Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 16, 1862, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 16, 1862 Page 4
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4 NEW YORK HERALD. JAMBS (iOBDOl BBSS SIT, editor and proprietor. OPriCE N. W. OOJtKSR OP TVLTON AND NA38A0 81*. I I-dlHR etuh in ikiwut W "uifJ wit healths riJ 0/ the under. Aunt but Hani oiUt current in A'ew ror* tuhrm THE DAILY HERALD t m> rent oer eooy. 97 iter annum. TUB M AAA L X HERALD, entry .batui: lay, at elxetmrper i l"> V'V'Vrr onnuai. lA< Eu iftun Editionentry We.Ineelay, ml Hit rentt per enpy, %i per annum t i ann part of Oreat Dritain, , m $t> 12 to amy pari a/ f/< t rimtintnt, l%4n to includepoxLyje; the J fit*torn iu Edition on the Id. 11th and2lst of each month, at tlx I tmt.prr coin/, or S- 7It per annum. THE renin HERALD, on WechremViy, at Amr emit Per '"iff)At J? TAtt'r "roRRtSPOADEKCR. eontahrinaimportant rtii j. raHeited from any quarter of the world; if uetd, will be libertd* lard for. HW Oo* Ko?Kiun Coubthi OlDMlTS AAA PaHTU'ITLAALT RxQCESTKD TO SAAL ALL LETTKU AMI PAC* earn niiirr 0? JfII AOTirt token of anot.ymouttorretponrlenct. ITr fc no return releete.l .raontuniotlumt A n y y.Tt rrsrMEA TS I meieea every day: adncrtitementiin. eerted in the Wkkelt Hkaald. Paailt Ha bald, a?.<i in ht Califernt" and European Edition* J Ah PR I ATI AG executed with neatneie, cheafintM and daepmtch Volume XXVII Ho. 74 AMUSEMENTS TO MORROW EVENING. NIBLO'8 GARDEN, Brandir?jr ?Magic Jntar?Collars Baw.i WINTER GARDEN. Broadway.?Tarn Bella Or thk hut no.;. WALLACE'S TUBATBE, Ma. M Brondwny ?Tas Lov? LAURA KEENE'S THEATRE, Brandwny.-Tan Ma o..btut, oa. tuk Pasp op Oat. NEW BOWERY THEATRE. Bow try.?Brian Boroibme ?' o-Le? > Borna?uurrtAM Boy BOWERY THEATRE. Bowory?Bticmsit'* National Cisco*. M \RY PROVOST'S THEATRE. i35 Broadway?Richard IU BARNUM'S AMERICAN MUSEUM. Broadwry. ?Cos Ntirr? LmNc HirroroiAMP*. Wuli. Ac, al all dura.? Sadak amd Iul vvaui, ufirrm-oti and evening. BRYANTS' MINSTRELS. Meciaaic*' Hall, ill Broad a ay.?Down in Old K.-y-RY. HOOI.EY'S MINSTRELS, Sluyroasnt taititut*. No. G51 Broadway.?Etu.oi-ian So no*. Dances, .to. MBLO'S SALOON. Broadway. ?OOTTSCHALK'8 CONOR nr. MBLODBON CONCERT HALL. S39 Broadway ?Song*. DanOks, Burlksrues. Ac.?i onthabaho Contention. CANTERBURY Ml SIO HALL, 885 Broadway.?Soxas Dances. Burlks4Ues, to?Inauguration Ball, GAIETIES CONCERT ROOM, 610 Rrondwar ?Prawixo Room Entertainments, Ballets. Pantomimes, Farces, Ac. AMERICAN MUSIC HALL. <H Broadway.-Jraloo Iaueei?UA lnoaO?Collision? Jully Millers. CRYSTAL PALACE CONCERT UALL. No 45 Bowery.Bvblm*40es, Bono*. Dances, Ac.?t wo Clown*. parisian cabinet OK wonders* 663 Broadway.Open daily rrom 10 A. M. till 9 p. M NOVELTY MUSIC HALL 616 Broadway ? Borlrsque* Somcs. Dancrs. Ac. New York, Smaday, March 10* 1809. THE SITUATION. General McC'lellan lias issued a spirit-stirring aJJ~aa? Aa. At.. A ' ^ " aviumo w Mic atiuj oi uie roiouiac, ai tne nran of which he has placed hiiraelf to lead them on to victory. It is dated from his headquarters at Fairfax Court flouae yesterday, and cannot fail to inspire the army with confidence in their General and enthusiasm in the cause. " For along time," he says. " 1 have kept yon inactive, bat not without a purpose. Vou were to be disciplined, armed and instructed. The formidable artillery you now hare had to be created. Other armies ware to more and accomplish certain results, I hare held yon back that you might give the death blow to the rebellion that baa distracted our once happy country. The patience you have shown, and year confidence in your General. are worth a dozen victories." He assure* Lis soldier* that the Army of the Potomac ia now a real army, magnificent in material, discipline, equipment, and perfect in its commanders. He declares that the moment for action has arrived ; that he can trust them to save their country, and that be will bring them face to face with the rebels, and can only pray God to defend the right. He continues in this bold, manlr strain to an. ' nounce the probabilities of the future:--" In whatever direction you may move, however strange my actions may appear to yon. ever bear in mind that my fate ia linked with yours, and that all 1 do is to bring you where I know you wUh to be?on lhe decisive battle field. It is my business to place you there. I am to watch over you aa a parent over his children, and you know that your General loves you from the depths of his heart. It shall be my care?it has ever been?to gain success with the least possible loss. But 1 know that If it is necessary, you will willingly follow me to our graveB for our righteous cause. God smiies upon us! Victory attend* us! Yet 1 would not have you think that our aim is to be obtained without a manly struggle. I will not disguise it from you. that you have brave foes to encounter? foemcn well worthy of the steel that you will u?c so well. I shall demand of you great, heroic exertions, rapid and long marches, decorate combats, privations, perhaps. We will share all these to. grther, anl when this sad war is over we will all return, to our homes, and feel that wc can ask no n-gner honor than the proud consciousness that we belonged to the Army of the Potomac!'' With this patriotic and soldi. rly appeal the gallant young chieftain cnterj upon his active campa gn. It is evident that the grand Army of the Potomac is not to return until the rebellion is crashed out and the war brought to a happy term nation. In hailing his onward career we have but to echo the prayet of McClcllsn, that God may defend the right. The cavalry reeonnoiusance tinder Gen. Stoneman on Friday, on t..e Orange and Alexandria Railroad, a distance of twenty-four miles in a straight line from Macassas, resulted in finding that section of country wh ,\tj abandoned by the rebels, and discovering avidence everywhere of a I erfect ront of the enemy. information establishes the fact that the evacuation was commenced on the 7th inst in cnng*nuen<<? ar nation received by the rebels that Gen. McClellan wan about to throw a large army between Manasaaa and Richmond. It baa been ascertained that the rebcla could concentrate fully 90,000 men at that foint, without reducing their force* at Winchester, Leesburg or Occoqnan. We gire to day a a p of the new line o( the rrijei defence* south of Manassas. It forma the < or a circfe, of which Richmond ia the centre, i P?rt Royal ou the Rappahannock and CumberI 'lap iu the Blue Ridge Houn'sina the xtreme c ' ind left, tho whole defem-ire line embracing ! >i tiCed banlta of the Rapiian and Rappa.,1. V tirera. The two strong points at Gordonsml Pu dcricksburg are enclosed in this line, ,?the railroad communication by the Virau.l th? Central and Tennessee road* . a ntwbera of valuable gr.n? and la' .we r,4 lUr a*i b- t ofoogl t *:vay by oar ve *els from the rebel batteries on the Lower j Potomac, at Dumfries, Evansport and other points. The batteries at Aquia creek and Boyd's Hole were shelled yesterday by the gunboats Anacostia, Yankee and Island Belle. No damage was done to our vessels from the shore. It is evident that their few reiuai ting Latteries cannot hold out longToe rebel Pag La vanished ft Oiii Missouri. With t ie evacuation of New Madrid the State has seen the last of the rebel forces. They have been driven down the river on the southeast, and over the Arkansas border on the southwest, never to return again. Island No. 10 has most probably by this tin e been also abandoned, leaving the Mississippi free of its most trusted rebel defences. The map of the Mississippi river, which we publish in another column, will show all the positions in this vicinity recently occupied by the rebels. The official despatch to Secretary Stanton states that the enemy left all his artillery, field batteries, tents and military Btores behind him, valued in all at a million of dollars. The rebels fled in such haste that they left their suppers untouched on the tables and the candies burning in their tents. They betook themselves into a neighboring swamp, attsrly demoralized. MISCELLANEOUS NEWS. | The Assembly of our State Legislature was in session yesterday and transacted considerable ousmess. i-eiuuiisirnucun ni-rc jiiudi-hktu uuw the Broadway Railroad and Concert Saloon bill*. Favorable report* were made, amongst others, on the proposed $10,000 annnal appropriation to the People's College, and the bill to regulate advertising in New York. The Annual Supply bill was reported front the Ways and Means Committee, and recommitted. An annual tax bill for general purposes was reported. The proposed prohibitory amendment and the report on the Excise law were made the special orders for Friday next. The select committee on the transactions of the State Military Board, reported a bill for compensation to volunteers who have suffered loss from imperfect clothing furnished to them. Notice was given of a bill to provide for the payment of the bonds ' issued by this city for the defence of the Union. A meeting of the journeymen eegar makers of this city was held last night at the Metropolitan Rooms. Hester street, to take into consideration the proposed tax on manufactured segars. The sense of the meeting appeared to be that a tax imposed on the manufactured article would be positively detrimental to the working man, as it would leave him ontirely at the mercy of his employer, as well as cause a material falling off in business. A large proportion of the journeymen segar makers avail themselves of their spare timo to make segars in their own private residences, and they complain that shonld the tax, as proposed, be carried into effect, it would be a great hardship for them to be compelled to pay a heavy license for this privilege. They are of opinion that the tax shouM be levied on the raw material, and that a heavy import duty should be placed on foreign segars. Speeches were made In support of these views by Mr. Thomas George Duganne and others, and it was finally resolved to ?end a delegation to Washington, and also to call a masa meeting at the Cooper Institute on Tuesday even tng next. The following table shown the present annual pay of the members of the Cabinet, members of Congress and the officers of the army, together with the amount to which the bill which passed the Senate on the 12th inat. reduces the salaries of these officers:? Preterit pay. Reduced pay. Members of the Cabinet 18.000 7,200 Members of Congress 3,000 2,700 Major Generals 5,628 5,066 brigadier Generals 3,776 3,400 Quartermaster Generals 3,776 3,400 Adjutant Generals 2,t-20 2,538 Inspector Generals 2,820 2,528 Commissary Genera Is 2,820 2,63s Assistant Quartermas ters.... 2,820 2,538 Colonels 2.820 2.538 Paymaster Generals 2,740 2,466 Surgeon Generals 2,740 2,466 Lieutenant Colonels 2,532 2,276 Assistant Adjutant Generals. 2,532 2,276. Deputy Quartermasters 2,532 9,276 Asat.QuartermasterGenerala 2.532 2,276 Deputy Paymaster Generals 2,532 2,276 ! Surgeons 2.460 2,214 Majors Assistant Adjutant (lencrals. 2,344 2,020 Quartermasters 2.24* 2,020 Paymasters 2,244 2,020 Assistant Surgeons 1,720 1.548 Adjutants 1,512 1,361 Regimental Quartermasters.. 1,512 1,361 Kirst Lieutenant* 1,2% 1,167 Second Lieutenants 1,236 1,113 No provision ia made for the pay of chaplains, and they are not recognized by the government, except when specially assigned to a post by the War Dep; rtment. When sent with a regiment of volunteers, the State must make provision for their payment. The steamboat Cambridge, with a regiment of rebel goldicrs onboard, sunk in White river on the 23d ult. A men and Ida three children, five deck hands and forty-three soldiers were drowned. All the soldiers' equipments were lost, and the boat can never ue recovered. !n the General Session* Wednesday Lad wig Alexander, formerly a merchant in Fall River, Mass., was tried and convicted of receiving $3;*} worth of silks and satins on the 30th of January, the pro perty having been stolen from David B. Hunt. Sentence will be passed on Saturday. Anil Buck'ey and Ellen Hamilton were convicted of larceny, | in stealing 130 from Henry Sominers, in au oyster I saloon in Grand street. They were each sent to the Penitentiary for two years. The Grand Jury dismissed the complaint against a clerk of Wcdo* meyer k Otto who was charged with violating the law the sale of poisons, he having sold a dose of laudanum to Charles M. Fisher, who committed suicide by taking it. Governor Beriah Magoffin has vetoed a bill,which passed the Legislature ol Kcpt>"'-y, requiring all ministers before they w u qualified to perform the marriage ceremony, to take an oath to support the constitution of the United States. /a accident occurred on the New Orleans and Jackson Railroad, by the collision of two trains, on the 27th ult., by which twenty-eight rebel soldiers were killed and twenty-four wounded. They belonged to the Seventh Mississippi regi meat. Colonel J. B. Johnson, brother of Robert W. Johnson, Confederate States Senator from Arkansas, was killed by a railroad train, near Mnrfrees boro, Team, on the 22d ult. Colonel Johnson was in command or an Arkansas regiment in Hardee'* brigade. All the Pennsylvania and Ohio canal* will proba. bly lie open for navigation by tho first of next week. The New York canal* will not be ready before the latter part of April. Wall itre?i was qmet yesterday, there wet no Knit i tion and no new* of any ktod, though every one seem, to suppose we are on the eveof aUrtling etenta. Slocks were ateady, the Erie shares and bonda being active at | au advance. Money ?u eeemr end etcbange lower, banker* billa being aold at lll.'j. The apccie export wf the day was 92-1?,070. The extreme u,clemency of ibe weather yesterday, Interfered with the active v in some brauches of trade Tb* cotton market waa quiet, and islea moderate, having reached, In (mat) lot*, about j?o bale* on the bael* of about 27>sC. for middling uploads Oo 4 middlings wero icsrct', and be'el at 2?c. a 30>\ Tho flour market wis without change of moment, and the eal? a modnratr, and cbieCy made to the home trade Wheat u se fl-mly hold, abile the nis'knt whs inactive end Kales limited c>rn wat caeie*. wl> le *a!e* weee tol- rabl> active, c shigi 63t<C tor Write ailivl f trk wis lat rre b?l NEW YORK HERALD, S ter requsat and firmer, with Mica of new msaa at $15 T$ a $18 8TK, and at $10 74 a $10 8T>? for Daw prima f uS?rs ware steady, while the aalea embraced 742 hhds Cubaa at fall prices. Colfee was quiet, and no a&le* of minuet reported. Freighla ware btaady. while engigu menu ware moderate. The War and the Great Kcsults of a Comprehensive Plan and Ample Prepara. Stoat*. It is ft remarkable fact that, down to January last, we had accomplished nothing in the prosecution of this war in the way of a decisive blow against this Southern rebellion. Many bloody battles and skirmishes had been fought in Virginia, Kentucky and Missouri; we had conquered a lodgment on the North Carolina coast, and a sclid footing on the "sacred soil" of South Carolina; but still Big Bethel, Bull run, Springheld, Belmont and Ball's Bluff weroboasted by the rebels &s presenting a satisfactory balance against us. Apparently we liad gained nothing in a general summing up, and the reason was that, while preparing for a grand and systematic campaign, we had been pursuing a desultory system of warfare along the frontiers of the rebellion. But in January our brilliant little victory near Somerset, in Southern Kentucky, created a panic thoroughout the rebellious South, including South Carolina, which was really as tonishing. And why this wonderful panic over this incidental rebel,, rout down 'among the woods of Southern Kentucky? The rebels understood it at once; for in looking at our armed forces of coven hundred thousand men, which' by land and sea, bad meantime been drawn around Secessia. every intelligent Southern man saw in this little affair near] Somerset the first blow of a systematic Union campaign, the breaking\jf the defensive line of the rebellion, and the beginning of the end. The general campaign thus actively begun has been followed up by such a succession of positive victories by land and sea, that within less than two months of this systematic warfare we have destroyed the prestige, the plans, the defences, the boundaries and the hopes of Jeff. Davis and his Southern confederacy. Our rebellious States had been armed by the doings of Mr. Buchanan's Cabinet traitors in their appointed work of disarming the government before this rebellion broke out. At the bombardment of Fort Sumtec there were probably not less than one hundred thousand Southern rebel?' armed and equipped for war, against an avail' able United States army of less than five thou" send men. For immediate fighting, therefore, the rebels had the great advantage over us of deliberate preparation and organization, against a government betrayed, disarmed and so deplorably unprepared as to be incapable of defending our national capital against a revolutionary raid often thousand men. Surrounded, aa be waa in the outset, by traitors in every department, with the regular army broken up by rebellious defections, resignationa and cnpitula. tions. with a skeleton navy scattered all over the world, and with the Treasury reduced by treason to bankruptcy, the one mouth's grace allowed to President Lincoln by the rebel leaders to organize hia administration was the salvation of the country. The rebels, with their warlike preparations, be. lieved they were strong enough to frighten the new administration into a satisfactory treaty of peace; and strong enough, in any event, with the aid of "King Cotton,'' to fight out their Southern independence, or this one month's grace would never have been granted. Impatient at length of Lincoln's delay in receiving the Montgomery ambassadors, the imperious Jeff. Davis and bis confederates resolved upon war; and Fort Sumter was bombarded in order to bring Virginia and the other border 9lave States to the direct test of a Northern or Southern confederacy. Thus, by the terrorism of an armed mob, North Carolina, Virginia, Tennessee and Arkansas were secured to the rebellion; Missouri and Kentucky were made the battle ground, and Maryland was saved from tb# abyss of secession only by the season able presence of an overwhelming military force. Thus the border slave States hare been made to feed the rebel armies, and under the hope that, by December next. England, famishing for cotton, would come to the rescue. In this brief review of the leading events of this war, the necessity for a great aud comprebensiva campaign by land and sea. on the part of the government, will be fully understood, as well as the utter uaclessness of an Irregular and disconnected system of warfare. Hence the time expended in organizing, equipping, building and litting out our immense cordon of fleets and armies; and hence, with this preparatory work compluted. the decisive results of our advance upon the strongholds of the rebellion in every quarter. Captain Wilkes, meantime, in the Trent affair, has hurried up a definite settlement with England, which has put an end to all the hopes of Jell*. Da\ is of European intervention. But, notwithstanding this settlement, we have been taught by tliis rebellion the exact value of British negro philanthropy, and which of the great Powers of Europe are our friends and which are our enemies, waiting for an opportuliJ'y to assail or to serve us. The enlightened, sagacious and powerful Emperor of Russia was as prompt with his assurances of sympathy for our Union cause a? wore Lord Palmer-ton and Earl Russell with their proclamation of -'belligerent rights'' to a band of lawless insurgents. We are also assured by the Oar of the importance of our Union as a balance of power in Europe: nud bence the symptoms which we discover of au early rupture of the AngloFmneo-Puanish coalitiou nirninst the indenen dence of Mexico. TYithJbc suppression of ibid rebellion'wbiob must now be admitted even by my Lord Dorby to be close at hand, we shall have a tried and disciplined army of nearly a million of men, ready at n moment's warning for an onward march to Mexico. Lord Palmeraton arid Louie Napoleon, we suspect, are beginning to count be cbances of such a movement, and to doubt (be expediency of paying Austria for Vcuctia with the stolen Mexican republic. It ! quite possible, too. that, If thii scheme be not soon abandoned, It may be spoiled by the retreating armies of -letr. Pavis, eoino portions of which will be apt to push on. as a last resort for Southern independence, into the Mexican States. To smu up our argument into a single sentence, the delay# essential to onj preparations for a grand overwhelming campaign against Lis rebellion are a inat?.>r of co'jgrutuiathvn. in slew ?| the splendid results nUsticd. and the gb>ri<? i< juv*pe ;ts befnro i,? nn imin i

Ida nation against nil conspiracies at homo and 111* >inr." !c !| i?tilO Kurop' in C >alllic>!'? UNDAY, MARCH 16, 1862 Oar N?w Iraa-Olal Ifa<rjr. W? published yesterday the gratifying intelligence, by telegraphic despatch from Washington, that Senator Hale, at Chairman of the Senate Comnrittee on Naval Affairs, reported a bill providing for the construction, of a steam ram of five or six thousand tons burthen, at the cost of a million of dollars, and also appropriating $13,000,000 for the construction of iron-clacl gunboats; $783,000 for the completion of Stevens' battery, nnd $500,000 for extending the facilities of the Washington Navy Yard, so as to roll and forge platoe for the armored ships. For this promptitude, and for this liberal and wise provision to meet the exigencies of the war, Senator Hale and the other members of tho Naval Committee deserve great credit. The measure is on a scale commensurate with the stake at issue and the necessities of the case. There is one grand, practical result from the present war which could not have been attained for the republic under any other circumstances, and that is an iron-clad, invincible navy, the greatest in the world, and befitting a commercial and maritime Power now second to none, and ere long to be far ahead of all nations. Eeretofore the jealousy or indifference of the Western States would never permit the development of our naval strength, because they were not themaelves immediately concerned. But the rebellion, and the danger of a war with England which we narrowly escaped, have brought the matter home to every loyal State as a question of the most vital interest to all. The success of our gunboats on the Tennessee, and the late naval battles in Hampton Roads, have awakened Congress, the administration and the whole country to the practical importance of tlio new invention of iron arinor for ships, which inaugurated a revolution in naval warfare which has been fully consummated at the mouth of the James river. Hitherto such vessels had been little more than a theory?an experiment in the course of development. The first practical test is in American waters and by American vessels constructed by the genius of American mechanics. Their immense success will startle all Europe, and compel the maritime Powers to abnndon their defenceless "wooden walls" and seek for safety behind impregnable bulwarksof iron. This will add vastly to their public burthens. for it involves not only the construction of new navies, but an entirely different system of fortifications. Thus the world moves. It is a grand point to have the start in these ennines of destruction, and America will have gained that point over every Power of Europe. In the event of a war between two maritime Powers, that nation which has the most and best iron-clad vessels first at sea will be able to maintain the superiority to the end; for not only can sbo de?troy or capturo all the mere wooden war vessels of her enemy, but prevent the construction of iron-clad craft by entering ber porta and burning her navy yards, with the ships on the stocks. No coast fortification! now ! built can keep such vessels out of an enemy's harbors. They can be easily demolished or rendered untenable, and seoboard cities will be at the mercy of iron-clad frigates. How do the Powers of Europe and the United States relatively aland in regard to such vessels? The following table will show what has been done and is now in progress in Europe:? England is building 15 France 14 Spain 5 Austria 'i Total 30 or the rcngtisti, according ro lue recent i statement of Lord Paget, six are to bo of the same model as the Monitor, baring a turret and two guns. The Warrior and Black Prince, al" I ready completed, are each upwards of 6.000 tons burthen. In addition to fcer other gunsthe Warrior carries one which throws a projectile of 460 pounds weight. This vessel is shown* "by her trial trip to Lisbon, in smooth water, to be in eome respects a failure. The iron-clad ram, the Defence?of whose performances on her trial trip an account is given in another columnappears to be more seaworthy, but a clumsy structure, though it is stated she made eleven knots an hour. Her burthen is 6,f>60 tons. The French iron-plntcd frigate Gloire is the first ever built, and ? few others have been finished by order of Napoleon, which are rogarded as an improvement, on bcr; but what is done in this respect is kept as secret as possible, while the Emperor gets all the information lie can of English experiments and of our own?as. for example. through his Minister. M. Morcier, in re. lation to the Stevens battery. m._ f. i.,.i ci..>u l... ii.. r.n...! ?! i_. i l ll** tlliini runra im>u kur iviiuwni^ <%ii( n?i\ | built, contracted for and proposed ? The Monitor r. 1 TlietJolena, built at My stic 1 The powerful veasol at Philadelphia 1 The Adirondack 1 Tlie Stevens battery 1 The Naugaturk. built by Steven# 1 lron-olad gunboats ordered by CnoRrrw 20 Iron clad frigute*. recommended by benate Nni val Committee 20 Tiie iron ram. do ... 1 Unnhoats ordered by Massachusetts 2 Total r 49 New York Slate will probably add one or two more; thus making n naval force of fifty ironclad gunboats?greatly exceeding the combined iron-plated vessels of all Europe, and able to whip the navies of the world. In the foregoing list we have not Included our iron-plated gunboats on the inland waters of the West. We have only enumerated those on the Atlantic seaboard. As yet we hnve only one?the Monitor?ready for action. She lias already given s good account of herself. The ftalena. built at Mystic. Conn., and now being llnishod at (Ireenpoint, in this port, will bo prepared to I do battle in about a fortnight. The formidable boat at the Philadelphia Navy Yard will al?o soon bo ready, and it will not tuke v.y long to cloth# with iron annor the new sloop of-war Adirondack, now at the Brooklyn Navy Yard. The Naugatuck?a proent to tli? governmant by Mr. Stevens is not completed, bat ought to be taken in hand by the Nary Department immediately, end sent to Fortress Monroe. She is a small but staunch Iron gunhoat a miniature of Mr. Stevens' leviathan floating battery. Her apesd Is fen knots an hour. She can carry coal for twelve days, and her armament is a single one hundred-pounder Pnrrott gun?the most formidable rifled cannon in the world. I.iko the Monitor, she can be 1 sunk at will nearly fo the top of her deck thus presenting only a tmrrow stripe to the enemy's shot*. From the small surface slio exposes. she could cosily steal up to a hostile vessel in a dark night and deliver her tsrrlHc missile with telling effect. 'I ho .Stevens large battery can tlnow a greater weight ot metal than mything adest, and she an o ,i ,i! r,y war vowel In the world. It will onl j take two or three months to finish her. When to these is added the swift ram of far greater weight and power thim the English Defence, and the forty gunboats and frigates all iron-clad, no navy in the world can resist such a force. Not a moment ought to be lost in proparing them for action. Questions have been raised as to the best form of iron armor? whether a single heavy plate or a number of thin plates laid over each other. But the main point is despatch, and either kind may be used, or both, with advantage. The question is not which would be preferable, if we were not now engaged in war, and had le'sure to determine and provide the most npproved armor, but to do the best in the present emergency that our circumstances allow. The experience of each vessel engaged in actual battle will be anffinfnnt f/\a tha ImneAitAwiAnt ouiuvioun IU1 mv itii^iuTriuuui Ul |UU3C llUl jrCl finished. Soon shall we havo an armada which will sweep the seas and bo able to laj in ruins all the seacoast fortresses known to modern science. European Intervention In America?Its Serious and Humorous Aspects The author of " The Comic History of England" died too aoon for the oompietioa of his literary labors. If he had survived the American rebellion be might hare added to that eccentric work the most amusing and mirth provoking of its chapters. When we review the conduct of the English government and press since the fall of Sumter in April last, we are led to ask ourselves whether the waggish spirit of Mr. Gilbert A. Beckett has not been travestying the whole history of this eventful period. Surely never did any retrospect of a people's sayings or doings partake more of the character of burlesque. The French cut queer capers during the frenzy of their Grst revolutionary mania; but the worst of their antics were not to be compared to tho jubilant saturnalia with which English aristocrats. tory journalists and Lancashire cotton spinners celebrated the, to them, certain destruction of our republican institutions. Not content with this, they set in motion all the contrivances by which a speedier impetus might be given to our approaching downfall. The very men who had for years been waking the echoes of Exeter Hall with their abolition sentiments wont about speechifying to the English operatives on the advantages they would derive from the disruption of the great American confederacy and the recognition of the new slave Power; leading members of Parliament were bribed to the advocacy of similar views by promises of large interests in new steam lines and other commercial enterprises to be started as soon as the rebel confederacy made good its independence; and, to render sue com more certam. toe leading organ or English opinion, tbo Lemon Times, waa subsidized by Southern gold, as a recompense for the encroachments made on its circulation and advertising business by tho penny press?a fact to which we owe the presence amongst us of that Cassandra in breeches, Dr. Bull Hun Russell. Up to the time of our disastrous defeat at Manassas we received at the hands of our English contemporaries merely misrepresentation and abuse. Then came the worst feature of all. No sooner did the magnanimous Briti-li Lion see us fairly on our backs, and apparently helpless, than betook to bullying us. .And how he did strut and swell and talk big on the strength of our supposed feebleness. With the army which we bad been collecting with so much difficulty routed, and our capital In imminent danger of capture, it was safe to expend upon ua the lull measure of his insolence. Dictation as to what we should do to accommodate British views and British interests was now but a step. To the HEiui-nbolongs the credit of being the first to detect the true purpose of these blustering demonstrations. If the nation had exhibited any evidences of fear it would have been lost in the estimation of all the other European Powers. Whilst, therefore, our craven hearted abolition contemporaries who had brought the storni upon us were shivering and cowering KAf/.i'ii U n>n Knob tltiHanAn in 4 kLtAtl. of the hireling bullies of th? English press. It ww well that we did so. It prorod to the world that cur domestic dimensions had not weakened the national spirit, and that we were toady to encounter any odd", no matter how great, in defence of our rights. Hence the general apprehension that the Trent siftir would lead to a war with Great Britain?a tear which agitated that country to its very core, and which rendered it but too glad to renounce its aggressive attitude for one more suited to its professed position of neutrality. Considering how suddenly nil this was done, and how much like to sucking doves our recently bitter assailants of tlxt English press have become, it is natural that n good deal of surprise should be expressed at the remarkably shifting character of English opinion and feeling. When the Prinec of Wales urn* here, we were John Bull's "very good cousins:'' when the rebellion broke out wo wera the scum of the earth, and the Southern chivalry the salt, //ft/, presto! the cards are again changed. Now the cold shoulder is given to secessionists and Mason and Slidell are no bettor than a couple of niggers. Does not all this partake of the broad character of a farce J It hat unquestionably converted the scorn that j English journalist" so freely lavished upon us inlo contemptuous ridicule against themselves. ' It has done more. It ha1! as effectually killed the hopes ami expectations of the rebels abroad i as it the old flag had been already re-established j 6var every portion of Southern territory. European intervention in Mexico is not 1 likely to prove any more fortunate or dignified i in its achievements than the beginnings thus j frustrated in our own case. It was catered j into in bad faith botwacn the contracting parties, and it wonld la wonderful if It were to end in anything but failure. The melodramatic Don. ' the mercurial Frenchman and tho arrogant. ' supercilious Englishman are nil excellent ma- ; 1 friala for another political comedy, and we i are much mistaken of this Mexican jot-povrrl ! ; doeft not render them Hi" laughing stocks of the I world. England and France, we fancy, j *re boginuing to be ecnsiblo to the absurdity and incrnitenience of the position in which they have been placed by their Hpunish ally. This is probably the ex| planatlon et the convention just entered into ! with Poblndu. and which would argue a d'upo- ! sition on their part to adjust amicably with the | Mexican government the points of difficulty between them. Uo this ar. fl may. no arrange- j merit that they may jointly make regarding the , lliron" of M'-xi o e?n endure tor .any time though guara'tend by their whole ?tr???ytli, ! u -v il a? we'd ** '"ilHs-y. I < '. t? j ..?* ' Suppose that wben the rcbollior is crushed Mexico should make en appeal to us for assistance to drivo the invader from her soil. Are we, smarting under the sense of the ungenerous advantage taken of our present position by these governments, to turn a deaf ear to her? Certainly not. Our policy, our traditions, our future, would all impel us to hasten to her aid. That we should be in a position to render it effectual no one can doubt. We sha'l have nearly a million of men in arms at the close of the war. Of these 200,000 would be sufficient to drive the foreigner from Mexico, whilst with the remainder we could sweep every trace of English and Spanish domination from tho British North American provinces, the West Indies and Cute. These are not the only considerations that may operate to prevent the three governments from porsevcring in the absurd project attributed to them. There _ In AmAwiAan onoiieUfne iw u ciuuai acu in xiluvi itua vunviw about eleven hundred -and fifty millions of dollars belonging to their subjects. Of this the English own $900,000,000, the'French $200,000,000, and the Spaniards $50,000,000. All this would be saerifioed in the event of their embarking hi a war against us, which they would be compelled to do wen wo to aid In disturbing the prince whom they propose to place on the Mexican throne. These facts, rendered still more impressive by the near prospeot of the suppression of the Southern rebellion, will, we think, dispose the three Powers to listen favorably to the propositions of President Juarez. Let not the public mini, therefore, be unprepared for another backing down of the Allies on the Mexican question. Political burlesques are the order of the day, and we must not be surprised if Mexico, which has furnished so many comic episodes to history, should this time wind up her embarrassments with a roaring farce. The Complications in Europe. While wo are at war Europe can hardly be said to be at peace. Already a violent insurrection has broken out in Greece, and we cannot close our ears to the hom-se murmurs of discontent which come to us from Russia, and Hungary, and Venetia and elsewhere, nor can we ignore the sounds of factional Btrife to be heard in the now Italian kingdom, in Spain, and even in France- Everything there betokens a stormy time. The discordant elements composing Russia and Austria are rising to rebol, and are only controlled by the sword, while area now there Is danger of the work of Garibaldi and Cavour being undone by Italian reactionists. In Spain a strodf revolutionary party ia plotting to dethrone Queen Isabella, in order to raise Don Juan de Bourbon to power, and it requires only a spark to light the Same of rebellion. In France the Roman question will hardly be settled without a struggle, and that the feelings of the church party run high the recent fiery debates in the French Senate have amply testified. On the whole, there is every prospect that the European Powers will soon have enough to do at home without interfering in the affairs or this continent. They have already shown that they do not intend to meddle with the United States, but with regard to our. republican neighbors they are by no means so assuring. The scheme of intervention in Mexioo was designed by Spain to be extended to all the republics of South and Central America, with a view to their subjection to Spanish dominion; and when she succeeded in getting England and France to join her in the coalition she consider ed her plans as good as accomplished. She looked forward to a future of more than her former glory, and regarded Mexico as already withiu her grasp. She had no suspicions that Louis Napoleon bad designs of his own upon Mexico when ho became a party to the treaty, and therefore she wa^ disappointed when it , transpired that he had; and now she is uttering loud complaints against him, and declares her self opposed to the project of placing an Austrian Archduke on the throne of Mexico. England stands midway between the two, and Kcee no objection to Maximilian becoming King, provided the Mexlc .ns themselves are willing to receive him. Thus the three parties to the intervention stand mutually suspicious of and antagonistic to each other, and that they will wrangle for a considerable time oror the unhappy realms of Montezuma there is erery reason to suppose. Meanwhile the war in the United States will oC germinated and the troubles now brewing in Europe will come to a bead. With distraction and difficulties at home the Towers in question will require to employ their forces und resources in another field than America; while the United States, with an army of over half a million of men and a powerful n.tvy, fresh from the triumphs of a victorious war, will have a voice in the question of European intervention. Republicanism will have then emerged from its most trying ordeal, nnd by virtue of our suppression of this rebellion have gained new strength and prestige. Monarchical institutions will be put on trial, and if they stand the test as well as wo have done, it will be well for the tnoiiarchs of tho world. The final result of a general struggle between republicanism and European dominion on this continent would be that every vestige of foreign power in American waters would be swept away for ever, and monarchy ilsolf would receive a blow from which it would be slow to recover. If, In view of the dangers at home, tho Powora concorned should be wise enough to withdraw from the Intervention before they havo goQo too far, they will escape those dUasiers which i Will otherwise inevitably overtake thein. Anldrnt on the II ail son ltTvri- Hniirond. FOUR SOLDIERS RErOHTKD KILLED AW FIITKKS wounded. Aibast, March Ifi.lAfia, An incident oecurrad to day on the H nlson River Rail, read, near Tivoli, to the special train chartered to ink* down the Ninety rotitfh regimotU no report hare la that one of thn ears wae thrown ioto the rivar, and four privates wars killed and fifteen wounded. None of Ilia olPcera wars hurt. . * Ulahop erNarylanit. Bxittjio**, Varcb 15,lgol Piatif.p \\hlttingham( of tho i'ri'aaUnt Kplaonpal church of Maryland and the District vf Colittnbh, has traosmliWd to all the lorg/tnsn of that church In hi* parochial aharge, and In the let of Columbia, for tea on all ocewdona of publio worship, witbm eight days of ths Sunday Knowing the receipt or Ina latter, a prayer of thanksgiving for tho lata victor US of the tu iionsl arms. _ _ Marktlit i h;uuti rit a stock ti'UKb. I'MIIat'ti niu, Marc h 15, Idfli Flute steady, t'enasylran a Stale 5 ?, 84H R<?illhg Re .read,24S: M?rria Caual, 41 l^nglaUiid Reilrotd, 11 c; r annaylvania Ka'iroad, in;, Right aicheng < ou Nee York at par. Pit tpsirirj, March 15,1153 firm qn ? Wheal batter 33 a II ft.e-hiia *1 ST a 51. 0 l a d'ill eaiea 6.090 beehelr, yah l"*,t , 1 la ('tu il.iat.Uo a Uh. fx linn, Rio, 15140 alio, i'ravia ate steady. neae pork $13 64 et 1 a 't ,tl(t Dkiifcr) Arm it'id* k t v

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