Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 7, 1862, Page 3

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 7, 1862 Page 3
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w great an eoil. Without, Indeed, examining too closely f that has always bean the doctrine of tho Catholic Church, we applaud tha "ardent vows" forniod by M -'r. Dupanloup,"that this severe slavery should at leugth eoase on the entire surface of the Christian world " The liishop of Orleans doos not confine his hopes to the liberation at negroes in America; but in noblu language lie exclaims in terminating:? Alan! filavei are not the only peopl"' oppressed. There are souniries even m Europe,/<?>' the" ?'? <?? h*tund, therein a Poland, there is n Si/ria, where oppression exists, umler a different form, without Iwing a lesser evil. For mynelf, I shall never reHign in \ self in any evil; I dap lore all, and wifch Uiat I were able to remedy nil: and. If my life is siillkleutly long, Willi thi! Ifra v of Qo'd 1 "ill nt? irlutr it entirely lu con tributing my weak share of elfurl und labor t<> tjfn inn,' ' 3ne, lilt those scourges ichirh tit *1 lint r liuulii It '//. If I CI it i 111 act I would do so; if X' could speak I would raise my voice; if 1 :an only pray, I will at leant address my prayer to God. We take uote of these words, and tfia opportunity will Dot ba lost of rocailing them to the notice < f tho bishop, If it ware only for tho benefit of tbo Koinans. American School Bunks In (lit Tullerles. CHE PRINCE IMPERIAL OF FRANCE TO BE TAIUUT KROSi THE BOOKH OF OlTR PUBLIC SCHOOLS. TParis (April 21) correspondence of the London Star.] It may ba interesting to those who are disposed to agree in the opinions lately advanced in a letter written by Mr. Bright on American education, to hear that the Prince Imiierial's school books are selected from thoso published by tha grammar school committees of the United States. M. V'attinar was, I understand, askod what elementary books for children wera best for edu cational purposes. I am told that he agreed with the hea l governess at the Tuileries in giving the i> reference tn American, and I know procured between twenty-five and thirty, many of which were translated into French for the special use of tha Princa Imperial, who is taught his English lesions out of tha others. Tha Invasion ?f Mexico. PROGRESS AND OBJKCT OF NAPOI.tON'S POLICY. fParis (April 20) correspondence of the l.ondon Herald. 1 Pending the decision which It is gtunrally expected will soon be arrived at respecting the Horn an question, tha political world are making themselves miserable about Mexico. Private accounts received hero state that the intercourse between Admiral La Graviere and Gen. Lorencez is tinged with great acrimony. It is said that the (ieneral has instructions to supersede the Admiral as Commander-in-Chief, but I have no official conUrma tkn of the statement. As to the designs of Franca on Mexico, a paper by M. M chel Chovalier, in the last number of the H vue des Veux Monties, is looked upon as giving a positiro clue to the intentions of the government. If M. Chevalier Is well informed, it is very evident that, as far as Mexico is concerned, the French government is not inclined to let "1 tiara not wait upon 1 would." M. Chevalier painly states that the objeet of Franca in sending out the expe dition is to put down tha government of adventurers, yclept the Mexican republic, to establish a monarchy and place on tha throne that artificially created Arch duke Mftiltpilian. If the ?rchduka should prove obdu rate, lio doubt some other candidate iinlgnl be found of a more pliable mood. M. Michel Chevalier expresses great satisfaction that England will hava nothing to do with this little bit of king-making, anil hopes that Spain will withdraw from the "little game." Imperial Fashions In France. iuoenik'h grand coup d'etat in a PETTICOAT. [From tbe London Herald, April 23.J The Empress bus just adopted a new ftyle of petticoat, which is the despair of nearly all the women of moderate fortune who are ambitious of bearing on their persons the latest novelty that is to bo found at tho celebrated modistes' of Paris. Her imperial Majesty isnotumbitiois to popularize the agrenieiils of thu toilette. Sho detest* everything that is] common, and lately begged of her tirewoman to invent something iu tho shape of a petti coat that could not be worn by every bourgeois. That marvellous garment has been at last brought out. It dooe not altogether supersede crinoline, but greatly circumscribes It, and its peculiar virtue is that, get it op in the cheapest manner, U must be us dear as sevon or ?Wlit ordinary p 't.icoats, and cannot possibly be washed ?ad smoothed for less than a? many francs. 1'etticoats ?re a very sacred subject, and in any case difficult things to treat of; but the jupon Eugenie?that is a subject of serious disqu.etude t > so many womon?is particularly so. Nevertheless, as it is detained to limit that terrible bore?crinoline?to try and make public its peculiarities Is a task that should b > attempted. L'eueath a ball dress It produces an effect so charming as to call forth a torrent Af the most ttatic: lug adjectives of which the French are Mptbie. It certainly forms a graceful contrast when its weirer dances to the light skirts of some other lady coming in contact with the stiff ste?l bars of the cage she carries about her. This wonderful Mlticoat is said in most instances to be made of cambric musllb, *o that washerwomen cannot stiffen it too much. Its cirJbJjtfwMce to stx yards at tbe widest point,and it is covered Hf Blue jUuipces of still greater circumference. The lowest o? these .%unces is by all accounts ? mere* Trill; the second, ? few 5*5*" longer and considerably wider, completely covers w*4 first; tbe third does the same to the second, and so en AM one great floanoe fails completely over tbe other 'Vight, cachone of which, to arrive at the standard or imperial elegant, mutt be hem stitched like a lady's pocket handkerchief, abd the outer one in Addition be ?early covered with the embroidery done by the women of the Votgcs. Ihtt invention also sets its face against tfa seVrini; JQa'cVltie, as nearly every pyt tt Quit V* hr-Mwoi*. ft was purfiosely so dosIjflSd to prevent an inrajShse'tittnber of sempstresses being suddenly thrown JHR df Werk by the increased demand for machino sew ing, Which is not yet capable of effecting hem stitching or embroidery. The Empress' new petticoat is thus calculated to be at tbe sune time a very exclusive institution, and one that will give as much employment to the poor needlewomen aa the new streets and boulevards do to tbe blouses. i Fashions (bf April. { ' koiiolj the material just Sow tho most iu vogue IB foulard. It hi not exactly the same In texture as (hat no much, worn many years Slues, but has more the conaistoncy o( tafle tas, and Is remarkably adapted aa a ground for various designs. The must reckeri he are those with a black or dark drab ground, with mixed flowers<t arabesques, as a pat tsi'ti. I'eklqs, in all shades, black stripes on a blue fr ound, violet da Par me, brown, violet, \*c. ,are a'so much liked; and, with trimming, make suitable dresses for morning visits, or even for dinner. Iri?h poplin is dearly as much In favor us foulard. TalTetusg!ace. ortia mented with lace In freequet, or lozenge form, or with buquets, stars, or spots upon it, is better adapted for more dressy occasions. We proceed to give a list or a variety of toilets. An Irish poplin, vory light drab, ?with iittls chine spots of an azure blue. The bot tom of the skirt trimmed with nine rows of plaited tailetas, the suae color an the spots, about an inch and a half In width, ant placed at moderate din fences. High body, opened slightly in front, with Sirisll rovers, trimmed with a triple plaiting; tin* same kind of trimming also on aceinture duchesse, which is tied at the side. Sleevo made of one puff, headed by a jockey; tuid, at tbe bottom. a revcrs mousquctalro, cut up at the back, aad trimmed to match. A very light foulard, with little mauve and white crossbars. The bottom of tho skirt trimmed with two rows of rurhed coquilles of plain mauve tAtlvtas,each coquillo thick in the middle, swd tapering to* point at ea< h end. High body, buttoned op, trimmed with small coquilles put on in Swiss fashion? ? style of ornament very much used this spring. Straight oloeve,lust easy, trimmed at the bottom with ooquiilee, diminishing in size as they are carried up the seam as huh as the eibow. A b,a> k tall*las robe, tho body trim med with phsses Of rlbbea, put on in V"s, one in th* other, getting smaller In size as they approach the waist, snd then widening as they form a tuhlier down tho front of the skirt, lhuse pllsaes are of black tail's tas, edged with a very narrow green edging, put on with * bias of velvet of tho sumo color. Sleeves formed b7 four b >u I ons, trimmed with a small rovers. This dross is made a la tiabrislle. A dross of light green poplin, ?rimmed round the bottom with three narrow flounoea of black velvet ribbon; fichu, trimmed to match; very simple sleeve,lust three largo plaits at the bond of the arm forming the elbow, with a list piece placed up the seam,and .oruiing a Jockey anil rovers, trimmed with velvet frills. A biack alpaca, with a wide flounce, which io trimmed at tho bottom with throe narrow flounces, end lioaded with two more. I he body is barred across the front with rows of frlils, the highest ji.st at tho top of the plaits. Three frills at the bottom of the sleevfe the top o.ie carried up to the body. A lung sash in alpara, trimmed round with a tailetas trimming Kobe of violet tafletas. Konr quilled flounces, trimmed with a grocque of velvt ol the nine color, hound with black or white. The body and sleeves with ravers, also trimmed with a greoquo. This drees is made with a train. A dinner drest of azure blue, embroidered with whity silk. Wiiite laco ttouuees, alternating with bounces of the samo mi. tonal as the dress,and edged with black and white lace. Very short sleeves, with boallloaaeeol tulle, tightly drawn up bencaih t"itluro, composed of a wide b<w of blue veivot, having mi ornament of pearls and diamonds In the contio ; a blue feather placed horizon tally upou a bandeau, joining the front and back hair together. The tollowlng is a description of a ball dress worn hy tho Kmi>ross :?A rohe ot white tulle, covered with trim mugs up to the kne?, looking like a veritable cloud, with diamonds scattered all over it. The sash was not worn round the waist, but as a scarf: the lower part 01 the body was of sky blue, with wide points before und behind, and covered with diamonds. Illue velvet bows wero placed on the shoulders, with agrailea of diamonds. The neck laco was of diamonds, upon blue velvet, rather close round the thr< at. The coiffure w.ie a how of black velvet, upon wh.cb were diamond wheat ears; at the side, leaves ?l the same color as the bow, forming a half w renih, in the midst of these leaves were numerous diamond pen dants, which produced a charming and brilliant eiiect. Some curls doscenued from the back hair, which was fasiened hy a ootuh with diamonds, foimiug a diadem. Dlami nds, on velvet of a light sli <do, In I Mot been s?in be'.o. e. but the edect produced whs * eiy beautiful. The saah worn as a scarf is railed calntuie baysdere. It is very narrow, drapeil at the back ot' the body, and tied n a bow at the front. It is quite a novelty;, and, when made to suit the dress it trims, is very prettv. Another drees, worn by a lady or rank at a full dress dinner pariy, was of white satin, trimmed up to the kne< k willi bows satiu in boulttwMies of t. lls Or the centre of the body was a large, magmflc mt oruamnni ot turquoises and pearls, wit# peat shaped pendants alternately of diamonds aad turquoises. The coiifUre. a half wreath moderately elevated in front, win ot tor (noise blue flowers, without lea-, er or hud these fhiwors soeieed made of feittier*, aud here and there a stir of diamonds suonv among them. Of the cloaks snd mantles now shown, w* will give a lew m siels. ime wss nt black taffetas, ami the hollow plaits for'ueii at the waist were held together under stars ot passementerie A round pelerine, i sther loag, richly em broidored, as also the Ti out of the eataqne an I the wide Sleeves, w hich ware agrsreful modification of tbeslsevss olajutvo. Another, was long, and wide as a burnous, Iru not forming an) hood. It ens made in three plaits round the throat, held together at the top hy a rich ugratin of pri.=s?mcnterie, slid w as trimmed round with sever al rows of b.std A fe.srf-manlle of black teffrtm. Iriinme t round with a ruche, clnoree setting as a heading to s flounce ot gulpuro 01 lallcias, alio,.; ?:t inches w,de a fbnrlh was a mantlet* latletas, with a ?ery wi )? Houses 01 g npure. hea led with a r oil ?mbrmdery. This maulte hisakiad of smell hood, formed by two rows of guipure, ?owed together, aad, at the v*vk, ? bfn 91 Utfjtwe, cu* broidered and trimmed with narrow guipure. This might be made with a talfeUs flounce, Instead of one orguipure, and, although more simple, it would lone none of its stylishness. liounets preserve the same ahane as those worn m the winter, and we are obliged to confess that there is a tendency even to exaggerate the faults we have already noticed?namely, that of over trimming them. The hair is no longer dressed so low at the back; the plaits and curls are much more raised. This chance has been inevitable with the hair waved, and the |>outt's placed In front; the profile of the coiffure was too long wnh the hair dressed low behind; this cliangs is, therefore, one of good taste, and will u>>t fail to bo adopted. ONE DAT LATER FROM EUROPE. ARRIVAL OF THE EDINBCRU. The Recaptured Ship Kmilic St. Pierre. How the American Prize Grew were Made Prisoners. STATEMENT OF THE ENGLISH CAPTAIN. A Number of British Steamers Preparing to Ran Into Charleston. "Boll Run" Russell's Account of his Retreat from America. His Alleged Popularity with General Ncflel lan and the Rebels, and hb Credit as a War Historian. A FRENCH SQUADRON FOE NAPLES. THE WAR IN TURKEY, &c*i &r.( The screw steamer Edinburg, Captain Mirehouse, which sailed from Liverpool at three o'clock on the afternoon or tho 23d and from Queeustovrn on the 24th ult., arrived here at half-past seven last evening. The Edinburg brings nve hundred and ninety-three passengers. The news by the Edinburg Is one day later than that brought by the Hammonia. Lord Palmcrston opened on art exhibition at Romney. Mr. Berosford Hope, M. P., had written to the London Timet, suggesting the formation of a committee of the principal manufacturers and ether traders in Lancashire to receive and distribute subscriptions for the unem ployed. Mr. Darlington, Honorary Secretary of the Wigan Relief fuud, announces in the London limtt that a meeting of this character would be held in London on the 30th alt. A private letter from Australia mentions that Pullinger the Union Bank defaulter, died on board the convict ship Lircilles on bis passage out. The Vienna journals of the 23d ultimo announco that preparatory measures are being taken at the Ministry of War for effecting an important reduction in the Austrian army. The Prussian semi-official Jlllegoviaine PrmmitchaUm Zeitungot the 234 of April says the report of the reeigna iJouof the present ministry, which is alleged to have take^Qjwe, or which is said to be expected, is a mar* invention*" Despatches ?from Paris of the 23d ultimo say :?The Payt of this evtfQing states that the Japanese ambassa dors will leave Parte on Monday next for London. A Frcqcb squadron wouM leave Toulon on Saturday, the 28th ofXpril. fi? ?*?]?? A despatch from Ragusa of the 23d ultimo says:? , Tho Montenegrins having received reinforcements com pelled Dervish I'usha to r?ire upon Oatzka. ^ (nRI)r. rcctkm had broken out at Cucco, in Albana. lhu Kontfl notfrins havo taken Medium, making Prl>'^ners of three hundred Uashi Bazouks. Zablizak^ljp* *j?en blockaded. fin the authority ofa Tetter from Baltimore, to a Arm lnLlver|?ol, pirOhint, it had been represonted that the federal forcos had suffered a severe defeat at Yorktown; but tho arrival of the Jura speedily dispelled thi3 rumor. Thirty six bishops (nearly one-half of tho whole num ber In France) have notiflcd to the Ministor of Public Worship their intention of repairing to Rome, in com pliance with tho summons of the Pope. No impediments would be offered to them by t]i'> French g"'/crym"Dt. A iiotition, hearing 35,000 signatures, had b. on placed in tho hands of tho Hritlsti Ambassador at Turin, Im ploring the diplomatic assistance of England in securing tho ovacuation of Rome by the French troops. The United States frigate St. Louis was at Lisbon on the 17th ?* The Constellation loft there on the 13th ult. for Cadiz. Tho mail steamship Tagus, from Lisbon, at Southamp ton, had on board among her passengers seven of tlio petty officers and crew or the privateer Sumter, which vessel still remained at Gibraltar at last accounts. The ship Eliza Bonsall had arrived at Liverpool, from Nassau, with three thousand bales or oottori, the cotton having run the blockade in small vessels rrom Charleston. The steamship New 7ork.from New York, on the 12th ult.,arrived off Cowes on the morning of the 24th, en route for Bremen. Tho steamship Etna, frora New York on the 12th, and Queenstown vtfd ult., arrived at Liverpool on the 21th ult., at twenty minutes past eight a. M. The steamer Jura arrived at Londonderry, on the morning of the 2od ult. The Australusian takes the place of tho China from Liverpool for New York on the 26th of April. The Rteaptared Ship Kmille St. Pierre. BTATKMKWT OK THK BNUI.ISH CAPTAIN. fKrom the I/mdon SUr, April S3. J The following Is the statement of the captain of the EniilleSt. Pierre, of the circumstances attendant on hi* recapture of hi* vessel after she had been taken by tho American cruiser:? He sny* that the moment he wn aware of tbo Inten tion of ieavtoghim "? h"?rd the Kmilie St. I'lerre, he enrne to tho determination that tho vessel should not ho taken to Philadelphia, and resolved that he would re capture her if prm ticahle and bring her Into a ltritl?li port. He Inquired of the roofc and steward whether they would assist Jilm in bis efforts to take her. One of them at once consented to do so, hut the other delibe rated upon his conduct. Afterward*. Iiowiver, be also agreed to a?slst the master. Tlie captain turned oror In M* tnind the best ro an* of effecting his-object, and *?on ca me to a conclusion a* to the best cotirae to be adopted in the emergency. The prize mister'* mate was asleep in tho cabin on tho morning of tho *erond day alter the < apitire, and be de termined to *ecnre him In the flr-t Instance. The conk and *teward were urmed, and were nintructcd by Captain Wilson of the course they were to adopt. Some cloth wns thrown over thi* officer's head, hi* arm* were so cured hyOartaln Wilton and iron* placed u|>oa hi* hands, and he was *l?o prevented from cresting any alarm by a gug being placed In hi* mouth Captain Wil*on returned to the deok, aad in a familiar manuer inquired from the mn*ter of tlie prire crew, "Well,Stone, what is the pteltion of the ship?" The officer replied that, they were aomewhere off llatterna, and were about to change the course. Tile-captain In vited Lieutenant Stone Into the cabin to prick upon tho chart tki vessel's position. Lieutenant Stone accompa nied the captain into the cabin, the door was closed, imdlhecook and steward being also present, (aptain Wilson drew a belaying pin?be did not take a pistol as bo war anxious to prevent any noiso Ix-ing created? and demanded that Lieutenant Stone should quietly con sent to a pair or Iron* Iteing placed upon hie hands, la tiio presence of such a force the oltlcer was compelled to submit to being placed in irons, and also to a gag being inserted 111 bis month. The master prizemen being then secured la the cabin, Captain WIIS"ii returned oo deck, where b? tnst three of the prize crew, and one being a very iiowttrftil fellow he was doulrtf il as to bis treatment of these men. who were still, In common with itie rmt of Uiecrew. in Ignorance or Uie proceedings below. Captain Wilson* ready wit, however, coon suggested an expedient. He or dared them to go aft and get out of a scuttle a coil of rtg$WK,of which Lieutenant Stone w*e represented as beiiin in ties I. The three ni?n suspecting nothing, entered lbs si utile; but s* *oon as they wero within, the hatch was placed over the egress, atvl thoy were thus imprlsousd. In the meantime the forecastle door iMd be*-n Isi-leoed up, aud In this manner the whole of the watch bsiow was prsveuted from taking any pert in the aflrsv StW the other men of the prize crew were un conscious ef what was going forward: and the captain seul forward one ol bis men to *?k whether they would assist in narigsiinti the ship to a llritish port, a* he was d> tet mined that ilin should not go to Philadelphia. Ons man consented to insist him . other*, who refused, wore pis< ed with the throe men in the scuttle. Alter the m> n on de?.. a ! been disposed of In this manner, the watch i??lo? were brought out of the fore castle one by cne. aiMl insert' gated ss to whether or not ihej weuW Ufru"> LSYijunug u* tm Ml. Three consouted in the whole t'> this course; but only <>no of these was a sailor, tho other* being lands men. In the enurse of a few (lays, however, tw jiu. ro of the prizeman expressed their wiilin^-ness to assist Captain Wilson, but one o(' (ho men wan afterwards con fined in consequence of violence. With this slender crew Captain Wilson was compelled to navigate Ins ship to Liverpool, and in tli# cm rs? of the vuyage encountered a lurious galo, whi< li broke th" tiller: but in thin emergency also the ingenuity of Captain Wilson was equal to the occasion?the serious ilefcct wns remedied, and the vessel was safely brought to Liverpool. A British Tiuilln^ Klert Kitting Out fur Cliai'letlen. The Liverpool J'ot/, commenting ou th:; recapture of tho Emilie St. Pierro and tho blockade of Chariest)?, hays:?While writing in allusion to the Charleston block ade. wo may mention that the screw steamship Hero, 908 tons, recently employed in tho Hultic Hade, lias been gold to a Liverpool house. She has left Hull for this port, and is intended for the trade between Liver pool and Churlastuu. The llero is a very fast steamer, her hull and ongines having been thoroughly over hauled. There Is also in the Hull docks, undergoing an over hauling for a Liverpool house, the screw steamship Mo dorn Greece, of about 700 tous. It is understood that this steamer, also being a fast vessel, is intended lor the Charleston trade. Other Hull ships are mentioned in connection with similar enterprises. Rebel Reports from Paris. [l'aris (April 19) correspondence <>f Loudon Advertiser.] It is reported to-<lay that tho Emperor has informed Mr. Slldell that uules* something decisive should sottlo the internecine dispute within the course of the next six months, France and England would feol bound to inter fere. Ball Ron Russell'* Keturn to England. war PKHfl DKN'T LINCOLN SENT I1IM ItOHK? HIS POPU LARITY WITH GKNSKAL M'CLKLLAN AMI THE UUIY AS A HISTORIAN. The 1-ondou Tim.s of the 24th of April says that its cor respondence frem the Army of tho Potomac is for the present suspended. The President of the Catted States has formally de cided that Mr. Russell shall bo prevented from availing himself of the invitation of General McClollan to nccom pany the army. Tho roar of independent criticism is felt onlu by the federal govtrnmttU. The General and the . troops were most desirous of carrying with them au his tor inn whom the world wpuld believe (?) Mr. ftnasoll Would have Keen* recohrod with Joy In tho Confederate camp?not as a partisan, but as an impor iant witness; but it would have been diUicult to esca|>e the imputation that he had carried ovor with him infor mation acquired while at thu North. The Timti adds that in order to avoid any suspicion of failure and in scrupulous regard for confidential trust, which is so im portant a duly of our profession, he returns to England. Poland. A military patrol had beuu insulted at Cracow, being assailed by the populace with stones. One soldier lirod; but tho rest, without the word of command being given, discharged their firearms in the atr. No person was hurt. The cause of tho disturbance was the arrest of a man for singing prohibited songs. Manoeuvring Steam Rama and Iron-Cased Ship*. TO THE EDITOR OF THB LONDON TIMES. Permit me again to refer to a subject which appears to have been almost entirely disregarded amid ihn all-ab sorbing topics of "guns and armor clad ships," although it is conceded by those to whom the lighting and manage ment of them will bo confided that it is not a whit less important. Of what comparative value are armor-clad ships,of whatever denomination, without the moans of making rapid evolutions (especially in a confined space) soas either to avoid the blow of an adversary, or to in ilict ono with the greatest effect V Although many of our screw steamers do manoeuvre well under favorable circumstances, there is not one that can be moved with certainty in every direction, espe cially at -'slow speed," and it will be at reduced speed, I uppreliend. that an action would be fought. It is oue thing to describe a circle in a "fair way," and another i to turn a ship short round in action,or to back her with accuraoy either to starboard or to port under all circum stances. The position one of our present long screw ships would occupy when opposed to a shorter vessel, or even one of the same dimensions having the means of turning In her own length, may be familiarly likened to that of the gal ley In a punt race, in which the punt haa invariably a very decided advantage. A man-of-war, whether ram,cupola ship, or armor-clad frigate, must possess this qualification to be effective, otherwise a vessel of very interior size and speed having it may inflict serious Injury with comparative impunity, assuming her to be equally shot-proof. The propelling and slewing power must also be protected.for that, alter nil, ia the weak point, and will doubtless be the first as 1?ftWther l?y ram or shot. The tremendous pan tice of the Arthimmg g.iP, recorded in the yafcTof 13 day, may afford some !<)]? of th? fflWltOcii a shot would have on the after sternR*t, Judder and screw of the largest ship afloat, and ft conveys a hint to have them protected (if pawilHff, as n&w fitted); if not, to have re course to somji>Aher expedient The mnSvre Mr. Nasmyth recommqpda in the TimeI of Kh instant, viz:?" to rush at the rudders and scrota of the enemy's ships, ao as to utterly d isable ' jelr locomotive power, and then sweep round to gain due momentum and direction, and crush in the plated sides of the then comparatively helpless enemy7'?might be readily accomplished, provided he can depend ou ex ecuting it uuder all circumstances, and that his own pro peller and rudder are safe; otherwise, in "sweeping round," they may be injured by his adversary or her consorts. But suppose tho enemy has his propelling and steeriug power protected, and also a means of turning twice to his once, the result may be very different from that anticipated by Mr. Nasmyth. Now, there ia reason to believe that this is no improbable position, for are not other maritime Towers seeking perfection with even greater eagerness than oursolves, aud endeavoring to ac complish by stratagem and skill that which, from our superior resources, they cannot hope to accomplish by force? If "ramming'' is to bo the order of fighting (and it se.'ms more feasible than erer aftor gyjierieuco in Ame rica and it ahocluinnw). rabidity and Mriginty of ina mS'ivring will be or still greater importance in these ocuan tournaments; for a ram, or, Indeed, any other armor-plated ship possessing that quality, may Often avoid the blow of an adversary, or, instead of receiving it at right angles (the only point at which it wottld be reallv ellective), might be so turned on the instant"as to receive it in auoblique or glancing direction, which would in a treat measuro, if not entirely, neutralize Its effect, and, having thus diverted it, mi^-ht turn on the passing ship and deliver a broadside into her stern, that would at such a distance stand u fair chance of crippling hor screw aud rudder (if not protected), or, at all events, doing fear serious injury. Having already dwelt at great length in your columns (on the 8th of January last, "On touting the Screw"), ou the means by which such a power of steering and ma noeuvring can alone be attained, I will not trespass fur ther on your space than to record my conviction that no single screw steamer of the dimensions our war shirs now assume can be manoeuvred with that precision aud

rapidity which is absolutely necessary, and that the ex posed condition of both rudd'-r and screw is a defect the magnitude of which will be roll when, perhaps, too late to remedy it. 1 am, sir, your most obedient servant, THOS. ET?W. SYMONie, Commander Koyal Navy. Londow, April 10, 1842. The Will of a Wealthy Kentucklan. HI8 PKOFERTT AND BEtJUEflTS IN KNULAND. [From tho l,ondnii post, March 22.} The will of Mr. Alexander Buchanan llarret, merchant, of Kentucky, in the I'mted Staler, w? proved first in the Probate Court at Richmond, New York, in tba 86th year of Independence, and now proved In London. The execntora are hla brother*, Mr. John Henry Barret and Mr. William T. Barrel, together with his son, Mr. Alex ander Rairet.the personalty in England being sworn under ?120.000. This wealthy American died possessed of considerable landed estates, slave*, and other property in America. The will is a singular composition, and there are directions contained In it with which our'? Kngliati habit* and feeling are not familiar, The terms are principally given in his own words. The testator, who had only reached the age of flfty, wa* a native of Virginia, and born in Loui*a county, was twice married, having by his first wife a son and a daughter, and ha* left a widow, who is pro vided tor by marriage settlement, to whom he has be queathed a legacy of ?20,000, to enable her to take up her future ie>id?uce in Ireland, to which country she hss a preference, and that a liberal allowance I* to be made to her annually "to live In the style of a lady." To hi* sou he leaves bt* relate of Ron Harbour apd While Farm. and to hi* daughter Virginia (a minor) his home farm <>f Henderson, heipieaihing to tliem also the negroes on tho eatates, requesting his trustee* to protect hi* daughter from Hie "fortune bunting crew." He has ap pointed his son and daughter residuary legatees, and. in contumplattun of th? ir remaining In America, It Is his wish that they should live together at Hunderson, aiul a'so that his residence, The riue*,Mtatun Island, should be retained as a pleasure retreat for his children. Ho has left directors that his tomh should bear this Inscription ?''? Honesty and truth in practice is the policy to aecuro happiness both in tims anil eternity." Commercial Intelligence. TUB LONDON MONKY M.4KKKT. lx>Nf>0*, April 24?11 A. M. Consols. money and account, 93 J, a 94; new threo |>er 00 tit*, 02^. I/jjrnov, April 24?Noon. Consols, money and account, 9(1% a 94; shares weak and ?4 per rent lower than at opening, Amurican, dull; Canadian, no change. Lnnt o*. April 24?2:15 P. M. Consols, money and account, 93?g a 94; new three per centa,92'? The London T\mn of April 24, on America, say* the advices yesterday indicate thut the re ent battle has hail no eflbet in creating a hope among the lead ing houses that a termination of the wnr wa* at hand. The shipment of fold 1* beginning to excite apprehen sion, and the importations had lately Increased and tlio exports were diminishing, owing to the loss entailed hy mo*t of the recent consignments of grain to Europe. There was every prosj ect of their continuance on a c? siderable sca.e Should such bo the case, it would sur prise no one to hear of a decree frnni Washington pro hibiting specie from being scat out of the round y. The condition of all kinds or business wKh army contract* in very bad. (;olil to the amount of ?118.000, mo?tly ytu?<r*llan, wa* taltun to the ttanlc of Ktiglaiid yeste rlu/, making a total or ?3011,000 since Inst return . There IS Still DO lie msnd whatever for gold ror the Continent, and the whole of the recent arrivals fri m Auettalia and America will be sent Into the Hank. lhe l/ ml n Timm (city article) siys ?The English funds opened steadily yesterday at tue price* or the past week, and tho market *ul'?e nient'y exhibited some am motion, the final bargains beingan advance of |>er cuit The railway market inntlnue* Inactive but steady. Money waa abundant In the discount tn irket, and short loans on the flock Exchange were offered at 1 per cent, ?? Loudon JStm (city artwlej Tbf fund* j ?? terday.afWr rising 'u, experienced a slight rolapw*, but elontci bettor-then on t!io previous day. There is still a great deficiency of business in mo .-'lock Kxchange. One 11 Uio in* si inaci ivo departments in that fur- KUiglish railway stocks. In the discount market good bills urn taken at 21 i p" cent Uio Great Wi 8tern Railway shows an increase of ?847 in tho week's traffic returns, and tho (ire it Northern a decrease of ?646. Tltt) city artic ? of iho IajikIoii Herd I says iho proba bl'ity or the immediate introduction of the Russian loan was stroi'iily disclosed yesterday afternoon iu financial circles. The preliminaries are now said to be all but linally scaled. I jvkkpool, April 24, 1862. Ifreads lull's quiet and steady. Provisions very dull. I.IVKRfOOL COTTON MAKKKT. The cotton in irket was very lirin on tho 23d of April. Ai'Rii. 24.?Kair demand. No chalice in pricee: sal s probably about 1,000 bales. Imports?7,614; previously, 40,31d bales. LONDON SI AHKEI'S. Ijunh uf, April 24,18?2. Rusiness was resumed in Mincing lane markets yester day, and the prices obtained were in nearly ovcry in stance the same as llio.-c current beforo the holidays. IMPORTANT FROM THE PENINSULA. The Rebels in Strong Force at Wil liamsburg Under Joe Johnston. SHARP CONFLICT WITH THE ENEMY The Latest Despatches from Gen. McCiellan. Two Rebel Redouts Taken and Early's Brigade Repulsed with the Bayo net by General llancock. One Hundred and Fifty Priso ners Taken. Severe Fighting by Ilooker't Division, with Considerable Loss. The Great Battle of the Rebellion Threatened at Williamsburg. The Rebel Force Larger Than the Union Force. OUR GUNBOATS AT WEST POINT. The Capture and Destruction of Rebel Transports on York River. MOVEMENTS OF GEN. FRANKLIN'S DIVISION. Our Sketches from the Scene of Operations. - THE CRISIS OF THE REBELLION, Ac., : to., *?? Washwgtoji, liny C, 1862. Official despatches received here indicate thai the enemy are m large force and strongly intrenched near Williamsburg, and that they intend to dispute at that point tbe further passage of our army. There had been some brisk fighting, in which General Hancock had taken two redoubts and repulsed Early's rebel brigade by a brilliant bayonet charge. In this engagement General Hancock's forces are said to have killed two rebel colonels, two lieutenant colo nels, and captured one eolouel and one hundred and fifty prisoners. General McClellan highly compliments General Han cock's conduct. At the timo of the sending of the despatches our loss was not known; but it was supposed to be considerable, in proportion to the extent of the engagement, as the lighting was very severe. Despatch from General McClcllan. Bivouac i* Frost or WiLLMMmnM, > May 6?10 P.M. J Hon. E. M. Stastos, Secretary of Wan After arranging for movements up York river, I was urgently gent for here. I Qnd General Joe Johnston in front of mo in strong force?probably greater a goed deal than my own. - - ? General Hancock has taken two redonbts and repuUgj Karly's rebel brigade by a real charge with the bayonet> taking one coloncl and a hundred and fifty prisoners, and killing at least two colonels and many private*. His conduct was brilliant In the oxtrene. I do not know our exact Iocs, but few that General Hooker has loet considerably on our left. I learn from the prisoners taken that the rebels intend disputing every step to Richmond. I shall run the risk of at leaat holding thea In check here while 1 resume the original plan. My entire force is considerably inferior to that of the rebels, whe will fight well; but I will dofll I can with the force at my disposal. Q. B. McCLELLAN, Major General Commanding. AnvAKrw, N*?* Wiixiammsi-ro, May 6?Evening. When my d< natch was sent last even inn the indica tions wore that our troops would occupy W illlamsburg without much opposition. The first indications of the enemy's rear guard being reinforced wan the fact of their pressing our lines about eight o'clock in the morning, showing a determination to rexist our advance. Sufficient reinforcements bail arrived during the night to enable our generals to act either on the defensive or offensive. About eight o'clock the enemy opened on our troops postod on tlie left, compoced of General Hooker's divi ?ion and other troops of General H?lnt'.olman's division The action in tfeis vicinity was very heavy at tira-is. The lose in killtd and wounded is sot known, but sup posed to be considerable on both fides. 7V en/my was rrpulied at ail poim'i. Gem-mi Test's brigade, stationed to the right of Oeneral Hooker's, soon after became engaged. Here the firing was very haary for about two hours, during which they han<I<oviely reyiilttil the enemy in making a charge. Our loss here was ab >ut thirty killed and seventy five wounded. A brilliant victory was achieved, about Ave O'clock in the afternoon, by General Hanoock's brigade, assisted by Kenusdv's and Whoeter's batteries. They had been ordered to tne right to fc<"| the enem.f, and, If pogsiblq, to turn their left wing. Here they were met br General Karly 's brigade, co "isting nf ths Fifth North Carolina and Twenty fourth and Thirty-eighth Virginia regiments, with a squadron oj cavalr> , who advanced in line of battle. Our troop*, who wer> quickly prepared to receive them, opsned a heavy flrn upon them, and the enemy advanced steadily to within (wo hundred yards, when General Hancock or dersd a charge wim the bayonet, which was eae?ute<| with the greate?t courage. Tb??Bfra;? hue brukc?they became p nicstricksn and fled, leaving their dead and wounded behind. Tb>) rebels left upward of eighty dea'l and forty wounded. We also took nearly 200 of them prisoners AmotiR their killed and wounded was the Colonel and Lieutenant Colonel of the Fifth North Carolina reg: meat. Our |t?g was seventeen killed and about forty wounded. Among tho enemy 's dead were the bodies ol the Lieutenant Colonel and Major of tho Twenty fourth Virginia regiment, together with several other officers. Their dead were buried by our troops, and tlieir wounded cared for. The conduct of Gen. nancrwk ami his brigade on this occasion has excited univorsal admiration. A standard of colors, belonging to the cavalry engaged, was cap turcd, and is now on its way to Washington. When the news of Gen. Hancock's sueross became known a shout went up from tons of thousands of I'nton throats, tliat made the country resound for m;lo? around. Gen. iluncock remained during the night ill the two works of tho enemy. General McClollan and stalT arrived on the field at five o'clock, and immediately rode to the front, where his presence among the troops was most joyfully hailed, lie immediately assumed ctmmand in person. The rain has poured In torrents all day. The troops suller much from exposure, but none complain. From information received from the prisoners taken, the enemy will make a decisive stand at Williamsburg, reinforcements having been arriving all day, and Gene ral J. E. Johnston is in command. Jeff. Davis was at Richmond at last accounts. The enemy's works are very formidable, and extend across tho peninsula this side of Williamsburg. Ti-esdat Morn inc., May fl. This is a beautiful May morning. The operations of to-day are not yet known. The whole army is in good spirits. Sketch of General Hancock. Brigadier General Wiufleld Scott Ilanuock is a native o' Pennsylvania, from which State he was appointed a cadet to West Point Military Academy in the year 1840. He graduated on the 30th of June, 1844, standing number eighteen in hie class?in whieh was Simon Bolivar Buck ner, tho notorious rebel general, of Fort Donelson fame. He was promoted to a brevet second lieutenancy in the Fourth United States infantry on the 1st of July, 1844, and on the 18th or June, 1846, received his commission as full second lieutenant in the same regiment. He served gallantly in the Mexican war, and in August, 1848, was breveted first lieutenant for gallant and meritorious con. duct in tht battles of Contreras and Cherubusco, his bre vet dating from August 20, 1847. During the years 1848 and 1849 he tilled the position of regimental quartermaster, after which he became regimental adjutant of the Sixth United States infantry. In Janu ary, 1853, ho was promoted to a full first lieutenancy, and on the 7th of November, 1855, was appointed an' assistant quartermaster in the Quartermaster General's Department, with the rank of (captain. This position h? held at the breaking out of the rebellion in 1861, and still holds that rank in the regular army of the United states. On the 23d ef September, 1861, he was ap pointed a brigadier general of volunteers, and ordered to report to Gen. McCIellan. He has been since bis ap pointment entirely in the Army of the Potomac, and his brigade formed part of the force that occupied Lewins ville on the 9th of October, 1861. Ho has also been en gaged in several grand reconnoissanees, which have generally been attended witk success. The manner wflh which he advanced, attacked and captured the redoubts of the rebels at Williamsburg has merited and obtained from Gen. McCIellan special mention and praise. Gob. Hancock is much Hked by his command,and his acquaint ances speak of him as being a perfect gentleman In his manner and a pleasant companion. "j Sketch of General Hooker* Brigadier General and Acting Major General Joseph Hooker, commanding one of the divisions under General McCIellan, is a native of Massachusetts, from which State be was appointed a cadet to West Poiat Military Academy In 1833. He graduated on the 30th of June, 1837, standing No. 29 In a class of tifty members, among whom were Generals Benham. Arnold, T. Williams' French. Sedgwick, Bates, Todd and others of the Union army; Braxton Bragtf, W. W. Mack ill, J. A. Early and other noted rebel officers. On the 1st of July, 1837, he was promoted to tho sccond lieutenaucy of the First United States artillery, and on the 1st of November, 1838, was further promoted to a first lieutenancy in the Fame rcgi" ment. From July 1 to October 3,1841. he was the adju - tant of the Military Academy ,at West Point > and from 1841 to 1846 was the adjutant of his regimeut. He served with distinction in Mexico, and was Aid-de-Camp to Brigadier General Hamer. He was in May, 1847, breveted captain for gallant conduct in the several conflicts at Monterey i which took place on tho 21st, 22d and 23d days of Sep.' tember, 1846. His brevet bore the last mentioned date. He was appointed on the staff as Assistant Adjutant General, with the brevet rank of captain, on the 3d or March. 1847; and in March, 1849, wax further breveted major for gallant and meritorloas conduct In the affair a the National Bridgo, Mexico?his brevet dating from June 11, 1847. In the same month he received an"thar brevet?viz: lieutenant colonel?for gallant and ntritt rious conduct in the battle of Chapultepec. This brevet borj drtt September 13,18^7. On tho 3yth of October, ImI,he wis appointed a captain of the First artillery, and on the same day vacated his regimental commission, retaining his position in the Adjutant General's Depart ment, with brevet of lieutenant colonel. On the 21st or February, 1853, he resigned from the army and went to California, where ho retired into private life. The rebel, lion, however, brought him from his privacy, and he was recalled to the Kast, ami on tho 17th of May, 1961, was commissioned as brigadier general of volun" tcers his appointment being accredited to the Sute of California. He at first acted under inatrnctions from General Dix, but afterwards was appointed to a separate command under Genera1 McCIellan. He then proceeded to reorganize the two dis turbed counties of Maryland?George and Charles?and succeeded admirably, entirely re-oceupying those conn ties and disarming tho secessionists, witliont loss of life. His division at this time took military possession of the northern and eastern shores or left bank of the Potomac, river, and several spirited excursions were made by por tious of his command in the neighborhood of Budd* Ferry, Port Tobacco, kc., to the opposite Virginia shore. A portion of these troops recently crossed the Potomac, and took possession of the batteriea which had block aded the rivor for some time previous, and l.avlng effect ul ally removed these obstructions, and advanced a shor distance into the interior, ware finally withdrawn, and transferred to the immediate command of Gen McCIellan on the poninsula. Tliey have now vigorously gone into the fight, and the New York troop* under his command will not be behind their fellow patriots from other States , THE NEWS FROM NEWPORT'S NEWS. Oar Newport'* News Corrt-apondeace. NiwronT-* New*, Va., May 4,1WM. Ditertrrt from the Rebel Schooner /*mur,gard?Same of the. yem Vork Fire /ouavtl do Acrott the River and Burn a Small (M Srhonner?^nntraband Fugitive*? fin it Panic In anil Armmd Xorfoik?A Negro Gnet Acrnu frtmt Here and Bring? IIU Wift and Child Over?Reniipearance of the M rrimae, <tc., 4c. Thte morning, a little after one o'clock, three whit, men, belonging to a rebel tchooner, crossed the river In a row boat and cmne to our line* to claim protection. Captain ftagadern, of the Eleventh New York Volunteers, commander of the outside pickets, received them kindly, and directly reported the rase to headquarter*. It appears that theao three men?one aa Irishman, tho second one a New Jersey man, and the third one a North Carolina youth?belonged to tbo rebel echeoner Beauregard (lato the Edward Everett) which wae on Ita way to Norfolk with a cargo of 2,0?0 bushel* of coal for the Merrimac. Theyataiied theineelvee of this their Ant opportunity to return to the people with whom they sympathized, and adeised us to ernes the river and endeavor to bring the fchoo-.er over to our si 'e. One of the Cumberland's b >ate. of which wo havo a number lying on the beach, was at once manned by aduzen "Ore boys," and In an hour's lime lliey had reached the rsbel shore. On arriv ing there they lounl to their dismay tint the captain of the scbaoner had brought her safely within the range of the guns of the l?y s Point battery,and they nwt turned their attention to another little schoouer, lying at a more reasonnb.e distance from the battery, end at It l titf out of the qutetioo to bring Mr wro it, the rht being too shallow in the centre, and the wind having en tirely died away, they set lire to her. She had a cargo or 1,200 bushel* of cat, lik<wise destined for the Mer rimac. If we bad had a single gunboat hore we could e.isily have brought b >th schooners acro-s. The Irishman, wh<> Soemed to be the in at intelligent of the lot, iuforn:od us that the rebel forces at J imea towu and Mulberry Island were evacuating the fortifica tion* with all possible despatch, and that tho greatest con*tarnation -e>mod to exist everywhere. <m asking au ofilottf at Mulberry Island for the roason of their leav ing lie said:?"We have orders to hurry up or we run the risk of being uken prisoners, all of uh. The g'inboats Jamestown, Vorktown, Beaufort and leaner went lyiii# between Mulberry and Hog Inlands, iu sight of tlm inlet to Elizabeth river. Up to tho present writing ( ten o'clock, evening) the coal schooner is stil' burning brightly; and it is not likely that tho Merritnac will have much good of that cargo. A number of negroes have come across the river during the last two or threo days, most of them from the neigh borhood of Smithlleld. They rejiort that place and most f the batteries on thc> creeks and on James river shore as almost entirely deserted by the military. The people are iu a perfect panic, fearing an attack from Central Hurnside on one side, and from the navy on this side. Th* fall of New Orleans has created the greatest consternation, aud immediately on the receipt 01 the nows sugar rose tea cents a pound. It seems generally conceded that a com paratively small Union force, with the assistance of the navy could now secure the possession of Norfolk, while the people are in such a demoralized state. The servant of the writer, a very intelligent free negro by the name of George Washington, went across to the rebel shore last evening for the purjiosR of bring ing over his wife and child, who wore living in a boss* near the water, and who had been treated with great se verity by their master ever since Goorgc has ''seceded." The expedition was a perfect success, and the man brought not only his own family across, but induced some twelve others to go with blm. When it is remembered that tho slaveholders tell the negroes the gre&test falsehoods in regard to our treat ment of them, Buch as this, tliat we shoot all the old men when they arrive here, and Bell the young ones to Cub* to pay for the expenses of the war. It is easily seen that this expedition will bear important results. It will at least have the effect to make the negroes unwilling to fight against us, as they have been compelled to do at Manassas and Yorktown. George left a few linos at the house of his wife's late master, stating that he had been there, and rogretting that he could not have tho pleasure to pay his respects in person. He assured him, however, that he was very woll off at Newport's News, and that the Yankees were not such a hard sot of barbarians after all. George passed three differont picket guards, all of whom were sleeping as soundly as if tbe "confederation" was a foregone conclusion. The news of Yorktown having fallen into our hands was received a little after eight o'clock this morning, and as it was announced to tbe men it was received with tbe wildest exclamations of delight. Our only regret, amidst this shower of good news which tbe last week has brought us, is that we are not permitted to have an active part in the work. After a quiet camp life of some ten months, only broken by the late exploits of the Mer ritnac, it is not unnatural that the soldiers Ions for ? change. Our longing eyes are ever turned towards Nor folk, and if we can get a single chance at her we will pay off the balance due on the Merrimac account since the 8th of March. The appearance of tbe Merrimac outside ef Oraney Island this afternoon hardly created any excitement at all. We know now that, whatever she may undertake to do, she will have a proper reception; and, besides, tho impression prevailing hore is that something er other must he tbe matter with her, as Commodore Tatnal1 would not likely have refused to obey orders if he had had any confidence in her powers of speed and endurance. She came out from Elizabeth river about one o'clock, ?teamed qnietly up to Sewall's Point, and remained there for some three hours and a half, after which she steamed Just as quietly back again. Signalizing was going on all the time from her deck to the station at Craney Island. THE NEWS FROM FORTRESS MONROE* Forthkss Monroi , May 6,1802. The Fronch war steamer Gassendi cam a down from Yorktown about flvo o'clock, bringing the Fronch Min ister; also Captain Fox, Assistant Secretary of tho \.ivy. On Sunday morning General McClellan signalizod to tbe Ave gunboats lying below Yorktown the fact of tbe eva" cufttion, with instructions to proceed up tho river to Wast Point and remove all the obstructions in their way. Quito a lluet of steamers and vessels loaded with troops were discovered in tho distance, and a pursuit was com* menced, resulting in tho capture of some of them, whilo others were run ashore and llre.1 by those on b.iant, who escaped to the woods. It is said that by three o'clock in the afternoon tho gunboats boil reached West Point, at the head of navigatliii, nearly thirty miles above Yorktown. frequently shelling parties of the enemy, who were discovered (lying along the shore, and Hanking tbat |>ortiou of tho retreating army that was moving towards Wu.it Point to take the railroad to Richmond. Immediately in the wake of tbe gunboats followed a long line of river steamers, loaded with troops, car Tying General Franklin's division, with from fifteen to twenty thousand meu. These troops reached Yorktown during tbe afternoon, and were slopped there to await intelligence from the gunboats. It is proposed to land them at West P< int, It the report of the gunboats is favorable. One of the gunboats which went up York river on Sunday morning has returned. She reports that she found the rivor unobstructed; that our gunboats had reached West foiut, and that a force had boun landed and a bridge on the roal to Richmond destroyed. Seve ral rebel transports were overtaken going up tho river, somo of which were run ashore, those on board escaping, and wero burned, while others had been captured. The latest reports say that General McClellau Is with the advance of the army, and supposed to be before Williamsburg, In which direction there has been brisk c.mnoua ling nU day. ?*, ? Among the prisoners taken at Yorktown la UieCbieJh of Knglnoers of General Johnston's staff, who states thai the whole rebel army at Yorktown amounted to 8&,000 men. He gives a most deplorable account of the condi tion of the army, and says that they will be uaablo to make a stand anywhere this side of Richmond. The retreat commenced before daylight on Saturday morning, and he doubts not that the advance was twenty miles distant tt the time the last gun was fired from Yorktown Oar Fortress ltfonro* Correspondence* Fount km M'WSok, May 6, 1862. EtUhuiiarm at ihe Cajiturt York own?The Rtbtl Army Ihmoraliittl?III (.'atUMSecrttitm <m lit Latl Lrgi? Arretl of au AUtynl Mililaiy Traihrr?tlr it Pwt m Clotr Contnement?A Uriel ScKoontr Imjyprd?A Kebtl Rtrmneiiuancr. <tr. The enthusiasm among the soldiers here when they learned the news of the evacuation of Yorktown was boundless. The troops In the camps gathered together lu sot inl kuots, ana as the particulars of the event were brought to them they discussed the matter, revolving I1 In all its phases, prognosticating Its probabln results, and all concurring that McTlellan's engineering nnd stra tegy paralysed the rebel army. Yorktown is ours; the whole of the line of rebel Intrcnchments, con structed by the best skill of their engineers, requiring the services of two thousand negroes for nearly one year, s targe number of heavy guns and a counties* number of shot and shell, all fell into the hands of sur army without s blow being struck to gain them. Tbe enemy fled terror stricken from their camps, leaving large quantities of Mere* behind them. So hasty was the retreat of the rear guard of tbe rebels that they did not stop to take their breakfast from tbe Are, leaving their savory disbee to be eaten by loval t'nton troops. What a change I One week ago the Richmond papers were bestow Ing peans of praise upon the.r generals for the akilfnl manner in which they had rendrred Ihe marck of Yankee troo|* up the peu insula to Richmond an Im possibility; and t.iey premised a sirs victory to the rebel artns whenever Mu'lellan's army should attach tbi'm. Notlileg short of victory on the historic plains <4 Yorktownovur the Yankees would suit them,and this was so near Us culmination that tbe hair brained editors of the rebel sl.oets could read victory (or their slds la tbe background. Alas! fur human hopes, alas! for the etbe riel nature of rebel promises; la one short week sfter the rebel "beets were bolstering up tbeir deluded readers' aiiods with hopes or a great victory?prestol sad ws dud the enemy not only skulking away from their ssp peaed invulnerable fortifications of Yorktcwn, bat also irem Corinth. What excuse now can the rebel loaders give for their waning cause* Strstegy, I suppose. Tkey ?till sssure '.heir tnyrmidoms that Miey are ?ra?Hai n? Into a net 'ike the net Parld's enemies set fer t,i n they will be caught In it themselves. Xe?e* I'd th< t , bel press utter a truer saysig than that ?h ch tlev , -\ icoNiuau) un tinjb p ? k. ??

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