Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 18, 1862, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 18, 1862 Page 4
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4 NEW YORK HERALD. iambs gordon bknrrtt. editor and proprietor. ofpicb w w. corner op kui.ton and nassau ats. TUB MS eua in advance. Money tent hy ma il mill he at I he rxdt of the tender. Mane hut Bank hiVi cm rent in Ntie York TUB DAILY HAH AID, two rente per ropy $7 pei annum. TUB WEEKLY HERALD, eve, y Saf.rSiy, at tic rent, per copy, m tip- annum, the European Edition every Wrttn'*Iay, at ex rent, per copy, $4 per annum to tiny part at Sreat Britain, Or ti U to any pari oj the Continent, hoik to intrude} iyt, the California BJitumon the let, ida and 21it (p each month, at nix cent< per copy, at $2 73 per annum. THIS TAMIL Y HY.HALD, an Wednceduy, at four cente trcr copy, or 3- per anna it. YOLO UTAH I VUURKSPONDENCE, oontaininq important wretne, eolinted from arty quarter of the too rid, if neat, unll In liheraUy paid for. w-i >uk pokfclun uon*k?pondk*t? aha pabticulahlt rk<iumtk?> to skal aal lkttxii- am> pac'*aum Wirt us. HO NOTICE taken <j aoonymoue correepondrnce, wi Jo not return refected eommunicutione. ADVERTISEMENTS renewed eeery Jay: adeertieeaiente inverted in ?ai? wkxklt ukkai.d, '.pahilt hkrald, unit in the California and European KHtione. JOB PBINTINB executed with neatneee, tkeapwee and deePatch. valval* xxvii no. 105 amusements this evening. MZBLOW GARDEN, Broadway.?Thm EsCBAirn*.*. WUNTBK QARDKN, Broadway.?Still Wath) Rob Daar?Kowtr Macaiu. WAUiOK'l THEATRE, No. 841 Broadway.?Thk Won ?k? LAURA EEBNE'S THEATRE. Broadway.?Tu Maoabtwt, os, tbs P?jrp op 1)at. NEW BO WERT THEATRE. Bowery.?Tn Stbabubi? oailoabm m in Wood-.Vobo Blukdkks Tbak Oar. BABNOM'S AMERICAN MUSEUM. Broadway.?Com. Mvr?liiriao Wualx, AO., at all houro.?Hur o Kir. lint-Umo? rou L.OTKK3, afternoon aad ereaing. I BRYANTS' MINSTRELS, Mechanise' Hall, fTi Broilway.?Wuo Static* Billt Cat reason. MSLODEON CONCERT HALL. 53# Broadway.?Roots *kia* PuoaiAKCxs, 8oeoi, Dancks, boautiouea, Ac. 1 CANTERBURY MUSIC HALL, 585 Broadway.?So?e? Duou, BouLesoues. Ac.?Kau umomk. OAIETIES CONCERT ROOM. 616 Broadway.? Daawtxa Boom b?t*btaikm*KTs, Ballkts. Pantomimls, Kaecao. As. AMERICAN MUSIC HALL, 444 Broadway.-JialoD* Dauii-Kalkoad?Collision? JoLLr Milamka. CRYSTAL PALACE CONCERT HALL. No. 45Bowery.Bbblbsocb*,ooaua, Dak ens. Ac.?Dear as a t on. PARISIAN CABINET OP WONDERS, #65 B road war.Ct*u daily from 10 A. M. till# P. M NOYELTT MUSIC HALL, 616 Broadway.? Beblcsoom fence, Dances, Ac. Wow York, Friday, April 18, 1868. THE SITUATION. The work at Yorktown appears t? be progressing. Oar guaboata bare been doing good serrioe t Glouceater for the paat few days. On Wednesday moating one of them approached within two milaa of Yorktown, and the rebela opened fire r -r*n a concealed battery is the woods. They were driven in large force from another battery to the left of Torktown on the same day. The rebeta opened upon onr troops with their heavy gone, when a qecond battery waa brought forward. A brisk fire waa kept np for about four hours, during which three of the enemy's guns were diaaonnted, when both parties ceased for a white; bnt the firing was resumed on our part late in the afternoon, and continued until daylight next morning, effectually preventing the rebels from repairing the damage they had sustained. The War Department received a despatch from General Banks' corps yesterday, announcing that our troops art in possession of Mount Jack9on,and have advanced as far as Rude's Hill, where the rebols had assembled in force. New Market was to be occupied by our army immediately. General Shields has so far recovered from his wound as to he able to command his division in person. The Merrimac makes no demonstration, although the weather continues fair at Hampton Roads. There seems to be very little doubt that she went, aground during her late attempt to come out from her place of retirement, and had to be taken back to the Goeport Navy Yard for repairs. It is stated, upon competent authority, that ahe burst her gun when she fired the last shot at onr boats on Friday last. The news from the Rappahannock to-day is important. A gunboat expedition succeeded on Monday last in securing Fort Lowrie and the town o< Tappahannock, planting the Stars and Stripea ou the Court House. Two rebel vessels were captured by our fleet. The people at Tappahannock were considerably alarmed, and were 'tout to abandon the place until assured of protaction by Lieut. McCrea. comonat. Io tho Senate yesterday, the House bill enlarging the powers of the Court of Claims was referred to tba Judiciary Committee, and the Houac bill authorising the iaeue of certificates of indebt e<tne*s was referred to the Finance Committee. A joint resolution appropriating 17,000 for the relief of the officers and privates of the Maine battalion, who lost their personal effects on the Port Boys) expedition, was adopted. The bill requiring electors of the District of Columbia to take the oath of allegiance to the government was passed. The House bill -establishing a Bureau of Agriculture was token up. Mr. Wright, of Indiana, offered a substitute, providing for an Agricultural, Statistical and Commercial Bureau, and made a speech in support of it. The subject wss, however, laid aside' and the Indian Appropriation bill waa taken up. amended, and laid over to be printed. The Houae bill establishing a branch mint at Denver, Colora do Territory, wm passed. On motion of Mr. McItougall, the resolution^relative to the arrest of General Stone was postponed till Monday neat. Mr. Doolittk nave notice that he should more to bare the subject referred to aome committee, perhapa a select committee. A resolution was adopted calling on the President for the papers and testimony in the court of inquiry in the case of l.ientenant Fleming, of the navy. The bill proriding for a line of steamships between San Francisco and Bbanghae wss called up; but without taking action on it the Senate went into executive session. The Hoose waa occupied all day in delisting the Pacific Railroad bill. mSCXLLAVXOUl VEW8 la the Sonata of our State Legislature yesterday. several .bills were passed, among which was that relative to the inspection of unsafe buildings in thia city. The majority of the otbera were only of local or private Interest. The city tax levy and the bill to prevent frauds in laying oat streets in Alila city were reported favorably and ordered to the Committee of the Whole. The bill relative to rate* of wharfage in New York and Brooklyn waa ordered to a third readng. The bill for the enlargement of the canals sufficient to admit the paswage of gunboats came up for its third read, ing. but waa somewhat amended and sent hack to the committee. The Metropolitan Health bil| ngaitt came up, and, after being discussed and having aome amendments proposed, was made the ppwtial order again for this forenoon. The Assembly's amendments to the Swill Milk bill wore inn-concurred in. In the Assembly, a minority report was made from the committee appointed to investigate the transaction.) of the Mill tary Board. It reviews the majority re port, and seya, in substance, that no one connected with these transactions is deserving of serious condemnation, hut that the errors were inseparable from so hasty an organization of such a vast system. The report was ordered to be printed. The Harbor Ma .ten bill was called up, considerably amended, and ordered to a third reading. The conference committee on the General Appropriation bill made a report, in which the House non-concurred, proposing a further conference. The Senate Excise bill came up, was debated at considerable length, had several amendments proposed, and was finally ordered to the Committee oi the Whole. Our telegraphic report by the Canada at Halif ix, announcing the capture of the packet ship Yorktowu by a rebel privateer, must have been written in mistake, as the Yorktown is now in this port. If any such seizure has been made, the name of the vessel taken must have been erroneously telegraphed from Liverpool to Queenstowu. There were eitrhtv vessels entered at the Custom House yesterday from foreign ports. This number of entries in one day was never exceeded but once, which was on the 15th of April, 1861, when the number reached hinety-one. A large number of them were from the West ladies, with cargoes of sugar and molasses. The Board of Aldermen did dot organize last evening, a quorum not being present. This being Good Friday, the law courts, as.usual* have adjourned over to Saturday morning. The only judicial tribunal announced to be in session is the Supreme Court Circuit, part second, at k present presided over by Judge Hoyt, of Buflalo. The trial of Thomas Duffey, charged with the murder of Alex. Small, first mate of the ship Southampton, terminated yesterday, before Judge Smalley, in the United States Circuit Court. Mr. Howe summed up for the defence, contending that there was no proof that the prisoner inflicted the blow, but if the presumption was that he did, then it must have been done in self-defence. The District Attorney, for the prosecution, addressed the jury, who, after a charge from the Judge, retired, and after an absence of about three hours returned with a verdict of guilty of manslaughter. The Judge then sentenced Dufl'ey to three years imprisonment at hard labor, and to pay a fine of three hundred dollars. In the Oyer and Terminer yesterday, the case of Edward F. Gallon, charged with manslaughter in the third degree, in causing the death of Andrew J. Fowler, was called on for trial. The homicide took place in a drinking aaloon in Houston street on New Year's eve. It appears that a controversy arose between some parties, and in the affray Fowler was stabbed by Gallott. By advice of his counsel he pleaded guilty to manslaughter in the fourth degree, which plea was accepted by District Attorney Hall. Judge Barnard remanded the prisoner for sentence. There was a better feeling la Wail street yesterday, growing partly out of the belief that the diflerencea be. tweeo General MeClellan and a member ef the Cabinet, which have been the subject of general conversation, have been satisfactorily settled. Government' stocks roee per oent, and the general railway list rose a li, the most active securities being Central, Erie and Toledo, which are believed to be largely oversold. Money was aaiy at 5 a 0 per cent. Exchange was dull at 112 a Gold lower?101K a %. The cotton market was excited yesterday, >. d closed at an advance of full one-half cent per lb. The supplioe on sale ware light, while there was more Inquiry on the part of spinners: the sales embraced about 3,000 bales, on the basis of 29c. for middling uplands, and some holders asked 29>?c. and were unwilling to sell for less. Thu flour markot was heavy and dull, and, with moderate tales, prices fell on Sc. a lOo. a 15c. per barrel, mostly to the exteat of the two latter figures.- Wheat was again heavy and lower, while prices were irregular and sale* limited. Corn was rather eaaier, with fair sales at 56c.. for Western mixed, in store, and 59c. a 60c. for do.,de live red. Pork was easier, but in fair demand at the concession. The sales embraced mess at $13 50a$12 62*?, and small lota were reported at $12 75, and new prime at $10 a $10 31,!{. Bacon was firm, and lard leas buoyant. Sugars were less active, while prices were rttady, with ales of 350 hhds. Coffee was steady, but quiet, and without sales of moment. Freights were firmer, with a fair amount of engagements. Stone anu Wooden Waij.s Eqt'AU.r U.vskkvickablx.?The wooden walls of the navy, so long relied upon as the chief defence of maritime nations, fell before the iron-clad vessels of our navy, and. both in this country and Europe, the era of wooden ships is declared oast. Tto capture of Fort Pulaski. demonstrates as conclusively that the era of tone fortifications is also among the things that wore. Under the terrific fire of our 1'arrott and siege cannon, the fort was breached in seven places, and a (successful defence waa impossible. These facts demonstrate that the ( immense improvements In artillery have I rendered our present fortifications useless and indefensible, unless they are heavily plated with iron. By and by we shall probably have them built of iron entirely. Then, with our .coasts guarded by iron-clad forts, our harbors defended by iron-clad floating batteries, and a great fleet of iron-clad .ships at sea, the United States mny defy the world to an attack. Henceforth, then, the shield of the Union must be of iron, and the national coat of arras a coat of mail. Which Fokt Pillow is Commooouk Footk Aram ??It was reported in our telegraphic despatches yesterday that Commodore Foote bad reached and was bombarding Fort Pillow. Now, the rebel General Pillow achieved so great a reputation in Mexico by constructing an intrenchmsnt with the ditch insido instead of outside the walls, that the Confederates sent bim to fortify the Mississippi, and be has built a dozen earthwork forts, several of which he has had the vanity to nam* after himself. The question is, which is the Fort Pillow that Commodore Foote is bombarding? It cannot be the Fort Pillow just below Hickman; for that must have surrendered with Island No. 10. Is it. then. Fort Harris, or Fort Randolph, or Fort Wright, under another name? Or is it the really important Fort Pillow, a few miles above Memphis? If the latter, bow did Commodore Foote manage to pass (be intervening forts safely? and why does be say nothing about them? A little official explanation upon these poiuta is very greatly needed. What G*n. Grant Hah Doks.?The Union commander at Titteburg lias been engaged in seventeen battles under the folds of the flag of tho United States, fourteen of which have been fought during the present rebellion. In Mis. eouri he held tbe various ranks of Colonel, Acting Brigadier General, Brigadier General and Acting Major General. He held the chief command at Belmont, Fort Honelson, Fort Henry. Ac., forming a portion ef those fourteen battles: and the spirit manifested by bis Conduct as Second Lieutenant at Molino del Roy, where he was brevetted, has not died within bim now he in a Major General. A Kiohtiwm ? Kmiinc noN ok Pboviiibm;!,? The civil war which the ruling classes or England have fomented in the United States has iesuited in a revolution in naval warfare which ! is destructive to her supremacy In Europe, and ! evprwes her to invasion from France. Wli^i a I lust retribution of Pivine Providentc! ?KW YORK. liKKALl), 1 The Abolition of bin very In the District of Columbia. The bill for the abolition of slavery in the District of Columbia having, with the signature of President Lincoln, become a law of the land, our readers will naturally inquire, what are tho provisions of this abolition measure, and wbat are likely to be the consequences to the institution of slavery in the Southern States* We published the bill at length a few days ago; but, for the benefit of tho loader, we will briefly herein reproduce its leading provisions. First, it provides "that all persons held to service or labor within the District of Columbia, by reason of African descent, are heroby discharged and freed of and from all claim to such service or labor; and from and after the passage of this act, noitbcr slavery nor involuntary servitude, except for crime, whereof the party shall be duly eonvicted, shall hereafter exist in said District.'* The emancipation decreod is iiuuicuiBvc, purempiory ana aDSOiute. vrnen the bill, last December, was introduced in the Senate, there were some three thousand slaves in said District; when it was passed by that body, some three weeks ago, the number had been reduced to perhaps fifteen hundred, by transfers to Maryland; and when the bill was signed by the President we dare say there were hardly orer a thousand slaves retained in the District to receive its boon of emancipation. All that were in the District, however, when the President affixed his signature to the bill, were legally free the moment after. The bill further provides the average compensation of three hundred dollars to the owner of each slave liborated; but from this compensation secession slaveowners are excluded. Ninety days are allowed to slaveowners to bring in their claims before the Board of three Commissioners appointed to settle them; and such owners so presenting themselves are required to take the oath of ullegiance to the government; but this oath shall not be evidence of the facts stated by the petitioner. The Board may take the testimony of persons claimed as slaves for purposes of identification. For compensation of the slaveowners a million dollars are appropriated, and an additional item of one hundred thousand dollars la appropriated to aid such persons thus emancipated, to the extent of one hundred dollars each, in removing beyond the limits of the United States, if they may desire so to emigrate. These are the leading features of the bill. President Lincoln, while intimating that the measure is not entirely satisfactory to him, signed it. because he has " ever desired to see the national capital freed from the institution (slavery) in some satisfactory way," and because "the two principles of compensation and colonization are both recognized and practically applied in the act." Ve think, therefore, looking at these " two principles of compensation and colonization," that our abolition radicals have gained little or nothing by this bill, as an entering wedge against slavery in the States. Mr. Lincoln's late special recommendation, and the resolution in pursuance thoreof, adopted by the two houses of Congress, leaving the initiatioif of emancipation to each of the several States concerned, close the door against any Congressional usurpation? at least for the present?of the constitutional sovereignty of each State over this subject. In (he District of Columbia the constitutioual supremacy of Congress is clear and comprehensive; but this Congressional power of emancipation goes no further. We are aware that the radicals of the two uouari ara ouuBtt?oriog in meir contjscation bills?such as that, for instance, of Senator Trumbull?to uproot the institution of slavery I in the slave States. But wo daresay that, before they can push through either house any such revolutionary scheme as this of Senator Trumbull, the last excuse for any such act as a war | measure will have been extinguished by a gcneI ral break up of the rebellion. In any event, while the abolition of slavery in the District of Columbia, under the peculiar circumstances of thi- crisis, amounts to little or nothing as an abolition triumph, we have little fear of the consequences. It is an isolated act, and affords something for ^congratulation, in the fact that the disgusting agitation of titty yeurs of this thing of slavery in said District is now ended, and ended in the recognition of the ' two principles of compensation andcoloni/ftion." This is good: for either one of these principles, in connection with the admitted doctrine of State sovereignty over the subject, affords a pretty secure protection to slavery In the slnve States against any violent abolition remedies, with President T.incoln at the holm. Thk Tki8( \k andGkn. Gbam's OrticuL ReeoHT.?Not being very well able, in consequence ol its brevity, to mutilate the official report sent by Gen. Grant relative to the battle near Pittsburg, as they did Gen. CuIIoid'b report"of the evacuation of Columbus, the Tribune finds fault with it, on the ground that it ia not explicit enough. Because the report doe* not state that tens of thousands have been slain, the Tribune's thirst for blood is not satisfied. Gen. Grant speaks of his pickets; and the Tribune at once aaacrts " we had no pickets," thus giviug a brave general the lie direct. It further asks:?' Why does not Gen. Grant tell the truth," thus adding insult to imputation. Titan in ili>linni:* nf tien Shoriiinn'a official r?. I port, printed on mother page of their paper, 1 the Tribune trie# to throw the blame of the capture ol Gen. Prentiss entirely on Gen. Sherman's shoulders, or insinuates it ought to be there. If, with prima facia evidence of innocence before then*, the Tribune, tries to condemn Brigadier General, can we wonder the! the General commanding has not escaped, when the Tribune could not get any other evidence of bis movements than that, perceived by the jaundiced eyes of the corps in Spruce street? The Brroan Sharpshooters.?The regiment, of sharpshooters raised by Colonel Berdan have already been of great service in the West, but are distinguishing themselves most prominently at the siege of Yorktown. Stationed in the ad. vance of our forces, they watch every movement of the enemy with sleepless vigilance. If a rebel head is shown above the ramparta, it is instantly perforated by a doom balls from our sharpshooters. Several batteries of the rebels have been rendered temporarily unocrviceable by the skill with which Berdan's riflemen pick ; otT the gunners. It is said that each rifleman I scores up, in prairie style, the number ol ' rebels he hat killed, by cutting a mark upon ' the butt, of his rifle. The rebela keep an equally acourate count, no doubt. At the outbreak of this war. the Southerners boasted of the ad vantage they had in their tiained liflemcn Herd an snd his coip" havo nisdo that boasting vain. 'KlDAr, APRIL 18, 1862. I 0?r Soldier* aad Politicians. In some terra incognita there is Mid to bo 1 a volcano which throws up from a single orator two great streams of water, the one boiling hot. the other icy cold. Such a phenomenon is no , inapt simile of our civil war, which has developed simultaneously the most strongly contrasted instances of devoted patriotism and | noble heroism among our soldiers, and con- j

summate treason and unrivalled roguery , among our politicians. I There was a period in the history of this country when politics was the science of good government, and politicians, of all shades of * opinion, labored earnestly for the prosperity 1 of the nation, differing often in regard to tho 1 means to be used, but never in regard to the ' end to be achieved. In the$e times, when poli- 1 tics is synonymous with party soramblesfor place and plunder, and when the title of a poli- 1 tician has lost its nobler signification, and become equivalent to that of rogue, rascal and < swindler, it is Hard to believe tnat we nave degenerated so far within a period of less than half a century, and the student of onr political history is almost compelled to doubt the accuracy of dates and to set down sober factsm outrageous falsehoods. Still, this present war is at once the natural result and the convincing proof of our political degeneracy. For over thirty years our politics and politicians have been growing corrupt, and the result is that we have been transformed from a peaceful, prosperous and powerful people to a nation convulsed by the painful threes of civil war. When all our publio officers became politicians, and all our politicians became rogues; when our legislators thought more of party than of principle, and more of their salaries than of their duties; when our judicial officers made Justice blind to everything but gold, decreed poverty as the only crime to be punished, filled their pockets by emptying our prisons, and transformed laws into devices for the protection of criminals and the oppression of honest men; when our executive officers, from the highest to the lowest, connived with knavery and shared its profits, extended their bands not to arrest criminals, but to receivo bribes, and used their powers to defend vice and assail virtue; when the people, demoralized by bad law? badly administered and worse executed, came to regard popular elections as means to relieve one gang 01 rogues 01 me irouoie 01 v holding office to make room for fresh gang, j. equally corrupt, then the ruin of the country became an almost inevitable consequence, to j be averted only by some signal crisis which j would sweep away all political scoundrels as c effectually as the Deluge cleansed the world of c vice, even if it left us only a desolate country ( to regenerate. g The progress of this rapid and terrible oor- ? mption is distinctly traceable in our political c history. During the administration of John Quin- i cy Adams a deficit of about four thousand three hundred dollars was discovered in tlie accounts of Tobias Watkins, one of the auditors of the 1 national treasury. So great was the indigna- r tion excited throughout the country by this c discovery that Watkins was incarcerated at ' Washington for some time, and, though it could 1 not be proven that he had embezzled the money, ( he was afterwards shunned like a leper as he 1 walked, the streets, and the opponents of the 1 administration used his case as a potential ar- * gument in favor of Jackson's election. With * Van Buren's administration the maxim "To the ' victors belong the spoils" was fully recognized, ' and fidelity to a party, and not mental or mo- { ral qualifications, became the recommendation 1 to office. Profligacy, swindling and embezzlement ensued, and the people, not yet accustomed to official corruption, and irritated by a thousand evils arising from partisan legislation, swept Van Buren out of power and Harrison into the President's chair as with a whirlwind. Harrison was killed by the incessant importunities of office seekers; for the opportunity to live upon the public money bad already assumed the place of the welfare of the country, as the object and reward of political success. Tyler succeeded Harrison, and devoted his whole term to displays of partisan spite and malice. With temporary checks, but with ever increasing power, the tide of corruption has rolled on from that day to this, and during the last administration it may almost be said that, from a postmaster to a Cabinet officer, there was not one honest public servant in the country. A reaction was natural. Regardless of every other consideration, the people rallied around and elocted a candidate only strong in having the word Honest prefixed to his name. Southern politicians, foreseeing this result, and their consequent loss of place and profit, determined to retain power over at least one-half of the cnuntrv. and seized tinon the abolition agitation as a pretext to delude their constituents into secession. Civil war ensued; but even that catastrophe, which appalled the world, has failed to appal the politicians. On tho contrary. the war seems only to have fully developed corruption, as night makes miasmas more perceptible. Official knavery, like a snake cut in two, lives in both sections of this divided nation. The old political swindlers rob the seceded South, while a fresh gang of experts drain the life blood of the NorthInstead of being incarcerated and shunned. as was poor Watkins, our public rogues are entrusted with government contracts, and, when detected in frauds, are transferred to foreign missions or assigned to new commands. No one doubts the honesty of the President; but his subordinates take ad- , vantage of his close attention to the war to , r.aim curt riennrtment of the crovernment a den of thieves. and in one single job our present official swindlers outrival the aggregate corruption of Van Buren'a time. At the South the state of affaire is the same, or even worse. < ifficial corruption and embezzlement run riot throughout the land. We look in vain for politicians to save us from the ruin thej bavo caused. Our only hope is in our soldiers. In the army alone we find true patriotism and true patriots. Our ' soldiers peril their lives for the Union, while politicians peril the Union for money. Our soldiers do service at wages too small for the meanest politician, and wotild be content without pay, if the country required it. Just this patriotism, devotion to the Union, self-sacrifice and disregard of personal aggrandizement we ' i need in our public officers. The services of i | our soldiers, then, must not end with the war. I They must redeem the Union they hnve preserved. The -Revolutionary war gave us a Washington. The little battle of Tippecanoe i gave us s Harrison. The wnr of 1812 gave us a Jackson. The Mevican war gave us heroes j of whom wo in.xlo 1'iesidenli, Govettori and I Congressmen. 80 this war, the greatest of all, will fill our public offices with wen who have proven their patriotism upon the battle fiold. Corrupt politicians will be crowded out of sight forever. Political parties will be swallowed up in the one great party of the UnionFrom the highest to the lowest offioe in tho nation, the soldiers who are now re-establishing the Union will be chosen to administer its sJfairs and conduct it to greater prosperity and greater glories than it has ever yet seeu. Our Rkbki. Pkisoncrs.?It appears that since the 1st of January last, and without couuting those captured at Pittsburg Landing, we have taken over twenty-one thousand prisoners from the rebels, as follows:? Feb. 8? Roanoke Island 2,527 " IS?Springfield, Mo GO? " 1G ?Fort Donelson 13,1100 March 8?Pea Ridge, Ark 1,600 " 14?Newbern 200 April 7?Island No. 10 6,500 Jther plaoes 954 Total 21,781 Now, the loss of these thousands of fighting nen is a very severe blow to the rebel oause, 'or men are very hard to get /or tho rebel irmy. Drafts and oonscriptions?the lest retorts for recruiting an army?have been resorted to at the South, and every means is being laed to reinforce Beauregard, at Corinth, and iwell the forces under Johnston, at Yorkown. If we choose to retain these prisoners or elease them on parole, we deprive the South if many thousands of veteran soldiers and iripple the rebel cause severely. Now, if these prisoners are exohauged and ent back to the South, is the blow to the rebel :ause less severe? They came here expecting o find Northern people all barbarians, md they receive kinder treatment here han in the South. A very short stay at the forth converts them from the error of their pinion of the Northern people, and they reurn, like missionaries, to weaken treason in ts very stronghold. Senator Gwln, who was confined in Fort'Laayette, and has since turned up so mysteriously n Richmond, is an instance of these missionary ebels. In a recent conversation be told the >eople of Richmond that the determination of be people of the North was unwavering, and hat our military laborers and manufactories of rar materials had been doubled. This was ery discouraging to the rebels, but how it must lave inspirited the Richmond Union men. It has been often stated, and we think it quite wssible, that many of our soldiers will settle n the South at the close of the war. On the ither hand, many of the rebel prisoners will loubtless remain here. The poor whites who iirn no slaves have a very hard time of it at the South, and will do very well here with a little iducation in the art of labor. So this capture if rebel prisoners works a great many different rays, but every way wqil. The Opera.?Manager Grau, having manoeuvred like a cautious general all the winter, is tow preparing to take the towq by a series of lashing surprises. As in the case of General ilcClellan, people have been accusing him of tot moving fast enough; but his present sombinations will completely silence his letractors. He has only been waiting for ren for cements to commence what we are assured viit prove a most sausiaciory campaign; or with the accessions that lie has made o his company he will be in a position o produce operas that are rarely played her# or the want of the requisite strength. Of the tew artists engaged report speaks in the most lettering terms. The return of the malady by vbich Madame Baseggio was afflicted in Harana will unfortunately deprive the managenent of her services; but her place will be iromptly filled by another prima donna of tqual merit. In the meanwhile Signor Tom>esi will open the season on Monday, in the yomte de Mantua in "Rigoletto." The new enor is young, has a most sympathetic orgam md has been trained in the best school. Signor ?erri our public are already acquainted with, lis return to our stage will be hailed with deasure by all those who can appreciate a ughly cultivated and conscientious artist. Of >ther debuts which are in prospect it will be hue enough to speak by and by. The public lave only to afford a generous support to Mr. jlrau's enterprise and desire to gratify them to >e repaid by a lavish expenditure on his part, rwo additionally gratifying features of the reu gaui/ation of bis troupe are the permanent engagement of Madame d'Angri?one of the >est contraltos on the Italian stage?nnd the esumption by Pignor Mussio of his old post of hef d'orchestre. With such a capital business Ldministrator. as Herr (Jruu, such an accom) I Hied musical director as Muzio, and such an irray of vocal and dramatic talent as the com>any now presents, the approaching season snnot fail to be a most brilliant and success, ul one. Fiuciw in tub Armv Rom..?The bill in the flottso of Kepresentatives to appropriate thirty Billions of dollars to make tip the deficiencies )f former estimate* led to a sharp discussion, n which it was charged that there were " atro:ious frauds and peculations by the War Dejartinent;" that is. as formerly conducted. Jue member stated, moreover, that it was "umored that the $:tO,OOO.nOft was to pay for % defalcation in the War Department when it was under the direction of Mr. Cameron. Mr. Dawes, of Massachusetts, said it was notorious ;h?t officers of mere skeletons of regiments were receiving full pay for doing nothing, and it was doubtful if such regiments existed at all ?xcept on paper. It it strange that, if our irmy numbers nsarfy 700,000 men, and that >o many men are under pay. there should be anly 416,449 on tha rolls. Tha astimate was for half a million of men, tha number Con stress intended to raise; bat by some hocus pocus we are informed at one time that the number raised is 572,000. and then again that it is nearly 700,000. There ought not to be this uncertainty, and public justice demands that a rigid inquiry ought to be made into the allegation that army pay is drawn on fictitious roils of regiments which have scarcely an exist* nee. This would be better work for a committee of Congress than the foolish inquiry as to the alleged inhumanity with which the enemy conducts the war, and a bootless investigation about dead men's bones at Manassas. The legitimate burthens of the war will be heavy enough without adding thereto fraudulent million". Let a searching inquiry be made. The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. lUi.UMOHt, April IT, IMS Rrjgtiliar Oaneral Ksllr tins promptly ramorsd all rs trh-ttnna raiulrtng military paaaea from paaaanglM ovnr I>10 Haliimora and Ohio Railroad from Tarkara burg, Wheeling er llMiwmxl to Washington anil Haitimora, no document of the kind b?tp? nqo neoserary (or travelling ttatt or Weai. "V . IMPORTANT MOM ALABAMA. Operation* of Geo. A litchel?II1? Victor!-* out Advance Clieck ' f the KebeU Burning Bridge*?Wl*1** He Ila* Aecoiu* pliahrd, die. Tha following despatch wm reA''*^ frj,H <J?" Mitchel oo Wednesday evening by a frmftd rotative la tin* city ? HsarxjitAKniM* Tmx? fHvr.wx, ? , Hrrrsvius, Ala. ^Apnl lb, Ittttt > Tha enomy have buruod bndgus to ?op <"f vlvaace upon Chattanooga, and bars used Lb* aawa brilliant strategy to hold iny coluran back from pbriuth. tail for this we sbould this day have entered Tusoumbiw an f Florence We have penetrated a magniQceut cotton region.have taken and now hold and run more than one' hundred miles of railway, well Blocked with machinery? and in Hue condition. I have abandoued the idea of evei coming nearer to an enemy than long cannon range. Una is the third State through which I have hunted him with out auccoo.i 0. M. MITCHEL, Brigadier General. Sketch of General Mitchel. Acting Major General Ormsby ItcKnight Mitchel is native of Kentucky, hut entered the Military Aoadency from the State of Ohio. He became a cadet at Weal Point in the year 1Mb, and graduated on the 30th day ot Jane, 1820, standing No. lb in a elaae of forty-six, auioug whom were Robert K. bee and Joseph K. Johnston, both generals in the rebel Nervloe. On the 1st oT July, 1829 be wm promoted to a '$rovet second lieutenancy in tha Second United Sutea artillery, and during the same day received his full cemmission for thai rank. On the SOUi day of August, ISM, be was appointed Acting Assisiaol Professor of Mathematics at the Military Academy? West Point, which position he retained until the 28th ol August, 1831. He resigned his military rank on the 30tb day of September, 1832. He then began the study of Um law, sod practised as counsellor at law in the city of Cin cinnati, Ohio, from 1832 to 1834. He next became a Pro. feasor of Mathematics, Philosophy and Astronomy, at the Cincinnati Coltoge, in Ohio, whioh position he hold dm a years?vi*: from 1834 to 1844. During that time? vie: from 18.(4 to 18.iT?he was the Chief Engiaeer of tlx Little Miami Railroad,and in 1841 was appointed a ruambe* of th? Board of Visitors to the Military Academy at Weet Point. He beoaine the founder and director of the Observatory in Cincinnati in 1845, and retained the lattet position for sevoral yoars, during which time he edited and published a noted astronomical Journal entitled thl Suit-rial Hfe<smgtr. From 184T to 1848 he held the position of Adjutant General of the State of Ohio, and in 1841 was appointod the Chief Engiooer of the Ohio and Missis stppi Railroad, which position he held for some length ot lime. During ail these years he resided in the city ol Cincinnati, Ohio. Since then be has bain for some years nonnested with the Dudley Observatory at Albany as director, whloh position he held when, on tba occasion of tha grand Onion Meeting at Union square, about this time last year, he made his no'.ed speech that was rendered so remarkable for its flary eloquence and strong devotion to the Union. It was In this speech that he said:?"lows allsgiance to no particular Stats, and neverjlid,and,Ood helping me, I never will. I owe nllegiaaae te the government of tho United States. poor boy, working my way with my own hands, at tha aga ol twelve turned out to take care of myself aa best I oould; and hegianlng by earning hut four dollara par month, ) workod my way onward until this glorious government of the United S la lea gave ma a chance at the Military Academy at Weal Point. Tbera I landed with my knap sack oa my baok, and, I tall you Hod's truth, jut a quarter of a dollar in my pockat. There I swore allegiance to the government of tha United States. I did not abjure the love of my own Slate, nor of my adopted State, but high above that was proudly triumphant and predominant my love fur our common country." His speech was continued with a fervor that held his hearora enthralled, and amid his remarks tha following words alee fell from hi* lips:?"When the rebels ootr.o to their senses we will receive them with open arms; but until thnt tiiae, while they are trailing our glorious banner ia the dust, when they scorn it, condomn it, oursa it, ami trample it under foot, I must smite, and in God's name I will smite, and as long as l have strength 1 will do it. e e I am ready, God help ma, to do my duty. I am ready to fight ia tho ranks or out of tho ranks. Baring bsen educated la tho Academy, having bow iu lbs army several years, having served aa a commander of a volunteer company for tea years, and having served as aa adjutant general, I feel I am ready fSr something. I enly ask to be permitted to act: and, in (Jed's name, give me eossethiog to dot" The cheers that greeted lite cloee of his fervid remarks will long be remembered by those who beard tbeaa. The rush to arms had oommenced, and on the 9th of August, 1861, Ormaby M. Mitchel wan commissioned a Brigadier General of Volunteers. The boner of his appointment was conferred on the State of New York. He was Ihen ordered to report to the commander of the new Department of the Ohio, which o on braced hit native State. Many of the loyal Kfntuckians rushed to hie standard, and we soon And him in command of n brigade, nest a division, and next a column of General BueH'n foroes. Ha bad previously been under the commands of General* Anderson and Sherman, tn (bag department. The dash with which he made bis brilliant entry into the rebel works at Bowling Green bss not yet been forgotten, and cireumstanees mora than himself had prevented him from coming moro prominently before the publio ere thin event. By the results it it plain that after the occupation of Noahvilla be moved down the railroad leading from that oity to Chattanooga, where he was doubtless expected, but suddenly, end without any previous notice of his movements. w# Dud bis force to have turned on to n branch line to Fayetteviile, and, by a grand forced march acroas *1 <? ?t*? in nnseoaeinn e\t t nninft c%f th*Sr main Southern trunk line of railroad?the rebela.' principal route of communication?midway between their two principal points of occupation at Chattanooga and Corinth. Here he seized a quantity of rolling atook, and by its aid be securod "one hundred milea ef the railroad." Although the rebels might hare conquered a email force at a junction or railroad station, or might hare aurroouatod the difficulties of a broken or burned railroad bridge, it will not be quite aa ee v for them to arrange en thoroughly an organised plan tbat would enable them to regain one hundred milea of road in possession of determined Cnion troope. But General Mitchel ia not done yot. We shall again hear of him. General Mttchel, like many of our more prominent generals, ie also an author. He hae aent forth to the aurld several of the finest astronomical worka, aome of which have been reprinted ill popular form in England end on Ibe European continent. Hie "Planetary and Stellar Worlds" and Ins "Popular Astronomy" (published by Blakeman ft Mason) bavc become text books, and bin "Astronomy of the Bible''la now In tbe press. He baa also written three other works that we hare been made a>'<|tiainteii with, but which we believe have not yet been published. Tax Kins Attr??'Tit* Bant.* Brnwa nut Meanivac aim run Moitnon.?We have received from Hatch ft Co., Ho. in William atre"t, a copy of a beautifully designed and neatly exeouted colored engraving, thirty six by twentylour Inches, of "the splendid vlclory of tbe Ericsson battery. Monitor, disabling the rebel battery Merrlmso.tca guns, and steamers Jeinestown and Yorktown." Tbe picture also erabraoea our noble frigate, the Minnesota, In full opei ai ion, and the brave old linking Cumberland, Ogbtmg to tha last. The Hew Bankrupt Bill. TO THE KPITOlt Of THE tiERALP. Nsw Yo?x, April 17, lMft After so untiring devotion to business In this city f0? .... thirtr veers. I now find my fortune ehipwteoketft and myself a bankrupt, with ivory protpect of going to my grave leaving my rarnily in poverty and frieodieee, without Congreaerellevee rayeelfand other unfortunate* by the paevage of a bankrupt aot. Our repreeentative* m congress are well aware that una of thousand* of th* moat active bualneee men ef the country mutt remain proofed (town, unable to move, ere* to. provIda bread for their familiee, until euoh an act paaeee; and it would be well the public should know who M it that oppoo?>* s,jell a bill, and It would eeom to m* Ita fnamia should gel It in ouch a poaiiio* that tno yoaaaod uaya be take* on it eud ihe nameo published in your widely oirculated journal. Your powarful intluenct, exerted through your pros* in it# Tavor, wotild command th* gmtilmtn of thou. Studs. A Sl^fcJC H1BKH SINCE 1840. Pe rents a I Imtellgessee. Captain Strong and fam'/lv, of the United Slate* Nary; Rot das. Aborrroinble, llnft!nnora; Colonel R. IV. I.*e, of the MaeaauhoMll* TvAmiotb Volunteer*; Mr*. Lee and Ml** !.*?, of Hue ton- Manuel More, J. 1'eroi audJoea Monde/ do Castro, of,Cuba; Jameo C. C. Perrlo and wife, or Middlrtown, (>/fin., K. MensW of Now York; .1. It lta*brnuck,of K .ngiton, ,lohn W. Candler, of Ro*tou,and N. A. Haven, <,( Chicago, art stopping at the Kveiett Hon**. Captain, nonapari* rntleraoa ha* (April 2) arrived at Mai seizes from Algiois.

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