Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 1, 1862, Page 10

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 1, 1862 Page 10
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\ NEWS FROM WASHINGTON. Lsuetif Si* Per Cent Treasury Certificates to Government Creditors. Preparation of the Legal Tender Treasury Notes. Progress of the House on the Internal Tax Bill. Speech of Seimtor Sumner on the Abolition of Slavery in the District of Columbia, Ac., Ac., Ac. WashiNGTDk, March 31, 1802. PROORKSB OK TUB IIOISK ON TUE TAX BILL. The House, in Committee of the Whole, haa acted upon seventy seven sections ol' the one hundred and nine of tiie Tax bill. The former embrace tlie general provisions, licenses, manufacAurore articles and products, auction ales, carriages, watches, pianofortes, billiard tables, plate, slaughtered cattle, hoga and sheep. RESOURCES AND TAXATION. A large number of the leading merchants and manufacturers of the country are still here in consultation upon the proposed tax on trade. They estimate the aggregate production of the country at four thousand millions, which, after deducting one thousand millions lor local consumption, leaves three thousand millions as the basis of trade. It is estimated that this amount ch nines hands three times. and that a tax of one per ceut on trade will thus produce a revenue of ninety million* of dollars per annum. TliK RECIPROCITY AND FISHERY TREATIES. Resolutions are goon to be introduced in the Senate, asking the Secretary of State for a report upon the Reciprocity and Fishery treaties with Great Britain, and asking for statistical intortnation respecting the im. ports and exports in detail gince the treaty went into operation. and the amount of trade between this country and the colonies, that Congress may have the information necessary to enable them to take proper action upon the Tax bill, as well as to determine upon the proposed action regarding the treaty. ISSUE OF TREASURY CERTIFICATES. Nearly three and a half millions of dollars of Treasury six per cent certificates, in payment of quartermaster s checks, have been dated.numbered, countersigned, registered, and passed through the Register's office, since ten o'clock this forenoon. Four hundred and seven of these certificates were for sums of five thousand dollars each, and one thousand three hundred and forty three for sums of one thousand each. About hair of those passed to-day wore issued to Jay, Cook# A Co., bankersThese certificates are to be issued at this rate until all the approved demands upon the Treasury shall hare been liquidated. THE LEGAL TENDER TREASURY NOTES. The period when the legal tender notes will be ready for circulation is uncertain, and there is little doubt that then- preparation for issue will be comparatively slow. They must he numbered, cut and trimmed; asd this is a tedious business with notes of such small denominations. The rush for them will be immense?far exceeding that for the six per cent certificates. While the uninformed are refusing the latter, in anticipation of receiving legal lender noli s id a Tew days, uw snrewaer government creditors are taking up the six per tenia, as they are aware thai under tbe present machinery of the departments the chances are that it will be the better pari of the year which the certificates have to run before they will t>c able to get their accounts audited and paid in legal tender 'ands, during which time they could gel no interest. Tho objects of the Secretary in issuing the certificates, and hav. tag them paid out on checks of disbursing ulhcers, was to relieve the necessities of contractors and creditors, the sum so disposed of being at the same time equivalent to a lean for one year to the government. Had this object been fully seconded by tbe Quartermaster's Department, tbe amount of such loans might have been neurly doubled, as there arc numerous accounts in that oflice which have laid there for months for which the creditors would hare gladly taken certificates had the Quarter master General permitted them. Hut red tape intervened, and the parties will now wait for cur rency. This is to he regretted, as it will probably inconvenience both the government and its creditors before the war is over. The first thing to be dune when tbe notes are ready, will be to pay our brave soldiers, many of whese families are suffering from the deiav which has already occurred. Tbe four months |uiy due to them now in arrears will require about tbirty-flvu millions?a pretty round sum to start with. Tbe con tractors will have to wait until these tayments have been made I'y that time some of tlicm will have occasion to regret they did not agree to taas six per cent certificates at the beginning. TRADE WITH THK RECOVERED STATES. It bms already been stated that the Secretary of the Treasury has issued instructions to tbe Treasury agents, collectors and surveyors, on the Ohio and Mississippi rivers, dispensing wltn applications to the Secretary for licensee to traae, Mid authorising the shipment of all goods not intended for aid to tbe rebellion, to all places occupied by our forces in the valley Stales. The Secretary, in bis recent letter of instructions, You will hereafter cease collecting any per rentage or fees for permitting the transit and exchange of merchandise between tbe citizens of the loyal States and the * loyal citizens of insurrectionary sections of the country, occupied or controlled by tbe forces of tbe foiled States, other than the usual charge of twenty cents for each per mil so granted, and you will make no charge for permit* for merchandise forwarded from eny place in a loyal State to another in tbe same or other like State, nor exerciso any supervision over the trade between such Slates, except such as may be neceasary to prevent supplies of aay description being furnished to the insurgents. It is furthermore directed that no permits be granted for any articles forbidden by the military authorities to be transported into the territory occupied by tbe forced of the United States. TBE NATAL AFFBO FETATION BILL BEFOBK THE HOt'SK. 1 The Naval Appropriation bill, which passed the Semite on Friday, w before the House < imalttee on Naval Affairs. It will be acted upon to morrow since the appenran.o of the letter of the Secretary of the Navy, asking for an appropriation of thirty millions of dollars, some of the committee favor an mtr< ase of the amount to * e appropriated for the construction of iron clad steamers, but it te not probable that Congress will at prwetit appropriate more than the fifteen millions pro v:ded in the senate <411 for thM purpose, and the amount required for the completion of the Slovens battery, which is regarded as of most vital im|i?rtance at this lunciure Tbe great desideratum at this moment Is raa'tineri for action at tbe earliest possible period. The recent practical experience of the nereee:ty for powerful iron clad Coating Batteries, has created a com V)l(?t* revolution in \hm ntiititun of mt al nf?i*>aea ?ka r,,. merly opimsed them; and has completely changed the opinion of t' o?e she,on a former occasion, mail# a rejor1 < adverse to tbo completion of the Stevens battery, upon I the g tieral prlne.j le of the ujcltleiency of such atruc 1 turns. , PKwaroB si mnrn * hpwtii on tiu aboutton or , RLAVRKY IB THK DISTRICT nf COLT'MBU. Mr Sumner to day, after several d.sappomimente, wa* enabled K> deliver his expected sp** n upon the abolition of slnvnry in the District of Columbia 1< was an elabnraie argument ogam*! slavery ir. atietracl. In whiib the higher law was mixed with some Algsrm* precedents justifying the payment of money for ?iavw ?bout to be liberated. ' Tlie community here are but litHo cxeitad on the stave ry question. The enle bodied slaves will all be depurtet \ from the District before the act of emancipation t,?, 1 passed, and no slaves will bo left except a few invalid J ones, for whom the government will .-ay more than Kiev I are wnrtb, re icving their owners of the burden of sup. J porting them. RKPCCT or TUB KBrAPR Of TIIK NABHVILI.K IN rtnoPR. The escape of the Nashville and her return to Rng laud wiili a cargo of cotton, is looked upon here as a matter of serPus Import, in releience to :t* prubablo flirts ,;pon the Views of the f ?ct Kuropenn Powers m reference to tbe blockade. The RiiKiishiusu here declaro that 'be re'urn of a steamer wldcb was (ha?ed into their ports and comes hark unto rmed with a vainahle cargo will be continemg evldenc.. of the insufficiency of , ?ur blockade, and will give the re ml symjathiilng party 0 oreat Britain an Abundance vf for agiUti<>o, NEW T< I THE KKHfcX VilMIN IN THE BRITISH HOUSE 0?' COM* { HONS. The following la au extract from a private letter from I-cm.ion to a x on lit* ni an ui Washington, describing the debate m I'arliaincul oa the American i|U' sllou:? Mr Mason, who wan oa the tory side of the House, <tid not at all like the way It went 'lbe members who were near him (Masou) fay that he cheered when Mr. Lindsay, m the course of his spe ch, attacked Secretary Seward This puts iiitix in an awkward tlx When 1 remember his tyrannical, Insolent hearing in the United Slates Senate it was sweet revenge to see him solitary and alone. During the debate only ouo or two uinu went hear him 1'kksknt v.t10n to the seward infantry? het kr prom secretary seward. The followiog is a copy of the letter of Secretary Seward, accompanying the presentation of a stand of colors to the Seward infantry:? Washington. March 27, 1862. To Ha ROM iuiuikssixin, Colonel or the Oue Hundred and Third regiment New York Volunteers:? My Dkak Bakom?When this ill starred insurrection arose I knew intuitively that native Americans, demori ..iud and led into disloyally by an undue devotion to slavery. would invoke the aid of the enemies of human pp -gross throughout the world for tho overthrow of the Amorieau Union. The government deterunued to oppose that dangerous design by au appeal to the friends of human.ty iu all lauds in behalf of the national cause, which had thus become their own. The appeal has been successful, and the stability of republican laMitutiuUs is lO'is guaranteed for all tune to comf. V ou have boeu among the first, us you have been the most self sacrificing m the great work, surmounting many embarrassments, arid overcoming dilllejlties which others would liar* shrunk from encountering, you have brought iuto the lieiit twelve hundred brave, generous and liberty loving Germans, who have honored me by Inscribing my name us the legend of tho regiment they have formed. In acknowledgment of thcirvirtueund of the consideration they have shown to myself, 1 lender to them a stand of colors which, if 1 am truly informed, is, in richness and eli ganco, unequalled in the army. _ On the regimental stand and the arms of the State of Now Vork are eiubruced with the arms of the federal I'nion. This combination expresses the simplo political faith which 1 have always heretofore held, aud which 1 desire to inculcate now, in this hour of our country's trial?namely?the Stales, as the best guardians of the rights of man, to he preserved in all their constitutional franchises; and the I'nion, as the only safeguard of ths country, to bo maintained in all its constitutional authority. Boar this banner with you in the battle Held. Tbe sentiment it inculcates may not at tlrst disarm faction, but it will nevertheless consecrate victory, and make it a blessing equally to those who loso and those who win in this unnatural combat. 1 am, dear Barou, faithfully your friend, WILLIAM II. SEWARD. RKPI.Y OS IURON KLlinymX. The following Is Baron EglotTstein's reply:? On Board thk Ejurwow, \ Axn.ipolis, Md., March 28, 186'J. f His Excellency Governor Wm. H. Seward, Secretary of State of the I n ited States:? Sir?Vour Excellency's complimentary and eloquent address accompanying the presentation of a stand of colors to the regiment, Seward infautry, devolves upon me the pleasant duty of acknowledging the high distinction received at your hands. The emblem inscribed on this beautiful standard speaks more to the mind than words can express. Every admirer of the historical progress of civilization will applaud your Excellency s sagacity iu (minting out with true statesmanship tbe main channel for the ship of State to reagh the harbor of its destination. The principle so nobly laid down by you has called to arms the masses of the European population on this continent, answering instinctively to the summons, endorsing your Excellency's policy, which his once more electrified the human family,stimulating to solve the question or government. Your Excellency may permit me to gay that the soldier, the true officer, is ever ready to obey orders, glorying in the position assigned to him to discharge whatever duties government should feel confident to entrust to him. This presentation of colors furnishes to-day the test that our endoavors to win your Excellency's approbation have been appreciated. We feel richly rewarded for our labors. This lofty banner smiling upon the regiment in its rare beauty, and with bo much fascination, will lead the regiment on to obey the command of your Excellency. With this emblem in our midst and entrusted to a company of elites, consisting of European commissioned officers, we are now prepared to take tbe field. Your Excellency may kindly accept the heartfelt thanks of your regiment for this beautiful present and fur the expression of confidence m your humble servant, liARON" KGL0FFSTK1N, Colonel ?eward Infantry, One Hundred and third rogiment, N. Y. 8. V. APPOINTMENTS CONP1KMED BY THE SENATE. Tbe Senate confirmed the following nominations today;? Stephen S. Harding, of Indiana, to be Governor of Utah. William Slade, of Ohio, consul at Nice. IWlavun Bloodgood, surge, i m the nary, vice Chase, who was placed on the retired list. A so a large number of assistant surgeons in the navy. Also Williani C. Wheeler, Francis C. Dade, William G. Stamen, William J. Saunders, Mortimer Kellogg. Andrew J. Riccrstcd and John Greer to be chief engineers in the Navy. A number of promotions and appointments in the mai ii.e corps were confirmed. including llujor Delancy, t" bo Colono! and Major Ward illusion to be Lieutenant Colonel. Abraham T. Nye,of California, Register of the land Ofh< e at Stockton, and Frank K. I.. Eao,of Missouri, Assistant Adjutant General of Volunteeers, were confirmed. NOTIFICATION TO ARMY OFFICERS. An order from the War Department calls attention to the very great carelessness shown by many detached officers In keeping the Adjutant General's office advised of their movements and address, and directs the atten tion of officers commanding regiments. hi.J all commanders of military departments, tit,.. to the subject of re turns. The exceeding im|>ortan<e of the information derived from reports and returns, which can in no other way be obtamed, obliges the Secretary or War to reiterate the existing orders upon the snhject, and notify all commanding officers that these orders must in future be particularly obeyed. Justice to enlisted men who art separated from their companies requires that they should have with them the descriptive rolls showing tho pay due tham, their clothing accounts, and everything which would be required In settling with the government. Should they be dis charged without such papers the men cannot receive their pay. arrest ok the colonbi. ok the garibaldi guard. Colonel D'Utassy, of the Garibaldi Guard, was put tinder arrest by order of General Sumner last Saturday, charged with neglect of duty tn permitting bis regiment to plunder the residents in the neighborhood of his csmp. no tram1 kerb krom the voll'ktekr to the regular service. Frequent applieations are made at the War Depart ment for a change of position from the volunteer to the regular service. The Secretary of War has establlshed the rule that no transfers of this kind will be made during the war, but that all must seek promotion in tboir own branch of the service. the provost marshal general. The assumption of the duties of Provost Marshal General of the Army of the Potomac, by General Andrew porter, has occasioned regret on the part of all who are familiar with his success In bringing order owt of chuos and msiDtaimng complete quiet and security throughout the city of Washington. During hie administration of the office of Provost Marshal hare, while nearly two hundred thousand troops were quartered In this vicinity, the admirable system, discrimination and promptness introduced by General Porter in the discharge of the herculean labors of the Provost Marshal's office, a'e the subject of universal L'omniendalion.and marked him as the most fit selecltou ror the* important position of Provost Marshal General af the greatest army Ameiica has ever produced. Notwithstanding the removal of a very large number it tb# troop* from the immediate vicinity of Waaliing-ton there hen been more disorder here during the luat week 'rorn unruly aoldiera then for a long period before The mrmicem meaaurea will he ner**?itry to maluutn he quiet which hue for month* peel been remarkable In .hie city. THK mOIOMEP TWAHBPOIITATlOJf lit REAP. Mr. I^ttbani e bill to create a Traneportatioti bureau la an follow* ? s*<nog 1 ?That there be and hereby I* eetahllebed a Bureau of Transportation ,ur Army of tbo I'nited state*, teoonmal "f one colonel, on* lieutenant colonel, two major*, arid *1* aptame, to be apfioilited by the Preeident, by and Willi the advb-c and cuneentof the Senate. fa- 2 ?Tl.c ' (fleer* "f the bureau eball be entitled to the rat k . pay and emolument* now allowed by law to officer of tnu name Krude lu the Quartermaster* Department. *-* 3?The bureau nhall be under the general direr, tion the Quartermaster r.enerul of the army. Hue t ?In audition to the dune* in the field, It *ha!l bo the luty of the chief of the Bureau of Transportation or Ni- 'uiKirdmate*. when directed by their immediate c .,, tiy the derretary if War or (piurtorinaeter <.? . r, to pur- Inn -r li re the nee, aaary rm" ' a H'!"1'"" t"r ",e *r,I,T by 1 rid r water also any m?d> i tran-portalum p,r immediate camp and garrison equipage, and *Up, ,e* of ,.v(>ry h,Ild 1 *ar thru' * t-onded'omcerV";; i^v;drlr;7f*?n Other officer* of the (J'lirl-rii I.I.- , fi 1 * tb?y nha" conform to the r*|?,it,on* wtau'lV-bidbV taw fur the care and accountability of i roi-> v V. , u n other army regulata.-u* not c,nfl Ctii r *,th to *iot,e of thl* art e w,lh ?? provlHgc. ?No officer connected with the burn,, .n-,, u engaged In trade or "traffic, -nu ' i by a court martial of being mtere- ted n the nrcfiteof l)KK HERALD, TOKSDAY, any business connected with the dipartme't, shall be ignoiuiniom ly dismissed the service uy the President. ABANDONED REBEL PROPERTY IN VIKUINIA. L. C. Halter, for some time connected with important interests of the government, was to day appointed by the War Department a special agent to take chargt of alltbe abandoned rebel property in Virginia. The amount is large. BURIAL OF THE SLAIN AT FONT DOKELBAN. C. Butler, of Ohio, bus procured an order from the War Department to have our scattered dead, who fell at fort Douclsou, removed to and buried within the walls of tho fort. THE TROUBLE IN THE EPISCOPAL CHCRC1IKB. The church ditllculties here arc not yet entirely settled. The Church of tho Ascension, which was closed yesterday, was opened to-day for service, the omission of the prayer prescribed by the Bishop having boeu satisfactorily explained; but the clergyman of Trinity church, who had been deposed by the vestry and wardens, has begun a newspaper controversy, and manifests a disposition to light out his right to omit the prescribed prayer without any detriment to his reputation lor loyalty. A UA1LKOA1) CONDUCTOR KILLED. Conductor Mvars of th#? W.inhincffin n.rui AlfixamlriA Railroad, was ruu over and killed on Saturday night between the Long Bridge anil Alexandria. tuk boasting op thk i.ate rebel general ben. m'cllloch. A gentleman who was in Richmond last January bad a long conversation with Ren. McCullocb. Ho says that McCulloch appeared to bo a mild-mannered man, but bo coolly remarked that ba was going out West to fl-iht tbc Yankees, and "Would tight them till hell froze over, and would then light tbem on tbo ice." . PROCEEDINGS OF CONGRESS. TIURTY-SBVENTII CONGRESS. FIRST SESSION. Senate. washington, March 31.1862. Vice President Hamlin being absent Mr. Foot was cbosen President f ro tern. tue workmen of tub lath harper's ferky armory. Mr., (Union) of Vu., presented a petition from tlio workmen in tbo late armory at Harper's Ferry, asking for the re-establishment of the armory aud for work. ktg^nllpatlox petition's. Mr. King, (rep.) of N. Y., presented several petitions for emanci|iating the slaves. regent ok the smithsonian institition. Mr. Coliamer, (rep.) of Vt., from the Committeo on the Library, reported to tbo House a joint resolution for the appointment of Theodore Woolsey, of Connecticut, Legem of llie Smithsonian Institution iu place of C. C. Felton, deceased. The resolution was passed. reiort of the engagement between the meriumac and monitor. Mr. Xksmitb, (opp.) of Oregon,offered a resolution asking the Secretary of War to furnish tlio senate with a copy ol the report of Brigadier General Joseph A. Mansfield relative to the late engagement between the Merrimuc and Monitor. The resolution was adopted. bureau or transportation. Mr. latijam, (opp.) of Cal., introduced a bill to create a Bureau of Truus|?rtation. Keierred. lighthouse inspectors. On motion of Mr. Chandler, (rep.) of Mich., the bill for the appointment of lighthouse Inspectors was taken up. The bill proposes to transfer the lighthouses to the revenue service, putting them under the control of the secretary of the Treaaui y. u. n ?.r uo at.rwiia.1 tha kill tt wia unwise to change a system which Lad been found bo long to work well. After further discussion the bill was postponed. tkkrjtokial UOVUtMMMMT >x)R ARIZONA. Mr. Wads, (rep.) of Ohio, introduced a bill to provide a Territorial government for Arizona. THK maixi LEIilSLATUKR a,Ml T1IK SLAVERY Ql'KSTIOX. Mr. FE.-hK.vDEM presented a Joint resolution from the Legislature of Maine in tavor of extending pecuniary aid to the States for tba emancipation of their slaves, also cordially approving of the President's Mi ssage, and declaring that Maine will cheerfully furnish her quota of the amount; also asking Senators to vote for the abolition ot slavery in tho District of Columbia. HPFJtf-U ok mr. Sl'MMCH IK SAVOR OF TUB ABOLITION OF SLAVERY IN TIIE DISTRICT of COLl'MBIA. The bill for the abolition of slavery in the District of Columbia wus then takeu up, and Mr. Simner, (rep.) of Mass., proceeded to speak in its favor. MR. STMNER'8 SFEECH. Mr. St'XXRR commenced by suying:?With inexprcsiibl? delight I hail this measure and the prospector its speedy adoption. It is the first instalment of that great debt which we all owe to an enslaved race, and will be recognised in history as one of the triumphs of civilization. Al home It will b* welcomed wilh gratitude, while abroad it will quicken the hopes of all who love freedom. Liberal institutions will guin everywhere by the abolition of slavery at tho national capital. Nobody can read tbat slaves were once sold in tho markets of Home, beneath tho eyes of tho sovereign Pontiir, without confessing the scundal to religion; and nobody can now hear that slaves are sold in the markets of Washington, beneath the eyes of the Prcideut, without confessing the scandal to liberal institutions. Kor the sake of justice, let the scandal disappear In early discussions or tins question mere were many tope's introduced which now command little ultetition. It whs part of the tactics of slavery in claim absolute immunity. Indeed, without such immunity it hail small chance of continued existence. Such a wrong, so utterly outrageous in Its pretensions, aould llnd a lootholu only where it was protected from injury. Therefore it waa always insisted that petite tis against its existence at the national capital were not to lie received: that it was unconstitutional to touch II even here, within the exclusive Jurisdiction of Congress: and that if it were touched, it should he only tinder the auspices of the neighboring Stalesof Virgiuia and Maryland. On these points elaborate arguments were made: but it were useless to discuss them now. Whatever may he the opinions or Individual Senators, the judgment of the country is fixed. The right of petition vindicated hy the matchless perseverance of John (juincy Adams is now beyond question, and the constitutional power of Congress la hardi) less free from doubt. It is enough to say ou this poiut that if Congress cannot aholiali slavery here then there is no power any where to abolish it hcie,and this wrong will an lure always, immortal aa the raplial itself. But a." the moment of justice approaches we are called to meet a different objection. It is urged that siuce there tan be no property iu man. especially within the exclusive jurisdiction of Congress, therefore all now held as slaves are Justly entitled to freedom without compensation or ransom to their masters. . Of course, if this question were determined according to absolute Justice, it is obvious that nothing can be done to the masters, and thut any money to be paid belongs lather to the slaves who for generations have been despoiled of all the fruits of their industry. But it will be dilllcult for Congress to determine the question according toahaoluie juatlce. It must act practically In the light of existing usages, and evrti existing prejudices, under which such relHtions have assumed the character of law; nor trust we heaitate at any sacrifice, provided freedom can be established. Testimony and eloquence have been accumulated against slavery, but on this occasion I shall ?ouflne niyseii precisely to the argument agaiDai ita recognition at the national capital, nor ahall I winder into the discussion of other questions which are only distantly connected with it. At some other time the great question of emancipation In the Malta may be properly considered, together with that other question, in the Senator from Wisconsin (Mr. Poohttle) takes so graat an intarest, whether the freemen shall be encouraged to exile themselves toother lands or to continue their labor here at home. It is surely enough for the present to enter upon the discussion of slavery at the national oapttal, and here we ate met by two inquiries, so frankly addressed by the clear headed .senator t Mr. Pemeroy.) Klrst. has slavery any constitutional or legal existence at the national capitals and, secondly, shad money be paid to secure its abolition ? It la true there can be no such thing as property in man If th.s ire. tension Is recogtuixed any where it is another iueiume of the inlluence ol custom. Slavery waa then described in Its essential character as a five headed barbarism, having its origin, not in reason or nature or Justice or goodness. bnl simply In f'irc? and tmlhii g else. '1 lie fori * w hich maintains it at the national capital is supplied by ?ongress If the constitution were rightly wilerprelod by a just tribunal slavery couM nolexist here; br freedom and not ?lavery if national. Its un> onsiltulsiiality was ably argued by Mr. Cbase la the l*eunte aud Horace Mann in the Hour*, and it follow* from the |>rinciple declared by Judge Mdean that, In tha ab?en< of any powar In Ilia cone t it at ion. it cannot exist, as respiration <auuot exist w her* I li'-ri' if no atmosphere. I bis was applied by hun to the Territories. Altera protra<ted dissuasion Wash ingUiu was selected as the national capital. Kor a lung time thoro was besttatl n betwe. n the bunks of the Mi ware, the Susquehanna and the Potomac 1 tie latter prevailed by a compromise, ' earned by two votes, Mary land, by formal act, ceded the territory which uow touftitutef the I'tstrP I of Columbia and Congress, In lgol, proceeded to declnie that the l..?snf Maryland, "a? they now exist,'- shall continue in fori e. The statutes nam | Honing slavery are coloni/il and antediluvian, passed aa early as 17t*5. Then statutes do not ittainl the Mood with slavery < crept for two genera Hon-- yet It Is by virtue of llmae provisions that slaves ire still held at lb'* national capital. I.ven If they eg. , lend beyond two generations, lbey are lU>cantlf mcon ijstent with the conatllution toogresacan exercise no lowers except in conformity with the constitution. lie ' xcliieivejurisdlction Is controlled and limned by the destitution, out of which It m lerlved Now, looking j it the constitution, we shall llnu Inst that there are no lords authorizing Congress to establish <t recognize 1 lavery; and. secondly, that there are positive words ( vhlrh prohibit Congress from Hie oxen use of any such ower The argument, therefore, ?s two (old?lirst, rom the absence i f authority and, secondly ,frotn poap ] 1VU prohibition. A barbsrisni like slavery ban no upport except In positive, unambiguous words i 'here is no power in the c asllluttoti to make I king or to make a slave, and the absence of all such i ower * hanlly Pmre clear in oue< i-e than the other | tut if there be no such power then all nets of ( e ngross I iistalai-jg slavery at the national capital nun t lie union- I tuuiional aad vosl. Nobody can show a pin ase or word < u the constitution g ving tin puser. If you bud it there APRIL 1, 1862.?TRIPLE it ia ttmiply because y<iu make the constitution a re Hex of yourself. Hut il' there were doubt on thia point the prohibitions of the constitution would nettle the question, among which ia this:?"No person shall be deprived of Ufa, liberty or pro[ierty without due process of law." Every |>eisou uow detained an a slave here is detained in violation of thin prohibition. A court properly i m par tial, and ready to assume that just reaponaihility which dignifies judicial tribunals, would at once declare slavery impossible here atei sot every slave free. The two eases arc parallel. In the Hritish case of the Some,set IS.000 were set free, while here it will bo ouly 3,000. Hut since courts will not do thin work it must be attempted in Congress. If from the would be the triumph of ihu magistrate; if from the latter, of the statesman. Hut shall Congress vote m ney ? I do not hesitate, and there are two prevailing reason-?(list, if not a partnership, there is at a least a complicity "U tlio part of Congress in slavery here, through which the whole country lias become resi<onsible; and, secondly, it is the gentlest, quietest and surest way, and therefore tho most practical. As there Is no reason of [Kilicy ad verse to such appropristIon, so there is'no objection in the constitution. Congress may create freemen here, although it may not create slaves. But 1 prefer to consider the money which we vote not as compensation, but asransoin. From time immemorial every government lias undertaken to ransom its subjects from captivity. Unhappily in our history we have had occasion to do tins with the sanction and co-operaliou of the best names in our history. Even in our colonial days our own white people were enslaved by tlio Harbary Stab's. Algiers was tho chief seat of this enormity, which found the same ajmlogies set up for slavery here. It was even said tiiat the slaves in Algiers were well led, inticli butter than the free t'lnistians there, and that some became indifferent to freedom. In unloldiug this eventful story I shall exhibit the direct and constant intervention of Congress tor the ransom of s.aves; but tho story itreif is an argumont against slavery. Our efforts end anxieties began immcdi itely after the establishment of our independence. As our power seemed Inadequate to compel the liberation of

thoso people it was attempted by ransom. But at tlrst our government ollered only two hundred dollars |ier head?less than Is proposed in the present bill tor the redemption of slaves at the national capital, l'ctitions were presented to Congress for tho captives, and several interesting reports w ere made by the Secretary of Stute, In which he said that it was regarded as im|?>rtunt that "in the first instance of redemption by the United States our price should be fixed at tho lowest point." There are also several messages of Washington on tho subject, calling upou Congress "to provide what shall suom most oxpedient." Tlio question stated was between war and ransom. Tho Senate, by formal resolution, advised lansom, and the President then announced:?"I will proceed to take measures for the ransom of our citizens iu captivity at Algiers." This Important business met with many interruptions. Commodore Paul Jones, who was intrusted with it, died. Colonel Humphreys was not allowed to reach Algiers. Iiuriug all this time our jieeple smarled in bondage. Tlic country meanwhile was aroused. Pooplo of all cla.-s s vied iu generous efforts. At public celebrations the toasts "Happiness lor all." and "Universal liberty," wero proposed partly iu sj mpathy with our wretched white fellow citizens iu bondage. lhu story of th? "Algerine Captive," reprinted in London, was the prototy[>e of "Uncle 'l'otn's Cabin." Colonel Humphreys proposed to raise money by lotteries. At last, by act of Congress of the 20th of ilarch, 1794, ono million dollars we. e appropriated for tho ransom of our (atopic, being precisely the eume sum as is now pro(iosud to be paid for ransom here. The treaty with Algiers, when obtained, was a sacrifice of pride, and nut of honor, to the necessity of the occasion. Hat amidst all its unquestionable humiliation, it was a treaty of emancipation; nor did our people consider nicoiy the terms ou which such a good was secured. It was hailed by Washington, in a message to Congress, us "gratifying to every feeling heart." From a document in our State papers, it appears that annual appropriations during several years were made for this purpose, amounting to upwards of two millions of dollars. To all who now ciueslion the power of Congress, or the policy o. exercising it, 1 commend this account in its various items. If we consider the population and the resources at the time, the amount is not inconsiderable. But the prowess of Iiecatur was afterwards enlisted to do by arms what was not completely done by ransom. Great Britain was arousod to a naval exjieditiou which abolished slavery in tho Barbary States. And thus ended white slavery in the Barbary states. A single brier effort of war puts an instant close to this wicked practice. In looking back upon its history we find much to humble our pride, and if we arc disposed to mourn that our government stooped to ronaom those who were justly free without price, yet we cannot tail <n gather instructionfrom this great precedent. Slavery is the same in its essential character wherever it exists, except, perhaps, that it has received seme new harshness here among us. There is no argument against its validity at Algieis which is not equally strong against its validity at Washington. In botu cases it is unjust force organized into law. But in Algiers it is not equally known that the law was unconstitutional us it clearly is her.e, in Washington. In Ibo early case slavery was regarded by our fathers ouly as an existing fact; and it is only us an existiug fact that it can now be regarded by us iu the present case; nor is there any power of Congress, which wus generally extended for these captives, which may not now bo invoked lor the captives in our own streets. Mr. Sumner concluded by saying:?Mr. President, if in this important discussion, which seems loo|*n tlie door of the future. I have confined myself to two simple inquiries, it is because practically they exhaust the whole subject. ir,l>v,r> iiTicm.uliliilw.m.l n I ><? r, u I I ..? A .. J ? - - UHU if it bo right to ransom slaves, then you cannot hesitate to adopt the present bill. It is needless to enter u|<m other questions, important, [<erhaps, but irrelevant. It in necessary also to consider the bugbears which Senators have invoked, for all must see that they aro bugbears. If I liavo seemed to dwell on detuils, it is because they furnished at each stage instruction and support. If I hare occupied time in a curious passage or history, it is because it was more apt thau curious, While it albirded a irurror in whn li we can gee ourselves, (if course, I scorn to argue the obvious truth that the sluvi a here aro as much entitled to freedom as the white slaves that uuliMcd the early energies of our government are men, by the grace of (tod. and this is enough. Tl.ore is no principle of the < oustitntion, and no rule of Justice, which is not cs strong for one as the other. In consenting to the ransom proposed, you w ill recognise their manhood, and if uuthortly be needed, you will find it In the example of Washing! n,who did not hesitate to employ a golden key to open the house of bondage, this bill pass, and the tlrst practical triumph of freedom, for which good men have longed, dying with out the right?tor which whole geueraliou has petitioned, and for which orators and stutusmcn hare pleaded, will at last be accomplished. Slavery w ill be banished from the national capital, 'lliis metropolis, which hears a venerated name, will be purified; its evil spirit will be cast out, its shame will be removed, Its society will be refined, its courts will be improved. Us revolting ordinances w ill be swept away and lis loyalty will be secure.!. It you are nut move 1 by justice to the slave, then act (or our own good and in self-defence. If you hcilate to pass this bill for the blacks then |n>ss it for the whites. Nothing is clearer thau that the degradation of slavery alb-els the master as nun h as the slave, w hile recent events testily that where slavery exists there treason lurks, if it does not tlaunt. from the be ginning of this r< bellion slavery hat been constantly revealed in the conduct of the masters,and even here, in the national capital, it has been the treacherous |>ower which has encouraged and strengthened the enemy. This power must be suppressed, and if the suppression here endangers sla\ery elsewhere, there will be a new motive for tbe good work. For tie sake of ourselves, in self-defence, aud in the name of the constitution and of justice let it be done. tm motion of Mr. wrioht,, (Union) of Ind., tbe bill was then postponed until to-morrow. On motion or Mr. Wiijnw, (rep.) of Mass., the Senate went into executive session, and on the opening of the doors again adjooracd. House of Representatives. Washim.ton. March 31,180:4. rim ibs kin or 1 he dctv on amis. The House pusscd the Senate bill removing the import duties on arms iniforted either by States or contractors. tiik skat or s. r. ska. u, or viauixu. Mr. Paww, (rep.) of Mass., from the Committee 011 Elections. rejortcd a resolution, which war adopted,de. daring that 3. V. Beach ie nt elected a?mernber of the House from the Seventh Congressional district of Virginia tim tax nn l. The Houee then went Into Committee of the Whole on the Tax bill. The leather clause of the bill wan amended as follow*? On patent or enamelled leather, Are mills per square foot. on patent japanned splits used lor dusner leather, four m Ills per equate loot On latent or enamelled skirling leather, one ami one.half cents p> r square Pa t. On all sole snd rough or harness leather made from hide* Imported east of the Cape of tjood lln|ie, and all damaged l< inker, fire mills |?r pound. on all other sole or rough leather, hemlock tanned, eight mills |-er pound. On sII sole or rough leather, tanned In whole or In part with oak, one cent per pouod. On all natabed or curried upper leather, except calfskin* made from leather tanned In the interest of thvpartira nn. Ishing or currying such leather, not previously taxed In the rou*h, one cent per pound. On "bend." "hull" and harness leather, one and a half iwtit per pound. on otlal leatlier, five mills per pound On laned r oil dressed leather, two and a half cents per pound. On tanned callsklna, sli cents each. On morisco?goal, kid or ibeepsklns?curried, manufac11|rest < r finished, lour per i-suliim sd valorem, provided that the price at which such skins are usually sold shall deter inin* I heir value. on Inn ksklns, tanned or dr< used, two dollars per do/en. On doe>kins, tanned or dressed, one dollar per doien. On de- raklns, dressed and smoked, six cents per pound. On horse and hog skins, tanned and dressed, lour per centum ad valorem. On Amen-an patent calfskins, Ave par centum ad valor? m. On patent or enamelled cloth, three per centum ad Valorem. The following amendments wore also agreed to:? On wine mart* of grapes, live instead often rente a gallon. tin varnlnti. five per ei ntnm a<l ?e lore in. Oil flue "I I'll Ilem-rlptlolie, lit* otherwise provided for, S. > pet nttttn m<1 valorem. Mr. tfraruiiKO, (rap ) of N. Y., offered tlie following irov tao ? Tlint no doty shall be rollecied on fur* until the expiration nf the Reelptoellj Treaty with Oreat Hritatn. Mr. Hi'ai'U'l.Mi took the occasion to my that we havo oat thirteen millions of dollars l?y Una treaty, owlog to iiscritnlnat ing duties. The commltt e adopted Mr Spaulding e amendment. Tie- tn\ ou tl amends, emeralds and other jewelry w.ia put at three per cetitunt ad valorem. Mr Stbm.v-i, (rep ) of fit., muved to str'k" out the :lans# flxlng the tux on flc r manufactured from wheat it tan ccirts per barrel, and In like proportion* for ley* or greater qualltler put up for sale in sack* or olhei package*, and Insert a provision that flour made at ,?uy null for t t*lotners,for tbetr own eonauniptuwi, and not for sale, Shall be oxotnpt from duty. 8c It .? tax wan erroneous, and at,oi led *11 clasrue. It would he <1 oriin mat,tig aa'untt our own tie-'i It for the benuflt of those SHEET. ; who send the article into thu Uuited Status from Canada, I under the Reciprocity treaty. Mr. WicKLieva, (I'niou) of Ky,, moved on on amendment, that the proposed tax snail not go into effect so long as the Reciprocity treaty continues in force. Mr. sori-Dlxu op|Kis?id this, hocause it would create a class of men who mould interest themselves in keeping this odious tr ity in operation, in order that their ii >ur might not ?e taxed. He intended to tuko stops at an early day for tho abolition of this treuty by introducing a resolution reipiesting the I'rosideut to give the retpiirod notice for its termination. The paragraph in relat ton to Hour was thou stricken out. Tho tax on cloth and all textile fabrics was tixed at throe per centum ad valorem. Mr. Kkllouu, (rep.) of III., offered thu following as a now paragraph to thu bill:? That on and after (lie 1st of May a tax of one cent per pound be charged ou allcott n held or owned by auy person or eompeuv. Mr. Kxi-uxio said that this tax was about ten per centum, and was tho only way by which thu South could be burdened with taxation?cotton really being tneir element of strength. The ainoudment of Mr. Kellogg was adopted. An amendment altering tho pianoforte clause, so us to includo orguns and molodeons, kept for use or hire, and fixing the tax ut from fifty cents to six dollars, according to value, was adopted. The lax on pi- lisure yachts was fixed at from six to twenty dollurs each. Mr. Huakk, i,rep.) of Ohio, moved that the tax on dogs of any kind ho 0110 dollar each. The motion was adopted. Mr. Mallory, (Union) of Ky., moved to except pointers, setters, lap. poodle, und all other valuable dugs. Mr. Wriciit, (Union) of l'a.,suggested the adoption of the following provi-o:? That the lax on dog* ahall not take effect until after the ab" rogation of tiie Reciprocity treaty wltb Great Britain. This proposition excited considerable laughter. Mr. Mallory's motion and Mr. Wright's proviso were rejected. An ineffectual motion was made to strike out the entire section relating to slaughtered cattle, hoes and sheeD. The section remains as originally reported. The next section was uineiuled by adding the following proviso:? That the Commissioner* of Internal Revenue may make further rules and regulations for ascertaining the accurate number <>f cattle, hugs and sheep slaughtered, liable to taxation under this bill. Then the Committee rose, and the House adjourned. NEWS FROM FLORIDA. Devflopcmrnt of Loyalty Among tlie People?The Rebel Troop* on the Move, &c. Washington, March 31,1862. Tha gunboat Bienville arrived at the Navy Yard wharf this morning, having left St. Augustine on the 25th. She brings the bodies of Captain Budd.of the I'enguln, and of Acting Master Mather, of the Honry Andrew, who were both killed at Mosquito Inlet. When tho Bienville left the general improssion was that the people of Florida were returning to their loyalty, and the rebel troops had either all left or were making their way to other Southern States. Tho only place where any formidable opposition to tho rnion troops was made was at Musquito Inlet,and that only on small boats from tho Penguin and Henry Andrew. Eight of our forces wero killed and wounded. The extent of casualties on tho rebel side has not been ascertained. Commodore Dupont'i Report of a Boat Expedition to Moaqnlto Inlet. LIEUTENANT Bl'DD, OP TUE PENGUIN; ACTING MASTER MAT I IKK, OK THE HENRY ANDREW, AND 8IX SEAMEN KILLED, AND SEVEN OTHERS WOl'NDKD. Washington, March 31,1862. Flag Officer Dupont has sent the following despatch to the Secretary of the Navy:? Flagship Wabash, opp Mosquito I nipt, Fla.. 1 March 24,1862. J Sib?I bare to report to the department some casualties that have occurred to officers and men belonging to t'.vo of the vessels of my fleet, casualties as painlulas they were unexpected, but the loss of the gallant lives has expiated the error of judgment which enthusiastic zeal had Induced. The department was informed after the capture of Kemandinu that so soon as I could take possession of Jacksonville and St. Augustine, I would give my attention te Mosquito Inlet, flfty one miles south of the hitter. which according to my information was resorted to for the introduction of arms transhipped from English ships and steamer* at the British colony of Nassau into small vessels of light draft. 1 accordingly ordered the Penguin, Acting Lieutenant Commanding T. A. Hudd.and the Henry Andrew, Acting Master S. W. Mather, to proceed to this place, the latter to cross the bar, establish an inside blocaadc, capture any rebel vessels there, utul guard from incendiarism large quantities of lire oak timber on tho government land , cut and roudy for shipment, to which the department had called my attention. On reaching here myself on the 22d I was boarded by the executive otllcer of the Penguin, and informed that Lieutenant Commanding Budd, with Acting Master Mather, had organized an expedition from the two vessels iuuI had moved southward through tho inland passage, leading into Mosquito lagoon, passing Bmyena with four or live light boats, carrying in all s .me forty-three men. Soon after this report, which I beard with anxiety, the results were developed. It appears that after going some fifteen or eighteen miles without any incident, and while on their return and withiu sight or the Henry Andrew, the order of the line lielng no longer observed, the two commanding officers, quite in advance, landed under certain earthworks which had been abandoned or never armed, n.-ur a dense grove of live oak with underbrush. A heavy and continuous lire was unexpectedly opened upon them from both these covers. Lieutenant Conimnndiug Budd and Acting Master Mather, with three of the live men composing the boat's crew were killed. The remaining two men were wounded, and made prisoners. As the other boats came up they were also fired into, and suffered moro or less. The rear hi at of all hud a howitzer, winch, however, could not be properly secured or worked, the boat not being fitted for the purpose, and could therefore be of little use. The men had to seek cover ou shore, but as soon us it was dark Acting Masters Male Mcintosh returned to the boats, brought away tho body of one of the crew who bad been killed, all the arms, ammunition and tlags, threw the howitzer into the river passed rlose to the rebel pickets, who hailed, but elicited no reply, and arrived safely on board the Henry Andrew. (in hearing of this untoward event 1 directed Commander le dgers to send off the launch and cutters of this ship to the support of the Andrew. The boats crossed me (tiir mi miuuigui, ami inn urxi niorumg lue vessel was hauled close up to the teen* of the late attack, but no eoetny could tic discovered. The bodies <>f Lieutenant Bidd and Acting Master Mather were received under a flag of truce, and the commanding officer, a Captain Rlrd, who had come from a camp at a distance, made some show of courtesy by returning tuipera and a watch ai if ashamed of this mode of warfare; for these were the very troops that, with sufficient force, means and material for a resjiecLiMe defence, had ingloriously fled from St. Augustine on our approach. 1 enclose a copy of my instructions to Acting Lieutenant Hudd, the original of which was found on his person, and was one of the papers returned by the rebel officer. Lieutenant Commanding Hudd and Acting Master Mather were brave anil devoted officers. The former commanded the Penguin in the action of November 7, and received my commendation. The latter, in the prime of life, wee a man of uncommon energy and daring, and had no superior, probably, among the palrotic men who hare been apiiointcd in the navy from the mercantile marine. Very rrs(iectfelly, your obedient servant, P. P. DITONT, Flag Officer t'ommanding South Atlantic Mock. Squadron. Hon Giotox Wan rs, Secretary of the Navy. LIST OF KILLV.D AND WOfKOFP. Fijtiisiiir Wahssii, ) OrrST. Arnrsruif, Fla., March 2f>, l?fl2. ( Pis?The following casualties occurred in the attack u|>on the boat expedition under Acting Lieutenant Uudd:? Acting Lieutenant T. A Iludd, of the penguin, killed. James Marlow, ordinary aeaman, of the Penguin, killed. Walter Burcb, ordinary seaman, of the Penguin, killed. John Tfnnks, Master's Mate, of tbo Penguin, wounded in shoulder. Wm. Twaltee. ordinary seaanan. of the Jl'enguln, wounded in hand. Acting Master s. W. Mnther, commanding thn Henry Andrew, killed. T liAlmtn r.r.linapv nnnmnn nf tUllane. taJ.o... killed. John Bale*, seaman, of tue n<-nry Andrew, killed. Jaine* Arnold, seaman. of the Henry Andrew, killed. William Brown, ordinary seaman, of the Henry An drtw, killed. A. W. Kdsey, acting ntsistnnl pay mauler, of the Henry Andrew , wounded In liend. Welter Bradley, actlog third assistant engineer, of ths Henry Andrew, wounded in forehead. Thomae Welch, ordinary teaman, of the Henry Andrew, wounded and a prisoner. HeiiryT. Kich, ordinary seaman, of the Henry Andrew, wounded and a prisoner. James T. Alden, ordinary eamiui, of the Honry Andrew, wounded in thigh, I herewith enclose fir. Clymer's report of the wound* received by Lieutenant Mudd and Acting Master Mather. Very renpoctfully, Ac., S. F. MTONT, Flag Officer. Hon. Gimos Wsllss, Secretary of the Navy. Wa*ui?i<!Ton, March 31. WflJ. The bodiee of Captalna Budd aud Mather, brought up by the Bienville from San Anguatlne, were escorted this morning to the chnpel at the Navy Yard, by the marlnce and crew or the Bienville, to await arrangement* for Nie funeral. Call for n Convention of Newspaper Pnl>IIaltera, E<lltore mid Itipoitera. At kAW, March 31,18(12. A call baa been leaned for a convention of (be publishers, editors ntid reporters of the newspapers of (ho State Irrespective of polities, to meet ut Albany on Wednesday , April !?, (or tlio purpose of forming a Plate or gun,zati n for mutual protection. Die call ia aignod by A. It. Caldwell and live others. A Corresponding Commit!'o has been appointed to stats the purpose* of tho Convention. libit mi ry. Mrs. EiiSAmrru A Rriw.vKu, mother of Hen S It. It. Bukncr, Il.ed in Lnmn count.', Arh.j of pncutucuia,on the 01 La of January. t 1 AFFAIRS AT THE STATE CAPITAL. Reports of Committees?New York City Railroads? Rtpmrlnn Owners?Petttgrew Contract?Shoddy?The Ice In tkoIludson Floutiug Dowu?Novel Unit In tke Court of Appeals?Fourteen Cent* Involved, die. Albany, March 31,1862. Hut little busiuttBs or any importance transpired lit either house this morning. There was barely s quorum in the Assembly, aud the third reading of bills was passed over after It was found that there wan a disposi tion to defeat all that came up by the opponents of tho Health hill. Several reports were uudr from standing c< mnutlets, but none of uny particular importance. The Senate bill to incorporate the Humeoputhic State Medical Society was reported for the consideration of the House. A motion was made to movo ahead one of the Nev* York City Railroad bills, but not receiving a two thirds vote it was lost. No attempt was made to move th?Broadway Railroad bill. There wore so many of its supporters absent that its friends did aot seem inclined to IOUCU It. Several bills were mail the third time and passed by tha Senate. The resolutions recalling the Albany (aunty Treasurer bill from the Assembly was adopted. The bill rotative to Riparian owners of land in New York and: Brooklyn, was moved ahead by Senator Murphy; and the bill confirming l'ettigruw's contract was uls<> luken ahead of its regular order, on motion of Senator Connolly. Taking it altogether, the evening session has been dull. There was no reisirt of the Shoddy Committee this' morning, as was anticipated. There is probably soma* new disagreement in the committee. The ice is now afloat as far up as Albany. In some places, however, It remains hound together from shore to shore, so as to prevent navigation;! but the river is clear In front of Albany, with the exception of float tog ice, and but little of that; it cannot bo many days before boats eon, without obstruction, come up the river as far as this place. The noble Hudson has broken its icy bonds; tbe fragments aro gradually being borne towards the ocean by its currents, its place now to be taken by the flouting palaces carrying their living freights. There has been soin what of a novel suit argued before* tho Court of Appeals?the argument oloscd to-day?in. which the enormous sum of lourteen cents is involved. It is a caso of a stockholder in the Chitlenongo Hank; against the officers. A few years ago a dividend was declared by the directors of the bank. This gentleman, in taking up their dividends, took specie and exchange on New York, and when the stockholder referred to above called for his dividend, whicbf amounted to fifty-six dollars, they handed him New York State currency, which was thon at oiio-fountl per cent discount. This the stockholder refused to accept, and said thai ho would either taxo specioorthe bills of their own bank, on which he could get the si?cie if he dosired. The directors refused to do either, and the stockholder at once commenced a suit, against them. The case has been carriod through all tha courts, and is now before tho Court of Appeals, the last resort understate Jurisdiction. The currency in which they offered to pay him wus one-fourth per cent discount. This discount 011 fifty six dollars?his dividend?* Is just fourteen cents. Having had it argued in several courts, it must have cost him several hundred dollars by this time, probably ns much as the whole amount of his bank stock. The bank is also in the mire just as deep (8 their stockholder is in the mud. Hy refusing to | pay their own bank bills they have run up a men bill of costs overan item or fourteen cents, wnich will, to a more or loss extent, affect the profits of the institution. Verily it takes all sorts of people to make a world ? well as banks; but this fourteen cent tribe is a race that we had not beard of. Under that kind ol management the bank must bo a profitable concern for lawyers and a poor thing for stockholders. Al&aitt, March 31,1802. The Assembly was in session this evening. The Spring street Railroad was moved ahead to the first Commute* of the Whole, not full. A notice was given to suspend the rule requiring a twos thirds vote to take up bills out of their order as far as It refers to the Broadway Railroad. It takes a majority of all members elected to suspend the rule; that dons,* majority of those voting can move it ahead. A resolution was offered allowing each member to mov# ahead one bill each. The bill to repeal the law paased in 1860. abolishing capital punishment snd defining the degrees of murder, was ordered to a third reading; also ths bill amending lb* law relative to the rights of husband and wife. The Grinding Committee of the Assembly agreed Is < report twenty-four bills at their session this afternoon. Among them was the bill, recently passed ttic Senate, repealing the Bishop Hughes ecclesiastic il tenure act, passed in 1856; also the bill to provide for licensing ballast lighters in the port of New York; also the Senats bill to authorize the Supervisors of Kings county to borrow money to build a court house: also to allow tba Greenwood Cemetery Company to sell a lot of land between Fifth and Sixth avenues. The Shoddy Committee have been in session all the afternoon and evening over their rei>ort. 'i'lioy are expected to conclude it to night, and all but Wheeler unite in it. The latter member has not acted witb tbe committee, nor heard the testimony, and now wishes to whitewash the Military Board. Ilia efforts in that line have caused thu delay. NEW YORK LEGISLATURE. Senate. Aliunt, March 31,1802. The hill to incorporate the Kewburg Home of tha Friendless was ordered to a third reading. The bill to encourage investments of small sums in Maio Blocks was rcpnneii iiivorainy. Tbo bill for correcting the error in the assessment of taxes in Brooklyn was parsed. The bill reapiiortiotiiug the Congressional districts of the State war made tbo special order for Wednesday. The bill amending tbo present Excise laws was then considered until the hour of adjournment. Assembly. Albany, March 31,1862. Several petitions were preeeuted in favor of the Broads way Railroad and Metropolitan Health bills. The following bills were reported favorably:? For the protection of State bridges. To repeal tbo law for formation of town insurance companies. To amend the Ix>ng Island Railroad charter. The following bills were reported for the consideration of the House:? To incorporate the State Homeopathic Society. To provide for the completion of the Chenungo Canal. The following bill* were made the special order tor Friday:? To provide for lowering the Stats dam at I'henia. To ascertain the expens* and practicability of making slack water navigation in the Alleghany river,from th* Genesee Valley Canal to the Great Valley creek. TKa osnnrsl hill fnr thn onnatr urlion of ruiirfli^a in cities by the Slate wad ro|K>r!?d unfavorably. The bill to ?rt?nd the rout' and tima Tor tb<* completiom of the Buffalo and Alleghany Railroad was pa?red. The Concert Saloon bill, and the bill loai,inn the People's College $10,000, were made the special order for Wednesday next. Mr. IjOt Tam offered a resolution calling upon the Committee on Cities to report his bill authorizing the construction of railroads in all the streets, lanes and avenues of New York. The resolution w?s laid on the table under the rules. Mr. Cosy called for a report from the vaiue commute* on the bill regulating the rates of fare of New York railroads, when, the hour of one o'clock having arrived, ths Assembly took a recess until 7 P. M. KVKNINU SESSION. ? Mr. Bases gave noMce of a motion to suspend the rule* requiring two-thirds to move forward a bill, so fur as it relates to the Broadway Railroad bill. The object is t? move forward by a majority vote. Mr. unanimous consent,Introduced n bill to appropriate $10,000 to the Trustees of the Industrial l'arm Association. The report of the State Engineer in retard to the enlargement of the Champlaln Canal and the locks of the Erie Canal, was referred to the Committee vti Canals for action. Mr. IIbwbt Introduced e resolution to allow each mem ber to morrow, on calling the roll, to move forward on* bill. Laid on the table. The motion for afternoon sessions on Tuesdays and Wednesdays was lal I on over. <m motion of Mr McLeon the Spring street Railroad bill was referred to the Urst unfilled Committee of the Whole. The bill to divide the crime of murder Into two degrees and prescribe the punishment of arson was taken up in Committee of the Whole. Ordered to a third reading. The bill to repeal certain sections of the lam concerning the rights and liabilities of husband and wile, was neal< taken up. Mr I'srse moved the bill so as to rstaln in the original act the clause giving husband and wire Joint guardianchip over children. Messrs. Priyn. Amir us, I'riugle 1'ierce, hcholufield and Kcdington sj?'ko In rnvor of the motion. Mersrs. Alvrd, Stetson, Wheeler. Ilaughton i? V U...*e.* Trnrmr (Iffdfin Bllil Oth?m OU1>OKO(1 ll. Thu motion wee loM, 2# loilA. Mr. Pwjkiiji moved to add a auction to | rovide that the lni.-l.und a hall n t hind a child an a|>|>rnnticH without the written coMWit of the wife. Adopted. .Several amendment* prupoaed were lost. The bill w?a ordered ton third reading. ? . The Speaker appointed the following Sale; i <dmmlttet on the Metropoli an Health Mil:? Merer* in in dict, I'rlngte, Gray, tlalaey, t! irr, hamont, K. Haven*, Itowen and C'oddlngioti. Mr. Baxaa moved to make the Broadway Radioed bill, the a|?rial order tor Tuvaday. Before taking the iynca ttotl Adjourned. Tlic MIUtiae> Funeral of the llhodt Iil it ml O filer re. I'n Hlt>K.v? K, March 31, 1*82 The dlaplay at the military f inernl of ? |, i?.| Hlocom Major lialloit end O'litam Tower was vi rj imposing It' Hiuvva wan g?n< rally aiiapended. Building' wore hung in innurutng. Flags we I raped The chartered eon panic* and the Vationnl Board of thia city, and romps i ice Irom ae\ eral town in the Stale, Bovc nor Spragim and lua a:alT. and I iuulciinit Otvcrnor Arnold, formed i lie error t. 'ih? booi> i .,i t|i* docouaed officer* were tioine I " Orai "!n < !i Cemetery, whore l!i?lio|i(lark rc I the I", ml . e, i id vollcya were tired oyer tba gru\o Ail I. initial I lie gold lerr were reviewed by * U.v Uuverutn on the IK'iter training ground.

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