Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 29, 1862, Page 6

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 29, 1862 Page 6
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? NEW YORK HERALD. JAMES GORDON BKNNKTT, EDITOR AND PKOl'RIKTOR. OFFICE N W. CUK.NEK OK ElILTON AND NASSAU STS, 1 raiJi in Jf? v ' V mall ifill U at th. WS V of'the .toiler A one hut Jiatk WII# current in Aeut i'oil ti -n run DULY HhK.iLD ttoo rente per earn/, %7 per annum. "HE H'KEKbV MKBaIU, mmry Saturday, at nixcenUpe t /. or A'per annum:??' hnrapean Edition tvery Weduewlay, *i r 'mttipnr ropy - #4 net nniaem taunt/ prrrt af Great Britain, ?. >6 1- taany part q' tk Continent, hath to inrlule pmtiqe, thit 4 i'mma ruittomini the let, lit/, an i 21 tit q/each month, at *u r per 'f/, 't $1 7hpnrimnuw 'UK h'.iMll Y HHS.iLD, an Wediieotai/, at four centi pei p. . u hi per uunum. i>L It STA It Y COKKKtiyOtfDKKCK, eotUaining important wt *, loiirtrd > one any quarter at the mart J: if lined, trill la I ilit/ mn I fflj-ouk PilBKIUH t'OBRKSrONDKUTS ar1 1'a irtroi.amlt RKQuaetrkD to Sbal all Lltilks ahd Pack A. Its a! AT liS. ,\ t) AO I'D K taken of ananymout correspondence. We do nol rr "t-H rnierf-ti eonimunieuliOt ' it V'gATISE MEA T.s , en m< fl er 'try t Ian ailnertlMemente in ? in the Wkkalt Hkuald, Hf.uald, ami in th 4' oirnt'a and European tCiiitiomi. on 1":IATIAU executed with neatness, cheapness and de.i f> ' % aliimi' XST8 No. 117 AMUSEMENTS THIS EVENING. NIbLO'dGARDEN. Broadway.?'The E.sCHA.NTKKsa, WINTER GARDEN. Broad way.?Lad y or Lyons. WALLA (jK'aTUEATHE. 944 Broadway. ?Lady or Lyons. LAURA KEENE'S THEATRE. Broadway.?Tua Ma Cajctuy. oa. tut I'trr or Day. NEW BOWERY THEATRE Bowery.-Willi a a Tall Gkim u, ur 1-l.ndNo. 10. OLYMPIC THEATRE, 485 Broadway.? Anckl or MidKn.ui>?Boa*. BARNUM'S AMERICAN MUSEUM. Broadway.?Co*. Nutt?Liviao Wuals, ao, at ait Uoura. ? hup o air 1 iiukh? > inow o? t'Aiaaao. al'teruoon aud evening. EBYAJiTS' MINSTRELS. Maohulctf UalL?17.' Broadway.?..uouiu . at*. MELODEON CONCERT HALL. 539 Broadway.?": nicskia., ria.obiinin Boats. Da.scics, BuBLs.rai.kJ. Ac. CANTERBURY MUSIC HALL, 585 Broad %f Bonos Danctj, BoaLastioai, Ao ? i.. f GAIETIES CONCERT ROOM, 616 Broadway.? DraWIHO ROOM E-iTSKTaiNaaiiTA Ballhis. I'lMoaiau Fasces. AC. AMERICAN MUSIC HALL. 444 Broadway.-Jealous X'Auaar?Kaioboao?columua? Millee*. PARISIAN CABINET OP WONDERS. 563 Broadway ? Open daily irorn IDA. M. 111191*. M NIB O's SALOON, Broadway. ?-Soioes Fkancaisi ? Tkioatk oo Consols at Tkvukuik?L?a Dtgx i tovas. . ATHENS','!!. Brooklyn.?Wood's Miikthu in Ethiopia* l'.h? rtauvvk nts. TRIPLE SHEET. New York.Tursday, April 89, 1868, TH1E SITUATION. The capture of New Orleans is fully confirmed from every quarter; but the official reports from Commodore Porter And General Butler may not be received at Washington for some days to come. The correspondence which we publish to-day from the Ship Island expedition, and all the information which we have received from every source, go to prove that all the plana foreshadowed more than a month ago have been strictly carried out. and resulted with the success which we announced yesterday. We commend the correspondence referred to to the attentive perusal of our readers, ft will be found, though reaching as far back as March 11, to embody the whole programme of the caf?ture of New Orleans precisely as it was perfected, even to the detailed action of the gunboats and the landing of the troops. The maps which we give to-day fully illustrate the entire locality where our conjoined naval and military operations put us in possession of 'the great Oommercial centre of the rebel confederacy, the leading cotton port of the entire South. Rumors were in circulation in Washington yesterday that the rebels are preparing to evacuate Yorktown, and that since the recent news has arjived they are terribly troubled as to their condition. The latest accounts which we have?np to Sun. day night?say that firing had been going on all day in front of the rebel works. Our naval vessels, with their superior armament, were doing fearful execution on the rebel batteries, while the Bre of the rebels falls far short of their mark. Skirmishing between the land forces is kept np r?ry brisk, and it cannot last many hours before a general and terrific engagement will be brought an. The details which we publish from our corrcipond?-nU of the late brilliant attaek upon a rebel edonb* on the 26th inst., and the snccessfnl remit of tJie movement, will be read with interest. The rebel papers are commenting freely upon the possible chances of a defeat at Yorktown. The Mobile Ne*oa says:?"Probably at least two hun2r*rt f^aii jo nil rtf tkn Kdct rr r. ft T.inonln kua nnrlor arms compose the force* which thr aten the coufederates io front and flank. If they have taken ap the advance line of marcli they must tight us, ar retreat dishonored and defeated without a blow. If we decline to fight them, we must yield RichDond, and that ia giving up Virginia. If we fight them aad are signally defeated, Richmond and Virginia are lost, for nothing will exist to stem the Inponring of the horde of victors. If we fight them and defeat them, we cripple, perhaps fatally, the war power and war spirit of the North."' The European news obtained from the North American at Cape Race, and telegraphed to the HKK4i.Dfroin St. Johns, Newfoundland, ia dated to the 1 Hth of April?five days later. The Britiah and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society of England (Exeter Hall abolitionists) had addressed Mr. Adams, United States Minister in London, on the mbject of the American war, recommending, Df course, the extinction of slavery by onr government as a pacificatory measure and radical cure. Mr. Adams reply was deemed in the main satisfactory , but the London Time* reads in it the expression of * non-committal policy on the question vy Mic in ? a^nanj^rou. The British w?t ?hip Plover, in the China seas wporte the appear*^ of a rebel privateer off the eoaetof Borneo. The occurrence was deemed unfortunate for American trade,a? the federal govern Stent had not a vessel in tho* waters except th< iagiaaw, which, it is said, ia une\aw0rthy. | Tha iron-clad war ship excitement,continne( H England and Prance. The Prince ft* JoinviUi ffas about to publish a pamphlet on tt* n,Vil rtrolotion, in which, it is said, he will endeavt* i ihow that v ease la are not necessarily invtf ^ CO*OBE??. 7 nfthe Senate yesterday, a communication reli If) to the number and ages of the slaves in th District Of Columbia was presented and re-n ffrred. The bill organising the Army Signal D< partment was ifrtfltoitely postponed. A bill t prevent the importatfoa of adnltcrnted liquor* wn introduced. Resolutions directing Inquiry as t U?? the Arovu at ilw NEW YOJ per'a Ferry, and the appointment of naval cadet* ' from the District of Columbia, were adopted. The resolutions of the Ohio Legislature regarding the keepiug of slaves by rebel prisoners at Camp Chase, Ohio, were referred to the Military Committee. The bill providing for the more convenient enforcement of the laws for security , to keep the peace and good behavior was passed, petitions adverse to the Tax bill, and asking a reduction of the proposed tux on tobacco, were , presented. The Senate held an executive ses! sion and continued a number of military appoint' incuts. In the House of Representatives the Speaker i aunouuced the following as the special committee on the confiscation of rebel property:?Messrs. Olin, of New York: Eliot, of Massachusetts; Noel, i of Missouri; Hutchius, of Ohio; Mallory, of Kentucky; lleaman, of Michigan, and Cobb, of New Jersey. Mr. Olin declined to serve, and it is believed Mr. Sedgwick will be selected in his place. A resolution was adopted calling for the official reports of the battle at Pittsburg Lauding. The Senate bill for the recognition of Hayti und Liberia was referred to the Committee on Foreign Affairs. The Secretary of War was requested to inform the House whether Judge Fetts, who sent a letter to the rebel Leghr hiture at Richmond, declaring his loyalty to that cause, continues to hold hia conrt for Accomac and Northampton connties, Virginia, with the knowledge and consent of the federal military commandant of that district. A resolution that the Judiciary Committee be instructed to inquire into the expediency of reporting for punishing all contractors guilty of deiraudiug the government, with penalties similar to those for graud larceny, nuts buujjwu. a juiiu resolution was reierred to the Committee on Commerce, authorizing the appointment of commissioners to negotiate concerning the Reciprocity treaty, aud authorizing the President to give the necessary notice for terminating the present unfair treaty. The consideration of the report of the Government Contract Investigating Committee was resumed. Mr. Sedgwick, of New York, defended the Secretary of the Navy from the chavges of inefficiency brought against him; and >lr. Stevens, of Pennsylvania, defended General Fremont from the aspersions against his official conduct. Mr. Ashley reported back from the Committee on Territories the bill to prevent an 1 punish the practice of polygamy, and to annul certain acts of the Territorial Legislature of Utah establishing the same, and it was passed. MISCELLANEOUS NEWS. The North American, from Liverpool the 17th end Londonderry the 18th of April, passed Cape Lace last Sunday morning, on her way to Quebec. Our telegraphic news report from St. Johns, N. F., published in the Herald to-day, is five days later than the advices received by the Persia. Consols closed in London, on the 18th instant, at 03% a 94 tor money. The Liverpool cotton market was buoyant, with an advance of from one-eighth to one-fourth of a penny on American descriptionsThe sales of the week footed up eighty thousand hales. Breadstuffs were firm at an advance, and 'the market was upward at the close. Provisions remained quiet and steady. The Great Bastern had been repaired and steamed to ber anchorage at Milford. The Spanish government was taking steps to place its financial credit on a firm and respectable footing in Europe. Sivere lighting had occurred between the Turks and Montenegrins. The latter were repulsed; but the loss was heavy on both sides. A number of iho insurgent leaders in Greece had surrendered to the government. The British authorities had discovered and suppressed a new and widespread nAtmniropu in Tnslia Tt. tarfia anlri that would be appointed Commander-in-Chief of the National Guard of Italy. The steamship United Kingdom, from Glasgow 12th inst., passed Cape Race on Friday afternoon. She was boarded by the news yacht, and reports having had westerly winds. Saw no ice. News anticipated. The United States transport Fulton, Captain Wotton, from Port Royal, arrived at this port yesterday morning, after a passage of sixty-eight hours. She brings no news, having sailed on the 25th inst., at five A. M., the Atlantic having sailed on the 24th. Twenty-two of the Illinois regiments lost in the battle of Pittsburg handing?killed, 593; wounded, 2,678 ; missing, 185. It is curious to note the fatality that attended some of these regiments in the three days fighting at Fort Donelson and the two days at Pittsburg Landing. The following table shows the loss in both battles :? Fort DoneLiov. PiUtHmrg J finding. Killed. Womnled. Killed. Wounded. 7th Illinois. 4 24 17 80 Mtii Illinois .50 190 22 101 9th Illinois .35 165 58 278 11th Illinois. .70 200 13 67 12th Illinois. .20 58 41 146 17th Illinois . 2 27 14 112 18th Illinois. .45 155 11 63 20th Illinois. .21 118 19 99 Uth Illinois. 2 10 25 173 tutu Illinois.. 11 zn in :m .52(1 Illinois..? 6 26 1H ?By the above it appears that the Illinois Ninth lost live hundred and thirty-six in the two engage" merits, and the Eleventh regiment lost three hundred and tlfty-six killed and wounded and two missing. As tar as returns have been received of the vote recently east in Western Virginia the following tignres are shown:? For. Against. Constitution ...................16,707 411 Emancipation 6,052 wis It is surmised, on pretty reliable data, that Gen. Beauregard has now over one hundred thousand men under his command at Corinth. A large por tion of them are, however, raw recruits, brought in by conscription. It is reported that the woods in Western Tennessee are filled with loyal men, who were forced to flee lrorn their homes to avoid the operation of the rebel conscription laws. General Pope, with nearly his whole force, arrived at Pittsburg Landing on Monday last, toreinlorce Gen. Halleek. The St. Louis Democrat learns that the wound received at Fort Ifonelson, by Commodore Foote, i is becoming so troublesome that he will be compelled to resign. Edward Solomon, now Governor of Wisconsin, lias issued a proclamation ordering Thursday, the 1st of May, to be observed as a day of rest and cessation of business, to commemorate the death of the late Governor, Louis P. Harvey. The Sons of Connecticut, organi/.ed for the pnrpose of ministering to onr wounded soldiers in their passage through this city, held a meeting last night at the Fifth Avenue Hotel, R. H. MeCurdy, Esq., in the chair. The subject of attending - si 1-1 ?A fAnnaolietif cam lO in* WOUUUCU UCIUII^IUU >v '/WilKi/iivui, mm itch a* that of collecting and preserving the history of t those from that State now in the field, was discussed in an informal manner, and will be dealt j with at the next meeting of .the association. Col. Almy. who ia to have special charge of the wound* ed passing through New York, stated that some 1 twenty-five Connecticut men bad already been r? taken care of and forwarded to their homes. He I also drew the attention of the meeting to the philanthropy of Mrs. Trueman Smith, of Stamford, win. had provided for the wants of forty wounded ^ soldier4 in a most handsome manner. The board of Cornicilmen were in session last 9 evening. A rcrolntion was adopted requesting the Street C'.mmwsioner to report by what an! thority telegraph companies have erected poles 0 for wires in a certain street of this city. Mr* tiroes offered ft resolution in favor of passing an * ordinance creating a fond of $600,000 for the relief n of the families of the volunteers from this city, r? wii^M ictorcil to Ui? CvuuMtUcc ou almost KK HKKALD, TUKSUAlf, Affairs. A resolution was adopted requesting the Committee on Railroads to inqnire into the propriety of requesting the Second, Third and Fourth Avenue Railroad companies to run their ears to the corner of East Canal street and Broadway, and the Ninth Avenue Company to ruu their ears to the corner of Park place. The Committee on Finance presented a report relative to the issuing of Central Park Improvement Stock, and after a short debate a resolution was adopted authorizing the Comptroller to issue from time to time, as shull be required, the sum of $333,000 of the above stock. The Commissioners of the Park were requested by resolution to inform the Board what the various bridges in the Park cost. A communication was received from the Comptroller transmitting a certified copy of the law passed by the Legislature authorizing the Supervisors to raise moneys for the support of the city government. The ordinance was almost unanimously adopted, and was sent in to the Aldermen for concurrence. According to the City Inspector's report, there were 377 deaths in the city during the past week? a decrease of 18 as compured with the mortality of the week previous, and 45 less thau occurred during the corresponding week last year. The recapitulation table gives 9 deaths of alcoholism, 41 of diseases of the braiu and nerves, 7 of the generative organs. 22 of the heart and blood vessels, 133 of the lungs, throat, Ac.; 6 of old age, 43 of diseases of the skin and eruptive fevers,"7 premature births, 48 of diseases of the stomach, bowels and other digestive organs; 54 of uncertain seat and general fevers, and 5 from violent causes. There were 252 natives of the United States, 6 of England, 77 of Ireland, 1 of Scotland, 31 of Germany, and the balance of various foreign countries. The news of the capture of New Orleans imparted buoyancy to the stock market yesterday, and governments rose 1 % a % per cent and the fancy stocks > ; a Money was very abundant at 5 per cent. Exchange steady at 112J? a >f. Gold, lOlfi a The bank statement shows an increase of $6,718,095 in deposits, $2,016,562 in loans, and ?626,416 in specie. The cotton market, in the absence of spinners, as usual on Mondays, combined with Southern news,causing speculation and doubts in the minds of dealers as to ita bearings or influence, if any, tended to chock sales. I fence transactions were limited and confined to about 200 bales, scarcely sufficient to establish prices. We quote middling uplands, on the average, at about 29t?e., with small lots at '4'c. above and others as much bolow^ this figure. Wo give the following statement of the re-- . ceiots. exports and stock of cotton, from September 1 1980, to April 29, 1861, just one yenr sgo, from the oir' ctilar of Messrs. Win. P. Wright k Co :? Total rccsipts at the porta to 20th April, 1861, halea 2,3.18,000 Exported to'li cit Britain 1,922,000 Do. to France 542,000 Do. to other foreigu ports 370,000 Total exports 2,785,000 Taken by Northern spinners 287.000 Stock on hiuid 286,000 The exports from the United States to Great Britain the present year, according to a late Liverpool brokers' association circular, were but 7,009 bales. Taking the whole up to the present time, and they probably do not at present exceed 10,000 to 12,000 bales. The flour market opened dull, at 5c. lower; but under the mflu. enee of t he foreign news the market rallied and recovered the decline, and closed firm at (Saturday's quotations. Wheat was firmly held, while sales were limited. Corn, though cloning some firmer than at the opening, was yet dull and lower, with sales of Western mixed at 67c. a 58e., delivered, chiefly at the inside figures. Pork was in some better demand and Urmer, with sales of new mess at $12 37 a $12 50, and prime do. at $10 a $12 25 Sugars were steady, with sale- or about 800 hogsheads', closing, however, with less animation than was preva. lent last week. Coffee- was quiet; a small lot of common Rio for parching was sold at 18c. Freights were quite steady, while engagements were moderate. Flour was taken to Liverpool at 2s. a 3?. 3d., and corn, in bulk, at 6s. %d. Provisions were at 2s. 6d. The Tax Bill in Congress. The delay in the adoption ol a tax bill by Congress is most prejudicial to the internets of the country, and calculated to seriously affect the national credit. The couiuiittoe who hare charge of the bill do uot appear to understand the subject, and. what is worse, they refuse to be enlightened by the experience of the past, particularly in the case of the two great nations of Europe. Instead of profiting by the blunders of those countries?blunders which they ImvA Inner atnpp r<*pf itiAil nnr Ipnrwlatnra ara falling into the same errors, and beginning where England and France began nearly three quarters of a century ago. and blindly following in the track which they abaudoned, just as if history had not been written for our example. The necessity for some tax bill is most urgent and imperious; but if the chimsy bill that has been so laboriously and slowly prepared be adopted, as it Ls, it will only be so much labor iu vain, and will be repealed at the next session of Congress by the force of public opinion. Formerly the number of articles taxed in France and England was very great. Now they are reduced to about twenty or thirty, and the change is found to be far more productive of revenue than the old system, with less expense for collection and less vexatious to the taxpayers. Instead of pursuing the same simple plan, our committees in Congress propose to tax everything. The first effect of this method would be to create an army of taxgatherers, who would swallow up in salaries or percentage a very large proportion of the amount collected. In the second place, the annoyance to. the public would be extreme. The odious and inquisitorial nature of the income tax in England rendered it so unpopular that it could not be continued. But not only is this a laailinw IViatnro nf (liti Villi nronnciul Kit* 4Ka v? ?"v VM? pwjnrovn) '/uv wiv watch a man may carry in bis pocket, or even what a lady may wear, becomes a subject of inquisition and investigation, to the infinite disgust of the wearer. Of courae. in every system of taxation real estate must bear a heavy proportion. Its value is easily determined, the objects it presents are not numerous, and the collection is easy. Personal property ought to be subjected to taxation, but only when it is over an amount which will exempt the poor man from its operation, lie is reached in house rent, which will be increased, and by a small tax on the necessaries of life, such as tea and sugar. The Chambers of Commerce of Boston and New York have pointad out the true principle of taxation. It is raquisite. they say. for the convenience of taxpayers, fer the prompt realization of revenue, and in order to avoid expense in the collection, that the subjects of taxation 1 should be as few as possible; that the neces- j saries of life should be so universally and equi tably taxed as to make the burden fall on all j classes according to each man's ability to pay; i

tbat the tax for necasaarloa should bo as light as possible, while the luxuries of society and the enjoyments of the rich should be made to contribute a large share of the public revenue. Carriages, whiskey, malt liquors and tobacco ought to be taxed heavily by excise, while sale* of goods and merchandise in general use ought to be taxed lightly. In the form of stamps a very large revenue could be collucted?stamps on newspapers, stamps on licensee and diplomas. on all contracts, on receipts for rent and other debts, on leasos, deeds of assignment and mortgages, by a graduated scale, according to the value. Thus we.uW every nan ho cqmnel APRIL 29, 1882?TRIPLE | led to contribute in proportion to hie means anfl the stake he possesses in the community. Let a bill of this kind be devised speedily. It ought not to take a week to complete it. And let Congress make it a law as soon as possible, instead of wasting its time in interminable and unprofitable disputes about slavery and the uegro. If members would only consider that they were not sent to Washington to legislate for black men, but for white, they would be more likely to take hold of the practical business of the nation, instead of wandering till they are lost in theoretical fogs. Sufficient unto the day is the evil thereof. Let the President, who is Commander-in-Chief of the army and navy, and let the generals under his command, deal with all negro matters in the tield upon the strict principle of military necessity, and not an inch beyond. When the rebellion is put down, the slavery question will take care of itself. The Southern people will abolish it iu due time if let alone. The first Napoleon said that imagination ruled the world, and some oue has since said that ideas eontrol the destinios of the human race. It is more philosophical and correct to say that the facts upon which ideas are founded, and which give food to the imagination, are the real rulers of the world. The collision of the South with the Northern States in mortal combat will convince it that the system of free labor, which has produced such results, must be preferable to its own, and it will thus receive new ideas. Its eyes will be opened to the necessity of a change, and it will submit to its destiny. In this country election contests are very severe; groat excitement is produced, and often even violence. But when the question is decided the beaten party submits with a good grace; and so will it be in this war. The South, having been well beaten, aud having nothing to gain by holding out, when there An? /VP a.iAnAaa nn'tl ,1 19 uu any uwjic ui autivao, nui ^iuiu, confessing and doploring the error into which it had fallen, and which cost it so much of treasure and of blood. It will soon discover that it will gain more by getling rid of the odious name and form of slavery than by retaining it. The substance can be secured by State laws compelling the negroes to work for wages, and by this plan more labor at less cost will be obtained from them than by the present system, which has ar. rayed against it the prejudices of the civilized world. The slavery question may, therefore, be safely left to time. Congress has no legal or constitutional right to meddle with it, and any action it may pursue on the subject will only complicate matters and render confusion worse confounded. The important business on hand is to pass a comprehensive tax bill?a measure which is as necessary to sustain our armies in the field as it is to uphold the financial credit of the government, and save the country from national disgrace. Shocking Revelations in Public Jobbery. During the past week Congress has been debating upon public contracts and contract investigating committees, and the subject seems perfectly inexhaustible. The debate was somewhat wrenched from its original course, to. wards the close of the week, by the speech of' Mr. Stevens, of Pennsylvania, charging corruption upon the committees which were investigating corruptions; and this speech elicited the masterly and crushing reply of Mr. Dawes, of Massachusetts, of which we have already published a telegraphic summary. In this reply, while completely vindicating his own committee, Mr. Dawes developed the fact that Mr. Stevens' defence of the contractors probably originated in the connection of a relative, named Simon Stevens, with a ninety thousand dollar contract under Cameron. The retort was just and merited. It is indisputably proven by the numerous reports of investigating committees that the frauds upon the government, since this war began, have exceeded by millions of dollars any previous corruption in this country. During Buchanan's administration matters were bad enough; but since President Lincoln brought the republican party into power official peculation and contract jobbery have been carried to an unprecedented excess. There is hardly a department of the government which is free from corruption, and the War and Navy departments especially aro perfect cesspools of iniquity and robbery. Of all the public buildings in Washington, the White House alone is free from the traces of official criminulitv. On the floor of Congress are men who profess to represent the people, but who have robbed and are robbing their constituents of hundreds of thousands of dollars. Upon musket contracts alone the late Secretary of War squandered forty-six millions of dollars, and we have no doubt that at least sixty or seventy millions more havo been needlessly thrown away during this war, or expended, not for the public good, but for private aggrandizement. Such sad truths as these speak for themselves and require no comment. They roust, however. be put before the people in order to be understood, and it is for this that we have to thank the Congressional investigating committees. Yet, although the people read and understand, they do not by any means appreciate these facts. A true and genuine appreciation of gross frauds like those exposed docs not come with reading or reflection, but with the payment of taxes. It will come to us soon. Mr. Dawes expresses this same idea when he says that, by and by, when the bone and sinew of the country is taxed to pay the expenses of this war, his constituents will ask:?"For what was this money expended.'' We do not think it will be a satisfactory answer to rejoin:?"It was expended to make contractors rich, to reward personal and political services, to sustain decaying newspapers, to provide for poor relations. But what other answer have the govern ment officials? Sixty or seventy millions of dollars have already been diverted from purposes of legitimate expenditure to enrich shoddy contractors, to pay tw?> and a half per cent ship brokers, to support Cummings' \V--rld or Greeley's gun manufacturing TVibvnt, and to (III the i empty purses of brothers, nephews and brothers-in-law of officials. The very politicians who have cried most lustily, in and out of Congress, for public economy and public honesty, are now as black with corruption as ,the negroes whom they have so long worabipped. The very men whose bitter and fanatical agitations havu produced this war are the very persons who are making the war an excuse to rob the public Treasury for the benefit of themselves, their relatives and friends Mr. Stevens is not the only political abolitionist, who hr.s a brother with a large contract; and whether or not Mr. Stevens he iuaoo^t of any 1 SHEET. fraud, it is very certain that hundreds of otblre? in the same predicament as he, are indubitably guilty It may be well that the people do not 1 yet fully appreciate the whole truth of this matter, and that our honest and sagacious President deems it best to remove the official criminals, as far as is in his powor, in such a manner as not to expose the official criminalities. if to-day the American people could suddenly realize the real state of affairs in Congress and in the departments, official rogues would be scourged out of the capital with a lash as keen as that with which Christ purged the temple of the ancient public thieves, and the very 1 government itself would shake like a reed before 1 the blasting storm of popular indignation. No words, however strong, can bring this 1 popular realization, and we can but educate the 9 populur mind, by continual iteration of facts, to ' endure the truth more calmly when the tax collector, like a powerful magician, opens the 1 eyes aud clears the understandings of the peo- < pie. When we have to pay hard cash out of 1 our pockets into the purses of public robbers, 1 we shall see jobbery in a different aspect from the presont. Tales of Diok Turpin and Claude Duval are most interesting aud amusing readng; but when tho highwayman claps his pistol to your head, and demands your money, the sensations are by no means so agreeable. In Europe, whore heavy taxes hang like dead weights upon all classes of the people, our condition is much better understood than by ourselves. Basing their articles upon the reports of our investigating committees, the European newspapers, ' magazines and reviews teem with terrible pictures of our corruption, as if a contemplation of our misfortunes would console Europeans for their own. Though often and purposely exaggerated, there is much more truth in these European screeds than most of us are at present willing to admit. In good time, however, we shall be forced to see ourselves, if not as others see us. at least in a light sufficiently gloomy and repulsive. Then these official reports investigations, conducted not by the opponents> but by the partisans of the administration, and designed for no party object, will be most useful, and the people will owe a debt of gratitude to Mr. Dawes and his colaborers for the preparation of these directories of corruption. When that time comes the people, guided by these official reports, will mete out to public swindlers, thieving politicians and jobbing journals a rotribution as unexampled in its severity as is the present corruption in its criminality. Poor Greeley ani? Hlh Wat to Make Money.?Poor Greeley, fairly cornered by our exposition of his gun manufactory, declares that he will not " allude again to this matter'' of guns. We might believe him were it not for the fact that in his " Just Once " confession he promised never again " to allude " to war criticisms, and did not keep his promise. In his allusion to the gun matter yesterday poor Greeley omits all reference to Stanton's official report of the connection of Mr. Snow, money editor of the Tribune; Mr. Wilkinson. Washington correspondent of the Tribune, and Mr. Almy, dry goods reporter of the Tribune, with the Eagle Manufacturing Company and its gun contract, but contents himself with stating that Mr. Almy is not a shareholder in the Tribune. That is a fine reply to Stanton's official documents, is it not? We dare poor Greeley to republish the official papers in reference to this matter, and let his readers see whether or not " no shareholder in the Tribune is or ever was interested in Mr. Almy's gun making com. pany or contract in any manner whatever.'' We know that, in poor Greeley's opinion, tell* ing the truth is not, to use his favorite expression, " the way to make money;" but we should judge from his present poverty that he has not found lying " the way to make money " either, and so we desire him to try truth for a while. We are by no means done with the shareholders of the Tribune, and shall certainly allude to this matter again," whether Greeley ilnoc nf nnf Thia crnn nnnfrtpl w not fha only job in which Tribune shareholders have been encaged since the outbreak of this war We have proofs enough of artesian wells sunk into the public treasury by Greeley & Company, of Druininond lights making the darkness of corruption visible, of speculations in land at P< h A mboy, and of other as palpable jobs, orga and executed by Tribune sharehold-^ ers, to make poor Greeley sick of jobbery : and then we shall administer a dose of the Cherry Pectoral, which a Tribune shareholder is trying to force into our soldiers, to add to his nausea. 1-et poor Greeley be patient, and he shall have bis tiil of evidence against him. Meanwhile, let him reflect a little before he again prates about his virtue, and remember, not only the gun business, but also his hypocritical agency jn Dana's discharge, his recent slanderous secret circular sent to our patrons, and the promptitude with which he at first denied the genuineness of Ileonregard's cypher despatch, published by the Hrraui exclusively. If he has any shame left we imagine that a review of these few out of a thousand similarly disgraceful acts will suggest to poor Greeley either repentance or suicide. Joint Bui.i.'s American Fli nkev Again.?The Tirnrs of yesterday is silly enough to charge that the Hkiui.o. Expr*** and Journal of Commerce are guilty "latent treason;" the J 1krali> because it warned the War Department of the designs of the enemy, and tho Kjcfir*'.** and Journal of I'omtnrrc* because they disagree with the T'vnrn in opinion. John Bull's Ame. rican flunkey does as poorly at logic as at lobbying, and if he can show no other evidences of "latent treason" than these he had better drop the subject and devote himself more assiduously than ever to abusing this country and praising England. That great speech of his at Albany, upon the policy of England during this war, developed his true vocation: and since Russell, John Bull's Irish flunkey, has retired from the field, there is a great chance for Raymond. John Bull's American flunkey. At Albany Flunkey Raymond disorganized the lob- 1 by, and failed in every one of his legislative 1 schemes, including the Broadway Railroad bill 1 He wat dismissed with a grudging vote of thanks from the Assembly, the yens and nays 1 being called upon tho vote for the first time in the history of that body. Ashamed to show bis face in New York so soon after this terrible Albany fiasco, Flunkey Raymond, in company with several of bis stock jobbing partners, has gone on to Washington to dabble in jobbery there a la the Tribune Association. Flunkey Raymond Is a fair specimen, not of "latent," bat of fblly developed tqfcason; and, ae he strongly aspires to All Flunkey Russell's place, the curbstone jobbers t>f Wall street may expect to hoar "some yfjry good news" from kjm lefoje long. ^ ? t 1 'i Mr. LImMb'i Bmanclpktioa 51 est age. The English papers generally persist iA their misunderstanding of President Lincoln'* Message, treating it as if it were thrown out m * bid and a bargain. It really is a pity that our transatlantic cousins cannot take mors liberal and more enlarged views of American ' affairs and the policy of our government. need hardly repeat what we have already raid, that the emancipation Message of Mr. Lincoln, which has resulted in a resolution adopted by both houses, and signed by thn President, was neither a bid nor the suggestion of a bargain, but was simply thrown out fot the purpose of discussion, not as a political, but as a social moral question. Mr. Lincoln, in the true spirit of a wise conservatism, would bring back this subject to the position in which it stood before the country thirty years ago ia the slaveholding States themselves. At that period those States began seriously to think of, and to propose measures of emancipation, and there is no doubt whatever but that the very suggestions thrown out by Mr. Lincoln would bare been acted upon and carried out long before now, had it not been for the violent interference of the abolitionists, and their bittor invectives against men who were honestly bent upon remedying all that was evil in their position. Thequestion now arises, what should be done with the slaves wherever the policy of emancipation, as suggested in the Message, may be adopted? Colonization is certainly out of the question; it would not be possible to expatriate four millions of people. The idea may serve for a bobby; but, practically, it is an impossibility. Why not, we would ask, place them, after their emancipation, when any State shall have resolved upon the measure, under the power of the State whore they reside, treating them as a distinct and separate class, under the protection of the laws, requiring them to work, and causing them to be paid for their work? Why expatriate so large an amount of valuable labor ? Them let them be retained to work and labor as elms, sucn as tney are, distinct trom tne wnitesp placed under strict but fair laws, specially enacted in view of their special position, requiring them to work, and protecting them in being paid for their work. This would be not only possible, but easy in accomplishment. They are a distinct people, and let there be special and distinct laws to govern them in each State, protecting them in their lives and property, but enforcing the necessity of labor. They would thu9 be a subordinate class of laborers, yet their own masters, subject to special tutelage and control, without possessing any political rights, subject to arrest and punishment as vagrants in case they refused or neglected to work. They would depend upon their own industry and exertions for their livelihood, and. it is to be belived, they would labor mere vigorously and effectively under the lash of necessity and the stimulus of re> ward than they ever can be made to do under the lash of the driver. We think there would be many advantages resulting from placing them in this manner as freemen under a system of laws suited to their character?advantages which would be felt both by themselves and their former owners. Why, then, should not some such system as this be tried, rather than impracticable schemes of colonization* which, even if practicable, are hardly desirablel Such a plan, judiciouslycarried into execution, would set them free as far as they are capabl* of freedom; it would remove the odium ol slavery, it would enable the Southern planter and farmer to get more labor out of them at less expense, it would leave them to take carsof themselves and not depend upon others; they would be under the stimulus of benefiting themselves, and we believe that in all respects it would be better for them, better for their masters, better for the State, and better in the eyes of the whole civilized world. At all events it would be more humanw IliMn nnv nlan of forced and in voluntary expatriation to other oilmen and other peo? pie, differing in language, habits and religion from themselves. congressional investigation in the cu8to* IIocnk.?Several of the newspapers have stated that the investigation into the affairs of the New York Custom House has been, suppressed and will not be made public. This, we are informed, is an error. It is not only not sup* pressed, but will be before the public in a few days, and probably result In the removal of a number of officials now holding positions in the Custom House. This same committee, in their investigations last fall and winter, caused the removal of a general and a change in tho Cabinet. The same power that stood behind them then is now pushing the matter forward in regard to the Custom House, as a preliminary movement to further changes in the Cabinet. with a determination to purify the administration in all its branches. The New Slave Trade Trbatt?Seeds ow Futi kk Wars with England.?We publish this morning tho text of the treaty just concluded between the United States of America and her Majesty the Queen of Great Britain iiwt IcaIaiuI "frir t.lm winnrptuinn nf (hp aliurn trade carried on upon the coast of Africa." The whole document is of high importance; for it contains the germ of many a future collision between this government and tho British nation. The two contracting parties agree that the ships of their respective navies?which shall be provided with special instructions for that purpose?shall have power to visit such merchant vessels of the two nations as may be roaMiualdy suspected of being engaged in this, nefarious traffic. The other instructions of thw treaty are minute and categorical; but, in the simple fact that the right of search is rautn&ll j given to the ships-of-war of each of these two nations, we see serious difficulties and complicstions that must arise between this country and threat Britain. Although there may be a food deal of glorification on both sides, this mutual agreement will assuredly be tho cause of a naval war with England at some time or another. We feel confident that the right thua conceded to British naval officer* will not always be exercised in a proper manner, hut in ?? nacij will ha aroaaHarl nrul mitrairod. It will be our duty always to prevont any such excess of authority, and this will be a fruitful cause of trouble. Our own officers, toof will sometimes go beyond the limits defined by the treaty, opening the door to collisions with our British friends. The spirit of rivalry between these two nations is se great that we cannot conceive how the new treaty, can be put into execution without bringing about hostilities between the two Powqrn at wme tjjpe, TIiq naval vfar VfMcb U wlU

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