Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 7, 1862, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 7, 1862 Page 2
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Ihe F.mperor of Austria that l.e was lo do nothing In op. poMiiuu to Una a-raiif'm < it. Not lo cause fruitless disoussion, however, the young priest of imp -rial blond 1las bMn kept on the lower rt<-;>? of the temple, till, In ths fulness ot time, he ran bo exalted. The ca dinats, whose conclave will Uivo lit i duty of e.action, will re ceive from Frai:oo suck convincing argument* in aid <k a wue election that tlii re Is no docb! of their exhi biting a docile rniud, and the n.w lo(e will cuter ou his duties duly impressed with his dullo* to the church in gsnaral, and to Frame in particular. . Such is balioved by a.I parties here who have opportu. cities of a glimpse behind the scenes to be tha Emperor'? pri g ammo. In the meantime hia Majesty in very desi rous of winning good opinion* front the world. L' Um pire c'a>t la p<iu u tha text on w hich perpetual homilies are rung. Look tit the financial difficulty, and the frank maimer in which it bus born avowed. Louie how hia liajo?ty resigns h.s most cherished plans and leaves ?very thirg to M. Fould. Look h w carefully be abstains ftoia lnteriaiing with tho growing freedom of speech, and leaves the clcrgy. hatred fie has incurred, to ?bow forth Its wrath without m testation. Even while there Is undeniable distress stalking through <ut tha land, wbile insolvency through all too great oil it* of tho empire u attesting the consequences of tho American strife, and the Anglo-French treaty, whcno birth has oomo la troublous times, is adding to tha c<>iuuaion bow Impassive the Emperor remain*. It Is only when <triven to it by the positive in: inity of the Archbishop of Toh1oum that tho government interlerts at all. It <s under such circumstances that men cast s whtfnl ?ya to America, where, because confidence u> placed in ?be people, the whole population rises a* one man in the hour of difficulty to make i-ood its country. Here no one Is trusted, bo one is appcalod to. Tho very freedom of apuch vouchsafed the Legislative Awer. bly oroes only to make known the causes of dine silent. Journ .Is dare ?o? disstiss them, or ho much as hint at tho remedy; and therefore it Is that, like hounds, wlto, iu the pursuit of thnir game, are seldom lei t to themselves, hwt asutinual ly interfered with by the huntsman 's cry, the wuolo i>oo pie ar? looking towards the mysterious being who lias seised tho he,in of government, and whoso nod is as po tent M Oympian Jove's iu shaking the world trom pole to pole, for a sign. I am of opinion, for tho roasous 1 hivo atated above, that no sign jusi now will begiveu. Wiiat over word is spoken. th.?t of Italy must lie lb ? iiio. l im port ant , and tlio shadow of tiie dying lope at presant makes that ivoid a sealed letter to tho Emperor's lips. The Imperial Court is shortly about to ailjourn to Eon tainoble iu. Her Ma,ssty wont thin e two days a'O to arrange what is t' . med the Tha meaning of this tormis.that from time inttaeuiotlal it lias been the custom f ir the highest personage to atll\ the name of the party to ba invited ou the apartment al. died to tliem Whou tho ijuayu or Em.uass does this, the e can ha n> dispute with subalterns, aud it would ?euw thut the oui) manner of preventing such dispute is for the royal hostess to do it hersoh". The Empress scrupulously pirforni.-, this rite by luing the card with her owu han.s ?vary year. Tho Countess do Jloruy has had a brilliant musical party, ia which Kasiner, pianist to tho Emperor of Aus tria; iJlvort, the celebrated violinist, and M. da Coram, the Spanish singer, assisted. It was understood to be given, instead of a bull, to Earl an I Countess Cowley, th* English Ambassador and his lady, because it is well knuwuth.it no one belonging lu the Hi itish mission i? allowed, during the days of Prince Albert's mourning, to go where dancing prevails. A couUruiatiou was held yostorday at the English church, rue d'Augerrcau, by the Right Rev. the Bi hop of Ohio, who coullrmad for the Americans, and alsj under the aual of the Bishop 01 Loudon, for th? Engl sh. One huudred ana tit ty young persons presumed them selves. The Bishop addiesscd tha candidates with rare sloquencs and Impressivencss. Paris, April 11,1662. The "fron Clad" Bzcitrmenl <M Eurtq*?Frrn-h View of American "EquolUg"?iLa'e A'ciot from "Tummy," of ?Japan?IW Dirndl 8tce*hcrt?Thurlou> Weed?.Yew Optra, <tc., dtc. OU Euro[>? is rapidly profiting bj the relessen given her by Voung America in the art of ar con struction. In addition to Denmark, Prussia anu /, the free city of Hamburg is about ta create an iron clad aavy. A letter from St. Petersburg says that the Grand Duke Coustautipe, the Grand Admiral of the Russian Navy, has authorized, for the transformation of the navy, all tho credits awarded to tbo marine departmeut. Thus, as the correspondent very justly .--ays,*1 What would become of 8t. Petersburg and Cronstadt If stsol-plaUd ships could, notwithstanding the cross flres of our forts, gat through tha famous Pass of Cronstadt, and burs our arsenals*" la a recent discussion In tbe Chambers in Belgium npoo the everlasting question of the fortifications of Antwerp, in the course of hifl remarks M O omans pro posed the construction of plated rovolvlng towers (similar lo tbe one employupon the Monitor) on land, and which should replace all other sorts of fortifications. Here Is a specimen of the information in relation to the tnanaors and customs of the liuiud States, which is obtained by casual readers In Europe. Tbe Sitcle pub lishes It and vouches for its authenticity, and I give it ta you as it was told ta ths SiecU't thousands of readers ? Tbe Prince Kapoleon, when in the Onited Stale*, was travelling one evening on a river steamer, wbni. shout nine o'clock,a well-dressed, gentlemanly man cams up aad colore I into conversation wiih him. He gave him a great deal of information about tho I'mterf States, and talked mi wa l that the Prince, charmed with his elegant manners and conversation, to<k the trouble to ask tha Captain who he was. "Your Highness," replied ths captain, ' that is our oook." "What! that man?" said the Prince, of course very mien surprised. "Yea, yoor Highness," again answered tbe captain, "that is tha beat's cook. During the entlro day he is at his furnace, but when his work is done and hu fires are out he takes off his apron, put- on his ooat anu becomes a gantieman. After eight o'clock in the evening he is the equal of every one on board." Titers is a French idea of American "equality'' for you. I inquired of a very intelligent Japanes, sfter ' Tom my," who liii9 bean reported to be dead; and it will be gratifying to the many admirers of that tawny youth lo know (hat he was alive and well wlian tbe riubnwiy took its departure but thai he says "be left In* heart in America. W its fortunate | os*?**or rejoice. Yesterday the ambasaadors had an interview with M. Thouveuel Minister of Foreign Aflhirs, and tomor row are to have their formal presentation ta tbo Em poror The bad news which will persnt in continuing to come from tho Unitod Slates Is affecting even that hope'ul youth. Bovorl-y Tucker, who has be> n "whistling (and drinking) U> koup his courage up" evor since his arrival ta Psris on tbe important mission conferred upon him by tbo government or tbo "t'onledcratn States." 1 met him and anoiher traitor to th? country m whose offi cial service ho was sent, abroad, and to whose Cag and constitution h? sw?re slle^ianca, com lag down the Champs Elvsees yesterday. This was Mr. Jsiuee P>uchanan, late tinted States Min.Jler at Co poblia^e.i, and who staved hero as ! .:ig as theie was any thin - to lis got out of the olllee, sfter t be act of (ace.^ion had taken place. They both looked uamp and disma'. They both have been expecting iat offices under the new government, wheu it should havo been fully organized and roc gimed. Buchanan /ants to be Minister of the Confederate State* to some one of the Furopoan courts, and would ev?.> lake his old pla< e at Co|ieshigen, if he could got no other. Tucker,on the other hand,could not, I am Inclined to think, b? induced to take his at liver pool, as certain noisy editors might misriere to disturb his equanimity, but he would tike the'.'on* date at Pans. Thurlow Wood, Esq., is still iu Parts, but returns to London in a few day?. Anew opera, the music by Feltrieu David, entitled "Lalla Rookh," and founded upon >| ore s r^ni, U tu be produced su>rtly at the Opera < owiqus. Pam* April 1ft, 1W2. The Bmrptrov anil Italy?The F'portil JYqyaaacy of itu Counteu d? Chamhord?of the Hopr* of thi Le gitimist!?Hcorptwn of lKe Japan** ?Mx>?y If the ?/,< ftrvr?Jtff OtKit /muting m htn h F< >?i.-?llrsiwn~ Tlmrtow SY"*t, Ar., <t?., tf r. The axpre* tioa of opinV n on the part of I/>rd Pnimera ton that the French occupation of Iuirne was >? violation ?f th* principle of aoo-lnt#rvetillon which Frame had racognlzed aa well aa England, ant this expreseion of opinion being given just the lay aftet he arrival ol th? Marquia da Lavaletle, the French Anihw^dw to th? Papal Court, in l>?don, is by many considered an evi deooe that Uia Emperor is preparing to abandon Rome, ?nd ableid hlmaelf aa much aa t"'*>>?le in doing ao behind tha advice of Fngland. It is roi it Aered an aot unlikely that he may ba preparing Europe for om of hi* perladieal startler*. And, n?w that the hopaaof the legitimists have bean revived by the reported fragaaocy of tha Counted of Chaabefi, ha may think it mmtmurj to do aomething to Insure certainly to the sop port of hil dynasty th*> great liberal majority of Eurone Ihia atataanant in relation to the pregnancy of the Counteae to Chamhord ha* revived new hop** and , van tow enthusiasm to tha legitimist* in France and iIv.ro acattered throughout Europe. The fount ess de Ch un: ord !? tha wifaof tbeOouatde <,'harnbord ? Hut da Bordeaux? Who ia the aoa of tha Duke da Berri, who wna the mtond ?on of Char lea tha Tenth. Tha Count da '.hambord, there fore, t* tha grandaon of tha depoaed monarch, and Ih the ?niy living male representative of the elder branch of the Preach B<?urbona, aad in caaa of tha restoration of that Aynaaty he, under tha till* of Henry tha KiUh, would ?read tha throne of France Ha la a man of nearly sixty two,aad It haa bean up to the praaant time supposed that, with bia death, the eMer Pour boa family would be coana extinct, aa It wua aaid that ha was incapable or re producing his raca. The same was Mid, however,about ear portly friend, tha Prinae Napoleon, and yet there is M? the moat Indubitable evidence that Victor Knianuel la in a fair way to bocome a grandfather. But thera is ?till room for doubt. The Counters de < hamhord, If the really be in "the way that ladies love to be who lore thetr lor is," haa but Just "saved her distance," medically apaaklt'K for sli? wss born oa the 14th of .hiljr, HIT, an I win consequently ba forty live >eaM of ago on tha lith Jul) next. She was mari te'l in 1S4C. if tins story ba true, it will put an end to Cie tacit iuj* wlueh has suited l>?twr?en the lealtUauiM and Orlnanists over since (he formation of the prenwnt empire?:hat, in case ot nuUu?tu>:ittbiiv woul lAiu ilioir force.), permitting tho fount do i littaubord u> be km* whl it he liv.-d (with Uni dlstiuct nudertt ?ding ol" C'Hii so, that he was t? have m ch . I run), when, the eld r branch u. the Laab-ui dying with ium. the th i.ue should ttnitod to thtOount !o far.s, the sran'u 11 of l-oii.s Philippe, aud uow a c.ir'Uin lit the I ui. u winy. SkilJ, even though the touute^* tuny have su heir, it may But be a male child, ant, there'om, bv the Saiic law, will be excluded fr?m the throne, ia w huh case ail this rejoicing would be for uuijjlit.and the legitlmltUi w..uld d.'Ubtlei.- ba gist to unite ibmr force* with th 8" ol tho Home of Orlrt'ins Your f' l>jiid Jul!'. IVavis is not eo wholly devoted to th > ca '??# of the "confederacy" that lie no?Uct.~ uitirely to look out to* his own individual one. On the cjutrary, wilh a pntdonco and foresight which certainly, under all the circu mstances, are decide ily laudable, be has beon providing for a contingency, which,from preseutappea ancee, will MOB be converted Into a reality. I have it from the most uudiubttfd authority, from a source wh oh excludes the poeslbility of e ror, that he h s, within th ? la^t four moc.hr, pent over two huudrod thousand dol lars to Kraai e, and which is securely iu vested for bun in l'rench stocks. Hc hope it imy uj( be I 'ng ere wo shall have the pleasure of seeing him here, uule-s you should require him fbr an example aud a warning to all future traitors. Our distinf Uhed countryihod, John C. H-enan, has been dividing tho honors with the Japanese for a few days past at iho Hotel du Louvre. All his ossociitio s while in Paris were with ":ast men" of tho "sunny South;" but tlii9 mlsht have been simply frum the tact that among thorn lio touui more congenial lies, mo.e "sporting men" than he could bave deno among those from his own section of the country. He is looking splendidly, and if he does eater the prize rtnf w ith the little English champion he will doubtless make even worra work with him than he did with Hayers. Apropos of this- Keenan says that he did not conic over for tlio purpose of ft#htfog. and that he wiU not fight unleM It be made a s-.fWciont pecuniary object, and unless some arracgi men is are made by which the must perfect fair play and a fair, honest decisi m are Rua*^uteed. The -e | thing being settled, he wilt, be says, auy man liv ing tor the sum of tea thousand d< liars. Heonan re turned to England on Sunday at oalng, and it is under stood that lie i* soon to commence a series of sparring exhib tens with his former antagonist, 1'om Hayers. Thurlow Weed, Ksq., leave" to-morrow for Brussels, and from tho; e will go through (Jerinauy ncd to Home. We have had three or four day* cold enough lor Janua ry, aud it is feared that vogutatiou has been seriously in jured. April 18.1863 A French Semi OJkiul Organ on Lord i'almfr.ion? Iron Clud Ship*?Theatrical<fe, f <fr. The Constitution,;el of yente: -lay jKmra a broadside o^ hot -hot, in the shape of a three oolumu article, into Lr>r i Palmorston, for his recent speech on the Roman question, lie e u the opening paragraph-?'-Upon the Italian quest ion theorat>rsor the English goverumjut liave shown tUomselvei faithful to themselves?they have continuod to indulge in an amateur policy. Ipon itio Fioiuau quest :oa Lord Palme: ston has played ui?>a the surface, but has not rea-hed the bott'rn. As a cau^ummate Parliamentary orator, hu La^ above all, studied his audience, and had he contented himself with the plaudits of the Chamber, had he not at the clo3e of his discourse invoked the judgment ol posterity, w# would willinglv have lort the nobie orator in the peaceable enjoyment of his tri urnph. But silence is not permit'ed us in presence of statvstnaii who views matters from such a high ground* who counts with such assurance upon the Judgment of the futuro, and who, in misrepresenting the policy of others, gives to his own such complete evldenco of clair voyance, wisdom and generosity." The writer than calls the attention of Lord l'almersion to the fact that, wliilo he was talking against the French occupation of Home as a violation of the principle of non intervention. the des patch from Corfu arrived. in which, in reply to th? annu^ a.>y reiterated ataleinout of the Ioniaa Parliament ttia' the peoplo of the Ionian Islands desired to be united to Greece, the Lord Commissioner replied that the Pariia tn'-ut had no right to discuss the question' and adds, "What a respect for tho principle of non-intervention and the principle of nationalities.'' The writer then goes on to give the reason why, in spite of the obstinacy of the Roman court, and the hatred of it* counsellors, France still occupies Rome, preoccupied at the same time with its duties as a Catholic Power, and as a liberating Tower ia Italy. Every day takes inor and more from the lioman question its religious element and places it more and more upon purely political j grounds. The temporal power of the Pope was founded, and has continued, by submitting Itself to the condition* n< c.'asary to the life of a government. latterly, how. ever, thts government had been so badly admin Mered that "moral insurrection was jiermauent there, and that material order was no longer possible,except through toregnaid." In this painful condition of aliairs "two couroes of policy were offered to tto P.ouiau curt?the one wise and prudent, rec >m; needing indispensable con cessions, perfectly (omi^tible, however, with dv nity: the other distant, exasperating a.id coun selling endless obstinacy and men-less protest atlou. The first ef these has for it- defender at Home I . ??,wef wbl' h restored the Pi-niiflcal throne and | which for tea years has protected it with ita sword.' The other is sustained by a coalition of men who ha\e mtned every cause they ever served, who unite their amoinone :n their common ruin, and who may be called the pilots ol all the grand shipwrecks during the i>?-t forty years. And it is to this policy that Rome lends a comnlscent car. All this is ouly too true; but ihe faulU of the cmrt of Rome do not prevent us from hsvlue a great interest in protecting thy person of the HolvFa ther, a.id in assuring his independence, as certain difer encei with the Italian government d" not prerent vi from Ju|y ? question of honor. Catholic, and liberal, 1 ranee knows so well what he wishes in the peninsula, she is so nobly disinterstu < and so.faithf.dto all her grind traditionsTl''i,hth not discptieied either by the ingratitude of the^ue or he raise interpretation* ol the other. We expected however, greater justice from so ooi:ghtooed a states' man as Lord Pslmerston, This time the noblo lo*il seems to us to have been th? plaything of an optical illusion. W til he allow us one last oi.Rer-.atiouf It id place of criticising Fratice, the powerful miuuier would employ the Influence which ho ha* over a certain r?bl. net to determine that Cabinet to recognize tho new kine jj-yj-? ** *** render a great service The ConxtUutumnJ Is knowr te derive if Inspirations from the government ministers: and the article in oubb tton indeed bear, ,h, mark, of a greater vJV'a^d p wer than do usually tho* which aH-ar in thSt Jour. nal. .-inc. the difference of opinion exhibited between the two governments ou the Mexican question, it is said that notes or not tho moat amicable dest ription b.tve been passing acroas the Channel. This si tJcVe ol tue CmMutiwntl will excite a great deil orlre In England and the Fn,;ltsh journal,: will rome t > us ttHtVrim loaded with rituporation. What a warm, lovinir ??ai Uaace" is that which now exists bet*-to France aod lUiglaAde The Japanese Embassy visited the Orand (We on Wedoesday ev-ning, to witoeas the performance of ?Fierre de Medios," and, to judg* irow the criticism upon it given me by one of the o?i. *rs. they m<ut hare been very highly delighted, li s remark ua* that rhe actors "make ^reat noise, and make ugly tsue all the same a. crazy iwople in Japan." They were better pleased with the performance of Hamilton, the Robert Hondin. i>: wb< se exhibition they rend, red them selves immensely papular with the ladi -s and children by distributing among them a quantity .? |?rfameJ colored wood engravings, of which they seem to have brought with them a pleatiful supply, u I- a>?id th?t some of the ladies of Paris have be?u as iutatu tied with "neof the translators as it was said t it is to be hoc-jU without rt.ii in, hoee^er) some of those ,u y,.ur luljod < ity wr^ with the chaiming Tommv, and tfc-*t he ro reives au> where ft ?m a dozen up to flfiy hituf done tier diem. He isceruiuly "a mau to love, with a iiii?. oi>eti, p!sns n: owmtennnce, and a . ie:ir, brown com ploxion, and ?peal:s rlmjlish and French w th great per fcctKin, he being the only one of the partv, in.:?e?i who speak* tue latter lattg.isge with any degree or accuracy It Is stste I that si* projects have been submitted to the Admiralty rortliotrsnsrormation or the w oden steem vessel.' iuto iron-clail ones and it Is s.ild that a vea el ia to be bu It which, besm.e her iron-.v- ing, will carry a ?p ir weighing y.xtj thousaii I pouodt . Spam and AuaUtaare prepart ; t<i build Ir n-i-lad na\ ies- and two naval ottice's rrotn the laUer are to go toth lii.tet statu, to uko a look at the Monitor. IV reauli or the examinat.on or a number of titled gentlemen who, "kicked up a row" at the perform anc? of ibe "Cotillon,- at the theatie rtu Vaudeville has been published, although the judge made a so. vial order foibidding the pubiicauon of the evl "r "marks <* counsel. The pvnlabment indicted u)>on M. le Comte do i.rsinmotit Cadorwisfe was a tine of tlfteen Ir^uc. M. Is Coim? d ks'oarnel w?. mulcted in a similar amount: while tho Due Je Noallies O.ur.tPozzodHB .go, the Coiint do Merlemont and tlie Ms'nuis do Hsint Sauveur nereac<|iiltte<t. Tim has been sn unlucky week for the ( omte de Uramtnonl. Wuile riding a steeple cl^sc on Hut.day, at tho la,t meeting of the ses'on, st Ia Marche, he wa? thrown fr m bis horse iust a* he o.>me opposite tne tribune.^ the Judges, and al though no boues were broken he was very badly shuken Ine theatrical novolty,' Iai Volontaires de 1814at the Brst reprefenutlonof which it Is surp.?ed a "denwn fttratM on the part of HtiidntiM and io tb? gorm^nt inot.? ma*!#, will be produced at the Fuel# Sf. Mil rfm on Mvri'lay n^xt. Musard ha' rerftved permission to give a series of Sun dsy concerts st tbe Pre i atalan, in the Bois de Boulogne. Wince the o; enmg of the Jardin d'Acclunateui tbe termor place has bs.n almost deserted by the public. PARK), April II, ISM. /Uhj/iout Ubtor'-ancet of Hot* Wrtk? trance as ? BtHgt out Country?RapoUon't RtUtumi to Iho Itoly nuhtr and JtyhRMt?HtMM of Prince Mural't Son I Wtjt?Tht Natal Armor Agitation, <4e., Sr. I'assion Week hM b?au oba?r?ed with more than ordi nary rerercBce this ywr. The tapras* Eugenia hM eon itantly attended th? varloua aartica* with which tha R'ltaan CaUiollo church narks this aolunii anoh rsary of Christ's suffering and death, and tha I mi -ror ha? norar ooilttod his attandanca at tha morning serrlca of bis prlfsta chapel. K*arywhera throughout tha capital ib? principal chor<haa bara achoad with tha grand inn. ,1c:*! Mrtleas nf tha "SUbat," "TarabraB,'' he., and tha multitudes who hava thronged tha aisla* of tbaaa gor. gaous tanples of Christian worship, and tha ft!Stoat xBtlre cessation of ordinary coraniarca, *tto?t that, wbatavar msjr b? iba |>?htl?tl quarrel with Mia Holy Father whosits in St. PrUr'* chair, spiritually at leas* bo H still dear to the heart* of tho faithful. I eople make a great mist ike who fill in with the c icIcpo cry that iu Frarco tiie. e le no relljion. After a residence 01 l?no years, and with m>' at tout! a particularly directo! to tho fnib?ect, i h ive *o ber-itatl n iu stating my be lot that j of no Prates ant to- atry which at all a;>pruiuho?, France iu tho faithful discharge ol tho external duties o1 re1 :ton, and thii k in uiii>stoi.t itious clia. ay ?labors of lo\euil almsgiving?tt is secand to noue. It is Import ai>l to bear this iu mind At a time whoii tbo p.ace of Eiiroji# may bo broken any day by the head of thy church and (ho iuipe 1*1 chief of Franco. Whither the l.omuu qui s ion is dragging ua I Fup]?se only oce man in the world knows, and that is the Km jieror h nisei!'. Coita n it If, however, that already signs of coolness ate beginning to manifest themselves botween this country and England. Lord Cowley, the English AinbjhS'idor, was deputed to wait upon ihj Emperor a..d dUoovcr if it would be agree able to his Majesty to acccpt of tho Queen's hospitality at Buckingham 1'ulace?her Majesty remaining in retire ment on account of her recent bereavement?and givo the ecla' of his presence to the opening of tho Industrial Exhibition, to take place in London In May. His Majesty somewhat curtly Intimated that he would bo unable to do so. Lord Ccwluy wrote home, therefore, to say that no such invitation must be given. Then it was tuat appcarod the f |?eoh of Lord Palmeraton on the Roman question, which has run the gauntlet,-* all tiie ministerial papora In Franco; and only yesterday a formal notlou was Men in the Mmiteur that tho Emperor had no such intention as had boon falsely imputed to tuna, of at present visiting any foreign country. The Monitrw publishes tho following;? T >e journals ace pleased to announce that the Wtmprror is about to make an excurokra, at onn ttina to EngUiuT. and at another to Prussia. We are authorised to dt dare that, up to t'ue j?n-?e?t moment, lug Majesty baa not tunned auy de e!gu of going toa foreign ooi.ntry. In the meanwhile the only answer vouchsafod to thoso who in Eu^land are constantly hinting that th? Empe ror's sagacity has hitherto been appreciated overmuch? that ho is the mere c.sature of circumstances, watching the indication of tho popular galo?that tie is without plan or a political policy, and may ero long find himself without a throne at all?is that given l>y tho Count de Morny at the Agricultural Exhibition of France .namely? that tboro Is nothing new in language or this sort; that while at homo tho imperial government has found de tractors everywhere, and abroad more fatal propnecies th in Cassandra over uttcrod, the people have enjoyod a tranquillity, a nertoaai freedom und prosperity pre\ i >us ly unknown iu their history: while externally evory na tion under heaven lias treated Franco with a respect and ob-ervance inferior to none which has distinguished her in the i roudest days of her rocords. Tao.C'"iiliMi -nnrl, tlu u?os>t unr-ortaut of the soml "flic'ai organs, contla s itself to iutimating that tlio Eui|eror will sim|>ly con titiite todo in Italy v>hat ho has done. "Catholic and liberal,*'it says, "Franco knows so well what Bhe re quires in the Italian peninsula?she 13 so nobly disinte rested, and so faithful to all her great traditions?that she ha;. not to render herself uneasy either at ingrati tude or ful3e iuterprctatloOK." The Queeu of Holland will come to Paris next week on a visit to the Emperor and Empress. The young wife of Prinoe Murat'ssou (sho is daughter of Prince dc Wagram, the son of Herthier, Bonaparte's famous gonoral) is seriously ill. in the present statj of Italy even thing connected with the Murats attract? great attention hare. Prince Wagrmu is imuiensely rich, bat ir. et.sely fcind of hoaiding. It happeus, however, that the peculiar line Ms ambition has followed?that of desiring a crown for his daughter?is precisely thAt which requires a geueroua outlay. The Muratists at Na pies will not stir a foot without money- and this monoy can only be obtained from tho Pi i.ice. The struggle that ensues in the Prince's mind is most amusing to witness. One day, furious at the pecuniary sacri fices ho has been cailed ujion to make, he will refuse to advance another coutime. In raiu he Is told that all previous professions will be fruitless without tho required additional support?ho w ill give nothing. Tho crown of Naples may go to the tiiailt llrst. There is nothing for it but to let the peculiar object in view fall to the ground, and the Muratists at Naples find themselves under a wet blanket. Altera time, however, the ambi tious fit outtops the tutor nvmmi iu the Prince's mind, and again his thousands are squandered among thu rab bi* of Napioe, that the grandson of Joachim Murat may have a chance of sitting in the seat of Ferdinand tho Second. Suddenly, however, a mightier arui thau man'a is Interposed, and bis da tighter ia stricken dowu, and brought to the verge of death; and the unhappy father sees before Ulni the prospect of all his sacrifices, all his ambitious hopes,ending in that dust tu which prince aud peasant must alike return. The correspondent of the Cons/tfvtionnel, writing from Tur.n under dale of April 1&, says that tho language of Garibaldi is visibly softening towards Erance, an.l that he has writtsu to tho Genoese carahiniers to stir them up iu the suppression of brigandage ia the Neapolitan provini.es,aud to beg them to be in readiness to join the government as soon as it shall call them. Our Berlin Correspondent;*. Bnti.t.v, April 10,1S42. The Republican Bvbble Will Nit Bunt?Jsiertiomeerina Moietnenti?Plw^rt of Qfirial KhHoric?The Vniv ntilp of Berlin?The Pruuian Mtrchnnti and Leijxic fair? Prubab'e RrmlUof the Election?~-CoHn'. Eflenburg?In terview of Lou is Aiipoleuu triik the King of Prusiia, dc. If the result of the coming election* is unfavorable t j the Prussian government, It will certainly uot be tlio tault of M. Vonrierheydt end his colleagues. The activity or their official agents i? incredible, and the manoeuvres they resort to exceed everything that wis known even uider the rep-'me of Uaateutlel and Westphalia. The natue of the Ktng is placed In the foreground, the elec tors ere tcld that the late opposition aimed at nothing less than the fib version of monarchy and the establishment of a republic, and that any one who rotes in favor of their candidates must therefore be considered a personal enemy of the sovereign. This thomo is variod accord ing to the fancy ot the laudrathf, or prefects, who ere appointed to superintend the elections in the several provinces. One of these gentlemen assures the people that the real question at issue is whether they are to be go verned in future by the King or by the Jew*; a second announces that the liberals want to introduce a commu nity of goods and wives; others do not even condescend to reason xviih the "vile multitude,''but Inform them siinply that It is the pleasure of his most gracloca Majesty th.it they should return the governmant candl d ues. "In my opinion," says Lsndrath Von ?cbwding, "it would be be?t for the army te tako up arms, march fioin one end of the country to the other, and tread everything into tbo dust." The original is rather moro energetic;twit the inavitiea of Prussian officialism are not always flt for publication in the llKsaLn. It is but tight to mention, however, that Ust night's Pmtni-he y*ii?ng "inlaiD" an article stating that the Minister of the Intei ior has issued such instruction* to his subordi nates, requesting them to temper their zeal with a little discretion. There can be no doubt that this system of terroii*m will have some eTect, particularly H the rural dl.tricts, where ^npesaantry live in great n we of the powers that be;but n is not iaaj certain that it haattcitad .be utmost disgust among the more inteiiigeul and independent por t ions of the population, and convert**! numbers of very moderate men into violent opponents of the present gcvernuient. rhe Senate of the l uiversity of Berlin? a highly conservative b'dy?to whom a copy of the circular of M. do Jagow had bam transmitted by tha Minister nf I'ublic Kducstkm to serve ?s their guide at the next electious, have returned it with a diguilied pro t? t,atnl'mg that such Interference with then* ouoeti.u tiunal rights bail not be-n attempt-cd by any lornier mini 'ter,aud would not l>e aubtn tted te by them.nnd add ids at the same t ime that they totally disagreed with the ministry in regarding tbo present cont ,,?us ouo between royalty ?n tbe out* side and democracy en the other. Their 'example Uiu been followed by the Universities of Out* a aid and D- rne (with the enceptl >o of the Roinou Cstbolft ploie ors,who are refilled permi'sho by the Archb- hop;, and ?linlt?r protests ha\a been i.-sucd by 1)1 Itei ?B?oinllal cort? rati lUf, auch as the < hrunbur of OnnuMrot at i'revea and llw ( ou.oku Uwucil of this rity. A till more ?lgniflo?tit demonstration, however, proceeds from a Has- .vbo art generally t tionght to prorer (heir intere ,t to the triumphs of a |s4it oal principle. Ibe primary elections have been llxed for the 23th Inst., the oay on wliieh the great I<etpaio fair commences? evidentir w Ith the intention of preventing Ibe merchants, ?Ml of "whom belong to rartoui sh idea oi liberalism, or at any rate hava no aympetby with tUn red react lor? from appealing at the pons and throwing tbair weight into the scale of the opposition. At first it waa piopoaed to remonstrate with tha go vernment, and point out the inconvenience to which the mercantilenommnaity would be subjected, but as it was not difficult to parceiva that thla would lead to uo thing, the object of tbe authorities In Hiing atich a day being sufficiently obvious, the merchanta of all tbe principal cities of Prussia have ooncluded to stay at home on tha 21th, and not to leave for Ulpald till after the elections. Thla resolution haa been eonoun'-e*, through the nawapapeia,to their eorrospon dents and to the public In federal, and, aa it is calculated that tha fair la attended by upwards of twenty thouaand merchants and manufaoturere from PrusaU, no import ant busineaa operation can take plaoe till after their ar rival, If they are not suspended altogether. In view of these symptoms of public opinion, It may beaafely predicted that, notwithstanding the unscrupu lous application of Vha aorew by M. Vonderhey.it and his understrap|?ra, they will not suoceed In oarryiug the elections. The feudal minority of alxteen that gracod the last Chamber will doubtleaa be considerably reinforced; but even the most eangulno adlieienta of Brernm' nt despair of its being converted Into a ma lty. All the now Premier api^araUi hope Is, that ha will be able to tide over the nest session, of which it must be admitted thnre Is a fair proepeat, alnoe tbe King and the Mmieter of War have been obliged, bonpe major', to consent to the proposed cutting down af the i, Alary est mates, and he ift conse pieiitiy spared tUl noo,(~ ? ity of applying to tha Loffcd.ittire for tbo prolongation ol tue additional income aud p o via Ion tax. 'Hie gpoclallaat'ou of the budget, whlcn M. <le Pstow dochred to be impracticable, an I wh.ch led to the dissolution of the ijliar l>er, hasalrooiy b -on promi?eil by lua successor, and, ns ac roidmg to the rruepisn conititutlou to ? ra;irt!rentMtives of tbe pofle are not allowed to rstotbc reg liar est; inaie?, b>it nn'y to drolino the imposition of now taxes, aurt to watch ? vur tho disbursement of the revenue pro ce '<!:.<({ f oiu tlio old oi.es, ihelr censure of the govmn i?e i l? lu<y will bo of very iittie nau, hi Uwjr lnvono practical in hum of giving eflbct to It. Tl.oy may l"hs re h 'Iihi ? h about ?i?rinm imity, the Hetwian uneaten, o. lii". Awi?-iiolsU>ii, and what uot, b .t at I'ug as M. Vaidnrbey ill does not want money he need pay u > more a tliiiin tl.a.i to ihelueuora ionsof miobatUK uo ciJiy or of ilm Jut, eiiol Order of Ot! 1 I allows. AnJ yd luere bttuid ti l o a general tooling thil bin rei<; i wiii uot l.e M long dur.it on; at least ho has not sue cooJ d hitherto in prevailing up. n any j u*i?#ci.abaperm u to connect Hinted with bin. by accepting the jwrt'/aill* of trade, vacant by hi.s Owu removal to the finance dj |4t; tuioui, aud wiiich boa eveii gou* hogging for nou. ly a mmill, ah a doruier le.-crt, it U to be ottered to Count Kuloiiburg, tli" uagoU ?tor of tho ti e.tios with J ipan and Siam, of Boon aj ho returns i'rom bli KatWin expodilim, it: wh.ih he Is said to have oviucuJ remaikablc tact aud alulity. 'lbu rumor of an interviow between the King of Prussia and 1 o IB Nii;.oi :'in id aguiu revived, aud m qiiMWI which 1 have Uouuiiy found lo bo well informed. Whetlier the meeting will come oil at rotsdam or somewhere

uca.-er tho Kltiue diK>a not a.n.n-ar to be suttled^ior is it co, tain whether it will be coutlned to a teU-aI It between those two sovereigns, ,rjoiuod by the Emperors of Austria and Kussia. The admirers of the French a.tor.iat ima gine that he will endeavor lo pe euade the thre?? Wim> Manor the Kant to ackuowiedgo the kingdom of Italy; but, cotiniaering the equivocal nature of his policy aud tho obstacle* ha is c ntiuua ly placing in lite way of Italian union, it is diltic lit to believe that he will exert hU i u liu once in that direction. His NapoioouM li^ealy is lu a vory bad humor Just now at the failure of bis bcheme for transforming the Mexican republic into au empire, and no doubt his vacation will be sympathised with by his august couToren . The vitality exhibited by thete republics is truly mortifying; they will c mliuuo to exist, all arguments to the coutrury notwithstanding, and even the Thundeiar of Printing House square is uu able to pat tbain down. It is really too bad. What is to be done with such itnpracticable ooatinacyf ; TH? MEDITERRANEAN FIEET. Our Llibea Naval Correspondence. (inran Si at?j 8uip Ounbtbllatiox, 1 lust o.t, April 3,1802. j t cryagt if the Cbnstellation from Portsmouth, N. II.?Run to fayal?What I Vat Seen On and Ojf tJte Coal?A Petty Cffioer Overboard and Drowned?It alth of the Crew?Saluting the flag of Portugal?Obnjun^iu in Harbor ant Good Peeling Tjwardt the Union?Hoyalty Under a Oloud, <#c. I have but a fow momenta to note you a few tinea, which may bo of intoroat to your readers, before the ship which will convey it will be o(I for Eng'aud. Wo aalled from rortsmoath, N". H., on the 11th ult. for thiscorust.by way of tho Azores, intoading to itop at l ayal on some business of minor importanoe, and to Bee what could be gathered of intoroat to our government there. We had a very Bno passage to that point, making the land in irsa than elovon day a, experiencing heavy weather and northerly gxlua all tho way, but proving tba excellent Bailing qualities of our good ship. When we reached tho point opposite Fayal, we " bore to" and at tempted to effect a landing, but found soon that the ofTurt would be unavailing, and that we were more than likely to have such weatnor at loast a week ou that coast, and that it would be useless to wait longer; eo we put off to sea again, sailing dead ahoad of a terrific gale and rain Btorm. We saw at Fayal only throe small craft, appa rently in chance of the Consul, flying American colors, which wore all tho sail seen within six hundred miles of that coast. We rogrctted being unabla to communicate with Mr. Dabcey, our Consnl; but it could not be helped. Four days out from Portsmouth we met the American ship St. Helena, rrom Bristol, England, sixty days out, bound for New York. She knew, of.course, but little of the feeling in England towards our people. She probably reported us upon arriving at Now York, as her captain boarded ua. Fiva days out we lost everboard John Campbell, a na il v? of Scotland, from Lowell, Massachusetts. one ot our potty officers. Though awry effort was made to aaro him possible, U proved useless, as tho tea was runmug high and the ship going ten knots. His body was re covered, and burlod the next day with appropriate ccrV monics. This ia our only Sirlo in accident us yet. The crcw consists or about two hundred and seventy flve mon aud thirty five officers. All have been, and are, uuusually healthy. We made tho coast of rortoi;dl on the 89th ult.; but on account of bad weather and the ruggednosa of the coast, and strong current of tho rlvar at Lisbon, did not reach anchorage until tho 2d inst. Captain Thatcher gave a national s ilute, which was relumed from tho castle. There we found the Kng IimIi frigate Shannon, which had arrived the day pre vious; a Spanish sloop of-war, a Prunaian naval school ship on a cruisa, and three Portuguose men-of-war. All of thorn boardod us as toon as we came to anchor, and pi e?onted Ih-ir compliments to tho commander. The Shannon, which sails for England this morning, kindly ottered to take charge of our letters, which we, o( curst, gladly accepted,dolighted to got so good a chiuico to send home. I had a chance of a few moments' conversation with the officers ol the FngliBh man of war, and was surprised at their apparunt chinge Of sentiment and the tone of in creasing good Ie^lmg and faith In the federal government and its p^wer. None of these nationalities, as here re presented, have much sympathy with rabeldora, pnrticu Hrly the piratical port of It ; and all talk to us as ir thoy would rejoice to seo I he war Mitt led speodily and ih favor of the Uuion. We have had a very kind reception thus lar; and, although we have not vet had time to snund fully tho feeling of the people of thla country, it is clearly favorable to us. The news had just arrived last night, via England, of tho exploits of the Merrimsc at Norfolk and the acci dents to our ships. Ihs facts were grouty ozaggoratod, as wo happened to know from having hoard of thj whole afl'air before we sailod from the I'nitod States. The same mall also brings the news that tho war is settled, or Ik to be immodlately, by a proposition which has been made by the foderol government, to yield all prAsent points in dispute and acknowledge the Southern confederacy, pro vided they .< hould stipulate to abolish all slavery in thirty years from the date of the compect. They Roomed greatly pleased with this here,and expressed much sur prise and apparent disappointment when we Informed them that we thought ir the abolition of slavery and set tlement ol the war depended upou any such terms ns those, that consummation so devoutly tn be wishod for would never bo arrived at; and they were quite taken aback when we laughei so heartily at what appeared to us like a big T. Ann? aell. That paper Is quoted here as the authority for the roport by the Portuguese papers. It Is now nearly six years since an American man of war has beea at this port. They seemed much astonistal nt our arrival at this time of war at home, although they had heard by way of Rnglaad that an Auierlciu man or war,tbe8t. Louis, had been sent her*. They appear pleasod to see us on short, and speak In the kindest urtns of our country. We have not communicated with the Consul, Mr. Rob inson, nor tho Minister* Mr. Ilarvoy. As soon as that is done we nliall have F?me thin?* of interest to write you. Now. lying in the stream, it Is rather dull thanotber wiso. Wo -)m!l i:omioun;cate to-day. I will wrile you again Trow this piece, giving such g'o*?ip of interest as I can gather. The young King I.^ulsJ. is said to be In very low spirit*, never having recovered from the shock occasion ed by the death ol his brother. He has a physK ivi con Slantly with him to Inspect everything he eats and drink*, and* very strong feeling appears to he growing up agnlnst ih" Prime Minister. Juicing from th<-j? re pons of Madam Kuinor.and what litllo we havesuen,! should say that royal sporis and court flummery arc do cldc<lly 'lull?duller e\en than the country aud people which thoy represent. The KtMinif I.* already under ftiwrn and preparing for ths salute* M4 formality of de| arttire, and, lest the ac comui' dallug ''Lion'' should be inch a beast an to leave your conetipondent In ilie lurch, I must cut short my gos;lp. NEWSPAPER ACCOUNTS. Work of the Blockading Mqtand ron. carom ok a British TKSxn. okk CHARLKPTO.".? TU IIIIZB CEF.W SI KflH.iH) BT TUB CRKW AMD TAHKt: TO LI V KB root. (I.tvorpo.'l (April 21) CKreBposktaBee of I/>nc?on HorsM.] About hIx ur MTIB o'clock this moru'iig lit* Einilie M. Pierre arrn ?<l in the Mei *ey 11 on Charleston. Wo bavs not arcaiU.u >d ilia nature of lier cargo, but Blie brings as wonderful aitory as any <>n record. It nppeared thai the vessel lott Calcutta and proceeded ihenra to Ch it )?x trm, with tho intent lr>n of running tha blockade. While reconnoitering in ordor to elfoct tint object tha wa-1 ob served atid speodily captured by* federal cruiser. ,\n usual, under such circumstunres, a prize craw wag put onboard tha capturod v?nnal, tha mam portion of bar own crcw being tranalerred m tha federal bkx kadlug (?hip. Tha ofllcers, however?tha captain, tbc mate, tha cook and tha steward?wara loft on board tho fcmily St. Pierre on parola. While the vo?6ol was being taken to another port tha recapture took place, which forma the moat, teumrkable feature tn the wbola onterprtao. The prise crew, having left a small watch on deck, went below. This afforded the necessary opportunity, and tha olllcere of the Ijnille St. Pierre, baring overpowered the watch. proceeded to cloca the hatches In order to prevent tho prue crew reaching the deck and affutding any assistance to their eomradea. The oraw below, of c?urse. resisted, and a builet flrad by one of them passed through tha shoulder of tho conk; but ersatually thoy were overoomo, and the hatr bways were securely fa stened. They arrived bera IB Iroua, having made no further rettntanoe. It Is stated that thu brokers or tin vessel are Meisra. Fraser, Trenholm ft Oo., of tie town.?[Same flrm aa transact* buslneis at No. 42 Pine slroet, New York.?Kb.] VOYA01 OK THK BMILIB ST. KIKRRI AMD 8KB OAK rtnta. [From the L"ndou 8tar, April 22.] Few events since the breaking out ef the civil war In America h?ve caused greater excltemeBt In Liverpool than the soddou and unexpected arrival in the Mersey or the wail kBoWU Confederate ship Km ilia St. Pierre, re cently announced aa h iving been captured by oue of tho fade: ai ships ol wnr. The Kiuilie St. Pierre sailed from Calcutta In Novem ber lent, With the iutontiou of rulintng the Mrw kftde Into Charleston If possible. She was laden wiMi 3,000 coerne Canvass bags, technically called guimv Rbe was MtetiSibly i> ".n'i tor SL Johns, N. B.; but lier com BiMida ,utptnla WI!sM, after ?u ordinary voyage, ar rived off Charles on harbor on llielVhor Mari.li, ? hen hia refiitit was oaftoirM by the 6t?aiu?r Junes ACUter. be'ongtug to the United Ftntae governiuout. The fact was ttiua auuovaced in the Nkw York Hkbaui of April 2;? Unnm Fiifii Bruntu Jou Aookr, orr { 0UA4MMTO*. b. l)., M.iruli Id. U61. I At 12 SO P. M, to-day mghted * veoael 111 I lie o'llny, and im mediately weitrhad Mtliiir andVaned o>.l u> her. An eo?in M ahe fcaw 111 ?iart In puri-nit etie nhorteiied mil nod huvo tn. She proved to ft-? the E.ml e Kt Pierre. hilling from I.nri rp.K.1, hihI pi-ev t it^y from Oiilrut:ii, i n (h - 8-ith of Nu veiuhir lust, an I from a4uA.1t.au 1> irniwr 7. We sent I v? POjOTi on I oard, look i>. of her, and look her to an aoan r, one oiluo r.'iiutulag iu cliance, the otiier fc.ki.iu tlie eaptnui and papers to tke a nler oiucer, who condemned heraaa lig.il prize to the Uftited Ntaten ateanev James r* A pri.e crew una put oir b aril, and she waaxent to 1 nll.iUvl|i|vK The ahlp ?u fc Hi at li.ih, Manic, i> IdM, and wa? loime ly a Ouaiiratoa ami Ijireipool paekei. but has i e n cm ployed for the laa; lliroe )?utia la the C^i utla and L... ,rlea on trade HI.e had a full oirgo of gwnniea, and wa> wlma oiy bona I tor rit. Jobu i, New Brunawiek. She ai o.ved no i-olur>, nor was any national ena?n fount on Lo rd. A few momenta before kIi? uai boarded ihoac on 1 oard were ob?i*r\ e I to throw over the ?-riu a email package, tv.,i<b Ini'ueU a.ely ?auk. 81ie waa formerly owned iu Cnarlofclon, and iloublleai it iVt present. M.iny I .Iii^h on lo i d wi re marke I "Charleston," and on the *:ern "Charleston" had boon eraaeil and ''Liverpool'' a ibnUtuted. Messrs. I raser, Trcnholm tt Co., of Liverpool, the con' algneeg of lhe ship, dony that the vera-! wag iiitondel to r.n the blockado, and state that tho cap turn's orders were to call off Charleston, ami if tho blockade waa runted to enter that port; if not, lie was to go <? to St. John N, H. They Fay that tho ves.-el is owned in England, and cumin iinled and manned by Knglishtnou. Tho tlrsi maio of the i< mtlie, Lieutcuaut Pierre, is iu the hands w the federals, and not ou hoard UU ship. , THE NAVAL REVOLUTION. Ait Iron-Plated Coait Fleet for Ra(land. [Krotn the Ismrton Times, April 21.J VTe are informed that a atop of great importance Hi tho eitotiog Mate of onr naval aflairs h is just been taken by ttie Hoird bf Admiralty, ,'t is woil known ihat at tho |mo aont moment our entire fleet of anwill vow-ols-of-war is built of wood, and la wholly unprotected bjr armor Voting. Vveiy corvette, sloop and gunboat in tha ser vice is 11 J>le, therofnro, to guddon and complote destruc tion by Uio shell flro of au enemy. In vi?w of thoae facta, a complete stop has recently 4>ee? put to the con atri.ction of further vessels of thia kind in tho royal dockyards. In France for noma yea: a pa.-t, and in Aino.ica during the lost y?ar, small iron platod orult have boeu dosignod and built; but in all cases tho le have been lit to operate upon home ooasis and hiroora only, ami hive b#ja wholly in ca; able of performing general sea service. Our own AI miralty and their constructors have naturally boon averse to the building of similar ve nets, but at tho same time no means of producing sea going platod ilii[>s of ni"derato dimensions havo beon dovis d. At length, h iwever, a mothud of construction lias been devised, which is said to aftbrd crcat saour.ty, with a compara tive'y small amount of plating, and which has met with tli * lull approval of the Hoar i. Tho new dosign has been male by Mr. K. J. Reed, formerly of tli1* 55cliaol of Naval Coiistriiction, I'ortj mouth, uow Si*, rotary to tho Institution of Nava! Archi tects, under tho general supervision of Admiral Hob in son, the Comptroller of the Navy. It is aprlicnule to nhips of various classos, and provides for the use of a power ul platod battory of Armstrong guns, with a preat tangeor fire; for the security of the ship from peneiration be twoan wind a id water; for stoamlng power s srcely iu fe. ior to that of the present unprotected vessels; aaii lor the protection of boilers, engines, rudder hea t aud steer ing apparatus. These advantage-are s.iid to be secured witl>o.:t at all compromising the Alness of tho ship to receive a complete rig and equipment, so that she may bo fit for son service iu any part of li e worhl. The do sign, we understand,has been placed unres rvedly at the dis'.osal of the Admiralty, who have issued an ordor for its Immediate adoption, and nave appointed tho iuventor, Mr. Kee I, to superintend the construction of the vessols in Ucr Majosty's dockjords. Tho timber now in store, and evcii that already converted, will be available for the new vessols, which are to be timber built below tho water, but incombustible at tho upper part. Although I he design was only completed a week ago, all the pre limlnary arrangomenU for carrying it out have already been mule, under the immediate caro of the Comptroller and the Duko of Somerset. Tho first voesol is to be com menced forthwith at Deptford dockyard, and is to be named the Knterprise. Immense Armament for Tw# ITew Frigates. [From tho I/judOn limes, April 23.J During the pant few woeks 1m rc supplies of the best descriptions of both angle ?ad plate Iron have poured into Chatham dockyard, to be used in the construction of the Iron steam frigate Achillea, SO. Thi< number of hands employed upon the vessel will shortly be Increased to TOO, Utu utmost number that cm l>o ajcomuiodated in the fatory adjoining the dock to which tho Achilles is under construct ien. Messrs. Collier, of 8a I ford, have received orders to erect two poworful machines in the factury?ones " slotting" engine, for cutting and shap ing the slabs of iron whioh will form tlie shield plates of the Achilles, and the other a planing machine, the Urgest of lis kind in ths world, for suiuothing the surface of the plates before they are affixed to ths ship's side. The projecting bow of tho Achillea,forgartaitboThames Iron work6. ha* beeu Used in its plsco, ami tho sternpost will hhjrtly bo received from Glasgow, whero it is being forged. The following are tho principal dimensions of the Aohlllcs ? I-ength betwoon porpendicilars, 380 feet; length of keel fortonnsgo, 888 feet yt In.-h; extreme breadth, 68 feet 3K iuchos; breadth for tonnage, 68 feet IX inches: breadth, moulded. 58 toet; depth iu hold, 21 feet 1 inch; burden,6,07? 5.91 tons. Orders hare beeu recoived at Chaham to prepare the following quantities of projectiles to be supplied to the iron screw frigates Hector, 32, aud Valiant, ;t2, now un der construction st private est ibiishmeuts for the Admi ralty? viz: 280 common one hundred an I ten poundar and 290 of the segment one hundred and leu pounder Armstrong shells, US common aud llSsogment twenty poundor Armstrongs,au4 200 twelve pounder Armstrong sheds. of the sixty-eight pounder smooth bore Moor s->m shells, ninety-six of the seven and a h.i!f naval six ty-eight pounder smooth bore shells, and ninety-six of the sixty-eight pounder sod tlfty of the twelve-pounder diaphragm smooth bore shells. The solid nhol to l?e sup plied to oach of the above ships U 1,680 sixty-eight pounder, iMO one hundrod and ten pounder Armstrong, seventy-five twenty pounder Armstiung, and arty twelve pounder Armstrong. Kach vee ol Is also to l?e supplied with 115 commoM twelve pounder howitzer shells and sixty twenty-four pounder congreve rockets. The above is the largest quantity of projectiles ever ordered to bo furnished to any vesiela of that class. The "Itesm Ram" Di fenct la a Danger ous Condition. [From the I/ondoo Times, April 22.] The Defence, eighteen, iron frigate, Captaia R. A. Fow?ll, C. H., In No. 10 dock, st 1'ortsmouth. on the wster being pumiwd out of the dock, into which she was hauled on Friday last, has been found to ha^e an exces sively foul bottom. Thtswitl now be thoro'ighlr cleaned and coated v. ith a preservative composition. The defects specified are not numerous, but they will increase in number if all apparently requisite alterations and repairs are exoruted while the ahip is in the Lauds ol the dock yard official*. The popular lialief is that she Is so divided and protected by water-tight compartments that iu Ihe event of her bow or stum, the parts unprotected by armor plating, being partially destroyed by an enemy's shot, she would mill float and flglit her guns neat ly as elllciantir as .-lie did before her bow or htern was in jured. So far, however, is this from being actually Uie case, the firvba UUity it thtl *A" woultl (pi fatonfrvm Um the f'tl of St offiirert and new, h*r .'n-rntlnl naitr ttphl eom?mrtmemU, as at pr**en(J('e>t, quit' v'ltu in pre. venting wati r from either end reaching the midship part of the vessel below. Admiral M'alcott, K. W., o> the Haw Ha vv. [From the London Times, April !i2.1 Ye*ler<'ay eveuwg the Klglit Hitiorali.o the I.ord Mayor rikI tli? lidy Mayor?M gave tb? nrr-QRUunod entertain roent nt Ilia Mansion Huum to a numerous ussomblsgs el' ladies nnd gont.eiuen. Admiral Wat/wrr, In scUnowledslnj; the loast en be half of the Navy, i,aid th? recoa. battle in American waters li.id tvudorod the toa.-it, which bad mot with no generous a resjonse, on* of |w liar interest. lb* whole country had been startled with the iiewf, and required a promi lness *'|itai to the *meri:ency. The noble lord at thohe.id of the government bad rns|* n i?d to the uaivar en! ucmniid that our entire fleet should be reconducted u|?n a new prlnci; In. The country ung,udg>i,g|y would ftrniah ib" cost ot thi* gigatiiic twilar taking; our mine*, orr feri.ea i.tK p'ibllu aistmls and private yard! would furnish and wield the native iron wbloli Kagiaud provided Inexhaustibly to our liaads. 1 be houor svd -afety of the Uritu-.h Isle? worn staked njton "iir imimdUtnetitrancenn this gmat work. Mean .tints we head l>o\s uo sl.irm. The problem had y t to be solved to coast rue I on ih? other kidnol Utv Atlantic soa going vv-sels which '.oii'd, ? .Ihiut danuer to theniK*.ves, go out of alght of laud: ai.d as re garded matters on ibs<ontli<'-ut,w? bad had tnnoly wuru ing, and bad dl-pl iyed oui detmmiflniioa to bo (list m tb'i race of reconstruction in whi h every maritime Ku ro|iemi country would lake pai l. (Cheers.) Whatever might be the vhangex In Buval warfare, rnweve. d!f lei out the miuio uvies ofour ahipt. and lUe condition* of our turtles, wu sluiiiRI, he was proud to belie;a, preserve tbn spirit aud courage of our reanu n, animated ?ulb the mui* Indomitable rus luli n which led our fat liars to victory, and the future would adorn as bright a page in the hietory of our country aa the past. (Cheers.) Knglnnd'a Feara from the Revolution. I From tba l'arls Conatltnttonnel, April 21.1 e e e ? e e It resul's from the engagement between the two plated ships on tbaoosst of America 'hat the Msrrimac and the Mouiter are not in any reaped to be comparsd to ihoaa already poessssed by aeveral Htatns of Kurop*. The plated frigates which Kngland haa launched,defective aa they may be, would cartalnly give a good account of the two American shira built In such a hurry. It la, never theless, true that, auohaa they are, these two slilpa, or rather floating battarisa, would destroy the most solid wooden fabric. This fast bslng admitted, the con?e quenoe Is clear sad Incontsetable?namely, that at this moment tba noblest fleeta of uoplated wood are powerless ss Instruments of wsrfare. This fact our neighbors cannot perceive without regret?they who have spent for the last three or four years more than three hundred mlllioua In building new wooden shlpa. We saust congratulate ourselves that France has not been drawn into this movement, flhe hss left the Kngltsh Admiralty to quietly go oa Increasing their wooden fleet. Our Minister of Marine haa prudently re served 'he regulsr and moderate rasourcaa of the Budget for the building of the only plated snips which, I bank God, give at this day complete satisfaction. The ex ploitaof tba Merrimao have again proved the Inauffl nency of land forlltlcattona to protect the coast. THU, aim, u n trmi nM unptwtnl fact for one neighbor), who rushed iuto Incalculable expenaa on land far Mirations. The nava! combat which so sttracts attention shows the necessity of Inventing a plated ship whuh shall combine strength with sailing i>owers. The Merrlmsc, tin un wieldy v><*a?l, had to retire before the Monitor, which is smaller aud le?s powerfully armed. What Is now proved beyond doubt is, thai In the two woitds tba war navy is uudorg 'lug a cmpkie traimlor matlon, and tba' we must contiiiuS in the samn line, without prscipitstioa, csruvitily, but also wit'tojt wenk n?as. The Wavlea or Prtnct a*d Italy. [Toulon (Aprtl l*) correal .oudenoe of lh? IjOhiH'B Time?.J Yuiteiday was a frisy day. Tlio engineer ol the iroa platad frigate Invincible lighted im tires at eight Mi tli? morning, ?n l thu c inuiauaer sailed oil a trial trip lor six ''ay*, during which she1 is to touoh at Hyores umf at Villuf. ancu. 'ibis voyage will couclude tlia trial Of UM Invincible. At twelve o'olnck the Italinn iron plated frig?*eTon> bin sailed for U?ii'>a, having three boats iu t ?w It his been tleciled by the Kmpuror, it la aiid, that no further change shall be made in the Toulon ileal until it shall be replaced by ship* protected with Mo* pin tea. An order received from Carl* yentorday by telegrt^fc lias boon communicated to ali engaged in the 0>nstriJS? Imd of the frle ate Thorn la that sh<i muat be launched at tea o'clock oo Saturday next, the iitith of AprlL The Navy of Holland. Thoflx'ht between the Monitor and the Morrtmao, say* a lotter from the Hague, has produced iu Holland an itn prensi'-n the more profound that lor the I at five month* a Parliamentary inquiry bus been pursuod, hi a gnat ex po.s.;, for Uie atutly ol ihp beat means of liuiroriug the national navy. That inquiry iuckuleU a number (if que* ti >im now decided by the progross of military science, thus the Inquiry bas been per Coolly uaelcxM. Trial or 91. Bl(rea, the Krench Klnanei?r> HIS TIIKKATS OK KKV1SL AT10NS AUAINST IUUH ?? BON AH KB AND ACQUITTAL BY TIM AFTKAL COl'UT? PIBMNtaa or TUH UANJUSJt AMD KfPOitrB OV HK VK1KMD8. I I'aria { Aivril 19) cweipondonce or London Time*.] Whoa, about lourteeu months ago, the polioo >?..cha rt tioe ordered peals to bo put on tho aroount bo kg aa4 papers of II. Mires, and himsoii to bu arretted and onm niitied lo prison on Uii various charges yoa are already aware or, it wan ruinorod that he- would at once revenga himself by disclosure# alfooling person* who. he inajr have conceived, would not or could not save aim fruoa tho exposure which has since t .kon place, fublio ca r.a-iity was axe.ted to the uunost, and the name* of paring 6upp?ito<i, r gbuy mt wrou?ly, to lwr* accepted largo gruuriiios ir ?m bith were la every bour's asoulh. It waa (ben, thought that in iha course of tho proceedings M. Mires, in one of those momouts of ittfcsiauaio excitemeat wlieu he aoetna to bs boyoud all control, wo.,Id let the secret out. Tho be, rot was kept. The cause came on a second time bi-foro tho Court or Appeal, a id lb> Court of Appeal oinarmi-d the sen.o:ice of live yoars' impr .S 'iiment and tiuo pronounced by thj inferior trib .nal, though, strange ly enough, ft eliminate loi.oof Uie Berlinscharge*uba twl hint. This brought it boi'ore the Court of Cssbotioa, which auasho I ti ojud, in nt on the ground of informal ity, and tout it 0'oe more to nnothe tribunal. As the ca me could not be referred to the a nno court in I'aria that had nlrcady tried it, it w*3 sent before tho Couit of ltouai, where it Is now going on, an I it wil? probably come once more be ore the Court of cassation in co.iso* itucncc 01? the expulsion of Mires from tho C mrt of IjmioJ for soma violence of language on his part. The inor mality consists in the expulsion being onforocd by lb* presiding judge, with'mt, as tho law refill.o<,ivevio?a consult itioa with his fellow judi.es on the boncli. But pubiio curiosity Is twain r>UBo<l by co tain my.'<?? riovj w??nacc"< utterjJ by Mires in opan court, when ha tioeiaei on th) very verge ot tho ling expected disclo sures. In the comse of his address ou the evidenoe iha I'rocureur General ol.-s-jrved:? On th? 2M oManuary, I956, Mires bouelit of the r-ttjref Marseilles400,000 ine'res o iaud at ;>0i. themct-?. On ti e 27tli , I Marin, 1>5 ?, h i mine i, fur the woikii go' hi* , ur? otisse, a ro-npuny with it rap tit! Of 25.0JU,' 0J itidtd lutb 10,W.i fharm, at 2.'It!. the sbar\ Illsa ib cr.ptlon sureeeded, iiii.l the lint lunta'unent, lMf. per share, gave hiuj lS.OMMlinC Ou tiie 6ib uf Jt.n , 1. 6>, ho reieaed tiic-?c sh..-es o. 10C, antl issued J;,000 d-be tores at .001. In onier to comptot* tl.e uompan} 's cap tai. 1 h ? Mayor of Man llles t os :s'09 of thi'ne dfi.ni' res, and (he subscriptions for the remain ng l ,(if0 (fiea ly e .cemied the t.r r> h ug w us succees tui?the subscrip'ton to the share*?the debent ites; bat Mire-, could not on wit lulled w.ui i'-giitaiato a..c ess. S ,ch was the double wronc, both a.; regards shares and deben tures. The -hatva gar him l&Oiu.uOuf.; and he ceiacted secrrtly O.OOO.WWf.. whtoh disappeared from the common fund. At these word3 M Mires, who (a said to bavo wttk ditticulty rostrained himself while the Prooureur was mnking bis statement, sudiloui/ iuterrupiod him and said:? If the Court dairrt it J will now Ml to whom I gave them 6,LWfi>)0f- I gave thtm away, and, 1 repeat, I will UU flU names of the yartiei i?tohont I gave them. Tbo Judge oDse. ved?"l.o Out interrupt; tako notes; consult with your counasl, wlio will com pie to your do fence;" and tha rroourour, without noticing the inter ruption, passed on to another topic?that of the Romas railways. Mire* on a subsequent o caskm repeated Ids offer, at his threat, of diacio.-ing tkj names of the parties to whom he unduly paid ovsr so 1 >rge a sum as 5,000, 00UI.,4 or ?2?n>,000 sterling; and he eniy watted r?r ? word or a sign from the Court to do so. Now, when we call to tuind ttu? anarchi ig mainar is wb.< h accused r<>'sons Rr? interrogated by the Judges, bow every eliort is made to draw from them an admis sion of their culpability, or to put them la ooiuradiotiSB wi b themselves, so that the Judge seems to act the part of proseoutor, it is considered very strange that tbs Court should in the present Instanoc h ive turned s dvsf oar to Miros' otter; and, still more, that the law officer who prosecutcs on behalf of the Crown should have laased it over In c implete silence. 1'he Prooureur dis tinctly charged Mires with having secretly abstracted 6,000,00uf.?"11 a fait unpre levement occulta de 5,000, OOOf., qui disparaissent do la Caisse social*;" aud tuers could bo no sufficient reason why the accused was net permitted,oi rather not called cpon, to explain to what purpose he applied this large sura, or to whom he gavs | it, for he does not seem to have disputed the fact. The consequence is that the strange rumors wnick cir culated a year ago are now revived, and persona whs may really bo inuooent are brought once more under suspicion. An allegation of the kind, so long as it rests unexplained, bangs over almost evoiy one supposed ts possess influence, as it would only be to such that a mas like Mires, engaged in so many simulations, would think it worthwhile to present a sutn of fiOOOOOOf. If the affair o?me again before the Court of Appeal, and if every chance of acquittal be lost, the accused may then maks what is called a clean breast. COCK AG K OB HABDtnOOP Or TBS PINANOTBB?HIS APPEALS TO TUN LAVYEB8 AMU LASUU. [Paris (April 20) oorrespondruce of London Mar.) The Mires trial still goes on at Douai. Mires continues to be as hopeful aud energetls as hs ever has been. The torments of the mit an arret, sad the rUlts of the Jnge d'lnstruction.or the effect* of ? year's confinement in ono of the most gloomy of Iks Kreach prisons, have not in the Slightest degree broke* down his elasticity. A few days ago be was compli mented by an old friend on the strongth of character which enabled hitn to boar up so stoutly against auveras fortune. But Mires answered, "tftu vmU* muet Autre mcnt jt ne ttraii pat Utret." Tho doublo condemnation which lias been pronounced against him has not In the least shakeu an apparent cos vietion in his own innocence, or, aa be calls it, hie owl probity. Accustomed and hardened at his conscience has been by the every day practices ou the Bourse and the chicaneries of Unanclal life, us well as of financial laws, he can see nothing but legal subliot lea in the accu sations brought against him. tt? inseusible is he to their moral b iartug?if tbey hive a moral bearing?that be one day said to Jules Favre, who. at his request, went to see him at the Ma/as, "I was very desirous to have s (hat with you, bee .'.use I brieve you to be one of the m<<ht hone*l wen that it is possible to meet, but, at lbs same time, allow me te say that In point of houesty you are not ene whit ray superior." Car from b?tng angry at tho oouiptiitu ni, M. Karrc felt greatly flattered by it, aud hat, I under?!snd.frequeatly rep ated it to the me?a bors of bis profession who rtcfon'lod Mires. Tbey included the greater number of the flrst rate am ecu* at the Paris bar. In the Correctional Court there wei? I'lotxjne and Matbieu. in the Imperial Court,Cre mieut, formerly Minuter of Justice, (br the proporatkNt ef hi* case for the flupremeCourt, Herryer. Kavre aud 14 choMd.aiid at pre-ent laze ?nd Mooguir. But none of alt this legal gala^y have detemied their client with as muck ability as Tie did himself. His !a- t statement of bis cass is considered a m.uterpleoe ol legal discuss ion. It U true thai there it little of technicality m it. But ail the (Uuui ciul impaction! which are bro ight agaln."t him are Justi fied hy the every day practice of the tl .an'lit authorities hare and by e< on- mlc the rios which be advaucrt with ? broaillb,ongiL?iity, and apparently a atieugtb of oos victKm, wh cli wo Id cei Uinly gain the dsy were a jury to decide his cause. The ladies who are in the habit of listening to ths plead'UgK are evidently gained round to bis S:di>. Tliey fre i' untly cootrlre to pnst hiin glasset ol tau mere*, and bow in tho w iat sriu|ielbUi:ig nmnnnr to him whenoves he la being In ought into the nock or token from It by s |i*'r of *ei; Jin nies. Tbey ?l?o send b muuets of ilowers to Hi- cell, and one who has considerably sutiured by his rtariuj trsesadions is the one who is the most anxious for kia acquittal. Mheiisont a copy of his bit*J?ur is every fair sympathiser wlioae name he could discover, ?ith a messagti to this ulfcct:?"Your unerriug instincts of Justice and if mercy havoslroady a<. quitted me. But I now want roer reason to prove me innocent." IPuri* (April 22) c >rreepoi?dcnce of the 1-ondon Timee.l the ac juittal of M. Mires by thj Obort of Oouai, with his immediate discharge from cusbsly, communicated by telegraph, h*^ laken few people hero by surpi i-e. Ind*. pendont'y of bis Innocence of the charges ?ga|n?t him, hut of which be was found guilty In th i Paris courts, M. Mires uttered threats during the !<ouai trial, or some thing that looked like thieals of disclosing the names ? t part ten (?? ??*'??? he paid mtr Jlrt ?<'/na/,nn t, winch, me c n-iig tx the I'ro-turttr Uftrral, hart bf-n ntoracted /n m the company, ham that moment moet j>-oplr icere erriaim ef th? wit. Now that he le acquitted and res ored to ll'wrty it Is n?t likely ba will make disc o?nres which, apiiarently at least, were meant to tntinndste tbs perrons menaced, but who now breathe more freely. flia Chare Ik of Vrnnrt Against Blavrrjr. TUX FAMOt'i BI8JI0P OP ORLKAXfl PRATS POH Til UNION CAI SR. [From tho l/omlon Slur, April 23.1 Mgr. Dnpnnloup, Hiabop of Urinaria, hating recontly addressed a lettw to the clergy of hn diooeee o <ndemninf ?1 a v cry, thu 7V mp? praises without restriction tho aenii menu of the learned prelate, and expra^a Ita aula factlon at being able to admire at the name titno lb* eloquent language employed and the opinions eiuroaaed. We openly acknowledge, aaya that Jetunal, that tto Blthop of Orleans baa boon happily Inspired In thl* etr ?nmstance. While protecting thnt be will tike no part in the lamentable quarrel which now divides the Uutttd State*, Mgr. Dupanloupsuiua up the circnmstancee of II in striking terms; he then recalls the ngvlar, <rpii.ab't and pactfc mtmvrn propoeed and adopted to put aa eo4 to slavery, ooucltiding in the following precise terms:? It Is the flrat time wilbia siity year* that the ocatral power bat adiiptrj a deoidud lino of conduct In tho matter, ami that it hat pup>ge<t the entire nation in a rignroiu mi or* agaiimt the fvlL The queation, therefore, w ithout Ix-iog terminated, It terlona'.y entered out a atop hi a been marie, a imth of hope hat been o|>?tied. That Is an addltloaal moiira lor mjrtell, an.I an Imperious need lo prnjr (Je l that fl? nuip dt iqn t't hlt'l nn rntfrpiim the fxMrifi* eoiution of mlih mttti ha uiLntly u for. Then. neiug alwre the local question, Mgr. Pui>anlou* emnbaw hand to hand the principle of slavery, an I ter minate by quoting that famous declaration of the <ou?? Cil ot I* Hoolielte, drawn up in Ut:>3, ahortlj after the ? mancipation of the ulaves In Di? Ki encb . dotilea. TIM Catholic Ch irch kunlu>ay itqfU r d th? m a t tla rv tw whvk a of Mti ?' ? r i?(wed, lo l\' o e<W idri ...( Jlh'ir awl M nm* tMifi to Ukm to r??i?t?

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