Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 8, 1862, Page 3

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 8, 1862 Page 3
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felMte this morning, w?d tailed again at MM o'clock H? UlttlMi Weather calm and hasy. IMPORTANT FROM TENNESSEE. THE RECENT ELECTIONS. The Union People Asking for Arms to Drive the Rebels from the State. THE UNION TROOPS IN NASHVILLE. Scenes and Incidents Under the Military Occupation. GOV. HARRIS AT MEMPHIS. Sketch of General Andrew Johnson, the New Union Military Governor of Tennessee. 44 Hail Columbia" and Yankee Doodle" in Nashville. Rebel Official Report of the Rattle at Fort Donelson, Ac., *o., ftc. St. Lome, March 7,1802. A special despatch dated Cairo, 6th Inst., says that TM military restrictions on trade between Northern ports and Nashville, Tenn., bar* baen removed. Ou Raihville Correspondence, Naanvius, Tenn., March 3, 1833. "Hail Columbia" and '' Yankee Doodle." I enoa more, 1 am happy to inform you, bear the pleasant sounds of Bail Columbia" and "Yankee Doo. die" In our midst; and 1 can tell you it was a very agreeable sight to the loyal people of this State to see the Iters and Stripes waving over the dome of our beautiful State Capitol. The Union troops throng our streets day and night. Eoomatp, Tenn., opposite Nashville, 1 March 1,1832. J The Arrival <f the Union Troop* and Poueuv n laken by tkemof tkt City of iVtuknl/*? What Our Troop* Hare * Suettidtd >h Securing?Tkt Datruetion by the Rebel*, rfr. We have arrived at Edgefield, and before us lies Nash| ville, all communication with it having been cut off by ' the horning of the suspension and railroad bridges. The 1 city is, however, now in our possession. White flags ' have boon streaming from numbeflses windows, and the ' old flag floats above all, giving sdcurity ti4 P?ace to the 1 long enslaved inhabitants of the ''Rock Cily.^ ' General Buell has assumed the command la the laid, r and is now st the bead of thia column. In a week be will I have at thia point on army equal, in all respects, to that ' under General Grant, and, IUs to be looped, one that will I eel with the tainc spirit hud m< bilily. | Dies this net look like a Atting climax to a brilliant L campaign? The results are undoubtedly magnificent, f The whole of the Louisville and Nashville Railroad is in II our hands, a greater part of it uninjurod. Tho great k central points of conveyance of lb* most important rail - I roads in tho Slate have fallen into our hands, and a large amount of tho rolling mock of three of thorn. The Chattanooga Railroad has been destroyed, the rolling stock I havlrg boon taken to llurfreest o.-o. It is fair to pre l some, alto, that the Ten net sec and 41?j>vna ftAtlroad has ale been destroyed. Hut this destruction will re1 tard ee less than the rebels suppose. Wo can afford to | lie idle awhile. Indeed, 1 imagine it will bo found e neceaaity to look back and hurry up repairs in our rear. . Supplies have to be looked to. Ask commissaries how 1 foraging in this country Is, and they lock upon ono with I compassion for his ignorance. NEWSPAPER ACCOUNTS. [Correspondence of the St. Louis Republican.] Na?Hviixa, Tenn.. Kob. 27,1M2. 1 loft Clarkeville on tho steamer N. W. Thompson, in company with a portion of General Nelson's division. There were some twenty boats, and wo arrived on Moni?y, three o'clecR P. M. The right wing of the regi- I i mcnts or dl\ ision was formed on the square, end at four o'clock all the bands were playing national airs, and at least tea thouraud cilisens were out to see "Lincoln's Yankees." It waa a glorious sight. General Buell and staff were also here, but bis division could not cross the rlver.ee the robots bad burned the bridge, end they ecu Id not come over until yesterday. The wounded are receiving every attention from the > ladles and citizens on both sides. Ihey are in two seminaries. Among tho ladles are Mrs. Ex President Tolk, Mrs. John Boll and daughter. Gmerel Grant, General Me^lernand, Colonel Wallace and (nptain istowa't, Aid da Camps to < nnor.il Mot lerMod, aud Surgeon Bronton, the MoUical Director, arrived j this morning, and if ever there w?i a plea-ant time it t wa? no seeing them. ( General MrClornand end staff, on tlieir arrival, plaited the v*r:?ua hospitals, anil it was a pleasant slant to aea the wounded grasp Mm by the hand, and to hear the words of encoursgc-nert be addressed to them. (loner a I Metiernaud has aiao Just cause to he proud ot his brigade that has st?>d cj aobly by him at Belmont, an ) Fort Donebton. B sine** a a geaoral thin* Is heme resumed by tbo i citizen* spvs Meyor Chsttbam issued his proclamation, I an t a bet tor feeling crista among all clauses of the population General MrOrnand celled on the widow of Kx Pre-id'-nt i'olk, and she aeknd that he would protect the I tomb and remain* of oar late President. Gen. Metiernan d replied that the request was gratuitous, thst It was the mission of the federal arms to affbrd protection to all peadhable citizens and to their property As for the tomb of President Polk, it wee e national monument, cherished by the North as the resting place of a great statesman and benafactnr of his country. Hon. Wm. Polk, es msmber of the federal Congress, and other leading citizens, also called on General MoClernand. There la room to believe that there le a large ma? (ority of the people of Tennessee in fevur of the old Union t>day. lC>rrospondence of the St. Louis Republican.] Nsshviixb, March 1,1103. The rebel capital or Tennessee ha* grown woudrously quiet of late, and Its people less sullen than when we (tret entered. Contact with tdue army cloth no longer terns contaminating, and If a soldier is persevering in the question line, lie can occasionally get an answer from Plr Citizen. One after another, (boy come slowly along the wnlk, universally wearing a black felt hat aet down with a Jam upon tlialr heada, the crown out cf hiipe. and avery Inch of Ibc crumpled brim hinting strongly as a hat can that sorrow dwells beneath. One of thsse prophetic souls, an "old writer," nays the manner of wearing the huau goer tells much that dwells In Be head, whether 'tin Joy or woe. Th re Is none of that manly tread and eye flashing ilojnniff ""*" " -? ns to expect, and which Americans are eminent^ ca;>able of showing wh-n their (* "? Jm*' and the iron hod of oiip.t ssj. 11 atieniptlty? l" gr nd ibem. Ihc reinainiug iuhahitanle of KashviPe do not induige in any nf this, but go altout gloomy si d tacdurn, moping (rem uoro to store, seldom Lieutenant Gwin, of tbe gunboat Ty lor, reached there last 1 mgu? irum iuu idiwiira river. The enemy bod not rosumed their attempt to fortify Pittsburg landing. Lieutenant 0 win landed under a flag of truce, and was permitted to go a mile from tbe river before being (topped by tbe pickets of tbe enemy. Tbe object of Lioutenant Gwin was to obtain an exchange of prisoners wbicb bad been taken last Saturday. On tbe morning after tbe engagement nine dead bodies and one hundred wounded were found in the encampment of tbe enemy, whlfeh bad been removed three miles from the river. Lieutenant Owin thinks tbe loss of the rebels in the engagement was twenty killed and two hundred wounded. Their force engaged was 1,000 infantay, 600 cavalry and six pieces of artillery. At Corinth, Miss., eighteen miles from the Tennesseo river, the rebels have 1,600 to 3,000 troops. At Henderson station, a mile from the Tennessee river, there were from one thousand to two thousand rebels. At Bear creek, seven miles back of Eastport, Miss., there were from eight hundred to one thousand of the eoemy. It was reported that the rebels were fortifying Chicahnwa. The result of tbe recent election in Hardin and McXairy counties shows tbe strength of the Union sentiment in Southern Tennessee. Tito former gave 600 out of 1,000 votes for the Union csndidate, and the latter 200 majority out of 1,800 votes. Lieutenant Gwin says that the cry of tbe people is, "8end us arms and sufficient forces to protect us In organising, and we will drive the rebels out of Tennessee ourselves." A second visit to Columbus has revealed many facts of Interest. Colonel Buford, who has made a comple te examination of the earthworks, says they are six miles km* Trade With Nashville, Tens. Locisvills, Ky.,March 7,1802. iNBW TO] tooktaf strangers In tha face, and firing that idea of anotkered hate which aalua the benolder determine to keep out of dark alleys after nightfall. At first tha people bare took little pains to conceal their dislike, but are gradually besoming more traetable. They will sell poor articles for good money at a moderate prise, and not fly into a passion if Confederate scrip is refused in exchange for Treasury notes. Ladies, too, appear upon the streets, and although endeavoriug to seem gazing in au opposite direction, toko sidelong peeps at marchingcolumns preceded by Qfe and drum, and sometimes deign to keep the nose moderately straight when saluted in gallant military style by s passing officer. One or two stately dignitaries have emerged from their hiding piaoes also, and stand in the doors of princely residences, non committal in speech or action. I noticed at one house a group of children playing on the porch?among them a beautiful little Southerner, with dark eyes and wealth of ringlets, who, asws passed; skipped to the front step, and, either accidgptally or by design, exposed a small secession apron, the three bars and stars stamped upon it, while its owner, placing one thumb against her nose, and her little (ingor against that of tbo other hand, went through that childish and graceful motion whose precise meaning has never yet been determined, tfome say it expresses profound knowledge; others, profound contempt. "If Nashville ever becomes Union, it will be whon Gabriel turns tinal trumpeter,'' ex'-laimcd my soldier friend, who had witnessed the noselcal display with astonishment, and to whose bright buttons it was owing. Just afterwards wo met a crowd of negroes on their way to the levee to view the troops and gunboats. Asking one where he was going, he said, "To soe dem Unioners." He had boon in Fort Donolson. and was brought back by h;s master, who fled with Pillow. "I toll you what, sail," said be,"MassaLlnkum shoot dam strnight; knocked tho head ofl' Parson Blgelow's nigger clean as if cut with a knife. I.or bow the kanncrstir spikes did fly. Mas a sod Llnkuin used a keg o' nails ewch load." And down the street they went with regular plantation swagger, lnercastng in number at every corner. So many, In the good old times gone by, have visited Nashvilio that they will remember a beautiful lawn just below the Court llonse, with one or two flue shade trees upon it. Now tho ground there is blackened with charred romniri8 of some gun carriages and caissons strewn around. They wore burned by Floyd beforo he fled. Although many of the artiilciul beauties of Nashville arc destroyed, the natural ones remain generally unmarred. On the numerous lino estates auiroumliig, trees are budding and grass springing forth, but no signs of euro arc visible. Fi-ucws remain down, garden borders washed away, while negroes, buying no masters to superintend them, wander shiftlessly about, aud white luborers long ago were driven into Confederate service. Never did a city present more evidences of rapid rnin than Nashville does. No money, except worthless scrip, few luxuries, no mail facilities, uor anything that makes life desirable in loyal places. '1 lie merchants would long ago have been bankrupt hud tlicy attempted to pay their dobts. When tho war broke out tkoro were largo amounts of silver and gold through the South. Now there is nono. Those few that could amass it did, aud immediately buried or hid thoir treasure, having no abiding faith in scrip, which passed and floated along the sha low chaunel of trade simply because there wus nothing else. Genuine "shopping," with a salesman anxious to sell his goods, has not, citizens assure me, been seen in Nashville for six months. The levee is also under water, and the Cumberland rushes in a flood along bouse walls on Front street. At present the citizens here arc rejoicing in great quantities of bacon and army stores. These bad bean gathered in from the surrounding country, giving in exchange scrip, and when Nashville became threatened the whole was distributed to keep it from serving the enemy. Mrs. James K. Polk has an elegant residence near the city, and tho remains of her husband, once President of the United States, arc buried here. One of our generals had a short interview the other day with Mrs. Polk, and although their meeting was pleasant, as far as politeness could make it, no doubt remained of the lady's faith in the Southern cause. She took occasion to say that, although the people of the United States once made her husband President, the abolitionists did not do it. The members of the Legislature have many beautiful places hero, which are empty, as thoae felicitous individuals stop at present in .Memphis. The greatest, blow to Nashville has been the destruction of its two flue bridges across the Cumberland. Of that 1 gave full particulars in my last. Governor Harris' words, when waited upon by the citizens and requested to refrain from such vandalism, wore:?"Has Nashville como to this?hesitating to sacrilice two paltry pieces of limber for the cause. Go back and tell those who sent you that another word and their own roofs will bo blazing above lltAm Act rklulAtl tn inn hv on ? nf # Vi A Ioa <La outburst of the great bridge burner was spited with "tall oaths," conscientious Harris being no exception to the general rulo a man goes by when mad. Although denouncing bitterly tbo conduct of their traitor ruler, the sufferers, with a prospect that it may be years before the. struotures will be replaced, still cling to a cause that is ruining them. 1 goo by reports In one ar two papers that the enemy is afllrmed to be at Murfrcesboro' and surrounded by Ocn. Buell's forces. This is entirely false. There Is every reason to believe that the rebel army will make no stand this side of Chattanooga, two hundred miles distant In Fast Tennessee, a point where they cannot be, for the present, at least, surrounded, and where tbcro is direct communication with Richmond and the extreme Routb. Numerous small bodies of rebels have been left behind to disguise the retreat or their main body, and are constantly skirmishing with the Union pickets. The rebel force under Hen. Johnston, now retreating upon Chattanooga, is forty thousand strong, but even their friends, who suffered so severely from them as they fled through Nashville, My the fugitives are only n disorganized mob. Nashville will he permanently occupied by a sufficient force to bokl it against any attempt at recapture. REBEL ACCOUNTS. Occupation ot HsikvllU. iPsAtn thn A llanln /fln \ f Yinfnifapaou UereK O 1 \V# learn from an entirely reliable euurce that there are about 8 ,(>00 of the enemy in Nashville. who are quartered in the Capitol and all the public buildings of the city, over all of which the SUfrs and Stripes are waving, lhey are rapidly erecting fortifications-- guns, batteries, he.?at every {mint of approach on this side of the city. The city appears almost literally deserted. Ladies are never seen upon the streets, and the inhabitants keep themselves close. Neil 8. Brown and ssveral other prominent citizens have been arrested. Governor Harris at Memphis^ [From the Memphis Appeal, Feb. 20.] Governor Harris, of Tennessee, having taken the Celd in person, issued the following general orders on the 10th February, from Executive headquarters at Memphis ? To tim ComuHPms or tub Miijtu:? 1. Ths Stste of Tennessee bas been invaded by nn enirpy that threatens the destruction of the rights and lSbertk** of her people?to meet and repel which you are required to call at to%tbe field the whole effective force under ^our command J"*! J> ?f r*D be armed, which ytm will immediately orguniz? *ftl? march to the rendezvous hereafter designat -d2. You will make vigilant efforts to secure for the trooi s under your command every evailablo weapon cf defence Hint con be tied. 3. The milium in tho First division, from Hie counties above and adjoining Kuox county, will rcndczVcli* ?t the city of Knoxvilic. The militia from the c< uuties in tbis division south of Knoxvilic will rendezvous at Chattanooga. The militia of the Second and Third divisions will rendezvous at Gen. A. ?. Johnston's headquarters, lbs militia in the Fourth division, from the countius of Henry,Weakley,Gibson, Carroll,Union, Decatur ii?rdin. MyNairy, llajdeinan and Madison sljl rSBfczvous at Henderson Fiat fcm. and from IheSTher counties of this division will rendezvous at Memphis. 4, Tho general officers will moke immediate arrangement* for the transportation to and the supply and subsistence of their commands at said rendezvous. Ail receipts and orders given by tbem for such purpose will be evideuce of indebtedness upon the part of the 8tale. They will, by proper orders, consolidate squads into companies. 6. Thorough end efficient drill end discipline of the forces must be enforced by all commanders. 6. Regular and constant report! must be made by offlrors commanding divisions, posts end dotschments to the Commander-int olef. 7. K. C. Foster, of the county of Devidson, is appniotsd Acting Major General for the (Second division of the Tennessee nuiitia. 8. Edwin H. Ewlog, of the county of Rutherford, Is appointed Acting Major General for the Third division of the Tennessee militia. 9. Lucius J. I'otk, of the county of Maury, is appointed feting Brigadier General for the Twenty fourth brigade if Tennessee militia. 10. As rapidly as it can be done after proper arrange nente ere made, as ordered herein, the forces hereby Mlled ont will be removed to their respective rendezvous. The ( "iiimander-ln Chief reliee upon your activity end imiupinees in the execution of this order. It is your titoniinn In dutf thai will mako efflrtant toldim** or vnur loramand*. By command of I8IIAM 0. RAHR&. W. C. WBrmKMLiB, Adjutant G?Mral. Til* Bnttls of Port Door I mm. official hetokt or uekeral pillow. [From lb* Atlanta (Oa.) Confederacy.] General Pillow took command of Fort Donelioa on February 8, and he tayi that ho Immodiatoly art to work to improve ita nefencee. This was dona under tho supervision of MtJor Gilmer, chief onftneer of General A. 9. Johns tone staff. Before tho works wore completed, Pll l..w states, General Floyd, his senior in rank, arrived. He then says ?I had placed Brigadier General Buekner in command of the right wing, and Brigadier General Johnson in command or the left. By extraordinary efforts we hud barely got all the works in a defensible condlBon, when the enemy made an advance in force around and against the entire line of outer works. He then gives the details of the lighting on the 13th and 13th (the gunboat light included), all of which onr readers are familiar with. oi-n urn* n osiva asotso run. The General continues thus:? On the 14th Inst, the enemy was busy throwing his forces of every arm around us, extending his lino of investment entirely amnnd our position, and completely enveloping us. tin the evening of this day we ascertained that the enemy had received additional rainforcemcnte by steamlmst. We were now surrounded by an Immense foVce, said by prisoners to amount to ftrty.two regiments, and overy road and possible avenue of departure wee cut off, with the certainty that our sources of supply by the river would soon be cut off by the enemy's batteries ptared upon tbo river above us. a COTOnt or was. At a council of the gem rai oliicers, called by General Floyd, It was unanimously determined to give I ho enemy battle next day at daylight, so ss to cut open a route of exit for our troop* to ine Interior of the country, and thus snve our army. We had knowledge that the princli nl portion of the enemy's forces were massed m encampment in front of our extreme left, commanding the two roads leading inio Ihe Interior, one of which we must take In leaving onr position. We knew that he hud in i seed In encampment ?ii"ther large Pure on the Union F. rry read p ppeslte the centre of our leil wing and another In front of the left of cur right wing. His UK HBKALP, SATURDAY, freeb arrival of troopa being oocamped on the bank of the rivar, two and a half miias below ua, from wbicb latter encampment a stream of fresh troopa wis continually pouring around ua on hia Una of investment, and thua atrangtbaning hla general encampment on the extremo right. At each of hia encampments, and on each road ho had in position a battery of held artillery, and twenty-four pound iron guns on aiege carriages. Between these uucumpments on the roads was a thick undergrowth of brush and black jack, making it impossible to advance or manoeuvre any considerable body of troops. TUX REUKL PLAN OF EUklTlX Tbs plan of attack agreed upon, and directed by Gen. Floyd, to be executed, was, that with the main body of the forces of our left wiug 1 should attack the right wing of tbo enemy, occupying and resting upon the heights reaching to the bank of the river, accompanied by Colonel Forrcst'a brigade of cavalry; that Brigadier General Buckncr, with the forces under his command, aud defend in the right of our line, should striko tho enemy's encampment aud forces on tho Winn's Forry road; that the forces under Colonel Hctman should hold his position, and that each command should leave in the trenches troops to hold thorn. WHAT FIU.OW OOCNTXD CPON DOING. In this order of battlf It was easy to he Been that if my attack was successful, and the enemy routod, that his retreat would be along his lino of investment toward the Winn's Fort y road, and thence toward his reserve at the gunboats below. In other words, my success would roll the enemy's force iu retreat over upon Gen. lluckner, when, by his attack in front and rear, wo could cut up the enemy and put him completely to rout. Accordingly, dispositions were made to attack tho enemy. At five o'clock A. M., of the 15th, I moved out of my ixisltion to engage him. In lest than half an hour our forces wore engaged. He was prepared to moot ine in advance of his encampment, and ho did meet lue before I had assumed lino of battle, and while 1 was moving against him without auy formation for the ongagemout. For the first half hour of tho engagement I was much embarrassed In getting tho command in position properly to moot tho foe. Having extricated myself from the p< sit ion, and fuirly engaged him, wo fought him fur nearly two hours before 1 made auy decided advance upon him. Ho contested this field most stubbornly. The loss of both armies at this portion of the field was iuu cucuij b |m?i uuuim ky , utt i u wcov creu uy riiling over the Gclil, after tbo battle, with Genorul Floyd. Tbo enemy having beon forced to yield this portion of the licld, rctirod slowly towards tbo Winn's Kerry road. Buckner's point of attack. He did not retreat. but fell bark lighting us. contesting every inch of ground'. The light was hotly and stubbornly contested on both sides, and it consumed the day till twelve o'clock to drive him back as far as the centre, where General Buckner's command was to llank him. While my command was advancing and slowly driving him. I was anxiously expecting to hear General Buckner's command open lire in his rear, which, not taking place, I feared some misapprehension of orders, and came from the Geld of battle within the works to learn what was the matter. 1 there found the command of Geueral Buekncr massed behind the rldgo within the work, tuking shelter from the ouemy'a artillery en (he Winn road, it having been forced to retire before the battery, as J learned from him. My force was still slowly advancing, driving the enemy towards tbo buttery. 1 directed General Buckner Imme- dialoly to move liiB command round to the rear of the battery, turning its loft, keeping in the hollow, aud attack and carry it. . Before this movement was executed, my force, forming the attacking paity on the right, with Forrest's regiment (cavalry), gallantly charged the battery, sup]>orled by a body of infantry, driving it and forcing the battery to retire, taking six pieces of artillery?four brass and two twenty.four pound iron guns. In pursuing tbe enemy falling back from this position, Goncral Buckner a forces became united with mine, and engaged tbe onemy in hot contest of nearly au hour with largo forces of frosh troops that had now met us. This Dosition of the enemy being carried by our joint forces, I called off further pursuit after seven and a half hours' of continuous and bloody conGict. After tbo troops were called ofT, orders wero immediately given to the different commands to form and retire to' their original positions in the intrenchments. STORM ISO OF Bl'CKNEk'S IXTREXCHMRNTP. The operations of the day had forced the entire command of the enemy around to our right wiDg and In front of Generul Buckner's position in the intreochinents, and when his command reached bis position ho found the enemy rapidly advancing to take possession of this portion of the work. He had a stubborn conGict, lasting one and a half hour, to regain it. and the enemy actually got possession of the extreme right of his position, and held it so firmly that be could not dislodge him. The position thus gained by tbo enemy was a most coinmunding one. being immediately in the rear of our river battery and field work for its protection. From it be could readily turn the intrenched work occupied by Geueral Buckner, and attack him in revorse or advance undor cover of an intervening ridge directly upon our battery and field work. While he held this position it was manifest we could not hold the main work or battery. TOR CONDITION OF TBS 1 ROOFS ON SATURDAY. Such was tlisfcondition of the armies at nightroll, after nine hours of conflict on the 16th iust., in which our loss was severe, and leaving not less than 6,000 of the enemy doad and-wounded on the field. We left upon the field ? nearly all his wounded, because we could not remove them. We left his dead unburled, because we oould not bury them. Such conflict and courage has, perhaps, never before occurred upon this continent. We took about three hundred prisoners and a large number of arms. We bad fought this battle to open the way fbr our army and relieve us from an investment which would necessarily reduce us and the position by tamiue. Wo hod occupied tbo whole day to accomplish our object, and before we could prupere to leave, after taking in tbe wounded and the dead, the enemy had thrown around us again in the night an immense force of fresh troops, and reoccupied his original position in Um line of investment, thus again cutting off our retreat. We bad only about 12,000 troops, all told. Of these a large proportion we UHU l?OV IU IUC ?sss w 1/H?*IVB. *uw vviuumuu UWI UffB ID tbe trenches night and day Tor five days, expcsed to the scow, sleet, mud and ice water, without shelter and without adequate covering, and without Bleep. tub rabore cocbcil or war bctwxbn flotd. riuow axd bl'cknbr. In this condition the general officers held a consultation to determine what they should do. Ueneral liuckner gave it as his decided opinion that he could not hold his position one half an hour against an assault of the enemy, and said tbe enemy would attack him next morning at daylight. Tbe proposition was theu nutde by the undersigned to again fight through the enemy s line and cut our way out. Ueneral buckncr said his command was so worn out and cut to pieces and demoralised, that he could not make another fight; that it would cost tbe command three-quarters or its present numbeis to cut ita way through, and it was wrong to sacrifice three-quarters of a command to save one-quarter; that no officer had a right to cause such a sacrifice. Ueu Floyd and Major Uilmer 1 understood to concur in this opinion. I theu expressed tbe opinion that we could hold out anothor day,and in that time wo could get steamboats and set tbe command over the river, and probably save a large portion of it. To tbis Ueneral Buckner replied that the enemy would certainly attack him n? davllpbt. and that he could not hold his position half an hour. The alternative or the propositions was a surrender of their position and command. Ueneral Floyd said that he would neither surrender the command eVuid n? rorrmaer nmtltff a prisoner, i had taken tku same position. Ueneral Buckncr said he WM rails (led nothing else could he done, and t^at, there 'fore, he would sur. coder if plated in command. General Floyd said that he would turn over the Command to him it uv iuuiu uv uiwwcti iw n iiiiumw uie mfuiiiihiiu , iv iiiib General Uuckucr c< nsenied. Thereupon Record Floyd Urhcd the command over to roe. I passing it Instantly to

Geoeral Hurkner, saying I weuld neither surrender the command nor myseira prisoner. ] dlreoted Colonel F<frre*t to cut hie way out. Under these clrcumetancee, General Burkner accepted the command, and cent a flag of tri.ee to the dnehij? for an armlatlce of six hours to negotiate for terms of capitulation. Before this nag and communication were delivered 1 retired from the garrleun. 8pereli of General Pillow oa the Battle at Fort Doneleoa. Tbo Memphis papers of the 2?th tilt, eay that General rillow, in rosponse to aa urgent call, made a short, Interesting end eloquent speech leal night, explaining the circumstance* of tho battle of Fort Donelson and the cause of Ite capitulation. He made an urgent appeal to Tenneaseeans to rush to arm*, if they would sustain the renown gained on other flelda. He said the present wea fuilof gloom, but the future waa hopeful. If our armies will only fight at gallantly aa did the dauntless spirits who were overwhelmed at Fort Do nelson, Southern independence will be achieved aa cartalnlyaa be then addressed the audience. The Appral says the speech of General Pillow evinced the same courageous and fearleea apirlt which he has always exhibited In the field?that of invincibility. Greatest Battle oa This Contlaaat* [From the Halena Dally Note Book,Feb. 21.] The tall of Fort Donelson is one of the severest blows which has befallen the confederacy. Us fall has broken the lines of General Johnston, and caused him to retreat. No General hsa acquitted himself with more skill and honor than hat General Pillow. He fought numbers treble that of hia own, end hia gallant men left their brawl works and charged upon thoso of the enemy with . the cool assuranceof 'Napoleon's Old Guard. ' H is said that General Beauregard remarked, when he heard the particulars of the Fort Donebon light, 'Mbat G.meral Pillow had fought tho greatest battio or this continent." Ilia ceurage no one questions, and hia energy la as untiring aa his aspirations are high. THE HEW UUYtKIVOK OF TEHHESSEE. Ikctek mt Ik* Horn. Andrew Johnson, Military Oovtrnor of Ttnnint*. Wednesday we announced the appoint menl of ih? abort named gentlemen a* Military Governor of Tennessee, with all Iht powers, duties and function* pertaining to that office, during the pleasure of tbo rreeidant ,or until ths loyal Inhabitants of that Stale shall organise a civil government, In accordant* with the constitution of ths United Slates. Tbs present government of Tenneoseo being a usurpation, every proper encouragement will, through the military government, be given to the loyal people to aaai.rae Its control. The designation of Gene rat Johnson for that position Is considered by everybody as eminently proper, both in view of his peculiar fitness for the office and of his great popularity among all loyal people, beside* hi* devotion to hi* own Stale. The Govornor, by the acceptance of tbo office, necessarily ra cates hla position as Senator. The term for which ho use elected will not expire (III March next. Ihe attitude which the lion. Andrew Johnson ban always assumed In the politics of the country has Justly commnnded the sdmiratlon of true patriots, and of al1 who admire that kind of moral ronrapo thai cnusca a man loioicgonll selfish promptings, and sacrifice himself upon the sltsr of his couslrr. Previous to tbs break MARCH 8, 1862.?TRLPL lag out of the present rebellion bo woo tbe l?lol of tbe Southern democracy; and bad be permitted himself to float upon the wave of eeceeeion and treason there Is not a doubt but that he would have been placed at the bead of that revolutionary government, tbe Southern confederacy. But his devotion to his country?bis whole country?impelled hint to sever the bonds that connected him with a people whom he had for so long a period led and controlled, but who wore matched from hie influence by the demon of treason. There people he could still hare wielded could bis potent voice have reached them; but the monster of intolerance closod her jaws upon him. Ho was not permitted in Middle and West Tennessee to ad dress the people. Had he attempted it a mob would have been ready, not only to stop bis voico, but to tako his life. Too well tho leaders of rebellion in Tennesseo knew his power over the people, and they were conscious that if he were ]>crmittod to make public speeches the people would rally around him as the ancient claus of Scotland did around their highland chiefs?thai ho'could preserve Tennesseo fnm their fatal fangs, and that the foul monster of treason would hare to go howling to a more genial clime. He slnod Dim, and yelstauds firm, ss a monument of loyally and devotion to his country, while many of his cotcmporuncous political lights have been forever extinguished and enshrouded in the perpetual night of treason. Among his old political friends he saw Jtham G. Harris, tho late Governor of Tennessee; A. O. P. Nicholson, his colleague in the United Stales Senate; Andrew Ewing, Langdou C. Haynes and a host of others fall into the secession pit. Of bis political opponents ho saw E. II. Ewing, G. A. Henry, tho ' eagle orator," his opponent the first time he was elected Governor of Tennessee, and who said, in tbe Bell and Everett Convention in Dallimore, Oml lio wished he might be struck blind before be ever hould tee the Union dissolved; and evon Bell, whose wisdom hud shone as a beacon light to the nation for more than a quarter of a century, cower before tho monster secession. But he, amid all this wreck, stood as firm as tho eternal rocks, keeping the glorious Union and the constitution of our ratbers ever in view, and making them tbo polar star to which he steered amid the mighty convulsions and uphcavings which beset him on every side; and be now appears upon the world's groat stuge as a living witness that public virtue and unselfish patriotism are not oxtinct even in those Statos that huvo inaugurated this unholy war. While the names of many who formerly shone in the same sphere with him will be buried beneath a mausoleum of inlamy, to which they will go down "unwept, unhocorcd and unsung," his will shine like the bright star of the morning, and he honored by generations yet unborn. The Hon. Andrew Johnson was elected .to the United States Scnato by the Legislature of Tenncssoo in the year 1857, in place of Governor Jones, who was a whig. Ills whole career has been marked with singular good fortune, and his rise and success in public life very remarkable. About tnirty years ago be was a journeyman tailor, at Laurens Court House, South Carolina, working with Ur. Denton, of that place. When eighteen years old ho could neither read nor write. He moved to Greenville, Tennessee, on foot, where he opened s shop as a tailor, joined a debating club, made speeches and showed talent, ne was elected, in n few years, a member of the Legislature, then a member of Congress, where he served many years. Not long after ho was elocted Governor ol the State of Tennessee, and afterwards United States Senator. Whilst working at Laurens Court House as journeyman tailor, he fall in love witn a girl in the neighborhood and courted her. Governor Johnson tolls the story himself. The young lady saw something more in Andy than her mother was able to discern. She engaged herseir to blm, provided he could got her mother's consent. Andy went one Sunday to spook to the old lady. His heart failed him till towards night, when ho mustered up courage and popped tho question to the mother. He says she broke out on him in a most terrible tirade of abuse, and said,"You trilling, worthless vagabond, do you sup. pose I am going to let my daughter marry a wandering journeyman tailor? I know what you want; you are toe laxy to work, and you ase after my property." The Governor said the old woman had four children an<] three nesrroes. This was her fortune. In utter He (pair, Andy returned to ths village mortified ant crestfallen. He determined to quit tbo place ant forget bis love, after meeting witb such scorn and con tempt from tbe mother. It sometimes happens that young girls havo a deeper insight into character than their parents. It was the case, as Col. Benton acknowledged, with Jessie, when (he ran off with Col. Fremont and got married, very much against the wishes of hei father and mother. But Hits W?e* did not have the samo self will, or the same abiding confidence In bet Judgment and( love that Miss Benton had. She wai afraid to encounter that indignation and towering tempei which had so effectually cowed Andy. We do not know however, that Andy had courage enough tomakotbc proposition to run off with hsr. If ho did, it was rejected. How different would havo oeen her fate if Hiss W**? had taken courage and encountered the frowns of her mother. Instead of being the wife of some poor, plodding, unknown man, as she probably is, she would have been tbo wife of a Governor and United Mates Senator, tbe mistress of ceremonies at Nashville, and a conspicuous member of the gay and fashionable sociely of Washington , as well as the confidential partner of a man who, above all the others of the seceding States, has deserved so well and been so much hone red at tbe hands of a grateful country. The General Is cow about fifty years of age. Governor Johnson leaves to-day for Xathville, and will immediately publish an address, calling a General Convention to establish a now Stato government. The President lias clothed him with ample power to use all thenscsa sary military authority of lb* national government to Carry out the policy and enforce the national laws. Tl?e Rebel Defences Below Colambaa. Between Columbus and Memphis the rebela have erected no leas than live somewhat formidable forllfloationr. A strong water battery, mounting twelve 32nud 42<pounders, at Hickman, was erected to protect the Naahvllle and Northwestern Railroad, cooaecting at Union City with the Mobile* an I Ohio, and at McReniio, fifty miles southeast, with the Memphis and Ohio Railroads. Rut the same necessity which demanded the evacuation of Columbus applies with equal force to Hick man. Island Number Ten, forty*flve miles below Columbus, is mentioned as one of the points of defence much relied on by the rebels. But we doubt whether at this late day they will attempt the construction there of tbo works requisite to withstand an attack from our gun and mortar boats. Its Memphis Appeal, in referring to the probability of a stand being made at this island, says:? Isiund Number Ten Is a strong position, not far from Hickman, Kentucky, about forty Ovi\miles below Coiumbua, ana nno hundred and liftnen above Kort Pillow, and one hundred and eighty Ire above Memphis. It completely commands the Mississippi river for miles above, and can be so fortified with heavy guns as to be made Impregnable against any river attack. As it Is demonstrated in the late battles at Forte Henry and Donelsun that the federal gunboats are not invulnerable to rifled cannon and heavy columbiads, the position is well chosen, and with the aid of a good land force can be maintained against the approach of Poole's flotilla. The rebela have next an extensive work near the .State line separating Kentucky from Tenneeeee, upon which Ave hundred negroes, under the superintendence of an able engineer officer, are Mid to have been eel to work in September. Port rillow.a short distance below thisfort,lsastroo| earthwork, with bastions, walls and trenches, mounting ?..M ,n htAwlla 11 New Madrid, Jeff. Tbompeoa hat railed redoubt! and embankment*, but of no eery formidable character The strongest fort ideation In Ibe possession of the rebeb above Memphis la Fort Randolph, alxty miles abort Memphis, and one hundred and eighty eight below Cairo This la a very strong position. It la built upon the thirt Chic kasaw bluff, more than one hundred feet above tbi river, and Immediately eeuth of Island No. 34, tb< lower part of which commands the three moutha of the Hatchie rlvar, a stream (navigable at good stages that empties into the Mississippi Just abovs the town of Randolph, at the upper edge of the bluflb These bluflb form natural parapets for batteries, see command a view of tba Mississippi river for six mile each way. Py silencing whatever gune may be placer on tba island, Iron clad boats, in the preeent condition o the Lower Mississippi, might enter the northern moutl of tba Hatchte out of the range of Fort Randolph. The town of Randolph, noar which the fort stands, conslsli of halfadosenor so dilapidated frame houses, and ii approached In the rear by several good roads, hut tbi country behind It being full of ravines aud gorges ii capable of being fortified to an almost indefinite extent The position, however, is of no manner of use or benefit except to dispute the navigation of th# river. It has n< railroad communications, and, as an army rtattonrc there would havo to depend on tho river exclusively foi (ho tr i spol iation of supplies, It would not lequire ton| to starve It i ut. ktemrhia has been strongly fortified. Nature baa done Hi SHEET. much for it In tbe way of defence*. The city i* siUuued Immediately, below the mouth of Wolf river, oe the fourth Chickasaw bluir, from thirty to forty fact above high water mark. Extending in front is a beautiful terrace or esplanade, nearly a thousand feet wide, forming a glacis of sufficient compass to accommodate a large army facing the landing. Heavy cannon have been mounted upon the most eligible sites about the city, and the exposed portions greatly strengthened by skilful engineers. But the same military necessity which required the evacuation of Bowling Greon and Nashville will in time compel tho rebel troops to withdraw from M< mi>h!s. It can be approacbod from the Tennessee river by two lines of railroad. We look for its speedy occupation by federal troops, but not until after one bloody and hotly contested battle. NEW8 FROM WASHINGTON. Departure of Gov. Johnson and Suite for Tennessee. Continual Cannonading on the Lower Potomac. Destruction of Three Rebel Vessels and Their Cargoes on the South Carolina Coast* Debate on General Fremont's Conduct of the War in the West. Speeches of Messrs. Blair and Colfax in the Honse. Passage of the Cotton Cnltivation Bill in the Senateftc.j &C.| &c. Washington, March 7,1802. DEPARTURE OF GOVERNOR JOHNSON AND SUITE FOR TENNESSEE. Governor Andrew Johnson, accompanied by his Colonel, Robert Johnson, William A. Drowning, Secretary, Ac., Hon. Horace Maynard, and Hon. Emerson Etherldge, Cleric of tbo House, left Washington this afternoon for ^ Nashville, via llarntburg, Pittsburg Clbcinnati and ! Louisville. , WHAT 18 THOrGBT OF THE PRESIDENT'S MESSAGE ON EMANCIPATION. The excitement in regard to tho President's special Message increas e. Some of the ultras regard it as a step in the right direction?that is, in their direction; and some of the most conservative hail it as the expression of tho opinion, uttered a long tijne ago by the President, that he should, under all circumstances, sacredly observe the guarantees of the constitution for all rights or oltizcDS of all tho States, and that ho would never approve any legislation that looked to tho emancipation cf the slaves against the will of the people of the States, and in derrogntion of their rights. <The Message has taken all parties by surprise. A ma. jorily of the Senators and Representatives are unprepared to express themselves upon it. All are afraid of it, and all are afraid to oppose it. The radicals look ' blank, and while they claim there is in it a concession to ' them, they arc preparing cautiously to oppose it. The conservatives, on tho other hand, are anxious to sustain - the policy communicated by the President, but they fear that they may be entrapped in some departure from their chosen position. In this prodicament the President's Message must sleep in the committee room unti' ; gentlemen have made up their minds in regard to tho 1 matter. AFFAIS8 ALONG THE MILITARY LINE OP THE FOTO[ MAC. Intelligence from every port of the military line of the | Potomac to-day reports nothing of material interest. vvnviiiun ur inn ih/aud ah t inuiiiiA ' The pleasant weather of the last forty-eight hoars has dried the roods so much that thev nromise to he in good ' condition in a day or two. BRIBE CANNONADING ON TBI LOWER POTOMAC. i At four o'clock yesterday morning the Freeborn, Satellite, Island Belle and the Resolute opened lire on the lino of batteries extending from opposite Liverpool Point to Boyd's Hole, including three at Aquia Creek. A number of shells were thrown in, but with what effect could not be ascertained in the prevailing darkness. The rebels returned the tire, but without striking any of our vessels. Between ten snd eleven o'clock A. M., while we lay off Blackstone's Island, heavy cannonading was hoard from above. On reaching Wade's Bay in the evening wo ascertained that the Island Belle and the Satellite had again opened fire on the railroad depot and some trains of cars filled with rebel troops that were constantly arriving from Vredertcksbnrg. The depot was riddled by the shot and shell. The enemy returned the fire from a bat tery on the water line and another on a hill a little back. Their shots fell thickly around the vessels, but not one of them took effect. * The troops at Aquia Croek were constantly receiving reinforcements. At the first bombardment the rebels beat the long roll in evident expectation of a Landing, but as matters turned out, they wore more frightened than hurt. Early this morning the Stepping Stones came up from below, having supplied all the vessels of the Second and Third divisions. She Tan past all the batteries without eliciting m sir'i. About nine o'clock the batteries at Cockpit Point aad tbi| ping roint 0|?ned Are on Profaeaor Lowe's balloon, whan in tba air naar Hudd'a Ferry. The Are waa returned from the Maryland a bo re. The balloon waa not hit, and I am unable to say whether any damage waa dona on ailher aide. COMMOtOMt FOOTS'* REPORT OF TBS EXPEDITION TO PITTKRVRO. The Navy Papartment haa received full deapatcha1 from Commodore Footo concerning the recent expedition to riltaburg, near the Mississippi line, a synopsis of which haa already been publUbed. It appeara that dur. tng the action the gonboata Lexington and Taylor ax* pcaded forty-Ova eight Inch shells, twenty-Ova six Inch ball* aad atxteen atand of grapo. Several of the rebels ware eaen to fall, but tba full extaat of tha daaaage to them could not be ascertained. TIIKXK RRBTL VlltlU AND Til SIN CAJtOOSS DIHTROVKl" ON TSB POVTH CAROLINA COAST. The folk.wing offlcial report deacribea tba recant da. itrticllon, by a Vaion blockading ship, of three rebel vessels and their cargoes:? i'sttet* Nrana) Batik Rumww, 1 Off Bni.'n Bar, P. C., Fab. M, lwtt. J Sir?I have the honor lo report that, oo the lath Inst.. until cirvca u i a. a?., ? uininntm n i >" -vi oahoreon a >-hon1 In HuII'm Piy. 1-em tno anned boats In for the purpose of reconnoitorlng, and. If ponaible, to bring bar off. On boarding they found her to be n tory old and worthies* craft, without a cargo, mid onlyfo/r , negroes on board. Wbilo on board tha sloop ihoy am covered three vemcla lying at anchor within the shvala, apparently laden with rlca, Ao I At half-past una on the morning of tho 141 h mat I sent , another armad boat, wlih loatructlnaa to cat theae ves ela out or destroy tbam. There not bring enough w lad all day to bring these ves<els out, they were destroyed 1 alter dark, and their flag*, pate ra and arma taken in tha I boat aad brought off, with two priw nera. Tha following ara tho names of tha vessels deatroyad, ? with their cargoea, which constated of rice, for the city I of Charleston ? I Sloop Krtieto, 1,000 h ahela of rlre, aunk. Sloop fltiabath, 1,800 bnabela of rice, annk. ' Sloop Theodore Stoney, 2,000 bushels of rlca, burnad. The Theodore Stoney w?a a One craft, of Ofty four tone, I bat could not be got out, aa there waa a battery of three {una near her anchorage, and oouaequently ibe waa nraed. I Their re*| active crews were all foreignara and negroea, r and, n<>t having room enough in tha boat to bring them off, they wrre ret ashore nnd allowed to raUtn their per onal clltcta, except arm*. I aend \ ou a rebel Hag, with the request to forward the I rame, with my cemplinterna, to the 1 iag Officer. In cloetng I feel la my duty to tueiiihuiaihe efficient " manner In which my ordera were carried ont by Acting I Kapler' Maloe Henry Caaon and J. Walter Hackle, and to call yonr attention to the s.ime. Kudosed I transmit the piprraofthe daatmyed ves* sals. 1 am,air, eery respocttuhy.yonr obedient servant, i KKWARIi CONKOY, i Acting Volunteer Lieutenant commanding. . Crmmnmlar J. U. Parrot , coin mam log I'nited Mates a tea incr Augusta, Ill< ckadlng squadron, off Charleston, r 8. C. I TUX PEBATX IS THE HOt'dll Off QEMEKAI. rSK*9KT> (MHPAIQS. I Cclooel lllair, of Missouri, made a apecch to-dav in 3 Committee of the Whole upon General Fremonte late campaign in the Wilt, in which he expoeed mercileaaly the mistakes and inefficiency of that gentleman. Mr. Colfax replied vivaciously and vehemently, and convinced his auditors in the galleries that he believed Fremont equal to a Moses, Gcorgo Washington and Napoleon Bonaparte combined in one man. Mr. Colfax delivered the greater part of hie speech to a thin house. Many of the members took but little interest in the Fremont scheme, and many others deem it unnecessary to waste the time of the House in attempting to repair the fortunes of the fallen Genera). army appointments confirmed, rejected and laid over by THE senate. The Senate to-day oonflrmod the following as Brigadier Generals of Volunteors :<? Major Lawrence Graham, of the Second cavalry. Fitiyohn Porter. Lovell H. Roueseau Eleazer Paine, or Illinois. Wm. A. Richardson, of Illinois. Daniel ButterQeld, of New York. W. T. Ward, of Kentucky. Major George Sykes, of the Thirteenth infantry. Captain David S. Stanley, of the Tenth cavalry. Thomas A. Davies, of New York. Colonel Philip SI. George Cooke, of the Second cavalry. Captain Joseph B. I'luninier, of the First rcgimout of infantry, for gallant conduct at SprtugQeld and Fredericktown, Missouri. The Sonato also confirmed Henry Van Rensselaer to be an Inspector General, with the rank of Colonel, and Thomas Hillhouse, of New York, to be an Assistant Adjutant General of Volunteers, with tho rank of Major; Edward W. Martindale, as Commissary of Subsistence, and Robl. P. Dodge, as Assistant Paymaster. In Executive session of the Senate yesterday, the following nominations wore rejected:? ASSISTANT AD J! TANT OENKRALS, WITH TITS RANK OF CA1TAIN. Tappan Wright, Chas. Mundoe, of Kausas; John Murray, of New York; Fredorick Harvey, of Pennsylvania; Chas. Stewart, of Maryland. # COMMISSARY OF SCBSISfBNC1, WITH TUB RAJfk OF CAPTAIN. John Clark, of Massachusetts. ADDITIONAL PAYMASTERS. Wm. C. Barney, of New York; Jae. W. Schaumbcrg, of Pennsylvania; Wm. H. Rittcr, of New York; C. R. Suunders, of California. Tho following nominations were laid over for further consideration AUJCTANT CK.NKRAL'8 DKPARTMKNT?ASSISTANT ADJUTANT GIKBRALS, Wmi TUB RAXK OF CAPTAIN. Nathan Reeve, of Michigan; John round, of New fork; Andrew C. Kemper, of Ohio; John r. Fencklo Mler, of New Jorsey; W. P. Prentice, of New York. COMMISSARY OP SCMrSTRSCl, WITH THB RANK OF CAPTAIN. W. W. Leland, of New York. ADDITIONAL PATMAMTRg. Isaac N. Pumphrey, Zehina C. Pang born, of Magsnchii' setts; Truman C. Wright, of Wisconsin; John J. Patterson, of Pennsylvania. EXAMINATION OP CANDIDATES FOR NAVAL BURGEONS. The Naval Medical Board, which is to convene at Philadelphia on the 17th inst., is intended to examine, not medical cadets, hut candidates for Assistant Surgeons in the Navy. There are at present several vacancies. Applications will bo received by the Secretary or the Navy. The terms of the application have been stated. An opportunity is thus afforded for a number of young sawbones to attach themselves to the medical corps of the navy. For Report of Congressional Proceeding tec Seventh. Page. , NEWS FROM QEN. BANKS' ARMY Ciiarlkstown , Ya., March 7,1862 Nothing of importance, in a military point or view, has transpired since the last despatch. Borne transitions of troops have taken place, but nothing to indicate any especial movement. Last night a mistake occurred on an outpost station, resulting in wounding a cavalry man and the killing of two horses. The affair was magnified by the rebels into the capture of tour companies of Colonel Maulsby s Maryland regiment, |and such interpretation caused considerable elation in Southern circles. Rumors having been current here that Colonel Geary *u surrounded and cut to pieces, it is but fair to say that he has not been able to come up to and test bis strength with any enemy. CnmianowN, March 7?P. M. Nothing of special interest has transpired here to-day, nor at the outposts. The reconstruction of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad and bridge is rapidly progressing. Colonel Terry, of the Fifth Connecticut regiment, ban been appointed Brigadier General. Besom Bin, Va., March 7, IMS. The country between here and Winchester is infested with the enemy's pickets, who at times approach near our lines, but no general encounter has taken place. Straggling parties of the enemy, returning from the upper counties, are sometimes entrapped hy our troops. Scene of Opcratleni of Oosserstl Banks. ~ II 1 k PI //& ^2 A A ^NST jp -r > IT * 5 ihhV* H tnh^k 3J 2 ??? V? ^ rn / o Sin / s /= isy a * s^ Oar Clurlntewi Cwrtipaadiac*. Cumiraowii, V*., March, IMS. The Cnim Sentiment? I*? StMi Smrprimd mi the Kind nff of Ike ranktti?Reptlnr MM JftteWrted Sennit? of Harm, Wm oiti mi J rorisume, fie.,St. Tbo seni tment of the inhabitants of thta, pretty Utile lens hu undergone a moat remarkable change sinro oar army have driven Die rebel* from It aa<f taVon pneaesaton. Tbey perceive that tbo "Lincoln!lee1' are not tba relentless savages tbey were lad to habere, who came to trample upon their liberties deprive them of their rights and desolate their hemes. But their change of opinion does not end here. They are now of the opinion that they have heed Imposed upon by the rebel despots in nearly all respects. They are hot a little surprised to And the "Yankees" have enough of everything, and to spare, and that they do spare for their use necessary arltelee of which tbey have been a long time la need. But few ef the population yet acknowledge Union sentiments, however, in this district. Their natural pride prevents them and moat of them hare not the moral courage to adroit that they were deceived. A regular mall Is established between this town and the Norther.. Males. Many ritixena have already availed ihemoelve. of its ndvow tagea to send letters to friends of whom they have heard "''T^f.^L'TinpresM.m among the inhabilents of the. town it that the rebellion I* now doomed. I hive not torn a tlPgio y?"'? tn "" tow? * ? <" "?* Iwloog to our army. Thr pr-eumptloo ia that ovory ?no ia; able of (waring anna la In the (*o it horn army. Tlie people inform me that the rebels wore In Uio habit of proating all the wagona. Itor > <*, hay tn.t provim. n? thi-v couM carry off. There wero not wagon* enough left even to haul a ulllclni.t quantity of Drrwooff from tha country to aupply tlua tillage K.ven tobiuo wae rrareo uttho south, nml, in abort, tliey hail a aeanty aupply of pr??taiona,aml thm wa- all they rn I I lietaid to oaito, braider ihi ir lire* ami hone a ami tha cloiboa (hoy wore Hnch waa the condition of Char oetown before icia occupation.

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