Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 3, 1862, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 3, 1862 Page 2
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V V ? |n*W Ui MumMr ( f iwu>ot l ow the mo K>? ?f M. 1 lager with ail bia iu.?ht, but OM Of thme rwrf Idmi au jeai per?oaa who are basi-a J with good tali nalured euo-gli to quota hiaowa worUa l|Nu4 hits. and tfcay w?r? prraeed aw oohvincuigly (Am, a'tar aw animated debate of two day*, the mudetei* were left la a minority of 143 la IT! The aaat day a Cabinet council was haul, and tha (aa?>i w tJut they proceeded n? cut-port to tha aud w.. their i an gnat.on at the feat of his Majesty. Ihaaotniaarctai t aaty with J ranoe a again in jeopardy It batw-.a g *d bypruaaiainllieiuiicaof theZollvera'o, the tuaui. ara of which had lav aatad her with full t?war to act aa their rai i?euiative and th.a being tha cn*o, It waa though; t!;a ir ral lcatlou waa a inera form. Mow hewevar, .v i ,ru? out that it waa all a mistake. Jtaas'iaaodW. auib'irg declare that, although ihoy ha 1 nit rna.1 1 'r ?<alo negotiate the treaty, thay hail re m< #<l til l i.'bt -if examining its article* ami .ejecting ihaia if thay 1 them prqji ^icia to the uitarasta of ea r aub. '.tv. Vveral u, l..r amallar StalM have eltio.l a taw vie a at: u , ana, if Ihvy persist in It, the whole nc'rwil r t>*Ky fall to tha gro .ud, aa Fiance had *- dyylomadwii several itnpwr'aat fKiii.ta urged hyl'rua i?. and u ia not to ba expected mat she will give way any f .i ar.ater having aaaon to baltave that lha treaty was t? acted by the .ignatura of Pruaaia, and that Its stiou 1*1^ <u> war?i o and, lb* may justly cotutidar her ** i mm r??.uirvu uuv scui *7 11 o?wu*ruv ??* f* ij* at the e man States, and it remains t be seen we iter L" ->* Naoelooo *111 put up with ?uch conduct without reuecus rating very energetical!.* against it. Tue mraist'mai crisis has taken quite a different turn to whet was general y antielprted. it wti thought ihat if a Ministry. the in* mty of which consisted of ti-Atranf eerata. rwnui. ed in uitloo under the present auspices, it w.uM only be c.million of their being allowed to purse* ? osui ee i*oii?y oouformabie with their anteced b'te 1*4 witii ti.j wishes of the popular branch of tho wist ore, i> it that if tb?y had to inak* way tor a C'abteet *Mip?4<Mi of professed reactionists the < hange would eewrt-if h - at! ,.<ir.l by '.he dieaolu'..on of the Charaoer. The pjblio are * ui; !? enough to believe that as far as M Ausrewsidaiul mo Ueagu** carri<<d their defsrecre to the reyal wiU they would not go so far as to belie all their former priUvip iM,and resort to the same measures which they iewO'int sd <> violently when taken by their prode .use ire. U a. <o*re, however, that the public were tniataaee the tu nu.ry rename and the Chamber is die sweet. Ya-ler.'ay M Von der He yd*, came down to the H ma* and staled that,It having become evident, from tb* vole id Thure ?y last, that im ministers no longer enjoyed the oonh *;ic# of that honorable assembly, they hat ofisred t ur resignation to his Majesty, but that the King r?f.w. to > cept it, seeing that they continued to en ?y his confidence and that of tho " well dispcssd" pe- of the population In obedience to the royal cowman 1, In if lie therefore, w thdrawn their request; rid .it Seng *?.<?s**ry tor thew ifaio of the country it? hajin t . a;. j.Ij'.ji between the government of 1:m ?uag *.. i the i<. rese itau,*es of the people, they h*d te'erruiued t a*< e.U from the present, Chamber to the oatieii et large lu < o .-* ( ?ence of this a royal ordinance had bees u< ,ed, wh ch M. Von der Kcydt retd to the ,H?\tiiber and whinh * tu as follows ? We, William I., ay thegrace jf o d King of Prmsia, kc.,decree,In can* a.ial y w in paragraph* 61 end 77 of the constitution, <eu by (be advice of our Mln stry of .Statu. tirst, tho li weof l??; .t. s is herewith dissolved; secondly, the H^'o-esfl. r ; ts p *. ;u#d, thirdly.our ministers are >< . gel ?..u in. exw uti n of tins ordinance. Given at &>rUft,Ui* lUh it Marsh, 18dU." A similar otnmtinio*t, ? was i?*j? ia the H rise of Lords, where it was rn ? vixi I > .1 a; p a,:,* *i"U? u-ip.. i> > tiiig oct i* as obvious as the want of nrt lotple di ..nyed by ihe uiiniairy in c-ininittiug it. luei*pe-< tiivM of the people are dtaiuiaaed for no Hher reason ;ti*a boiaus* they want to make use of their oensUtuUonal -ibt of control over tho government *xpaadilure?a ghi which no on* ** -jrt?d more decidedly than th* Mnisl*. of Finance and hit colleagues oefor* their acceeelm to power. Nothing can b? plainer, tbereiore. than that thn administration of the govenraant will it <t bear Inweetlgation and as this is a (oesUiMi that t- u dee every oae'a intercuts, to appeal to th country ou it is like courting defeat. Notwiihaumdlog 'he inli-.eitc* that may and will be exerted by the governm<ml offl*i?.l, ad or nearly all the ntsroeere of the opposition ar* eur* to b* re looted, and at the neit meeting of the Legislators (wruOh, according to t in M of th* constitution, as 41 take pta * at iaieei ny th* 11th of June, ministers IK Hail iheui.-e.voa m Id* same position as they \\a e in th* last?th*y will either have to modify thsir policy or to d.saolre the lions* a second time. In th* latter event, they can only hope to have mora s*rviie representatives ?, adopting th samo arbitrary measures that were taken t>r Manloutlei and West|>halia, and by which ev?ry kberai mii.ded man was kept away from tho pods, or IP eed to the most pitiless ; ers*t ution if be Toted ac iordiag to huoousciuuc*. But if reactionary nieasu.** tr* taken it will certainly be most advleable to entrust them to reactionary ministers. and nut to men who have ompremised th?ru?al?ee by former professions of liberalism, and will, therefore. become more odious i* th* people than tlion* who nev*r mad* such srofuGsluaa , for a downright, honest conservailve will always b* preferred to a renegade Iberal. Th-iS the pres"Bt mluistry will have attained no lasr object than to pave the way for a Cabinet compelled of > istocrats pur lanp, and have given the coup dc fraco to their reputation without Insuring a lunger ieaso ?f power m retiru for th* loss of character. Quos Ocuc lull pwdero, prtiw demtoUxt. The Minutor of Eccles-ustical Affairs, though never no advanced an i liburul as soma of his colleagues, is the inly one of abetn who has behaved like a man.audhas to assume his porld<udit, which has oeen entrusted od in'.trtin to Couut Schwerui. Great precautious were taken yesterday, In expectation of popular turn .its. The polio* were reinforced, and the military kept in react, uaea for action, but, w itb the ex-.eption or some groups that collected beiore th* House of deputies, and the arrest sf a madman who talked ebout shooting the King, everything remained perfectly quiet. To day there is not a vac* of agitation v mi bio?dordrt rryue a Vuriovit. Omr St. Petersburg Correspondence. St Pmsmmno Ifsreh 4_ tttrunj of (V Einpcror uitA the A. ng of Prxutia and WapoUtn?Ajfair* of PoUiiui?The Rinnan f'nive>t>tie*?TK' .1ew*<-naj,a Pchehx on the Amir nan War and it* Con*;-in*TVM~Lo*su of the Putsiat1 Army i.j the Crimean War, Jc., itc. It u rumored ia c.rc'.#- which ere generally well poetod (a politic*: that iLc Eaper^r intend : to pay a visit in the spring to ha unci*, the King of Pru.??ia. at Potslam, an! that be wilt havo a renlrzvoiu tfcere with N .po'aou ni. That three aucb great monaroha do not meat merc y for purpose* of courtesy or friendship can hardly be d. rbied; hot opinion* diifcr widely as to the real motiT* of tboir in tarries. Ace ardir.g to eon# it is ulie Italian question that will be the chief sul cct of dlscubaion, Napote-o? wi*b>ag to overcome the objection* ef RuuU and Pruaeia to the of the king lorn ?fl.a.y, and, perhaps, to dtscovei wual chanae there Is o. the r conaivi'tg at uu designs upon -ard.r:a Otburs ai a f opinion that the Exatern pa est n will fc* again brought *a the tapis, an . that Napoleon will c.tae forward with hla plan for the bi&eton of Boan a and the Herzegovina to Austria in exchmga for Venice, wh: h might be ren lered palaubie to Raaata br Franco end England con eating to e revision of the e' .p jl il.ooi of the Treaty of Pari* in rerje t to the navigation of the Black -sa A third warsioa makes tha aSiura of Tolaod tha aubj*. I of tha proposed Interview, but tb.a ta quit# an!tkty,aa aeithar Russia nor Praas.a would allow the interferon'* of France In their domestic concarna, pnrticularly at a moment whun they have almost eucceeded 'n putting down tha agitation that had aeued upm .hair Polish aubjacte. By the last ad vice* from fFarsnw per'ect tranquillity continual to reign la the slty; and, thank* to the new archb,shop, the popu' ir eaarroecenco Ud euosiaeo so completely tan even r.e anniversary of the 25th of February pasted "T?r wi'.bcl the slightest dial ir bancs, end it wea confidently bel.eved that the elate of siege would t-e raised on the 1st of ? April?an ominous date, by the way. It Is almoetcer uUn, however, that tha Empercr will pass through Warsaw en route to Germany, and we tnsy h?pe that he will take the opportunity to grant a general emneety. In our capital, toe, the exa.teinsnl occasioned by the -loetagof the lTnlr9rslty,;aad the debate* In the Asse-n Si tee of tho KoMeeso, ii gradually cooling down. The new Minister of Tubllc I-nstruetlon appears aniloue t? Mlhce the uafarorabie lmpreeaioo produced by the ill advtaed meeauree of hie predecessor The Uaivnraiy may be said to have been de fart? reopened, the f ac lit / of oriental Lan* ragee, which numbers some of the Orel inguletein <C irope emcng ite profeeeors, having beeo already reconstituted, and the pr 'feasors of the other faculties. Including abuse bo had shewn the gireteal energy m Ukmg the part ef the siuuenta, a< :h at Kave lin, Utln, Kcietomauoff, he , having re vived perns'aeloe to give leoiuree, which are n .morosely a'i?a i?d Finally, the pap-lchil* i ulcMyrai* cUcip-i feu r a tor of the educattonary district of st i'etorebnrgj, Geuerai f'Uilipson, wh> had been plir.Lfor'.ed into an eitce for whl h he wae peinat, ly unit, end wt *e want of taot end comm jo est. ve ha 1 prevMied t he ? hole dllhouity, has received hlti conge, and will b* re, a cod uy m Mlv 1 - " '.?i i , ir TO teie ti i I V that otir univereitlee era loo w. :h moveAad. At Mneeow there areoror two Uteuaaei. ?t > i?m, bee dw 7 > >i?ny, and it n do wjh iw .11 ? ... 0 r.nh 1*1 4 bt?h B|llrlt??1 JTVMf BOB CJ'.'til# ? i iorilll re notatwey* able to pr*?r?? proper oe Cot c-anient h i# rreoivert, tbereioro, to ?# *?' new universities,of which them eroat |>i ??euk r,.j 11 ? ' uaaia?a numb ' quite tneuJBviei 1 fur vhu Th# Vt^moH a'atee that on# will be open-i 1 la r off?-foot Vo be confounded with b.Do ?;?p.<>( , Ainoor)?an noon u the tiecewary arrange.! ?t.u a<? wide; beeMen whioh It n probabb) tbel the iy * d Varoaler an I Jtn will he fraimfbr*Bd into . . . Tt would be highly deelrable alto, to have eocfa eu load tutlon tt Itflis lor theCauda 'an pr< v.ncee. Injrtn* the Interval of quiet Which hia J .?t eet In, ?n> wh ob cr.ukere l'*>k upon aa ihe reirn that pfec* , 11-. temoeet, we cm? our erea with renewed ?nter??i aorew lite Atlantic, where iheecei ea of 1 joiiti a. dir. 1 ".bi/t (AO o-y t" V! r t/JU'' '' lb. "r? "I toi'QAl.lbe > w'nejro Prtnla, rep? a'e lie cooelfM<? tk< l\e e^h * of the Amerioen revolution will be fe t en the > MB, ) ehako tie eyetemof SBrapOM ?,eiiHrn:;h i . e ? br .?? tueatt lw?>jeeihie,' nay* tlio PMn, ' th?i Aro*r oa !e f?w tojaen it- hi#' 'be?? e , ' . * ? > b- # ban 4 wee through In K trope. Whe kD'w* whether the twi e.A.uoi of the |.-e..i, Au cr. . . r- t . ,e, 10 ee. r| f '4B each other, uoey n l f jrip two p.w*-ful 001 ? lr,| awBaarohiee, ore ef whict- wf hc on, ? . k:,< UttdltVUtetl li? Usuti te t ao*u.e?r mt wi.< RRW TO liaef B'it, wlthvut toeing ai.-eel ana to the *uut"?ipt?tliM ut such r<uu .te evautue lliee.we ?I?1 dowM b il^** -he p.'<MMlC war Will red < *1(7 eh* use thecha'* * " theLe iLa u the Aomu ana. win i?a4Uiii iliaA^0*** ^ocupau.u* a d <ueaie new uieu Mi thorn* V*" lodmui table energy haa uuly Lad lu * my *eia-t i.atura; uo* it Uaa tu *b6w tli* more bilaelea rai-ed up b> u>*u the wai cut o>*tiu for a fear je-?rr, let viua. icena b?c< * mured W * military r' <uid * Uu can i*li what ?ouae*ue '<* i<-'* moral and e>?ciai uieia. ioi ph -?m omv ,eu I tor W -> liave ilieidy remarked that i-mg.uud teefe nat uollvely the ali<< jW of coming o vol la, he 1 therefore triad* the Tr ai didffielly * pretext for c act -41 la 4* force in Cana ta, en 1 placing ita province in ?#fa e t<drit?i,ca. Thee* ai ta *1 1 rauie hia Uu.ui tba Brl.iali tut earn an h-*? oa-goi -"* nation* are thai <ta jiaestiig through |>*< rafl tl? u a..d t rn b v civil dtasenaiMiia. T. day a icb * uatl >n ap peara ewy t. a* it war*, from the faced ibe o* ih?l?*r it war dos,)#ip.<xl to the w.uua and aba! ored to pieces o*y lid hojw 02' recovery; to-morrour alia rUa* mora ff'itut .ub.e/Ji n evor,stiik>ug t?irot ktob radvarMriM, sod fruairaiting atid oonfouu eg the plana L und d upon her w ili.'ioi-'!. It la plain, therefore, that the Lu. opaaa governments who p a-e-? terrltery on Ana: t: soil must look with coca derabie apprehension p . ?h progress itiada by tho Americana 111 th art of war, w lit the prospect before thein that th* experience r.c-i l at in domestic strife wiil bo made available are long agrinst foreign eueuiiss." 1'he appointment of Mr. Cameron has boar, wo'.l received bare,and our Court ara highly gratified with tha flatte tug terms tu which Mr. Lincoln speaks of Kuasia is uu letter to the new Minister. The Invalid contain* a ..eriaa of articles, stal'st ;? of tha Russian army since the accos. 10a of N'lel. >lae 1 aulovitoh, by which It appears '-hat during the four yeurs of tha lata Oriental war the lo-eee of our army were as folio we ? Killed in battle in 1853, l,3d7 (6b uttLa.rt 1, In 1SU, 8,066 (286 ofbeere); In 1866, 23,647 ' 7i2i o:lica ?, ta 1?56, 2,198 (128 Offictra); died 111 1853, 36,319 (674 officers); iu 186-1,41,160 (563 offiteiv); 111 185.5, 95,318 1 CJ25 officer*), and lu lsSri. 83.110 , 84<i o:i ucra). duin total, 4.109 otticera and 2?7,?3u rank and fi.e. Aft ia? average mortality in the army during tU* tlrre* t? *e tint y*ar? was some 49 000 annually, it folia** that the lav. war cost us no ie*s than l.?o.0d9 men, to whioh must be aided the militia, of whom about 70.09*/ war* cither slain at Sebaatopol or in the U jepitaht. BULL RUN RUSSELL'S LETTERS ON THE CIVIL WAR. More of Hta Lie*?141* Myiupalniti wnn tlie South. [Special correspondence of the London Times * Washington, Haich 1,1 Hrt2 Veil, see ar* not engaged m civil war in Euglau 1, an I we cauuet judge very well what v.? might do if we were otherwise there ar# things bo::ig done here wh.ih might he criticised. RUSSEtX 0* THR CKMSOR-WrF. Hare, for Instance, la a moveniont of tr ops going on from Washington to Baltimore and Harper s i'arry, the news of whi' h would animate tbe North and strength.' them very materially: but it is mjluvx jroKilnt'.m to ?ay a word about it leet the news should reach the eueui And does any one believe the enemy don't know of it quite as well as If ail the news were published? Why, Maryland is lull of secessionists; Baltimore is, perhaps, as full of C.v.Te derates as .\Tu>hville w is. By whatever mem? the i ew paper intelligence could hove beau conveyed to thei' fuends can also be carried the results of eyesight an! hearing. S > fearful ar* the autb >rlU.v of the animosity of their opponents that they do not venture to leave a furlong of the railway unguarded. As I cam* down the hue this evening there were heavy trains filled with soldiers moving to Baltimore, and at the station olher? were drawu up crammed with men. Caissons and artillery were slvuntcd in the sidings. All the way to Wsshiog v, in audition to the numerous small pickets posted witu Having watchflres in front of their tents, patrols wore moving up aud down, and a eha.n of sontiies was oatah lished to prevent any evil minded secessionist from meddling with tb* rails. A onus AT THE MEAKOiG Of K'CLEM AX'S MOYEMRXTS The concentration of troops from Baltimore towards Harper's Ferry, and the relnforconiout# sent to Bai lee, who is now in full possession of the Confederates'olii p si tions at the other sido of the rivor, muy indicates doaigt: on the part of General McCleilan to turn the outlying corps which covered tho left tUnl- of the Confederal-* at Manassas, and to get down apon the Manassas Sap Hail road, but the movement is cot yet devek>i?ed sufficient ly to enable one to judge whether Batiks le going to i perate independently in "be vHIey of the Shinnndtoh, to the west of the BluO Ridge Mountains, or whether ho is to moveoa I^csburg, <.n the east of the chain, also Some are of opinion he has advanced to enable the government to restore the Baltimore aud Ohio Railroad. If it be true that the enemy were shelling the railway trains near Berlin, which is on the Maryland side of tb* Potomac, it is evident they have not yet withdrawn from the country between Leesburg and the Kit' cun Mooataics, which are to the oast of the 6!u* Ridge chain. The passage of Banks'oohimne was effected in torj good oruer anu without aey dim culty, and he baa roar upward* of 36,000 uua in position aat\ in support about <Jhar!estown aud Rapier's Ferry, with a numerous artillery, and guns, and mm but coming up to his assistance in case of need, or with the view or enabling Uiin to complete bis portion of the plan of the edvunce which has now been determined upon, < funeral MoClellsn has returned with hi* staff from the scene ot operation.' to Wafhington, and, If the,weather permits it, he.will no doubt, make a forward movement on bta right next week. Dot ot i have only just arrived and have not vet visited the camp* I cauteii what changes have really taken place, though I hear that He:n*zelmau, who occupies the left of the federal line, in front of Alexandria, anil Htgjohn Forier, who lay almost on the right or the winter caLlocments of the Army of the rotomae towards Vienna, have moved their divisions Hiahopel that those demonstrations msy shake the enemy's line, and induce hlui to move out' from his supposed strongly fortified lines near Centreville. He certainly cannot stiiJhr the Ma nasi.a-t Railroad to fall Into the ban da of the federals without much Inconvenience. The roads are now fr?ien hard, out a thaw will turn there into mud, and snow, a fall of which sesns imminent, wilt render them stiil lees adapted for the movement of troops. There Is much dispute respecting the strength of the Confederates at Ccntrevllle, and it would surprise me to hear that they had really 7.1,000 effective m n along that portion or their very long line of defence. 1' s-guee singular confidence In thsir present officers to let Beairegari ai d Sydney Johnst <n g,> so fa' away. but Gui eral Smith Is highly spoke:, of, and, besides, Mr. Jeflerson Dana ia with:r, call, and would, no do' bt, h.isiun 'rem Riehn "d, as he d.d before, in of another attack. It is not likely, however, that s si milar movent -nt in all respects will be nuele by tho federal! ormo* ov ?'c.w.LiVs on'tae^tSBiP. Ganorn! McClellan is sppj'?otly about to try the dangerous pane of combined movements. However, hi.a plan? may he modified by the movements of the f'on federates, who mini ov .rally feel that ihslr excuse for a defensive attitude here ctased with the menacing advance bf ei emy. It .s to'tr.e credit of the federal i.ener'l th t he has -S1 tr<?d with constancy. and, so far as I can tell, without irnta. <n, though not without pet.c, the attacks of ail kinds whicii have been directed acamst ., nri oy the press r.n.l by poht.iians H? knows f J . \ y will h?r t" bin ah *ff*r the cbsriot ?*iMh of their ijomnlom "Young Na^ilsou.' (whom ibey r. >u describe at a sort of a eroaa between Vitelline ar 1 UeJoga'oa'.us) the ic.n.eLt ha wuir a victory, anJ to ah'ul out, "There! w* alwiye sad so." It is Insinuated that ha la luxurious. Inert and iioapabla and that ha is i-arva."ad by <l*tnrcra"c doctrines; It Is declared thul ho should hav .-"burled h:J legions here. there an 1 nvervwher*, as if thsy ire crlcl.ot brills, and biseccu era nave been free with tongue an.i nac Should he fall no-* ha Is iu erf. case if he e .reaad, none can fix bcuuds to the axieat of hi* future career; cei lately not v> the praise and honor to be btttewei upon him. l'hsra are people w1k> i cpeat that the near Secretary of War, Mr Stanton, la not satisfied w.ib Ocueral Mc<"fi'lian. Hih del letches, indeed, have given color to the statement by lb-. r curlcue phraseology eed by ecru n inner doae ami lnip'>4 oont> aate; hot I at 'nf.irmad that the Sc-retary of War is really a eleuoch supporter cf tht'iicneral, and h .t there ia SO foundation r these stories. The papular .roprreeion has bees produce ', the other way, and it was i? order to rectify it that ?om* friend of the General placed ward* in Mr. Stactoe's mouth in prais* of .!b* commander of the Potomac in lha report of proceedings et a meet rg between him and the rally, ay managers, w?re repudiated by the So. rotary, and ijac* givec r re to comic ent end correspondence in the New York papers vu M - *ii txt**4 o? oio lea s nrcr. Aa the r esident low and then orders a xueter.ent.or talis some of Us c?B*e-e, at least, to petforu a pa.-tloular c[wrati>>n. i? may be w eceived the reeuite a-e not alwaye .o acr rdanco with the pri-gremuje; but, ax a rema-S genera y ?spite*Me '0 such Interference, it may ye ? t ' ehr-w : ?ee a-.d . ? r>? >.g?. \y j: Mr. l iuco'e are not more'auded by the naval and millis / rn? who are brought In contact with htm from their uepar'-meLM than his decirete make himself acquaint edwitb ike mer u end hearing of every expedition ' and mer-eesert, and the certainty with which ho eventual y grasp* the details tl* las Sglit eg man, toe If hi* count;/'asa *c?w bow broadly and strongly ho "put down hi* mot" on tho surrender of Mason afW Slldell they would port?,? ilko t m all the mora, though he waa forced to give way, in epu of in* ai (omenta n t.s pro *Otod vat# ,*p?r no t*-s tabuoat 11# take* a greet in ' rest a tho ratines is 'h? w-?wra water* s^u ftratee. a hti f "t?s r?"-s savyiamrr" n? r?s e<v-w. TtyiLe-b). thel "si, mg Lm/s ?*it;cu?kl whioi; flamed out so Sudden./ a IHnteslos Wi JrTb| r>u' without n> irb splatter Osmtnoriora foot* wlif no doebt, rekindle it with his boot of m< rtar < * *#!*, which are to a* re dowa at aoou as tb* laud foroe* under Oteat ere-ea ? f' w 'y ??-.* Tb* f'a.'ed Vuitee hurt I'.* r.o !* 'hat flf'.v '*thirteen tnrb rn-"a-* ' tb* baaaiaat k?'i b'*"l aa tur mortar fM<uli, auJ tbay i t ?* '..? add.r.g ; Una# uinb a jMl. i of |?l t;itf b? k iat?a a?1a1t-a. fcf ?Mi I r:.uf taw ?on f, *?? a-?.nr?t ' ? ** -<??t a/.*/*# UMlMn . tar acta#* will da lfca4r warg. Wha-ar?T th#'#"#**'*# ftatHriaar no* ron*'** afloat within 000fa"'k ? artbarorkj, ra-JanMa v ait aa tba day la lU* r oaa,?-' < Lay oaf rattla irofli fid l*>asaftar. 1 a .la Tbaeaaala (aafVag la u?a aa?a, and,luda*', O il f t ?. ? and III *, a? tb# arnaf Thar r a m M Ihaira ai! tna a '# ? >?' ?hlah baa# Laa i " i . a.a vaartnd ba MM nf ft# CMtat bUtaa i.a'a l'i#t lb# Can'edrrata Ua oral at fort ft< a *a ' ?ndar In COB .twiar l>aaa, aba >raa a t'> t?i? <dora K'?7ta'a p.aca.bnd t#ai ha 4a?i<#ad lb# brwar ' <i'a jr' <t that lb# ofar honVd ba wad? la'-.antra) <<ra >l <m tha alkar hand. IHair 6ra a J ItUia damaga #1 ". an a#. A fr!aad of ? i* aa, '*'1# ?aa a a a^va' 'Via r 'ar# fa I, a*ft r>ar? waa oa f ? rrtm biii*d I* ba teal la tl.a la/gar work. ? It i M a 'i*h# ?li < ? k '.la ?m? w rb ta iba oaatr* r of iba i c? "# Kaw ?f? Tba a'.atar I aar? aa a ira w r,* . aar a'? aa metad by a i jaaimiay r.or# a? #aa ? .- >#, bod , .11 aa w#U > mavu< 1 ? .? a r ?eeh ?u 1 I, < *i* & iP *? 1 allied ai^ n Tba *ag of ' ? a#'.' ^ian ! r?r>*4 t# rrj|"jmb">? " prw- v. 'tfthat tba Owraoaraiaa t ara aranuatitr vna twa .a <>aet .jitg tea.. wtuier > ^aartara, .< i*ati r ai#r?a ?e.| .a n /tag the.r feu*, t a**?#rt tho-a m awa'arki'a f #t U.r a be no ant" I cry meda aba-it Jt)? ? # of ?? ?,g .1 ?. wH #1. baa 1 oaan pmrttioA -r V-iA ''lea fb-e a aa ?aai af la I 1 ?:asaa? #-bara tl aba ^ai 1 if a.; oj-4 n taaasi . It& HERALD, THURSDAY wara In Europe. There la a railway from Ooluiubua, whn-h u <w (La left bu>k of tha Mlaeleeippt, bekiw f'alro, i>> Moiu Uia, w banco there are railroad onnuuiik ivlons Willi ih* whole of tha souther# and WeeUrn State*: b .1 the On federate# were expoeed to oompiete laolati >u by the ret cut anocaeaaa of tbelr enemy ou their flank and roar v-u ib# Cumberland and Tennessee riven. * i roraai y about i-ux:> no. 10. It ia acarcely oradtbla that tbay will bn guilt* of tba folly af fa ling back on "Island No. 10,which bat above Mumping, iu the Mississippi. If th y do, a itoao o. U-ib gruu abot and mortar eh-<lU will but ind ica them to repeat tba capitula' oa of Douelaon, 'iheto wa* a ctrongiy situated Intrenched camp ou the blullk, b ma hours' jo rury above Memphis, whan I was the; a, wbera ibay could bettor make a k.and, but thai.'rlvor poeiti i.a are exp >aed to be taken in reverse, and they will not like t > put themselves under two llraa. Ri'waii/a ortmos or oia ui'ph iath. The Mis* ..s.pi I expe-'itioa I* now moving down lha rlvor, aud lire .ami forces at e s ud to be in motion also; nor do tba federals herniate to express their couvictious they will be in Now 0-1 an# in a vory abort time after tbay have overcame the resistance to be ex ectad M-'iu bia. That city wma poorly do.'eudwt by pi apels o. cotton bales and sooia heavy battel ies when I waa there, and any attempt t<> protect it would lead to tba daeirucliu o: lb* place by the tire of the iron-plated gunIt ate. These latter are c i siaerad to be a great success. Foot* a flagship was Struck pixty-oue tiniee at lsiuelsou, and the iruu mail a..llei *J little, though tha woodw< rk was knocked to piece*. what tub argent. rum.-..-. or ma occupation of MitrfrrwBosoron. The news whrh haa iunt arrived that tba cr>n?e<lera ?a arc surrounded by BuWl's foirosat Murlreeeborougb ia moat important, if true, but granting that there la a railroad from Saahvil'e, which hae fallen into the hands of tike Merala, to tut place, it must be by virt'a or groat strategical and maiobiug powers that General Bueil has rot round his enemy so completely aa to be able to dem itid bis unconditional aurren<lar. Undoubted:?, the peg-ear ion of that place would ba a heavy blow to tho confederate*. It would apiiarently thiow the whole of the railroad Into their hands down to tha junction with th < Memphis line, eulitng oil communication wtin Vira" I, CkroHm and the Eastern slavo Statea, except by a most circuitous route. It Is not easy to parcetve hoiv Beamegard, who la down with lh*m, car vxtricats tlia confederates if these rej-oria be correct Hebu a formidable adversary in Buoll. Tho Vaahviile was a military necessity, but If the federal generals bad lain ou their arma after their surre- > s and lis I given lima to tha coufedeiatei to coti?' : ili-mt.-alve' and their encgiea after their dofents, the? .-gut ha. e given their enemy some troub.e. Tlie hop'-ouh are -all to have followed "their masters. Tb> y have uot g ilnod by changing tbeui in other parts of the ':a -s "up to the present writ log,"end the accounts f. c l'ort Royal and the coast of North Carolina of their;ilr?n continue to be unfavorable. I am uot prepared to a ospt the V. free ..borough story, but the telegram will u.'t it right or wr g b-'nre the Boston UMtuir sails. roww.ix m rue qcowf.voa < r rue ramm-i. Tfie r>nie lerai s government is by no insane prepared to vie i Ve rea<- a It is true N lahvitle goun, aud tha Cumberland rrer i* in (Mora hinds, sml the 7einet<s?o rv.-r H ii m *t than" but th* Houfederate gove-mneut baa cailod out twei .y two regiments In the .stale itself, and West Ten,ie;*e? i.i mya'lo tin core tu the c?"-? of ciy:',. o The ds uice increase* in ilssperatioa aa Iho federals gain frooud. wnat unoi-i t?* sinuuwrks or r >ht dosei -ov Ths sorren <er of Kot-t PonsUm u uo exoe; ton to thai rei *?rk. The r.ww wlin-h led to it yet remain ir otm-.uri :y. Oeneral ltd tnnr e ata'em t, that ho found himself unexpectedly in command, dues not throw my light ou the other oir.-uuiatsi.i-s which Induced to I llow Mack's example at i in. Thecenss oouM not have been want of ansmtwltion uor of find, for it is aaul theV stores of b 'b wero lid t .* re of lb# works I have spoxen t - an English gentleman who < -ver ?i with ma y of the pn? r.ers at '"hioa<;ri. Tb-iv to d bitn that, a'tar fighting eti day and Inlii-tiug a t reman ioua loss oa tin eoemy. thny lay'?their aruis to ranew the fieht. At dawn th?V w ere orde'e i to pile tbeir arms by tLetr ofti oar*. " bey did eo without a e-ieploton on in or m.nd. till the federate I'lun *| i ?ared ma-ch nj into the work*. My frh:ud failed to dlattyer any Unmc stat.uieat of winch the Chicago | ?,?>n> speak among tb priaoiiera, whom be describe* a? Mgk. i.l-oad, pnweiM(eltotV, auimsie.t by the mo*t bitter feelingsegainet me Yankee*. tiik r?no..trr or rae u*><ei' If the confoderste* lu Arksuase deliberately poisoned the provisions left bshir. 1 them "u the avar .atinn of died T >wn, so that forty-two officers tod me died aftereatmg of them, tiei.eral JH.le- k will be ju-.'uled in treating eu u ferocious man with stern justice It is to be feared that an in hunt an and atrocious spir rntmaloe the conduct of the war In the remote b irder districts, which are far removed from the knew ledge or CoCtroI f the central authorities. But arson and bridge end steumer burning ar# not uncommon in the interior States. It wee with dlrttculty tbst the people of Naabvillo prevented the Tenuis burning their beautiful el'y b lore th-'jr retreated. wb*i tax rmot rwr.ymrr si ma *> th wasm. Meetini;". ?>i , ouoo planter* hsve h ra held, wths view, It U raid, to an orgeuiaed laomllji ,?m of any cotton which may be iu do. igar of falling into the enemy a hands. Howover, e fe'c'rai ortlc,*.- nhe proceeded some days ago up the Tecum;.>e river as far an K*su>ort, In the Stale of Misa'.aiilppi, below rlorenee, declares be found "Union senlii.-ieat 'strongly prevalent along the banks, and "Union sentiment" may meau twenty-five ce-Ua pound for cotton. It Is significant that he could g*t : o far in a single gunboat, ami that he Could oarryav. ay uninoleeted a (Viautity of stores intended for the confederates from Clifton, Term The attention of the Tree aury and of Congrose be* bean turned to the beet mode of cultivating end istring cotbin iu the parte of secede 1 States in federal bands, and of reojwulug tredo with Southern porta. The soousr the better The Tax bill it to be repoi te I by the Con-inUtee of Ways aud Means thm nnlt. With Its operation will nora# the solution of the great experiment. There ie reason to think the Kutern States will pay their share. But will they pay the proportion of the W.-meru Sutra aleo in ottie the lat'T declare their Inability to do so f The Germans In tiiest# States roc.dly aay they have wt'J the Union and that is as much a* they can be expected to do. Theiearo iho isandj in the Westers 8taie? exulting in the prowess of their people, who will -use the same erguiueule, and In some or the Stat:? the inhabitants of large rtistrtrta will be found triable, even if willing, to par their quota. Ma.voav, March 81,HW2. am an 40k ok mi vrsurnsa. Abeivyfallot enow took plaee yesterday. IllVore hard !a*t nirfht. It la thawing to day. An attempt to get acroee the river, and 'see bow mature were going ?n in liiu oantpa, was utterly uxiauoucssful ou my part. The thaw had looaeuod lb i ro.tda, and the snow wan churned up with the mud into a lreacL?ro<jp eompctt varying from eighteen inches to two and a half feet <? the level'., ami any depth you like id ths ruts and l?ol lows. Tl? wagoait aiong the io*d at the Long Bridg were up to the axlce ie it acd the ?:x enuiea or be:a n to e. cli could ec -rcely ruove tl-ena "ILia di?jir-<wt f une advance for a day or tro. It ves sirugg .ng through such ir.ud as this the' Genera! I.xndei, tl - uev.-a of whore death from exhaustion reae'et us Ur rdght, expired. He wea endeavoring, I am told, to fore a * men along in ccoiinuati'in or the raid i* Hloetuit-g t?ap, or which be Lad received such very high comr -.^ ia; -a from Mr. Stanton, and died at a piece called 1 an pa? m Western Virginia (where, by the by,one of your c-- i??:nporai *> describes* Burns.-!* s feet as ? para nog, lu the oroat atnu.-:ement of feme psjiera) ruther from overwork than from ths efeo* of the wound h? roes red after Baf's Blttfl. Hlc ioss will he greetly felt, snd especially by tbo "snsrgetio" section of the beliigeronu. The roade will prove aa grave on b?Ucie to tliu Confederates in making ary fresh di-tpomtlous as they are to the federals in the.r advance. Tbefurmer are ptiteaaaie -f what ) cjuif. intelligence ftota thou- cjunpe ~a? Informed ua that tney bare sent away thalr ? ck av. man and ohllaren, aud that vhay are ready to ' oak p r.ajiloatuettU at a abort notice. IB'U* Of J BIT. rtvu AlfD TH* TTSA*It 0t> 111 AW5?i. UUOMtf. By tb.a lira# Mr. Jeflhrroa Davis' M?i*tge hag bo?u receivod in Rnglan J. Tba fadaral- km In km frank eon fMrton of "aarkiiia iluiaatera ' aa aprs.-sion of tlt>j'?cdcm.y e? to the ultimate result of tba etruggle, but thcri is to tba rantral eveaoaueb mean'tig la lb* calm ?,m:? aiona, wbkb are r a thai mala th. baa** ot a mora strenu eua policy and vigorous resistance. And iti bta Ua'ai m. nation ba ia well aupportad by the "no oaHad" <i#nato of the "to called' Confederal* Plates, which oc last Te> r?day pasted a reeotut ion tbat the Kovernnwnt weald an tarta n no proposition for pea?; founded onthasielu ion fron> the confederacy of any of their fl'ata.;, and pledging rtt to eontinue the war till the tat ading soetnr should be entirely expelled from their Mri itorfea. Tbla la the beet answer which oar be given to the rumors toat proposal* to treat bad com* iu from Mr Ira vis, and thla measure will eflbctuelly cut tba ground from under the feet of the democrats of the North who haye been dreaming of a Peace.Convention and or a raconatruation of tbe Colon on tbe old haa'e Tbe eo-A' and unshaken faith o? th* Con]t Jerate leadera are worthy of tbe bigheat?let us not a?y a bett?r?i-aue*. Extracts from tba Southern Journals, whlob ara mad# We to prove tbe atralu te wblob tba Confade rates are reduced, do but axalt one's bptnion of tbe.r tenacity of purpo*e. The!-- aoldlera are 111 clad and badly armed Tbtr are not well fed ; end aa to tba atata of supplies read tbia:? (Sold commanded a premium of 40 to 80 per cent, and ?ll*tr Sit->40 per oent, In Kiflhmoad on tbe Mtii of February. FhiikM ?*i worth $2 a fall'ie for common. and $4 for ebolce branda. Butter ** worth 4J){c. per lb,end *..'e l?v ?er 75< a pound; oa'fukln* $46 a doien. Apple* In the Whrnood marketoommeudad glSe banal. U>wTtr, tba tiaibuj K? ja r*P?r Wo don't know whit wa Stay cSraa to in fcaper eOTTdticf yet, th? gh France la alive after a paper age in wbicb a man had to o?.y 1 006f (asFonofj) Ibr a decent dinner,and half the I nltad Htat** ax lite eftar an Infancy sustained on paper ear'?ncy wbicb i? not ItjuidaMd to tbla day, Tbe(>>n federates *r* about to appoint a Gauaral Commandltg In Chief; tbay are coating ? navy? whera, bow, and from what, le beyond cur ken; and tbeir f reaideut boaata tbat he haa four huaored battalion* in 'be fleld, with proper ? ii.n'a fflrrtr fi fsf fA. ti.lrr Mil artUUr* Mr l)*vla in. aatgba elrocgir egalnet <bort tarrn antlatmaata, which ba*a impaired thair ability for au loaaaful daftaca, and at tha fouthara papara contain many advertlsemanta for a it I lit aa, at a-ma varying from $19 to $1, la p nab'a tha ne-? lavlas oa'lad f' r by tha difTarmit Slata.s ? .. -b ara ?atd to ba In eoi.rsa of organization, era pr?->j. lag oar Jiy oa tba population. Tbare la, amid all tba U 'a t>m a d dUeotnlllurc of tbaSoatb, noalf.n of repantanre, miv rn aa'^n or faa-. anv mora than thera ia ori tha part of lii? North any totcan of woartaoaa, relaxation or Infirmity of puryaa. If a corraapoudant could kiply bltnaaU' at tbla ba avoid ba a ecilnfly oaaful, aa tba American pai?ri ara noai forbidden ta publish any nawa ralatIcy to tba war, at- apt that of ouch accomplished fa. ta aa <ora rroont tnay plaaas to coranuinicata, but aa Washington t tba e* ntra of the most nuthant'o lufo-ma i-jo, and m >t wl'l ba cloaa to it la all probability thai 11 a | aal battla ia to ba fought, It I* bettor for trie to roica a h?m than goon unoartaio mlaaians with axpedit ia t'?a Wan! an t Ir, the intar or. wharatbe le'agraph wlilfarautb oat a wrltlau dnapnlcMi, If, Indeed, tha la' ar e-ar r"aabad at all. Aa a prod af the Insecurity jf tba poetai ayntem wait war.I, I may mention that tba 1 C??patrbaa batwa>a the Na-'r ileum tujc t and t'ommo -s pr*t?Mg o'ha-a In tha w??t bam m"l*i4 or n?-r?e ad an rtraral occaaioiu and tbay raiy prmol ?? y oi tua teiegapb, thr ooat af which to gorarnmt'l '? a- taaU.of aw.rnwita TUs <g a w*t , APRIL ar .1862?TRIPLE of Ughttiuig?la aU except ** 1110J*' m >ot una brightness of IuIl, Slit 'Kprt ijonolaaa w?um bit a reap otable victoi y in ai.^* jiartjpf the world, ibera wis a large "butcher's" b:ll,a<?d. thoM boufflnal deuii s bave beau pub..shed, I have n^dfoa I# ink lb at Mm leruaad'e division lest upward* of 5^00 mou in the tortie.

a dotLL'a bmion or ax. eewxitp ajrn eciocr or lobo lyonb. Although Mr.iSe vard is described to lia somewhat uneasy on tho eeore of intervention, the relations be' weou lb j Statu Department and the British I,ega ion ar more easy tbau ttttiy h:u e beau for s< uu- time past, oveu before the Trent ailair, ami th? American Minister expresses a oi*id for Great Britain which i? incoasisli ut with the opinioua porbaps ho aironao.ialy all., billed to him. Kor myself, 1 mint *ay that, having had s-veral Opportunities of hea lnk Mr >e*a"d speak of Great liriUin, it struck me that at the bottom of lus t.e rt th?re wan a profound ret-pact for the tra ai'.i-us, literature and power of England, tuiuglod wrh a disposition to re^a d corlaiu of hei mai.tutl ua as deplorable weaknesses, and that, next to tb- favor of hi own ccmitr> laeo, ba co. ete.l th? hoiic* of England, and would attract It, 1: it could ha done iu no oilivr way, by a alap tu the face. The loiter ia which be li s renounced alt claim to tho I'ren Jer ry has produced no impression. but 1 believe that p. Mr. ooward woieiu that office, lis would ba legs hostile to Great Ri ituin than many of his brother |w!itt .ana, though he w >ulu not hee lata to en counter any risk oto--pt that of wai u I'oitr .m-c in defending a pet s> ilogWai o expressing a political paradox in a neatly rounded sentence. It is s.lmost alarming to sao tnal the Aimu ic .n papers are bggiuuing to praise Ix>rd Lyons. To soma winch have no sen 's or shame, deo?ncy or mstice, thr-reg u a nice appreciation ot pr Bland loss, in <1 in the ia-e of the published correspondence they dare not deny to the Minister they had viU'ded and abused the oredit of fairness, moderation, candor and a smcure desire to maiutain peaceable relatioes, exhibited at the very time when they were accusing blin of violence, passion, partisanship auu secession proclivities, and shouting out for bis dismissal a hi Cramjiton. If it were worth while, an amusing oollectiou of re c., 8 could be printed in ro.alien to 1/jrd Lyons during the last yoar. No doubt tie popular impression amAbn tha rhiiidtita n. f lie?? nuiteru vhj t It u I rL* liVarliuh Minister was continually shaking his tint in Mr. Seward's ftt-'o, preparing sacret expeditions to run the blockade or the South, and plotting with the Cabinet at Richmond against tin- govermnent to which lie w*.< accredited. Nothing Mi-, too wiid t'or them to believe. lost ut hope the altered loue of the pross represents tho returning sense of Justice or the people. In the Wert there Is, however, extreme irritation against Cheat Britain, why it would he fc.-.rrt to say. A perusal ofLord Lyons' doapatches, of Lord Russell's inatructiona and speeches, o ,ght to satisfy thoui of the honesty of purpose of our government, and of the strict adherence to neutrality which was pronounced at the outsot of this inoet calamitous WW uo w tub vrnrr nias towiem not.anh. It is well to know that any doeire to involve Groat Britain In a war at the close ui thla content would probably be defeated by the unwillingness of tho Eastern States to iuour fresh debt and new dangers, f >r the gratification of the passions of their well pi otectod neighbor*. i Above all, it w?uid be rendered very difficult by want of tuooey and by want of troops, in consequents ol uo means to pay thorn, HOW THE HAST IS DWOUn. It may be s comforting fact to know that thousands of these volunteers are tired of the .war already, and the demands for furloughs and discharges weary out tin generals of some divisions One ol those gone; als said, a short lime ago, that he was sure two-thirds of hie men would eagerly return to civil life the moment tho war was over. Th? weather i* still very stormy and unset tied. The Verm 'at, old 120, litled with Btores, ia reported to bo di iablsc at sea. Steamers hav bae: sent to lier. The new United Slates man-of-war Pensaoola has struoi on Clary sfort Roef, and will probably bo useless. The American Arrests at Tangier, TEH UNION FLMBT AT AI.UEUlflAo?BlilPHBNT OF TUB FKI80KBKS FOlt BOSTON. [From the London Tim?s, March 20.] The American federal corvette Tusoarora, Commander Craven, steaio sloop Kearrago. Commander C. l'iokering, and sailing ship Ico were (March 18) lying lu the roadstead of Algecira*. Tho Confederate Moataer Sumter, Cspt-aio Somtnes, remained at Gibraltar. The Kuaisurge Arrived at Gibraltar from America, Ma detra and Cadiz, on the afternoon of the 8th, and worn, a ,ross to Algeclroa the same afternoon. The loo had taken the two American gentlemen seized at Tangier to Ca lis, where they wero transferred to the American merchant ship Harvest home, which sailod almost Immediately afterwards for Boston, and tho lno returned to Algusiras. It was said that the prisoners wore kept in irons. [From the Gibraltar Chronicle, March 11.] W.lh respect to the allegation that no presetire had boon put upon the Moorish government to affect the arrest, and that by the law of Moroco" the representative of a Christian Power has Jurisdiction over the subjects of hi* own government, the true state of the facts appear to be this:?By the law of Morocco the Sultan has absolute and despotic power iu his dominions; by special ci nv ?r.uon* he ban waived the exorcise of this n vr over the subjects of Christian Status, delegating It to I ho ministers or consular representatives of lb ?e State* Thoae ronveutior.s, however, coda tbe juri3Uiotion over Curtsliiuia residing in Morocco for olfrr.oj* committed In lt?- country, and Lave never bien uuaerstoul either hy Morocco or Christian Stales to confer open tho Utter the right to pursue nn l capture upon Moorish territory po. llficat offenders. Such offenders hare heretofore found as secure an asylum in Morocco as in any ladejiendeol S-ate of Europe. They have usually been men of liberal opinion* flying from the persecution of an absolute gcvernmout, and it will he singular If this refuge should now be destroyed by the agent of a ^overnrusnt blasting lUell the freest in the world. Whoever will turn to tbe lent British treaty with Morocco, that of 1857, will find that while article 11 give* the right to Bi ilWh consuls to call for the assistance of Moorish soldiers to nrrsst or tranK;>ort British subject?, art iole 15 specif)** the onlycase tn which such subjects are to be oenveye I out of the country and placed on board ship?namely, when sailors attempt to deport their vessel? a very nec-sssry Erovlsloa to prevent Untisn shipping being disabled iu [ooi ish ports for -vent of hands. England d oes not even stipulate for the surrender of toMen,htt there Is a re iproea! engagement that deserters Irorn the MTTtMOf one State -hail not bs received into tbe set vice of the other. TVs may fairly naaunie that the conventions made with Morocco by other Christian States are aubetantUUy the same as that of England, and that equal privileges and advantages are possessed by all. This beu.g so, it is evident that no pressure would be required t > be put on the Moorish authorities to effect the arrest of any foreign Christian,seeing that under the article we have quoted, it does not appear that those have ti.e rig?.', to enter up<>a tbe question of tbe Consul's computet y to arrest ha'ore granting him tbe aasisUnae of tbe armed force Tbe curse actually pursued by the Moorish Minister therefore appears to have been thu right ono. Tho essistanc# of Moorish eolaiera was given upon the Consul's requisition, but whan, upon Investigation, It wee .ouud that he had exceeded hie jurisdiction, tha Minister demanded the release ol the prisoners, uni only permitted their embarkation on board an American ship if.-war after the Const*! had threctaued to strike bis Uag ami leave the cf-ntry la case of re'usai. Then tha Meorirh iiiinstor yte. i#d, feailug ?L* reiiponaibiluy oi' .nn'tviug the Sultan :> another war. Tim wlo ie ailair is ,tu"th?rv?rion of the old elory?the might of the ai'img overriding the right of tba weak. M ro?'M i? ?n inl' state, looming avorv year, from the imj, nam e of lUproJuctl >na, more cloecly connected with ?' * Kuropaan ,'ya'cm. Chr.tiieu Poweis by their treaties ror i,- \i7au a* ? Sovereign Sute, and it therefor* posHuMLiltw rights of one Ilia light involved iu the pi #?ent question n very clearly .eilnod b;, tha writers pi international law, by none mare dearly than tb* Atnertoan authority, Wb?atdo, who **ys ? y . wriri't* aut- I* bound, unless by apeclal compact, to ?]< !] rr up prmou*. wliethar fls own ?uhje.;ia or fcreigncra, eHiigi C with, or r nfiitel of, crimes In another oouatry, upo ilbs demand of a to:* gn IPete, or It* ofScete of juati.e. The 3'ii,an ha* chosen by compact to cyds certain of h'.a aov*mlgn rights, In order that ubrlatlana residing in hi* doa* moos u>a> enjoy the milder law* of thair own oouatry and not be Mbjeht to tha tough and summary peer#*#*# of Mahuin".iao Justice. iTbis aurely thou 11 o'-'t'.n fbr hlor greater respect for the sovereign rights he rata.or On ihia ground w* behave that tba United Ktatea n?r ornanant will disprove tba act of their Consul. ! U clear, i aaidaa, that thla 1/ a quest, on wfticft cenrerfu n < enly tkf. Unitai .Tti'w ami Jferrjjc->, hi& all t\* ChrUtinn SUtU* rito taw IrcflUiW u/ilK lAt laUrr. Uuder tba favored native iauae, ail *ajev the am# rijhte, immunities and 1 rleil ig-a. The Hulled Stataa cannot, ther*fara, push bar jurledietion In Mnrocoo bey<wd the I,mils of tba others. But since the aclture of political offender a in tha territory o< tha Sultan, egaloat b.a will, would ba a manifest violation of hi* ?evvieigo i ighu, ft ta not to ba supposed that toe airtaJhan woe guide K"->p?aa gorammenta will commit tha flagrant |?iltieal Immorality of exiertteg the Saltan'a consent ta ouch aaliarea. inertly to cauta La ta weak and upabje to r*?ijt. ir?Jitta Cnifad .Oidfc.i, fhan, cfaant a jurWWTv e vWcli ?<A?? pew,nMt.t' arep-r entaJ hp tVir j'rwe of ruaftce frvm atirrfing f We ba ? ;w> right to think ao, end it cat ma mora probable thai tha act of tha Colled States agent at Tangier will aot la ratified by hit fi>veruji.i|t French View of the American Jt<b*lilort> [Tran^gtad and eoadebeed from ibe Paris Paya, March 19 j Iiyrleg tba diacuaaioa in tha iagie'at.v* Corp*, and whl'a the A war I an oonf'kt wat being pokan of, M. Calnat Kegout gara aapraaaiaa to a?ma gf,eroua ideas In famr ?r the laboring riaaaaa who are eo eeriouaiy liyure.l by tha Amtricaa orltle The war which If n'-w <i'"ao lati-f the tftited Stelae baa cautad a stoppage of buatness to ti e aileut of nearly two bundrog milling. M (ajret Pognlat aai<1, with toe emotion ?f a maa of foal tog, but with that high rcaaon which bowa before tba power uf fae.?, that the e?> rta of prlratei hnrlty and iba liberailty o' tho gevarnment caaaot supply tha abaenee af bo muoib acuta Industry lh?ra at* no paraata In J itnc# who do net wiah with all their haarta fur lb* and of tha at-ugglu between tha Nortbarn aid Southern S'?t?a. Ar* thaue wtabaa, aa much ta accordance with the principle* of humanity aou tb* iLiaraata of Kurcpa, nearly nco?mpl>aheVt Wa do not otan dara to brtpo. At tha Hi at \ lew It arama that tha luaation ta al'tady dft'-mlnod,and that tb?ra It in thing Mt to tha Catifaa?r*to fltatea but ta aubmit. Tho Naw York lourna.'a raia* thair tonga of victory. The Kngllah praaa la aol m iimtnlmoua a a Xna aonBdanca of Mr. JaflVraoa Davia In tba ultimata aufca?a of tba war it moat ranmrltabla, Inaatnuc.b aa bu 'loan not iHaatnaulatu tha itiMrulnaa ?> ttia aituatlun nor tba gray* natura of tbarapda.a wfciob the Confederated bava iuatalnad. Ilut at tho al ia of (?>e danger be ee?? the leeourcaa If tboanamy lepowarf'il, thara art, ha e?ye, no wan* of tba eirrnenwof raaiaunca. Rut are the peep'# of the South da'ermlr.hd to employ aM that# raaouraaa" Mora la tha whole question. Hallnlteiy, taoceea dependa a good deal loaa on mat*> lal force than on moral energy The government at Washington ba< ma-la great aff haw oallert a form nibble army Into tho field, tba rooant victories of Springfield, Roanoke and Donaliion, and tba capture of Nashville and Charleston rTki. i.iLar ahv h?? n?t ??i haon r.antorad?Naw* later.t I h?v?-<TV-?'I lb# n.?mnry of tbo dor?o?# of Hull run and Blurt i but tlt?i public dt-bi bM im?m4 uowu-y pro poiitoM, too OxpOQOOO of tho wor oro ouch thot lb# , heritor* SM'mwUI hUhi tholf If Vb? Ureal*, I SIIBBT. be oontinued for iwiLw i?W. The Confederate 8tatea know thia wall. Wenov ku <w that the MpiUi <4 t?udmk-? haa to*'1* W'm iulo :h-.' uf the fad* al government . a?d that Uvvon r Hnrr a ha* disbanded the mi.tit* of 6l?t State. S'aaiivi'la la an important acquisition to the fa^arala. a a a T?: iieaa la, therefore, loal to the Southern omitedit cy. hut there are attll eleven htatea to atW>nnt. We anew tiiat Virginia an.: the two Caro* iViaa are threatened. The navy of the Union' has Mii>d the seaports, and the federal lruo;? lfave gaiue.J aome s.aer* a In Missouri and Arkan*P?; but tiid|r are Uot coin d'ta.y masters of tboae States* nur of U' lituuky. In admitting that they have suet, e led In driving into the South the armies which defend thoae State#, it is plain tiiat they muet l ave a S'Hlicieutly tmIKirUut foro>< to restrain the populat Ion. and it still remains to conquer Georgia, T'larida, Alabama, Inuisiana, MlSKiaaiy pi am1 Texan. Therein st be a squadron of sufficient atrength to blockade tl econstt to :he ftr watt linnU oi the Gulf ol >le*;oo. What i ill the ft ralffuv met a cay ro the Powers of Europe on itui day when, invokt'in the fourth arncte <f the T saiy of J'aru, they shall place the federal gnvermr, nt uncoir the n-iejiry of jrvmf) an tffclitr blockade or to tuter n u'r u t?j ;rl? to enterfr , iy infu the Sou'hcrn po Lt In such a cave, according to the rights .?f nations, the seizure of a vessel wo ;ld bocomo an act of hostility ags'uai the nation wh a* llag It ar nod. * e ? The gtrutegio situation is a .-o very grave, but it is rot absolutely hopeless. Musters of the outer Hue, the f-deral forces Lavs before th ai an immerse country to conquer, w.lh one part of their forces, the other part being mdis..#unabla to keep the territory a.ready conquered, and to maintain communication. They will have to traverse vast countries, un lure a burning c umate, and light frequently at poiuts where their navy cannot coma to their assistance. To these ditUouitles we may add the embarrassment of a financial crisis. The Northern Status liave vainly appealed to foreign capitalills; they h ive b -. o unable to inspire any couQUence abroad ; and at present all the scrip issued by the government is now in the hands of American cit reas. Bene of these are vol uutary creditors, being subscribers to the loan*; the others, and these form tho great uiajonty, are the hulders of paper money, whloh the recent law of Congress ins inude a legal tender. Hers is one cause of the evils and ruin whtcn we pointed out yesterday, Tim Southern States have nothing of the kind to fes*, and President Iravis has good reason to regard thia gnawing worm of debt which devours the Unances of his enemy, as an auxiliary of his cause. buch is an important resume of the state of affairs. It is me.auoholy lor the Northern Statue, which are iu danger of t uiu and bankruptcy; it is mournful for the people of the South, who, inferior in numbers and in military resources, will liave to oppose to their adversaries an indomitable energy; It is deplorable to the European nations, whose commerce has lost the most lucruiivo outlet of their exports. The American cruit ha\ itt victimv at Manohetter ami 1 imrpool. at Lyons ana it jubair, at well at it Vonelion and .Springfield. There is uo ueo iu dissimulating and exaggerating anyLliiliff V a miidi urAiirh (h? rhuttdiik U'hl:>h mnv tirftloi.ff the struggle, so as thoroughly to uudei otstid tho neeovsity of S9oi?;'ig a solution as promptly aa possible. Tho first Bisp towards discovering a remedy, is to measure the axteat and tho gravity of the disease. Frf? Trade in France. Rfg 20T OK THE COMMERCIAL TREATY WITH BNOL AND ON HOME MANUIACTI'KKS?OPINIONS OK TUK YTI'RE1NGMEN ON THE AMERICAN ClUtiid AND iiRIl loll IMPORTATIONS. [Par 18 (March 17) corre?poudonee of London Post.J The Gum ial debate in tiie legislative chambers baa been suspended, as it was agreed not to vote the main budget until the extraordinary budget shall have been placol on tin table of the house. hi. Fould expects to give this document publicity about Saturday next. I now add a few speeches In the last noting of the Cham bnre, which bear on the commercial treaty. Paragraph eleven is as follows, and came under discussion yostordsy:? Desiring to second your views, the legislatlvo body believe* that commorce aed private enterprise can ouly take a greater extension by the aid of several oonuitiona, euch as sUbtlilv iu tho customs dues, the reform of certain comm> rcial euaoimenta, and the Buppieesion of the In;j o llmenta tvliiob tne excess of regulation Oppose* to the productive force* of the oounirv. On it the toliowmg amendment was presented by M. lirame and other members;? Your Majesty i* acquainted with the severe suffering* wbiob afilict our great t wu* and seeks, by the most generons gift., to relieve them. Hut serious minds, attributing thin un/cfu?u/e uiti'ationfor the f]rci''et pirt f> the putting in creation the treatise of commerce m'th In/'na'f and fi'lgivin, the Chamber reepeclfu ly cul.s the alteuiion aud solicitude of your Majesty to tin* grave auestion, end prays your Maj isty to order an Inquliy into lb real results oi those treaties, In order to put an end to the iniertitude and apprehension nj the teorkittg population, if not well founded. M. Hrame ot>aorv?u that the consequeuce of the treaty of commerce was a problem for m.uiy branches of manufacture, and certainly those who represented thsm had a right to point out thsli- sufferings. They would, more over, have remained silent bad they not read tu the programme of M. Fould that the Import of English manufactures had not acquired any excessive development, and that the provisions on which tho treaty was based were therefore c ompletely Justified. Tho discussion on tho addroes was intended to enlighten the sovereign and the country aa to tho real statu of things. Tho honorable gentleman then read a letter addre?sed by ths Cham ber of Commerce of Rouen to ths Prefect of tho Seine lliiorieure, iu wmcn uio 'iisasirous euect o: uie iretiy on local industry was pointed out. foreign competition hod eomplet>'.y iriifhtd ficn h manufacture; and of 60,000 worl-nen, 20,000 ???r? without employment. The Chamber ol' Commerce of Roubaix gave a eimilar account of tl\e (ailing off in the OOUHM of that i>laco; nou were it not tor private charity the workmen would die of hunger. Tliero was an enormous stock of good* in the warehouses. The American crisis contributed but iu a very slight degree to this state of thing*. It wat economical refa-mi which had destroyedthe national industry. The Chamber* of Commerce of J.lile and of Tourcoing had made similar complaiuts, and yet on the 20th January M. Fould declared io the Kmiwror that everything was going on well, and that the reailt* of the treaty or commerce confounded all ita detractors. If this was the way in which the Emperor was Informed, he must be often deceived. Thinys wore going on, he must declare, very badly. Under lb* protective system, iroin 1860 to I860, tho national man if acluros had mcrsaaad a bundrei fold, and everybody was satisfied except a few free trader*, whose complaints, unlortuuutely, were liitenod to. Past year M. Magna declared, and proved, that the finances were iu a prosperous state, but two month* later M Fould u*sert< d and demunsti sled the contrary. 11 Fould, S'viniug to know nothing of the treaty of commt'c#, and of tho motive* which had led to the auppreesion of eighiy millions of taxes, now asked for a hnndred and twelve miliums more, which, with the filly two million* added when the eighty millions w*is euppiessed, mad* one hundred and mxty four miliums tu be paid, instead ot eighty million#, lie believed in the good intention* of the ,:o> eminent, but the halwna! industry sod-red much from th l? cont.n al clnuii'ss. it was ?aid that the a?prc*riil statu of industry iu France was caused by lu? American c.'.Jis. He thought that myering was ruiher to be attributed to the treaty of commerce. When toe American criei'l jan,in 1857, England.tij/'eretlgreatly, but France Jul net, /or the then hud her horn' market, which the had since tost. l'he o|*?ratives war# then overyulttri in fell ouipioy, which had l.ot beau lie case sine# the treaty of commerce cmw> Into operatli 11, and the SUVe hnd heeu obliged to grant for their relief, 1,600,000f. iu 1881. two million.-. iu 1833, ml lucre would probably be ruquired. Le. lUoin < b>erve the opposite client produced Iu Kuglaud by the tieity. Mr. dated that if the Enol'.sh -report* to America had declined three miliums sterl'.nii, U was partiady oompcnsaied by an increase of two miliums t" the ee/vil* to France. Mr. Ba/ley stated at Manchester, last January, that certaia towns in England would liavo suffoied gnat distress if the treaty with t rance had not onab.ed thorn to export thither two thirds of wnal they formerly sent to America. It wen cloar tbat In this point of view >lanec ha<t guttered more from the American crista than England had. He would read a pnssuge from the English reports which required aome explanation, as theofflcial figures therein given diiiered so v. idely from the French returns, and he Had no doubt M Barothe would be well pleased to hear them. M. Barocho?Kspeclally as you h ive not given me say previous intimation of your intention. 1 should be embarrassed to give an answer at once it it Wore necessary, 1 must s?y that In England no one would think of proceeding in sueh e manner. M. Brauie then read a paragraph stating that the Engi; h e*i?orte to Franie had Increased from f.,000,000 In ISA) to 9,000,(100 iu 1801, so that France had become alin at as good a customer as America. It was evident that the treaty of commerce had been benedottl to England and Injurious to France. If ihey were not convinced, lot them compare the present prosperity of English manufacturing towns with the distress existing at Lille, Yuurooing, Roubatx, and many other pianos. If they had turned a deaf ear to the representations of French manufacturers they ought not te have forgotten the opinions expressed by the great man who, In bygono times, had explained the great principles of government. Moaieiqnleu, when speaking of laws, said;? "Laws should bo adapted to tne nation for which tbay ere intended, for It ie rarely "f FehJifh round that tbvj# of sue nation are suitable lojf another ? fby msuitcr weut ah W cite an o[Huiob mcpreuedat St. Itrlcna t 4 / Sn tO.M O mt f, ik? mknnl.e ul,1- ? ker guard afia'mf 'A? imvnrtntimt of a n'noJ nation; arid ?!?> iom? w#rd? spoken by Na|>oleon IU., condemning lli? hiwwring i>f tar life that gave protection again*' foreign ooihuttitK'm. U? -JUrged tftf gov#j?tt?ni with e l rocI'jrom . Whyn%d tie pfotectlon of twenty-flr# to thirty per eont guaranteed to French Industry fn the report boon lowered to ten, end In aom# cum even to three or four per cent f Find the state or the revealed by M. Fould, been known earlier , tho treaties of ootnmerce would never bare been signed. We com#, said the epeaker, In our distress to bag y<>u to tnelntsin Ir:tact tb# rag of protection that still eovore our Industries. Vou here horn eery oourteoua to the huglitbi theeua-', t m boiteee at the frontier admit daily hngltrh and IJ?i?ian mrrcbanrtie# at an eellmate that causae loss botu to the treasury and to the national Industry. At a or lately mad# by an English house two accounts were sent m?one for the f>urohsa#r#, with the real rrieee. the ot\jer for tbeCuetom Houae, with much lower prlcee fui the lam* goods. English houeea charge themr> lees with the delivery of good# In I'arie for a prime of llftaen per oent. There might be twenty one francs to pay in all, yet these house* undertake It for fifteen franca. Here are six franca evidently loet to French industry. And la It under such olrcumitia#es that we are promUed the advent of new Cob Jens from Kwlttorlaod or (,#rtnanyr Mr. Cobden gentlo-neo, has en tangled ue in the net 01 lii#lic?ty or commerce; lei vt brvxire <]f drawing Ih* weaker cUtir. in Kuglaud he Is g'?>ted with crowns and l.l.i.rbxl arches, we ourselves pay homage to the talent o. our own negotiators, nod admit their good lut-nil r>a but I wish to remind the honorable President ?f ti e Council of s<>m?thuig h'e eld two yoa-a ng< to if Peurer gus tier, "in two yaari," isid the President, "I vhall fie and visit Normandy, and eball tbeu re e ve tho bienai ik> of those very workmen whoee fate you now doplora." Well, then, be kin I e-v igh ( thorn. (Intsri up: ion.) M. Haroohe -Ooult M I'ouyor-guertlor theu foraee# the Aniei lean orlvls' If. IVuyer gucrtier?Ioounted on alt sorts of orient. I knew that in luelry Is alfected by nil foreign per turbnttone, and as for crlae#, you will have tbem avory year at your aervic#. M Fknrooh*?I repeat that you did not eouui on the American clais. li. Bigwv-Uayafa'mlo tha hcmorabl# Mlnlater, go to II I ' " 1 1 wss Norm ?<,y. Rut it Is as well U inform von that goe wll nut |M tiers the reeeptioe th?' t^Men got on the HriH Oil. (.Ouafuood D?U!U?U ?.> fu* ae/iureble membei co? oludcd bjr egatu urging the necessitr-*''appo-uluiga ooA mitts or Inquiry. The Iron. Armored Fleet of K?n.'*Iia* TB1AI TRif or THJt ratOATI OSFKNCl?JoiCa ** OKEaS ON THE RMlBTANCli. , IT.-oni lb* London Times, March 14.1 The Defeiic'J, IS, ?cr??, nun frig.u, CapkR. A, Pow U, C. 11 ., weighed her anch-i at djiliiaad at haif oak iybt A.M. yesterday, to mik# bar second trial of ?i*ei at ihe m-aeured inile in Stokes 3a }. Capt. II liroad bold, of nor Mqjeety'a ship Asia, and commanding thi r.Vierveaat the port, had charge of lbs trial; Mr. Jussi aot?il aa pilot; tba machinery *t, under the care or Mr i.. Murdoch, laep.vctor of uiact.i.sry afljat, and Mr. MU ler, A a via taut Engineer of Portsmouth dockyard The wen.her was lavurabie fur tho trial, bit a) tlinee vary thlcV The wind was light, at ??i northwest. Tho stkip'r draft of water waa near ly Hie same aa on bar former trial?being 35 feel 6 inches aft, aud 24 feet 3 iuctws forward. Sue ?*ai c<duplets iti her stores, and Mad 440 tous of aoal ou boartf Alter completing the Href iuBe to the westward tht weather became thick, and the ship was taken off tlx trial ground for a ubori time; but the weather agala c earej up, an 1 tho runs at full power showed a mead speed of 11.612 knots an ho ir. Thtg completed the trials at the measured nine, thick wsaihor again setting in me revetniiig the half boiler trials bsing carrlsd out. The ship was then taken off into deep water, end tested Is K"iug round the circle, which she completed In aigM minuses aud ten sooomi In testing the engines, they were stopped, from the time ef moving the telegraph M the bridge, in twelve seconds, slarten ahead la fifteen, and astern in eleven eeoonda. The temporaturos on deck and below wars aa follows.?Ou deck, from 45 to 49 degrees) In the middio of tho engine room, from 90 to 100 degrees] end In the stokeholes, from 88 to 90 degrees. The speed made n the first trial was 11.357, and that made ou this occasion 11.012?a quarter knot less than had boor, anticipated. The steering qualities of the ship were found to be as uncertain as on the former trial. At the couolu ion ot the day s proceedings the ship agsin auchorod at 8pithead, whore sheuwalis orders from the Admiralty as to her future movements. The utmost energy is being displayed by the dockyard officials at Chatham to have the Iron scraw frigs to Restetauce, IS, ready fur unlocking on Monday cext, on whieli date she will leave the dock in which she has been lying for some time poet, and proceed immediately afterwards to the Mure to try her speed at tha measured mile, Manila Sands. There are upwurds of three haudred hands employed on board, and a vast amount of work still remams to be completed before bhe Is at for sea. Additional plates of Iron, rather less than one Inch in thickness, are beiDg placed et the stem of the vessel, beneath tha catheads, to prevent a similar disaster to thai which betel the Defence by the anchor knocking a hole through her plaies. One aide or the bottom of the Resistance has huen p.tjed ovor with a eomp- eition, the invention of Mr. Hodman, of Chatham dockyard, and the other with (he c niposition invented by Mr. lliy, of Portsmouth Dockyard, in compliance with instructions from the Admiralty to have both preparations tried on the hull of this nhiii. in orili-r that their merlin my v ha falrlv tasted anS compared. TUe Faikloaablt World In France, CARNIVAL BALLS AT COURT?HNOLANO'8 RHl'KNUH OR run UAitquis I'H BOissr. [I'arls ("March ?) corres ondence of the London Poat.1 The end of the carnival is generally the signal for the fashionable world no longer to hold sway ever 1U votaries Italia and bauque:s still lake place, but upon diminished g> ale. The churoh Is thronged instead of the assembly room; and for the uoxt six weeks there will be but little of the gayety so duar to the hcart ot the Parisian. The opening of the sosson was dull, aa| few anticipated the variod amusement* which hare taken place. There seems to ha?a been, towards the lose, an anxious desire ou the part of the great leaden of fashion to mako up for the apparent back wardnesa ol those who generally cxereUo their hospitality. The court has been sploudtd. Five balls on a grand scale; throe on a limited one, and numerous banquets, have succeeded each other with great rapidity. <M Monday evening a reunion took place In the private apartments of tho Euip-ess, and it Is confidently hoped, by the happy few that have gained admission to the imperial circles, that they sia/ he continued during Lent. Her Majesty has the happy art of making those who spproacb her pleased, and grateful for tho reception that awaits them. To Count Walewski's masked ball succeeded that el the Count and Countess de Morny, which proved equally attractive, and eras attended by most of tho distinguished persons lu Peris. The dresses were upon a superb scale, each individual appearing anxious to add to the splendor of the fete. It would be difficult to enumerate the parsons who male en impression on the occasion. The palm lor beauty was universally awarded to tw.o young ladies, who were English, and to whom the journals give tlm position of being the daughters of La Marquise le Wtacbiatura. Not being uware of any such person In tha peerage, tha Anglo-Saxons were et e lose to rsosgnlxa who their much admired countrywomen were. It was surtn.aod that they might l<o the daughters of the tierchiomss of Winchester, but the peerage has shown that this id. a is incorrect. The oostumog were varied, hot the Venetian seamed to carry * way the preference. The Emperor has joined in those masquerades with evident enjoyment, but as his domino has been well know* us rw not escapee worn some 01 tnose mysuncauone with which a maslc can tease a person whom they km icoognized. Two or three of the geutie sex In tha course of the evening made their approaches to blm and amues4 htm with their wit and gayety. The Mantis de Boia# found himself in Iht clutches of an English lady, who 4& not ajxirt him for his hostility to her native land. Having discovered him, she followed blm during tha evening, and the worthy Senator appealed in vain to tome of hB friends to relieve him from his persecutor, whose zeal was at length mitigated by bis anxiety to make her feel at tlio supper table 'hat he oould be a devoted knight the service of the sex when such an occasion called fir it, ana he good naturedly ended by drinking the healtll of the Queun whose people he so unhesitatingly at tasks in his public speachrs. To ell these amusements new suoceed the ceremonies of tbo chinch. The Abbe Fi esael, e man of considerable learning and of genuiue piety, is the clergyman who will have to preach before their M<slestiae during Lent. The Iiet of the principal preachers at the churches Is general* ly affixed at the door in the different parishes, so that the ptibiie has the opportunity of knowing who is to be heat d, and or selecting the one who has the highest reputation. This year, with the exception of Pere Felix and i'ere, there is scarcely a weit known name. Tiie English clergymen arc not, at this season, behind their Parisian eonlreree; indeed, an advertisement,user* ly half a col imn la length, in Qali'jnani, informs the residents and visiters tbst their spiritual concerns wilt hp watched over by at least one of the recognized pre where. AMERICAN CONCERT* A NT RECEPTIONS. [Paris (March 6; correspondence of Jhondon Post.] Some c.ucerls are to take place at thsTuiieries. and %> ered musto will be more especially cultivated. The Kaf> lish and Americans will uot discontinue their amusements excepting on We<inendays and Fridays. An American iidy, together with a Spanish friend, Mrs Barnes sat Madame Ixora, collected a number of American and Spanish rasbi'mablcn'on Monday last, in a betel fitted my with more than usualmagnlfioeucd,considering that their stay here ls but short. 'Loir aa;o< us, adorned with rich paintings, and decorated in the style of Louis XV., pro* ducsa a very grand eft'oct. A FULL Vi:*M UBVOLOTIOS?THAMES DOL'8 AOITA* TION Aa.AlNST WHITS CHOKERS. The Paris Spir'., of March 7, which is the journal patronized by ibo club* and by young Franco, aunouno? tie immediate extinction of tb? while neckclelh?It to singularly bitter sgu'n.d tLls admitted portion of tho dress toilet. It semis tliat tho yoimg men of fashion will not go to parties where this part oi the costume is Indispensable, and many of the patronesses ol' high circle! liars given in to tho decision. It eppears that a lady of high distinction, who has tha reputation of making tM most elegant courlaey in Kuropa after the Queen Victoria, excited the rtatble fac'dtleeof one of tho most aristocratic AMombhsa by oifering a most gracious specimen of her talent to the white-necked butler, whom she mistook for the master of the house. Our fashionable journal dwells upon this contreUm;u as quits a a utile lent reason for the abandonment of the deteetablo white, and the eubitltv ticn of rose or pink eilk.^ The Invasion of Mexico. FRANC! ASSUMING TBI MAD. (Fr..m the Parle Patrle. March 30. * Rome journals ennounee that a plan for an arrangement ha - been negotiated aid decided upon by the allied n >ae> loan- ore in Mexico, and beea sent to Juarer. We believe they are able to state that this news is ineorreet. Mething will be determined until the arrival of Gem. Lorendtz, who carries with him formal Instructions in ooaformity with the pr prammt m irked cut '-y fV brttiiK geesrmnenf. ITrnm Gailgnanf's Messenger, March 90.] M. <ie la Fucnte, Mexican Miu'eUr l'leiiip .tei.iiary h Paris, him taken hia departure, confided the cart of hiafowntrjrmen to the?|yvtea Minister, Death of Jarqxsi Kite F. Halevjr, tha Oompoasr. Trom the London Pott. March 20.1 We era Informed that the oetaLra'ted composer, Jeeqie# File Kromental Melery. ha* J>i?t died at Nice, ader illne*e. H*!ery wm ^rn R? Way 27,1700, of laraetitlah parenti, whose nnuia was originally Levy. In 1800 hn entered lhai'onaerratotr*. and -ecei"ed from Carol laa> anna in solfeggio, and In 1810 made rapid pregnane on lha piano under Charlaa Lsmbert. In 1811 he became pupil of Harton, and itndlad cotinterp .lot for lira yearn nndar Cherubim. Ha obtalua-1, In 1810, th? great om. poallion pr|?a f i hie carnal" o'" ilerraoln*," and tb* iiejyy ar ha wm charge.) with writing tba rouelcofn dti*of'.i%dU on lha daatli of tha Duke da Derrl lla i"<eaa4 two yeara In 'tale at thr expeuee of tha p.>?".rnmena. . and wroin " Kqjiamieanna," "Pygmalion," ail " f ee Peix Pavilions" (which did not appear) .about thtt time. Fire yaara latar, In 1807, ho published ' 1/ Ar. tlaan," a comic opera in ona act ; and next year ha flrii bacema known by tha j-feat dt eiremtttanrt which ha wrote, In aonjunctlon with Rlffant. for tha f**- of cnaraa X, o-ilad " Lo Hoi at la Beieiler." In 1829 appeared "tilarla," a flra act opara, with a pari for Mnlibran; and auhaa-piantly, with altarrailone of euccesg and failure, ?Le Dilettante d'Arlgnon" (very |opn;ar),"MenonL?*oauf (ballet, lothraa aoUK "I? Lingua Muaicala'' (in conjunction with M. C. Old#). "La ' Tuntation," and "Lea 7ouvanlfe de Lafleur," which lot. i tor waa writtan for tba reiorn of Martin to tha Opara Com I'ma. Salary' great work."La Julve," appeared in 1888. Thio opera.n?i?ined "all hla grand el/la, all hla talat-t, all bla riohnee* of Instrumentation," and ha# been n'ayad to all thaftheatre* of Eurone, He reoeived the Legion of ",,n" ror ,1'1" Hla ubee'jnent composition* are to. humorous to be alloded to al length' but among thorn may ba mentioned "Ondo of (i nana, nu, la I'eate dc Florence* (18.74); "L'Kclalr" foomlo), v?ry favorably ra ai/ed on its appoarsooe In 1838, Clutta1 Oro," ooniic per* In three nc'O (1841)1 ? < bsrle* VI." (1813);' 7 *r ILc* lusialrss do la Relne" (1840) "La Vtl d'Andorre ' (l?4|j|"La Nabob" (188$)i "la Tamo' io," gorgeously produced In London,"La lull Frrani" (1888); "Valentine d'Aob.gno" (18(H); "la Maerioieuoe" (1868). ha. Hstsvy la nlio author of a grant 1 quantity of fugitive place, of ail aorta Tpiia omUMRt comyveec hag hagn ducrlWtd u Mrt

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