Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 16, 1862, Page 3

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 16, 1862 Page 3
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adjoining Stales. Tba island la ambit?net as large as fori Royal Island?and was dually of uaa to ua aa a stopping stone to Oockspur Island, lying immediately to the north of it, on whiuh ia situated Tort Pulaski?a very strong work, that defends the entrance to the Saranrah river, and is the defensive outpost of the city of Savon nab Itself. Tybe* Island has been notable chiefly with mariner* on amount of its lighthouse (Tybe* light), one of the most prominent on the Southern eoest. It la a Used light, ICS feet above the sea, on the northeast end of the island, snd in clear weather it may be seen at the dis tance of twelve aides. This beacon was extinguished by the barbarians of Georgia shortly after they had seceded from the Onion, and its absence must havo troubled considerably the Immense fleet of vessels which have run the blockade at this point. Many vessels are lost on these banks, and lb? Southern breakers are dan gerous. Tybe* is long, narrow, and somewhat marshy in tbo coast county of Chatham, and in climate and scenery is very much like Port Royal and the other Carolina sea islands. A small amount of Boa Island cotton Is raissd pen It, and its inhabitants ars but few. It has a beau, tiful creek on the west of it, where e ship of any burden may lie In safely at anchor. THE BATTLE OF PITTSBURG. The Full Details of the Great Struggle. The Defeat on Sunday and the Victory on Monday. NOBLE VALOR OF OUR TROOPS. THE MORNING SURPRISE. THE BATTLEFIELD PHOTOGRAPHED INCIDENTS, LOSSES, SCENES? &C.| &o., &e. [Correepon denec ? f ih? Cincinnati Gazette, j Fikld op Bimi, 1 Pirmraa Lawdino, Term., April 9,1862. J fresh from the field of the great battle, with its pounding and roaring of artillery, and its keener voiced rattle of musketry still sounding in my wearied ears; with all its visions of horror still seeming seared upon my eyeballs, while scenes of panic-etricken rout end brilliant charges, and obstinate defences, and succor, and intoxicating success arc Durneu ante cocruecuiy ana indelibly upon the brain, 1 essay to write what I know of the battle of Pittsburg Landing. Yet, how bring order out of such a chaos ? How deal lastly, writing within twenty-four hours of the closing of the fight, with all the gallant regiments of the hundred present, that bravely won or as bravely lost,and with all that Ignobly fled in panic from the field ? How describe, as that one man may leisurely fellow the simultaneous operations of a hundred and fifty thousand antagonists, fighting backward and forward for two long days, in n five miles line and over four miles retreat and advance, unoer eight division commanders on one side, and an unknown number on the ether? How, in short, picture on a canvass so necessarily small a panorama so grandly great? The task is impossible. But what one man, diligently using all bis powers of observation through those two days, might see, I saw, and that I can faithfully set down. For the rest, after riding carefully over and over the ground, asking questions innumerable of thoee who know, and sifting consistent truth from the multiplicity of replies with whatever kill some experience may have taught, lean only give the concurrent testimony of the actors. TBS STTUinon WCSORE THR Barn* I Oar great Tennessee expedition bed been up the river eoue four weeke. We had oocnpied I'ittsburg landing for about three weeks; bad destroyed one railroad connection, which the rebels had restored in a day or two, and bad failed in a similar but more important attempt en another. Beyond this we bad engaged In no active operations. The rebels, alarmed by our sudden appearance, began massing their troops under our eyes. Prssent'y they had more in the vicinity than we had. Then wo waited for Buell, who was crossing the country from Nashville by easy marches. The rebels had apparently become restive under our slow concentrations, and General Grant bad given out that an attack from them seemed probable. Tet we hod lain at Pittsburg Landing, within twenty miles of the rebels that were like to attack us in superior numbers, without throwing up a single breastwork or preparing a single protection for a bat tery, and with the brigades of one division stretched from extreme right to extreme left of our line, while four other divisions had been crowded in between as they arrived. On the evening of Friday, April 4, there was a preliminary skirmish with the enemy's advancs. Rumors came into camp that some of our officers had been taken prlsoners by a considerable rebel force, near our lines, and that pickets bad been firing. A brigade, the Seventieth, Seventy-second and Forty-eighth Ohio regiments, was sent out to see about it. They came upon a party of rebels, perhaps a thousand strong, and after a sharp little action drove them off, losing Major Crocket, of the Reventy-eecond Ohio, and a couplo of Lieutenants from the Seventieth, prisoners, taking in return some sixteen, and driving the rebels back to n battery they were found to have already in position, at no great distance from our lines. Gsnsral Lew. Wallace's troops, at Crump's Landing, were ordered out under arms, and they marched tilswie>ilU Kalt maw kal.ea. sK- ?A wa.-_.a_ Iw auMu?Ti??| 1WI1 ? / wwnwa luo nvrr lUUrUrQT, to ukopoattioa there and resist any attack in that dirsc tion. 1u? night passed in dreary rain, bnt without farther rebel demonstration; sad it was generally supposed that the affair had been an ordinary picket tight, presaging nothing more. Mfjor General Grant had indeed said there was great probability of a rebel attack, bnt there was DO appearances of bis making any preparation for such anunlooked foe event, and so the matter was dismissed. Yet en Saturday there was more skirmishing atong our advanced lines. m nm imsoxs. There can be no doubt the plan of the rebel leaders was to attack and demolish Grant's army before Bnell's rein forcemeats arrived. There were rumors that such a movement had been expreealy ordered from headquarters at Richmond, as being absolutely necessary as a last bold stroke to save the railing fortunes of the Confederacy in the West, though of that no one, I presume, knows anytiling. But the rebel leaders at Corinth were fully aware that they largely outnumbered Grant, and that no measure* had been taken to strengthen the poait ton at Pittaburg Landing; wbila thay knew equally well that whun Buell'i entire Kentucky army arrived, and was added to Grant'a forces, they could not possibly expect to hold their vitally important position at Corinth against us. Their only hope, therefore, lay in attacking Grant before Ruell arrived, and so defeating ns in detail. Fortunately, they timed their movements a day too late. TMR WAttXIim or DAJtOE*. The sun never rose on a more beautiful morning than that of Sunday, April 6. I.ulled by the general aecuritv, 1 hail ramaiueii in pleaeant quarters at Crump's, below Pittsburg lending, on the river. Hysunrieo I was roused by tho cry. "They're lighting above." Volley, of muskelry could sure enough be distlnguiebod, and ocraeion ally the aullen boom of artillery came echoing down the I > ? ?>. 1.7 wiuiiifT 01 sound increased, till It became evident that it wes no skirmish that was in progress, and that a considerable portion or the army taut bo already engaged. Ilislily springing on the guards of a passing steamboat. I homed up. The sweet spring sunshine danc d over the rippling waters, and softly lit up the green of the banks A few fleecy clouds alone broke the a/tire above A light breeze murmured among the young leaves ; I ho bluebirds were singiag their gentle treble to tbn stern tnnslc that still 1 amo louder and deeper to us from the bluffs above. And thefrogs wore croaking their fash's imitation from the marshy islands that atudded the channel. Kvon thus early the west bank of the river was lined with the usual fugitives from action hurriedly pushing onwards, they know not whers, except dewn etroam and away from the light. An officer on board bailed number* i?f them and demanded their reason, but they all gave Mho same response: "Wc'ie clean cut to pieces,anil overy pnnii must save himself." At the lauding appnarances became still more ominous Pur two Cincinnati woo-ten gunboats, Taylor and lexrngi%>n, warn edging uneasily up and down tiio batiks, eager t.e put in their bioadsides ot heavy guns, but unable to where they could do it. The roar of battle was lUftltngly close, and showed that the rebe's wero in em %ott Attampt to carry out tbnlr threat of driving us intoghe river. The landing and blHfT above were covered I with awards who bad fled from their ranks to the rear lor sufeiy.aud who were telling Ht most foerful stories of ihwyebel onset and tho sufferings of their own perticulnr r .Inienta Momentarily fresh fugitives oeine Nick often guns in band, and all giving the sains atL^i ml or thickening disnnters In front [J! ' y iflg out toward the scene of action , 1 was soon lentKVtnet* that there was too much fuundntion r< r the |uie* of the 1 vnaways Sherman's and Prentiss' entire Li isiatis were failing hack in disorder, sharply pressed It,y (he rebels iJj overwhelming numbers, at all points. Lfonmaaa'd s lm,f alrsndy lost part of a* oainps, aa 1 N, EoO, falling ha.^< Tliere was SOS consolation?only I tie- I could see Ju-f i'1"1 -History, eo the divines say, Is i? siti\r on lbs poiui Vfr*' no attack sr#r Bade on Id# NEW YOB Sabbath was eveutually a suecess to the attacking party. Nevertheless, the signs ware mm)!/ against the ikeolo- i liana, let me return?premising that I hare thue brought the reader ,nto the scene near the close of the first act in our P tidily'a tragedy?to the preliminaries and the o|?niug of the assault. TOMjoaAHiK'ni aoarnon or or a trooi*. And first, of our poaitiona. Let the reader understand that the Pittsburg Landing Is simply n narrow ravine, down which a road passes to tha river bank, between high bluflb on either side There is no town at all. Two log huts comprise all the improvements visible. Rack from the river is a rolling country.cut up with numerous ravines, partially under cultivation, but perhaps the greater part thickly wooded with some under brush. The soil is clayey, and the roads on 8unday mom ing were good. From the Landing a road leads direct to Corinth, twenty miles distant. A mile or two out th e road forks ; one branch is tbo lower Corinth read, the other the ridge Corinth road. A short distance out, anothor road takes off to the left, crosses Lack creek, and leads bock to the river at Hamburg, some miles further up. On the right, two separate roads lead off to 1'urdy, and another, a new one, across Snake creek to Crump's Landing on the river below. Resides theee, the whole country inside our lines is cut up with roads leading to our different camps ; and beyond the lines is the most is extricablo maze of cross roads, intersecting everything and leading everywhere, in which it was ever my ill fortune to become entangled. On and between these roads, at distances of from two to four or five miles from Pittsburg Landing, lay five divisions of Major General Grant's army that Sunday morning. The advance Hue was formed by three divisions? Brigadier General Sherman's, Brigadier General Prentiss' and Major Genorul McCTernand's. Between these and the Landing lay tho two others?Brigadier General Hurlhurt's and klajor General Smith's, commanded, in the absence (from sickness} of that admirable officer, by Hriffflf)idv/*AWwvnl IV 1 I T Wwlleaa Our advance line, beginning at the extreme loft, was tliuH formed'?On tbe Hamburg road, just tins side the crooking of Lick creek,an<J under blufle on tbooptiwHe bonk that commanded tbe position, lay OoioneJ D. Htaar t's brigade of General Sherman's division. Some three er four miles distant from this brigade, on the lower Corinth road, and between that and the one to Purdy,Uy the remaining brigades of Sherman's division, McDowell's formieg tho extreme right of our whole advance line, Hildcbrand's coming next to it, and Bnckiand's next. Next to Buckland's brigade, though rather behind a portion of Sherman's, lay Major General McClernand's dmBiQB, find between it and Stuart s brigade, already men tioned as forming our extreme left, lay Brigadier General Prentiss division, completing tbe line. Back of thie line, within a mile of the landing, lay Hurlburt's division, stretching across the Corinth road, and W. H. L. Wallace's to his right. Such was tbe position 01 our troops at Pittsburg landing at daybreak on Sunday morning. Major Goneral Lew. Walloce'sdivision lay at Crump's landing, some miles below, and was not ordered up till about half-past seven o'clock tbatdny. It is idle to criticise arrangements now?it is bo easy to be wise after a matter is over?but the reader will hardly fail to observe tho essential defects of such arrangements. Nearly four miles intervened between the dilTerent parte of Sherman's division. Of course, to command the one ho must neglect tbe other. McClernand's lay partially b.'hind Sherman .and therefore, not stretching far enough to the, left, there was a gap botwocn him and I'rentiss, which the rebels did Dot fail speedily to find. Our extreme left was commanded by unguarded heights, easily approachable from Corinth, and the whole arrangement woe confused and ill-adjusted. Tim REMCL Plan OP ATTACK. During Friday and Saturday the rebels had marched out of Corinth, about seventy thousand strong, In three great divisions. Sidney Johnston had general command of the Whole army, and particularly of the centre. Braxton Bragg aud Beauregard had the wings. Hardee, Polk, Breckinridge, Cheatham and others held subordinate commands. On Thursday Johnston issued a proclamation to the army, announcing to them in grandiloquent terms that he was about to lead them against the invaders,and that they would soon celebrate the great, decisive victory of the war, in which they had repelled the invading column, redeemed Tennessee and preserved the Southern confederacy. Their general plan of attack is said by prisoners to have been to Btrike our centre first (composed, as the reader will remember, of Prentiss' and McClernand's divisions), pierce the centre, and then pour in their troops to attack on each side the winge Into which they would thus cut our army. To accomplish thie, they should have struck the left of tbe three brigades of Sherman's division which lay on our right, and the left of McClernand's, which camo to the front on Sherman's left. By some mistake, however, they struck Sherman's left alone, and that bat a few moments before a portion of their right wing swept up against Prentise. moors finer attacked. The troops thus attacked, by six o'clock, or before it, were as follows:?The left of Shortnan'B brigades, that of Colonel Buckland, was composed of the Seveuty-secoDd Ohio, Lieutenant Colonel CanOeld, commanding; Fortyeighth Ohio, Colonel Sullivan; Seventieth Ohio, Colonel Cockerel!, and Fifty-third Ohio, Colonel Appier. To the right of this was Colonel Rildehrand's brigade, Seventy-seventh Ohio,Lieutenant Colonel commanding; Fifty-ninth Ohio, Colonel Pfyfl'e, and the Fifty third Illinois. And on the extreme right, Colonel McDowell's brigade, Sixth Iowa (Colonel McDowell?Lieutonaut Colonel commanding;; Fortieth Illinois,Colonel Hicks; Fortysixth Ohio,Colonel Thomas Worthington. General Prentiss' division was composed of the Twelfth Michigan. Sixteenth Wisconsin, Eighteenth Wisconsin, Eighteenth Missouri, Twenty third Missouri, Twenty-fifth Missouri, and Sixty-first Illinois. THE BATTLE OH SUNDAY. oca mbs sraraissn. Almost at dawn Sherman's pickets were driven in a very little later Prentiss' were; and tbe enemy were into the camps almost aa soon as were the pickets them' selves. Wan cp?nA? which laf tit Knna will hs?a parallel In our rsmainiug annate of th* war. Many, particularly among our officers, were not yet out of bedOtbers were dressing, others washing, others cooking, a few eating their breakfasts. Many guns were onloadodi accoutrements lying poll moll, ammunition was ill supplied?in short the camps were completely surprised? disgracefully, might be added, unless some one can here after give some yet undiscovered reason to the contrary?and were taken at almost every possible disadvantage. The first wild cries from the pickets rushing In, and the few scattering shots that preceded their arrival' aroused the regiments te a sense of their reril; an instant afterwards rattling volleys of musketry poured through the tents, while, before thero was lime for thought or preparation, there came rushing through the woods, with lines of battle sweeping the whole fronts of the division camps and bending down on either flank, the fine, dash ing. compact columns of the enemy. Into the just aroused camps thronged the rehci regiments, firing sharp volleys as they came, and springing Torward upon our laggards with the bayonet, for while their artillery, already In position, was tossinp shells to the further side of the encampments, scores were shot down as they were running, without weapons, hat less, costless, toward the rivsr. The searcning outlets round otner poor unfortunate* In tbdr tent*, and there, all unheeding now, tnejr still slumbered, while the uneeen foe rushed on. Other* fell ae tbey were disentangling themselves from the flaps that formed the door* to tbetr tent*; other* aa they were buckling on their accoutrement*; others a* tbey were vainly trying to imprei* on tho cruelly exultant enemy tbetr readme** to lurrender. officer* were bayoneted In their bed* and left for dead, who, through the whole two day*' fearful druggie, lay there gasping in their agony, and on Monday evening were found in their gore inside their tent*, and still able to tell the tale. Such were the fearful disaster* that opened the rebel onset on the lines of Buekland'e brigade, in Sherman * division. Similar, though perhai* lee* terrible In some of the detail*, were the fate* of Prentiss' entir* Trent. Meantime, whst they could our sheltered regiments did. Falling rapidly back through the heavy woods till they gsined a protecting ridge, firing a* tbey ran, and making what resistance men thus situated might, Sherman'* nten eucceeded in partially checking the rush of the enemy long enough to form their haaty line or buttle. Meantime the other two brigadee of the division (to the right) sprang hastily to their arms, and had barely done *o when the enemy 's line* came sweeping up against their fronts, too, and the battle (bus op?hed fiercely alung Sherman * whole line on the right. Huckland'e brigade bad been compelled to abandon their campa without a struggle. Some of tbe regiment*, It i? even said,ran without firing a gun. Colonel Appier's Fifty third Ohio is loudly complained of on this score, and others are mentioned. It Is certain that pert* of regim*nta,both here and inotherdivi*lon*,ran disgracefully. Yet they were not whollv without excuse. They were raw troops, Just from the usual idlenr** of our "camps of instruction," hundreds of tbero had nevsr heard a gun fired inangor; their officers, for the roost part, were oqually Inexperienced; they had been reposing In fancied security, and wore awaked, perhaps, from sweet dreams of bom*, and wives, and children, by the stunning roar of cannen in tboir very midst, and ths bursting of s bombshell among their tents?to see only the serried columns of tbe magnificent rebel advance, and through the blinding, stilling smoke, the hasty retreat of comrades and supports, right and Ivft. Certainly, it ia ad enough but hnrdlv surprising, that under aur.h i ircutnetancee noma a lion Id run. Halfaa much caueed the wild pawic at Bull run, fbr which the nation, as ana man. became a lond-mouthed apnlogift. Hiit they ran?here aa Id Prentlas'divlrion,of which laal mora id a moment?and the enemy did not fall to pmtltby the wild dlaorder. Aa Bucklanri'a brigade fall back Mcnernanri threw forward hitlleft to tupport It. Mcauwhilo Sherman wae tdoing tie beat to rally hia troope?di?ehing along the linen, encouraging them everywhere by hie preen ice, and eipoamg hia own life wnh the Mine freedom with which he demandod their olfor of ihelrn. ha did mueh to nave the dlvialon from nlterl.leatruotion. Hildahrand and McDowell waro compelled to retire their brigade* from their campe acroaa the little ravine behind but hare, fbr a time they made agallant defence, while what wna lertof Buekland'e wae falling back In emh erder aa it might, and leaving McClernaed a left to take their place,and check the wave of rebel advance. cirTmv or oevintAt ratine? Ornerel Trentie* waa faring rrarcely to we'l Moet of h e troopa etood their gro nd. to be formed into line bi t, atrangaly enough, toe hue ??? drawn up in an open apace, leaving to the enemy the cover ol the denae act ulreak in fmta.from whieb Iboy could pour 10 their volleya to comparative rafely, Tbg ?f? tifl^ tfcffr JDflt *iU? ** HHWWCJf the* $ K HJBKALD, WEDNESDA1 THE PITTSBURG THE REBEL PLJ j\f0 '"<f\ * l\/ % na? adds new laurels to the character of the American soldier; hut it was too late. Down od either flank came the overwhelming enemy. Fiercely pushed in front, with a wall of bayonets closing in on either side like the contracting Iron chamber of the Inquisition, what could they do but what they did? Speedily their resistance became less obstinate, more oud more rapidly they fell back, less and less frequent became their returning volleys. The enemy pushed their advantage. They wore already within our lines; they had driven one division from all its camps, and nearly opened, as thoyjsupposed, the way to the river. Just here, between nine and ten o*ck>ck, McArthur's brigade of W. H. L. Wallace's division came up to give some assistance to Stuart's brigade of Sherman's division, on the extreme left, now in imminent danger of being cut ofT by Frentiss' defection. McArtbur mistook the way, marehed too far to the right, and so, instead of reaching Stuart, came in on the other side of the rebels, now closely pushing Prentiss. His men at once opened vigorously on tho enemy, and for a time they seemed likely still to save our imperilled division. But coming unawares, as they seem to have done, upon the enemy, their positions were not well ehoeen, and all had to fall hack together. Brigadier General Prentiss aad throe regiments with him?the Twenty-third Missouri, of bis own division, and the Twelfth and Fourteenth Iowa, of those that had come to his assistance?delayed their retreat too long. Almost before tbey were aware of their danger, the flanking forces rushed in from either tide behiud them, and they stood, perhaps two thousand strong, in the midst of thrice their number. They threw down their arms, and the rebels signalised their first attack by marching three Lincolnlte MirimAntu with 1 Hiviainn vAiiarftl ah nriuonfra in thnir rear. Overwhelmed by this fresh disaster, without a general to organize them, with etill hotter and hotter fire to their front and flanks, the remainder of the division, whole regiments at a time, gave way in disorder. For a short time a few maintained a confused dofence, retreating, baiting, firing, courting death by remaining in isolated squads or companies, to resist a little longer tho overpowering advance; but before ten o'clock the whole division was in rapid retreat. Some regiments came ofT the field in a degree of order; the most in sad confusion. And thus by ten o'clock one entire division of our army was hort ile cumbal. A deep gap in our front line was made, the rebels had nearly pierced through, and were only held bark by McArthur's brigade,and the rest of W. H. L. Wallace's division which hurried over lo its assistance. For the present let us leave them thore. Thoy held the line from this time on till four. sukrman's Division?* VuwsA.vire. We left Sherman's brigades maintaining a confused fight, lluckland's about gone, lliidcbrand's and McDowell's holding their ground more tenaciously. The firing aroused McCicrnand's division. At first thVy supposed it to bo a mere skirmish; perhaps even only tho irregular discharge of muskets by guards and pickets, to clean out their guns,a practice which, to the disgrace of our discipline be it said, was well nigh universal, and rendered it almost impossible at any time to know whether firing meant anything at all, beyond ordinary disorder of our own eoldiers. But tho continued rattle of musketry soon undeceived them,and almost as soon the advance of the rebels pouring after Buckland was upon them. The division,'it will be remembered,lay a short <1 is tone* in the roar, and with one brigade sti etching out to the loft of Sherman's line. Properly, speaking merely from the location of the camp, McClernand did not belong to the front line at all. Two-thirds of hie division w ei ejemireiy oeiuuu riui is int lauer leu bock, McClcrnand had to boar th# shock of battle. Ilia division was composed as follows ? First brigade, Colonel Hare commanding, Eighth and Kightoontli Illinois, Eleventh and Thirteenth Iowa; Second brigade, Colonel C. C. Marsh commanding. Eleventh, Twentieth, Forty-eighth and Forty-fifth Illinois, Colonels Ransom, Marsh, Haynis and Smith (the latter is the "Iiead Mine regiment' ); Third brigade, Cofcnno' Haiti commanding, Seventeenth, Twenty-ninth and Forty-ninth Illinois, Lisutenant Colonels Wood, Karrcll and Cease, and Fortythird Illinois, Colonel Harsh. Resides this One show of experienced troops they had Schartz's, Dreeeer'e, McAl lister's and Waterhouse's batteries. As already stated, McClrrnand was first called Into action shortly after the surprise of Snermau's left brigade (Buckland's)-about seven in the morning?by having to move up his left brigade to support Sherman's retreating loft and preserve tbo line. Then, as Sherman's other brigades fell back, McOernaud'e moved up and engaged the enemy in support. Gradually the reststauce in Htldebrand's brigade and what was still Isft to its right of Buckland's, became more oonfusod and irresolute. The lino wavered, the men fell back in squads and companies, they failed to rally promptly at the call of their officers. As thsy retreated the woods behind them became thinner and tbere was less protection from the storm of grapf that sweet as if on blasts of s hurricane among the tress. I.isutsnsht Col. Canlield,commanding tbs Seventy-second Ohio, was mortally woundeu and borns dying from tbs field. Colonel Sulllvsn, of the Forty eighth Ohio, wss wounded,but continued at tbs head of his men. Company officers fall and were carried away from their men. At one of our wavering retreats, the rebels, by a sudden dash forward, bad taken part of Waterhouse's battery, which McClernand bad sent them over. Beer a battery, too, wasfnken, and Taylor's Chicago I.ight Artillery was so terribly pounded as to bs forced to retire with heavy loss As ths troops gave way they cams out from the open woods into old fields, complttrly raksd by ihe enemy's fire. For them all was lost, and sway went Ruckner's and I Htldebrand's brigades, Ohloans and Illiuoissns together, to the roar and right, id such order as ihev might. McDowell's brigade had fallen back lei* slowly than lit two companions of lbs same division, but it waa now laft entirely alona. It bid form ed our extreme right, and of course had no support there; Its supporting brigades on the left ha<l gone; through the space they had occupied the rebels were pouring they were in Imminent danger of being entirely cut off, and back they fell too, still farther to the right and rear, among the ravines that border 8nake creek. And here, so far as Sunday's fight Is concerned, the greater part of Sherman'* division passe* out of view. The General himself was indefatigable in collecting and reorganising his mto, and a straggling contest was doubtless kept up along portions of his new lines,but with little weight in inclining the scalee of battle The General bore with hnn one token of the danger to whleb he had exposed himself?s musket ball through the hand. It was the general expression of all that bis escape so lightly was wonderful. Whatever may be bis fault* or neglects, none can accuse him of a lack of gallantry and energy when the attack waa made on bis raw division that memorable Sunday morning. amnt o* ?'n.xssann's ntctrr. To return to MoClernand'a division. 1 have spoken of his sonding up first his Isft and then bis oeutre brigade to support Sherman, shortly after the surprise. As Sherman fell back. McClernand was compelled to bring in bis brigades again to protect his left against the onset of the rebels, who seeing bow he bad weakened himself there, end inspired by their recent suceess over Prentiss, hurled themselves against him with tremendous force. To avoid bringing back these troops, a couple of new regiments, 1 the f ifteenth and Slxtesnth Iowa, wore brought up; but taking utterly raw troopa on ihe field, under heavy Are, waa too severe a trial Tor them, and they gave w.w in confusion. To meet the attack, then the wnble division made a change of front, and faced along the Corinth road. Here the batteries were placed in poaitioa, and till ten o'clock tbe rebels were foiled in every attempt to gain the road. But Sherman hav ,og now fallen back there was nothing to prevent the rebela from coming in farther olit on the road, and turning MeC1ernan<ha right. Prompt to aaizt tba advantage,a brigade of Them went dashing ends ciously tbrouf h the divislbn1* abandoned cartTp, pushing up the road to com# in above McOKTnaod, beiwe n him and where Sherman b?<t been Pressor * battery of rtfgd guw ff tbsp M Ifrej l**H,adt?WiUii r, APK1L 16, 186Z-TK1PL BATTLE FIELD. IN OF ATTACK. LANDING V-'---" M v|p ^ ^ || a ^ ll t?A0<3MRT?R3. Jf'T> jg B >1 A f m J ijj ,.4^** 4?\ ** "*"*? i ii m aunioh I 7> fa? r^^00?\ I fearful slaughter?not confined, alas I to one side onlydrove them back. But the enemy's reserves were most skilfully handled, and the constant advance of fresh regiments was at lost too much for our Inferior numbers. Major Katon, commanding the Eighteenth Illinois, was killed; Colonel Haynie was severely wounded; Colonel Raith, commanding a brigade, had his leg so shattered that amputation was necessary; Major Nevins, of the Eleventh Illinois, was wounded; Lieutenant Colonel Ransom, of the same regiment, was wounded; three of General McClernand's staffMajor Schwartz, Major Stewart and Lieutenant Freemanwere wounded, and carried from the field. Line officers had suffered heavily. The batteries were broken up. Schwartz had lost half his guns and sixteen horses. Dresser bad lost several of his rilled pieces, three caissons

and eighteen horses. McAllister had lost half his twenty-four pound howitzers. The soldiers fought bravely to the last?let no man question that?but they were at a fearful disadvantage. Gradually they began falling back, more slowly than had 1'rentiss' regiments, or part of Sherman s, making more determined,because better organized resistance, occasionally rallying and repulsing the enemy in turn for a uuuurcu ysrui, vuvu vuiug uravnu uuck ugniii,nim r?newiug the retreat to gome new position for fresh defence. By eleven o'clock the division was back in a line with Hurlburt's. It still did some gallant fighting; once its right swept around and drove the enemy for a-considerable distance, but again fell back, and at last it brought up near the position of W. H. I.. Wallace's division. We have seen how Prentiss, Sherman and MoClernand were driven back; how, fight as fiercely as they would, they still lost ground; how their camps were all in the hands of the enemy; and how this whole front line, for which Hurlbnrt and Wallace were but the reserves, was gone. _ TBS >S8jttrt.T ON "-TSHMAN'S LWT. But the fortunee of the isolated brigade of Sherman's division, on the extreme left,must not he forgotten. It was doubly loft alone by the Generals. General Grant did not arrive on the field until after nearly all these disasters had crowded upon us, and each Division General had done thut which was good in his own eyes, and carried on the battle independent of ttie rest; but this brigade was even left by its Division General, who was four miles away, doing his best to rally his panic-stricken re giments there. It was commanded by Colonel David Stuart fof late Chicago divorce case fame, and ox-Congressman), and was composed of the Kifty-fifth Illinois, Lieutenant Colonel Malmbourg, commanding; Seventy llrst Ohio, Colonel Rodney Mason; the Kifty-fburth Ohio (Zouaves),Colonel T. K. Smith. It was posted along tho circuitous road from I'ittshurg landing, up tho river to Hamburg, some two miles from the landing, and near the crossing of Lick creek, the bluffs on the oppoxito side of which commanded the position, and stretching on down to join I'reDtiss' division on its right. In selecting the grounds for the encampment of our army, it seems to have been forgotten that from Corinth an excellent road iod direct to Hamburg, a few miles above this left wiog of our forces. Within a few days, the oversight hail indeed been discovered, and the determination had been expressed to land Bueli's forces at Hamburg, when they arrived, and thus male* all sale. It was unfortunate, of course, thut Beauregard and John aton did not wait for us to perfect our pleasing arrangements. When the rebels man bed ont from Corinth, a couple of brigades (rumored to ho under tho command of Breckinridge), had takeu this road, and thus easily, and without molestation reached tho bl'itft of Lick creek, commanding Stuart's position. During the attack on Prentiss, Stuart's brigade waa formed along the road, the left resting near the Lick creek ford, tho right, Seventy-first Ohio, Colouel Hodney M.non, (late Assistant Adjutant General of Ohio, and Oolontlof tho Second Ohio at Manassas,) being nearest 1 Prentiss. The flret intimation they had of disaster to their right was the partial cessation of tiring. 1 An instant afterwards muskets were seen glinting 1 among the leaves, and presently s rebel colttmn 1 emerged from a bend in the road, with banners (lying I anil moving at double-quick down tho road toward them. Their sutijwrts to the left woro further cU than the < rebels, and it waa at once seen that, with but one piece I of artillery a single regiment could do nothing there. < They accordingly fell rapidly beck toward the ford, and 1 were reinforced in an orobard near the other regiments. I 1 ho rebel column veered on further to lbs right, In > search of Prentise' flying regiments, aud for a brief i space, though utterly isolated, they were unmolested. r Before ten, however, the brigade, which had still g stood listening to lbs surging roar of battle on the left, ri was startled by the screaming of a shell that came dl- fi rcctly over their heads, la an instant tba battarlos of b tne rebel force, that had gainad the commanding bluflk d opposite, by approaching on tbe Corinth and Hamburg road, ware In full play, and the orchards and open fields ti in whtcb ibay were posted (looking only for attack In ti tba opponte dlrectiou) were ^wept with the exploding tl shells ftnd ball storm rush of grape. tl I'ndsr cover of this fire from tbe bluflk, tbe rebels A rushed down,crossed the ford, and in a moment were Is seen forming this side tbe creek, in open fields also, m and within close musket range. Their color bearers si stepped defiantly to tbe front, as the engagement opened la furiously. the rebels pouring in sharp aud quick volleys w of musketry, and their batteries above continuing to G support thria with a destructive flro. Our sharp- Q. shooters wanted to pick off the aud?<; rehel color rc bearers but Coloael Ptuart iuteiTidftif ?" No, no, thly fr are too brave fellows to be killed.'' Almost at the first bi lire, LiSiitvnanl Colonel Barton 8. Kyle, of the Seve nty- yi flrst, was shot through tbe breast. The brigade stood for scarcely ten minntes, wben It became evident that its position was untenable, and they fell rapidly back, per- m baps a quarter of a mile, to tba noxt ridge: a few of his dl Uli'ij, m ?rvni |>uiwuai i iph . oai i / iu| i.iuiiiruniii vvit'Ut'l III Kyle. ID a dying condition, from the held ttiey were pi abandoning. Ohio lost no braver, truer man, that day. As they reached the next woody ridge, rebel o can-airy, that had crossed the creek lower down, T< ware seen coming up on their left, and to reaiat this new attack the line of battle wai tt f rtned fronting in that direction For threa quarter* a, of an hour the brigade atood here. The cavalry, finding ill purpoaa foiled, did riot come within range In front j, they were hard pressed, and the rebels, who had follow n ed I'renliis began to come in on their right Colonel o Stuart had rent acrcM to Brigadier General TV. H L. c< Wallace, then not engaged, for support Brigadier Gene- n ral McAi thur's brigade was promptly started across, hut tl mistaking the way, and bearing too much to ths right, p, It speedily found itself lothetndst of ths rshtl forces y that had poured In altar PrtDtiss. General Mo Arthur n rould thui render Stunrt's brigade r.o aasistance, but he n vigorously engaged the rebela to his front and flanks. ? fell boek to a good position and hold these troops in bay till the rest of his division came up to his aid. General j, McArthur was himself disabled by a wound in ths foot, * but be rode in to a hospital, had it dressed nsd rstsrned ( to ths brigade, which meantime sturdily held its post o lion 'n But this brongbt Stuart's Isolated brigade little help r They were soon forced to fall back to another ridge, than to another, and Anally, about twelva o'clock, badly sbat lered and disordered, they retreated to the right, and a rear, falling in behind Ucu. McAribur e brigade to re- , organise Colonel Stuprt wss himself wounded by a ball p through his right shovlder, and ths loss of field and Som p pany cflc ers was suUlcient to greatly discourage the rl troops. , nwriratk rosm-iton or ins rahosat. troops. ti This clears our entire front line of divitlona The b enemy has full peaseasion ofallBherman a, 1'ientlsa' and fl McClernsnd'e camps By ten o'clock cue-whole front, It except Stuart's brigade, had given way, and the burden a oT the fight wss resting on Hurlburt and W Tl. I.. Wallace. Before twelve Stuart, loo, bad come back, and for tl tbs time absolutely osly those two divisions stood be si twssn our army and destruction or surrender. tl St ill alt was not lost. Hurlburt and Wallace began a making a moat gallant stand, and meantime most of lbs n tri-nps from ths three driven divisions warn at ill to some ci eiteut available. Mary cf |b?m wsiid?f*d dons ? >K SHEET. 'he river?some as lar an .Crump's Ismding. and so me sven to Savannah. These we re brought hack again on ransport*. Lines of guards wore extended to prevent ikulkers from getting back to the landing, and especially lo step the shrewd dodge aiuoug the cravens of taking lis or eight able bodied soldiere to assist some slightly eo.inded fellow into the hospital. and betwoeu this cor Jon ard the rear of the lighting divisions the fragments jf regiments wore reorganized alter a fasbioD, and sent Duck to the lleld. Brigades could not be got together igain, much les* divisions, but the regiments pieced to {ether irom Ihe loose squads that could be gathered and dtieered, often by men who could find scarcely a soldier of (heir own commands, wero hurried to the front, and many of (hem did good service. It w..s lortunate for us that the accidental circumstance ikul Prentiss'portion of our line had been completely broken soonui than any of tho rest, had caused the enemy V onset to veer chiefly to our left. There we were tolerably safe: and at worst, if tiie rebels drove us lo the river on the left Hank, tho gunboats could coine into play. Our weakest point was tho right, audio turning litis the rebels do not seein to bave paid so lnucU attention on Sunday. According to general understanding, iu the event of an attack at Pittsburg Lauding, Major fienerul I.ew Wallace was to come in on our right and Hank the rebels by inarching across from Crump's landing below. Yet strangely enough. Wallace, though with his division all drawn up and ready to march anywhere at a mo. ment's notice, was not ordered to Pittsburg landing till nearly if not quite tw elve o'clock. Then, through misdirection as to the way to get 011 the new road, four imlesof man lung were lost,and its circuitous route made it twelve miles more before they could reach the scene of battle. Meuntiino our right was almost wholly 1 np.'oiected. Purtmately, as 1 said, however, the rebels do not seem t > have discovered the full extent of this weakness, und their heaviest lighting was done on the centre and left, where wc still preserved our line. UI KinUKT'S DIVISION. nui'lKiirt's <iit>lainn i# mill Iia enmnmtioroH Dtrntchnrl across the Coriuth road, facing rather to our left. W. H. L. Wallace's other brigades had gone over to assist McArthcr, and the divisiou. thus reunited, steadily closed the line, whore Prentiss'division and Stuart's brigade, in their retreat, had left it opeD. To Hurlburt's right the lines were patched out with the reorganized regimonts that had been resent to the Held. McCiornaud and Sherman were both there. Hurlburt had been encamped in the edge nearest the river of a stretch of open fields, backed with heavy timber. Among his troops wero tho Seventeenth and Twenty-filth Kentucky, Forty-fourth and Thirty-first Indiana, constituting latuman's brigade: Third Iowa, Fortyflrst Illinois and some others, forming GjIouoI Williams' brigade. As I'rentissTell back Hurlburt's leflj aidod Wallace in snetaining the rebel onset, and when McC'lernand gave way the remainder of the division was thrown forward. Tho |n>siiiou beyond the camps, however, was not a good one, and the division was compelled to fall back through its camp to the thick woods behind. Here, with open fields bet ore them, thoy could rake the rebel approach. Nobly did they now stand thoir ground. From ten to half-past three they held the enemy in check, and through nearly that whole time were actively engaged. Hurlburt himself displayed the most daring and brilliant gallantry,and his example, with that of tho brave officers under him, nerved the men to the sternest endurance. Three times during those long ho irs the heavy rebel masses on the left charged upon the division, and three times wore thoy repulsed with terrible slaughter. Close, sharp, continuous musketry, whole lines belching fire on the rebels as the leaden storm swept the fields over which they attempted to advance, were too much for re lie 1 discipline, though the bodies left scattered over the fields, even on Monday eveniug, bore ghastly testimony to the daring with which they had been precipitated towards bur lines. But there is still much in the Napoleonic theory that ITovldence has a tendency at leant to go with the heaviest battalions. The battalions were against us. The rebel generals, too, handled their forcos with a skill that extorted admiration in the midst of our sufferings. Kepulse was nothing to thetn; if a rush on our lines failed they took their disordered troops to the rear, and sent up fresh troops, who, unknowing the fearful reception awaiting them, were ready to try it again. Thi .iadod division was compelled to yield, and after six hours' magnificent fightiug, it fell back out of sight of Its camps, and to a point within half a mils of the landiDg. WALLACE'S HRIUADE?THE LEADER WOUNDED. us turn to the fate of Hurlburt's companion divisiou?that of Brigadier General W. H. L. Wallace, which included the Second and Seventh Iowa, Ninth and Twenty-eighth Illinois, nnd several of the other regiments comiKieing Major General Smith's old divlsioa. Wallace hod also three excellont batteries?Stone's.Jlichanison'a and Weber's fall from Mis-ourl)?formerly an artillery battalion, under tb general management of Major Cavender. With liim,too,the fight began about ten o'clock, as already described. From tbat time till tour in the afternoon they manfully bore up. The musketry flreVas absolutely continuous; there was scarcely a moment tbat some part of the line was not pouring in tholr rattling volleys, and the artillery was admirably served, with but little intermission through the entire time. Once or twice the infantry advanced, attempting to drive tho continually increasing enemy; but tboilgtaihey could hold what they had, their numbers were not equal to the tank of conquering any more. Four separate times in turn the rebels attempted to charge on thorn, fcacb time the infantry itoured in Itsquicki ni v lleys, the artillery redoubled itsjoxertlons, and the rebels retreated with heavy slaughter. The division was eager to remain, oven when Hurlbnrt fell back, and the line fellows with tho guns wero particularly indignant at not being permitted to pound away. But their supports were gone on either side; to hare remained in isolated advance would have boon madness. Just as the necessity for retreating was becoming apparent Uuneral Wallace, whose cool, collected bravery bad commanded the admiration or all, waa,asitwas thought, mortally wounded, an ) was borne away from the field. At last tho division fell back. Its soldiers claim?justly, I believe?tb# proud distinction of being the last to yield in4 the general break of our lines that gloomy Sunday afternoon, which, at half-past four o'clock, bad loft most of our army within lialf a mile of the Landing, with the rebels up to a thousand yards of their position. Captain Stone could not resist the temptation of stop, ping, as ha passed what had boen Hurlbnrt g headquarters, to try a few parting shots. lie did fine execution, but narrowly escaped losing some guns by having bis wheel horses shot down. Captain Walker did lose a twenty-pounder through some breakage in the carriage. It wus r< covered ng.uu on Monday. thk cum or svuday'b noirr. Wo have reached the last art in the tragedy of Sunday. It is half past four o'clock. Our front line of divisions has been lost since half-past ten. Our reserve line Is now gone, too. The rebels occupy the camps of every division save that of W. H. L. Wallace. Our wholo army Is crowded in the region of Wallace's camps and Vo a circuit of half to two-thirds of a mile around the landing. We have been falling back all day. Wn can do It no tnore. The next repulse puts us into the river, and there are not transports enough to cross a single division till the enemy would be upon us. law. Wallace's division might turn the tide for us?it I. mad. or lighting ST-tr not been thuudortngontbo ri^ orCered up till noon. tve do not knowy. that It ??M day. and all ; t^d U?. iaraloatadlvl?iong?n io?t?how dreadfully ,raoldieraaapriaonera- We na w<WBded. The tra are afraid to think? in. ~ ? i0M ridge Muff la laapliala ara full lotuwith tb. iet apart Tor ^ i?d our men are dlacounaimed, th? d*^^feat Nothlng but the moet ener- t ?Bod by prolonged drtbat. ? ^ preranta them I """"" : tra?S7i>,t"r?K-K5SS ' m? rtnce ,unr',5 booming o( the field gun*. Either tuaketry or the haary ?*?? ^ the flnal ruah ia enemy rnuei be prepa B ud aave the iet la to crown the day. ?^ra ^ by our luthern Confederacy '"'.gjjuoualr, laatweaprlng M retreat, and are ^7, ^{^'{ha opportunity ,me trap upon them, un W( the old loghouaa, id look about the landing Md aurgaona, tely Poet Office. now full ot Qf tb# iMdlng. bichooptitutmlhe P[Ual>n B P?up b##,d# lt. The encral Grant and etaff bold tnem off till to raorrceral ia confident, we at them with ,w.than***** "?*$&? collected around the rah troopa." A frf of them with guna. And s'g'j.aaag Oil thn blnfik above (ho river la a eight that may well ? akeour cheeks tingle with shame for somo of our aollers. There are cot leei than three thousand eknlksrs h ulng the banks. Ark them why they don't go to their t] sees in the line: "Oh, our regiment le all cut to piece*." f Why don't you go to where It ie forming again?" "I in't find It," and the hulk looka as if that would be the 8 pry last tiling he would want to db. p officers are around among them, trying to hunt up irir men, atorining, ooaung, commanding?cursing I 71 afraid. One strange fellow?a major, if I remember ight?Is making a sort of elevated .superfine Fourth of tly speech to everybody that will llateo to him. He mans well, cerlalaly: "Men of Kentucky,of Illinois, of hk>,of Iowa, of Indiana, I Implore you, I beg of you. imeupnow. Help us through two hour* more. By all tat you hold dear, by the homes yon hope to defend, by ie flag you love, by the States you honor, by all your >veofoountry,by all your hatred of troaaon. I conjure ou, come up and do your duty now." And so on for uantity "That feller's a good speaker," was the only sponse I heard, and the rollow who gave it nestled lore snugly behind his tree aa he spoke, t knew well enough the nature of the skulking animal i an army during a battle. 1 had seen their perform, nces befoie, but never on ao large a scale?nsver with ich an utter sickness of heart as I looked, as now. till. I do not believe there waa very much more than !io average per rentage. It wea a big army, and the inaways all sought the landing. iRsivAt. or omta.M.nrtt'. Looting across thn Tennessee we see a body of cavalry, wnlilng transportation over. They are said to be Buell'a dvanre, yet they have been there an hour or two alone, ut suddenly there la a rustle among the runaw ay*. It i, it Is! Yoi seethe gleaming of the gunbarrela, you Mrh amid tbo leaves and undergrowth down the oppoite side of tho river glmpeea or tbo steady, swinging amp of trained soldiers. A division of Ruell's army is "re1 and the inen who hav# left their regiments on the eld send up throe cheersfor Buell. They cheering! May , parch their throats, as if they bad been broatbing the moon. Here comes a boat across with a Lieutenant am! two or liree privates of the Signal C'or|w. Some orders are in lastiv given th< officer, and as instantly Islegraphed to toolbar sidfc by the mysterious wavings and raisings ltd droppings of the flags A sisainrr comes p with pontoons on board, with which a bridge mid he epnediry thrown across Unaccountably naugb, ic onluvkeip, she slowly raconnoitari 3^ and Htmoui back again. Perliaps, after all, It is betloi t" have no bridge there It simplifies tbo quest .on lakes escape out of the count, and laavea it victory oi death?to the cowards that sunk behind the bluffs is well as to the brave men who peril their lives to do the State some service on the fields beyond. 1'reparations Ko rapidly forward for crossing the division (flencrai Nel?>n's, which has the advance of Uuell'a army,) on the dozen or so irans|K>rte that have been tied up along the bank. We hnve spent but a few minutes on the bluff, but they are the golden minutes that couul for years. Well was It for that driven, defeated, but not disgraced army of Couoral Graut's, that those minutes were improved. Colonel Webster, CTiief of Ktaff, and an artillery officer of no mean ability, bad arranged the guns that he could collect, of those that remained to us, in s sort of semi circle, protecting the Landing, and bearing chiefly on our centre aud left. by which the rebels were pretty sure to advance. Corps of artillerists to man them were improvised from all the batteries that could he collected. Twenty-two guns In all were placed in position. Two or them were very heavy siege guns, long thirty-two's. Whsre they came from I do not know,, what battery they belonged to I have no idea; 1 only know that they were there, in the right place, half a mile back from the blutf, sweeping the approaches by the left, and by the ridge Corinth road; that there wee nobody to work them; that Dr. Cornyn, surgeon of Frank Blair's First Missouri Artillery, proffered his services that they were gladly accepted, and that he did work them to such effect as to lay out ample work for scores el' his profsssional brethren on the other side of the fight. Remember the situation. It was half-past four o'clock? perhaps a quarter later still. Every division of our army on the field had been repulsed. The enemy were in the camps of four out of five of them. We were driven to within little over half a mile of the Landing. Behind ua was a deep, rapid river. Before us was a victorious enemy. And still there was an hour for fighting. "Ob, that night or Ulucher would comet" Ob. that night or Lew. Wallace would come! Nelson's division of Basil's army evidently couldn't cross in time to do ua much good. We didn't yet know why law. Wallace wasn't on th? ground. In the justice of a righteous cause, and in thai semi-circle of twenty-two guns in position, lay all the hope we could see. Suddenly a broad, sulphurous flash or light leaped out from the darkening woods, and through the glare an* smoke came whistling the leaden hail. The rebels were making their crowning effort for the day, and as was ex pected when our guns were hastily placed, they camo from our left and centre. They had wasted their fire at 1,000 yards. Iu.-iautaneously our (ieepmouthed bulldogs flung out their sonorous responSe. The robel artil lory opened, and shell and round shot camo tearing across the open space back of the bluff. May I be forgiven for the malicious thought, but 1 certainly did wish one or two might drop behind the bluff among the crowd of skulkers novering under the hill at the river's edge. Very handsome was the response our broken infantrybattalions poured iu. The enemy soon had reason tore member that, if not Still in their ashes live the wonted fires, at least still in the fragments lived the ancient valor that bad made the short lived rebel successes already cost so dear. TUB <JU.NBO.AT8 OPBN ME. The rebel Infantry gained no ground, but tbe furious cauuonading and musketry continued, fc'uddeniy new actors entered on the stnge. OurCincinuati woodengun boats, the A. 0. Taylor aud the Lexington, had been all day impatiently chafing for their time to come. The opportunity was theirs. The rebels were attacking on our left, lying where Stuart's brigade had lain on Licking creek in the morning, and stretching thence in on tbe Hamburg road, and across toward our old centra as far as Hurlburt'a camps. Steaming up to the mouth of the little creek the boats rounded to. There was the ravine, cut through the bluff as if on purpose for their shells. Eager to avenge the death of their commanding General (now known to have been killed a couple of hours before), and to complete tbe victory they believed to be within their grasp, the rebels had incautiously ventured within reach of their moet dreaded antagonists, as broadside after broadside of seven-inch shells and sixty-four pound shot soon taught them. This waa a foe they had hardly counted on, and the unexpected fire in flank and rear sadly disconcerted their well laid plana. Tbe boats fired admirably, and with a rapidity t^Q was astonishing. Our twenty-two land guns keo^p their stormy thunder: and thus, amid a crash anarcar. and scream of shells and demon-like hiss of Minnie balls, that Sabbath evening wore away We held the enemy at hay; it was enough. The prospect fbr the morrow waa foreboding; but sufficient unto the day is the evil thereof. We had had plenty of evil that day?of course, therefore, tbe text was applicable. Before dark the Thirty-sixth Indiana, from Nslson's advance brigade, had arossed, advanced into line with Graiit's forces at the double quick and had put iu fourteen rounds as an earnest of whai should be forthcom ing on the morrow. The enemy suddenly slackened his fire. His grand abject had been defeated; he bad not finished hie task ma dav: but there is evidence that officers and men ahke shared the confidence that their morning auault weald be final. As tbe sounds of battle died away, and division gene rale drew off their mea.BueU had arrived and Lew. Wallace had been heard from. Both would bo ready by morning, and council of war was held, and it waa decided that as soon as possible after daybreak we should attack the enemy, now snugly quartered in our camps. Lew. Wallace, who was coming in on the new road from Crump's Landing, and crossing Snake Creek just above the Illinois Wallace's (W. H. L.) camps, was to take the right and sweep back toward the position from which Sherman had been driven on Sunday morning. Nelson was to take the extrome left. Buell promised to pot in Tom. Crittenden next to Nelson, and McCook next to him by a seasonal!# bour In tbe morning. The gap between McCook and law. Wallace was to be filled with the reorganized of Urant's old army; Hurlburt coming next to McCook, then McClornand, and Sherman cloeing the gap between McClornand and Lew. Wallace. Til* 2IIUHT BSTWKN TWO IUTTUCS. Stealthily the troope crept to their new positions and lay down in lino of battle on their ariue. All through the night Buell's men were marching up from Savannah to the point opposite Pittsburg Landing, and being fer. rled across, or were coming up on transports. By sa hour after dark Wallace had his division In. Through the misdirection he had received, he had started on the Snake Creek road proper, which would have brought him in on tbe enemy's rear, miles from support, and where he would have been gobbled at a mouthful. Getting back to tbe right road bad delayed bim. He at ones ascertained tbe position of certain rebel hatieries which lav in front nfhim on our risht. that threatened abao lutely to bar his advance In (he morning, and selected positions for a couple of hie batteries from which they could silence the one be dreaded. Fleeing these in poet' tl<n, and arranging hie brlgadee for support, took him till one o'clork in the morning. Then his wearied men ley down to snatch a few hours of sleep before entering into the valley of the Shadow of Iwalh on the morrow. By nine o'clock all was hushed near the landing. Tba host of combatants that threo hours before had been deep in the work of human destruction bed all ibnk silently to eartli, 'the wearied to Bleep, tba woundad to die.'' The stars looked out upon the scene, and all breathed the natural quiet and calm of a Sabbath evenlog. But presently there came a Hash that spread like sheet lightning over the ripples of tbo river current, and the roar of a heavy naval gun went echoing up and dawn the bluff*, through the unoatuial stillness of the night. Others speedily followed. By the Hash you could Just discern the black outline of the piratical looking hull, and see bow tho gunboat gracefully settled Into tba water at the reeoil; the smoke soon cast up a thin vail that seemed only to soften and sweeten the scene; from the . woods away inland you caught faintly tho muffled explosion of tho shell, like tbo knell of the spirit that wee taking ita flight. Wo know nothing then of the oflbct of this qnnhoat cannonading, which was vigorously kspt up till Marly ssornlng, and it only aorvtd to ram tod as tbo mora vividly of tne day's disasters,of the fact that half a mile off lay a victorious enemy, commanded by the moot dashing of their Generals, and of tba quaatlon one scarcely dared ash aimself, "What to-morrow?" We wore defeated, our load and dying were around us, days could hardly sens ip our losses. And then there came up the grand refrain if Whlttier'e?written after llanaasas, I believe, but on hat night apparently far more applicable to tbia greater ban Manassas?"Under the Cloud and Through the Boa ' Bens of tho saints who faced tbslr Jordan flood, In fierce Atlantic's uaretraatlng wave? Who by the Red Boa of their glorious blood Reached to tho Freedom that you blood shall savtl 0 oounlrymsnl God's day is not yet doMl He leavotn not his people utterly I Count It a covenant, that ha leads us on . Beneath the skiudeod through the crlmoa seal THE BATTLE ON MONDAY. OCR Itltn ROLL. I hRTR gleen the lino of bRttln Rf r?ed open for ear ween oo Monday?Ri|bt wing, Mejor General Low. Walico; loft wing, Brigndior Oenorol Neleon. Between boRR, beginning at the loft, Brigadier General! Tom. tittenden, A. McD. McCeok, Huriburt, McClernand and her roan. In tbe dlfiRioBR of the three latter were te ? Included alto the remalna of Prentlae' and W. B. L. fallace'R commanda?tbattered, diaorganlied, and left rlthout eommandera, through the capture of one, and be probably mortal wound of the other. BueU'a three dlrlilone were not full when the bottle penod Monday morning, but tbe lacking reglmenie were radually brought into the rear. To tare further delay 1 Ire here a lint of hie troops and of Wallace'* engaged rhioadirr flRRRRAL WRiaors mvisios FirM Briffad*?Colonel Amnion, Twenty-fourth Ohio commanding, Thlrty-atxlh Indiana, Colonel Gross, Sixth Alio, I.lent. Colonel Anderaon, Twenty fourth Ohio. Jeut. Colonel Fred. C. Jooee. frnmd Brigade?Sauodara P. Bruoe, Twentieth Kenncky, commanding; First Kentucky, Colonel Fnyart; leoood Kentucky, ColonsI Sedgwick, Twantielh Kentucky, Aeuf. Colonel ??. commanding. Third Brigade?Colonel Hexeu, Forty flrat Ohio mm nandlng, Forty-flrst Cbio, Sixth Kentucky and Ninth Indian* , RAinAPTTA CJIPTrtNIAT TOM rMTTWfPR!' N r^'lilOR. JUrtt Brumtk?General Hoyle; Nineteenth Ohio, Colonel float it Fifty ninth Ohio. Colonel Pfyfle; Thirteenth Ken turkr CbtOnelBobeoa; Ninth Kentucky,Colonel Grlder. Ed Brigade-Colonel Wm. B. Smith, Thirteenth Ohio commanding, Thirteenth Ohio, Lieut. Colonel Haw kme TWRhtlWB" Keutueky, Lieut. Colonel Maxwell rierenth Kentucky, Colonel P. F. Hawkine; with Menleu hall s regular and Bartlett'e Ohio batleriee. HHIf.AP.IS ORRKRAL M*POOR'S D1T1WOR. firrt Brtiwt*? Brig. GenetRl lorall II. Rouesenu, First )hio, Cblonel Fd. A Parrott; Sixth Indiana, Colonel Crlt <n ion Third Kentucky MxmisvUle legion), battallonr lOeeoth. Sixteenth and Nineteenth regulars. .Verotid Brigade? Itrlgadler General Johnston, Thirty lecond indlene, Comnoi Wlllich; Thirty ntnth Indians "clonal Harrison; Forty ninth Ohio. Colonel Gibson Third Brigrtrfe?CMonol Kirk, Thirty fourth Illinois ommamlmg; Thirty fom th ltltuoie, Lieutenant t'eleo laiirwtrlli Twsnitr ninth Indiana, I Ct-lmn (CONTINUED ON TENTH PAGE )

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