Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 17, 1862, Page 6

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 17, 1862 Page 6
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6 NEW YORK HERALD. JAMKH U OK DON BENBITT EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR OFFICE H. W. CORNER OF FULTON AND NASSAU 9TS. TSJt MA eaah in advance Starry -e.a by mail will be at the r*ek a/ the render. None but Bank Inl'e current in New York TUB DAILY UKRALD, two rente i>er com, $7 per annum. TUB ACt:KKL Y 11 KHALI*, every Saturday, at .ix rente i"r copy, or per annum, the European Edition every Wednesday, at nix rente per copy, f 1 per annum to any part of Ureal UrUa Or >6 12 to any part of toe CUnhnent, Ml . . - . la'joreaa Bciition on tier 1../, IDA ami 2i.l <y eaeJi month, at etx rente per copy, or $1' 75 per annum THE FAMILY HERALD, on Wednesday, at/our cente per copy, or per annum yOL UNT.I K f foRDtLiPONDENCt, container!/ important mrwe, solicited from am, Quarter of the iroild; if ue- J, will he h'arally paiJ far. B&puvK FOKIlua CoKHK:ir?-?DKMT.<< Alia PaR?y. ????'> to Skal all Lurrmu ai?d Packa .*.< 4A.AT 04 NO jroriCK taken of a i nymoue correspondence. We do not return rejected ret mm < m r.Utone. ADYBRTfSEtt ENTS renewed every Jay. adeertieemente in? tat in the WmiLi Hebai.d, Fakilt Hkkald, an t in the Vuli/ornia ami Kuropeun Editions. JOB Tit IS TIN a executed with neatneet, cheapness and deepatch. Volume XXVII Ho. 105 AMUSEMENTS THIS EVKNIMQ. ACADEMY OF MUSIC. imn| Place.?Lost* Baonaas. MlBIiO'l (UtDZM, Broadway.?Tub 8kcua*tbbm. WINTER OilMX, Broadway. ?Da mo as aaonrs? TOODLBB?ItOMBBT MACAIBB. ' WALLACE'S THEATRE. N*. M Broadway.?T.ora and Hovar LAURA EKE HE'S THEATRE, Broadway.-Tut Maoawrar, oa tub Paar or Day. ' NEW BOWERY THEATRE Bowary. ?Da a? Hbart? lk* TkB t,Oll>? a B ? ..?* i'otltmam BARNUM'S AMERICAN MUSEUM. Broadway.?Com. Muty?Litimd Wualb, ao., at All hours.?lii>r o Mr 'i'uuuii?i,k.sioki run i-orats, afternoon and creula(. BRYANTS' MINSTRELS. Mocuaalca' Hali, (71 BroadWar.?Wuo o.bitta dillr i'itrk.t.-os. MELODEON CONCERT HALL 539 Broadway?K-oaa Ykiam i'm ombam'a-. boMct, Da.icbs, Boblbsuues. Ac. CANTERBURY MUSIC HALL 585 Broadway.?Soaos Daocbb, Boblbiquba. Ao.?'-AU -.noma. OAIETIE8 CONCERT ROOM, 616 Broadway.? Duiwinb Boom Ektbutaihmbhts, Ballitb. Pabtouimks, Fabcbs. Ao. AMERICAN MUSIC HALL HI Broadway.-JtALOOJ I>AABBr? KA LBOAO?I UtLIMUS JULLl MlLLBM. CRYSTAL PALACE CONCERT HALL No. 15 Bo wary Hvbijuouba SOKoa, DANOS?. Aa?DBA/ aa a t on. PARISIAN CABINET OP WONDERS, 663 Broadway.Oj?u datly from 10 A. M. till! 1*. M. ^NOVELTY MUSIC HALL 616 Broadway.? BVBLBSQiras ?m vuuh, <?. TEMl'kha nck HALL, Prlncttoa?Srirum Bliiui'j wood's Mim'tkkls. TRIPLE SHEET. IV*w York, Thurtdap, April 17, 1869. THE SITUATION. The correspondence from Yorktown, which we paMsh to-day, will giro oar renders n very accurate and interesting description of the progress of aflhirs in front of that city. It will he seen that the greatest activity prevails in both armiesFiring from the rebel batteries is an every day vent, and meets with an occasional response from our artillery, while preparations are being made by the commanding general for an assanlt, which moat prove of a terrific character. A skirmish took. place on Saturday, in whioh a scattering fire waa kept up on both aides. The skirmish was con. hnued en ttnnday morning, bat with what effect on the enemy was not ascertained. Oar loss is insignificant. The Petersburg Express describes it as an important affleir, and says:?"We did not hear the number of Confederates engaged, bnt it Ls stated that three of oar regiments sas Uined considerable loss in killed and wounded. The Yankees are thought to hare suffered greatly. Had the enemy been allowed to fortify he might, with a rery small force, hare menaced and held in check a large body of our troope, while he could hare aent off a greater portion of his to co-operate In other fields." The same paper adds?"It is ^ stated, further, that a general battle ia imminent on the peninsula, and not a few in our city yesterday were prepared to hear of actire fighting at any moment. It is now known with certainty that MsClellan, at the head of an immense army, is there, and it ia also known that our generals hare made ample preparations to giro the enemy a desperate fight the moment he offers battle." The Mcrrimac still lies up qnietly at Norfolk. We publish to-day the official report of General Grant of the battle at Pittsburg Landing, or Shiloh, as it may perhaps more properly bo called, and also the report of General Sherman describing th> pursuit of the enemy towsrds Corinth. The account of the fight, which we giro from the South* era papers, in another column, will be found rery interesting. r>?an*ts-hAa received at the War Dcnartment yesterday from Kansas City, bring official intelligence of the battle at Apache Paaa, in New Mexico. Oar loaa ii one hundred and fifty killed, wounded and missing. The enemy acknowledge their loaa to be from three hundred to foar hundred killed and woanded. Ninety-three rebele were taken prisoners, thirteen of whom are officers. Oar forces captured and burned aixty-four wagons, laden with provisions and ammonition, and killed two hun* dred mules. The Texans attacked oar battery four times, the last time coming within forty feet of our guns, bat were repalsed with heavy lossThe Texans fell back to Santa Fe after the fight. The Secretary of the Navy received a despatch yesterday from Cairo announcing that Commodore Foote Itad advanced with hi* flotilla to within a?- ~ -tu r?.? D;ii*V_ ! turcc "|u?i ui uuto ui rumnuvw, wikibi Pope's con.inand occupying the Arkansas ahore. Ten mortar boats were in position off Fort Pillow, ?ad haM opened Are at six o'clock on Tuesday evening Commodore Fonte states that he is confident of reducing the fort. The New Orlenna DeUa announces that seven or eight of oar vessel*? Porter's mortar boats no doubt-had made an attack upon Forts Jackson end St. Philip, without mentioning the date, and that as they retired upon being fired on by the forts, it was evident that a reconnoissance only was intended. By the Canada, at Halifax, we learn that the New York packet ship YoAtown had been cap Vre'i nt sen by a Southern privateer. No particulars arc given, but ss the fact is announced under heal of the very latest news, we presume the aei/ure must have bcrn made near the British > The revolution in the mode of waging war at Ira. produced by the engaarcmeot between the flUernmoc and Monitor is acknowledged as fully V>mpietr by England. The questions of the necea# ferity of an Immediate ron..'r,irtinri of no f onpatmtk flvft, of ?h? Inutility of woo,, u NEW YOB war ahipa, tad (he danger of depending on land fortification* for the defence of a coaat line, were debated in the Britinh House of Commons during two nights, a" wo mentioned on Tuesday. Although the whole matter was treated very cautiously and with spirit by the Cabinet Ministers, it is quite evident that the Palmerston government is excited, if not alarmed, at the position in which the country is placed, its woodeu line-of-battle ships being valueless?and a huge additional expense being rendered absolutely necessary for the building of new iron vessels and the alteration and sheathing of old frigates of oak. It is claimed that Captain Cowper Coles, of the British Navy, originated the plan after which the Monitor has been built. The great military laudworks, for the defence of Spithead,' which had just been undertaken, have been suspended at the instance of Parliament. The French Iron-plated gunboat which arrived in the Seine from Bordeaux about a year ago, has been lengthened and modified in shape; she is now completed, and being wholly roofed in by a casing of iron plates, presents a remarkable appearance in the water?something like a gtgantio egg. She | haa two vary abort funnels, two angina*, and ia propallad by two aorawa. The Russian government ia determined to save every rouble possible in order to apply the money for the fitting out of an iron-plated fleet. The English government had officially announced tha retirement of its military contingent from Mexico, with the exception of a small force, which is ordered not to take any part in or give any aid to an advance into the interior. Spain has avowed her intention not to ally herself with any "recondite schemes" for the subjugation of the Mexicans; so that the tripartite alliance may be said to be at an end, so far as the idea of a permanent invasion is concerned. France, in the absence of information to the contrary, is now acting alotfe on the soil of the republic, and the Paris correspondent of the London Keics states that the Mexican question, aa between Napoleon and England, has become of a "very ticklish" nature. COHOKESS. The President sent a special message to both houses of Congress yesterday, announcing his ap proval of the act abolishing slavery in the Dis" triot of Columbia. Tbe President has appointed ex-Mayor Berret, of Washington; Hob. Samuel P. Vinton, of Ohio, and Darnel It. Goedtoe, formerly of Nort'i Carolina, Commissioners to de* termine the validity and value of the claims pre sented under the act of emancipatioa. ill txir B*um\e jwirrunj, nr. naic vriiaurcw uiv resignation of the chairmanship of the Naval Com. mittee. Bills providing a Territorial government for Kanawha (Western Virginia), and' for the enforce, ment of the laws of the United States, were refer, red. Mr. McDoogail continued his remarks re. greeting the arrest of General Stone, and opposed the adoption of the motion calling on the President for information on the subject instead of the Sccre tary of War. The Confiscation bill was then taken np, and Mr. Powell, of Kentucky, spoke against it. The death of Mr. Cooper, representative of the Seventh district of Pennsylvania, wo-t announced, and the customary reflations of condoleuae adopted. In the House of Itcnresentafivcs. a bill annro printing thirty millions of dollars to make up deficiencies in the appropriations for the pay of the army was passed by a vote of one hundred and ninety yeas to two nays? Messrs. Calvert and May, both of Maryland, voting in the negative. A joint resolution, requiring Treasury certificates to bear date at the time the claims are audited and settled, was introduced and referred. The bill organizing the army signal corps was passed. A resolution, reported by the Judiciary Committee, declaring that tha government should not interfere with the transmission of intelligence by telegraph, when it will not afford aid to the enemy, was adopted. The death of Mr. Cooper, of Pennsylvania, was annnounced, resolutions of condolence were adopted, and the Houae adjourned. MISCELLANEOUS NEWS. The Canada, from Liverpool on the 5th and Queenstown on the 6th of April, reached Halifax yesterday. H r news is two days later than that re> ive by the Norwegian. 1 i.. .j-pool cotton market tended upwards on the 5th instant, but the quotations remained unchanged. Flour was steady. Provisions remained steady, with a quiet market. Consols closed in London on the 5th instant at 93% a 94 for money. Our advicea from the continent of Europe are A* nt mnrh iirnnrtincc. The French papers very generally comment on the recent naval conflict at Hampton Roads, between the Monitor and Merrimac, and on the complete revolution which has thus been caused in naval warfare. They make particular reference to the excitement caused in England by this change, and to the asaertiona of the English press that a new navy must be built. The Opinion Kationale hope* that these new inventions and improvements will make naval warfare so terrible as in the end to prevent it altogether. The Covrrier da Havre thinks that if England, France sud the United States were to spend large sums of money, and each were to be possessed of an invulnerable steel-clad navy, the position of a flairs would scarcely be altered, as neither Power wonld be able to mftke any impression npon the navy of the other. It also argues that the cost is too enormous ever to allow iron vessels to come into such general use as wooden ships. All the papers, however, eoincide'in the opinion that iron vessels will henceforth displace all others lor harbor and coast defences. The Canada reports, under the head of the very ateet news, that the New York packet ship York town, trading between ojew 10m ana i^onaon, nau been captured by a rebel Southern privateer. Onr telegraphic report by the Canada doce not contain any particulars aa to the situation of the Teasels at the time of the seizure, the name of the privateer, or the destination or cargo of the Torktown; but as the Canada left Queenstown on the 6th instant, and the faot la stated as a portion of the latest Liverpool news of the previous day, it is to be presumed that the occurrence took place in the near neighborhood of the English or Irish coast, and that both vessels were in some one of the ports of Great Britain when the Canada took her departure for Boston. The ship Torktown was built in New York, by William H. Webb, in the year 1647. She is eleven hundred and fifty tons burthen, and has three decks. She'is built of oak, drsws twenty feet of water, and was metalled in Jnne, 1S60. She is owned by Messrs. Grjnnell, Mintnrn & Co , and her measurement shows that she is one hundred and seventy feet in length, thirty-eight feet iu breadth, and twenty two feet In depth. TJie Torlifowrt VI* last sflrVTe'l in this portjrj .January. 1MV and was a favorite ves'-H, boil for freight and passengers. Vt> believe she w as commended by t'.iptsln f'ro*hv. in the State ."senate yesterday the bill to prevent fr;inds upon laborer* and uth-r? ?t.? lung em ploy incut was yaesfd. as well as etlivra vi less iu & HERALD, THURSDAY, tereat. A long debate took place on a motion to instruct the Internal Affairs Committee to report the Metropolitan Health bill immediately. Without coming to any decision on the motion the Senate went into executive session, and afterwards took up and debated the bill providing for a sufficient enlargement of the canals to permit the passage of gunboats. Favorable reports were made on the bills for the better protection of buildings iu this city against lire, and to establish bulkhead pier lines for Mew York and Brooklyn. The bill for the reorganization of the State militia and the enrolment of a National Guard wag debated for some time, but the Senate adjourned without making uay disposition of it. In the Assembly, a special committee of five on the apportionment of the Congressional districts of the State was announced by the Speaker. A large number of bills received their third reading, many of which were passed; but the majority of them were only of local or private importance. Among them wero, however, those to provide means for the support of government, to provide means for the payment of the canal indebtedness, the General Tax bill, to regulate the aale of poisons, to inflict punishment for the use of false brands, stamps and trade marks, and some uicers or particular interest to tne people or tnis city. The Spring Street Bailroad bill was recommitted for amendment. The regular monthly meeting of the Board of Education was held yeeterday afternoon, Wn. E. Curtis, Esq., in the chair. A resolution waa adopted awarding the contract of the mason work of primary school in the Nineteenth ward to Mason A Carey, carpenter work to William Coulton, and painting to Charles Loeber. The discussion in relation to military education was postponed. No further business of importance was transacted. Tho Grand Jury of Paterson, N. J., have indicted Mr. Lawrence Holms for reporting, and the Daily Guardian for publishing, reports of a seduction and abortion case, on the grounds of their obscenity. Mr. Holms, who reported the proceedings, was attending court as a juror, but has since become associate editor of the Guardian. In this State' proceedings in courts of justice are permitted to be published; but it entirely depends upon the good taste of the reporter and the supervising editor to judge what portions should be omitted or delicately worded so as not to oflfend the sense Cf the community. The market for beef cattle was substantially thesame yesterday as last week. Some of tho brokers and butchers reported a reduction in prices; but we found the range about the same. Tho average prices might have been a trifle lower. Prices varied from 7 cents to 8% cents a 9' cents, with a large proportion of the sales at 8 cents a 8% coats ' for prime corn fed stcerB. Milch cows have been m rather more inquiry; but prices- remain about the same. Veals were steady for prime, but dull and lower for common. Sheep and : lambs sold . prices ranging from 15 to $6, according to qoalHy. Swine sold at 4 cents a 4>? cents for.stilT fed, 4% cents a 4}? cents for heavy corn fed, and 3% centa a 4 cents for light fed. The total receipts were 3,517 beeves, 127 cows, 991 veals, 6,170 sheep and Iambs and 9 23 swine. ' Ths stock market was Arm yesterday, General Grant's official report having etienced the fears of ths doubters with regard to the battle of Pittsburg- Landing, and rnmors with regard to the object of M. Herder's visif to Washington tending to enoourage hopes of a cessation of hostilities. Governments improved}{. Money continued very easy?-call loauo 6 s 6 per cent. Exchange inactive; gold 101 ^ a 101*4. The trade tables for ths month of March will ba found in ths>money article, In another column. The octton market was again active yesterday, and firmer, with- sales of 1,800 bales?s good part to spinners?otoang stiff on the basis of 28)?c. for middling up. lands. Some holders demanded 23c.. and refused to sell for less. Mr. Samuel Sm ith's Liverpool circular of the 1st of April contains the following statem60t regarding movemenw In India cotton:?The export ef eottcn from India ia disappointing expectations. The Bbipmanta from Bombay to-Europe In January and February-show a defl. cimicy at mcr? mm ou.uw usisa ma uumpj.rru vruu int ;w, an* the arrivals from the inUrtor continue on k vsry moderate scale. no gives the Inserts into Li vsrpool to the 2&th of March, u follows:? American. Malallkivdi. 18C2, baits 7,000 180,000 1861 891,000 1,000.000 Decrees* 884,000 820,000 Anal the stock on tho 2Sth of March, a* Tallows:? American. All k-indr. 1862, bales : 144,000 400,000 1861 768.000 920,000 Decrease 624,000 620,000 The circular puts down the consutnptWwst 28,000 bales per week, which Is thought to be the lowest point it can rsach. This will increase, er.ptoially if trade revises at all. in Manchester. Applying this weekly reduction to the stock. 00 bend, and it will be easy to estimate the steady exhaustion of suppip going on in Great Britain. The cotton afloat on its way to England on the28th of March, th* circular?which is regarded as very g<rad author.tyvln the trade?states as follows ? Am'riran. Eat'IttdiVi 1862, bales Nil. 210,000, 1861 218.0CW 246.000 Decrease 218)000 36,000 The flour market was heavy and lower, and fell offerors 6c. to 10c., and on some kinds, especially of common and msdium grades, 16e. par bbl. Wheat was easier aod irreg ,lar, while tales were moderate. Western mixed 1 mam in fair rant'.esl. at 68c a .">8^40. in store, and ?9e a 60c. delivered- Pork was lower, but active at the concision, with tale* of new mesa at |12 62,1 a $12 75, a ml of prima do. at $10 a $10 371. Sugare were ataarty, with aalaa of 600 hhds. t'ofiee was quiet. Freights were timer, with a fair amount of engagemente at ru.ra given in another eol'ima. The New Policy af Napolroa In Cwape and America. We published yesterday the important despatch that M. Mercier, the French Minister at Washington, had proceeded to Riobmond by way of Fortress Monroe and Xo.folk. Much speculation is afloat as to the object of his visit to the rebel capital. Some think it has something to do with tobacco, in which the French government has an interest. But nothing of this kind would take a French Minister from the capital of the United States to the capital of the seceded States at such a moment as thisIt would be beneath the dignity of the representative of the French empire. It is far more likely that the visit is purely diplomatic, and that it has grown out of some of the recent events of the war. A day or two before the visit the Mcrrimac communicated with ti>? I'ranch ptcamcr, probably with a reply to aome communication ol M. Mercier. Let ua unravel the myatery. The late naval battle* in Tlampton Roads have thoroughly alarmed the Britiah Parliament Tor the safety of their coaat. Their wooden walla, and'even their atone walla, avail nothing against iron-plated steamships. The English coaat ia vulnerable at any moment to any Power which possesses these terrible veesela. Now it is known to the Britiah oligarchy that Napoleon possesses these ships in abundance, and that be baa been silently and aecretly constructing them for a long time. Hence their alarmHitherto nothing prevented him from carrying out the policy of hia uncle, and chastising England, but the barrier proacnted by lier navy, and in some degree her coaat fortifications. The invention of iron-plated ve-s?'? .. cr?

1 practically tented in Hampton ttoaus, has rendered these bulwarks of no account; and well niny the aristocracy of England turn pule. Their liect anchor ij gone. They are now .?t the mercy of their more warlike (Jnllie neighbor. The problem of a auccosiul invasion u 'APRIL 17," 1862.?TRIPLE now sol red. Had the slder Napoleon possessed such an instrumentality, England would hav# been, at this day, either a dependency of France, or, if still Independent, a fourth rate petty Power. Had England not been an island, and had it formed part of the continent of Europe, contiguous to France, no one can doubt that she would either be annexed to the dominant Power of the Continent, or, at best, would hold about the eame relationship to France as does Belgium or Italy. The insular position of Britannia, and her command of the seas, protected her against the world in arms. But the battle of Hampton Roads strips her of her strength like Samson shorn of his hair. Henceforth France is destined to rule all Europe. Louis Napoleon will now carry out the unfinished role of bis uncle, and his iron-plated vessels, new ready for action, will speedily enter the Thames, bombard London, and tome the pride of the lineal descendants of those who chained the mighty eagle of France upon the lonely rock of St. Helena, where he gnawed out his own vitals Before his invasion of Russia he had prepared on immense expedition to England; but the development of alarming movements on the Continent, started by the diplomacy of England to divert ths storm from herself, suddenly checked his purpose. The Invasion of Russia was a failure; but Napoleon m. has avenged the defeat. He has since taken vengeance on the treachery of Austria. It only remains to avenge Waterloo and pnniBh England. He believes this is his destixy, and it is the pinnacle of his ambition. In order to be succesafol in so great an enterprise, Napoleon deems it necessary to bo on a friendly footing with the greatest naval Power of the world?the United States. Hence the visit of Mercier to Richmond. It has been stated recently that Napoleon bad suddenly changed bis policy in reference to the Ameri can war; that he hnd espoused the afde of tho North, and was aboat to recall his recognition ?f the belligerent rights of tile South. Now, the object of the visit of Merrier is to tell Jeff. Davis and his Cabinet that tbey must svbmit at once; that if they do not Franc* will talk* part with the North, and settle the affair very soon. Bnt if the Southern leaders will lay dowa their asms the Kmperor of the French will' interpose to save their necks. This reasoning will probably be successful. Napoleon will then say to ot?r government:?"See what' I' have done for y???I have restored the Union; I will, moreover, abandon Mexico, and all' designs upon this continent. You have mypermission to appropriate Canada. I want yoursecret friendship for my enterprises in EUrope. At least, I desire that you will pledge me that yon will maintain a strict neutrality,;r That, we think, ' ho-may fairly 'calculate upon; and then, let England look out. Napol&n hfbow master of t he-situation, and he will be sore to make the wca?- vm it, Tke Kara! Panto In EHjlaut. Letfcis morning's paper will be* found aftrll report of the interesting debate which took plaee- in the House of Commenson the 30th ultU ia relation to iron-clad vessehj-of-wsr. It will1 be seen from it that oar transatlantic cousins are in great alarm at the facts developed in the recent engagement between: the Merrimae and Monitor. That event operated upoa'them like a new revelation. It took out of thsra the starch of their arrogance and salfcoceeit, and has left them terribly* nervous- and anxious about the future. The motives of this anxiety are not exaggerated. Never had a nation greater oause t? fed troubled. In a single day it baa seen net only jts most cherished illusions and prejudices destroyed, but the work of centuries annihilated. Since the fight in Hampton Roads ite naval > supgenaaey has passed out-: of the realm of fhete into that of traditions. Alas! that so muoh that is pleasant and convivial should vanish with it. No more at Duiklhall banquets cr county dinners will the- toast of "Our "Wooden Walls" wake the cohoes wilh stento rian and self-congratulato&y- cheers. It will be seen from what nassed ia Parlia merit that in the coming age. of: iroa English 'ftingloriousncsa still hopes to maintain its superiority at sea. We will not stop to discusshow far this expectation is well founded. To tiaae we may safely leave the solution of t ie question. We would observe, however, t'at it is but poor evidence of confide see in the future when the ground on which the English Parliament is .urged to the recons auction of its navy by the speakers on this occasion is apprehended danger from this country. Danger of what? We have enough to 'jcupy us at hoiuerwithoui.sceking '.o carry aggression into the territories of obiter governments. Neither are we so unnatural as lo irritate the example set us of seeking a pretext ta cut the throats of onr own kindred. John Bull need, not be afraid of us. We prefer feetjbg him t* lighting him. This fear of us, however, is mostly put on. It is not visions of Yankee Merrimoesand Monitors that disturb tbe slumbers of our En^fctsh cousins. They 1 ,ow well tnat it is not our intevsst to pick a quarrel with them. But they are not so sum of the oontinuaaee of the same pacific disposition on the part of their imperial neighbor. The Gallic cock has begun to crow rather loud since the news of the sear fight in Hampton Roads, and tbe nerves of the braggarts who bullied us when onr hands were tied have become painfully sensitive. They have suddenly awakened to the consciousness of the fact that whilst they have been theorizing on ironplated war vessels and batteries France has I been silently multiplying thvm. She has at present about three timee Ibe force of both that England, with all her boasted resources in Irnn and entrlnserintr skill, can command* Were war to break out between the two countries to-morrow, there would be nothing to prevent the French steaming up the Thames and shelling and capturing London. This is one of the first points of the great American revolution. It has exposed to the maritime governments of Europe the weakness and unreliability of their present navies. It will soon lay bare, in the same unpleasant manner, the feeble points of their political systems. The ordcnl through which dc. mocracy is passing here will necessarily lnvo the effect of purifying and fortifying it abroad. Once our domestic troubles are at an end, the political anxiety <jf foreign governments oegTfl. 6ur first war of independence set rolling the ball of revolution in Europe. Tiic English and French journalists und politicians, who ure continually sneering at "the frultbss character" of our present struggle, will, por' hup*, von discover that it is not entirely be I roa v? cou6C<iueut;c? to theuiselvos. him take his place in the artnjr. He desires to fight fur the flag at Yorktown. Good officers are not very plentiful. Let' him have a fair trial at once. It is the wish of Gen MoClellan, his superior officer, and there can be no good reason for refusing it. The speech ol Mr. McDougall in Congress, tyhich we pub liahed yesterday, is deserving of public attention. For every injustice done now there will be a day of reckoning hereafter. Oi'r Two Rkitmjcan Factions and Thhto Intrioebs at Albany.?There is a very mysteri ous contrdfcrsy going on between the Tribune and Times' in regard to our Metropolitan Health bill, and the officers to be appointed and the spoils^ to be divided under it. The Tribune thinks it but little short of a public outrage that the Mayor of New York and the Mayor of Brooklyn are to be excluded from this new board of health, wHtte the Times sow tends that there b no earthly necessity for theii appointment cm the board. The innocent reader of both or either of those journals b doubtless puzzled? to make out the meanfhg e* | all this earnest argnmentation upen this buhl never but we think we can very easily solve ths ' mystery. Ths republican party of New Tori? Is under going crystalizatroff into two hostile fastions?the one looking to Mr. Seoretaff Seward for the next Presidency, sad the ottfsr te Mr Secretary Chase. The "Little Villain*" of ths Times, ftrom sheer hostility to GroeJsyy havi pinned their faith to the' oouttail of Mr; Sew SHEET. * The Conservative Foliar sf the Administration?Important Speeches ia Coa|NM. We publish to-day two remarkable speeches d&ivered iu Congress?one of them' by Mr. Blair, ..of Missouri, and the other by Judge Thomas, >pf Massachusetts. The speech oV MrBlair is'important, not only on account of the sentimedts it' utters, but because it is an exposition of the policy of Mr. Lincoln and his administration. The speech ef Judge Thomas is admirable* for its constitutional law, sound logic and overwhelming overthrow of the positions of the abolitionists. If Wendell Phillips and Charles Banner are the bane of Massachusetts, Judge TbomasUs the antidote. While we commend the whole of both speeches to the calm and earnest pcrvsul of our readers, we would advert to two or three poiuts worthy of special attention. < Mr. Blair, who is flronr.a slaveholding State, and well informed of the opinions of all classes of the Southern community,(declares that it is fallacious to call the insurrection a "slaveholders' rebellion." If sneb were the fact, two divisions of tho army could bave suppressed it without difficulty. In feet, the negroes themselves could easily put down the two hundred and fifty thousand slaveholders. But the truth is, that it is the non-slavehcldtaf whites of the Bouth wh? are the rebels, and that not from any love of slavery, but fromr the natural antagonism of the white race to the idea of equality and amalgamation involved m emancipation? the very same sentiment which1 prompts the States of the Northwest to pass 1 awe prohibiting the settlement ef negroes amongtheir population. Mr. Blair* argue?, therefore-, that it is the negro question, and not the aiawry question, which has produced the rebellion. It was the fear i'hat Mr. Lincoln would emancipate the slaves-which led them to take up arm*. Hence Mr. Lincoln, in hiorecent message to Congress, endeav*r3 to remove their apprehensions-. He repudiates the idea- of a forced emancipation and proposes that it shall only be accomplished by the voluntary act'of the people of the Southern States; Congrees merely passing a Isw to assist then*in the shape-of compensation. The policy of tab- President is to colonize them wbr.i emancipated; and Mn Blair suggests Mexico and Central America an the proper region for them, not only on account of climate, but because the population'of those countries have me natural antipathy 16 the bl'aek race. lie says ir the republicans had' proclaimed this policy of Mr. Lincoln we shouldnat havo had the rebellion, and if it were even now recognized by Congress it v/ould save- the blood of many ef our soldiers, and bring- bank peace and goodwjh, i>- .v <.r. n uii iin gi oak vt tiTiX' uv vuaci ?cbn.wan not love for the King, but impatience engendered by the senseless- riger of the Puritans, that brought back Ohartos ?1. to England. If the pro-slavery democracy is restored to power, it will be by similar folly en the part of thtv moat extreme opponents of sterery." Mr. Blair* goes on to contend that "we cannot subjugate* the seceded States without maintaining a vat?i army and withont changing the very form c0 our government." Be-asks: "How long would it be -endured by thfe Northern people that a war should be waged upon the people of th-e* own race at the South-to make the blacks lb air equal# V' He exposes- the absurdity of die by remarking that when North- j era men go South their prejudice- ngsutst. elav *y ceases; and tho soldiers will be-ra.exception to the rule. On> the contrary, 'Jf our troops -should permanently settle in the South ' the blacks would onlyohnnge masters, of hrhieh them.a>e certain symptoms already. These are sound and sensible vieT rs, from which we diBsent only o? ene point, an d that is the colonization plan. There is no ' aecessity fci it.i. The labor of the negroes is 1 teeded in the cotton and sugas States. The lab or of the while man cannot 3?pply it; and it would be extreme folly to deprive the coun' ay of such an immense laboring population. If there must-be emancipation, let the State that decrees it take charge of tha negroes, insf *ad of their former musters, and: let vagrant 1' tws, compelling to labor, be enacted, and 1( it fair rates of wagce be established. This woi ild not be better far the negroes, bat infinitel- y better for the planters, who are. now bound t o support them in old age aud in aiaknees as a ,eji as in health. In die event of emancipation f ?me such system as this should be adopted as ,a substitute. To give the blacks the same p ?litical privileges and franchise-, as tb? whites of the South, and nuike them squally free, is an absurdity of which nobody dreams b ?t Utonian altnli tionistR like Greeley and So juiner or Pbillipa and Garrison. Equally important is, the speech of Mr. Thomas oa the const! tutional question. He hhows tl?aX this Ib a w <r for the constitution, and not a war to overt Jbrow it. IIo completely refutes the dootrino 'of Sumner, that the State organisations can. bo, destroyed, and that States have forfeited tbeir-existence by rebellion ; for "these ift nothing i? the doctrines of secession mora- disloyal to the constitution and more fatal to the Union than the doctrine of State suicide. It is tho gospel of anarchy, the philoso" phy of dissolution." The constitution has a door for Stateu'to come in, but none for a State to go out. An ordinance of secession has no legal force, ajtd is wholly void. A State cannot 1 commit treason: only persons can commit it A State cannot be indicted. "You cannot," says Burke, "indict a whole people." The loyal citizens in the Southern States are not enemies, and cannot be treated as such under any general law. A broad distinction ought to be made between the leaders and those who hare been forced into the rebellion. The duties of allegiance and protection are reciprocal. The federal government has not fulfilled its part, and tins no right to be too exacting about the part which SouOiern citizens, under such clroumstances. ought to have done. Hence the wholesale sv, <)< plug confiscation proposed is not only unconstitutional, < ui maniiesuy unjusi. oucn i? M Tbtinnkd' train of argument. Thou in one aent-TUM in bis speech which dcorve-j to bo written in letter* ?d gold. It is this a,i socking to change Iha constitution by force of arms we become the rebels we nrc striving to subdue.' Let Greeley and PJdlllps, Surui.e * and lie other leaders of the rovuluti./uarr abolition faction at the North "tend, mark, le.trn rind inwardly dlgc t They ai'j rebels of the blackeft typo. Let thctu beware of the consequences TitK or 0?V Htonk.?It is contrary to every principle of justice and of public poliey ! to keep lui'. Slor,# in continuous confinement, i without giving b!rn a trial or even preferring : chui/os ug.ii'j!;! him. If ho Is guilty of any offence, let Mm be tried, convicted and punished ( \:: \ to tl.ecxlnnie pcnolty of the law. If 1 d not t guilty , let him bo discharged, aud let j ?itu- p xinv/Duputri urxowivjr, uukjoi /nvrui| had'full satisfaction against' Mr. Seward^ talk logically into "the ring'' et the Chase fretioa to which, aiho, Mayor Opdyfae and Mr: Col lector Barney very natural !y belong. To citfito of these republican factions- the spoils and plunder of this new health" board will be worth baring for futnre. partisan operations' and hero we reach the milk of the cocoacab Hon. Henry Jeremy Diddler Raymond is i? triguing for' the seat in the " United Stater Senate nrw held! by Preston K;ag, whose term will 80or ?expir(K. Hon. Philosopher Greeleyc while he would become decidddly wratby it * charged with'any intrigue upos> the subject still has, r?' doubt, a kind of at glimmering 1 idea that h?isihsrrery man to St# She place ot? Preston Ki.rg, audi that Raymond! is uothing: but an impudent little nincompoop. We need < not proceed any further with our explanation* < The reader, from what we have said, will see the wheel within the wheel at eaeb end of the axletree of ttisMfetoopolitun IleaMb bill. It li i a tempest in * teapot; but, for all that, we 1 shall have, probably, a little thunder and lightning from it bbforwit is ended. I Tac Arrest ooMit; Ex-SecrrtaewCaiieiiok? ;A New SmjxTaro?CoNcuu?S3.?The arrest tldh. other day in /Alladfclphia, at the-instance at Mr. Pierce EMler, of Hon. Sitean Camera* late Secretary? of War, on the charge of false imprisonment of said Hatter by eiii Cameron in Hort Lafayette, i* a very interesting and su/jgeetive affair. Mtote# from this proceeding that; if General Cmaron may, b* ^arrested, triedland punished in this case, he nasf Ibe in a hundred others, more or less, andithat , hereafter Mi J3ecretary Seward and Mr. Secref tary Stanton may be subjected to an ondlese succession of, such troublesome prosesutlons This initiative experimental arrest of Mr. Cameron, then, clearly suggests a bill ol indemnity, or something of tbit sort, on the part of Congress. In. fact, in the absence of any snob intervention in behalf of the members of Mr. Lincoln's Cabinet of the War and State departments, we may expect, by and by, from this example of Mr. Pierce Butler, a regular offensive oampaign from the State prisoners liberated from Fort Lafayette, Fort Warren, . the old Capitol building at Washington and , other places, and that the Abbe McMaster, certain Baltimore Police Commissioners, certain late members of the Maryland Legislature, the late Governor Morehead, of Kentucky, Dr. Hopkins, of Detroit, and other sapposed Knights of the Golden Circle, and a host of others, will form a perfect army of prosecutors, with the right wing headed by the inextinguishable and accomplished Mrs. Greonhow and the inappeasable and fascinating Mrs. Mor-ris. The subject, therefore, clearly calls for the intervention of Congress or the Supreme Court, or for the action of both, as soon as noaaible. "Boars Correspondents and Swindling Extras. ?We invite the attention of our reader* to the beautiful disclosures on this subject, in another part of this paper, from the St. Louie Democrat. It will thus bo seen that, while some of the late pretentious descriptions of battles published in the New York Tribunt and World are bogus, counterfeit, spurious?mere tricks to obtain a little credit upon false pretences?we have, on the other hand, the most conclusive evidence that the battle field letters of the New York Herald may be traced to our industrious and enterprr sing correspondents in person on the battle field . The proof against our contemporaries and } n our vindication is perfectly conclusive. Or ,r readers will thus porceive that, while the ? .Ikrald may be relied upon as a genuine new spaper, somo of our noisiest contemporaries are but jackdaws in borrowed plumage. / Corporation Advbi itisino?The Post and the Tribune.?The Ex cnlng Post is an advocate of that comfortable o Id plan for the spoilsmen, or limiting ine i>orp oration advertising to our city newspapers of the smallest circulation. This is quite nntur al; for the Poai is one of this class, and has a cl ironic hankering for a slice, with some of tb o rich stuffing, of the public gooee. Greeley , however, who is a vegetarian, scorns to look * upon the subject in that light, and, as a guar/ ,ian of the publio interests, pleadn the sound doc trine that the Corporation advertising should be given to our public journals of tho large st circulation. It is simply a case between tk.e spoilsmen and the people; and so glad are 'we in this instance to find him on the right sido, notwithstanding all his ourlous kinks and crotchets, that we second the motion of Ureetoy. Tita "nijoodt Dat" m Baltimore.?Tba Common Couno } of Baitinrore hurt requeeted theclti*?na of that city display the national flan from the hi>u*eto|ie ami the blpt>t'.i(( In that port 011 Saturday next, April t!?, '<ae? manifestation of gratitude for their deliverance from the danger* which threatened on that day to ''eitroy their city and ftate^on the occasion of the pottage ot troopn through thv ciiy to protect the capital of the United Stale*." Wim'.tr Gsanrar -Mr. T 0. Jackson, the treasurer at tli* establishment. take a his first benefit tonight. "Mr J. S.Clark and the clever eomodionns, Vtss is^fah Mtevjn?, WiH lead ihn service; t' :?. jc aoior 'lbe ore ?i amnc it on? of rith nrotu ?%. A I . L

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