Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 1, 1862, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 1, 1862 Page 1
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TH WHOLE NO. 9335. ADDITIONAL FROM EUROPE. THE AMERICAN WAR QUESTION ABROAD. Imnrtwto f VUKnf An {n a A1U|TVA VWUV 1/VUAlVO AAA VUV French Legislature. The Red Republicans Condemn Slavery and Attack the Blockade. At Minister of the Emperor Acknowledges Its Bffleienejt, Progress of the Iron-Clad Navy of England. hs*f he*} he* By the City or Now Toik at this port wo received European flies daiod in Pari* and London on ibe 18th and 10U> of March. Wo publltb to-day some very interesting details of the news, given in the Hxaaui on Monday naoroing, taken from tbeae journals, with important eommunicationa from our correspondent* in Pari*, Berlin and 8t. Peteriburg. Brussels letter qf March If, in the Cologne Q*mu, eye:? 1 have, unfortunately, bad news to eeod. Ring Leopold I* 111, end although it is attsmpted to conceal the fact, I am aseured that hie illness is serious. This is the reason for the Duke of Brabant's return from Southampton. Hie Archbishop of Purls has exhibited In hie hotel the Mgnlfleent reliquary that is to be sent to the Lsodoe Exhibition. This reliquary, which is a cktf d'wnvrvof Parisian goldsmith work, in to contain the nails and the pieces of the true cross brought from Palestine in 1264 by St. Louis. The Madrid Journals of 'the IStb of March stale, that Con oral Prim, who commands In Max loo, strictly Conines himself to the instructions he has resolved from hi* government, eomblsed with these free* the plenipotentiaries of the three allied rower* at Tarn Crux. Several of the Paris Jeureale stale that General Decay, Inspector-General of the Schools of Musketry, hen been appointed second in command of the Mexican expedition, to Join which he in en the point of departing. The Cmfimpsrams, of Madrid, March 11, having peh IMM iMrafe| nam mm* um bum of It* Span lab n-wlw at Baa 10 Domingo, iba Jjprcoi m aatborlty, declare* them la bo aafouadod. A bHI baa booa Introduced lata Iba Cartaa of Portugal aupproot lag all rollgiooa *octolloo and brotborbaado oduaattag obUdroa or aoratag Iba olak. Tbo etvtl marrtag* of Mil*. Idol* do Ratbacblld wltb Baroa Salomon da RotbacbUd look place on Wodnooday, Marcb 12, at fraakfort. Tbo religious ceremony ?a porfoamod on IbaMlovlBg day, at tbo cyaagoguo, by Iba groat rabbi of tbo mdil nry of Pa/la. Alllhomombara of tbo Ratbacblld family from Par It, London and tanaa **?r* present. Lottoro from Alosandrla U tba tth of Marcb atalotbat tbo work* for tba cutting of tba latBmua of Sao* ara carried an wltb groat activity. At Elguocb rovoral tboa- J nand workmen are employed, M. do Lcuopa bivouacking tit?g tbom. Favorable crop* ara aotteipaiod; tbo young corn la la iplondid condition, and tbo aottoa plantation* look moot prom la lag. Tbo roactionlat clique at Roan* ta vary active. A proclamation baa boaa elrculatod in Naplo* oibortmg th? Moapolltaoa to recall tbair alag and drive out tba foreign barbarian* " Tbto appeal to civil war ta priolod in tbo Pop** own printing ofllco, a* an official alamp upon it provoa Tbo brigand cbiof Cbiavono, now roatorad to tbo good grace* of Kraocl* II., wbo nad quarrotcd with Dim, U ouMootieg bn forces at Tcrraciaa for o tread raid. THE AMERICAN QUESTION ABROAD. INTERNATIONAL MARITIME LAW. Tbo Fngllah Kadlcnloea Proa Plogi, thr Right nt Irnrch, nnal Contraband* of War-Tho Cabinet Advocates the Old yatcna and "Short and Sharp'* Wars. la tboHoooouf Commona.eo tba 17tb of Marcb, tbo ad laorood dobato on Mr Ooratair* motion on tbo oubjoct of mternatwaai aaaritimo law m lima of war, waa rata mod ? Mr. Lnrmav,on bobalfof tbo booorabl* man,bor for Roobdalo(Mr Cobdeo, 10 who** nam* tbo dobaio alood adj"uro?(1 ) rogretlad to toy that bia honorable frwod bad lalormod bim that bo waaauffuriog from an oxtrain* cold. wblcb mad* bin so hoarse as utterly to lucepacitate bim from taking t>arl ID lbs debate, though be hoped to be able to do eo at a later period of lb* evening. He therefore hoped the House would allow him to oiler a few re marks on the question now under diacuteioo. He certaioly thought b-.s honorable friend (Mr Horsfali) had takou the nuly course which was open to bun. aud that if he considered the prcseut sute of intcrnatiooai law to be eaaalietactory, he was quite right in stating that opinion le the boi se He (Mr Lindsay) wae one of those who had bees of opinion, ever since the declaration of Fans, that sooner or later lb* subject must ooiae under the consideration of the bouse, lathe year said, that the Uouaa would inevitably he called upoa to adept the proposal, that merchandise in war should be as much respected at sea aa oo shore. The aa la lord at the heed of the government then ( apeke of the queelM as ess deserving of the gravest and most deliberate attention, sad the ohle earl (Russell) spoke of it aa one of the utmost unper lanes. The Merchant Shipping Commit ire, which was granted nn bis (Mr. Lindsay's) motion, sad was presided over by the I'reeidsel of the Heard of Trade, ar rived at the conclusion that they could net part from so f hsportant a measure without expresaing e hope that in ) time nil prtvnie property, nutcoatrabnod of war, wnuld ' he respected el aea. And if the House considered the various changes that had taken place in l&iC, and the hearings of those changes, apes Dot merely the shipping end mercantile Interests of the country, but uptm all * elaseea la the cwwimunitr,he thought they could hardly do otherwise thas say at leant thai the state of mieraa / tienai lew, effecting belligerents and neutrals, ess illderued aud unsatisfactory. With the permiaaiuu oi the Bouse he weald show that the present atnle of thing* f wu tallefaclury neither to themsrli ea nor to their eo* wiles. First, It wee said thatour abips extended over ; every see end rwqaired the protectiea of ear navy, i Secondly, the eifele lord said that if wa took any ' further step la adveaee we ahoul I strike a fatal kin? < at iho naral powar af Kng'.attd, au?i c>uruii* an act of po . luteal auicide. Thirdly, i? waa Mid that oae great aourca I af our power km our ability to destroy the couimarc# of 1 oar enOMrer. Ho would dewl with Ibsee argument*. Jupfue thep were Ot war with France or A mxrtco, tar Mould | ?ut roqurrr the protection tf IheJUet at ail, for n mix m in ooemid thip nvuabU oarpoet eodpt in neutral result, mmt Mo whole of our cod u?r inliit fleet would he laid up tn our ports totally unornployot. (Jlour, hour.) Then it woo i auhl wo Mioiild rogulre tho Hoot to deatrny the commerce of the eaomy; but the oooiuy would Juot act ss Iho lorchuMi of tbiaoouulry would do?put tboir good* on board nootrul veaaeia, wbtro tbey would out boTiublo toeetzure. (.Hour, boor.) Tb? noble lord m Ibo apeech which bo mudo at Liverpool, mod which bad already booo roferrod to, Mid that oa country had arar ,ea boon c-o guerad tbro igb the Uoaao ouataiood by iirndo mdiv id uale.aod ibat ha bo|ted the time would e?uo when do wo ton hotweou oatloua would be deci led hjr the national Joeta and armieaalooa. *oeh war tba optoma of tho woble lord four or flee yeaoa ago. and bo bopod it wan the aame uuw. Ho believed tbera<could be no doubt of ?be fart that the deatruclion of private property, male ad af haeteoiog the tormioatma of ware, aggravated and pM longed I be in. Did art am* tuppeut thai the I arming of [ the Bmrvry Birth bp the Xashmlte mode the proprietor! if that vtttrl more onaatur for peace, and that they would not rainrr M ait mcir rnrrifie . apaiiui in/ ?>ecrnm/nf 1'ix.t fur Memmtoth* rajJaint/ Ike MmiM'.UUieHat uxt iftm and OBirlmd irtd? (Hear, hear.) The right honorable gen tUmin, tho Secretary for War, eaid that though they ea tar/4 lino the cuavenuoo of Parle it waa got to be aup pooad that that convention would be respected In caa# of war. Of course It would not lo the caeo of bai.gnretiis Jf France and Eaglaad were at war, neither oatioo would reaped that conveolloo. Bet thaie wera ether partlre to tbet treaty?Russia, Auetrik, Prusate.Su'ditiia and torkey? and he believed that forty tbrae other dialee aub Mqneutly gave io their adbeeion to the artKlra of that onvenlloo. The provisione ef that root an lion be annpoped would be ohatrved hi re\ apart of all thaae Powers wbo ware not belli, gerenta 10 any futuro war. The Attorney General ataled Iba other niglil that 'although the de< aratione c,( the I'aria Convention wrra favorable to n*?tral camera, yet that Great Britain, being the moat powerful navai country In the world, would have en advantage o\ eroihnr belligerent.*, because her navy being no large the could give greater protection to her merchant (hipping than ether countries rould give lo theirn. Pid the Inxk). able and learned grutlemen really think that lha llaet of l og tend, powiVnl aa it waa, could efll ienlly protect Oielr riommrrce id every quarier of the world? DM ha con IE NE NE? THE CI Uap of the City and Sul 8dalo>&ln4h*a ml MUA __w V rpSuhti[ w ^Sa; SmU# \\> Km ' I We prnanl etr readers wllb lb* above very clear and comprehensive map of tbe city of Memphis, with the aborca of tbe Mississippi rtver on either side, be. Tbe map la engraved on a large acale, for tbe purpoee of locating every point of Interest an perfectly as possible. Tbe railroad from Oolombue entera Main atrcet from the north, and another leavaa for tbe 8eutb at tba otbar end or tbe atreet. As a military necessity It was ordered that tbeee two linee should be connected, ead tbia order sainted some trouble among the members of tbe City Council of Memphis, who debated for some time whether they should not prevent such a violation of thalr city rights, but ultimately decided to let mailers take their own course. Ou tbe left band of tbe map Is tbe noted Navy Yard, with which tbe name of the astronomical Lieutenant Maury is so intimately connected. Memphis, previous to tbe rebellion, was a flourishing city and port 01 entry of isbeiby county, Tenn., end le beautifully eitu elder ib? Till change which bad Ukan place since 1814 in our maritime circumstances* In 1814 the total of our imports mid es|iurte wm ?80,000,000; In 1K00-C1 thoy were ?300.000.000. In 1814 our shipping was about 1,000 000 ii>ns; it win now 6 000.000 ions. But of tbie 6,000,000 tons there were 600,000 tone or meant shipping which woe totally unknown lor tbe purpose of comma-ce in 1814, and woe equivalent to 2.000,000 tons of sailing rstfsls. Neither lb* gigantic fleet tbey now pnssessrd, nor double tbat Beet would be able 13 give efficient pro lection to thai enormous amount of mercantile shipping. (Hear ) Tbe euurse of commerce also was entirely changed tlore 1814. We had now east relations wltb other countries, and a large amount of Dritiab property was afloat in the vessels of ether nsiIons, and tbey bad lines of steamers traversing the ocean In every direction with a rapidity whicb scarcely any sblp in bar Majesty's navy could keep pace wltb. (Hear.) Again, tbey wore dependent on foreign couotries for sucb important articles at corn, cotton and sugar We imported annually of tbese throe articles to to tbe enbto of ?76.004,000, which was more than the whole amount ?f our avporta and Imports tu 1114. The total quantity rr tne entries of Rrilteti and foreign emus inwards arid outwards and of tbo coasting vetoe s reached the vast amount of 66,000,000 tons annually, so tbat tbe state of things el tbe present time was totally different from wh it ti woe In 1814 It was taid that this was n sbipoiMioef'a, a merchant's, and a trader a ques lion. That erfumtul was used, and thers might be tome value In it If It could he ebewn Ibnl tbe whole com munity would bo benrlied by any loot befalliug tbein. (Hoar.) Was it possible ror these three ?la?ee* to sutler without injuring ibe whole community' He denied that it woe. Tba urtusos and mechanics, and tbe community generally, most sutler If tbsee three electee suflvred. He ventured to s*y that tbs community would have to purchase article* of eoneumptios at a threefold enhanced price if the merchant* had to ebip taelr goods in nsutrel vessels. F? hoped that the mere humane view of this lueetlos Woo Id prevail, let it be borne in mind that berning, plunder, and dettruclon was a game tbat two could play at, sad that If wa bad a larger Meet than other countries, wa had far more property to be burned, plundered, and destroyed! (Hear, hear.) He ventured to lay then* considerations betora'th* House,and be hoped even If the view he took did not prevail at present, thai the House would think ths subject required the grave consideration of her Majesty's government, and that as It at prevent stood it was in an unsatisfactory slats (Hear, hoar ) ' v ' Tbo bono Aotocatb would address himself rather to tbo practical grounds upon which tho resolution had boon iipiwriod than to tho terms In which it was expressed. VMM 'trtna warn nufllcienlly vague for tbe Houm wm called upon In any thai "lha prevent atateoi iniarnational maritime law. aa effecting iba rh bla of h. Iiigerenta and aauualt, la Ill-defined and nnaatiaracioryl<ut the refutation did not ataia ID what reapect lha law * an III Ucflnad. er m what raa|>aet It wav untaltafacmry, aor <1 >1 It give aay lailloatian of In wbat way a baiter dafloillem or a moreaatiefaatary atataof tba law might ba hi ought about. Ma waa bound to admit, on iba uthrr band, that ibaaama objection eoald not ba urged againat tba vlewe advanced in aupporl of lha mentation. Thorn- viawa might fee autnmad up aa follow* ?Tbat It waa contrary alike to tbe rulee of laglilmata warfare and la tba Inle rarta <d tbia country tbat private properly beiungiag to the eltteena of a belligerent country at war wltb aa neuid ba liable to aaptara when round under Ike belligerent llag. He did not know whether the raaalutiao did aal go avaa further, and waa meant to apply, not only to tba capture of properly earned under tba belligerent Dag, bit to Iba cue ol a blockade. Certain tl war thai lee p-umijCrr adhwwerd <v '* ivpcurleri tf 1A? rttclulum ireu,d nore. Ktrekgi lead to tkt abotilten #/ bUthmUt. (Hear, boar) The quaadlon >? ana of great Imporiaace, and it had beta argu-n) at- a two grouada Ftrat.en the ground of the rulm of legiiimata warfare; and eeo-inily.oo ibegioond of ralf internet It waa out aaay to dwtiugmaa brlwauo tboae Iwe greuada, or to aay whether lenderne a for our boll.germ eaaoip, or yeelouay for a p wttiole neutral friend, weo tlae etrooge moiiea. Ha thought, muaed. tbat a good dealer iba dvhaia bail rat liar keen a I anion trance agaitatt Ktepribcipo-a of tha d c aration of i'er a, Intended lo khow to what exitn?agai.on,er el leett to anal wido rta'.lia It muei laa<), titan a tone..* avotuinn 0" ronton* why ileagovertnueu' ehould *doi? th- p ,i cl |vf? upou which lie.- 'Ofuluiian waa haw1. fl.-.i. iiuwatvr f'wt mighi be, ilia. * could be no itm-titoi, ->i the ira or the maliere latoivitd In ho dweue lion. Ha would t?cn lake taava tu eugg/"-!. met perhaps lha matters raleail wara roinewbat too itn norixnt lo b? d gou-g. d, or at laaat ita ide.l, -.?.th <n bunolit la the c. uiitry m tbat Homo, fheru w?av r tne | qiiaetb b* wbich miyM I* loo atuah /?*.-*.,/, ea-te.iiliy when limy abac ted our rotation-, with other a iiiitrt. ?. when tliair relation did no, o t ei I .-o;y out lutti :>, I and whan ll u;* ditoiieeu n co'tl'l U?v no prvitn a if i W YO J YORK, TUESDAY, APR TY OF MEM )urbs, with all the Publ: ffloJPpf T^?" _ 4 H * ?*? M .SL *" ? ^\ SKETCH OF- lilEMPK ( don the Mississippi river,Just below tbe month of the Wolf rlror. II la loeated on wbat ia known as tbe fourth Cbickaaaw Bluff, wbicb la about forty feel bigh ncaros1 tbe abore. It ia dlatanl from St. Louia about four bun dred and twenty milea by water, and from Nashville about two hundred and nine milea, in a weat southwesterly direction. It waa at one time considered tbe nv.?4 populous and important town on tbe river between St. Louia and New Orleana, and occupies the only eligible alte for a commercial depot from tbe mouth or tbu Ohio toVicksburg?a distance of at least tlx hundred and fifty milea. The bluff on which the city stands, and before alluded to, ia elevated about thirty feet above tbe highest floods, and its base is washed by the river for a distance of tbree milea. a bed of sandstone pro jecte Into tb* stream and forms a complete, con rentes! and natural steamboat landing. Tb* ap pearaac* af Memphis from tha rlvsr ia exceed , at present. He was far from saying thut we ought to go back upon the humane course which civilized nations had been following for many years >n actual warfare, nor did be mean to contend that it was either right or necessary to do evorything lhat was lawful according in the rules of legitimate war; but he greatly doubled m helln-r upon the question before the House, ivt.irh alTected the relali ns of belligerents, It was dasirab o. under existing circumstances, to attempt to lay down exact rules. (Hear, bear.) For secretaries of stste, judges of prize cousts.and writers apon internstiooal law. it might l># right and proper, eveu neuesaary, to deal with abstract priacipits. but it was lin|>oasihle for that House to discuss such questions without realizing to Itself in some degree the circumstance* under which the ru!*? of warfar* might he expected to com* into practical opera lion. (Hear, hear.) Wo kuow from experience how the revolutions of lime and chance delighted to falsify all aallciiatioBS ef that kind, and hew nalioni ami mtn score eftrn crmptlled to refract under the pressure and the pain of an actual s'rugple the engage nunlt which they had made in peace. (Hear, hear ) Tbe-o for* be ebould suggest that ibe reel way to mitigate Ibe horror* of war wee not to lay down abstract prmrtplre wblcb, as be had aald, time might falsity; but wlieu lb* war did happen it was (or lb* executive government of the couati y tho country iteelf? I he legislature of the country?if they would?to look to tb* actual elate of Ihe fact, and be guided thereby. Let Inm take an inelanc*. There could he no dnuht as to the right of a belligerent I'ouer to bomhaid a city,though it might ttnlttn many innocent inhabitant, and though the military force that ioat com; arati'tly in all. During the Huihiu war we did not bom bard Odeiea. We might hart dona to according to tht rulti of war. Pom# tho gbt no ibould Ins# dona ao, but wa alia wad tba dictates of humanity lopra\atl; but abould wa asar dr 'am of maintaining by a resolution of this Hons# or lay tng down by treaty that weshoild navar bombard a ally whateser'tbe acoea-itlas of tba campaign* It wan not in that way that tba borroiaot war wara to ba mltlgatao. Tba honorablo member who bid just C| okan bad callad tbair atlanllon lo tha results of war on c> mmarca. but that only shewed how g ant an ovll war war; II did not laad tbi'tn n oarer lo a solution of tha case with which tney bail to deal. (Hear, hoar.) It waa Impossible to ray that lha n to real a of tbia country lay In tba ill action 01 tbla resolution. Our inler-itr lay in the contrary direction, tit believed it would eompromiit in the deepe-t manner, and rtrike what might ho a fatal blow to our in'rret i if that r.mlulion were lanctionotl. It waa Impossible tba principle on which this resolution waa based cmi d derive any strength from tba daclaiailon of I'arla of lBftfl. although ha had no doubt It aroaa out of that resolution That rarululion rania from a coogress rcmpeaedof :ba larger Alali a of Europe to aaltla diaputed questions; and the Aral diapuied queation raiatad tn ilia rights or neutral* aa regarded belligerents. Now, these disputes were wall known. 1 here had baan diaputea at long aa iltaio I ad baaa incb a tlnog aa international law. A ft wrnhh'p, rrg hi- pood? oft board of an enemy't iowl tool not 44M It (0 a ire them captured by the enemy; on the contrary, if Iht uitel wero lapturtd. the giodt hail to la retinted, i n the other hand, m mt'i goods under ? neutnil j op wtie Italic to capture frame, ami lie believed other cum mantel nations, said free ablpa mate tree goods, and enemy's ab>|g made enemy a goods, aa thay csplurad the goods that were under the enemy's Bag, allowing the goods that wara under the m utiai Bag entitaly to escape. Accordingly,lbeeong ass look ?p tboaatwoques tiooa. Ti.a armed aa.trinity ot 17B0adopted the principle of free ablpa free goods, without adopting tha o-uu terparn as to enemy * goods. Hut. as an illustration ol lb* dot gor of laying down abstract raeubitiooa and bow ofion they recoil ou I ho.* wbo pass d them, there was not on* al tba parties to tbal armed neutrality of 17M> wbo, whan they asm* la ba belligerent*, did sot entirely turn round aod adopt precisely lb* opposite course. (Hear, bear) Now. It waa eery desirsb..- to smile then mm i*ra. lUaaw pUnuy tb* I wlnco no**?ia'il) an** from allowin* tb* n*ulnl Uagtocoxi tb* earno, wb*l?v?r il llil|hl b*. ,V<< doul I It'd mtlrm-1 Ihe tarrying (> <! to Uir neutral in he tetm of war, I tin tiiul vii ua on lb* la, e ol il. Hut mitt 'kt gortU trten non -it -amour:* there umt intieeu 4 danger {f 4cm, It**, (ion alt tiding the right of ttarch, and nothing rn m re l<<itlt, U bring tto*( ? t-oii trtoirrtnndwi* ? realty I tilthf ui oil* >i*h the dnrtnro of thing er-em* . y~mL< dm.' >.f n. u I'tl teneh. Iti** *it graal artvaaiagv m tin* id< that iiu ti'f |K>?n.biitlr i f miatin :*r* ; It'llstII iiHikii.1 . than, ak'aia aa to |ip?*l**rii:g, as . d ontti|il*l*.jr t ff-m .Lt mm o'liarl 'if ihe lam.i.ti n. PrivaMnrlitii war it ralicl, no d *bl, of II * ol1 bm catiMriMg limn. i|* a i.i nothing <>r i>* |m< pi at; o ini,rot>ri?ii, l> lifer b.nrtion h. i rivai* war nn i *?? *? aim ?u>I *l> a, a Cft -nil. clei a g'.m (i a In **,e I n. I ha inn.* m ail >u i I (hiih,liilin i. Il n?* I'm* Con i'i"u It an* " -liOi.i i oil a.11r>*ul''* to plritaa.and y*i i i..? a m um thai w nld i/V?i* n* I'Clti wimi*. it lii pri:i? p|* .1 tlna it,mi, l( w.a Mid .bal J,i|i?.*a' i,vi. ig.i ?bi RK H :IL 1, 1862.-TRIPLE SHE] IPHIS, TENN ic Buildings, Railroads, ! jRRHP:=p " H O HI BKAIAW u&mi&am n T A iPwuujjj^j ?- j^ip B ? V E *_ *-? jp . Ju ^ 2?' _tA -*W , -4-. * [18 AND VICINITY. iugly flna. ad esplanade, ntml hundred feet wide, extends alone (be bluff Id front of the town, aud is bordered with bl'-cks of large warehouses, travellers wbo bad, just previous to the rebellion, visited Mempbis, expressed great astonishment at the signs of improvement and commercial activity which were then exhibited. Martial law. an intolerant soldiery and rebelItou have nipped its growing beauties in the bud. The population, siuce 1S54, bus doubled itself, and was still rapidly increasing when (lie trouble* (.ominenrod. It contains several churches, an academy, a college, two banks and a tulecraph office. A naval depot wus ae tabllsbed thcro by the I'm led States government, but proved a failure. The river Is. however, deep enough to float a very large ship of war,and the rebels have taken J <.r l?i.?>.. ho 11,. TTnlla.l HH..U.Khv <<." J V ? |-w >,,,,. W - J .... v.? " goverumont to use the Navy Yard <or the pur com of build ing vossels to oppose their navy. The mean* of commute b? fn-e from capture, and an observation of hn n ble frleud at Liverpool bad boon referred to as authority on this sutiiecl but what his noble fric d said was. w era very seldom terminated by merely tbo \ ir-lulion or m u ry d> no to private interest*. It was by the colli sp'ti of greai armies end great Meets; but what i was the collision 'of great armies aid greet fleets, if the right ot destroying commerce did not remain < behind' 771* principle of all war u-oj a dental of the rfphli nf fri ate yt y erli/lo a bellt'jeren: eiiemv- That was one of its essential Ingredients. It we could only ar <

range that private property should be sale we should scon i arrive at the tune when, as sums thought, we m.gln put down our Heels, dismiss our armies and disband our I volunteers. Hut no foreign foe coild put his foot on our < shores without an iuvastou of privato property. Therefore w* might as woil go hick to single combat, In e. oer i fleet* to flgbt with lleelr, utid our armies 10 tlchl with trmitl; and tbat after they bad destroyed each other the w ar must come to an ond. and Ibv aubjactl of each belligerent be at comlortnMe aa before. The fact wan that tba legitimate ub act of war was a Just peaco.snd ita tr.ia jiiatiflcalion era* se'f defence and, therefore, whatever waa materially conducive toaalf defencu.or U> the attainment of a just 1**0*. waa generally permiaslMa. ?if courae thai* were axceptiant to tbal rule?exceptions wall founded it) tbotaaiing* of natural In. inanity? to which all the world subscribed. Wo round our foe flying no Ibe field of battle aa for eaamp'e at lukarmann and although, probably, every round if simn carried dealb to huudrads, yet the dictates of bun.ariiy did not o\creams the pnncip'a of MlfdlftiM, Mm Iho fact tbat be waa retreating did net protect tba raimy from tlra carnaga tbat ea<u*d. On tba other hand, whan we found our foe lying woutnleu on the Kiltie fluid, a 'If defence yielded to humanity, and we tuck lit at foe p isouer, rhertalied him and endeavored to cure hi* wounda. The principle waa, tbat where tba advantage to be gained was unreasonably diipio|Kirllonato to tho injury lutlicted, it waa not aanrtloncd by a Jual telf defencr, and tbn Injury , therefore, ought not to be Inflicted. To have to engage la oold and speculative argutrenta on a matter 10 traught w ub the Uvea and aufliirmga of their fellow creature* waa almost enough to m?ku on* shudder; but they must take car* l*ut. bv gtvfg way In an amiable and supe flrial s.-nlimant, they liquid sacrilic* th* true interests of biunani ty after all. H'ar unit a stern and au/ul king at any time, and ?f if war to be wag'd at ail, i' ought to be mart; tut then, in or der to make if rkort, if m isf t.e thai p. (Hear, bear.) It was raid ibat* proj arty wassw cred In Isnd warfare. No asaertion could b* more con trary to prtneipl* or at vai lane* with constant and Inveterate praclic-u The abatraet rule was that w* were an titled in war to take an enemy ? property wherever wo found it. llefort a tear eammrneeit we begon uilk pu'ting an >mhargo on the pi opnty within our territory btl on-ung not to an oe tiuif t-u.' eorn to an irpeite-l enruy. Then we had reprisals, which signilied but tbii?that in refu-n for an injury done In lom* perron tetany ing to our country uu wouufdo a nmitar injury In rotne perton bet ngitkr (? o?> enemy's country. Next we p>-rh*ps s nl sn tnrtidiflC army against our ailvarsary, and the 'fry/,ret ilep it ton on ni< inn wu? mi iBimrniuif vi"irui(>n uf pnaif profrriy, (A.- ultnl to * AtcA (Aril rtv'.ahm it u a/trr :<>< Ji earned dt p riding on (Ar.axigotirri of war. TiOr? waru cut ilowu, rAaiMua occupied,growing ci*| (loot o) od. If our army woo null ofticerod ita proolt ioim in ordiunty circumvMico* woro paid for, link tbry tul|bt bo ooitod ? noil. Purbnpn 1i laid tioga ton town, tuwblcbrnoo it bagno by prorenting all C BiiTmolcaiioii tbo PlaiO. It cut d- nn (At (titer of railway, U topped the creditor front ontermg to rrerun An de'd. it refit nt to ail?w tht himetl hurphrr,ha ing nothing to doutth the. Ao<, to c -tin out on Av< trodiw aior i.'iono. Tbo beoioge. ?' ortillory plaj od on iho city ao weil Moo tbo citadel, ami pti bapa aa mocli prl rata properly til dealrnyod by It in ont -1 n> no m ghl b? captured during iba whole yaai at ana. II the lnv?d mo fnrra bad look iho cattle and mop an ay wub It all iba pri-rio.out it eruid Him, ita ##? my miglil not ba abla to purauu with oigor or oiiocl. AH that th' wo1 that /m at. righto luett not rot/ fvloP on birki orhoro ilia public Interval reunited thorn to bo Inloroi o ; nub. It woo ooid llial prueio douto no. a not cotulo catod by tbo brooking out of war. Tbat waa truo, and ti told powerful y in faeor of h:a nrg moot. Tbo . oaooi wby priva dob:n belonging to an ?!ioo enemy torn a not i uuiiocatod who that ilia bod, upon tbo fanli >. our una, plats* d h<o proptity in our han-lt in limn of | ouiiu, and It w ulil bo fkli'i..<o a id roncboroua In >o to rnnBrcaia it on th" out break of m , Tliarelorn imiu <oaa given b tu to nitlnl aw Ino tea-en frolu our bnrb r? ami colon in-* m--iiO)'( fi rm In* debtor* beioro tbo In afoutt>Kuiiiuetica-i. Di.t all c -mmai-cn w it It Ibaancini ceaevd ii> it., an i an alien am mt cui I i not Apiaar in our cnui (a I ecu-. ar i >a i-h.a \0i.i a iho war cn- lisn.ed. It n ao a nM t ikf to an,-put") that Hi"' ciutp io wit* cit tin o I at row fi,v t:>- t u i &< ? o; p nit -. 1 bo .uijimiimii- n of *a( ? ERA! ft ESSEE. \ w Streets, Elevations, &c. i p h 0 t d tl tJ V* ri h ft k u ai n <1 n a 1 t: b ii t s v i ? city ccmm rur* irrii ii i s-s bluffs T <jrTTi?4^wa" JSL*~ St -2. &. i JL A i * nlcatlon to and from I be city ara good, and the trad* of ibn piac* baa been excellent. la 1840. lb* population waa 3 900: in I960 it bad Increased to 8,841, and in 1863 it waa citimatsd at 12,000. Wbat It maw la cannot b* definitely atatad. nruaaarioas ov nr. 1?Gayoro llotal. J?Court House and Exchange. 3?fMd la'Iowa' Hall. d? Ovariou Hotel. 6?Worrhaui (In. a*. 6?Trimly EpienpalChurch, T?Caili lie Cathedral. 8?Cacr. n foundry. ?Frei-byierlni: Church. 10 -Commercial Ho(al. 11?Tbaatra mars incident to and consequence of the captur*. The t rule* ol wnr snliticd u< to destroy our enemy'a com inerce. prut ided we could thereby w.keu him and pro- , vent lii? sunceae iu tho sir egg a. Hi it waa the ortgiii of t our right to rapture hit merchant vetted*. Were we to | give up 'list richt' Ami if wo gave it up.uould we 11 # i . maintain the right of blockade* II* thought not, b r cause a blockade win an infinitely stronger Interlerenca , with private interests and private property than the ? right of aptnraby aau. (H-'ar.) llVrr tit, t/ien, fn throw { rnoiy ..?ir iiai-U ) rtfonil ran t, and in f?<ur - to u'uor tua r t hi Iht Mine )?ititu) at iif ?of hini no amy nt allf for ? ha. i , ream n were me lo abandon our imnteuae power? Was u , ror ibe mkr of Immunity r Ha btlmved that tba interest* | uf humanity womd greatly suitor from *utb a course. If t are were Dol l? Conduct our wars by ?eu we should have to ^ Jnuhle our army and be radored in the necesi itr j >1 )nriii(; mercenaries In nghlour b lllaal'nr ua. In tha long ? *ud thai wou.d Impoverish (he country mora tbanover ib- 0 namieianre of her flriU could do; wlula, on Ibe olbc. cj iiaud. she would fall nilo a cbromc ?t?K uf war, and having ,| irr strongest arm lied behind har back would no longer u lie abla ta uphold ber right* :igain*t at' the world. [Hear.) Honorable gentlemen spoke a* though Kng b land wa* ulwavo a belligrranl, and oibar nations alwaya a neutral, mid Ibat tha: eforc we bad made Ihc law to iiitt . > ir*ai\es. ltui in tha case of fiance and America being at f, war, and hug land remaining neutral, wa* it claar ibat all ( tba advantage enjoyed by America in ibo one case would c c enjoyed by fjigland In the other? The rig!it of cap- (. luring or of interrupting iha commerce of an enemy was ,, i right of great ailedhiage to the strongest 'ilia quo*- ? [ton of its ndvautnge to this couniiy wa* not at all .liter ? e<t by lb- fncl that our commercial marine wa* larger iban that ol any other nation. I wa* very pontbln that J, t larger number of our merchant ships might be cap- ? [mod than were taken from the ? new*, hut the r,a' e/Trt jto the nation muet tie the amount </ force w rvulii erisy M ipainii the inrmy't /ercc. It wa*' c ear tu h.a intud that llij* rule must necetiurily be iu our fnv r as long (t| i? we mamta ned a predominance upon the se.s. . He regretted that the contrary pi ineiple should ' l>e inggested in that House, snd he should L. be *itil ii ore Berry if it were alhuned, for pi in- ,f| ripie* alllt med in ibat Ilou'e did not pas* lor n ithing lu furope. (Hear.) It wra* a quost'on to be a| proached? ven for discussion alone?with great caution. (Hear, . hear.) It wa* not desirable lo imprete upon the public *" mind of Kurnpc a Ixj.lef Ibat whatever the government . might do, the f eople of till* country had airived at the l-oi.elusion tbal the captuie of property at so a was no longer lawful, and such a doctrine might he adopted by tbem at a time when it would be nturi inconvnnianl ror j*. (Hear, hear.) He did not doubl llmt the iiiotivv. of ' those who brought lot ward thlaquesil n w ere most eg- a silent. No one could be insensible to tbr grievous ' turnout or lot* and injury that mutt I) - -untamed by our peal cominerc al community in the ov?nt of war, but he ?. maintained that the be?l way lo make ,?ar so as to coni t the Interests of humanity. and to make it as Into ' h .rthen*, me as p ssibla to ihs belligori nt* was to make . it Ainu I and sha* p. (Hear, hear.) Wo should be slow IV?JJ'vr uDvn war, hut wbcu tho combat was determia lil ii,0'i, me comb tun unite i. mm i?i nj? croesea, . Ibcn wa ahould eierl our nlnn <tl power. (Ilvur.) To 'J1 Jo nlligrwlre when we bad our o?mi inlere?le ulonn ti J*iofetid would bo weahn.Jie, bill wliou we bid thr I u j' reele of othere alv> ! > K ?rd it would lie treachery. [Hear, beer.) Hr. HiMlMi?S.r, probably Iheri Diver har born a que*- 1,1 Uo:i liroiiftliI belore tine ll jure during the lliitg tun' I liive hid tett ill it wturh win more dee rvlng of tue '< i ci y rerloiii lid diapaseioaata consideration of h nor?l> o * crabs f. e e the llo.s well knows thai from lie leruiiuit.en of tbo l.ial great war uuul the bamiittiei pl Willi H iiela, there liii been a |ierlnd o: eb 'ul forty ei tears? forty yean of wooderl .1 changes, tiol only lit line pi jouotry, aol only ;o Europe, but ou the American run- ul lineut also. Tst>t hadfrrwn up in Amerira a grtnl eaten, with n (reel mercantile naey?*o ureal is In be \ iiioot equil to the tiieroiilil# bivy "f tbU country. ti IVheo the dure an war b?;au (he guteri tnetHa it ie I the tl lueeu If Issue the pr< clamatiuu to which reference hue tt iteoe matte more ibM "M? in tbti disci enoo. Tlut pro- w naiuitton, during the l toe nounpiod by thu Kus-iau c mv, die ftrecietiy what tl.e I>ucUral,nn of I'iristwo t'i tears alierwtrde did fur internal ,onal law 111 ri te a: al, and for a I ruiure ware, ihould such II iriee. It wa* found h) ll government thit Urn I Id policy war Imp *e;b ' ail) ' ri. t i.lese you could e' but kadi every port to Hiana leu quite clear ilia: tr American men.iDihe elil| a em,,.I v.? ryutiuaJo wi h hi Ibat cu nlry M befote the w ai.l if thev hud Rursian ! fr L-erqneiOO ihuaoahipa the 4N"t cane would tint h.i*e par- iy uiitteil?I apeak advisedly 'hey ? U not have pent t | te led without remonstrance. pruhahly without resist.- | In ioca, lite vccroii-e ot a rig'' of , . n 1 ' ill 1.1 shirwi, nutl the tab ng fn iu tbetn thu pi uniy offhesia. j b? who wai thin tiii en my of England If the government j lu . ad not la; on 'ho curse winch lb y did by the prxla- , a, A \3 PRICE TWO CEKTS. - ?t lion of 1854 in ?;lx month* or less we should heve wu involved in a seri > * J sc -its on with the Unite* a w winch migh' have >nded in a ding to the calami of tho th. n existing with Russia the calamity of war with the United .ciules. o ibat I -ay this, thai >e o bio lord at the hiad of the gov urn men l as right. He was not then Prune Minister it he was a number of lho Lovorinneut of Lord b rdeen, and I have no doubt tliat his hoi >n had great eight wilh the ' abioet. 1 lay tho noble lord and IB co tagues acted wisely < u that ceasi* n. They did 'hat ' as absolute y necessary, and ihe eforo I am preui to gi\ e my entire assent to what they did. (Hear ear.) lhr-u in 186(1 we had the mealing ot the Congreei f Paris, at which I?rd < lar-ndon represented thla coon ry Tho pai lies to i lit Pong reus knew what had been ouo the Russian war. They knew what had made bo proclamation of '54 necessary, and they were aware hat should any war arne iu future tho samo difficulty 0 ulil meet them. Accordingly they ugroed to the decla at ion or convention which some honorable memben .ire found fault w ith to l ight. 1 hold lit s after eon idorii g the mailer?thut tho courte taken by ihe noble ii d, for ho was Prime Mima.or in '6S, when me Coagrcsi et at Paris?wan one which he could not have avoided ud that, an it had become luevliable, it it irrevocable ow. (Hear, hear.) What was It that the Urogram id? I am not for a moment about to aay that it did -1 do something, und of all that iini>ortauo? .tr.buted to it by the- honorable member for Salford. 1 declared th- t heucef< rwaid i.e war should be made on he trade of a belligerent with the exception of tha act ol itcWada;; that Us exports and imports should he free as a time ol peace, only in one condition?namely, that hose export.* and iropotls sboulu be carried in ne .tral hips. Every one has brought England and Kranoe for (ai d to illustiate tlie case of bolligei cuts. Probably it i presumed that there may bo a future war between hem, only because tliey were at war in times past; but, it all events, supposing England and Trance were at var, these belligerents might trade In not otily i itb ouch other, but with neul nU. if the trace was only lamed on In neutral shi, s. That is. if the enemy only dps his ships at home, we undo: take no harm is ll'crcd to his go'sis at sea. The case of England and Vance affords a most apposite ilu.stratiou ul the presr nt tato of the case, prance bus not great mercantile avy, but she has a very large war navy. Under lie Declaration of 1'ar.s there Wviiid La r.o ditfb uUy i tlit way of (As fvrtiyn truit of >ian/s txnuy trrUd on by n tUral skijk:?say. thijii of the linuM Uit-?cwBuviing. of course, that the 1 reach puis c e not bit, eluded, and that Erato e might keep such of ler ships in mnboi as Lad not beeu transferred to the egistor of the lamed rtalcs. At the sainer time, if 'ranee has a great war navy?and liuuo able gentlemen, am afraid .sometimes feel din, um d ,o inagn J}' the naval csources of tbat country?sho would necessarily Innist n the same v\ ilh : ogard to I Jiglund.uud the United tales, the lbtitic Potve s, Hoi.end, Ureece. and other atious would luroish ships to carry on our foreign rude, so that the great hulk of our sbfp# would be kept a harbor. That boh-g s >, tbg Tnorcauiile shipping of rsnce and hngiand would bo shut np, whils the vesseie f neutral ,-tales wu id drive a t . ado more nourishing baa ever. Now, if this country and the L'uiUd States rero to be at war, exactly Ilia aania result would take dace. Iho French sin,a would como into requisition, nd would,its well us ihoseof the Dutch, the Greek*, .rid other nation a, curry on the trade between the United llatesand England. That being so, we should beye the levies of both countries shut up, while absolute rain oold bo brought on many ot tho shipowner*, e e e e II tbeie be a member ot this Hot se who believes that the lieclaration of l'aris was a necessary and la h wise trruiigcment, he will, 1 think, find it absolutely iaffieaalWe to argue with any effect against the proposal of the konoruble member for Liverpool, the order la Oeswell if 1M4 adopted partially the principle which ha wMksa 1a to accept in lla entirety. The Ooogrcae ed Ml idupted and affirmed that principle for all liaae, while he apeoch of the noblo lord at the bead of the ge> anient made soon after not only approved what had heea Ions at I aria, hut gloried la It, for the noble lord ap> waled to the merchant* aad shipowners of Liverpool to ay whether the government while engaged ia the great isr.sacliooeof war bad overlooked the interests sr the omoierce of England. 1 wlU not say the noble lard wad ben starring It in the provinces (a laugh) .and was sot erj particular as to the mode la which he escftatL the nthusiasm of his audtonce. for 1 believe ha, at the m meni, spoke as he did booaute he believed that rbal had been done ml Para waa right. 1 believe, lao, he waa in earnest when be said he toped the lime would come when these principles would ms carried further?indeed, as far as the proposal of tba tonorabie member (or Liverpool itself. I would, how ver, aav of the noble lord?but that it would bo a bold .hn.g to give utterance to in tbo esse of one who Is supjoecu never to be subject to e.Mernal influence#?that ) tra afried be has been a little bulliod on this matter. ( such.) I am afraid the language used by Lord Derby ia mother place some tluic ago, wnen he spoke of the ealaitittcs wbich might ensue to lb - country from the Deelaration of Parle, may hive bad ita effect. Dot pasalng 'roui tba noble lord to a c imwtttae of this Hooks, which was preniocd over by my rigut honorable tr.aiid, tba President of the Hcfird ol Trude?than whom no men ta inorecompelout to lorm a judgment on a question of this kiDU?1 must my 1 presume from tho fact that there maa no division oil tue subject of their Inquiries, that tbcy were In favor of such a proposition a* thutof the boiioruolo momber from Liverpool. But be that a* it may, lord Kussoll and Lord Derby, hewiver mui.b ihay might dissent from the wisdom of the policy oft lie uoble lord at the beau of the guveruraent id i(PiC, dow both acknowledge that the atep then taken cannot be recalled; and, if there be a cineer connection between the lvi larat eo til Part* and tlio [troponin of the b 'Oorable member for Liverpool?If oao follows logically from the otber, then i b.ive :v i i^ht to quota Karl Kusscll and Lord Derby as authorities in favor of the completion hi the principle ot 1466. which is all that is asked for by the resolution under There are, however, oilier aulb.'riticr 6u the subject. l ooking at an article which appeared in an iulliiemnal lournal tn 1860,eoou lifter the lire araliofi of Paris, J ItiiJ its writer,comment n.g u|nid the proposition ot Mr. Marty on the part of the Limed Mates, and hat in.' adverted especially to the fact .list on land a dilliirent nud more humans ouuiseof oonlurt was adopted by bolligermits than at sea, says that, inh'pplly, this milder code has not beea exend, u to mart lino warfare, tltougll It was SviIcut that, moral y, no diHuronce existed between deader commute! in the one case and In lie other, adding, that there cmM ba no doubts eoontry ike Kuglaud, whore coniniorce was axleuslve, would be ;lud to except private property at sea. / have a eHttinn tcoUti lien tliet their citsei-vatiew were tuctjnvd with meat atiifaction tn I he tin.snf industry tutor north tf Knclaud, nd l balmva they went far with many men to convince hem of the justice of the course which our represent*ive bud taken nl I'aris, and of the w.sdom of carrying hat procoedmg at ill further, llut wbut do we And tn Ins same public instructor enly last week* It states irietly I hat. "There Is no I'ounnalion for llie argum- nt mt in if iv ing buip* aim iiiorruaiioise at km wo oo wnat ro J ! u?>t be mMMI a belligerent ri|{hl on land ' loie as the House will ubacrrc, it la following the lina I argument purxuod by tba Secretary for War. It goen II to My, "Lord I'ltlmersUin, wo believe, rightly iiatuclerir.ed this crotchet wbeu be aa id an Tuesday night Mt, if carrtad Into practice, It would mllict a fatal blow pou tbc naval power of this country, and would bo ao et af fllKtMl atctda." Tbe writer calls tbe reeohutm jfore ua, "llil* moat daagenma of tba many dangerous ingestions wbicb bare boon mado from tba Mot larter." I wax not awaro that iIm lionorablo member >r Literpool waa a parson who submitted very dangerous .igguidioos to tba Hoaao. (A laugh.) Tba artteia couUidea with tbeae worde, which 1 pat in oppuaitioo to tba nnchiakHi of tbe other,?"Tba humanitarians have yet > apeak.'* I do not knew to whom this applies, but If It r an* thoae who wish tbe nations of lb* earth to bacrma lore bumaoa, aa I believe men and citizen* are becoming .ore humans, I ben I am aiixtotia to be classed under that tie. (Hear, hear.) "The humanitarlana have yet to eak. but wo shall be much aurpriaed If tba paopfe of ngl t.d will Inciiue to throw away fur a labnaud maudlin lutlment tba power and as'tgusrd of their mntry." (('beers.) I do not auk the House to plieve the oracle of 1AM or tbe oracle ' IhS'J I should pay that probably, lika many oihar ot'ea cd oracicr, It does not give the guidance which it oulrt be worth Ilia while <f the Mouse of ConunuM ta illoe . i Hear, bear.) Tb? Secretary of War made a Mi ch tbo other night which I heard with great sorprlaa id regret. The right honorablo gentleman Is not ooly a -ilcciuan emineut In oh'ce, he la alio a distinguished Titer. I do not habere . ewlll ever put hi any oae of Is deliberate and thought! il works the a.gumeata which rj used In bla speech lust week (llenr, hear.) Ha ixhnd to persuade us that there la no difference between ie mode of condurting wiirlare u|x>u land and the mode conducting warfare upon sea. All 1 hare to say la an* verls, that tba boumahle member for Urarpool only >ks tba gnrsrnmatil to agrte to eatabliab upon ia the prluclplen which art Uftivti*alljr roicnlzed In waifats upon land. Knri'hcr than ill hn doc* nut propose to go. (Hear, bear.) The riaotary f?r War was so :ar wring even In hi* history? id I atn alicost afraid to correct ao distinguished an aninrliy? to talk of tlia conduct pursued by *.ha Poke of clllngton tn Spain. Everybody known that ilia liuke of elltaijton, whan carrying onopvratlnMin Spain, burned in raf'arn, no? of his enemies, but of his frleiids. U ere ) That case, therefore, does hoi apply. (Hear, ar.) Hut if tha right honorable gentleman Insists upon a a'guinafit. I shall ask the chief of the cabinet to sorer him. because when the nohle viscount mads hta mumble speech nt Liverpool he littered those words ? I rar.nni help thinking that these relaxations of former kt lldl v*latch were established In the beginning of thn ar, wbe h were aracMsed during the oar, and ninth havn net been rallili'd br formal engagements, iney perhaps i># III fui iher extended; l'iai in llie eaoree of time ike prlneti * of war wbl h are applied io iwwilllile* upon land uuy bo iieiKlrd without en> pi < n i hoatliltiea op- n sea. ..nd that ilvalt property ahall no longer ba exposed toaggieealona i> o either aide. (Heir, bear.) Unlaw I am ta suppose that the nob la went diwn to Liverpool to talk ail k ods of saddle to the people?(s li.ugh)?to speak tothem about 1st of .tblcb thoy were Ignorant, and to tell tbam that b;ch lio 'Id not believe, I have a right to. all up-'* him, lien U? addressee us to night, If he should think It na-surr to i!o so, to answet the statement made by tha ccieiiry of War afew lays ago. (H<wr, henr ) That glit buitoiable geiltlema;i--aBd I am er-.ry to have to nd fault ailh h.m, b -ca :se there arefow men for whom f., i groaisr re-t"i 1 ? h> ar. hear)?laid down, the other l enirr a g<o1 ileal of what I would ci'l Immoral docine oh ihti subj' ct of treat o?. (A lau.n ) The honernr 10 m cr l"f Stauvb rd ha* quoted ut on that eubiecb i in Clnim s'lor !.e i who is accepted a i a great autliorta moat Important and cohch.Mve pss? ige The Vecre. ryior War man authority; hn Is n cabinet tn mister, be lil* very bijli < ffl e, he cake fb* a j'teal govern, rnl, ba is a g;-<at wiiter, and, wont is mora and ;lter, lie te a great th ni or. If thine ! sue n.un the world upon w'.totn we I me a right to csil.wKbreect to ip.sstiooB of this k ud, for ei.eb eitosltiops m

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