Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 19, 1862, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 19, 1862 Page 4
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_4 NEW YORK HERALD. JAHBR UUKDOI BBNIBTT, KJ'ITOB *NI) PROPRIETOR OmCtN W -OENBK or TV I.TOM AND NASSAU 8TB. Volaane XXVII No. 10/ AMUSEMENTS THIS EVENING vulo'i harden. Broadway ?.i1, ib emu vnib>i<4 WINTER GARDEN. Broad way.?camllb WALLACE'S THEATRE. Ma. SM Broadway.?Th a Road Roim. LAURA KRfcNK'S THEATRE, Broadway ?Tua Maca btmt , oa tdk 1'Bar of i'at. NEW BOWKRT THEATRE. Bowery -Lam Dirt Or Ponrei ? oi-imu r kiaji. ?* a 1 at? BARNUM'd AMERICAN MUSEUM. Broadway ?Co*. Mutt?Litiau VVbalb, ao , ai ail hour*.?ilur o mi Iuuku?run 1.0VMKJ, afurouoa ana evening BET ANTS' MINSTRELS, MeaDanlce' Hall, *37 Broad way.?Who Simula Tat.b<o>uM. MELODBOM CONCERT HALL. 439 Broadway oiij tmjaa Ta? oa a.m'o, Souua, Dancaa, Boblbsquxj. a0. OANTERRURT Ml'SIC HALL, 585 Broadway ?Soxas Oaaoba, BvULasttoaa. Ao.?Rao i.auma. GAIETIES CONCERT ROOM, 816 Broadway.? Dtiwwd Boob BnnatjiaauiTa, Biuni. pAjvroaiaas. FaBcaa, Ao. AMERICAN MUSIC HALL. Mi Broadway.-^Jblloos UaaBBT?Ka.luoab?1 oLi.isio.v?.Hillt Juillbbs. CBT8TAL PALACE CONCERT HALL. Mo. 44 Bo war* BWHMWI,S0H6A Daxoaa. Ao.?jur ad a ion. PARISIAN CABINET OP WONDERS, 463 Broadway. Open daily frotn 10 A. M. till 9 P. M. MOVELTT MUSIO HALL, 616 Broadway.?BuBLtaaona Samoa, DaMOsa, aa Maw Yark, Saturday, April 19. 166S. THE SITUATION. The arrival of the United States steamers MoClsll&n and the Star of thj South pats us in possession of the fullest particulars of the bombardment and capture of Fort Pulaski. We present our readers this morning with a highly interesting selection from our correspondents' letters relative to the engagement, embracing the order of firing. &o.; the correspondence relative to the surrender, and the terms of capitulation. Offioiai intelligence has been received that General Banks had oooupied Newmarket and captured many prisoners. An unimportant artillery duel took plaoe between the contending forces; but caused no lose of life on our side. The news from Martinsburg is very interesting. There is every prospect that the railroad between Winohester and the Potomac river will soon be in good running order, and that daring the present month a splendid iron bridge will be thrown across the river at Harper's Ferry. The troops before Yorktown under Gen. W. F. Smith were attacked by the rebels about half-past twelve o'clock yesterday morning, but without , ? ttuj wmuui renuiHi to our lorces, woo oouiy re poked the enemy. The progress of the siege is favorable to oar cause. Wo have received the details of the affair at Le -'r. Kills, Va^ between the Vermont brigade and tl rebels, who were at one time entirely routed, at the point of the bayonet, by the "Green Mountain boys." These troops have further added to their laurels during this engagement. There was also some heavy artillery dring daring the contest. Our loss is thirty-two killed and ninety wounded. It haa been reported by rebel deserters that Jeff. Davis hsd arrived at the rebel camp near Yorktown, and was about to take command. They rspreaent the enemy to bo concentrated in groat force and reinforcements constantly arriving. The mails of the Canada complete our European dies to the 6th of April. The London journals oontain full reports of the debate# which took place in both houses of the British Parliament on the inutility of land fortifications and wooden ships for purposes of coast defence and war, aa weH as the necessity of an im mediate reconstruction of the British nsvy, so as to put her in possession of an iron-armored flee t. The speeohes of Lord Hardwicke, a practical seaman; the Duke of Somerset, First Lord of the Ad miralty; Lord Palmerston, Sir John Pakington. and other prominent men, show that they an- . greatly alarmed at the position in which their country is placed by the issue of the confli'i between the Merriraac and Monitor. Tho pres.0 choesthe sentiment; the London Timet a-<suiing it* readers thtt England must not allow to ' any other nation a moment')* start" in obtaining the' greatest force of invulnerable vessels," and that "all other things are secondary to4this." Commander Cowper ColeB, It. N? in ft letter to the London Timet, claims that the invention at iron war vessels of the class of the Monitor is of ' English origin," and that the honor of it belongs to himself. The Duke of Somerset, during the debate on the subject of the revolution in naval warfare, aaserted the same thing, and described the Monitor as an "American blander" Of an English design. Mr. Coles' letter to the London TVrneb is now before as, and, although he poto forward his demsnd for acknowledgment very oaotiously, we learn from it the exact period of tint# at which he brought forward his models of two "Iron rafte"?now said to be identical with the Monitor?for the navigation of shallow waters nnder a heavy armament. He "proposed his drawing of a vesael" to the Lords of the Admiralty In tho year 1856, some time shoot the month of November. This fbet tf date, we think, disposes of his claim to priority over Mr. Ericsson, for that gontleman laid his drawings of an iron war vessel, suoh as the Monitor, before the Etnperor of France, all complete, In the year 1M4, twelve months be fort Coromandor Coin had drafted off his "raft," or had availed hbnaelf of tb? "aid" of Mr. Brunei's draughtsmen la making bis calculations and lines. * Tha Paris and London papers reveal the fact that the relations of the late tripartite Allies against Mexico are now particularly inharmonious towards each other on the question of future operations In that country France is opposed to the policy of England and Spain, while England Objects to the course and plans both of France and Hpaia, and bans that Napoleon and Queen Isabella may form a nair treaty looking to the attainment of special objects of their own. Tht Chancellor of the Exchequer, in his speech 00 the English budget, stated that the exports to America had fallen off in the year 1861 to the extent of 6*3,046,600 as compared with the valne for I860. He also made the important acknowledgment that the United States blockade of the rebej coast during the laat year was "one of the most extensive, mast stringent and efficacious ever instituted." 00*0*186 la the Senate yesterday, the bill establishing a land office in Colorado Territory was passed. The select oommittee appointed to iaqulre into the oircamstsnces attending the surrender of tho Pen ft tacula and Norfolk navy yards, and the armory at Harper's Ferry to the rebels, made a volumiin ua report, which was ordered to b? printed, Mith regard to the Norfolk Navy Yard, the oommittee censure the Buchanan administration for destroying part of the property there and abandoning the remainder, M the evidence shows that the yard and the immense war material therein might easily have beeu saved by oar forces occupying the place, who numbored one thousand men, while the rebels had only five hundred. Commodore Paulding, and Captains Pendcrgrast and McCauley are also censored by the committee. A synopsis of the report may be found among our Washington despatches. A resolution calling on the Superintendent of the Census Bureau for the uames of all persons who own Blares in tins District, the ages of the slaves, and other information relating to them, was adopted. A resolution calling for information as to the amount paid by the goverum, t during the past four years for legal services in California and Mexico, was adopted. The bill establishing a line of mail steamers between San Francisco and Shanghac was discussed, and Mr. Howard, of Michigan, made a speech in favor of the Confiscation bill. In the Honse of .Representatives, the bill making additional appropriations for civil expenocs, including the extension of the Treasury Building, was passed. A bill providing for an examination of claims for Indian depredations in New Mexico was introduced. Several private bills were passed, and the Pacifio Railroad bill was discussed in Committee of the Whole. Both houses adjourned till Monday. MISCELLANEOUS NEWS. The long delayed steamer Ariel arrived at this *w\S* waafnnla xr mnvnin/v liatrinar Khftlt r"" - *""6 ?-?j -through some accideut to her machinery. She brings ua some very interesting news from Central and South America. There had been considerable fighting in the United States of Colombia, in which General Enao, conimandiag tho Antioquiuna, suffered severe defeat. Tho news from Guayaquil is interesting. General Uerran, the New Granadian Minister at Washington, has been removed, as it ia said, fbr betrayal of trust. A new minister has been appointed. The civil war in Venezuela was atill progressing at latest dates, with doubtful effeots on either side, though it seems that the efforts of Oeneral Paez have not been generally very successful for tho preservation of order. Considerable excitement has been created in Guayaquil by the accidental disoovery of Indian graves on tho island of Santa Clara, In the Guayaquil river. It appears that the keeper of the lighthouse, whilst digging a hole, hit npon a jar containing threo thousand dollars, and several other rich discoveries were afterwards made. About a thousand people had collected on the island from the surrounding country, and all were busily engaged in digging up the graves. Business continues very dull in Guyaqnil, and money exceedingly scarce. The health of the Isthmnswas verv trood. Nassau papers to the 5th instant state that the steamer T. L. Wragg, (late Nashville,) from Charleston, arrived there on Sunday, March 110. It is stated she has been purchased by a private company. Sho cleared on the 5th instant for St. John, New Brunswick, under the name of Thomas L. Wragg, with an assorted cargo. Rebel accounts of the Merrtraac's success in Hampton Roads had been furnished the Nassau papers, concluding with a statement that the Mori mac cannot be boarded, as abo throws a large stream of boiling water; also, that she is probably now at sea, running down the (southern coast. The steamer Southwick, from London, with an assorted cargo, probably to run the Southern blockade, arrived at Nassau on the 1st instant. In the Senate of our State Legislature yesterday, the special order, the Metropolitan Health bill, was taken np in Committee of the Whole, and debated dnring a great part of the <?ay. Several amendments were adopted, one of which is that no vessels shall be qnarantined excepting those having on board smallpox, cholera or ahip fever. Progress was then reported and the bill made the special ordor again for twelve o'clock to-day. The Senate confirmed all, excepting two, of the Governor's ap. pointmenta for Harbor Masters. The bill for the enlargement of the canals sufficient to permit their navigation by gunboats was passed, by twenty-one yeas to five nays. The bill to encourage investments of small sums in State stocks was ordered to a third reading; also that appropriating $50,003 to rebuild the locks of tlv Champhiin Canal. In the Assembly, the report of the Grinding Committee made on Wednesday was taken up, and the bills for regulating tk primary elections in this city and for abolishing the office of Canal Appraiser were recommitted, thji? being effectually mesmerized for the remainder of this session. The Congressional Apportionment bill debated in Committee of the Whole, occupying the greater part of the day's session. Finally all the amendments were t rioken out. and tike bill, restored to its original shf e, was urucrcu n uuru rvauijag. Frederick Morris, second mnte of tho 'An rlcan ?liip Daniel Webster, was arrested by the Uiiited States Marshal yesterday on a charge of cru?d and unusual punishment on George Adams, a t>eumau> and waa held to bail iirtbe sum of foOO. John Bigelow was arrested on a charge of passing counterfeit half dollars on stage drivers, and was held for examination. The long litigated will cat-e of Thompson vs. Evans has been re-umrd in the United States Circuit Court, before Judge Hmalley. Some ten years ago Abraham G. Thompson died, leaving real estate and personal property to the amount of over 13.50,000 in trust for various purposes. The%tll being contested, a collector was appointed by the Surrogate; but after a long litigation the will waa snatained, and Mr. Henry Sheldon appointed ex. ecntor. He collected dividends and iuterest on mortgages, and, in aome instances, the principal of a large amount of money. He, Lowever, died sud. denly from a railroad accident. The trust under the will again went back to the Harrogate (Mr. Bradford), who appointed the grandson of the testator, who now snes the defendant as the administrator of Mr. Sheldon. The Grand Jury of tha Oyer and Terminer will bo discharged this (Saturday) morning by Judge iMrnara. it appears mat tiiey have indicted Edward B. Taylor for obtaining money nn<ler false pretence*, the allegation being that Mr. Taylor borrowed from prominent firms anna of money upon representations made that Mayor Opdyko and other candidates authorized him to receive subscriptions to defray tho expenses of the last election. Very littl* business was dons la Wall (treat yrsterdsy. Tht -took markst was tory inactive; governments wero rather sir og?r, the Western shares a fraction weaker. There waa no stock of any kind pressing tor sale. Mn ney waa easy at ft a 0 per cent on call. Kichange dull at 111 a Gold lower, el?elng at 101 e Jg. the importation of dry goods for the week waa fit ,300,000. The out ion market was again active and higher yes terday, having advaneed le. a 3c. per lb. The sales era braced 3,000 bales, part to spinners and part on spoon, tattoo, on the basU of 30o. a 33 per lb. for mlddliug np'.enda. Some holders at the close refused to sell el ihe latter n^ure. The Hour market waa eg*1" heavy and lower, end fell off to. n 10c per bbl , while sal** ware moderate, and locally to the home trade. Wheal waa ia limited demand, and In the absence of ah a of moment quotations were nominal. Corn waa beery, though without change of moment In prices. Western mtiad, In store end delivered, wee fold at 68c. b dOo., end yetlew Jvaey and Dataware at 48c. a 68>;c. Pork was dull and haavy, with fair sales of new mesa at 913 tl% a 919 ftO, and naw prime at 910 a 910 2ft. Sugars were steady aad tolerably active, with tales of 1.038 hhda. aad 900 hexes. Ooflhe waa quiet, aad freights were tra, with mederete engagements fBW KORK HERALD, SA1 Th? Hiuioa or (h* Frtatb Hlaiitar to Hlchmoud. M. Mercier, the representative of the government of France " near the government of lite United States," with all the parade but with all the mystery which attacliea to a great diplomatic enterprise, went dewn the other day from Washington to Fortress Monroe, and thence under a flag of truce to Norfolk, en route for Richmond, the rebel capital of our socalled "Confederate States." What can be the object of this mission to Richmond at this particular crisis? This, next to the universal and constant Inquiry of "Any news from Yorktown ?" is the most prominent topic of the day. It is given out that the object of M. Mercier is to provide for the safety of a large amount of French property, in the ahape of Virginia tobacco in store at Richmond, but liable to the torch of rebel incendiaries should the rebel government be unceremoniously expelled from Richmond by Gen. McClellan. If we are not mistaken, however, the Freach Consul at Richmond some time ago succeeded in making & satisfactory arrangement concerning this French tobacco; and, if he had not, we cannot beliove that M. Mercier, in his official character, and in all the state attaching to an important embassy, would leave Washington for Richmond at this crisis as a mere tobacco agent. The idea is absurd. We adhere to our theory that M. Mercier, from the Emperor Napoleon, has gone to Richmond as a peacemaker. We are very much strengthened in this opinion by the fact, which has come into our nr, isoHsion that hafnre lcnv iug Wellington on this mysterious enterprise M. Mercier was closeted for two hours or more with Mr. Seward, our Secretary of State. We dure say that from this conversation the French Minister wont away entirely satisfied that the government .of the United States intends, in any event and against all difficulties, internal and external, to prosecute this war to the complete restoration of the territorial "integrity of the Union;" and we presume, too, that M. Mercier has for some time been convinced that the Southern confederacy of Jeff. Davis is a failure, and is rapidly, fading away, like a castle in the clouds. That Louis Napoleon has latoly oome to this conclusion we have every roason to believe; and wc know that the conclusions and the actions of Louis Napoleon are very apt to go together. When he divines the drift of passing events in other nations he proceeds to mcot | them, as the vigilant guardian of France. Hence it is our belief that M. Mercier has gono to Kiciimond as a peacemaker; that his business Is to advise Jeff. Davis to abandon this hopeless rebellion, and to rely upon the good ollices of France with the government of the United Stales in behalf of a liberal amnesty; and to warn him, on the other hand, of the possible intervention of France against Limself and his confederates if they, in a spirit of barbarous ferocity, shall extend their resistance to the Union to the criminal extremity of wasting by Die our Southern cotton, tobacco, sugar and rice crops, which are so essential to meet the common wants of mankind. Supposing this to be the mission of M. Merrier, and assuming that it will be successful, is it not upparont that the result will be a permanent alliance, offensive and defensive, between us aful our ancient ally, the great and gallant nation of Franco? And is not such an allianco in the future a sufficient inducement for this peace mission of the French Minister, especially when we take into the estimate tho commercial ambition and pretensions and the designs of England upon this continent? Nay, more, is it not probablo that the astounding revolution which the inventive genius of this country has just inaugurated in the art of war has given Louis Napoleon the bint that the time has arrived for breaking off that entente cordiale with England which Lord Clarendon eight years ago boasted as comprehending both hemispheres? T f.nie Vr>vw>1 Ann ?i/Vk/-v man iliA firaf mnwnsnk 1JUUIO *l|l|'UIVVU, TTUV tiiv IUJI UiVUU(V<U in Europe to introduce rifled cannon into active service in the field, has taken the lead in the construction of iron-plated vcseolsof-war. lie has thus already afloat a sufficient fleet of iron plated ships to batter down all impediments between Boulogne and London. IIo has thus the power to move an ariuy of two or three hundred thousand inon into the metropolis of the British ornpire, and thus to destroy that huge giant of brass upon its legs of clay at a.' ingle blow. Is it not very probable, therefore, that in this mission of M. ileieier to Richmond there may bo the elements not only of an immediate submission to t ie Union on tho part of Jeff. Davis, but of "a \ uldance between France and the United St. involving u final and docisive scttlemon with England? We shall awfc ith no ordinary degree of interest the authr tative disclosure of the objects and results of M. Mercier'a mission. If It in only tobacco, it will, of course, end in smoko. But we seriously believe that it embraces a mission of pence to the South, and the seeds of an all-powerful alliance against England between France and the United States. A DjfferkncI ok Opinion in the Cibinet.? Our Washington correspondent baa informed us that there havo been spirited discussions and wide differences of opinion in the Cabinet recently, but that there may be no changes in the Cabinet officers, since the President bos said that he "cannot afford to lose a member of his Cabiuet every time one of them differs with him.'' That, in our opinion, depends altogether upon the subject of the difference. Men may differ upon a question of cookery, and yet act together harmoniously in other matters; but when oflicers of tha government differ in regard to measures upon which depends the life or death of the nation, the matter is to: ewhat graver and less susceptible of compromise. A criminal at the bar once told the judgo that whether he was a tl ief or not was a more difference of opinion; but this " mere difference'' sent the criminal tc prison for mnny years. However, tho Prcsi ?nt has probably heard acd often told this aU y, and can appreciate its moral. Let us hop then, that the Cabinot difference of opinion >nly about the quality of the White Ho i?e b? ;i' or the flavor of an Irish stew. Prosiden. Lincoln has too much good sense to so lightly p : a difference of opinion about?well, * ? < Navy Department or tie plans ?f '7 - 1 Han. THKllBBKr, Conor V- -A Vkrt Convkntknt Dodoi.-The wo hoi; sea of the rebel Congress at it ci m ad nave resolved very soon to adjouri on r iitl the month of August, which, b< it g mterpreted into plainer English, means tl ? have resolved that General McClell "i< t I not catch them in Richmond. 'URDAY, APRIL 19, 1862. Ths najnrmui at Woax Again?What is ths Navt Djcpaktmkvt About T?It is known to *11 our readers that tho Nashville, from Southampton, ran the blockade into Beaufort with arms and ammunition on board. It is equally well known that she ran the blockade out again in the face of two ships-of-war. By news from Nassau, N. P., which we publish today, it appears that she then ran the blockade Into Charleston and out again, and proceeded safely to Nassau, having meantime changed her oolors to the British and her name to that of Thomas L. YTragg, and sailed thence on the 6th of April for some rebel port, after taking on board the cargo of arms of the British steamship South-, ward, which had arrived from England a few days previously, no doubt by arrangement. As it is thirteen days since she sailed, and as

nothing has since been heard of her, there ean be no doubt that jihe has run the blockade again with her valuable cargo, and probably is now at sea upon another expedition. All thiB is permitted to go on, and yet our government insists that the blockade is perfect at all points. No doubt there are ships enough, if they wore only brought to bear, and were commanded by vigilant officers. But it is evident that great laxity prevails. By tho same news which informs us of the operations of the Nashville we learn that the steamer Economist, from Charleston, arrived at Nassau on the 6th of April, with eleven hundred bales of cotton. And yes nr<latt in svnr cKinn'm'r nniwa iVin namae nf Ann rviun^ ?u vm* uvnp? iuv wmuvv vt urc vessels were reported as having arrived at Cuba after running the blockade?four of them from New Orleans and one from Galveston. Every two or three days our columns contain similar intelligence. It is clear that a thriving trade in arms is being done with the insurgent States, and these can be no question that a change in the Navy Department is imperatively demandod by the interests of the republic. Whore ara the numerous gunboats which McClellan calculated upon to co-operate with him in the York and James rivers in his assault upon the rebol works at Yorktown? Let us have at once a Secretary of the Navy equal to the exigencies of the country. Fabricated Newspaper Correspondence.? i-fhe Tribune it savage at the expose made by fee Missouri Democrat of the manner in which its accounts of the battle of Pea Ridge were made up. To its specific assertion that only two regular newspaper correspondents?Mr. Knox, of the New York Herald, and Mr. Fayel, of the Democrat?were on the field and in a position to give the details of the fight, it roplies by generalities, affirming that its letter reporting the battle was written by ono who was pregent at and saw the whole affair, and who was, furthermore, a professional newspaper correspondent. If this were so nothing would be easier than to give the name of the party in question, and thus controvert the statement of our Missouri contemporary, which is too positive to be otherwise dealt with. In its rage at being detected in passing badly coucocieu coumeneiw upon iuu puouc, me Tribune turns upon us and assarts that we have the reputation of preparing in our own office the correspondence that we publffeh as coming from distant points. The Hkkald has no such reputation. The calumnies of one or two of our disappointed rivals, happily, do not constitute one, and the fact that when any news of exciting interest turns up the public immediately rush to our columns for information as to the details is the best contradiction that can be given to so impudent a lie. The Tribune is the last journal in the country that Bhould engage in a controversy like this. It has practised too largely on the credulity of the public in the letters which it has pretended to publish from the South, relative to fabricated atrocities alleged to have been perpetrated on slaves by their masters, to render it safe for it to charge upon others the dishonesties it has been in the habit of committing. By such unscrupulous practices it has assisted in bringing the country into its present difficulties, and it is now so wedded to them that, as has been shown by the Missouri Democrat, it cannot, even in a mattor of uews enterprise, leave them off. What Taxation Wn.t, Do.?According to statistical calculations furni-hed by the Boston inamoer 01 V/omnierce, tno aggregate value of the productions of the country amounts to the sum of two thousand millions of dollars. At the close of the war the interest on our debt may be estimated as being likely to amount to one hundred millions. Then it may be calculated that another hundred millions will be necessary to meet the annual eveenditurea of the government. Consequei two hundred millions will havo to be ru; ed by taxation to meet the interest of tho debt and for the support of government. This will amount to ten per cent on the above aggregate value of the national wealth. This amount of taxation will be derived from labor and land?the two elements which are the sources of all national wealth, and by which the chief weight of taxation will have to be borne. We arrive by the abovo data at the following general conclusions;?First, that the value of fancy city property in all the great cities will be reduced about fifty per cent; all other property ten or twenty per cent. Labor will hava to pay of the tax an amount equal to ton cents on the dollar, or ten per cent. In the meantime government securities will rise in a few years from ninety-one to a hundred and twenty-five, according to circumstances. There will be trying and almost revolutionary times in all financial affairs; and no wonder. Tdr Govkrnmknt asd tiib Piuuh.?What is the matter with the War Department ? There has been no offloial bulletin about the nrnaa its duties and transcTeaidnns. in at least three or four days. This is truly wonderful, and we are curious to know whose fault it is. Certainly it cannot be Secretary Stanton'sT Or has the Frosldent interfered and taken the management of tiio presa censorship into his own hands ? If not, we heartily wish he would do ao, or at least devote a small share of his attention to tbo mntter. Ilia aound practical common sense would obviate all oar difficulties, and enable the government and the press to progress harmoniously and systematically in subduing this rebellion. We arc sorry to say hat. none of the President's subordinates has yet succeeded in accomplishing this happy result Tur, Broadway Railroad Swtnoms.?The Albany schemers who are endeavoring to rob our city of the valuable Broadway Railroad franchise have been very quiet for the past few days, and have even announced their intention of putting their bill off until another session of the Legislature. This is only the quiet of pre. paretion, however, and by announoing a poet poll em eat the swindlers Lope to lull the publlo vigilance, so that tic measure iuujt be rushed through unopposed. Let the kouest country members be on their guard, then. From the city members we can expect nothing; for tlwjy are too much infected with the malaria of Wall street and the lobby; but the country members can save this city a franchise worth aeveral uii'lions of dollars, by defeating the designs of that gang of unknown beggars tor charters called the Broadway Railroad Com" pany. Will they do it? NEWS FROM WASHINGTON. Report of Rio Senate Select Committee on the Surrender of Norfolk Navy Yard and Harper's Ferry* Censure of the Buchanan and Lincoln Administrations. Captaina Paulding, McCnuley and Pendergmt Also Censured, &o.. &o., &o. 4j , ? WASHwaTO*, April 18,1862. RETORT' or TUX SOUTH SELECT COMMITTEE OH THE bukrendkr of tub rRN'sacoi.a amu NORFOI.K natt yabi'fl and harpkr's fbkry aruokt. Tho long expected report of the Select Committee, ap. pointed la the Senate last July, to Inquire Into the circumstances attending the eurronder of the Pensacola Navy Yard, and the destruction of "the public property at Norfc'U and Harper's Ferry, was presented to-day by Senator Hale. The report occupies over eighty foolscap pages, and Is accompanied by a tremendous mors of evidence. Five thousand extra copies are to be printed. The oommlttee did not examine the Puntacola affh.r, and touched the Harper's Ferry matter briefly. The oommlttee describe the condition or the Norfolk Navy Yard and the property in It when it was abandoed. It was throe quarters of a mile long and a quarter mile wide. It wsb by far the most extensive and valuable one in the United Statos. It had a granite dry dock like that at Charlestowa, Mass. The yard was covered with machine shops,houses for officers, and store bouses of various kinds. It was provided with two ship houses complete, and one unfinished; marine barracks, sail loft, riggers' iofi, gunners' loft, shops for carpenters and machinist, and a large amount of tools and machinery, besides great quantities of materials, provisions and ammunition of every description. Tbers were at least two thousand pieces of heavy ordnance, three hundred of which were Dahlgren guns. Some of those witnossos thought there were three thousand cannon there. I.ying at the yard was tho Merrlmac, worth twelve hundred thousaud dollars ; the Plymouth and Gerowaitown, twenty-two guus each ; and the Dolphin, four guns?all efficient vessels. The old Pennsylvania was in commission as re cotvicg ship ; and tho Delaware, clghty-fonr ; Columbus, eighty guns ; and tha Columbia and Rar.tun, flfty guns aach, were lying in ordinary at the yard, and the ahipof-the-line New York was on the stocks. The Cumberland, Commodore Pondergast, lay in a position that commanded oompletoly tho cities of Norfolk and Portsmouth. The total properly Is estimated by the Navy Department at liluv umnous mncu uiumr?u wm oiaw/ iuuiuuuu one hundred and elgbty-cne doll are. The committee speak of the great necessity eiUtmg of protecting by all moans the Norfolk Navy Yard, not only on account of the great value of the property there, but of its important position in reference to events then impending. Thoy give a summary of the events looking to hos tllities from the South during the five month'- preceding the abandonment. Most of the hostile demonstrations had been made before Mr. Buchanan retired, and (he committee charge upon blm grave dereliction and negligence of official duty in temporising with the rebellion. They also intimate that hie successor was Blow to appreciate the critioal condition of affairs, and that precioua opportunities were wasted during the thirty seven days that elapsed before the rebellion was vigorously assailed. The committee say that for this they "can find eitenuation only In that insane delusion which seemed te have possessed the publio mind, that the per' tentious olouda that had blackened the hoavens for months were charged with no real danger, and were to be dissipated by a continuation of a forbearance which had been continued so long that It bad ceased to be a virtue and had become the most disgraceful weakness and pueilantmity." The conduct of Captain McCauley, commandant of the yard, is examined at length. His conduct of affiiirs, Che last of which was to scuttle all the vessels, except the Cumberland, is fully condemned. A chapter of the report is devoted to the history of the Mammae, and the circumstances of hor lose to our navy. The officers of the frigate were anxious to take her away, and the Navy Itopartment gave peremptory orders that she should go as- soon as possible, if she was not ai soluuly needed for the defence of Norfolk. Commodore McCauley was notified on the 17th of April that she was roudy, and*he said team might be got up next morning. Her engine was put in motion on the 18th at the wharf, but Captain McCauloy ordered the Ores drawn, and she urns lost to our government. Tint commutes come to the following conclusions:? Firtt?Tho administration of Buchanan was gulity o( negligence in not taking extraordinary care, and employ, ing every possible means to protect and defend thi" yard, after indications of danger bad manifested them * solves. SrcrmJ?'The administration of Mi l.ineoln cannot be hold blameless for suffering thirty gnron duys to elapse af'er tt cams ir.lo power before making a movement Tor the defence of the yard. Tnird?-Captain McCauley was h<hly censurable for negleoting to send the Merrlrnao from the yard, as he was ordered, and also for scuttling the t-bips. and preparing to abandon the yard before any attack was nude or seriously threatened, when he should hare defended it and the property entrusted to him, repelling force by force, ns he was Instructed to do, if the occasion should present Itself. AbiirfA?Captain Paulding was eontnreblo for neglecting to with Captain Mc'auley and Captain Pendergrant, while be wae at the yard, on tha 17th of April, la regard to the eouise to bo pursued in the eroDt of an attack upon tho yard, and also for Immediately upon his arrival at the yard on the 20;h ordering the property to bo burned and the yard abandoned before taking pioper means to satisfy himself that any necessity for rich moor ires existed. fifth?Cspfsln Pendergrast, in command of the Cum berland, tbo flagship of tho Home thjuadrcu, made no RUggestione aa to the measures proper to bo adopted, and booms to have taken no part in the transaction except to move hie ship as ho was directed The committee say they c.\n suggest do remedy for tip errors which they think hava been proved In thia case. So far m tha oftlcora of tha navy ara coocerned It belongs to tha Executive Department of tha government to dorriuine what CO' rae ahal I be pursued, Tha est I m stion for mod by that detriment of tha conduct of Captalna McCculey, Paulding and i'cndargraat, haa bean naaniraatad by leaving ths first named without active duty, and assign log to tha othara the commands of two of tlio moat important Nary Yarda wa have Ibft, namely?Bri oklyn aud Philadelphia. In concluding what they have thought It their duty to aay on thin subject, tha com. mittee would atmply remark that tha laaaon afforded by the aurrander of tha Norfolk Navy Yard will not be wholly without lla value tone, If we shall barn by It aa a nation that pualllanlmlty la tha defence of our rlgbta may be aa seriously Injuriom aa tha open aaaaultc of our enemies. In remarking upon tha subject of the narpar's Ferry Armory, the aommlttea sao no cauaa for censure in tho conduct of Captain Itoger Jones. To tho uogleot of tha government to take any measure to Mrongtlun and defend that establishment during tha winter preceding Its abandonment tha same general remarks are applicable aa thoaa made In raferenoa to tha Norfolk Navy Yard. The committee making this rspert wna composed el Senator a Ilals, Johnson (of Tennessee) and (Jcimoa tu rut somvaYOM at aliant an* thot. Mr. Unrrls,of New York,Introduced in the Sonata tn <3*7 a bill providfcg thai the oompaueetion of (lie Sort veyoraof Customs as Albany and Troy b? Increased U $600 per ?naum, and that any Deputy Oelleotee M inspector appointed for om ?t Utoa porta ux?y aiao per* form the duttaa of Collector or Inspector at tlx* oibe* aid porta. Senator Barr 1a aaid that by thla arrangeci'-ut thro# or four thousand dullara a year may bo save# to th? government. rtYiuvT or claim* om th* TUKasuitr. Tiia condition of tha Treasury now enablaa tho Seorotary to diroot the paym ut in cash of all claim* of data* prior to November 1,1801. including claims settled by the Rt. Eouia commission, and it ia expected the November claims will also be paid in full wlthiu a few days. All other claims, without regard to date, will be paid om presentation If deatrad as heretofore, eighty per oeal om oertificaiee and twenty per cent In cash. WITHDRAWAL OP BKBKL TKOOM ?BOM TUB ItATPABANMUCX. It haa been aaoertainod beyond a doubt that tha matn body of the rebel army of tbe I'otomso have been trauaferrad to the peninsula te repel tho advance of General McClcllan. NEWS FROM GEN^BANKS* CORPS. lf?w Market Occupied by Onion Korea*? Many Prisoners Captured-/The Enemy | Still ou ike Run. WasmMtiTOW, April 18,18M. The following bits been received at the War Depart* tnent:? HUAOQUAMURS DaPAMTMRMT 0? THf iRSXAKPOAH, > April 17?0 P. M / Hon. E. M PrAirroN', Secretary of War s? Our troops ocoupy New Market to-nlgbt. Titer* ha* been tome artillery skirmishing, but bo low on our side. We hare many prisoners. A. P. BANKS, . * >[?jor Qeperal (Commanding. Mocxr Jacksoh, Va., April 17, llSil Mount Jackson was occupied this morning at Din# o'clock, the rebels showing but feeblo resistanee, and burning tbe bridges as tlioy rotroutud. Our advanoa was made by the turnplico and by a side road?Genoral Snlelds upon one and General Williams upon the other. Cavalry were sent out last night at one o'clock to cut oT the Mtreat of the rebels, but were detained, and ar. rived only a short time before the advance on tbe turnpike. Tho Vermont cavalry dashed through Mount Jaokaoa t'> prevent the burning of the bridge across thecroek b tyond the town. They captured several rebels .In the Mt of flrtng the the bridge. A lieutenant of Ashby's, who was retreating with the Colonel himself, wss captured, and Aebby only esoaped from wearing tbe uniform of the Unioe cavalry. , The bridge acrose the Shenandoah was fortunately saved. Our pursuing forces arein New Markot to-night, without resistance. Major Copeland and twelvo of General Bauks' cavalry charged through tho town in the rear of tho enemy. Ashby and his men are outside of the townJackson and his infantry hare fallen back toward* Staunton. Woodstock, April IS, IMS. Our array reaebed New Market last night. Offloera who have returned hither stato that whou they left our advance was Ave miles beyond Mount Jackson. The euemy attempted to mukeone stand on his retreat* but our guns spurred blm on. A Lieutenant O'Briea* of Ashby'a cavalry, wa? captured at a housa on tho road. The cavalry company taken yesterday was commanded by Captain Harper, who was absent; his three Ilea, tenants were taken. Our officers believe it possible that an action win tekd place to-day. General Sblel was In oommand of big forces, and pave directions for a right flank movement* which caused the enemy 's rc at. The locomotives and cars, and every destructible appliance of war not trarsi<ortablo was burned by the enemy. At half-past ten last night General Bauks had reached New Market, and was In hot pursuit of the onemy. Then is no news from General Banks this morning. The enemy made a feint of resistance at Budd's HIN, very strong position beyond Mount Jackson; but oa a demonstration or attack by our forces they fled. NEWS FROM FORTRESS MONROE. (UHum mUMMV) AJJIII ti, low To-day bat been docidediy tbt warmeet of the HMW thus tar. Tho weather and tlda are an oat favorable for the appearance of the Merrimac; but nothing unuaual haa bat* aeen In tha direction of 8ewaU's Point. Tho staamar Highland Light will tail for Hattarafl to-ni;;ht. Thoro it no flag of true* to day. Tua French ttaamer Gaasondl la (ittll at Norfolk, await. Ing tha return of tho I'renoh Mlalatar from Richmond, whore It it presumed he haa gone to aeoure the oafetjr ad tha tobacco purchased bj tho French government. IMPORTANT FROM THE MISSISSIPPI. Reported Capture at Fort Wright' bp Flap OJIiccr Footc'a Flotilla. Chicago, April 18, 160S. The Feen'ng Journtl eaya:?We learn from private sources thla morning that Fort Wright wa* attacked bp Com. Foote'a flotilla on Monday and haa been eapturad. We pretumo cur information is correct, as it cornea from ono at Cairo who knows about everything that Id going on. NEWS FROM ARKANSAS. Persecution of Union Men?Astounding Falsehoods of the Rebels, dec. FoniYTn, Mo.,?April 13,1MJ. The correspondent of tho Mitmiri Demo rat says:? Judge Murphy and Pr. Johnson,of Huntsvllle, Ark.? arrlvoJ at General Curlia' headquarters a!nst night, having been obliged to fly from tlicir homes since the battle of Tea Ridge by threats made against tbem bv a band of Texnn Rangers stationed at O/.irk. Judge tliirphy wag tho only member of the Arkansas Seceding Convention whose vote was cast against the secession of the State. At Hunti-ville the Union man are dtprasaed with gloom ,not being aware of tha recant victorias. No tnalld have bun received nuce I'rioe's flight from Springfield. Ig iru proclaimed by the rebel! that Price had retake* Springfield, and surrounded General Curtis ; that Pika and his Indians had whipped General Hunter ; that the Union let* were [repulsed with great loss at leland Ho. 101 that tluy were felling ba-k along the whole line, aod that Jell. Davis was about to heed four hundred thousand troops to Invade Maryland and ihs Northern States The aaaortions wero generally believed, and no one bad the hardihood to dispute tiieee falsehoods. The Judge gives much information of Interest relating to Arkansas matters. Governor Rector is bitter and wolfish. 11a called an extra .-esslon of the legislature, but il was theeo weeks before a ijuorum was present. Ia his message he roccntmeud* that an act be passed punishing with heavy fine euy person who even expressed doubts of the success of the rebel arms, sn.t that a second otieru'o he derloied felony. An act waa passod Imposing a tax of thirty dollars per bale on cotton, thus favoring tliu production of grain to the discouragement of cotto* raising. Colonel Wright, or the cixth Missouri cai airy, returned tof'asavllle on the evening of the 0th, having made a successful expedition wile four companies of his comma t.I through the southwest c<Tuor of the State, and all jayhawktng bands in that locality were disjwrsed. Several -klimutbua took place, which rosultod in the death of auroral prominent rubols. One hundred sad twenty-live prisoners were captured, all of whom, except the leaders and twenty-five untractable onee, were released on taking the oath of allegiance. A number of horseo were captured, together with one hundred and twonty-ltvo head of cattle, three hundred and tweulyseven bushels of wheJt end four thousand five hundred pounds of baron. All rebel gangs not captured were | driven by Onlouel Wi i/tit down to Btandwaity, a point no the line of the InUlfta Territory, twenty livs miles below Nftuftho. It I* repotted the! body of rebels, alt hundred strong. ?m encamped bet Cowekln ftnd Italia!> Creek, and tlist Albert Pike m it (lie head of one thousand live bun* dred Indiana be'ow. Parson Brownlew In Philadelphia., April 18,1802. Tarson Ilrownlow was received at Independence Hall by tbe city authorities this morning, Mr. Tragg, Preeldent of the Common Council, reoeit lng him with worda of tbe heartleH welcome. Parson Brownlow replied in uharacteristlc address of some length, delivered from a eUnd erected in frost of the hail, to an Inimouse an* dience. Ho recltcl tbe Iribu ..'ions Kust Tonnoeeea I'nioniats had andergont. At one time he had been wi'.iin one vote of hanging by the sentence of a drum head court martial at Knos llle. The one vote that tiivtxl htm waa that ni a oor? rupl, drunken neceaai'nlst, a..d ho war tempted to ex? claim, "Great Hod, on whet a slender thread hang evar> lasting things." Ha did not waut oil Ice. He wauled la go back to Baal Tenucsane with a cocked bat, sword and coll ropa. In closingbs slluded to his wife end children, now hell as hostages in Rebeidom, and spoke or tba joy and exultsHon with which tha Union army will be greeted la Baal TeaaaasM. Parson Brownlow hse received an i/ivltation from thg Prealdoat to visit the White House,

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