Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 17, 1862, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 17, 1862 Page 4
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4 NEW YORK HERALD. J AM KB G OH DO N 11 K Si Bi BIT, bin or and propria ior. 0? ICE N. sr. CORNER OF FULTON AND NASSAU 8TS. FAA'JKN cash m iKimwt. Moneirernt hy mad will beat the tiehoj Ihe tender. AW* but Hank hill* current tn Scut York W? fFI DAILY It ED ALD.t too cent eper coou. $7 per a/tnttm. IDE WEEKLY It L It A LI', every Anturaay, at slxcents per my v, 0' aufcvwi; I he Europe sr. Edit ion even/ We lure lay, ml ?ix tmlepmreoi y yi r-er u.huui ? / a?.y p?r< of Great Hi itain. or to 12 to any larl of the (hutment. both la include paebuje; the Otli/0'liu Edition on the IW. llth ami Hot of each month, at aim me> ' - ; er covrtt. or (! . j ocr aniwm. Till'. PA it In HLlx ALO, on Wetlnewtay, at /our rente Per rat It. $2 per annum VOL J, A TAMt ro H RESPOND A A CD, l ontulnini) import'iiA nt re, snltrited from ""II luarter of the world; if used, milt be tthero"y ) ltd for. FJ- OtTR FOREIGN CoHRKSFONPl NTg ARE I'ArnCOI.AHLT ReQVHSTED to seal ALL Ll.TTk.Hl ajib Pachacts sunt om Volume XXVII Wo. 53 amusements this evenino. NIULO'S GARDEN, Broadway?Mauic Shirt-Colleen Bawr WINTER GARDEN. Broadway.?The Belle or the 8easo>. WALLACE's THEATRE, No. 3m Broadway.?Tut: Love Cha-,.. LAURA KEENE'S THEATRE, Broadway.?The Macaitnt: ob. the 1'eef or 1>at. NEW BOWERY THEATRE. Bowery.?Brian Boboihmk -l'0-lka:. bobnk?uort'UN iio*. BOWERY THEATRE, Bowery.?Sticknet'i National Cutcva. T[MARY PROVOST'S THEATRE. 495 Broadway-RiCHAUD BARNUM'S AMERICAN MUSEUM. Broadwar.?Com Hurt? Ll"Nu hippopotamus, Whale, AO . at all hiuis.? Sadak amd KiLi.MW, ufii-rtioon and evening. BRYANTS' MINSTRELS, Mechanic' Hall, 172 Broad way.?lljwa is Olu K-r-xr. HOOLEV'S MINSTRELS, Smyvesant Institute, Na 859 Broadway.?Ethiopia* Sonus. Dances. Ac. NIBLO'S SALOON, Broadway.?Gott-ciialk's Conck tcr. MELODEON CONCERT HALL, 539 Broadway.?SONGS, Dances, Burlesques, Ac.?contraband Convention. CANTERBURY MUSIC HALL, 535 Broadway.? SoNfls Dances, Burlesques, Ac.?Inauguration Ball, GAIETIES CONCERT ROOM, 616 Broadway.? Drawing .'"os Entxrtainrents, Ballets, Pantobibks, Farces, Ac. AMERICAN MUSIC HALL. 441 Broadway.?Jxalob Dareki?Rail-.oad?Collision? 1oi.lt JIillkks. CRYSTAL PALACE CONCERT HALL, No. 45 Bowery. Burlesques, .nonce, Dances, Ac.?Tivo Clowns. PARISIAN CABINET OF WONDERS, 563 Broadway.? Open dally from 10 A. M. till 9 P. M. NOVELTY MUSIC HALL, 616 Broadway.?Burlesques Bongs. Dances, Ac. Sew York, Monday, March 17, 1869. THE SITUATION. The Address of General McCleli.-in has been received with the greatest delight and enthusiasm by the whole army, and by the people in Washington generally. It appears that everything which the rebels Could destroy in their retreat was consumed. The Storehouses at Manassas, with a large quantity of flour, were burned, and the Warrenton station( together with the hotel and five or sis dwellings. The bridge over Cedar creek, two miles north of Warrenton, was burned down, and s freight train of fifty-two cars, loaded with commissary stores worth $20,000, was set on firo at Thoroughfare station, twelve miles from Manassas, on the road to Winchester, but were rescued from destruction by oar troops before they were consumed. The rebels are said to be strengthening the for tiiications at Fredericksburg with the utmost speed. All tho negroes in the vicinity are being driven in to assist in the work, and the white residents are being impressed as soldiers. We learn from Fortress Monroe that the rebels re evidently intimidated by the presence of the onitor; and the constant passing to and fro of wteir steamers from Sewall's Point to Norfolk, for the last few days, indicates the fact that they regard the former place as untenable while the Monitor lies in Ilampton Roads, and that they are removing the troops and munitions of war to some point on the Nansemond river. Tho frigate Cumberland. which was sunk by the terrible attack of the rebel monster Merrimac, still keeps her masts above water, and the Stars and Stripes are yet flying at the masthead of the lost frigate. Our correspondence from the Lower Potomac to day contains some highly interesting details of the late evacuation of the rebel batteries in that neighborhood and the operations of our vessels at Aquia creek. We give in another colnmn a fac amine piun 01 me naileries on tnc Lower Potomac, picked up by some of onr troops in the rebel camp. We give some further particulars of the battle at Pea Ridge, Arkansas. The rebels, it is said, bad thirty-fire thousand men in the field, among whom were twenty-two hnndred Indians under Albert Pike. The rebels acknowledge a loss of eleren hundred killed and nearly three theusand wounded. Our loss was six hundred killed and from eight hundred to one thousand wounded. We took sixteen hundred prisoners and thirteen piecea of cannon. In reply to a correspondence from the rebel General Van Dorn to General Curtis, asking permission to bury the dead at the battlo of Pea Ridge, the latter states that, although he grants the permission required, he regrets to find that many of the Union soldiers who ??fl in that battle were tomakawked, Scalped and otherwise shamefully mangled, contrary to the rules of civilized warfare, and expresses the hope that the present struggle may not degenerato into a savage warfare. The In fiians of Mr. Pike's command are doubtless reBDOnaibie for the hideous tomahiiwlfirnT n?>.1 ? ? |ng business. By way of St. Louis, last night we learn that the forces of Generals Smith. McClernanJ, Sherman, Wallace and Hnrlbut, had arrived at Savannah, Tennessee. The force of the robel* in the vicinity was variously stated at from 30,000 to 100,000 men. The division of General I.ewls Wallace advanced on Saturday to Purdy, in McXairy county, Bnd 1 timed the bridge and tore up tho track of the i illroad leading from Humboldt to Corinth, Missis ippi, cutting off a train laden with rebel troops. MISCELLANEOUS NEWS. Tty the arrival of the steamer Ariel we havo interesting news from the Isthmus of Panama. The intelligence from the United States of Colombia is *eiy important. Mosqucra, with a large force, was ndvaneing upon Antioquia, and great excitrinen* prevailed. Large bodies of guerilla* had entered Bogota and devastated the city, seising the patriotic crown of Bolivar, among other th'ng*. A decree giving full protection to foreign property had fceen promulgated by Mosquera. Canal's entire nrrny had been cut in pieces. Three other Veneguelaa provinces, besides Mararaibo. had declared their independence and given their adhesion to the ?olnmhian Union. An .attack on Caracas waa IfyktSffi iftfi Jut" JJmnaro da Taner^^, ?r " " " " m " Itogla, died at Panama, of dysentery, outhe 18th of February. A very aerious accident, caused by the breaking of a rail, occurred on the Hudson River Railroad, ou Saturday, by which live of our noble volunteers, belougiug to the Ninety-fourth New York regiment, on their way to the seat of war, were killed, find several others severely injured. The bodies of the killed were immediately returned home, and the woun led brought to this city and placed in the hospital, where they will be tenderly cared for until fully recovered. A lull account of the accident, with a list of the killed and injured, will be found elsewhere. We publish in our paper this morning the programme showing the manner in which it is proposed to celebrate the return of tho anniversary of the birthday of the patron saint of Ireland. The United St ites steamship Saranae arrived at Panama on the 3d inst. The British steamships Clio and Termagant, and the French corvette (ialate and st amer Casiui were in that port the same date. Among the rebel commissioned officers taken at Fort Douelson and now confined at Camp Chase, Ohio, there are:? Farmers 79 Clerks 8 Merchants 29 Planters 7 Lawyers 15 Teachers 5 I Mechanics 10 Bankers 2 Physicians 8 Gentlemen According to a report made to the Adjutant General of Virginia it appears that the whole num ber of men drafted in cne of the districts was two thousand one hundred and two; but of this number only five hundred and sixty-one were obtained. The report says:? Reported themselves 561 Failed to report 6H1 Government employes, exempt 34.1 Physicaily disabled 266 Employed substitutes Ill) Confederate States officers, exempt 66 Virginia State officers, exempt 29 Employed on railroads, exempt 38 Police officers, exempt . 36 Firemen, exempt .* 29 Bank officers, exempt 9 Ministers, exempt 3 Our armies have reclaimed one hundred and fiftyfive thousand square miles of territory that one year ago were either in open rebellion or bordering on revolution. The Kentucky Legislature will adjourn to-day, to meet again on the 24th of November. We learn that the government had paid the cost of the construction of the iron gunboat Monitor previous to her leaving this port, with the excep. tion of twenty-five per cent, which was reserved as a guarantee that she should perform as represented. She has performed. Twelve canal propellers are building at Rome, N. Y., to run on the Erie canal and North river, between that place and New York city. William Leffingwell Foote, aged thirteen years, second son af Commodore Foote, United States Navy, Flog Officer of the Mississippi gunboats, died of scarlet fever at his father's residence in New Haven on the 14th inst. Judge George W. Miller is up for Governor of Missouri. Sample Orr and James H. Birch are also candidates. The salt works in Onondaga county, N. Y., manufactured last year 7,200,391 bushels of salt? 1,884,697 bushels of which was the product of solar evaporation, and the balance of artificial heat. The State duties for the year was $72,000, and the expenses incurred by the State was $45,000. Wall street was quiet on Saturday; thorc wa3 no sensa. tion and no news of any kind, though every one seems to supposo we are on the eve of startling eveuts. Stocks were steady, the Erie shares and bonds being active at an advance. Money was easier and exchange lower, bankers bills being sold at HIM* The specie export of the day was $237,070. The extreme inclemency of the weather on Saturday, interfered with the activity in some branches of trade. roe oouoa marKOi was quiet, sou smes muuerato, mivuig reached, in small lots, about 340bales on the basis Of about 2T&C. for middling uplands. Good middlings were scarce, and held at 20c. a 30c. The flour market was without change of moment, and the sales moderate, and chiefly made to the home trade. Wheat was firmly held, while the market was inactive and sales limited. Corn was easier, while sales were tolerably active, closing at 58}?c. a 00c. for Western mixed. Pork was in some better requess and firmer, with sales of now mes3 at $13 73 a $13 87X, and at $10 TS a $10 87yt for new prime. Sugars were steady, while tho sales embraced 742 libels. Cuban at fell prices. Cotfeo was quiet, and no tales of moment reported. Freights were steady, while engagomonta were moderate. The Order of the Day. Major General McClellan, commanding in person the Grand Army of the Potomac, has issued, from his headquarters at Fairfax Court House, the following brief, stirring. Napoleonic Order of tho Day, which we republish from our edition of yesterday:? Soi.MBRH or THS ARMT Of TTTS POTOMAC:? For a long time I havo kept you inactivo, but not without a purpose. You wore to bo disciplined, armed and Instructed. The formidable artillery you now h ivo bad to bo creatod. Otncr armies were to move and accomplish certain result.*. I have held you bick that you might give the doath blow to the rebellion that has detracted our once happy country. The patience you have shown, and your confidence In your General,are worth a dozen victories. These pro. liminary results aro uow accomplished. I feel that the patient labors of many months have produced their fruit. The Army of the Pctomac Is now a real army, magr.iilcout In mstorlal, sdmirablo In discipline and Instruction, and exccllootly equipped and arim?l. Your commanders are all that I could wish. The moment for actirm hit arrived, and I know that I can trust in you to savo our country. As I ride through your ranks I sec in your races the sure prestige of victory. I feel that yoj will do wluttvtr I ask of you. The period of ina-tion hat patted. I mitl bring you now fare to fare with the retell, and only pray that God may defend the right t In whatever direction you may mor?, however straego my actions may appeer to you, ?v?r bear in mind tbat my fata is linked witb yours, and tbat all I do la to bring you where I Imow you wish to bo?on the declaim batll0 (leld. It la my businoss to place you there. I am to watch over you as a parent over bis cbiidron, and you know that your General loves you from the depths of hl^ heart. It shall he my care?it bee ever been?to Sain succusa witb the least possible loss. Hut I know that, If It is necessary, you will willingly follow me to our graves for our righteous cause. God smile* upon tu'* Fti'ory attendi us.' Yet I would not have you think that our aim is to bo obtained without a manly struggle. I will not disguise It from you that you have brave foos to cnoonoter? foeiuou well w rthy of the steol tbat you will uae so well. I shall denial.d of you groat. horolc exertions, rapid and long marches, desperate comhata, privations, perhaps. We will share ail these together,.end when this sad war Is over wo will return to our homes, and feel that we can ask no higher honor than the proud coneeioueneti that we tetonped to the Army gf the /'niomeef GEO. B. M.CMXLAX, Major General Commanding This tew. emphatic, patriotic address quickens tV blood like tho call of a trumpet. Issued from the headquarters recently occupied by the retreating enemy, it is i|pelf an earnest of tho victories it predicts. It will inspiro the army with invincible ardor, tho nation with renewal confidence, the world with admiration. It points onward to victory. It demonstrates that all apparent inaction has been in fact the organization of success. It foretells the conclusion and the result of this sad civil war To the army it says : Forward ! You shall soon bo face to taee with tin- enemy! To the country it explains the motives of past preparation, tjje jausos of the present advanciV the em-tain^ of ultimate triumph. "To tho world it nuu/>unces that our generals and our soldiers have no other object but to compier peace, no other ambition but to save the Union, no other desife but to return to the homes which patriotism tyy forced Um? to 1mt? (or Ua battle flatf. NEW YORK HERALD, M< | Thus this comprehensive oritur not only inI spires our soldiers with enthusiasm and nerves them for heroic exertions, fatiguing marches, desperate combats and hard privations, but it alike rebukes those fanatics who complain of past inaction, and those Europeans who declare that the issue of thia war is uncertain and its probable finale a military despotism. When McClellan took command the Army of the Potomac was to be disciplined, armed and instructed. It is now ready for action, "a real army,'' admirably disciplined, excellently armed and equipped. That hoavy artillery, which Napoleon declared omnipotent, was to be propared. It is now supplied, and is magnificent in material and formidable in numbors. The armies led by Halleck, McClernand, Wool, Buell, Thomas, Grant, Mitchell, Banks, Smith, Schoepif, Curtis, Sigel, Pope, T. W. Sherman, Burnside, Rosecrans, Lauder, Mulligan, Canby and Geary, aud the fleets and gunboats under Dupont, Goldsborough, Stringhara, McKeau, Farragut, Porter, Ward aud Wor" den, had their preparatory work to do in Missouri, Kentucky, Tennessee, Western Virginia, Arkansas, North Carolina, Georgia, MississippiSouth Carolina and New Mexico, and their re. suits had to be accomplished before the Army of the Potomac could move to complete the plan. Now these results are attained, and McClellan moves. His armies have encir cled rebellion like the coils of an anacon" da. and now, like the head of the serpent, the Army of the Potomac strikes the death blow. The abolitionists need no longer search in vain to find the master mind which has organized victory. They may read his name signed to this Order of the Day. General McClellan an" nounces, what we have always claimed, that ho alone has devised the great campaign which is to annihilate treason; has planned those preliminary results which the nation so heartily applauded; has held back bis favorite division that it might be led by himself to glory; has so arranged his plans that, under his own command, the Army of the Potomac shall win the decisive battle, to which all others have been but preparatory, and which will save the country. Whether the rebels make a stand upon the line of the Rappahannock and Rapidan, or whether, dispirited and demoralized, the rebel army retreats and dissolves, is now of but little moment. The General who asked of us confidence and patience now announces our speedy reward. The nation endorses the promise that henceforward there shall bo no higher grade of honor than that of a soldier of the Army of the rotomac. Promotion or General Wool.?We leurn by intelligence from Washington, which we pub. lished yesterday, that in the executive session of the Senate on Friday afternoon a strong feeling was manifested in favor of placing General Wool in a more important position than he now occupies, and involving more active and comprehensive duties. This feeling was developed, it is said, in a marked manner during the discussion upon the confirnJfcion of Major General McDowell. The truth is, that not only in Washington, but throughout the country, has the feeling been universal for a long time that General Wool is entitled to the position of Major General, and to the opportunity of active Bervice in the field. He is only a Brevet Major General, an honorary title conferred upon him for distinguished services in the Mexican warThat title does not enable him to rank with Major Generals in the field. We think he deserves such promotion, not only from his long military experience and fidelity to the government, but for his efficient and judicious discharge of his duties since he assumed command at Fortress Monroe. No military blunder has since happened in that district. General Wool is better entitled to the full rank of Major ( General in the army than some who have been , promoted to that position. No one will pretend , tA AAmnnvA liia mtliinpv /lonsnSfv ivi+h 4Ka+ bU WUIJ/IUC UU3 uuiirni^ n i?u VUHK W? J Fremont. Justice, as well as expediency, demands that he should receive the appointment , without delay. TlIK RXNTLSIOX IX SOUTHERN FKKLTNO.? Hitherto wherever our troops have penetrated into the territory recently included in Rebeldom, whether Tennessee or Virginia, the people have taken to flight at our first approach. They had been told that our army would confiscate their property and free their slaves, and that they themselves would bo given over to the worst passions of an infuriated and unbridled soldiery. No wonder, therefore, that the poor, deluded people fled when the Union forces marched into their cities. Rut when they saw that our men acted, as all the Union troops have done, like gentlemen, respecting persons and property, and protecting instead of destroying, and so presenting a remarkable contrast to the lawless and riotous conduct of their own troops, they saw that what had been told them was untrue, and with returning confidence they returned themselves, bringing with them their slaves and whatever other property they had taken away with them in their flight. Those who have returnod feel perfect security, and their example is being followed by the remainder, who are flocking back to their homes without the slightest apprehension of danger. This has resulted In a great revuU sion of feeling among tho .Southern people. They begin to seo that wo are not the monsters that the rebel leaders represented us to be, and the Union sentiment is spreading and developing itself with groat rapidity, and there is every sign that this rebellion is on the vergo of breaking down as suddenly as it appeared to snrlnir un. Kven the rebel newsnaoer* as sist tin to this conclusion; and that th? great t bulk of the people are nick and tired of the t war and its consequences, and would rejoice to c be again at peace under the protection of the * flag of the Union, wo have abundant testimony r from all quarters. . t 0' R Gi kboats.?A number of wooden gunboats are now being constructed for the government by un order of an old date. Recent ' events point out the necessity of having them L cased with iron, and the same remark applies ' to nil our old vessals-of-war which are strong enough or capable of being sufficiently strength- ' eued to bear tho iron armor. The Western op- J position to a powerful navy is completely overcome by the achievements of our gunboats ? in the waters of the Mississippi, Tennessee and ! the Cumberland^ and there will be little diffl- ' cuTty now In carrying the measure we suggest through Congress. Let it be taken up at ? once. t ARTICTK8 OMITTED IS THIS TaX BlIL?Coal t and lager beer, articles of very general con- c sumption, and which would bring a large re- t i venue tq the |<lvnBWfflfr ? ' DM DA IT, MARCH 17 186 v ?

The Lt'won of l??w Madrldi The evacuatiou of New Ifcdrid conveys a lesson of great siguilicaace. It is fatal syrap^ :om of the breaking up of tho rebellion?a batent fact of its speedy dissolution. New Madrid waa tho lust stronghold in Missouri. )n Saturday we learned by official desmtches from Generals Pope and Halleck that( liter several days skirmishing and a number of ittempts by tho gunboats of the enemy to disodge General Pope's batteries, the rebels >vacuated the forts and intrenchments at New Madrid, leaving all their heavy artillery, field lieces, tents, wagons, mules and military itorea. Nowhere now in Missouri floats the Confederate flag. It may have been a military necessity to ibandon this strong position, after recent ivents in Kentucky and Tennessee. But to eavo all the heavy artillery and field pieces, jonsisting of twenty-flvo rifled twenty-fourpounders of tho former kind, and thirty-two batteries of field pieces, being two hundred and seventeen guns in all, together with several housand small arms, so much needed by the rebel confederacy, an immense quantity of :annon ammunition, hundreds of boxes of musket cartridges, three hundred mules, tents for an army of twelve thousand men, and other property estimated as worth a million of dollars, is somotbing not so easily explained, unless upon the hypothesis of a complete saving in of the rebellion and the utter lemoralization of the disheartened troops, it is stated that, being surrounded by tho Union irrny, and fearing an assault at daylight, just as ;n the case of Fort Donelson, tho rebels escaped inperceived across the river in the night, during t violent thunder storm. Their force has been /ariously estimated at from 6,000 to 15,000 ncn. In oscaping capture they have done lomewhat better, owing to the lucky accident >fa thunderstorm, than the Fort Donelson men; jut the result is not very different. For all the ise these dispersed and disorganized troops ;vcr will be to the rebel cause, they might as veil have been taken prisoners. They are without arms and ammunition, and it is evident :hoy had no confidence in themselves or their leaders; otherwise they would not have fled without a struggle. To surrender or fly, leaving their arms behind, seems to be now the order of the day with the rebels. At Port Royal, Roanoke, Fort Henry. Fort Donellon, Fernandina, Brunswick, Columbus, Bowing Green, Nashville, Manassas, Winches;er, and on the Lower Potomac, this has been ;he case, and now it again occurs at New Mairid. If the Confederates saved their cannon ;hoy might retrieve their fortunes; but without irtillory what could the bravest troops do igaiust the formidable batteries with which the nsurgents will now have to contend. It is ?vident that there is a great scarcity of all rinds of arms at the South. The shotguns in :he hands of the troops are about as numerous is rifles and muskets, and so scarce are the latter that at Florence the recruits were compelled to drill with wooden muskets, a speci. men of which we have in our office. Cannon of the same matorial were found on the forti' Bcations at Centreville. Among the guns found in the rebel batteries of the Lower Potomac was an Armstrong cannon, which was imported from England to Savannah, and brought thence to Virginia?a proof that cannon are far from abundant in Rebeldom. Owing to their hope of European intervention to break the blockade, if not to go greater lengths, the rebel government appear to have manufactured few cannon or small arms of late, expecting to get all they needed from abroad. Notwithstanding, therefore, the number of arms of all kinds stolen by Floyd, that big thief did not steal enough; they have no time now to manufacture any, and they cannot get a supply from Europe. Thoir want of arms alone, therefore, would defeat them, if there were no other causes in operation to contribute to that rejirlt. Truly did Jeff. Davis uy that they attempted too much. A battle in Virginia, if the insurgents will fight, will be the Quisling stroke to the war. " Tints About.?When the American rebellion broke out all revolutionary schemes in Europe were instantly suspended. The gigantic proportions of the movcuiont, and its far spreading consequences, paralyzed all minor enterprises of a similar character. Now that our troubles arc coming to an end. we may expect to see revolutions cropping up everywhere abroad. The reactionary movements in Naples, the restlessness of Hungary, the nngry political differences between the German governments. and the fierceness of the debates of rthich the French Senate has recently been the hcutro, reminding one of the iinpusaioned conxoversies in tho Chambers which preceded tho all of Louis Philippe, all indicate that the :emporary lull which the American rebellion lad caused in national and party conflicts in Europe is rapidly approaching a termination rhe Mexican imbroglio will not serve very long m a safety valve for the animosities which are jeing industriously fomented bctweon England md France bv the French democrats. Th? >rompt suppression of the rebellion here, and ;he consideration that we shall soon have an irtny of nearly a million of men unemployed, a ill render both Powers but too glad to back >ut of it. They will hare enough to do at lome to protect tbemsejves against the efforts >f the red republicans, who are again everywhere actively fanning the embers of the reroutionary fires which have slumbered since LA48. This time England will probably come n for her share of the trouble. Slow in evcryhing. she may be tie? last to catch the revoluionary fever, but the sufferings of her populaion are such that she cannot hope to he eximpted from it. The mood of sympathy which be has given us in our misfortunes we need lot say will be returned to her, " measure for uoasure." Tmk Condition or the Streets.?Now that he season of frost and snow has gone by, wc xpectcd that the contractor for street cleaning rnuld make up for liis past inaction by removng the accumulations of the winter from the mblic thoroughfares. Hut instead of doing his he has merely loosened the masses of ice lore and there, and left them to obstruct tho mblic traffic. greater obstacles than before, IH tbey melt away. This will probably occur n the course of a month, and meanwhile the trects will be kept wet and dirty by the [rndunl thawing of these piles and boulders of ce and snow. We submit tlmt it is, or ought o be, the duty of the contractor to cart all hese away in the same manner that he is repiired to do ashes and other rubbish. What is he use of paying for street, cleaning if tho " ftttt art not gleaned? 2. Pun Lie Taxation and PuiTA.r* Expbnw tiue.?For nearly a year we have beea t^TrJ ing on a great war without individually con tribpting by taxation anything towards th< cost. The national credit has thus far aniplj sufficed (<J provide the nocessary means; but or the 1st of May next the new Tax bill is tc come into operation, and we shall then expe rience the novelty of being really taxed Schedules will be left at our houses or offices which we shall have to fill up with the particu lars regarding our incomes and real and per sonal property, together with the names aut salaries of our clerks, if wo have any, and ai much besides as may come within the scope o: the bill. We shall have to pay three per cem upon our annual income, less six hundred dol lars. Our gold watch will act as a perpetual reminder that we pay a tax of a dollar a yeai for the privilege of wearing it; our billiard table, if wo keep one, will add to its original cost twenty dollars a year; and wo shall other wise begin to feel that we have arrived at tin dignity of a national debt. We Bhall not grum ble at the change, however. Taxation wil never bo so popular as ours. Every man wil pay with patriotic willingness the cost of pre serving our national integrity against the grea conspiracy which wo are now so rapidly an< decisively defeating. We anticipate that then will bo few or no attempts at evading tin provisions of the bill, and that tin effect of the latter upon individua incomes will bo hardly perceptible. That i may lead to the curtailment of extravagance ii living we think highly probable; but this is o itself highly desirable. We have been too lonj given to wasteful habits, and whatever raeasur is likely to check the evil and encourage mode ration and thrift is to be commended. A vul gar love of display has been, and is still, on of our social weaknesses; and if the new Ta: bill loads us to improve our taste in that re spect. as we think it will, who can deny that i will be productive of much national good. Rc trenchment in superfluities will be the order o the day, and it is to be hoped that our wive and daughters will be the first to set and the las to withhold the example. That the uses of tax ation will not be confined to social life, but ex tend to every branch of the government soi vice, we have little doubt; for, with a large na tional debt* to pay off, a more general interes will be taken by our Influential citizens in th political welfare of the country, and we shall b more careful than we have been hitherto as t whom we elect to represent us. The salutar effects of taxation are thus likely to be ver widely felt, and we may congratulate oui selves on the prospect before us. The Demoralized Condition of the Rkbe CAPiTAL.=^The Richmond journals tell us enoug about the deplorable condition of that city t show that it is a hotbed of vice and a perpetut scene of disorder. They remind us that befor the beginning of the war it was the most quit and orderly city of its size in America; the its streets were us silent at night as those of village: that not a sound was to be heard sav the deep roar of the river as it rushed orer th falls. But since then a change has come ovc the capital of the Old Dominion; and such change! The old population has been ol scured by the vast influx of people from al ends of the confederacy, and these have brougt with them such an amount of ruffianism, blooc shed and drunkenness as perhaps never bcfor darkened any city in the world. Martial lat may have done something to improve this coi dition of things; but Richmond affords us good example of the fruits of rebellion. Th same demoralization prevails, more or lost wherever that flaunting lie, the rebol flag, i still to be seen, and a moral pestilence and th plague of tyranny overshadow the once sunn South. The Southern people now begin to st the suicidal folly of the rebellion; and w? may it be said by their leading journals tin the murmurings of discontent are becomin general, and that many are despairing of tl end, and pen ?nxiouij renew their all giancelo thd government at ?ashington. Th days of the rebellion are fortunftiol^ nuraberci and the people of the South have caiue ic r joico at the prospect of being released from condition of anarchy and ruin. Woodbn Mi'skbth.?Wo have received, wit the following letter from our Cairo correspoi dent, a rude imitation, in wood, ot a muske the barrel painted green, and the stock bein a dirtv brown, with a orreen butt. It )mu n lock, trigger, ramrod or nipple, and boars abou the same relation to an ordinary fowling piec that a scarecrow does to a human being:? Canto, HI., March 6, 1862. jim <J. Bmxvrr, Esq. ? Sir?The accompanying rfondescript was captured b our gunboats at Florence, Alabama, ou tlio lltb of Ian mouth. It is ?nu of about oight hundred seized, and wa usod by the rebels, In the absence of gouuine anna, To drilling purpoaos. Commodore Foula Uaa presented on to the (tovernor of each loyal Statu, nud desires me t present this to you, with hie compliments. I am glad that the ling I sent you to present to thn cil; of Now York, froin Colonel Morgan L. Smith, has beo: received and presented. Colonel Smith desiree me t thank you for taking the trouble yo-i have in duly pre naming It,and eays bo will endeavor noon to secure on for your own use. The nondescript I send you to da; would be a rich acquisition to P. T. H.'a cabinet. I hav the honor to be, sir, your otiedieut, humble servant, FRANK (1. CHAPMAN, Cairo Correapondont New York Herald. Tho mere fact that tbc rebels have had to re sort to such an odd contrivanco in drillinj their recruits shows that their supply of smal arms must be unequal to their requirements but, necessity being the mother of invention they hare made wood answer where steel wai wanting. As a curiosity of secession it is al most as interesting as the flag of the " Black land Uidoonitcs," which was sent to us for pre scntation to the city a few days ago. As then are eight hundred of these timber dummies oi 1 l.niw ii-ntr n tlm IawuI Ciul'ia Ko miKliis Miuu w i*j ?nw iu^iii uian ii, tuc |miuiiw |^i lit' rally may soon liuvo an opportunity of seoinj with what manner of guns the rebels teach tin young idea how to shoot. Postai, Facilities.?We are glad to observe that tlio l'ost Oflice Department is ready to os tabllsh, as soon as Congress shall give the an thority, the free, delivery of letters In cities with uniform rates of postage for local and general letters. This is an improvement in otn postal system of which we nre much in need and it will doubtless be fully appreciated by the public, im^^fcilc contributing to the gene ral conveniencr^rove considerable efTc t in Increasing the business of the department. At present there are so many drawbacks attending the employment of the Post Oflice, espocinHj in the transmission of city letters, that the com morclal and social intercourse of the commit nity is seriously affected thereby. The people of all sections of the Union would be brougb into closer relations by such a system as tha which prevails in England, and we hope that it will not bo long before the Post Office in Ameri ca will become aa popular an Institution at i ? I Is in j^'nglaud, where almost every one looks out fof J** katch ?f letters as regularly - <u h? wouk< f?1_hU ! The Threaten ^strlction of the Cot, ton and Tobacco ?ebel congress, , in passing a bill making' xt tbe nii'*" . tary commanders in the se.'v'ce *be ^.'Onfederat? States to destroy all c^^0D? tobacco QC other property which could be of use to the . North, whenever, in their judgment thoy are . likely to fall into our hands, have planned an I outrage upon the civilized world, which, if carj ried into execution, will brand the leaders of f the rebellion with fresh infamy, and .consign to I, still more hopeless ruin the people wfro have . been drawn to take part in this gigantic con[ spiracy to dissolve the Union. The dcspeiVUe r resolve of the desperate men who have staked 1 their all, present and future, upon the success I of this unholy revolt against the federal autho. rity. may be ranked with the worst acts of the j Goths and Vandals. It is an atrocious design, . worthy of the bridge burners, and shows an un1 limited appetite for wanton destruction. The 1 Jacobins of France were never actuated by a worse spirit than the ringleaders of this rebelt lion, who would destroy everything and sacri1 fico every interest of those around them for a the sake of aiding their own diabolical ends, a What will be thought of such a scheme of a destruction in Europe we well know. It will 1 excite, as it deserves, general disgust and indig" t nation, and show to the world what manner of n men the rebel leaders really are. Yet these f are the individuals who held out to the South r the prospect of a better state of things than ? existed under the protecting sway.of the Union. Not content with devastating the laud by the [. sword, they wish to lay it waste by fire, and so e consume the lost vestiges of the substance of g thoso who have been forced to drift with the !. tide into the sea of troubles in which they at t present find themselves. But it is to be hoped that our troops will be able to prevent the per,f petration of this barbarous crime, and capture 4 before the hand of the destroyer has time to j. burn. For the sake of civilization, we trust .. that the evil designs of these traitors will be frustrated. ' NEWS FROM WASHINGTON. it Wabhikotom, March IS, 1862. e MAJOR G ENERAL HITCHCOCK CALLED TO WASU1NOTOK. Genoral E. A. Hitchcock, who recently declined the 0 appointment of Major Genoral of Volunteers, was sumy moned here from St. Louis some days ago, when he was y visited by Mr. Stanton, the Secretary of War. What transpired at the interview has not been announced; but it was of sufficient importance to tho interests of the country to induco Goneral Hitchcock to reconsider hi. j declination of the Major Generalship. Waiving all considerations of a porsonal naturo, he consented to accept tho appointment. After this he left for Hew York, but 0 was almost immediately ordered to roport himself to the kl President. He arrived on Friday, and will now have his e permanent place here. Though Secretary Camoron had nearly deprived tho country of ono of its oldest and ablost military commanders, yet it is now a source of sa" tlsfaction to know that the President and Secretary & Stanton have near them one whose military judgmont C cannot but be of tho greatest pcssiblo advautage at this 0 time. THE ADDRESS OF GENERAL M'CLKLLAN TO THE ARMY !r OF THE POTOMAC AND ITS EFFECT, a The promulgation of tho address of General Mcdellan to >. the Army of the Potomac has occasioned intense delight II hero. It has aroused the enthusiasm, not only of tb. rank and lllo of the army, but among the masses of th. people. These demonstrations have greatly chagrined I" and terrified the fanatical faction that have boon barking 0 at the heels of the Commanding Genoral. Tho indignation w against these misohicf makers in this community is daily t increasing. Tho Northern taaitors and their aiders and abettors shrink from the further prosecution of their a schemes. The folly of their attempts to detract from e tho morit or the high position of General McCIollan is S, apparont to all men of sense, who know that it is in tho [a ]Hiwcr of the General at any moment to refute all their 0 (al.sehoods by tho simple publication of tho military orders and Instructions issued by him from the time h. y assumed the duties of Genoral Commanding. ? THE TAX BILL AND THE PRESflfRE ON THE COMMITTEE 11 .. . OF WAYS AND MEANS. ^ To-Jay has been deyoted_ to a great meaaureto lobby work upon lb* ^ax bill. Delegations arc hare rroiu l? Now York Chamber of Commerce and the Boston and ie Philadelphia Boarda of Trade, In consultation with the 0- Cumin it too of Ways and Means and other members of ic Congress. The drug interest is powerfully represented, } and the effects of the bill upon patent medicines are e_ feelingly set forth by them. They hare prepared a memorial showing that the proposed taxation wilTraise The a pricY of ptflfrictary medicines (torn one Jjjjndred to two hundred and fifty per cent, and that their trade will pay directly and indirectly under the bUi* h seven miliums and saven hundred and fifty thousand dol1 lars, while tho banks aud savings Institutions jay only oight hundred thousand dollars. Tho manufacturing In_ terests of New England are laboring with the committee. They complain that the bill imposes burdena upon pro* 0 duct ion in opposition to true policy, and they contend that 't the effect of tho tax will be to close a large number of e the mills, and ruin much of the industry of tho country; that under the hill taxos will bo accemulated to eight or nine per cent, upon tho same article, aa It passes through various processus conducted by rtlffereot J manufacturers; that ths highest degree of production ia , obtained by a division or labor, and to this our mamir factoring system is pending, but the proposed bill wills 0 It is claimod, check this enlightened policy. The rramere ? of tho bill believe that tho tax of three per cent will bo r paid by tb? purchasers of manufactured articles, but to J this tho delegation reply that the prices sometimes fa|, while the rsw material rises. Hon. Krastus B Iligelow. e of Boston, will present to tbe oommtuee a plan which be ? believes will simplify the bill one half. KOTICB TO POSTMASTERS. A notice to postmasters has Just been Issued by the Klrst Assistant fostiaaster General, as follows ? " The Postmaster General has ordered the blank agency ? at Cincinnati, Ohio, to be transferred to Buffklo, N. Y., on 1 the 1st of April next. All postmasters now supplied with blanks from Cincinnati will,arter that day.soud ' thoir orders to the blank agent at Buffalo, N. Y., where ' the printing is executed uudor contract, and wheuee 1 they will be supplied. - departure op coloxrl camrron's rbmains fob HARKISBIKO. Cot. Cameron's body left on this afternoon's cars for Harrtsburg. The bodies of one rebel captaiiaand also six 3 privates, which tbo enemy in their flight from Man o-sa* 1 neglected to bury, were intorred on Friday by a detachment of <>ur troops. r TUB MII.IT ART 00VKRNOR OP TBR DISTRICT Of } COLUMBIA. General Wadsworth to day entsred upon his duties a* Military Governor of the District of Columbia, occuj yiug tho ProyoBt Marshal's late efflce. ? AK^INDgPRNBtNT STROLL AND ITS PROBABLE CONSEQUENCES. Lieutenant neum, of the Twenty seventh Pennsylvania Volunteors, acting as orduanoo olllcer on General (looker's ' staff, aud John V. Gregg, telegraph op rator, went t > tba ' Virginia side on Tuesday for an Indcpon lout nlroll and ex' plot atioti of tho late rebol camps. They xucceeded in pussing tho Pnlon pickets, and havo no doubt l?eeu token, ns thoy havo not relurued to thoir camp. Tbo wife of a - ? ? is* <1ia vii'initV of Dlllilt r u i ciiui'U kivioif Union nimii ? ? - - - ? soon the rebel scouts passing her hotisj with two pri(toners. t Cuiitratxuide continue to come in dally, and report th.it r evorj? nogro who could bo, was driven to Fredericks, burg.there to be emptoyod in the erection of rortiflcatlona, while tlio wliito i>opu1atlon were being im i rased in the rauk*. FK AltS OF DlflKASR IN V ASIIINDTON, ) The physicians or this city aru beginning to dtsciUM , seriously the pr<>b*hlo efUct* 01 the dead horses end other offensive matter* around the campi that encircle Washington. It ia reared that a mission will he created t in hot weather by the decaying animal nihttnr, preju dicial to the health ut the netghhorhoo<1, when the nrtnjr sbsil have gose Sofith. The Sanitary Oogr.mteaton will b ? t ailed uponwdeTissaouwtacane for ^roidmgiUo evil.

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