Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 19, 1862, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 19, 1862 Page 2
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2 , ! shaH be compelled to give up my duties hero m order to secure forage for my command, by Bonding or going uh a force thai will secure me impunity from such outrage*. I am far from supplies, and respectfully beg that a stop may be put to suchoonduct, and that the oUiceru tuay be rebuked Sg respectfully desire that the person of the Thirteenth ississippi regnuunt be ordered to give an account of his conduct. 1 hare Just learned that Col. Kemper took the others. U. L. BONH.ill. A Curious Ducumrat. Hssimi annas KIKW BKIOAPS A. P.,\ Cane i.aaoo, July 27, 1881. J far aa T can. I will carry out the directions contained m special ordera So. 168 immediately. But two of Colonel Kadford'a companies are here. As your order does not designate the six companies for duty with the brigude, I will do so at onco and aeud for tbem, namely, Captain Pitzers', Lieutenant Harris Captain Terry's, Captain Hale's, Captain Flood's and Captain Whitehead's. The following companies will acoompany Lieutenant Colonel Munford's:?Captain Wilson's, Captain Liavia', Captains Alexander's and I-angh^me's. 1 have received no order indicating localities of the difr?rent brigades, and ask for all special orders, from 120 to 160 exclusive, which in any way apply to this command, excepting 158 and 157, which are the only ones I have. As I do not know where the com|?tni?s designated are, will you be pleased to order them sent to me. KespectfUlly, your obedient servant, M L._BONHAM, Brigadier General commanding. ' I# Colonel Thomas Joa?a*,-A. A. General. Rebel Soldiers' Friends to Leave the Camp and Not Keturn. The following general order was endorsed, "The visits of oitizens to their friends in the array to be discouraged. This is no time for feasting, Ac., but standing to arms," Ac., Ac.:? Poor hsadgrsimatfl, Camp Ph kkns, Sept. 19, 1861. GKNSRAL OBDKllS?NO. 26. No person not a member of the army will be allowed to enter the lines of a regiment or battalion without special permission from the commander thereof. No such persou will remain within the said lines after retreat without the permission is in writing, and then only for one night, unless lbs permission is approved by the commander of the post. The frequent visits of friends of the voluntiers only lead to discontent, and is to be discouraged. This is no time for visiting and feasting, but for standing to arms and ashling, aud let those who have no stomach for the latter stay at home. It is necessary to add that even the visits of the female friends of the soldiers, though prompted by the high and holy motives of charity and syv, ithy, are equally unnecessary and injurious. T < which exist are many, and the beet means at to shield the troops from their edi cts, and the mcuu con ho best applied by ih>>se to whom the duty is now entrusted. By order of General CLARK. W. S. Baaar, Assistant Adjutant General. THE VERY LATEST. See the latesiteleg?aphic despatcnes In another column f this morning's Humid. Proposed Extension of Church Street. or the btkeet opening committee. A meeting of the Street Committee of the Board of Al dermen was hold yesterday, for the purpoae of hearing the views of those interested, on the proposed extension of Church street to Battery place. Alderman Bootr, after calling the meeting to order, ashl the committee had decided to allow sight gentlemen ' from each side to enter within the railings for the purpose of argoing the question. Mr. Hdito.'k said ha should present a list of rcmon stranta who represented two hundred millions of property. The remonstrants, he said, were gentlemen,not boys in boarding houses. Mr. Aster's name would be found among them. Mr. Gc-tiikr objected to the remonstrance on the fiou >u iQui u was signea oy many peruse woo surf noi interested id the object proposed. Mr J. W. Mucks objected to reading the remonstrance, as it remonx.rated against the "widening of Church street. ' which is not what is pet tiouod lor. Mr. Howku. Hoptock tlisn rose to speak against the measure, and satJ lhat bo wria opposed to it on tbo ground that it would involve a greet ox penes and would not benefit any |?rlies whatever. Ex-Judge t'eHnsKrosi. said he agreed with Mr. Hoppock, and hoped the committee would give th-m a little breath u g spell. He believed that the owners of real eatute wers just now in the same slats a.- those having Mli-righteoasiii-ss, the more you hare of it the worse you are off. Ho thought this was a very inopportune moment to pros* any measure of improvement involving the outlay oi a dollar. Us thought they ought to follow the example of legislative bodies all over tbecountry had economise. The amount ot' the assessments would not be sufficient to defray the expenses, and the b irden would ultimately fall on the taxpayers. Isaac L. 1'latt said the pr jsct of widening Church street was not to improve i bo city or benedt thd property owners, but that, after the st eet is opened, a rail rend would be run through it, and thus ruin the business, as is the case with every street through which s railroad is run. Mr. Howki.l Horrocc mid he objected to the petition In favor of the widening of Church street, as many of the peiitioners signed it in the year 1800. Some of tboae parties are now dead, others have tailed and some have even attached their signature* to the protest against the exienei' n. Conn iluian I'ivckxb said ha had bad the honor fur twenty years to represent prope'iy in the vicinity 01 the proposed opx ning. He thought that the burden of the war was sufficient to duter tbo committee from further ing this obje t. It is the crossing ~f Broadway that causes the confusion, and that whon Chambers street is graded and p.'ve'l Broadway wili be uoiisidersbiy re tiered. Isaac L. Pi.^tt sio lhat a very large number of stores in the lower | art of tbo t ily will not be occupied during 1302-63, and the rents of those occupied will depreciate Mr. J. V Mxus said he had opposed the measure at the last meeting lor tba ;>arp< flu or gutting nifonuatiou in . regard to it. Tho opponent* aupp ?e the pursue ia > t> gala wide avenue tar a railroad, l'he coat will no doubt he vary gif it, but Broadway below Pulton struct j requires relief. The extension M Church atreot will druw oft verv much of the truvc fi otn 1 trued way ; it would cut I turough aome stores which are now pay ,ng over three j per cent Of the aw ards tliev would receive. The cost he j estimated would b- aliooi $f*>0,000. dome 10,000 lots i would be ben fitted,ami the assessment would probably j col excoed fMJ p.-r lot. .several oilier gentlemen then spolto In favor of the meaiurc, r.nd the committee adjourned without coming to any d< c is ion, Tho following wore among the gentlemen present:? Richard H. McCurdy, Cnorgo H. Sw. r la, John C. Tucker, Joltu II. Sherwood,steph a Storm and Andrew H. Mickle. Arrival of the Tnltrd States Steam Frigate Roanoke. The United Statue steam frigate Roanoke arrived tbi* morultif fiom Ilamn.-ui Roods. having baen Ove days on the passage. Sho comes to thla port for repairs. The following is a list of bur officers:? Captain?John Mars ton. firtl Lt'itU' tM, E- Ofivrr?T Scott Fnlebrowa. I'aymaetrr?Benjamin f. < a .oona, Swown?l.dward Gilchrist LvuXnant?Henry It. Todd. Capta-n of Mnrtnet?M. R. Hiaetsinf. Chaplain?Hubert Gr. in. A tuHani Xury.un?J. C Spear and Ira W. Bragg. Atiina MaJ'rt?U. U. 1>. Vvorheos, Kbgsr V?u SlyoU, Abi.or West and ami s D. li ?ruuaiu. Mi'hhipmnn?G. K.Heserell. Eernrui Aui.Ulnt r?Thomas X Griffin. Third Anidanl Enynpr*?George W. Uurkcap, Wit;mm H. G. West., Albei t Jackson ami Alfred Uedriclt. farrUv-ttn?Thomas Uentietl. Gunner?Thnmas 1'. Von^oiea. CirpetLtr?Mark W. Paul Sail-makf?W.9. 8 Broughtoo. Ca^am't Clerk?W II Knnis. Paymatlrr't Clerk?John J. McOormiCk. Mt-irrt Ha/e.?Cher las J Kogeis. J. W. Butler sod .las. McLMial'l. filet?Walter H. Lingo. Coroners' Inquests* Simiroaa Momisuty awtw Cuilihu *.?There w re no less than three i sses of child suffocation on ?1. I'slri k s Dsy In one case the infant was smoihsr-d in its mo ther'a arm* while the latter ?w looking at the procession. In another In tance ttr m ther was ...irr} ing the dead body of hor child about'he eitjr for ever on hour before-he diacovar d the fact f 'h h II'.' .1 >ih. and In the third caee death wat n?u?ed by the mother raru leaaly lying upon the child wh le in lied. Coroner Wildoy held an Inquest in each cnac. Koown Duowwsn.?The body of a man named John M ir. ray wae found drowned >u the haaiu, on the north -ideof tnaTransverse road, Central I'ark, y??t<rday. neocvcd hail beta missing since !h 2fld of December la?t, und sraa In tha ioirnodia'o neighboihiHid of the boon v .,eu leal ?een alive The body wae ; move.I to Ui at ilbm hour > whore en toquafet was hold l.y Corouor oil 1 u. I ?. eeaaed wag thirty at* years of age, wise native ire land, and realdrd In fifty tilth alrcet, near re tenth avaaue. Kaao. uri Oil Casualty.?.Sophia Fraderiek, a woman 1 twenty -one year* of air#, died at 8 Vineent'a Hot | pital yesterday, from the effect* of burns gcel l*eitaliy re- j oelvad by th# e*t lottcn of a ker. sane oil J.itup. The >i;cldent hnj'ietijd rn the 24th ul'., at No. 430 s Hudson street, and wai the reatilt of carele uoe*. Coroner Collin officiated. Pal Ice Intelligence. Real ?* 01 a .as -fw. old offender*, named William Hyatt and William Wi'son, ware arrested by the fifteenth ward police on Monday after ne>d?, on auspiclon of pcrkat picking. The prisoners, it is believed, were the parties who get ftro to a load >f hay at the junotlon of Fmrth areaoe and the Pow y, daring th - progioaa of the yrn. cession Their ohj et .f rse. .< * to pro I re some, thing extra in the way of a Jam, and featbar their Deeta during the coof.mi. n- Several porket* w?re picked before Ih# poire discovered the ruse, but 'be !oe* wea compare lively trifling tr rival of tha Caledonian. Puariswi), M*., March l*4iafl2 Th# steamship raledoniun, CaiUmn Clark, fr<im Olta gow on the Mth kit., arrlrkd her* at noon to day. gh* baa forty two passenger* NEW YOJ THE MONITOR. SIIOT PROOF VESSELS-ERICSSON'S BATTERY. By Isaac Niwton, First Assl-tast Exuiwbk.U. s. N., Now Chikv Kxciskbs or th? Monitor. [From the Journal of ill a Franklin Institute. At the present lima, while the cover:.meut Is working at the problem of iron clad veaeels, ami all thinking citizens are deeply interested and anxiously awaiting the result, an impartial discussion of this very Important subject would not ba out of place. It is a matter, too, of the creates! importance flnanoia ly, as it involves the expenditure of many millions of dollars. We have delayed too long the construction of iron-clad shot-proof vessels, but beloie we commence to build them in large numbers a thorough investigation of tbo subject is absolutely necessary. Even Una delay may, however, prove to be a great advantage, as it gives us iho experience of both Frauce and England in building them, as well as llio knowledge eliminated by the voluminous papers written by professional men ami published in the principal magazines of England, and also of the discussions, bo h for und ujj oust, between many of her prominent engim-era, army and navy officers. Many of iheso articles,and also several scientific men, have declared in the most emphatic manner that it would be an act of utter folly to place another wooden war vessel on the stooks, or even to c mplete those already commenced. Sir Howard Douglas, one of the tlrst authorities on naval and military matters, and to whom the British navy is greatly indebted for its present efficiency, has most strenuously opposed all such radical changes, 'lite arguments, facts and statistics brought to bsar by Sir Howard agaiust me use ot iron vessels ror war purposes, it would be well for every unprejudiced person to examine colore running a rusty oonciusion." in inese rcmurgg Sir Howard dues not refer particularly to iron clad vessels, and bis criticiema on tMtOiaMOf vee.-r's are prin ci pally as to their oltlclency as cruisers to lake place of wo nion ships. Sir Howard revised the last edition of his "Naval tiunnery" tu his eighty tifih year. This vonarable and conscientious m .u iia* been, on this account, assailed on every side by a host of writers, who, whatever else may have been their ability, had not that thorough sclenting knowledge which was uece-sary to combat the array of facts and arguments he displayed. The project of clothing vessels with iron armor for the purpose ol resisting shot is not of as recent a date as is g nefaliy supposed; it was suggested by Coioael Paix bans, better known as the inventor of the Paixh&ns shell gun, nearly forty years ago. The first examples wc have, however, of iron-clad vessels, were those constructed in France and copied by Knglaud in the late war with Rubs .a. They were used in conjunction with the immense allied tlcct at the attack <>n Kinburn, and the result. as far as these batteries were concerned, cannot he regarded as settling much in their favor. Douglas states th m to have been utter failures. at any rate, they could not carry their own armament, and all their guns wore conveyed in transports employed for tho purpose.* The'two ty)<es of iron-clad vessels upon which we havn be> n aocust. mod to look are tho French (lloire and tho English Warrior. Theso ships differ essentially in many (Mints; but tbey both possess defects inherent to their mode of construction, which impair their ulllciency either as cruisers or floating batteries: and the idea that such vessels are to take the place, or to perform the duties required of the old iashioned wooden war vessels, is not for a moment to be tolerated. It is proved to show that tin i i lnciples adopted in the construction of l>oih these ve-sels are erroneous, and that for the amount of money the Warrior cost eight or nine iron-clad steamers, perfectly impregnable to any projectile she can throw al the shut test ranges, could be consifueled. and each one capable of coping with this vaunted frigate. Vessels of the usual form, plated with impenetrable armor, will not fulfil either the conditions required of men-of-war or of impiegnablo ships. P-oth the GJoire and the Warrior may be of special service against a neighboring belligerent Power, but not as oruisers, nor as antagonists which we need fear. Iron plated shot-proof vessels have their especial function to perform; thuy ran nevor he anything more thiin auxiliaries to a navy and adjuncts to forts for the defence of our harbors, bays and coasts. Lot us examine the two mail-clad vessels mentioned. The Cloire was the first completed. The project, it apl?ars, had long boon a favorite one with Napoieou III. mi# if so overi"??<>u wuu iu# ruorm<>ua wcigui 01 ner armor, SiiO tons, and hor armament. that iu anything like ft heavy sea, the wator not only cones up into her ports, winch are but fix ioet from the surface of the water, but rolls up her sides and ovor her. Hor centre of gravity is so near the tnetacentre, from the fact that the immense w eight > f her armor above the water line brings it so much higher above the cents*of gravity of the water displaced,compared with ordinary vessels, that she is very ce: cieut iu stability, and consequently she rolls veiy deeply; besides, She has no great speed: when loaded for sea and iu smooth water, it will probably not be over nine knots. As a sea going ship, she is, therefore, an utter failure.' The only doty she can perforin, and that indiiTereutly, is that of a floating battery. It may bo said these defects can be obviated in future. In the Warrior, in eudoavoring to correct these, now ones wen- created. 5ature will not change her laws: to be successful in mechanics they must be obeyed. The English naval architects appreciated these ditficul ties, and tried to correct them as much as possible, as will be seen by the plana adopted in the construction of the Warn r This resael differs from her rival is several important points. 1. She is constructed entiroly of iron, whereas Jthc Oloiro is a wooden ship Irou-plated 2 Only the central portion of the ship la covered with armor each eud, for a length of nearly one hundred feet, is built in ike same manner aa ii usual with ordinary iron steamships, the sides being made cf plate Iran Ore-eighths of an Inch thick. 8. Her tonnage is very much greater thin that of the filoire. The reasons for these important differences are obvious. As one of her admirers baa weii state!, sj>eed bad to be attained in combinSli >n with a shot-proof hull, and had not 'he proposal to leave thn ends of the ship uncased been adopted, this combination would have boon prac tically impossible, except with far greater dimeusions than even the Warrior's. Hor constructors, as has been remarked, appreciated at once the defects of the (Jloire,and sndeavored to obviate, or at least to ameliorate them aa mochas was possible in the constructiou of the Warrior. They were do tsermiti.tfl a.t ?nv rntt* to huihl Afthiii vtrhifh umilri nnpfiirm more satisfactorily at fa; and they waro required to .-x. el their rival in speed. The tllolre was dalicient In liability . she would bo a marc log tn a seaway hor gun* wore It ail reel from the water, and could co'lbeu-edat all,except lncoinparali\ely ealm weather. Therefore, to o-. Tcotno th >?e dittlcalties,Uiey bui'd * larger -hip, and to make a surnnce doubly flare (at; regard* oca qualities and ?p<-ed), they only cover seven-thirteenths of her lei ?'!i with armor. Even the tui ro..?ed -ize alone wee a vory great advantage iu assieting them to accomplish three end* This ie epfairent when It i.s remembered that the area to be entered by iron armor increase* n- the the square, while the cap. city to cerry it, or, in other words, the di.-plac incut of tho vessel, inciease* as the ubo of the dimeu-ior* The part protected by shot proof armor does ml, In tbta ihip.mech exceed the leuglh occupied by engine* and boiler*. Again: b r ends being free from the enormous weight of *not.proof armor, '.hey were enabled to make them mucb Oner th.m otherwise, en 1 almost for tho ilrst limo lu the construction of a war veeeel the armament was the last thingconsidered, it was ship first, and battery last. ,-hc Is. according to the published statements, a forty eight gun ship, of winch but thirty six are [ rotected by shot proof a'lnor. These guns are thu -ixty eightpoiiudersof iiiuety-iivcbuadrod we|gbt;it ha* been *UlcJ, however, that aotnc of these may give place to oue hundred pounder Armstrong rillcu gun*. It ha* b-en perceived that both xlreinitiui of iho War rjor are exposed to de t.'uction. that only the c ntral part I* pretended to lie sbot-pioof. The masts, -aii* and rlggirg are liable to bo shot away, and strew the decks, to drag over the solo- and entangle tho screw, preventing It fr"m being need. Th bow, together with the rigging it supports, arm the st'Tn, which not only coutains tho oltVrr*' quarter*, but also supports those vital |?i ts, the crow and rudder, will be expo*d to d<slructu.n by Hie eti my'i shot, end moat certainly tbey will be the ;?ru aimed et. Although when both her extremities ere shattered ami fllied with water,-he may not sink,her situation at sea > one ot extreme d.nger. or If attacking a fort (1 rale n, equivalent to e capture. That the mistake of leaving these ends cnpi< teued is acknowledged, every candid |>cr:on will admit, when it i* slated lhat tin iron clad vessel* now bumg belli in England,are to be plated irutn tern to stern, the beautiful overhanging (how and the r??rtitial !e?'.i;r?? of a man of-war, aro al?ii><J< ned tiny brgin to unieratand now the defect* or th > Warrior *< wwll aj Ihey did ihooe of the tlloiro, ami appreciate thoroughly the ln?fh< | ncy otib' ottorli ou? .mj -vrva goat v?<tel completed. In too n w v *e>. the how and fltnrn will l?? nea. ly alike; experience hA.<tau*lil litem the dlfl cully, if sot the alir.o*t imp. ? ilnoty of piuiit.g vetwale of the ordinary iorm with .hot (ooof artitor In tn ??rirt to ct rn; th 'y .ire driven by ner< r.?ily to a mer elmr'e ?hn>e. Still, th?y ere pr,(during vrrre'a which ar< coni.'aielive'T u*el aa for m.tiv o( lln pnrpuaoa int odrd, ? from tboifkgreat dru ght or t> iter, tber 1 ar> fuw haibor* whit It they ran ei ter t\ i ll rat' ly Th? in. met.eo weight of their armor, owng to the Urge iinoanl of rwiu ? to be .oroleeted. 14 utterly Itironitailible rvith fed. and even their la'teri.s are hot auveiy '01 mi ditble. Ihero ia evry retaou t, b. liet 0 ihit even the Warrior hm ael', with her tine uuen-ed enda. 1 an never at aea. mi dor mil, attain .1 ]e.11 over elov n kii"t?. It moat hetmrnein inlnd, when reading 01 the perf0r1n.11.. 00 of aienm veraeia. iha' the a peed tonally eredldod to them, i'that-vbMti they bare < n a trial trip attained in to mo van*.ih ha l or for .0 m .rtr.-d mile, Mid -r cue an?t,inre, h h are n?Mi m met with at 4?a, and when thei I dler* aretn wand perfectly clean. Now what fanetiou ran there cuicaal and oxpotulw atr tiirr perform* Can they denti lieh our granite mar. male 1 fort*, enter our hnrliora, an t eliell our oil let. eoen i! a fleet > f them ah mid aticreed in cm.cing the Atlantl No, they cannot, from their groin drai ght of water th?y cannot -iit<1 ed in approaching breaching range of in. at ol fair fhrla. and even If the object to bo attain I ehmtld not t>e to reduce but to run hy th>m tor ult Ttor purpoeea, they ran beatopped, yuy.dtflitroyed, if the altempt ahould be trade, provided we nee ihe mean t 111 our power; that ia,tf thefrtaaro provided, a* the I toted dAtea englneera in.-iat, with the beavieat aucreaaful ord nance known?the fifteen inch guti, eaat after the meth<> I of Ca| ain Kodinm, I nited otatea Army . a ahot from which wonld lite-ally email In their eldoraa r?.j|j. as ?..gar box.aaalated by alwa proof gunboat*, alao equipped with ihe heavieat ordnance. Mllltnry acience ate mid nek rather to counteract than to Imitate and moat thoroughly iiaa it boon done in th,w ca?e. tbii m no a|ieculatlon, the fifteen-inoh gnn hae been madeaud uaed urceeafully, and it ie aa*en?d by no Vide "Naval (lunnery' and Poetecript, by fteceral Sir fToward rtouglaa. I/mdon. Kor a deecriptioa of tbia nun, aee "Notea on Sea Oonnt tjefence." br Major Uaruard, U. 3. A. UK. HEKALU, WEDMKSDAi 1ms an authority than Major Barnard himaalf, that a gun of evaa twenty inches call bra can probably be made, anil not only made but used. Will ihay prove such formula bla antagonists to our woodau shipt* of greater speed and heavier battery* Wo m >y successfully counteract their comparitive impregnability with spaed and a judicious arrangement of battery, Stated is a point which now uearly all naval oilicers acknowledge to be of paramount importance, a surrender of which cannot under any circumstances be permitted. Steam no longer plays a second part; ibis condition is raversed, and sails are now considered to be auxiliary. In all vessels now being built for the navy.speed under steam is a tine yua rust, the hallucination or auxiliary steam power hag been exploded, and already steps have been taken to greatly increase the apecd of our largb screw frigates. The argutneuts which the writer in the torn/it'll Maff-uine for February, 1861, uses to prove the groat advantages of the Warrior ovor the Gluire would apply, according to Uia reasoning, almost as forcibly to s swift well a- mod s row frigate us they do to the Warrior herself. It ,s not |o.-e ble, other things being equal, for an iron-clad shot-proof frigate, loaded as she is with both armor and battery, to he equal in spued to a wooden frigate buriheued only with her baltory, and even a heavier one. It is worse than useless for ua to waste millions of dollars on Glolres and Warriors. We perceive and under stand fully the functions which .'hot proof iron-clad vessels are destined to |>erform. namely, as auxiliaries to our navy and fortifications, in tho defence of our harbors, bays, coasts, and adjacent waters, from any attack which may be made by any lleot, no matter how large. The more we examiue the question the more we are convinced that the whole matter of ironclad vessels, in both France and England, has been a game of "brag;" they havo built vessels useful only to intimidate each other, formidable to no one el.-e; indeed, it would not be a great exaggeration to say that they were built inore wunaview 10 tneir own safety won to dc ternoio 10 their aormlw. I The excitement created in England by the appearance I of this solitary vessel, and the announcement that some I more wcro to be built, is hardly to be credited. Think of tho millions that arc now being spent there upon both forts and iron-cased steamers. Thoy are not willing to substitue entirely a perishable tor an imperishable defence, and if the skill and judgment of tho United States engineers and the system of scacoost defence inaugurated nearly forty years sinoe needs an endorsement, it has it here. Thus paper could not be regarded as complete if it omitted to mention that uotablo structuro, the Stevens buttery, which has become almost a household word. Probably no enterprise in which the government has ever been interested has attracted so much attention and caused so much speculation; this no doubt has been occasioned principally by the impenetrable mystery which has surruunded it, and the strict secrcsy with which those parts already constructed have bceu built; eveti tho government itself had no thorough knowlodgo of what was going on. Now that tho veil has been lifted by the Board of Commissioners appointed by the secretary of the Navy to exumino and report upon it, curiosity is at loust satisfied. This Board was composed of Commodores Stringbnm and Inmun, Captain Dcruin and Chief Engineer Stimsrs, of the United States Navy, and Professor Henry, of the Smithsonian Institute. This latter gentleman made a minority report. However much credit is due to Mr. Slovens for priority in suggesting tho feasibility of constructing shot-proof vessels, by coaling thorn with iron, ttic present structure and tho various p'aus proposed for its completion have been tho work of tho last low years. The battery, as far us completed, consists of along, slun.ior, iron vessel, without decks, tho entire central portion filled with engiuos .and boilers. The vessel Is provided with two independent screws, which by revolving them in opposite directions, will cause .the ship to turn amund in nearly ber own length. It was the intention of her projector, by supplying her with immense powor and by giving bur the sharpest ends ever constructed, to produce a speed unrivalled in the h story of navigation. As is already well known, tho Board reported against iho completion of tho vessel upon the plans pro|>o&ed. this report is exceedingly thorough and is very much in detail: at tho same time it must be said that it is quite impartial and just. The description of the vessel and the i plans proposed to oomplete hi, which occupy the first ( part of the report, were warmly commended by the j>arties themse'vos, on account of its perfect accuracy. So I the correctness of the criticisms which form tbe'latter l part of it, and the conclusion which condemns the completion up-u th" plans proposed, maybe judged acctvdingly. Those plans must have been of very recent origin, as they differ materially from those advanced by her pro- < jector, K. L. Stevens, lisq., deceased. It was tho intention of her projector to have vertical sides above water, pierced with gun ports; the inclined armor ana trio plan 01 naving rue (runs exposed en oarottu on top of the 1 appear* to be of very roceut date. Tlic principal points upon which tho Board condemned it, form radical parts of the entire plan,and which cannot i be obviated without outirely reconstructing thoee parts already completed (which are tu fact nothing more than the hull ol' nu unusually sharp iron steamer, with the stenm machinery),are, first,great deficiency insirength, both as regards sea going qualities and the ability to sup- ' port tint armor proposed. Second, the plan of mounting the guns tw larUtte, with nothing whatever to screen them from the view of tho enemy, and depending upon tholr immense sire to protect them from destruction when struck by shot. Experiments tried at Woolwich, England, in 1S57, prove that masses of oast iron nearly as largo as the fifteen inch gun were entirely destroyed by shot from the sixty^ighl pounder gun. Third, that,the vessel would not be in all parts and at all times shotproof. These objections Involve many important minor ones, which from the space allotted to this paper cannot be enumerated. One Is, however, that the fact af having the guiia expired entails the necessity, fur the protection of the gainers, of having them manipulated, both as regards loading and truiuiug. by complioated machinery placd below ihe deck up.n which thoy era mounted, ouiy one man to each gun to aiin and fire it being on deck in lime of action. Whatever may be the theoretical advantage of the plan of partially sinking the vessel to secure the additional protection of the water, in timo of acilon, it is Impracticable, for reaauiia well pointed out by the Board; besides, it would be far hotter to make the vessel perfectly shotproof, without depending oneucb a plan for her protection when iu presence of the enemy; indeed, there might be limes when lbs weather would preclude this partially s.nking. Cougress have acted very judiciously on the subject of Iron clad vessels, evidently unwilling to vote imtueuso sums of money to be ox|?ended on projects of doubtful success. At the special session last -unirucr, however, an act wa? passed authorizing the Secretary of tbu Navy to advertise for proposals to construct one or mora Ironclad shot-proof vessels?each one promising to furnish hi* own piaus; it was also provided that thee* plana ahould be approved of by three commanding officers of the navy, and aboard was appointed for this purpo-a, c?n-istlng of ( ommodoras Sinitb and Pa dding and Caplain Havis. Onaiiiilllon live hundred thousand dollara were appropriated to build such as ware approved of. Three were selected, all dillere: I from each other. Among these was otio presented by the eminent engineer, Knrssoii. Ju designing this veamd he displayud that thorough knowledge of plulso^y which Is tho most sliongly marked trait of u ch.v acter, and which bus not probably been possessed to so gr'at an axteut by any enginoer suic* the days ot Wall, this same knowledge he so succesaiully brought to bear upon the introduction of the screw propeller, constructing one long belore the tedious exporimonis u |*m this subject tried by trig land and France had been [icrb rm d,and which only proved that the principles ado) ted by him were correct Kwry American wul remember with pride tho old irigutefiinccton, the tlrat screw ateaiiihinp ol with her machinery placed entirely beciw tuu watur hue, out of the reach Of shot; the first which burned anthracite coal, avoiding ihut deusosmoko which even now reveal* plainly lor miles the position of all lorelgn war stenmers. the flot provided with a teleecop.e funnel, winch could lie I wared out of tlie way of th" sails, tho first thit used blower*, thus making the supply of steam perfectly hide pendent of the amoke pipe; in fact, the first really sue ce-sful application of the screw to v**.<sia-of war. r^a w is provided with direct acting engines, which workod bca ulully for years. Kricsson at an early day aaw their advenrages, and was the firs: who coupled the screw directly to the engine*. This vessel, ng almost every cto kuows, was designed by Kricason over twenty years ago. ?o when the problem 01 hoot-proof vessols arose, lie i op ened ul once the duties rapitredof such a vessel, and I..stead of proceeding as his predecessors have done. In 1- atir.g down vessels of the ordinary form willi the lu.m?-tir woglit ol shot prosit armor reipiired to entirely cover tin m, lie adopted tit orrc the shape which give* the greatest jomible buoyancy with the smallest utua of target. A broad, lint bottomed vessel, wi-h i-crpoudicu- { l*r sides and regular pointed cuds, requires hut little depth to displace a hufllclci-.tipiaoiiily of water to buoy It m ir up, loaded with shot-proof armor on its aide.:, and a b rnh pro< f deck, upja which is placod a .-hot-proof ta> voivog lurrot, armed with twool tlio heaviest gun*. Tllot i.< wo it I Itnniol iho uppor vessel; IU leugth is 0! hu..dr-1 iii'l .sorcnty-twoft a ,brcdih forty ou le--t, and depth live f et. 1 he >iJc- ol th'.s vo.nei ai? tormed it:'tot pi do Iron ono-h ill'inch thick, nest to which fa l-r.vdi lid oak twenty six inch ? thick; Ibis oak receive the ahot proof urmoi of rothd inn in live limine of ono Inch thick oath. Iho deck, which is i-.itnh p'-.-of, -ci;n|"'e.l first of whit- ok b--?;nn in inch ?i!, -u. c, tnd l>\ nil .ox Inch's a; -irt hat* et he t c.'.-t, i!|kiu wlixh pi tc-d plank.jg ovon inch ta in thickrn int. and tin illy the whole is c >vuri d with a iayct of r led tr n "i e in. i tn,c!.. Tbe holt in- >f thesa ivurin are on a level with the w tier, so hint lb - ar -i a.ore wale.' l.a.s n *n dun g ol f ;ty e foe . It will lie pluh ;Ut' (imt'-il f l. iving the cumiound i\c* and gr--at a-irftu e id an otd ion j uio Sc!;d vu;. ell pla'.o, and which, ill fact, are Ui- c;icily itiii ..*aih to cover properly, orny pml i-.etra.gtil, VI hi" co ver ,tl one direct! w only, so the .ivyetn.or an he applied w ith ,rea; ac.lliy. To at 1 r-rtva th!? ;,ro t ad.act-.- - I Implicit/ of rmni,h is only n< c iary In *0- ll.o rapidity in III Whi :h t1 ii- h ?\y plaice a. .i lilt.- ! unit vc ted. fl i' tit j er voi ael will ho Ihn j f-et *1\ it. he? under water, tli :a leaving not one , j,t inchva ah >vu Iho .- i . V if thi? vc-ao-; wit; It wj hive Ooaciii oJ Uld b - naclioicd in at.V slest: -I ! tut ice, wo w eld ha\o ..I that i? required. fhir I ie,iogiii o a , * ml tie- v (tilretl tOtaicy let in machinery, fuel. si. . , tnd iho<|fla tein tor th < 'doners and men. II h? in - -:iiy* c'cjiebcucutu it a vu -.ol -? ordinary ir*-i giii. Th is what ie 'erm I the lower ve.-aol: it la one hum

lu d lid tw?iity-|o r four fret long, Shirty four n ot h breadth, at lie Jem-lion with the upper one, cighioou fesi at the l> du?m, -u . six feet six Inclics deep. In s oak tig of ilitw as tl a upper and lower venue's it m si not i supp-sod that they ato built separately, tli v in ike ti.gather one vessel; It is only t.t re* mi* tie l rio u,' the'l that vhoy can tie apoken oi u* two. It wdlaiso b? perm- end that the lower vie ;el Is much n irtcwer than the upper one at their .(unction, and that it shies are veiy sloping This is done so that if the enemy's prolecttle, such as tint Wnltworth holt, should Itoaaibly pass below the upper ahnt-proof vea-ml, the sides o( the lower one would bo itruclc at such so iionte angle that no damage could occur. Ihe nntii provision m also made al both ihe bow and stern The upper vessel project* far enough over the laiw of the lower .mo Pi contain a circular apeiture, In whi- b the V",hor is hoisted by * Uw bUK?t kh? Igwtt r, J1A1MJH 19, 186a.?'i'Klje vessel. At the it era It a's > projects far enough to thoroughly protect the rudder and sc. '-w There will he let blowers, drawing ihelr supply of air through bomb proof gratings in the deck above?one to create a draft for the boilei?, and the other to ventilate the ship. The awoke and gases from the boilers pane through bomb proof gratings in the deck. The entire vessel is divided near the centre by e strong wrought iron bulkhead, on ths after side of which are the steam machinery and coal, aud forward the quarters fur the oiftcers and men (which are quite comfortable and spari< us),and the store rooms, magazines, ke. The revolving turret is composed of a rolled iron skeleton, one .nch in thickness, to which is riveted ano bolted eight larnime of rolled plates, each one inch thick. These plates are very accurately ftttod up, the seams are vertical, anil the joints so arranged as not to come in the same line. The top Is made bomb proof by being covered with a Immb proof roof placed s.x inches down in the cylinder. The diameter cf the interior of the turret is twenty , feet ami the height from the deck niiio feet. Within (his turret are two eleven-inch Dahlgren smooth boro guns, but Qlteon inch guns could be mounted in it. Two enormous wrought iron pendul ums are so arranged that whuu the gun recoils they will swing by and effoi tually close tho portholes. The general rotd'er may ask, 1 why are not thero those terrlblo rilled guti-* about which so much hag been said? The reason simply is, that spherical shot aro much more efllcienl at short ranges than rinod ones uro at any range,and as this vessel is shot proof she will ongage the ouomy at a distance of from 300 to 400 yards. I Her draught of water is ton Test. It Is expected that sho w ill have a spued of eight knots. She is not intended as acruimar hut. cjui nrorond R>tfa?lv hv ?t a in hiiv imrt of our coast dui lug the roughent weather. The bomb proof gratings for the furnaces am1 bio wots at such times wilt bo protected by mutable pipes, to prevent the water from entering if it should come on the ueclc. If desirable in tiiosc which may hereafter bo built a greater speed can be attained by simply giving more steam power; hut it is thought the speed alio will possess is ample for all puri uses for which Ibis one is lntondod. Her oost complete will lie $276,000, or about one-eighth the cost of the Warrior. Imagine the Warrior surrounded by eight such vessels, perfectly shot proof, slicking close to her, and their 11-inch wrought iron shot smashing in 1 her sides. i The weight of the vessel complete, with stores, am- . munition and coal, will be about one thousand tuns? the armor alonq of the Warrior weighs thirteen hun- i dred tons. This will In all probability be liie first sea-going ironclad shot-proof vessol evor used in act tal warfare. This is the only plan ever yet promulgated which thoroughly protects every vital part of tho vessel Itself and everybody within it. It will be seen that thus far wo have lost nothing by 1 tho delay, which has brought forth a form of vessel complying so perfectly with the noressities which are imposed by the heavy armament nee.o sary in obtaining impregnability. Wo think wo have now tho principle required; lot us proceed cautiously, end correct in those to be built iu future any slight defects which may exhibit themselves in actual use. Nkw York, Jan. 15,1802. Notwithstanding how much we have heard of Armstrong and other rilled guns, the D&hlgrcn rilled ISO-pounder of 16,000 pounds weight, front its extreme pimplity and beauty of w orkmanahlp, is far ahead of any spe -I a of rilled gnu ever yet constructed. Il is cast without millions or en stable, to at old the strain caused by ! rotoberances in eastings, without an nn^le to ntar Us beautifully curved outline. To those who have a mechanical eye, and < an appreciate simplicity, this gun will be viewed with the greatest admiration. ARSENAL AND ARMORY AT QUIXCY, ILL. As the establishment of a Western arsenal and armory is contemplated by the Congross of the United States to meet the increased requirements of the country, and as the claims and advantages possessed by many Western cities and town* for the location of such an establish tnent are being industriously pressed upon Congress and the public, it is perhaps well that the placo which presents in au eminent degree advantages superior to those of any other whose oluimsare being urged upon Congress and the public, should not ho wholly overlooked ind forcnttpn Quincy is the poographical contra of the three great Western States of Illinois, Iowa and Missouri. (Soo mop if government survey herewith.) By describing a circle of which Quincy is the centre and the circumferenco touching Chicago, it also touches Cairo, and embraces within it the wholo of Illinois, Iowa and Missouri, the great lumber portion in tho West south of Wisconsin, the only settled portion of Kansas, and parts of Indiuua, Kentucky, Arkansas, Nebraska an'1 Minnesota. Within this circle, the diamctor of which is Ave hundred miles, and the centre of which ia Quincy, is embraced more agricultural and mineral wealth and resources, and better means for distribution by trunspnr tation by river and rail, In every direction, than can be found iu any other tract of country or the aaiue diameter on this oontinout. Quincy is on the oast bank of the Mississippi . iver, and is the farthest west of any city on the east aide of that river for its whole length from Helena to Now Orleans, loiug sixty-four miles farther west than St. Louis, and forty-five miles farther west than Book Island. In population Quincy has about sixteen thousand, and is in si/e tho second city in Illinois. It is located on a high bluff, about ono hundred and' sixty feet above the level of the river, and is the highest point on ths sast bank of lbs river for a distance of ono hundred miles, there being no point within thirty miles ubovo Quincy or seventy miles below st which the bluff comes to tho rivor. The latitude of Quincy is the same as i'biladnlphis. The atmosphere is dry, the winters mild, tho navigation of the Mississippi at tin* place is rarely impeded by ico for mo t than sixty days in winter,and frequently it is uninterrupted during tho entire year. Quince is below oil obstructions which exist to the navigation of the Mississippi. It Is forty utile* bolow the rapid* at Ksokuk, and tho largest Mississippi river steamers can land. load, and dopart from the levee. The best boat harbor on the rivor is at Quincy; it is a bay about four miles In length, which Is formed by a long peiiiusula dividing aportioa of the rivor from the maiu | land. In the bay many lurge steamers from SI. Louis ara laid up and repaired during every winter, and ate safe | from the heavy ice brought down from the Upper Mississippi river by the winter aud spring ircahels. Asa safe harbor for keeping and ro)iairiug or bunding government boat* this bay is unequalled and invaluable. Qniiicy is situated directly at tho cro-sing of tbc two grsat thoroughfares of the country?tho Misaissi|ipi river and the lougest lino of railroad on this c nliuent. Th 1 , first furnishes means for transportation from north to ' south for the whole length of the United States; the l ist 1 commence* at the Atlantic Ocean, atid,i>a**iug westward, i crosses the Mississippi river at Quincy ami i nntinues to the most western Slate this side of ilie Rocky Mountains Within twelve hours of Quincy, by cheap rrertraMpor tat ion, are tho lead mines of tJalium and |iiihti<|ueon ( li e north.and within about the h tine distance so nil, and accessible tiear'y the whole way by river n ivigath n, are Inexhaustible deposits of tin- beet iron in ilie world, that I ot Iron Mountain and i'ilot Knob, in Missouri. In the immediate vicinity of Quiuey are Immense for stsof binck walnut and white oak timber. Much of the li-.ick walnut used for gun stroke m lantern armories is sewed and 1 shipped irom the vicinity ofQuiucy. I for quality and cheapness of building material* Quincy |S tMSBi to no place iu the Union. Th > llu st building stone con be obtained in any quantity directly upon tbe 1 S|*>t, for simply the cost of quarry tng. , iirick of tbc best quality Is mamnactured here In Im- , inense quantities, and can be had delivered at $d per Lumber nan be obtained hero as cheap, If not cheaper. as m any oilier place, in tbe Weal. Kor example, a large quantity of lumber was roconlly advertised lor by lb? government agent for the puri-osoof building barracks at Camp Hutler, near tSpringilold. Hula woro rocalved I rum parties at < hicago and mar y other placet; (be lowest Mdders were from Qnlney. who took the contract, shipped the lumber Irum Quluey, and delivered it at Camp Hull#:-?traus|iortlig it by rail one hundred and aixtceu miles?at fSG per thousand. Inexhaustible mines ot coal of the best quall'y aro in the Immediate vicinity of Quliicy, and this pluce is tbe coaling depot tor steamers plying between the upper rapid* of tbe Misaissippi river and At. Lulls. Coal can be had. delivered,at fit per ton. A national armory and arsenal located at Quincy would t>e |**rfa< tly safe from a foreign foe, and would lie placed on high ground, with every aJvantage for defence, win ro, if necessary, it can easily Ire protected from domestic Invasion. If no other poiri.B ol advantage existed, these alone would ludh'ate tjuincy to ho a better place h r locating such works than Chicago, 'lhe chain of lakes on the shore of which lr situated Chicago are on another ride the shore of a foreign nation. A largo expenditure m building a national iiM.tuil and armory ?t <"hh-ago would prohubly Involve a much larger expenditure in building forliti-atioiis nt Mackinaw, an I a ih ctof g '.eminent : to protect the aimory from foroiga i.: vss i< >n, ami win, b might alter nil ' r v moitcni isti lot in i us tmn i 111. .1 claim*, ar >?!" reason why I he location of IIimc .sorlt.-<.iouhl bo il point, th- I act ill 'I t bicuKu u "llw great fcf'iin tiep.l '>1 tlm Nurlhwrr'.' liu.'.bula .1 ac ut lii' ftl.iji ill sine,v ijuircy t.> ha tl'.s i "iilra of greti cir loot agrtoulturil country wl !ch protluc * i be gram, nuly it . mull ( 11 ion iii ilni'li, :<l?tornll,M sent In t'liii-.iK1'. <.'li i?h u grcu tciiim iiul inly,. ijiiini y i ti c iiin i h < |.|. ,g rumtry, rich in uitri hi ! ami t.iui>> al >? < nth, and Itu gti .it jr.torooto ui.U [mi o'tn are mum ft during. A R .it mn i ' i' i j i? nut o, ion ibobcst placo lor locatlM: I iu< man i'mO r., u,'i:ul inr" g the ni.iny rra - :ii ii'11Ik l*M*t. i li.? i i't 11Kit !rl'a jar .'it i 'immorciiil i ity o,' : itlv. iii m innf < t 11 ut rarely nblo, from In, Ii I'll'"? "f IC 11 -lull , lo ur'iimf homo*. bat inimt, ai lit. i mil's fer1 ii: ill ami " in "orlM >.o li\ * it. hi for ilu'iii- Ivi . ili.'in! -. 'I'Iiik (" ,ul ?e ui ti i> In I lo i" Me, t?i.t lorjr mnnufiii iitrtii will r? ulilv .11 t. t. t a.l m lien sir il inlu? "I in.mi v. Ii ft" ul. l I . omi ? li in I ui till*, ai d r ,ny "ih"i rott ""is wWleb tt i,wo mi Itftiul "real nuti ai'Hiriii!'"it.' ii- .... " miliort . rrivot , io? i: .teiliiig'i ai cu.iini'n ii u iijin. An Cult' a;o.-, Air-rial 11 located In Jtpfln ;!l#1il, Mn 1 ,'ni tlu'C'iiin" Unit river. U I y tint li.ivo It h ente I rit Hn*tnn' Amdl rim placid at \Vatervli't, on bo Hues' n ivor. Why not has-o la 'd it ut N w Vurk or Albany f Uiot1 cr vit* built it 11 ir)""- sI iy,i i lli'.' 1*0.1 mat rlvtn. Why not Imv built It It ill I tot or Killodolphlor Another lo t" h itoi.'U.nnd llie.o I? no doubt that It . It Mild a We ' rill mutton: aid With reference to (lie 111,.Id pre 'tit ?l"l pfonpoi tivo del* InpmCDtOf tint conn-, try hi tb?t dlretni n, the in -a wootem t>olnt. othorwiii liable mid ailiu .lin* ,?** vary faollHli r, wo'ild, on that account nlouo, himi tonliitr rlatmr to tbo attention of tin > rb try I \i th,! location, (t'tiiicy bur, that p i i ..n. and will be fou > ti." s? odvini wh' n combined the stun eatental no other point. JOH.v A"'K>U, j AM w VtKtt'HuW, fdommittco TH* of Quiocy k IliiNrt* ASBUK*-, ,, LK SHEET. THE CHAMBER OF COMMERCE Oar Want of Harbor Defences as Demonstrated in the Recent Naval Kngagemeuts. Report of the Committee in Consultation with the War Department. Necessity for the Immediate erection of RXodel Monitors. The Capitalists and Commercial Iffen Called tpon to Protect Our Harbors. PROPOSED CONVECTION OF SHIPBUILDERS. Interesting Debate in the Chamber, Re. Re. The Chamber of Commerce held a special meeting yesterday at thoir rooms,Tor the purpose of hearing the report of the committee which was sent to Washing Ion last week to consult with the War Department in relation to tho building of vessels to protect our harbor and coast from naval foes. Tho recent engagement be tween the rebel monster Merrimac and tho Monitor, and the destruction resulting to our wooden vessels from the action of tho former, has stirred the Chamber to exertion, and it was for this reason that a committee, consisting of Mayor Opdyko, Messrs. C. F. Marshall and A. A. I,ow, were appointed to confer with the government offloors in relation to the best mode to be adonted to ruard against so serious an accident In future. In the absence of tho chairman, Mr. A. A. uow, Vice President, took the chair. The reading of the minutes of last meeting was dispensed with. Mr. A. A. low vacating the chair for the time being, and Mayor Opilyke occupying that position, the former gentleman, as one of the committee who had gone to Washington, proceeded to giro an account of thoir operations while there, as follows:? Tho committee appointed at the last meeting of the Chamber of Commerce to visit Washington, upon the invitation of the head of tho War Department, loft this on Thursday, and had, Hgrceuble to appointment, on interview on Friday evening. Delegations from tho Hoards of Trade of Boston and Philadelphia were also present. The recent appearance in Hampton Roads of the ironclad Merrimac on her destructive mission;her probable reappearance; tho means to bo adopted for repelling this or other similar invaders of our ports, and topics of a kin deed character, occupied the whole ffveniug. Without attempt ing to relate what was said on oithor sido-, the committee may state as the result of their interview that tho followingconditions were reached:? That stone forts, with their usual armament do not prcoent any Bnfhoieiit obstacle to tbo ingress of iron-clad vessels into our harbors. That v. ssols of the Monitor description may enter and assail any Southern port without risk of harm to themselves. That vessels of this or similar construction are as good for the defence of our ports as they are for the assault of others. That in view of the magnitude, of tho interests involved it ts the duty of tho citizens of Boston, Philadelphia and New York to cnlor at once upon the creation of iron clad ve-sols, with the requisite strength and |>ower to cope with the Merrimac or other formidable batteries, should such appear on the scone of our present conflict. to this end it is right and propor that thj wealth, the activity, the energy and the skill of this metropolis and of the other cities named should forthwith b-< plaoud at the command of the government ; that our insurance companies, banks aud moneyed institutions, in common with our weal'by man, should be appealed to for contributions in the name of tho common safety and of the common good, In behalf of a nnbio oouutry, and in the spirit of au enlightened patriotism. It is due to the Secretary of War to slato that such was the burden of liis appeal to your committee; that whatever may have bceu the errors of the past it was the duty of till, whether in or out of oilice, to look only to the future; by promptitude of action,by energy of movement and by ger.orous omulalion in well doing, to repair bv present vigor what lias been lost by neglect. The several delegations left Washington actuated by one spirit and animated by one rosolvo? faithfully to represent, with all the earnestness in their isiwor, the urgoncy of immediate and decisive action on the part of the several cities represented by (Item. What coarse tho appeal will take iu Massachusetts or Pennsylvania your committee are not prepared to say, but they weroand are of one mind tiiat in New York it may safely real upon tbe well established genereetty of this community, and that they may confldoutly look to the insurance companies, the banking institutions and the merchants for $600,000, to be lodged in tho hands of a suitable comm.!too, whenevor required, for the purposes in view, so that all delays of State or city legislation may be avoided. It was stated to your committeo that two iron clad vessels are building iu Mobile and one iu New Orleans, and all are supposed to be far advanced: and, moreover, that without tiio per-ooal contributions of Southern men and southern women ror> -i 1 ion would have Uiled to present to our viaJoa a menace so formidable as that of the Virginia and other vcxals of u like character (hAl have appeared at Hampton Honda and New Orleans, and that cow threaten our -a cty from the harbor of M< bile. Mayor Ornrac said tbat be deemed it entirely useless to add anything to the till, free and elojuent appeal which had bean made by Mr. 1-ow. He would endorse everything said by bira in favorer the Secretary of War, ror it was just and welt doserved. Tbat government bad overlooked mmo small details in the succe-sful carry nig on of this war, was not be wondered at. Wo all know that the business which was performed by government) at the present time, wag very arduous. The result of ibecoQtest between the Monitor and the Merrimac had produced new and startling facts to the in;nds of thO whole civilized world. It had demon irate,1 thu absolute Inutility of wooden vessel* and atoi-e forts. S'.ch ships and such walls were now declared useless. W should mcel this emergency, and do It promptly. To provide the harbor of Now York with such voxels as will bo suf. Bctent to proloct the proporty of the city from Injury and ile-'pellment, tbat appeal was made to the Chamber of Commerce nf-on that day. If the wot k of providing for this cotitlngeney were at once properly proceeded with, the committee tell confident that the whole mnttei would be accomplished In ninety days, which would he a secure defeat against any invader IBM might he r i- ^? 1 to Vi<it Mi. Mr. Low bad but ono thing to gay. Five hnudre I Hioii sand dollar* bad b'on already aitbMiribed by the f'n-ird of Tradeol H-si n, and tbo t mon Ferry i ompany of this city bad aubai'ribtd ten tin usand dollars for tbo same p- aiseworlliy object. Captain M'N-iietLsald that itwnr.not necessary for him to gay a aiugio word iu regard to ihe matter after tnc able and ulo-pitnt muu?er in which Hie all'air had been put beiore tho Chamber. That the property of ;ho citv was at stake and required protection, wus n siilBcl?ut aud forcible motive for immediate action iu this mutter. All be bad to say was. that they sin old ail bavo to put tbeir baud* iu their pockets and go to work earnestly, in order to establish proper leoteclton for our harbor and properly. All tbey had to do to furnish the menus. Mr. Wji. K Uocua couaiderod hi mac 11 veiy furInnate iu boiug permitted to be present at the recent contest on Saturday, b'twe*n tbo Men Imac and Cumberland, und on Sunday between the Monitor aud Moirlmac, end be never felt <o eirong a desire, in III* lilt", to be ln> k again in New York. He would say to every inerch ?nt and < mmercial man there present tbat Key meat do something, and that itoncc. to protect iliei. property, which mm bow.seriously imperilled. When e -aw lb =u two vtvsols^'tho Monitor and Herri mac),.. into each othet broadside after broadside,and that, too, within pistol shot of one another, w ihout lsiTiug ,h i eligbte-'t ellect up> -n w.ilioi vrss I. ho could nut holpfi uilng tl.-i' thorn was a now ova i u igurat J in the . velut i "I naval warfare. When ibo(>ngi?? i . ' v.. ii, ? ,-i 1,1 jalnal tlin ? ...... - ? Hi.irH ol Ihe Morrlmac, lb?y al.iuce'l uii llko no ii mode of i :bbor lb.' <>flo?t was .|ugt a* inn. li n? wotilu result from throwing t kind I .1 ut h>'?ni> agau -t * stone wail, it wo* a p mtive ir th that wu had n< thing li;r? to prop" ( oorsolve* aruugi tin; Merriiuac did rhe ln?.a it into lor hsad t?p.iy us a vigil Supporting lio <;.<m< iut'i tho lit b r <j. Now ^urk, wag there anything to |>."U<:t u* 1 sh inlgbi .n horn and ilo anything she pleaiod. If ting was ih-t casu wo should have itoinotiiiiig lioro to protect the proncrly of our city. I!a i''jui< d that there been ,i c nnuitfcg s. ::i >.J Warhiugiii to ronr ill writli tho .itilh' rltai* 1.1 t > i I n bunt method bo adopted in ihls ouinevttou. apmln Nra bore oUero I tho following re*?.lilmin ? Keuolved, That the report o| III.; select comn ilte bo ? -.-opted end lUoii aoiUat iippruv >l. H.'g.ilvi'd. In viow ni tii.; pn:*>ri. nt liitorokia involved iu-ibe .'i.iiaiuenii ni'do by |iia?i)inmlt!? ,itnd mo pracileal iugge*.tluri? onnnecte I tln rew iih, tb?t u g?lotl com tuliten oi ??ran m-mb ig ho appointed by the President, with power to carry tbr -nine iiipxiieot. A moBihar rutc'i ihnl ting wag a very Itnpo' tanl matter, and tho ( liatnhm would li to b iar something from the commute'; io alive to wnd of defen. es which were proposed to bo ad , tnl. in y all kuow tlm opltiiou intertainod ol ilu 'apu liiuv o| iho M>rrlmae. The.'; wore other vessels oi dinoreDt models and conh'.i i.ciimi, which m gh.t ho inuue ifg avall'iblo for harbor defences. Mayor Otdyk* git 1 that, In the answer he was about to hivato tho iiupiliy pmiioiindi'd, ho would simply Siigwer f"r himself. All would agree that the model Oon ucl'd by tnplaln Kric>*on wim tho hoet that could be In i.h: I'.rward u t i?l tlrno. Hooame there toaay for him t If, tl ta model iho same ae that of tbeM allor would bo II. i ;.. it ^.it'.n nrd wo could have for tho dofoDcsa uf.tlia | harb u oi this city. Several- ilier suggestiont liad bowe ina.'.e, the I'resident himself mggeet ng that iome kind of a rain might be adopted which would bo belter than any thing olse for harbor defences. The Mom'thr. how ' A# ver, na not only adapted for harbor defences, but could engage the enemy *t eee. Capt. Fkkjobon Mid thM If asked what were the pro|>e( dcieuros for the harbor of Now York, hta opinion would be that they eltould get guns double, even quadruple, the pcalibreof thoee which are now usually adopted, and I? ce them uiion gunboats properly constructed. u we were to build vessels of forty-four feet beam and twenty, seven foet in breadth, and plato them with impregnable metal, like that of the Monitor, we oonld defy any foe. The vessoL which were likely to come here in case of any difficulty with England, were like those of the Warrior, They were now building vessels like the Warrior. It we were to construct a dozen gunboats which would be proof against shot, they wou.d be ol the moet service in our harbor defences. He Captaiu Kriceson was. therefore, or opinion that we should call upon the spirit or our sltlpbullders In order to eroct models, which would provide for this emorgenoy Tho facility with which a vessel like the Monitor could be woikcd was most extra irdinary. Sweden protected tier cas's from toe incursions of her formidable appo nent, Russia, with just f 'ch vessels as the Monitor, preseuting a uavai armament unmatched in the world. Lord Nelson thought ho was bold when he used the forty|K>under; but wo have for more than fifty years used the eighty pounder. A vessel like the Warrior could only k op in the middle of the harbor, her draught was ao great. If they attempted to build anything after the model of the Monitor over flvt months must elapse befure the same c uld be completed but if they proceeded to build those dozen gunboats they would be completed iu fifty or sixty days, and then the city would have something they could rely upon. They would build a boat ever so small which could be made carry a gun or fifteen Inches calibre. Mayor Opprae would sale tho question before Captain Ericsson sat down, whether these gunboats would b? able to master the Merriinac and keep her out of the harbor? Captain Eriomon said the only vulnerable moment in attacking a vo-sel like the Merrimao was when the gun recoils. A number of gunboats firing at the gaino moment would be sure to hit the vessel at this particular Juncture. A mouiber said that allusion had been made by the last siieaker in regard to the uocopsities, in case of war with England. There was uot at pro.-cm, nor no likelihood of our having a war with England, as we were quite hearty friends at present. Tho sjieatcer himself would undertake to sink the Merrimao, should she enter the harbor of Now York, with a few properly Cl l. tided tugboats. (Laughter.) They might laugh, but he wm not making his assertion for the purpose of causing merriment, but could demonstrate what ho put forward. Let th>>so heals bo provided with iron prows,so as to strlko the enemy below water mark, and let them all run into her at the same time, and she would he sunk at once. Let them, instead of spending thousands of dollars upon unnecessary work, propare defensive vessels, which could bo done in forty-eight hours. Some further discussion was here had on technicalities, when Mr. Cbarim Gould olfered the following amendment:? That In apixiintlng the committee the gentlemen who have just returned from Washington be three of the tuombors. and that tho committee have power to add to tlioir number, not necessarily to be selected from members of the Chamber. Mr. Prtkr Coopkr wished to eay a word in favor of the proposition whioh had been made by Captain Morgan. Tho steam ram, sp >k n of by him, could be got up at small expense. If thia answered all the purposes of harbor defonue there was no necessity or going to enormous expense in providing gunboets. Seeing thst the Senate had passed a gbilli appropriating $1,000,000 for building a battery, he nud written to Senator Halo stating that it would be better to spend that money upon several useful rains thou throw it away upon one which was of no avail. Mr. Richard Lathcrs said that several' gentlemen around him were in favor of asking the corporation of the oity to issue half a million of bonds for the nurDOse'of urovidmv defence fur the harbor ot tbe city. This movement being for tho dofonco of the city the taxpayers of the city would be willing to pay it. Wlion tbo property of rhe citizens of New York was in jeopardy, it could not but be deemed on aot of just necessity On their part that they should come forward and contribute to the funds about to be raised for prnvidiug tbe necessary mentis. He thought his Honor the Mayor would havo uoob/jclion whatever In bringing tho matter bc'ore the Board of Aldermen for their action. It would, no doubt, be a mosv feasible way of raising tho monoy. Mayor Ci-dyks thought it a very good idea; hut the very moment we fall back upon tbe city government in these matters we meet with tbe same dlfllcultios as with tho govcrnm"nt of tho United Stales. Thore is a great loss of time and much expenditure of unnecessary labor in goiug through the process of gotting funds according to this stylo. Since the matter of tho harbor defences had boen brought before the State I/Kislaturo the subject had been discssod from day to day, put off from day to day?still nothing had been done tboro yet, and nothing will be done. They had done nothing hut debate the project. It wns desirable that tbe capitalists and merchants of this city should do themselves crodit in this matter and contribdo handsomely to the necessary amount. The same tiling was before them in Boston and Philadelphia. It was the part and place of the general government of the United States to provide eftast defences, and we had nothing to do with it. In the suggest ions made by the President he had only given his own views. Tho wholo matter, howevor, would be for tbe committee to consider. Before he sat down he would ask Captain Ericsson if twelve gunboats would be sefllclont to ropel an attack on our harbor by a vessel like the Merrimac. Mr. Ru iurd Lanimt* said It seemed to him that there would be no dilhculty whatever in having en appropriation given to the defeuce , fund from tbe Corporation of this city. Ho thought it was ratbor an aspersion upon that body to insinuate that they would not promptly carry out a moosure appropriating a certain sum for tbe furtherance of our harbor defences. Tbe subject so nearly touched the hearts and pockets of all our citizens that It was one of the g;nve-.t importance to the city of New Yotk Itself. Mi . William K. Dolus here made the suggestion that tuo reporters snouiu nana tne copy or tneir reports to too chairman for supervision before leaving the room, which was so absurd on the face of It that the suggestion was not at all taken un ler consideration. Captain Makkhau. also suggested that the reporters should couilno their account of tho meeting to the mere furnishing of a copy of the report of the committee sent to Wa-hington. This also did not mcot with approbation. The resolution of Captain Nye, endorsing tho report, and tho amendment of Mr. Gould to tho same, wero then unanimously adopted. The Chairman then named the following as the committ of seven to act In accordance with the spirit of the resolution:?Messrs. Wm. E. Dodge, A. T. Stewart,ft. A. Wilthaus, W. D. Astor.C. F. Mai shall, Panning Dtier and A. A. Low. Captain Morgan,on motion, was intorwards added to tho Committee, which then n> mliered eight in all. The duties of this committee will be rather onerous, as they have to Inquire into and report upon the host and eli ape.- t method to be adoptod iu order to rondor our harbor ilefenres secure in evory particular. It is suppoee 1 that they wilt call a convention of the shipbuilders of our city, who will determine between tho shortest and beslplarslo be pursued In Iho building, arming and c pupping tho vessel or vessels which will protoct us from naval foes. Captain Ericsson, after the appoint mout of the tonimitlee, rose and explained to the satisfaction of tho Mayor tho question which had hoi n asked by the latter relative to the successful opciati"ii of gunboats against an attacking Murriuiac. he chamber then adjourned. Tho Chamber was yesterday so crowded that several membets had to remain outside. H was the largest nieolii <r hold since tho organisation, and seldom has there boon more interest manifested in tho proceedings. Tho Merchants' Exchange being now in tho hands of the government. tho C'ms'ruction of a new building D being ru'ioted among the members. This building is proposed to be constructed oti Wall street, and will furnish rooms for the board of brokers, chamber of Commerce, commercial reading room, national school, Sandy Hook telegraph, branch telegraphs to the East,South, jtc.,olHcet for brokers, Insttiunce companies, tic. Waking Vp a North Carolina Village. OCR ROANOKE ISLAND COHRKSroNDENOK. Koa.vokr Ikla.nii, N. C., March 0, IMS. The R xxmiwinanc* Touxirds Columbia, fV. C. Information having been received here a fow daya since that the militia ordered out by proclamation of the Governor for tho defence of the Slate were to muster at fb.l...MhlA a.. tl.aOlh tfen/ih etnnj irnro litron to fiffA thorn a surprise and inako them prisoners. Columbia to ih>< principal town of Tyrrell county, sad is situated on the .Scoupnong rivar, about llfty miles from this place. The whoi j region around Columbia produces a wild grape, Irom which tlie well known 8coupnong (pronounoed Skup pe-noag) wine Is made. A> cor lingly about noon yesterday the gunboats Picket, Md tte and Vlrgiuia, with the steamers Pilot Boy and Alice Price, and a military force, started un- , dor the command of Con Poster. The mouth of the river 1 was reaubod about nightfall, and the Virginia and Vidette I clino to anchor, th dr draught not permitting them to go , up. The Picket, under the commiud. of Captain Ives, proceeded up the winding channel or the narrow river, mil authored at the bridge, which connocU the town wills the western hank of the stream. She at Qrst brought her guns to l> upon the structure to out otT the retreat ,if the rebels, but, in order to more effectually secure this end, the draw was o|ienud and lastencd. In the incau timo the troops disembarked below and maidied about four miles along a road which led In a circuitous route to tho town. The moon was shining brightly, aud woods, rosd, troops, all wero bathed In her soft light. A guide, w II acquainted with tho vicinity, conducted our forces to tho town, which, wheu re icbsd, was surrounded by one portion of the tns>pa, while mother entered the principal street. The clanging of muskett on the pavemont was tho first intlinatlou the inhabitant* had of our approach, and thov rushed frantically about. The greater part of them were intuitrated, and It s*otned ns If they were in tho midst of a onro'ljvl. No soldiers wore tound, however, and It iiftsrwurds transpired that I he place of muster had been suddenly changed, though soino of tho poo pie i tie is tod tl at It bad not, but they refused to turn out beon use they were "for the Union." All professed them ?lvaa Unten men. A few taken into custody wore n loused almost im mediately. The t"Wn W.m r.niipu ivr anna nil i renin a 0''iimsDii. A writ of'ilriittnn w in found disposing of notes, piyahle to Me?*rs. Hestwtr*, Hussey * Co., of Now Vortc. Thu lube! petitioner prayo! to bo relieved of the debt, i and a certain share wie allowed to the Conloderate government. Ihe l'o?t Office wua examined, nad a quad lily ot lottera lound Their con fonts proved nntmpor In one portion of Ihn building a largo number ot shlnptnfi'eia wero discovered, printed yn good white pa per, and vai ying in dnuomlnation fr'xn twenty five cent! pwafde. TUey appeared to be fresh from the hands ot

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