Newspaper of The New York Herald, 20 Mart 1862, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated 20 Mart 1862 Page 4
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4 NEW YORK HERALD. JAMKN OOllDON BJBNBIBTT, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR. OPFICE N. W. CORNER OK PULTON AND NASSAU STF. Volume XXV11 Ho. T8 AMUSEMENTS THIS EVENfNO. ACADEMY OF MUSIC, Irving Place.?ITALIAN Oraru? mlaama lo HI blo's oarden, Broad waj.? 1'bodt tbi Tilbb?Collbt.a wav. h WINTER OARDEN, Bml?r.-Tai Bnu or Tin SKAIO ?. WALLACE'S THEATRE, No. SM Broadway.?Wat to GAT MAULIKO. LAURA KEENE'S THEATRE. Broadway.?Tub MaCABIUI, ob. TUB pbbf OF 1 AT. NEW BOWERY THEATRE. Bowery.-Wild KnightCO-Lkax BURM?Ohi BOWERY THEATRE, Bowery ?wnoaxat't National ClBCOB. MARY PROVOST'S THE HUE, 484 Broadway?Tub Robsbbb BARNUM'B AMERICAN MUSEUM. Broadway.?Co* Nurt-LrviBU UirroroTAXM, Vi HALJC, .tc . ai ad houra.? Raoab ajfo Kaudai'S iIiBrtiuou and , vening. BRYANTS' MINSTRELS, Mecaaatee' Hall, 473 Broad way.?Dow* I* olu K-t-bt. HOOLEY'S MINSTRELS. Btuyreaani Inatltwta. Ho, M rniriih rv. ?Ktumr&am itosiii. Damcek. Jkn IRVING U ALL, Irvin* p.?oc.- Qt??T? I lira Ooionr. MELODEON CONCERT MUX, 639 Br?a.!w?y.?So*o?, Duicu, bUBLKSvtCM. 6c.?' D.MUIUI'' COXTK.NTIO.N. CANTERBURY MUSIC HALL. 696 Broadway.- *>* * DlXCIi, bUHUUtUCKl, Ac.?1*auocbatii>? Hau., GAIETIES CONCERT ROOM, <16 Bro?<1w?y.?Drawing Boon Kmtbktaibbkicti, Baixxts, Paxtohimu, Pabcks, Ac. AMERICAN MUSIC HALL. 444 BroAdwAy.?'MTOD Dakar KA.LliOAD?t'OLMAlUA? JolLT MlLLBHS. CRYSTAL PALACE CONCERT HALL. No. 46Bowery.? Bvblbmch. sonca Da*cb?, 6a?Two Oi jvui. PARISIAN CABINET OK WONDERS. 5G3 Broadway.? Open daily from 10 A. M. till 9 P. M. NOVELTY MUSIC IIALL. 616 Broadway.?Bchlmqcm Bores. Daxcks, Ac. Now York, Thursday, Riareh BO, 1863. THE SITUATION. The whole State of Florida is restored to the Union. The capture of St. Augustine, with its defences, at old Fort Marion, and of Jacksonville, by Commodore Dupont, brings back Florida under the folds of the Stars and Stripes. Both places were surrendered without fighting, and in the case of St. Augustine the authorities of the place raised the Union banner on the Town Hall with their own hands. We publish to-day the official report of Commodore Dupont, detailing the whole aCair. 'The American flag," he says, "ia flying once nore over the old city; raised by the hands jf its own people, who resisted the appeals, threats and falsehoods of their leaders, though compelled to wltncsB the carrying oil of their sons la the ranks of the flying enemy. This gives us oossession of a second national fort of strength and importance." The Commodore gives full credit to the officers and men of his command for the 'aithful performance of their duty. T'.ie restoration of Florida crowns the successes which have attended oar arms in the rebellious States for the past three months. Since the first of January the States of Missouri, Tennessee and Kentucky have been folly recovered by the admirable manner in which Generals Hslleck and Buell and Commodore Foote have carried oat the plans of the sagacions mind now conducting the grand Army of the Potomac on its onward march. Large portions of Arkansas, Virginia and North Carolina have also been redeemed, and now (he whole ot Florida fall* into tune to the musij of the national anthem, and under the shadow o' the national ha^ raised by its own citizens. This ia rarely something worthy of record. In addition to the vivid description of the battle at Newborn, Xv Carolina, which we gave from jar special corresp. dent yesterday, we publish to day the official report of the affair forwarded to headquarters by General Burr.side. It is in every 'aspect?even to the figures of the lulled sud wounded?confirmatory ol our accounts. Not the 'east significant portion of General Burn-ide's reoort is .the evidently unpremeditated, but overwhelming denial of the base slandersoi4jcu3r.il McClellan's enemies, contained in the following paragraph:?"I beg to say to the General coin' manding the army that I have endeavored to carry ont the very minute instructions given me by him before leaving Annapolis, and thus far events have been singularly coincide^ with his anticipations, I only hope that we may .n future be able to carry out in detail the remaining plang^f the campaign. The only thing I have to segrot is the delay caused by the elements." Wo give to-day some excellent maps and plans 0/ the battle ground at v hern, the Neusc river, and the rebel defences. From latest rcnorts it auncars that the < >.<-! batteries at A quia creek are evacuated, thus Opc ,iing the whole line of the I<ower Potomac. . he ateamtug I^eelie, which arrived at Waaliirgton on Taeaday night, reports that when she paused the creek the buildings and wharves there were on Are, the supposition being that the enemy had destroyed them and abandoned the place. Oar news from General Banks' division is interesting. General Shields is pursuing the flying rebels under Jackson, towards Htrasburg. The rebels at last accounts were disputing his advance, foot by foot, with their infantry and artillery. It vaa reported at Winchester last night t' at our troops occupied Btrasborg. General ..molds threw a temporary bridge over Cedar creek after the rebela destroyed the original one. threw his army ac.osa the creek, and alter a brisk eLirmisli entered the ".own and threw his pickets >ut two miles beyond it. Utiut r v i ... ? iuw mag* n-v iruu! i.-?innii ino. ;?<r< h contained in a dcfpatch from General Pope, at New Madrid, dated ot g?von o clock lnat eveni' , stating that the flrinj, , tl?e ialand, which had teen continuous aJl day, materially slackened a thathoor. A dcapatch received at Wa-,!i gt-n from Cairo, dated at nine o'clock In*, night, sta??s that General Popo had repolaed the rebel fnabogt fleet at New Madrid, sinking one and dot g others moro or loas, withoui tho lois of a mait m hla aide. The trap of tnd No. Ten and it* upnrorohcri np and dow, ;e elver, wb-'eb wo publish to-day, will be found very accurate. The rebel General beanregard ia said to have taken command of the Mi**i*<tippi Department, and that it ia hie intention to foruy all the available point* on the river from faland Nntnber Ten ,o New Orleane. After the evacnatioa of auch strong plaeea aa Colombo* and bowling Green, hich became a military aeceeeitr under the preeem>' ef the Union idTtnei?both land forces tnd gunboats?it is not probable that, after the capture of Island If umber Ten takes place, the rebel General can hope to make good his stand at any point farther down, H Maintain it for any length of time. By the Anglo-Saxon at Portland, yesterday, wo have feceived telegraphic and newspaper reports from Europe to the 7th of March, five days later. In the interim from the sailing of the Africa on the 2d instant, the English people and Cabinet ob. tained the intelligence of the victory of the Union troops at Fort Ponclaon?the grand turning point of the war against the rebellion. The effect in favor of the Union cause was very marked. It was first displayed by an advance in all descriptions of American stocks and United States securities j Illinois Central, Erie and New York Central shares, with United States fives, going up at once. They remained buoyant at the close on the 7th instant. ^anlinoil f*A?n fkn OAIMO AAIIOA And ffiHHllis ed at the reduction. The political influence of the news was evidenced by the institution of an active canvass in the Lon don journals of the probability of a speedy termi_ nation or settlement of the war. All the late vaporing about "lighting to exhaustion" and an "indefinite straggle" seems to have been dispelled, in a wholesome manner, to a very great extent The London Times fully admits the snccess of oor forces, but expresses the conviction?or rather its own hopo?that our "government was not any nearer to a reconstruction of the Union." The London Tost had commenced to moot the idea of a "settlement" between the United States and the rebellions South, a fact which demonstrates that Lord Palmerston'a opinion in the abilities of the Davis' junta to maintain itself was not very abiding. The Lieutenant Myers, of the privateer Sumter who was arrested by the Moorish oflicers at Tangiers, had been released. A gentleman named Thompson, of Cadiz, who was made prisoner at the same time, was also set lrce. Lord Palmcrston stated in .Parliament that during the discuasion of the Trent affair, it was at first intended to send & much larger reinforcement to Canada, but that the "vigor and power*' displayed by the British government facilitated a peaceful solution of the American question, and rendered the full measure unnecessary. The English steamer Bermuda left Liverpool on the 1st ina.ant, with an assorted cargo, described as "hardware,*' but supposed to be in reality a freight of war material for the rebels. The blockad'ng squadron should keep a sharp lookout for this valuablo prize. UONOBSS8. In the Senate yesterday, petitions in favor of omancipation were presented, Mr. King offered a joint resolut ?n to admit, free of duty, arms imported by States, but, on being informed that a bill to the same purpose was being prepared, withdrew it. The bill securing pay, bounty and pensions to soldiers of the Western Department was passed. A bill to provide for the pnblic defence, and accepting loans for that object from States, was introduced and referred. Resolutions of the Iowa Legislature relative to sickness among the soldiers from that State were presented. A resolution was reported from the Naval Committee authorizing the President to place in active service naval officers now on the retired list. The bill for the organization of army corps was debated and passed. The bill for the abolition of slavery in the District of Columbia was taken up, and Mr. Doolittle proceeded to speak in its favor. The subject was .urther debated, after which tho Senate held an executive session and then adjourned. In the House of Representatives the entire day's session Mas taken up in considering the Tax bill. All the general provisions?forty in number?were acted upon, but no important amendments were made. A proposition was made to exempt slaves from taxation, and on this a short debate sprung up as to the question of property in slaves. The tsx on spiritujm liquors, ales, Ac., was considered, but no prog: ess was made on this branch of the bill, and the 'lonsc adjourned. MISCELLANEOUS KLWS. The steamsuip Anglo-Saxon, from Liverpool on - - > t?a 1? tc. s.l. ' i.?.i Hie UlU UU'i Xiujuuuuui; iuv ( iu nntmii, icat ucu Portland early yesterday inirnicg. Her news iepo/t is five days later than that brought by the Africa to New York. Consols rated at 93% for money in London on the 7th of March. American securities were Jjuoyaut at an advance. The bullion in the Bank of England decreased f375,<>00 in the week. The Liverpool cotton market de.incd from ono-eighth to one-fourth of a penny on the 6th, and remained dull, with prices downward, <n the 7th instant, ilreadstntfs were ea.-y and provisions dull. George Peabody, the banker, was about to quit England for a time, (t is said that his fortune amount. 1375,000 per annul . L'e olfcrs to give $6"0,000 to -e fund new destined to erect a memorial to 1 rince Albert, prodded it is directed to the building of a charitable institution. Should the directors rcfus" i. P-abody will expend his m- leylnbu!'-, ,nses or the working classes in odor i , m . learn tba until tho 23d of January, nvost< by the rebels. The E'c uls h i"! declared the citv to 1 b?. u ionOur uu..LCh . x-trs'a are d. >*4 at Sydney the 'J 1st and J. urn- the 2?'th of January. Trade wm quiet iu both place*. The markets were tlrm in Sydney. The City of Baltimore, uhili left New York on the 16th of February for Li/erpool, liad not arrived when the Glasgow ajirl Anglo .-<axon sailed. She was then nineteen dnyr ent, and some anxiety was expreaa'a respecting her. It siionld be borne In ni.iid that tfc weatlxr on the Atlnntir baa been very stormy of late, and that any alight disarrangement of her machinery would delay the hip for few days she was reaMy overdue. In the ben.ito of ow State Legislature yesterday, petitkis lor a homo for outcast women, and in lavor of *!i prohibitory amendment to the .nstitution, were presented. Majority and minority reports were made from the cotumitteo appointed to apportion the CongressiOTis' districts. A bill to cpu - tho United States Jurisdiction over certain snds in Buffalo, for fortifications, was introduced, d, by unanimous consent, the roles wero susd"d, ^nd the bill passed. The bill alter ng the of the cite of New York, and that nmendi . Tns nmce law* wrre also p; ed. The re a * " -'in* f'nmicit'ee wrs u'op'4.. A. ..i i he President's i u sn?cial Message *? ,4cu, and, under l lie , laid on tha tshl ill to authorize tlifa city to iSiae moi.ey to toi ,j its expenses, was iutrodreed and rcferrod to the New York delegation. A r omimttoo was appointed by the President to pre nt tire testimonial to General Scott. The bill to repeal tho Church Property act waa considered in Committee of the Whole. In tho Assembly, , stitlona against the Concert Saloons Mil wore 1 presented from the Germans. Thet Brooklyn Charter Amendment bill wae refeired to be reportod complete, favorable report# were u?da NEW YORK HERALl), TE I on the bill* to regulate the primary oleotions, and to incorporate the Canal street and East Broadway Railroad. The New York Tax Lory was presented. The Public Defence hill waa debated at some length. A meeting of merenanta took plaee yesterday afternoon, at Delmonico's Hotel, for the purpose of forming an association to secure concert of action among the friends of a measure to establish a General Bankrupt law, authorised by Congress. Finance and executive committees were appointed, and 8. B. Gregory, of Broadway, was chosen corresponding Becretary, to receive communications, Ac. Captain Erastus II. Booth, cnarged with engaging in the slave trade, has been admitted to bail in the sum of $5,000. John Zoudeudorff, one of tne Fort Warren rebel prisoners, was on Tuesday sent to the Massachu Beitu* i^uxuiuc AHyiuin. There was a large falling ofT in the receipts of beef cattle this week?about 1,000 head?in view of which the demand was more active, at an advance of %c. a ytc. per pound, ranging from 6c. to 9%c. Sheep and lambs were more active, and 25c. per head higher. Swine were plenty, dull and lower?3%c. a 3%c. for atill fed and 3%c. a 4%c. for corn fed. Milch cows and veal calveB were steady and unchanged. The total receipts were 3,427 beeves, 146 cows,663 veals, 4,095 sheep and lambs and 16,172 BWino. Yesterday was a quiet day in Wall street. Stocks were firm, but not very active; the only movement of the day was in Erie, which is being freely bought on speculation by parties who are in communication with the other side. Governments were firm at an advance of one-fourth per cent. Money is fairly aotive at 6 a T per cent. Foreign exchange closed Arm. The cotton market yesterday was quiet, while there was a better inquiry for the common and ordinary grades. The sales, in small lots, footed up a few hundred bales, closing at about 27o. a 27>?c. for middling uplands, while some brokers quoted half a cent above the outaide figure; others quoted their inside figure at hair a eent lower. The Liverpool market was affected by the Fort Donelson news, like this was by the first news of the same event, under the expectation that considerable quantities would be received from Tennessee, which not being realized in this marke t, prices advanced from about 20c. to 29c. per lb., with some sales reported at 3Ce., free purchases having been made by spinners, since when they have partially withdrawn, or have bought more sparingly, thus leading to a slight reaction in prices. Flour was heavy, and closed for some descriptions at a decline of 5c. per bbl., with moderate sales to the home trade. Wheat was inactive, while prices favoroa purcnaaers. uoro *01 neavy ana earner, wun saloa of Wen tern mixed at 58c. a 69c., in store and delivered. Pork was in fair demand, but rather easier, with sales of new mess at $13 50 a $13 62)?, and of new prime at $10 50 a $10 81. Safari were loss activo, while prices were steady, with sales of 350 hhds. and 30 a 40 boxes. Coffee was quiet, and no sales ot moment transpired. The suck of Klo embraced 72,204 bags; the total stock of bags and mats amounted to 117,237. Freights were steady and engagements moderate. General Eurnslile's Report of the Capture of Ncwbtra^'hs Strategy of General McClcllmr. The highly interesting official report of General Burnside, giving an account of the capture of Newborn, in North Carolina, by the forces under his command, will be found in another column. His details of the battle will possess .more than ordinary attraction for our readers. But there is a single sentence in the report to j which we desire to call their special attention^ It is as follows:?"I beg leave to say to the j General commanding the army that I have en[ (leavored to carry out the very minute instructions given me by him before leaving Annapolis, and thus far events have been singularly coincident with his anticipations." From this brief statement of pregnant import it is clear that not only the whole enterprise was planned by General McClellan, but the most minute details of it, and so 6ure were his calculations that they were verified in the most singular manner by the events. This is truo generalship, and it vindicates the wisdom of the President's choice in selecting McClellun for the high post of General commanding the whole army, and especially as the leader of the Army of the Potomac. It puts to silence the factious clamors of those journals and politicins who would rob him of his due share of the credit for the splendid victories in Kentucky and Tennessee, beginning with the defeat of Zollicotfer's army near Somerset, and ending with the capture of Fort I>onclson and Nashville. The strategic movenwintu t n ilia T?nna?tu>a find Llin rmiiharliirul wore the inspiration of Lis genius, and IJurnsido's report renders it exceedingly probable that their successful execution is due in no small met'urc to liis "very minute instructions." Halleck and Buoll and Foote did nobly in currying out bis ideas, as Bumsido has now done. They are men of the same stamp as himself, and with such generals co-ojeruting with him, and with such troops as they command, he can do anything. Why was Fremont removed from commnnd of tlm Department of the Mississippi? C'Lielty because he had not tho capacity to underhand and appreciate the plans of the Coium inuei-ii Chief, or was so filled with a spirit of insubordination that he preferred operating on hm <,wu hook and launching out into wild expeditions having no connection with the general plan, and rather obstructing than aiding it. When his successor arrived to relieve bim of the commnnd, he found everything in the department in a state of confusion. By sending Hallcck to the Wett order was educed from chaos, and General McClollan soon realized the splendid fruits of his military conceptions. It was well known in January last that ho had long before plauned the successes which are now biBtory and liis confidential attaches cult bear witness to the fact. While the abolition bounds renewed their "Onward to Richmond 1" ory, and insisted that the capital of Virginia should he marcLed upon at once, McClellan paid no attention to thoir yells, but calmly contemplated the whole vast theatre of his operations, and with a soldier's eye determined that this was not the way to m ke short work of the war I (ml ht> thi>n won a battle in Vir ginia. and occupied Richmond with hi* uw levies, he would be further off from fli.al success than he ie now. The enomy would have fallen back southward, and concentrated jii gicat force, without any Union armies to thwart his purpose or interrupt his progress. Rut whether he in defeated now in Virginia, or retreat, without fighting, he will find a powerful army ahead of him, owing to the triumphant Htrntegy which has restored Tennessee to the Union. Two months ago we told the growlers, ho demanded an Immediate assault upon Mami'?aa and Richmond, that this was reversing ilia order of the campaign, and that Naahtille must fal' before Richmond. And so it has turned euw ; and some of those journals who were then loud in their denunciations of the Fabian policy of tbo General-in-Chief now acknowledge its wisdom, and virtually confsss their own ignorance and folly. Last tall General McClellan predicted, with the clear vision of a man who knew Urn reason* for wb?t ? en is.* a WRSDAY, MAKCH 20, 186 months he would.compeljthe enemy to evacu* ate his stronghold at Manassas without firing a shot or losing a man. and that he would plant the flag of the Union upon the spires of Richmond, or compel the foe to give him battle hi a fair Geld, in which he could not only overthrow him without great loss to his own army, hut render the battle decisive, as he recently announced in his spirited address to bis army, which rang out like the tones of a trumpet. These anticipations are now being fulfilledManassas is already evacuated by the rebels and occupied by our troops, and soon Rich, mond will be in the bands of McClellan without a blow, and the insurgent army in full reA i A- Ik. ~ rlio. VrOBI Ml MJO guibUU oltticn, d uriliuibiikvu, u?organized mob, to be dispersed by the Union armies of the southwest and the Atlantic coast* otherwise Johnston will be compelled to turn round and face the music, and thus end the war by suffering an overwhelming defeat on "the decisive battle field." Such are the grand results to which the scientific combinations of McClellan are loading with sure and steady progress. Orit Campaign Correspondence.?The letters from the Crimea, published by the London Times during the war with Russia, acquired for an individual who has since obtained rather an unenviable notoriety here a reputation for descriptive power and personal pluck which, from the extravagant praises bestowed on his performances, led the world to infer that these qualities were rare in newspaper correspondents. This party was not long among us, however, before it was Been how easy it is for a writer who trusts to his imagination for his facts, and who never ventures his precious per

son within reach of a bullet, to get credit for qualities to which he has but little claim. Since the commencement of the rebellion the correspondence of the American journals has, in point of truthfulness of statements, graphic power, and personal bravery on the part of the writers, thrown far into the shade the much vaunted Crimean letters of the London Times. We need only point to the descriptions that we published yesterday of the battle of Pea Ridge, and of the advance upon and capture of Newborn, as specimens of the very best narrative writing, in connection with I Hip pvpnta of a eamnaiirn. that havo ever been given in a public journal. They are terse and simple in style, graphic to a degree that brings the actualities of the battle field with a thrilling distinctness before our eyes, and carry with them the conviction that the writers have been active participants in the scenes that they describe. The character of American journalism will be raised greatly in European esti* nmtion by the enterprise and ability displayed in these letters. A press that can maintain such an enormous expenditure as is incurred under this one head alone, and that can always find ready for its purposes a corps of well educated and intelligent writers, prepared to brave hardships and even death in its service, is otherwise powerful than that which sends over here as its best representative man that compound of self-conceit and gas the Bombastes Furioso of Lord Lyon's parlor theatricals. This Tridune and tub Capture op Colitmbcs.? The malevolence of this "On to Richmond'' journal is not only developed in personal attacks of the General commanding the Army of the United States, but in actual perversion of offi. eial reports. Fearful that General McClellan might obtain credit for the result of the bril. limit campaign in Western Kentucky and Tennessee, thoy mutilate Gen. Cullom'e report to Gen. Halleck of the evacuation of Columbus to answer their own views. The report, as telegraphed to the New York journals, was worded as follows :? Columbus, the (iibrnliar of the West, is ours, and Kentucky m free, thanks U> the brilliant strategy of the cam ptwjn, ny lmicn r/?y memj/ i ternrr tws ^JKrox au jurs* If.nry and Donelion, his wings isolated from each other and turned,compelling thus the eiacuatian of his stronghold of B'Vling Green first, and wno Columbus. But that portion which we have italicised the Tribune haa entirely omitted. Wc presume it will be impossible for the Tribune to refrain giving in full that portion of the report of Gen. Burnaide referring to the plan of the campaign in North Carolina being originated by General McOlellan, as all the other papers will do so this morning. Revolution An aw Raising Its Head Aujioad.? It will be seen, by the advices received by the Anglo-i?axon, that several hundred arrests of persons known to have been engaged in former revolutionary movements had taken place in Paris. This is significant. When the rebellion broke out here, and there was a prospect of the downfall of republican institutions, the revolutionary chiefs in Europe hocatuc discouraged, and abandoned for a time the projects which they had ia hand. Now that the cloud* that hung over our future are being dispelled, and that it ia certain that the republic will emerge from them more powerful and more glorious than ever, the popular leader* abroad arc taking heart, and are again setting rolling the ball of revolution. That Louis Napoleon is seriously alarmed may be seen by his withdrawal of the dotation to General Montauban. Our domestic troubles at an end, wc may count upon all the European countries again having their turn of them. Now it is Greece ; presently it will be Hungary ; then Poland j after that Koine ; then Frnuce, and alternately England) for she, too, is undergoing changes that are preparing her for the revolutionary fevor. The United States looked in vain for the sympathy of the so-called constitutional governments of Europe during the dark days that were upon it It remaius to bo seen whether their institutions will stand the test to which they are about to be subjected, as successfully as ours have done. Tfik Clamor Auainst tui Tax Bii.i..?Wo' observe that all the small fry traders in the country art sending deputations to Washington to obtain modifications of the new Tax bill in favor of their own particular interests. Hat- I tors, cappers and billiard markers; brewer*, paper makers and dog fanciers; uuetinnoers, hotel keepers and carriage makers, havo each their grievance to lay before the committee, and they swarm like office seekers about the capital. The abolition nowspnpers join in n great howl on their own account, and very soon we shall expect to find all the tinkers and jailors in the country joining in the dance to Washington. There is really no occasion for all this excitement; but, in order to put a stop to it, the best thing for Congress to do is to pass the bill at once. We are quite willing to pay our share. If the complaints of ail were acted upon wr should have no tax bill what, ever. Every one who goes to Washington to state his partioular grievance ought to be sent to the old Capitol jail m an enemy of the oouaJ try. There is pleaty of (90m there now. 12. SoiTHKKN chivalry and NOKTUMW VaIAHI.? The rebel journals and the rebel prisoners amy that they knew Western men could fight wellf and are, therefore, not ash tuned to surrender to our Western troops; bat, they add, it is the Eastern Yankees who are cowards and will run *wy from the chivalry. Well, the rebels had a chance to scare the Eastern men at Newbern. Massachusetts, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island and New Jersey furnished the Union soldiers who fought that battle, and they fought it with equal bravery. The rebels outnumbered these brave fellows fifteen to eight, or nearly two to one. The rebels fought behind intrenchments, and had sixty-four heavy cannon, while our troops only had a few field pieces, which had to be dragged by hand through dismal swamps. How did the fight result f Just in the usual style. The ehivalry were defeated and fled before the Yankees, just as they did before the Westerners. It will not do for the rebels to attempt to disunite the East and West, as well as the North and the South, in this struggle, by representing that the Yankees are inferior to the Hoosiers or the Buckeyes. Here at the North every soldier is a man, and he is more than a match for a rebel, no matter from what State he comes. Wkndkll Phillips l\ II is Glob v.?The abolition agitator, Wendell Phillips, is luxuriating at Washington. In a recent Bpeech he acknowledged that he had been working against the Union for thirty years. Never was a confession more true. For thirty years Phillips has been attacking the constitution, and using every means to exasperate the South to secession. Now that he has accomplished his object, he is in his glory, and triumphs in this fratricidal war as did Satan when his schemes against mankind resulted in Gain's murdering his brother Abel. But now that Phillips has confessed that for thirty years he has been a conspirator against the Union, is it not about time that tho guvuiuuiuub pui nu ouu iu uia Ktruuiuua carcur by confining him in a prison or a lunatic asylum T By his own confession, Phillips and the Southern rebels are colaborers, and therefore they ought to be treated alike. A Winning Cause a Good One.?The victory at Fort Donelson seems to have made a sensible impression even upon the most violent of the secessionist sympathizers at the other side. The very pains which the London Times takes to explain away its importance shows that it has already produced good fruits. The beet proof of its beneficial effects is the fillip that it has given to American securities. When the news of the rapid succession of brilliant Union victories that has since taken place reaches Liverpool, the revolution in public opinion, as to the prospect of the speedy reconstruction of the Union, will be complete. We are anxious to see how the London Times will seek to explain away its ferocious hostility and its predictions of ruin, financial as well as political, to the. North. A winning cause is generally a good one, and we expect that our London contemporary will not be long in recognizing the value of the axiom in our regard. Alas! Poor Fremont.?Will not poor Fremont, or some kind friend of his, or some amiable lady member of his family, go to Greeley and beg of him to cease his insidious attacks upon the ex-Pathfinder and present King of the Mountains ? These attacks began by the unauthorized publication of the stolen report of General Thomas, and even to this very day Greeley continues to dish up that report in numerous editorials, with the obvious intent and certain result of disgracing Fremont in the opinion of the nation. Has General Fremont no friends, that Greeley Is allowed to rail at him so constantly 1 Ala.-,! poor Fremont. Mr. Sumner and the M.viijj.?The Senator from Massachusetts has introduced a bill repealing an act which prevents negroes from carrying the mails. If it passes black will be as good as white in contracting to carry the mails. But what about the females, Mr. Sumner? NEWS FROM WASHINGTON. TnK STATE PRISONERS' COMMISSION. The Commission relative to prisoner, of State, composed of General John A. Plx and Hon. Edward Pierrepent, have ordered that, during the hours when tha Commi-sion i. in .o.-ion, no personal interview can be had with tlio Commissioners relating to any other cam than the one on trial at the time; but any communication in writing, addressed to the Commission or to the Secretary, E. P. Webster, Eeq., will be received at any time. The Commission continued its session at Central Wadswordi'.headquarter, to-day. A ncmbor of case. wore cont-lderod, and the following prisoners discharged, upon taking a parole to rentier no aid or comfort to tho insurgents:?John A. Kicld, W. W. Harper, Wesley Avery, Summ. rlioM Ball, J. J. Jarboe and John P. DangorfleM were tent beck to prison for further consideration. Ex-Governor Morchaad, of.JContucky, wee to day released, by order of the Secretary of War, from the conditions of the parole which he was required to take at tho time of his discharge from Fort Warren. A despatch rtceived here states that the steamer rejrbed Cherrystone, Northampton county, Vs., at halfpast eoven o'clock to night from Fort.-era Monroe. At three o'clock this afternoon all was quiet there. The following political.prisoners confined in the old Capitol prison ware to-day released upon taking tha oath of allagiance:?Christophor Rochford, Fairfax , Va.; Jas W. McCnrdy, I'altircore; Bernard B. Pool, Fairfax, Va. Thomas Haycock, do.; Hosen H. H. Williams, Toronto Canada; John W. Cranford, Fairfax, Va.; John McDanlel' do., William Ogden,do.; William Eaton, fharleslon, 8. C.; Lewis Johnson. Fairfax, Va.; Horatio Lanham, do.; Charles F. Elgin, do.; Charles W. McGlaucy, Jeflbrson OOunty, Va.; Abraham Shepherd, do.; R. D. Shepherd, do., George II. Johnson, do.; Jamee R. Pool, Fairfax, Va. TBI NKQKO Ql'KMTlON IN CONOUX8S. The negro question hod Occupied tho attention of Congross to-day. Senator Doollttle, of Wisconsin, made an MgUITWni upoo in? Dili lO BUOIJPU simvwry in mo rmtriv* of Columbia, lu which he assumed th.?t the Caucasisn race will rule eternally in the tomperate zones, and tbo negroes in the torrid zone*, and that tho black and white rac e cannot lire in harmony here, lie la, therefore, la favor of colonization. THK TAX BILL IN Till! HOril*. In the Houae the question of taxing negro** aa property excited a lively debate. Ills understood that the P> at Ofliee Coninntte will make an effort to reduce the pro* I>oxed taxes upon newspapers. TUB ARMY UOBriTALS. The last week's returns of soldiers sick in the government hospitals at Georgetown, Alexandria and Washington, give an aggregate of one thousand sevon hundred and twenty three. Of Hkis, flvo hundred and throe be long to the New York Volunteers. CONFIRMATIONS OY THIS 3KNATB. Tho Donate, In executive session this afternoon, cleared 1110 civil calendar. The following were conQrmod ? F. Van Routh, Register in Land Office J. s. M'.illor. ot Piiitiino!e. Inspector of 3teambdatff, C. U I .oath, contiul to St. Johns, N. t. Abraham Wakemari, Postmaster, New York. Motion to rec'inaldet made by Senator Anthony. I GeoigeUlrard, Consul t??t. Helena. The following were rejected:? Jas. Lesley, Philadelphia, Consul at Nice. Wm Moran, Fhilade.phla, Consul at ilayonne. Max E'usloln. Consul to Nuroinbdrg. John W. I'awson, Governor of Ctah. Tho nomination of Thos. Clowes, reported favorably by Judge Ollamer, Chairman of the Poet Office Committee, for postmaster at Troy, wag laid ever, en motion of 8e?ator Harris X I THl RTT-SMVBJimi CON ORES S. ranT UNION. 8en?U. Waswmotob, March 19, ISM ^ *M AJICII ATlOBf OV SLA TV. Mr. Wilmov, (rev ) * p?-. P"?nt?d several petition! in favor of lite ema nclpation of (bo slaves. STATS : UtrOSTATlUMS OK ABU. Mr. Kino, (rap.) ?A ' N.Y., offered a joint reeolutioo authorizing the import atlon of arms, ordered bra Stat* free of duty. Mr. Fuses* msn, (rep.)\or Me., said there was a bill on the same subject in tho <x >urse of prepai ation. The hill was laid over. TUB BOI.IHSKH OS' TU WWIKB.N DKTARTMKMT. On motion of Mr. Hbidbrs on, (Union) of Mo., the bit to secure pay, bounty and pt usions to nieu actually is service iu the Depart mast of* the West, was taken up and parsed, PUBLIC DBS. HNC1. Mr. Morkiix, (rep.) of Me., in troduced a bill to provide for the public defence, and U* accept loans from the several Elate* for the purpore. Referred. THE HICK SOU* 'SUB. Mr. Harlab, (rep.) of Iowa, pre* ?nted resolutions from ths Iowa Legislatur* relating to th?e sickness among the Iowa troops. osmium haw omans. Mr. Hals, (rap.) of N. H., from i In* Naval Oommlttee, repoitcd a resolution authorizing the Secretary of ths Navy to place officers, now on ths retirsd list, la aettvs service. FA8HAGI or Tin ABUT COKF8 BILL. On motion of Mr. Wiisom, (rep.) of Mass., thabUitOr the organization of army corps, Ac., wss taken up. Mr. Camas, (rep.) of Iowa, said he was tired of opposing these hills for sggrsndisoment. This thing of army corps was not a new thing. A citizen of his Stats wan now at the head of an army corps in the West, but no request fur s splondid staff came from him. Us was winning victories, and will win more. These requfsts come from the aristocratic portion of ths army, who conquer the enemy by outcamping them. He hoped to God the day would soon come when the army would move away from tha capital, so its influence would not be felt here on all legislation. Mr. Wilcox said we had organised army corps, but the commander had no staff, and the Mil proposos to give them eight men. It was necessary that wa hare an Inspector General, Adjutant General. Chief of Artlllerv. ta. He thought opposition to this bill wss entirely without foundation. Mr. Cow an, (rep.) of Pa., said tharswas no doubt ths army ought to m officered, but the thing never seemed to bo done, butevery morning we were treated to a new dish. He wanted to know, if we passedtbis bill, whether the army would then be organized f Mr. Wiiboh said the bill for a staff had been hanging along between the two Houses some time, and this bill was up for the first time. Mr. Cowan said ha was perfectly willing to vote for the bill if it was to he a finality ; but he wanted to know where tho end was. Mr. Wiiaon said we had been obliged to create an army, which was a now thing, and it was necessary to bring iu many bills, aud ho thought It best to keep the different departments of the army separateMr. sHiEBMAM, (rop.) of Ohio, contended that the effsot of tho bill was simply to increase the pay of staff offioers, aud ho thought there was no necessity for its passage. Tho bill passed?yeas 29, nays 9. The following are tho Nays?Messrs. Grimes, Hale, Harlan, Henderson, Tons ef Kansas. Powell, Sherman, Trumbull, Wright. Mr. Hown, (rep.) of Wis., asked to be excused from the select committee on Senator Stark's esse. He was excused. BLAVBKY FN TUB DIST1UCT OV OOLCMRIA. The bill fbr the abolition of slavery in the District at Columbia was taken np. Mr. Doouttl* proceeded to speak in favor of the bill. He believed every man had a right to liberty. Hs believed all the races of mankind ware capable of enjoying civil and religious rreedom, and social and political equality under proper circumstances. He contended that ths real question in this country was the negro question, and not Mis quostioa of slavery. It was s question of race. He quoted from Jc.iorson In favor of emancipation, ana also saying that tha two races could not live together. In the temperate sone ths Caucasian race will always dominate, and in il,u ivruiisn lhii nrtlnrAfl riiPA urii rlomiriEnt. Vnliira made law stronger than a. y law of man, and it must ba obeyed. He claimed that in the tropica the black race were entirely capable of taking care of themselves, while tho white race grows eflhto and degenerates. Ha quoted statistics in regard to the French West India colonies, showing that since emancipation the cot mien hud improved in commercial, civil and religloua life. Ha also referred to the condition of the black race in Haytt as conclusive proof that the colored race was capable of maintaining civilization and free government. Of the seventy-flve foreign countries with which we have commercial intercourse, Hay11 stands twenty-flrat in exports and twenty-fourth in imports. Our trade with Hay tl was more than with Russia or Mexioo. Ha oonlonded, further, that the repugns nes in thla country to living side by side with the black race was not, as claimed by some, mcro prejudioe, but a true instinct of nature. He quoted from various laws or the. dliferent States, as showing this feeling. Ha aid there were three solutions to the negro quasi ion: 01.u that of Messrs. Toombs and Davis, that slavery was a great blessing, and ought to be extended everywhere, and Africa reopened to the slave trade, and possession taken of all tropical America. This was the gigantlo dream of Southern ambition. Another solution was that the whole negro population be set free whore they are, ido by side witb their masters, and satltlud to all the privileges and rights whieh lead to cummirjltng races. This was the solution of old John Brown. The third solution was that of Thomas Jefferson, which gives universal liborty to man universally, but keeps tho two races separate. This solution was in accordance with the law whieh the Almighty stamped on the universe. He contended that every pledge of the republican party in 1800 was against interfering with slavery in the State*, and there we could not emancipate slave*. But they thought It their duty to eaoou.age emigration to Hayti and Liberia and otherg places, and that they should look at tho map of the whole American continent and direct legislation for the good of all racr? > nd all mankind. M Pomrrot, (rep.) of Kansas,said,as a general thing, i >r .* had a coastitutlon.nl objection to negroes. These objections vanish when they are slaves. When slaves, they smell as sweat as the balm of a thousand (lowers, hut when free they have a bad odor. He was in favor of this bill, but be aaw no necessity for payment for slaves, for he thought that alavery did lot exist in tho District by any law. Maryland laws have been established here; but at that time there w..a no law lu Maryland making slavery perpetual, and certainty uongrwui uiu uui u?u ? m?? w<Hn.uiK| siuvsry Tito condition of t.iu treasury would not admit of the payment or a million dollars to bnjr slave*, to which tho master has no clsim. Hi t If the Senate insisted cn tho payment, he thought the money would not go to the men who had this am >nnt or uupaid labor, j Lore wrsi * somo slaves hero who labored ror thoir masters forty years. Would tho Senate turn them out to die and then pay the masters? Executive sees ion. Adjourned. House of RepresestUatlrM. Wasurxoros, March 19,1MB. Tint tax biix. * Tho Iloi'io resumed tba consideration or the Tax bill. The Ho . i acted on all the general provisions, forty I* numbs", n.-aing no important amendments. Mr. wKxune, (Union) of Ky., offered an amendmont to exempt slaves from direct taxation, when lands are taxed,and advocated It by a sp<u ch. A brie." debate fotlowod, during which Mr. Loraxor, (rep.j of 111., denied tuat the constitution of our fatnera even recognized property In man, and It never would. Slavery hau no guarnnten In the constitution, whi h, if it had been honestly administered, would have destroyed slavery long ago. Mr. Wicaum said h* hod be'", lnformod thst Mr I/>vaMBhad recently mode a imllsr speech be; .ire a biaclcVPeintioo. Mr. loviuot said It was likely. hid attended two meciinga.and ho believed the tl.ve hod as muob right to own a master as the master to own him; ae much right to whip ?ud sell tho master as the ma iter to whip and sell him. Mr. Winarm argued to show that our gov -omen? n numerous instances has recognized slaves as , 'perij Mr. WlcklilTe's amendment was rejected. n.. ii....u <?( firnunSii:! to tho oonsPlcraMon o" f sections. elating to licenses and taxes ooapirta. if u ami poi ter, but mado but llttla progress uw.-n u During tna proceedings Mr. Feins. (rop ) < ' proposed the discount of Or* par cant alf wed on railroad corporation*, bauke, savings InetttuUc < and Insurance companies making their returns din to the Commiarumarof Internal Ravanua, should ba . pplicd to all Incorporated cotnpanloa.aud also to Individuals. The amendment prevailed, but afterwards the whole section was stricken out. Adjourned. Reported Cnptui - of Yancey. pmutttima, March 10,1001 H la reportod that the rob I Commissioner Yancojr hoi been captured, while aitempting to run the blockade. Boarding of the Hark Evening Star. | Osss.Nroi.rr, L. I., March 10,1801. The bark Kvenlug Star, Ma. afield, of and for New Haven, twenty days from I'or to itlco, with sugar and mo lapse*, waa boarded on the lxth instant, while at anohor In Gardiner's Day, by the revenue cutter Agassi*. RelrKH of the Urlilgv Ball'lure vapiaxa | by the Rebel I MinW) Ky., MM eh 10, IBM. I The bridge builder* captured bjr I rgnn s pert/on I tho Louieville end Naehvllle Hailroe" bare been released, end tbejr returned thie evening. Mnur rom rue BcRfmioe EspenmoN. -l.ie stesmor Hayes will leave tbla pert on Irtde* mor ritb nelta for General Bnrnsldo'* expedition All le i % 1 smeU pa<kegve loft et tho ofl'.ce of C. R swell, h ; ?- <ing Greeu. before ten o'clock A. M.,wili lx? r?r .??ru?-u .? u ... lent" liar*.?Goary'e grand cone before ,Ke Friendly >t:e of fit. tlrlek ro;:i?s off to-ing it et Irving Hull. Tho programme include* tho cholocetg mepfo.ue most eminent Irieb compters, and wtll rerfonned bp some of our leading vocalist*. Nmi/>'sO>.Rt)?s.- !bat oxcelient Irish comedian, Mr. John Collin*, takes bl* bene;)f At Mil* establishment to nlgbt. He will ting seven of hu most r >P*>Ur eongn la the course of the evening. Mra M%)or Genoral Vrsmon arrived at Uie After House I eel evening from Weahin* m. I

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