Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 6, 1862, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 6, 1862 Page 2
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?nln alioui twenty nx thou i'ij men, if ? m Mjf, ?i"l tkeu tor.iry and 4uhen>ten*d feg the u\*? neu of their r^yim nul i:wj cui-ipu.iy r Ua Hut HOD tit* 6th, tho b'. jthcm #v>i.' i.t ah i. oJ m?. .LCible dash una spir.t. so on the 71U he showe i uuc j^juer ib ? piurt and ?uduram a. All d'ty loag the enemy hurled Iim tua<.s. ve column -, agaiu.st uu>slu.dtr and mli?teil furir*?. to be hurlod bak iu rout ami foluod lr? .? . jry case. Thus the Southern soldiei shuvved 1*6 ro?ld d bettor than charge-* U.j oo>i.d suuid the charge. Tho result of the it ud . ty * tight Is inoro doliafactui y in a.-.-, .ug Uu BNMtlga ui the Southern soldier tbau that of iba first. Wo havo the a.< Miauoe that la aii.vtling hit* an e^ua! tkbt, out t[ reach of the gunboats, tho Southern soldier will whip their ou emles, be they picked Wee tern m?n, er be they what they may. Tin rsios yoRt sa advancing. [From the Norfolk Day ikx k, May 3.1 Savairiab, May 1,1M2 Tin Savannah Hej ubit un't Coriulh correal>onddlit of the 30th ult., says that heavy skirmishing is going on between the ontpoets. The enemy is slowly ad vancing. LATLX FROM CORINTH. [From tbe Norfolk Day Book, May 3.) Savannah. May 1, 1S82 A dispatch from the Corinth correspondent of the Hi p%Micav, dated 2Jth. save that the enemy have been re tnforo.-d and are advancing. There id heavy skirmish - Ing dally. Quite an affair uccuired to day this side of Meuterey. , Rebel Accointi from General nitehel'l Departments [from the Norfolk Day Book, May 3.] Augusta, Ga., May 1,1862 the Chattanooga correspondent of the Chronicle and Sentinel writes, on the 30th, that the federals a'tacked tho Confederates at Bridgeport on the 29th, the latter failing back on Ckatt'inoogn. Ge.i, Keynolds reports that the enemy are crossing tbu island, and wh.lo ne was leaving the place the cars ran over some of oar troops, Wounding several: two, probably, were killed. It is re ported at Atlanta that parr of Mitchel's forces were ad Dancing from. OuttUr't landing on Home? fOSCOMBIA AMD DgOATl'R RE ORTKD TAUN BY TBI G0]tPgl>KRATK8. [From the Norfolk Day Book, May 3.1 K:< uxom), May 2,1882. An official despatch from Corinth of the 1st .suys that tee hntf retaken T irrumbia and P^eatur. Mitcbnl has not more than 5,two troops all told at and around H ntBville. The nifmv are m-n-ina on our front, and we are preparing tomeethira. Mobil* , May 1,18K2. A special desimtch to t>ie Mobile Advertiser, from Corinth 28th ult.. ays that. C lonoi Scott's r.ouisi.ma eavalry, consist ni; of two c m ianue, had driven out a regiment of federals from Tusi .mb a, killed several, a d took lorty prisoner'. The onerii burnt the st<.r*?w, and were pursued by tile Con.'e ! ;rate<. Result unknown. 'What the T.ixs of the Mississippi Will Do Tttwenta Crushing tlie Rcbrlilan, [From tua Views burn AVuig, .April 28] Tf we lose the Jftwfv^rjn, lore Louisiana, Ar!an as an ' Ten ia. We lose al! tiio sugar,and much of tbe stock and grain pi owing lands of the Confederacy. They will be cut o(T and ?: no be lent to ns. Tlie Ea?t wi!! be severed l'rom tho West. A cum i.ete posse-siou of ail th"" territory west oi the Mississippi i3 a pliy.sica. and moral essential to our causa. The branches of a mutual com merce, of idea, sent.inent, trad^ at.d blood aro warped togethjr more otoeflv t!\ia the knarl.-d boughs of tboso kindred foru.-ts w ;;;ch Stitch a twining bruthorliood along ?ur border line. Weni"Pt nit uiiiw apathy and over eonfldenc * to cut them off fn in us. They must remain with us. Our pre tent lite and future care'r are *t"ked uion the >ts;u If we lose them now it will take rears of fighting to regain them. Everything then .vimId b* at the mficyc! the enemy, an! all our "pVtasant places" woiid be filled with vandals, wl'i'io misery and ruin would mark'heir every su p. Wehopeovr authorities will i<sik to this matter at once, and place the Mississippi river in a pro per state of defence. I.et every avaiia! lepofc't he forti fled, and with brave and inriucibl* hearts and tdrong and powerful arms we cto hold our own. though tho world should b? arrayed against 'is. Affairs on the Peninsula. THE TAKING OF A KEBKl, BATTKBY ON THE 2GTH INSTANT. * rFroni the re'ersU irg Kxpres.-, May 2.] Gsn. Mcl'iellan, who, at the head of 100,C".o mea, the vory pick *m>i choice of the treat Yankee away, has be^n di'^utui; about the I'euinsula for several weeks, without striking a blow, commumcaus the above aff.ur to hi War Dopirimeut in the following grandiloquent (a la Laurel BIB) sty!e. [The coram i<-at,on fr< in General McCle'.Ua h, s al ready been published in th"! Hrkaip.] Wo are ere lib:> informed that there is some truth in the young Napoleon's bulletin. so far as u gof?. B:i he has failed V1 tinish ilie staie ..eut, and we will do ii for him. The a ivauced " lunetto of ttie robelB, on the "aat side of Warwick river i? a m<?re rule pi'?uothiiig more. It was occupied by a picket gu in! number.n^r fourteen men. Thuso men, we regret to hwar. on th s particular occasion, w -re more devoted to Somnus than to Mars, and while in a StaM of somnciuicy were surpris-d by the en*tny and taken pr..-*>ii'jrs. Our reserves hearing the tiring, immedialely ru lied to ilia sows,Mid dis covered th" euernv in the work, with their spades, busily removing the earth work which had boon hastily thrown up. They were charged upon, ami driven eft, leaving fourteen guns, kuap^aoks, liavers.e'ks, *c., which came into our possession. He ww hoid the position, and th? gallant First M :s?ohu8ett? dare not approach, so ka* >s our men keep awake. Should they fall asleep, our cowardly o; ,/onentg way again stealthily approach and surpriKo its occupants. Surely General Mc lellan Is snd'.y in want of encour agement when Le res-.rts to s . U inoaaMderable atlkirs as the forgoing to bolster up an inability of generalship, whioh so far has been positively di*<racefn:. This despatch will go forth te all Yaokeedom as a great Achievement. A "lunette," military men infcrm us, is a moon-shaped fort, aa4 'he u?e of the word implies o^rse thmg more than a ride pit. li it the manner in which it ha* beon peralded by 'Jeueral McCle.'lan would create the lmprusston with the .nituiiated, that it was scarcely in ferior In itnportun-e to i lia^ki or Fortress Monroe. Bin not'i Rikai ii will <jn O'U in th,- vzi wmt, ihi? r? 'c*-m ackvtvt i'i'l vf IfeCWIos'i grind amv, jmrmtki in glaring eapiitUs, a'fmpau^iJ 'y th? nufjgrjtun, tK"l U pr? fmlA'j y*Ut an *>t n la- nht'Umt. And thug it is, that the Yanke e do a Ousii.>sa of most mposing ma^u.tudeon the small>'et imaginary ca. ilal. WATKR APPROACHES TO RICHMOND TO BE CLOSED. [Fr<m ihe letersburg Express May 2.] The regular monthly m?uti:.g of iLr Cvi;..mwu Council was bald yesterday aitc-noon. Tho i report ant subject of obitiucting the water a;>| ro??:\* to th.s city and R . i.mond wvs introduced u .d c^sidered, and tho Council appointed n committee of nin-o. <xn?ist:iig of Messrs. Lemuel re-hies, D'Arcy Paul anu If. W. Wiggins, to c >nf- r with 'be proper authorities relative te the pro priety of eo ob?tr ?.t.ng the A! nom >'<>oi ai.d Jmne T vers as to prevent tho appreachof the onemy s gun boats. This is a step in the right direction, at 1 oi.v that de.-terves the eariiesi attest.on of both the go\ orn nent and lue c< mn. itce. MTtK-B' tlO IM DANOEH?BEBVL 00'BOAT^ WAKTIP. * (From the I ster*burg i lpren-, May 2.) Wehsveacity of nearly 3o.000 inhabitants, Moated On a watur course --kaily escei.ded by the light <tra glit g'inboal ? of ii>? eu?-my. U.rr- iiion is rery important, tnsoinucb thtt if Piti*v>urg ihieM be captured by any possibility, K.i.t nond v.o i.d cerwiu.y fall. Then we would t e no iucjcsiderable prise to the en*my etther. Our immense stoi ?hou*e? and tb< ir contents would oiler ?onie indui "ments to tte Y..i..?ets to pay ss e ry.ng sN.t, tosay?oih.ug of the greet uctvaei i^ee ibey would gain end the trcmen<.Ut.* usuries ii.ey would inflict by getm.g poeaession of our rsilro&dr. We believe * sutt.c.ei.t sum eouId be raised nere and in the aoithn-ide countiee lo build a rsiy forn.i<Ub,e g .nhost. Who will broa> h the matter, and * ho will nia?e the tirst < eposirt? H?w Kwtuiomliti la fit?. Dii'a Depart menl Correspond VCtm the Rebel*. , Fr< ra the RictUi. ni riam n?r, Ma* 2.) Will yea oblige the bitMrmu rea.deo-* or tue etuusra Bkoie of V",' nia.Mvn !>a from tseir home. by par milling ni'' worm you thrvgh your columns tbat a aeav) pac ige of lauers from ' tie '?? ?ro ?.iurs of WW gin,a", hM becn receded by m* at the War Dapartmerit and baa be?u left 1a the b.*BJa of Dr. <?eo, T s^rburgb, Ralvlt'a Building, on Tweluh (treat, who baa H.ndl> on ?anted to laku charge <A their delivery and untrib r?a. n.<< ((A>k" Mbara mm ;.an. th ?f ibe llayf twuBock river, where it was picked up and delivered m tha 20th at April, to Lieut. W?. A. Onv?r, c m maiding the picket guar-, near Saiixfct, ?M.dd <hi aouuiy. uy *Uom it w?s iii.rncJ.a'.ely forwaruad io afcarge or a *ol<lier, private Wm. A Mu*a, v> tbe Sec retary 01 War. I bod iLe good fort ne to be preaent when the p?' kR?a wa* re>-tved yesterday ?v*i. :,g ? a inunedlatsly rraognizad -he .oMnta. I am baj py la ?ay tbat lb* .altera ibough thorough'} a> -'k*d aia .a a mod (late of preaarvat.ua. aed i.ow aisuoat dry. Dr laarburgb rwiu.aia u.e to say iLai ue will b* happy le ?tatribute wich a.5 may b? called for at hi3 office, where tbe latters will ba reia.L?d ror a few ?'.ax a until tMro?gb> ly dry and Bl tm mai..ag. Our filaada from the Ra*iera Ibore will be thaakful for the prur.wlaauai g..,.i foriuae which haa tb'ta re-tjed ibeir letters fr.a both tbe at- my and tbe waves, to une of which, wa fear the r 4?. Lg jarrter haa fallen a victim. Our I hanks ara aha d..? (,ieu tenant Oliver and private Mum, an well as ie iu? under of tbe package, rot lis prompt delivei y. edward * Jbrvn. Was Darasnmrr, May I, IMJ Another Rebel Canard. [Fr .m tbe .Norfolk Day Hook. Slay 3.] TBI IHEHT WBirrKD AT '.TMEERI. AND OA P. pKsxast mi, Way J. IW2. A apeclal despatch to tbe Peter?b<trg Mtfuttt, dated fCnnavilie 2d, lay* the eueiuy atuckel Cumlierlatd t>*p in Urge forces on T esdajr about noon Diay war- sal tautly repulsal tlroe tines. The laat attack lU-y charged up to Ut>' taskworks. The seamy s loas lim killed and 40" "oi. . ;*d. our less savecteea k.llad aad tbirtv wouude t Tb* last repuiae waa eilectual, when the Tankeeeikeedad. I. BMQAUXMCKT AX VVMMU.AW UAF?THI I^gMT Ilg tVUMB, [From tha Pa.asaburR Kipraw, May 2.| Ricaaora, May 1, IMS. A telegram from Rnoxvilie iiates thai an engagement aacurred at C iuiiarmnd Oap on Monday l.ut, April 28. The enam> wai r*>p i1aed witli aot> iderable lose. ( <m federai.<? lou trUi.ng. The foderailsta hare l>een rein forced by eight r?gi neat*, and 1mra completed a Oon'.iog brlrtga acrow ' umbcr.and river (Jenoral Morgan u c?m rnah<iing. It if believed thai they will attempt to tuak" a flank iiMvemeoi, for which iur forcan ar? prepared, there w no ether uowi U-:re The Oepartnarnt of JVorlh Carolina. TBI BKB1LS WAN T CM'K^TVMT) BVJtKIIDB'S M0V| lOIITt. [Prom tha Vorfoii Day Book, May 3.1 TUrowgb aaorreej^naent of the WlimJagton /-wmai we are infortned that Uumaida hag called in fata j.u.kaw knUM Ml his transports, and put his gunboats in >r ;er' What the invader of Wortil ('arollfla manns by th. ? fu?tUr looting to future epfratiotig at Wilui.Kgt^u, .>(? (Vlt or tho Seaboard Railroad?we Imvi tlio reader to !U dge. UlJW TUN RBBUI.3 V1B* M* STANI.^Y'S APF01M* MKM. rem the Wilmington Journal.] Wo understand that Ocnenl ^n sldc hudo net- ' ?mn uni ? since at Elizabeth City, tha be wa* acting ui. ia:y go\c nor of Harih Carolina uut 1 the arrival 01 Hon Kd *? r.l .Siauley, who would act us provisional govumor of North Carolina uuder apuoin tnent <*f President IjncoJn Wei!, thus is another ol the developine la of the Mr. It is truo, vrti kaew that Mr. Stanley hail allowed the use of bis name us a candidate by th - black republicans o! Cali fornia, but w? did not tbiiik thin of hiui. But be would lean that way. A Mysterious Hint. [From the Xoriolk Hay itook, May 3.] We anticipate, says the Sutloik vw?, much excitement about SuQoik during the uext week. Rebel iceonats from the Coast Depart* utsats. A KKIIgL BATTKBY DESTROYED. [From the Savannah Republican,May 1.] A report was brought to town on Tuesday evening, by passengers on the Charleston road, tbat the federal gun b -?u bad shelled out the garrison trom a battery ol two guns, a few miles above Pocataligu. General Evans, it was said, had sent reinforeeu >nts to look after the mat ter and drive out the federal should ibey be found in possession. We givo the rumor lor what it is worth. Ou furtbor inquiry we learn that the battery captured was the one near white l'olnt, tweuty-two miles from Charleston, known as the I'i&e Grove buttery. A number of rumors relative to the above affair were circulated yestorday. We learn, however, that the re port of the eaemy having destroyed our battery of two Ks at Hmeberry was c rroct. One oi the enemy's gen ts made its appearance I>-fore the battery on Tuesday, and landed a party of their men in lauuohea. Our smtll force retired on the approach of the enemy without a conflict. The purty upon landing spiked their guns, burnt tho gun carmines, destroyed a quantity of ammu-' uition found in the battery, and left. A private letter from C imp Lee, written by a member of the Washington Arti'Iery, Captaiu Wa.ker, says: "A detachment of our company luft camp at teiid'clock Tuesday for th ? scene of act on, General Evans having received intelligence of on attack on our battery at l'uie berry. Some of oar party m ireiud Willi two or our field pieces to tbat place, the remainder under Captaiu Waiter to another important point. A: tor reaching this last peellioa, and waiting about two hours, a courier camo aloug who informed us thai the enemy hail uken the bat tery , burned the carriages and destroyed the ammunition, and retroatod to ihs.r boats. We saleeted a position on the back of Deoboo river, where they would bo obliged to pass, and prepared ['or action. About seven o'clock ?n the evening the gunboat was ob served coming down the stream Our Captain gave instructions to keep ihe utmost silence and take the van lals by surprise. They came within three hind red yardB, singing inerriy and u t droamit' - vo were watch ing them; when within tifty yard- an 1 Peterson our lour pieces tlio order was gr en to fire, a; l we let loose u|?n I hem with solid abot and grape. They kopt on their course at full si?ed. Our shot* were heard distinctly whenever they st. uck. What damage we did couI t not, of course, be ascertained. We returned to camp without the slightest injury. It was a bold action, for our force contended with a gunboat of eight guns. The following despatch corroborates the above:? [From the Norfolk Iter Hook May 3.] Chaki kkton . May 1,1^62. The federals have captured a small baKery of two guns near White Point, twenty-two miles from Charleston. General Evans sent a force to look after the Yankees. REBEL VESSKL DEdTKOTED. [From tho Charleston Mercury, April 29-1 The p-lot boatChaso, irom Nassau, N.,for this port, was chased ;.shoro by ti e l.mcoln fleet on .-Nit ir lay lust, and trr..unaod on the Kaccoon Keys, uturo she was b rned by the ofllcers and crew t > pre vent Uer falling into the binds of the enrniy She u.4d on board a cargo of sail, fee. The othcers and men ha. o arrived here. The Prtnch Minister's Visit to Richmond, [From the Peteisburg Expres?, M ly 2. j We understand that it has been ascertained with cer tainty thit the ob eot of t<>unt Marcior's lato visit to Richmond was to learn, from a personal interview with those b-'st aualifled to kn? vi,#>hcU "-re th' p? i-pecl* of the Conf'iUrate .N''a'et arhisvinj and maintaining thtir indt pendtnef. The result of tho Minister's Inquiries has not transpired, but wo nre informed that no appeared to be highly tali jied with ah he saw ar*t I eirj. Rebel Kttl'l from (lie Rio Crrande< [From tbe Sou Antonio (Texas), News, of April 7.] We learn by a person from the mo'ith of the Bio Grande, that tho federal! have wltlidra^n all thoir vos ssls f;un> tli.it region, owing to the threatening proximi ty o; foreign vesae'.,. Sjmiu Reported to Have Rrrognized the Conleileruta-d States of Ameiica, [Kr m the Savannah Newoj A dospatch received iu this city irom Baldwin, Fiorina, status that a gentleman arrived at that place from ill* ou S. uday night, who said that Uc had ??9u the captain of a vessel who, in attempting to run the blockade, w&3 clia^nd by the bio. leaders, and W'ta compelled to blow up bis vessel, the crew escaping ia their boat*, the captain had late Havana papers, in which it wi>? stated tliLil th? Spotush gmtnmaU had re coynited tlw inJtf wten-rqf the Southtm Confrderary, and that entaatddii f i-om that gownrntrrt on their way to Mehmttnd ftih detpittha to IKal effort. We give the above m it oomes to us, from a reliable source, in tho hope that it is true. Distinguished Visitors In Norfolk^ [From the Norfolk Day Book, May 3.J Hon. George \V. Randolph, Secretary of War, and Hon. S. R. MaUorv,Secretary of the Na\y . arrived here yes terday in the train from Petersburg. They axe guesis of the Atlantic. In the afternoon those distinguished gentlemen visited the Navy Yard, the Virginia and other points of interest. They expressed themselves, wa learn, highly pleased with what they saw. Cnion Prisoners to be Released* |Fr< m the Richmond Enquirer, May w.j The five hundred and odd Tank** prisoner* confined m Richmond have been in particular high gl j*. within the pa-1 few days, at the news that they arc to be imme d r-eiy sent buni? on parole. They, or rather the most of them, have enjoyed the pleasing advaiugu of a resi dence m Ki-'hmond for m?ny months, asd when they ?;st bai H h'me will do ibtlsss spin out many a rtiref'l yarn of their 'offerings, which, in the monotony ot their prison esse and relaxation, their imaginations must have c-utjursd up for the o< caaio'n. They will be sent down the river, wo understand, hj way'of Vorktown, where thev will be handed ovor to their svll genius, General MoClsUM. Cotton Coming Into Ff ?ler?l Hand*. [From the Montgomery Advertiser.] Wo learn iroin an officer just from North Alabama, who is wall a quainted with the country, that the enoiny ar so' irirg coc "iderahle 'otton by means of threats to tho planters should they burn It. Quite a number had berned their cotton, an ! somnot themhad Ihmsu captured, ihe Vat ,vee lorries are spreading thro-igh the country in thMie.ghtKirho-.d of Tnscumtua, which ts in their p ^ses sion,bit they are closely oV orvsd by roionel Helm's Kentucky cavalry. A skirmish ooc>/red a few days since between a jorty ol these and souie Yankee* within the limit* 01 the town, lhere were twenty-one of our men, only fo ir of whom showed themselves. The enemy, alter Ave of their number were Iciileo, fell Lt k, with the intention of drawing our men into aratju.-di, b it they were too shrewd for them. We understand thai the bridge at Fkironoo was burned by our men. Loaa of Oltlrera. [From lbs Miiledgoville <"t?a.) L'nion.j Hiring iba past tbv?>e months we have lost many valu able olllcer- II la beyond question that tha Yaolcees have sharpshooters, waaring bullet-proof breaatp!ate?, \?h< e N|M'itl business it it to pick off our oB'-rn At ha battle of .Sbiloh an .liu'iiai number of onr '.ffleora w*c* wounded. In noma of the Alabama regim-m* at ery fiel.l officer wan wounded. I? there no way to put a *top to tU.a rrnxle nf warfare' If the Yinkeo- in l-iwe<l to flfbt .a with br-aetplates, should tliejr be united aa pr eoners of wer when oaugbt' We say not. When one .a aken will* his steel lire preeerver on ha ?! ? 'il l he bang to the first tree And why may not onr ?. ru* <r . *nv a ? orpe of sbarjwbooterp ?No, to pick off th isl gea<-rsia It la a game two can play at. Rrbrl Rttoarrro loi Faadiac an Army. fKrom (ha Richmond Whig. May 2.] Among the moat vivid appruhen hoii< or the aUrtni?tl seems tba idea that lb- lo-s i?f New Orleans awl the Mi I aoi, pi will deati of our ability to feed our anny. We by uo maaaa underrate the misfortune "i ll,* ? iomm. but wa are by no mean* preperoU to ret.?> . as .rrsparable. While wa knew that there was an abun'unt ,? ? ? u t Uiio tba area commanded by tha cotifed u a. , w >11 not >:b'/oac to rest tba aaeertion upon our mciot:tI?? wa tbareforo hare bad carefully compiled ? A statement of the population and product.* of ? ri upper counties of Virginia, North uid ?'outli ? .1, (?eorgia, Alabama and Tennessee, with n the|.*, r:t 1 and probable control of lb* Confederate gorani'i" lit Agxirsate population 2,4*1,'.li' Wheat in bu.?bals. ... 12,*14 '> * Ry 1 and oata 2>i,T ?? ?? Indian earn lot Ptaaand b*Mta Irish and sweet potatoes l8,o:i;.^ 0 Hay 1a too* l?V . Gut.a J.iTl.nl Vp l,4Vi,M4 fwlno 0 f/>4 <hi:: Wa era ?Wnrt> that atatistlcs cannot b? relied 011 > mora than appiaxiiume accuracy, bat tba axtraonli: .it deveiopement of Sum (few*, tarn* plroduoti'u Within ?! paat tan years ba* not only justified til in ailing ti per cent u|*m the products of HM), but wcull, in opinkoa, justify a much Urgtr eat I in ate, and u?i tl>l,.|i tbe conviction that tha breadstuff* and other pr-n-l-1 on Uils side of tba Miasisaippi, and wltbln tha conf rata control, will abundautly support the populatlo 1 in.l army dependent upon it duriug any prjbaWe term war. But, beal lea tba are* referred to, wa m?y calculate upon receiving supplies fr<ra the touatry nominal'/ wi'bm the control of tho enemy. No blockade for sev ?n hundred mile win prevent tup. pi.es from crossing the MlsalsMppI No oco,p*t?on of the coas: can preventths sending of catt!a to the grasa valleys and mountain ranges of the interior. No gunboats tan prevent the upper water* of the lamee. tbe Dsn, the Pedi-a, tba Flint, tha Clinch wd the Tenue^se* from a< odiug by !iatt?aux, their tribute to the ?OS'moo defence. Novlgilauce on the part of the invaders can prevont our arruy U >tu suariug tha proJ>i?ta of t'ua country occu pied by him An' t.ber en'.arrad aourca nf S'lpP'T ?or?l?t In tha rba'igeof an axton iva area from tbe product.?aof cot ton and tobaoco te that of hraa>lsto(fs. The 'o?*of N^w ()rlosn> and tbe Misatsalppl must have di ooaoerUl all eslculationi bayd on aupp'testo be 4r?wa rr?? T?i?9 aa-J Waavaca UoUt*att? JJi.i ?[il? f? quire the a (option of new contracts and Uir openii.g of low ways of communication with the Hold of ?'ipply H it ?uh orruuiiiatiou wo hoi( evident ihat uo defi ciency of prnvisi >ms neel l>? apprehended, nor used there be.>ujr abatement of the vigor with which the war on our pu t will bo he o-ilter i-a.ee.4 ed. In ie?d. it had been r ither the rut abundance than the sr?rcity of priv mip.n Uiat has |n-t.muel the necessary or, of supply mil accessible to ue?Hxckmmii Wli*i ADDITIONAL FROM EUROPL British Anticipation of the Fall of New Orleans, THE COTTON FAMINE IN ENGLAND. Fifty Thousand Tradesmen Pauperised and ? "Fearful Mau of Destitution" Behind Them. The Captain and Officers of the Privateer Sumter Leave the Vessel. "" Approach of a War Convulsion in the Old World, kit) &Ci| (Mi The MconmitUte Beige nays.? There is some question of oonyoking an International Congress for tho purpose of considering the'propriety of henceforth placing non-fortifled towns under th? protec tion of international law. Should such a project be real ized, London,Liverpool,Havre, Rotterdam and Hamburg would be secure irom tho dangers of war; while Ant warp, as a I'ortiOed town, whether iron plated or not, would be more than ever devoted to destruction. The Official Gazette of Turin publishes a royal decree by which Lieutenants Generals Sirtori, Medici, Bixlo. Turr and Avezzana, asal^o Major Generals Sacchi, Orsini, d'Ayata. de Miblitz, Oarinl and Stocco, are transferred from the volunteers to the regular? army or Italy. Letters and journals had arrived in Paris from Marti nique and Guadeloupe to the 23th of April. All the jour' nals oot.ee the palnfnl impression made on tho oolonia", market by the news of tho proposod increase in tlip sugar duty. That intelligence had caused a tot >1 cessa tion of business, although sugar wa3 offered at lower prices. M. Dupauloup, the Catholic Bishop of Orleans, France, has published an eloquout pastoral letter against slavery. Since the last experiments tried with the new wrought iron smooth-bore Armstrong gun, at Shoeburyncss, Kng ?and,other trials h*vo been mvlo with the same piece of ordnance to prove its power. During the course of these it has boen tried with a fifty pound charge of powder against a targe! ot three five-Inch plates of wrought iroi. kolted together?a mass ot wrought iron, in all, of fifteen inches thick?or, as nearly as possible, four times the tliiCknessof the Warrior's p'.atos. Two or ttireo shots wore fl ed against this, an<I each broke all threo plates, crush ing th? first, rijijiing uud splitting tho socend, and ripping the third in R'i;h n way as to show that evon fl:to a inchsa of motal was an iusufflcient protection agaiu=t ordnanco of this description at close ranges. Accounts from L"wcr Burgundy of the oTects of the lat" frost are very ".ulavorable to the vine*. The Const: tutiiin of Auxerro contains the following:? The frost has destroyed a part of the ma^nidrent vine crops wjth which tli" country Vas covered. t>n the night of the 12th the frost had ntta KOii rather roughi> souie of the most exponed lands, but in ale's proportion than what took piaco on tho following 'lay. On (h^ night of the 13th the thermometer fell to five ilogrce? below zero, and the mlscloef caused by the frost waa very considera ble. Few T'neyards have escaped the disaster, an 1 some plains are quite devastated. Vegetation waa unu?nally advanced?the vines, tho fruit tre^s and the artificial grasses promising the moat ab'indsnt crop. Tho joss in this part of the country has, therefore, been immonse. The Paris Presscot the 18th ultimo sa\s:? It is stated that tho Commodore in command or the Americun squadron sent to Mexico has received orders to renew tho protest of President Lincoln to the representa tives of the Powers, ou the subject of foreign-interven tion, in case such interference should tend to change the government of the country. The return from the Bank of F.ngland for tho we ok end* ing the 10th of April gives the following results when compared with the previous week? Rest ?3.08.1,467 Increase ?5,32-2 Public do|iosits... 5,22.'i.l32 ' ecrease 400,lto Othor oeix'siis 15,710,260 Decreaso 626.900 On the othor side of the account:? Government securities.?ll,2i;.7r.,> Increase.. ?.V),000 Other securities IS,019,133 Pucrenso. 706,906 Xotea rnemployed 9,120,210 Decrease. 3!?5.796 The amount of notes Incirc -tion is ?21,120,975, being an increase of ?272,635, and the stock or bullion in b?th departments is ?16,74:3,434, showing a deorease of ?138,506 when compared with the preceding return. ? Jar Pari* Correspondence. April 8,1862. England Raekrd Out of the Mexican Coalition?TV Iron Clad Ftcer?Tht Reliffiiui H'orld in a Slot* of Excite' ?noil?JKe Southerners in Parti, and What They Say? Sltdfll and Twkcr?Theatrical VemonttruUont?Th Sti.dtn't and Iht Government?Sen'end of a Mmlica; Stud?lit?Arrival of (Ke Jopnnvt Emlatsy, <tc , rfc. Since T last wrote you Knglantf set-ms to here bscksd out of th? Mexivan coalition, expressed herself satisfied with tho preliminaries of the tre.tty,and isaves France and Spaiu to work out the matter in their own way. The panic which the result of the battle between the Muni tor and Merrimac has been the means of causing in Great Britain possibly aided in prancing this result F.ngland wants no war upou her bands until she has pieced herself ia a portion to maintain bar boasted supremacy of the seas, or, if the modern improve raeuU shall be the meaas of taking this prestige from her, until she i at least upou au equal footing with other nations. The iron-clad fever is spreading rap'd'y iu Europe. The Danish Chambers hare already votsd the extraordinary credits demanded by the Mia istc of Ma rlue for the construction of Iron-cased ships;Prussia is to and twelve millions of thalers for the same pur pose, and the kingdom of Italy will soon have a formld able navy of the same description. Toe French Journals seem to think that the Marine Department sho ild now devote its attention more than ever before to the in struction of seamen in the laetics of boarding, as this wiil/.n the future, be the only means of taking the now elaas of ships. Two tncldeuts have thrown the religions and antt. religious, or, rather, the clerical and anti-clerical world, Into a considerable etate of excitement. Some months since, you know, the commute* which sat in Paris,and from there ruled th? Association of St. Tin cent do Paul, converting it into a political machine,was dis oanded by order of the government, and the different con. f?r?oeo of the order in France were required to submit to the same rules wMch wero applied to secular societies. 1 "n Sunday morning last the Uiuister of the Interior pub. 1 ! .-l?ed ia the Monitor a olrcular addre sod to I ho Pro 's of ths Departments upon this subject. He state i that in January la?t the conferences were consulted as to iv lether they "desired to bo reunited by a central coun , ,i form?d principally of nembeps of ths ancieut oom ??i: tee, and having for i'resi&ent a high dignitary ap 1 .r..ii od l>y the Cmporor, or whether they preferred to i - t e; ji iiely, as th?y are now authorized to do." It ? st mo l.i?t in reply to this question eighty-eight I ?>? eieh * accepted the general eo'iocil, while seven bandied asi Sixty-sis rejected the idea. In accordance 1 ? h this dec.siou, the Minister states that the govern | me..t i onisers that the regularizatloo of the Society of i M Vit44llefMll teiruinated, and that henceforth ' . nrh conferoMt will bo required to aet for Itself, without ? > ceutrsli/od power. It seems that previous to the u <uiion ot' the old council its ancient l'roftident was v -eted by it with dictatorial powers, sad that ha has it : In ' > ier :a ono of the clerioat journals th^t he ?<" 'ild exfr ;??tb?s power over all the <x>nrcr*nces. and tli as of his d-sth or any interferon*:# he sho ild ' .t it to a committee of three foreigners?? Bel , ,i Hollander ?nu a Prussian. Count dp Perstgny ? IU the ??' utlon of the prelects to this threatened vioMMi.u of the taw,* and It is hinted that if it is t wri'.tl Into efiv :t i he society will be entirely suppressed. The reMg>ou#J< .< nets, of course, have raised the cry of persectr jn, siid aver that, the decision ot tlin govern meat wi 1 be .l>e means of supproeeing tuls charltahio associntlon, w'lich hss, however, for several years pnst bwo o 'tiverted mm a va*t political engine. The other incident if a pastoral letter of tbo Archbishop of Toulouse, ap;ointing "a seoular jubilee, the exposition *nd eolenii) procession of the holy relics, presoived in the church of M +iturnin at Toulouse, for 'ho yenr ol grac* 18W.'' "This jubilee," the mild Archbishop adii', "i- for the purpose of celebrating the glorious a> I aceompHshed among ui ihree centuries ago " lli? Ora* e d"** not stste whst this "glorious act" is to the ce'sbra-ion of which he livitos the falthiul;but history suppl.es ths deficiency, fn 1AM a disturhun e took piars in thu strse s of Ton louse heiwseri the I'rotsstaats and Catholics, growing eitl of the bnrlil of ? Protectant, whose boiy was claimed, however, th* Oathollos as I|?HI| nf VUeit rsii| >o. ^Ui tusked, ttio horrid carnaee lutin; five day*, during which timm mure than four thousand l'roteitanW wero murdered-* 'and tha Arohbtshepnow wishes w? revive tho ctuebration of this "glorious sol" which for the twocanturies follow ing it was celebrated with great pomp in tlie street* which three hundred years ago were red wi:h the blood of Uto martyrs. It t.> said that tho gt?v>.<i nineut will luteifer*, au i pr?vout the li-igraoeful eshibitwii?0. g acoful li the people among whom it li tolerated, and disgraceful t > the b iased civilisation and talerance of tho nineteenth century. The Southern mm In Paris are very much otero ?ed m relation to tho town burning system u]?on which the rebels seem to hare settled. Those who own projierty in the citiee are particularly disgustol at tbis exemplif! oat 1011 of the beauty of the policy of "bitiug off tho nose to spite tho face." I *u tilkiug yesterday with agen tlemau f i otn Charleston, but who bw beon residing in Kurope ever since the commencement of the war, and who, although a whole hearted secessionist, is decidedly averse to the destruction of what remains of Charleston. Ho says that he has but very little idea of the conditio* of his tlnancial affairs, has recelvod no rout for soma houses which 1m owns in Charleston for a year past, and does not know whether he t* spending his income er his capital; and a great many Southerners in Kurope are In the same predicament. He is a very sensible man, and says that his great fear now U from the Iron steamers which the ftderal government will build, and with which he see* no duticulty in the way of destroying all the Southern saaports, and he thinks, considering tha superiority of resources wfctcb our government has at its control, the "Confederate" government was very fodlish in being in any hurry to demonstrate tho value of the iron-cased vessels. He says, however, that if the "Confederates ' can hold out till July, in the extreme Southern States, and draw

the Invaders after them, he thinks they will be able to destroy them, as a great portion will die of the fevers of the climate and the others be so debilitated by it that they will fall an easy proy. This is about the style of conver sation?interlarded with good round oaths, and brags upon the superior prowess and bravery of the Southern ers?which is heard among the littlo knots which gather at the Hotol du Louvre and at their headquarters in the Chausseo d'Antin. They waro bocoirxng a little dismal at the repeated ami decided succosaes of the federal troops, the news or which has been coming so thick and fast or late, when,fortunate ly for their dampeuodspirits, their greatfugleman, Bever ly Tucker, returned a few days sinoe from Swis riand. Tucker is a philosopher of the MarkTapley school, who be lieves iu "being jolly tiuder unfavorable circumstances," and says that "the cause" is looking very brilliant; that all tbo evacuations of theoities and military posts of the border Stains are .'imply designed Tor the. purpose of con centrating the Southern forces in a territory from which, when once entered by '-the Yankees," there can be no ascape. I snw John Slide!) yesterday, taking a walk on the ChamiM Klysee*. He looks very seedy and gloomy, lie gives brilliant receptions at his magnificent apart ments; but he feels that big "mission" is n failure, and it Is now .said that,unloas evonts tako a very favorable turn for him and his by July or August? and that thore is then a strong probability 01 recognition l>y France and England?both he and Mr. M son will take their departure, shaking from off tlioir fee', the dust or ihu inhospitable countries whose gove.umeuts could not be muue to see the force of tlmn- claims I told you about a theatrical row at the Vaudeville last week. The audienco was exceedingly disgusted at the fact that t*he management employed h number of bulli es u> occupy the front seats 01 tho orchestra, and who en deavored to drown out the tokeus of disapprobation. The next day, by order of the Minister of State, the piece wits withdrawn, and is to bo produced at the Odeon, whero tho actresses will not object to dancing iu the quadrillo at the close of it. It is s'lpjiosel thai tbero is to bo a groat theatrical " demonstration" at the I'orto St. Mai tin on Friday evoning. Ihe theatre 1ns been closed for tho past two nights IV-r tho rehearsal of a grand spectacular dram i entitled '? The Volunteers of Is! 14." This piece was written more than a year slnco. its professed author being Victor Sejour (who, by the way, is a negro from Xow Orleai *): but a' tnat time tli!?' government would not permit it to be played, is w.is allowed, on thtgiound thai it contained 'illusions calcu lated to wound the feelings of the English and tho other nations which mado up the allied ui my. Since th?n it has been pruned, and much that was objectionable taken out ol it, and at length, in its omtisc dated form, is to be presented for the iirst time on Friday evening, when it is supposed a large number of studei is will bo pros -tit to hiss it. These noisy and demonstrative youths are not i.i a particularly amiable humor toward the government iust now Beside the dozen or more of their number who wore sentoncd to tine aud Imprisonment for participat ing in tho riots at theCoilege i!e France, they have been veiymuvh licensed at tho condemnation on Saturday last of a medical student lamed Taule, the editor of a weoUy journal principally circulated among students, an 1 ?:al!cJ. Le Tracaxl. Tattle was charged with "h duing com munication with a foreign country, with the ob.'-ct of disturbing the j ublic jeacs, and exhibiting hatred against the government," and his crime consisted iu having ?d dres-efl a letter, under an envelope directed to another person, to fjedru Bollln, in l^ondou. This letter, which wo* ^oizod aiul o;<ened before leaving Paris, boside con tainlng a copy of the seditious song,'1.0 Lion duQuartier Latin," expressed tho strongest repuhlicun sentiments, and Taulu was sentenced to two months imprisonment and two hundred francs (Inc. The stiidouiseay thM M. Mocquard, the private secre tary of the Emperor, is tho ctl.'iibora'eur of Sejotir hi tho diami In queh'iou, and they intend to m.'tke its first re presentation tiio occasion or a demonstration ag ilast tli government. The Contliluiuinnei has goue to tho trouble to deny that M. lioo<tuard had any thing to do with it. but this wilinot have the effect intended, a* 1 there will doubtless be a great de il of hissing, a few bloody r.ose* and several arrests on the occasion of the (list represen tation of this patriotic drama. The Japanese F.mbussy arrived last evening, and took rooms which had been prepared for them at Uio Hotel du Louvre. They were received at tho Lyons railway station by M. Feuiliet de Conches, iutroduc?rof ambas sadors, and a Uetachmont of fifty cavalry. There aro live ambassadors, twelve oflicers and several servants iu the embassy. They will ail'ord some amusement during the coming fortnight to the excitement-loving denizens of Paris. Mr. Adams, United Stales Minister at tho Court of St. lames, has been spending a few days iu 1 aris. Letter from (ho Corate de Paris to a Friend in Paris. OUH PARIS COHKESrONDKNCE. Par:*, April is, lge*. The Journal <?? DcbaXi, of yoatorday, publishes the Allowing letter, which it stales was written by an ofilcer of Geueral McClelland staff, and who. Id all probability 's uo other than the Comte do Paris:? ILtmcii, 1862. I profit by a moment of leisure to send yon tome news. 1 hits ten to do this because i do not know when 1 shall be able to resume the pen for I believe ho are near the moment so long wished for. In a few days r h >j>owc will be in tho I'elJ, and this campaign will decide tho late of the Union. It is not possible to foretell the chances of war; but I bo'ieve they are iu our favor. Thai wiil be a IjieMiint moment for n.e when 1 start bark to Europe after having aided in a brilliant and fortunate campaign, itad leaving American society in the way of victoriously margins from the terrible crisis which, lor a moment, menaced its very existence. You will have learned, In bulk at least, the aucce.? which has marked tho campai ;n in the west. shull soon know whether the South was animated by ? vents lile desire fir reparation. In that cane the North, after having exhibited iu su|*riority, and re conn'iored the Territories,! the )<osseasi?i of which are tudis reusable to its existence, would do be;t?r, per haps, to let tho extremo s!aveho!dina; States at. tempt an experiment which, in my opiuion, is irn praciirahlc; or we will sen if secession hu not been, a? I V I,ere, bat a politloal revolution, rounde l upon popular iguoranoe and sustained by a QotlMo is enthu iiasm. In the latter case it will suffice for the federal government to sb"w itseif as much more moderate, as it U thaitroHcer, for the re establishment of the Union. A revlJtlou can only succeed in the first moment of en thusiasm, and cannot subsist in the midsi of reverses. I ti mk that yo'i do n?t render Justice in Eurepo to the fedoral government, which has exhibited a romarkabio moderation. At Iha time when a social revolution me naced tho existence of the country, not a drop of blood has beeK spilied outside of the field of battle. Liberal institution?! aut with their cjstomary regularity a lew leagues I row the army. and sll the political prisoners ?he had been arrested Lave buen released, without even being required to take the oath of allegiance. Nothing can be mora interesting than the spectacle of a great people, wh<>. their own resources, undertake s ich a struggle wtMiont oven seriously aff-cting their institu tions. These is in it a remarkalAe example, which should make all tho friends of liberty rejoice. The Wtnt of Cotton la England. KCMSITY OF MODIPT1NO MARITIME INTERNATIONAL LAW TO ALLOW COTTON TO 00 OOT I Hull TBI UNITED STATJM. ' Tran-lslsd from the Journal dee Pobata for the >ftw York Hssaijj, April 18.] Knglatid commences U b* morel by ufact which ought 10 hars mado bar feci unessy sooner,for 11 U the iar; oousaqueuce of the civil war which dsenlsUs tbe north of America. Wa mean tho diminution of her stock of cotton and the lienor of its complete disappearance. This fact deeerre* the greatest attention on our part, for we would sarioMslv be aflfected by It. But the elTfeots of the waut of eotton In (Uigland would be far mora serious than with us, bsca-iss in Kofland tho Industry of ? oMtn lias a far greater Importance than In Francs. Whiiat with ms the Wial production* of cstton manufactures do not sxceod from ToO to MO" millions of francs (160 Mil lions of dollar*), in (Cnxlaad the exportation alone reaches one billion (100 millions of dollars). snd the total production goes to twice thnt amount, with our neigh bora several millions of psoitis lira upon cotton Indtnury and its accessories. Thus, the want of corn axceptod, tho scarcity of cotton is the grestsst misfortune which can bsfsll our neighbors 1 <et 'is show the p??4lon such as it la. Two-thirds or three fourths of the immense quantity of raw cotton noeded by Great Britain for hor manufactures tomes from the Amerlr.iu l.'nion, that Is to say from ths South ern Stales. N< w, either from the fact of tbe blockade stablwhod by ths North belore the doiitheru bai lors, or in rm itequence of th? plan adhered to by the South to ksepbai k their stork or cotton, nlno months have olapscti since a single cargo has sntsred an Knghsh port. Ths c ^mmerolal year begins Tor this artb-le on the lnt of ths Sepu-mbar. tunc for the gathering up of the irop of cotton. It tiling* hud hod their usual course (lie I'nMed Ststes wou.<? Jnre sent to Kngland a crop of from a.OOO.'MJO to 2 200,'"00 bales. Now, this year this im nsass quantity ban tarn raductl to uoihiug. i.nglish Stores usually contain ab ut ?>00,000 bale* ot American octtnn. at pi esont they lurdl) lnvel&o,000 bale*. The price hss alraady Increased twofold. Mow much wnl it I not Increase yet? cjrcit oltbrta have lieen made to dru-v from otlisr places what America could not furnish. Ind'ahsshnn ransacked, and by dint ul ?searches that country baa gireu twice iri ioIi colli n in other years?about ? me million of bsle* KDgland ha; now 100.000 lisies more of Indian cotton than she bad last ysar at the same time B it this is not ati lucres o of supply: It is simply sn an'lotp? ,f?n. Tho quantities actually etubarkad am' on the 'v a j ? e known They aniouot to 100,000 balr , lew than iMt.-etr, mround njmfear* bal?r ? staad ?($<)? ,oW Al?n,(tWI inform'd per.mi thin' Ih it J??o" iwl <1 ItfW thrtat tuxi Vftik an abtJlbte pn Uvn: '/ SHU"'i ll iuauu f.intormi wero wrwktrp as nana' that" m.tu'i! stock of cotton would not lafl over two iu uUm And if they work las* ihiui usual, what will I e .siue of tha numeroos wmking i lum who draw a living from them. (tui who have ?I re i.iy ahso.- bod ail thou BaiM? Tins ia Mill acotber raa* u to linke us wish to sea tho civil w ir which ilesoU as the north of Amend and we must say it, tho r jio.ttod victorea of tho teJaruL; upou tliu CJiitoJoiutis of the 3-u.h seem to indicate that tho North?the govern Jf WathmJUm?w?ZI before Utnq plant He l:nn/nj!ay fvtiyu h,:r?. NewQrleaus, which u Iho prui clpa' cotton markot, was, according to the iui news, surrouudod by ? p iwerful federal Hoot, and a c<irpt d'arn ? posted on tl.o lower part of the Mississippi river waited for the river to be cleared from obstruct ions to go up and assault the city. But if tha Confederates dia play thero the funoua despair which they hive shown u|>ou other points taken by the federal arms and sat fire to tho ouiton? Wo must acknowledge that this is an eventuality which may reasonably take place. An Kngli.-h paper, tho Xconomitt, which speaks of this question knowingly, and with much unoasioess, says, that although the course of the success of the North should bo uninterrupted, although the Confede rates should be whipped npon all points and obliged to submit in a short time, KnKlish iudustry would uot bo out of stress, ami the sufferings threaten ing English society not dispelled. Is cotton hoarded up in American ports* Is it not almost oorlaia that it is iuland among the planters ? Even if In the places bordering the sea, where are the vessels to carry it T If vessels were found is not packing material ab sent? There are still many practical difficulties, and, ac cording to tho tlronomist, in the must favorable hypothe sis to the North, six months would ela|?e boforo England could receive her requisite provision. According to that paper tho best thing whioh English worklnginen can do, would bo to live sis months moro on half thoir salaries, a thing whioh they have already done Tor several months. Wo must not disguise the gravity of such a state of things. If, however, after six months delay, the ootton Industry was going to reooive its usual supply, we would say that there is no reason to bo thankful to Provideacn, for many times we have had ?wason to fear a greater evil. A nation as wealthy as England ean, by unusual means, go over a crisis affect ing only a portion of her community without much hurt, and France, where cotton industry is not sodevoloped, may wait withjstill more patience. Futurity does not lo k to us as dark as to the Economist. But as regards the past we entirely share its way of thinking. It is surprising Uiat the provision of a continual sc.u city of a produce of first necessity, as indispensable to tho wel fare of English society, has not excited uioro attention, and that, in" presence of a fact which could easily be turned into a catastrophe, the statesmen of that great nation have not exertod themselves. How Is it that the English Parliament, where al! the emotions and wants of the oountry are sure to find au echo, has this time kept silent? The difficulty might have been lemoned had interna tional maritime law been tmdified, bc'ligerm', riykti, with convenient restrictions tancti n tl by co.nm'n tucord, even beyond the prescriptioni of thr Treaty of Pur is qf ISM, to/at A. hsiocoer, inaugurated a yre M progress, but wi'h which thz American Unson has n?t yet complied. A revi sion of international maritime titfV, made conformably to circumstance?, and with the agreement of the United States, whi<.h,r<sry likely, won d no> ha-e rfused their on.-en!. mipht havt allowed American c tt<n to come out. It Is por mitted to believe that the conledoratos themselves would have given up their plan to hold it back, for they did so o:.ly after the blockado was declared. Unfor tunately, the question of lnai itima international right raised by the House of Commons upon the motion of Mr. llorsiall has not been supported by the government; on the contrary, it has beon attacked by them and inefficiently advocated by independent speakois. A suddeir indisposition prevented the illus trious champii ii of all commercial freedom?Mr. C'obdau? freui apoaking. The speech h ? had prejuirod or- lUnt sub ject would like.y have turned tho chances of tho discus si n. The motion has then bc.-u an abortive one. In it, however, we uiust look for a woUlcme.t or this iin;?ria?t question. We express the wishes that this motion bo aitari presented to Parliament. Unce its attention arous ed, the House of Commons cauuot fail to receive it well, a thing which would authorize or rather compel tho Eng. lish Cabinet to enter into a negotiation Willi tho Cabinet of Washington, and to carry it on vigorously. THc Capture of New Ortc.im. UKIT131I ANTICIPATION OF TI1K VICTOR*?A FAIR IDEA OK TUB IMPORTANCE OF TUE TRIUMPH. [From liio lvm lou limes, April 18.] Tho Am Orleans in the North are on tbo tiptoe of cc poctatlon lor lows of tho full of New Orleans. Tuts is the peit thrust of the *w .r-lfi.'h i*lo tV tch.t'e. The fej crals are so elated vviiii thuir roc ?tit suc<;oi*es thru tliey are impatient if any pause In tbe courso of victory. They chafe under tho delay la clearing the Mississippi and at boiui; checkcd at a point flvo liuudreJ miiua above mouth; but tlu-y nature wicir " ignorant foreign critics" tb it they have airoaly, iu all probability, gained pcsnus sion 01' New Orleans. Tbo force at the mouth oi ibu Mississippi if strong enough lo strike terror vhor ovcr there U bt:man lite to bo extinguished and proiierty to bo plundered Tbe American papers boast that it i.s the moat formidable naval force Bunt on a hos tile errand iu modern times. In an age which remem bers the flout that spread itsolf ever t'ha B1 ick Soa the vaunt is sutliciently bombastic, but still it is a Iremon dous force when uiroctod against an enemy which lias no t avy and can keep up no dockyards, aaJ which <Je iwc ia upon smuggled supplies tor its powder a id its guns. It comprises a torribie mortar Ileal of tkeluaviest ordnance which can bo bought or made la the North, and more lb >n JbO vessels, including the largest etoxm frigates in tbe federal navy. ''The world, wo ere toid, will be tist< liisbod at the force tho ieUjral government has sent against this rebellious city, and it will take oven tbe American people by surprise when they loaru its extent and importance.'' The Northern conquer'.n do not oxr-es'.imaU the impor tance of th'. o ntjtie" for the tiiingf ?/ whirk they are ro imjattenl. Now Orleans :s the commercial metropolis of t-tio South and the West; it is tbe emporium of the vast tracts traverse I by the Ml-.sissippt and all tha groat tri butaries of that moat mighty of rivers. It hat a greater command of intrrruO n wigaliOh than any ci'.y in the Old or New World In Itself, as a city, it is little worth. Built upon a Hat below the level of the riseu rlvor, it would, j orhai-s, bo lo the permanent !>otioflt of its inhabitants if the dykes wore cut and the .-itroam ware aii^w^u to how over it. To fri?*n-l or to foe it* atmosphere alike is lever nud death, an 1 even among tho act imatod Ne w Orleauists Hie annual mortality is three limes thatul i os ton. It is not the oity. but the jmition at the pvint that c mmauds ail the internal navigation hicl' is bo important. The Southern paper! pertinently remind its defenders tliat "sui arior cheapness of transportation by water draws thtther all tho cotton rrodacud ia Middle and Western Tenuc-.-oo, Arkansas, Eastern Texas and Mississippi, while lite tobacco, he rap and c treats of tlie vast Western cm; ire find their way thither from the same cause.'' 7'Ae cceuj.atunof Nob Orleans \wjuidlx a luurwpitttiuhtm ?</ o?er the great artery of (he tec.-ded'S'a!c?. This important place t< now attacked biib by land and by water. Oenoral UutlT his a strong land foroo under his orders, uud Captain Porter with I,is mortars and his frigates ha> already pasted th- bar at tho mo"th of the river. Nothing was wanting but that the Mississippi Beet should come down by the upper rirer, and the city would to surrounced and must tell, but even without this aid hopes ruu litgli at New York tb tt by this ti.ire New Orleans is iu the h ads oi the impot ial N rth Perhaps in the case of a city where yail iw fever and cholera have la Bern-' years destroyed one tauth of tbo whole population, tho best revenge of an invaded |?op;<i would lie to let the iu\aduis take am! h lilt. Such, however, dues not appe-.r to be ihe intention of the Con iederates. They on their side also have their b as's of assured victory. Commercial writers of lUo first autlio rliy have predicted that New o* le^ns is drstinul to become tKeemporium n tunly of the Swlhtrw and ll'ii/Tn .St lte.. of Amerii a, l/ut alto of the whole world; and that, wheu tbe uncultivated and unoc^upie I basicf. of the Mi?*is slppi and V.'S*ouri are peopled and tilled, this ciiy or one placed on Smoic happy ncigbbor.ng site, will ecilpse all the present mxgr.lflceace of tbe ports of ihe North. Tbe confederates are as satiguiua th .t they will bo able to preserve their commercial o<ipi tal for its ruture destinies as tbe rederais are that they are even now certaiuly wresting it from them. New Orleans is a hundred miles frcm the mouth of tbo river, and the banks are fortified all the wbt down ai a convenient point there sre forts aimed with tho heavleut guns, and commanding auartiUc.al dam .Urer li ed acroes the river, and which Is calculated to delay any naval force under tbs guns of tbe forts for a siaiuciani time for the artillery to sink them. Tbeaa defences, so described, are sutpiciously like thoso which were pre pared by tb* Chinese to onposo the passage of tbe Kng liah and trench fle-its up the Psiho, and which, altho:gn temporarily sueee-sful, were readily overcome when the leaders lutd learnea to respect their enemv. But, in ad dition to th?*se, there aro, we are told, two iron-cased II aims batteriee. carrying heavy armaaaents and a gar rison of M,000 men. e*g?r Tor the appearance or the in vaders. The New Orleauists (ay tbey are mad with ex citement and rage, that their hot shot are resily, their & maces la complete preparation, and that tho Yankees, Whenever they LOtne, will receive a hot reception The game ef brag on both sides is playSd with equal enterprise. Eveuti will soon lell us on which side the ' power of execution lies. Times are much altered stoicu aa Knglieh Admiral nnd an Kngl.sh General quarrelled and bungled on the same spot.aud were lured on by ihe moat transparent tricks to disgraceful defeat Near bMf a century has s'llhciently improved tbe art of war to make us eerlaln that General Mansfield I/>veil will not Un e an opportunity ot earing NewOrleaiu by thesimplc Uct ics of General Jm kson, but If there be any truth hi the loud cries of defiance of the Southern press, the con quest of this cily Ik not so absolutely cei lam aa the Northerners think, it msy be attacked either from the sea or from the river If ihe fed -raliste think it butter to lerce tho.r guuboata and steum frigates up the rlvor their sucress ni'ist depend lipon their being able to run the gauntlet of the furls and batteriee. Once pasi these there is deen water up to ibi city quays and many miles sbove. Arrived at these, New Orleans is their own. But tf they are strong enough bjr land, there Is an inlet oi the sea which reaches ?iuiln six miles of the city, and from this they may dobark their land army and attack tbe city by laud. Ihe thirty-two thousand meu iu garriaou ought to be able to give a good account of these invaders, if that garrison exists In any otjer co lumns lhaa those of tho newspapers. It is scgKestcd that ihe attack is to be mnue tn concert, by <>*neral Butler overland, debarking from the lake or rather guif of PoDtchartralti, nnd by Captains Poller and iarragul up the river. If the.? be any real fight in theee boJligo re-its, thin is an impending event worib our interest. SnfTering* of the People of IOnglnnrt. WANX AMD I'AVram&M OF i Hit WUITK T0ILKK3- . \ KIM! CUANTK FOR ABOLITION U1ARITY. [Frota iti : London Tlnio?, ap;i. ill ) T" i? utm ;?'? iucamunt r*in bn* abat??n; tlio ikv Istslr ljir ?fi' i bright; lt><* ?i>ring fl'iw?r? art o'll in Dfiia ?t ,jl# J/ >M, mid (h'i M nn .? on ever/ ?Uiul> mi l fri.il b? j, in. 'tr?n far tbei? *r?? ? i l**M*n;<.-r Ka*ur, j;,," vliliolbi *,!??niu run tltnlr courio itur* ifcoiicv MIVU1Q ? tint in not rMmnlng. A nf mi h n t y, luflii 'iyj ax mtvh nt it 1h> rtin A<idr#>;thorn of half ? li Uams,?r n 'tun Had iwld'-.i y ?h"W/\ tii/p 4 B/ Ut(, ,v_ A tei rikU '0 im ienith Hrprive* r?unU*<? htr.tit, Ihrtmoh AMrtcli am' crfwkd oUUi, iA^r,Mani v W(:n> ? .!?. ? n'7 br ? "J It is a tl tho suno as if Hie grain had [KirisUed l>y Might, or the .rot by iot; for, tin gh Ilia food is mi the country, or within pumhaseable distince, tK4 m wj of purchcw ai\' n<A to b'- found, and peovl' perish, a: tauiaul in the da) ; of "Protection," in the midst of ful ?/. inaries and j.!'<'?' prmiiioHS. An iuscrutabls Providence ever varie* the dispensation. II wlllBHt U sal system, theu il w* ? * l?a.l hai vost ; ttMn it wuku ov ritockoii market; th*3 i' the !???? wtlieal rebellion of labor ugaiust capital. Ingenjsus men cudeavorad to f rjcuat tla next shape ot calamity, ami imagined ? quarrel with tho Uuited .Htates.tn which thoy would attempt tostarve us o<it,&'id humble us to terms by withholding their cotton. Th* A in rn-ans themselves grow proud of our dependence But that has now hap* pened whioh neither happened before nor so much as oc curred to any prophet of ill. Tho cotton crop has been stmt up on the soil that bore it by* disruption of th* .states ihomseives; and (Or once we are tbtr "baser aa> ture" that Ooraes Between the paes and fell incenscd poiaSr Of mighty opposite*. The myriad* who a few years ago were reading with heart the tragic tale of negro suffering and wrong, little thought that the]/ would one d ty exchange a sentimental far an ac tual participation in that story. The Amoricun abolilion iets, having preach'd to thorn in vain, now enforce* m re luctatot consistency, aiul denies them slave grown ratio*. The result it ? national disaster. It dooa not seem to abate, and no one can sajr what pass it will come-to. For a time there was bope, founded chiefly on the dMi culty of supposing that so strango a stato of thiugs oould last long. The war was to ond soon by the were prooess of exhaustion. The blockade was to be set at nought. There was to be a Kuropean interveuMba. There might be a circuitous traffic I'erhaps the eal. culations were wrong. Perhaps the stocks were larger, or India more productive. But all those expectation* have had their (lay, and the result is now Wore us. There is a dearth of eotton. The mills are passing day by day from full timo to short time, from short time to closing. The mill ownors aro tired of working their machinery to uo profit, or maintaining thoee who can give uo return. Tho amount of the suderisg overwhelm* private benevolence. The operatives have exhausted their sarinys, run out their credit, sold their furniture, and at last sunk their pride, and presented themselves before Boards of Guardians and relieving officers. This, how ever, is not the most miaerabio result. A letter wu pub lished aome days ago from '< A Lancashire Lad" de scribed tlie.sad straits to which tho poor factory girl* are reduced and the appeals to which they urc drivt-a There cannot be a hoart ta theso islands that will not fed for a group of girls wanting nothing but a day's work, and reduced to breathe in an under toue to the casual passer by?"Cannot you do (something to help tie? ' Can not we do something to help them? Woro there ibo least hope of that miserable war iu the State* ending wilhijk the few months that wi e men assigned to It, we should be only too glad to let things take lit -ir course, lint Ml see no such h i<e, and have to look the calamity in Uie face. * * ? * ? ? ? In the Union of Ashton-under-Lyne there are now about five thousand receiving relief, compared with naif that nutnbor in tho bad times four years ago, and little mors than a third last year. In tho Union of IJIa.kbur* there are moro than ton thousand receiving relief, compared with less than half that number four years ago, and little moro thau a quarter last year. The Bolton Union wsomowhat loss dependent on cotton,and mattors are only about 25 p>r cent worse than last- year. In Burnley Union moro than twice as tnany aro receiving relief as last year, and a good many more than in ths had times four years ago. In Bury Union there arc near ly twice as many 11 paupers " as there wero a year ago; in Chorley Union half as mnnv again; In Chorlton Uaics a third more, in Hasiingden Union about twice as many; in Liverpool 22,01)0, against 11,000 lant year, in Mao ciesiield Union a quarter mo e thau last year; iu Man chester township near 13,000, or more than twice as many as last year; in OMham I'm n throi-quai tors mors than last year; in Preston Union about 11,500, or be twe 'n two and throe times as many as last year; in Rochdale Union twico as many as last year; in Saiford Union, three carters more, in Stockport Union thr. o i m-.s as many. In these Unions alone there are no' less 1Icm 50,000 more persons receiving relif them there were this time la year, when manufacturers were already roducmg their produce, and keeping their mills open more for kindness than profit. These 50,000 per sons have boon drlvon from liijir only employment to tho hard nocossity of demanding reliol' over ai:d abovs the applicants of a period which might l>o called one of anxiety and approaching distress. Vut we aro assured those 50.C00 additional pauper .; do not at all represent the nund'i Made absolutely destitute ly the dearth of cotton; .v d there aro behind th ru many thousands as badly oil, whom nothing w ill mduco to como forward and parade tbclr misery to tho world. Now, what I- to be do- e' Leods suffers; Sheffield sufi furs; oven Birmingham BUflers?there arc threo thou sand more "petipm V there thm last year at this time. At Gov entry there aro neatr three times us many; such Unions as 3toke-upon-Trent and Kcclesall Bierlow ars 3 ffering considerably. Enterprise u (lagging at many oth;r plaeos; for po >ple do not know how soou tho flocd may reach them, bo they over so much out of the cotton district. But the ot iicr day u00 persons were starved to ?jiath, or m re mercifully .>ull'"<yttod In a coalpit. WiUt tho wives and children, here were about 600 persons tUrowu on tho public bonov'oleuce The details won Tor them a deep and peculiar interest, and ?70,000 flowed In with scircely an invitation. Probably a hundred times tho.' number of vtr'-im* are now suffer' ing only a marie prUrac'e 1form of th' same tortures, and we aro almost afraid to plead for them, there aro so many scruples and dilUonlties. lias not cotton produced a to attk ant an arirlccra- y of i's r/wn ? Has It not baan stated, without contradiction, that live millions, and. indeed, much more, liave been made by this very rise in prioen which wo cull tho cotton doarth ? ifavo not some of the mill owners Uioms'-lves laid up stocks, and then sold tbom ata great prf fit?nnv,""Tt for exjxj;iatinn to Ifem York) c c * Would that something would inspire n millionaire or two to addn us themselves to tho nobis and uecesNkry work of supplying helpmeets lor all these scauered and solitary Adams! But we cannot wait for this. Wrt must look ahead and watch tb>i peril in our course. Hare is a fearful mass of destitution that may any day prove too great for the local resources. It must not bo too soon adopted by the Stato, >aU it may be torn lite, and msanwhiio it most not be forgotten by any whom it may concern. Destitution of tlie Artisans of Bclglunu AN AHMY SUBSCRIPTION IN AIIl OF THK TRADESMEN. The Belgian Minister Of War has addressed in the tien^r.Vi comtnanling territorial divisl ns, Generals of Infantry and cavalry, and to all tbe chiois of orpr-, the following circuit.? Drvwelb, April 8,1S02. Gs.ntc.kmes? Jhe war in America his produced tin its* fortunate crisis la tho cotton manufactures of Ml e jo trios. Tlie town of Gi.sut tin, in particular, Hiiflfeisd m icli from that crisis, an I It is ureent to assist the numerous and bravo workmen by demanding of publla Charity re?oarcea which tht d'J.'icn y < f work hn* com pletely dried vp. I Lave liiougiii ilia. lb ? army would bs disponed to lend its assistance to r.ny rr.oasure that would tend to alleviate those sufferings. au t, in order to suable each to bring bis oilerlng to the valiant armyof l ibor. I have decided that in each garrison possessing a baud of m >slc arratuements Khali be made for organizing a con cert, lbs product <>(' which sh ill be applied to th? assist, anci of the working population of <;h?nt nave tbe goodness. g ntl'Miion, to take, in (bat wh.ch onccrns yon, the necessary tie] s for the execution ot this pro ject. CiiAZAL. Knglsnd's Land Fortfdrations Against an Iron Fleet. In the Hons" of Lords on the 11th tilt. Lord Virus asked what was ttoe intention of the government with rc? ect to tho lortifi'-ationsattiplthend, and alluding toths a< is of the recent experiments at .-pithead, expressed lit - o inionlhat 'be run ill or all lb" scientific triads aud In ventions would leave matters much as they originally nere, with respect to the relative powers of attaok sad de:encc; whou the fleet was converted into iron ships* there would bs nothing st tbs dockyards to defend or te bo destroyed. The Carl dk Grsy aim Ripo* was glad that the question bad bse.i raUed on this occasion, for the govarnmjnl de sired to bavs the question fully dlscusied, as their only object could be to provide as economical ami cheaply a* possible for tbe public safety. He was not surprised st the attention wMch the action In Hampton I toads had attracted, for ii brought hnm?? tu the mind of entry man lit fl/eo/ rkanyc which vhm taking place in maritime warfan. Mill, it was not the desire of government to proceed toe ' i Utar from any facta, however striking; but they would inquire into the bearing of these foots upon pre vious exparlonoc and the e\i?rltneiits at Bboob*ryue*e? and they ought not to too hastily depart from thaaourae which had been deliberately adopted after full conside ration. Tbe cost of the works st Spit head, already cos? mensed, was ?230,000; tbe contractor hud made great progress, and gone to considerable expense in maintain ing plant and ma'erials, but tho total oust would be ?840,000, of which this ?2C0,000 was !<>r foundations, Ac. Ho must explain, however,, thai if the farts were stopped there wvut>( te wry 'Wis *ai"J m to be awilaMs far tron ihipt Ihe totaHjogt of the fortiUcatlons recuse mended by tbe Com/atasiouem wts ?10,0oo,ou? ee ?11,000,000, but Parliament had only been asued tnsane ll n tbe raising of ?2 ,o0Q 000, and ef thU ??00 ,0M wee already expeuded fo?.- land, and ?T*JO,OOU incurred for oth< r liabilities, whi> ^ if the works went on the balance would be absrrbed. by Tuly next. It was also suppossd that by stopping U? works ?11,000,000 would be saved and appropriated W , creating a fleet of Monitors; Imth* wai crmiHm*'! 'V 4 ih> would n*t be (A. opinion ef tho** toho had ' ,tt?t thii qw4ion. The Commls stonera hat iatway* intended that these fart* Should be t>*? , Umn>'Kl If f ooting batterioi, wbiob tbe goverse>? 1 had by no nvans neglected, for the snra of ?11J?0? ,000 only referred to permanent and Oxed defeucaa. Tm ,tlng MUerlee were amost essential part of tlie schecae but if they bars thirty or forty Monitors scattered ak* ,g tbe eo.ist, they might be avai able at it* Iointofattw d. They would,therefore,bo most custly. andnctalu gather reli ible; for, arter what had occurred atSboebar /ue^?, It must bo felt, that It was still desira* blot"' rt' ,fy thi; most expose?l apd imi>ortant points. He e-.'tfln , the report in Hie Km?*of the enpirimonts at Kboeb t) n< se ns most accurato. Tliey showed the power ul tue ?j Hilary, wiiicli th<>y already pors'-ssed, but tt.ere was res ||y ,w HmUto fhtpoofr of the uu? Ue believed that is a short time tho same results would lie oblaiaed at a v ,u>U g'eatordistnncn tlian two htmdrrd yards dls taui* |Ui.dclr W. Arniftiong told lilm that d j that be wl>'' toim lent bo could make a gun of the medium rauge bd veen the forts and Spithoad. Those cxprrlmonts "Ir >wod ol*o Ihsl the Rrmt secret lay In tlie '-Large of If jwder, and It wns oti this sreount that the Amorican ','tns, with r small charge,produced so little effect. It I a|.iiea-fld t at '.no ?ia> the ir< t> |>11'e hat th" be t, but th? next the gun rtigslnad Its superiority. With tliose nhifting results tho tn"St einiO'nt solcnilflc autborltiea hsd concluded that th>ire wa? a limit, which th.iy could saiiiiy see by the thickness of the armor, anil the wslfcUtof the gnn whi<'h a ship could carry, if li waa to II mt, but the limit of the power of the gun was distant, and ut tho present they bad hardly appreciated It, while It was desirable tluti tliey should not proceed too li Mtily in mail irsattended Willi so much expense, wliho tboy tTilght S'Kin after 1 everse, but, although they wer.. in iliis state of transition, lh*y as* on alter! with r-uuniriet, but there w?< uo limit to the thickoem of the iron, and tlie weight of the g in, wlrfcib iliey could pla^eon a (> rt It was intended to continue Torts and float 11.k batteries, and Hi-y ought not to altogether uveibok tbu taut tUat the Msrrmiic, wUvu u^ued

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