Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 18, 1862, Page 3

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 18, 1862 Page 3
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prompted bun He was on board lb* Confederate gun boat Raieigb. at lb?- battle of Roanoke Island, where be behaved moat gallantly, and b id a narrow eecape with I bat vessel throrgh (he anal to Norfolk On Saturday last. in the same vee?el, be accompanied tbe Virginia (Merrimac), with other steamers, in ibe attack on the federal fleet uear Hampton Roads, and wbtcb resulted in one of ibe mmt brilliant naval viclo rtea on record, sustaining himself through tbe aotioe with that in.bio bearing winch mauve the bero After the surrender of tbe federal frigate Coogreee. end while tbe white (lag wan floating at her mart bead, bit vessel was ordered to that ship, deuhtk-aa for the relief of the wounded. In the performance of lU is bumane mis lion, tbe Raleigh was flred into by a regiment of tbe enemy on shore, and he was shot by a Mime ball, the deadly missile entering the left side sad passing out st Ibe right shoulder. He was soen to advenes suddenly a few steps, and thon tottering backwards, to faM and expire without a word or s struggle. His remains were brought up to the Naval Hospital and decently eucofflned, and on Monday last forwarded to his friends by the Norfolk and Petersburg Railroad. PETERSBURG UNDER MARTIAL LAW. [From tbe Petersburg Express.] Tbe city of Petersburg end the adjoining and surrounding country, to thedistanceof ten miles, have been placed under martial law, by proclamation of 1 Tee idem Davis, and Captain William Pantiel appointed Provoet Marshal, wilb instructions to establish forthwith an eUicienl military police. This action was in accordance with tbe desire of the citiMos, as expressed in a petition presented to tbe President. Volunteering was carried on quite briskly in ibis city yesterday, and we understand a large number of names were added to the army roiie. Our Baltimere Correspondence. Haitiuoas, Marcb 16,1863. Plant of the Retail for Ike Spring Campaign?Their Naval 1'reparations? They Hive to Retrieve Their Recent IHtas. leri by a Series of Victoria?Additional Facts Respecting the Topography of the Country Sous Occupied by the Late Rebel Army of the Potomac?The Portijtcatioms on the Lint of the Rappahannock and Rapidan Were Ertcted Months Ago, <fc. 1 hare bean put in possession to-day or the following a additional facta in regard to. the present position and ^ orobable movements of the late rebol army of tbe Polo 2 nac. If true, as I have every reason to believe, they , " bow tbat that army, nearly 176,000 strong, bas been , * jfttbdrawn (9 a lino that can be defended, for two weeks 1 \t least, with half its force, wbiie the other half ' ? to be used for active and immediate of- . R " naive operations. It is slated here, on good 1 Mtbority, that a week before the evacuation proper had tommeneed, Gen. Jos. G. Johnston bad detached tweuty Ive thousand of his best troops by railroad to Suffolk .IPd Weidou, in order to co-operate with an^er rebel army, near the latter place, in an att^cg on Gen. Rumen.e; and that after the evacuatttn, and after seeing hi" troops in the proper position on the new defonslve line,' Gen. Johnston went down to Weldon to take command 0 Ibis movement, leaving the command of tbe army on the Rapidan to Gen. Gusta^us Smith. J\ je also said here that, while the JJe^funac is ttie largest, sho is by no meat s tbe oul^ vessel of the kind, or the most effective one, tbat the Confederates have; that tbey have no 1 1m eight of these impenetrable sea monsters ne^r7 ready, and that in a few days tbey will set, bail in eompany, and Inflict a blow upon the North which will entirely change the preeent aspect of the war. It ia as ierted poeitively that the Merrimac not at all injured, but that she is being fitted with additional apparatus, i which will enable her to carrj off the Monitor as a | prise. In spite of all that has been watd to the contrary, the SonMsmtes are amply able to maintain their s< cond ineof defence, along the Rappahannock and Rapidan leers,agat&st the advance of the Union army. They have 100jOOO troopa distributed along this line, as folews ?hjOOOat the. wpper ford of the Rapulan, where the oad'from Front Bayed and Mamssas Gap to the tow? of Drag* (through Mad mod j creases that stream; 20,QOQ at > ihe junction of Um same stream with the Orange and ' Alexandria Railroad, and. at the second ford, imsoedtBleiy below, {>,000 at tie to wis of Orange; 5,000 at Gordons ??*ile!T0,(i00a*w poinven the Rapidan, eevoa en Ilea north- t Mat af the twslniad-bciqlge, at ties junction inSt tuonod, , where the read from Varrenton to Louise (fhrSwgb Cul- ' pepper) eroeesn AMnittream on a wooden bridge; 5\S00?t ; Sen&auaa, where tdM road from Uaurahnsinirnir to BowK eg Green crosses'fce Rapidan; 6,000 at Ely 's ford, four ilea frowi'tbe mouth of the north branch of the Ra| patan?Kfe; 6,000 at Falmonth; '20.000 at Fredericksburg; < <0,004 tn frostdrT Newport, and 10,000 at Port Roya<. . All thesorompose part of the late army of the Potomac. The principal fortifications along the ervers are at the pomtswamed dfbove. The most extensive are thoee a i frwdsncksburg. On these works the Wborof a thousand , Mndkswad "five thousand soldiers wss expended from Sbemiddle of May till the 26th of July last. They are ww meufcted with part of the guns brought from the i Piwnic river batteries, and it is said that the , (aimers are sheltered by casematen. The right bank iftho river, between frederickRburg and Port Royal aonsiMs of high bluflk, averaging from fifteen to thirty I -Mel high, wnd for the most part with naarly precipitous i sides. The river is five or six hundred feet Wide and ' sixteen to twenty feet deep. His, therefore, not to be ' supposed that the Union army could cross between I those'two points, particularly as-the engineers of the -wMMi arnnv have crownes! these bltlffii with several Wrong batteri s. For miles around-Bowling Green, too, and between that placo and Port Royal, the nature of the ground is such (being filled with deep swamp# and wrasse* > iii*? no army oonia ndTr urn*, n'gner up Ike river, between Germani* and Fredericksburg, thorr m a reriesol' Ueor ravine*, running at right angles with the itri'Hin, th? intervening ridge* being covered with guiitid pis p. Among or along theee ravines ariiliei j i Muuiut operato, and without artille-v the Do on ar:ny rann<4 move. From Germania to the head water* of i h ' 'Rapidan, and for a distance of Crom'three to five uiiivs tooth of tha stream, tha country is an exact eint'-rpurt ?f that Just southwest of Washington, namely, ranger cf high hills, thickly wooded, and with ravines or |Hisses - between. The natural defences of the line above indicated have i bean improved to the utmost by the rebel generals, who, * for month* |?st, have contemplated the moment when < they would be compelled to abandon Manassas. News from the West Indies. movkmknth or the British bluet at hkhmuda. (Kiom the Bermuda Royal Gazette, March 11.] Her Majesty's steam frigate Orlando, SO, Captain Seoit.C. R., arrived on Tuesday last from Halifax TheOi tando is the largest frigate in her Majesty's service, ' being A,740 tons. Captain Francis Scott, C. B . of her Maiesty s ship Orlaado, goca home in charge of the Diadem. Captain George Randolph lakes command of Hie Orlando. Her Majesty's steam sloop Medea. Commander Preston, arrived on Sunday evening from New York. Her Maje ty's ship Orpheus sailed on Tbnrsdsy for Australia. Her Majesty's steamer Spiteful, which left here for New York on the24th till., returned to port on Friday, having ne t with terrific, weather and sustaining much , damage. She had not been ab'u to lay her course for i two days ol the tune she was at sea. Her Majsotye > hip Lhadcm for England and the Landrail for New York sail to-hay. One of her Majesty* ships will'lkavo in n few days for Halifax. 5 Her Majesty * ship Raoer "leaves Hamilton waters toTbe four manted transport ship Auelaids, CapUln , Fraud, tn thirty one days from Plymouth, arrived at Irs land island on fTiaay, wtm me Heart quarter* of the Fifteenth ragiilt. under the command of Colonel Cole, Tbe Adelaide la bound to St. John. N. B., and will leave in the couraeof Ave or all day#, afW having obtained a apply of proviso-n* and ooal. The Adelaide experienced much rough weaker on her jwarage out. and bad ber bowsprit earned away. Tbe Fifteenth regiment la to be plaeed undor iaavaea at Ireland^! land during tbo coal ng of the Adelaide The Adelaide left tfiieenatown early In the year, with the Fifteenth regiment for Canada, but had to put back Ao F'lymoeth disabled, aince which ahe haa been thoroughly overhauled, and proocunced, after inspects*) and trial, as befc? In .good condition to reaume her voyage. It was intended that a be should cat at Bermuda. SKVWB STORM OK THK ISLAND. [Fretn the Bermuda RoyMdJaaetw, March 11.] About hair padteliree "'ckMkon Friday last we expe . rieaced an esi-eedlagly aevrre tonnado in this towS'and immediate neighborhood. The Ismeil Bermuda while squall, of winch ihedoinadn last Friday wan a very good sample, la well known by the aaacinert who nav gate . this part oas.be woitd. The amount of damage was the partial uaslntlug of a Mlorebotise of (1. 8. Tucker . near the water edge at Waterloo, one oflbe stores of P. Kaltue, oee.ipied by Messrs. Pan Is ton A Trutt the Hamilton Helpers. tbe rreidenre of . Hon. M. CJ. Keen and hra. H. Frith, and eeveral other -.placet on tbe north ndaaafaras the rials, have bren lightly Injured.and ia wome places a few cedar trees have bean blown dtrwn. The vessel* in the liartor were knocked About for a T??rmoment*in snrb a wry that we mw astonished they did not come to grief. On* parted her fastening* from lira. Washington ? wharf (the I'earD.an.l earned away .the Empire a bowsprit. Har Mgjeaiy a altlp Kacar<drag ged ber aneh?r* a short distance. A ad accident occurred in the laea el life of a vary -worthy man named Ben Will.ama ha was in a boat that left the wharf for Somerset Jns*. before the storm com gneuued ,.lbe boat waa sunk and be wont down with bur. U1D JMWKRT 1HBAT**.?A COW1 pilTTIWIiary OenerH Will |? given thie evening, at the Old f 'owwjr theatre to Mr. Jehn nuryee, who hup for long lime peat bean aevorelg iadispoeed Manager Btickncy hu put forth a wury at tr^Uve programme, and the heookt will doulHJat n he bnliper. Riu iinnPr Nioflot iH llont..?A grand gathering* beauty and faehion will lake place thie everting at ?h<-Ht Nleholae H"lel. The proprietor* .will entertain their gnoeta and friend* at th* neual nnnnal hall, and the whole reeourcea of thi* magnificent hotel will he taxotl toglve ttlat to the occae ion. Tn* OoTTPcrai x Menem n'lmmitmo* ? Thie novel nt'iaical warier. for roneert It can hardly he called,comaa efl to day at the Irving Iln 1 Ji i* the only one that wilf be given h*r# i ntil Mr Gottechnik a return from the pro greeted l< r < n wloi h ho la nwtiit to et.irt NEW YORJ THE OA The Position of - e. field 'abattis g OVSftFLoWED a BOTTOM LANDS / 1,2,3,4 and 6?Rebel gunboats?. I 6, 7 and 8?Rebel transports. A?-Bastion f?rt, mounting seven 10 inch columbiads' HfPOSTAHT FE01 THE MISSISSIPPI. I ^ 1 CAPTURE OF ISLAND NO. 10. < All the Transports and Ammunition of ? the Rebels in Our Hands. 1 Opening the Mississippi to i New Orleans. i ACHIEVEMENTS OF OUR ARMY AND NAVY [ Sweeping the Rebels from Our \ Inland Seas. ; ANOTHER VICTORY IN ARKANSAS J ( THREE REBEL COLONELS CAPTURED, ; Ac., Ac., Ac. THE ADVANCE TO NEW MADRID. Our New Madrid Correspondence. New Madrid, Mo., March 13,1862. Tht Marth to X'w Madrid?The Rrhtlt Open f\ro?TKt Military Poiitions of the Contending fbrcrt?DitmUi/faction Routing Am.ng tkr Retxl Troeju, Abnoxt Amoun'ing to Demoralitalion, rfc, The eolnmn under Cneril Pope left Commerce, Mo., on the 27th of February, and, after mix day* of hard marches through and over the interminable jungles of the great Mingo or Nigger Woo! swnmp, sat down in our preeent position. We had scarcely been in our camps a day befbre the rebel battories opened upon us, forcing our right wing back a few hundred yards further from the river. We found the rebel forces here much more formidable than we had supposed, numbering, at the least calculation, not far from twenty thousand mm. ss the retiring garrison from Columbus hod come on here and to Island \o. 10, which is about ten miles above. As soon as General Pope had ascertained the true state of affairs be sent to Cairo for reinforcements, which only arrived, however, three days ego, and have as yet scarce ly gotten over tbo wearisomeneas of their march from Bird's Point. We have had considerable skirmishing with the ene my, and our pickets have boon continually firod upon from the rebel hatt<rics ami infantry; bat no general engagement has yet taken place, nor will there be, I think, until the gunboats from Cairo arrive to ro operate with us. The rebels here are very strongly pouted, or at kaal I ebould judge so from what 1 can see front oir camp. There is not another so peculiarly ntuated n spot upon the whole line of the river You will ere by the diagram I eeod you tbe rebels' and our own present positions. New Madrid stands upon ibo right bank el the river,just at tbe extremity or a very ah' rt and abrupt bend, not unlike the lower ewntl in tbe letter 8. Ten railesabove Is Island No. 10, which rumor snya i?strongly fortified. A mile and a half below the town tbe rebels have erected a strong four bast toned fert, in which they have located seven ten inch rolumbiade. In the open balds around tbe fort, in tbe town and above town,extending to the Little Bayou, the rebels have their encampments (mostly log huts), and tfie whole Is surrounded with s well erected earthwork and dtUh, which wo will have to scale in order to rem* tbe town. The land m very low all around New Madrid, end m times of flood like the present there is little else than water to be seen in any direction. On the opposite aide of the river fur several miles the tim Iter has boon cut away. which gives e fair range to thp enemy's nrtilierjr for sevoral miles up the river. But e glance at the diaimam will give a better view than a column of description. This morning an accident occurred at our heavy siege hattery, which cost us four gnllanl soldiers killed and some eight or ten more or leas Injured I refer to the bursting of a tweniy-four pounder siege gun. The rebels have five iron clad ganboate in front of th? town and three transports above The gunlxwis are J covered with railroad iron, and mount in afl soror twenty seven guns. Several deserters came into camp yesterday, who re pt rf thai great dissatisfaction and demoralisation exist in thr rebel nrmy.nml that an entire brigade ?r Irishmen l>o?! positively refuged to rigid. IJow iruo the story may 4 ARCH 18, 18ttZ-TKli'LIS ISLAND t .K'ew Madrid Befo MD K HEKALD, TUESDAY, M iPTURE OF Island No. 10 and ^GEN. POPES UOMMAI k \\ ESS 2S^S53 ?22H \ H# # * iW^ - ' II U)W TIMBERED LAND flf 'II WITH THE MOST OF THE njf /J TIMBER CUTAWAY TC I) i AFFORD M/EWOF flVEfi / \ / HEAVY TIMBER Tour of which command the rivor. B?Now Madrid. C? Geuoral Paine. >e 1 will ooi say. Our troops are in excellent health and m pints, and eager for a chance to emulate the example set tj hem at DoMlaon. Our Calre Cerreipendeace. it Ox mo, HI., March 13,1862. t< it-rural Pqpt'l Mwvmtnti?IPAo the Rtfxl Or rural Cum 01 mantling at JVrw Madrid h?Gmrral Strong at Cairo, dr. General I'ope, with his army, boa gone down to Point 'leasanl, ten mile* below New Madrid, where, at la?t t< .ccounte, he waa placing hia heavy batteries to command ^ he river. 1 learn from an officer juat from General Pope's com nand tliat the rebel gunboat Grampus, and the rebel w looting battery Mannssaa, carrying twelve guns, are op- r< >oaite New Madrid. If thia la the caae, and if Gen. Pope taa any efficient batteries at Point Pleaaant, we have them _ iemmed in to a certainty. But I do not credit the report; I or. certainly, the rebels in allowing themselves to be him outflanhed would show themselves to be greater oole than they did In embarking in the heresy of rebelion. Brigadier General J. P. MeCown (not McCowon) of Ten leasee, ia in command of the rebel forces at New Madrid J tad is represented aa being a very able officer. He was ti . aiiiHsnt at West Point, and graduated in the same class nth General U. S. Grant. He has been at Columbus to wmmand of the batteries during tbe rummer. General A itrong arrived bare yesterday from St. Louis to relievo eneral Cullom in tbe command of this port, aud to day tl I found him ensconced in the official chair that has since ny rejourn in Cairo been occupied and vacated by (funerals Treaties, Grant, Mci'lernand and Cullom. (General * [*ulk>m left this morniDg for St. Louis, utterly exhausted uid broken down with over exertion and trouble with ibe provincial reporters, OPERATIONS AT ISLAND No. 10. J Cairo, III., Mureh 10.1802. ' The reporter for the press, now on board llie flagship, . two miles above Island No. 10, sends the following ? I Tbe flotilla got underweigh at baif-|inst five o'clock this 1 morning, and dropped down slowly until about seven o'clock, when the flagship, being about twenty miles t ahead and six miles above the island, discovered a stern I wheel steamer run out from tbe shelter of a point on the Kentucky shore, and steam down the river. Four shells were thrown after her, but the distance was too , great for the shots to take affect. I At nine o'clock tbe fleet rounded to about three miles ' above tbe island. mo immmiore uwu oruereu wm 01 iac morur boats into position. At this hour, two o'clock la the afternoon. wo nrc within range, hut aa yet have hoard nothing from the enemy. There appear* to he a large rebel force on tho Kentucky shore, and we have eouoted thirteen guns in po. aitton on the bluflh. a large number of rebel transports ?aa also be seen acres* the low point near the Missouri shore, busily engaged around the island, but what they are doing cannot be determined. The mortar boata an momentarily expected to open t , fire. We diaeara the mwdh talked of floating rebel battery at tho tslmd. j Caiao, 111., March 10?4 P. M Tho rebels at Island No. 10 hare a eery strong positionfori* sis suns hare been counted. Fight mortare ahelled the battery abowe U>? ielnnd today. The enemy left* reeeral tuner, but returned. They only flred with twefunr. Our shells rmi<had the inland eerily. Oneral fop* baa aaot despatches to Gommiodore FooU,

say Nig that hit Vary guru command the river, K that neither tUamiacU nor gcmloat oflht tnem) torn pom. Firing baa t>?ao heard in tba direction of New Madrid a)) day. It i* auftpoaad that the rebel gunhaaia are try. jig to force a pannage. Seren rebel tranrportn near Inland No. 19 are hammed in. Thr encampment of the enemy it visible, and in aup. poaad to be large eaongb for 1A .000 to 30,000 men Canto, March 17, lg<)3 There ia nothing later from Inland No. 10 than a de span h to-day which aaya that the accuracy of the firing by the mortars yeelerday waa fully equal to previous eapactatiotie The nmrtar fleet threw two hundred and forty shells nd the Benton forty one It is eipected that one or J ground D?General Granger. H?General Palmor. Coif no I Grocsbock. ore of the enemy'? work* will bo reduced to-day, and ai le place closely invested. ? It in thought by tome that tlio rebels are march- S ig across (bo nock <>r land from the island di > Merriwcather's landing on the Mississippi, ^ aly Ave miles, over a practicable road, and be- ^ w Point l'leasaut, tho place where General i'opo baa bat- w tries, and that wben tbey are embarked on the boats s ? ho smoke of which was plainly seen yesterday at or ^ par Merrlweather's landing from the gunboat Benton) e shall And tbe rebel nest empty, and tbe river clear of L bels to Randolph or Port Pillow. l< si IAPTURE OF ISLAND NO. 10. : ^ m St. I>ot*is, March IT, 1602. h In response to a serenade to-night, General Hal leek an- ? minced from the balcony of tbe Plan'er'a House that .land NumJbrr TVs u curt, with ail the ammunition and aiufor/t the enemy had tktrt. o He said also, that another victory Dad r>?on gain in r rkansas, in whirh throe robots Colonels were captured. n The particulars have not transpired up to the hour of P le closing of the telegraph ofllcc for the night. NKW MADRID AND ISLAND NO. 10. IAP OK TllK VICINITY OK MKNKKAL KOPK'8 VIC* rOHY?THK LOCATION OK ISLAND NO 10?8 KETCH OK NKW MADRID, KfC. Our niup shows the relative positions of Ceneral Pope's J irces himI the rebel fbrtillcatioun at New Madrid and *land No. 10 prc\ ious to tho evacuation of the torroer nd the attack upon the latter. Tito line of the rebel utrenchment* extended for some distance In front of be town and along the banks of tbo river below that J mint, and to further strengthen tbo position a fori bad >eCu "erected by the rebels commanding the river and heweslctnl nIrene.lied line. An abutiis had also been hrown down to impede the progress of the troops, if hey attempted to advance in front of the line upon the oriMcations,and in every important location balter!n " md been stationed. Tbe low timbered luml of the wninsula?which is caused by the beiul of the river?has keen partially cleared to alford a view of the whole >xlent of tho Mississippi from IslaAri No. 10 to the fort ' [kick from this clearing the land Is covered with heavy limber, which is succeeded by a swamp. Tbe land on .he opposite shores?east and west?of tbe peninsula is ow, swampy, and tor the greater part of tbo year over lowed by the backwater of the river. Thus it would ippear that if the rebels nre beaten at Island No. 10 they pave no means of retreat on any aide, for at those points where there are no troops?and they nearly surround ;hu position?swampy land would prevent tho pamuige of i in army. 8KKTCH.OR NKW MADRID. New Madrid Is tbe capital of New Madrid county, in the ftale of Missouri. K is situated on the Mississippi river, itaro hutuirgii mml fiirtv itv?u mileft below St. I ahum. seventy nine miles below Cairo, sixty-one miles from nolumbus, forty two milee from Hickman, and about ten miles from lalaud No. M,all by tbo course of ibe river. It ia also one hundred and fifty-six miles above Memphis, nine hundred and forth-seven miles from New Orleans, Md eighty, two miles southeast of Jefferson City. Previous to the rebel I too the principal business of tbe place was in shipping corn, lumber and cattle for Southern markets, and ia this a Urge trade was transacted. , The house* are mostly built of wood, on account of tbe , frequency ef earthquakes, by which this town was great- ( ly injured in 1811. It was Qrst settled in 1780, and a , well to de newspaper office once eilated In the place. The county has an area of eight hundred and eighty squareaaibw, the Mississippi river flowing on the eaetern border, and the Whitewater, an aliluent of the St. Katie is, on the western border. The surface of the Und is an alluvial plain, without a rock of any description. Kartn qualsas in the vicinity have often changed the relative landmark* ef the county, and the islands of the Missisetppt river have dieappeared, and the course of tbe ISLAND NO. 10. Till* island I* situated in lb? corner of that bend of tbe Mississippi river which louche* the border or Ton n***oe,? few mile* farther up the river than Now Ma drld, although nearly south wool of that point. It I* located about two hundred and orty mile* from Ht. Louie, nd nine hundred and fifty from Now Orleans. The elevation of the river at thru point ie about two hundred feet above the level of tbe delta, or Ita mouth. The average depth of water at thie point ta from ninety to une hundred feet; the breadth of the stream from main land to mainland m about nine hundred yard*. The current run* by the island at a moderately fast rate, and with the power of tho three rivers?Mississippi. Missouri and Ohio?comhinod. The Island 1* n*ar the southern, yt what is termed the eastern, hank of the river; hut at this point th* stream varies from its southern course and turns abruptly to the northwest , leaving this island n ths southern angle of the hand It is about forty five uiiec, hy the course if the river, south of Columbus SHEET. 10. 10. cc dl re Its Capture. '' ^ ^ j i REBEL BATTERIES' ' O? Kour Ohio regiments, OeDeral Stanley. H H? Rebel encampments. /and A'?I'nion batteries. id about twenty-six miles from Hickman. It is near v bionvUle. KETCH OP THE REBEL GENERAL McCOWN. r " 1 *-1 13 -* Vf-r- _ L. mt V?u> Ma rid, is a native of Tennewee, and Filtered the Military g eudcmy at Went Point as a cadet in September, 1835. t ,*> graduated in 1840, standing No. 14 in bin class, in ( 'hicb were the following well known officer*:?General | tewart Van Vliot, General Thomas, General W. T. her man, and others. On tbe let of July in that year be 'ue appointed a Second Lieutenant of tbe Fourth artil- ( iry, and in September, 1843, wae promoted to a Flret j ieulenaucy. He beld tbe t>oeition of Regimental Quar- ] rmaster from March, 1847, to the end of 1848. He j >rved in Mexico,and was breveted Captain for gallant t ud meritorious conduct at (Vrro Gordo. He was made ( full Captain in January, 1881, and held tbe same rank j 1 tbe breaking out of tbe rebellion, when, on the 17th of lay, 1841, be tesigned and joined tbe rebels. I LAILROAD CONNECTION WITH NASHVILLE ' SUSPENDED, ETC. Lxiiisvillb, Ky., March 17,1843. ( The rains of Friday night caused Barren river to swell ver its banks, and a portion .of the bridge over tbe iver at Bowling Green was carried away. Railroad conation with Nashville is consequently suspended forth* resent. The Ohio river is also rapidly rising. , OUR ARMY AT MANASSAS. Arrival of a Union Man from I Rebeldom. < VIore Interesting Particulars of the Rebel Retreat from Manassas. fHEIft ARMY COMPLETELY DISPIRITED. Abandonment of the Black Flag in Richmond* Appearance of the Rebel Work* at Centreville. Splendid Strategy of General Mlellnn Compelling Their Abandonment, dee.. Ac.. Ac. GENERAL M'CLELLAN'S DEPARTMENT. PMllltln of the Prrtrnt Headquarters of General McClellan?Rapid Despatch of Business?Visit of Mrs. General McClellan to the Potomac Army, Ac. WiMttwrro*, March IT, 1862. The present headquarters of the Army of the Potomac tr? .uBclenl for the ample accommodation of ibe i?f nersl and staff, so that few are obliged to occupy tent, at Kalrfax Court House. The speady adoptios of means and rapiiMty of business dtapatch was never mere fully illustrated In any campaign of any of the large armies of the Old World than In the movement, of General McClellan. The buetnees operations connected with the manage ment of the Army of the Petomac are of a magnitude surpassing belief. Aa if by a tali.manic touch, comes a rhanga to the scene, and ell tba huge paraphs nalla of war change their lorsllly with a orlerl ty suggestive of transformation. In the legendary tales of the Orient. In tha present ease there ig a ay Mem as well aa des|mtch, showing |n the managing head that clearness of frresight nri mmurelinn.ivenoss of details essentia) lo tl,? <u, . lopment of great plana. It wa* ttoia buaine** aptitude tliat formail a striking loature tn lha character of Napoleon. an<l It i* ihla that show* a* much, if not mora than anythiug else, that General Mct'lollan 1* thn "right man tn the right place." Sine# taking the field at the head of the I'otomac army, he ha* bean employed day and night in preparalk.na to carry out hie plan* for the future. Kvcrylhlng has been arranged for the coming blow, and It will aoou come down. with at it nnlng and overwhelming force, and wheu and where least expected. Mr*. General McClellan and some other ladle* to day visited the headquarters of the Army of the Potomac, on the Virginia aide. They also took a look through the n mp-t adjoining Alnion nan who has errapod from Virgin a give* tctno interesting facts respecting his egperiencrs w.th u | 3 4 w last few month* lie is a native of ooe of the North 'O ^Utee, eiid has reenlod South a few years, where hu a* engaged to a permanent bur m we when the rebelliou mk* out. The atory of hu escape like thai of many here, is full ef exciting incident. He say e that the rebels 'Uinjcm ed removing their stores from Mnnaesar several tva before the Uuai retrograde march of their uriny, ving an an excuse along the railroad that they had ac imulated too large a quantity of stuff at Manassas Their ego guns were carried to Kichiuond afterward, so the undue tor of the railroad avers. Theu the troepe bapan > come along past the Rappahannock station They ante on Monday, in the care and by the reads Tbirtyix trains came over the railroad |>a8l tbe Rappahannock nd at each stopping place detachments w> uhl leave he train aud scour the neighborhood for teams anil II means of transportation. Part of ths artillsry wsnl a lbs cars, and part over tbe roads. They look various oubs through the woods and us tbe retreat progressed hey hurried along in utter coufusMin. Oener.il Johnston took supper ut Mr. Mowcu's, Rappa untuck Station, on Monday night, March 10. The army vaa completely dispirited. They were as much dumpcm ted at tbe order to retreat from Mauassas as some of ur bloodthirsty politicians were. They said that if they ould not fight us at Manassas they could uot anywhere This informant says that enlistments for tbe rebel rniy have been very slow, and that bills have been osted in all places, giving notice that all who would vol nteer before ten days would he allowed fifty dollars ounty, but otherwise they would be drafted lulo tbe ulilia. The tune expired on the 10th instant. The first families of Virginia are very bitter in their utred of the Yankees ; but the middle chores only wail lis advance of our army to declare themselves for the, nlon The rebels feel indignant that Beauregard was taken rem the army of the Potomac. They were talking ol iirnirg all their property and following the army to tichmond. Preacher Bennet, a rich l'aptist clergyman of Farquhar outily, a great secessionist, left on Sunday woek, going iirther South to secure his negroee. Our informant was in Richmond when the death o! olllcoffer was received. They were talking then of rate ig the black flag, and resolving to givo nor take quar nr. The news produced a great depression , and tbo lack flag was dropped. The recent recnnnoissance of General Stoneman on the eels of the rear guard of the rebels retreating from lanassas extended up the Orango and Alexandria Rati' ond only to Cedar run, a mile this side of Warreuton unction. General Stnneman's force consisted of bu* ftecn hundred cavalry and eight hundred infantry. At hat point they came close to the rebel pickols, whoin bey drove over the run, to a force of about two regtnents of cavalry, infantry and a battery of artillery. No attempt was made to follow General Stoneman on is return towards Manassas. The rebels had burned the Cedar Run bxidge and II* ridge at Rristow, but not otherwise injured the railroad. The roads travelled over by the reconnoitering force rerc found strewn with hats, cape, blankets, muskets, jiimumtion, knapsacks, broken down and abandoned wiled wagons, 4c., he.. showing that the retreat of the oar of the rebels, at least, was uiade under a real and exenslvc panic. Many of the regiments over tbc river suffered exceed tig y from the storm of Saturday, several being exposed 0 it without any shelter whatever. A member of the few York Twenty-first regiment waa drowned in fording 1 stream swollen by the rain, and a flue team attached to ne of the baggage wagons was swept off. Several men mlonging to other regiments are also reported drowned. A musician, named Joseph Shaler, in the band of the 'wenty.first was accidentally shot in the leg by a com' ade, but without fracturing the bonf. The ball was ex. racted by the surgeon, ana ib - wountded man Is in a fair ray to recovor speedily. , Tbe condition of affairs at CeotabvtUe upon the en ranee ot tbe federal forces last Monday entirety oor. oborates tbe statement published i^ta# Hmuao in Deember last, given by .a negro vshohod been the body ervant of a rebel artillery offices. His description of he works was accurately correct. His estimate of tbe orces at that time at Manassas and Cenlreville was one iimdred and twenty-five thousand men a;,u one hundred and four pieces of artillery. From the most reliable information recently obtained, bis force was reduced only about fifteen thousand men >y furloughs to men whose enlistments were expired. Ib ias already been staled that these works were intended or the use of field artillery, with covered ways between be forts for the passage of artillery rapidly from one to be other. The natural strength of tbe position ie unsurMssed. Upon examining the place and its defences the Prince To Joinville remarked,that in Europe, to bnve compelled in enemy to evacuate such a stronghold without the leee if a man, or even without firing n gun, would have been onsidercd the meet brilliant achievement of the whele campaign. The story of tbe Quaker gone tarns out to be entirely a joke of our own troops. Amoog tbe earliest in entering the works at t'entsrviilo ind Manassas were Cotooel E. H. Wright and Colonel J. J* Astor, of General McOolJan s staff. These officers rode ill tbrouxh the works soon aftsr they had been on lered by the advanced guard cf the federal nrniy. and ihcy flute most positively that there were neither yunko* piusnor painted logs, nor logs of any kind, in the etr Drufiires at that time. NEWS FROM SEN. BANKS' DEPARTMENT Slight Skirmishing Still Kept Up In the Neighborhood of Winchester?The Rebels Still Larking on the Outskirts of the Army, die., dw. Wariilnotoh, March 11, IMS. Several picket skirmishes have occurred In the vicinity of Winchester betmoeu our cavalry aad the enemy, without any serious results. Ihe rebels still linger wistfully in the vicinity of the town, and show little disposition to leave before they are drtven away. To day aU is quiet among the pickets and elsewhere along our linet. Cedar Creek Bridge Destroyed by the Rebeta?The Retreat of General Jackson. WmnusNm, Va., March 17, IMS. Contrabands confirm the report of the destruction ot the bridge over Cedar .creek, and report that Ueoeral Jackson has rstreated up lbs valley towards HarnsburgAll was quist at the outposts. The Lower Potomac. TO CAiflAB TUB TUIMOB THAT ABB C-CSAB'f to ttie mrroR or the herald. 1 saw In tho Herald of lbs 13lh an Editorial which ay. * ?? 'v- /if oaw %m Hital nf Uklnir mitttwirm pears logive HIOVINII V" ?? -?/ ? rn of tbe battcriee on the Potomac to General Hcoker. The facte are three?The flotilla took poeeeeaioo of all the batter D-e, hoisting our flag over them and shelling tbe rear guard of the enemy out of Shipping Point batleriee, preventing their completing the destruction of the ammunition, fcc., there, they held the halteriee until neat morning, when they were turned over to tbe armg. On the 14th tbe flotilla shelled Aquia in the forenoon. Although some ef tbe gum had certainly been removed, tbe enemy replied from guna in tbe lower hill battery. Towards sunaet tbe shelling wae repeated, bat there was no resp'Ose, from which I infer that the enemy have left the point. Burning of the New Preebyterlan Church at Blnfhaaten, It. Y. # ihnonaiitok, N. YMarch 1T, 1M2 The new and splendid Presbyterian thurch, an edifice just completed and unoccupied, together with tbe old ehurrb, was burned to the ground at one o'clock Una morning. iaws $26,000. Insurance$1S,000 Par eon Brown low. ^ "" j ruiLAMLriiiA, March IT, 1MB. ' inpwrii Known jiuniiFacr m it. nuwh inimt hm oflbred rareon Brownlow 110,000 for the ropy right of h' propoeed book, giving an account of hka sufferings Important Derision In Regard to Tnxea In Wloconaln. Miiwaran. Win., March 17,1863 A decision of tha Supremo Court of the Stale tn relation to the arreeement of taxea. declares that all the Slat* taxee'levied since 1MB are unconstitutional, by reaeon of the Inequality of taxation. The Logirlaturo will lake im mediate action in the matter The act for the relief of farm mortgagee ia aim decided to be unconstitutional. Arrival! an?l Drpartaru, ARRIVALS. Steamship Roanoke?Mr and Mrs A II Rllia and ertant. Carina Putlneaa, P Ward, 1 <le la Toyn, Oenrgr H Curtis, Joee Lot**. Oaspar Kluro, R Martlner, Howard, dreg*. B. rnard Noba, ('apt R M Haggs, Chaa Benfud, R Keinandet, J a* aane n, JnoNorrla, M tienaa, Piulio Merttclla, .1 f Cabaasa, Henry Proctor, Henry Wood, liwie Rosenthal, Robt Rpeton, Jn* R Aiken, Robt Powell, Tlios Mainnrd, Lt 'olpa, Jno McDonald, H Merchant, Jiu> Conlln, Ki?n. i? lie Martina. Wm Pinagon, Jno Brotcli. Win Kite. Chits L'iiy, Mo? Mini* Molly, ,tno Miintlila, Oeo Ri . Ii, l'ij Cuerle, Andrew Leala. Jno r Lera, Antonio lanceti. M Catherine Oardella, J Caiastio, Balvador Balagnr?Total AC

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