Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 16, 1862, Page 6

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 16, 1862 Page 6
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6 NEW YORK HERALD. JAMES GORDON BKNNKTT, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR. OmCB N W CORNER OP PULTON AND NASSAU 8TS, t /VSAW. .- - WA' V TEHMH cash in aJnan e. M'meyscntby mail will he at ths risk of the sender. None but Bank bills current in New York f titan THR DAILY HERALD, tieo cents per copy, $7 per annwm. THK WEEKLY HERALD, met y So/unity, >it Ax cent* per <'?VV. ar $3 per annum; the European Edition eveiu Wednemmp% at *tjr cent1* per copy; $4 per annum to any part of Great Britain, r $6 li t tony part or Use Continent, UhM to include postijqe; ike California Rtiti m on the Irf, IDA and 2l*t <y each month, at six cents per ro/ty, or $2 76 per annum THE FAMILY HE UAL I), on Wednesday, at four cents per copy, or $2 per annum. VOLUNTARY CORRKSFONDKNCK, oontaminy important netes, wliited from any quartet oj the world; {/ used, will bs hberotly jtoid for. 09~Ouk POKMGN I'oukk.syon dents aUI Paktuulaul* RKJ ISTB 1 TO SEAL ALI. LETTEIUJ AND PAOMAGU AKNT DA. NO NOTICE taken o a unymfius correspondence. We do not return rejected comtuunu'^tioiu. ADVERTISEMENTS renewed evety day; nden-tiscinehta intertodin the Weekly 11kkai.ii, Family Herald, and in the California and F tropeun Editions. JOB I'HINTING *xecut dl with neat new, chea^mes* and despatch. VoUUM XXVII III Wo. 101 AM JSKMI- NTS THIS EVENING. ACADEVV OF MT'SIO. Irvta* PUc?.?LffBijr Brother*. IBIIO'I GARDEN, BrwUirar ?Tub BreumiB. WINTER GARDEN. BrotdWRf.?3til(. ViTIN Km Owr?Ka?sirr Uacaimk. iruuu&'a IUUIIU, MOW SM BtOHIMf.-A VOM ro> tub hmaktacuk. U4.UKA kbbnb'3 THEATRE, Broadway.?thr Maoartht, ob. tuk prut of l)a*. new bowery thbatrb, bowwy.?Spirit FRitlfr? habrt akdt? v'i?;oh or tub Dilau. babnum's American museum. Broadway.?com. Nott?litihu VliU, AO., ml all hour*.?Ilur o' Mr Tuuau?Laajorj rou Lotkm, afternoon ?ud ere aimbryants' MINSTRELS. MeohaalM' hau. OS Brood war ?Who Struck biLLT Pattkiuoh. MBLODEON CONCERT HALL. S39 Broadway.?^orrs vriam Par orraacka, soho*. Danors, bcrusruta. AO. CANTERBURY MUSIC MALL, SSS Broad way?SO*<M Dabobj, BOBLB??3K*. AC.?RBO urou. GAIETIES CONCERT boom, si* Broadway.?DBAWt*a Boob E.vr<htaihuit>r?. Ballbt*, Pantomimic*, Farcxs, Ac. AMERICAN MUSIC HALL. 444 Broad way.-Jb aj.00 j LaHXK I ?RAILROAD?COLUSIOM?JoLLT MlAARBS. CRYSTAL PALACE CONCBRT HALL. Ko. 46 Bo wary BnuMOu, Sotraa, Da?o*?. Ac.?Daar a* a Poar. PARISIAN CABINET OP WONDERS, sss Broadway.Open daily from 10 a. m. till 9 P. m. NOVELTY MUSIC HALL, 618 Broadway.?BVRLSsevss org*. Danors. Ao. TRIPLE SHEET. How York, U'edaeoday, April 10,1869. THE SITUATION. The Union armies havo achieved another triumph, which places in posseaaioa of the gorernment one more of tho forts plundered from it at the opening of the rebellion. Fort Pulaski, which commands the city of Savannah, waa unconditionally surrendered by the rebels at two o'clock in the afternoon of Friday last, after sustaining a fire from oar batteries which perhaps no fortification in the world conld withstand. Seres large breaches were made in the south wall by the Union battery, of eight Parrott guns, at King's Landing. All the barbette guns at that side were dismounted, and also three of the casemate guns, tearing bat one gan bearing on that point. Three balls entered the magazine, and a clean breach was made in it. The balls from oar guns were propelled with each force that they went clear through the walls at nearly erery fire. Colonel Olmstead, who was in command of the fort, telegraphed the prerioas evening that no haman being coald stand npoo the ramparts for ersn a single moment, and that over one thousand large shells had exploded within the fort. These facts come from the Savannah papers, and are therefore entitled to fall credit. We give in another page a description, accompanied by several plans, of Fort Palaski and the defences of Savannah. with the nosition of oar batteries on Tv bee Island, which will be found highly important at tfaia juncture, when Savannah is left almoat helpless within our grasp. Affairs at Yorktown intimate the coming battle. At two o'clock on Monday morning a section of our artillery threw fifteeen shots into the rebel earthworks, the enemy not responding until our battery withdrew. The old works used in the siege of 1781 are plainly discernible, and are mounted with heavy guns. Our flotilla was engaged Monday shelling out a number of rebels who were constructing a battery four miles below Gloucester. Nothing of importance occurred at Fortress Monroe yesterday, as we learn by a despatch from General Wool. The weather was quite favorable. The Merrimac was not seen either yesterday or the day before. A Richmond paper expresses considerable fear for the safety of the rebel capital, intimating that the Monitor and her attendant iron-mailed vessels might easily ascend the James river and take possession of Richmond. It suggests that the river should be immediately ob strutted by sinking stones to prevent snob s catastrophe. It may be that the rebels wonld have no objection to see the iron-clad vessels up the James river, and thus leave Hampton Roads open to the Merrimac. We give to-day another account of the late battle at PitUburg Landing, which comes from a correspondent of the Cincinnati Gcuette, which will be found not only highly interesting bnt remarkable, from the fact that, with the exception of oar own correspondent's report of the sflhir, which we pabliahed on Wednesday last, it is the only detailed account given to the public?all the other statements being a mere compilation of bits and scraps, withoat beginning and without end. It will be found that this account of the battle tallies with oar original statement, and bears evidence that this writer also witnessed what he describes. Our plan of the battle field at Pittsburg to-day will be found very valuable in illustrating the fight. A correspondent of another Cincinnati paper, who left the battle ground on Thursday last, estimates our loss in killed at from 1,200 to 1,500; wounded, S,.VX)to 4,000: missing, 2,.TOO. The rebels lost more in kHIcd than we did, but not so many wounded. About 1,00ft unwounded rebel prisoners were taken and about .'.'no wounded. Up to the time he left 2.200 rebels had been burled. Onr troops retook on Mond ij .ill the batteries lost on Jiunday, and captured twelve pieces from the enemy. He says thai the day after the last fightthat ia on Tuesday -General lleauregard sent a flag of truce, requesting permission to 1>nry his dead, an t saying:?"Owirg to the heavy reinforcements >v? receive! Sunday night and Monday, and the U'. guo of my men. d o med It nrudont to rctir? NEW TORI! and not renew the battle." The permission waa not granted. The bearer of the flag admitted that General Beauregard received a alight wound in the left arm. Our troops at Pittsburg Lauding are not idle. A force of four thousand men, on five transports, left there on Saturday night, accompauied by the gunboats Tyler and Lexington, and proceeded up the Tennessee river to a point near Eastport, Miss., where they landed, and proceeding inland to Bear creek bridge, destroyed the two bridges on the Mobile and Ohio Railroad. A cavalry foroe of one hundred and fifty men was fonnd there, bat they fled. This operation completely cuts off communication of the main rebel body at Corinth with Alabuma and all the southern frontier of the confederacy, except New Orleans. According to latest accounts yesterday our army was eight miles in advance of Pittaburg, and within two miles of the rebel position. Another battle was therefore imminent at any moment. We are in possession of additional newa from Newbern, N. C. Preparations were in progresa up to the 11th Inst, for the siege of Fort Macon. Heavy guns were being pnt into position by oar troops. The health of the army waa good at that ! point, very few cases of sickness being reported. CONGEE S B. In the Senate yesterday, Mr. MoDongall, of California, called np the resolution asking the Secretary of War for information as to the cause of the delay in the trial of General Stone, and if the latter has not applied for a speedy trial. Mr. McDougall defended General Stone in a lengthy speech. Mr. Wilson offered a substitute for the resolution, calling on the President for the desired information, and on Mr. McDougall's request the subject was laid aside until to-day. The Naval Appropriation bill was reported back by the Conference Committee, but no action taken. , In the House of Representatives, the motion to reconsider the resolution relative to Union prisoners of war was called up, and after some conversation was amended so as to request the Secretary of War to inform the House what oause, if any, has prevented the exchange of Colonels Corcoran and Wilcox, and the other prisoners of war held since July last. The bill to regulate the franking privilege was taken up; but as the House has already passed a bill abolishing the franking privilege it was laid on the table. The bill amendatory of the act establishing the Court of Claims was passed. It authorizes the President to appoint two additional Judges, and the Court to have jurisdiction of all claims for which the government would be liable in law or equity, if it were sueable in courts of justice, except such claims as Congress may by joint resolution specially declare shall be disposed of by act of Congress or otherwise; and shall also have a concurrent jurisdiction with the Circuit and District Courts of the United States of all suits or cases against the United States for the title to real estate, or for muniments for title to the same, and in all such cases the judgment snail de nnai, hudjcci 10 me rigni 01 appeal, ma- | loyal persona are excluded from the operation of the act. The House concurred in the reports of the Committee of Conference on the disagreeing votes of both branches of Congress to the Post Office and Navy Appropriation bills. MISCELLANEOUS MEWS. One year ago this day was published the pro' clamation of President Lincoln calling for seventy-flve thousand men and ordering an extra session of Congress. In the Senate of our State Legislature yesterday, several bills were passed, including the Congres- < sional Apportionment bill, those for the extension of the Chenango Canal, the licensing of ballast lighters in this port, and that extending the time for the completion of the Erie Railroad. Among the bills ordered to a third reading was the Public Defence bill; also that to allow the Children's Aid Society of this city to share in the common school fund. The bill to reorganize the State militia wsb debated in Committee of the Whole and afterwards made the special order for this evening. In the Assembly, the greater portion of the day's session was taken up in a discussion over the bill to amend the assessment laws. It was finally referred to a select committee of nine, with instructions to make certain amendments and to report complete. The Supply bill was taken up out of its regular order and passed. A debate took place on the bill to allow the loaning of BmaH amounts of money at more than the legal rate of interest, the bill, among several others, having been reported to the House by the Committee of Nine. It was finally stricken from the report. The bill to prevent the swill milk traffic was passed; also the bills authorising the city of Brooklyn to issue bonds for the relief of volunteers' families, to incorporate the New York Commercial Association, and to amend the act relative to the rates of wharfage in New York and Brooklyn. The screw steamship City of Baltimore, Captain Jeffery, which sailed from Liverpool at noon on the 2d and from Queenstown on the 3d inst., arrived at this port at half-past nine o'clock last night, bringing mails, newspaper files and passenger'. Her news has been anticipated by the telegraphic report of the Norwegian at Portland, published in the Hkrald yesterday morning. A report was current in England, but could be traced to no reliable foundation, that a* steamer, built at Liverpool, armed with twenty of Blakcley's 100-pounder guns, had gone to Gibraltar for the purpose of having an encounter with the federal war steamer Tuacarora. By the arrival of the Plantagcnet at this port last evening we hnve Jamaica papers to the 5th inst. A great fire occurred in Kingston March 31, consuming all the buildings between Church street on the east, King street on the west, Harbor street on the north, and the harbor on the south. All the houses on Port Royal and Little Port Royal streets and Temple lane were burned, with all en the south side of Harbor street, the west side of Church street and the east side of King street. The loss is estimated at ?300.000. There is no other news of interest. The prize schooner Napoleon, Acting Master F. 8. Wells, nine days from Newborn, N. C., with s cargo of cotton, arrived at this port last evening. The N. ?? captured at Newbern by oar forces when they captured that place. She had been ueed as one of the rebels' harbor defences, she having mounted a large pivot gun forward. The United States iron-clad gnnboat Galsna steamed from the pier at Green Point to the Navy Yard yesterday morning, where she will receive her armament. Her performances were highly satisfactory. Beauregard seems to have as many lives as a cat. The telegraph, since the attack on Fort Sumter, has killed him eight time*. The next will probably finish him. When our victorious army marched into Nashville, John Bell, who in I860 was so strongly ia favor of the " enforcement of the laws," ran away, " to avoid the insults of the Yankees." He brought np at Huntsville, Alabama, which has recently fallen into the hands of Gen. Mitchell. Where he has now fled to wo have yet to learn. It is said there are one hundred and four brigadier generals in the rebel army. If they have each a full command, the entire strength of their force is over five hundred thousand men. Governor Spragne will probably be chosen by i the Legislature of Rhode Islapd to fill U19 seat in ; HERALD, VTEDNT5-5DAlr I the United States Senate now occupied by the Hon. James F. Simmons, whose term expires with the present Congress. The Nova Scotia Legislature has decided favorably upon a plan to construct a military telegraph from Halifax to the boundary of New Brunswick, which is to connect with other lines leading to Montreal. The whole line will be remote from the American frontier. The Quebec Mercriry admonishes the Canadians to take a lesson from the bulldog spirit which is manifested by the Yankees in the present struggle. It says the ridicule of Bull run, which would have crushed a more delicate race, seems to have had no effect but to determine the Northern people to try again. The New England Soldiers' Relief Association held a meeting last night at 154 Broadway, the new building fitted up as a hospital for the receg; tion of wounded soldiers in transit through New York. Mr. Charles Gould occupied the chair, and explained the objects of the association. Our description of the building and report of the proceedings are unavoidably crowded out this morning. Suffice it to say the building, under the supervision of Colonel F. A. Howe, is fitted up in the most comfortable manner, and that 12,456 have aire ad v been subscribed to carry out the ob jecta of the association. The Postmaster of Rhandaken, Ulster oonnty, New York, rejoicing in the. euphonious patronymic of Tubbs aponaorials Lysander U.?was examined before Mr. Commissioner Oaborn, on a charge of abstracting a letter containing money. The defence was a conspiracy against Tubbe, and Tubbs was accordingly restored to bis standing in society. The case of John 8. Cole, indicted for the homicide of Thomas Morton, and tried in the Oyer and Terminer before Hon. Jndge Barnard, was finished yesterday afternoon. District Attorney Hall asked for a verdict of manslaughter in the third degree, arguing that the evidence clearly established the fact that the accused inflicted the stab which caused the death of the deceased. A number of witnesses for the defence gave Mr. Cole an excellent character for peaceablencss, and Mr. Clinton contended that the facta and circumstances developed by the testimony fail" ed to show that the defendant oauscd the death of Morton during the affray, in which the friends of both parties were engaged. The jnry rendered a'verdict of guilty of manslaughter in the fourth degree, and recommended Cole to the mercy the Court. Judge Barnard, in view of the oonfiict of testimony and the unexceptionable character of the defendant, sentenced him to imprisonment in the City Prison for three months. The whpat and fruit crops in the West never promised a better yield than they do at present. Stocks wars better yesterday, the news from Alabama and Georgia having imparted more tone to the market. Government/ clooed at an advance of >? per cent. Exchange closed dull at 112>?. Money is very easy at 5 a6 percent. Gold at 101 The exports of the week wsro $2 .*58,689. The cotton market yesterday was firmer, tad closed at an advance of full half a cent per lb. The sales em Dracea 3,.suo Dam, aoout i,wg?i,ww or wntcn wers made tospiaaers.and the remainder chiefly on specula lion. Prices closed stiff on the basis of 38c. a?Xcfor middling uplands, and one small lot (probably a little better than middling) was reported at 29c. The flour market was again heavy and lower, and closed at a decline or 6c. to 10c. per bbl., especially for common and medium grades. Wheat was easier and prices irregular, while sales were limited. Corn opened at 68c. a 69c. for mixed, in store and delivered. At the olese 00c. was asked for the artlole deliveredPork was heavy, with somq more inquiry, at the late decline. Sales of new mess were mads at $13 76 a $12 87 and of new prime at $1013X a $10 37 >f. Sugars were in moderate request and steady, with sales of about 200 hhds. at full prices. Coffee was steady, with limited sales: 600 bags Rio sold at 20}jc. The Stock of Rio amounted to 89,934 bags, and packages of all kinds to 132,976. Freights were flrmer, especially to Liverpool, with more offering, The Redaction off Fort Pnlaakl?Another Hew Lesson in the Art off War. And yet another important Union victor/. From the seaboard of Georgia our indefatiga ble soldiers and seamen are bravely responding to the great achievement* of their gallant brethren in the Weat. Fort Pulaski, the main defence of the city of Savannah against a hostile approach from the sea, is ours; and doubtless the city now, like Nashville after the fall of Fort Donelson, will speedily be abandoned to our advancing forces. From the facts which we derive from rebel sources of the surrender of Fort Pulaski, and from other items of information in our possession, we have no hesitation in saying that the reduction of this stronghold of the enemy was very beautifully managed and conducted. The attention of the rebels was first diverted to the movements of our gunboats and land forces among the creeks and islands between the city and the fort; but, having cut off the communications of the garrison with the city, General dherman, under cover of the night, and from night to night, proceeded to plant his batteries of heavy rifled Parrott guns od Tybee Island within deadly range or the sea front of the fortress. When ready for theit work his guns were uncovered, and their bombardment of a single day appears not only tc have rendered the fort untenable, but it seems to have proved conclusively that against our latest improvements in artillery stone forts are as defenceless as are wooden ships against ironclad battering rams. It is confessed in England that the see fight between the Merrimao and the Monitor hus revolutionized the whole system of naval warfare; and accord ingly England has suspended the building or wooaen vessels ior w?r purposes, in run connection, too, it has been suggested in Par liament that the work be suspended on the atom fortifications which the British government it building at Spithead; and all doubte aa to the expediency of thia auapension will be removed with a very little reflection upon the detaila ol our bombardment of Fort Pulaakl. The aea board granite defences of all the maritime na tiona of the earth muat henceforward be pro vided with artillery which no ahip can eonve niently employ, or they muat be abandoned foi iron-plated towers, rams and gunboats. Such are the sweeping changes in modern war ahipa and fortifications inaugurated by the inventive genius of thia countrj in the prosecution of this war. Th< civilized world will realize the neceesi ty for these changes with the reflection tha a dozen iron-plated vessels like the Monito could have accomplished in a few days a Hehaatopol the work which oocupied, in thi most trstnoulqus and bloodv siege of modon ; APKIL W, 1862.-TKIPLI timM, for nearly a tvelremoitb, the combined fleets and armies of Knglaud and France, together with the armies of Turkey oiid Sardinia. In a word, having proved by our recent

warlike invention* air! experiments that wooden ship* and atoae fort*, .u now armed, ewe heooeforward useless for offensive or dofea- J aive purpose* in war, wo have neutralised the great navies of Kngland and France, and we bring them within the reach of our superior naval resources, and reduce them to the necessity of new defences against each other. But, applying the capture of Fort Pulaski to our more immediate objeot?the suppression of this rebellion?it shows, in connection with soma others of our late achievements, that there is no position for the rebels, however strongly defended by natural advantages, artificial additions, artillery and men, which cannot be turned, and thatthere is not a stone fortress along the Southera ooast which cannot be battered to pieces. Fort Sumter was not -very materially damaged by the two days'encircling bombardment of RamimmmI1 hut, with thn PTMntinn of one small rifled field piece, his puns were all of the old fashion. But Sumter, when subjected to the fire of our heavy rifled Parrott artillery, will soon become as defenceless as Pulaski. The only serious impediment to our onward march into the very heart of this rebellion is the rebel army in front of General McClellan at York town. With the news that that obstruction has been removed, and that Jeff. Davis and his confederate rulers have fled in dismay from Richmond, we believe that the rough work of suppressing this rebellion will be finished, and that we shall only have to glean up some scattered guerilla fragments of our routed and broken rebel armies. Meantime, we expect that the fall of Fort Macon will in a day or two add another contribution to the enthusiasm of General McClellan's well equipped, disciplined and reliable army. Pulaski is a good day's work, and it gives us a new stock of patience and confidence in regard to York town. American Affairs in Europe.?The governments of Europe are jost beginning to^appreciate this country and its resources. A short timo ago the American war was a thing for the sneers of Punch and the satire of the Tunes. Now it is the all-important, all-absorbing topic in the highest European circles. The questions ui ivvwu ouu ?uv vtwaauv mu vuiii uij iwijjur ten in the furor about iron. The arrival of a steamer from America is now an event. Parliament stops business until the news about our iron-clad batteries has been read. A late copy of the New York Herald is of far more consequence than Lord Lyons' official despatches. The announcement of the naval combat in Hampton Roads acted like an electric shock upon all Europe. England ceased completing her wooden ships and suspended work upon her stone fortifications. France compared her iron, clad ships with our models, and was especially anxious about her Plongeur. Russia, alway8 anxious for a navy, will be sending over shortly to buy an iron-clad battery from Erics on, m she did a first class frigate from Webb. Already, too, the immense calibre of our newly invented ordnance is making a sensation in Europe. The anxiety with which our citizens await another conflict be" tween the Monitor and the Merrimac is more than equalled by that of all classes in England and of the rulers of France and Russia. We are trying experiments for the benefit of all the world, and England especially. There is not an Englishman but will leave his beer or his business to rush out into the street and devour the American news as soon as the arrival of the steamer is announced there. A few of our newsboys might make a good thing of it by tak. ing a bundle of extra Heralds across the Atlantic if we have another naval battle shortl y. Further Exploits ok General Mitchell.? We published yesterday a despatch from Nashville to the War Department, from which it appeared that General Mitchell, who had [ seized Huntsville, in Northern Alabama, and thus cut the Memphis and Charleston Railroad, h'ad since sent out two expeditions. One of them won* ooa* *a GfotronaAn innofiAn nf *Iio Chattanooga with the Charleston and Memphis Railroud, which point they seized, capturing five locomotives and a large amount of rolling ' stock. The other, we are informed, proceeded 1 west to Decatur in time to save the railroad i bridge, which was in fiames. By these move mcnts General Mitchell holds one hundred miles of the Memphis and Charleston Railroad, and the junctions of two important arteries. ' This is a heavy blow to the rebel cause. Not 1 only is the line of communication betweon Charleston and Memphis severed, and communi* i cation established between Mitchell's corps and Nashville by two railroads?one to the Decatur junction and the other to Stevenson?but he is in a position to advance beyond Chattanooga > to Cleveland, which would effectually cut off i the communication between the rebel army in Virginia and the force under Beauregard, and at the same time open the way to Knoxville, thus turning the rebel force at the Cumberland f Gap and rendering it of no account. Such is ' the brilliant movement of Mitchell, with only a small body of troops. s General Porter's Balloon Rbcoknoissaxoe i or tub Enbmt.?The ascent of General Porter , in a Da noon to reconnoitre toe worts or tno enemy at York town, on the 11th instant, was attended with an accident, which, though it ' created alarm to everybody but the intrepid voyager himself, gave him a better opportunity of accomplishing his purpose than he would otherwise have had. The rope was only nine hundred yards long, and oaly gave a limited view; but the accident of its snapping caused f the balloon to ascend to an immense height, while, at the same time, it was moved by l the wind right over the enemy. This, however, j was an inconvenient point at which to effect a descent, and, as good luck would have it, ' when the balloon ascended a little higher it e struck a counter current, which bore it eastr ward and ovor the Union camp, where he det scended, highly delighted at the trip, and laughing and joking at his adventure, so coolly did he take his perilous journey. This is 1 the right sort of man to lead troops into battle, ' We have no doubt that, one of these days, he at will give a good account of himself. B SHEET. Tmb Rkuki, G imk ok B*ao.?Sickened </ tiio game of bluff, iron bj Commodore Footc along the Tennessee and Mississippi rivem, the rebels fall back upon their old g use of brag The Richmond Whig roundly asserts that the rebel* '-have been often defeated by the Yankees, but never yet whipped in a fair tight." lias the Whig heard of Roanoke Inland, Fort Donelaon, Newbern, Winchester, Pea Ridge, Pittsburg Landing and Fort Pulaski ? Or is the Whig satirical, and does it mean that the rebels always surrendered or ran away before they could be "whipped ?" "But," the Whig continues, "our defeats have proven the superiority of our fighting qualities." Certainly this is a strange way of proving superiority. W" ? ui?u pivro uio uictrcrjr uj iuuuuig away, a general prove hia superiority by being defeated, an army prove lte courage by laying down its arms ? According to this rule, Floyd, Pillow and Wise must be the greatest generals the world ever saw, and the fame of Alexander the Great, Napoloon and Wellington is totally eclipsed. At last we oan comprehend why the rebels always claim a victory when they have bfCn defeated, and why Beauregard writes that belri&mrphed at Pittsburg Landing. It is the .' maxim Of the rebels that defeat proves their ; superiority, and therefore they oontinue to grow more superior and get more defeated day after day. By this process they will suoceed in achieving their independence after they are all brought back into the Union, and Jeff. Davis and his cabinet will rule the Southern confederacy comfortably after they are hanged. What a consoling belief, to be sure. When suocess is achieved by defeat, no wonder the rebels never gain a victory. " Yes," says the Whig, " we always believed we could whip the Yankees, and nothing has done so much to strengthen and confirm our belief as our disasters." This is of a piece with the philosophy explained above, and must make all Confederate readers feel happy, even though they cannot exactly see it in that light. " The men of the South," says the Whig, " are accustomed to the use of arms, and to tho contemplation of death by the bullet or the knife." What a happy picture of secession society. We suppose that the reason why the rebels run now-a-days is because they are so much aocustomed to contemplate death from the bullet and the knife that thoy can take no interest in contemplating it any more. The Americans lost the battle of Bladensburg from a similar want of interest. Poor rebels I they must be very much tired of contemplating death from the ballet and the knife; and, if only to revive taeir coaiemptauvo i acumen, uunea by st upid custom, we ought to show them death in a uew phase?from the halter. Seriously, if this article in the Richmond Whig is not written by a sensible man, who mimics, in order to laugh at, the rebel braggadocio, then the Whig must be conducted by lunatics. This Bankbctt Law.?In another column we publish two letters on the Bankrupt law which has been so summarily disposod of in the Ilouse of Representatives. It is another melancholy evidence of the unfitness for legislation of the men who pretend to represent the people in Congress, and another proof of the necessity of the public hurling such men from power, and placing in their stead men of principle, intelligence and oharacter. The sort of Congress we have had for the last few years has ruined the country. It has divided it by a geographical line, and has kindled a civil war in which upwards of a million of men are in arms. Having thus ruined the business of the merchants and commercial men of the country, it now abandons their interests, though many of those men have largely contributed to the attainment of the government of the country in its darkest hour, by supplying the sinews of war when there was not a cent in the treasury. The merchants and traders, moreover, are compelled to pay a heavy war tax besides, while their embarrassments loavo them but little able to meet such a burthen. Whatever cripples the commerce of the country is neces ?t_ f ? S i a- Al. ?? a sari(J injurious 10 mo ({ureruuicm, cnjicumnj at a lime when it is necessary that every branch of business should be prosperous in order to sustain the financial pressure produced by the war. How the want of an equitable bankrupt law operates against the majority of the creditors, as well as tho honest debtors, is clearly shown by one of our correspondents. The present system merely enables the swindling debtor to escape through the meshes of the law, while all others suffer from it. We hope that some honorable man will move for a reconsideration of the vote, in order that the yeas and nays may be taken, and the people may form a correct opinion of the character of the men who misrepresent them in Congress. Hkuki. CanakIm.?It is amusing to notice the devices employed by the rebels to keep up their courage. The rebel generals, like Beauregard, transform defeats into victories in their reports, and the rebel editors back up these misrepresentations by weak inventions in regard to the spirit and health of our forces. Thus a correspondent of the Knoxville Kegislet crowds three palpable falsehoods about tho Union army into as many paragraphs. He reports that a Kentucky Union regiment rebelled near Nashville; that two Indiana regiments ?'Ae? /tallad Aiif fn innnraaa fha rAhollinn ami that a fight ensued, in which the Indianians were defeated. How true thia atorj is the rebels learned at Pittsburg Landing, where the Kentucky and Indiana regiments fought gallantly aide by side. The correspondent of the Register goes on to narrate the rarages made by the smallpox in our army, having discovered this diseaso in advance of our surgeons and soldiers, who know nothing of the agonies the correspondent describee, and are not aware that tbey are all dead and buried. The Register man concludes by stating that our army is becoming demoralised. Probably he bad not yet beard of the capture of Island No. 10 and of the Pittsburg battle, or he would have ooncluded that our demoralization was a contagious disease, and that the rebels bad caught it from us. If Satan is really the father of lies> we congratulate him upon the flourishing condition of his numerous progeny in the Southern confederacy. Old Ananias could not hold a candle with a rebel editor or a Confederate general. Tub Rebels Still in tub Vicinity or tub Lower Potomac.?Notwithstanding the report from Washington, it is evident that the rebels have not all left the Lower Potomac, and oui i commanders had better look out for their real and flank. On Friday afternoon and Saturday th< i United States steamer Jacob Doll discovered rebels, and evon two batteries, at Potomac crock A near Aqu% pnoof thorn a water batter/ is 4 tLe other ou a high bill That Uio enemy bait * force still in ?! " direction of Fredericksburg there can be n > c. vo'jt In fact, they ap|?ear to be as thick us blackberries in every part of Virginia, and wherever oar troops move they are an re to meet them How riik Rkukuj Obtain*. oTiikiu Nbwh.?The intelligence which wo published yesterday about the Hercules capturing several schooners and sloops in the vicinity of Smith's Island, in tho Chesapeake, is not intrinsically of much importance; but tho circumstances attending the capture of one of them impart an unusual interest to the exploits of the Hercules. Oo the Velma was found a largo mail, containing about two hundred letters, in charge of a captain of tho Confederate army. This vessel bad cleared from Baltimore , for Pocomoke Sound, with a cargo consisting of provisions of various kinds. Instead of being discharged in a Mary land port, she was taken over to Great Wicomico river, and there discharged in Virginia. Tho sloop was returning in ballast for a new cargo, and-' was captured with the correspondence aw 'board. I* appears she had been engaged in this correspondence for five mouths. And thfil is the way that the rebels in Virginia hav? obtained their information of the movements, numbers and destination of the Union troops. If tho War and Navy departments had looked S little sharper in that direction, instead of vainly wasting thunder upon the newspapers, much valuable information might have been kept from the enemy. FitKstr DKVKi.oPMK.NTa or the Union Sent* mknt.?In the letter which we published yester. day from our correspondent near New Madrid, there is a remarkable example of the cxistoncs of the Union spirit where it might be least expected. In West Tennessee the secession sentiment has been very strong and very general; yet here is the case of an interesting young girl of eighteen years of age avowing, in th? presence of the rebel prisoners, that she was in * tavor oi tuo union, and so were ner sisters, dui they could not so declare themselves oi account of their secession beaux. But, M our correspondent remarks, "the beet evidence! we have of the disposition of the rebels to secure any terms of peace, are to be found is the eagerness with which property owners bus for protection." Thus is secessionism gradu ally collapsing under the shadow of the "Stan and Stripes." Arrest of Kx-S?cret?ry Csaeroa at PhmtSelphls. KB. OAMKRON AKRKSTKD AT THE DIRT AMOR OS PIERCE BUTLER?BOTLBB TBBATBD TO A H0C8S SERENADE?MORS TROUBLE IN STORE FOR MX OAXBRON?BIS DEPARTURE FOR RUBOiy Ml LAYRD, ETC. PmLADSLPBU, April IS, IMS. Ex-Secretary Cameron was arrested la thU city to day, on a warrant issued by the sheriff's officers, es coatplaint of Pieroe Butler, for alleged illegal detainer if Fort Lafayette. To-night a hundred citizens, headed by a number St public officers, visited the residence of Mr. Butter anI regaled him with the noise of horns, fiddles sad OthSI discordant instruments. Mr. Cameron had made ready to start for Europe st an early period, and this arrest will materially lnter< fore with his arrangements. Mr. Wall and friends, of Burlington, N. J., bars bass in town all day, waiting to castigate Mr. Osmsrea f? the arrest of Mr. Wall last fall. The ex-Secretary ia guarded by the United States Marshal, tha District Attorney and others. For the pro sent Mr. Cameren has declared his Intention not to safi for Russia until the case in question is disposed of. The arrest took him entirely by surprise, and eooar sioned much mortifioation. Obsequies of Oaptxin Maxwell O'Suillvaw. The remains of CBptain Maxwell OSulllran.of lb Eighty-eighth regiment, (Irish Brigade), who died oe Sunday at Fairfax, will, we undoratand, arrive here froa Alexandria to-morrow or Friday, under escort Of hit friends, the regiment baring gone to FSrtreas Monroe Majer Bagley, commandant of the Sixty-ninth New York Militia, In which corps the gallant deceased fought aae wss wounded at Bull run, has; kindly plaesd the armory at Rmex Market at the disposal of Captain CSulllraot friends, and the remains will be deposited there upoa their arrival in New York. We are informed that Oomr pany C, of the Sixty-ninth, to which the deceased offioef was formerly aiiacnea, will act u an escort iu cuatvj iu| his body from the railroad depot to the armory. Tha time for the funeral has not yet been fixed, but will ha announced as soon as the arrangements are completed. Rsmtttamcss kboil ma Aixt.?Many a family who hart Ather, husband or brother In the Buraside expeditioe will bo mado glad this morning by the receipt of a re m it lance for them through the Adams Repress Company. Over 2,000 money paokages Were received yesterday by their express, in charge of a special messenger. E. 0. Wuetcolt, the company's agent at Newbern, writes that by the next steamer he hopes to send double the abort number. The company's office at that place was crowded by soldiers sealing and sending packages Is thoir friends and relatives when the steamer Peabody sailed, April XI. Paymasters left Washington for York* town a few days ago. There will be a rush of money package* in a few days from that poiat. It la an Incentive for the soldier to fight knowing that his family la taken cijro of through the paymaster and the Adam Express Company. Am for Tim werxdrd or th* Wrst?Doujui Somrvip. no.vd Soucrrrn.?The charitable of this city are exerting themselves to raise money and other contributions foa the Western Sanitary Commission, and there ie every prospect that a respectable sum will be collected. The lailies of this city have issued the following circular:? DO I J. AH HCRWBIITIOS FOB THB ws-TIRN" FLO An.TO nOSPTTALB. A subscription list for contributions of oeedeUeroe under is now opened at Pall, Black k Co., Noe. 666 and 667 Broadway; TiflHny A Co., Noe. 660 and 662 Broadway; Holmes k Co., No. 711 Broadway; Charlee Know, No. 212 Broadway: Arnold. Constable k Co.,No. 309 Canal street; A. Hank in k Co., No. M Bowery; Park k Tlllford, No. 112 Sixth avenue; Harard k Caswell,Flfh Avenue Hotel; Koesevelt, Jr.,No. M Maiden lane, liegeman k Co., Everett House; ?In connection with the Western floating hoop!tale foe the relief of the woundod soldiers, whoee sufferings ay peal most strongly for Immediate aid. Mrs. H. W. Hal leek, Mrs. Francis T.leber, Mrs. Schuyler Hamilton, Mrs. Lewis Jones, Mrs. Jas. A. Roosevelt, Mrs. Henry Farnum, Mrs. Joseph Sampson, Mr*. John T. Johnson. Coxpuxuntart Tr-tixoxial to tub Widow axn ox> tram* or vim Lais Thomas J. Monoix.?There will be* performance thir evening at the Winter Oar den for the benefit of the widow and orphans of the late Thomas J; Morgan, the fireman whtf was killed e short lime elnee while In the discharge of hie perilous duty. The object* not to speak of the programme, offered to the public ought to insure e crowded beuse. The programme co? slats of Tom Taylor's "Still Waters Run Deep," staging by Maggie Height, Miss Hallock and Mr. Charles Look< wood, the performance to conclude with "Robert Ms* eetre." ________________ t n.mnns Drill or tub hevbrtt-mxi Rennuxr Nam York Stat* Militu.?The armory of tha Seventy-grat ragimaot, cornor of Thirty-fifth aire*! and Seventh avenue, waa orowded to exceee laat tracing la ordor ta witneee a battalion drill of thta faverite eocpe. Tha larga drill room waa ao orowdod that hundrada had to go away unabla to gain admkttaaea. Eight full companies of tho regiment wera la lloo, and made quilt an Impoalng appearanoa. Tha moromtnta of tha evonlng principally conaiatad of cxerclaaa In tha manual ofarma, firing by ' companion, by flla and by battalion. In eonjequenee at, > tha crowded atafe of tha drill room It waa tmpoaalbla fj l go through any battalion movements of oonaeqtiano*. ig ,a naedloaa to ramark that tha regiment manoeuvrad with excellent precision Next Monday afternoon thay give an exhibition drill at Faat Naw York. Tha flag which was so gallantly borne by tha member* of thg I gnvtnljr first at ths battle of FluII run waa U? their raukt , lint evening, and waa tun object of m??h tar tat.

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