Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 8, 1862, Page 3

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 8, 1862 Page 3
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ftllUsirr*!" to oosducUog lb* war; b?oauM, wh.th.r ?MB w?r? opposed to Mr. Ltucolu or otberwist.bj bis ?dmi&UtnttlM Sloe* 1* tb? war to b. eonducla#. MXLELLA\N VICTORY. Highly Important irom the Peninsula. The Desperate Struggle on Monday. Arrival of General McClellan { on the Field. < THIS RESULT. Splendid Triumph of the Union Troops. Williamsburg Evacuated by the Rebels. SEETCH OF THAT ANCIENT CITT. ITS OCCUPATION BT THE "QUAKER ARMY." IBB FLZOBT AND PURSUIT. Iver Two Thousand Rebels Taken Prisoners and More Coming In. Colonel Dwight, of the Excelsior Brig ade, and Colonel Johnson, ol the Eighth New Jersey, Among the Wounded. ONWARD TO RICHMOND! OTHER BATTLES IN PROSPECT. rhe Rebel Defensive Line of the Cliickahominy. Chore Can be "No Higher Honor Than Belonging to the Army >v the Fotomao." F SEHERAL ITCIXLLifS BULLETINS, &0. T &c., &c. Washington, May 7, 1862. rhe enemy have evacuated Williamsburg ?id fled towards Richmond. Our army is following them up vigorously. The battle of Monday was very severe, and b? loss of the rebels proves to have been large. 8ENERAL M'CLELLAN'S BULLETINS. Headquarters, Army of the Potomac, ) Wir,uamsburq, Va., May 6, 1862. J Son. E. M. Stanton, Secretary of War :? I have the pleasure to announce the occu pation of this place, as the result of the hard ought action of yesterday. The effect of Hancock's brilliant engagement resterday afternoon was to turn the left o. heir line of works. Vie was strongly reinforoed, and the enemy tbandoned the entire position during the night > earing all his sick and wounded in our hands, lis loss yesterday was very severe. We hare some three hundred uninjured pri oners. and more than a thousand wounded. Their loss in kilted is heavy. The victory is complete. I have sent cavalry in pursuit. The conduct of our men has been excellent, . ?th scarcely an exception. The enemy's works are very extensive and (xceedingly strongs both in respect to position sad the works themselves. Oar loss was heavy in Booker's division, but ?ery little on other parts of the field. Hancock's, .success was gained with a loss if not over twenty killed and wounded. The weather is good to-day; but there is peat difficulty in getting up food, on account if the roads. Very few wagons have yet come ap. Am I authorized to follow the examples of Ither generals, and direct the names of battles to be placed on colors of regiments? We have other battles to fight before reach og Richmond. O. B. McCLELLAN, Major General Commanding. Wiu.iAH3Bt.RO, May 6, 1862. nori. E. M. Stanton Every hoar proves our vietory more com plete. \ The enemy's loss is great, especially in efflcrs. have just heard of five more of their guns t>f ing captured. J'rLsoners are constantly arriving. G. B. McCLELLAN, Major General Commanding. ummtsI JtfcClclJan'i Despatches to Ills Wife. WiLLUMgrnmo, May 6, 18C2. Mrs. Geo. B. McClku^n, Fifth Avenue Hotel, Nevr York:? Jlit battle of Williamsburg proved a bril liant vic^"7' hare the enemy's strong works, the all the sick and wounded of the enemy, None of yon.* friends injured, thongb onr mis is considerable^. That $i the enemy was severe. The Quaker army ia doing very well? Hancock was aaperb yesterday. I am in Joe Johnston's headquarter* of yes terday. This is a beautiful town, and quite old and picturesque. GEORGE B. McCLELLAN. V SECOND DESPATCH TO MBS. li'CLELLAN. Williamsburg, May 6, 1862. The more we know the more complete our victory proves to be. All goes well. THE BATTLE. Some of the Details of tl?e Desperate Straggle on Monday Rear Williams* burg. Williamtcbg, May 0,1862. i H waa after tan o'clock on Sunday morning when our cavalry and artillery passed through Yorktown in pur suit of the retreating enemy. They presented ? mag nificent appearance as they pushed paat the rebel works and along the road tho rebels had retreated. General Hooker's diviaios and other divisions of our army fol lowed close after the eavalry and artillery. During tho whole of Sunday regimestaof Infantry were leaving their encampments, in front ef the deserted fortifications, and proceeding to the support of those which had taken the advance. In the course of a few hours our cavalry came in. contact with part of the rear guard of the enemy, and slight skirmish ing took placo between the antagonistic forces. The rebels covered their retreat with a number of piecea of artillery, which at particular points halted, wheeled into position, and threw shells, for the purpose of Impeding the progrsss of our army. Soma prisoners were taken by us, and a few casualties occurred, but no general en counter with any considerable body of the rebela had occurred before the fast approaohing darkness rendered it prudent for our advrnce to halt for the night, aad await the arrival of a suilloient number of infantry. The main rorcea of the enemy having left their sampa at Yorktown and along the course of the Warwick river several day a previous, they had abundant opportunity to secure themselves behind their Interior line of works here at Williamsburg, which forms a portion er their dc fenoes of the peninsula. At this place there la a chain of earthworks. Including five redoubts, which is quite for midable in character. When daylight dawned we found that the enemy was strongly intrenched, and had au im mense force behind those works. The rebels were quito inclined to make an obstinate resistance at thia place. During the morning the advance bad several little akir mishea with bodies of the enemy. From one of their redoubts on the right of our position tliey annoyed our men considerably. Gen. 8mith, with two of his brigade*, attempted to take the work. One of these brigades took up a position to assault tho redoubt in front, while the other waa sent round to the right to attack it at the side or in the rear. The rebels had secreted a large force in the woods, near thia work, and when our brigade ad vanced to 4he assault the rebela came out or the woods iu which they were concealed and endeavored to outfiank us. When this manoeuvre of the rebels was perceived,our brigade, in extricating itself from the critical position it waa placed in,fought desperately until forced to retire be fore their auperlor numbera at this point. The Second New Jersey brigade, in General Hooker's division, suf fored severely. Colonel A. J. Johnson, or the Eighth New Jersey regiment, waa badly wounded in the breast. Colonel William M. Dwight, or the First regiment Excel sior brigade, waa also among the wounded. The First Massachuaetta and Second New Hampshire regiments, which fought bravely in the battle of Bull run, wars also engaged in this aetion, and lost quite a number of m?n. Quite a number of officers belonging to either side fell on the field. A charge made by a de tachment from our cavalry waa repulsed. During the engagement the enemy captured three of our batteries? namoly. the First and Sixth New Yo'k and the First bat tery of regular artillery. Captain Bramhall, in General Hooker'a division, lost his guns becauso they became Imbedded in the mud and all hia horses were killed, and when the enemy advanced to Uke them we bad not a sufficient force of infantry near enough to support them. Hence tney bad to be abandoned. The tide of battle was evidently against us nntil at a propitious moment, late in the afternoon, General MeClellan appeared on the field in person. He was greeted by our soldiers with tho greatest enthusiasm. He perceived at once the position or affairs. The Jilllcullies by which our rorces were sur rounded at that critical moment called out the geniua of his military mind, and thenceforward the former disas ters were in part retrieved, and the fortunes of the day were in our favor. Gen. Hancock's brigade, by a brilliant bayonet chargc s icceeded in capturing two rebel redoubts and in driving the rebels rrom their position in that part oT the line. General Kearney's division was also engaged in the action. Another rebel redoubt was cap ture! at the point or the bayonet, when night closed on the desperate conflict or that eventrui day. Thus were the rebels signally defeated at their second derenslve line. Daring the nuht they evacuated the portion or the position which they held whon the battle closed, leaving their dead and wounded on the Held entirely neglected. General MeClellan followed up this advant age as Napoleou would have done, and is rast in pur suit or the tloeing foe. In the meantime, at noon to day , General Krankln's division started In transports up the York river f Test Point, nfheu he elfects a land ing ai that |<U vi probably cut off the retreat or a large p rii j; routed rebel army. OTHEI; DESPATCHES. Yokktow*, May 0,1802. Tote nitty morning our troops followed up th? retreat. ,ng rebele with great rapidity, and overtook them at Williamsburg, where they fought all day. At the outaetwe took two of their worki, and were advancing; but the exhaustion of those of our regiments which were earliest In the field, and which bad bad no provisions during the day reompelled them to fallback, as they were utterly worn out. One of onr batteries waa lost by getting Imbedded In the mud, and its horses were Shot. General MeClelian arrived on the ground at Ore o'clock, and assumed command. B* directed all our em. kautUd troops to retire, filled their places with freak met drove back the enemy, repostvieJ the ground and workt taken in the morning, captured another br tail ivoik, and took ?bout out hundred and fifty pruonert. Hancock's brigade made a most brilliant charge. The Bring was kept up until after dark, at which time everything looked well. To-day the whole army?re serves, regulars and all?I* ordered up, and the battle will be renewed If the rebels stand. A stroug force has gone to West Point, and will attack the rebels in the rear. No report of yesterday's losses Is yet received Wiluamxbcro, May ?, 1862. The enemy evacuated this place and tbeir works In front last sight, the rear guard passing through about six ?'slock. At aloe o'clock Ueneral McUellau and escort entered the to.vu sn 1 took possession. About one uuudred and Ofty of the enemy'* wounded were left bebiud. without any rations, asedicine or sur geons. Tbey also left a number of their dead unburied. All of our wounded in yeeteroay'a engagement who fell in their bands were left behind. Colonel Uwight, of the Kxeelsior brigade, who was severely wounded,and taken prisoner, was also left. In the engagement yeaterday the aoemy suffered ter ribly. Ueneral Kicketts was killed. The enemy had a force here yesterday of 60,000 men, and only decided to evacuate after the brilliant bayonet charge of Ueneral Hancock. The town is very pleasantly looted, and a majority of the white inhabitants are remaining. The number of the enemy now la our has da will reach about one thousand, including the wounded. Bjltivom, May 7, 1862. The regular news letter from Old Point ie received, it aaya the mall boat Nelly B?ker arrived Just before the Old Point boat left, and reported that Geueral McCleliaa wag iu Williumsburg, having driven tlie enemy from bis position there. A Tuw captured cannon had been recaptured, and a whole division bad been thrown in tne rear of Williams burg. The General Hlcketts Reported Kilted. WasniNOTOK, May T, 1862. I have Juat seen onr General liiokotts alivo and wall. All will be happy lo know this fact. He Joins McDowell's division. Ibe Uuneral Ricketts killed at Williamsburg Is a rebel. Additional Details of the Battle. Wai'BimiTojr, May 7, 1S62. The four o'clock treat from Portree* Monro* brought no authentic o.'ws Jioi.i Williams.Mrj; The ooriesoondsuts kff piobibly wlf r' .,y ? , which is distant from telegraphic communication. H will be 5imi time before a correct list of the casualties can be forwarded. Reported Retreat off the Rebels Across tbt Cblekshomln)r. yosrsw Monro*. May 7, 1809. A rumor brought bjr mail by boat from Yorktowoi stated that the eeemy have crossed the Cbickabomioy, and destroyed tbs bridges in their rear. General IfcClellan Is still pursuing. Effect of the News of the Victory In Washington. Washinotojc, May 7,1882. 1%e result, tbns far, of the operations on tbe peninsula and on tbe Rappahannock has demonstrated tbe wisdom of the plan of Gen. McClellan, which was approved by tbe President, but opposed by other members of the Cabinet. It is new apparent that if General McClellan had been allowed to carry out his plan without Inter ruption here, he would long ago have defeated the rebel army of the East, occupied Kichmond, ind brought the war virtually to an end. Mi* success a. Williamsburg, after a brilliant and hard fought battle, with only a portion of his army at haud, has deeply mortified these who were yesterday howling against him, and actually encouraging rebel sympathisers with pre dictions of his overwhelming defeat. The news from Yorktown tc-day has staggered the most violent of tbe haters of Genera) IfcClellan and the administration, and ha* occasioned tbe wildest delight among the friends of the President and "Little Mac," as General McClellan is styled. The city is filled with rejoicing. The victory at Wil liamsburg is regarded universally as the beginning of the close of the war. The ultra abolition faction arc much chagrined, after all their cries of " Ou to Richmond." Tliey don't want the war ended Just yet. They cursed General McClellan for not going on to Richmond wheu the roads were Im passable; they curse him now for going on too fast to suit their purposes. Their disappointment is manifested in the bitterness of their dsnunclations. Sketch off W Uliamsburg. Williamsburg is a city of Virginia, and was at one time the capital of the State. It is now the capital of the county of James City. It is situated at about ten miles from Yorktown, sixty miles from Richmond in a southeast direction, and about sixty-eight miles northwest of Norfolk, on a level plain between the James and York rivers, and at an equal distance of six miles from each. It is the oldest incorporated town in the State, and was and still is interesting in its historic associations. It was the seat of tbe royal government previous to the Revolution, and was afterwards the capital or the Stats until 1709. William and Mary Collage, founded at this place in 1692, is tho oldest literary institution in North America, ex cepting Harvard University, and was, previous to the rebellion, ia a very flourishing condition. The library con tained about 6,000 volumes, and tho students in attend ance generally numbered from one hundred to one hundred and fifty. Williamsburg Is also the seat of the Eastern Lunatic Asylum, which at one time stood deservedly high for its nsatnass, order and comfortable accommo dations. It had, in 1800, about two hundred patients, and a handsome edifice, with all the modern improve ments in arrangement. The town at that time contained three churches?Episcopalian, Baptist and Methodist. The descriptions of Williamsburg published over one hundred years ago resemble it ia many respects at the present time. Many cf the eld buildings are standing; but now these monuments or the past bid fair to be ail swept away by the storm of war. To write the history of Williamsburg Is to write the history of early Virginia. This place wag the scene of several of the Revolutionary contests. Two minor actions were fought here; but all these will be forgotten in view of tbe present events of which it ts the theatre. It was first settled ia 1832, and the estimated population before the rebellion was about fifteen hsndrsd. The county cf James City contains ono hundred and eighty-four square miles, and is bounded on the northeast by the York river, on tbe south by the James rivsr, and en the west by tbs Cbickahominy river. The surface of the country is un dulating. This county is one of tbe eight original shires Into which Virginia was divided In 18S4. The popula tion of the county Is about four thousand, of whom near ly one-half are slaves. Adjoining this county is that of Warwick, which contains about fifty sqnare miles, and is situated on a peninsula between Chesapeake Bay and the mouth of the James river, tbe latter of which washes its western border. The surface of the country is slight ly diversified and the sell is alluvial. Oysters and firs wood (oak and pine) are Important articles of export. The capital is Warwick, and the population at last re turns was fiftsen hundred and forty-six, of which nine hundred and five were slaves. For the last few months tbe negroes have been busily smployed in fortifying Wil liamsburg as a rallying point for the rebels in the event of the fall of Yerktown. It was expected they would have madaa greater stand there than they have, and it would now appear that tbey are becoming demoralized. MOVEMENTS BEFORE THE BATTLE. Onr Special Army Correspondence. Camp Winfield Stwrr, 1 Bcfore Yorktow*. May i, 1802. / The Army of the Potomac is Jubilant to-night. Some of the division* have moved on beyond Vorktown. Others remain here, but will move on immediately. In all the cam pa the band* of muaio are pouring forth delicioua melody. This is the flrst time for three weeks that the bands have been allowed to play. During all that time, while the preparations for the siege were going on, the plans of General McClellan required that no noises of any kind should b? heard in our camps, and that no Ores should be lighted at night. CATS! or TfIB rVAClATIOJt. The events of this day have been various and Im portant. You have already been apprised of the main facts of the evacuation of Yorktown. TIjo causes of the evacuation were the fall or New Orleans, the reported retreat of Beauregard from Corinth, but more than all the magnitude and completeness of the plana of General McClellan fer the siege Itself, from de serters tod other sources of information the rebel leaders at Yorktown knew precisely the extent and pro gress of the works of General McClellan. They remained in their works until they became tat is (led that it was Impossible to d?fend them, and then abandoned them. Our works were almost completed, our last guns and aaortars placed In position on Saturday night, or before daylight on Sunday morning. It was the intention of the Commander-in-Chief to have devoted this day to rest?3 est which the soldiers have well deserved, for they have worked both night and day fer twenty days past?and to have opened oar batteries on Monday morning. The terrific Ore which weuld have beee rained upon York town can be Inferred from the fact that from a single battery we coulil have thrown forty thirteen-iach sbolls every hour, or sis hundred shells per day. The order for the evacuation reached General Johnston on Wednes day of last week, and he immediately prepared to exe cute it The troops began to move off on Wednesday night, taking with them what guns and ammunition they could. The work of evacuation continued fross that time till last night. Un Saturday and last night they kept up an inceesant bat harmless canuonade, la order to divert our attention from their real design. oxiiT ftrmora or ths rshsi. works. The strength and extent of the rebel works la even greater than has been represented. If the rebels had bad courage enough to have fought us, we should have bests* them, and taken Yorktown In forty-eight hours But the cannonading on both side* would harve been ter^ rifle snd attended with a frightful less of life. Their line of forts, extending entirely acrosetbe penin sula, from the Yerk to the James river, is pronoumed by our officers to be even more elaborate and quite as strong as the works for toe defence of Centrevllle, and even almost to rival some of these in front of Washington. The walls of the forts are thirty feet high, aid the ditches around them are so wide as to preclude all possibility on our part of crossing them without tremendous loss. ocb raw a rations ro> Tin msnn. iB this connection, Justice ought to be done to the Vol unteer Engineer brigade, under General Daniel P. Wood, bury, and to all onr soldiers for the work they performed la preparing for the siege. Their labors have been truly hiwcutenn, and will remain for the wonder and admiration of posterity. Resides our batteries, roads cut Tor miles through forests, or built for miles over swamps, marshes snd mc.ra??es,and round ravines, and built so well that all tho artillery, beavy sisge guns, mortars, ammunition snd stereo of all kinds have been transported over them with esse; Frenches dug and parallels constructed across lbs whole peninsula, one line after another; these, which constitute a part of their labors, have g^nu Tar te wiu tlie jrest vU'tory at Yorktown. For a victory It is, n if I >?? in-* <?' * b!<> > llsss one. T!ie army wh ch his i 'p Yt , wbils they h.ite loitify. log for the last twelve mouitis, can And no other line on which to fight. General Woodbury if a graduate of West Foist, was a major of cng.aaers in the regular army wb?a the war broke out, and superintended the construction of seme of tue moat importaat of the works ?round Washicgu u jtkh'it or tub urmt. Tbe cavalry sinned in pursuit ef the enemy this moraine, and were followed by the Mgbl art. lury. It w.isa maguiflceat sigbt to see squadron after squadron of cavalry galloping over the plain and press.ng forward with ardor in tho pursuit. This afteruoon some fir ng was heard in the direction of Wi'.liatnsburg, and it is supposed that the enemy's rear guard m&ile a stand there, in order to cover the retreat of his maiu body. It is stated that iu the engagement which ensne<l we captured several huadred prisoners. Lieuteuaat Ja jiea visited Yorktown this morning, and fouud a number of letters tliere frout Uiflerent part* of the South, soma extracts from which! enclose. SOI'TIIKMN MilJT'A.-T '<>. SOCTIIIKN CXI! RiUS. The following is an ?tlrscl from a rebel teller round at Yorktown:?To Lieiti. sheppcrd, from his father. Bowl ing Green, Monday, Mth. ? * ? "I was very sorry to learn from your letter that you had not re-euiisted. To leave the service ot such a time will taruUti your fair famo. I hope your heart will fail you if you leave your country in this her hour of sore need. As to the justtae of subjecting volunteers to draft, it does sae:n hard: but it is ben for the defence of tho country. In the Caro line companies they hare all rs-eulisted, maireJ me.i and all. There are so few men left here that Caroline could not furnish one-third of ber quota without the re enlistment of her volunteers. I begin io fear thai tr*-n the troops now in service are not sufficiently drilled In shmil before the better disciplined Yankee tronps. It miut be tUh-r tack of discipline or lack of eouraut. It is evidtni taut in (HI the lale engagements our soldiers did not stand tneir ground long, or that they had cowardly commanders. Ah, mo, we have boa/ted too much of Southern pluck Since the battle of Manassas we have been growing more arrogant and solf-sufficicnt, but tee have now a terrible awakening from our delu: ions." Caup Nui Yorktown, May A, 18(52. TOT WJIJTAKY GOVERNOR OK TOUKTOW*. The announcement in my letter of yesterday, thai. General Fritz John Porter bad been appointed Military Coventor of Yorktown proves to havobeen premature. Tho appointment has been conferred on Gcne-al Van Alen, the newly made Brigadier General, and late in com mand of the Yan Alen cavalry. He :? said to bo a man thoroughly competent for tho place. Intelligence of his appointment to the position has caused a pleasant revi val of feeling among the regimeut* of General Porter's division, who now hope to bo ni>*edily ordered to tak.e th? position iu advance, which they have held with such distinguished honor to themselves since leaving the banks of the Potomac. For the present, however, they remain in tho camps they have occupied slnco our arrival here, but it will not be a much longer sojourn as they are now under orders to be ready to march at a moment's notice. Seeing other divisions going away, which they havo been doing alj day, with faces toward Richmond, and hearing the roar of artillery in the distance, makes them slightly uneasy In camp, and impatient to participate in the conflict with the enemy known to be going on near Williamsburg. The leading tokens of activity to-day have been in prepar. ing rations against the future march, despatching the sick to Cheeseman's Landing, to be sent away to the general hospital?, and play ing enlivening airs by the bands, which'

now that the order, in force ever since coming here, pro hibiting playing, has been rescinded, give full rent to their playing propensities and patriotism ta expressed through the inspiriting medium of brass and wind Instru ments. This livoly music makes slight amends for th? dullness engendered by drenching rain clouds and depart* ed divisions. ixraovno th* appbajuncs or ran town. This afternoon I visited Yorktown a second time ana spent several hours there. The place is garrisoned by the Forty-fourth New York regiment. Under the regime of the newly appointed Military Governor it is beginning to put en a neat, smart and business like appearance, indications of its occupancy by troops and officers of the Union army, who are not long In giving a place the imprint of their intelligence and quiet business apt! tude. A thorough police system bas been established, the principal buildings pnt in eleanly condition, and bon fires made of tho tilth and rubbish left by the rebels. Already tbo army post office and telegraph office and express office are there, and commissary store houses line the docks, which present a go head and business like aspect from the gunboats, transports and barges stationed at the wharves and in the river. And thug itlwill be till another change in the war pro gramme calls for removal elsewhere, when tbo town will resume its pristine dulness and stupidity prior to the war. But it will be more miserable, from being the sub ject of a second Beige. Future travellers, curious to see the monumental remains of rebel labor and folly, will visit it, and they only. hoks mnoiiii. MacHixxa akd uuo>. A few more of the rebel Infernal machines ware dis covered to day. Rebel prisoners ware set at work hunt ing for them and digging them up. It ta now believod they have nearly all bean brought to light, and u no casualties occurred to'-day from their ex plosion, it Is to b? hoped that aad chapter is at an end. Rebel relic hunting continues the mania. I looked through a good many of the barracks and tenta, and found all sorts of rnea, Including two or three Congressmen, anxiously looking up mementoes of the place to take away with them. I was particularly struck with the Interior appolntmenta of a tent. There were a fine wardrobe, waahstand, bowl and pitcner, dressing table and mirror, colognes, pomades, and last, and not lea*t, a box of huge capsules, showing that Ita late occu pant waa both a man or taste and a man of the world. I tut th)s waa a rarity In the tent line. Most give evidence or want of luxurious abettors to comfort, and fur niah proof abundant that tho flowers of Southern chivalry, If they bloomed and flourished at all, did so amid worse surroundings than tha "greasy mechanics" of our own army, and stooped to the vulgarity of aating and drinking that must have been exceedingly repugnant to their setibetical and highly appreciative tastes. Tha guns on the earthworks remain aa wa found them, and neither have tha maga zines been opened nor the trains ef powder underlying the passages through tha intrenchments bean disturbed. It Is understood that the guns and all will be thoroughly overhauled to-morrow. Ouarda are kept about all the wells in tha town, the water in them, an examination, proving to be poisoned. aricaRaxct or GlArCKSTR. A few minutes in Gloucester Point, my first snd only visit there, served all purpose of seeing the place and satisfying curiosity. It is a counterpart of York town on a smaller scale. The Eafans Perdua regiment, Col. Comfort, are occupying it AKRJVAL OF t>K.?BRTSRS. Hosts of deserters came in to day to On Kcnellan's headquarters, which have not been moved jet. They are mostly stragglers from the rebel rearguard, who availed themselves of the opportunity of coming over to our side. Like tormer deserters, they all are unsparing in their aaathemas of the rebel leaders, and repeat the allegations that most of the rebel army would coma ovar to the Union sido if they could. Among the deserter* were the husbands?Mr. Farnholt and Mr. I>avis?01 two women living near here. It is in front of the former's houso that our heavy siege guns were plant* and played such havoe with tho rebels. Roth say they wars impressed into the serviso. Both own flue farms, and there Is but little doubt of the cor - reetnrrs of their story. Farnholt made his escape several days ago. He waa with the rebel forces on tho Jainea rivor aide, and made his way hose under dlfflcul ties anmewhat similar to those experienced by our prisoners escaping aftor tha Bull run battle. He several times narrowly osea|*d arrest and being shot. m tub anvaxes. Our division waa cnlled out this morning and put in readiness to move. Tho men responded with alacrity to tha long roll, although tha rain came down in deluging torrents, aa It oootiuuea to do still at aearly midnight, aa I am closing this letter. The order to move was counter manded and wo now move at daylight. The boys are jubilant, because they expect some lively work, and a speedy march to the rabel capital. This division la ready to do ita share In the coming work. OPERATIONS OF THE GUNBOATS. Oar Naval Correspondence. Csmen .States Sr*ausr Maphirhiad, York Riv*r, ) Tunas asd Tiirsr ytARiiR Milks lisiow Y?*kto?n, v May 3, 186J. J oi saano** is tws namus. 1 presume I shall not bo considered as disobeying tha order recently read on board all vessels in the service whi'h forbid.* es> li and everyone connected with the scrvico to giv# p' ulicity to any plans, proposed move ments.or information of any kind which might benefit I he enemy, if I tell you som* of tb* doings of our small tloet bar*, 10 which th? MarbiabeaJ has boen by no means the least useful. This it became what we have thus far done is quite as well known by th* rebels, and better tbau ourselves. What may be done hereafter Is, of eours*, quit* another thing. We ware the flrst vessel that came here a month ago, followed by the Wacbusett and other*, until now we h?ve seven or eight in all, scrcw and aide wheel gunboats. 1 imagiue lb-1 the whole country has been quite a* much surprised at liud.ng Yorktown so serious an obsta cle to our victorious arms as we were when, on opening lire for the tirst time, we found ourselves obliged to fall back out <>{ range of remarkably long range rilled guns with which they opened on us. Wo wero completely al ? stand still; and, although the vary exuberant imagina tion of some loiter writer oti board the Yankee would make it appear tha'. great tlrngs bad been accomplished, nothing had really been done offensive on our part in the daytime until the side wheel gutiboats arrived and triad the virtue of tneir long range gnrsal a safe distance The exploit referred to, iu which we are said to have partici pated ui dur the nam* of the " Marbl* Heart," wasuoth:ng more than the throwing ashore, in th* wood* opposite us,of so:ne twenty five er thirty shells, undrr the mil tak?n idea that somebody might he building a battery There was none though. No boats went ashore and no houses were burned, and, after having fouled our pro. pvl.er with a hawser, th* Yank** left and we have seen nothing of her since. SIIEIXlltd Till MtHKLS AT NIOTir. But, though th* elaborate fortifications and numerous guns at Yorktown forbid our near approach m broad day, we have more than made the account square by fr<H|r*ni night stuck*. Ha dly a night passes without one or the other of th* gunboats cmng tip to within short range and throwing ?lcvcn-lnch and rilled shell into the midst of their cauiy. and In all thl* th* Marblehcad has borne a most distTti guisbed part. We liavo gone nearer and much often er than any nl'the others, and wo have the singular honor of being the only one whom they have complimented by answering tho tire on those occasions. There is something unusually exciting in these mid nigh! excursions. However delightful mi omit evenings may have been to us under other circumstances ashore, the'pal* godde-s of night is not welcomed here. The anchor Is got up as qnleUy an possible, for ther* are spies ashore, watching to signaiiKc our every move ment , ail light.-) cot absolutely necessary are' extln guisbed, hatches covered, an I, ill-inks to our machinery, which moves so smoothly and still that we can hardly perceive It, \v* glide along in tiio c!ark, silently and sure ax iletth itself, '.be shores hard y to bo -.-en. and nothing but the compass and soundings In the hands of our in f.-tl'll'le I'll't Kjed us within striking distance of the rebel stp Egliolt!. A few uights ago we did gomo most excollent work. Cc'tlng up to within about a mile of the batteries w* opened lire, slowly steaming along ar.d deliberately llr.ng, as it was so dark nothing could b* seen with auy certaluty. At our fifth shot the rebels, seeming to think patience 1:0 longer a virtue, suddenly opened on us with rilled shell. Only two of thorn passed over our deck, without, however, doing any damage; but the natural conseqeenco whs that tho Mai blehead iustinctively got clcser, and the last shot wo tired, dark ok it was, we could seo them wirkiug their guns Wo wero not more than three ships' length from their water battery, und directly between it and the (lloucos tur l'oint batier.es, hall a mile distant on the other side. Th*y had not imagined such a bold push on our part, and before they could depress their guns sufficiently our ?loven inch shell at point blank tore into their midst, making a large break plainly visible next morning The Cliocura. which left Boston the same t tme as our selves, lies near us, not having yet exchanged shuts with th* enemy One 01 tho ?'institutions" of our vessel Is our pilot, Captain Dave Corson, froip Staten Island. He is th* bast pilot on York river, and I v*rlly behove could take us safely anywhere with his eye* shut. He is th* life of th* ship from quarter deck to forecastle, and not tli* least of his accomplishment! '? he knows the exact locality of th* best York riv*r oyster beds. His last achievements was th* capture of a des*rt*r from our camp a few evenings ago, who was at tempting to cross the river U? the enemy in a small " dug out." He was returned, and has been probably *ho by this time. The rebel* kept up a continuous can nonade upon our lines from Yorktown and Gloucester Point, at intervals of two or three tnmutes, al?. last night and day. advahcs or th* gcm boats. At Axcho* off York Town, May 4,18fl2* . The rebels evacuated Yorktown in a hurry. W* just discovered it this morning, and the whole fleet gn under weigh. The Marblehcad flred the last shot from the gun boats yesterday morning, under the impression that something of this kind was going on, but no one supposed it would occur so soon. Dnitxd Statu Steams* Stkfpisg Stotes, 1 Hack Crkrk, Vu.,M*y 2,1862 f Last evening the Stepping Stones wu n a: to this place with a load of bay, Tor tc auci and simllai ubeful, lr :iot very exalted purpose* is the row being put. Her'ight draught of water and ample deck room adapt her admi rably for carrying military stores, fodder and ordnance through the shoal waters of tho numerous cree'.s ana in lets with which this part of the country it Intersected Baclc creek lies between the Paqaosin Jtsd the York rivers, and the head of it approaches closr iv Wormsley'i creek. From where we lay at present the mast of our gunboats would be plainly visible but for ths intervening trees. The smoke of their cannonade, vhich is new going on, may be seen occasionally curlicj upwards from among the branches and foliage. MIDNIGHT CAXNOlTADim. La*t night I was awakened, about midnight, by afu rlous cannonade. Some of the guns sounded very loud and tho whistle of shot and shell could be distinctly heard. Those sounds were intermingled by the more subdued reports of more distant guns, which seemed to Indicate that tho affair, whatever it was, extended for a considerable distance along the line. Two guns, firing very rapidly, in particular, made so toml a noise that the steamer vibrated from the concussion, and ibe sa<h win dows in her actually rattled in their frames. The shriek ing of the shells, as they hurtled through the air, was correspondingly loud. I was in:o;med by an army olflcer this morning tbst tl;ese two guns belong to a Union bat tery not very far from this place, and that they are our hundred-pounder rifled I'arrotts. I was also informed that most of the rebel shells were Dred from Glouces ter Point. It was apparent that our gunboats were taking part in the affair, from the direction of the Round, and the lapse of time before tho report from the gun and the explosion of the shells, indicating ibat the latter wore being pro pelled from the direction of where we lay The flrlnc continued at intervals during the re?t of the night,and U going oa at the present writing (midday). Occasionally we see a rebel shell bursting high in ibe air over York river, above and beyond the trees which intercept our view of that stream. okholath ahiaka*cS or Tim c?t xthy. The entrance to the creak is somewhat Intricate, and it abound* in flats. The shores, though partaking or the general level appearance of this part of Virginia, Is not unpicturssqus. We are In view of several farms containing scanty orchards of apples, peaches, cherries, Ac., now to full blossom. In regard to grain and green crops, however, ths whole district presents a universal scene of desolation. Not a quarter of an acre of land has beon turned up by the plough, nor are more any other indications of husbandry to be -een On all sid?a the ground is trodden down by the hoof of n-ses snd tho feetol men, rendering it nearly - ?arrt -nil t*. were frozen. Numbers of young peach iree? nave be?n de stroyed in this manner. Nor is the total annihilation of tho crops tor the cur rent year the only calamity that has befallen the owners of the soil. All their poultry >as been swept away by the rebels. and you can scarcely see a pig on any ef the farms. A few meagre cows and half starved calves are all that exist of the bucolic species. Nearly all ths houses have been emptied of the inhabitants?the men having either joined the rebel army ran amnre, or been impies-ed into it, and the women aud children having fled in torror. incited thereto by the bugaboo stories told them by the rebels about the ferocity of the Yankees, who seem to lw> regarded by th<- ignorant prottr much it) the same manner as the Waldensee of the fourteenth century were by the credu lous Italians of the ''orthodox'* faith, who wers led to acquiesce in their persecution for the very oppo sl'o reason that they were covered all ove.- their bodies with long hair, like wild beasta. The negioes have been ta rht that if the Yankees once get hold of them they will slilp them to Cuba and sell tliem to defray the ex penses ef tho war. I was told that by an ancient darkey a little while ago. It is by stories like these the pour erea'.ures are tuduced to follow their master* aud work In the trenches, though, should they refuse, it cannot bs doubted that more coercive measure* would be reported to to laiure compliance. To sum up the whole tals of ruin, when ibe rebellion has been subdued, the unfortunate peopls, who have been driveu by fear or destitution to leave their homes, will havo to com mem e h e over sgam, when, aa they have been deprived rf everything, their cup of m ?ery will be full to overflowing Heivy will bs the retribution lo the leaders of tb'S wicked rebellion, who have caused such wide-spread r i in. I went on gborethii -n il tnii, :u company with Kngl neor S'nung. nnd vis i?d ?ne ? f t'.? farm houses still in habited. It is a sn ul frame tjtii.Jing. We found in it n middle aged woman, who gav? tie* name as Stroud, and four young children?two hoys .mj two girls. Tl?s place presented the appearance of the most sqjalid P"vsrty, although the woman has a fsw dollars In goid, for the rebel* have < arried off everything they could lay their hands oS. Even her turkey, though setting *1 the time, did not sscape, bnt aggs and sll were taken away. Ths woman sild ber husband, William Stroud, had beeu im pressed into ths rebel army, that he is a Union man. bat did net vote for President, nor sithsr way on lbs secession question, becsuse.had ha done so, he must have gone for the Union, which would have made htm a marked man. He further stated that his crops were Just coming up, when they were all trampled down and destroyed hv the rebel soldiery, who kspt him in con stant fear during their stay. From where we lay the earlhwi>rk* built by tbs rsbels are visible at about a hundred yards distance respective ly and another i* laid to bs beyond, at abend in Ibe creek. A rimer ha* Juat reached us that Rurs'ldo hss taken Noriolk in thj rear, ami that thirty thousand rebel troops. tent fi otti Vorktownto rsmlorcs the si my tberc, arrived u day after tbs affair. THE WAR IN THE SOUTHWEST. Capture Of Two Thousand Rebels toy Ge neral Pope. Cairo, liny S. IR62. Tbe steamer Ella, from l'lttsburg Lauding last night, arrived ibis afternoon. General Pope, by placing a battery of artillery in tho open field near Farming bam, in tight of tbe rebel reg'. minis succeeded in luring them cn to take ihe battery, and took the whole force, numbering 2,000, prisoner*. Detertor? rep rt great dissatisfaction in tbe rebel army, both among the officers and uian. General Beaurcenrd had m >de a speech to tbe troops, tnyiDg that tie would make a desperate stand and force the Union army to retreat, and appealed to them to stand by bim. Orders had been issued to tbe Union troops to march Sunday night, but tbey wore prevented by tbe condition of tlie roods, which the heavy rains 1 endered impassa ble. 1 Cairo, May7,1842. By an arrival from Tort Henry wo learn that It la probable that lets than two hundred of tbe Nebraska cavalry were capturod in the recent skirmish with the rebe's who were under Clay instead of JelT. Thomp son as at tlm reported. Tbe affair occurred twelve miles west of Hinman, on the opposite side of the river from Fort Henry, and a strong force has bocn sent in pursuit of the rebels. Tbe rumor of the evacuation of Corinth nud its occu< pation by the federals, is reported by every arrival 01 deserters. There is no doubt that Beauregard, whiM ho.ding bis forces in line of battle, is gradually falling back on Grand Junction. The opinion gains ground that thcro will be no general engagement between the two amiss at their proseut position. Cincinnati, May 7,1802. Captain Hazlett, of the Sue nd Ohio, has ar. rived here on sick leave. Neither himself, Cap tnin McKitiney nor Lleutonnnt llyal wer? taken prisoners at Pula; ki, as reported from Louisville yesterday. Captain Haslott regrets the report ef hit taking a parolo. NEWS FROM GENERAL BANKS' ARMY Skirmish anil Flight of Admy'i Ketoci Cavil try, &c. New Markkt, Va., May 7,1802. Yesterdny afte. no, ti a detachment ol tho Fifth New York cavalry made a reconnoi&saijce t< wards liar tispouburg, when live miles this side they eucounteree upwards or two hundred ot Athby'S cavalry. Thej charged npon tliem ai.d pursued ihem ?ithin two milei Of town. Ten tebels were killed and six taken prisoner! Our loss was one killed and a battalion adjutant taken prl aoner. Tho woikon our side was done with the sabre and,was a very gallant aflair. An officer from Mount Jackron this morning saystht guard at the bridge t ear the town reports that the gua cilia cavalry attempted last night to burn the bridge but were repulsed. There is no official confirmation yot Nothing but small rebel pickets are seen in the neigh borhood of the Columbian bridge in tho valley. Tbe weather Is cool and plea-ant. The sick are 1m proving. INTERESTING FROM FREDERICKSBURG. [From lb# Richmond (Va.) Fxaminer, May 2.1 We l?ara from Fredericksburg thai the enemy iutr> m:uls a formal demand for. and taken lossesgion of tlx railroad depot and the public stores, which wen deserted by our troojis without being destroyed. Fiv gunboat* and twenty-two bargee have come up th> river and anchored at the wharf. Tho barge* ar said to be common canal boats. H t? thought that tlv purpose of the enemy in to c< nstruct a bridge over whlcl to pass lila army no'-oi-a the Rappahanncck. The tug are 'pw , light draught, dirly locking things, bearing tw> er th.ss small guns each 'they are altogether wooden and'H good battery of lie'.d artillery might have sunk th whoU cor.cern , hargus and all. The protection atrwrded by the seem? to fugitiv negroes |g s?M to be play ag havoc with a ave propert; it, the neighborhood o! tredencksburg. The ularri a? II-eking to the .Vdersi army by hundreds A* many a eighty had gon* oil atone '.lm* from the river plant* tlons, and it Is said that there isscarcely ?slaveholder ki Fredericksburg who has not lo*t one or mor* of hi negroes. NEWS FROM FORTRESS MONROE. The Merrimac Out Agsln?Arrlval of ? Norwegian War Vrsich Fokthsss Mosbok, May T, 1861 The Merrimac came oat to-day, but did nothing. The Norwegian corvette Nepion arrived this morning and th* commander visited General Wool. Salute* w*r exchanged. OUR PRISONERS INRICHMOND. Our Fortress Monroe Correspondence Fori re m Monboi, May 6.1862. J.dvmliiret on Board a Flag of Truce U at?JtJT. Davit AavaliPoicc?yon Arrival of Union J'ri>onert?Th Yorktovm and Januttoum Gone to Xorfol': to Rejoin th Merrimac, tfc. On the 2i! inst. General Wool received information fron the rebel General Huger, commanding the Departmonto Norfolk, that on Moudar, the Sth last., 490 release Union pnsouers would com* down the James river fron Richmond. Accordingly General Wool despatched a da of truce boat yesterday, to .ake the expected prisoner aboard and bring thorn to Old Point. Captain Jam* Millward, Jr.. Harbor Master, went in charge of the 11* of truce, on board of ihe Kast river boat New Haven Captain David Lamphan, which had Just come into th Reads laden with army stores for General McClellao Captain William Jay and l.ieutenant Septimus Carncross of Geasrsl Wool's stall', accompanied the flag of truce The New Haven proceeded up ihe Jami-a r.ver, aud can* to an anchorngo opposite Day's Point. She had be* there scarcely an hour, before villainous looking tu| boat, carrying on h<ir bow an eighty-p?.ibd Dahlgren gun made b*r ap;>earauce, having \ whito flag hoisted on bo fore, and run alongside of our ttagbuat. Her dee swarmed with men, and a more villainous crew of cut throats it wss never my luck to hohold. The fondefr imagination of Marryatl, and other " son t no writers,* ciuild not conjure up more ferocious aud blood thirst! vil'ains than mannod tho rebel crafl, pu p rting to b one of Jeir. Davis' j>oi:co boat. Among the whole of that crowd f cn.ild ee but one mi in uniform. He was an olderly looking | ers< nage,clad it a gray coat, slouched hat and India rublier leggings The only insignia ot officer were a pair of greasy red cap Kin's shoulder stra-s. A* soon as the r*l>el craft wa made fast to our boat, tho captum Just described laid t Captain Millward, ?' lhat is the captain of th* boat,"* the same time pointing to a small sized man. in cittren' dree*, sporting a glazed cap, but reeling und T the effect of bad whiskey The ca|?Uin asked w hy we wore here which demand refill ed considerable cueigy on hie par to articulate. Captain Millward informed him In a f*i words of the raesssge seut by General lluger, aed th rebels were evideutly *atisli*d. Tho crew, howevet dressed in e\ery Imaginable fashion?civilian, hal soldier and sailor, some of ibem wearing fer. cap*, an armed with sabre bayonet*, rusty clm? s, revolvers Howie knives, and other we*|mns?stood in a position a "boarders." ready to spring oi board ol our vessel aar to demolish eve ytbn g c> mm^ wuhiii their grasp. Th commissioned officer wusseemingly a." deaf as an adder and had to have the couvers.ttion between Captain Mil) ward and the drunk n n?| tain of the rebol craft in let preted to him. After a little more pai leying, the "bus caneer" shoved o(Tand moored towards Newi* rt's News but returned In about hall un hi ur afteiwai i!?, passing u on her way towards Mulbe ry I-land. Tliat was the las we saw of the r<hel stoimboat N ght grew on us withou the appearance of the expected prisoners, and the part| on board of the New Haven were compiled to make" night of II" in the James river, Captain Lamphan, o the New Haven, was very hospital! e to ns.snd dl> everything In hie flower to make u* comfortable. A about one o'clock this morning the rebel steamers York town and Jamestown pa??*<l by us?silent ss death, an> not a glimmering of a light to be seen -on tbeir way t> Norfolk, probably, to)om the Merrimac on an ih*r lors; *o Hampton Road*. Yesterday was a decidedly disagreeable day, rainy misty, and withal very chilly. Toward* morning however, the wind veeied around, and the iiay broke K great nplendor. The sun is shining very briiliaatly, an> up to thi* moment (ten o'clock A. M.) no rebel 0* of truce hav ing on board the released prisoners b* appeared. At half past eleven o'clock Captain Millward decided t ran to Newport's New* aud telegraph to General Wool fo order* A few as mutes alter an answer was received I return to the fort, where we arrived at one o'clock, with out having ecc< asplisbed our mlspieu. Detraction of a Grain Klcvator at Oh vsnporl, Iowa* Psnuirosr, Iowa, May 7,1862. The grain vator la thi* city belonging to Towusens *Ce ,ol tattoo, was destroyed by Ore last night. Loa flS.OOO. Sight thousand bushel* *f gralu were destroy ed. The jran was insured for $7,000. Oriaaltsi'i*** of Connecticnt Legii ? latnre. Nsw Uava*, May 7,1802. The twe of the I.egisiature organised tins lore noon the Senate by the choice of Hon. Hiram Wood win President /ire Un.. and th* House by the choice of Hon josiab M Carer, Speaker. Uevernor Puek ugliam was accompanied to th* hall tr ? large esvert *f miliary and flremen, Ihe votefor ?) esk*r wss-.Mr I'srer, Union r*p?H csn. IH , Alv u I' Hyde, dsm era-, 1*.

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