Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 18, 1862, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 18, 1862 Page 2
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2 General Wright uJ Lieutenant Hubbard, ws went to the building, from the top of which lbs tlgual o?cer?lieutenant Toft?was displaying hia flag, he being the only army officer, and the ilrst on shore. There 1 met one of the reeideoU of the place, who expreaaed great fear of being molested by some rebela when requested by the aid to acoompany him to the General. To this I raid I win a civilian, and asked hiu> to cme with tne if he was fearful of being too attractive under the guidance of a military geulleman. To this be acceded, and we went to the boat. Sallying forth then to eo? other* of the frightened ottitens left behind, the ilrst person I met was a very intelligent colored man named Charles Jackson. Charley briefly told mo how the people ran away the night before, and how he didn't. Charles belonged to Colonel Dill, and had remained behind to laks care of hia mas tor's houso. He said thoir masters had told the negroes that if the white Yankees came among them they would slelihem all off to Cuba. He didn't believe it, because he could read some and he know better. Passing along to the railroad depot, I saw on a stake car two black coffins. Making inquiries of two men standing beside the car, and who said they were residents, I learned they contained the bodies of brothers of each of them; that the utght previous, while attempting. With the last train of cars tliat left the place, to oscapo as the Otlowa was eotning up the river, a shell from the Ottowa had killed them both. The train whs moving Off aa the Ottowa came up tho river. In the train were a Urge number of women and children in passonger cart and in the roar was a stake car, upon which was loa ;ed a Quantity of furniture and flvo uorsons. amon j whom was ax Senator Tula*. The two young men ware sitting on a sofa, anil the shot from tUo Ottowa knocked off tlio bead of one of the men and badly mutilated tlie person Of tho other. Mr. Yuleo Jumped from the car and made bis escape on foot to the river, and then by a canoe to tho main land. The car wm uncoupled fr m the train and left on the track, from where it was run into the town and the bodies prepared for burial. I at once, in company with one or two federal officers Mid a few residents, assisted in paying the last solomn rits to two strangers, who should have neon brothers, but wore enemies, to our country. Their names were M Savage, brother of an extensive merchant here, and John . McTboinpson, clerk. It was s sickening sight to see the mangled flesh, blood and brains scattered over the sofa and car upon which these men were riding. It would appear, from all the Information I can gather from those who hsve remained in town?of whom there is about one hundred and flfty, women, children and negroes, out of a population of about 2,300?that the atampede commenced on Sunday. The order for the evacuation of the place from General Mercer, eoramaudant of the forces, was issued on Saturday. X great m my families had, however, left previous to this. The tro-'ps? of which there were no doubt about 3,500 at (be time still there?had been more?as high, it is thought, as 5,o')0? commenced moving on Sunday as soon as they saw tlio Wabash and Susquehanna off the bar. The last dct tchment of troops left on Monday morning, at four o'clock, and the Ottawa made her appearance at four 1'. M., only twelve hours later. The batteries, of which three were on an eminence right in the town, on abluff,and lour sunken sandpits,contain ou vauunu oi ueavy meiai?i suouiu juugo sixiy-iour pounders. The work is wall constructed, having trenches around it leading to the magazine, situated a short dis tanre fapm the buttery. There are three of three connected together, pronounced by our engineers to be most admirably planned. They are well sodded and finished up In workmanship m inner. About 100 yards from where the three-pitted battery is is another of steelier construction of one gun. They have a toe sweep of the river, and had our fleet succeeded in silencing Kort Clinch, three miles below, and passed up toward the town, those batteries would huge done loaifnl execution on our gunhoata and transports. It was the original inteution to have had four more of these sana batteries along the shore, between the town and fort but the work wae never commenced. When we arrived tho gun carriages in these batteries wore burning brightly. The guna were dismounted.and the carriages fired, the guns being spiked Monday morning. The ruins are, an I write, atill smouldering. Of the forces the rebels had here on Sunday there wsro? Two companies of Third Florida Volunteers. Colonel Hopkins, Fourth Florida Volunteers. Lieut. Colouul Holland's battalion. Capt. Owwu 3 Marion Irag -one, of South Carohua, and Captain Martin's Marion Artillery, of South Carolina. Besides this forco there wa?t he Twenty-ninth Mivisaippl rogimont, Colonel Dowd, in encampment over the bridge same live miles from town. General Trapier, of South Carolina, wus in command of tbe forces. Quartermaster, M.i.ur Isleo bad been, but was "oceuliy roliaved by Captaiu Baldwin. General bad recently succeeded General Tallahauser. From what 1 learn the troops have b en paid off promptly in the kind of shinpla-ders they have here, worth about what the paper costs. They hare lived principally up- n hominy, tt oro bemg a great scarcity af pork,beef, Ac. Tney have, however, managed to live by pillaging and forag ng in the country, if wo a:e to beliove all thuy tell us. Those regiments around the immediate vicinity hore have dene bettor, na ti.felr friends have sent them food in greater abundance than 'huso 'rora adisiance. The citisena here speak very emphat icahy af the bad conduct of not only the soldiers but officers. From what I can learn it must have !> n diagiaceiul. Fort Clinch la not a very formidable fortuk-a: ion. It la Aituaiod on th? Arfrpmt? noint of Amaltn T?lamJ_ iincn which tho city, as it is colled, of Fernandina hi located, where thn Amelia river enter* into Cumberland Sound, and in passing up to Fernandina a vessel turns almost a square corner in getting by the fort. It ie built or brick, in a ; eniagonal shape, witii detached tower batteries .md detached scarp.*,!' opbohtd for musketry. The work is intended to be flanked by how.l/ere and loopholed, bet tins portion h not completed. The water froot of t he fort is nearly do e,bur the land fronts are not quite to the sills of the loo) hole.- for musketry. Ths water front at. present has two thirty-two p-> ,uders the north bastion ha.* one eigbt-uich columhiad, and two tbirtv-two-poundere on the curtu n le yowl There is "also a broken down carriage, but | no gun ou it. There aie also on tho bea U a large rifled gun and three other gune, thirty-two pounuers, lying on the wharf, taak ng ,n end around the fort mna g us, ail spiked, there was said to bave been a tremeudots r.lie- gun of one hundred end twenty-eight pound calibre that the rebels buried near the fort, but of this we have uot as yet found out the irulh. There were not long since thiriy-lwo cauron here. Now all that we have captured amount to just fourteen. The others were sent off Into the interior?many of them some time ago and others quite recently. Tbeie cane n , meet of tbem,or,in fact, nearly ad. came from Richmoad,aad are a large snare of llieiu of their own canting. The fort is said by cagineers to be well planned, and when finished will be a good one. Water lauks o. suf Orient magnitude for all purples are locate-: in each bnstiou, and all modern improvements contemplated tu Hapten. Tho rebels burned all the outbuilding! outside the fort, but destroyed nothing usidu. A quantity of provisions, mohsaes, rice and whiskey?the latter an article they eeera Pi live on principally?was tag. a In th* fort. and .tUo a quantity of ammuniii- n, sl.e.'l, Ac. There have also beeu shell, shot. Ac .found 111 ibe town in different pieces, and it is supposed there is some previa ons, powder end abot buried about the fort that it wts mp sible for them to get off. it will take Buiue time before the whole extent of our capture c?n be ss<eriain*d correctly, as other matter of more interest end expedisnuy demand the attention of ibe otbeeraand men. In organiaing giiariie, pickets, looking to. suspicious characters, and aliovc all warchin; the enemy; and, if b e, aoompliah a stronger foothol-1 or them in greater ooosteinatioj further into the interior, A little incident deserving of notice occurred tho night Wl rwwuuvwimj , mm o'u mu hiu? <u? ?|| Ilin or, I II j two ear loads of good*, wa? out it (he bridpe tb? rube * I burned thla aula of tho river, < apt. Goodrich, Bngiol I Qum terinaxler. with a squad of men, left he e ai teti o'clock at night, and wa!k?<l out to the spot tor the p r posoof pushing It Is. Getting thare. Cupt. G< odi dr. who ts eomewbat of ? railroad man sn?l who ha* ihe right eort of enn about him, got ou the en. ne had It fired up and said ha oould run it himself. and he did, too. About midnight the loud wbiatla of the locomotive Started up the eeniioala, aa they heard a railroad tram coma rattling into town?the tlrat railroad train the boys bad soon or heard since they left their hon e* six and eight montha ago. and thin 1 lie Idea of bearing aurha whistle uwijr down hare iu the cvt rglader?it wa? glortoua aft r the explanation came. The cepta'S is now dubbed the pioneer engineer tfe captured, with our five miles of railroad, three engines out of five?all there are on the road, but, unfortuneteljr, have no passenger ears?so we can't get up an ?*c rvon train atill I rods out on it to-dajr on a Cake ar, and had a pleaaant trip, With a |mi t) of guitl?.m?n Wbau the Ottawa was coming up 'he rivtr on Monday afterooon, aider having botaled the A. e .ran ii?k im it fort, a rebel ferryb at ealled 'he Darlington, a fine vessel of good el*', which w.?s loaded with cotton, hous* hold furniture, Ac., and had on hoard ah it th rty women and children, and also aome men, put out Horn the do. ? <1 e was, however,not ema11 tnrugu, and ore . r t,rr leven Inch abell from iho Otlawa s on brO' gh' her ">. The . women and children wer tel. at liberty, i, it the Captain a Mr Brock and 3. 9. Drift*, formerly of Jfew Vork but mora recently of Jacksonville,* merchant,! think, to. ge Hoi wun n?Dry ^ l. ! g:e? a s g. o M,? ! ,iabei army, and reeidcn' of this pla #, were u*en 1 priaotiora. 1lM I?i'wwm *e* it liberty n parole >><it j the former I# *ill under arreat, and In cl argr t the Pro. | oat U?'#hal, by arciar oftieneral Wright. C?pt itn Tolas, of ?b? Fourth New TUnipahlre r??:m?nt, | la doing the duty of Provost Mji glial . and I* dOih* a well It is an inp!e?#?nt jioeitton and i>artI# a-iy^n tiia first Urt, h it tlilog* are becoming feet #yat?m itr/ed. Onr tio n? are #11 plcaaan.y located here,a i>r<noii al portion of them in camp on a high, elevatrd pite ? oi around, juit on the outskirts of I lie town. .Some of the Ineet building# and orient# reantVnce* are occupied aa officer# quarter*. olBces lor the Provost Marshal, horplt?Is, he Two companies o'the Ninth Maine are In girriron at the fort,ami the raat of the force* ars doing picket duty by re* car succear on 'opium iiananm, with M* Witter*, la located in a different imition of tlie town, In the aaine place that the rohei Mai on dragoons were, and where good atablee and quarters warn already proffirdd for hiui by In# pre lecaeao.a To bnn your epeclal la un 4er obligation* f?r haspluiitl -a. fo.Feraawdlna boaata of ne hotel where weary traveller* can raat Captam Ran jNBW Y< sotn's com;*ny is frequently used fbr soouttag July, ?Op they have already best lb* autire length of Ike inland. the health of the men is much belter than ? . -> be ex^ect-Hl after so long a jaunt and confinement on shipboard at Warsaw Sound, where some of them have laid in transports four weeks. The change of air and water atlects them slightly, but I atu happy to report a must favorable sanitary condltlou of the expedition. A large and commodious hospital?one of the liuest private reside r. cos?has bean fitted up by Or. Ueteter, tlie brigade surgeon, with ihe assistance of Surgeon Eastman, of the Fourth New Haw* shire, and the closest aud best attention is given the sick. Citizens tell nie that while Uie rebels were horo the mortality wus fearful in their ranks, attributing it wholly to their Imprudence in habits and living. As 1 passed the cemetery the other day I counted over one hundred newly made graves aud several large mounds that looked as ii they had buried ihoir dead in heaps An old res Id nt physic,an here tells me he has seen as high aa twenty ooitliis come out of the hospital in a morning. I enclose you herewith a complete list of the names of all l.he persons that remained in town or refused to leave. Some of them were obliged to work all kinds of dodgos to eg, ape the edict of the rebels that every soul should desert ih- place. And 1 could stale some amusing incidents, which 1 will do at my leisure. NAMES OF CITIZENS THAI" KKMAlNKb AT FEUN'ANDINA Mrs. Thompson, Mr. l.vaus, Miss Brown, Father Olavreul, pastor of Mr. Donnely, Catholic ehurch, Captain Scott and lady, C. H. lloatand negro, Mr. Aruet uud lady, Gabriel Prieuce, Mr. Carman, I-ewis l'errodine Mr. Brousou and family, Florence Mixskoeki, Mr. Farrow and negroes, Mr. ShaUaud and family, Mr. Green, Mr..Mark and family. Mr. R. Ilaudly and family, Mr. Henry, Mr. John Gwiu and family, Mr. Sydodl and mother. Mr. Turner, family and ue- Mr. Miller, groee, Mr. Conforto, M. A. Andrew and family, Iir. Balsam and son, Mr. Duncan ami children, Mr. I>. C. A cost a & negroes, Mr. Apples and family, Mr. Mooney and family, Mrs. Wicks and cliildreu, Mr. FiUpatrick, Mr. Clauser aud family, Davis Green and sister, Mr. Kvans, bookkeeper, Mr. Woodland, Mr. lavage and brother, Mr. Piterson k Co. and lady, Mr. Suiuh, Mr. Thrilling, Ml Chort, Mr. Wood. Mr. Wasaand family, Mr. Duune and family, Mr. Brief aud family, Mr. Huckle, Mr. 1J he lull, Mr. Boss. Owen Burns and family, IN OLD TOWN. Capt. Iaaihan and family. Mr. Capot and nogroes, Jnspard heathan and family, Miss Ca|K>t, Capt. Mo is as and family, Misses Lv ton, P. Acosta and family, Mis. Clark, Miss Demorashct, (aid Pncety. The above I obtained from one of tho oldest citizens, and may be considered authentic. General W; ighl has iisued the following order for the purpose of ascertaining, with minute accuracy, tho pop ilatiou, but more particularly to enforce atrict discipline and to learn if tlioso remaining are roally loyal Unionists or secessionists. My own opinion is. thai there is now in our midst the rank'si kind of secessionists, and indeed every citizen is looked ui>ou with distrust. The strictest vigilance aud watch arc kept of ah the movements of those in any way suspected. N'o compulsion is made byCon. Wright on those found here towards making them take the oath of ahegiunce, but a verbal promise is required of them tbat they will m no way communicate with the rebels, but 113 long as tboy remain in this town and vicinity they will comport themselves as good loyal Union citizens. He has givn them assurance they shall he respected in person and property, and has already made ;<u example 01? some others that has had a good effect lor depredations committed on private property of GENERAL WRIGHT'S ORDER?NO. 10. ?JDAbUCAltTfc.RS, TuiHD RRIUAnE. E. D. I, Fin., March 5, 186-.'. S 1. All persons, whether white or colored, now on Amelia Island, and not connected with the a, inv or navy, wl.l immediately pre? nt t ueniselvis at the office of the 1'ruvo.t Marshal iu order that their name* and residence* may be registered and their person" and property protected. Any tierson 1 ailing to comply with tins order will l>e arrested ni dealt with an an enemy or the government ol ,lie Untied S: ites. 2. Xo perrons will be allowed in the streets between the hours of tail ><> and reveille, nor will anyone le allowed to pea the pi-Acts without written prrmisiion ii- ni the headquarters. C. IV. FOSTER. Asst. Adj. Oencral. by coinmand of Brigadier tleueral II. U. Wiiglil. Many of the citizens that remained are still going on with their business their .stores and workshops are open, and they say they are doing a Iretter business than when the Confederal's were there, and, what is most gratifying, arc getting value recoivod iu cash?gold and silver?not such trash as from tlve cent upwards to fiv dollar sbinplastars. Nevertheless, shiopla-tois have become quite a commodity, and sell for more than their face?'lie small denominations to sailors and soldi rs, who get ihetn as mementoes to send home to their friet ds North. Among the captured good.- taken and being taken is considerable private properly. eurh33 pitch,mole ;goe, whiskey , cotton, rice, Mid |se h (ai tie'esf. a will be useful in the army and navy. Wherever they eau be iound tliey are taken possess on of by the proper ulT.cers, and an account taken of the same, when it is turned over to the Commissary Department. I h iveno way of judging thequantitv, but it w ill amount to uom< an sum. Every day Something is ferreted out, a few of tho citizens remaining, I regret to say. having appropriated others' property a.s a protection to the runaways. When such cases are suspected III aw do 111,I ne.-i>na ll.-s in,i?li.?(..,n x/n? ur.:->.. ... J V?r~ ?' vinw. "I'SUl. As an mstun e, me man claims twenty eight bales of cotton, now in store. It may be his, but doubts are en tor lamed, or he may have purchased it on speculation. At ail events, be >1 aa it may, the officers have promised Ui send Liim and the cotton n a vessel to Hilton Head, there to be disposed or us General Sherman may sea pro|?r, tbua relieving themeelves of all responsibility in the matter, and geiliug the cotton man a market Tor sale. There are but few negroes here, and IheRa are of a fatmore intelligent kind than those we met at Hilton Head and that vlciuity. Those remaining here say thai their masters have sent all the "boys and girls offclar back in de country on de main.'' There are some very tine plantations on the island Scattered about. One cfjthe officers, who has tnadeseveral scouts, informs me that there are some heautuul dwellings, with niagniilcent gardens, the roses, geraniums(upon icas and other flowers being In full bloom, but uot a person to be seen anywhere nronnd. In S'>me places the residences are entirely deserted, and in othei a the furniture packed up but not removed, while in others not a is moved out of Its place jo in s n nee hod I must relate an incident that occurred in this town. Colonel Finnegan, who appears to have bt?n the nabob or the town from the magnificence of his residence, thinking discretion the better part of valor, left the place some t me ago.b ;t big family, or a portion of it, remained behind. They had just sat dmvn to a gpiautinl dinner as the announcement was made that our ships were in Sight, hut they !art it suddenly, as sums of our boy- who enjoyed the meal in a few hours afterwards can teetify to. REBEL DOCUMENTS FOUND IN THE CITY. CURIOUS MEMENTOES OK 8Kl ESPION IK gHATE OP COfron mum rot un and mii.harvsoup* MKNTS?tVAK REPORT FROM BX-SENATOR YUI.EK, ETC. Our sorraspoudsnt to K-rrundui.i City has forwarded tousths org mala of the following curious rebel doer menu found iuFernandina by the Union arm*. The copies which we annex throw some light on the < (Torts of the rebels?both financially and in the field?aud will endure ,n h atory as prominent rsc-rdaof the progress of the gigantic movement undertaken Lor the destruction of the Union. COLONEL DILLWORTH TO HON. D, L. Yt'LEl. HkADOOARTEKS I HtKD KSClSEfT ElORIPA VoLCRrKKSS, i Feb. ft. l?l I Hoe I? [.. Yt t It ? D in stir? p .1 m vreil el W yK'y'Ua < renin-, I f ii d- ryt it,d ,a .ng Ihee e v ? u lo-iicd < , a tak u - < a on o e* liora K'y au no n.ive a? ii ad ie er- r bate il-? |. n i . I i-n'r t y pa a . *',i, ila ?i If n p Ii t ?u uve b ba , U III < u ifi m h' T wh l a out w ,. . - ii hi . Do b u jilted a- an. eut to be . bit e ar? i i a tur '. I am t I -*y eat, un ii le <i?i,| y oat! olio o main. As u ,a I am it I , ami .# \e i ? tatlv < of m A , I wul wnte; o i more fully, V y !( ccttuilj, yuui t ed eni aeivaut, W M. DILW RTtl, t"*i, n 'I Third K- inent Fl-n tUa ? -uuriera lty C. 11 sraasi*-- He .ear Ma To lb n. D L. Yoii.r Ke au na Ha. IP. A,. IVLU nwiwnia mr. iuhmiui TUB I'ftrjh" 1STS. Oiricic or EnutMiKR *.? 9urriiiMTK<(i)crr > FMMflM Ka 'LROAt), FKRWAItCtVA, Feb. 7. ISoli i Dp ak Sin?I pi-p*?tiuip- yon ?i* kept poaied a* to military cv-nt* in tin* department. I Ininriiton yon of lb'* newa wa i'm < " '.it K'T? taM off, wkM tlM enemy flrat I p* *r'd til' ri?, and proin>*cti moi* *li*ciiic iniel.tgen'or. I wool there iiiiiup airly after ? n ! ng tip*, tnd a* I ? I. r. ?| II . P .1 I ra returning o re w?m to my t.nm on tin <>A l 1' .o v c'e i*t key*, wbete ny famcy nai, I did kot further communicate 10 von Oen'ital Tranter had, iu tint IM?<> 'iiM.comr Iter* and I prPAiinifl lie collected a ht*i<ayof Hie adan And torwarded you. Ttie ?'ini of the mailer wa? th*' *' team gitnl.o*! of l.BOU ton* ?.r imed In without pilot or ?t?*p-?, took nine military prleonera, dc?ii' ved about 1100,000 worth nf properly, and nliei keeping pos?- iaIoii "f the t ait" r I' r tern or three day*, inlawed and tinnppnaed, le(", whh t'te as*'ranc thai io eight-h* ten de a the ! detai l ag wouid j? ratted ill the hai bur. Ih'yaaael I*" Pernand.i ? bad been atta k?'d, and tai l II' not already done it aoon wo ild be. A few daya after ?be left ill wa? the Ili.tteraa, Ckl a<n Emmonai another ?'t*mer cam" to the ear, find itvo ?ignal gun- ?nd am i welting a while went away. La? weea tb" enemy again made u a a|i|waiaiire tii?re, and ? emed to have raiu'd the ting tpon ( tie of the island* tn the tiarlior. olon-l Di.wortn i a<l been arm tbere with tiir cunipanlat of bia regiment, and n 1< Her from lilm. writ'eu on he moi nlng of li ariival, whl li 1 em-io-", it not tttiy i her ring. He baa 110 din, not en o a aii-ponnder. whit h dmblea Idtn from aggression 1 am taking step* tn rei the te'ejranh in npetalien to i edm Key", .* th it point -ann lo 11. I p r liUI: It leiroilg . lO'.lll of the "n my O'neiBI TraplerU ?t Tallalaaa r. Colonel Ilo 'klo" irle. p. la i Ted o inn fce evening we git Ih int' III ; m I We-' neadayt. tint 1 believe i,a? tioi hem I from hlni yet I i ave n ade mora o niiatntan e wiili Colonel Dowd, o the iilM ? ppi regiment. Hi- I* a very clever Oil.cer, Una eiv a llv -I 'dull a gcnl military man. Hil i ne ii n i' the wat If1" omnmander, thereto e, would ? e i. in ank ovi i any p ?lo?el n h Slate at present. Tho li :p i. > n Kemsnil n.t end <'edai ki'p may pro|ierly lie onm erelon, and ii iapllii- ot o|ip-r.i nawhhli ihetiulf v.ata? at* gi ' aMy miereeird in. Itadc. n is not a lotai in i eat. but nr.* in n III It Ml??l?"l. pi, end all oilier Si a let h?*. ingiifate it the O'llf are come, n"d. II iW would .I do to I' Mm in hewe nf tlte milda jrdue fiom Kernandltia to ' e * g.* >n ! Jin* iho"e point"! I lia.n not "aid any bti g to ii tn a iont H; lull, in Clew ot the rusting '* I i tn-d ned lo think r i* nb >it the i" ?t jto i eer do l|e energetic, rgiilerk, i oaltlae and Intel)). *"nt, and appaett to be vory jiuln tout. It aei m? ' oven.-t ' in New Orieana ot Mob.le ?? Island, he " yrtspt gn?* t'gagain, t have ?lway* thmigtii ihi'tarli.ii' of iiil? I n" ol rumm'tltl a1 luti ? io?" the Lienlnsula might prove * p?it id the nun o th" ram| aiitn II" la io tnak'" a military d' tar ai tieilar Key?. ?npp ie.i 11oni New Yoi k through Fornaiiiilna, wheie ltit. o? onld oe organised mil p ip.iated In 'weuiy.fonr hot i tenin tic upon Mobile or Nt w-Orl",iD? and from whleh a ,nplle? and relnforceIII nia co t d Aiwa ? I. would be raltiaMe lo ihetn. And vet they may not ao Intend h it yel ihev mar. and If ao we irw not i repared to meet a im.i %u e of any eatenl. A? all gvfnia the Htm"?l vi jdame an t |iei fertile-* nf ui-Mratlon i" i? 'tea?*ry to render the lorw In Plot Ida effective In repelling. W, It " 'Iran-"!* if myowu Ingli raveui, 1 am. my '"oen'rR B Lk*. Cimfelerate ffiateegt flfflTllr' *^ )RK HJKKAm TUJS8DAY, its r COMMUNICATION* FROM VTMlMU. TIm aunoxed pa pars wars found man avolopo, ?d droaood titua ? Col. J. R. Wortblngton, , Col. J. K. Wortbingtoa, Oamp of tbo Col. J. K Worth ington, I Camp of tbo Marion Dragoons, Feruaadtca, ria. 1 Marion Dragoons, t Fla. Camp of the Marion ; Dragoons, Keruaudina. Turning over ibo envelope, it looks as if some a pat bono, or languishing, or idle rebels had employed themselves in sortbbling ou it, as it is marked?in dtlTerent hanis? ] tllUS j" John R. Worlbiugtou < B ? * J : 2 f ; 3. R. Wortingtoa i | 53 I S Carmana I $ tromaeto -g a o ? ? j ' | S" 13 K ! ? ~ | I i ? I I * g > A FLORIDA MAN'S NEWS FROM VIRGINIA. I Rutland, Feb. 1,1162 ' Col. Wobthington ?Dkab 8tit?Having a chance town i rou a lute by Heath, t wish you to do a few favors lor me. u the first place, 1 wish you to ask the Postmaster fur my Tcrs ami letters, if any have arrived since 1 left, left a hoy in the closet itoor iu the dining room; will you please take it out and put it in my room! I also wish you would sec It my boat has remained as I left it in the sawui! 11. J and see that it is not disturbed. We are gutting on well with our work, after arriving here with everything sate end sound. I tried to make 11 ath understand after showing all, but could not make out as I wished You may tell the captain that matters are moving as well as lie rould wish. I am doing the work in the best manner as to appearance and durability, and hope it will please him. I like the p ace, and wo are well treated by Mrs, Owens. I fee! anxious t<> get ba k, but I tluuk we will be detained here about three weeks longer. If you have an opportunity to write an 1 sen I me anything that may come tu your hands fur me within two weeks, please send, if it can be done safely, within the above lime. Yours, RADCLIFF CARMAN. DEM ANN FOR SOOT, LEAD AND GUNPOWDKlt. On tiik Plantation, Feb, 2, 1802. Cot. Washington?Dear Sir? Please send the shot an 1 all the other lead you can find, in the storeroom by the tlrst per...... ,l.?, ii,,a a, ,rr?.i,.,. 11,,,:,,. 7..., c thiug scud U at the Mine "lime and oblige yours, 1 CORNELIUS CARMAN. [ N. B.?It. Is the room facing your door. P. U.?If you cuii gel a little powder from any of the meu ia the house send it here. I will i>uy them for it. C. C. BAD WEATHER BIT HIGH HOl'KB. CO Mr WOMASSTOWW | (near Yorktown, Vs.), Jan. ary the IS. IM f Mr J. R. WoitTHixGToN ?Dear Bur?I take tlie plea* re of righting you afew lines to let yo bar from us Wear ail well ut this time hoping that these few lines May reach un Unit youtt well the <>raugo boys w ell We have quite a liured lime here the Weather Is very Ba l hear There has bin snow aplenty hear George K smith sends yo his best Wish, os E pliurr the same an W. B, Watson rn Is yo his b.'st Wishes au said Right to hint We have takou sovarul but No light i dom think that We W.ll as long rs We slay on tills pininchaler the yankee's vesels have Un in sight of us towo o.t thivo tiuea I have No Nois to right al this lime hoping thai When i hear from yo 1 Will get sum their Was agri at deal ol lirriug yestidy morning 1 W is not t'loetloit I am in hops thai We Will Me t somday In the Batile Field Where the Roaring of canons an Musk shallbe liurd au a glorious vtcttory may he Won an hour liberty is gain.! once mo G re Me Ibartay or deth I wish bleae ezcus Bud Riling au spelling Yo Frieud GEORGE W. TERRELL. Affairs in Japan. THE POSITION OF FOREIGNERS AND PROSPECTS OF FORRION TRADE -ENGLAND'S RULE OF POLICY TOWARDS THE EMPIKK. [From the London Times, Feb. 27.] The correspondence respecting Japan, which has fust boeti presented to Parliament, gives a full account of the attack upon the British legation at Joddo, in July, lite narrow escapo from asaassination, and the unsatisfactory b communications with the Japanese government upon the subject. The Ministers represeut that the populace are N gre illy incensed agaiust foreigners, and cannot he con p trolled: but the truth appears to he that thoro it no an- yv l.pathy to Europeans am^ng the lower clashes. "We gj were stared ?t,''says tbe British Minister, Mr. Aicock, lo speaking ol'lite recent journey In the interior; "wo were ci stai ml at pretty much as a show of wild beasts would ho, at and perhaps with uot much more fueling of a common u. oririn and humanity." The trading classes are favorable to the foreigner. The hostile party consis's of the privi u leged and governing classes, and those who by feudal lies are connected with them, together with the dissolute and desperate men of the kingdom who flock around them. The policy of the government is, under pica of ,. danger, to coutine the Legation within the bounds of the " residence, wishing, perhaps, that they may somo day be " tired of so many vexations, and take tlioir departure from Japan. Ostensibly the government of the country J* consists of the Tycoon and his Council, but "J. behind them, euvclopcd in a haze of mystery, is the only acknowledged sovereign, the Mikado. descended from the gods, and too sacred to mingle : in the world. The powerful Daimios, or princes, who ,, constitute the great Council of State, art opposed to ttu J;' foreign policy that has Man forced upon iliem, and do J1' not ( their desire to invert to the aucient policy of ; igolation. Some ol' tliem receive investiture from the Mi- , ^ kado hlmsoir, and liave never bowed the knee to the ~ Tycoon. Sevoral ply the Mikado's Court with rumors to tho prejudice of the', but eonfogsedly subordinate. * Couri of tho Tycoon. The Tycoon is young, both hie im- , luediiito predecessors were assassinated alter agreeing to treaties for foreign intercourse: his Cabinet are striving , to conciliate opposition, and steady themselves, and, though they wsb the foreigners gone, rofuse to adopt the IC couusels of the lc=s scrupulous Daimicx. I addition to * the antagonism 01 races, when Aslatns and Europeans '? meet tho Japanese i ember with hatred the 1'ortugus - and ' Spsuish adventurers whom they admitted on their shores ,y .100 years ago, and on their now. reopening their gates wo lea. n that' a rabid desire for their gold and a scornful " disrsgud ol their prejudice;and customs have been too upiarent to make us welcome guests." Mr. Ak-ock him . sell has just furnished au in-tance of the inconveni-nce ? to which foreign intercourse subjects the Japanese. Tho j Tycoon should uow go to Miaco to marry the Mikado's .' daughter, but, in his laicjoumey," the foreigner Aloock" has passed over tbo road, and that rsu Jers it unQt for the * fycocu until a heavy expense has been incuierd in break '. iu; it up and remaking it. The Japanose Ministers uow ask tho British govern- : ment to postpone forseveu years the o;ieamg of add! tional jiorts, m pursuance of tho treaty; and Mr. Oilpliant, the Secretary of Legation, brings to England a ' 1-tte. from the Tycoon, who, "With a greeting, makes ! this communication to her Majesty, and desires to defer tor a time tho o|>euitig of other ports, and "h'|>es that !' tier Miijo y, with friendly feeling, w.11 give her consent to this: .uid ho wishes for the happiness and prosperity 1* f her umnire. Mr. Aicoc . considers that we must ' adept one of three courses. HVniay mate our (ratfe a j I rHerl for war m i om'fut t of lh> country?an alternat ive ^ h pr' pcrly dismisses at once. We may abandon the ? country?a course we could h.irdly adopt in the fare ol ihj t?.it. t'Alm i ^ li.i t ru11?itiifm hiti <w n-mi inereooia liolh ' in imjorlH and exports, tho ui?rc:b.in1e declining the exieting trado to have e*reed?d their m si - inguine oxpcc * tat' saml to be lull of promise. He submits a third " course to her Matesly'a government?namely, to be * IMttient and defer jights nn adherence to which might involve .'apaii in a civil war, and to trust to time and Ormue?s, tem|?red with conciliation, to improve 0 ir postlioo, uteaulime taking treasure* ourtrlnrt jor the pro' fium - /' onr t-oUUeal ag- ?'.< in the capital fcy a liritith jnartt, and nf the marcKanti at Kunooawa. It ii also propoaed.aa a condition for deferriug the opening of the 1 other treaty porta, to insist on Tsuaima to which objection scumsH it evp.clc-ly as a port lor all the treaty Powers during llio dcPerted period. An indemnity Ik ilno to be demanded for Mr. Oliphaut and Mr. Morrieou for the injuries they sustained in the murderous atta< k of July. Ili.-i eat,factory to tind that Mr. Alcoctc, in transmitting these oapeiste able to report that a step baejual been takou which be considers of the utmost importance lists now admitted to confidential intercourse with tba Koreign Ministers without the presence of any subordinate ofJkerg. Is?rd Rum-ell hue authorized hint to adopt the ceurso lost submitted in hia despatch, but leaves eeuie scope for the exercise of hia diso.etion, only a<iding ? 1'ou will un-t^rtiand that yo? are not to mtti e corncjfioni without equiralentt. and that, eo far from restricting or abandoning the trade of Japan, you are to maintain, and, if possible, enlarge it, and that you are to prtt'.rv uiuliminithil tin reputation of the Bri'ith nusic. ' Karl Ruese.l atntes that Mr. Alcork'a conduct it entirely approved by her Majesty, and that th- gre.iteetcoo II denei is fell iu hia ability and flrmneee. 1 netysiith Now York Volaaateera. The loilowing arc the otllceiaof the Nmety-aixth New York Volnuteers ? Colonel James Fairman 1 Jen tenant C -lonel char lee O. Gray. Ma,or John K. Kelly. Adjutant.. J. A. lloldeu jnaitertna-ter J. H Sanborn Surgeon F. J. D'Avignon. .tM.-l4l.ilJb u. I Chaplain N. Wardner. Co C'lphiim. I*. Imhtenant*. 2d. LieuttiumllA? I/-ckerl? Proyn. Braed. H?Parson*. Moffiitt. Morriaoa. C?Niebol* <Jr<*?u. Pierre. fv-Wo<*idbni1. Smith IfCsuimon, k?Kldridge. Russell Gray. V?Sasen/ Gala. Hansom ? ?Weed. Hurdn. Newmu. H?Day. Mo-mey. Benedict. 1--B i-bana M' Konzia I.jron K?Hindus ? ? ?'ol?ii I Kairman ?n formarly in command of the V" ond Sow Yorli Kire 7. marea, under command of General dickies 'Ihc One Handled and Kecond Light InI'anirjr. This ne * rrginKnt has been fully organised and e^mppad. ready lor active participation la the war in every particular. The officers arc ? fi-U Ojgc?r?. Colonel Thomas It. Van Beoreth

Lieutenant Colonel William B llayward. Major lames c. lotne. Adjutant H. M. Sistare. Vnarirrmaster lames A. tlteveaanti. Chaplain Jared B Bcudder. r4'ir(*"?i Ch?? ft. Goodrich. Assistant Burgeon J>hnC. Hogardus. Cow 1*1 iy ()J}h;>rt. Co. tkiptain Fir* Lirvi Hetowl Lieut. A? Roht Avery. Win. U. Leak Win N.Green, Jr. H?Can M Klmore J. B. Hnlateii (has. Krben. C W. It llewicll. C. K. Jayne. Goo. 8. Watiera. p?M. I. Cornell. A. P. lialoe. 8 S. Cornell. It?I,. R. Sleyman. O. M. Klliott Q. M. Hewlard. K?H. K. Clayton Wm. N Johnson ? Van Beuron. O??? (Jaeeoag h.? Vvrbee Cuaich. i H_jul<u? Siring Peter IC Coyo Oh v lee Lqyd. MARCH TRirLH NEW* FROM THE SOOTH. The Merrimac the Colossus of Roads. rhe Burnside and Goldsborough Proclamation. REACHING THE CRISIS. [low Southern Rivers Are to Be Defended. DEFENCE OF GEN. HENNIXCSEN* COMPULSORY ENLISTMENTS IN RICHMOND. I Letter Relative to the Recognition of the Confederacy by England. Speculation Upon a Probable Attack on Augusta, Georgia, ftc>( Ac>( AO* TIIE WONDERFUL NAVAL VICTORY. [Krcm tU? Richmond Dispatch, March 11]. We havo scarcely recuvorod from the ustouishmout vith which the whole town was thunderstruck at the as ounding now. on Sunday. The annuls of naval warfare lontain no parall 1 to this extraordinary acliiovamunt. t siunus uloue. unprecedented, and at a single blow has ovolutioutzed the whole system of naval warfare That i single vessel, and that not of a large size, could bo so loustruclod aud so controlled as to demolish three ot (he urgest aud most powerful men of-war in the world, is a trodigy which we can scarcely credit even now. And ret it is so. The Virginia, aided by two or three side vhoel steamors ami gunboats, has sent to the bottom 1 hrco war ships, which were the pride of the I'niied 1 iiatosaud tho wonder of tho world. Hampton Roads, vhere hostile fleets and transports havo so long ro le in 1 afoty aud deflaure, is now a more unsafe [dace for the 1 trongest federal ships than the midoccau m a tornado. ' 'ho "perfect failuro"?as the Yankees pronounced the ' lrgiuia?has pro ved the most brilliant success of naval rchitecluro, and nor heroic commander, his oilicers and 1 neti, as woll as their comrades of the other vessels,have ' overcd thenisoiveg with glory. Ever since 1K4U the United States have been construct- 1 ng a floating iron battery, called the Stevens batterv, it Hoboket,opposite New York.every tew years making 1 arge appropriations for it, until the aggregate amounted ' 0 a million of dollars. Its operations wore conducted 1 with the most profound secrosy. uoi even naval officers 1 >emg permitted to exatnino it. And yet within the last ' wo mouths a committee appointed by the fedoralCon 1 [ress havo docided against It. The Merrimac (now the 1 Virginia) was prepared for her purpose less than a year ' tgo, and cuustriiclcd amidst difficulties and embarrass- ' nents which few can conceive at. Yet those ougage.l In ' ler persevered with a delermiuattou only eqimdod by s ho vast energy with which she was fought, aud she has Iroauy done tier work. She lias proved a remarkable ri.mph of Southern mechanical skill aud Southern alor, and has inaugurated a system of coast defence .huh, if vigorously pursued, can do more to break the lockade and rid our coast of a fiendish loe than the com ined navies of England and France. Let the South now prepare to dispute iu earnest the brtheru dominion of our harbors. We must have uworful iron chips hereafter, and they ought to he built ithout a moment's delay. Wo must have twenty Viruiias. In tho moan time, the one we have?the-'fossils of Roads," as some wii has already dubbed her? m disposo of any Yankee abi; a and transports that ipire to a sure and speedy descent to 1'avy Jones' cker. URNSIDE AND GOLUSBOROUGH'S PROCLAMATION. [From the Richmoud Inspatch, March 12.] As soon as the Yankees got a foothold on Southern soil, teir loaders issue a proclamation, iu which they eater iin us with a description of their character aud purposes, coordmg to their ovvu account of themselves, thoy are le most Immune aud honest people in the world, and lve no intention of interfering with the property or ghts of anybody, not even with their lives, if tboy will ?t out of their way. Burnside aud Go'dsboro igh say of lomselves and the murderous and mtiiauding c:ew, hose hauls arc steeped in .Southern blood:?-Wo are lristlans as well as yourselves, and we profess to know illwull,and to feol pro ouudly, the same obligations of io cliaractor.'' If they had not said this we should corinly never have discovered it from their conduct. We tve it from an eyo witness that they committed all sorts depredations on Roanoke Island, as they have every here else where thoy bavo obtained a footing. They ,y.?"The Southern leaders havo imposed upon voitr edelity by tolllog you of wicked aud even diaboli ?l innticns on our pari: or our desire to destroy your froe>tn, demolish your property, liberate your slaves, u [jure your women, and such enormities?uli of u hicb, we amu re you, is not only rtdtou- c us, but utterly and wilfully false." Perhaps u 10 veracious Burnslde company would have us believe tat the war did not begin with a proclamation of p Bea :ty and booty" in New York; that the women, tl ben the soldiers left that city, did not invoke each of u tern to hriug ba- k tbo head of a Southern man, aud d lal the Xew York TiiOnn* di I uot doclaro that th i .var u lould not end till southern men were driven from their h oin'-e, and were compelled to look upon their wive - aud u jlldren famished and in rags. If lie says all ibis is g leekood bo must charge it upon the Now York pai-ers, hick c-outlined these sta'em-uts, and not upou Die n mthern leaders. Perhaps he will also deny that < orthern soldiers, on their wj> to Washington,declared r ut they did not intend to i< avo au unpolluted p old in all Virginia, and that the letter hags sei/.ed by p ir army at Mauassaa were full of letters Invoking them n > this hellish treatment of women. Whether he denies n or not. the fact cad be proved by betterrneu than ji imself ?ud by tho ietteis themselves, which tiiil re j lain in doutheru hands: or, when be denounce* as falsa- r ood thou intention to kidu ip Southern slaves, h* is not a ware of the'"act that tho sla ves of every secessionist ? ave boon laWon from him i>y i mooln's orders wheuevor r ie4 Northernarmy have heeu ahlo 10 do ii. When ho p our property is to ho demolished, he has ever h-ard d' Southern houses and ba<ns eel on Are, or of wholesale I onUscaliou ads. When he says I hat ii ia "ridiculous falsehood" that the Yankees dosha to estroy our freedom, he is ignorant of Port Lafayette, t ort W'arreu and oilier Yankee baft lies, and knows othiug Of the thirty respectable citl/.eus o. Alexandria, ? ho have b eu lately torn from then homes to joiu the i. >og procession of exiles from tlie.r native Ian I to aiikee prisons. It irnside avcie that "the desolating -r' 'ar liae been brought ujion your State (Noith 1 a:oliua > ? y com|>arativel> a few ha'l men iu your midst. Iu- s uenced iniiultely op## by the worse paviions o[ human ' a'.uie ih.i.i by uny .share of elevated reason, they are I till urging you at,:ray to gratry their unholy pa>s: >u-." u he man that wrote this knew full well thai No. ih Caro I ua, like Virginia, never dreamed of leaving the old a uion till sha was d. iven out by Lincoln's proclamation, 0 ailing for an a, :nf of T6.0W m- ii, and that the war be I an by the S'pui(Loti sent by the same lyiaut to remuce ! ort Sumter. He might alao know, if he kucw r nv thing ol? S>uibnrn senutneut. that the leader* are far ubind the people In the energy and lire of their re J nuuce to Northern invasion, vv bole it that baa tilled bea? armies, which (he Northern journal* pretend re larger than their own* Is it not au army <>' ulnntecrs, com|? -ed of the |ie?ple, Id which very Southern tauiily, has a representative, an 1 some ? many a* twenty; mothers giviug tip their darling tbtlIran and wivre their bnsbands, aud urgiog them to die aiher than permit the subjugation oi their native lend* f the South bad an nbundiiii' e of srins there would tolay be a million ol volunteers in the lle'd. Who has lot bed tin* army, and pro' ided them wiib all (be contort* they have enjoyed* Who has taken them tulo priiio homos and nursed ihsni when sick as If they were heir own children.- The people! Never was there a novsnient so profo indly and universally a |>opular novemsnt as the Southern war of defence. 141 us tcdl ilr. Hiiruside that If the people whom lie considers the lupesof wicked leadsis had had their way slier the tattle of Mans****, lu which ho and other Yaukeo gene, -sis made such eacelleat time, he would not now bo tailoring on tho coast of North Carolina. Tue battle would have beau followed up, Washington seized, I.iorolu 1 mil hi*Cabinet either caught or caged. Marylaud euiuuiipated,and the North iuvndcd. If he doe* not know le ouglit to know, that It is because the " winked South irn leaders'' have maiked out a rigid defensive policy < bat the North ha* not been madn to taste the sweet's >f that war which they have brought upon the 1 feulli, aud that it the untveisal sentiment ef the < Southern people bad been carried out by their govern- 1 aient the wretches who havs Invaded us would have been made before thu tiiuo to pay compound tnteiest, with Ore and sword, for every insult to Southern soil, for ivery Southern Io<>i tree destroyed, aud every drop of southern blood which has been shed. Burnside aud bobisboroogh conau<ler men to be "inluenced by the worst passions of human nature, wbo eTolt at tbe political ami commercial domination of ilia Horth, and who do not consider Vauk'oUm 'hunt st nirn heiiurn and mifudtUh < f liumau in?i o ntloioi 10 iuiu that opinion ih? .Southern people d.ller. They hate rora their heart of hearts (ho whole festering muss >f hypocritical, cruel and bloody invader*. Tho ouly ditiln lull bet wren llioin and their leaders Is, thai tho odors are ler miri Muncs; tho people for agression, lie leaders lor independence only, the poople from the Potomac to the Itw brands, for iiliei ty and iur vmigeant a. RKACHIXd Tiff; CRISIS. | From th" New Orleans Trie |)r|ta, Fob. W ] All- .gihitla now tolerably safe to predict the long Npm/ the country lias endured from that deferutigof tape which maketh the h art sick, will s?on be over, ind tin rpuistion determined for ages whether those ttalee ate to lie tree, **paiate and inde|iendenl, or to 'all prostrate, subdued and impotent into the old federal pimninalion from whiili they have undertaken to enlarge themselves The great linet of Intercommunication, essential in their independeui integrity to the military strength aud support of tho war, are now,.as it was obvious to us would lie the case long since, menace I by (be enemy in strong loroe, and at several important points his move moots In advaec* ethiblt bis purpose to he the bringing i smtrr., on of battle* whleh cannot fall to be *f a decisive of the momentous struggle. Already bo has taken tboae positions in Kontuclcy and Tennessee which deprive oar guerels of all option between giving battle or retiring to now positions; andae retreat on our aide can scarcely lie anticipated for other than merely strategic reasons for the day applicable, wo think it pretty safe to say that within thirty days the conqucrabilty or not of the South will be a determined subject. We havo never believed in the insane theorise of those who have always seen at hand tba raising of the blockade, or other foreign intervention in eur behalf; nor have we allowed our imagination to dupe us into supposing ths achievement of separate independent government could be accimphshed otherwise than by a long, bloody and exhausting war, and we havo over und over agaii} so proclaimed, but having strong, undying faith in the ability of a united und determined people tohold inviolate a territory of their own so favorably circumstanced as those States are, we shared the dissatisfaction felt by so many that we never could t&kotbo Initiative in aggression, nor dootlierwi-e than watch tho tardy movemsuts of thu invader and accept battle when it suited his purposes to offer it to us. Thank God, then, the dny is at last dawning which is to wituess the abandonment of the Fabian system and when our commanders and their troops, so long burningiy eager for lbs fray, will have the opportunity so eagerly panted for, and detoruiiuo upon their own soil itself whother they or the strangor shall bo its future possessoi s. It was not in human nature much longir to have borne the inactivity imix sod upon our arms by the policy of Richmond, and while it would serve no good purpose now to subject It to any criticism or censure, we feel we are touching the popular sympathies whan we say that there is universal joy at the prospect of early and decided combats. In Kentucky and Tonucsseo the first shocks of battle will be felt, and there at this time somo of our best and most valued chieftains are to be found, not, probably, as well or abundantly supplied with trooi s an>1 munitions as tho enemy, but full of confidence?reliaut, determined and sanguine. Johnston, at Bowling Green; our own Beauregard,at Columbus, with supporters popular,gallant and brave, tliero is no need to be une.-sy or dos;>ondent, provided now, at this 01 itical moment in the history of the wur, the popular heart is properly reached, and every exertion its impulses enable a people to make is put into prompt and ellloient requisition to aid our forces in tho States named. I! the people do thoir whole duty now; if thoy will quickly, thoroughly and generously forward everything available for war purposes, and push forward reintorcomeuts, this war will, before midsummer, bo gloriously terminated; but should thero be hesitancy or holding back, woe, woe be to us and our country for many a long day to come. The North is sick of a contest which is exliausting It and building up a mountain of debt to oppress it lor centuries to come; and to terminate it successfully, so as to make Southern industry shoulder thu expense, it has now put enormous Ueets and armies in motion for our subjugation. us, then, every man, according to his capacity, rally spiritedly to Ibo support of our government, do matter what wo may think of its wisdom or ability, ami placo at its diei>osaI Mi.) means rioadl'al to counteract and defeat the ixpedi,loos of the Xorth in the shortest possible i>eriod >f time. In vam, howover, will Beauregard undertake our de'cure if the means and the appliances he iraporiously rejuires are withheld from h.m ; and let us not deceive jursolves. that if ho ho defeated wu shall escape the pressure, immediate and dir >ct, of actual invasion. If he lias means at all approaching the udequato, the enemy will never gain a tl.xed foothold Ufty miles south )f Cairo, nor will the great valley south ot that place ever lie profaned by foot of invader. Is not our duty, then, uumistakeablo, and is it not urgent? We know that Beauregard is no Kahlua ; we are aware?and circumstanced will soon prove the correctness of wh it wo say?that ;imo what may, ho will meet, light and destroy the wenijf, or he destroyed by hint, before a very long time ; .liercforc, wo repeat, if tlie>o valley States are to be prelected from invasion lroni above, no time is to be lost in itreugtheuing our armios in Tennessee and Kentucky. HOW TO DEFEND RIVERS. [From the Richmond Dispatch, March 7.J It is stated that river gunboats are being prepared at tnnajiolis for the purpose of passing our batteries on lame-i river. Wo have often remarked that laud baltorie3, properly :onstrucled,cau never bo silenced by vessels of any size, tad that m the general history of ah warfare?with the exception of the present war, in which our batteriea, villi lew exceptious, have bean of the most miserable le3criptiou?land fort ideations have alwa>a proved too nuch for ships. But batteries can ho passed without nuch danger by gunb' at- at full speed, and to meet litis tonlingoncy, n.-stels Urtdetl with stouts should be sun!; w fwihat.n l. and if nt nary, iron-clad piles tv aUo driven n, surrovmlfd byche ranxdr. frise yf trees, which could be tartly cut d .ton from theneujhb .ring thdre, und so arrniged u to gi<* the enemy a tunjl d litot lo untie before she would at the on the t itter. In addition to this, lombproof batteries, commanding the channel, should be placed on the shore, and other butteries further back, iommanding any spot at which the enemy might attempt ,o land. This, wo are assured by high naval authority, is he proper un l only reliable mode of defending a river, .'he expo deuce of Fort Douclson has happily demonitrated a fact unknown?that even iron < l*d steamers ire no match for tnirty-two pounders. This is the conession of tlio Yankees themselves, and ,ve are, thereore, warranted in be' oving that, with proper defences, '.. med with g ins of this det< ription no steamer that the tuvty can build can nine u/tJom-' riocr. The Confedeate authorities and tbo City Council should consult >>n he subject our leading naval men, and what they do, 10 quickly. DEFENCE OF GENERAL HENXINGSEN. TO THE KllliOR OK THE RICHMOND DISPATCH. Wh.low Hit.r., J.iaw Rivkk, hub. 28, 1862. Sir?My atieoiion has been tins day called to tho comiuImUoo >f h orrwpaadwl ..igniiig himself-'Justice," 1 a recent niimbor <>r your paper. As Tar as I am con rned.he otl^tnwitU m >rs propriety have subscribed justice to Ins 1'ibriicatiou. He says;? "The forces under Cenera! ileuningsen. with fifteen ieoe? of artillery, wore ordai cd to Itoanoko Island. but bat ho un:ortunate!y misunderstood hie orders, and reisui.-d at BWMk City. I'iioro can bo no reasonable oubl tb it if tlm o lirtecn |iiocas of cannon bad been laced so as to command tin) causeway that It would ave swept away any enemy that daro venture upon it, nd bat e changed wint tic?a a sad disaster into a lorto"s victory " In the above "Justice" bis repeated (I bopc not origiated ) %fai rho <1. I am willing, tn silent disgust, to see orrespoudeuls l:o, report and poll' ottlcors into opbemaal notoriety, butt will uo( permit them with impunity j repot t or lie mo into any kin 1 of undeserved dtsre ute. I will simply stale as mutters of fact, that I did ot disobey or m sun'.err.Utid any ord-r; that obeying ly ordet s, I could not possibly time been on K smoke iland with my command that Il<i<i not the amount of rtillery n ? 'a n d, and, as a matter of opinion (or ilier ocnvlcttuni, I will add, thai if I bud, I could not ui. rhii.nt'd th: i ''c o/" theijolll ntfujht imtil- b>i il portion f nth faxes (ti fk-' Want, and in winch the Kifty ninth urmo'nt of Virginia Volunteers, of th Wise Legion, laved so conspicuous a part. Respectfully, 0. V IiKNNI.NO.SEN, Colonel Fifty-ninth regiment Virginia Volunteers. OMPUL-SOBY ENLISTMENTS IN IIK'HMOND. The following paragraph from the Nickrnond Ditpo'ch, hows the system ot terror applied by the rebels to obtiu soldiets;? AWsh.imj ti Pr.ii.vgt:rvrs. ?Tho 631 persona who tiled to report themse'ee* in Colonel Evans' regimeut for urulln eut, need uol console themselves witb the Suppoilion that ibeir wuues are not known. Their names are nown, enrolled and reported to the proper officer, to be ea!l with as the law directs in regard to those wno fall > report tlkem* let* l'or enrolment. "lira re art othor* la lie U.alriol whoee mimes luve not. yet been ascertained, ml the enroling odours are taking tha proper steps to ti-i them out.and iliey,to?. will be enrolled and reported for drail among tlio tiret levies. lUeiiuuibe. who emu',led iliotuselves in Col-Evans' egiuieut was 1,471. fECOGNITION OF THE CONFEDERATE STATES HY ENGLAND. (Extract from the Petersburg Kxprwas.) A gentleman in tb s city lias recsM by theConredeute steamer Nashville, from a friend in l.ondon, an nierestliig letter, from which we liave been kindly peruitted to msk* the following extract.? The TreiU afair rtioriJ*' lather than hastened the rat ing f the Uoclntle nf nur jmrt'. The m atm i, / Ana: the left "uon for beHmimi, one og eed upon, omte meel t ogn, U' ween englnmt nn-< Fia/trr?the former Power to take the uiliatlve. fbo suttlemont of the Item difficulty on ernic S" tlisgi acetul to the I.incoln government renders t eomewhat indelicate for tier,in vl?w of such a triumph, im to do so. 1 am certain, however, that it w ill occur Kion. All Europe will be united upou the suh,.ect. We aro not authorized to use names, but we feci at iberty to any Unit the above comes from Irgli authority, ind from one as likely to he posted m public matters ss tuy other ni,<n m the Urituih ream. SPECULATION UPON A PROBABLE ATTACK ON AUGUSTA, GEORGIA. |From the Augusta l oDstUutiotiali>t, March 2.] The auxiety ai ming from the larga atock ni cotton in r?ur city is carried to extreme*. Tin; fear that the cotton will add to the enemy 's iuducemaiits to move n Augusta tnd attempt its capture, is magnify >ng the dauger in the eyee of many oi <mr ciliseae. Many have tinally permaded then,selves that tha fate <>t Augusta is aealed up In that of Savannnh and thai lest on. and that If either falls Augusta must tall. Our ootihdenoe I* Be "irons that i'avannah can bo successfully defended, Mutt wc have never glv> u way (o uueaslneee for A gusta It Is but prudence, nrwcver. to contemplate tbo (a? iblllty of such a calamity as the caplure of that city, an-1 to determine upon the course to be adopt e i here In ilmt event Nor n it nn|>o?"lble <ant the i oemy might in that event rraeli Augusta by tb? river, tint tbis latter aoliietretneel is more extremely improbable than ttie other. imly nil e.Ureoidloary ti?o in the river could tempt the cneniv tonndvitake It. To de so then would bo taking 1110*1 unmltltary and recklem bv sards; for titers could bo small oltanee of inch boats as could ascend the-treaiu and bring an adou'iatc force to attack and bold the city,ever w.nding ihotr way up Its tortuous and difficult current. The abrupt curves and Shallow bars mo constantly bcouinng on the river would inl?ri"BH difficulties every hour, ai d the rapid fall of water wliicb mushy follows a freshet, Increases tho In labile*of any such attempt. All this is independent of tho nrtiHeial obstructions, and tbe resistance by bails met bullets which would he iuter)K<sed Kv an If -avannah were captured, It Is vSrj far from certain that the enemy would make an attempt on Augusta. fl Savannah and Charleston both fall, the attempt might lie made. It. probably would be, wbon tbe enemy accumulated a lorce *o large that It could afford to beevi y garrison both elites, and still start a powerful army on a march here. But all these contingencies leave us tun*< to look coolly upon the ulrancos and calmly prepare for the worst. Keen with en uninlarrupted line of land communication over one hundredaud thirty miles of friendly terri^>ry, an Imqac 'eo cumbrous tram of wagons wetjld lx >?vaiiuah'botli enemy, it would be I X4rctl through e houtile country Augusta could be reached The railroads would be tore up and the bridges burnt. Every river and creek and swamp and raviue would swarm with sharpshooters U kill the pickets and stragglers, and out off wagon trains; almost every mile of the march would be tracked will/ blood, j.very Held and hillside would become a Yankee graveyard. It is then useless to entertain fears which events can never realize. The cotton which is now In Augusta it safe, aud to remove it would be unnecessary, impolitic, and mischievous. The enemy have beeu within one hue dred and live miles of the city for three mouths, yol w? nave remained serene and quiet. During all this Urn* cotton has been crowding to Augusta as to a place ol safety. To commence now to remove It Would savor ot unmanly panic rathor tiiau of cairn judgment. Aud it the people of Augusta thus give way to apprehensions mlgnt not a sort or stampudo arise in every other towu mi * ??u'h in two hundred miles of an enemy's camp? Fear is infectious and botrays lllte treason Commonc? to remove the cotton, and soon timid women, and possi bly some timid men, would be (lying from the city, and in less than a weoic it would be retried all through tlia laud that the enemy had captured Augusta. We would exhort the impulsive to pause, the excitable to be calm, the timid tostend Arm. Augusta is a long distauco from the enemy's gunboats. It is hardly a conceivable thing that the gunboats can get here. Nor can < a hostile army march here without having to tight many , a bloody battle. Besides, our broken soil, our swamps, our rivers,and,above all, the unconquerable will and ; undaunted courage of our brave troops, will oppose an j impassable barrier to the invading spirit of the Yankee and to hie thirst for cotton. Let us then be caim and wait for coming events with an unbroken faith in the justice of our cause aud in tho Ood of battle. A PURELY SOUTHERN BIBI.E. [Fr, >m the Tennessee Baptist.) I The following acknowledgment by President Da vis Of a packago of books, consisting of acopy of the first l'ockot Bible and Testament published in tho Southern eoufoda racy, also the new Confederate serins of sohool books, is characteristic of the mau, and must be gratifying to the authors of the series?the one a Georgian and the other from Mississippi:? Rev. J. R. Graves. Nashville, Toon.? Dear Sir :?I have received with great pleasure your letter of the 18lh inst., with the lloly Bible, Testament, and school books accompanying it. The Bible is a beautiful specimen of Southern workmanship, and if I live to bo inauguratod the first Ih-eeidcnt of the confederacy on tho 22U of February next, my lips shall press the sacred volume which your kindness has bestowed upon me. I have no time to examine the school books, but I doubt not they ore improvements on those formerly used, and I am gratitled that a Mississipplan has been the first to engage In this work, so im)>ortant for the instruction of our children. You are right In supposing that I feel a deep interest in every undertaking which is oalculated to mako us thoroughly indepondent in everything pertain- , ing to the prosperity and progress of e free and groat confederacy. With many thanks for your consideration, und best wishes for your welfare, I am your friend, JEFFERSON DAVIS. REINFORCEMENTS FOR GEN. BURNSIDE. I From tho Norfolk Day Book, March 11.1 Beaufort, N. C., March 6,1802. As this Is an important point in a military view, and es public attention has been direoted here by tho recent arrival In this harbor of the Confederate steamer Nashville, I opine that a line or two from this quartor will not bo unacceptable to your readers. The Nashville is now quietly lying at her moorioga near Morehead City, and the blockaders are in full view of the pro/ they have beeu so oager to clatcb. too gallant Pegram was fully equal to his task, and will doubtless, ore the war shall close, teach the Yankoes that they do not carry a broom at their masthead to sweep the seas. Although the blockading squadron has been increased since the arrival of the Nashville, none of I them dare venture within range of the guns of Fort Macon. A gentleman, in whom the most implicit reliance can bo placed, arrived here yesterday from Portsmouth, the extreme eastern limit of this county, and reports that there are at least one hundred vessels at Uatteras, supposed to be roinrorcemcnts for General Burnside. Our forces at Suffolk, I trust, are ready to give him a warm reception?aye, to send him back to the oodOsb and onions of his native New England, as a more congenial clime for his patriotism and military prowess. In reading the various papers that claim to contain tip current news of the day, I have seen no mention of the fact that the Yankees have sunk several stone vessels at Ocracoke Inlet, in this State. Since committing such a crime against humanity at the said Inlet, no blockading vessel has been stationed there, as they doubtless consider that they bavo effectually and permanently closed it against all commerce. If anything of marked importance should ooonr la this vicinity. I will promptly advise the readers of the Day Booh, of the fact. ATTEMPT TO HANG A FEDERAL PRISONER. A correspondent writing from Salisbury, N. C., to the Raleigh Standard, says:? I understand that one of the federal prisoners confined in this place was huDg by his comrades night before last, for using stroog anti-Lincoln doctrines?that he intended to remain in the South when released, and battle for us institutions, instead of being under the dominion of Lincoln h Co. He was rescued from death by tbe timely interference of come of the gaard, who heard hie supplications, he. MOVEMENTS OF GEN. A. 8. JOHNSTON. The At lanta (Ga.) Confederacy, la making the announoetnent that tbe army under Gen. A. Sidney Johnstpa had fallen hark from Murfreesboro and Columbia,Teen., to Decatur, Ala., says:? Wo do uot look upon this with any degree ef alarm or specul concern whatever. It Is not because we are unaMe to hold Murfreesboro, or many other places between there and Decatur, but of choice, and we predict thefruiteef this Judicious movement will be manifest to every one ia due season, wdlfo all will acknowledge and approve it. If the enemy will only attempt to follow, It is all we ask. We have assurances from other sources that Gen. Johnston is making the very best disposition possible ef the forces under liis command. THE WHEREABOUTS OF JOHN BELL. Tbe Atlanta Commonwealth says that John Bell, ef Tea neasoe, would uui reutaiu in i>a*uviite to ne uwuiiou or imprisoned by the Invaders of bin State, but in eafe aloof wiili the rear of the retreating army. It to reported that all be possessed about Naehrtlto to ioat, the federal* bartug destroyed a large eiUbliahment in which he was interim od, if not aolo owner. THR HARBOR (iUARD. [From the Norfolk Day Hook, March 11.] Thirty or forty volunteers are wanted for the Harbor Guard. Private'* pay eighteen dollars per month. The u>ual bounty of fifty dollars and furlough* in accordance with act of Congress will bo given. For further particulars apply at ottics. No. 23 Broad Water street. JOHN J. VODNU, Captain. ESCAPK OFORVI1.LR EWINO. [From the Itichmoud Enquirer, March 19.) Knoxvoxi, Teun., Match 8.1898. All is quiet hero. Orville Fwing, one of 7/Sliooflbr's aid*, ha* e-u'aped from Somerset. Ho reports that tbera are hot few rrgitnauie of federals at Barboursvilto aad ea Cumberland river. 1 homn* and Shoepff have gone to Columbus. Gen. Kirby Smith arrived here tbia morning. There to some stampeding of tories yet. MILITARY ORDER. [.From the Norfolk Dey Book, Merch 11.] OKNKHAL OKDKKS?NO. 1. Ex item v a Dsraai mkm r, ihwniKWoe Noasotjr, ) Nonsoiji , Vs., March 0,1898. f 1. In uh?/liADflA to inilructluni from INviaion f?? rl quarters. teamsters, employee of the military departments within thia district and laborers at th? Nary Yard will be exempted from ordinary militia duty during such service only, and the absence of immediate necee aity, as invasion. inaurrection, Ac., upon their producing to the captain of the precinct in which they are severally enrolled a proper certihcate of auch employment. When discharged they will be immediately reported to aooh captain lor duty. i. Applications for exemption from military duty on account of phyaical inability will liereaTler be made la writing to the captain of the precinct ta which the applicant lieloogs, and by him be referred to the Board of Exempts, before being forwarded to thia department* All persona who claim exemption for phyeieel debility will be required to appear and undergo a peraooal ex em ID..110D iiefore Una Board, the result of which will he em dorsed upon such application and transmuted to thia offl.-e. 3. Applications for leave of abaence from militia drill for more than one day will alao be in writing, addreaeed to tha captain or the party's company or precinct, aod forwarded to (be regimental commander for hie approval before being tranamitted to thia department. 4. Clergyman, aetnally holding the twetoral function, will be axcuaed from drill on Sunday by the oaptalna of their reepective precincts * ire wardens of the c.ttioa of Norfolk ami Portsmouth are exempted from military duty after being enrolled, and ibo captains will detach them accordingly. ft. Two anrgaooa and ona chaplain, to be appointed from the enrolled militia of the district upon the reoemmeudaiton of the bald obieera, will be allowed each regiment in Uied sirict. A Regimental rendezvous are hereby appointed aa fol lows ? Noriullt regiment (Colonel Robinson's), the Custom House; I'orurnouih regiment (Colonel Butt's), County Court House 84. bride's regiment (Colonel Johnson's) rerry roim. In the event of a landing by tho enemy or the Invasion ul tlni difilriot, the eurolled mliiiia, Including all "da. Uchcd on special d uty, excused or on leave jf aiMenoe under (be above ordeie, wlU immediately assemble at tneir re pectus company rendezvous, and thence be in irehed 10 the rendezvous <>f Hie regiment, With such arms sa Hiay than have, or < au proenra, and they will rrmaiu there, kn dosed ranks, until fui ther orders The Homo tiuard, of Noriolk, will meet at the eeme time, In front of the City Hall. Bv errter of tbeCivil and Military (Jovernor. 8. 8. DAWKS, .Secretary, DEATH OF THE HEBBI, MIDSHIPMAN WM. C H UTTEIl f From tbe Norfolk I>ay Hook, March 19 | It li no le?s a painful th im imperative dutv to chronicle the deeth ol tlila gallant and accomplished voung eith er. He was born In the neiyhborMMl of Lynchburg. Va., where his parenis and family now reside, and had attained only hla eighteenth year lie entered the navel school at AnnaiNills in the fall of 18A0. and waa progress Ing rapidly in the studies oi his profession when, by tbe Virginia act of secession, superinduced by the aggressive policy of the I.lncnin government at Washington, he wae called to tne service of his native South. He paused net a moment; chivalrous by nature, and happily endowed wtth talents adapted to hie aspirations, he entered lbs service of the Confederate navy, and eagerly nought that I dietin Dm and glory to which his courage and patriotism A

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