Newspaper of The New York Herald, 10 Mart 1862, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated 10 Mart 1862 Page 1
Text content (automatically generated)

TE WHOLE NO. 9312. MPORTANT FROM FORTRESS MONROE The Merrimac Out of Norfolk. The Rebel Iron-Glad Steamers Jamesown and Torktown Join Her Off Newport's News. TREMENDOUS NIVAL CONFLICT The Union Frigate Cumberland Sunk. # At out One Hundred Lives Said to be Lost. Surrender of the Frigate Congress. lie Union Sbips-of-War Minnesota) Roanoke, St. Lawrence and Mystic Engaged in the Fight. THE MINNESOTA ASHORE. Arrival of the Ericsson Iron-Clad Steamer Monitor from New York. A10THER NAVAL ENGAGEMENT. Bte BEerrimac. Jameitovn and Xorktown Attack the Monitor. She Beats Them Off and Disables the Merrimac. SPLENDID SUCCESS OF THE MONITOR. ketches of the Vessels Engaged on Both Sides, tat Ac,, Ac. Washington, March 9, 1862. a *> guwimnwn bh received liuorumnon ton Fortress Monroe, bj special despatches Mom General Wool and Mr. Fox, Assistant Seer Ntary of the Navy, that yesterday the ironClad steamer Merrimac and the gunboats Jamestown and Torktown attacked our fleet, sunk tte Cumberland, and took the frigate Congress. The Minnesota was aground when the Fortress Monroe boat left, but has since been towed off safely. V , THE DETAILS. Foamsa Monet, March 8,1843. toe dutaass of Old Point waa atartlod to-day by tho anaeuuuoiaont that a auspicious looking vessel , supposed to be the Merrimao, looking likoa submerged houso, with gjhe roof only above water, was moving down from Norleft by the channel in front of the Sewall'a Point batte. rtes. Signal guns were also fired by the Cumberland and CMgreas to notify the Minnesota, St. Lawrence and Roan. SkS of the approaching danger, and all was excitement in Snd about Portress Monroe, There waa nothing protruding above the water but a jasslrff fir ins the rebel flag, and a short smokestack. A* moved along slowly and turned Into Uto channel loading to Ifowport'o New*, and teamed direct for the frigate* Cumberland and Oongreaa, which were lying at ie mouth of Jamee river. Mm oooa aa ah* cam* within range or the Camber land the latter opened on her with frar heavy gnna; hat tba bail* atrnck and <|fkm**d off, having no mare effect than peaa from a popgna. Her porta were all cioaed, and ah* moved on In ghaai, hut with a mil head of at earn. In the meantime, *a the Merrtmac waa approaching the two frigate* on one Nde, tho rebel Iran-clad a team era York town and Jam** awn earn* down Jamea river and engaged our frigate* M the other aide. The batter tea at Newport's New* aleo paaed on the Yorktown and Jamea town, and did all la their power to aaaiat the Cumberland aadCongreaa, which, being (ailing veaaela, were at the mercy ef the approaehing a team era. The Merrlmae in the meantime kept ateadlly on her course, and slowly approached the Cumberland, when aha and the Congress, at a distance of muMiN /uui, ri nw mil nrouiiaii on iiw iron 1*4 nauUr that took ao effect, glancing upward* and tying off, having only tho effect of checking hor progro** flhr a moment. Klor receiving tho Brat broadaldo of tho two frigate* <A? row aw to the Cumberland, striking her ahoof midships, and literally laying epm her sides, the then drew off and fired a broadside into the tteehlid ahip, and again daehed againet her with her irew alod prow, and knocking in her tide, |f| her t* link, while aha engaged the Oongreee, which laid about quarter of a mile distant. The Con greoa had to tho moaatlmo kopt up a aharp engagement With tho Yorktowa and Jameotowo, and, having no rogu' lor craw on board of her, ooolng tho hopolooanooe of ro* plating tho troa-elad atoamor, at oooo atruok hor colon. Her crew had been d tec barged aevoral day* atnoe, and throe eompaaloo at tho Naval Brigade had Been put on board temporarily, until aho could be relieved by the St. Lawrence, which wao to havegooeup an Monday to take her poattton ao one of the blockading yeoaela of tho Jameo river. On tho Oongreea atrlklng hor eoloro, the Jameatown approached and took from on board at hor all hor officer* ao pr toon ere, but allowed tho orow to osoape In boat*. Ifeoveeaol, being thua cleared, wao Bred by the rebela, When the Morrlaaac and her two iron-clad companion* apenod with aholl and ahot on the Newport'* New* belt*, rtao. The Bring wao briakly returned. Yarloue report* have been received, principally from frightened eutlora' clerka. Some of them repreeent that |he garrtoon had been compelled to retreat from the batleram to the wooda. Another waa that the two amaller rebel iteamen had been compelled to retreat from their font. to the moon time tho ateem frigate Mtnaeaota, having [E NE partly got apeteam, was being towed up to the relief ol the two frige tea, but did not get up until It was too late to aaaiot thom. 8b* was also followed up by the frigate Bt. Lawrence, which waa taken in tow by auroral of the email harbor steamers. * It la, bowerer, rumored that neither of these vessels had pilots on board, and after a abort engagement both of them teemed to be, In the opinion of the pilots on the Point, aground. The Minnesota, either Intentionally or from necessity, engaged the throe steamers, at about a mile distance, with only her two bow guns. The St. Lawrenoe also poured in shot from all the guns she could bring to bear, and it was the impression of the moat experienced naval officers on the Point that both bad been considerably damaged. Tbete statements, it must be borne In mind, are all hosed on what could be seen by a glaas, at a distance o( nearly eight milee, and a few panic stricken non-com. ba tacts, who lied at almost ths first gun from Newport's News. In ths mean time darkness approached, though tha moon shone cut brightly, and nothing but tha occasional flashing of guns could be seen. The Merrimac was also believed to be aground, as she remained] stationary at a distance of a mile from tha Mlnnosota, making no attempt to attack or molest her. Previous to the departure of the steamer for Baltimore no guns had been fired for half an hour, the last one being fired from (he Minnesota. Some perapns declared mat, immediately artor iiiib last gun was nrod, a dense volume of smoke was seea to rise from the Merritnac, Indicating the explosion of her boiler. Whother this ia so or not cannot he known, but it waa the enaniraous O) In ion that (he rebel monster was bard aground. Fears, of course, were entertained for the safety or (be Minnesota and St. Laeerenoe In such an unequal oontost; but ir the Mcrrltr.ao waa really ashore she could do no more damage. It waa the intention of the Mlnneaota, with her picked and gallant crew, to run into close quartern with tbe Merrlmac,avoid ber iron prow and board bar. This tbe Merrlmac seemed not Inclined to give ber an opportunity to do. At eight o'clock, when tbe Baltimore boat left, a fleet of steamtuga were being sent up to the relief of tbe Minnesota and the St. Lawrence, and nn endeavor was to be made to draw them off tbe bar on which tbey had grounded. In the mean time tbe firing bad suspended, whother from mutual oonsent or neoeesity could not be ascertained. Tbe rebel battery at Pig Point was also enabled to Join in the combined attack on tbe Minnesota, and several guns were fired at ber from Sewall's Point aa she went up. None of them struck ber, bat one or two of tbom passed over bor. The Baltimore boat left Old Point at eight o'clock last nlgbt. In about half an hour after sba left the wharf tbe iron-olad Ericsson steamer Monitor passed ber, going in, towed by a large steamer. The Monitor undoubtedly reached Fortress Monroe by nine o'clock, and may have Immediately gone into service; if not,sba would be ready to take a baud early on Sunday morning. The foregoing are all tbe facts as far as can at present be ascertained, and are probably the wosrt possible version of tbe affair. ANOTHER ACCOUNT. Fortress Monroe, March 8,1802. About noon to-day the rebel steamship Merrhnac and two gunboats were Men coming around Craney Island, beaded for Newport's News. Half an hour after tbe naval lookout boat in tho Roads signalized the fact to tbe Minnesota and Roanoke, the latter, Capt. Maraton, being tbe flagship. Tbe Minnesota bad steam up. The Roanoke having lain four months with a broken shaft, measures were taken to tow ber. It was some time before tbey were under way, tbe Minnesota leading. Tbe Roanoke, when near tbe Rip-Raps, waa caught by tbe tide, and half an hour was spent in getting ber head right again. The gunboat Whitebait also got under way. Meanwhile the Merrimac waa making good time for Newport' Naws, where the Bailing frigate Congresa and the Cumberland were the only naval vessels. As the Minnesota passed within range at Sewall's Point, that battery opened en her. Its fire was returned vigorously. The firing being at long range, no perceptible effect waa produced. In a little more than one hour from getting under way, tho Merrimac was within half a mile of Newport's News, when the firing commenced. Simultaneously with these movements the rebel steamers Yorktown and Jamestown came down James river and joined their fire with that of the Merrimac upon the Congress and the Cumberland. The Merrimac seemed to proceed paat the Congress and engage the Cumberland, whicn waa also under the fire of tbe Yorklown and Jamestown. Our battery at Newport'* Newa opened vigorously on the iron clad enemy. In about half an heur the masts of tba Cumberland, which were vialble over th* point of land, were seen to list and finally go over, proving that she had sunk. About this time th* Congress, with sails spread, was seen to come down a short distance end (top en tbe Point, apparently aground. Soon after the Merrimae reappeared and engaged her at short range ; and, after keeping up the contoat flfteon or twenty minutes, the white flag of surrender was seen to float over the Congress' deck. Meanwhile, as If the day was fated to be one of successive disasters to our ahipe, the Minnesota had grounded about two miles from Newport's News, where she lay making fruitless endeavors to get clear. The Roanoke, by this time, had reached within two miles or her, but, seeing the current of events, turned back. The gunboat Mystic, which had also gooe sp, being in a disabled condition on account of her boiler giving out, also turned baok, towed by a tug. Having accomplished this much, the Merrimae and the two rebel gunboats commenced shelling our camp at Newport's News, with what effect it is of course, impossible to say now. The Cumberland bad a erew of about 600 men, nearly one half of whom perished when she went down, s yet the Oongrnss has not been boarded, and It is supposed that General Mansfield, on abore, prevents the rebels from doing it. The Roanoke is also aground half way between the fortrees and Newport's News. The Cambridge has Just come la, towing the St. Lawrence, and both will go to the conflict. General Wool has despatched two regiments by land to Newport's News. It is reported that the Yorktown is on fire np James river. One of the guns of the Merrimae was disabled early in the action. The Merrimae and Cumberland were engaged at sloee quarters when the latter commenced sinking. The Merrimae now lies half a mils below Newport's News/and the firinn between her and the Minnesota. at about two mllea, la kept up briskly. The Congreea baa not been boarded. Six companies of Harlan'a cavalry and tba Mounted Rifles have been (alx o'clock) despatched to aupport General Macs field, should be be attacked by land. The St. Lawrence baa gene Into action, and la engaging the Jamestown. Tbe Msrriraac does not feel disposed to oome down to tbe Minnesota, while tbe Minnesota can not ma to her. The Koanoke baa returned to bar elation opposite the fortress. A macro Juti km (ntm o'clock) from Newport's Nova Hates thai tha Merrimac ram square tato tha Cum bar land, which immediately want down. Tha macro atotaa that aoma of tha oraw, who aw mm aahora, amid tha loaa on tha Cumberland waa about ooa hundred. There la aoma doubt about tha burniac of IbaTarktown. Tha Arlng la atllt kept up, tha Merrimac a till lytac near tha Congraee, which mppaara not to bmra boon boardad yet. Another paraon who left Nawport'a New* report* that the Merrimac did not Are till within two hundred yarda of tha Cumberland, whoa abe Arad and ran Into her bow, caualng her to alnk Immediately. She had previously bean aet on flra. Itlaoonflrmad that about one-half of all on board ware loet. When my Informant left the Congress had been boarded by the Merrimac, and tha white flag waa holated over bar. liar guna were then turned on our camp. At the preaent hour the Bring haa coaxed. When lmal aeon the Merrlmao and tha rebel gunboata aeem to hare drawn off towards Crmney Island, and It la apprehends,, that the may attempt to go out to aaa to-night. Preparations have been made accordingly. The Mlnueeota is still aground. The Pt. Uwrenoe and tha Whitehall la naar here. It Is aUled that tha shells that struck the Merrlmao had no nflbcton bar, but glanced off like pebbles 1W YO NEW YORK, MONDA THE CONFLICT OFF I Scene of the Fight Between thi the Union Ve X! ? VERY IMPORTANT. THE SECOND DAYS FIGHT. Arrival of the Ericsson Iron Gunboat Henkor In Hampton Roads?fight Between Her and the Herrimae?The Latter Driven Bask to Norfolk la a Sinking Condition* Washington, March 9?6:45 P. M. The telegraph line to Fort rets Monroe Is just completed, and a message from there states that after the arrival of the Ericsson last night she was attacked by the Merrimac, Jamestown and Yorktown. After a five hours' fight they were driven off, and the Merrimao put back to Norfolk in a sinking condition. FURTHER PARTICULARS. Fortress Monroe, March 9,1862. The Monitor arrived at ten o'clock last night, and went immediately to the protection of the Minnesota, lying aground just below Newport's News. At seven o'clock this morning the Merrimac, accompanied by the two wooden ste m- . ers, the Yorktown and Jamestown, and several 1 tugs stood out towards the Minnesota and aka tka \fnnitnp mot {ham at nnno i Ujpuiiou 1UV. AUV MVUilVl M.v .UV.M WW VMWV and opened fire when the enemy's vessels retired, excepting the Merrimac. The two iron olad vessels fought, part of the time touching each other, from eight o,clock in the morning till noon, tchen the Merrimac retreated. Lieutenant J. L. Worden, who commanded the Monitor, handled her with great skill, assisted by Chief Engineer Stimers. The Minnesota kept up a continuous fire, and is herself somewhat iigured. She was moved considerably to-day, and will probably be off to-night The Monitor is uninjured, and ready at any moment to repel another attack. The Merrimac is understood to have been under the command of Commandant Buchanan, late of the Navy Yard. IMPORTANT DESPATCHES FROM GENERAL WOOL AND SECRETARY FOX. Wamisgtun, March 9. 1802. The folia wing was received to-night by Major Oanoral McCI alien from Ganaral Wool, dated Portrait Monroe, at alx o'clock ihia evening ? Two hours after sty telegraphic despatch to the Sccre. Ury of War lest evening. the Monitor arrived. she tm. mod lately went to the aeatatanee of the Mlnneeota, which ?u aground, an J continued ao until a few momenta alnae. Karljr thle morning ahe waa attacked by the Merrlmae, Jameetown and Yorktewn. After a Are houra' cm teat they were driven off, the Mammae la a alnhlng condition. She waa towed by the Jamealown, Yorktown and eeveral amaller boa la, towarda Norfolk, no doubt, if poaalble, to gather In the dry dock for repalia. The Mlnneeota la afloat, and being towed towarda Fortreaa Monroe. The following deapatch waa alao received to-night:? Fostrksb MoMttoa, March 6?o iA p. M. Gmaon Wau-ae, Secretary of the Navy :? The Mooitor arrived at ten o'clock P. M. yeeterday, and went Immediately to the protection of the Mlnneeota, lying aground Jual oppoatte Newport'a Newa. At aeven o'clock A. M. to day the Merrlmao, accompanied by two wooden ateamera and several tugs, stood out towarda the Minnesota and opened lire. The Monitor met then at once and opened her (Ire, i when all the enamy'a vessels retired, eicapttag the i Merrlmao. Theae two Iron clad vessels rough!, part of the time touching each other,from eight o'clock A. M. till noon, when the Msrrfmac retired. Whether ah ia Injured or not It la impossible to say. Lleutonant .1. s. W<>r?ien, who commanded the Monitor, handled bar with great skill, assisted by Chief Kngineor Stlmera. Lieut. i Worden wee Injured by the cement from the pilot I euoe being driven into his ayes, hat I trust not .so RK H T, MARCH 10, 1862. NEWPORT'S NEWS. 9 Rebel Iron-Clad Onnboats and seels of War. lllBflS rs rioutly. The Minnesota kept up a continuous fire, and is herself somewhat injured. She mi removed considerably to-day, and will probably he off to-night. The Monitor is uninjured, and ready at any moment to repel any attack. 0. V. FOX, Assistant Secretary of the Navy. THE ASSISTANT SECRETARY OP THE NAVT A W1TNE88 OF itlE FIGHT. WaRSiNOTOK, March 9,1882. Assistant Secretary Fox, accompanied by Captain Wise, of the United States Navy, left here yosterdayfor Fertresa Monroe, to inspect the little iron-clad gunboat Monitor. They arrived Just in time to witness her splendid repulse of the rebel steamer Merrlmao and the whole rebel fleet, and to send the news back to Washington oyer the newly completed telegraph line. THE NEWS AND ITS EFFECTS IN WASHINGTON. WasumoTO!), March 9, 1882. This has been a day of alternate gloom and sunshine, but has closed with a glorious burst of brightness for the Union cause. The news from Kortrees Monroe about noon cast a deep gloom ever the whole community. The achievements of the rebel Iron-clad steamer Merritnac wore the topic of' every conversation. Fears were expressed that she would come up the Potomac and wipe out our Potomac flotilla, and perhaps set Are to the city of Washington and retire wlthjimpunlty, as she was represented to be totally invulnerable. This evening the wlud sets in the other quarter. A despacth from the Assistant Secretary of the Navy, 0. V. Fox, new at Fortross Monroe, shows that the little iron clad Ericsson gunboat Monitor, with her two guns, is more than a match for the rebel iron monster that spread such consternation among our woodeu ships at Newport's News Point ysaterday. Tho despatch was rscoivsd here at seven and a half o'clock. The telegraph line to Fortross Monro# was completed at four o'clock to-day. The despatch has created the wildest sxoltsmsnt in the City, which has been still mors inflamed by the intelligence that the rebels had burned the steamer Page in Aquia creek, set Ore to their camp equipage, and abandoned all their batteries along the Potomac. Our flotilla baa landed forces and taken possession of the batteries, sad the Stars and Stripes are now floating over them. THE UNION VES8EL8 LOST. rBB Cl'MBKKL AND.

The Cumberland was s sloop of war of 1,725 tons burthen, and carried twenty-four guns. She was built In 1842 at the Cbsrlostown Navy Yard, and was consequently twenty years old. She was lately attached to the Homo squadron, and haa done moat effective service in helping to preserve tho blockade. She was sunk, according to our advices, by being run down by tbo Merrl mac. What portion of bar officers, If anjr, kava bean loat we have aa yet received no poiitlra Information. The following la the last liat of the offlcara that wa bare received Oommander J. W. Livingston. Liauianaata II. K. Davenport. T. O. Holfriage. Surgeon S. -leeks -n. Assistant Surgeon WW. Leavitt. Paymaster C. Dart. Chaplain J- I- Lenhart. Ftrat Lieutenant of Marines.. .C. Haywood. Boatswain E- H. Ball. Gunner K. Mack. Carpenter W. M. Laighton. Sailmaker D. Brace. TBI COXOMM. The Congress is one of the wooden rrlgates of the lineShe wan built at the Kiltery Navy Yard in the year 1M1, and la consequently twenty one years old. She was of eighteen hundred and sixty-seven tons burthen and carried DHy guns. Pre?Ions to her having bean placed on the blockading aqnadron she was In commission off the coast of Drarll. from which station she was recalled whan the rebellion broke out. Whon she arrived In August last, four of her officers acted In such a manner as to mum tbem to be e?nt to Fort Larayette. At but advioee the vessel wu under the charge of Commander Smith, hut whether any change hai since taken place In the commander we have not ye? learned. Our advices report that the vessel wee surrendered after some heavy fighting. THE UNION VESSELS ENGAGED. TBI MINNESOTA. The Minnesota Is a screw frigate ef three thousand two hundred tons burthen, and carries forty guns of heavy calibre. She was built at Washington in the year 1866, and at tbo time when she was placad on her present station she had been for some time laid up In ordinary at Boston She Is the flagsbtpof the North Atlantic squadron, and was stationed in Hampton llonds. The following is the nvwt recent list of her officers that we have received:? Commander and Flag Officer.I.. M. Uoldsborough. (Now absent with Gon. Burnside in Pamlico Hound.) Temporary Ce i mander nontenant J. C. Uowell. (Second I Jeutenant Win. Gibson. ERAI Third Untenant. John Walter*. Fourth Lieutenant J. P. Foster. .. Fifth Lieutenant C. L. Franklin. Matter C. M. Bchooumaker. I Midshipman R. S. McCook. Purser Robt. Pettit. 1 Fleet Surgeon ....-Thos. Dillard. Chief Engineer I has. F. Loring. jj First Assistant Engineer*..W. W. (lungan. Geo. 8. Bright. ? Geo. W. seuaer. j Third Assistant Inglneers. .R. 8.Talbot. j E. J. Whiuktr. j Colin Haverly. j. TBI ST. LSWRKNC1. The 8t. Lawrenoe is a first clans frigate, carrying fifty, h two guns, eight of which are sixty eight poumlei s, forty tl two thirty-two pounders, and two bout howitzers. 8he d draws about twenty-five feet of water, and is one of the fastest sailers in the navy. ai The following is a correct list of the present officers of O the St. lawroace, numerous changes having been made U since our last publication of the list:? A Captain H. Y. Purviance, of Md. " First I.iout. and Kn. Olhuer. .William G. West, of N. Y. tl Surgeon Robert Wo ^dworth, of M. Y. Paymaster .lo-epb B. Oliphant, of N. J. y Second Lieutenant G. 0. Wlitse, of N. Y. I.ioulauuut of Marines.- Richard 11. Colium, of Ind. a Master Hi ary F. Pickings, or i'etin. h A.-sistunt 3'i rgcon fdwurd A. Piers m , of N. Jf. Ac ting Masters John A. Hi i-coe, of Mass. Joh.i Fuller, of J'enn. a (. 1.. Allen, of Conn. a AVii-. H. Son b, of l'enn. .. Captain's Clerk 1'. lid in ud Ciian.-sll, of Md. Paymaster's Clork tVm. P. ilia/ ovo. 1 Paymaster's die ward..,.,. .John E. Frock. a Acting Master's Mates Francis G. l'rjor, _ T W. Jouee, 1 Thomas!.' tones, 11 Vlcrcr'.V. .ii?es. I John Fisher, Theoi b. Griffith. c The St. Lawrence has rendered affective service during ,, Ilia present war, having talteu several prizes and Bunk (( the privateer Petrol, and captured her entire crew, ex- b copting some nine persons, * ho were either killed or v drowned. She is manned by five hundred brave fel- g lows, who are eager for a fight. Her commander, Cnpl. c H. Y. Purviance, has been some forty years in the naval , service, nnd is highly respected by all the officers and j, men of the ship, as bo is by all people who are acquaint- h ed with his merits as a man and an officer. Though from c the doubtfully loyal State of Maryland, Captain P. is c known to be as true as steel in his love and loyalty to the q Union and the old flag. ? TUB ROANOKE. ? The Roanoko is a steam screw frigate or 3,400 tons burthen, and carries forty guns. She was built at the Gosport Navy Yard in 1802. She has been lying at tho Brooklyn Navy Yard, previous to tho blockade, but has, liks the others, been in active service ever since. Her officers at last advicea were:? Captain John Mors ton. Lieutenant* Daniel A rumen, W. N. Jeffers, 8. 8. Fil lebrown, R. W. Scott, A. D. t'Odd. Surgeons.,,,, ...J. C. Spear, J. H. Linkham. Paymaster B. J. Cahoone. Chaplain Robert G i ven. Boatswain T. Beimel. Qunnor T. H. Venable, Carpenter .? M. W. Paul. Sailmakor W. H. Drayton. 8 Second Liout. of Marines.. .J. Forney. Chief Engineer A. C. Sttmero. First Assistant Engineer....H. B. Nones. Second Assistant Engineers.R. A. Copeland. T.J. Griffin. Third Assistant Engineers. .G. J. Burnap, W. H. G. West, A.Jackson, A. Hendricks. THE MYSTIC. The Mystic is a third class screw steamer, of four hundred and sixty-four tons burthen, and was built in the year 1868. She was purchased for the use of the navy, and her armament consisted of five guns. Prev ious to her betag placed In the present squadron she was in commission on the coast of Africa, from which station she was brought home when the present troubles commenced. Her last received list of offlcors is as follows:? Commander I.. Arnold. First Lieutenant N. H. Farquahar. Acting Masters Rolando Coffin. [ Samuel B. Meader, H. N. Blauktston, Acting Master's Mates G. B. Durand, Wm. R. Morton, Joseph D. Swett. Second Assistant Engineer..John B. Lowell. Third Assistant Engineers ..II. B. Lovarle, VI. n. OUUl, m John B. A. I Assistant Surgeon Wm. P. Brown. V TUB IBON-CLAD OrKBOAT MONITOB, OB lllWUI I BATTkRY. I This lino war vsstl has boon described at longth ia this journal, but ea everybody will naturally doairo to know eoraething about her, wo will refresh tha publle memory with another brief description. The Monitor Is also known as the Ericsson Battery, and was built upon a new and highly successful design, as has been proved In her fight with the Merriiuac. This now gunboat is a long, wide and flat bottomed vessel, with vertical sides and pointed ends, requiring but a very shallow depth of water to float in, though heavily loaded with an impregnable armor on hor sides, and a bombproof deck, on wbich is placed a shotproof revolving turret, that will contain two vary heavy guns. Sbs is so low in the water as to afford no target for an enemy, and everything and everybody is below tho water line, with the exception of the persons working the guns, who are protected by tho shotproof turret. To give tho upper portion of tho vessel the proper powers of locomotion, there Is suspended beneath it another one of less strength, sufficiently narrow and sloping at tha sidoa, that If tho enemy's halts should past below tho shot proof upper vessel those sides can only bo hit at such an angle that no harm shall ensue, and in Its length approaching tho bow oaty so far that Its asking stem may receive the shot fired from diroctly ahead In the same way, and at tho stern giving sufficient spaos to permit the shot coming from directly aft to pass under the shotproof end without hitting tho rudder, which is abaft the propeller. The sides of lbs vassal ars first formed of plats iroa, half an Inch thick, outslds of which ia attacbad solid white oak twenty-six inches thick,outside or this again is rollsd Iron armor flvs inches thick. Tha bom proof deck is supportsd by hsavy braced oak beams, upon ' which is laid planking seven inches thick, covered with V rolled plate iron on# Inch thick. The turret consists of a rolled plate iroa skeleton, one ' 'neh tbiek, to which are rivetted two thicknesses, of one * inch each, of relied iron plates. Outside of thlsagala ' ? a# saIIa^ irrvn nil flrntal* ItMlnsI (amiKm with nut* Inaida, a* that If a plate la atarteh It oan be at once tightened again. The top la aorered with a bombproof roof parforated with holee. The lower part of the gun oarriagee ooaaiata of eolld wrought Iroa beam a. Theaa are planned perfectly true, and ere placed parallel In the turret,both of the gunapointing la the aarae direction. The porta through the aide of the tunnel are only large enough to permit the rauxzle of the gun to be threat through. Inaide of thom are wrought iron peadulume, whkh clone them agalnat the enemy aa aeon aa the gun recolla. She la armed with two of the large*t Dahlgren gune, made to revolve by a pair of ataam enginee placed beneath the deck. The lower reeeel la of Iron, one-half ioeh thick, and made in the uaual manner. She earrlee her machinery coal, he., aft, and forward the offloera' quartern, ammu altton, ?n<l stores. in* iwBjwr?iwnii?i n.. ???,??. . ? ( operated by a wrought Iron bulkhead. The officer, , quarter* are T#ry roomy and handsome, aad are rentl- } jated and lighted by opening* from the deck. Her (machinery consists f?r two horisoatal tubular boiler*, containing S.OOO square feet of fire *urfa*e, and two horiiontal condensing engine* of forty Inch diameter ef cylinder* and twenty-two inch atroke or piston. The yrepeller la nine feet In diameter and alatcen feet atroke It haa four bladee. For the better ventilation of the Teaeel there are tw0 ran blower* drawing air down through bombproof grating* In the deck. Though not exactly Intended for a lea yoeael, ahe can proceed to aea, or to any point along the coaat, without rear* of the leaat Injury. She oar rlee generally three month*' prorlMons, and la aupplied with a oondenaing apparatus for supplying fresh water. Jta an evidenco of the rapidity with which thia reeeel haa been completed, we may atate that her keel was laid on the 26th of October, 1861, and steam was first applied on th* 81sl of December the same year. She was launch ed on the 30th of January lank iD. PRICE TWO CENTS. The follow u g it? ubl? of (ha size of Ike different por. one of the veeecl:? M. fnrrtsr ength of upper vessel 172 ? earn of upper vessel 41 4 plh of ti|i|ier vessel 6 ? ength of lower vessel 124 __ leam of lower vessel at jnnctiM with upper 34 ? ' am at bottom 18 _ leplli nf lowur vossel * 0 0 >iametor of turret, interior 20 loight of turrat 0 _? )iam?ter of pilot house .!!.!!!!!! 0 ? ieight abovu dock 6 ? The pilot house Is only a few feot above the deck, the elm."man standing on a platform'lielow It. This, with be turret, ere the only things aheve the surface of the eck. The trial trip, after the vessel had bean finished, was uxioualy looked for, not only by the public, but by aj talu Ericsson and Alban C. Sinners. Chief Atginecr nlted States Navy, together with Isaac Newton, First ssistantEi gincor L'nited States Navy. Under the care ud superintendence of those two last gentlemen the enre versed and machinery were built. On Thursday the 2dth of February, she left the Navy ard, Brooklyn, on liar first trial trip, but her steering pparutus, not working satisfactorily, she put back to ave the necessary alterations made. These were aranged in a short lime, and ?n the 3d instant she went on ti ial trip to test her steering qual.lies, having on bourd Commission composed of Comimdne Gregory, Chief ngincer Garvin and Naval Constructor Hart. She ie't ho Nnvy Yard at hulf-jiast ten o'clock in the m- ruii g, nd proceeded down oulxide the Narrows, where her una were fired and the vessel manu'uvsrod. The Comilssion reported verbally to Commodore Paulding that bay considered the boat very successful. Ono muu steered her with perfect ease and facility ho ma :# a complete revolution with the helm bard over a a space of three times her own length, the time reulrod being four minutes and tbree-quarUr*. It had con feared by many naval olUcvrs that when the guns rere fired tho concussion within the turret would be too real for the men to bear; but It was found that,on the ontrary.tbe concussion within was less than it was rithout the turret, nor was it at all sevsre upon the ear ti any part when a chargo of cunnister, weighing one itindrod and thirty-five pounds, was fired with the full barge of fiftoen pounds of powdor. Her speed by the hip-log was six and a quarter knots an hou^ with sixty, ve revolutions of the engines. Tho boilers, being iew and greasy, foamed so that the engines could lot he worked up to their maximum speed. Tbe Commission expressed thomtelves agreably dlor ippoiuted m tho performances of the vmhI in every reipect. Tlie only difficulty thsy mentioned was that th? ron pilcL bouse affects tbe compose, but tbis con be sasHy adjusted. The officers of tbe Monitor are as follows > Jen tenant Commanding John S. Worden. .ieut. and Executive Officer.?. D. Green. leting Masters L. N. Plodder, J. W. Webber, tcting Assistant Paymaster. Wm. F. Kceler. leting Assistant Surgeon... .1). C. I.ogue. irst Assistant Engineer Isaac Newton. econd Assistant Engineer.. .Albert 8. Campbell. Uii d Assistant Englueers... B. W. Sands, M. T. Sunstron. .cling Master's Mate George Fredericksoa. Tbe Monitor left here last Thursday for Hampton Rondo, KETCH OP THE REBEL IRON-CLAD MEN-OFWAR. TES MERRUCAC. The Merrlmac, the iron plated steamer, was formerly be United States frigate of tbe same name, which wag cuttlcd and sunk at tbe Norfolk Navy Yard, at tbe comncncement of tbe rebellion, by tbe offioere of tbe Union ;overnment, in preference to ber falling Into tbe bands f tbe rebels. She was built at Charles town in 1866, nd wag pierced for forty guns. Her last series bad been in tbe Pacing squadron. After be rebels took possession of tbe yard gbg rag raised and converted into a man-of-war or their own nee. Her boll wee ent down to within bree feet of ber water mark, and a bomb-proof bouse mill on her gundeck. She was also inon plated, and her ow and etern steel-clad, with a projecting angle of iron or tho purpoee of piercing a vessel. She has no mastsi nd thera is nothing to be seen over ker gundeck, with he exception of her pilot bouse and smokestack. Her inmbproof is three incbea thick, and is made of wrought run. Her armament consult of four eleyeo-lneh >avy (una on each ride, and two one bunbed pounder Armstrong guna at the bow and Item. Laat November eke made a trial trip from Norfolk, running down so close to Fortress Monroe aa to la seen by I be naked eye, but Tentored no nearer. !(though she waa looked upon by the rebels aa a very ough customer for a Teasel or esse la not protected aa he la, she remained inactive, anchored off Norfolk, until wr present engagement. The commandant of the French steamer, who arrtrod at 'ortrees Monroe from Norfolk on Friday last, states that ha greatest excitement prey ailed at Norfelk In expeetaion of an attack and the destruction of the city by the iurnsido expedition, and that the Merrtmac waa caowded rith men, ready for action. THB TOHTOWN. The rebel ateamcr Yorktown ?u formerly need on the few York end Virginia line of teamen. 8be la e aidsvticcl stoamer of fourteen hundred ton* burthen, end vat built In New York in 18M. Her length la twe bunked and fifty one feet, breadth thirty-four feet and lepth eighteen feet. She hat been Completely fitted out it Norfolk, her aidea haying been plated with iron,and ther meant taken to atrengthen her and render her feratdable. She ia oommanded by Captain Parrieh, the ant who commanded her when the waa more peaceably ncllned. She carriea eight guna?two ptaot and ail roadside guna. THB JAMMTOWX. The rebel stoamer J am ea town waa built in New Yotk bout the aame time aa the Yorktown, and area atao em' >loyed In the New York and Virginia line of at?a? he la a aide wheel ateamer, about 1>M tana bur. ben the waa fitted out at the Norfolk Navy Yard at the aaaa. oenoement of the rebellion, her sides haying boon Iron mio, TUB EVENT ANTICIPATED. [Prom the Now York Hbuw, Oct. 1,1m1.} Wo have reoelved information from Norfolk, by wop el 'ortroao Monroo, of n moot Important character. It ap?*ra that gree* preparation* iro bo lag mad* bp tbo robot nthorttloa at Richmond, along ;the Jamoo and York Iron, and at Norfolk, for aomo purpooo of an oflknotoo bar actor. It 10 their Intention to aoad down tbo Jamoo nd York river* a strong body of troops, aeeompantod bp isavy ordnance, for the purpose of occupying York town md other positions on both riroro, and for ologo operalone. Indeed, aeoounU hare already boon publlohod of ho arrival of troops and columbiada at Yorktown. They ire alao putting tbe steamer* Jamestown and Yorktown In Ightlng condition. The Morrtmao haa bean undergoing borough repair, la nearly completed, la It on clad, and mwerfully arntod. Two sailing roaoola-of-war, which iad boon cunk at the Nary Yard at Norfofc at tbo , f the evacuation bp tho Union forces, hare bean ralaod nd put upon a thorough war footing. It Is alao stated o bo their purpose, when all this Is ready, to throw n ergo land force upon Newport Now*, with heavy artttai ik? aamn ilmh i)ih Marrimnr anil ifi^ ivo MlHwg reeeala ara to leave Norfolk, and the twoateaaaera Janwgown and Yorktow* will aomo down tba Jamea river, rho rabal veeeela-of-war ara to engage tba flaat while tba irray are attacking Newport Nawa by land, preventing the tea la lance eipected from the Union veeaele-ofwar, in oaaa >f any a neb attack, reaching the troope. If tkaae piaaa prove aucceaoful the rebela intend to aaaault fori read Monro* Iteelf, a* they now conaidar that aaa airaiegta point of the hlghaat and moat vttal Importance, it being la connection with the free entrance of the Cbeeapaak* Bay, tba baae of operatiooa hy which the Union govern* moot can moat effectively carry out lie e?uree of aetkw along the e'oiilhcrn coaat. The rebela, however, Intend to wait for aneh an opportunity to carry out their plana, whan It ahall ao Imp pan that, by;0?' "???) ovameut, but few veeecla will beat Old Point, and theee they ex. poet by thle auddan man?u vre aoon to oonqoer. Donhtli m thla. In connection with the facta developed by Ua autbortllee at Waehlngtao, will explain, In a great Manure. the raoeat morainenta before thatolty. The rebel* hrt found that tbey cannot aafely attempt tranter the capital thev have alao found they oannot orodi the Po* ton ac river In oonsequenoe of tba recant equinoctial atorma and treehete, and tba praeenca of General Bankn> column, nor can (hay aaatly crnaa Into Maryland from Aqula Creek. Tbey have therefore adopted Utla method of attack,aa it would doubtleaa atrlke both waya, by giving them a more probable chance of Ufctng the city of Wanlilngton, and alao checking the oparatwna of the government along thaA>utharu coaat.

Other newspapers of the same day