Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 8, 1862, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 8, 1862 Page 2
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2 W0TCC33 07 NEW PUBLIC ".TIONS "Cueist the si*!bit," bring an Attempt to state the Pi;mtj ?* v iew oi Christianity. By the ?uth?>r of " licmaiks on AJheniy aitl the Alchemists," and " Swedenborg a Hermetic Philosopher." By Jiimes Miller, I'i Broadway. Tiis w 'tc before us seotns Inspired wild a true spirit of religlo:- fervor, end oxliibii.se id.ncoaof a wnloly exton.led research among the ancient philosophers and his toriaus that cannot fail to render It an important acquisition not only to the thoolo.p nl student, but to all persona eugag 1 iu literary and scientific pursuits The author seeks to establish the f.iot thai the writers of the New Testament belonged to a social society, callud the Kssenaa, who flourished in Julea at tho time of the advent ofChid., .lenity, and who are d.'senbod by rhilo und Jusojihus as boiug a holy brotherhood who devoted thoir lives to philosophy and tho study of thuir sacred books, who shored their property lu om nou, and wore in possession of a secret, which they guarded with tho greatest care from th? ' without," and taught allogoricully to thur initiates In reference to tho peculiar opinions of tho Es?onn3, we rocoivo much interesting Information." Tho ' without" were the Pharisees and SSadi ceee.whom the"Uoly Brethren" regarded as no l>etlor than so many swine and dogs. Their secret wss thoir knowledge of tho spirit of the law of Moses, with regard to which they wroto in symbols in their own works. This secret the author regards as that of the "Temple of Silomon," of which tho free Masons of our own day claim a know. >i iu*. The Masons aro descondod from tho E sanes, and aro justly proud of thoir linoage. The wholoaocomtt which the hook gives of their character at this curly period of the world, and of the frightful modes V! mil. .1 'u i.u WUIVU man utscipius H igiatlivi. IS9Xcodlngly interesting, and at the same tltus lust, active. The Esaenag, as wo have already ob;erv?d, hold peculiar opinions with regard to tho Old Testament, boiloving that tho union or Us letter and spirit, corresponding to the boly and soul of man, constituted it a ' living being'' and tho oxpress image of the Dory. This doctrine thoy taught in tho Uo3pols, and rofer to it the many mysterious expressions will jli constantly occur in those sacred books "Christ the .Spirit" is in two parts. The first volume la devoted to a dovolopement of the author's theory; the second gives an application of his views in au eape cial interpretation of the Gospel of St. John. With re furd to this interpretation too much cannot be said in praise. Tiiolight which it casts over spiritual truths, and the depths of insight with which it establishes their authority, roudor its publication an important event, if not an era in the history of religionThe whole volume is interspersed with suggestions with regard to tho literature of the Middle Ages and oortain of our modern authors, which open up fields Of speculation of great value, and which, to the ordinary student, have boon comparatively unknown. Apart from the literary value which oannotfsil to at. tach to 'Christ the Spirit," in whatever way it maybe c .nsi tared, an additional interest is added to it by tho fact that it is the work of General Hitchoook, one of the principal olficers of the American army, whose military reputation is widely known, and who, having satisfied himself with the glory of an active career, has now, it would see in, in the peaceful years of his retirement, ad lcil the crown of the philosopher, and we might almost Bay of the poet, to the laurels that he had already won. Pti.onixs of Fashion?A Family History. By Kitiahan Cornwallia. Harper k Brothers, publishers. The book before us is well written, but n free, hold, clevor sketch rather than a finished pioture. It u little the wore*, however, ror that. We are disposed to think that the idio.^ync-iclet of the author led him to aim at producing exactly what he has sc. complishod, aud that.according to the design, ao ia th> result. From the fact that the period embraced In the book U nearly ninety years, and that four generations of the same bmily successively appear on the stage, the "cope for elaboration Is very wide, and the materials included in thia novel would have been ample had the anthor chosen for a work three times its site. But he has con. tented himself with dashing off in n few easy strokes tho salient characteristics of his drain alii persona; and so far he has been perfectly successful. The tale, which is bold in outline, u one of every day life, end the characters in It are the every day pilgrims that wa meet In and out of what is conventionally called the fashionable wo*ld; and the victssitudee of the Dually of which it profasaes to be the Uiatory?their lovee, their hates, thoir sorrows, their |>ya?are stirring end well told. The knowledge of bbaractor and experteaoe of the world which the book pi licetes ere very considerable. The story commences li Eoglaud, then changes to Germany, end then to the raited States, where we have some effectively drawn |-anas relating to the present war, the description of |he battle of Bull run (pp. 3)1 to 303} being highly exciting and pictorial. There la also n shipwreck ri with a newer and realitv which milea in r valtze a full sease of all tlx* horrorj of ths situation, and a more torrtble on* It would be difficult to imagine. Tlx* sumo ma/ be said of the description of the burning ship, which U animated, TiTU, and area thrilling. One of tha author's greatest exeollences is that ha mnlcei his characters talk as peoplo raall/ do talk. Tha book is thickly at id lei with disquisitions on tha moralities of Ufa, which are health/ in tone and sound in logic. The s'ylo la free and flowing, glowing and picturesque. The language employed Is always good, tha sentiments expressed invariably generous, and thi morality of the book entirely unimpoachab'.e. It has, moreovor, the quality of being amusing, and it is always spirited The plot may not be as intensely exciting as thelovsrsof tha Minerva press might desire, but it Is skilfully const rue tod. and sufficiently interesting to sus tain the reader's attention from baginning to eud. Vet H s not s> much a goal story, as a story with a great many good things in it It oomblnos admirably the novol an 1 the essay, and it is its very merit in this respo-t which may make it appear hoary to those whose taste has been vitiated by reading the ordinary vorks of flctieu of the day. But the effect is wholesome, and the work is to be commended even on that account. Th* freshness and originality of tho book, and the boldness ?. ?la tvlneh it pnrara 11% t hit f_alar>?na aa m rx.f Iwsll. /.f c mvuiMiii! society, will recommend it to every honest thinker, and it is a work which genuine thinkers will appreciate mora than tho majority of mora romance r> ad?rs, sn1 one which ia not to be judged by the ordinary novel standard. Thai the author baa not put forth bia full power In this book, good aa it is, but written in un lue haste, Is, however, apparent. It is tho unambitious eflbrt of a man wno could have successfully executed a mn-h Cr -ater and more elaborate dooign. If be only chooses to beetow the necessary labor upon it he Is evidently caiwble of writing a story worthy to rank with the beet of English norole. Wo decline to Judge of his capabilities as n novelist by this one short story, whioh, with nil it* exceltooco and fidelity to nature, will, we fo?t assured, be surpassed by him In the future, if It has not iioen in the past, end if wo vouture tho supposl trm that the flret half of tho present volume was written several years ago and laid aside, only to bo hurriedly finished within a very recent period, we do the work no Injustice. Certain It is that the latter half of the book Is the best, aad shows more decidedly the pen of the practised writer. The most oonspicnous merit of the presont work la the graphic and lifelike vigor of the descriptive portions, which indicate a tpilck and discriminating eye for the piotureeqiie, rapid powers of combination and a true feeling for nature. Add to this a wholesome, largehearted sympathy with his fellow men, which Is another of the author's loading characteristics, and we think we have ?xi<1 enough to induco our readers to got the book * ml judge for themselves. Tim Brokkw ekoaorimrr; or. SrRairttro thr Titi-rn Kim a Hat. A Tale hy Mrs. Emma D. E. N. 8o?thworth. T. B. Peterson, Philadelphia. Urady, Ann street. A clover, Sprightly novel, of the average amount o literary morll which distinguishes this writer's works, bit not cmrkol by an/ groat depth or reflection or feeling Hakprk's Whrklt for 1961. Harper Brothers. Tho volume for the year Just elapsed of this publics ti?o is now bef>re us. To the American public there can bo no more Interesting and trainable record. It embrace tho most romark ihlo epoch In our political history. Not only does It give us a complete narration of the war and 4- scrlptlous of all the principal actors In It, but It pro fonts tie with faithful and graphto pictorial Illustrations of all its principal Incidents. No family should be with out thla volume There are few to whom It w!U not brtng tome proud or tearful leminlsoence. Thr Aamroair Boldirr's Handbook por Activi Hbrviur. Bj Ole P. II. Bftlliug. Thle little volume will be fonnd of great prectloal fiiiHy to our volunteer oill< ere It Is e complete +*lr Wftuf mllllftr/ datie*. I NEW YO FltANS Lk-U.Ie'9 PltWKIAL IIlSTOBT of TliK Will. Edited by E. CI. Bquier. Mi'. Squior ought to bo congratulated upon bis good , fortune. In the first pi ace, U<- lias appropriated t-> hiui self tho subject of th? moment before it wi n pounced Iupui by any other of the craving fanii'y of a th rs. Iu tho seomd, lie has found a pibliahor who not only #>? the value of the work when suggested to him, but had fhi-iUhM far bringing it out in * manner calculated to tnako bis foresight a oertalmy. Finally, he possessed ths requiste intellectual ability. Hosrevor, where tho tact to select a really excellent subject exists we may be tolerably sure that the ability to treat it ably will be a coexistent faculty. At aay rale, it is so lu the present Instan e. Mr. Squier is bom a keen and sub..e thinker and an able writer, and lie lies demonstrated his ability in tho present his;cry m >re clear;y than many might have believed ho would do in the prosocution of a task demanding such au unbiased and impartial judgment. The per sou wb<> might casually glance across tho pages of the first "art f this history might, perchance, be disposed to urge that it is merely a compilation of facts, and that lit ic tuierit was rorjuirsd to arrange its dirje-ti Membra I in their present form; but a judgment formed so rapidly would be eminently uncial. Lot him road It carefully through and ws will guarahteo a widely different judg ment upon bis part. Mr. Squier has performed his wearisome labor with a discrimination and last will hova he a Ew eavafnl study and labor, and wa cannot but express our conviction that this work, if co.nplctod in the aims styl a that it has boon commenced, must givo hitn the very h ghost position as a writer of cotemporaneous history. Wagayaa " a writor," because, in those portions of the volume which are writlon by himself, he displays an ability and actimon of the most sterling class. In evory reapoct patriotic, ho is not blindly disposed to praise all lhat our generals or statesmen may have done. In briof, ho is a cod, logical and energetic thinker, whoso judgment nevor allows personal feeling to cloud or overbalance his reason. But in spooking of the editor we are well nigh forgetting the publisher?Mr. Frank Leslie. Even beauty is not indoi>cndunt of the aids of the toilet; nor is a volume, however able, independent of the mechanical style in which it is set before the paying public. The style of the present volume is due to Mr. Leslie alone, and owing to the unexampled facilities ho possessed for making it what it is. As the proprietor of an illustrated paper published in this city, ho had artists in his employment in every portion of the country where the present deplorable conflict is taking place, and his professional knowledge of wood engraving joined In enabling him to produce what may fairly be considered e model pictorial history, 'n addition, charts and maps of tho various sections of the country are prodigally abundant, while ho has shown an accurate appreciation of the epicurean taste of tho reading world of the day in tho splendor with which he has worked off the volume at present upon our writing table. In mero paper and print it stands com. pletely alone, when compared with its low price. A folio in fnrm Aii-h BAnArnU nnmhar r.rtnftiatin? of sixteen pages, thickly illustrated. and printed with the perfection only attainable by the publishers of Illustrated works, it a priced at twenty Are cents, or loss than the price of a dally paper daring she fortnight of which it contains the pictorial history. Large as its circulation now is, we prodict thst it will be more than quintupled before the close of this year, should the unhappy struggle it chronicles be prolonged through the whole of that period. Twxxrr Tsars Arocnd the World. By John Guy Vassar. Carleton, Publisher. This is a Tory interssting and valuable work of travel, the production of a gentleman who has probably travolled more than any other American, and certainly far more than travellers better knowu to fame; such, for instance, as Bayard Taykor and Madame PfeiiTer. It is surprising that he should have abstained from publishing so long, but better late than never, and he has given us here a large and handsome volume full of the reminiscences of the period indicated in the title. The work n arranged in the form of letters the first being dated Havana, 1839, and tho last, and hundred and sixty-fourth, Island of Sin Miguel, Azores, 18C0. Almost every part of Europe seems to bare been risited by him, end of each of tho places referred to we have pleasant and graphic descriptions, together with lnnume rabi# Incidents of travel and anecdotal of the people with whom the author came In contact. Asia, Africa and Amorica have been very extensively covorcd by bis travele, and a mere enumeration of the principal places at whioh ha has been a sojourner would exceed the limits at our disposal. He seems to have been equally at home at Sierra Leone, Canton, Calcutta, Buenos Ayres and Lima, and to have journeyed about the world with a keen observation of nature and human natura under their different aspects. Now, having seen aoariy all, wacantmagini him a geographic il Alexander, aitting dowa to mourn that he has no more worlds to travel over. H >wevor, his book is a pie mat soMitiUr, and a record of whioh he may well be proud. It contains tho honest impressions of a conscientious, Intelligent, edu cated and literary traveller. It ii wall writton, entertaining and instructive. and pussossei a perm meat Int?rMt which will male a It a valuable addition to all libraries. Casky's Infantry Tactic?. Throe vols. 16 mo. D. Van Nostrand, New York, publisher. The above is the title or the now infantry tactics Tor the use of the Army, compiled and revised by Brigadier General Silas Casey, late olonel in the United States regular army. From a cursory examination or this work, it Keoms that it is more complete and comprehensive than either Scott's or Hardee's tactics. The a itbor enjoys a high reputation as a tactician among military ram. TU? War Popartmont, in consideration of the high value of the work, and the efforts of its author to advance the good of the service, has orderod a large number of copies for examination, and Major Conoral ifcClollan his authorized Genera! Casey to use tho work as a text book for his entire division. Intrrcstlng from Liberia. OCR MONROVIA COUKESPONbKNC'S. Monrovia, Liberia, Jan. 17,1962 The Legislature in Session?A Pre* Opinion of da Capacity of Members?The President's Mrss <ge?His Motions with England?The Treatment <f the Conyoes Again?Mative Wart on the St. Paul River?Sad Case of a Boston Peslei. Sc., Tho Amoricun schooner Thriver, of Boston, Arrived here on the 8ih iust. In a very unfortunate condition. She bad boen in tho vicinity of Goreo, where her captein ran her into one of the rivera and hove her down to cop. per her bottom. The result was that very shortly after be returned to sea nearly ell hands on board wore severely attacked with The African ftver. Capt. Leonard Small, of Ksst Boston, died on the 2d Inst , and the second mate and two sailors (all Portuguese) have since dial. The second mate was buried here. Tho Legislature convened In this city on the first Monday in December. It la composed of honest men. Though some of them are talented, and some possessed of a little general informal Inn. most of them are wholly unqualified forth* discbarge of legislative duties. It lath* moat uninformed of all deliberative bodies among negroaa either In this country or tha Mates; none can tak* a bighar rank in nn^allghtened understanding than ilia La gielatura of Liberia. The present one, however, Is above tb*average. It la not because there are no able men in this country; but the standard of our law makers baa been regulated by political chicanery. 1 tie mo-sage of i'rcaidont Ooneon was moderate in length, but the accompanying documents protracted it to an almost unprecedented iengih. Under date of July 11 inf rmod you of the unpleasant feelings existing r.otween this government and Kngland. The people a?eeinbled in a public mooting to deny a when they saw It In the lixsai.D. The message, however, showed very plainly that our rotations with lior Majesty's govorumcnt were In a very unsatisfactory state. Questions of jurisdiction are now under considers.. m, snd the naval flag officer of England on this station t* daily expected h'To to examine the validity of the political Juris diction wMtrit we claim ovar ibo (iallanae co intiy. Soma reference is made to tba Oon^o question. llo promises to furunh sit .xfactory Information of their condition. Of course a.1 tb.it you may hour from the President or iho physicians In reference ' j tlio recaptured Aft.cans will ha favorable. These Congoca bare ?'<( under tba Cora of tba government and ita olbcara, and of conraa the only report '.bat |oei abroad Is a favorable one; but If tba fuota worn really known to tba United States government how llttlacaro und consideration are given to C ,ngocs by governtn. ntolTlrprs, liow they have been half started and bow little tnodi-al atteulion ii bestowed upon Ihom, c?> ipie 1 w.ih tba Indiil'oronc , no j _ -1 and c .iiompt with Which tbo li' ii on gov irnni' i.t regards avervthing < nn-ctol with the f'ongo-,a, always excepting tile 9100 allowed by tha United States go.oriu out, 1'real'iant Benson would be hol t to a severe acoountablllly for not fulfilling lni part of the c-n,;-i i on I a-all of |,i|) m i Whatever may be sal I of the members of the pros<nt I^glslaturo, they can net or bo soduoed into the support of the President*? policy rn tba Conga qc--.ittr,n, though thay are every one or h,s party. The Biuting, r, nt of the Congo money h is been ao i-a'p tbiy T tt| l ii , I, H t <i, <*ii b's own party In the lAfialaturo will cn I u ao It. Py tha rext mall I sliall be ablo to Inform you of great art range mont between the Kiecottve and the iiu-iaeon lb j q-.ea tion. lbs atorm la now g.V boring. | Ibn eellvea In tlte vicinity of the settlements on tha Pt Paul rtver are etlil etifa,e<i In warring against each oilier. Tho country Is k-vl in a Male of groat excite ment,and tra>ie Iseeriou.dy impaired. The government tiae not taken any astlon iu boh.tlf of the natireg who RK IIEUALD, SATURDAY, ure under her protection, who are utlucked by plunder ( lug tribes that are in no way conn.nlod with Liberia. 4 The iuaugu a! adiueas of President Benson was given in the Ciuvcrnmocl S;uare to a large assembly of ladie.i and ge:.tinmen. Tlie only thing of any nn|)on .uce w hu ll it 0'niUitteU ivat an emphatic assertion not to be a c&ndl- c dale again. ? thiol J ustu* Drayton ia now mentioned atone every way qualified for the duties of that high position by tlie Reus n j. iy. Ho is worthy, and, if uotuiuatod, will be okcled. | National Finanrci, * ' TO Tlit Luirou OW Tint HRRALD. 0 in tne enactment of a national currency system, the 4 oountry will have gr.at cause for congratulation, as we 0 shall then have atlbrded us an opportunity to experience " the advantages of a fodoral circulation, possessing such ' invaluablechiraoterirtlcs. as wilt enable It to resist with v successovery fluaucial vacillation, incident to the constant 1 fluctuations of trade. .. * In connection with this important subject, it may not t be inappropriate to remark, that the public have roasou f to be gratiflod at the prompt action of the Chamber of 11 Commerce, in the dotetminatiou^nd confidence they have f expressed to render a full and liberal supiiort to the r government measure. While tho Chamber of Commerce have endorsed Uie circulation of Treasury notes, with the -t iogaltondor qualification, they Uav e not boon insensible nor t unmindful of the necfls.-ity of yfecomtnendiog tho adoption I of proper provisions, checks and balances, that the gov- 1 crumcnt issues may have every promise of pormouent 1 responsibility and usefulness. c i<j umi association, we arc a; so uiueoieo ior me enlightened recognition thoy have made, as tho distinguished representatives of an intelligent commercial community, that the subject of currency is essentially, a practical, not a meroly tliooretio question, and that Its true elements of exoellonce consist in the confidence ontertaiued Py the public, in the basts of its responsibility together with its perfect freedom from disguises or con' cealmcnts,especially if governed aud regulated by limits and restrictions intelligent, reliable and comprehensive. It is thus that (ho government currency has been favorably introduced, as an inauguration of incalculable value, insuring for it the faithful co-operation of a.patriotic and effective public opinion, which, properly directed, would stand potential under the influence of a resolute and undaunted spirit. It is nevertheless neces. sary. to insure perfect success, that th? business men op the country should make a practical demonstration of (heir entire willingness and their determination to respond with confidence, in the expectation that the government will act in concert, not unmindful of the im. portance of pursuing a course of moderation and concilia, tion. In the preliminary introduction of an untried experiment, great cars and caution should lis evinced, in order to guard againit any collision of an uufriendly character. In venturing on a radical change, there mu?t ever be sorno danger, especially if ignorance, or prejudice ehould attempt to creato the impression that there wll* arise a hostile interference with any valuable established privileges, the offspring of political franchises. If, as has been surmised, there cannot be a concurrence of action, between the currency furnishod by the banks and that of the government, thou there may be substantial grounds for the belief that tho old system of supply is essentially defective. If the bank circulation be, as ia protended, the faithful representative of the precious metals, there can po no difficulty}it will maintain its position of assumed superiority, lssvlng no excuse to the managers of those institutions for williholdiag their confidence and support from the publio. Instead of derangement or embarrassment,paper of oqual aud uniform value everywhere, ought to be appreciated by them, as of inestimable importance, in checking the improvident ebbs and flows of specie to the remotest sect ions of tho country. In the present situation of the government finances,the duty is imperative, as a suoject of vital necessity, that every eld and assistance should be proffered; thero ought to bo no hesitation, no holding back; the responsibility is not less obligatory on those who doubt, than on those who feel confidence in the practical wisdom of the government measures. It will not do for the banks or lesding capitalists, to fold their arms, with in. difference to the wants of the Treasury, and the impending dangers of general distross, while it is certain that the government cannot fall in its measure of permanent relief without involving the whole country in a rnmnlAf a rLaIa of hank motor. Tt wouiii ha imnoavi. ble to stop tbe current; Its flows would prove everywhere destructive. Tbe Immediate necessities of government must be supplied with liberality and certainty; tbe army must bo satisfied?there can be no faltering in the pay ment of its dues. If government cannot obtain efficient means to insure success, through tbe ordinary and legitU mate sources of revenue, there may, then, be ample cause to apprehend that extraordinary measuros will be resorted to?forced loans and conscriptions. To a commmiily enlightened and intelligent as that of the United States, ^ is scarcely necessary to state thit, if tbs public rove nues could not be collected, through the agency of Independent currencies, running In antagonistic courses, both m ist prove powerle for any useful purpose. In each an unfortunate state and condition of our flnancial affairs it is easy to anticipate what must bs the result. It would end in tbe introduction of martiel law; tbs batiks would bo made to disgorge; their assets would be seized, for tbe purpose of discharging tbe civil and military expensoa, with the additional assurance that, In case of any serious embarrassment, our armies would be compelled to seek their sustenance wherever it could be found. If the Irene iry currcnry be not inade efficient and available there will be a crisis, It cannot bo otherwise; and, in such nn event, the progress to a chaos will bo certain and inevitable. The situation of the country would then bee mo appalling, and, what is worse, it could not bo avoided; consequently there should be no demonstration of dis.'avor, marring the successful movements of the national currency. Should there bo any emergencies lending to a gefioral distress, tbe legal tender quailQcuiion would prove valueless. Important as tbat provision Is, it would, ii. , rtheless, n' t gu o circulation to tbe currency, as a common medium of exchange. Under luih circumstances, should bank .nil vein c< and business transactions uu)?de its progress, tlie res|>ouribiI!ty will fall on them. Fiom such an ill-judged casually, there could be no pro pect of esca]>e. Tb, roforo, for many obvious i reasons and motives, it is absolutely necessary that the government currency should not only have tbe preference , but ilmi it ghojjd bo made the mail fair medium in all mercantile retaliations. If this be done.and the banks do thoir duly wisely, iufliienccd by a nrioier soirit of liberal ty,lt will then be dirovered that" this bust Intcresu of the country havs been cotrso. rod, with every prospect of a rotiewal of general prorpenty. If, however, thoy hrsiiuio and withhoM tlieir nssis anne, thry will incur a responsibility of no ordinary magnitude; the catastrophe will not be hmitod to a nte a monetary question. It la easy to foresee, tinder inch circumstancca, what will be tbe fatal ecnsc'ptenrea of an avalanche of Treasury notes, thrown broadcast on tho country, without having auy legitimate rosl'tig place, indicative of a friendly patronage. Ihe result would be to compel the bauks, nolcnt t> I'm/, to tendor their leeble services to effcela reconstruction alter the paratyri ig derangement bad comntencod. If. on the other band, the banks exhibit a faithful and energetic co o, eration, thev will soon find the truth of the almost infallible rule, that (be fiscal services of auy quantum of currency will be found to con.-let Is the inverse ratio ol the activity and velocity of the circulation; and, as a'corollai y to this proposition, tho inference is that there w mid be no probability or an overissue. If the public credit remains firm, with the necessities of the Treasury wall supplied, and no falsa movement bo made with regard to the currency, there will horcafter he no Treasury difficulties; ample menns would bo obtained through the legitimate process of loans. L'nrtor this management of our fiscal affaire there could be no danger of a depression In the value ol the currency. Consequently the improvised difficulties, indiscreetly and imprudently apprehended, that debts and eotitracts would be paid or settled on the principles of on unsound medium, will prove fallacious. It ia to no pur- ] pose that gentlemen foresee the possibility of an overissue, while tbey admit the < xelusivo right of Congress to vg imiv mr com*go? |?wf r oi sovereign i nam lar, me I attribute of nationality?forgetting that this exclusive , po-.vsr has of:an beeo, and may Uu again, exarcisad on tarma of unlimited abusa, la debasing (be metallic curran> v, or in conferring on it an overvalue. I I Lope to ba abla to prove to th? sal Is fact inn of , th? moat astute poltlMl casmsis, that rnngre.a bat ( tba exclusive nnd abaolute control ever the national currency, and that it would have b?en at variance and i entiraly inconsistent witli tba cnaractar of a perfect na- ' tional sovereignly that there should cxlat any conatitu- < llonal restraint. In so doing I "hall endeavor to show that .1 this exel islveness of Congressional power over the currency ultimately became the matured deliberate Judgment, conviction and prartIce of the jmUilirt father of the federal conatituttou, Madison. ALEXANDER HA Mil.TON. The Hose Will Cose. SLTRKNK COURT?SrEl.IAt. TBtUf. Do furs Hon. Judge Allan. Fas. 29.?Chaunrty H?', iZjctcutor, m. William How? This wna a proocodiag relative to the construction of the w.Il of John Rose. The deceased left $.100,000 towards a farm for destituts boys of tba city of New York, provided a similar sum should ba raised by tba city within Qvs years. Tba .In Ige ds.ides that this and other ba quests to charitable .societies aro null, and the will itself must be set aside as void for " uncertainty." Taoom.aans Ka*<*a?A a, oclal committee of the Kan! v* l.egi.slat ire lias just preeentod Charles Robinson. Oovtsfnorj John W. Rotiinsotl, Secretary of Statu, and George S. iltlljer, Auditor, as guilty of conspiring age.uvt the blile In the s?'.e or .Ml*to b ods, to tho amount of (189,000. Some tsu i?sr emit bonds, it npp .'.ua, have buon sold a low as forty ccnla on the dollar. Tho report close with die t'lXlowlog:? Rueotvel. Thatt'harlee Hot.,,, sou, Governor; John RT, Robinson, ?<. ,-ctvy of state, and George S. H Hynr. An dltor or the Sta'e of Kansas. be awl tlioy are horoby , impeached of high ml s leuieauor tu office. MARCH 8, 18G2.-TRIPL "oiuinamlcr Rlnury, of the Rebel >ux>. i t'NIUN UKl'LY TO Ul?> LKTiliH TO at AH AhMIKAl FITZ UOY, B. N. Tlie Iondon Atkei%a?tim publishes a letter of tbree oluinu* length, from the pen of Mr. Maury, late ac* iui.unier iu the navy of the Untied blaies, addressed to [ear Admiral FiU Roy, ltoyal N\.vy. ITie preface or re. very naturully, to supposing Mr. laury "neither a partisan nor a i-ollticnu." Howover, weniy-one years absence from sea duty, us&ooioting, onsulliug and "wirepulling" In Washing ton, mad* Mr. Iauryflate a commander in the Unitod 5. es Navy, othing but a partisan and a politician, bo was an ollkor a namo and in rank, in all else ho was one of I huso who rough*. about an attempted disruption of tlio Uni n, rhicn ha." alroady raado the South hankru]>t, and wi! , If he civil war continues sis months longer, destroy sia. ery, and Willi It, according to Mr. Maury 'a i-chooi and he assertions of his frlouds, every hope of a republican orm of government, end all those superior develojie nonts, supposed by tuoiu no much to bo onviod, in the irogrcss, social, moral and political, of their favored cgion. (, Mr. Maury b 'gins by asserting that "My country was orn; the Union was gone; a number of States bad re louncpd it. In this breaking up of our once happy and treat republic, it became mo to take sides." Mr.. Maury Iocs not do himself justice in this view, deploi ing what 10 foi the past twenty years had been aiding to bring . iiout. It is believed that he can claim the authorship if that trite proverb of "Cotton Ib King;" and,if so, ho las not borne in mind Coucral Washington i. adv eo, vhich he alludes to afterward*). In connection with "Kiug Cotton" it may bo iustnicive to state tbat, although the region over which he is lullivated ibof great geographical extent, yet ho is the reduce of two and a half millions of blucks, and, with iroper cultivation, of a breadth of about three millions of teres, or on area of tho tenth part or tbo State of Georgia n extent. It is uot improbable that "Kiug Cotton" may mi able to find a domain and subjects olsewhero. In irder to reign he may be willing to pay the laborer his lire in some part of the world Mr. Maury then endeavors to correct an Impression so irevaioul, both at homo and abroad, that heretofore tho ugitdaiion of the country has boen in the powor of Hie ilaro States, and of persons who held their views, and

iays, with his' happy faculty, the South has beeu compared to a spoiled child, who, having long played with a Mirrowed toy, becomes raving when it is taken away from lim. Mr. Maury then, in an argument of a column in ength, or a summary of grief);, actually shows that after ill the popular idea at tho Korth and abroad is not far wroug; I hut the eucourugoment held out to "settlers" on tur public lands had Induced emigrants from Europe, and bat we in a spirit of ruin glory ? North and South) had lot given sufilcient credit to the honest and sturdy omi;runt laboring men, who dug the tunnels, laid he rails, reared proud edifices, and were more han worthy of their hire. Mr. Maury says uothiug, however, of tho "Know Nothing" party, which was so popuar and endured so long at the South?a party who scorned hese honest laborers to whom much of our rise and progress is due,aud whom (he real patriots and truo people if our whole country duly appreciate. Mr. Maury unfairly endeavors to represent that the 'patronage" of tho government was bestowed upon the S'orth for a long series of years. Beeauae Norfolk is rorthof Cai>e Hatter as, he chooses to include the estab.shuieut of tho Navy Yard at that point as one of the 'wrongs of the South." Mr. Maury should at least be sontent with that "patronage," as when he wrote it was in tho territory of"X>ixle," that highly favored and much ibuscd portion of our country. Mr. Maury says notbiug about Memphis Navy Yard, which he created,and which died out because it was of 10 jiossible use beyond that designed,!. ?., to spend noney in Tennessee. He might havo mentioned that tho Memphis Navy Yard cost the government of the United states more than all the fishing bounties ever paid, and which might have been shared by Southern masters and heir slaves if they had availed themselves of the bounty [Mid to fishermen. Mr. Maury makes a misstatement In saying tbat the first vessol built in the South was yet to be put in commiesion. Tho .sominoie was built at l*ensacoU,as well as the Pensacola. At the time he wrote ithe first named was on the coast of Brazil, and the other Lad been brought North for her engines. The fact is unimportant, axcept to show that Mr. Maury makes misstatements. Mr. Maury was not igDorant of theoxcollont lighthouse system which extended from Maine to Texas, and due in a great measure to the zeal and ability of Commander Jenkins, also a citixea of the groat Stato of Virginia, and still in the service or the United States. Mr. Maury's statements in relation to that sultfcct will not bear investigation; and "" Admiral Fitz Roy will turn to th i official lists, furnished the admiralty by onr government from year to yetr, he will ece that llgbtboats, lighthouses, buoys and beacons did exist along the whole OViiiiraiu i;u?sk iu vuuumtv, au i tuai iuuj uxvo ueou burned, destroyed or removed by the people of the South, who coolly let you know their euperiority, end attribute it to their association with the negro, floppy white poople, and happy and fortunate hlaokat long may they lire togother. Mr. Maury endeavors to throw discredit upon the honesty and financial resources of the North, andeulo gizes Southern honesty and "Southern chivalry.'' Let that pase. Bo then speaks of bis noble and gallant State in Convention assembled, resolved to assort*that precioua right (secession), which he calls "inalienable, and formally so to be by all the States.'* Mr. Maury counts upon Admiral Fits Roy being content to take his state ment,and is fully aware that that is just the point in dispute, and the oause of the civil war. Mr. Maury stales that bo lights with a price upon bin bead and a halter around his neck. If a price has been set upon his liood it has not been promulgated, and I, as an American citizen, protest against it. Wc have no money to waste on fanc'ful objects. If there is really a li.tlter around his neck, it is voluntary, llo or his friouds hava put it tbors, and be docs wrong to attribute It to " Abe Liucoln, tho rail splitter," as be so facotiously terms the President of the United States. He states that he lights with a halter around hta nock. Now, pray will Ur. Maury, orany-of his friends who should happen tosoctbis.be good enough to publish a card stating where he nas fought r it would be gratifying to many of his former acqi.amfauces to know upon wliat field, ocean or river he has met the enemies of " his country," and might in tome manner console his tdversarios in the lossea llioy Lave sustained in the conflict. Mr Maury has been a politician a very long time, and bis friends need not fear that be will prove lets cule ' than a Yankee. i<at sucn persons as rear "actrnca" will suffer dismiss their fears. Mr. Maury will lira through the war. Ho will uot kill any ona nor will any one kill him; roly upon tint. The South possesses this treasure, and his master mind is fabricating submarine batteries, by which somebody will ha hurt. Mr. Maury will not be, and, strange to say, his eneinios feel no concern alemt them. The i .iprupriations for them are large; they cost a great deal. Dees the raider remember tho advertisements of a philanthrope, oculist of New York, who would not charge fees. "A (rcator had given him thescfence;" he wag but rendering U to the neodful. Alas! although the advice was gratis, the medicine was expensive, (made of dissolved diamonds, perlnps,) and no ona could prepare it but the "Man of science.'' Alas ! that ths medicine was so (J^pr; it almost thwarted the benevolent designs of Providence! Dissolved diamonds are dear, and how could the poor professor afford to give them away I Oar Cararai Correspondence. Can tea3, Vene/.uolir, Jan. , 16(12. D'JJV.hUy of Arriving at a True Sta'.emetU of Affairs?Th* Prospects of the Country OVeimicr than Etr?The Partit to the Present Struggle?Plaoc ani Power the Ooccrning Motives?Misery of the RrpMic?Citterns Ported Inlo the Army?Difficulties <f Communication?Prteped oj a Bloody Struggle, dc., etc., <fc. In th? present state of affhirs, It Is not s little dsageroua o write the truth,even for tbs hchild, although publish. Hi more than two thousand nolos from this blessed land >f revolutions, counter revolutions and libcriaderes. But haagregious misstatements, or, properly speaking, wll'ul falsehoods, that from time to time appear in American ispers, delormlns me to glvs you soma insight to tbs ictual state of things, and keep you Informed of events is thty may occur borcaf ter. At no period during tbs tbrst yaars that this bloody revolution has been in progresa has there been s gloomier prospect than st present. The return of Monagas to power is not improbable. In n few short months two egaliy elected constitutional Presidents?1Tovar end iual?both men of undoubted Integrity, virtus, ability tnd patriotism, have been overthrown, end the desxgnario Dr. Quintero, exiled. Still the revolution continues on irlth Increased ferocity. Two factions are now striving 'or supremacy?Falcon Monagas and Rojas Paez. Tbs itruggls is simply for power sad tha rich harvest It fields its possessor. Mors than forty thousand lives iiavs already besn sacrificed; towns reduced to ashes; iiioel of the rich and productive coflha, cocoa and sugar 'stales abandoned by their owners, who hava taken rofng# tn tliU elty or in garrisoned towns; commerce itti rly destroyed, exhausted treasury, a population reduced to llio verge of beggary ;<*rbltrary imi>osts; citizens of all ages and conditions, from fifteen to seventy, forced to uke arms, not to repel a foreign enemy, but to destroy each other; iiersons of the highest rorpec I ability (Homos, Uztarls, I.orada, CionxAlos) immured for months In the horrible Iowfoj of Laguayra, without even a ohurge being made against them. Cities, towns ind Ullages barricaded and turned into forlilb a lions, and the wholo country forming a vast battle (leld on which the contending parlies butcher each other with inconceivable ferocity, glorying?with honorable except loo?in inch lenders aa HIvas ttaudovnl, Ouillermo Pares, Ac., on one tide, sml Nogal, Cliingo, uilvo on the other. In a recent jtroclamar publlshod In the Indqpmdienlt, tbo K jael'aes organ, wo rend:? The vnndal hordes of tins province nr# signalizing themselves mo. e thin ever by atrocious deeds of the meet Inconceivable barbarity, amusing tliomsolvos by assassinating Innocent citizens, burning and destroying projx-rly of all kinds." A-ain, "Tli# war roa-s'itn<-s us prlmllivo cbnracler of ferocity. Tiiefederals, frloinlsof a principal,and whofoigntobe friends of the people, coimnonce anew their enterprise with pillage, Are sml assassination. On the farthest plains of t'uyedos, ami here, In sight of the capital, are repeated the sum# scene Ibe federation is in full eserclae ami dcvelopement In truth, tills city, ths capital of ths republic that was, lias for month* Iuk-.i in a slits of a lege. All the roads, with Uie exception nf tlial of lagnsyra, occupied by the federnts, ro(Hiring parlies of from threo hundred to six hundred men lo convoy p'ovisious to (lie ailjacent towns; end these convoys have on several occasions Irenn put to n milt, Willi loss of all ore part of their charge It is difllmlt to imagine any favorable termination to this ehaof of parhhfign Mil Bt wule. Tb? ovonhryw E SHEET. of lovar and dual, and Hint by parties who wore bound by ovory tie of honor, patriotism t.nd molality to uphold them, will over lie remeuibei ed with ablush of sharuo a/id indignation by oil good men, knowing thai hot for the crimiutil ambition of a few aspirants to power Vouez e. i would now bo iu tlio enjoyment of p< nc and happiness 'jhe American Miiiialer resident, Mr. blow, declined presenting his ciodeu'lals to the defi-te government. a measure that will doubtless receive the approbation, of bis govsrumeut. THE PARROTT PROJECTILES. Oar West Point Foundry Corretpein'cnr*. Com Si'KiKO. l'utuaiu County, N. V., Fob. 15, 16(5.1. A 3' wl of the Parrott Qua?Legislative Military Committor and (he Governor's StaJT Wi ncss the Pirirp?Kesu'.t of the Pjoperimenl?Some of the H.aturci of the fXmiidry? The Origin of the Parrott Qure?'lhe Numtier in the Southern Army?flou Many Were 5c'J 10 Our Govtrnmet tin 1801?The Projeeliles?The Amount of Ponder Used,?Weight of the Gum and Jheir Superiority?The Parrott Guns to be PUoed on all the Fortifeotvin of the State, dc , c6e, Your correspondent is to-day under military orders, not like souio other gentlomon that he has heard of, en route far a goveromont boardinghouso, but under military orders to writo about weapons of warfare Instead of such civil manors as ars to he found iu the legislative halls of the State. In obedience to tho>< orders I am lr-re at Cold Spring, the location of tho Wc?t Pcijt foundry, whero is made tho famous Parrott guu, which lias done such execution on ovory battle held where it has boon triod. Tho re his been considerable speculation iu regard to the kind ot gun that would bo the ino?t serviceable on tlia fortifications of the Stato. U being important that the most serviceable guns, taking alt things into consideration, should be purchased, the Military O mmitteo of the two houses have docided to mako a porsouai examination of tbo cannon, both for oar!hworks and artillery purposes. This is tho day flxod upon to examine and test the weapons of war.'are manufactured at the West Point Foundry, more esjwciahy to try tho Parrott gun3. Tho following persons loft Albany iu tho early train this morning (or that express purposo, namely:?-Lieutenant Governor Campbell, Senator Hell, chairman of tho Souato Finance Committee; Senators Smith and Folger, of the Military Committee of the Senate; Mr. Hulburd, chairman of the Ways and Moane Committee of the House; Mr. Pierce and Genoral Gray, of the Military Committee of the House; Adjutant General Hillhouso, Commissary General Welsh, Engiueer-in-Chiof General Arthur,Colonels Carroll, Ardcu, and several other military personages. On their arrival hare they proceeded to the foundry and workshops where the Parrott guns are made. Tho flrst point ot interest examined was the process of ceiling the four tnch bars of Iron which are used for strengthening the brooch of all tho Parrott guns, and to proveut their bursting, as is tho case too fre quently with tho old fashioned columbiads and Pahlgren guns. These bars of iron, four inchS3 squaro and soma sixty feet long, are placed on sleepors, which elevate thorn a few inches from the ground. A lire is built around them and kept going until the iron bars are heated red hot from one end to the other. They are tben, one at a time, drawn out of the lire and coiled around a cylin der by machinery. They were So-day colling tho bands for the one hundred-pounder guhs. It was done as easily as ths smallest wirs is coiled aronnd a person's linger. I From tho place where it Is coiled It is takon UPfen adjoin ing room, and, with the pressure of monstrous trip hammer, is welded together, then turnoU oflT and again heated, and plncod upon the broach of the cannon in an expanded condition, tho contraction from cooling tightening it; and when finished up no person would imagine but that It was cast with tho gun, it not having the loa-t aign of being made separately. From (his room the party visited the foundry proper, where the iron is melted?where the hard metallic subtle: c* is made to yield to the severe heat, and ia converted Into a liquid and then poured into the mould which forms the cannon. The gun Is cast with the mould staudiug in a perpendicular form, the breech jdownward, in order that the pressure of the iron, as it is pourod in, will make It more solid and compact at the breach, where the greatest preaaurc is when it is fired. From the casting room a visit waa paid to the turning, where tho guns are bored out, rified, turned and polished. From that portion of the establishment we pa.ssed to the room where the rifled cannon projectiles were being prepared to deal out death to the enemies of the country. We saw tbo hiso, tlma and percussion shells in all their different stages of prepare two for the powder; the long and conical hard shot and other missiles sent out by tho rifled gun. The want of space precludes my describing this iotcrosting portion, and for the same reason I am compelled to only hastily allude to the rifling process and numerous other features that in these days of revolution and war, when tho public attention is diverted from civil pursuite to that or war, are of groat interest to the general reader. Having examined the manufacture of the guns, from the melting of the iron to its final completion, wo next parsed out to the bank of the river to soe tested the accu acy of tho guns and their range. The first gun fired wus a twenty-pounder, the same in all particulars as the twenty pounder Tarrott guns now in tbo government sorvico. The target fired at was stationed seventeen hundred yards froin the gun, and out of ten shots Ave hit almost in the same place, aud no shot was outside of rn nf fAAl in dtAmntniv OrtAinlv no n*renn could ask a better result then this. The ten-pounder waa then Bred at the saute target and at the rnrao di-taace from it. At first the balls fell a little abort; but after a few times' firing thojr, too, hit the same place In tho bauk of the rirer.- Liavlng satisfied themselves in regard to the guns of small calibre, a trial was had of the thirtytwo and one hundred-pounders. These guns were stationed lurtlier back, In a sort of bay or gap in the high- ] lands, and tired at a range ef over six thousand yards. Tho result was in every particular as satisfactory as the trial of tho sjanilcr guna, showing conclusively" the superiority of the Parrott gun over the common cannon. The eeUMishtnent where thesegunsare made is known as the West 1'uiut foundry, located in o.e of tbo. e large bays on the east sido of tha llu iron, abont throe dito* fr< m West Point Military Academy. It was established in 1117; I belicvo its foundor wu.t Uouverneur Kcunblo; but of this I am not positive; r.t any rate it has since b-un owned and run by him. It is otic of tUi mo.j extensive manufactories in tho country. Although 11 lasting of cannon ban been ono portion of its work, yet in the l"ng and happy peace which ihu nation his enjoyed but little was to be done In llinl lint, and no foundry could koop em| loved solely byiho manufacture of ennnon Various kinds of mucbiiiory were made there, such as engines for waterworks and boilers and machinery Tor steamboats. Tho engines and steam apparatus of the f.unoue Msrrlmar, which tlio robots have boon making s n h a rumpus ovor, wcro made at thi-i establishment, as wc.elikcwisecover.il other ei.guio.s for govornmeat ten se'?. Mr. I'arrott, from whom the 1'arrott gun receiver lis name, if., I believe, a brother in-law of Coivnneur Kcniblo, mid now one of tin; proprietor"; of tbjp satabllshmont. He Uos,! tlh'iersifind, fall con trol or the cnufta ami proje.tilo aianufaclure. Tho I'arrott gun U a modern invention. In 1 50 Mr. Parrot! bsjlh to experiment with ri(l-?d guns by rifling the old fashionod eolcmbiad, finding tticm euperior when nnra, oui yri ?'?u ucutj iwr uv?u riiu runoi/ wip:ii large enough to be elTectlve. He Immediately turned big attention to experiments to make a gun in ch lighter, with longer range and yet lea* liable lo explode, which waa one of the bad features of the cohimbi.nl, not with Handing its size. Early In the year I860 he completed bia gun, which la named the Tarrott gun, and presented to the world one of the best, if not the lightest, gttna of the same calibre to be found In the world, and yet le?a liable to explode than any other, owing to the ban l of wrought Iron placed at the breech, wheie tlio greatest etratn Is Halt. There were noca of theae guna owned by the government at the breaking out of this war. The Ftate'of Virginia had twelve of the ten-pounders, which they purchased,end which were delivered long be.'ore the Presidential election of I860, showing that they were jirepar log for a struggle even then. Those t welve guns were all that tlie rebels hud at the commencement of the war, and 111 that they have now, oicept those that they captured at Bull run. . The Governor of Georgia made a contract with Mr. Parrutt, in tho fall of I860, for sixteen guna. 11m guna were made and were neat ly ready for delivery when the police commenced seizing aims and ammunition in Now York. At this time war wag con kidorcd inevitable. Mr. I'arrott, not having a desire to strengthen the bunds of the rebels, wrote to the Governor o, Georgia, stating that, to all appearance, one socHon would bo arrayd against tho other, and as he owed allegiance in his own State he could not consistently Bond to Georgia the guns without arraying himself against his own State. The Governor of Goorgia. being a Mate rights man, wrote back that he did not desire to interfere with any man's allegiance to his own State, and gava hia consent that tho contract might be cancelled. Those gnus having bocn completed, the moment that hostilltiMoiinimenr d I hev u-era tendered to our rovernmont *nd acceplod, and art now, I believe, In service. In this way did our govornment reap the benefit of contract! made by Uia Governor or Georgia Tor inns, and no doubt aoraa soldiers from that Slate have ended their career by missiles from these very gune hitting them. There are now employed in tbla foundry about four hnndred and arty hand*. Since the war broke out thoy have been engaged in making cannon and projectile*. Frortw the let of January, 1401, the establishment turned out the following number of cannon and projectiles:? 10 |* under Permit gone 292 20 pounder Parrotl guns 30 pounder Parrotl guns 100 pounder Parrotl guns g Total rifled cannon 644 Ilealde* tbese, there have Iteen 116 smooth bore guns of various calibre*, Including the Dablgren navy guns, and the eight tncli and ten inch cohmiM.ids, making a grand total of 069 cannon turned out In tho year 18C1, all of which aro now In tho handa of the government, end many of them doing their good work, and hurling destruction Into the rebel camim. The following are the pro* Jectlle* made during the earn# period:? Projectiles for the loO pounder Parrot! gune 1,000 Projectiles for tho 30-pounder Parrott guns 22,000 rrojoctiloe for the 20 |w>under Parrwtt guns 86,000 Projectiles for lbs 10 pounder Parrotl gone 71,000 Projectiles of various calibroe f r ameoth bore guns 80,000 atal 149.000 Thors were also real .10,000 pounds of canister and shot. This was done In about rtoe months of the year 1861. It inust bo borne In miud that provlona to the breaking out of the war but little business was done In the ordnance lino; the capacity of all the ordnanco manufactories baa been increased with tho experience of the year, *ud ifcotUd tttt d?naa4 soutane m M w?aeM|the pro. 5' ' "te" j ? I portion of wnnwi and projectiles manufactured at tit in establishment th.x your will Ur excci d the ubuve flgu/cs, and probably will bo nearly three limcx an large. At presunt iho foundry id turning out about twenty.five puna psr week, comprising all calibres, and projectiles ui proportion. Tho I'arrott gun is a cannon made of cast iron, tha strongest that can be obtained, tbo iron for eaclt gun Ustod, and not used unless it will boar a pressure of thirty thoi^anil giounds to the tiutrti iuc!-. As Elated above, It is further strengthened ut the breech, where ilia explosion ol the powder takos place, and this la subject-.-! to tbo greatast strain, by moans of a wrought iron band, iu the form stated in the tore |iart of this letter. The additional strength imparted to the gun tiy ibis band enables it to res'Et tlio xtraiu of the elongated projectiles which are used in the rilled o.tnn .u, and at the name time enables a gun of the same calibre to ba made much lighter than the old fushionod guns, enabling our genorals to use a cannon of larger calibre in tha Hold and art;'lory eer vice than any other style of gun now iu use , A 1'arrutt gun that wih weigh eleven tiond red pounds it the ESrne calibre of the coliunbiad or Dshlgren gun that woiglis Qfleen hundred pounds, or on an avorngo of Bix hundred pounds diifcreuco between the guns ol' the bhuo calibre; and yet, by virtue of the wrought iron band .and the way it is put on, tho l'aTOlt guns are tho stronger of tho two, us well as more convenient to bandlo, and of course far moro correct au l longer range. In another point are they superior to the old fiu.hi. neA gun. While the I'arrott gun,TOO pounders, at an elevation of twenty deg: ecs and ten pounds of powder, will tend a ono hundred pound shot 0,200 yards, and perhaps would have gone much further if a longer range could bo hiul, a smooth burs Cclnmblod, with ci^htrou pounds of powdor, also at an elevation of twonty degrees, sent a hundred pound shot only S,895 yards?a dilfcronce of the arras lime eight pounds Ices of powder. While, therefore, the cannons of tho Parrott gnu style can be made much lighter and still bo stronger than the old fashioned gnt.s, and ut the sarao time tako less powder to accomplish the work, thus fur not one of thi.-s make of guns has ever exploded in the breech, although they have hcen subjected to the severest lest. Tho Parrott gnu takes one-tenth us much powder as tho weight of tho projectile?ono hundred po ind shot, ton pounds of powder; thirty pound shot or shell, threo poiuids of powder; twonty pound^shot, two pounds or powder, Ac. The prop'otlles used are of two kinds, and are about their calibre In length, with one end pointed. One kind Is mado with a wrought iron cap, a protection at the base, at the bore, which is made of the best plate Iron, ana east cn tho shell. The other kind are of similar form, but, Instead of the wrought iron cap, are provided with a composition ring at the base, which is attached ia a peculiar manner to tho ahull. Both of these cape or* slightly expanded, so as to lit loosely Into the rifled groove of the gun, but not enough to interfere in any way with tho loading, tho complete expansion being effected by the explosion of the powder, and thus all danger of pieoea blowing off from tho projectile it avoided. I have thus hastily waded through some of the points of lnlorest afforded at this place, which, by military orders, I have had the pleasure of witnessing. I have endeavored to give the mo3t important point, and have boon compelled to leave ont many interesting features. Prepared as it is, In baste, I have simply to add that the triul of tho guns has been In every particular satisfactory to the Military Committee of tho Legislature. The guns which ere to be purchased under the act for the public defence, will doubtless bo all I'arrett guns, unless John Bull gets his hack up and forces us into a war before thoy con be made. Presentation of Colore to the Ninety Second Regiment IT. Y. 6. V. The Ninety-second regiment New York State Yolueteora, Colonel John Sandford, was presented with a splondld set of colors, at half-past five o'clock Wednesday afternoon, in front of the City Hall. The snow fell heavily during tho presentation, whioh made it very disagreeable, and prevented anything like a popular gaitaring. SPEECH or JUDOS DAYIES. judge Paries, of the Court of Appeals, in presenting tho colors, apoke in the following eloquont and effective manuor:? Colonel Sanford, Officers and Soldiers of Tim Ninety sound BauiMENt New York Stats Volcnirrrsi?It turn become my pleasing duty to present you, soldiers of my native county of St. Lawrence, this standard of oolors, to be boroo by you at tho head of your regiment as yaw go forth to battle for freedom, constitutional rights and our glorious Union. You have left peaceful and happy homes, tbe pursuit* or henilhrul agricultural ma. at um call of your country, for tho dangers, hardships and trials or a soldier's life. Tou will often recur with tandor emotions to tb* loved ones you have le(t behind you, but such recollections should only nerve you to mora earnest efforts to duty, und fix deeper your determination to strike for liberty with firm hearts and steady ban4s. Wh it a spectacle do we present to the nations of?ttae world! But a few months since we were a most hippy and prosperous people; rich in all the blessings a bountiful 1'ruvideuce could bestow, with a governmom the envy of rreemen In every cllms, securing life, liberty and the pursuit or bapplnoss to all. Now this Li sought to be overthrown and blotted out by traitors, without cause. 1 say without cause, Tor the fact Is now apparent that no cause In reality existed for thie unholy rebellion, save the mad ambition of its wicked leaders. They are now at Issue as to the causes of this traitoross movement, und they are ready, as the occasion calls tor it, to shift thuir ground, and assume any and every position which they regard as plausible. Day by day.as the rebellion deveiopes its purposes, do wa see that toe true motive has been artfully concealed; that hutrod to republican institutions Is in fact tbo nursery and fountain or this great treason, end that the demagogues of the Southern Slates, failing longer to rule the rreo States of the Union, determined to set up a government of their own, and subvert that which they hate only because it is jiift, and secures equal rights to all. A rebellion thna conceived in iniquity, deceit and fraud, could only be maintained, as it has been, by mendacity, subterfuge and violence. Private rights have been violated to sustain It. Millions upon mtlUoos of property have been wantonly destroyed in its support, and all the uaagos of civilized warfare have been trampled on and disregarded by its armed hordes. But thanks to the loyalty of our patriotic Citizens, to those breve men who, liko you, havo beon willing to breve ell for their country, its honor and its flag, guided and en -?,i ..# tku nuleli lino >?/uin K? ruiv r? ihln hnnnnf aiul true President, to whom the nation oirct a debt of gratitude it cheerfully acknowledges and will abundantly repay, our armies w* march in triumph through rebel states now returning to tliolr allegiance, and the atrong placos of roboldura are laid low. A brighter day baa dawned upon us, and wo havo only lo follow up the blow* so gallantly given and peace aud tranquillity will 100a rclgn throughout our whole land, and wlulced men will bo compelled to submit to iho Union and ita laws. Hits glorious tlug, which I ths day ontrust to your care, already lioats to the breeso in every dute of our widely extended Union. Sacrclifflons hands havo been laid upon it, and those who hsve Insulted it nre reaping llio reward of their infamy. It is not a year since that a solemn procession inarched through Memphis, carrying it on a bier to its pretended grave, and there they, as they foolishly thought, interred if, with solemn mockery. Now the same iwbplc aro fleeing, panic stricken with terror and guilt, from the advancing footsteps or our brsvesoldiery, who carry thla Hag in triumph, and plant it Ilrrrrty on the soil where It was insulted, never to be removed. Those guilty men are now threatening to burn their own eity, the scene of thieciiino and lolly, throtgh madness, by lb# recollection of their great oflpiu.e. V'o hear dally how this Uaj la ar'nltj welcomed by those who have lived long lives tlhJor its protection, who havo shod tbeir bio d In its de.ence, end wlioso lifelong h pe has been 11UI lll-.y nngui um unui'i na .?uvu our gallant tars bore It in triumph the other day up rivers and through towns, where It bad not boea Men for a year, old men and maidens, young mou and children, rushed to look ugnin uj?>n tieglare aud Stripes? a harbinger to them of day* of i>eace and happiness, of returning proeperlty.and of the end of a reign of terror, despotism and iniquity. You hare heard of the old man who was taken down to the rlvtr by his Mrrant, tick unto death, that ha might onco moro behold, bofore his eyes closed u|kiq all of earth, the Hag of his country, under which he had lived, for which he bad foaght and bled, and which symbolized his country's glory and ronown. As be beheld it once more, tears coursed down hie manly, pallid and furrowed cheeks, and seeing It noir waving In triumph over his country and his country's foe ho exclaimed, "It tsenuigb; I am now ready to go; God be praised;" and he eznired. Bo yours the mission to carry inch Joy to thousands of loyal hearts, and aid In tho glorious work of re-establishing peace, order and prosiwrity throughout the whole land. Go on, Christian soldiers end patriots. Go as frisnds of law, order, constitutional liberty and fraadom, and aid In placing our institutions on such a basis that no future attempt shall ever be made to subvert tbom. Be animated with tho thought that to attain this aud much must ho endured, b it nothing must divert you from its accomplishment. Wliatovor stands in the way of tho restoration of peoco, order and tranquillity, mint be removed. No disturbing element must remain. ' The Uniot, it must and shall be preserve I;" end whatever cannot exist within It mnet go out of It. Wo can novor have another rebellion, costing its millions of money, Its tons of thousands of precious lives, the hard etmlngsof the sons of toll, and such suflbrtng and hardships. No Idol, however heretofore cherished, but nr si give way,If nesd bo, In a permanent restoration of tranquillity, and no seeds of Tutors discontent must be left to grow and bring forth bluer fruit. 1 have such entire cunfldonco in (bo wisdom and patriotism of tho man whom n wIm Provldsnuo at this svcntful crisis called to th# head of our nation, that I am quit# certain that this war will not bo concluded until all this rebellion against ..10 government ahull submit to its peaceful and Fontgn sway, tho wiokod leaders shall bo brought to condign punishment, and such guarantees and securitl' S aroobtained as willeusuro peacuhereafter. It Is your glorious mission, brave and gallant sons of St. Iawrence, to go forth to aid in this noblo work. Hoar these flags In triumph, and do no act to tarnish them or bring dishonor upon inn iwr imuu ?i n.niu.m, Bring them buck unaullled by any stain, and never, no, never, let them be taaeo from you by robol hands k gratoful country, on your return, will award you its uiibounded praise, and Its unrestrained coulldem ? and highest honors. I now coiumlt tho^o flags to your protect tog oaro Take thy banner! rmy It wave I rouOlyo'cr the good and bravo. Take thy banner! and beneath The war cloud s encircling wreath Guard it?till our homes are Tree; Guard lh-<iod will prosper thee. In the dark and trying hour, lu the bursting forth of piwer, In tho rush of steeds and men, Ills right hand will shield thee then. Oolonel Snndford took the colors, and having placed them in the proper hand, returned thinks brielty, concluding by assuring Judge Pavles that the emblems of I.lborly which hnd WJen thus consigned to the regiment would never etiflur dishonor with tholr i ntent We have already puhllahed a hat of the odlccre, he The Niagara Outward Bossnd. Ilsr.rn, March T, 1049. k The ((hruhip Niagara arilved Uw Dostoa at htmi we

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