Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 24, 1862, Page 6

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 24, 1862 Page 6
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6 ? NEW YORK HERALD. JAHEI UORDOS BKHHETf, KHIVA AMI' riUflUETOA. omc* n w. coimr *r rcUM od mass ir at*. v xxvii. .77777.". i?* ?jt. ?= AH l'SAM KMT# VHId |V?>t*?A MIALO dAAOBM, -r.o K.? aisraaM wmnt ja Adam Miin?>f ? a. wai rva ir*??tk VAALACAWTMKATAK. tot Bc-adaa/. ?L?ra Cbmki LA< A A KLKXfc'S TMKATAA. MA (Km DA tm ruf .? DM. AAV MOV AAV Tfl E ATAA BO*ptt -AM?ta?~Cu.i UP IMP ?uw*-?? APl'V. OLTM 1C TIIB iTAA. lift A-* tdviv ? Do* Cjhi oa lui<? >.imm ip ipi 14?l? ?a tea th>( AAAMl M a AMRAICAM Ml tAVM. BrpadM/.-CoM. Mrav-Li-iPu ?uiA A*, at II k?ir4.-li.r v Mr Taua*?U4?f VI Ml ?N?, pft< ra.HW BiiJ i>mi^ BATAMTS- MNdTRBLB. MwhaaM* MM. ffl Broad M -*? ? ?..? Mkli r? liUut BLODBOft COB' art RaLU Ul Br?l??-F en 14a I'M Utux?.. Map*. Dtacaa. IOIUHM, AC. CARTBRHCBT MCIIC M ALU ?t Broad**/ -Boras DlNM. u??t4 iinAp ? - . - ooaE?v?s*?iaa?s*i*N?u4m. t*sJr?o?iss?/F?acs?. ia. ARBRKaS MVHO lilb M Nruadara* -Jasioea ?UaiLao*?-t oiu.io-.?Jwttf KIUIU CEYhT At, rALACK CONCERT BiU? He. ? Baaar* vBLaauuaa "oaoa. Uaacaa. Ao ?1>#?# ?? a last paaihian cabinet Of wo*dkt* M Broad ?/ ? ?t*udaIrM UA M.UUtr. N WOTTI.TT Nl'CIC UaLU am ln*4>lf >1181 uimia ao. TRIPLE SHEET. ?tw Uik, Thui.iUy April II, HMk THE HITUATION. A change in the Nary I>epartment Laa, it appears, been resolved upn by the PreaiJent. The remoralofSecretarytVelleciaaa.il to bo only a question of time dependent npon tho Judicious eelectionof a successor in thia cr.' ai moment of Cur naval history. It ia reported w v the namea of three gentlemen arc strongly urged u; % Mr. Lincoln for Secretary of the Nary nan; <Vns ral Itanka. Gorernor Spragur, at 1 Jt.dge 1 a, of Illinois. By the information gathered front . . r <1 fagi tires from Norfolk at Fortn -?e I! yesterday, it would appear that the pre^ .mptiun that the Merrimac wae agroaud off Crauey Island on the occasion of her laat attempt to get oat, proree to be quite trne, as waa supposed by many people who were observing her. If ah* lay helplessly at the mrrcjr of oar fleet for any length of time, as she mast hare done if these stan-menU be cot rect. it was a great oeerrijrht on the part of some one that she was not either capture! or crippled as she lay there; and the neglct to attack her may hare moch to do nith the contemplated change in the Nary Department. Thc?e refugees report the Mcrrimac still at the Gosport Nary Yard. Workmen were engaged in placing iron shields over her port holes. It was supposed thst the improrements would be completed and the Mcrrimac would be out again in two or three days. Nothing was said in Norfolk about the bursting of her gun. The steamer Jamestown and steamtug Beaufort went op the Jsmee hrcr on Monday, and the Yorktown on Sunday, to obtain coal at Richmond. They took in tow a umber of schooners loaded with iron, to be rolled into plates at the Tredegar Works In Richmond. Fonr new gunboats hare been launched st the Nary Ysrd. and four more are in the course of construction st Norfolk, and part of these with iron pistes. The French Minister srrirei at F". trees Monroe yesterday, on the steamer Gssscndi. on his return from Richmond. The object of his u.ission bsa, of course, not transpired, but despatches were at once forwarded by him to this eity for instant transportation to France. No political importance, it would appear, is attached in Washington to the visit of M. M order to the rebel capital. Our news from Fredericksburg ia important. The steamer Yankee went op the Rappahannock river to that city on Tuesday, carefully avoiding the Obstructions in the rirer, which the rebela Lad laid some seven miles below the city. Our flotilla captured recently seven rebal schooners?ona of which had a valuable cargo of dry goods, medr cines and saltpetre?and also two small steamers. The rebel picket* are occasionally seen on the south side of the river. Oar troopa are still in possession of Fredericksburg, the resident* of which are not interfered with in their usual business pursuits. The report circulated by the rebels as to the defeat of General Burnside's troops near Elizabeth City, turns out to have been based upon a little skirmish on the beach above the city on Saturday, ia which only five hundred of onr troops were engaged. The rebels fled upon being attacked, leaving fifteen killed and thirty-five wounded behind them The latest news from the Mississippi, up to yesterday, conacs to us by the arrival of a steamer at Ca ro. which reports that for three days previous no firing had occurred either from our fleet or the rebels, both being apparently waiting for an effective moment to arrive. The layt accounts from Fort Wright state that the rebels have fourteen gunboats and the ram Manassas lying off the forts, and that Captains Hoilins and McRae were also there Our man of that portion of the Mississippi to day, showing the rebel defences, including Forts Wright. lUndolph, Pillow, and the fortifications of Memphis, will be found of the highest importance* By the Bohemian, at Portland, and Persia, at New York, we hare news from Europe to the 13th of April, three days later. The commander of the United States gunboat (no, at Palermo, had arrested the master and crew of the schooner W. C. Alexander, of Savannah. and taken them on board his ressel as prisooers. They were subsequently released at the instance of some of the officers of the port. Engia nd remained intensely excited on the subject of the great naval revolution, as likely to affe't her "supremacy" on the ocean *nd the security of her coast. The dael between improved artiHcry and iron naval armor ?t Shoeburyness having produced no very satis'actory result was to be continued, Sir William ^rmstroag promising to construct some very forin Isble goes according to his peculiar principle We pubW to-lay a full report of ths Interestn* e * pertinent* ma le at ?>hv>< buryaess, in order NEW YOKi to teat tho resistile strength of the iroa plate* in uae in the Warrior. The question of continuing the work on the coast laud fortification* waa brought up in the Houae of Lords, and?judging from the remarks made by Earl de Grey and Kipon?it appears as if the Cabinet was anxious to continue them to the extent of fifty millions of dollars, and then Bnpplement them ?ith iron floating batteries. Kapoleon bad directed his Minister of Marine to report the number of wooden vessels of war which can be sheathed with iron. England, it was said, was endeuvoring to induce Spain to withdraw from the alliance with Prance against Mexico; the British government promisii 8 not to object to the occupation of Hayti by Qut-eu Isabella in return. The Paris correspondent of the London Timet intimates that Spain may retire from Mexico, but for another reason?her anxiety to preserve Cuba from an attack by such American veaeels aa the Monitor or Merrimao* CONOEESS. In the Senate yesterday, a resolution was adotited inatrurtimr tho If iliLarv Committee to in quiro whether any (General in the army before Yorktown had exhibited himself drunk ia face of the enemy, and if any measures had been taken for the trial and punishment of such officer. A bill prescribing an additional oath for grand aad petit jurors ia the United States courts was introduced by Mr. Davis. The bill recognizing the independence of llayti and Liberia, and pro* siding for the appointment of diplomatic representatives thereto, was taken up, and Mr. Sumner made a speech ia support of it. The consideration of the Confiscation bill was then resumed, and Mr. Dens, of Kentucky, concluded his speech in op* position to it. Mr. Sherman, of Ohio, offered an amendment to thie bill, specifying that the act shall appty to persons who may hereafter hold offl e un isr the rebel government; but the Senate adj umed without taking action on the subject. In the Hou?e of Representatives, a bill appropriating |1 ,-50 to indemnify the owners of the Danish bark Jorgen Lorentzen, illegally seized by the blockading squadron, was pas?ed. The Military Committee made an important report on the subject of coast aud harbor defences, which may be found in fall in another part of to-day's paper. A bill was also reported providing for a board of comm ou iers to examine into the coast and harbor defences. The consideration of the Confiscation bills was then resumed, and the bill pending on Tuesday was laid on the table by a vota of 69 against 51. The next bill taken up was to fhcilitat* the suppression of the rebellion, and to prevent the recurrence of the asms. It authorises the President to direct oar Uraemia to declare the slaves of the rebels free, aad pledges the faith of the United Mates to make fall aad fair compensation to loyal men who hove actively supported the Union for any losses they may sustain by virtue of this bill. MrOlia, republican, of New York, as the Judhiary Committee had recommended that none of the CoaAaratton bills ought tn pas*, moved that a select vsawsiva.it Imo .i ai???<H lass wliliitllilwJ tea 1.4km ill# hie* joct Into com .deration. Mr. Coltas, npuWlicm. of ladiaaa, advo sled lb* apt ointment of a select ronuaitte*. Mr. LHiua, republican. n| Indiana oppoar.l to 0 ?ln|4?f taninat<>D kail. He it"4 o <1 -tin ihmi mail* seats ?t Ike l.-aW*. Mr. Hlagliant. repM''ii~*n. of Otuo maintain* d tbn propriety ot ? bit! to j.um It II wd<u! r-bela by depnrtwg th-m ot th? r property. Mr. L*Iiomo. apportion. wi !Vum. S.ioia. a aa opposed to voMo tlwt t?i"a. lie lo?ii<i mi Utr marh of oor arnnas ? tb pr-.p. r Mode ?l aup pr -amr tb* rvb-that and K*%tahlMit.tig the constitution. Mr repslu.. an, of IVnaggtWan, rla ra. 4 that ttve < oa*t tot gave the Pie uca' ample power without Oiigroaatooal nation. Mr. (YttUadea of K^anit kr. an ngnm?? all ewAeration ??a?are?, whirl woi.H trad tor va?p rat* the war. a ad po?*poM the t.aao of putting dew* the rebellion. After forth' r debate. w tUout actwa, the Hmw ad/oaraed ibckl lafioto mm The M VmUn from l.on4"*d? rry oa the 11*k instant. and the Pcrda, fr>?m Qnn-natowa oa the nth ifHUat made their porta at Portland a ad New I ork re*pet tie*!/ jre?ter4ay. The T' utoni*, Irom Aouthsaptoa oa the Huh toot., olao reached tin* port yeeterday. Our advice* by tho Bohemian and Peraia are three 4?v? latar thaa ili<>?e brought by the City of New York. Oansli cioaed m London, on tho 12th infant, nt W\ o for m<>ner. Cotton nmertanred a -l.rht ad*an e iu Liverpool oa the aalee of the week, oa the 12th of April the market r|??e<j buoyant with prices unchanged. ike market far bread-' .lie wav quiet and ate?d?. Provi-n.u# wera dull. Italy. Austria, (.Irrere ai>d Turkey were atill agitated by political di#ru*ot<>n, revolution, aad an actual war tow waging between the lurka and Mootencgr ma. Napoleon bad .been advised by some of lua court ere aga.net viait log Lobd'ta during the summer, na that city waa known to "overflow" wlib revuluti -nary refugee* who ware greatly embittered in feeling against him. The Fiaperur, it w ashl, rejected the couna'l. The Japanese A tuba senders arrived in Pnria on the 7th of April, aad alight- <1 at the Hotel da Louvre, where apjrtn.enta bad been prepared for th?m?. They were received et the Lyon* Railway etat'oa by M F< ullet 4e ( on.h*?, "Introducer of Ambaaaod'-ra." and a detachment of cavalry aaeorted th ru to the hotel 1 be awm ber of emigrants wbo left Metre du. iag the mintb of March amountv l to 73a, of whom 7W went to New York aad thirty to the boaka of the La Plata It ia profaned, aayn a letter frw Teolao, ia the .tfe*aoyer >Im V?l?, to form a Fr -neh etpertm*olel squadron' of iron platod v???eU to he placed as der the ord*ra of Vice Admiral Hmet AMN'tmea. The Magenta, Solferise. Mortnea-Jte, ( ear earn*. Invincible and Gloire ere oeat ooed a* to form n part of it. The ateani -r North Star arrived at thie pert at noon yeaterday. *>ha bring* <m very mter*?t g newt from rentral aad !wutk Am* r. a. TW pro greta of Chile U vary promnoag aad aer -la- *??ry. Tha wheat crop will be a very laige one thla year, and in financial and eommer< tal eircfee there boa been a vary marhed improved at. ih. .via h?a been troubled by another revolution. The eth?r repnblica were atill etraggliag agaiaat the meladminiotration of thotr affair* The war la tha Unitad States had greatly afe-ted the p- lit al arrangemenU of tha diff-reat governments. The .aa.*.i?w an# mr.nav Olia tkm , wihlaiai SlJ the prominent idea *u to plaot eereeJe, n pr#. vialon egainet a failure of euppl - from America. The health of the different conntrire v*? good, anJ every portion tu being mate foe the pa ifl cation of the turbulent republice. The Legialatare of thfa H?ate for the preeeet year brought itaae??ioe to a ciota * *le??n o'?l.?rh yesterday forenoon. Beth honaea met at aire o'clock in the morning; bat neither trewart-d much legielative bnainoee. The Aeecnbiy -n corrcd in the 8enat?'a amendmenU to the Xew York Ta* Leey and pa??ed the bill la the Senate a farewell letter from the regular preaidiag nflb rr Llentenant fiovernor Campbell, wan read, an I the Preaident pro tempore made a few appropriate re marka, and then declared the aeaaion Anally eloaed. At the eame boor the Houae waa addreaeed by the Speaker, and it* proceeding for the year 1*3 an ootinced a * terminated. A Hat of the acta paaaed during the aeaaion ia given in another part of today'a paper. An adjourned meeting of the committee appoint0 L HERALD, THURSDAY,v ed to devise means of sid for the Florida Union 1 refugees was held yesterday at the rooms of ths | Chamber of Commerce, at whioh a statement of the ( case of these expatriated citizens and an appeal to ] the people of New York in their behalf were adopted. The great pressure on our columns prevents us publishing a full report of the proceedings this 1 morning. 1 Stocks wors firm yesterday in Wall street, end < governments advanced V par cent. The exceptions 1 to the market were Toledo and Illinois Central, which t ware pressed for tale by the bears, and closed lower. . Money was very susy; the Sub Treasurer continuod yes terdsy to sllow Svs per oent on deposits. Kxchaagt was stesdy at 112 V 112 V- Gold 101V ? 101V- 1 The cotton market was Drmor yesterday, while the t sales embraced about 800 bales, closing on ths basis of ] 29VC- a 80c. for middling uplands. The Foreign nsws tended to strengthen tbe market, and in the afternoon sales wsrs mads at 20\c. a 80c., with littl* J to be had under the latter figure. The sales In Liver- l pool Tor the week ending the 11th Instant having reach sd 62,000 balss, whlla ths stock of American was reduc- ( ed to 134,000 bales, and of all other kinds to 206,000 g bales, giving a total of only 480,000 balss, encouraged the belief that prices in that markst must soon materially advance. Flour, undor the Influence of light re- < ceipta' and better nows from abroad, improved 6c. a ] 10c. per bbl., chiefly for ths common and melinm f grades. Wheat was moderately dealt In, while prices were nominal. Corn was firmer, with sales of Wsstsrn mixed at 68V<>- a 60c., In store and delirtrod. Pork was steady at $12 25 a $12 37 V f?r moss, and prima J at $10 a $10 26. Sugars were active and firm, with sale1 ] of 2,100 hhds. at steady prices. Coflbo was quiet, with | some inouirv for exoort. Prices were stsady. Ths pub' , lie tea tile previously noticed cam# off yesterday. The 1 catalogue of about 6,000 half cheats of greens and ' blacks was sold through. The company was good, but ' there was an absence of spirit, and the prices obtained did not vary materially from those ourrent at private sale. Freights wsre without change of moment, while engagements were moderate. Wheat was taken to LITorpool, in bulk, at Td.; flour at 2s., and bacon at 22s.Sd. The Designs of the Emperor Bfapoleon Upon England. The letters of our European correspondents which we published yesterday, as well as private letters received in this country from England and France by the Persia, portray even more strongly than the debates in the British Parliament and the comments in the London press how thoroughly alarmed are the English government and the aristocracy at the tremendous consequences resulting from the action at the mouth of the James river. This great event in naval warfare constitutes a new epoch, and will produce the most momentous effects throughout all Europe. Nowhere will those effects be of greater magnitude than in France and England, whose relations are soon destined to undergo a remarkable change. The fhtmU cordtale will 60on be at an end, if it Is not already broken up. The curious course of Napoleon in Mexico foreshadows his purpose. He is going on with the campaign, contrary to the wishes of England and ?pain, and in spite of thetn. He does not < care about Mexico; but be feels that he is mas- i U r of the situation, and he wants an opportuni- i ty to chastise both England and Spain. By > mean* of Mexico he calculates to provoke a i quarrel with those countries, and to finish the i ixJ' which the First Consul did not complete- i He has settled accounts with Russia and Aus* i iiia. He made Turkey, in the one case, and 1 Itnl.v. is the other, the excuse tor sis actios, ne a III sow use Mexico as the pretext to pay off 1 the Bourbons of Spain and the aristocracy of 1 Euiisud. 1 ha only security which Great Britain ever had agaim-t conquest by Franco was her wooden wall*. These can no longar save her. Napoleon' superiority in iron-plated ships gives him the control of the seas, and leaves Britannia at his mercy. In a speech deliveied in Parlia- i men! during the present month, Lord Palmers- i ton states that in the course ot the year four iron ships will be afloat and flte fit (br sea; next year two others; i wooden -hips will be plated, and the Achilles i is to bo built next year. Five others arc in progress, to bo constructed on the cupola i system of the Monitor, la the year 1864 i I?or<1 Palmcraton says Kugland will have in all sixteen iron-plated vessels. Now, what is the readings of France, as stated by Sir J. j I'akington in reply? The French at this moment hare fivi* iron-cased vessels ready for j sea; another will be ready shortly, and two i of tha target class?the Mugcnta and Solfe- ] rino?will be ready for sea in three months. Within eight months the Kmperor can place ] tw? nty-fonr iron-covered ships in line; while of ] I n. land the speaker observes, "I am afraid i the noble lord (Talmerston) will be unable to 1 tell us that we have any gunboats at this time ] covcied with iron, or that the government are 1 Constructing gunboats of tLat class.'' It appears ] that the vessels cow being constructed draw I tw. n?\-?U feet of water. The First Lord of the 1 Admiralty boa>t< that if I'.ngland VMI at war i be rvril WMU Monitors by the do/en: but it ] would ba too lata it Napoleon were nt war with ] I land !>? < r# the 1st of June. In that case ; ).. * u!-I i <<t permit 1i<t to C"U*truct any, Lav- 1 ing lite complete command of ail bar porta and i N.i is U.i* ail. I.ord PulincrMon nd- < mile that the French have invented a gun thut j pierces arm* r plate*; and U<e Prime Minister copbi t> countiy with the reflection that pe.hap* the iron u-?*l in France is not so good as I of ti*h iron It Is dear that England is at this moment helpl**?ly in the power of I ranee, and the Emperoi is ihM ti e man to be slow to take advantage of bor situation. With sixty armored gunb< ate be could easily capt ure the city of Lon* dun, and. tlx; capital in his power, he could revo! it r* thec .Hitry Thegieute?t revolutions ar.d C"D-1 <e*f bare been'fleeted by superiority of weap.ii The Turks lost their military pre etn er. e in Europe by not keeping pace with it - t|ie in improved weapons. A handful or No-mane from France. by the aid of supotior weapons, succeeded io conquering England and now Napoleon III., with bis iron-clad gunboats, oil! probably repeat that historical event In the l'i ,n war th? weapons or Frame wera ip??i< those of Riiaeia; in the Italian we. thev ; prior to tbe Austrian. end now again will he superior to the l.aglUh llad * lira! Napoleon pon>im?i such appliance# he would never bars gone to M Helena. Har io-ular po ition alona protested hogIand fiotn bu tengeanca. Ha l conceited, and partiy carried into execution* 1 a plan of invasion by manna of a flotilla; but it is probata ba never tad full confidence in , ee?a It wa? a baaardoK experiment at I. ? lie order# I two thousand flat boat* to b>' con#iracted at Boulogne, to carry two bun* <1 ed thousand man Wk*# tLey w?re nearly ready bio Intention waa to 1 tlia lit tk fleet to the Want ladle*. oi ler that ibe Kngltab fleet might follow t' ri there ; but aa aooa aa it rea tinlqua it waa te return, and. tl the British fleet, convoy the flatboa a< j "Stralta r?f Dover to Chatham. Thia opera* nil 1

| was calculated would take four daya. and in [ AfKIL 24, 1862.-TK4FLK bur dayt mere after the landing Nzpoleea fl- J [?cted to b? ii Loodoa He would bar* I >boliihod tk? House ot Lorla ud titled aobi" ity. and proclaimed % republic, diriding among .be people the aetatee of the nobility end gentry who oppoaed him lie would bare promoted the maaaes and enabled them to carry >ut a complete revolution. At the anme tune >e would bare raised the ?tai<lar<1 of ineerreeion in Ireland. Such were bin eonfeaeioaa to J'Mearu at St Helena, tut before ht??rrangenenta wore perfected be waa compelled to tbandon bis purpose to meet the coalition that lad been formed against him on the Continent >y the gold and the intriguua of England. Tlie mn of Auaterliti dazzled bim with ita aplendor, uat aa the pyramids of Egypt once before diverted bim from Ireland. The only rational doubt that could be entorained about bia aucceae waa in regard to the lotilla. That difflculty la completely obriated n the case of hia successor. He baa the meena >f transport in n few boura by aleea. Hia ron-clad gunboata not only can protect hia roops, but capture London. Every motive of lationul and personal interest impels bim to ;hiB enterprise. He secures permanently for franca the first rank in Western Europe, while lo leaves Russia to carry out her deeigna in the East, and probably offers her the tempting t>ribe of Constantinople. He humbles the hereditary enemy and maritime rival of France. Be extracts the teeth of the old lion. lie establishes his own dynasty, and he compels Prussia to restore the Bhenisfa provinces, which rightfully belong to France- the Alp# and the Rhine being her natural boundaries. On the other hand, if he lets slip the opportunity of striking this blow Kngland vill at last build iron gunboats enough to outnumber his fleet, and she will form a coalition with the Continental Powers to crush him. as she did bis uncle. It is therefore extremely probable that this sagacious andfarscoing statcsinin will strike tho first blow, and disable "perfidious Albion;" and soon may we expect to hear of ;he Queen and all the royal family escaping to Australia or India to found a new kingdom, as ;he Queen of Portugal and her son Prince John smb&rked for Brazil half a century ago nnd bunded a flourishing empire, when Napoleon :ho First declared that the House of Braganza iad forfeited the throne, and his Marshal Junot entered the kingdom to carry out his will, rhus is the American war likely to change the lestinies of all Europe and of the world. Brcelry and Company in the Gun Business?Astounding Developments in Pnblie Jobbery. Poverty is a strong incentive to crime. Let i man fail, through incapacity or recklessness, n an honest, legitimate business, and he im- ? nediately turns public swindler, now-a-days, iad attempts to fill his empty till with stealings from the public treasury. In our own, as in every other profession, there are numerous illustrations of this truth. The Times, for example, was once comparatively honest; but its lack of Industry and enterprise soon impoverished it, and it was transformed into the organ of stock jobbers and lobbyists, while its editor degenerated into a lobby member of the Legislature and a copartner in the municipal Ring. The World was a pious, conscientious, though dull and stupid journal, as long as it was in funds; but, as the public preferred news to piety, it soon became very poor, addicted itself to sulphureous india rubber and stolen army ale and porter, and subsided into the doubtful position ot an aider and abettor of Confiding Cummings and liia government purchases. On the same principle, the once virtuous Tribune Association, having failed to make an honest living by publishing a' poor abolition newspnpor, ha? finally descended to public jobbery, and become a manufacturing company in the gun business. We take Heaven and the back files of the IIeiiald to witness that not without sore regrets and earnest attempts at his reformation have we seen poor Greeley gradually backsliding from an honest, though insane, fanaticism into a state of most wretcbad depravity. We have exhorted, entreated aud warned him. Years ago, when be assumed a hypocritical mask to gull foolish people into "trading at his shop," w# kindly exposed and corrected him. I.atcr still, when he was urging this country into civil war by attempting to make money out of the abolition sentiment and anti-slavery societies, we waaned him of the suicidal result of his folly. During the past year, when lie became exposed to public reprobation and contempt; when his best i'riouda dcerted him and his lust dime was mortgaged for quadruple its value, we still gave Irim the benefit of our advice, urged hiiu to leave a profession for which he was unsuitcd and which he had disgraced, and demonstrated that lie could make money and win fame by takh.g the field at the head of a negro brigade. To every successive step of his fall from grace we interposed our offers of old clothes, broken victuals, half price advertisements and prayers. V?. ...I.I... nnlnr..,! tl.n ft In. .,I,...'. j n uvu UC vuuuu vuivi^itsu unai* noss; nor, when ho joined the Croadway Railroad lobbyists; nor, when he repaid our charity by sending secret, slanderous circulars to our business patrons, did wo ca?t him ofT utterly. He has himself, therefore, nnd not us, to blame for this new and worst exposition of his wicked courses. Our leaders will remember that Fitz Henry Warren, the Washington correspondent of the T? ibut.c, was suddenly dismissed about the close oflast year, on account of hia ut tacks upon Secretary Cameron. In his place Samuel Wilkinson, a renegade pupil of Tburlow Weed, was immediately appointed, and from that timo the Tribune's attacks upon Cameron ceased. A full explanation of this change of policy may be found in the reply nf th? fifrrotnrv nl' War tn tlio roanlntion of Cong rets inquiring in regard to Cameron'b contracts. From this document it appears that, in December last, soon after Wilkinson wu appointed the Tribune's Washington correspondent, tho members of the Tribune Association dug up an old charter for a concern called tha Kagle Manufacturing Company, located at Eagl?;t?ville, Mansfield, Connecticut, and applied to Cameron for a contract to manufacture arms. Of this company, Mr. Almy, the commercial aditor of the Tribune, was treasurer; Mr. Snow, tho money reporter of the Tribune, waa business manager, and Mr. Wilkinson, tho Washington correspondent of tho Tribune, was the agent to procure contracts. Poor Greeley held, doubtless, tho honorary I it dishonorable office of President. Through Wilkinson, and as the prico of. the Tri' te's silence, Cameron consented to give i1 s T ibune Company a contract for twenty. U>e ti.utsand muskets, at twenty dollars h; tho first lot ot the muskets fo l?e de SHRjsT. **"\ llvered la May proximo?when all our army U already supplied wiwh arms?and the last in IMS, when the war will be over. The profits upon this five hundred thousand dollars' worth of useless and unnecessary muskets will be about two hundred thousand dollars. With these ill-fotten fains Greeley proposes to reestablish the Tribune. A more palpable job does not disgrace the history of this war. As if to entirely Identify the TYibant with i this contract, Secretary Cameron endorsed i upon the back of the document the name of | the paper; and a telegram from Snow to Wilkinson, explaining that the 7Vibune's Eagle I G<>m|>any was not identical with one in Rhode ] Island (to which the contract was first given, ' by mistake), k appended to the original paper, 1 and explains the agency which influenced Secretary Cameron. Thus, by the revival of an old concern, and an adroit manipulation of a Secretary of War, Greeley has secured a contract paying him mora than Morgan's tttro and a half per cent brokerage, more than Cummlnga' commission on army stores, more than Raymond's Broadway Railroad scrip, more even than our old friend, the Chevalier Webb's, sale of himself to the United States Bank. Dana, who k something of a journalist and not much of a jobber, refused to consent to this transformation of th# Tribune establishment into a musket manufactory, and was therefore inconlinMll* Lirhiwf nut and his ahftrM hmiirht nr> by quack doctor* and members of abolition societies. By a singular chance he has since been appointed a commissioner to examine, at Cairo, the accounts of the purchase of part of the two million muskets, costing forty-six millions of dollars, in which Cameron indulged. It would be a providential retribution if, at the cloeo of his labors at Cairo, Greeley's old partner should be sent here to Investigate the Tribuue'i musket job, the first fruits of which are to be reaped by Massa Greeley during the sessions of the anti-slavery societies in May. Greeley has worn the white hat, white coat and white choker of a hypocrite very long, and it is most fitting that one who knows him so well as I>ana shall strip the sheep's clothing from this abolition, contract-jobbing wolf, who has been defending Fremont's Californians only because he secretly knew that be himself deserved to share the fate thoy merited. The Necessity ot PsMiag the Tax Dili Without Delay. Some of the Philadelphia papers and other journals elsewhere, judging from the delays which the Tax bill has encountered in the Senate at Washington, have intimated the suspicion that there is a secret purpose on the part of Congrees to adjourn without passing thoTax bill or any tax bill. It is suggested that Congress is slow to take action in this vital matter from the fear of the operation of such a bill against them at the elections next fall. If this should be the case, and Congress were to adjourn without passing an adequate tax bill, they would inflict a greater blow to tbo credit of the country, and to its financial prosperity and prospects, than could possibly be inflicted upon the nation from any other quarter. Should this be true, and Congress should contemplate such an unworthy trick as to postpone the safely of the country to individual hopes and fears, sacrificing the nation itself and all its best interests to advance their own political fortunes, they may be sure that they would not succeed in saving themselves from the ever-. lasting odium and infamy which would follow such an ignoble and self-serving course. They would not conciliate any party or persons at the fall elections by such a step; but, on the contrary, a universal clamor would be raised against every single member by every party throughout the North. They would commit a much grehter error by failing to pass tho bill than they could by voting for even the most imperfect one. They would injure themselves more than tlicy possibly could by any bill of almost any kind. We do not beliere, for our part, that any such unpatriotic course finds favor in the mind of Congress, and we hope they will prove it by at once passing the Tax bill, leaving any accidental errors to be corrected hereafter by subsequent legislation. It is also reported that there is a great pressure of individual inteiosts upon Congre.,s, seeking to obtain peculiar exemptions for par. ticular cases, and that much of the delay is owing to this fact. If it is so. it goes to prove the general ignorance prevailing a? to the action and ultimate bearing of a general system of taxation. All*the taxable wealth and resources of the country resolve themselves into the two elements of land and labor. On these two the whole weight of taxation must uili mately fall. It is the land which supplies all the raw materials of wealth, and it is labor which works them up and fashions them. Laud and labor, thcreforo, are the Atlas whose shoulders will have to support the burden In this view of the cuse no more local or individual interests should be allowed to interfere with this t;real national measure. It is a new thing to us to be taxed diroctly. We shall probably have to raise two hundred millions to pay the interest of the debt, provide a sinking fund and obtain a revenue adequate to the requirements of government; and this amount, compared with the total value of our annual productions, will require a taxation of eight or ten per cent, falling, as we have before rematked, upon land and labor. But, great as this is, w but is it to the peril from which wo arc on the poiut of emerging by the valor of our armies and tleets and the bravery of our people? It is the national credit which has equipped all these nrmsmcnts. and may bo said to have saved us, as a nation, from extinction. Will Congress, by shirking the responsibility of passing the Tax bill, destroy the publio credit, destroy all the Guancial resources and prospects of the country, and plunge us into evils worse by far than the dreadful war which we are wagiug? Let us hope not. # Enterprise Vkmps IIkanvww. ?In advance, as usual, of t>ur contemporaries, we published a few days ago the important despatch from General Ileauregard seized by General Mitchel at Huntsville, Alabama. All of the other journals copied that despatch from our oolumn*; but none of them gave us crodit for it, and two or three wore mean enough to assert that it wm not genuine. Now all the Western papers haro received the same despatch from their reporters at Tiuntsville, and its authenticity is so undoubted that the very New York journals which at first declared it a forgory, because our enterprise surpassed their own, are now insert, ing it in their bogus correspondence. This is. we think, one of the clearest ca .as on record of our enterprise versus the tne?nu?e< of our con temporaries V Tub Gkeat Ockan Trnjujiuim.?We publisl this morning au interesting article on th< present condition and prospects of this grea# enterprise, embracing an illustrated descriptioi of the improvements made during the last foni years in submarine cables, as exhibited in the one which it is now proposed to submerge bo tween Ireland and Newfoundland, the termin of the Atlantio Telegraph. From the facts pre seated it will be seen that the oompany have received strong assurances of aid from the , governments of the United States and Groat Britain, and that this aid will bo contributed in the form of a guaranteed interest of four per cent for a period of at least thirty year*. The capital which it is proposed to raise for a renewal of the undertaking is seven hundred thousand pounds sterling, or three and a half millions of dollars; and this, it is prosumod, there would bo no difficulty in obtaining on the security afforded by the guarauteo of the two governments. Previous to the Atlantio Telegraph expedition of August, 1858, which ended in the submersion of the oable, there were : three problems to be solved before its ultimate success could be regarded as certain. The first was the practicability of laying a oable across a vast tract of water that measured from land to land in its narrowest practicable part no' less than sixteen hundred and ferty nautloal milos; the second was the manufacture of a cable of the required length, the conductor of which should be so perfectly insulated that its covering would be entirely impervious to sea water; and the third was to establish the possibility of sending the electrio current through a conductor of such great length. All of these three problems, which were to decide the final success of the enterprise, were solved in the most satisfactory mannor. The mechanical difficulties in the way of submerging the cable wore successfully overcome; tha material used in its manufacture as an insu. lut.nr su>(Mirp<t tho snrr.nri 5mnnrtnnt rloaidnrnium and the transmission of several messages through the cable when laid, although it had been injured before it was placed on board the vessels Trom which it was to bo submerged, set* tied the third point. Only one more problem remains?the commercial success of the undertaking. But the fant that there are no less than one hundred and fifty thousand miles of telegraph lines in Europo and Amerlea to which the Atlantic cable would be a feeder conclusively disposes of this last difficulty. Should the governments of the United States and Great Britain agree, as there is every rea son to believe they will, to guarantee the required interest on the specified capital, a large part of the risk of laying the cable will be assumed by the manufacturers. In conclusion, we may say that there Is good reason to warrant the belief that such a cable as we have described will be laid some time during the summer of 1863. Narrow Escape op the Destruction of tub British Fleet.?British statesmen cannot but feel what a narrow escape their navy has had from destruction by the iron-clad gunboats of America. By their own comments on the naval battle at Hampton Roads they admit it Had was Krolrnn mil in nAnannnnnm nf tfia oanfn of Mason and Slidell on board the Trent, of course a British fleet would have been sent to our ports, and every ship of it would have been sunk or put to flight. As an evidence of the tardiness of the British mind to soize an idea? a fact which is admitted by Mr. Osborne, who says:?"The great men of England arc very slow to be convinced''?we may refer to the fact that many millions have boon expended oo wooden war vessels within the last year, sines iron-plated ships were proved by experiment, if not in actual war, to have rendered them o* no value to the government. In the same way $15,000,000 have been expended on Armstrong rifled guns; and yet it is now said that, for naval purposes, they are inferior to the old smooth bore sixty-eight-pounder at the short range at which naval actions usually take place. It was stated, indeed, in Parliament, both by Mr. Osborne and Lord Palmerston. that those guns at short range can penetrate the iron armor, and that this is now the only reliance of England against it. But an iron-clad vessel, with rifled shells, might not be so accommodating as to allow a wooden ship to get so close to her; and even if a sixty-eight-pounder did penetrate the iron, it could onlgr be above the water line, and could do very little damage. It is cleat enough that the British fleet has had a lucky escape. Fiutts op tuk Skssiox op thk Statu Lkois i.atcrk.?la anoincr pan or tins uay a ukuai.d wc publish a list of the bills passed by the Legislature of this State and signed by the Governor during the session which has just expired. They number nearly Ave hundred, or about Ave on an average for each day of the session. If the merits of the legislators were to be estimated by the amount of the work they have done, and not by Its quality, they would be entitled to the highest praise. The tendonoy in recent years is to increase and multiply legislation without end. The wLm. men of other days believed that the smallest possible amount of legislation was desirable, on the principle that to govern best is to govern least. In those times bills are paaeed ignerautly, thought|c-*ly or by fraud and corruption. In a short time they are renealed; and tbeu again the re|K-allng act is repealed. And so this vicious circle is run from one aeeeioa to another. Ilnw few really vital and valuable measures are ever ? adopted by the (.egUlatnre. In the mate of chaff which is the firuit of the prosent neeslon, how many grains of wheat can be found* Refore we have a legislature competent to make laws for the great Umpire State of the Union the people must take more pains in the aeleotion of the a?en who represent tbem at the State Capitol than they have hitherto done They mini gH rid of the ignorant. degraded and corrupt men who disgrace th? holla of legislation; and they mu?t take rare to ele, | men of intelligence, edr/ation end integrity. Then, and not till then, <111 mature go right. But, to accomplish thia. all good men roust tab* an active pert in the elsetiona^tiU the row die* tod corrnptionieU ere rooted from the printer? organisations, which are the foul sources of ell the evils which ere inflict** on the oouutry by bed legislation. A Lksson riuni lghuxD.-II is well thsl our military authorities, the government end Congrese should reflect upon the news from England ij\lermin|f us of the abui.l .nin?-nt of the old >>itiflcation* as worthless, and of the Hubr/.itution in their stead o,' iron sheathed jrolVboats We hope no more money will bo Irfpent on wh fort ideation, in this country It Is si ready proposed in Coiigtm, ws ers glad

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