Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 26, 1862, Page 6

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 26, 1862 Page 6
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61 NEW YORK HEIIALD. jamk? uoudum ukssktt, El'I'lOK amd PROPRIA OR. 0?ti< e n. W. corn 8k of kultox and nassau s p8. TKrt MS cMk m a.lwvi. Money mall will he at the rt'ek o the tender Sue but Bank ?!'? curt en: in tieu York taken CUB DAILY HERALD two rente per, $7 /<" mrem. 1UK WEEKLY UEh.iL!>, eee-y LUurJ.o,, .?< NbMkMT t'.iiy, :u $3 yrr arm* the tur.jj-o.Ui teitim reery Wminee-iu v, a< ?ix - ent. pet copj #4 IKI aMB? M uni/ (Mrl n'Srcal Bruutu, rv fa> 12 P-antt part ui the Comment, both to tviudep>wt'' /?, to* Cul'jbmim Emiitm ou 'he I**. 11M ami 21it 4/ m> A nnart, at .i? CftjtLtr. copy,ot tJ 75 j^r annum. TILE FAMILY HERALD, on jfawli*, at /our r - ite per C-rpy, or ?i |?r iviimrn. fOlVKTARX COURESPOMDEMCM, enntainintf important iwm. eolintnl from any quarter ot the tro-lii, <r wl, ""i'l 'a tihermU* paid ror. KfOvu PauciaM CoKBuroiroxirrs Aim Pabtk ularli kkuimtzo to SxaL all lur-raoa aaii Packao*. i'a ? , yO a'<) TICK taken of anmymout correepotultrme. We tip not return etc* ted< ou-e-i oewutujum. AD YKUT1SKMEXTS renewed every Jay: a-horileemente tnto. tot it the Wuuui.v Hkrai.iv Family Hbkald, tteui m the ( nut ami European Ktttlone. JOB CRUYTLMff executed until neatneee, chrapncee and Jetpatek. Volama XXVH No. 114 AMUSEMENTS THIS BVBSINGk MIMA)* GARDEN, Broadway.?A'Vrnooo Rod Evening? Tux knoaaairbs*. WINTER GARDEN. Brotdwir.-Tat Ho.iciucl W AiiLAOCS THEATRE. 8M Broadway. ?Lao* or Lroas. LAURA KERNE'S THEATRE, Broadway.?'TnB mac.htbt oa tan Fnur or Day. . hew bowert theatre, Bowarr.-A*n?AW or R?<taw?oartLita or islaap No. 10. OLTMitC THEATRE 4tU Rm.riw.r r ><- 4rr?SCIBO<'LMA?TCS. H*NV M'8 AMERICAN MUSEUM. Broadiray.-Co*. Witu, AO., at A.l buura.?tiur o M* 1 him-?i:uf ot I'Alcaao, afieruuon aud evening. BRYANTS MINSTRELS, Meohauloa1 Hall, <73 BroadSlltCC* i>2U. t 1'ATiAUSkiM. NELODEON CONCERT HALL. 439 Broadway rtui l*K? OaaAMJ*-, SO.NOi, Dakcks, Bciumcu. 4c. OANTTRBURY MUSIC HALL, *36 Broadway.?3 a.Taj Danes*, Lunutattuas, Ac.?..?n> u.tu a*. GAIETIES CONCERT ROOM, 61C Brvidwar.?Daawixa Ha"a Knukf Aimutsrs, Ballots, fxMumau/^titi )'!, 40. JV AMERICAN MUSIC HALL. 4U. Bmdwv.-JnLOJJ DaK&SV? UAILKOAD ? COtLl.tlO.-.?Jo.-Lr dULLKtt*. CRYSTAL PALACE CONCERT HALL, No. liBowery liBW-SwiUU, SOKUS. DANCKS. AC.? OKA* AS A BOAT. PARISIAN CABINET OF WONDERS, 663 Broad way ? ('pen daily trorn 10 A. M. till 9 P. M TRIPLE SHEET. Biw Turk, Saturday, April 46, 1804, THE SITUATION. There is nothing important to report from Yorktown. Everything goes on there rigorously and a tirely. The weather is fine, and the prospects of a grand aotion draw nearer. Prom the Rappahannock we have some interesting intelligence received through our special cor respondenca from Fredericksburg. The good I order and condition of the troops of General McDowell, occupying Falmouth and Fredericksberg, are most excellent. The gunboat Yankee, which arrived yesterday at Washington from the vicinity of Fredcrl ;ksburg, reported that a few days ago the Anaoostia, while passing Lowry's Point, on the Rappahannock, was fired upon by a small body of rebel infantry. She threw a few shells at them, which caused them rapidly to dis. perse. The flotilla is still actively engaged in seizing rebel craft. In all it has captured sixteen rebel schooners. The Norfolk Day Book, of yesterday contai- - a despatch from New Orleans, dated the 23d instant, to the effect that there had been a heavy and continued bombardment of Fort Jackson all night, aud that it was still progressing. The rebels in the fort represent themselves still cheerful, with an abiding faith in ultimate success. They stated they were making repairs as best they could. Their barbette guna were still in working order, though most of them hod been disabled at times. They assort we have fired 25,000 thirteen-inch shells, of which one thousand fell in the fort. Th*y think that our ammunition must soon become exhausted but assert they can stand it as long S3 oar troops can. The rebel Major General Mansfield Lovell is represented as saying that the bombardment was terrific. We (rive to-day a rnp of Fcrt Jackson and the defences of New Orleans, accompanied by a description of that vicinity and the circum-iances connected with the impending condition of* a Hairs thero, whi h will fully repay perusal. Py our correspondence from the Mis-i-sippi river we are pat in possession cf a large amount of interesting news from that quarter. The rebels had cut through the levee on.the Arkansas side of the river, and thus flooded the country for a distance of thirty or forty miles, and destroying a vast amonut of property. This was done to prevent the advance by land of General Pope's forces; but the result is certain to be fatally destructive to the interests of the Southern people in that I vicinity. CONGRESS. , lathe Senate yesterday, resolutions uom the ILegi-lature of Ohio, concerning the rebel prisoners St Columbus, Ohio, saying that the loyal feelings of the people of Ohio had been outraged by the fact that the rebel prisoners at Camp Chase were allowed to retain their slaves by Colonel Moody, thus practically establishing slavery in Ohio in the namo of the 'people of Ohio, and solemnly protesting against this outrage npon the loyally 01 wie peopie 01 viuo. me resolution* were accompanied by a note fron* Governor To?l, saying tliat Colonel Moody did not permit it, but thut the negroes had been sent there as pris! oners, and that Colonel Moody was obliged to tak? care of them. Mr. Wilson said he should call the subject up on Monday. The bill establishing a line of armed st< amera between San Francisco and Shanghai and Japan was passed. A bill protecting United states officers from suits growing out of arrests of disloyal persons, was referred to the Judiciary Comn tee An executive session was held and a nun.ntr of array appointments c niflrmed. In the Honse of Representatives, the bill proriling bounties for the widows e.l Loirs of volrnteers was discussed, and Mr. Daw s defended the Government Contra t Investigating C<.mmittcs fr o n the assaults made upon them dui;ng their absence. Both Houses adjourned till Monday. MISCELLANEOUS NEWS. We bare the official repot t* of the killed, wounded and missing in the Fire* ad Fourth divisions at the battle of Pittab ;rg Land Inf. Tho First division was command'd by General Jo'tn A McOlernand. and t it Fourth by Genial 8. A. Hurlbnt. The foliowtbg is the re. apitulatloiu? 1#< IHc. ith J)io. Total. Rilled Ml 308 359 Wounded 1,367 1,417 2.784 Mi "ting 2J? 173 411 Total 1,834 1,900 3,734 j| The Uniontown (Kentucky) Ntxrt, formerly a se^ cosk joorpsl, About serca moaths ago was forcod : atrr^. * NBW YOB 1 to suspend, for the want uf patronage. The rej belehaviug now been driven out of that section | of the State, and the Luton sentiment tiri?ily re1 established, the editor ha* eiguiu started Lis pai per. but has the hardihood to say that he is yet & secessionist, aud to admit his cowardice by stating that he will support the Union only because he is compelled to do so. This fellow should be watched. The secessionists in Nashville seem determined to keep up a show of feeling against the government. Many of them say they will man the housetops and shoot down our soldiers when the occasion presents itself for them to do so with safety to themselves. The " tire in tho rear" of Oeneral Halle ok is getting very warm. As soon as he left St. Loni3 to take command of his forces at Pittsburg Lauding. the abolition papers opened on him, ahd they are keeping up the attack with their heaviest guns. The Cincinnati Gazette, has charge of the battery in that quarter. Mr. John C. Bull, of tho firm of Bull ft Graham, commission merchants in St. Louis, with his whole family, have been placed under arrest and confined in their own house, with orders not to leave it. . Their offence was displaying a secession flag. Among the wounded soldiers who arrived at St. Louis on the 18th inst., on the steamer Empress, was a woman who had followed her husband to the war and received^ gunshot wound in the battle ol? Pittsbnrg Landing. On the way up the Mississippi she gave birth to a line, healthy female ohild, which was named Empress. Her husband was killed in the battle. Onr correspondent at Bridgetown, Barbados, writing on the 14th inst., says:?" The weather for the last two weeks has been very favorable, being attended with copious showers of rain, which are of the greatest benefit to the growing crops. But very little sugar remains in port. The crop has yielded about 65,000 bogshoads. The growing cane is very'favorable. Fresh water and stone ballast are plenty and of the best kind. Several Lght vessels have come here and left for parts unknown, after throwing overboard their ballast. It is rumored that several large vessels, deeply ladou, dur. ing the last four or live months, have been seen off this island, and the conjecture is that they have discharged their cargoes into those schooners, which have, in all probability, proceeded to the rebel States, at the hazard of running the blockade. Business is dull and the inland iB healthy.'' The census returns frcm Barbados, as taken on the 7th April last, exhibit a population amounting in the whole to 135,930 peraons; making an increase during the last ten years of 16,790. The new crop of sugar is said to be of good quality, and the shipmeuts to latest dates amount to:? Sugar, 2,090 hhds., 122 tierces, 420 bbla.; molasses, 20 puncheons, 19 bbls. The public health is generally good, but some cases of smallpox are sported as existing "* one of the parishes. The bark Candidate, which sailed for London on the 27th ult., took out four packages containing articles for the great exhibition. They consist of the fruits of the Maud, in wax; the fluwers, in feathers, and tae no. *r,or, as it is termou, tne arrow, 01 tne cane, in its natural state; shell work, and specimens of indigo, ochre fibre, an 1 starch mado from the sweet potato. The Paris correspondent of the London Hera Id, writing on the 3d of April, says the seventeen millioM of francs assigned by the extraordinary budget to the navy are thus divided?12,500,000f. for the " transformation1' of the fleet, and 4,300,OOCf. for the building of docks sufficiently large to receive the vessels now constructing. According to the returns of the chief constable of Manchester, England, made up to Tuesday, April 3, upwards of eight thousand workmen are totally out of employment in that city alone, while nearly double that number are on ?hort time. A Brussels letter has the following:?The present manufacturing crisis is the subject of general preoccupation. The city of Ghent is the place most seriously affected. The situation of Lyons and Saint Etienne cannot be compared to the horrible state of misery into which the civil war In America has plunged the workmen of Ghent. The St. George's Society of this city did not this year celebrate the day dedicated to their patron saint in their nsual manner. It has been customary for the "jolly Englishmen" to sit down to a "jolly good dinner'' on the evening of the 23d of April; but this year they have dispensed with that part of their celebration. The cause of this action has been officially stated as follows:?" On account or the death of his Royal Highness Pnnco Albert, the members of the St. George's Society forego their usual festival on this day." In the Court of Oyer and Terminer yesterday, before Jndge Barnard, David Loftus and John Ellis were tried for a felonious assault on Mai tin Waters, in a groggery, on election day, by Btriking him with the butt ends of pistols. It appeared that the accuser was as rough as the accused, aud had offered to light them with the same weapons. Upon the whole of the evidence, the jury did not think that there was any retributive justice due to Mr. Martin Waters, and they acquitted his equally desperate assailants. John Morris, the militia man, who has been a terror to male civilians and civil maidens, in the peremptory extortion of money for militia fines from parties vho are legally exempt from duty, was arraigned yesterday, in the Court of Oyer and Terminer, on an indictment found against him by the Grand Jury. The accused pleaded not guilty, and said that he was acting under the law of this State. No particular day was named for his trial. It will be well for the militia authorities over the river, in the model Ch'ty of Churches, to take warning by this act of our Grand Jury. Instances havo been furnished ua where parties who have paid exemption Tees are still summoned for duly, and threatened with all the pains and penalties of militia despotism, even to the confiscation of tidr bed and bedding, if they do not attend drill or step up to the "captain's office." This b.mbug has been long beyond endurance, and it is well thatdhe law is about to interfere. An action was commenced in the United States Circuit Court yesterday, before Judge Smalley, at the suit of William Grovoner, against the New Jersey Railroad Company, for Injuries sustained In September, I860, through the alleged negligence of the defendant's servants. It appeared from the evidence that the plaintiff' foot was bo Injured that his medical attendant found it necessary to remove some of the small Lone*. The case will be resumed this morning. Tbe stork market was inactive and dull ye- terday_ Governments declined *. Toledo, which hss been the moet active etock on the list for the poet few days, fell to 40, end then rallied to 41 *. It Is supposed to be much oversold. Money la abundant at 6 a ? per cent; exchange steady at 113* a 113*; gold, 101*. The cotton market was Arm yesterday, while the sales embraced 1,400 a 1,500 bales, closing on the baeIs of 30*o. a 30c. for middling upland#. A good portion of >.* aalaa were made to eplnr.ers and to so out of market Tlie prlcee cl<aod et 29^0. a 6?. The flour markat *u flrmar, though leas active, and cloved at ?o Improvement of So. per bbl., and for s ime brands nr re. Wheat wa? Arm, bat tomnwhat Irreio'ar, while leg wore modorate. Corn waa lesg ac1 ire aad pi ice* rather easier, with selea of Weatern mix. I #>1 at 68o a 59c , ingtore and delivered. 1'oric wag i ;*?e notire, end prl'.eg were ralhor eaeier, with tales of new meet a*. ?u _j a flu 60, oletlng at the inside figure. Deefnndl >r vera firm. The oontract for the following army applies was awarded as annexed, viz:?Bioon? 760,000 lbs. at 7*0. per lb.; bacon, old, 240,000 Iba., at 6,^0. per lb.; pork, meu, 2,000 bh a., at 612 69 a |19. Fugara ware firmer and more active. The aa'es erabrac'd 2,200 bhda., 116 b ixos and 8,650 bags Manila, on terms given la another place. Coffee w.te quiet. A aale of 600 baga Lagnayra w? made at 16*0., la bond, for export. Freighta war# a teed y, while tagagemeata were moderate. tK. HERALD, SATURDAY.^ W*?t? of the 1'ublic Tiutt In <V?Mgi.*?. Toe t<me of membcra of Congress is paid for fcy tiit) people, to be used iu diligent uud fult'iIbl legislation. Their tluie, therefore, during the session is public property, and they have no right to waste It. That they not only squander tboir time in the halla of legislation, but employ it misohiovously agaiuet the interests and dignity of the nation, ia too evident to all who read the morning papers. The debates of both houses on Thursday, which we published yesterday, are examples of this pernioious abuse of a public trust. Mr. Benjamin Wade, Senator from Ohio, in a speeoh outside of the Senate Chamber, had deeoribed Mr. Vallandigham as " a man who never had any sympathy with this republic, but whose every breath is devoted to its destruction, just as far as his heart dare permit him to go." Mr. Valiaudigham rose in his ptaoe iu the House of Representatives and said:" I denounce, and I speak It advisedly, the author of that speech as a liar, a scoundrel and a coward." Mr. Blake then charged the gentleman with " false pretence." , Mr. Yallandigham said he was ready to meet his colleague outside. Such is the unseemly personality of men who profesa to represent the people in Congress. Then Mr. Lovejoy makes an exhibition of nimsett by indulging in \w most aosura rani, and using language of a reasonable nature in a moral if not i% a leg^l sense. He ridiculed the idea of any oife*tfj?ealiiig to the constitution fof the proflcxion of slavery; for slavery was "the progeny and firstborn of the arch fiend;" it was "rebollion/ ( it was "a monster," "an infernal assassin," , and, said he, "it shall be slain in the name of ] my country and my God:" "eithor slavery or ( the republic must perish." How the members ( of the House could have patience to sit listen- ] ing to sucb a farrago of fanatioism and treason i Is beyond comprehension. It is almost folly to j waste serieus argument upon what is so ridi- < culous. But wc would simply quote the words < of Mrs. Glass in her receipt for cooking a t savory dish of game:?"First catch your hare; j then," Ac. Lot Mr. Lovejoy first catch tho j slaves, aAd then the question of setting them \ free will bo in order. Neither silly talk about 1 emancipation nor even resolutions or acts of 1 Congress can do it. The country where the c slaves dwell must first be in our possession aud the slaves must be ready and willing to r abandon their masters, before their freedom could be forced. As far as our troops hava 1 yet penetrated there is no evidence of any such c disposition. The inhuman proposition, there- * fore, introduced into Congress, to arm the a slaves against the whites of the South for ' another St. Domingo massacre, would utterly * fail. But if a forced emancipation, through 1 blood and slaughter, were, practicable, the 1 question would then arise, Is that tho best way e of restoring harmony between the North and ^ , ? r. r. _ . _ _ _ . r tiie ooutn. ana every sane man musi the negative. Tho only effect of such speeches as that of Lovejoy is their tondcncy to give aid to the rebels, by driving to their side the loyal men of the South, and uniting the whole population against tho federal government, thu3 rendering the restoration of the Union impossible. But Mr. Lovcjoy says he takes the position that "either slavery or the Union must perish." The meaning of this is, that if slavery is not abolished the abolitionists will render the Union impossible' Are they not, therefore, aa much traitors to the Union and the constitution as the secessionists? The protection of the institution of negro slavery is one of the conditions in the bond? it is part of the solemn league and covenant. By violating the condition and breaking the covenant we would justify the rebellion at the South; for, la the language of Daniel Webster on this very subject, "a bargain broken on one side is broken on all sides." It is gratifying to find that the sentiments of Lovejoy ' have very little weight in the House of Repreaontatives. For instance, Mr. Rollins (repuh- ( 1! \ ?C ; ... 1 ill-all/* Ul nuw tviivnuu uuu} ic^uuiukvu his perfidious doctriaes. Let us, be said, sfand by the resolution adopted at the extra session, "that the war is not waged in any spirit of oppression, or for any purpose of conquest or subjugation, or for the overthrow of the institutions of the Southern States, but to defend and maintain the supremacy of the constitution and the laws in all their dignity, and that as soon as these purposes are accomplished tbo war shall ceuse." lie complimented Proaidoiit Lincoln for bid patrietic eliurta to preserve the Union. He was for punishing all the guilty leaders and holding out inducements to the deluded to return to their allegiance. IIo wus opposed to ukra measures, irate the Union at any cost; and to this end he believed the constitution was amply sufficient. This is the language of common sense, common honesty and common decency, which the Lovejoys are continually outraging. To the same effect, on the eaino evening, in the other branch of Congress, was the excellent speech of Mr. C dlamei (republican), of Vermont. Tlicso gentlemen redeem New England from the disgrace of the Sumners, and Uurrisons. and rhillip ies, and prove that, after all, something good aan come out of Nazareth. Mr. | Collamor contends that this is an exporimont of a free government before the worfc- whether it can be successful in hours of tAl, and whether it can succeed according to constitution and the laws. If it is oUfged to depart therefrom, and rosort to the uritolienU of despotisms, It is a confe^sian^^fc the pnucipics Ui kuu ijutviuujvii* mv *7du to carry us through the struggle. I^fejptnl State government*, ho argued, arsflh^ks necessary for our system m th?^^Bral government, and the system woulojw a failure without them. Consequently must restore those State governments, or ?ls# we do not restore the system as It wt^N .Whatever we do, we must keep wlthldMflfumits of the Constitution. Cut the consflBtipn recognizee slavery as a State institution, over which the federal government has no control. It recognizes the right of the aMle master to the services of his negro slave, and it says that no man's property shall be taken from s him but by due process of law. Tho constitution provides that only in the court of conviotion, after a trial by jury in the State where the offence is committed, can any mrfn bo docmed guilty of treason, and to convict Lira there must he two witnesses. Only aftor such trial and conviction can he be deprived of his property; and even then ho can only lose his own life interest. Ills family cannot be deprived of their legal rights by his guilt. The constitution expressly provides that there shall be "no bill of attainder or ex post fndo law," and I that "ae attainder of treason shall work cor APKLL 2t>, 1862.?TKIPLI ruptiou of blood or forfeiture except du? ? tho life of the person attainted." T'f propositions now before Congress would beggar a wLuKi people, luc'.udiug tho women and oliildren Mr. Collamer denies the right of Congress to ride over thoae prohibitions of the

oouatitution and to usurp the power of the government. Ho rotninds hia party that they pledged themselves not to interfere with slavery in the States. Tho course proposed he hold to bo a breach of plighted faith as well as an Indirect violation of certain provisions of the constitution. Even If Congress had the constitutional power to infliot this punishment, and if the execution of suoh a penal law were practicable, the injustice of it would be evident from the fact that, while the rebels established a d? facto government over the Southern population, the federal government were unable to render the people any proteotlon, and consequently forfeited their right to punish them for obedience to the usurpation. The dnty of protection and allegiance acg reciprocal. Consequently only the leaders in the rebollioa are justly liable to forfeiture of their property. Well does Mr. Collamer observe that it is beyond his comprehension how the road to peace runs through any suoh avenue as general confiscation : and well. too. does he sray affected the Herai.d. Secretary Stanton jas not Bought to interfere with us, for ;he simple reason that we knew too well >ur duty as the conductor of a patriotio iournal, and had too well instructed our :orre?pondents and agents, to afford him an >pportunity of doing so. It is trne that in jno instance a correspondent of ours furnished the subject of one of these bulletins; but that was not through our fault, but through that of the War Department in entrusting him with more than he ought to haye known, or than we ourselves would bare cared to coitdde to him. Hi? indiscretions would, however, havo leen amply punished by his being turned out if doors, or by his being left to us to deal ivith; for he was not a Southerner by birth, was certainly neither a spy nor a traitor, and con* sequeutly did not merit so severe 9 punishment is incarceration in a government fort. All these :omplaints about the censorship, however, are low without a basis; for it is at prosent in ,he hands of the military supervisor of telegraphs, who appears te understand tho exact iuiits of his duties, and has made arrangements ;hat ought to prove satisfactory to the press. Whether they will content our republican contemporaries is, howovor, another question, rhev seem to be disposed to treat Secretary Stanton with as much asperity as they do poor Secretary Welles, who is an amiable, good natared sort of man. al though, as every one acknowledges, utterly incompetent for his present po.11: <),? <r> tl.oir HUUU. HVVnivUftkauuiUK 1?V uiuvi v uv.u tu tut7lt opacities, the measure of hostility against them teems to be about the same, lu fact, were it lot for Wendell Phillips and tho Herald, ibecre. tary Stanton would be without a defender. ^jjpkitatiovs op Spain if. Hatti.?It appears rrom regent intelligence that J?pain, huving toiled the ropublic of Dominica, is now proiceding to annex tho republic of Hayti, under pretcuce of a dispute about the boundary, and thus to clutch the whole island. We invite the. attention of Mr. Sumner to these proceedings. [Ic is chairman of the Committee on Foreign Relations. If a big fat nigget, worth $1,500 in South Curolinu before tho rebellion broke out, is to represent the black empire of Ilayli at Washington, why not protect its independence against tho tyranny of Spain. Let a dozen [ron-clad gunboats be fitted out and sent to drive the Spaniards from the whqle of the island, and let only one government exist in the island, and blacks and whites amalgamate on a footing of perfeot equality. If the white man is to bo brought down to Abe level of the negro here, let us have the samA thing in HaytL If tho prlnciplo is good, lot ua go through with It. Airt if if is right for the white men of the United States to kill each other In thousands in a dispute about the blacks of tho South, then, to be consistent, let us kill a goodly number of the Spaniards in order to realize the same delectable nogre fraternity and equality in the island of St. Domingo. , ^ v_ Tub Mosir Extended in tuk Albany Lohbt.?It is understood the lobby at Albany bad a dull season this year. Dusincss has been hard with them. There hare been only a few measures which they could squeeze any currency out of. It is estimated that only from eighty to one hundred thousand dollars were received by them this year. This 1b a mere bagatelle compared with that qf previous years. It Is rumored that many of these philosophers will spend their summer reoreation in a canal boat, and oome to the next Legislature for canal damages. ' . ? *' I expose the inconsistency of claiming this as a war right against belligerents while we refuse to recognize them as such. Martial law does not give the, right; for that only operates within military lines, and is temporary in its nature. It is not within the province of Congress. It belongs exclusively to the Executive and the generals of the army. It can only have effect In the States actually in insurrection' and in such parts of them as are under the occupation of our troops. There can bo no martial law in the loyal States ; and when tho States now insurgent again become loyal and return to their allegiance, martial law will :ease to operate and the constitution and the jivil law will be supreme. Let Congress, horefore, instead of wasting its time in unirofitable discussions about the negro and in personal altercations, leave the conduct of the var to the Executive and the generals, and lasten the Tax bill, by which alone the war can >e eventually sustained and the credit of the :ountry saved from disastrous collapse. Newspaper Attacks on Secret art Stanton.? Hie Secretary at War is being sharply pitched uto by the newspapors for his conduct In onnection with tho censorship of the press, t is worthy of note that the journals that thus issuil him - are the organs of tho party with vhom he has been lately accused of coquotting. "or ourselves we have no complaint to make igainat Mr. Stanton. Although his course in egard the press has boen marked by somo iccen trinities, more especially in the highlown bulletins in which he has issued his inters, we are not disposed to quarrel with hem. Due allowance should be made for the musual and critical character of the ciroum-ilances that called them forth, and for the ibsenco on the part of the government and ihe public journals of a proper understanding is to their respective duties towards each >ther in the altered condition of the countryfhese mistakes, such as they were, have in no I SHEET., ' Th# (iun Blnnufurtorf of (Irwlry A f?' Fagin, the Jew, a well known character in one of Dickens' earlier novels, was the presiding genius of an association of rogues and rascals, whom he educated into knavery, and upon whose illicit earnings he managed to subsist. When justice at last overtook this rascal and tutor of rascals, however, he could be made to realise neither his own crimes nor the punishment which awaited him. Bill Sykes must swing?the Artful Dodger was trapped?yes, he could understand that; but, for himself, he had done nothing wrong; the evidence against him was "pure fabrication;" he was a good man, with no "personal controversies," and no harm could happen him. , A men named Wilkinson?whom, perhaps, poor Greeley has unfortunately forgotten?once used part of Fagin'a history to illustrate the character of his old master, Thurlow Weed. But, all things considered, Fagln's coat fits Wilkinson's new master, Greeley, much better, especially as Weed .never professed to have Fagin's lack of memory. Greeley, like Fagin, is the presiding genius of an association, and Greeley plans, arranges and executes publio jobs, just as Fag in planned, arranged and executed private robberies. Like Fagin, too, he never can recollect his rogueries, and, wheu hard pushed, he in extremely apt to put all criminal responsibilities upon the shoulders of his associates and dedge the confessional by a hood of " s' help me Gods." He tried this game In regard to the Matteson one thousand dollar draft. He tried it again in regard to the " Forward to Richmond" articles, and had the Insufferable assurance to attompt to divort the storm of public reprobation from his own guilty self and turn upon his subordinates, the mere pupils in his Fagln's shop, the Tribune Association. Again, in yesterday's Tribune, poor Fagin Greeley tries this same unmasterly stroke of policy. His reply to our scathing expose of tho fact that tho T)-ibu.r\e Association is a gang of public jobbers, with a contract for muskets to be delivered in 1863, is substantially this:?First, that he " doc# not know Mr. Almy by sight;" and, second, that our statement is " a false assertion" and " gross fabrication.'' Let us look at the evidence, honest Fagin, and see how this old gamo of shifting the responsibility will work this time. In Secretary of War Stanton's official feply to a resolution of the Douse, passed December S3,1801, in relation to the purchaao of arms by Greeley's pet General, Fremont, we find the whole story of Greeley & Co.'a jobbery and the official documents to prove it. On page 165 and section 68 of Secretary Stanton's letter is the following application for a contract:? Kiev York, Doc. 12,1S<51. Sir?'The Eaaild Manufacturing Company, of Mans field, Connecticut, bythelr treasurer,dulyauthorlzed, will contract with lb* government to manufacture, subject to the inspection ami approval of inapsotura duly appointed, twenty five thousand mu.-liota of tho Springfield pattern, to be delivered weekly in New York, at twenty dollars each, with the incidental!- barge of boxes,Ac. The deli very shall commence on oi*before the first day of May next. and the payments to be made ou delivery of each invoice. Yours, fee., A. H. ALMY, Treasurer. Col Thomas a. Sooit, Assistant Secrstarj^hf War. This Mr. A. H. Almy. who signs himself Treasurer of the Eagle Manufacturing Company, is tho commercial or dry goods editor of the Tribune, and a shareholder in the Tribune Association. Of this gentleman poor Greeley says yesterday:?"A Mr. Almy has occasionally written a dry goods report for this paper (the Tribune), and been paid thorefor (doubtful), and that is all the connection he has, or ever had, with the TribuneNow, however "occasional" the Tribune's dry goods reports may be, Mr. Almy has certainly written them for some time past. He has been receiving a salary from the Tribune, and hps spent a groat part of his time at the Tribune office. If he does not do so now, it is because the Eagle Manufacturing Company demands his time and attention. Does Greeley pretend to deny these facts, pray? If so, allow us to introduce to bis notice Mr. Snow, the financial manager and money reporter, and Mr. Wilkinson, the Washington correspondent, of the Tribfne, who make their debut in the following extract from page 160 of Secretary Stanton's letter:? Th? following wokIb art wrlUon on the first pago of tho above proposal ? Mutter of Mr. Scow, of VtioNew York Tribune, mentioned by Mr. Wilkinson. Attached to tho proposal the following Ulegrarn ? Nkw York, Dec. 10,1S31. Fag!* Manufacturing Company ,|A. H. Almr, Tr*avir*r, I r*j.resent, ha* no contract. It i* organized under an existing charter to carry out contract you are negotiating. Co'.ouol .Scott*s Eagle Company ia another run com. S.VOW. Saxttxl Wn.Kntox, Ebbelt flout*, Waahington. Poor Greeley will hardly dare say that he 'd^es not know Mr. Saow by sight." He will scarcely be able to cut the acquaintance of Mr Wilkinson as summarily as he has that of Mr. Almy. Mr. Secretary Cameron evidently knew, if Greeley does not, who these gentlemen were, and ho served them accordingly. Ho was informed. if Greeley was not, why Fitz Henry Warren was removed and Wilkin ion was appointed to rcpr?. sent .1 c Tr<b Min Washington. He ?v skt'owd enough to understand that "the matter of Mr. Snow, of the Now York Tribvrv, mentioned by Mr. Wilkinson," must be attended to, or the Tribune would resume tbo assaults made upon him through Warren, and which just ceased upon Wilkinson's appointment. Thereforo Le ordered tLat the Eagle Company should have the contract applied for, and on page M5, section f>8, of Stantonki letter we (lnd the order of tho S?crelary of War to that effect, a? follows:? Ohwva.* n Om01,1 TTaaini* ir jr, Dec. 2t 1M1 J Si??Tly direction of ths Secretary of W.t I offer you anordsr for I wunty-ll?e thiuieaud nmakeU. with appcud.ig*v, or llut Springfield pattern, on tho following terms and conditions, ?iz:?These arms aro to bs furnish*J Willi ths regular appondeges, and are to be In all rela identical with the standard rifle musket made at the United States Armory st Surlngflold. M as., and arc to interchange with It and wTh each other In all their parts. They are to be subject to Inspection by United Stntns] Inspectors, in the same mam r that the Sprmgfleitf trmi are ins;>oct#d, end n uu iretobere celvod or pa 14 for but inch ui pane inspection and ara approved by th# Unltod State* In parti.ra. Th"** twentyfive thousand arm* and npiiendagra are to bo be delivered at your armory aa follow*, via:?Not leaatban flv# hundred lti aacb of the months of July, August and ->ep- , Umber, 1W2; not I mm than ona thousand In each of lb# nvwithaor October and November, 18?2; not laaa than on* thousand five htmlred In Dercraber ,1868, and not lacs than two thouaand per month thftaaftef, unfit- iha milre twanty-five tboutand nball have base delivered, and yon ar# to have th# right to deliver more rapidly /than arrordlng to the number of arm* before epeclfiod, ' if you can do ao . In th* raa* of auy failure to roako da llv?rl<>i to the extent and within lb# times before specified you are to forfeit.tb* right to d-dlver whatever i#>i?r may be deficient In tbe apecldsd number for tho mon'h In wlili b tli* failure occurs. All theae arm* turl appendages are to b* deliverad by you, and ihl* order, if tran?f#:red to anolhar party. |* to be thereby forfeited. Payment* are to ba made In such fond* as tha Treasury Lnpartineiit may provide, for #.ich delivery, on rertlficaie* of inspection and receipt by thr United States inspectors, at th* rate or twenty dollar* for each arm, including eppfflidagee. All theso arms and ap; enlace* ar* to be packed by you in boxo* of tho regular pattern, with twenty muskets end appendage* In each box, for which a fair price, to be dctormiued by fhu United State* Inapeotor*, will l>* allowed. Hesse signify, In writing, your aeeepUni * or non arcoptanca of this order, on tbe Urm* and condition before sMUd herein. Respectfully, your obedient servant, J A MRS W. RIPLKY, Brigadier General. From tb* telegram already given, signed by Snow, addressed to Wilkinson, left by WllkinA *#- *% MW-iH ' , on with Cameron, and pinned by Cameron tor tbe original propoaal on file in the War DepaiV mont, it appears that there are two Iiagle Manufacturing Companlea. One is located at Providonoe, Khode laland, and the other? Greeley's own?at Mansfield, Connecticut. The latter company, Snow days, was revived, under an old charter, for the aole purpose of fulfilling this contract, which Wilkinson was to obtain. Colonel Scott had somehow or other identified the two companies, however, and General Ripley made the same mistake. Perceiving this, Snow sends back the aoceptynce of the contract, accompanied by a j^ote to Sam. (Wilhie son), as see page 166 of 3tanton'a letter:? ifan8toli>, Conn.,n?o. 28, 1861? Hut?Your order for tbs manufacture of 28,000 muSkale, of the Sprtngiield pattern, ie aooepUd by tbte company, according to tbe up* ifloatloas of your proposals OC the 2Sth lnetent. Tour obedient servant, A. H. ALMY, Treasurer Eagle Manufacturing Company. Brigadier General Rirur. Tbe roregelug acoeptaace was accompanied by the Mlowing note:? San.?I enoloee tbe acoeptanee of the Eagle Ifannfba. turlng Company of tbe propeeitioa to furuishw26yta# guns. The document from Bipley wee addressed to Eagle Manufacturing Company, Providsnoo, Rhode Island, Instead of Mansfleld, Connecticut. Will you bar# this within corrected? (No signature.) This oloses tbe record, and leaves Greeley A Company with a fine contract, paying them five hundred thousand dollars oash, and about two hundred thousand dollars profit* for a lot of muskets, the first of which are to be delivered In July next, when the war will doubtless be conoluded, and the balance some time next year, when all the government caa do with the muskets is to sell them again at m dead loss. This is Greeley's idea of public economy. The facts are official, and oaa neither be disputed nor denied. They prove that these representatives of the ZWhuns-* the financial, business and editorial controllerB of the paper?are openly interested In a pat pable job. They show that a fat contraot waC the price paid by Cameron to seoure the 06* sation of tho Tribune's assaults upon him^ for Warren was removed about December, 1861, the very time that this contract soheoM was carried into effect. Thev demonstrate that, In order to accept this oontract, Grealey A Co. resarrected aa old, "existing^ charter for a manufacturing company in Con* necticut; and, by Cameron's own endorse ment, it is evident that the Tribune Aseo*' oiation and the Eagle Manufacturing Com* pany are identical. For Greeley to say that he knows nothing of theao facts id simply ridiculous and absurd. Ho profits by them; he turned Dana out of tho Tribune on account of his refusal to allow a journal to b? thus degraded, and he can escape neither th^ responsibility nor the disgrace of a particb pance in this job. By the light of this record how singularly clear are the motives which have led Fagiof Greeley to defend the swindlers who but* rounded Fremont in Missouri. Foor Greeley was afraid that if Fremont was investigated! his own jobbery would be discovered; and so it has proved. The same motives, and others connected with another Tribune stook* holder and his real estate at Perth Amboy, induced Greeley to defend Secretary Wellmfc two-and-a-half per cent Morgan and all. From the les Moines Improvement Company to the Eagle Manufacturing Company, from a end thousand dollar draft to a five hundred thow sand dollar contract, Greeley has progressed rapidly in jobbery. It is about time now that he should cease to add hypocrisy to his othef transgressions. It will not do for the president of a nest of public jobbers to wear the white coat and white choker of a reformer, and prate about economy any longer. In one of hi# hypocritical moods Fagin Greeley once advised that all public jobbers should be hung. Wd heartily approve the motion. Some Hope Yet of Secret art Welles.-4 We have received the following agreeable not# from Captain Ericsson:? Ntnr Yors, April 25, I Mi." To JajowGordo* Brxhstt, Esq.:?. Sir?In your remarks on the administration of the Navy Department Id to-day's Herald, you tuvs luadrar tantljr done the Serretary of the Navy great iujustlos ruittuvo vuw ixniftn u?inwu vi mio nuuiwr. a hwti prompt and spirited action is probably not on reeord is a similar casa than that or tbe Navy Department as r? sard the Monitor. The committee of naval oomrnand* ders, appointed by tho Secretary to decide on the plana of gftnboau laid before the department, occupied me leea than two hours in explaining my new system. Is about two hours moro the committee had come to a da* cision. After their favorable report bad been made ta tno Secretary I was called into nls office, where I waa detained less than tive minutes. In ordsr not to loea any time, the Secretary ordered mo to "go ahead at onoa." Coug'ypiently, while the clerks of the department war* engaged in drawlcg up the formal contract, the iroa which now forma the keel plate of the Monitor waa drawn through the rolling mill. I am, respectfully, year obedient servant, J. KR1U&ON. This is eood, and we are glad, to know th? fact. statement was made on excellent autl nit Capt. E.'s note settles the point. Now, it' M/. Welles has been so decided ia the case of the Monitor, is it not charitable to suppose that he has been equally so in other matters connected with the navy, and that hil activity has been Interfered with by slow subordinates' We should boirin to havo hones of making something out of the Secretary if he were ouly a little younger. We are promised in one of the papers an e/poge from the Secretary's own pen in regard to the management of the navy, and that he intends to place himself rectus in curia in all matters about which ho has been so much abused. Well and good. Let him come out with the document? Meanwhile, for the sui*stantial vigor of the venerable gentleman, as testified to by Captain Ericsson in the case of the little Monitor, wo presume Iloncst Old Abe will keop him iu the Cabinet a little while louger. The Reuem' Stiuteot fok Tusm Own In jirt.?It has always loen Considered a mark of good strategy when a besieged military force takes advantage of rivers and other bodies ef water to impede the advance of the foe. or an invading army usos the came to cover its movements. Eut it scarcely can bo considered ee when, as we are Informed *>7 our despatches | from the West, the besiegod force injures itself or the country it is defending by turning the force of a mighty river like tho Mississippi over its own grounds to euoh an extent ae to cause its own friends to offur it " all they possess to have their families removed from their houses, which tho water threatens to carry away." But destruction appears to be the only strategy of tho rebels ; for as they go the elements fire and wator are pressed into tho service to mark their course. Naimijcon's Mbxtcin Polict.?The cou-se of Napoleon in Mexico, as developed by our lateel intelligence from that country, is curious. He deals with England and Spain as if they were hia vassals, and he goes on without them. Hie superiority in iron-clad gunboats enables him to treat them with contempt. By this expedi[ tion he will dualo the Frenoh with the idee 0

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