Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 1, 1862, Page 6

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 1, 1862 Page 6
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6 NEW YORK HERALD. JAMKS UOKDON BGNNKTT, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR. OmeE H. W CORNER OK FULTON AND NASSAU STS. Tfh'W.S oi*/> tn aeivanre Jfonff moll trill he at the njt of the tender Notu but Hank >4Ut current in Nam Vorlc iaktm rn& DAILY HEN ALP. tiro cent* per >t/vy. $7 per annum. THE WEEKLY IIEK A LD, wy SiturMiy, at trix rent* frr 0|?v, <>r $5 jMf annum . the European Edition rvery Wrtlnre>lay% at ox rmts per ropy, $4 iter annum to ant/ part of Great Britain, or $6 12 loonu /ratio/ Ike Continent, troth to io< I 'lit, /nata;p; the Cu'i/'ornw edition on the let, 11M awi 21*/ oj ruth month, at ax rente per copy, or $2 75 per annum Volume XXVII tjjNo. 90 AMUSEMENTS THU EVENING. NIBLO'S GARDEN, Broadway.?Wild Oats?Black Etkd SU.-A ?. W1NTEU GARDEN, Broadway.? Camilla. WALLACE'S THEATRE, No. Ht Broadway.?Lovk Cuaaa. LAURA KERNE'S THEATRE. Broadway.?Tu? Macabthy , ti?* I'aar or 1>av. NEW BGWLRT THEATRE, Bowery.-Aura?Raising TUfc WlMu? UlDfEN ii.v.M... MART PROVOST 3 THEATRE. Mi Broadway-Richard barnum's AMERICAN MUSEUM. Broadway.?Com* Xutt?Livmo HirroroiAiius, Wmu, ao.. at all Hour*.? jSadaa ah. Kalaxau*. aLeruoon and evening. BRYANTS' MINSTRELS, MacHaulca' Hall, 47S Broadway.? Imjwx in old K-r-nr MBLODEON CONCERT HALL. 53) Broadway -Sosui, Dajkm, Buhlasuuas. Ac.? Co.itkaba.id Cohomios. CANTERBURY MUSIC HALL, 585 Broadway.? So aas daBCBR, bublasycas, ac ? l.MAL'UUHATlOS BALL. GAIETIES CONCERT ROOM. 616 Broadway.-Drawixo Booh Ehtbbtaihhbiits, Balucts. Bantohimks, Kakcks, ao. AMERICAN MUSIC HALL. 444 Broadway Jevlolm i)arrr?? KAILItOAD?( OtLiyil. M II.LKK-* CRYSTAL r A LACE CONCERT IIALL, No. 45 Bowery.Borirsui as, Soxus, Dancrs. Ac ? I'wo Clown*. MEXICAN museum. 663 Broadway -Day and Evening?Collbctiow or Cabvkd Wax Kicckas. TARISIAN CARINET OK WONDERS, 563 Broadway.? Cr<*n daily trow 1U A. M. till) I*. M NOYELTY MUSIC HALL, 616 Broadway.?Bublchuob* scrce. dakcka, aC. NIBLO'8 SALOON. Brnadwav.?Somas Fra-VCAISS?La 4'HRvaV B|.A.\C? L'KlOl'RMKAV-TRIOLKT. TRIPLE "SHEET. [Kew Ynrlr ? a?I, ? ??? THE SITUATION. A despatch to the Navy Department yesterday from Commodore Dupont reports the result of an expedition from his fleet into Mosquito Inlet, Fla., by the Penguin, Lieutenant F, A. Budd, and the Henry Andrew, S. W. Mather commanding, in which both these officers were killed, together with six seamen, and seren others were wounded. The object of the expedition was to capture any vessels lying there which were supposed to contain arms transhipped from British vessels from Nassau, and to protect from incendiarism large quantities of live oak timber, cut and ready for shipment. After making a survey of the inlet in their boats, the two commanders, on their return, landed in the vicinity of some abandoned earthworks near a dense grove, from { which a heavy fire was unexpectedly opened upon their men. killing Lieutenant Budd and Acting Master Mathers, and the number of men above stated. The rebels who made this attack were a portion of the garrison who abandoned St. Augustine on the approach of our troops. On the following morning (the 2;>J ult.) npon the arrival of Com. Rodgers, the place was found to be evacuated. bat the bodies of the two officers were delivered up under a flag of truce by a rebel officer, Captain Bird, who came from a camp at some distance. The prize rebel steamer Magnolia, with a cargo of one thousand and fifty bales of cotton, arrived here yesterday from Key West. We eive else where a detailed account of her capture, and a full description of the vessel. Our news from the Gulf to-day will be found highly interesting. We give to-day some further particulars of the killed and wounded at the battle of Winchester. The wounded are generally reported as doing well. A full official list cannot be received for a few days to come, owing to the scattered positions of the different regiments. General Shields is rapidly recovering. / Despatches received at St. Louis yesterday state that a skirmish took place between a detachment of the First Iowa cavalry and a guerilla band of rebels under Colonel Parker on the 29th. about ten miles west of Warrensburg, in which fifteen rebels were killed and twentyfive prisouers, including Colonel Parker and Captain Walton, were taken. On our first page will be found a comprehensive mop of Memphis and the shores of the Mississippi river on both sides, together with a description of that city and its railroad approaches. /\ i^unurrri man HI A JMIMIII' wnKH 10 u loui.?* ville paper that there will be a rebel force on the new line, extending from Decatur, Alabama, to Inland No. 10, of two hundred thousand men. Evans, of Georgia, he says, baa arrived from Manassas with the flower of the army which fought os last July. From all the indications, the impending battle will be far the most important of any tlut has yet boon fought in this war. The rebel force at Coriatli ia said to number seventy thousand. These facta are important, though not unexpected, as It has been long known that the rebel troops have for some time been moving westward, under Beauregard, Evans, and other officers. They also prove that Genera! McClellan's policy of moving his Western forces southward before he advanced those of his own department to be both judicious and a proof of good generalship. Virginia will be won without much blood shed, and the actual lighting will yet be carried on in the cotton States, where it properly belongs. By the Jura :it Portland we have news from Ku Tope to the 2l*t of March, two days later. President Lincoln'* emancipation message bn?l been received in England, and -so far m it was commented on by the proas, wras regarded a* of the utmost importance, and likely to prodnce a very favorable efTr< t fr.r the Union eanse in Europe. The London T'tnrr acknowledges this to a great extent, but the writer, towards the close of the article, talks of the State paper ns a "bid made towarda putting an end to the war," ho not being, perhaps, able to comprehend the scope of the policy of the Washington Cabinet. Russell, of the London was out again a* a war prophet and sympathizer with the rehels. He praises the constat ry an'' tenacity (?) of the Southern troops, and as- crt* that the Northern sold er s "are weary of war'* and "(JIatnorotia for fur ii^hs." fiuth are his fictions of the 3d of NEW Y< March, immediately before the advance of the Army of the Potomac. The lieuteuant of the privateer Sumter, with the ex-Consul of the United States at Cadi*, w ho were lately arrested by the Moors at Tangier, at the instance of the American Consul, had been shipped for Boston, ou the Harvest Home, from the federal gunboatIno. France was forwarding more troops to Mexico. A new brigade was to leave Toulon for that republic within a week. CONGSESS. In the Senate yesterday, a joint resolution appointing Theodore Woolsey, of Connecticut, Regent of the Smithsonian Institution, in place of C. C. Felton, deceased, was adopted. A resolution calling on the Secretary of War to furnish the report of Brigadier (leneral Mansfield relative to the enizatrement botwppn t.hp flrmtmrr KaMnnnc mac and Monitor was also adopted. A bill creating a Bureau of Transportation was introduced and referred. The bill transferring the inspection of lighthouses from the navy to the revenue service, under the direction of the Secretary of the Treasury, was discussed. A bill providing a Territorial government for Arizona was introduced' Mr. Pessenden presented joint resolutions from the Maine Legislature in favor of extending pecuniary aid to the States for the emancipation of their slaves; also cordially approving of the President's Message, and declaring that Maine will cheerfully furnish her quota of the amount; also asking Senators to vote for the abolition of slavery in the District of Columbia. The bill for the abolition of slavery in the District of Columbia was then taken up, and Mr. Sumner, of Massachusetts, rnnue a long speech in its favor. In the House of Representatives, the Senate bill remitting duties on arms imported by States or con. tractors was passed. A resolution from the Committee on Elections, declaring S. F. Beach not elected to the House from the Seventh Congressional dis-' trict of Virginia, was adopted. The remainder of the session was spent in Committee of the Whole on the Tax bill. MISCELLANEOUS NEWS. The newspaper details of our European advices, to the l!>th of March, are published this morning. These reports contain matter of much interest and importance. A perusal of the compilation will enable the reader to comprehend the situation of affairs abroad to the latest moment. The Epoca of Madrid asserts in the most positive manner that there has never been any design on the part of the Spanish government to recall General Prim, and that that officer is fatihfully carrying out the views of his government. The Spanish papers also speak of an increasing irrita tion between Spain and Moroeeo ou the subject of boundaries, and fear that it will end in war. The Jura, from Liverpool the 20th and Londonderry the 21st of March, reached Portland yesterday. Her news is two days later than that of the City of New York. Consols rated in London at 9.1% a 94 lor money on the 21st of March. The bullion in the llnnk of England increased S2,605,000 in the week. Cotton advanced from one-eighth to one-fourth of a penny during the week in Liverpool. The market closed tirm at the advance of the 21st of March. The stock in port footed up 402,500 bales. Breadstuff's were quiet but steady. Provisions remained steady. The Atlantic Telegraph enterprise idea was progressing in public favor in England. Italy was still agitated. Austria was strengthening her military posts on the Venetian frontier with double guards and advancing troops all along the river Po. Garibaldi remained in Turin, at the request of the Prime Minister. Our advices from Adelaide, South Australia, are to the 25th of January. Commercial matters continued dull. The wheat crop had been nearly all gathered in: but the harvest was considered unsatisfactory. Flour was quoted at ?11 a ?115s. per ton; copper at ?9t> 10s. per ton. We have advices from Pernambuco to the 1st of March. Freights for Europe were activ , and principally consisted of sngar and cotton - the latter of very good quality?Brazil in future will produce an immense quantity. The improvements in the interior (railroads and factories) were extending very rapidly, and the province quiet and healthy. By the arrival at this port last evening of the schooner Eupkcniia, Captain Bayle, we have advices from Vera Cruz to March 8. The English forces had withdrawn, and the Spanish were also leaving as fast as possible, the French having taken possession. There were tumors of battles in the interior: but there had been no confirmation of them. There had been a great deal of sickness and death among the allied troops. Captain Jacob A. Cobb, master of the steamer Acorn, lately arrived at Havana from Xew York, publiely declared his inti nfion of running the blockade with her and of entering the Confederate service. She is a fa-t propeller, making easily from eleven to twelve knots, and will .under her adventurous captain, who is well known in this city, prove a troublesome customer to our blockading fleet. In the State Senate at Albany yesterday, the bill correcting errors in the Brooklyn assessments was passed. The bill to incorporate the Home of j the Friendless, at N'ewbnrg, was ordered to n I third reading. A favorable report was made on ' the bill for encouraging investments by persons of limited means in State stocks. The Congressional Apportionment bill was made the special order lor to-morrow (Wednesday). The Excise bill was | taken up and debated. In the Assembly, petitions were presented in favor of the Metropolitan II. a It h bill and the Broadway Railroad. The bill amending the Long Island Railroad eharter received a favorable report. The bills incorporating the State Homeopathic Society and for the completion of the Chenango Canal were reported from the committees. An unfavorable report was made on the bill for the construction of railroads in cities by the State. The Concert Saloon bill and the People's College 110,000 Appropriation bill were nmde tfce special order for to-morrow (Wednesday). A resolution celling on the < ities Committee toreport the bill for the construction of railroads in nil the streets and avenues oi New York was introduced i ami laid on the table. The Spring Street Railroad j bill was moved forward to the lirst unengaged j Committee ?>l the ?hole. I ne < apiiai run slum nt bill wns ordered fo a third reading; nlso the bill defining the right* of hn band and wife. The Grinding t'ommitteo reported to the Home a number ??f bills, among which were the Chnrch Property bill, the bill for licensing ballast lighter* in this port, and that to enable the Kings eonnty Supervisors to borrow money to build a new Brooklyn Court H< use. The select committee of investigation into the proceedings of the State Military Board have nearly completed their labors, and are expected to tnake their report in a day or two. The Southern civilian generals have been very unfortunate in the present war. There are eleven of this class, who received no military education, and who never before had a military command. The following are their names:? Henry A. Wise, shipped in Virginia. Ji'loi B. Kloyd, whipped everywhere. Robert Toombs, never b?..n in battle. Richard Taylor, never been In battle. 1 h'w. It. Flournoy, nevi i been in battle. J? Pope Walker, whipped in the West. I K. Zolllri Ifer. killed in h - first engagement. Wm. Mahor.e, never beard of. I,. O B Branch. Whlpimtl at New hern. Wm. H. Carroll, rev< r on n field. R. K. Rhodea, never on a field. There are now encamped at Luuy, Coffee _>KK HERALD, TUESDAY, county, Kansas, between six an.I seven thousand friendly Indiana, belonging to the Creeks. Semi uolea, t'herokees, Chickasaws, Wichitaa, Quapaws and Kenecas. Among them are about two thousand warriors who are anxioua to take the Held against the rebels, who drove them from their homes in the Indian Territory. Four of the rebel generals were born in Massachusetts, one in New York, one in Pennsylvania, one in New Jersey and one in Ohio. The Board of Aldermen did not organise lust evening, a quorum not being present. The Board of Councilmen were in session last evening, and disposed of considerable routine business. A resolution was unanimously adopted tendering the use of the Governor's Boom to Parson Brownlow, who is soon expected to visit this city, to receive those who may w ish to expr< their congratulations for his devotion to the Union. A resolution was also adopted directing the Committee on National Affairs to take immediate measures to render all possible aid and comfort to such wounded soldiers as may pass through the city from the battle field. The Board concurred with the Aldermen by a vote of 16 to 7 in making the the Daily Time* a corporation paper. The Comptroller sent in a communication transmitting a detailed statement of the moneys received from the Corporation Attorney during the month of December, and stating that he had paid thp Kiim of d7 to mpptthp halanp.a of in the office of the Corporation Attorney. The communication of his Honor the Mayor relative to the harbor defences of New York, which was sent to the Board of Aldermen last week, was received and gave rise to a debate, which culminated in the adoption of a resolution offered by Mr. Orton, requesting the Mayor to memorialize the Legislature of this State for the immediate passage of an act to provide adequate means for protecting the harbor of New York against the approach of iron-clad vessels of-war. The first quarterly report of the Auditor was received, and 1,500 copies ordered to be printed. A resolution authorizing the payment of $:i,KOO, expended in celebrating Washington's birthday, was adopted. According to the City Inspector's report there were 406 deaths in the city during the past week? a decrease of II as compared with the mortality of the week previous, aud the same number as occurred during the corresponding week last year. The recapitulation table gives 4 deaths of alcoholism,'2 of diseases of the bones, joints, Ac.; 86 of the brain and nerves, G of the generative organs, 17 of the heart and blood vessels, 141 of the lungs, throat, &c.; 5 of old age, 39 of diseases of the skin and eruptive fevers, 8 premature births, 57 of diseases of the stomach, bowels and other digestive organs; 20 of uncertain seat and general fevers, 10 of diseases of the uriuAry organs, 10 from violent causes, and 1 unknown. There were 303 natives of the United States, 6 of England, 64 of Ireland, 3 of Scotland, 23 of Germany, and the balance of various foreign countries. The stock market was languid and weak again yestordav. Government sixes declined >? per cent, and the general railway list about >?. Speculators and investors are alike waiting tor news. Money was unchanged in value, and net very acttvo. Exchange was firm at 112 for bankers' sterling. Gold was better, closing 101 ^ bid. Tbe banks showed an increase of 1618.41*2 in specie, and a decline of $2,503,666 In loans. The cotton markot opened steady yesterday, and cmscu uruk la wc aiicraoon. inc saios cinuraioj a 600 bales, on the basis or 27>*c. a 28c. |>er lb. far middling uplands, chiefly at tbo latter figure. Near ly all lh? sales were made to spinners, and lo go out of market. Flour was in moderate demand, chiefly I rum the home trade; common to medium grades were dull, while extra qualities were llrm. Wheat was inactive and sales limited; inferior and common grades wore neglected, while prime to choice quantities were scarce and In good request Tor millingCorn was rather tinner, with fair sales of Western mixod, chiefly at 58c. a 59c., in store and delivered. ' 1'orlc was honry and easier, with sales of now moss >it $12 87>ja$l3, and for June delivery at $13, aud new prime at $10 26 a $10 60. Sugars w ere steady and in good request, with sales of 1.200 hlids. Coflno was quiit and nominal. Freights wore unchanged, while otig tge ^ meats were poor in oxlciit. Progress of the War for the I'u ion?lies torn t ion of T< nix-aeer un<! Florida. While our encircling armies, fleets and flotillas are steadily and irresistibly advancing upon the contracting lines of the rebellion, the question still recurs, what are wo to do with our revolted Stutos as they aru re.-t ievl from the military despotism of Jeff*. L'tn is? Are they to be encouraged quietly to ic unto tliclr old order of things under the Union, or are they to i u.,l.;.w.l...l t,. a au-oantna. ................a ?v Uiiinai; (II^IMIIUIC of conliscution. emancipation and an anti-slavery reconstruction of their local government-'.' We have the answer, explicit and satisfactory, in behalf of Mr. Lincoln's administration, from Tennessee and Florida, and in the initiatory steps commenced in those two States lor their complete restoration to the ''old ling." Tennessee, next to Virginia, has been made the dupe, the tool, the fool, the drudge, the packhorse and the impoverished victim of this rebellion. With the expulsion of the rebel armies from her capital, her people, to a great extent, were found to be incredulous, stupefied, bewildered, sullen and poisoned with the virus of secession, apparently beyond the reach of any but the most violent remedies. But, for all this, Mr. Lincoln's Provisional Military Governor, Andrew Johnson, substantially assures those people that he comes among them only to enforce the supreme authority of the Union, so far as may be necessary, until* w ith the expulsion of the armed forces of secession throughout the State, the people of Tennessee may proceed themselves to reorganize their State government under the supreme law of our federal constitution, and with all their local riirhts and institutions, slaverv and all. as they were before the outbreak of this rebellion. Such is the ground taken by Governor Johnson in his official "appeal to the people of Tennessee;'' but in a subsequent public speech at Nashville on the 22d ultimo he takes particular pains to assure them that, so far is he from entertaining any sentiment in common with our abolition reformers of the North, that he regards the abolitionist and the secessionist with the same abhor or ec. lie says, and he says truly, thst ' there are two parties in existence who want dissolution;'' that the nbolitionists constitute one of these parties, and that "the two occupy the same ground;"' that "abolition is disaolution, dissolution is secession; one is the other; both are striving for the same object," and that the only difference between them is, that while the abolition party think that dissolution will destroy slavery, the secession party believe that dissolution will save slavery. Governor Johnson repudiates both these parties, and proclaims his policy to be that of President Lin uuui. nnu " an ur. clarcd by them in July last the simple policy of the restoration of our revolted States to the [ Union and to the constitution of the United States, SUte lines. State institutions, slavery

and all. We ore not. therefore, surprised to learn that since these declarations from Governor Johnson there has been n manliest Union reaction going on among the people of Tennessee with. I in the protecting lines of our armies. Uet i us got the futnp of the rebel arm* APRIL 1, 1882.?TRIPLE mid the rebel Slate government of Il&rr's out of Memphis, and among hia retreating confederates in Arkausa* or Mississippi, and doubtIt'sa we aball have a apeedy and univeraal acknowledgment by the people of Tennessee of the provisional Union government of Andrew Johnson. As Maryland, Kentucky and Missouri have becu saved from secession without disturbing their local institution of slavery, so President Lincoln believes the States which have seceded may be reclaimed. Hence this conservative Union policy which, under his Provisional Governor Johnson, has been inaugurated in Tennessee. The same ground is covered by the conciliatory proclamation of General Sherman to the people of the State of Florida, from which the armed forces of the rebellion have been expelled. We congratulate the country, therefore, concerning these things, because we believe that they settle the question, and remove all grounds for doubt and despondency in regard to the final restoration of our revolted States to the supreme government of the Union. With the suppression of the military power of the rebellion in those States, the people thereof have only to fall into line, submit to the strong arm of the government, and they will be restored to its protection, full and complete, without further trouble, and without any necessity, in any quarter, for tinkering or tampering with their paramount institution of slavery. This is the true policy for the restoration of the Union. It ha9 worked admirably in Maryland, .Kentucky and Missouri; it opens woll m - V it 1 - -r T?1 !4? !.. in Tennessee, ana me peopie in ciunuu, ui accepting it, cannot restrain their rejoicing at their deliverance from the insupportable despotism of Jeff. Davis and his armed incendiaries. Another Union victory or two in Virginia and in the Mississippi Valley will at once effect the deliverance of three or four more States, and then we may expect to see the undermined and unroofed fabric of Yancey's "Southern confederacy on military principles" tumbling to the ground with a glorious crash. Very soon now we expect to report the glad tidings of the expulsion of the rebels and tho rebel government from Virginia and North Carolina; and we have reason to believe that, when this good work shall have been achieved ( the people of the cotton States themselves will speedily end the groans and pains of the London Times under its silly conceit that this war is to go on through half a dozen generations. The overwhelming armies, navies and warlike means and facilities of all kinds placed at the disposal of President Lincoln for the suppression of this Southern rebellion will assuredly within a few weeks reduce its means of resistance to a petty guerilla warfare in distant holes and corners. How long, then, will such a miserable and useless resistance as this be tolerated by the exhausted people of the South? Not for a month, we dare say, after the flight of Jeff. Davis across the Mississippi river. On the contrary, with all the inducements of safety, protection and the blessings and prosperity of the Union held out to them, we believe that the people of tho cotton States will begin to rebel against the rebel? _ 11 ii_ 1. !? ?f n r t*";? lion Willi uiu expulsion ui uen. l/uvuj iroui ? irl^niii. We nliall not have long to wait for the settlement of this opinion; and we have unbounded confidence in the best results, even in South Carolina, from the wise and infallible restorative policy inaugurated by authority of lbjesident Lincoln in Florida and Tennessee. . / u The Abolition of Slavery In the District of Columbia. The Senate has been engaged for several days past in debating the bill for the abolition of slavery in the District of Columbia. There seems to be no question of the jurisdiction of Congress over the District, and from present indications it Appeurs probable that the hill will pn>- both the Senate and the House. Then it will have to be signed by the President, in order to become a law; and what his opinions arc upon the subject is a question which does not seem to be considered or discussed by the learned Senators. The President's opinion, however, is of some importance, and a knowledge of it will aid our legislators to prepare the bill in such a form, and with such provisions, as may secure the President's approval. During his memorable debate with Doug* Ins, in I m>r>, rnniueni lancoin ueeltired that he might Iks in favor of the abolition of slavery in the I>istriot of Columbia, provided that, as n preliminary step, the measure was endorsed by a majority of the people of the District. In his emancipation scheme, recently submitted to Congress, the President takes the same ground, and makes the abolition of slavery dependent upon the wish of the people of the States concerned, adding, also, as offer from the general government to pay the expenses of emancipation. Now, it is by no means likely that the President will take other or newer grounds in regard to slavery in the District; and the hill, in order to secure h?s approval, will obviously have to contain a provision for securing the assent of the people, and a provision, also, to pay for the slave* liberated. This latter idea is, if we are not mistaken, adopted by most of the Senators; but they seem to have overlooked entirely the opinion of the President, that the pimple must decide upon their own domestic institutions?thut of slavery among tho rest. In effect, the nlxriition of slavery in the District of Columbia may be attained by simply passing the emancipation resolution of the President, uftiT amending it to as to include tho District as well as the border States. According to the expressed views of the President, it would seem that, no abolition hill can secure bis signature unless It conform to the ideas of his resolution. Why not, then, amend and pass the resolution at once? Such Congressional action would secure the support of conservatives and abolitionists alike. The conservatives tuke the emancipation scheme very coolly; for it endorses their opinions fill ly, end is strictly constitutional. In it the President amply recognizes slavery as a State institution, to be decided upon by each State for itself. Whether or not tho resolution will practically affect slavery at present, thoiefore, is left to the slave States themselves to decide. If emancipation does result from it, tho District of Columbia may very soon be free; but a great many years must elapse before this result is attained in ail the States. Indeed, we are of opinion that in tho same, or a less fime, slavery would have been abolished hnd no such message ever been written by the President. We endorse it, however, because its practical and immediate effect is to demolish the abolitionists and to alienate from them all popular sympathy. The abolUioniflU gro he SHEET. ginning to perceive thin, and their blatant praises of the President's scheme resemble the loud whistles of a frightened schoolboy as he passes a churchyard. Still they have to vote for the resolution, lest the country should accuse them of turning their backs upon themselves; but, like Beau Hickman in the House, they make wry faces about it, try to stab tho President under the fifth rib, and slash at everything and everybody in the desperate style of a maniac threatened with a strait waistcoat. That the abolitionists should be thus forced into endorsing a message which sinks them for ever is the best practical joke of the season. The President's Message, then, is practical enough, and we, who are practical people, decidedly approve of it. It kills abolitionism; and, that monster once dead, the slaves of the District of Columbia and of the border States will no doubt be emancipated, as they would have been thirty years ago if Greeloy, Beecher, Cheever, Garrison, Phillips and other fanatics had not riveted their chains. Let the resolution of the President be amended so as to include the District of Columbia, therefore, and immediately passed. The abolitionists may shout and glorify themselves because the temple of slavery will then fall in the border States. It is satisfaction enough for us to know that, like Samson, these agitators will be crushed beneath the ruins. Tike War and the Opera. The first blast of the trumpet of Mars in April last produced an almost magical effect upon every department of business, every phase of society, every kind of amusement. Manufactories were at a stand still; trade drooped; commerce took in reefs in her sails, and all sorts of business tottered and fell. Society stopped in its gay whirl; the cotton and codfish aristocra cies dropped out ol tne ring; tne venirai rain, seemed like a corporation desert. The Opera was closed; the impresarii, the prime dtcmne and the tenors took refuge in small cottages in the country, as the rebels creep into their manholes on the approach of a Union shell, and all the singers who had courage enough to say anything announced their intention of leaving for Europe by the next steamer. Eren religion did not pay; for people were too much occupied with temporal affairs to think about spiritual; and so the May anniversaries were postponed; the contribution boxes, passed around by seedy but benevolent clergymen, were returned as empty as the Tribune'8 till, and the clergymen aforesaid?who believe that charity begins at home?wore unwillingly compelled to brush up their old clothes for another year. Those were very sad and gloomy times all around. The gates of the temple of Janus flew open with a crash; the God of War cried havoc and let loose his dreadful dogs, and everything and everybody were paralyzed, bewildered and frightened at the unexpected crisis, as Horacecaught off his guard, was nearly soared to death by a sudd-- clap of thunder from a clear, cloudless sky. We have been recovering by degrees from this unexpected collapse, and the recent Union victories have put as all upon our feet againTrade, commerce, manufactures and all sorts of business, from that of the heavy merchant to that of the decrepit apple woman, have been re. vived and increased. Society is convalescent, and Broadway, crowded with new spring bonnets, blooms like a parterre of choice fruits and flowers. Revivals of religion follow close in the wake of this social uprising, and Beecher, Cbeevor, Aaron, Phillips and other abolition orators, alter peroral months of cruel neglect, have been gifted at last with a new and more radical eloquence, and treated to an unsavory but welcome kind of persecution. No wonder, then, that Grau seized this auspicious time to crown our happiness with a gem or two of opera. His short season at the Academy has closed, and Boston is now blessed with his festive presence; but he will be sure to come bock to ns before long. He managed his late campaign here with a strategical skill rivulling McClellan's and surpassing Beauregard's. We want him to do so againNot one of his troupe but felt the inspiration of the recent victories and the reviving influences of the spring sunshine. Upon the principal singers this effect of our Union triumphs was particularly noticeable, and for the sake of the good folks of Boston we hope that it has proved permanent. Briguoli seemed to have been born again after our victory at Newborn, and looked hand* somer, sang better and was more admired than over. Adonis never could surpass Brienoli in beauty, and Briguoli baa much the advantage of Adonis in voice. Not to be eclipsed by the favorite tenor, Madame D'Angri burst upon us like a singing Venus, restored to youth by the fall of Fort Donclson and the bom* bardment of Island No. 10, and lookod and sang like the granddaughter of her former self. The exact age which she appeared to be may be accurately stated at twenty-five years, three months and four days, and we cannot believe her a moment, older, in spite of all facts to the contrary. The sensation created by this Venus and Adonis may be imagined, . but cannot be described. D'Angri renewed her youth like the American eagle, dressed like a bird of paradise, and sang like a flock of canaries. Brignoli brought out his sweet, fresh voice from the bandbox in which be had preserved it for just such an occasion; acted ae though be had caught fire from the footlights, and even went so far. one evening, as to witch the world with noble horsemanship, upon ? gorgeously caparisoned steed, in a style equal to Baton Stone or any other famous equestrian. The audiences were enchanted and transported with delight; the habiiuM of the Opera wept tears of joy and bailed the millennium, nn?l an mnnv rtPnnln ahnnlr hajuj* with Grnn, to congratulate him upon his bhcrew, that bin friend* are fearful he will meet the fate of President Harrison, who was shaken to death in a month. No doubt this in the reason why the Opera ban gone to Boston, where the people do not shake hands when they are pleaned, bnt write each other stiff, formal, congratulatory notes instead. For the ftitnre the prospect is etpially brilliant. Maretxek prefers to wield the baton here rather than the sceptre In Mexico, and has withdrawn his name as a candidate for the throne of thut distracted country, and left the Held clear for Trince Maximilian, or nny other man. Mare tack, therefore, has joined his forces to those of Gran, and is going to Europe, with a curt* Hanch? from Marti, of Havana, to engage artists and discover Gran's royal parentage, When he returns we shall have a surplus of operatic wealth: and until that blissful time . we have all wo can manage to appreciate !n Y? nu D'Augri ami Aduuia iliiguoli. ? TImj Great Impending Buttle*. The most important events in the history of modern times are now at hand?events which will determine whether the conflict in the United States w ill be terminated in the restoration of the federal authority in every State of the Union, or whether it will be an exhausting struggle of years. It is the greatest civil war that has ever taken place in the history of the world. A million of men are urruyed in arms?soldiers of the Union 650,000, Confederates 350,000. Since the French Revolution and the struggle to make it good against the combined Powers of Europe, no other nation has sent so many men to battle. It is no wonder that the people of Europe should take so deep an interest in the contest; for the result will not only affect the condition of the present generation of every country, from the Pillars of Hercules to the North Pole, and from the British Islands to tho Ural Mountains, but generations yet unborn. There are three decisive points where a battle may be expected at any moment. The first is on the line of the Rappahannock and the Rapidan, in Virginia, on which Joe Johnston commands the rebels in defence of Richmond and Norfolk. The second is on the Tennessee river, near the line between the State of the same name and the State of Alabama, and not far from Mississippi. The conflict will probably take place between Corinth, at the north east corner of the latter State, and Decatur, in Alabama. There the Confederates are making their stand, with the Memphis and Charleston Railroad as the base line of operations?a line of communication for reinforcements and supplies absolutely necessary to them. The third blow is at New Orleans. The operations of Foote, Burnsido and Hunter are only subsidiary to these three strategical points. In Virginia, Joe Johnston, aided by Gustavus Smith and Stonewall Jackson, will be compelled to give battle; for they are surrounded at six or seven points, and cannot escape to effect a junction with Beauregard and Albert Sidney Johnston, in the Southwest. In Louisiana, to fight at once i3 a military necessity on the part of the rebels; for they must either fight desperately in defence of New Orleans or surrender it immediately to the formidable force sent against it. These are combined movements, the result of a well laid strategical plan, which can hardly fail to result in decisive victories; and we are oonfident, from what we know of the disposition and movements of the varices bodies of troops and the resources at the disposal of the government, that in three months the rebellion will be crashed out, and every Southern State restored to the Union, in the same manner as Kentucky, Tennessee and Florida. Two-thirds of the Southern people were always for the Union; and as onr armies advanee the loyalty of the population will be made manifest by the most indubitable evidences. This is the best answer to all the doubters and tbe English journalists, who say that the overthrow of the rebellion is impossible, and that nothing iB possible as the result of the war but anarchy or a military despotism. Neither one nor the other is possible. It is to prevent anarchy that this gigantic war is waged; ami among a people so devoted to liberty as the Americans, a people who have the game in their own hands, and who eleet their Chiei Magistrate every four years, no wouldbe military despot can ever be successful. The army he would attempt to wield against the liberties of the country would crumble to pieces in his hands like a rope of sand, and he would soon find himself a successful candidate for tbe gallows. The English journals fear such a despotism, because they know it would be enabled to direct the whole military force of the country against the British empire, and inflict upon it a deadly blow from which it could never recover. There is feeling enough in the country against England to render such an enterprise feasible to a military despot. But the American people have too much practical common sense to- permit a dictator to rise up among them, to the destruction of the cherished institutions for which they are now fighting on a scale of vastness without a precedent among modern nations. Tbe United states nave two to one in tne neia. They have more endurance than Southern men, owing to the climate in which they were born and the activity of their lives. They are superior in mechanical skill, so valuable in war. They have more money and superior resources, or greater abundance of the material of war, and they have arms without stint, whereas the rebels are only half armed. But the orowning point is that the superior qualify of their weapons renders every man that wields them equal to two Confede> rates. The physical force of the North in the field is thus on the lowest calculation as four to one, to say nothing of the formidable navy on tbe coast and on the navigable rivers, and the moral force of the cause of the Union against rebellion. How is it possible, under these circumstances, that the arms of the federal government should not be triumphant, and all the Southern States restored in a very brief time to the national fold whence they strayed, one of the most extraordinary political hallucinations to be found in the annals of organized communities ? Tiik Russian Mission.?The mission to Russia is, we see, at last completed by the appointment of Mr. Bayard Taylor as Secretary of Legation. Mr. Taylor to a HWmtfsvr of the penny-o line, or rather of the half-penny-a-line, stamp? shallow, flippant, nnsuggeRtlve and without a spark of originality. He la a p??t, too. His poetry is, howerer, of the machine kind, jingling prettily to the ear, but devoid of imagination or fare. Mr. Taylor baa travelled a great deal, i? acquainted with several language*, , writes fluently, and would no doubt make m good an average Secretary of Legation as most persona who are appointed to that post. We have not a word to say against hi* personal qualifications, which probably have weighed as much with Mr. Cameron as his desire to gratify the aholitioBiets. There is one objection to his appointment, however, which should make the Senate *low to ratify It. Mr. Taylor, a* one ot the Washington correspondents of the TVihune ha* been amongst the most industrious of the assailants nnd calumniators of General McClellan. He It, was who invented the *tory about the Quakerguns at Manassas, with a view to give color to the assertion that there were only llfty thousand rebel troops there, although the Tribvvfi itself, just previous to the evacuation, stated that there were upwards of one hundred thousand behind their lines of defence. Capable, us Mr. Taylor niny he lor the pimt to which he has hoon nominated, it becomes a question whether a person who lias boon endeavoring to paralyze the efforts of the goveminent to put down the rebellion by seeking

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