Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 10, 1862, Page 6

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 10, 1862 Page 6
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6 NEW YORK HERALD. JAMMB HOBOUH BBMKTT, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR. OFFICE M. IF. OOR.NBK OF FULTON AND NASSAU 8TS. TERICS caeh tn adranre. Honey tent >t mad will 'a at the nRj> the em%der Sunt bat Rank trill* currant in Ma* York THE DAI I. Y HERALD, tiro cant, tor copy, $7 par annum. ' THE WEEKLY HERALD, eaery Saturday, at tixcfnlxuer i OUfty, <rr $3 pet annum, the European Edition "try Wedneetittjy, j at tix cant > par copy, $4 prr annum to any /tori of ft real Itri'un, ai kt U< any part o; (A (kmitnrtd, '"th to incitule porn up, the Cuh/ornut Eittkum on the 1 at, 1KA and 21 tt (V nark month, at tin rente par copy. o. $2 76 per annum. THE EAMILY HERALD, on Wnlnewlry, at four ceutx per ooiyv, o %'i jtf.i mmu/il VOLUNTARY CORRKSPONDRlfCK, OHiaiiinty impormrt nrtne, eeiictled rrom any quartr. at the world; V uteri, trill 'a iihattdly paid ior. pjpOvH fobbiob CoiiBKsruNDK.ith <hk l*i?ncuLAm.r RKgc?>Tko to Sbal all Lattbra ako Packuk abb* us. HO SOTlt Etak-n oj anrnymou* correapondence. We do not return redacted communicutione. AD YEHTISEME.VTS meuctl nary lay, utrert item cute infected in the Wk aklt Herald, Family Mbkald, ind in the CbtHornin an I European Eiition*. JOB PHIA'TIHH executed mth neatnete, htapnett and lexpatch. Volamo XXVII ujS*. 00 AMUSEMENTS THIS BTBNIHO. NLBLO'S GARDEN. BroadwRj._*.,.NiiY. WINTER GARDEN, Bromd **?.? 'taiLLR. WALLACE'S TUEATHh. No. sm Bro?a??r.?Sbobbtb v ob a k?0- l->l. LAURA KBENE'S THEATRE. Broadway.?Iub MoClltll, OR. TUK I'SAiF < r 1>Ar. HEW BOWy.Ul THEATRE Bowery. ?Do?l II tub Hut?liv l'aat loua Kovrr. MART PROVOSTS TIIBATRE. No. 4M Broadway ('olktdd Stagk. BARN I'MS AMERICAN MUSEUM. Broadway.-C'OR. ?ott? Livim. Wraxa, Ao., at ail hour*.? Uor o mt near, afternoon and vetting. BRYANTS' MINSTRELS, MacNoalco' HoU, 472 Brood way.?Wit" a at.a Hiu.i Patikkaoji. MELODKUN CONCERT HALL. U0 Bnxciwoy.?EwUM tilt) 1'kK l>bv.a*c*f, Soaea, Dawcas, Borumoas. Ac. CANTERBURY Ml'810 HALL, Mi B road tray?SoKtu Parcrs, Borlk??o??, It).?iitn i.-vowr. GAIETIES CONCERT ROOM, 614 Broadway.?Drawing Booh E.-ttrktautrksn, Bau.ru, I'iJtroamM, K arc an, Ao. AMERICAN MUSIC HALL. 444 Broodway.--jRti.00j dai'akv?lcollkoao?t otumos?jotat MlLARRJ. CRYSTAL PALACB CONCERT HALL No. 46Bowery. Bwaoaaevaa, Sosoa, Da-has. Sc.? >aa? as a l'0-tr. PARISIAN CABINET OP WONDERS. MS Brood way.. Open daily from 10 A M- till 9 P. M. NOVELTY MUSIC HALL 61(fBroadway.? Bvoarioors Boots. Daacrs, Ac. TRIPLE SHEET. w York, Tlimoduy, April 10, 1804. TO OUR BUSINESS PATRONS. *< Parties having business aunouneem?utH to make through the column* of the ILi nxi i> are hereby notified that we can hove nothing to do with advertisement agents. Their favors must be sent to us direct, to be attended to. We are compelled to be thna strict because of the dishonesty of parties who, whilst acting as agents for cerUij ob euro journals, assume the agency of the Hbkalp, , with a view to give weight to their misrepresentations as ho the amount of our circulation. These persons have no sort of connection with our cstab- J llshment, and-no means of knowing, beyond the rest of the public, the extent of onr daily issuesWe give them fair warning that, if they persist in this mean ac dishonorable course, we shall prosecute .:>*>... .jr an attempt to figure as in oar busiue-?. The daily circulation of tho Hnni) is now over one hundred thousand copies, and frequently reaches to from one hundred and twenty to one hendred and thirty thousand?more than the aggregate oiroalatioa of all the other city doilieo of the some class pat togother. These facts aro easily susceptible of proof before a legal tribunal, and the parties to whom we refer expose themselves to severe penalties by patting forth false representations as to its amount, under the assumed character of our agents, and with a view to benefit oar rivals. THE SITUATION. A despatch from Cairo stale? that an officer who (aft Pittsburg Landing on the evening of Monday 'ast reports that the Union forces have taken possession of Corinth, the intrenched position of the rebels. The late glorious victory at Pittsburg, on the Tennessee river, is the all absorbing feature of the war. We give to-day a complete history of the battle, with all the detaila as far aa they have been ascertained up to the latest moment, together with a fine map of the battle ground and its vicinity, and sketches of the leading officers engaged on both sides. In every respect, both as regards the duration of the battle, the numbers lost, aud the determined valor of victors and vanquished alike, it was one of the most remarkable and bloodiest conflicts of mcdern days. Our less proves not to be so heavy as at first reported. It is set down at about five thousand killed and wounded. What amount of Ids? the rebels Buffered cannot of court** 1>e accurate!? stated. The body of the rebel Commander-in-Chief, Albert Sydney Johnston, wm left on the field and taken possession of by our troops, together with thoee of many other distinguished officers. We unfortutanetely lost a number of our leading officers, hut that is not to be wondered at, considering their splendid conduct, their constant exposure to danger, and the disregard of personal safety which they exhibited throughout the tno day's action. Among the wounded whs General ClyssnS. Orc.it, who commanded our forces. The number of men engaged on both sides must have been a hundred and fifty thousand at least. Onr troops numbered eighty thousand men in action on Monday (the second day), and the eueiry. from all accounts. mart have had Tory nearly csmjny tn the Held. The Southern account* of the strength of the rebel army at Corinth, given before the battle, were probably exaggerated. They were an fob lows Under Albert S. Johnaton 10,000 Under Braxton Bragg 80,000 Under Nathan Q. Evans 40.000 Under Leonidaa Polk 80,000 Total .120,000 The foroe -ndef Central Evans woa, in all probability nearer to ten thonaand than forty thousand, which would make the aggregate of the army of Corinth ninety thousand men. The newa of thla great victory, which has broken the rebel power in the Southwest, was received throughout the country with intenee excitement, enthusiasm and jubilation, from the national capital to the remotest part at which the Intelligence woe received. By let# accounts from Fortress Monroe n severe FEW TOR storm had been raging there on Monday and Toesday, whioh must have seriously affected the march of an army erp the Peninsula, and will probably delay active operations in front of Yorktown for a day or two. Everything, however, is progressing favorably. The last heard of the Merrimac was the same as we have previously reported. She was lying off Craney Island, in company with the Yorktown, Jamestown, Teazer, and four small tugs, all under steam. This was on Monday, and the foggy weather which prevailed was supposed to have detained the rebel flotilla at that point. We preseut our readers to-day with two maps of the neighborhood of Yorktown. The official despatch of Commodore Foote to the Navy Department, which we publish to-day, in addition to the detailed account of the siege of Island No. 10 which we furnished to our readera ' yesterday, forms a complete history of that successful affair, and the advantages which the Union army in the Southwest has gained by its capture. The island and the enemy's works on the shore have both fallen into oar hands. Commodore Foote annonnces, as the result of a hasty examination of the captured forts and batteries, that we nave laseu eleven eartnworKs, wim seventy heavy cannon, varying in calibre from thirty-two to one huudred-pouuders rifled. The magazines are well supplied with powder, and there are large quantities of shot and shell and other munitions of war, and also great quantities of provisions. Four steamers afloat have fallen into our hands, and two others, with the rebel gun boat Grampus, are sunk, but will be easily raised. The floating battery of sixteen heavy guns, turned adrift by the rebels, is said to be lying on the Missouri shore below New Madrid." A congratulatory despatch was forwarded by the Secretary of the Navy yesterday to Commodore Foote upon his victory at Islaud No. 10. CONGRESS. In the Senate yesterday, petitions in favor of emancipation, and the establishment of a national armory and military department in Wisconsin, were presented sad referred. The bill allowing the Attorney General and Secretary of the Interior to fix the salaries of Distriot Attorneys, was passed. After an executive session the Senate adjourned. In the House of Representatives, the bill to increase the efficiency of the Medical Department of the army. A bill m iking additional appropriations for the civil expenses of the government was reported. and nearly all the Senate's amendments to the Post Office Appropriation bill were agreed to. The Senate's amendments to the bill establishing branch post offices in cities were concurred iu. The bill to abolish slavery in the District of Columbia came up on its second reading, to which Mr. Vnllandigham objected. The ii . n,? iiui.ull il.o bill be rejected?" which was docided in the negative, 45 against ft:t. The bill was referred to the Committee of the Whole on the State of the Union. The Pacific Railroad bill was taken up, and Ur. Phelps, of California, spoke iu its favor. MISCELLANEOUS NEWS. The screw steamer Etna, Captain Kennedy, which sailed from Liverpool at four o'clock on the eveiiing of the 2Gth, and from Queeustown on the 27th ult., arrived at this port at noon yesterday. Her news has been anticipated felly by the Hibernian at Portland, and the reports published in the IIkkali> on Tuesday and Wednesday morning. The government of Algiers has published a no. tice to cotton planters, reminding ...cm that a premium of from 20 francs to 100 francs will be awarded to every one who shall, during the season of 1862, plant cotton to the following extent:?20 francs for twenty ares, 40 francs for forty. 60 francs for sixty, 80 francs for eighty, and 100 franca for a hectare (two and a half ncrcs). The Imperial Agricultural Society of Algiers .will also continue its prize of 300 francs for the beat cultivation of one hectare. By way of France?brought by the French mail steamer Beam?we have commercial advices from Bio Janeiro to the 24lh of February. The receipts of coffee in Bio were very light, not exceeding an average of 2,000 bag* per day. This, together with the continuation of k small stock remaining 'n the country, and unfavorable accounts as to the growing crops, caused dealers to be very tirm, and a good demand springing up, loth for Europe and the United States, enabled them to advance rates. Sor.e dealers were asking much higher prices, and appeared sanguine of seeing round lots ut 8,000 reia per arroba before many weeks elapsed. Pales since last report were 121,000 bags, of which 6'-,000 bag. were for the United States, 60,800 for the Channel and North of Europe, 0,600'l'or the Mediterranean, and 3,000 for the Cape of Good Hope. Stocks were estimated to be 110,000 bags. Lots for the United States were quoted 6,600 a G,iX/0 reis per arroba. Freights to the United States, North, wore at 50s. a 533. per too; South, (rebel) via St. Thoma3. 75s. a 80s. per ton. An American schooner obtained for N> w York 5Ce. per bag and 5 per ceut. Tho British strain sloop Styx (6), Commander Ward, left Plymouth Sound on Saturday, March 23, for the West Indies. Our advices received from Salt Lake City to the lsth ot March, state that Brighein Young wan duly elected as Governor of the Stete of Ueserct on the 3d of Ia*t month. Hon. H. 0. Kimball has been elected Lieutenant Governor, and John M. Ih.rnhisel representative. A meeting of the General Assembly will be held on the 14th of the present month to elect United States Senators, ono of whom Is oxpccted to be ex-delegate Hooper. In the Senate of oar State Legislature yesterday, a favorable report whs made on the bill authorizing tbc payment of the bonds created by this city to assist in equipping aud forwarding to the field troojei for the defence of the Union. The bill authorizing the application of the surplus revenue of the sinking fuud to the payment of the city debt wr.a passed. Other business of interest was transacted by tlis Senate, to which the pressure of news on our columns piecla les our refcrriug. The As seinDiy pa??eu several mus 01 noma importance. Among them were the Husqaehannab Railroad and the Metropolitan Health bills. The Metropolitan Health bill was diaenssed at considerable length, and amendments by different members were proposed ; but, after the rejection of all of them, the bill passed by sixty-eight yeas to forty-eight nays. Central r'rsnx Higol, at last accounts, was recovering from the severe illness which prostrated him Uter the battle oi Pea Ridge. A spec.,'1 election will be held in the Ninth Congressional district of Illinois on the Cth of May, to All the seat in the House of Representatives left vacant by the resignation of Ocn. John A. Logan* The government Commission to Inquire into the charges against persons confined in military prlsons for treason against the government have Ijee*1 busy the past few days. William W. Hendricks and Jonah Potterfleld have been released from Fort Lafayette, on taking the oath of allegiance. David C. Wallcas and Captain Isaac L, Vlgures hava been released on parole, while Colo* nel Thomas, the French lady, Will,sm H. Hill, W. Hi Childs, E. W. Cecil and Mr. Chaplin have been sent baok to Fort Lafayette. This day will be devoted to fasting sod prayer la the States of Nsw Hampshire and Vermont. We have now some additions to make to the list of rebel Ucnereis who bars beet taken by rariona K HERALD, THURSDAY, | cauaee from the service of the b fcua confederacy ince the commencement of the rebellion, end the following is the &Uiogue :? rev id K. Twiggs, resigned. He. rjr B. Jackson, resigned. Robert 8 Garnett, killed. W. H. T. Walker, resigned. Hornard K LW*. killed. Thomea T. Fauntleroy, reeigoM Jobs B. Grayson, died Keliz K. Zolticoflhr killed. P. St. George Cocke, auicirie. Simon B. Buckuer,captured. Lloyd lilgbinan,captured. Eduard Price, oapturd. Buebrod Jobusoa. captured. Ben. McCulloch, killed Gideon J. Pillow, suspended. Jobu B. Floyd, auepended Gen. Fruet, killed. PeulO. Herbert, killed. Gen. slack, killed. M. L. Bonhem, resigned Albert S. Johnston, killed. Wm. Wh&nn Mackall, captured. And two others, as yet unknown, captured. Of the above it appear* there were Killed 8 Suspended X Captured T Committed auicido 1 Resigned 8 Died 1 Total 14 The Union army thug far haa lost but four Gouerala:?Nathauiel Lyon, killed; Wm. H. L. Wallace, killed; Frederick W. Lander, died, and B. M. rrentiss, captured. The effeot of the recent good news was plainly manifested at the booksellers' trade sale yesterday. The bids ran higher, and where books reached the duplicating price the num" bers called for were above the average. The rate of discount wa9 a matter of alter con" sideratiou with buyers. They wanted the books, and seemed bound to have them. Sheldon's books ran well, and were freely duplicated, especially the Riverside editions. Child's Philadelphia invoice went remarkably well? such heavy works aa Kane's "Arotio Explorations," In all styles; Blaokstone's "Commentaries," Allibone's "Dictionary of Authors," and Sparks' "Franklin," (an eighteen dollar book,) being freely duplicated, and even triplicated. Gould k Lincoln's and Scribner's invoices were also freely duplicated at "stiff prices," and Lindsay & Blakistone's Philadelphia list was equally fortunate, General St. George Cooke's "SceneB in the United States Dragoon Service" running ofT rapidly. A meeting of the managers of eighteen of the principal lihes of railroad in the United States was held at the St. Nicholas Hotel yesterday. Judge Jewett, of Ohio, was appointed chairman, and E. B. Phillips and E. A. Chapin secretaries. A committee of three was appointed to report a timetable for passenger and other trains to be ran during the summer months. After some discussion their report was adopted. The amended timetable does not differ very materially from the one at present in use. No business of public Importance was trans acted by the Commissioners of Emigration yesterday. From the weekly statement it appears that 1,311 emigrants arrived here during the week ending on the Ptli inst., making a total of 6,007 during the present year, against 10,C71 up to tlis same date in 1861. The number of inmates remaining in the institutions on Ward's Island is 766. The Treasurer's report shows a balance in the bank of i Ul(. 14 r.t Ik. CAinmiigl..... Nicholas S. Veeder, the last of the Revolutionary heroes in Schenectady county, New York, died on the 7th instant, aged one hundred ye*a and three month*. He died within two miles of the place of his birth, and had never resided at a greater distance from his birthplace. A new planet, of the thirteenth magnitude, was discovered near the star Beta Virginia, at the Harvard College Observatory, on the 8th instant. Ferona was the name given it. The pri/.e steamship Magnolia, lying at the "Atluntic Dock, Brooklyn, was sold yesterday, by public auction, for $50,000. She was purchased by Mr. Starks W. Lewis, for the government. The market for beef cattle was buoyant at alf the yards yesterday, and holders were enabled to obtain pretty full prices for all grades, but espe* cialiy for prime, which were in active demand both from the butchers and government agentsThe prices ranged from 6%c. a 6%o. a 9c.' with the bulk ef sales of good cattle at 8c. a 8%c. Milch cowa were quiet. Veal calves were steady at 4c. a 6%o. Sheep aud iamb? sold at pricea ranging from $3 50 to $5 a $7 per head, but mainly at $4 75 a 15 50. Swine Bold at 3%c. a 3y, c. for liffbt, and 4>?c. a 4ytc. for heavy, for corn fed, aud 3%c. a HJgC. for still fed. The total receipts were 3,998 beeves, 107 cows, 840 veals, 4,002 sheep aud lambs, and 42,333 swine. Notwithstanding the brilliant victories reported la yesterday morning's Herald, the stock market was tame yesterday, and prices closed no better than the day b?K>:e. Tho chiel cause of this singular auoin.tly was doubtless a general distrust of the news from l'ittsburg, which the bears labored actively to discredit. Tbe money market was easier; call loans 0 per cent. Ex change was stea.lv; gold >4 lower. The street wa? ol1 day agitated by the most absurd rumors, which had tbe effect of checking business. The oottcn market yesterday exhibited some less too# and animation, while pricos were without important chjnro. Tbe rales umbraeed about COO bales, In lota, chiefly to spinners, on the basis of 27>;c. a 28c. lor middling uplands, with soine lots reported at 28)?c. The salo of Sea Island to come off to-day will probably moot with leas competition among pnrchasora, from the fact tbat but n email portion of American machinery is adapted to Its manufacture. The chler demand at this, as at former sales, will probably he for shipment to Europe. The following table, from the circular ef Mew. William P. Wright A Co., dated the 10th April, 1801, gives the receipts and distribution of the crop up to that period as follows:? Received nt Southern ports from Sept. 1,1M0, lo April 10, 1801. baler. 3,240,000 Exported to Great Briiain 1,794,000 " Frame 401,000 " othor foreign porta 291,000 Tuko: by Northern manufacturers 2.1.1,000 Stock oo hand 411,000 The receipts to the present time in tha porta of the South are very uncertain, but supposed to he quite limited, while the amount sent to Northern or foreign ports has bern con&ned to parcels running the bloekade, or conbeoated or captured by the government. At last ae'-outiis tlio stock of American cotton in Llverpeol was reduced to 1*4,000 bales, against between 700,000 and BOO ,000 hales at the same time last year, and the total of all kit Js was 400,000, against about 000,000 la at yoar. Flour v as beary and dull, and fell off about Sc. per bbl. oepecii lly tor State and Western brands. Wheat was quiet a id sales limited. Corn wsa less buoyant, with fair snits st OPc, a 61>?c- for Western timed, delivered. Torlc was quint. with sales of new uiess at $18 a $13 lax, and prims do. st S10 if6 a $10 60. Sugars were Arm, with sales of about 1,000 hhds. The government contract for 1,CUB,000 lbs. was reported taken yesterday at 9c a

?t;p. for refined yellow codbe sugars, the latter figure cor ospondlng with Stuart'a grade of letter "C." Coffee wai quiet. Freights were dull and engagamaLb m-idaraw. John Slideli..?Tt stems that this man, whom the London Timet noticed m being worth, personally, about as much as one negro?he may be worth leee, for aught we know?before he left the United States for Europe, sold all his property in the Sooth, amounting to two or three hundred thousand dollars, and invested the whole in English and French securities. Herein he plainly showed that he had no confidence in the rebellion; and yet such a man would lead bis countrymen into this difficulty, and ruin the fortunes of thousands of men, while he carefnlly secured his own. He never expects to return home, and in fact he would not dare to do so. He would not dare to show his face again in Louisiana, to meet the scornful and vindictive gase of n people whom be has deoeived and abased. He has managed with more cunning than some ethers of the leaden, who hATe v t tg eeye themselves. APRIL 10, 1862.?TRIPLK The ^?n|nin*r)r and Declilrt Battle of Pittsburg Laadiag?Oar Greatest aad Moat Important Victory?He ported Occupation or Coriuth by Union Troepe. The most sanguinary battle ever fought upon this continent, and immeasurably the most important in its crowning victory to the arms of the Union, is that which was so magnificently fought by our invincible Western soldiers on Sunday and Monday last, at Pittsburg Landing( in Southern Tennessee. That locality, hitherto unknown, except to the residents and traders on the Tennessee river, henceforward becomes one of the most famous landmarks in American history. Prom the details before us, it would appear that this battle was very skilfully oontrived between the rebel Generals Sydney Johnston and Beauregard, for the purpose of cutting to pieces the army of General Grant by overwhelming numbers, before he oould be strengthened by the advancing reinforcements of General Buell; that General Grant was thus assailed by a combined force twice his own in point of numbers; that thus the results of the battle, at the end of the first day, were very seriously against him, and that, had the daylight lasted two or three hours longer, he would, perhaps, have suffered a fearful defeat. But, in still holding the enemy at bay to the end of the terrible fighting of Sunday, the invaluable time was gained which brought in his reinforcements, and which so cured to the Union the glorious triumph of Monday. In this desperate enterprise on the part of Johnston and Beauregard wa have a repetition of the bold dash of Zollicoffer at Mill Spring last January, and for the same great object, and tvith the same result Beauregard knew that if the Union forces advancing upon his intrenched camp at Corinth, from different points, were permitted to form a junction, he would be lost; but he saw that by promptly acting himself upon the offensive he might cut up the several approaching columns of our troops in detail, beginning with the advanced army corps of General Grant' and thus reverse the whole tide of our recent triumphs in the West back to our starting point of Cairo. Considering the desperate extremities of the rebel cause, the temptations thus offered him were irresistible; and against any other than the very best troops in the world?our strong, tall, muscular, disciplined, intelligent and unconquerable Western fighting men?he might have succeeded on Sunday last-in a serious check to all our offensive operations by land and water. But the trump card of Bull run, between Beauregard and his duplicate, John sson, was lti mm instance turned against tnem, and their grand game for recovering their losses in the West they have lost, and in losing it they have lost the whole Southwest, and their last chance of regaining a hope of success in any position in any quarter of the South, on the Mississippi or among their inland mountains, or in their strongholds near the. sea. Between this disastrous repulse of the rebels at Pittsburg Landing, and fhe surrender of Island No. 10, with its immense stores of artillery and munitions of war, our right of way in the West is reopened, without much further difficulty, by land and water, to the Gulf of Mexico. The fortified camp of Beauregard at Corinth, has, It is reported by our telegraphic despatches, been hastily abandoned by the rebels, and is now occupied by our troops. And now tnese questions come nome to Jon. Davis and his rsling confederates at Riclimond: "What aro we to do! Would it not be well at once to make our escape from McClellan? Has not the time arrived for abandoning even the pretence of holding on to Virginia? Does not our safety require that wc shall leave her to ber fate, and take such of her troops as can be secured to follow us to the Southwest for a janct ion with Beauregard, so that when pushed to the lost extremity we may still have a chance of reaching the protecting soil of Mexico?" Nor can there be a reasonable doubt that before the lapse of many days it# last day's sun will have set upon the rebel government in the Old Dominion, and then wc shall hare nothing to do but to gather up the broken fragment! of a great rebellion laid in ruins. Tbere is no oecaaion for the slightest impatience in regard to the movements of Geaeral Mc< lellan. That accomplished soldier, to whose military genius and knowledge we are cbietl) indebted for all our splendid victorioe of the present year, by lund and water, is abunduutly equal to the single oporatlon of restoring the old flag to the Stute Capitol of old Virginia. Upon this point our renders may anticipate a crowning aucceu. Let biin who ia inclined to be impatient read the letter, elsewhere in these columns, from an intelligent correspondent, touching the comprehensive services of General McClelian as described by General llallcck. It shows that McClelian understands bis business. From all accounts it appears that the rebels on the York river route to Richmond are resolved upon a stubborn resis ancej bi t, whether they 1 fight or fly on bis approach, the army of McClelian will surely do ita appointed work to the satisfaction of the country. The chosen architect, under our sagacious President Lincoln, in planning Mie great fabric of our glorious victories of 1J62, McClelian, at Richmond, will himself put on the capstone of the pyramid. If hii advance ihall bo desperately disputed, thea wv are confident that, under McClelian, our soldiers the East will wipe out the disgraco of Bull run, and full/ aatablish their claim to stand side by side with,. { out i&TiOfliklo Midler* of the Week SHEET. _____ The Herald a Llrt Newspaper. Times like these try newspapers as well as men. Journalism suffers, like every other business, from the crisis in financial and commercial affairs, and, like every other profession, from the general stagnation and pause in the ordinary industry of the country. Besides these it has its peculiar evil experiences. The press has played so important a part in the military drama now enacting that the administration has deemed it necessary to establish a censorship over the news, which is the very life blood of a metropolitan journal. Newspaper despatches are suppressed; newspaper correspondents meet with few favors and much opposition from those in power, and the government dictates what intelligence should, and what shall not, be published, after the journalists have triumphed over every obstacle and obtained the fullest and latest details of important and interesting events. That the Herald has neither felt the pecuniary crisis nor anowea lis readers to notice any falling oil in i' news is the bast proof of its vitality and ibe best praise of the manner In which it is conducted. Other and weaker journals have either succumbed completely to the adversities of the crisis, or else live onjshorn of their former fair proportions, their circulation and profits grown small by degrees, and their columns as destitute of any show of enterprise as of interest, while their editors and proprietors are seeking to eke out t! >-'r failing fortunes by contract jobbing, office hunting or base advocacy of public swindles. Compared with these moribund journals, which have fallen under the ban of popular opprobrium or the keeuer curse of popular neglect, t he Herald stands in prosperity and enterprise the only real, live metropolitan newspaper in the country. In spite of the hard times, our circulation and our advertisements have marvellously increased, until we surpass not only each one of our city contemporaries, but the whole of them combiued. In spite of the censorship of the press, and the increased expense necessary to obtain news, we continue to excel, not only our contemporaries, but even our former self, in the fullness of our intelligence and the celerity with which we present it to the public. In yesterday's Hkuai.d, for example, is the record of a feat never equalled by any newspaper in the world, and approached only by the London Times in its best days. The London Times received and published the news of the battle of Waterloo in advance of the arrival of the special government couriers, and rests its reputation to this very hour upon that performance, although the Herald again and again paralleled this sort of enterprise, before the era of the telegraph, and during the progress of the Mexican war. Ilut yesterday we received and published the full details of Che first day's fighting at Pittsburg Landing, by telegraph from our own correspondents, and in advance, not only of all other papers, but of the intelligence received at the War Department. This glorious and exclusive news was published in.'Jhe regular morning edition of the Herald, and was telegraphed from our columns to the President, an<1 nAPiiaftH Kv l??m Inn or KnfVtr* nnr Hilafai-w contemporaries had even heard of the intelligence. When we bad fully diasemina.ed the news by our regular edition then the other papers came out with extras; hut. so far were we in advance, that our despatch was transmitted to Washington and read in both houses of Congress, amid enthusiastic applause, suppressed only from respect for the heroic deadi hours before the extras of our contemporaries had reached the suburbs of this city. Our special correspondents with General Grant's arrity risked life and limb to procure us the news we so promptly, and at a great expense, placed before the government and the public; and, all things considered, we think we have again, as on many former occasions, fully established oar claim to the position?long con. ceded to us by the masses of the people?of the only lire newspaper in the country. It occura to us that now is the time for the government to signalizo its recognition of the many and valuable services performed by the press during this war, by witbdsawing all telegraphic and other restrictions, and permitting each journal to publish what it thinks proper, subject to any penalty necessary to secure the exercise of a loyal discrimination and caution on the part of the editors. The conductors of the leading journals row fully comprehend the wishes and intentions of the government in regard to the publication of war news, and if left to themselves they will be much better aide to sutisfy both the govern mem ana toe people (nan an ring tne continuance of the present system of censorship. Either the leading editors do not understand their profession nor appreciate its responsibilities and we believe we have fully dissipated any such an idea, if it ever existed, in regard to our own case?>> else tl ey must know much better than any o'fw7.a of the War Department what they should publish and what they should suppress. Our word f6r it, the government would soon become satisfied of the advantages of relieving itself and the press of much trouble and annoyance by adopting this plan. Sunday a Mkmoraiu.e Dat in mi; Events or Tins War.?The fact that our glorious battle of Pittsburg Landing was opened on Sunday, and that tue capitulation of Island No. 10 ocourred between Snmtay evening and Monday morning, reminds us of certain othor memorable Sundays in tho leading events of tb's rebellion. On Sunday, the 5tb of May last, President Lincoln's twenty days to the parties concerned in tl is rebellion expired. On Bunds* the 2iat of July, Bull run; on SunIO If. ?> ikA Ka..Sm41 I UKJ , (MIUMBIJ li?, ?' IUV UV^UIUlIi^ ui II1V general break down of the rebellion, wu fought the battle of Mill Spring, Ky., ending in the defeat and death of General Zollicofler; on Sunday, the 16th of February, Fort Donelson wae surrendered; on Sunday, the 2Sd, the Union advanced column, under General Nelsou, entered Nashville; on Sunday, the 2d March, Brunswick, Ga., was occupied by a portion of the Dupont expedition; on Sunday, March 9, the battle between the Merrioiac and the Monitor, in Hampton Roads; on Sunday, March 23, the baflle of Winchester; and, besides these more important events occurring on Sunday, there have been Sabbath day skirmishes East and West, within the last twelve months, too numerous to mention. But probably Pittsburg Landing, like Blenheim and Waterloo, will stand in history among the great decisive battles of the world fought on Sunday. Beauregard, however, in celebrating It as the week day anniversary of Bull run, has made a serious mistake; but, with regard to Sunday as the holy Sabbath, it is out of the question with hostile armies feoe to faqe. Tan Tax Bill?SrmtcH or Mil Stivehs. Oa Tuesday, in the House of Representatives, Mr. Stevens, of Pennsylvania, chairman of the Committee of Ways and Means, mad* a sensible speech on the Tax bill. On everything else except the slavery question Mr. Stevens appears to have sound ideas. On the nigger he is evidently a monomaniac. On matters of finance his ideas are practical and full of good sense. He argues that the war cannot be carried on without armies and navies; these can only be sustainod by loans; loans cannot be had unless the interest is punctually paid, and that cannot be done without comprehensive taxation. The debt on the 1st of July will be eight hundred millions. We are expending now three millions per day. A tax in proportion must be laid on. There is no escape from it exoept repudiation. The bill, It is true, is a clumsy affair, embracing too many artioles, and involving double or treble taxation of some olasses, while others are almost exempt For instanoe, what can be more absurd than to tax a few prosperous proprietors of newspapers and permit the rest to go free? It is unconstitutional, as well as absurd; for the constitution requires "uniform taxation." Yet the bill must be passed in some shape, and the sooner the belter. The financial troubles which are ahead will be only precipitated and aggravated by any attempt to stave off the burthen which all must bear. Mr. Stevens seems to anticipate the future financial difficulties whioh must be encountered. He observes, "So long as the money is honestly and economically expended the people of the loyal States will not refase." This is just the very question that Is now, te say the least, in grave doubt, and will hereafter be thoroughly canvassed. Honesty and economy are virtues whose existence are rathet myiuicui juui now among puouc men. wnue the war is going on and our troops are winning victories, objections to the Tax bill will not be strongly urged. But when the exoitement ii over, and the war expenditures that are now circulating money so freely have ceased; then will oome great depression. Credit will be oxhausted, and our financial troubles, which are now only beginning, will then be fully developed. Real estate and all kinds of property will go down, and government bonds alone will be buoyant The ability as well aa the willingness to pay taxes will be iuflnitely less than it is now. Er haustion will necessarily follow our struggle. Now, therefore, is the time to pass the Tax^ill and collect the money. Hereafter all kinds of excuses will be given and all kinds of objeo tions made, and it is possible that a large party may arise who will clamor for repudiation. Mr. Stevens contends that the secessionists ought to be made to pay the expenses of the war. We agree with him as far as he goes; but he does not go far enough. We hold that ths abolitionists ought to be made to pay the pipe! as well as the secesslonirts. They are both equally revolutionary and both equally guilty. They have played into each other's hands and forced the nation to wage an intestine war in or? der to prevent anarchy aud put down revolution, let it emanate from what quarter it may. II the principle is to be adopted that the authors of the war pay for it, then the abolitionists are responsible for a heavy share of the burthen. Bv all means let the Southern secsssionists and the Northern abolitionists be mad* to pay tb? expenses of the whole war. Gocbiixa War* ara:.?The leaders of the revolt in the South find it necossary to deceive and keep up the spirits of their unhappy-dupes by great boastings and grandiloquent speeches and promises. It seems (hey threaten, as last resort, when all their armies are routed, demolished and scattered to the four winds, that they will maintain an everlasting guerilla war* furc in the mountains?in other words, they will become banditti and robbers on a large scale. These miserable leaders, who bare cheated and deluded the people of tha South in everything they have done and said, may perhaps, for this once, be believed as to theis intentions?that they will turn mountain rob* bera and prey upon the country which they have exhausted and destroyed. They may be believed herein, perjured a* they are; for they began with being robbers, and it will not b? strange thSt they should end the same. Bat their resort to the mountains will not help them much; lor here, too, we may say. as of all theif desperate movements, they are already out* tianked?we have "turned their position." It Is a singular fast that in all the mountainous regions of tho Union, from Maino to the utmost Southern limits, the inhabitants of the moua? tarns generally are loyal Union men. What, then, will they do in the mountains? In South Carolina, in Georgia, in the interior of all the Southern States of this glorious Union, the brave and hardy mountaineers are opposed to them. They might as well plan, a guorille warfare in Vermont, where the shade of the no* ble Douglas would meet and ecare them to death; or in the Connecticut mountain^ where the ghost of the brave Lyon would meet and confound thorn. What can they do in the mountains? We apprehend, not without a shud* dor of commiseration, that the fate of the first Christian thief and traitor awaits them?an in* glorious elevation by act of law In the valley*. Wuo Ann rkspo.nsibijt for thk Blood Sruxaa in thw Kwtcnt uatti.it!?This is a question which it needs no ghost to solve. The men whs stand responsible befor- God and the country, end before the whole world, ere the abolition* iste primarily, and the secessionists secondarily. According to the aooounts received of the battle at Pittsburg Landing, the insurgent* lost tbirty-flve thousand men, and the Union troops about five thousand. This may be somewhat exaggerated; but there is ne doubt that the loss of life is fearfal, that or* phans and widows have been made by thorn* sands, and that a wail of deep anguish will ascend from every corner of the land. Poverty and destitution will be tho lot of vast numbers thus boreft of their netural protectors. Fot these manifold calamities the revolutionary abolitionists?led on by Phillips, Garrison an4 Greeley?and the revolutionary secessionists ? led on by Yancey and bis fellow conspirators? are accountable before high Heaven and at tba bar of public opinion. All the water in Neyi tune's great ocean cannot wash away tha bloody stains which adhere to them, and their memory will stand accusoed for egss. Position of th* Unhid Statrs at tot Oixmb of tor War.?Whqn the rebellion broke out there wee hardly a nation in tha world less prepared for war than we were. Annies had not only to be treated, but the vast makrM necessary for their equipment as wsll. The quantity of ooonoR and firearms imported admaouflua

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