Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 12, 1862, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 12, 1862 Page 2
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J} UP0BT19T IHOI TIE SOUTH The Number and Distribution of the Rebel Forces. What I lie Rebels Nay is to Ik Their Force ill the Field on the 1st of Nay. THKIK FIUL AMD DESPERATE STRUGGLE, Sc. sc., an. Oar Baltimore Currnpondrnrr. Bauuumb, March 10,1 sac Stolememt if the AUeyed Strength and IHpoettwn oj the Jit btl Armua Norn ia the MHil?MommenU of General Jackson from Strtubury to Staunton?fie u Enlrutted onth the ttefence qf the Left of the Xeto Uefennix Line, &<. I 1 bar* prepared the feilowing ataLeuioat of the strength and present disposition of all the r?l>ol forces in the field fro* data which X hare ronton to beliere correct. The aggregate ia large; but it will be otieerred that at do odo potM is the strength of the rebels anything like that o; the Onto* toroee oppossd to them. Kveu on their new defensive Une eouth of the Potomac they are greatly in. fenor teOea. MoCiellan's splendid army, and must rely on the strength of their ihrtiOcatinne If they expect to ceaiatele the?r poeitien:? neraai*knt or m R.\rrARA.vtoc*. Ceaerel Joseph EL Johnaton, headquarters, Gordons vttteJuaotian. Centre?From StannerdsnHe on the west to the mouth Of the Raptdan, holding Kly's Kurd, Garments and the bridge* at the railroad and road croeeinga, hi.OoO troops, under General GuaUrua Smith, headquarters Oraago House. Troopt. Right wing?General Holmes, headquarters Fredericksburg .... 35,000 loft wing?General Jacluon, headquarter* Staunton 25,000 idtPASrhut or thi 1 *h knap kak.*. At wad near Norfolk, General Huger 25.000 Aland near Vorktown, General liagruder 20,000 DSPARTHKNT or the irMitKKi am>. General Albert S. Johnaton, headquarters, Chat tanooga, Tsnn At Knoxville, and hoi ling the Cumberland Gap 35.000 At Decatur and Stuplieuaon, in Alabama, and at Chattanooga 40,000 DKVARTMECT OP Til* WKjT. General G. T. Beauregard, headquarters Jackson. Tens.. Memphis and the forts above it on the Miseisai ppi, at Jackson, Humbold t, and at point* mat of Memphis SO ,000 mfiPARTMKVT or thi sig-siaurri. Headquarter*. NewOrleuis 30.000 Cmnta on the Mississippi below Memphi* 15,00o Mobile 25,000 DBPAjrrsK.iT or sue ait-artic. Saraaaah 25,000 Char lea ton 25,000 Augusta, Ua lo,ooo Rasters pari of North Carolina. 20.000 TBOOi'l HOT Elt'SEKATHO ABO IS. Variees points on the Atlantic coast, in Texas, In Florida and in Tennessee 20,000 R*C AF1TULATION'. Department of the Rappahaanock 125,000 i "lyiiiiim m IIW ^uOTiiycw. vo Department of the Cumberland 75,000 Department of the West 50,000 Department of the Mississippi 70.000 Dsganmsnl of the Atlantic 80,000 Troop* not enumerated, m Texas, Florida, he.... 30,000 Totot 485,000 1 have loomed to-day some facte km regard to the uooouMWof Oeoeral Jackson since he*wae compelled to retire from Um Um ef the Baltimore and Ohio Railroed, which famish a kef to the object ho has in visw, aodstpUm that part of the retreat from Manassas which was eatrusted to tus management. In my letter of M.irch 7 I Mated that Jackson's headquarters had been at 3trae burg far a week past, and that he bad boos strongly reinforced from Manassas during the lest five days. There waa reoooa to believe at that time that these rem foroaosaaU wart seat with a view to resist the sdvaace ef General Banks, as it was known that Central Jackson's scouts at Winchester kept him advised of all the movemeats of Oaairol Banks. But it is tvident bow that the rogmeata scat from Manassas to Jackson at Stresburg ware part of the rebel army on their retreat The move nasal ooatmued until Sunday, March 9, on which day the last trains loft Manassas, moving timely and breeding dews, Mowing up and burning all tkt railroad brxdgtt and cuhsrti behind thorn, as thuy passed sacb one in sneers net oo their way to the northwest. Ths number of troops thus sent, added to tboao which Gene ral Jasfcaitn already had at Strashorg. swelled bio force to upwards of ii.OOOtroopr. With those ho bat retired leisurely down the valley of the Shenandoah, passing HarrMooburg, to Staunton, where hie beadquar tnrs will now be. Hts movemeoi from Strasburg com maocad on the 12th, and was continued until tbe 18th mat. un which dav the last of hia snouts ware wiiM??> r Ibe neighborhood of Winchester. The reason that he was kept M Biraeburg no long waa to watch General Ranks' mnrwawiU, and prevent him from making any flank movement on llanaasaa, not only uatii tbe eva. nation was eemplete, bat also until tba new line or the Kappa haanook bad bean thoroughly organised by the proper disposition of tba troops. Tba part now assigned to General Jackson Is nothing less tbeo tba defeoce of tba estenaioa of tba lina of tba Kappahannock, from Harrisonburg, in Rockingham county, ta Lewie burg, in Greenbrier county, thus covering tbe important hue of railroad from Govltgtoo. In Alieghaoy county, to GordooaTllle. Tba line is a moat admirable one for defeoce From the Flat Top Mountains on tba west, to tba Blue Ridge, at Mageffytown, on tba east, it conmats of an uninterrupted aeriea of bills, which ara ooly divertibed by mountains and mountain ridges The roads?for thare are roeda. auch aa tbay are?wind through mountain peases, through narrow dafllas, along tba almost preoptions sides of raounlama, wittafrgbt rul chasms bslow. and cross deep ravines by means of rt kelty and rotten bridges. Trsvellert who fcsre ris.ted tbe While Sulphur Springs, the Warm Springs tDd tba DM Springe, all of which are situated alone tbe western part of this line.wftl remember tbe wild grandeur of tbe mountain scenery and tba primitive nature of the -uads Such is General Jacks, n's present field of uperaVoas, If to" undefended. or not sufficiently gunrdad, the ITnion armv. ma. chins in lickson's track ?.,i/i only take poaaeeeion of tha railroad from Coeragton to Cbarloiteaotlla, but could alea turn the r*b?n flank at ?lord ooeri lie, end to render their eecond !,oe of defoc e m untenable ?- thai at Mioaataa became. while I.yneh b irg mo would be within our power Hence the ire poruaoe of that part of the Una of defac e entreated to Ueneral Jnckaon Hia troopa conatitute. In fact the left wing of the army of the Kappahancoct BailiMORt. March 20. 1M2 Impnrtcmt Document from the Rebel II or ftfflr, at Kirh mnnd Pkmt of the Rebel* for the Spring Caniponjn? Work for fpoerai Fremont? Three Hun.trit Tho>uon4 Mm <? Okie and Michigan Rradg to Spring to Arm* at Hit Oall?Path for the Patt\Jinder, Mr. The plana of the rebel government for the apnng and e<ramer campaign are made en a each more extended ecale than tbeee for taat year The flela of o|wratk-na at hoate la more olrcumncrlbed, but they eon tec plate thia year ofleoeire operatioon on a large ecale. aa well ae a yetem of defence. The foliowng table ie enaiactcopy oftbeene ueed by the Military Committee of the rebel Senate la tbe preperat oa of their plana, and of wbicb It forma the haaie. The latter were matured by tbe lat of March, and Ibe officer* of tbo robot gooornment are now act.rely engaged In all the UAi.iknm <itif M tn lirr w < n # mi I iba lata e..#ak> .1.. i * If H* HI i? 5 ! *J l?5 Si! : i i h \\mm j I ;I iO ivlllU iltMM IM.2M 104,366 40 000 20 ,"00 e?.Wi rtiMM... 434,627 4 ( 06.1 24,Ou0 1<1,00C, 4? ood ciorliU 144,439 It,-147 4 000 3,000 900c ?;?orf(?- 1,067,329 164.000 46 000 26,000 71,UM Kcniuokr... 1,116,713 144,562 20 000 6,000 2*,00< l/iutalna*-- 700,290 74,810 16,000 26 000 61.C2 I.Crrland .. 697,0.64 90,20- lu,0U0 6,000 20 00* 791,396 70,121/ :4.000 21,000 40,001 11 ?->url.... 1.142,317 144,4*0 36,000 6.000 40,00* M < ?rolin? 992,467 131,2: 0 ?0 000 26*100 06,O0< 1/ CArolt**.. 703.412 60,00?) 26,000 16,000/ 41001 IminMMM.. 1,109,441 146.333 40 000 10 000 60,40! 1*??c< ... 602,432 43,966 30,0*4) 16,000 46 0i* Virjlil*.... 1 ,496,079 220,294 40,000 46,000 126 00* Totnl6 12,041,6721.607 769 467,000 240,000 717,001 UIMrtm oinnerUlcn of ?oUl population ib?y in elj./ohi?"lori4?,"or "LtneoliiltM," m they mil tbem4.1 U6i-*i4??-l?tt6iH6U6ijfll64lnci,jr 640,000 M*ry NEW YOU Unil, 1X0 300 HU??in. Mtt.ooa. T*ua?esee, 4Wi 000. end W fcUrn Virginia, IWa^hW. This part of Una population if ihs South, amouulmg to '2,1')7.000, deducted from tt?? 12,000,000, would toifv t wftHiwi population uf above 9 So4,072, which ?, probably, the utmost strength of the confederacy Of these their ulixu amount to nearly lour millions (S,M3,5tt, having increaeod fnan 3?00,000 sin e le&Oi, and their O^uLm^ men to a million aud a hilf (1,507,769), louring >( white oou -c mibatants four end a half millions (4.43*,779), to Attend to the pinntat >na aud transact all oihor hu?ia<v-e, in couuecii'?n with the slavu*. The above Dimmer Aiuu of ahl beliod men does not include thoee in the States of Ktvducky, Maryload, Missouri, Tennessee and Vi-gmiaeho are I'nionisls, whelher they are earring in the (Jaiou army or uot. After pulling in the held their army of 700,000 men, the ijouth will still have at Uoiue, or mna capable of bearing arias, nearly as luaiy mere?namely 001,209 men W"BK FOB THK rsmyiweBt The wisdom displayed by the President la assigning to <h neral dement ths do|>ortnient which has been created for him will be evident freut a cane.dorsum of the territory embraced in the department, anil the work to be d me in It. It embraces the whole of Western Virginia, and, besides. all thoea other parte of Virginia that lie westofths Alleghany Mountains, the so*tern parts of the States of Tennessee aud Kentucky, embracing the f imotia Cumberland Gap, Knoxville, aud the itnporianl line of the great Southern Railroad from Abingdon, in Virginia, to Knoxville, and the eotire stales of Ohio and Michigan. The t wo last named stales are intensely ebo lilloaiat' W.i-K.s.r. ih>k?i.. ?ruM,^iiUHiuiiim.s 1 vg, has a fighting population of ablebodied m-n of 164,000 Ohio?the ham* of Bw Wade, who (old tho President < a faw weeks ago, when he refused to restore Fremont to J his command, that he was within half a mile of Holl? ( Ohio has a fighting population of 440,000 meu. Yet t Michigan has only 24.000 men in the ariuy. and has coo- ' eequently 140,000 fighting meu at home, 1h> great on f jority of the '44,000 in the army are democrats, while tho fc majority of the 130,000 who are at home are alioiiuoa' 1 MU end republicans. Ohio, too, has ooly 67,000 men ( in the army, while 373,000 of nor ablebodiud popula- i tion reuiam at home. Of the 67,000 Ohm troops in the 1 field it is well known that a majority are democrats ( while of those who stay at home at least 180,000 vot,*d t | for Fremont in 18,%6, and are abolitionists now. These ' v stay st home abolitionists ia Ohio aud Michigan will, ( no doubt, therefore, rush to Fremont's standard by tons h of thousands, and if they display half the alacrity now 11 in fighting for him that they did iu singing about ireo fc, soil, free labor, free love aud Fremont iu 18o0, he will il seon hare an army of 200,000 men in tits field and a re * serve of another 100,000 to call upon in a few months The work for Fremont to do ia nothing lose t ban to oi follow in the truck of the victorious l*n on army of luet rail up the left banlc of the Rig Sandy river, in Kentucky, ^ to Preetonrille, I'ilcevllle, Manchester and Bar boors vilte, and thence strike for the Cumberland Gap. al He will find no enemy until he approaches the 1stter point. There, however, he will find that part ai of the rebel army potted for the defence of " the D?- n ??rtmenl of the Cumberland," and there he will j| are te fight. The rebels will be in strong force w there, for they will dispute the entrance to Eastern Ten- 11 neesee with all their power. But if Fremont's abolition (?j soldiers fight bravely the result cannot he doubted. The tl rebel armies will he swept like chsff before the wind, si and Fremont will advance te Knozvtlle. He will thue be in possession of the line of the great 8euthern Railroad, <ji and ha can cut off the retreat of the rebel army la Eastern di Virginia. The rebels will then be compelled to evacuate Virginia by way of tbs North Carolina railroads. But If oi Burnside takss possession of those roads the rebel army in Virginia will be caught in a trap, and forced to snrreo- ^ <ler?allowing to Fremont. Yet some of bis friends at Ci Washington grumble al his department, and find fault with old Abe, because, as they say, thera is nothing in n it. If Fremont has the genius his friends claim for him {j! ha will organize his army and find his work. W THE BURN8IDE EXPEDITION. I u Operations at Beaufort and Newborn. T The Beleagured Garrison of Fort Macon. WRECK OF THE ALBEMARLE. | THE UNION ARMY REAOY FOR WORK. THE SOUTH RETURNING TO LOYALTY, A?.? fcl. ' Oar Newbrrn Corre.pondr are. 5*aiir*v, N'. C., April 3, lUfti Mutters at Seivbern?Ettabhskmul of a 1'rxmntl MarshalI kip?lit Effects?Captain Messingcr, of Gen. Foster', S'off, Last) flit Horse at the Battle of Sewbern?Inte- 0 retting Statement of How it Occurred by a Rebel Fntoner? The Rebel Forcei Marching to Retahe Nevb*rn? Their Ad-acre Guard within Fifteen Miles of Our Pietrtts?A Skirmish with Tlteir Cavalry?The Rebel General Branch Disgraced and Superseded by General Raw*m?Who General Ransom is?Our Troops Getting 1 >>ni/4 net? ot the Contrabands?The Wenti.*. c A Grand R"wu of all the Troo/* by General Burntuie " Sailing of the Gunboat )lunar with Si k Pritowert far V n'ti<hiHSfvn,y. C. ?Intidenltof the POV04M? Th'.S'ram'r * A tUmdrU Injured by StrUmy en Concealed Slake* in the c I'ateU n Rwr?She it Run A>hore?The Rebel* ?n * the Vicinity Atttmrt to Capture Her?"they Art Foiled in c Their V> "tr (dicing?Ry"evtout UoieinriUi of a S<-hoonet, cte , itr To nmrd affaire n Newborn unct the late eventful fight would be like reporting the progress of affhlrs at the Special Sessions m Sew York??. ?., succession of trisla, reprimand* end rebukei for trivial caees, m which tbe crime we* ortgmeted by eo overweening lore for the "cratbor An e".:c ent provost marohalsbip bur been eetabliebed b .t, notwithstanding, the tar* from the gunboats and uur own eoldier* manage to obtain an odd' drop,' ao II,at the guard, at "elore of dewy ere,'' hae occasionally to eon, ign a disciplejof Bacchus to thai receptai e v llgariy designated the guardhouae 1 would not wish (a convey from the above few line* that there i* anything like diiorder id town On the contrary, upon the ir Ah of the proverb that exceptions prove the rule, I cite these few instances to show the a.niolt unswerving end invariable ?iaclitude with which the of our Provost Marshal are observed. And while 1 am speaking of the Provost Marshal, who IS a most estimable gentleman, Captain Pntiial? lian for short?Mess nger, ynart?rm?ster of General FOvtsrs staff", 1 cannot hslp minting how Its lost s valuable boms men tbs occasion of our capturs of this plscs When the troops landed, on th? morning of tha 14tb ult., Cap ta n Measinger eeot hi- horse athore in charge of eo orderly, who waa instructed to (eke particular care not only of the animal, b it of tbe valuable saddls and otbsr *, coutrstascts tbereutta belonging, together with olb?r ; property of tbe Cants in ? A change ta orders directed j ( Captain Meas nger to another pert of the f.eid of opera t ' ne of that day, and finally tbe orderly, with bts horse, t'.revd up missing What had become ef t .w could herdIV he conjectured , but at ieast both men ard bvset waro'" In tU% co irao of ovaata Nawt>. ru > caturad. t.aplain M*??.o|#r waa appointed Pro To?? Mnrtbnl, and * raw dapn no-a a ooapla < of rtboia, wlo had bean s.ado pr auoara by our I piokrtr afca oa'.ia i m for artr..: , a'len upon t lhair car" Dur Bf tha prograaa of Ida rram natioa \ ( at taw Haaa.agar inquirad at raoJoot if iba atamy trad i oapturad a t oraa baton/ng to tha !. nlaa.\rcao Tha ra ? ba.arai.uada.moM in a braaibtha; hr; la.. -ocdhaloeg- I tug to Captain Itao M?*? j gar Tb? mjgtarp of tbad.t- I appaarioca waa aipla oad Tb< tin ?? ordtrlp, bp t aorna Biaana.fall into lha i.aefa a, tbe ieba! ph.iaia and < ?< n.ada prtrooar. Tba ordarlp an angravar, aad 1 bad emnlopad hi* MNN ri< want* Id rrtr'lihf upcD I axarp atr?C of Iba Lena tba ran.a af tfi?, ao thai ? > what. -ap< irad ltd MM 11 am' of " art* n I an lf?a- t ringer' ? fama .a an, n| th? r???u at ;l is aaocg n for I > an a:t?..*iit adnuairlra: on of h'a per oat n ara'ia ship ( ) But row far tba lataat t?n-? ..f nawa frr in Una I ) It ia thought that lha rabalr, acUatad bp a tulluciaa < ) ti< n that tbop can whip tt.a rimaaof'or*. Hurnaide, i ) 6va to oao, aia nio\ ,og down upon >.a with a rary alrot.g I ) luroo, with tha miaatiuB of Nrwharn and art | ) now strung y t??ta<l at k og?toii, aboul thirty in.lea ) from h*ra, in thr dirari,. n of (JoMiboro gh. Four t ) of thoir rrgtniai t? w.-t, g most prohal uf tho i) Nlnateentb, Twenty flftb, Thirty ilrat and Thirty t 1 third .North Carolina ragunaatr, have advanced i . to witbll twalro of Bltoon niuoa of our Ituoa, tad wnb ) two or thraa aquidrunj ni muiiy are now threatening no attat b. Our ptckaw encountered . iie of the.., .ami ' rynifbt boforoUrt, M?d, baattlaa kiiung .>o# gathered tba laformatioo that Uiny were. >u.mauled l>y t.oloi. <1 Sprtilll, who " inglotWueiy rttrua ad, w,.u ait t, >K HKKAIjD, SATURDAY, 'rnonled h.WM cavalry," at Uie light w!n.;h resulted in becanture of this |daoe four readem will pcrtia|ie remember thai BrimllW Seneral lawreoce O'B Itriuicb, "wh > was uuvti known >> smile" il w i? >i|Min invitation nl the bar of Vi,hud's, in Wmhmguu, during his connection with the legislative hodioi at the sou of government, wan in com uand >if tho relwl lurcna which defended Newborn 41 hat lima. Hot lirigadtcr Go;.oral L O'H. 11. ha* been liBc.r?r.o'l iur,i then for hut unsuccessful effort, as would tpj>?ar b> llio a|?|K>iuimeiil of Gouerai Ransom (uo juko n Ui i union, although yes'-arday wan All Pool's day ) lo Iim i .111101*0,1 uf the rebels in this vicinity lly the w.iy, 'tin* splendid ocimi>la the i ebola net us upon lOlBt. Now, the vinmy'n go will's name 13 an omioous one, ml, liiiS the declaration of lh.< or aula when consulted by larius, winch prophesied that if he did something or moth r "a ureal kingdom Would be destroyed," it (Kir on Is mm in ;ch danger to one Hide as the other; thai, ike tho Western jury, wo can bring in a verdict of 'quits." 1 had almost forgotten to mention that tbis ieueral Hansom in a graduate of Wot>li*oilil,aud previous .o ihe outbroak of the rahclliott was a captain of oavau y a the regular army. Uy the arrival ou Sunday, at ilatteres Inlet, of several ruHMels from ihe North, we have received gratifying Intelligence of the progress .a album in Virginia. 1 wo of the steamers?the .statue the South and the Marion? were among the unmeet, U< whose gentlemanly com Hinders?i aptailie Woodbnll tout Phillips?the regiii -ntal olflcoia ou board would convey their most sincere luddieerileU thanks for courteous treatment during the i?a.-H<m? down Iron 1 lallimore. Majors Sherman, Veddcr and Kolsem, paymasters ot tint have commenced to /my off Uio troop*. The negraee, or "contrabands," u they are better mown m ouuip, her it been organized uito gangs of laborire, and are quite cboerful in their new position, lltey raooiva the stipulated sum oi $0 per month for tbair see noes; and, ledMUnguudi them from tbe donateUo* aud iwvaqfs of familial is town, wear a wtiite band on their tarn, labelled with tt?e words:?"Doited Htaleeeervice." 1 cannot conclude without dwelling upon that leyed topic, the weather. While up Korth you are wading through slu.-h sua enow, and aiUTeriog from dip .bona,down hi-rewe enjoy all the luxuriant beauties of "or advanced spring. Balmy Urea/ate, budding fruit reee, flower* in full bloom, gardens redolent with the leent of roses -such is Newborn at (he present mom -nt. A'hat a pity that the retreating rebels will take us away rom the contemplation, it not enjoymont, of these pleuiiires. We had a grand review ol' all the troops this afterioon by Uoneral Burnside ana the brigade commanders. t>n Sunday evening last the gunboat Hussar was desMtched to Washington with some eighty sick prisoners, unlading three lieutenants, who had boon released upon larole nut to take up arius until exchanged. In? irati-in that they were going had been previously gent o Washington miner a Hag of truce, with a request that he enemy should have a steamer in Pamlico river ready 0 take I hem from the Hu <ear. Hut the rebels had no easel,as th little creamer Albemarle aoconipanied the lussar, and the purt> > auie to anchor about nine miles olow the towu on Monday morning. The Albemarle then nok the pri-oners on hoard and started to go up the iver, but had not proceeded tar when she struck upon cversI rows of slakes which were concealed just beneath be surlaoe Ol ttie water. Decoy stakes were visible hove the water soma distance iurthor on, and led to the elief there wore noue lower down in the channel. The Albemarle, alter sinking, was immediately backed 11, when it was discovered that she was leaking very ist. Whereupon aha was headed for ehore and run up 1 shoal water Here she settled, aud the men were ml ashore on the following day. But the night did not pass without incidents, thrilling jough to make them worthy ot narration. Washington as the I'nion flag tlytair over it; but (he geceasion semiieut is still strong with many of the people id the town iid vicinity. While the Aibemale was aground the shels thought an opportunity was aBorded them of urning or retaking her (she was captured at Newbern your forces), and daring the night several boats ailed ulb men were observed putting off'from the shore. As ley approached, Lieutenant Hodden, who was in charge r the Albemarle,challenged them three times,and, reliving no reply, ordered the guard to Are, whereupon ie auspicious crafts turned about and went towards the tore in a most precipitate manner. Owing to th* darkjss oT the night it was impossible to ascertain how many ere killed and wounded in the boats; hut the weil reeled Are of the guard proved effective enough in riving ofl th* maraudors from their intended purpose. During the uight a schooner woe observed coming own the river under full sail, and the lights were out 1 board the Albemarle. As she approached a light was ;c?denialJy shown on the Albemarle, perceiving which let-choooer tacked around and went up the river, rhat her object waa is a mystery; but she probably use to reconnoitre the position of the disabled steamer. It will he impossible, it is thought, to save iheAlbelarle. The stakes transfixed her bottom, and in some laces tore it off, so that it will be impossible to repair sr. Th* rebels up In lb* vicinity of Washington need a leaoa,a la Roanoke and Newbern, to make thein keep uiet. Were it not for the presence of thegunboate breast of the town they would no doubt dare to Uke own the Onion dag, which, by tbe way, is nailed over he Court House. Oar Beaafort Correspondence. Bo4DM>bt, N. C-. March 31, 1862 rip from aVewhrm 14 Beaufort?Going Up Sloewa't Cruet.?a marx a oh the Railroad Tract?nutt to th' Ileumi by tbe Roadside?Track* of Ik* Rebel A rmy?Bridge Budding by the Union Soldi-rt?A R'M Camp?Carolina City?Morekead City and Pert Ma-yon?An Intercepted Had Colonel White?Communication IItin ten Beaufort and More head Cdy?English Vessels in Port?Affairs at Beaufort ?Arrest of ths Collector of Ihs Port of Beaufort?A Unxon Sermon?Advance Tomardi Port Macon Our Blockading fleet, dr., dr. In my la*t letter 1 told you of the expedition that had lit the town of Newborn for the neighborhood of Beau >rt. but at the time I wee but partially acquainted with ie full partMiitlare. Since that time I have bed en op ortumty of obtaining valuable Informalion, gained by lit moat stern of in talari, experience. Determined to ike at little haaraajr aa pos-tible, t stooped on board the .earner Union,Captain Chamber*, ami found theie Lieut, tagler, ordnance ottii er of lien. Burnaide setaS, wbowa* diug down to Beaufort to arrange mattera regarding the ipture of Beaufort aqd tbe reduction of Fori Ha< on here were alao some onicer* connected with the regi* lents atalioned below, and tbree or four other member! r the prat* 11 may be well to remark here that the learner Union lias a happy facility for going almost any. -her* where there area r*w inches of water, .tbe wai onsequMtiy cboeea to lake the mail and tbe iw passengers up to a station where some few older* are stationed, aittiated about live miies om Lb* inouth of Slocum a creek. It will be reoliected that the landing of the troops *10 the uarch to Newheru was made at the mouth o! tbi* creek. Ve started, after some little detention, on Thursday .pernoon, and alter travelling some twelve miles reach' d the mouth of til* creek. Tbe Dight was clear end larlight, and the tun up to the station was pleasant alnost beyond description. Htocum'a-creek la not much uoi* than one hundred feet wi de, and the boughs of the rees. as w# pa-v.od up, were sweeping against the tides if tbe steamer. We were not long in arriving at our lestination; but the prospect wa* not pleasant or* landing; to I concluded to remain on the bout ail light and push on tow ards Beaufort in tbe morning In .tie early Dart of the mornuig 1 and some of the othera thing our koapa-cks and prepared for a long And ted.oi* unrch of rome twenty miles to Moralised City, situated jut op polite Beaufort, and within easy rang* of the gum if l ort Macon. On first landing we heard he rather un intelligence that thai* were rebel pickets m the rlciaity,and that acme of our tuen liad b?<u puraued by t party of rebel cavalry, but, owing to the formation of .he road, they were able to eacajw Notulng duooariged by tbis, tour of ua determined to pu b on, although jnly protected by a couple of pinole The irai net .on at which we arrived wee Havelock, dis'ant f om Beaufort ibo .t nineteen muee Here we found Captain Arnold, of lbe Fifth Kbode le end reg.ment, who. with ji* companv, war .ardmg .ut station and tome military (teres placed ,hei e We had uw rlighl hope* of being ab.e to obta.n i bend car hera to cariy ua down to Morehaad Iity .No p:ah thing wa* to be bad, however, and, win the tear of be rebel p.. aeie before tne, 1 started to walk to Newfieri, tbe neat tut on, a distance of Soiling }f interest'occurred on the way, if I may iscepisome icoasienal risita to the rmall farmhouse* thai I found on be way. They e l tompieined bitterly of tie treatment ibey received at the hands of the rebel tro< p sad to s tan were a'meat oltra-bnion in their reotinents, stlU, i>eh.n<t eit lb I, yes rould itrceive a strong d iliac to the Sortbein ohhera.whi'h the inhabitantsco-ilc tot.end, In bi > oeiaaces, ml aei, wish te bide. After listing over he gbt u. ea u safety, 1 at ir?d at the vlllige of Newr>ort where the ? *' o( -e rebel army rare clearly liseeri'lble,'0 ;be?'?|? ' a few burned bo aJ.ngr, and be 'Cal rf??'r ii"?r. i to ago om b<?idicd and Hgfctj .mi * ?'< ?< ib? ereok jnt?otkm >?>? ?ort -latum. Tka eoo.r.ct on oi to. a brills* w?? a greet B';oav*ti.?i>e* lo uo, mtMii icb a* it pre van tad tbo pae lege of band eirs w.'b ammioltieo, aiiikry, Vr >it wo oro not 10 the habit of beltg atopped :>y human obetf lea. and Cauarul tl>: l?ul? Co arm.nod tbal tbo bf-l way to gat oeer th i liffi-;lty tu to have tie bridge N-built A<?rdiPgly. rf?,or Wr.gbt, of the fifth lihode laland, And Sr. Klold, i wall ai.'iwn bridge li older, wuli a ainell j>arty of mo ibaaico, war# dtnutad to raoonotrtu t tho i.hdge it peaa aip" tod tiiOt iti building would ocrti|y at lOMl wo week*, bet lienor Wright, who la by pneetiona tlfll engineer, and hit avaiatant* worked ao Id,gently ihet bofort I ho Md of ono work it wee comp lied, and >D tbo mormrg of tbo 29th nit. it wa? ran ly fo tbo paslag# of rare. Tho yeraona rorna. tad with tft rebuild ng of th o Orldga e.-e doaernng ni tha big ben yrairo tor ib?ir patience and uttirliig industry. Ab"jt a quarter of a mil# below the trillagt of New. port II eituated tba barrai'ki" laialy occupied by aoroe of Iba rebel trwo;?. There if acuommode: inr f .r fully Ibrae tboiaeand mat', and tho bouaet are all unit wuli era nod a regard for the comfort of tbo tno> that wao roe f aurpriaing Tha troopt would liaro bn-ned their booms, but wboa Uioy loft to march up to do dafi'tioo of N rberu they < oll ionlly efpoclod to conn back virtor i *n J otiio more toko up their uuartoia In thalr I .amp At | ree it th""i la atilioi.o I III ir? th i first k?it* .in k tb ; U > ir la.and Vol n oire, uutloi tuo i?b. APRIL 12, 1862.-TIUPL tary uf Captain WheehMajor Wright's time luuog entirely taken up l>y Out bull 'i ig id tlw bridge 1 liavo f|*weii of. Ttio men have a gmat deal uf bard W'irk Ui do, but 111 inige to got through It with oheerfulixuM, and oocaequeuity with lei-s woerimvw lliohnaJtli of the batu'um is remarkably good, oud is, from a.I ap peer < likely to remain mi. Alter remaining a abort tuna there, 1 obtained a place, through the kindness uf Major W iifit, on a hauu car bound iluwn to Carolina City and Mor-head City. After a moat pleaaant trip of

eigot ini>?a I got to tho Ural place nioiiUoue.l above, tt liei e (.eneral I'urka haa hie headquarter*. Vieiting the t.oiieral, I olilauu'd a |uu)< through all the hooa ol tbu Thud brigade Here alio haa the torch of the incendiary be n at work. a very 'ine liiiildii g, lately occupied aa a hotel, was dua.royed, together with some rimall building*. U ia coutldoutly stated lb .1 lhaao buildings and the bridge 1 hav in tuuoiiod hoi or* were dealroyud by a p.ti ly ot man llutt came over froia Kort Macon for that especial purpose 'I hose burnings do not apjear to please tho people by auy means, but the soliliore engaged in the wholesale destruction nre hut little for the feelings of Ihoao whose pn>|>erly they ore destroying. Hotels and largo buildings are of course burned to prevent them front being used by our troupe for bar racks, but they are only injuring tbemselvie by such acta, aa we always go prepared to camp out wherever wo may be. 1 left Carolina City at about eleven o'clock, and rau down three miles further to Moreliead City. The great object ol intercut here is Kort Macon, which lief at it distance of about ono mile and a quarter from the railroad wharf, Its guns completely commanding the town. It is needloss Tor toe to say anything of the geographical position or strength of the fart, as you are already well acquainted with both; but some very inlaw I lag faeta relative to the ooeditioa of affairs there came to light a day or two ago which will be found worthy of the perusal of your readers. A mail was stopped at lleaufbrt by Major Allen, military oonunander in that city, which disclosed, 'among some other valuable intermalum, the lb Dewing ioteUigepoe:?The fort is garrisoned by about InkiudreiUsw^hproriMMdfiir some eight months; but they are sadly in need.-offrecti provisions, the carrying of which from Beaufort' to the fort has beea pot a etopte by Major Alloa, in obedience to orders. This haa caused great anxiety among the peo pie of the town, qs Colonel White, the commander of Kort Macon. has threatened to shell the place If the carrying of fresh provisions to him is stopped. Ho is placed bet ta-onit turn Arena hAiaswer aa mnul fit h ia man MM from Beaufort; and should be burn the city there is danger of mutiny among his soldiers. It appears from soma of the letters which wore ojwued that a great deal of sickness prevails among the men stationed within the fort, mostly of a nature that readers the handling ot heavy guusorauy great bodily exertion entirely out of the question. Colonel White, the commander of the fort, boars anything but an enviable reputation, if 1 am te judge by the remarks passed upon him here, and ho is rendering himself doubly obnoxious Just at present by following up a bad habit he has got of flrmg at anything in the shape of a boat that attempts to cross from Morchead City to lleaufort. By tills means he has rendered the (isssage over an extremely dangerous one, as bis guns are so well trained that a row boat,even at the distance of a mile anil a half, ailord* an exc-llent target. The night is chosen lor crossing Kogue .Sound, when theru is loss chance of being discovered or ol being hit than during the glaring light of day. Colonel Whito is a graduate of West Point, and is an old companion of some of lbs otllcers that will be engaged In the reduction of the fort. Hy the aid of my glnss I perceived a number of guns cn barMlr, upon which floated defiantly the rebel colors. Thoughts of t ort Sumter entered my mind, and I could not help thinking that qu almost similar scene to that enacted in Lharleston harbor would shortly take place here. Men were plainly seen walking about the beach, and the sentries could be perceived walking tbeir rounds, peacefully, but how long to remain so Providence only knows. I.yuig st Morebend City are two large Knglieh ships, with their national colors flying at the masthead. One is the Alliance, Captain He Forrest, and the other is the Condor, Captain flooding. Both vessels have been S|Hiken of before, and the part iculars connected with them laid before the public in your columns. They at present have a guard placed on board of tbera; both are heavily laden with turpentine, aud are all ready to put to sea at any moment. Considerable surprise wan manifested at the sight of the Knglish flag, end at it* being allowed to float on vessels that have run the blockade; but of course the officers here understand their duty, and comment is unnecessary. The state of affairs at Beaufort, at tbe present time, will no doubt be found particularly Interesting, as it is the only place that has shown the least spark of a truly Union spirit, so far ssl have seen. Shortly after the Union troops left Morehcsd City to proceed to Beaufort, the peoploof the town could be aeon gathering at tbe piers watching their movements; slid when the soldiers landed they were received with open arms by the cilizeus, and everything done that could be to mtke them comfortable. The citizens, instead of running from their homgs, as bad been the case in oilier places, remained m the towu,and the consequence has been that the creates! confidence exists between the neonle aud tbe soldiers. The office ol ila.ior Allen is kept crowded alt day by persons coming In to tote the owh otAllegiance, but few bein# required to take the oath of neutrality, owing to their Union sentiments. One particularly pleading feature at Beautort U the number of ladies that may be found there. It is qui to nattering to see such a strong evidence of good fteliug existing among the fair sex towards ua, as tliev are usually the most rabid in their egressions of hatred to us, relying, no doubt, for protection upon the well known reputatiou of Northern men for re?pecl to ell women, no metier in what condition or state of society they may lie. Invitations to partake of the lioapiiallty of some of the leading citizens of Beaufort have been freely extended to our officers, end other evidences or kindness have been male apparent on every side. In the Post office was found a large and liandaome American llag, which the soldiers at once raised in the air, and it is now Soaring, where it should have been always,over IheUnstom House. .Speedingof the Custom House reminds me thai the Colle, w?r of die Port, Mr. Josiaii Bell, insue oil with himselt the other day, carrying with him the inim*-nso sum of two thousand' dollars in secession money. Major Allon WHSdesuous thai he should remain under his charge, and accordingly sent a small detachment of men to capture him, which, efter a slight search, they did. Major Allen brought bnu over the river in the evening, apu handed hitn over to the lender mercies of General Parks. Perhaps one of the most sudden con version/ fi om the evils ol .-.ecess looi/rn to true Uniou principles that | shall have to record m that of tho clergyman of the Episcopal church at Beauloit, who, ihe Sunday bolore the landing of our troops, prayed for the safety ol and prolongation of JeO. Davie and b:s tribe, and the following duiiday r he good old prayer for the long continuance 01 the United Males and the woll'?re of its chief officert^asc-ouded to Heaven from the same pulpit and from the lipsol ihe.-atuc nnni-ter. Hie sermon waa oua that would have done credit to una of our staunch old preachers He advocated In the strongest lerun the stern necessity of supporting a government, and that government tha United Slates, the church was crowded with ladiee and gentlemen, and the sentiments expressed from the pulpit appeared to be echoed in the hearts of the congregation. It n only in the interior of the Stale that the spirit of rebellion reigns supreme, as there the inhabitants are less acquainted with us, and have been led to regard us in the light of robbers and invaders. On the coast end in the principal towns, where they have had an opportu nityot being brought into close connection with cs, the leeitng is altogether different and it is there thai the l'nu n rsn'.imcut is K'-eiting a place to show itself , and ,i is only necessary to set the hall in motion U. rime an entirely dlrtureiit reeling in the henrtief tie people. On 'he 2iMh ult. a number of troops were landed on the long strip of sand running to the southwest of thefort, andi-eteial rows belonging to Kort lb oo were captured ami now belong U> us Tins is a mogt serious loss to those li t* as they ire ra lly in ueeu of fresh provisions, tbetr supplies being entirely cut off. i made an attempt to croer Bogus Sound the oihei day in a small sail b"?t, but, after cruising about for sn hourertwo, vainly seeking Tor a landing place, I had to returti. At one time I was within less than thiee quartet t of a mile ol the fort, and I expected every moment to tee a flash from one ot the guns ct the fort, followed by a messenger I was hardly p.'pared to inoet , but my good iuc k t>re vaih'd.or tlolonel White thought me a foe unworthy ol in* steel lor 1 **? permitted to return unmoiesied. Hie citisens are not allowed to sad sbent r.y otir commander, for fear that Vbey might convey information to tin; lart, ' *u that t ha rehni officers in Bt log it host* feel \ ety cerj laio that there is no danger of iu|uniig their own people. Thereaieel present on blocksdiug set vice omante I'e .o fbrt the following vees#ls ?Chippewa state of <;e?rgia Aihairos* and tue hemabct.. t hey will ho valtiable aid one of thee days, and no doubt will be called upon. 'Ih* star*- and bars mat now boat over t he walls of holt Ma con cannot long remain there, while the glorious old Stars and stripes are moving m ell directions around it. I trt a' won to tieahieto dale my letters Irorn Fori tin on with a lull description of its downfall Oar Jltebfis < on esponilence. Xgwggns, N. c., April ;i, ls?'d Journey from B-anforl to Anobrrn? Hailroad ?,o tl n <ke Old Aorth S'.alt? An Alarm in t'a/iip? /v H'bt Oava'nj Lurking Around?7/* Batl't HtUl of ?><tern st> . .ifc., 4c. 1 left Beaufort on the Slst ult to return to Newborn expect ing some excitement up there in the shape ot ai atta> k on the p act by lbs rebel forces but up to tin present time no tuch demonstration has iikm plaee From Beaufort I went up to Caroline City, diet am abou four in.tea and there I was just in time to meet the fire train cf cars that came over the Atlantic and North Caro fina Railroad sicca the occupation or ihs road by oui troop# It consisted of two large platform ears that ihi rebels iisd not destroyed, sod six small band cars. It was heavily loaded w.tb mi.itary stores, ko , the weigtn betr.g equal to nineteen tens. The motive power wei horses and a squad of men on the hand car* Ihetran < rt?$td the br idge at Newport tbal naa rebuilt by M<ioi Wright and Mr. Kicld witb anfely, uot tba ahghtasl Tlbrtu d being perceptible. It la now fuiiy atrong if sot atrongar, tban lUti before. I obtained a hand car and proceeded to Newport when the I iftb I'.hada lilatd aia en impart and at it wa* lata 1 con:fid. d to remain all night and pro< and toward) N.wbern n tba morn eg?a roicluainn I waanetrorr) lu making, aa tba awt'iwl will *how. I have already ra fan ad to tba praaenoe of rebel cavalry on the reada, and the rcaaaqnant danger of trarelnng without a guard bul 1 never raali/ad it no fully aa on tba night of the dial ult. Tba officers war# juat going to anpprr wban f.laut Uocdwin, thaofllaarof the guard, rame In from the picket* with the liiforinatiob that a fanner, who had taker tho oath of allegiance, hail coma to lha < unn for proiae tion, stating thileome Ufty rebel cavalry had coma to hit house, noma live miiaa diaiaiit, and threatened to bur! It, and otherwise destroy hi* property. Major Wriiih1 hail the picket* doubled, and o'.her precaution* taken u prevaut a nurpr i*e, aa wo had Intimation that one hon dro l and fifty of ili -a fclluwe intended to maku a dasl Into the camp at n ght. and maka short work of nr. The w** dee mad aiitliclent, and tba usual i|ul 'I fell aimn (hi camp, l? it ul ah->ut etght o'clock wa warn ah Ktnrtu-I by tba dla.Uacga of two gios ? s aigual o .15 SHEET. aLirm?and if meat la III* epuOe of time I lakn u. write It. th? whole batlalma wore under ?rnw .ml stationed id lu.a of hall le There wa* u? |tioalinulng, no running to uud fro, but liko veterans. m lliey are, ovary man war in hut place ami ready to moat any aiuergen. y tliat might a. tee. Another shot * a hoard aiili nacrur, and a lorce wan sent. out under l.ieuUuiaut Goodwin t>> reconnoitre. Various r#|K>rt* came in, una contradicting the other, but sutflcieut we* gleaned to know tbal wa stood m danger of an attack. At about nine o'clock lit* men were dispersed, with instruction* to be in readiness at a tocHncut' Dotioa to ri'(*?i an it tuck. Nothing oi importance, however, ocourred during lha in-hl, ami it wa* not nulil the morning that we as curtained tho trua stale of affiirs At cictit o'clock Lieutenant l.oodwta came into camj>, after remaining out all utght with me pickeia. We thou learned that a number of rebel picket* or scouts had been aeon and Ured at by our uiun. but their real etrongih wa* tiukuowu. "together with the men that Lieutenant brought back with hnri were twelve contraband*, who had vhca)?Kl from tueir nvlstraa.a Mrs. Boll, who owiib a plantation twelve uulee below, on llogue Hound. There wore auven men, three wotnoa auil two babiea?all healthy, hue looking hand*. They were inarulied up to Major Wright's quartors, who, alter inspecting tliom,and asking such quosliou* a* he thought proper, uaaigi.od them quarters. They were in an awfully raggod atate, having barely clothes enough to cover thaw They were comfortably provided for, and the men were Het to work. The in .ruing after the alarm, I, in company with the aurgeon of the fifth Rhode Island, and a lew other*, started for this place, a hand car our mode of conveyance. On the way we slopped aud once more went over Uia field where our mea woe auch a glorious victory. The place looked quite natural, and a number of grave* of eur gaHael fhllewe remain there.ahaut wtlnearqa of that tenable eenfiiot. Nothing oceorred on the reel of the wqy to merit any ooUcn. bui probably before you re eetve this are ahaM again be m the uudet oftvafwou aud the near of batUe. THE RRST SIEGE Of YORKTOWN, Interesting Details of the Investment of the Town by the Americans and Frenoh in October, 1781. The Surrender of Lord Cornwallis to Gen. Washington. The Final Blow of the Revolution of 1776, SBm &c.. &C. (From tba New York Monthly Military Repository of IT'Jfl j Sooo after the arrival of I<ord Cornwall!* at WMiiamsburg ha received deepalches from Naw York, in wbicii Hir Henry Clinton made a requisition or part of tba troop, undor his command in Virginia, directing that tbay should be sent to Nnw York without delay, and informitig lord Cornwallia at tba same tuna of tho danger to which tba royal army ia that city waa exposed from a combined attack which waa expected from the French and Americana. But to understand the proper couneotion of tba great events that fallowed It i, necessary to taka a retrospect of the remote causes which produced them. A dawn oC prosperity bad begun to appear In -South Carolina, under the aoapicee of Genorol Greene, yet the aflaire of America in general (earned at ibis time to be in a ruinous stale, and the contest on the point of ceasing on the pert of the Congress for want of resources to maintain it. Some enterprise of importance was ne cemary to rouae afresh the energy of the people and to re-tore the declining state or their affairs. The had been disappointed in their expectations of the cooperation of a French fleet and army Tor three yours sue cesaively; but soon after the fall of Charleston, in May, 1780, a statement of tbcir distresses was made to the Court of France. A subsidy of six millions of livres was granted, and the King became their security for ton millions more, borrowed for their use in the United Netherlands. At the same tune a naval coopeiatioa was promised, and a conjunct expedition against their common foes projected. In the monlh of March. 1781, M. de GratTe sailed from Brest with tweuty-flva sail or the line, several thousand land fon as and a large convoy, amounting to more than l wo hundred ships. A ainall part of this force wua destined for the K.i?* Indies, but M. de Gratis, with the greater part,sailed for Martinique The British Admirals Hood and Drags were dstai tied to interceiit the French fleet, but a Junction between the force of II. daGrnfle and eight ships of the line and onaof fifty gun-t, which were previously at Martinique and St. Itu-uingo. was nevertheless effected. The British fleet m Ilia West In di-s had been weakened by the departure of a squadron for tha protection of the sliipR, which were employed in carrying to Knglund the booty that bail been taken at St. Bestatins, and, by the combination of the French fleets in the West Indies, they had a decided superiority. M. de Grade, in the beginning of August, sailed with a large convoy destined for Kurope.and after seeing it out of danger be directed bis course for the Chesapeake, and arrivod there on the ::otb of the same month. M do Curia*, appointed to tha command of the French fleet tlien in r.bode Island, had arrived at Boston in the month of May with despatches for Count de nochumbeau. On the '.'1st of May a conference took |>lacs st W> athersfleld, in t onnecticut, between the American and French gensials. At this interview it was agreed between them to carry into,ution the attempt igainat New York . which they had meditated the preceding year, if their forces, when at-emblod. should be found equal to the enterprise but, in *11 event*, it wn< their determination, upon the arrival of the Count <le C.iafie, to strike a blow at one or other of tb? British po-ts vlmra mccmi wii mokt rea aonaliiy to bo expe< 'art. letters were addressed .Jf ceiierul Washington to ttm exe 'itivu officer* of the Stw England Stale*, requiring them to till up the battalion* composing bis army, ami to have six thousand two hundred militia in rtadtnoa-> to inarch whenever he should call for them. The letter* written by Ceneral Washington to OeogreM, after hi* Interview with the French generals, fell into the hands of Sir Henry Clinton, and in cenaequctu e of the information they contained, which alarmed him for the safety or New Yerk, he made a reqniMtion ol part of the tioop* under ford Corn wants' i command In Virginia. But the situation of Lord Oornwallia aoar the' apes of Virginia, fhe arrival of a reinforcement of three thou, aacd Herman troops from ho rope to New York, the ' aipei lor strength of that garrison, I he backwardness of thaSiaies m Oiling up their batlalions and embodying I their mditls, and the re ent inteiligrtu e from Co ot Co ' CraflVi that hi* desllnat.on was tliod to the Chesapeake, ' produced a total change of the plan of the campaign, tleneral Washington had assembled his army at Peeks kill,and marching from theme to White Plains, was there joined, on the fdb of July, by theOount de Kncbitnt beau with the From h troops from Rhode Island I t>n tke J4tb Of August. fne allied American end Kron h i, atneaa, inrioad of proceed ng on their original project acatuif Now York, directed their march toward* Vir giBia. Tlieappearance of an intention to atta< k New it York had, nevertheless, bean kept up, and, while this a it apt co was ployed oil . I ho oreiy crossed the North ntar and proceeded i n their march imioteri upted. I l.crd (,'ornwallis hating rese ved oidera as has alre.?dy t lieen meet lored, to tend pai t ot b.i troops to New York, he imrardietoly prepared to comply with Sir Heory Clinr ton'a requisition sod as, afier the embarkation of thoso i irecpa, he was ol opinion that (he force which rams.ned I ? >jid not ha s'llfieieel to enable him toramatn at \Ti|. t liamsburg. ha resolved to James river an.I retire to i Portsmouth. Accordingly, on H e 4tb of July the British i army niarrbnd from Willlainfb'irg and encamped en a r pta' a ol ground thai covered a lord into the Inland of I Jamestown. In this encampment the British army ra , mainad, whilat on the Mb and 6 h thair hat horaaa and baggage were panned tha riser. The Marquis da i lafsyeUt, thinking that tha main body of the British i army had already croened tha rivar, a Uanced by roiced i marches lo strike a blow at the r??r guard. (In the Clb i of July, towards sunset, Lafayette, with about nino hundred Continentals. i t l.utdi ad militia and soma arI tillary, pstsod a moras., and f .rmsd in front of the Britiah encampment The Hriti-b immediately advanced to tho attack in two lines. Tha right of tha Americaus bring composed of militia only, were quickly twit to 1 flight, but on tha loft tha British wmeoppoaad by the , Pennsylvania line and a party of Continentals, with two > pieces of cannon. Ou thutaida the notion, while It lasted, was sharp itnd bloody. The Atueriraus, however, afler a severe contest, were at last obliged to giro way and re. i treat acrms the morses Tho British horse wore ready to pursue, but tho darkness of the login piovenltd ail I fuither operations. r 'fha British ermy, having passed Jamoo rlrer, pro ceedcd U> IVirtdiuoulh, where Uiu omSarkalMW oi Ilia tnu|? deeiiuod r<jr Wew York took pi.ton, but Worn Ui> traiiHports put u> ??? I>>r ?l Corowalbs rvcowed orders from Sir Hour7 Chutoo which countermanded thnir wwl tog, end at the mint lime lirwr'ed Oornwallui to eaUlilisb * dof,-naive |nmt fur tbo protection af stupe ut tlM line, eithor at Old Point Comfort, <>a Hampton Koadw, * York town, 00 Y >rk river 11 it as tba worka cuualrui tod on Old Point Couiiurt, aonording to the rejiort of the no Kiuoorx wbo aurveyod Iho place, would neitbur oomnumd tlie entrance into Hampton Kvadd uor secure any ahipt whoti lying at anchor within it, itinl tli? port of I'uru mouth n?t being bottor ua.culutud fur the protncliou oi whipping, Ikwd Uurnwrallw bad no other option than la fortify Yurk and (Hummotor, the only places that r? ni 11111*1 ce; able of ulfhrtling the requisite protection to dupe of war lord Coruwallis, without load of lima, ovarii.itfd Portsmouth, and on the '22d of August bn bad all bio forces concentrated at York and Gloucester Alter the arrival of tha Count da Graffe in thu CltuAa peak* ha waa immediately joined by aa officer from tba Marquis da Lafayotlo's army to communicate to bim tba auteof things in Virginia; and, in cin.Hequenoe of th* Information received from this editor, de Graffe inunedi atety took measures for blocking up York river and to* conveying up James river tba k'rsnch land force brought from the Ifotl Indies, that it might form a junction with tba treopa wader the Marquis de Lafayette. W?ur or de Graffe's tine of battle ehipe and several rrigatos ware em ployed in blocking up York rivor, and the reet be raaereb iu Lyuhaven bay. The troops brought froeu the Wert ladies, consisting-of thro* Uwnirt two huiidrM Mm, under the command of tbe Marquis de St tiimom, com efler formed a junction with Uw Continental troapa under thn tUrqiiii do LaTayolte, and tho whole took post at Williamsburg. Sir George ltodncy, who commanded tba BriUgh float in tha Weal Indian, eaems to have bean persuaded that it wan 4e Graffe's intention to proceed to tba Bay of Ghana p.ake. Upon the approach of tha hurricane souaon, therefore, bo detached S?r Samuel Hood to North Aiaeri cn, with fourteen sail of the line, to remforoe the fleet then at New York. Thin reinforcement arrived at Sandy Hook on tho 28th of August. Admiral Graven, who had suo eeded Admiral Arbutbnot upou bin defiarture for Kngland in the month of July, took the command of tho whole, consisting of twenty 6ait of the lino, and Bailed from the Hook on the 31st of Auguat. Before hie do (utrture intelligence bad been received that the French squadron undor H. de liar rag, at Rhode Island, had sailed on the 26th. and it not being known thou that tho Count de Grade bad already arrived in tlieCliosaponke, and that tbe Cool undor Uia immodiatu command was superior to that of Admiral Graves, great ex|>ectationa wore-enter tamed that the British float would fall in with one or toother of the French squadrons. According to a preconcerted plan M. de Barraa had sailed from Rhode Island for the Chesapeake about tha time de Grafle sailed from the West Indies for the same place; but in order to avoid the British fleet ho bad taken a circuit by Bermuda. In Uie meantime Admiral Graves proceeded on to tha Capes of Virginia, where he arrived en tbe 6tb of September, and, finding tho French float at anchor within tba capes, and tbe wind being vary fair, tba Britisb fleet entered to ofler it battle. But aa soon as the French commandor perceived tba British fleet, from an apprehension for tba Rhode Island squadron, which be expected, and to gain more sea room, ha gave orders for bia ships to slip their cables. Both fleets were now steering to tha eastward in a line nearly parallel to each other , and getting clear of tba capes., at (bur o'clock iu the after Boon a partial act toe commenced between tha vanumd part of tba eantra of tba two fleets, which continued until night put an end to it. No ship on either itda was taken. Tba two fleets continued m eight of each other for Ave days, and war*sometimes vary oaar. But the French Admiral, although it waa revera! times in his option, from having gained the wind, for good reasons declined renewing tbe action; to which the British Admiral, from tha crippled state of his fleet, could not compel him- While tbe two fleets were manoeuvring near ilia month of tho Chesapeake, M. da Barraa with his fleei, in tha night, got, unperceivad, within tha capes, and the Count de Gratfn, on tha 10th, bearings way for the Chesapeake, had tha satisfaction to find him there in safety at anchor, with fourteen transports laden with heavy artillery,and all sorts of military 6torea proper for carrying on a siege. According to the accounts of tha French, their less in this action waa about two hundred and twenty men kilied end wounded, Including rour otnrere killed and eighteen wounded. Tbe loss of men on board tbe British fleet amounted to ninety killed and two hundred and forty els wounded. The junction of tlio I wo French fleets gave do Grade a decided superiority; and Admiral Graves, after re< onnoitericg the position eC the French fleet, and finding that they blocked up the an trance of the <heaapeake, took hi* departure and returned to New York. While the American and Francb trnopa were proceedmgon their rauicb to Virginia, tha British Commander in. Chief at Now York, with a view of making a diversion in Connecticut, and drawing General Washington's attention that way. detached General Arnold with a considerable force to make an attempt npou New London. They nassed through tha Sound in traasjiorta, and tended on the morning of the 0th of September about three mites trom Now London in two divisions,ooe on etMfc side of '.bo harbor. That en the cide of Oroton waa commanded by Colonel Kyre, and that on tbe aide of New Ieindon by General Arnold. On tbe aide,,of New London no great opposition was made; a redoubt, from which Ihm Amaru.ana ha! beguu a cannonade, was abandoned by ihem u|>on the approach of Arnold"! diviaion, and Fort Trumbull, wbu bcommanded tha harbor, was assaulted and immediately carried. General Arnold took possession of New London, alter a feeble resistance from n small party of Americans who were stationed there. But on the Groton side of tha harbor a regular work of considerable strength, called Fort Griswold, was erected. It was assaulted by the division under Oolonel Kyre and defeuded by the Americans with the utmost bravery. 'I hoy antarau the works through the embrasures, aud a considerable cimage ensued, until tha American* war* driven from the ramparta and had ceased from all furtlior resistance. The British had two officers and fortysis soldiers killed, and eight officers, wiih one hundred and thirtv live soldiers wounded. Of the garrmon.eighty. fire were killed, including Colonel J.edyard, their commander. sixty wei* wounded and seventy msd* pri-urners. Ten or twelva ships in lh* harbor war* burned, which contained an immense quantify of Kuropeau and West India goods. They aho contained sonic gunpowdor, by th# otplosion of *1, ch tli? (tames were communicated o the dwelling houses in the town, and great part of it was consumad. A graat quantity of military storaa, with tifty pieces of esnnon, found in the ditlerent works, were also destroyed. Rut the damage done to th* Americans by this expedl tioc, however great, was nof of sufficient important;# to stop General Washington in his progress to Virginia, tt was <>f tha utmost moment to pursue th* enterprise iu which ho sit now engaged, and it was not to be expected (bat he would abandon it for any partial consideration whatsoever Th* combined armies after passing Philadolpbli. marched to the bead of Kit river, which falls (into the Chesapeake at its interior fiptramlty. The I'ronrh troop* passed from New|iort to the vicinity of Vorktown, n ilia face of about flva hundred nules, and, what seldom hap pens, this army, led through a foreign country, at ee great * distance from their own, among a people of dif lerent customs, language, religion and manners, behaved with the utmost regularity. They bad to pass through * country sbo-inrt ng lo fruit, end nt a tune when th* mo-l delicious product ions of nature, growing on and near the public highways, prt'enled both opportunity and leniptat.ou to gratify their appetites. Yet so coinpida utaiheir ipllcs, tlist In this long march scarcely an iiiMsnes could be prodi ced of anything hslng taken with, out th* consent of the Inhabitants. General Washington and th* Count da Rochambeau left the army upon its arrival at thehsad of Kik, and pro ceeded to WilTamburg, where they arrived on the 14th of September. Tbcy, with several other officers, immediately went to visit Count d* i.rsfle, on board the Villa da Caria, and at thia meeting the plan of their future operations wee finally agreed on. Accordingly, the com bined forces were ordered to proceed on their way to Yorktown, partly by land and partly down the Che-alieake. The whole, together with a body or Vitginia I mltitie, commanded by General Nelson, amounting iu the ayrreffate te about twelve tno'iaand men,Jr. nder.vottred at WIlllaTneburg on the 28th of September, and on lb, 281b they movgd down to the Invoetnre or Yorktown. The French fleet at the same lime mot id to the month of York river, and took a position which wae calculate! to prevent Cornwallla either from retreating or recolvtng anccor by water. The combined nrnty enr.i">> *d about two inllM from tho works of IheRritiah. b it nothing material happened on thiw day, either within . r w.tho it lb* liuea <? ihn limn evening I/ird Cornwa.lia received deapntchea from tho Itiitish Commander.In Clile at New York, in which he wan Informed that tipwarda of five thonaatid Iroopn Htioiiiil he imtnedlatel* embarked >? bmrdttie hags stipe, tlut every eeet.'ot woilit he t

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