icog roll resounded froin Aquia crcth along the river to 1",transport, ahowiag that the rebel force? iu tint direction hare been greatly augmented within n lew day? past. The rebel batteries cpc.ied (ire on i.ur battery at JJudrt's ferry at eloren o'clock yes rday. but did no damage after discharging some t'.irty shots. i'hc steamer Vaakec went in within half a mile He Virgin;a shore yr*terdr?y. and shell d a 1.1tiery in pro c.;s of erection in the rear of the i i'ion of the old rehel battery nt Freer'or?" r .it. The rebels were forte J to evacuate the") |? j It ii reported that a skirmish took jdaec on Wed DO day on the Telegraph road. m arlMdek Church, j between a party of Texa > Hangers a d o e orii|?n: v from (Scttrral Henitaelwan's division, whuh re sailed In the lose of one captain, ono liculei. nt and a priv -,te on our aide. The lose of the enemy ,? not known. Wchatc wl noifd tyday froai'our fjr^j at ' v 0 - ? Ut. "* Ship IoIuimI of an iiitorcaiiug character. 'ike health of tte men is good, although the weatkei is \.r> hot, the thermometer marking ninety-live ?l? i- 'in the -hade. The details of the capture of tue rebel teamrr Magnolia, with 1,160 bales of rotten, s?y the ' oath Carolina, while attempting to run <rt cf M> bile, i.? given in our Ship Island news. Sheik a ceiboard about two hundred and tifty l> .! f>, I-;r c t .e cargo CJiiu.rt.iug of 1,400 bales of the viiuatle staple. She was bound for Havana. The ctp.ure of a dozen or tr.ore oyster bo; t-, on their way to New Orleans, will considerably diminish the supply auJ increase the price o this di licious article in the Crescent City ot r.bel.lom. A sji-cial despatch from Ca'ro yesterday states that the Uuion pickets in the viriuity of Columbus were driven in some of the rebel cavalry lurkin; in that dircetiou, hut. upon the woods in the neighho. hood being bhelleu by our guuboats, the rebels took a hasty departure. Heavy firing in the direction of New Madrid is said to huvc been heard at Columbus on Wednesday morning at four o'clock. The rebels are reported to muster 40,000 rn^n at the former" place, reinforcements from Memphis, as well as Coluinbu%, having reached there. CONGRESS. A mes-age from the Prcsldeut was received by the Home of Representatives yesterday, suggesting the adoption of a joint resolution providing for , co-operation with any State for the abolition of slavery, with pccuniary?considcration. The President, in proposing this initiatory step, predicts important practical results therefrom. The document may be found in another column. On motion of Mr. Stevens, of Pennsylvania, the message was referred to the Committee of the Whole. In the Senate yesterday, tho Post Office Appropriation bill and the Postal Money Order biJI were reported respectively by the Committees on Finance and Postal Affairs. A joint resolution tendering the thanks of Congress to Commodore Goldsborough and his officers and seamen, for their gallant conduct at Iloanoke Island, was adopted unanimously. The bill relative to the pay of Congres.-men was taken up, and ati amendment allowing twenty cents per mile for mileage was adopted. Further debute on the bill was cut oh" by a motion to go into executive session, which was agreed to. Tn the House of ftenrescntativea. the rcnort or the Conference Committee on the resolution providing for the payment of Western war claims was accepted, and the resolution adopted. The bill providing for the organisation of the division staQa of the army was passed. The Committee of Ways and Means reported a bill to provide for the purchase of coin and for other financial purposes, which was laid over till to-lay. A synopsis of this bill may be found among our Washington despatches. A long defeuco of Alexander C'nturnings, a contractor for army supplies, was read, and several speeches oa the slavery and war questions were delivered in Committee of the Whole, ami the House adjourned. MISCELLANEOUS NEWS. - Ey the arrival of the mail steamship Northern Light, we have late and interesting intelligence from South and Central America. The news of the assassination of President Guardiola is confirmed. The crime is supposed to have been instigated by a high military officer. The President was murdered in broad daylight, in his own residence, and by an ofitecr of his body guard, Pabio Agurcia. Certnin pat ties are trying to prepare public opinion for a proposition to rcanncx Peru to Spain, and j are said to be seconded in their endeavors bv the Li shops and other leading members among the clergy. A severe shock oi earthquake was felt at Pasta on the 6th of February, which fortunately pas. cd ! 06' without doing any damage. The coffee crop of Cn. <? Tc?? ?n?U ka 1; o.'.n Tk. povin.e of Maracaibo, Venezuela, had declared in favor of the United Stat?s of Colombia. Washington's DirlhJav was celebrated by the American rccidmtg in Panama by a dinner at the Aspinwall Hotel. Anions thoie present were Colonel McKee, United Sta'ea Con. ul: Captain MeDongal, of the Unit' 1 !:'nt a slip Wyoming; Captain Grifi'cn, of JU w Yoik, end about iifleen of the leading Aim-rij can? of the city. Btwiness in Chile is reviving, and i the k rvrst i? abundant and promises well. The reins are siid to bo yielding better. Our news from H.-vana by the Northern Light i3 of great iuteie-t. The present Captain General, tii Duke de la Torre, will continue in the govern>:er* of the island. The grand ball given by his Kx< ?!lcn y at the palace wa3 a perfect and brilliant success, and our correspondent h."j? well described it. More Spnr.hh troop i were to be sent to Mexico, Humors were current in lis /ana of a battle between the French and Spanish and the Mexicans, in which the latter were victorious; but the statement i* not generally believed. Genml Uiaaa b:>> been removed froiu thecommand of the ilt :.'can army, and Ik" heroic Zaragoza placed a' its lie d. A considerable number of Southern vessels had arrived at Havana, having successfully eluded the blockading squadron. T!:e operr. season was over, and everything was growing dull. Our correspondent gives some interesting statistics concerning the tobacco crop. The health of the j Mu 'd was very good. The itt am*h?pCltyof Now York, Captain Petrie, I from Liverpool lfttli nit. and Qaeenstown 20ih! at five P. If., arrived here yesterday morning. She ha* 24 "> pj-eenger? and tlm mails. Captain Petrie reports baring had very severe weather during the pas-age. On March 1 he saw heavy field ice from latiti d l"t, longitude 40, to latitude 44 22, lougiti tle lit'W, e;: 1 was detained fifteen hours by it. Tin m w.? by the City ot New York lias been an ticipnt <1. In the State Perate at Albany yesterday, the bills to piovide for the more speedy payment of vol nileeis remninit/g in the S;.itc, end appropriatii g $70,f.ot> to the State Commissary Department anfor j-ayiu. u!s to arsenal keepera, were ordered .o n third i mliug. Die civ. ill Miik bill vas debated iu Committee of the Whole, brt no final disposition was made of it. A numb'r of bills were iiitioJii. il. Among them were bills to prohibit al! salee on Sunday except of meat., milk and fi'h. iin'l t; ?? to i !<;*?? ut nine o'clock in tlie morning; to ir. - i p' roe the tirand Street and Hob ok on Ferric* r.jllioad, and to appropriate $10,000 to 1 lie Troy JuivernitY. A-bill wa* introduced, and, by unanimous consent, reported favorably, to compel all prls ns in t* state to keep lrnlfod Stat, a prism' r*. TUo IVop'.o'a College Ten Thousand Dollars nr.iH'! oiil v..?p am uded eoasfomakc tbe raovycov.e outof the ;?n al fund, and then order- J d to n third re idlr'r. In th? A- uubly, concurrent ' resole rs w ie i Irodnecd disapproving of (be J | fax b'll row under ci.r.vidcrulion in the He pre- j | rcniaMve* Committee id Ways and Vcansat Wp?Ji- i in .!<>r, uui i it tdiall be no nm- d. I a* t? allow I eacb tatc to n nm tl.o roll .,:(> i if ;? portion c! til tixc^. I I,' rthcr !\t i olntlon- lay ' over >r ore day. t.v.m.n .ra were rcc^i*. >1 f f. m t!. ' Ii :wYcr\ Tire '''p.'-tnv > p..: t r> v ' alteration in Uio law regal, lag ie.?il ' ,igs. Tie biil to arurid tbe Tiro l)?.pr.rtr nt IbvuJ of Aj>pra'i act catne from the Hcnal* and was referred to ft *c!ect committee of Ave New York m -mix n. i The bill to complete tbe canal enlargement hud 1 progress reported on it. The bill for the more i speedy pagmcnl of rolunteesa waa ordered to a | NEW YORK HERALD, E third reading. Jn Conunittc of the Whole, the Annual Appropriation bill wa. debated at length, when progress. was reported, and the suhject la.d over. The Turks Island Hoy<d Starvlor l of the 15th of February has the f Mowing concerning movements in the rait market:?"Three small cargoes have been shipped from the C"louy this week, *?h:oh is all tliat has been done in our salt market sin -c !.ic-t report. Advices from New York to tho 87th ult. Btate that, in consequence of it being proposed ia Congress to increase the duty on salt from !?c. to 21c. per bushel, tho price had suddenly advanced from 23c. to We. Our la-t rales were al 7%c. I Export duty, Xc*'' The schooner Target, Capt. Scott, which arrived yesterday from Montevideo, bro ight us passengers two persons seat homo by the United States Consul at Montevideo, one of whom, William Fen wick, is charged with the minder of the second mate of the bark Mary biuret ia. and the other as a witness. The very boisterous weather experienced by the Hamburg steamsh:p Borus a on her last trip from Europe, while proving incontcstibly her admirable a? ir-f?!iifr (uialitiMi ami frreat strength, vet renders a few slight r;pairi ncccs.-ary, causing her departure to be delayed from Saturday, tho8th in; t.,her regular day. to Wednesday, the I'iiliiust., at twelve o'clock uoon precisely. In nearly all the charter and town elections thus far Held in this State the Uuion democrats seem to have gained largely over the ultra republicans. In Cnttaraugu* county the democrats have gained two Supervisors, and in Wyoming foir. The democratic candidate in Troy was elected by 534 majority; in Rochester the democrats succeeded in electing their candidate for Mayor, and have also s ecured a majority in the Common Council; in Utica the result is the same, the democrats having elected their Mayor and five out of the seven Aldermen. Forty-six field officers of the rebel stripe, taken at Fort Donelson, arrived ill Albauy yesterday, en route for Fort Warren. Mrs. William II. Morris, a female sccesher, was arrested in Baltimore on the 3d inst., and will probably soon have an opportunity to console with Buckncr and Tilghman in Fort Warren. She is charged with keeping a clothing storehouse in Baltimore lor the Southern confederacy, and with sending various articles of comfort to the rebels dining the cold weather. This arrest is what J elf. Davis would call " seizing innocent and defenceless women." William Henry Hawkins, "colored steward of the ship Lamcrgier, was placed on - trial yesterday in the United States Circuit Court, before Judge Shipman. on a charge of having murdered Wm. Henry Adams, tho captain of that vessel, while ou a voyage from Liverpool to New lork. The ease is still on. The weekly statement of the Commissioners of Public Charities and Coitcction was presented yesterday, and shows that the number of persons admitted to the institutions during the week ending on the 1st inst. was 1,008, and the number remaining there at that time was 7,940, a decrease .of twentytwo on the preceding week. Two hundred thousand barrels of ale are manufactured annually in the city of Albany. Under the new Tax law. that city will pay on this article alone two hundred thousand dollars a year. Fire Marshal Baker last evening presented to the Board of Aldermen his semi-annual report for the six months ending November 30. The report, a3 usual, embraces some important suggestions, as well as valuable statistics. lie refcre to the storage of petroleum, and the dangers to be appre. hemded in the event of fire. Ho also recommends the adoption of an ordinance to regulate or prohibit the keeping of large quantities of these oils within the lire limits. The aggregate number of fires for the past six months is no hundred and forty-eight, being forty-two less than that of the previous half year, and fifty-six lees than that of tho corresponding six months of the previous year. The total alleged losses amount to $791,809, tho insurances to $2,72l,02.?, and the actual sums paid by the under* writers to $J30,6.>8, which is $247,759 less than the amounts paid daring the same period of 18G9. Fifteen deaths have been caused by fire during the past six months. There was very good skating on the Central Park yesterday, although but few persons took advantage of the opportunity. Should no change I take place in the weather, the ball will be up at I seven o'clock this morning, and skating allowed till dark. The cotton market 0,10 rd with Increased flrin,. ?.? yesterday, and closed at a further odvancj of J^c. ]>cr lb. Th' saloi embraced about SOJ a UCO b lbs, closing en the ba is of 25 'Jc. a tide. !or middling t.plain's. Tho Dour market was heavy, with moderate sa'.os, and ytea3 foil o!f So. pot bbl. on tba lowor aad commju gr-id- s f State end \Vt st era. Wheat was inactive, wlnlo sales were quite limited and prices irrcjtlir, and for * >me qualities nrminat. f'ora wis uncharged, whib sites wore Dia.lo to a air j.ttont at CO.-. a 8-','ie. for Wostera mi\at In store and delivered. I'ork was less buoy an t an., ratbvr easier to purcliasn, w itli sal is of new mrs at ?lt 25, old a1. 712 t?7 }? a $1364, $1*) 75 1 Sit for ujw prime, and $11 CO for uninspected ru ns. Sugars worn fr.i.r ant active: tlia sales itnbr. ct) 1 2,060 t:'i Is.; fair r.riic.n if./Od.. were sold as high asCJ^C., an 1 2"> b">xcs we. c sold at 7c. a 8'fc. CoD>? was flnn'y i.sht, 'rd quirt: rat- < of 1,200 b :u and 127 bbls. Jamaica w vo mrJon prlntc terms, Kr.;?htd wore steady aud rather s'. ira: ct'ii'clally to London, avail ib!o nwm was somen hat restricted. Wo rotor tostioth ji column for partic .la,-?. The i.ooif: or utn Tkihvvk.? groclov argues those who cmlotrv the t'linoinLittun'. of An I drew Johnson as Provisional Governor of T?-riKtsree faror in effect the territorial scheme of Sumner; for, asks the Tn>- u/>. if that bo oot liie idea of .he President, wliy ?0l go??Tn Tonicswo by martial law till civil law and Order arc restored.' But this ia just what tho President is doing. Mr. Johnston is a military Governor, and, to uukc him so. has b"cn appointed a Brigadier General. So far. therefore, Tennessee is under martial law. and will contiuue eo till people resume tho functions of self, government, which were paralyzed by a reign of terror. The whole State is not yet reduced to -ubjectirn. That is the work of Governor Johnson, and wlica it is accomplished the State .' rutin; - i?s normal condition by the force of the constitution. neither the President, nor Congrc-jf, nc.r Governor Johnson, having any further authority to meddle with the Sl.itc organization when the people -are obedient to the supreme laws of the land, to enforce tho execution of which is th? solo object of thenar. TlIK C<WSTtT'TM?..\ I. CoXVKNTtON 01 Il,!.t>OIS.? The telegraph informed us yenterdny that the Constitutional Convention of Illinois had directed the Legislature to ennct laws to prevent any negroes entering that .State. Will Con. rem tin-1 jrlnfco to InterA-rc vriili that action? Just as well might it Jo so us undertake to emancipa'o slaves i.i the Southern fc'stcs or t?turn tl o-r Slat1, in' ? territorial governments. It ia el' >r that the people of Illinois d>? not rrcogt>'/.e I: . r> gm 'J j c'uiz' ti of tlie United .States within the meaning of the constitution: for if he

*% re a citizen they would hive na power to pre? n< Lis settling among them, it h, also pipj li ..I they do not believe the negro to ba ( pial to tLu white man, and that tier abhor aunl.iimation. Vet a few de*p?rsto fanatics in Congtew are Attempting to force upon the S .u'hei n States a social and political condition which tho Nosibom SUtes wiH not tolerate tot themselves. '1UDAY, MARCH 7, 18G2. Iui('oi'(aiU Mtssage front tbt 1 Tlir K man citation Qucttlou, Tie President laid before Congress yesterday u most important Message ou the subject of the emancipation question, suggesting the adoption of a joint resolution to tlio etTect Hint the government ought to co-ojiera'e with any State which may adopt a gradual abolition of slavery, givinc to sucli State pecuniary aid, to be used, in i': discretion, to compensate for the inconveniences "produced by such change of system." If the I proposition contained m the resolution does not meet the approval of Congress, then, says the President, there is an eml of the matter. I lint if it docs, then it is important that tlin States interested should know the fact. In other words, if the border Stales, now redeemed, or partially redeemed, from the clutchcj of rebellion, should be disposed to emancipate their slaves, it is proper that Congress should announce to tlicm, by the adoption of such a resolution, that the government is willing to uid them by paying a juit value for the slaves so liberate 1. Such a measure would most probably prove agreeable to the conservative feeling of the North and the South alike, substituting, as it doc3, a moderate and practical view of the *' - 5- -i--r IKA question ol emancipation in j?iuuo ?ic *?.trome an;! impracticable views of the abolitionists. The progress of the debate on the Confiscation bill i3 developing the conservative, consti* tution-loving sentiment in Congress. It is a struggle of law and order against anarchy and revolution. Tho observation^ of Senator McDougall (opposition), of California, on Monday and Tuesday, are well worthy of tho attentive consideration of the whole people, and their endorsement by Mr. Cowan (republican), of Pennsylvania, is a most gratifying evidence of patriotism amidst the fierce passions of party spirit. "Shall we," says the latter gentleman, "stand by the constitution, or sball wo open wide the field of revolution, and go back to the doctrines of feudal ages, and introduce feuds which centuries cannot quiet? That is what tbis bill proposes. Tlio passage of such a bill will make the whole Southern people our enemies. The scheme of colonization is entirely impracticable. And furtLer. the bill is directly in conflict with the constitution, l'or tho preservation of which alone the war is waged. The bill is unnecessary, impolitic and totally useless. The bill is unconstitutional, because the constitution provides that no bill of attainder shall be passed, and no person punished for crime without regular proceedings in court. This bill is in fact a bill of attaiuder, and Congress has no power to pass it."' This covers the wbolo ground. And what ig Mr. Cownn's opinion about emancipation? He says:?"I protest against that section of the bill for freeing the slaves, as an entire departure from the principles of the constitution, aud especially impolitic at this time. Fecause we are in a war we ought not to make a law which was unconstitutional before." "IVhat have the negroes done to secure freedom at this time, when the course of their masters seems especially to invite them to strike for liberty? Nothing. They simply rely on their masters, like domestic animals, witii a sort of blind instinct.'' He concludes with "a hope that the bill would not pass, but that Congress would atteud to the measures necessary to secure sue. cess iu the great struggle in which we arc engaged." This is the language of a patriot; and if all men in Congress had only so spoken and acted from the beginning neither civil convulsion nor disunion would exist to-day. There is one great result produced by this war. The eyes of millions oi men at the North are opened to t!.o real char, acterof the negro, and they have discovered, from the experience of our troops and generals what we have so long proclaimed to them in vain?the natural inferiority of tlio negro to the white man. which can no more be removed tban the color of his skin by nny amount of legislation. It is the negro's nature to be the f.ervi.nt of the Caucasian race. Ho '"relies on his master.'" says Mr. Cowan, "with a sort ol blind instinct.'* It is evident, therefore, that that part of the bloorly programme which contemplated servile insurrection is already exploded. The negro is happier and better olf, physically, morally, socially and religiously, under lint miid Christian servitude of his white master at the South, than he ever was in any other c mil:Lion since the dawn of creation, or ever will be till the coming of the millennium. To leave the negro to himself, and put him into competition with the white man, is to destroy him as effectually as our civilisation has <K" si.oycd the red nan of the forest. Servitude is the negro's normal condition. It is calculated to preserve the raco from extinction, and to tender it hippy and at the same time subservient to the happiness of the white man. That white men should wage a war of extermination against white men to change the condition of blacks for the worse is an absurdity too great for the common sOiitC of any people, and much more Of lis intelligent and practical peoplo of the United .Mates, Mr. Lincoln recognizes tlio fact; and therefore, even if the fanatics in Congress should succeed in carrying their bill, it will bo met with his veto. As to the unconstitutionality of the bill, both as reg irds the emancipation of tlie negroes and the wholesale confiscation of the property of the Font hern people, there eannot be a shadow of doubt. Bills of attainder and general forfeiture are expressly prohibited. But, if there was oven the necessniy authority to pursue this course. Mr. Cowan shows that it would be impolitic and unwise. It would ' make the whole people of the South our enemies.'' Not only is it unconstitutional and unwise, but it is contrary to the law of nations and the modern usages of civilized war, which forbid the capture or forfeiture of nu enemy's private property. Lot us show the world that wo can maintain the integrity of the Union nml preserve out free in dilutions without Incurring the reproach of becoming bat burtons, or resorting to liar her treatment of the vanquished than the' - tern but wi obi Romans deemed necessary in the zenith of their power. " It is evident, however, by the Message which j we publish to day. that Mr. Lincoln thoroughly | understands the whole que lion involved in this j stormy agitation onlbo conIi<cniioti of properly in th.o rebel .States, nnd that he 1ms token a ! sensible and consorvaMve view of it. which, while it will undoubtedly provoke the iudignntion of the abolition en w. will bo received with satisfaction by the conserv ative element both in t! # North and South. I The IVal! Street Spirulaton nntl Berrctaiy s'tnmuu Ucttut l)rUt>r. Since the issue of the recent order of the i Secretary of War in regard to tho publication of military news, the Wall street speculators have been exceedingly busy in inventing and propagating false reports of the movements of our forces. TLey Lave had General J-auks de. feated, the whole Army of the Potomac engaged in battle, and the Union troops everywhere covered with disaster. It n. < d hardly be said that thore is no foundation whatever for ] such rumors, which are only designed to effect < the rise or fall of stocks, ai d ure encouraged rather than rebuhed by journals inimical to Secretary Stan lor's order. These current rumors, however, fire charged bv their inventors upon the order of the Secretary of War, and the public is told that the government has made a great blunder in vc- . striding the publication of news, nud is practically abetting thc^e frauds upon tho stock market aud the people. Cn the contrary, these rumors arc not the fault of the order, but of a des gning misrepresentation and a popular m'sapprebension of the order. Such bogus reports have always boon circulated upon the street, but tave never obtained such general credence, simply because tho people relied upon the newspapers to expose and correct them. But now the people arc led to believe that there is no use looking in the newspapers ; that ti c Secretary of War w ill not allow anything to be published about the war, and that, therefore, the stories circulated by the speculators are just as likely to Lc true as false. There could scarcely be a greater misiaKe than tbis. We Lave repeatedly asserted, upon authority the most undoubted, that-Secretary Stauton's order docs not prohibit the publica tion of any legitimate and correct news. It makes, and was designed to make, no change whatever in the contents of journals truly loyal and carefully conducted. It was intended only to deprive the enemy of information of our plans and of movements and operations necessarily secret. Our readers will find no difference whatever in the scope, variety, minuteness and freehneps of the news in to day's IIurai.d as compared with the news in the issues of the IIkrai.d published a month before this order was issued. We have the some libertics as ever, and the Secretary's manifesto only imposed upon all journals the same loyal caution in the publication of news which the Hkkai.d has ahvays imposed upon itself. So far from cutting off or delayiug the news of actual occurrences, the War Department has made arrangements, through its military supervisors, with the anny correspondents and telegraphers, by which the correct accounts and details of every battle and skii misb shall be transmitted with even greater facility than ever. No soldier of the Union army can fall, in a rencontre however trifling, without the knowledge of the public; and if General Bunks were to fight a battle to-night, or General Hooker's brigado meet with a disaster, or the Army of the Potomac or of the Mississippi advance, or a skirmish occur in Arkansas, our readers would lcain tlio fullest particulars of the affair from to-morrow morning's IIhrai.o, or from our curlier extra editions. We repeat, therefore, that there is no excuse whatever for thoEe who delude themselves with false rumors upon the theory that the newspapers cannot publi-.h the news. Everything actually done will be as fully reported as cver^ and only our customary caution will be ob_ served in concealing what is intended to bo done. Those who assert otherwise, and thus give encouragement to fabricated reports, are either speculators who have stocks to buy or sell, or journalists who are inimical to Sccietarjf Stanton's order, because it prevents them from giving their usual daily instilment of trca* souuble information io tCo rebels. The Oncxrxa or Tradk with tub Sooth.? The capture of Fort Donelson, coupled with the occupation of Nashville by our troops, has resulted in the opening of trade between the whole of the section of which it is the ccntie? a section abounding in cotton and tobacco. Already 3100,000 worth lmve been scot down the Cumberland to New York. The opening of the Tennessee,still further south in the same State, lays open the trade of North Alabama and the river counties of Mississippi. And soon Memphis will lull into the hands of the I'ulon troops, and then the whole State will bo accessible to Northern trnde. Memphis formerly shipjted some three or four hundred thousand bales of cotton yearly; for it is the outlet of a very fertile and exton?ivo district of country. This and other products formerly went down the Mississippi to New Orleans; They will now nncend thai river, to bo conveyed by railroad to New York. Along the Atlantic seaboard the same process is going forward, ami <=001 there will be an abundance of cotloh for lire use of the Northern States. Threats are made in tho rebel Congre-s and elsewhere to burn the cotton and tobacco which ave likely to fall into tue hands ol the Union troop*. But w e I -jiitspoct the owners will not surrender their | clmnees to get caili for the artioio for | the wovtble** premise of inJemnlflctF 1 for I the loss by the togill Confederacy. Ju many ihstenecs. loo, towns nnd districts will lio sirprised by our Advancing leglonl the wore violent Mcc.ssionisU can have time to ply the torch. The revival of Southern trade in consequence of the progress of our arms will he a great benefit to North and South, but particularly to the South, whose products were of little or no value because, there was no market for them, while at the tamo time the people had to pay fabulous prices for slioeu salt and other necessaries of life. Their sufferings in consequence were very great. This slate of things is put au end t? by the victories nt Mill Fprings, Fort Henry and Fort Ponolson, resulting. as they do. in the restoration of the whole of the magnificent .Slate of Tennessee nnil per- j tions of tlic adjoining Slates to the free trade i and cotunu rcc of tlio Union. a CoMurrctAi. lniiituocbic Tax.- One of onr 60a t. plains called upon ns yesterday to iwpiire why Secretary Ulia. e docs not recommend to Cm a 'ax upon foreign verse! for tlio use of < )" r,l' oin-es ai.d l..v?ys? The captain sh .* that recently, going in unl coming out. the lighthouse and hir \ tssr onon'* up' i .his vtvscl at Ghnyow v.uouuled to some .ti teen pounds. At cuc-b ' f, or eveu onedburtb of ' this rate, u very handsome i'oni would lie | added to (lie receipts of the Treasury, and from this tax on foreign ubips similar to that which, | ir we are not mistaken, we ha ve to pay not only 1 at the perls of tlio I'.riti. h islands, but of ; France, ?nd nt the German porta and elseI where. We submit the suggestion to tho eou1 eidcratlnn of Mr. Secretary Chase. 1 lUr DUuiiiitn Journals snd tliv Tsi BIU> 1 The disunion abolition journals are display- 1 ing the clov* a foot in the cane of (he Tax bill. 1 1'hey have hitherto pretended to be in favor of V the war; hut now, tl .a they discover that It is a | war for the restoration-of th. I nion, and not for the emancipation t>; uc:;r they scarcely disguise the fact the I they would .o see it fail, because, in tLat ca*o, being rid of the democratic Southern States, they calculate they wculd retain the federal government of the northern half of the repuLllc and umjorities in Congress in their Lane's. If they c^.uld carry thoir emancipation and territorial schemes, they would liavo no objection to see the war successful; for then the retention of the Southern States as subjugated provinces, to bo ruled by satraps or proconsuls appointed at Woshiugton, would not interfere with the republioan majority. But, finding that this is impracticable, their most earnest desire is that our generals should make fatal blunders and fail, or that the war should at first languish, and finally be cut short for want of sustenance. Now, a tax bill in the very life blood of tLc war. Without it another campaign could not bo carried on. Ilenre the radical disunion journals of New York denounce the Tnjc bill. To prevent taxalion or to exoite public odium against it is virtually to oppose the progress of the war?the offence for which the Northern secession journals havo been squelched by the government. It is disloyalty to the Union, the constitution and the laws; and the republican journals ought to be served up with tlio same sauce as the organs of soce siou. There is another reason besides a political one which prompte the opposition of the republican papers to the Tax bill. It is of a purely personal and selfish nature. The lax will press heavily upon tbeir tottering establishments. ant| perhaps overthrow them. That would not b# much loss to the community; and if they were true patriots they would bear the personal lose with equanimity if it essentially contributed to the salvation of the country, and they would advocate the passage of the Tax bill forth# public good, though it weie to injure themselves for u time. But patriotism is something of which they never had the remotest idea; political partisanship is all that they recognize or understand in public affairs. Therefore it is that the Tribune, the Times and the World Inveigh against tlio bill. But we trust that Congress, which has already delayed the measure too long, will pus3 it imm#dlately, without debate. Discussion will only cause injurious delay. If there are any provisions which, by experience, maybe found undesirable, or requiring alteration, they can easily be repealed or modified hereafter. Ther# ; is only one exception to this, and that is th# provision for collection, which ought to b# struck out at once without debate, and the bill assimilated to the Twenty Millions J.aod Tax bill pusscd last August, and shortly to com# into operation. In this it is provided that th# several Slates should have the opt ion of collecting the lax, and be allowed fifteen per cent for the same. This has been aorrced to bv every loyal State whose Legislature bos been in aeaeioa since the passage of the act, except little Dela ware. It will be a gain of fifteen por cent to the people at large, instead of throwing so much away upon a set of hungry politicians. This tax will cost the States nothing additional to collect. Their collectors will collect it at the same time with their own taxes; whereas if federal collectors were to collect it the fifteen per cent discount would not be allowed^ and it would probably cost the people double that amount in salaries for the collection. The sams method ought obviously to be adopted in the new bill. ... * . * *** Lot the measure be put through Congress an speedily as possible. Its passage will teach Europe auothcr lesson. When we raisod seven hundred thousand fighting men, s nnvy of four hundred vessels, and five hundred millions of * SI Lt ?t 11. -1 J it.' !_? iionurs, iuu great ruivt-rs imiujvu tunr upiuiun of ub. They concluded we were a military Power which it would not bo sale to provoke Let the bill be adopted at once, end Kuropo will see that our financial ability js equal to our military and naval capabilities, and it will bo sure to accord us the full meed of respect which such power ever commands. Tub Bkoaoway Railroad Jon.?Our readers lmve noticed the tremendous efforts for and against the Hroadwny Railroad job now in progiess at Albany. Mr. A. T. Stewart and other woil known gentlemen vehemently oppose th? job, and offer a million of dollars to the city or Sfute for the very privileges which the Legislature is apparently about to give away, gratis, to a set of men who have little or no intoreat in the welfare of our city, and care nothing for thn inconveniences and losses which the passage of uoh a bill would entail upon us. We suppoan ilint -ngu a rniroaa us uiutpropo6eu wouia really be worth five million* of dollars to lbs city; and yet those Albany jobbers impudently demand it Tor no thin or. Certainly it would do ua tire millions of dollars worth of injury, and ought never to be authorized nl any price. Yet it seems almost certain that this mammoth job, as infamous and atrocious as the Gridiron ' bill, will pa*? the Legislature. Tim election* last j year were conducted almost entirely bj tbeso ! railroad schemers, and tbeir candidates weio* | sumpglod into power. Tb<j "Lilllo Villain" of a Sneaker was secretly elected to aid in this terrible c^ipdle. The silence of tho press has been secured by jiving journalists thirty or forty thoii?nnds of dollar* worth of stock in the railroad. and the Hlrai.ii Is the only paper in tbo city which is above all such corruption;:, nnd is free to oppose this immense swindle. It is useless to waste argument against the bill upon men who have more potent arguments in favor of it in their pockets; but we call upon tho people to hold meetings throughout the city* and by immediate and unanimous protestations they may yet be able to save them solves from this cur?e of a Broadway Railroad. " - Ih-iivt.ftnvKinnntvr?Inter. fl.Al' inn ? ' *? j?.-ftAcunhTWhwkbtin Viumima. ?A Richmond correspondent of llio Charleston Courier throwa oonriderablc light upon the whiskey question In Virginia. Ho any 'Iw' "within six month* two hundred additional distilleries have beau established iu Yirgiuia, and that they arc buying op all hie corn, their profits being po cnornion: that they can afford to pay the highest price for U." Ho next describes tho peculiar virtues of tlim corn whlpkey upon the human system:?"It cnrlonizcn (or burns Into a crust) the mucous membrane <>l tho w indpipo, sets tho bi.tin on fire, and sends a t old tremor through tho ay b in." A soldier taking Half a ilorcn nips is dm n't for a wpok, and a econd or third repetition of this experiment "drives tho h tenth out of hie body." Most, depicting the mischiefs of whisks v la

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