Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 30, 1862, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 30, 1862 Page 1
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TH WHOLE NO. 9333. THE CHEAT BATTLE AT WIICHESTEL Informal Account of the Fight by Gen. Shields, the Hero of the Day. Xiist of the Killed and Wounded as Far as Known. Total Union Loss in Killed, Wounded and Kissing. Account of a Visit to the Battle Field. INCIDENTS OF CHIVALRY, AcN AC., AC, General Skltld*' Account of tke Battle. Ihe following letter from General Shields, to a friend a Washington, gives tbo General's Informal account of Um battle of Winchester:? bsaoon/atckft Gknxrai, 8bi?u>8' Pmsio*, 1 Wiwubstkr, Vs., March 26,1802. J T will give you a brief account of our late operations. My reeonnoissance beyond Strasburg, on the 18th and lbth Inst., discovered Jaekson reinforced, in a strong position, near Now Market, within supporting distance of the main body of the rebels under Johnston. It wan necessary to decoy bim from that position. Therefore I fell bach rapidly to Winchester on the 20th, as if in retreat, marching my.whole command nearly thirty miles in oue day. My force mas placed at night in n secluded position, IWo miles tram Winchester, on the Martinsbmg vend. On the ttst the rebel cavalry, under Ashby, showed thwmeirrs to our pickets, within sight or WinChester. Ob ths 22d all of General Banks' command, with lhaeacaption of my division, evacuated Winchester, m real* for Centreviile. This movement and the mashsApeetton of my division made an impresaien upon ths Inhabitants, soma of whom ware in secret com?itliilisn with the enemy, that our amy had left, and that asthtng,remained huts few regiments to garrison this ptses. Jackson was eignnilsed is this eflbct. I saw tbstr signats and divlasd thsir msaaing. About five o'clock m the afternoon of the 22d Ashby, believing that ths town was almost evacuated, attacked ear pickets end drove them In. This suestss increased his dstueton. It became necessary, however, to re f mil wvui ivi uivmio ijiuw irviu?i * luvrnuio vmvi?n hnwN ? brigade, uri placed It in Droit between Winchester and the enemy. 1 ooiy lot thou aee, however, two regiment* of infantry, two batteries of will orj ?M 1 mil fore* of cavalry, which bo mistook oo the wMo foooo loft to garrison out protect the ploeo. to 1 little skirmish that evening, while piecing the artillery in position, 1 wee struck bp e fragment or e shell, which broke my arm shore the elbow, injured my shoulder, ?? damagedjne otherwise to such en extent that 1 her* lain proetrste ores since. 1 commenced making preparations for any emergency that might occur that night or the next morning. Under corer of the night I ordered an entire brigade (Kimball's) in take up a strong position in advance. I pushed - forward four batteries, baring them placed in a strong position to support the Infantry. I placed Sullivan's brigade eon both flanks, to peeisM surprise end to keep my flanks from being turned, and I held Tyler's brigade In reserve, to operate agate*" ?? r poiat icti a.<ht be oeoaUad in front. In this position 1 awaited end expected the enemy 's attack nest morning. My advance brigado was two miles from the town, its pickets extending perhaps e mile farther ekmg the turnpike loading to Strosburg. About eight o'clock in the morning 1 sent forward two experienced officers to reconnoitre the front and report indication* of the enemy. They returned In en hour, reporting no ene my in sight except Ashby's force of csvalry, infantry and artillery, which by tbis time had become familiar end contemptible to us. Gen. Banks, who was yet here in person, npon hearing this report, concluded that vuuiu uvv uo iu iruut p'oniuij, ur y? u?U')du away bo far from tho main body of tb* rebel army. in this opinion I, too, began to ooncur, concluding tbal Jackson waa too sagacious to be caught in such a trap. Sen. Banks therefore left for Washington. His Staff offtcers were directed to follow the same day, by way of Csutrsville. Knowing the crafty enemy, however, i had lo deal with, 1 omitted no precaution. My whole force waa ooncentrated, and prepared to support Kimball's brigade, which waa in advance. About balf-poet ten O'clock it became evident we had a considerable foree before us; but the enemy atiU concealed himself so adroitly in the woods that It waa impossible to estimate It. 1 ordered a portion of the artillery forward, to open re and unmask them. By degrees they began to show themselves. They planted battery after battery In Strong position, on the centre and on both Banks. Our artillery responded, and this continued until about half past throe o'clock in 'the afternoon, when I directed a cehuan of Infantry to carry a battery on their left Bank and to assail that flank, which waa done promptly and splendidly by Tyler's brigade, aided By same regiments frem tho other brigades. The re of our infantry was so doss and destructive that It made havoc in their ranks. The result waa the capture of their guns oaths left and the forcing bach of their wing on tbo centre, thus placing them tn a position to bo routed by a general attack, Which was made about five o'clock by all the infantry, and succeeded in driving them in flight from the Acid. Bight fell upon ua at this stags, laaving us in possession of the field of battle, two guns sod four ceiseons, three MM priaooera aud about om thousand stand of a mall arms. Our killed In this engagement cannot exceed one hundred men, wounded two hundred and thlrty-thro* The enemy's killed and wounded exceed one thousand. The Inhabitants of the adjaoeat villages carried them to their heuaee as they were removed from the field of battle. Houaes between the battle field and Btraeborg, and even Tar beyond, have since been found filled with the dead and dying or the enemy. Gravea have been discovered far removed from the road, where the inhabitants of the country burled them as they died. General Banks, In his pursuit of the enemy beyond Blrasburg afterwards, found houses on the roa<l twenty-!*o miles I rem the battle field filled In this meaner, and present ng the most gbast'y spectacle. The havoo made in the ranks ef the rebels has struck this whole region of country with terror. Such a blow bad never fallen on them before, and It la mora arushlng because wholly unexpected. Jaekeon and his alone wall brigade, and all j the other brigades accompanying him, will never meat this division again In battle. During the night they reneged to carry off their artillery In the darkness. We opened upon them by early light next morning, and they commenced to retreat. General Banks returned from Harper'a Ferry between nine and tan o'clock A. k , and placed himself, at my request, at the Mad ef the command, tan miles from She fcatflA f.s'J i jrsulne the encrav. Reinforcements nrfi'cl we ti*rt ot lerta h?ok frera A'dUares' division, ana j 'j'.cb 1 bad otdared forward dunu* lb> uif(ht,naw aaraa m, end with all tte.*e *? a .miatmd tfcepurniit, y.?a?<ag Diam with ?*? ? aafi WHb r?p??u<! act <i*atruo> It a MiAtkt) m far aa *'ov lock, 'vLtro ha baited ma fc?r? Babauatlon liie enoui*'* auAoriafo Iia. t* Ueeu aud o?oh aa tbry Swj nowhere ? noondnrad tree Ue eoo.roeancme jt ?<f Ibis oar, end rot kicd *oi? tbmrWaUaatrv a'ata of diaclpllae that %t aa time giur Log the ba'.tla ot puroull did they fira trap la pea to. Thar Bad lo MOUl Jackaon, and ara by tbte |tma aa danbt In oommoataatioo with tba mala body of CI rabal array. 1 bapa to bo abla la a raw daya to rlda a Nir and place myaolf at tba bead of my commaa#y hot I bare oaltbar euffleienl force nor enffiotenl tanb td do tbat aerrlca to tba oountry that i bopa aad f??| i aarf of. No maa eooid ba batter treated j Cbaa Teat ay4>eo> Baaha; and yet if be and hid com- j ?aod bad baa* fepra on the Md job would bay# beard 1 t e ne uoijycg or a fight, because our wily roomy would col hr.Vo b*.? i. entrapped. 1 went an efficient cavaliy regirvsnt?the Third United Slate* cavalry,for instance? and Jhdiin.ooal lufaotry. 1 wiali you would a*e iL? 9*crstary of War, for iusuue*, In relation to this matter 1 con do 'lie country sen ic* if tbey give me a chance. ' JAMES SHIM!*, bar Special Army Cormpendcnrc. WiNOiiKKiK*, Va., March 27,1802. In company with Captaiu Morreil, of tbe illustrious Eighty fourth Pennsylvania regiment, I vim tad the battle field near thia placo yesterday. The visit was rendered doubly interesting by meetiug with the Captain on the way. He waa the senior Captain, and commanded the valiant band of two hundred and sixteen men who represented the gallant regiment after the death of the lamented Colonel Murray. Tbo Lieutenant Colonel and Ma,ior were both absent on the day of the battle. "Them,", said tbe Captain, "Is where tho Eighty-fourth delivered their first fire Into the enemy, and tb<r* IS the spot where Colonel Murray died leading them to a charge.' 1 looked at tbe brave man before me, who had five bullet marks in hie clothes, and then at tbe epol bloodstained by the life tide of tbo noble Murray, and a sense of awe, horror and admiration darted through my mmd like a shoes of electricity. Hiding forward a 'ittie, the Captain said "it was here our boy* suffered mist. There is where twenty of our men fed within a space of as mnny square yards." Hazing at the spot, besmeared, as it was, witb btood. the reflections created by the scono and tbe place were indescribable. Then the Captain, after a onus*. continued:? "These aro the woods where the LouislunaTigers were,and where ibey opposed us for two hours at thirty yards disuse*. Wo could hear them crying, 'Bally, Tigers, and remember Bull run and Cerro Gordo; the Yankees are before you.'" I proceeded Into the dell behind the wood. Every rock was stained with the blood of a departed rebel; every tree was shattered by our Area tins. Pass, lng to the loft, a newly turned mcuud or earth, about forty yards by five, and two feet in height, attracted my notice. "What is that little fenced enclosure?" asked I. "That," replied my brave guide, "is the grave of eighty-four rebels killed by our regiment and the Seventh Ohio. There are many other similar mounds on the field. The Union dead are buried in the remeterv Do you tee that wall?" said the Captain. "That ia tbo wall where the rebels took position till they were driven to those woods over there." Ilooked, rode along the wall, stained everywhere with the blood of the enemy's dead and wounded, and shattered in many placee by the halls and shells of the Union army. "That Held is the one," said my conductor, pointing over the wall to a level open space, "where oar men charged against the wall, and from which we drove them previously." Tbo field was very moch exposed; no shelter at all did it eontain, while the wall was a parapet fifteen inches thick, ifitb loopholss for musketry, as If it had been constructed for a pefteet lino of defence. Our gallant marksmen hit the rebels throegh these loopholes, however, whenever they dared to show their heeds, end 1 picked up a rebel hat on the field with nine buDet boles in it. Stray lag along over the dreadful field, I saw everywhere traces r the unquestionable severity of theconflict; end, having rally sail shed my curiosity on this point, I turned my horse's head, and only felt relieved from n feeling of awful horror long after reselling Winchester. monumental subscription should Immediately pe est en foot for Colonel Murray and the heroes of the lighty-fourth, and the name pt every eoe who participated in this terrible struggle should he inscribed upon the monument in letters of gold. Capt. Morrell informed mo that the Sighty-fourth is largely composed of Irish citizsns, and that the hayonst charge of those men swept the rebels like chaff before the wind. The enemv'a loss, independent of prisoners. Is new aa certajnedto have exceeded 1,200 men. Tb? bouses and villages between the field of battle and the town of Sum burg are in many cases crowded with them,and there is. scarcely a bouse in which thero is not one dying,dead, or from which a funeral has not taken place since the day of the memorable struggle. Union men, escaped from the rebel army and arrived at Wmeberter on tfc JStb, describe the panic among tho rebels as spreatln* as the severity of their recent chastisement becomes evident to thorn. They admit a loss of 1,000 killed and wounded. Tho exact loea in the Seventh Ohio regiment was nineteen prlvatee killed, and fifty nine private* and non commissioned officers wounded, and eleven miesing. Three officers were alsb wounded. In tho Seventh Indiana the precise loss was nine privates and non-commissioned officers killed and thirty-one wounded, and seven missing. Two of their officers were wounded. The First Virginia lost Lieut. Col. Tfaoburn, wounded, besides two other officers and five non-commissioned officers and privates killed, and twenty two wounded. Loes a Twrinr xnrru onio. Killed, one officer and two men: wounded, one officer and eight privates; missing, three privates. loss IK OKK RONOHEti AM) TIKTfl FKNKSYIVXMU. Killed, seven: wounded, rorty-tliree; missing, none. loss iv roraTKEKTB mriivi. V illoH fnup wniiDilAtl flftt inKlnilinff Kit a - missing, Done. loss in vkihth ohio Killed, htm. wounded, one officer and forty three men; missing,one. noes in mxTT psvmrm ohm. Killed, one officer and thirteen men; wounded, two officers and thirty-six men. usee in a RTTixrsiers. Killed, four, one la each battery engaged, wounded, one; missing,one. Among the acts of chivalry performed on the Held waa one by private Graham, of the Bighty-fonrth Pennsylvania. Be carried the regimental standard. The left band, which held, It waa shot ofT; but before the Star Spangled Banner fell to the ground he grasped it In the remaining hand and held it triumphantly. The right arm was next disabled, but before the colors fell he waa killed by a third ball. Be waa a native of the Emerald Isle. Colonel Murray, of the Eighty-fourth, waa shot through the Bgure on hia eap, the bullet passing out at the back of hie head. The following is a perfect list of the killed and wounded in the Eighty-fourth regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers at the battle of Winchester nuns. Colonel Wm. G. Murray. Private John Kelly. Captain Patrick Gallagher. Private Jerjunlah Gates. Second I.teut. Chaa Roam. Private Thomas Haneoff. Private Paul McLang. Private Simon Kreiiher. Private Job Millar. Private Joeeph McClanan. Private John Gtllmore. Private Jacob Wainwrigbt. Private James Myers. Private Jamee Graham. Private Levi Keech. Private Daniel G. Smith. Private Wm. R. Fowler. woman. Private Wm. B. J>avie. Corporal Jan. Gallagher. TbOlnii Kifanniii Pr?T?w M. I.une. PMrai# John Brooke. Fr*o*llD Hounior Pi- v?? Michael K?rr?U. 2?iL 0 P,n"?* CUdwiisaautR RF?'H?;,SU teisssr Esa&SL f&stejsr FirniCorpornlPnur i L ?"??o Jbr.Juni H^, Prlrnu Reubon Kitl Inm ?r'? d2#n,W Private Run , m ? ?# John C , Second CbreoA .Ltaon ?m* C. D Hallanhnck^ J'C,t,0B ?? } IfIdtaSruS^Mrr?*j0^' sajftjarPrirat* Alfred Crngne. fj.'lfj! ?"/ Hoic<?nb ??? Pink#,too. ft1"* ? W S5Sa52!SW? *!"??? flirt ol?4, B M v?bB Lo,b#r? &g?Sxzcr'- sttsr.ner "Sfmrnw,.^ b?2jss%:? S?'r#?t Hfm Prlvnt# *lu K > ft*0 I r(.?r?, iiti?* w n .? r|"#'-?? Wonrr Xfrii nr I rpoA] j*m#l< cr ,| '*** D"ifhf hnhA*?l Corpora, , p'nv*io Rob&7*2u Egrsast" F PTIT?I? John K. cerr. rporT 1v?y JLor- Prlrate Win. Luaier. v orpof?l 4l?IHiilr Taylor. Total killed 7 11 Total WOUIidOd iiniiMiitiin 1A Aggregate killed and 'wounded,'w, out of Mb engaged no following lea I lot of the killed and wounded in the other ra#imeirte engaged, eo far ae eonld be aeoertained on the 87th initant ? nian in roi mrn omo hboimrvt. Prlrate W. W. Bmrt. Private 0. R. Brown Private K. I. Onyr Prlrate W. B. Maw ne Private H. Wpper. Prlrate 6. W. Wethona Private W. Bill. Pr irate Peter Ran a. Prlrate C. Talbot. Private William B Mrer Prifol# M. Meathert. n W YO NEW YORK, SUNDA^l THE VALLEY OF T Scene of General Banks' and THE BATTLE FIELD ] Position of the Hostile Armies Battle, Man ST \ \ WINCHES ?QHTJ/ un r5S? WATSRSASQN jj ^?L H?S?ft\/C wocxlid rn m rirni ohio nanimmr. Ciirpo??l Henry Teale. Private W. P. KuOr. Private J. Hunter. Private P. Handfordelth. Vergeant F. Fscbes. Privet* H. it. Bolter. Corporal Charlec Lapp. Corporal M. Hall. | Private P. Lippelt. Private Tboe. At kin. Private W. Killer. Private Lawrence Veil. an tan ibtbbobb Branaan abdtbbtb naanrLVAnu aa c nan. Private J. P. Davidson. Private ? Leibrich. Private J. Ferguson. Private Samuel Rverljr. Private P. P. Croft. Private John Murphy. Private Jceepb Cooper. Private John Darn. WOT BHD IB TUB obb BCBDaBD ABO TBXTH fBBHBTlVABlA aauiMBBT. Private John Nipple. Private William Cowrag*. Private C. H. Horn. Private M. Sacock. Private J. Horseman Private Silae S. Anthony. Private Jaaaee Wallaee. Sergeant William Roberta. Private W. P. Ramsey. PrivaU John Borden. PrlnUJ. Muritn. mwn J. n. warper. Prlrata l^arkl Prtea. Prlrata D. Brows. Prlrata W. 0. Collobor. Private 6. Sloan. Priests Anthony Klmlim Bargaant B. IfcCooa. Priests Theodora Rockoy. Priests jobs Nottlo. Prlrata D, C. Bakor. Priests Ira Horn. Priests R. Rim ley. Prtvala-D. 8. Dakar. Corporal J. Murphy. Priests D. Gardener Pateate T. MrllwaiDS. Prlrata W. P. Ramsay. Prlrata D. Card knar. PrlraleJohu t. Foreman Priests J. B. Albarl. PrteatoJoba Panghsriy. Prlrata T. Gloatar. kiilsd I* Tin biuhh ntmawa aaemmrr. Prlrata Michael MeGaa. Private Cbas. Gill. worirnBD n> m itruit i*pia)ia aamnurr. Prlrata G W. Camming*. PrlvataCbaa. Sibart. Prlrata Wn Haraabrgar. Prlrata J U. I'etnei a Private F C Haailat. Private B. NicKerron. Prlr^toP W. .'ones 1'rlrat* Willi* V.??lar .Frieati. Henry Racwing. private C. C Rabbins Prlrata A. T) Johnaon K11L>I> lit 1UB aatBKTB 0)110 KBOTIflirT Prlrata A. 0. Lunt. Private John Frarar Prlrata J. Cra.glit n. Prlrata Jau.H Rmp. Prlrata I. W K:ca. Prirato Ml*? Mara Prlrata l.e<ei* Prlrata Jatncs Carroll. Itlrata Ireiientik "rata. Prlrata Uat>ricb Raytnba. Prlrata ? Stilwarla. worroan m m lM*n omo rbcimikt. Prlrata Richard Pbalpa. Bargaant D. Becker. Private Id-v*-.) Thompson Prlrata L. H Campbell. Corporal Christian Rlea#*. Prlrata W t'oburn. PrlrataBta.-boii K.ogg. PrUatO 11. T. Gardoar. Prlrata F. w Hoff. an. Private F. Botha! Prlrata O. II *tr?ur. ?'i ata Albarl Wither*. Priest* Cba.<.a 1 agatt. Vr vatsB. fwstt. Bargaant A. J ui? : rata John M?'K .. |kl. Prlrata lac. b V' .< ' ri. ma Jame* Hunt. Priest# A. hanm. I < ieat? A F. Mitchell. ' Priest* J Miller Prlrata H McJ :aton I Prlrata t'o'n Cra.'*y. PrivattJ A.Warner. Prlrata F. M Palmer. Private G iil<ri'!*r Corporal P P. Ka'ly. prirataM <ea Owan. 1 Serg't M' crt P Webb, ''rt'ate 1,. t. Traaay. I Corpora. W K Rruitb. Corporal B. Grldlay. , Prlrata D Rai l Prlrata aoaoo Prtuhard. Prlrata L?u e'.O Cscuir. Private J. B Doraoa. 1 Prlrata James s,nt*> Prlrata George Amioa. I Prlrata A. Wioson. Prlrata William Putnam. , mi urn r* rti rotten omo Mourner. . Bargoant T 1 Mroag * Prlrata Waiur Mania. Corporal ?? ScVm alter. Prlrata John killer. ir e'eJamet Marab. I wofrmd P r r? im n om?_aaon?n??. _ I Private D M< moil rrif?i*8i*pma hoit. private George Mr vera. H n Fiwben. Private J. A Don*11 Private jubo Keeaeu. Corporal J. K. Reynolds. Private A. J. Dtsbo. private J. 8. Kemp. Privet* Wii em Kerr private Hiram Pellowe. Private bainuel Heeler. Privet* Jobn Bamilton. PahHiePte ben LIIm. ' private Ira 8. Br if ham. Private Alfred Pander. Corporal O. 0. Held. Private 0. C. Handera. wormian m r?a rcuavwsrrn i am am a naoiirnrr. Private William Ralpfc. Private 0. P. Bailey. Private P. M. Burnett. Privet* a. Retan Private t. D. Brown Private B. Rovee. Private Jamee Mogulll, Private Jeeaie Wlkber. Private J R. frit*. Private Tbomaa Budeoa. Private floury looter. RK E f, MARCH 30, 1802. HE SHENANDOAH. General Shields' Operationf r"**** niao SEAR WINCHESTER.

at the Commencement of tn ih 23, 1862. ess sa A ^ I iwmbbMR .A iX ? """ . MBI -Ua/^W53 NrANTaV "kltwW5f# |B * (|f f K , KERNSTOWN P Run cujjs U I wcrxixm i* ins Ti{[BT?kM? ?m>i*ju RfK.imnrr. Private W.K M-Ulel. I'livaton. K Hamilton. Prl\ato O. Kobinaon. Private (3. W. Craliam Private Fly Cook. Corporal Thao. !jing< orf. Private J. Cochran. Private K. M. Waillar. PrlvatoJamee Madden. Corporal II. Harlan. Private William Madden. Private R. V. Gorme. lactam Mart, 01 in* rirgi auuu.gau uivmry, w wounded alao, but not dangerously. Th* abore lial of nam** cor*r? *11 tboM who have a fered no severely from wound* a* to b* compelled to *nt tb* hoepitala, with a few eiceptione, which it waa li poeetble to dlaoover np to tb* evening of th* 27th or t morning of tb* 28lh Instant. Tb* who!* of tb* nain** the killed ar* not given, and It I* Impoeetbl* to aacerti theni, for tb* regiments to wbleh tboy belonged prfttti the enemy toward* Straaburg, *o that tbur* were f< to identify tb* d*ad previou* to tb*lr interment. T report of Acting Brigadier General Kimball to C*noi fbiald* give* tb* total lo** a* follow*:? Klll*d 1 Wounded 6 M 1st lug Total 7 The OalUatry of the Union Troop* I the Bmttle. W>*nmoiu?, March 39,1863. Parson* who wltnifie't the battlo wltb the r*b*l Jar eon'* force* near Winchester apeak lu term* of adrotr tlon of tba steadiness and bravery of our troop* utid fire. Th*y marcbed up to lb* defences of tb* *n*my ui fl'nuhiugly and the fai t that our love at the atone wa and breaatworse that protected thaiu was 'ass tba their* prove* th* courageous conduat of our men A gentleman who paeaod through our hospital*, nti D ad* particular lniulrlc* ou tba ? ibtect, *aya that ni m ire than half a d</#0 wer* wounded with baywiei and but few wltb ab*llf. Tbo carnage wa* done mostl wttb bullet*. Rebel Affniut of the Battle. ?>V? natnuiiita com issfvungKCK. IUUmokb, March 25,1801. T ,e following i* tb* r?brl acvouat of tb* on*aK*uMti i a. V r> t ai'ar ru Sunday loot*"* as related by tu* iu >i liiteoig* r.t of the piiaotiera now to tbta elty. It I* it terestlog.end in aoir.e dagia* lii'vuttaut.a* showing th *b|rct* or mOTDDUiU 01 IDt ifllt WIDg or ID# 1*1 rebal Army of ibe Potomac. From th* ttmo that h* lofl Wincbaatar and s?traiburp and mo rod with tbo main body of bio for coo toward Haunton, Genoral Jackaon m kopl accurately Inform* >f *11 tbo m"Tiru?nt? of Ganeral Bub* **d Gooora Shield*. Tbo (root maturity of tbo Inhabitant* ?r Fr? lorick aouM/, eaJ all the people tn Warren *nd sbenan loah aouatieajare eeceaeloatita, and tbo? kM htm wo: potted ?* to *11 that traoeplred Ha diJ tot, of ceurM upend npoa tbMa oourcel of information alone, bu feopt acoute and :? on o r'r.aleut mi t on ' ttwooi krr-.K if and W hk Lea r lit* roar guard *** at uu tin* baluw Straabaig, nn<l tn r.. kola of tbio guard wor, thrown fnrward 'o a point quite oear Win (theater. It would *.j:u that General Jebnatot rrpacHd nothing more from h'in than that ha t-kouli a. v?t tbo retreat of the* i>#tt or tbo Army of Utt I'.itomao wnicb,aont fion, . #uI;h? * to irg *n< thence to Harrlaonbtirg. w?a drmtm d tu <?|ieratc llnallj noar gtaunton; but tnat, having dona that by ttiMMI mat., b* waa loft to tba oxoraioe of a largo dtacrotinn ai to bla aubeaquent moTomaala. Learning on tb*90tb tba 0antral Bank* waa mooing part of bla forcaa along tb< Wlncbaator and Battlatown tnrnpikt toward* the Tattti plaaa.Gaaorai Jaekaoa waa tod to anppoeo that Genera Bank* waa ondearortng to affect a Junction of bla whok fore* with ibat of Gonaral MoTlcllan at tantrarilla, bj way of AM l*| tbar* hting a good tornplko road tba aatir [ERA J distance. But it seems that this wait only Gen Williams' bngade, which afterwards retraced. their stoie aud returned to Winchester alter the aer; a ot Sunday. General Jackson,however, deeming it of vn ^ importance to prevent a Junction at Centrevills of I b^ forces of General Banks with those of Uoneral Mct'lellan, determined to attack General Banks at Winchester, with such a show of I, force as would compel him to remain there at least. It oemB that he had no idea mat he would be able to compel General .Banks to abandon Winchester and re? turn to Harper's Kerry, but he was determined that tie should not advance luwardsCentreville. Accordingly, he caused four regiments of iufautry to make a forced march t liotn Mount Jackson to Straaborg, aud from the latter j place to tli- scene of the engagement on Saturday. The rebel account of the battle itself dues not materially differ from that published in' I ho Hkbai.d of 'he 27th, except in the following particulars:?First, as to the numbers engaged, it is staled ih it Jacksuti's whole force, 1 alter h? was reinlon ed by General Uarnett on Suudny, (did not exceed 6,000 men. and of th'-ui not more than 3,000 wore a. tually engagod. Second, that the reason that ibo rebels were obliged to ubundou be contest was j that ilieir ammunition b> came entirely exhaust* d. This i appears to be true, from the fact lhat no cartridges were | found in (be cartridge boxes of those tab u prisoners, or ol those found dead iu the liield; but win there was such a deficiency of ammunition aiming them is not explained. Tiilrd, they stale that our loss in killed is much greater than ilieirs, and that they took more pi soners than we it id. Timo ivili settle this last point. ; TERRIBLE EXPLOSION IN PHILADELPHIA. A Governmcst Cartridge Manufactory Blow ii Up?Kitty Persons Killed and , Wounded?Horrible Injuries Inflicted Upon the SolTcrcrs?HarrowIng Scenes I anil lneidetils, ?&c., tic. I 01'K l'Hil.AUl I.PniA COHHESHONDENCE. PmLAOEi run, March 29,1H?2. At: explosion occurred in (his city at live minutes to nine o'clock this (Saturday) morning, by wliicb upwards of ftl'ty people were oittwr killed or manged. The scene of the accident was a remote part of the southern subF urbs, and immediately opposite the City or Moyameueing s prison. A pyrotechnist named Jackson, who has made I thrcu or four liairbreadth escapes, and narrowly escaped w ith his life last Hummer, bad established a manufactory for army cartridges, and had secured a heavy governmentorder, to fulfil which he bad employed upwards of seventy hands and worked vigorously, but it is thought carelessly. The cartridge factory was a one story frame structure, located at tho corner of Tenth and Heed streets, and 3 about fifty feet square. A business office stood in a cor'f uer, and was bui'tof brick. This part of i he building wa? not much injured by the explosion. The factory ad 'oincd on two sides a vacant lot, and to the north and east the dwellings were ulore, and in some oases densely populated. The manifest impropriety of conduct"* ing a business so dangerous in the midst of a numorous population was evidenced in th# effect of tho accident upon the surrounding property and residents, many of whom were stunned, bruised and burned. It is thought that five barrels or kegs of pow?lor were stored ou the premises, and grains of tbAt comg hustibiu are tajd to have been strewn loosely around the place. The ariaugemeuis for extinguishing fires ware few and luefflc cot, and after the accident the flames burst out in the ruins, and, it is believed, burned to death, many of the stunned and bleeding victims of the explo-' s ion. The accident was chronicled by s dull, booming sound, followed soon after by tho ringing of the city fire alarm bells. The intelligence or the extent of the accident was transmitted by telegraph to the Mayor, who at once . started for the scone, accompanied by the Chief of Police. Kirc Marshal Blackburn was promptly ou the spot, and the Coroner soon summoned a jury and visited the place. A dense* rowd had meanwhile c< lected, and the firemen were still working at the bht^iug ruins. The scenee were poigoanl and terrible in the extreme, the ground being littered for squares around with patchss of flesh, bones sud brains. J picked up s bit ef skull, with the bsir adhorins to it. mors than a block fan eighth of s mile) from tlis place, aud a whole human head, afterward re cognized us that of John Mebalfry, was found in an open lot aguintt the prison wall. Limbs, teeth, Angers and fragment* of aoalp were found upon the roofs of neigh boring houses, and hloed was smr irrd upon all the adjacent walla. 1 encountered a police officer hearing a burrol filled with entrails, bones and fleeh, and relics of the terrible event remain in the hands of the resident* iu the shape of snn ired and dripping fragments or flesh. The enti'o tdomach of a man was found -upon the roef of a house in Tenth street, and ] noticed several female#, their clothes all attam-;, running hither and thither, avoided by the crowd, "liiekmg oust pitifully. Home of lite workmen were so literally and thoroughly blown apart that only the remotest fragments of their boots remain. All the windows ?f the adjoining tenements wera demolished and most of the housuhold furniture prostrated. The oocujwnta of tome of the b- usea were literally taken up ami bum n into the .street, ivdes?. triain were like i we treated, and some of the convicts of the prieoi -tatc that they reeled in tbolr colls and fell to the floor. The whole bul'ding w?- b'-wn to pieces, and what the explosion failed to destroy was accomplished by the tUinea that almost immediately broke out. Ihe'teue incuts on Tenth and Keed streets were mado hospitals for the time; and, as one by one the dying aad mangled were carried out, the sjiei tutors shrinked and grew sick. - Indeed, the place was aceldawaiird, and blood was upon i very briek nml siouo of the highway. At the date 01 my writing the Oorliu#' is holding his inquest, ntid a solution n ill be obtained to the mystery enfolding the explosion. 4>wing to the confusion 1 atn unable to present a full list of the killed. The following closea the record, so far as It could bs obtained up to ten o clock. The following |s<rsons were either killed outright or so shockingly burned and bruised that they will < srtely survive. They were takes to lbs hospital:? uf. Kdwsrd Jackson, dead. I..k_ U.li.lln, 4*..< Horace I.. SiOnea. fatally burn Ml. ? Joseph Mirkie, Ut illy burned, bo Wa-hingten BUrk, beyond recovery 0, JewlaProwu, boy, dreadfully burned. Augustine Curt in, boy, >*dly burned. 1,0 John togue, buy, dreadfully mangled, ed The follow lug person* are lujured by burne end bruises, ... and 't le probable tbal many of tbem may die ? Aon l.yneb. Amanda Miller. Kl leu l.yneb. Eliza Mr. A leer, al Mary lUger. Sal lie Forlaecue. Rebecca Kmarh k. Kale McDermott. Diana Nerritt. Agoee Weiraon. V* Mary Sloan. Isabella F. fzmey. ' Eliza Delaney. l.lirle Craven 48 Margaret McEwen. ~ Ip addition to Iheee takeu to tbe boepllal, quite a nnm18 ber were oonveyed loibeir residrne*, after baring their inluriea dressed at nrigbbnring drug storee, or in dwelling houses in the vicinity,all of which were thrown open for the reception of ibe unfortunate perron*. Among ibi* rlaer were the followhig:? . Km ma Thomar, aged seventeen years. K" Samuel (Jrlffllh, aged seventeen years. * Charles Griffith, aged sixteen years. sr Miss Ja ksou, daughter oi the proprietor. Joaeph Car Hedge, Tin rued while rescuing a youog lady. Miss Naughty. >11 Mary Mlligao. tu Elizabeth Newman. must Curtin and three sisters. They were all very lou'iy burned. "1 Mar V Ann Mnoro. t ! Aniuu M>.Corner resides In the Twenty-fuurtb ward; i n d employed IB the p ace. .Maiy Brow?. y j Ellen Murray. I taasie Wltltccer ' i, r ? U tllarl hi. i - about the faea and hard paaMaa at T? ?nll*lh and Walnut striMs. A yo.mg miu ratnt'l Whchlngton Lane iru vary badly iajtre i about tbe hwl and eyoa. Virgtnu Thorp, badiv burned, taken to bar borne, on Seventh si aeet, above Reed. A yonni girl named Mebaffey, badly burned. A woman waa blown acroaa Heed etraai against tba prison walla, but ceoapad Injury boynd a few limine* It Is fens rally agreed that gnwa carelessness waa tba eaoieo? the accident, but aa (be aon of Jack eon waa killed by lbe explosion tbe oitiaena are dlapoaed to sympathise with him. A atreet railway peace* tba deor, and tbe ar* have been unable to yr<seed for hours, owing to tba encumbrances upon the track. Pnn.*nn.nna, March SO?P. M. Tba fata of many of tba victims or the terrible disaster tV.is m-irning M still unknown. Out ??venty a jbt twraoaa emp'syad In tba build,eg only el*tv eno bars thus far boon aecoi.nltd for, ittclud* ir.g rear known ta be k'.llod. One of *ba cnts aliasing la auppeied to bavebaan b'own to at.dii?. Of tba forty or fifty wounded at tba hospital* and at tbair reeid*ncar, It is f?a>eo that a i ponderable Dumber will not recover. _____ Tba ?ion-Clad Steamer Navgatuek. BAtTinonn, March 20, IBM. The*tearner jfangatueb arrived here thin morning, and la now lying off Port MeHanry. Arrival of Parnom Brownlow at Claolm* Mli CwamtATi, Marsh 39, IBM. Parana Brownlow arrived hare yesterday, and will probably remain Mveral days. liD. PRICE THREE CEKTH. THE ADVANCE IN VIRGINIA. . The Rebels Shelled and Driven Across the Rappahannock. The Railroad Bridge Destroyed by the Eneiuy, h., &(? fc?. WaaBWOTO*. March 20,18t2. Yesterday the enemy in large rorcs were driven linn the Warrentcn Railroad junction, by Gen. Sumner. A roconnoisranco wan made yesterday by our ft rrc# beyond Warreuton Junction. A- body of the cremy cavalry retrouiod aa our troops advanced. The Union army tbclleJ the rebels at the radium! brfUge over the Rappahannock. The opemy relreal'.d after blowing up the bridge. There was soma slight tkirmiehing, but no Iom of hi* or any wounded on our Bids. Ma.vasris, March 2S, lb?2. At the skirmish at Rappahannock Bridge, lost cveoinpf, Captain Clarke's battery, of the Eonrth artiliory, shelled Uio rebels with rcmurkabls rrxpitlity and precis on. The enemy left, in the.r baste, a number of oars loaded with grain and other forage. We could have shelled thorn with terrible effect in the act of carfy.ng off their sick nnd wounded, had it been desirable. A rebel lieu' tenant and foitr privates were taken prisoners. The enemy, day before yesterday, raptuied eta m?nol the Sixty-sixth New York regiment. t Heavy tiring is still heard at intervals on the front. Tho horse of Lieutenant King, of the Fourth artillery, and nephew of General King, was poisoned last night. A bottle of strychnine was found among the rebel forage abandoned in the vicinity of Warronton Junction. A secret meeting of the secessionists wss held a* Fairfax Court House last Wednesday night. Several of the troops have beeu killed by the rebel sympathizers in the neighborhood of the Court Hour* during ths week. Steps have been taken to detect the perpetrators, and to prevent a similar occurence. A drove of twouty Are cattle were captured from tfce enemy. SHIPPING POINT OCCUPIED BY UNION TROOPS. WnsmsoTov, March SO, IMS. , Shipping Point waa yesterday occupied by our troops. As the steamer Mount Vernon passed that place they had raised the dag of the Union, and the band was playing the 1 'Star Spangled Banner." All the rebels who have been in that vicinity for son# time past have left, with the exception of twe or Iferod roaming companion of cavalry. The steamer Ring Philip left here this morning ee a trip to Old Point, having on board Vice President Bean, lln, with other gentlemen of prominence and as vera! ladies. NEWS FROM WINCHESTER. WwcMtanm, Vs., Marsh 20. IMS. Secretary Seward, with a party of frleads, arrived hero . . at nine o'clock last night, end was escorted from the earn to General Shields' headquarters by the One Hundred end Tenth Pennsylvania regiment, tho Sixty-sixth Ohio troeg of cavalry and a band of music. This morning Una party, including General Shields, Assistant Adjutant General lrnna nnrt rnlftltdl PUrlf ftf CMMtral RftHkl* iUff VMltfid the battle Held. Mr. Seward and tela friends will leave bare Id lb* eleven o'clock train. All is quiet to-day. Softon's theatre opens to night. On Monday Bight there will be a full benefit for the wounded soldiers, who stand in great need of assistance, lb* example is worth/ of being followed by others. NEWS FROM ISLAND NO. TEN. VIgoroii Rtscwal of the Bombardment. Si. Louis, March 28,1M2. The St. Ionm Dmurat has a despatch froan Cairo which says ? The steamer Dickey went down to the fleet yesterday, heavily laden with ordnaiico and commiesarv stores. K ur ifty pounders, navy cannon, wars also taken down for the gunboat Heriton; also some hand grenades to repel boarding parlies. Persons from New Madrid rrpcrt that several of the rebel transports and gunboats came qp within range of our Biddlo Point bait .rice on Wednesday, and opened lire, but were compiled to retire after a short engage. ment. The Grampus is the inly rebel gunboat above oui blockade, which is constantly on the alert, watching out movements at New Madrid. It is also said that the rebels have erected baiter lee en the opposite side or the river, to prevent General Pops'! command from crossing to attack their rear. Canto. March 39?P. M. After a lull the bombardment at Island No. 10 wae rti ncwed rigorously yesterday. The rebels appear to have received and put ia peetUOg new guns of longer range. NEWS FROM ARKANSAS. .x Retreat of Price sad Vaa Dora's Rebel Army to Vow Barsa ead Port Rsalth? The Rebel Troops DleheortencO?Rowsments of the Unlaw forces, Ac., Be. Rolls, Me., Mareh 30,1MB. Reliable persons Juet from the army ia the Southwest say that the rebels, numbering some 3d,000 aaeo, under Generals Van Horn and Price, hove retreated entirely scroti lbs Boston Moeeteina, end ere new et Pan Burert and Fort Smith, receiving supplies from Memphis ead Little Rock via the Arkansas river, which to high. The Texas troops ere much disheartened by the death of Ben. Mct.'ullocb, and the Arkanaene feel the km ol Mcintosh very severely. The rebate ere badly off for clothing and those. Pike's Iudiena have mostly returned to the Indian nat i on. Tbey were not formidable ia belli#, being pan it sir if ken at the effect of oim artillery. Price received his Motor Obrtral c eommisotOB la the rebel service on the 16th instant. One rogiment of Texas troops reached Vaa Bursa oa the 1Mb instant, to raioforcs Van Dorn, and more were short* ly expected from Louisiana. The wliole rebel reinforcements in the next nil week* frill IKt exceed lis lheti?anil men. Lieutenant Colonel Nicrnn, o( the Ninth low* regiment, who *11 taken prleoner, was In tbe band* of ib? robots for two weoh*. The rabala wore badly frightened and retreated ver] * rapidly, and for tbe first three days ef their Bight had nothing to eat. Their cannon and baggage train nigh* bare been easily captured. Tbe army of General Curtis fell back to Keiterille to se^ cure forage, Arkansas, north of rayoltsvlHe, being ?m* tlrely out. Ovr forces are now camped at tbe bead of Crew Timber Hollow, wbero forage end weler are.plenty. Our plekete extend Into Arkansas, and pickets of the rebels come North te the top of the Boston Mountains. FeyettcTllle la unoccupied by our foreee. Very little Union ten I moid ben been deweloped Id ArWias ll.uw. Ie?s>? T. KHfPlsrft 0*1*0,11),, March 39. Iff! There la DolhiBf Important Trom Teiiueree ?< tiay. Ao arrlrat frou Mempble raporta'lint there laieoer^ <l#apon<!?n?jMbere, mO that but cor.fMonce la fall, area is the large foroe bow ooocentrat r.g Uorlath. TUB Prlaa Omm. Befbre Bob. Judga Bette. Nabob 30I*a OMM Mmtm ?. tta artaawar JM CcmfbM, <0f-, cargo.? J*ie? Oacrea.?Reetorattem ot Tacael ant eergo to claimant, Qeorga Campbell, ewMO thereof, without aoata agalaet the Uutat Matee. aa praf botfle eama for eetoare baa boon *bo#a, but wltnoal ao| charge af tba Naraha) aa agalait the aaaaal or cargo, who M to dalirar op poaaaaatan thereof on aerrKa im Una (the Marabal) af a eortiOet oopy of the taal teerle.

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