Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 6, 1862, Page 3

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 6, 1862 Page 3
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?ffaiid to the protection of the forts, sad ths Mni fpr, a*fron#> ntt tiyurtd, 4ui not attempt to follow fir. The government hail stopped these wto(Md ?Starred the question back to ibd commission**, I* which other eminent naval *nd other sclenUtte men *WM bo ald??J. The government was not obetiuaiely warideil (o any scheme, but having receifSd the report J# the commissioner*, would consider and propose to Jtorliam:-nt what they consider necessary, IWJf confident that it would be received ui the tame spirit ?* before. (Cbeereo the Take of Cjummxii crnflrmcd the statement of the ?Obleurl,andexpressed hi*opinion ihat,after all, forts would be found to be indispensable. Sir W. Armstrong, va* wait very cautious, and did uol liko to express any opinion before he had actually toiled it, told him that it' ho tnt allowed, which ho was to bo.he wus saaguine that he cooid constructs all hundred pound gun which would pro Awe the sane results at two thousand two hundred yards, ???toad of at two hundred, although iho throe hundred fond gun weighed twelve tons. Sir W. Armstrong raid ksoBMlrf Mate machinery to work it will tk* cud ofmUyfiv* Mi. Ho liimsnlf had no doubt that the present limit would be obtained before six months had c la peed, and be koped the government would be allowed to proceed 8tea *** and persistently, undeterred by any momentary ac cident or occasional result, for to pause would be to be tMstanccd by other oountries. (Hear, hour.) The Karl of Eunxsounu thought that the government wm right in not proceeding too hastily, but he hoped ?key would not proceed too tardily, lie expressed an opinion in lav or of tho ultimate superiority of the gan, ond thought that forts would be esoeutial and cheaper then ships. They would set the tleelfree for other du Mss, and aOMd protection to it il weak or disabled All ?lions were now oager to construct an iron liect, but we Wool at once use our greater financial and manurnoturing resources, and, be the cost what It would, atonco place ?he country In a position of maritime superiority. The Duke of Sokkbsiit deionoed the policy of tho Ad miralty, and observed that if they wero to do all that was urged upon thorn, and bo swsyed by every popular psnie, they would Incur great expense, with doubtful re Mts. They had already begun to build Hi teen iron plated ships before they had tried one, and bethought this was quits enough at once. They now saw their way farther, and wero prepared to proceed with Captain CMis' and other plans. . Os motion of tho Earl of Oiunuu. their lordships ad *Mmed until Tuesday, 30th Inst. EVACUATION OF KORKTOWN. Important Despatches from General McClellan. Precipitate Flight of the Rebel Army. One Hundred Thousand Rebels on the Run. - 'The Rear Guard of the Enemy Over taken by Our Forces. j 1 Cavalry and Artillery Engagement Near Williamsburg* !tte Rebels Driven from Their Position and Twenty-five Prisoners Taken, FROBABLE CAPTURE of THE TOWI. btoretting Accounts from Our Special Correspondents. fOp?alkius of the Snemy Vreviou to Iba Svacuatton. fluting Us Stan and Stripes en the Historic Gronnd. ? i Seventy-one heavy cannon captures % feEWs fins from the Xerrimao Mounted at Qlonoester. Knsnsense Strength of tlio Rebel Fortifications. jVttcr Demoralization of the Rebel Army. iaiiieus CONDUCT OP THE ENEMY. Arrangements of the Rebels to Blow XTp the Works. MB MflHTIFIC PLL18 OF ?Ef. ffi'CLELLiM. ^Brilliant Achievement of the Union Arms. NPORTANCE OF THE UNION SUCCESSES. Important Movements of the French Minister. 1 ASKT7AL AT YOSXTOWH, a??) Ac* from General KeCltlUa. BE4DQVAKTKM, ABMT Or THB POTOIliC, t May 4?11:30 A. M. J 1 KM. jutnon, Secretary of War Hod Jj?i m?da abowa that tb? rebela *ban ill tbeir work* at York town two three inch rtflwd , two fo?r nnd-e-half inch riflod cannon, alxteen l, alx forty two pounder*, nineteen \ oolumbladf, foar nine-Inch Dehlgrcne, ana tan Mi anl?Tilail. one tea-tech mortar and oaa elght-inch Stag* baiMtaar, with carriage* and implaraanta com ?applied with meaty-els rouade of Oo the rampart* there are alee four I, wbloh hare not yet been examined. Thu Seea net Include the guna left at Oloaoeater Point, end gbalr other werka to oar left. o. d. UcOLsaxAy, Major General. Buxxjt'Aarxwi, A rut or m Potomac, > May 4-7 P. M. J S? Wm. I. M. 9TAHT0H, Secretary of War:? Oar cavalry ana horse artillery came up with the ene any'a rear gnard la their lntrenchmeata about twa mi lea fMaatde of willlameburg. Abrtakflght enaaed. Juet as my aid left, Smith* SlrMon of infantry arrived on the (round, and I pre ?oaae carried the work*, though I hare oot yet heard. naaaemy'a rear la atrong; bat I have foroe enough IP there to aaawer all purpo*ee. * We have thua far taken aeventy one heavy gun*, large aaaoaata of tenia, *mmunitwn, fce. All along the tinea their work* prove to hare been moi, fprmldable, and / am now fully MUi?Jlt4 ?/ corrod MM Of th* 0ourte J purtnni. Tbeaaceeae ia brilliant, and you may re*t aaan.ed that Ma eMeta will he of the greatest Importance. ?here aba!) be no delay in folio wing up the rebela. ***** fiittr >t m* p? ?r*?| THE REBEL DEFENCES AT YORKTOWN. f * The Formidable Character of the Rebel Fortifications Around Yorktown. LOUCESTEB 'QAITER ? 0 ft K B 1 V ? *fowARFS and barbarous conduct, in placing torpedoes within the abandoned works, noar wells and springs, and near flag, staflk, magazines, telegraph offices, in carpet bap, bar rels of flour, to. We have not lost many men in this manner?some foui* or Are killed, and perhaps a dozen wounded. I shall make the prisoners remove them at their own peril. 0. B. McCLELLAN, > Major General. Despatch front Colonel Astor. The following despatoh from Colonel Astor wss yester day received in tbis city by Mr. Perit, President of tho Chamber of Commerce:? Yomrrows, Va., May 4,1M2. The rebels evacuated this place at four o'clock this morning, keeping up a brisk cannonade to the last mo ment, leaving all thoir heavy guns, eighty in number, with their ammunit'oo; also large amounts of maltritl or war of every kind, abandoned, burned or sunk. DavIS, Johnston and Lee were pre^ont, uniting in opin ion that McCIellan's disposition of bis forces and artillery bad made the place untenable. Magruder furiously and publicly urged fl?ht. The fortifications ars very exteu slve and formidable, and their force had been largo. An assault upon them before bombarding would have pro duced great carnage, and might havo fulled. Oar gnnboat flotilla has passed np the rlvor, followed by large bodies of troops in transports; also several columns are moving rapidly along York river. We hope to come up with tbem before they can ro*ch Wost Point Our army is In tho flneat condition aud best spirits; the rebel army much demoralized. J. J. AToR, Col. and A. D.C. Cavalry and Artillery Engagement Near Williamsburg. HfUIKIl'ARTER", N'KAR Wn.I.'tMSinrRO, ) May 4?Kvenlng. ) ' The advance of the forcw, under command of General Stoneman, with the view of ascertaining the posit ion of the enemy, reached thla plnoe, two and a half miles 'rom Williamsburg,about Iwo o'clock this afternoon, on the road from Yorktown. The country, in moat in stances, was laid desolate, and but few of the bouses ?re eoenpied. On emerging from a cover of woods we came In view of Williamsburg and the enemy's earthworks. At the time no gnns were visible on the enemy's works, but ? regiment of oavalry oould be seen approaching, about one mile off, in line of battle. Captain Gibbon's reserve battery was then ordered to the front to open on the enemy's approaching cavalry, while a portion of the Sixth cavalry were deployed as skirmishers to the right and left. The Are from the btttery was very elfcotlveon the enemy's cavalry, but aevsr changed their course. About two hundred yards t? the right of Gibbons' battery was an earthwork, which had all the appearance of being deserted, whs* all of a sudden otr troops were opened upon by a deadly Are from artillery posted be hind the works. At the same time the rebel cavalry continued advancing until they were checked by a charge made by a portion of the First and Sixth tar airy, which was performed in a most admirable manner. In more instances than one it waa a band to hand encounter witb the enemy; bnt, strange te relate, none of our men were made prisoners, while we captured about twenty-(lveof the enemy, among whom Is Captain Frank Leo, of tbe Third Florida infantry. Captain Gibbons bad fourteen horses killed. Lieutenant De Welf * as mortally wounded. One gun was lost by sticking fast In the mud. Lieutenant Benton, of the First cavalry, and ten men of the same regiment, were wounded Lloutonant ltcClellan, of the Sixth cavalry, was slightly wounded, as were also twelve others. Lieu tenant Colonel Kness, of tbe First cavalry, had his horse tor with two of the enemy. He escaped with i few blight bruise*. Private Noble (Irish), of Major Barker's McCiellan Dragoons,bad hi* horse killed and was severely wounded In the leg by the explosion of a torpedo, while passing through Yorktown. The rebel cavalry was forced by our men to abandon their position, but the want of infantry prevented our men from advancing on the enemy's works. It being evident that it was useless to attempt further operations, the troops fell book about two hundred yards to await the arrival of infantry. General Hancock's brigade soon after arrived, but it was deemed advisable to defer further operations until to-morrow. We have information that the enemy are still on the retreat beyond Williamsburg. The rear guard of the enemy is very strong, as was shown to day. Sketch of General Btoneman. Brigadier General and Acting Major General Georgu Ptoneman is a nativo and citizen of Xew York, and was appointed a ca<lot of West Point from that State in the year 1812. lie graduated on the 30th of Junu, HW, siandiug No. 33 in his class, in which there were tlm - nine members. Among his classmates are the names of M^icr General G. B. McClcllan, Acting Major Goncrals J. G. Foster, 'Jesse I.. Reno, D. X. Couch, T. Seymour, and others; Brig idler Generals H. D. Sturgi*, J>? (Mk**, I. V. Palmer and others, in the Union army, and some few who have joined the rebel cause. On the 1st of July, IMA, he was promoted Brovet Second Lieutenant of th lint dragoons, and on the 12th of July, 1847, received bis commission of full second lieutenant of that regl meat. In July, 1854, he was promoted to a first lieu tenancy, and, in January, 1888, was appointed aid to Mnjor Geo. Wool, then chief of the Eastern Department, and in the following March was promoted to a captaincy of the Second cavalry. In 1850 he held the captaincy of Company E of that regiment, ranking No. 8 in the list of Culled States cavalry captains. He held the awe position in I860, and in 1841 ranked No. 7 'n the list of the oaptains of the cavalry In consequent of the promotion of Joseph E. Johnston (now a rebel) to a brigadier generalship. On the 8th of May, 1881, he was promoted to be a major A the Second (now Fourth) United States cavalry, and on the ISth of August, 1801, was promoted a Brigadier General of Volunteer* aad chief of cavalry on Major General McClellan's staff. Re has since been made an Acting Major General, with the command of tne whole of the cavalry force* of the Army of the Potomac. Re outrank* General Smith only fey being first named on the army roll, and not by any dif. ference in th* date of hi* commission. The Latest Mews Area the Army. Bkawjcartts* or tot Abxy. 1 New WiLLuanraa, May 8?A. II. j It oommenced raining about two o'clock this morning and ha* continued heavily up to this time. There la no new* from Williamsburg, U It is yet too early In the mornln} to hear. We will occupy Williamaburg early this morning. ' From there our court* will depend upon that taken j the enomy. PARTICULARS OFTHi EVACUATION. Rpecial Correspond cnce of the New Yorh Herald. Yorktowk, May 4,1889. Tbls morning, soon after six o'clock, Brigadier General Jameson, having learned that the enemy had evaouated Ycrktown, went forward with detachments from different regiments and occupied tbe deeerted earthworks. The Stars and Ptrlpes wero raised on the deserted fort iflcs tlona amid th* unbounded enthuiiasm of our soldiers The most reliable information I have been enabled to re ceive shows that th* evacuation was commenced on Thursday last. The last of ths rebel roroe, consisting of General I/>ngstreet's brlgads, Isft the works about ens o'clock this morning. I>KMONBT/t AT10K 8 OF TH* OTWW0 TUB VTA CUATION. H?iiiwcAiie*?jewei?ge t? MsswwMw < weather was dull and cloudy, rain railing a portion of the time. It was cxoeedingly difficult to observe any of the enemy's movements, by reason of tbe hazy condi. tloa of the atmosphere. Success in any undertaking de pends, to some cctcnt, upon a timely improvement of adventitious circumstances. Such has always been one of the seoreta of the enemy's success. In several In stances since the commencement of the rebellion he has displayed the power to seise upon and improve favor able opportunity. And to be took advantage of tbe dull, dark, dreary weather of the past few days for the evacuation of his position, which was universally believed, from what had been said concerning it, to be all but abso lutely impregnable. On Weduesday last there wa< firing from different directions going on all day. The enemy threw a number of hW largest shot and shell over the Immense forWActtion which overlooks lh' river. .Although tliosu missiles Hew all around us, some falling In the camps aud corns passing over tbo:n, there wore only a few slight casualties among our men. After the rain had commenced to fall in tho afternoon the fir tag was Increased. Up to this time it was principally con fined to tho ri*ht of our line,from which o-.r buttery of tlvoono hundred-pounder Parrott ,;uiik ami one two hun dred pounder, sltuate<l near tho rlvor, had returned the brliik flro of tho enemy. Thus th.ire had been quite a cannonade, Finding that our guns woro prliv ing so eT?ctlr?, sevoral of tkm tremeaaom shells h:ivlng burst over the fortification*. aud others, uj I have percoived this morning, ha, ing knocked away portions of theparapet, and dismounted ono of the heaviest guns, tbe enemy concluded to rolax his cif'rls In that direction and turn his attention to another ipiar* ter. Tlien,later in the afternoon, botween three and

four o'clock, we heard cannonading to our left, and it was evident thtt it was tho intention of tbo enemy, if possible, to divert our attention for the time being from his formidable post to the right. On Thursday, the 1st of May, the enemy sent forw \rd a small detachment of infantry, tho Miatusttippi Rifles, to koep up appearances and create tbo impression that be Intended to light, while subsequent events have th >wn us that he was afraid to light, and had determined to silent* ly evacuate. Everything was remarkably quint during the morning; but both sides resumed their artillery practice in the afternoon. 8everalof tbe shells from Vorktewn burst In some of our enoampuaenta. A pro mlse of fine weather was blighted Inter in tho day, when the Sky clot.tied over deeper than ever. There waa an occasional shot fired during the night. The morning of Friday. May 3, was dull and dreary, as several of the previous mornings had b*en. Soon, how ever , a gentle breeze arose, the sombre covering of etouds parted like *artalos drawn aside, revealing a clear, beautiful sky. ? rota* early in the morning, for several hours, the enemy kept up a rather regular and constant Ore from his heavy guns, as before. Many shots were sent from the left of the fortifications surrounding the town itself, and aa oar men were busily engaged In run nlng tbe parallel on our extreme right, near the river, l| was supposed that be had brought a number of field piecee to a favorable poalttoa outside his works, and was endeavoring to enfilade our parallel. Our big battery, number one, near the bank of the rlv?rf returned tbe fire, and made some splendid shots, a num. ber of the shells having been seen to burst over the enemy's intrenebments. Still he kept up the cannonade with a vigor whioh seemed to say that when the siege Should be opened he was fully determined to make a desperate resistance. For hours tho air resounded with the tremendous reports of heavy guns. Sometimes tbe report of one cannon and of the bursting shell from an other would be heard simultaneously. About noon the cannonading was louder and more rapid than on any day sinoo tbe arrival of our army before the town. The mi usually loud reports from the rebel guns sieatsd the Impression among some that the enemy had recently been mounting cannon of larger calibre than he had mounted there heretofore. Home of the shells went clear over General Mc< lsllan's headquarters. This was the first time that any rebel missiles had come so great a distance. Quite a number of tbe fuse shells burst very high In the air, ami large wreaths of smoke, created by the bursting, assonded towards tbe Sly. It was manifest that, instead of having heavier guns, the rebels were patting Into those whieh they had enormous charges of powder. Onf o? thjlr Ur^cst guns burst with a tremendous so lea. This sharp engage. ??^ailHW^>><iw?|V,amaf^aSla?HLa?'aqp? ?*" .a, au hour, when the firing bccarne Icfs frequent m the BUB ?hoBo out bright and warm, and the sky became clcar as crystal. In tho evening all firing had entirely ceaeed, and the sun set in great beauty. Many of our regi m.-nis were out on the open plain, going through the nsual evening parage, and these, together with the delightful scenery and the pi< a;unt weather, which was highly appreciated by cTorybodyj presented a picture of unusual splendor. The mildness of tUe evening and the peaceful aspect of the surround ing soenory contrasted strangely with the manceuver pig of troops and the active preparations for the siege. There had been no much firing during the day from the enemy's side that it was supposed on ours ho had ascer tained the precise position of our catnp.s nitd had begun 1 at l*; t to strive to shell us out. II uc?,in the eveuing an order was proinulgntod to the effect tlir*t during the pending operations Mailt Area only would be permitted daring the day. and those must bo extinguished at dark, from which time uutil daybreak no mre Ores would be permitted. j CONT1NI ATION OF THK CANNONADE Kl FE< T OF OCR | RIFI.KD Ol'Ktf. Very early on Saturday morn tug, nu hour or more bef ro i dawn, the enemy opened a harp and henry fire, ions ng j muny of our soldiers from tlieir ^lumbers. day light appo 'red a soft ban hung over the atmosphere; but by eight o'clock tho n atber began to clcar off, and the remainder if the day was u arm and beautiful. W new' Jamesou was of the tn Dcbes that day. (me Of his aids being sick, my Ml* lie* as volunteer aid In his stead were accepted. Heiice I had nu cxc< llcnt tpporltL nlty to roe the rebel fortlfications, to arn the first facts 0on? errilng iheir evacuation, and to wittier* ilieir si.lise quent occupation by our troops. That Saturday was one of the most interesting days wr had had on the right of oar line t-ince the conincnccmcnt of the preparations for tho siege. Large riewilr'from many of the regiments? in all seveial thousand men?were as usual working on our first parallel, which was nearly finished, and on now batteries and redouble which were in process of con struction. The rich crimson uniforms of the Fifth New York Zonnvee formed a pleasing contrast to tho darker uniforms of our other volunteers. To see them all at work was a very picturesque sight. Tho rebels, according to their custom, kept rather quiet during a few of the morning hours, little more than an oce.uait nai shot being fired; but in tho afternoon they opened fire and biased away as usual. We wanted to get the best possible range of the enemy's works, both at Yorktowa and over the river at 42 loucoster. before beginning a regit, lar bombardment; so we replied with thewe big rifled gunr. The earth beneath fairty trembled at each dis charge. W?e sequel has disclosed tho interesting fact that ever since we opened with that battery, at each die charge the rebels trembled too. The sound of the shot and, shell from those Parrott guns, as they whistled through the air, was at once fearful and beauti ful. It seem* strange to write down Rich a sound ??beautiful," when each reveluttoa of the proJecUle ia suggestive of destruction and death, but, nevertheless, the language I have usod gives a correct idea of the sound. The shot which doee the most execution? which dismounts a gun or kills a crowd of men?ts iMtinotively styled a "beautiful" one. Any artillerist will talk lathe most phlloeophteni manner of the beauty of hie guns, projectiles or shots. At the eagageaMnt near Lee's Mill, on the left of our line, a few weeks ago, It will be remembered that a shot from the enemy knocked down seven xml of the ten mea who were serving one of our guns, killing three and wounding (bur. Captain Molt, whose bravery ia aa unquestioned ?a his tenderhcee of heart, oould not reetraia his admiration of the "iplendld" manner in which the rebele served their artillery. Ills words were, ''It was a beautiful shot; but It killed and wounded some of the bravest and best men I had under my com> mand." I mention this In order to explain why I have called the ainglng of the shell la the air a beautiful sound. THirttig a greater portion of the day, and until after midnight, the rebels continued firing, principally from their largest fort, where their heaviest guns arc mount ed. sin Its were burst lug near where our men were working and ia our camp* further to the rear, but when the smoke or tho first flash of the discharge it seen, ?oMtars appear to have a convenient way of getting under cover; ao tbat, after all the firing by'the enemy, loir few of our men were Injured. Our big baltery fired leisurely, frequaal ct>an?*e la tM s?** o* *|i>>?aw?a A* ?a*wt 4tfhas*A with reliable precision. Having ?mm4 shooting for ? while, about Um how Tor tho eveaiag mil, the rebels commenced again and kept op a oonstant In un til the latest moment of their evacuation of tho town. Their conduct during Utis cannonade appeared inexplica ble. They throw almost every imaginable description of projectile. Their shooting a as particularly remarkable for its irregularity. Sometime* a shell would ouino clear over our parallel Into the camp* beyond; and then another shot from the game direction would strike the ground hair a mile from their fort ideal ions and rieochet over the beads of our troops hi the trenches. The burning fuses in the shells as they went through tho air looked like shooting stars. DIOOIMO Unit riT8 BKFUKK THB RXBEI. WOMI, At one time, when those shots came along the ground, we supposed that the enemy had discovered a small force which was kent under cover of the dark nets far be yond our lines to dig two ride pits in close proximity to their largest fort, almost beneath the muzzles of their guns, and was firing at those men. The bntlovteo which we had erected for tho reduction of tho town an known by numbers, and the regular redoubts by letters In front of redoubt C, towards the rlfht of our p>*ition> tbero is s rugged ravine, on one sido of which thore ran* one of the Revolutionary rifle pits, or, perhaps more pro" perly, one or tho ancient parallels made by tlie America* forces when they first iuvestod Yorktown. K?ar by is a strip of woods, and in front the open spare of gently rolling and gradually ascending grovind, which is swept by the heavy ordnance mounted on tho parapets con structed by the enemy. It was considered a matter ot much importance for us to have a fow rifle pits for our sharpshooters on this ground. From tbem our Berdana could pop off every rebel who dared to sight ? gun. Several officers had oxamiuod the ground with re ference to the digging of rifle pits, and bad pronounced it woll nigh impoesible to dig them without bringing on a general engagement, tho position was so much oxpoeed and so dangerous. In the afternoon I weat with General Jameson near that place on a reconnoissance, when, un aware that it was the point which had been previously indicated, he suggested to the diroctor of the sloge the Importance of having riflo pits pnt there, and indicated his willingness to dig thsm. The proposition was Imme diately approved, and after nightfall be took a small de tachment from one of hts own regiments, the Sixty-third Pennsylvania, and proceeded to .perform the work. We advanced oantiously, hoping that we would not be per ceived by the enemy so long as the clouds auspi ciously continued to obscure the rising moon. Arriving near the Yorkiown road, skirmishers wero thrown out and advanced to the indicated points. A little knell to the right and another to tho left wore chosen for the riflo pits. Tlio men with their shovels wero then brought forward, antl while thoy were digging the skirmishers were lying down a row feet in front of them. All this time tho rebels wero firing off their cannon in the wildest manner. Wo co-ild hear tho rebel artillery officers ae distinctly as though they woro not more than a do/en yards from us, giving the command, "One, two. three, fire!" It was tlicn, when the shells came so does, that wo thought lor a moment we hs?1 *%en discovered, and that tliey were Arms at us; but the sequel Kbowa that I he rebels were too bi;?y themselves to be on nny part icular lookout for us, and that they were not over careful about taking aim. However, wo did not know b'lt that the entire rebel force of a hitudred thousand men wore still confi online as. And nftor they had fired their !?:-t gun wo could still see their lingering lighie upon the parapets, though they themselves had k'one. riflo pits wero finished shortly after the time the enemy had cnmpletod the evacuation. FIRST 1NTKI.LI0KXCK OF i'HK KVACVAWON. !? tii? meantime ? deserter came within our tines farther to the left, and Mid that the enemy was evacn atlng Yorktown. Just at the first faint light of early dawu, three men were observed approaching oi,r o-.'.tor picket* with a flag of truco. They worn received by Colonel Black. At first It wua supposed that they were sent froiji Yorktown olllcially?perhaps with a pro positi for aurrender?but we toon ascertained that th? y luid come over on tliolr own account. They are men who formerly resided in Hampton, the bejiitifti| little tillage which was situated near the narrowwt point of the peninsula, and wbicb the rebels wantonly burned down. Those men bad boen forced into tbe rebel service, and they expressed their greet delight at tbe event which enabled them to eecape from sucb a di?taste ful and exacting service. This evmt was the oomplete evacuation of Yorktown, wbicb they then announced to us. They belonged to tbe Thirty-second Virginia regiment, wbicb was one of the last tc-lcave. The}'said that wlien our army arrived >n front of Yorktown the rebel force under General Magrnder was not more Ibnn eight thousand nea. Their statements couOrm the opinion which the movements of the rebel* since our arrival have In* duced some of us to form?I bat is, that they wcro actually frightened at our approach. When tbe bri gade had the honor of our advance marched along the turnpike road and balled iu tbe 0[?n Hold in full view, and not more tbunamile and a half from their roost forniiilable works, and when a few b.itto'ioa of our Iij.lit artillery wbeele-l into positions perfectly un protected fr. m tbe fire of their heavy guns, and threw a few shells rt tbein, the r< Wis wete terrified at our boldness. The prei .so Isn^unge of one of these de H-rte S, and oue of the tirst observations wlk.cb he wade, wxs Ibla ? 'lf you had gone over there thi' n'ght )?>u rould have carried everything." lie cnntirmeil tho fact of the bu:stiuf of one of their guns on Friday, which we saw niret onr selves, and adUi J that they had burst about half n dozen altog' ther. tome tf tin m I have ,inco seen lying ia ti e wot Us* THE OtCVPAHON BY Till t'NtON TROOr*. A few hwura previoua to tbli thiie oar t?l?grapb had been carried ?o fur to the front a.i the o!<l grtatmitl which ha* b?< ii tl*e<l as the lu-ad quarter* of the geuoala of the tranche*. Ueuerd Jumefon immediately tele gm. hod 10 tieceral Jltr .lohn Porter, Mneior of the ?W-ge. tli* intrlllgane* v\Mch the** dcrertor* brought 1 concerning tl??* evuoulion. Ha soon rKoirnl a ret ,y I lr?tr;.r.tlng Mm to pn*h forward a email for-# to procure authoritative information an to ibe ti'uib of ihelr aoaenloo. ilo took tlr!a< hmetite from tho iMxty *coo?d Pennsylvania r?gint?ot, under Colocel Binck; tl??* Twenty-rcoond MarMCi'tiaett', ncder Oolouel Gove, with a support of two cow pun lea of the Klr?t Ha**achn?etta, nnd?r Lieutenant Colonel Well*, and a.lvancod along tho border of the wood*, on tho commanding bluff which overlooks tb* rlrer. la the morning our outpoate and ?*ntln*l? on lb* Writ wc w?ra constructing were aatonlxhod vthen they tba aocwteme.1 rebel watchmen from tbo wails. Our n.*n in the trenches evinced, If poraible, aa m<ieh curio* it y a? ?bo-e who wore advancing toward* th* enemy's tort lieat loaa. Thousanda of heads appeared above the top of our parallel, and overy on* man Seated the deepe-t JuUraet la tlie scene* which were transpiring. : rt was only by a ?tern command that the Uenoral kepttb* mm from rwhtag headlong, heedleea of all larking ?mu Ker. into the lulrancbmenta. Very soon the dstactunanta i oached the ditch In front and began to Moot the para. pcU. General Jameson and Colonel Black Man led Aral. They were c'osely followed by Colonel Goto, I n ifiil Crawford and Captain Haaalar, of the General* staff, s*4 the H??*i n correspondent. Tba General Juki pad Ins Id* the work, which waa seen to be da ear ted, and pi isaatly It waa (warming with onr aoldlora. Tba glerlona em blem of oar nationality waa ralaed above tba daaa?te? biiUemente, and, aa 1U fotda ware klaeedby tbsgantla breens, the General uneovered hta band and ealtad tar ' three cbaera for tba good otd 8Ura andBtrlpea." A reeling of profound veneration araae In tba bear* of tff aa we beheld tba grand old flag waving over tba imilai battlements and planted oaoa mora on tbat hletorki gronnd. Too nay know tbat we nil reflate *b? covered,and tba air raaonndadwHb onr cbaera. Tw* companiea were placed on tba parapets, and tbmi we commcnoed an eiamlnatrnn of tba war be. We aeea found a Northern gentleman?a New Torker?wbo bad reluctantly occupied en Important poaHtan la tba rebel army there, who managed to eecrete hlmaalf when they were going, and from whom wa received valuable Infor mation relative to the mlnea tba rebate bad laid to Mow up tbe work*. ?nutwith op tm ronTJFicjtnoM. Those for li Ilea ttoas around Yorktown iteelf?which will be i- poken of In after tlmea, not alone aa the acena of aa important ?orrender, but aleo, after tb* lapaaof nor* than Plghty yeure, a* the scene of a grand evacuation ai A of the Hidden night of the demoralised rebel army? thoae fbrtiOeattona iroand Yorktown ware of the moai fttrmldabte character. I have poeltlve and reliable In formation Ibst evor tinea tba battle of Big Bethel, al mart a year ajo, and before It, tba rrbele ba<e beon hrr<i ?' work fortifying thle whole penlneula. Tb? work ?t We, I'ethel, and Utone at Howard'* bridge?1*> which I allmle'l la a prerloua communloatton, aad' whtob were abandoned when we tnarahed np hare ? m nih ago?ro<\it trad conalderabte labor. From tb4 tlOM of tba oewpaUoa of Yorktown, abo?t i yea# pwrtwu? w wis rmi

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