Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 9, 1864, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 9, 1864 Page 1
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THE NEW YORK WHOLE NO. 10,066. NEW YORK, SATURDAY, APRIL 9, 18G4.-WITII HERALD. SUPPLEMENT. PRICE THREE CENTS. IMPORTANT Um WASHINGTON. The Amendment to the Consti tution Prohibiting Slavery Adopted by the Senate. The Vote: Thirty-eight Ayes to Six Rays. Mr* Somner's Speech in Fiver ef the Meuorei Interesting Discussion In (he House. ?r Long, of Ohio, in Favor of Recognizing the Independence of the Rebels. Spirited Speech of General Garfield, Ac* &c., Ao. Washington, April 8, 1864 ADOPTION BY TBI SENATE OP THE JOINT RESOLU TION TO AMEND TUB CONSTITUTION 80 AS TO PROHIBIT SLAVERY. Tbe Joint resolution unending the constitution was adopted by the Senate to-day, after one or tbe most pro tracted and uninteresting discussions of Congress. The apposition made an attempt to postpone final action, tat soon gave up in disgust, the temper of tbe Senate not being favorable to a repetition of harangues in de fence of tbo moral and Christian izing influences of slavery. It was suggested that the attention of the Sen ate might have been claimed longer bad the condition of some of tbe speakers warranted them in making tbe attempt bold HFBBCB OP RBPRE8SNTATITB LONG, OP OHIO, IN FAVOR OP THE REBELS. Mr. Long, of Ohio, made a strong secession speech In Committee of tbe Whole this afternoon?one of tbe bold est and most outspoken that has been made on that side %y any member ef the Rouse this session, lie did not apologia* for but fully justified tbe secessionists in the enm wblcb tbey bad taken, and maintained that under tfce principles of our government tbey ought to have been ??owed to go Id peace, and tbat they could never be sub K&sisjijEi!* HOratkm was now impossible. Even ltr, HkrrW, of Maryland', has sot dared to make such ft speech, strong *? kit proclivities are known to be. There was at times ?ouldorable excitement. Mr. Garfield, or Ohio, replied* ?ad other member* participated in the conversation BbM ensued. ^ ; \n? tOAN CONTESTED ELECTION, ?h* Pwtfc committee on elect ions made a majority and ?fliroilty report in the contested election case of Bruce tarns Loan, the sitting member for tbe Seventh Con '(NHional District of Missouri. The majority report was ?ad* by Mr. Qsnson, of New York, and Is a lenptby and totereeting exposition of tbe proceedings at tbe election Md la tbat State on tbo 4th of November, at which time W. Loon claims to have been eleeted. Similar reports an understood as agreed upon ia other contested election *a*e* from Missouri. Alter railing the act tea of tbe convention which constituted the provisional government or the State after the rebellion culminated, and ita ac tton In regard to that election, and the mili tary ordera to carry out and enforce the regula tions enacted by the Convention, and to prevent Interfer ence with tho freedom or the election, the report eays there were unquaationably sufficient Indications prior to Mm elocUoo of an Intended interference with tho election at the pells te indacc tbe authorities of tbe State to issne Mm enters referred to. Tbe occurrences oo election da; ?bow very plainly that the apprehended interference wag from tbe militia itself. The committee say that they are ?attefled that the election was not conducted so as to en title either candidate to a seat in the Bouse, and report rsaolutious accordingly. Messrs. ITpson, Smiibere, GYeen, Clay Smith and Seofleld. in tboir minority report, In considering the ?acts ami evidence presented in the ease, arrive at tbe conclusion that there is no evidence cf suet aa interference on the part of the militia or others aa would aflbrd a good reason for invalidating the election, and it clearly appearing, they say, that tbo contestant ? not entitled to a seat, but that tbe sitting member (Mr. Loan) is, they report a rosolutxn to that ?Act. Tbe matter, when considered, will doubtless lead to a excited and angry debate, In which tbe Missouri politicians will have an excellent opportunity to make koewn their grievances. FORTHCOMING POLITICAL MOVEMENTS. For two weeks past there baa been an ominous calm in political movements here; but tbe heaving of tbe billows prognosticating aeoming storm baa began. Calla have been iaaued for meetings of republicans from each of ?early all tbe Western and Northern States to form cam feign clnba. In one or two instances tbeae calls name ?r. Lincoln as tbe candidate in view; bat in all tbe rest, aMboagb oo one a named, It Is apparent from tbe known preferences of tbe managers that they are not intended ?a be Lincoln clnba. TBI VIRGINIA CONSTITPTIONAL CONVENTION. Tbe indications are that tbe Convention aasembled at Alexandria for amending the State constitution of Virgi ?la will prove a failure, the Convention for some time put haa been ooasldering tbe proposition not to submit ?ke amendment to tbe people. Tbia . auses great dfcoatisfactloo, and would undoubtedly lead to aarloua complications. On tbe other band, objectionable teat urea introduced Into the proposed amendments render * aimoet certain that If submitted to tbo people tbey will iqjeet them at once. Tbe amendment relating to return tag rebels provides that officers, civil and military, of tbe ?oafederacy, shall bo dial ranch ised, but that tho Leglsla tare of tbe State may hereafter at Its pleasure rescind tfce measure. Thus designing politicians, who might become members of the Assembly, oenld materially change tbe polity or the State by arraying against the Union men a formidable organization of disaffected voters. Hash dissatisfaction la 01 pressed concerning thla feature Cf tbe resolutions, and an effort la being made to defeat Ibem In convention, the friends of emancipation believing snob a slop preferable to allowing the endorsement of tbe Prsstdent's praoUunatlcn to fall by tbe vote of tho ?people. TBI IH7TY ON WOOL. Tbe Committee on Manufactures have made a report rolallve to duties on wool. Tbey say that the expectation tbat low grades of wool would not compete with domestic products has not been reaHsed. Seven-eighths of all Im portations last year were invoiced below tbe minimum of eighteen cents par pound, tbe whole averagiag less tbaa passaiesn ooms. This baa defrauded tbe Treasury and dsao groat Injustice to wool growers. The entire duties sf last year did not produce mora than half a mil lion dollars. Tbe eomsattiso recommend that tbo doty of tvo per cent on wools under eigh teen eenle bo changed to a specific duty of three cents per pound, aad an ad valorem duty sf twenty per cent, on woolo floating over eighteen mi aot over twontyfeur eaais, a specific duty of six esats per pound and aa ad valerem duty of twenty per east; ee wool cootlog oner twenty four eenle, nine cents pw ponad aad twenty per oeat ad valorem at tbe port where tbe dnty is paid. Tbo total amouat of wool im parted during the last flsral year was 71,MS,13* pounds, soot in i ?i2,aeo,Mo. TUB CASK or MAJOR M'f.SAN. 0* OHIO. laqairy was made some time ago In relation to tbe ?mm of Major N. H. Mclean, of Ohio, to which tbe Serre mry of War run replied that that officer wm ordered to I Vseeeavor beeanaa it was deeded esDedient to the ser- I vlco that he should go there;and that It hoe (,Mn the practice of the Department to furnish c^p|c(j 0f burgee electing the capacity or fidelity of its (fleers provioua to taking action upon their cases. tb^j Secretary says it is not deemed compatible with t^e public interests to make further ansvrer. ^ \m AKMY. Captains Keogh slid Wads worth, formerly of General BufitM's ctalf, have been assigned to tbo staff of general Uerrtu, of the cavalry corps. The order rolat'ng to tbe consolidation of the Eleventh and Twelfth corps bas been changed, denominating the new organization the Twentieth Instead of tbe First corps. TB> NOMINATION OP MAJOR GENERAL bchopield. It is understood that tbe Senate Military Committee to-day reported In secret session adversely on the nomi nation or Major General Scboflold. THE OOODYBAft INDIA hpbbbr PATENT. The Goodyear patont was up before tbe House com mittee agaib to day, and aTter bearing tbe argument of counsel In favor of Its renewal tbe matter was postponed until tbe 21st of April. The chances for the success of the applicants do not Improve aa tbe discussion pro gresses. OH IBP JDSTICI TANEY AT BIB POBT. Chief Justice Taney, haviDg recovered from bis pro tracted Illness, resumed bis seat in tbe Supreme Court to-day. RBMEP FOR bioux INDIANS. Senator Doolittie bas prepared a bill appropriating ten thousand dollars for tbe relief of certain of the Sioux In dians who have suffered at the bands of their tribe for saviug the lives of citizens of Minnesota during tbe late ma?aacre. DEATH OP DAVID 8. CAMPBELL. David S. Campbell, son of Alexander Campbell, of New York, died here this afternoon of pneumonia. THIRTY-EIGHTH CONGHESSI. f! kmt 8ession. senate* Washington, April 8,1*6-1. rkuciation OF f0rr1c.n AND ooastw18k tradk. Mr. Morriix, (rep.) of Me., introduced a bill to regu late tbo foreign and coasting trade on the Northern, Eastern and Northwestern frontiers of the United States, and for other purposes, which was referred to tho Com mittee on Commerce. It prescribes that all coasting vessels shall be enrolled and licensed by tbe Secretary of tbe Treasury. No certificate of registry is required: but each shall be subject to all tbe regulations and penalties applying to registered vessels. A compensation of one thousand dollars per year, with fees, under the Treasury regulations, and three per cent on collections, is proposed for collectors of customs at Pembina, Chicago, Milwau kee, Saut Ste Marie, 1'etroit, Miami, Sandusky, Cuyaho gv Hresque Isle. Krie, Dunkirk, Buffalo, Niagara, Goneree, Oswego, Cape Vincent, Oswegatcbie. Champiain and Ver mont, provided tnat tbe salaries shall not exceed $26.? 000: the on)lectors' bonds to be approved by tbe Com 1 mtcsioner of Customs kxnvnvs apfointmkhts to br considered in opbi* senats. Mr. TRCMnt'li., (rep.) of 111., reported from tbe Ju. diciary Committee tbe proposed amendment to tbe rulea of tbe Senate, requiring nominations to be acted upon in open Senate, with a recommendation that it do not pass. Ibe report was adopted. A NATIONAL CDaftlNCT. Mr. SHEMfoN, CM.) 6f Ohio. Introduced a bill to pro vide foj ^bational currency secured by tne pledge of , yoi?'.u States stocks, and to provide for tbe circulation and redemption thereof. The bill la to be that proposed by Mr. Hooper, In tbe Houae, without material Change. Keferrcd to the Committee on Finance. muel kor INDIANS. Sir. Harlan, (rep.) of Iowa, Introduced a bill for the re lief of certain friendly Indians of tbe Sioux nation in Min nesota. Referred to tbe Committee on Indian AfPalrs. It appropriates ten thousand dollars, to make provision for tbe welfare of soch Indians as perilled|llfe in saving from I tbe massacre many whites tn 1802. TOR jrRlftDICnOH OF TBE DMHRirt COUNTS. 1 Mr. Morrill Introduced a bill extending tbe jurisdiction of the District Court*, which was referred to tbe Oom. i roittee ou Commerce. Tbe bill givels the same jurisdic tion to sueh courts over actions concerning coasting ves sels on lakes and rivers as they now have over vessels on tbe high seas, nod repeals tho act of February, 1846. tnk ms maiujrittts railroad land grant. Mr. Howard, (rop. j of Mlcb., introduced a joint resale Hon to extend tbe time for reversion to tbe United St,.tee of the lands granted to the i'erc Marquotte Kallroad, which was referred to the Committee on Public Lands thk ARRFSTt of CAPTAINS FTWll f ON and STODDARD. On motion of Mr. Wilson, (rep.) of Mass., the Secretary of War was directed to communicate information touch ing tbe recent arrest of Captain C. P. Ferguson, Quarter master I'd it** States Army, and (aptaln wm. Stoddard, Assistant Quartermaster, lately in cbsrge of tbo military depot at Alexandria, Va. ?bt point nnwon. On motion of Mr Anthony, (rep.) ol R. 1.. tt was re solved vhat tbe Committee oo Naval Affairs be instructed to inquire into tbo expediency of placing the professors of ethics, of Spanish and or drawing Id tbe Naval .Acade my on tbe samu footing with tbe other professors. acjrioixc. LANP at ?ocx ISI-SNtl Mr. Howard introduced tbe bill to acquire a title to certain property at Rook Island, 111 , for tho purpose of building an arsenal thereupon for tbe United states. The Ml'occasioned some debate, during wbtcb the morning hour expired. hie TmAxsmt or msh reo* nts army to mit xavy. By unanimous content, Mr. Hale called up the bill to repeal tbe first section of tbe joint resolution or February 24,1964. relating to tbe transfer of perrons from tbe mili tary to the naval service, wbicb was passed. rimn OK MR. HUMNBR ON I til I KOHllimuN Ok SLAYgRY FY All AMSNI'MKNT OF T11K < OffnTTTION. The Hecate then rroceciled to the consideration of tbe ;omt resolution an,ending the constitution Mr. Srvsm, (rep) o( Mass , ?aid the first tbing that would strike an angel from the sicios, or a stranger from another planet, il either flould bo permitted to visit tbls earth, with rurpriso. after viewing tbo extent and re sources or our people, would be the lact that there are four millions of human beinirs held in tbe most abject bondage, driven by tho lasb like beasts. and deprive.I of hI rights, oven that of knowledge and tb? snored right or family. The stranger's astonishment would be doubly IncresFed when be was pointed to tlio constitution as the guardiin of tbls many hooded wickedness fie would interpret tbe constitution In its true sense, and Fay that slavery could not exist by its positive text. He (Mr. Sumner) contended tnattbe words "slave" anil "slavery" did not appear in tbe constitution, and if the preten sion of proi>erty In man lurks anywbere m the consti tution ,t was under a feinned name, lie OMMtml the preamble tbe Key to opon tbe wbolo ioslruitenl to freedom. He would call attention to those chain break ing words?" No person shall be deprived of life, liberty or proj^rty wiihout due process of law Soirnvng all false interpretations and c losses, wblcb may have been fastened uuon the constitution as a support of slavery, be would declare there was nothing in tho text on wbicb tbe hideous wrong could be fonnded. In dealing with this Miie?t:on in tbe past it has not hern tne constitution so much as human nature wblcb has been at fault, let tbo people change and tbe constitution wonld change also, for tbe constitution was tbn shadow, wbile tbe peo ple were tbe substance. Under tbe influences of tbe preeent struggle tbe people have changed, and in nothing so mucb as oo slavery. OM opinions and prejudices have dissolved, and tbo tra ditional foothold which slavery once possessed has been weakening gradually, until now It scarcely exists. Naturally thin change must sliow Itself in the interpretation of the constitution, and it Is already visible In the concession of powers which were formerly denied, and tbe time bas come when the constitution, so long in terpreted lor Riavery. may be mterprcted for freedom. He contended, among the concessions of tower over slave ry as a military necessity, many |Oln with Patrick Henry, who, in tbe Virginia Convention, declared the power of manumission was given to rongress in toe constitution, and argued against it on that ground. Slavery receiving no support in tbe constitution, he contended, was clearly nnder tbe control of Congress, under tbe act giving Congress power to "provide for tbe oommon de fence and genoral welfare." To all who would deny the power o' Congress over slavery he referred to tbe words of Patriok Henry, when be pa><l that on tliat subject tbe constitution speaks to the point. He contended that under tbe war power no one ooald deny Its complete efficiency in enfranchising tbe soldier slave and bis tamily. In the words of Shags pere, when be makes Harry, on the eve of tbe battle of Agmoourt, say to hie men to encourage them ? "K?r ho to-day that sheds bis Mood with me shall be my brother, be be ne'er so vile, to is day shall gentle his condition." He contended also tbat the clause guaranteeing a repub lican form of government to each State made it our plain doty to abolish slavery, considering I tbe essential elements that constitute it, as understood by our fathers. Tbo clause tbat no person shall be deprived of life, liberty or property without due process of Jaw, throws protection over every person without regard to color, class or condition. He held tbat this wsa not dnly a guarantee against, but a prohibition of slavery <>n the very face of tbe consti tution slavery was on outlaw, and in Its eiprsss pro visions, be bad shown, froon sources of pewsr. wblcb, If executed, rendered il impossible Nothing but hesi tancy and delay In eradicating slavery was uoconetttn ttonal. Slavery was not only a nuisance, but a public enemy and traitor in tbe rebellious States, lending succor to them, and holding oat blue llgbts to en< ontago sad di rect their oners tieee, and tt must be abolished. In refer ence to tbe ew-stmn oi compessstisn, foundsd oo tbo sbssssful assumption tho. tbers was properly In mea, there was a time wi sn be was willing lo pay moosy for emancipation. Hut it was as a ransom, and not compen sation. Hoary was no longer needed for tbe purpoee. 1bo4-iir,e had come for the old tocslnlto sound?"Millions for detonee; not oae oeet tar tribute.?' Milli<?s of dollars and strung a Mas to defend our country sgaiost slavcmas ters n?t one eeni fori tribute for these. Every dollar lor compensation paid should go to tbe slave. He contended Uial the pretension to compensation for tbn renunciation of a systori too disgusting to picture or detail was odious. Blever) mast be overthrows; Ural, by the ennrts deflating sod spplyteir tbo true principles of the constitution, recond, by Osngress, la Hie exercise of the powers which belong to it and, third, by tbe people, by emending tbe constitution tesh?t end. as the courts bad failed to do their duty. Congress, by a single briei statute, will sweep slavery out of exMbonce It < ongrsss may not do this, tot the FnsMHr* ?>??? lew ho rensaied and all vthors eea- < flictlng with the rights of colore) perform But, beyond *11, tho people must put the capstone oo the glorious ?structure by an amendment to tbe constitution. Wbilo be ni dosirouH of sceiog tbe great rule of freedom which we were about to ordain embodied m a text which should be like tbe precious ccket to the more precious treasure, he was consoled by the thought taut the most homely text contuiuiog such a rule would be more beautiful far than any parage of poetry or eloquence of words, and would be read with gratitude when the rising dome of this Capitol, with the ?:atue of Liberty wbicb surrounded It, baa crumbled Into du*i. Mr. Powkia, (opp.7 of Ky., deniod that It was the pro vince of tbe constitution to dellne wbat was property If wo bad a right to strike down property In Blares we bad in horses. Those who were urging these measure* were acting in bad faitb, as tho I'rcsideut in hi* inaugural an nounced that we bad no right to interfere with the insti tution in tho State*. Tbe senator from New Hampshire had said that slavery must die. Slavery alone waa net the cause of our trouble, but tbe. failure to execute tho constitution and the laws of the country. It waa, in bis opinion, lirst an oflicious and then an unwarrantable meddling with tbe constitution on the one hand, and the grossest indiscretion of its advocates on tbe otber, which caused the war. Had there been no abolitionist* there would have been no rebellion. The present was tbe best disunion measure ever proposed. Such a measure directed against any othor species of property would put one half of New England in revolt to-morrow. Cupidity and a love of gain was their rull*g characteristic. Why were not the men who now *o earnestly suppported tbis measure in favor of amendments tetbe Constitution at a time wben they would have prevented perhaps this bloody strife? Again, the amendments he otTered yesterday?been use while we were at this work be desired to do a little more for tbe| white ruan?wore all voted down. He derended Kentucky from the aspersion* cast upon ber. She bad lilted her quota* in otber wars and in the present war. Although thirty thousand of her sons were in tbe rebel army, sbo did not require tbe enforcement of tbe draft. He considered that Mr. Halo was unfortunate in his allu sion to Charles 1., of whose beheading he spoke. A* guilty as that monarch was of infractions on the English constitution, be pledged Himsoir.on tbe honor of a gen tleman. to furnish two examples to one of infractions committed by tho President of tbe United Mates on our constitution. Ho denied that the democratic party was dead. This would never occur until it bad fuiillled its inlsnon of saving our imperilled constitution from tbe machinations of the traitors who threatened it. Before tbe Senate could kill tbe democratic party the press must be muxzled and liberty of speech denied. Mr. Powell continued at some length in reply to Mr. Sumner. Mr. Davis, (opp.) of Ky., said?We should be guarded In tbe terms of an amendment which proposed to take millions of property without the consent or compensation or those wbo are more loyal than those proposing to take tbe property. He desired to enter once more bis pro test against this wicked and unjust act, although be kniv tbe protest of an angel, much less tbe voice of a feebie worm, would bo of no avail. Mr. Sai'lhm'ry. (opp.) of Del., proposed lengthy amend ments, and a substitute securing tbe liberty or tbe press and free speech, ana re establishing tbe principles of tbe Missouri compromise, which were rejected. Mr. Sl-mncr withdrew nis amendmont heretofore offered as a substitute, as be did not desire to obstruct tbe com mittee's amendment in its passage. Mr. MrDouonx, (opp.) of Cal.,said tbat tbe vote be should give against tbe measure was not from want of philanthropy to the slaves or from hatred to freedom. He bad been tbe teacher of philnntbropy to some of those wbo were now blatant for freedom. He denied that tbe question of emancipation was germain to tbe present' war, and had therefore declined to take part In it, be lieving tbat it tended to aggravate rather than heal our wounds. Any effort to Antagonize the blacks and whites must result In disaster to the former. As a true friend of tbe black raoe be should vote against the measure. TBB vote OR THE AHENDXKNT. . The amendment, as reported from the Judiciary Com mittee as a substitute to tbe original bill of Mr. Hender derson, was then adopted by a vote of thirty-eight to ?ix, as follows ? iu<. Anthony, rep., of R. L Howe, rep.. of Wle Brown, rep.. t>r Mo. Johnaon. opp , of Md. Chandler, rep., of Mlcb. Lane, rep., of Ind. Clark, rep., or N. H. Lane, rap., of Kansas. Collamer, rep., of VI. Morgan, rep., of N. ?. Couneas. rep., of CaL Morrill rep., of Me. Cowan, rep., of Pa. Kesmith. opp . of Oregon. Dixon, rep., ef Conn. Pomeroy. rep., of Kansas. Doolittle. rep., ef Wt* Rnmaav, rep., of Minn. Fessenden, rep., of Me. Sherman, rep., of Oh?o. Foot, rep, of Vt. fipragve. rep., ot R. J. Foster, rep., ef Coon. Duniaer. rep , ol Maaa. Grimes rep., or Iowa. Ten Byck. reo , or N. J. Hale, rep , of N. h. Trumbull, rep., of III. Harding, rep., of Oregon. Vao Winkle, rep., of Va. Harlan, rep . or lou-a. Wade. rep., of Ohio. Barrla, rep., of N. Y. Wilkinson, rep., >f Minn. Henderson, rep., of Mo. Wllley, rep., of Va. Howard, rep , of Mich. Wilaon, rep . of Mass. navs. Davis, opp.. of Ky. Powell, epp., or Ky. Hendricks, opp . ol Tnd. Riddle, opp . of Del MrDougail, opp., of Cal. Saulsbury, opp., of Del. nis JOINT MSOLPTO* AWP AMunUIKXT The following is the joint resolution as passed ? Pe it resolved by the Senate ar.d Hous?t of Represectattees of the United Htates or America in Congress assembled, two thirds or both houses c incurring, that the following article be proDoaed to the Legislatures of ths several Stales ss an amendment to the constitution o' tbe United Stales, which when ratified by three fourths of said Legislatures, shall be ?slid to all intents and purposes as a part of ths said con stitution, namely ? * nriri.K xm. Suction 1.?Neither slavery nor Involuntary servitude, eirept as a punishment for crime, whereof the party shall hive been duty oonvlclc 1. shall exist within the United States, or any place subiect to their jurisdiction. 8*i'. 2.?Congress shnll have power to enforoe tbis article by appropriate legis ation. The Senate then adjourned until Monday House off R?pr?Htattvti. Waswh?.ioh, April 8,1864. m? loan *m> iRrf* co*tihtei> klectios <i?k. Mr. Ga?.?o!?, (opp.) of N. Y.from ibe Committee on Hections. madefa report, accompanied by a resolution, declaring thai Hen am in P. I.oan is not entitled to a peat in thm Ilonee at a member from the Seventh Congres. stonal I) 1st not of M ssoun, and another resolution, that Jobn r Bruce, tbo contestant, n also not entitled to tbe Real. Mr. 1'reon (rep.) of Micb., from tbe same committee, submitted tbe views of tbe minority wlib a resolution tbat Mr. 1 oan 1* entitled to retain bis seat. Mr Uaniion desired to fix a day for the consideration of the subject, but tbe Fpeaker said it could be called up at nny time. At) VAUOSSMIAXON ' A1.IW 0? KfiNne, STO? KS,H *'TS. HI ICK( IJA1 nis* iitn 0!? tiic RKCKtrr* nt min ratco.nh On motion of Mr. Onsu., (rep.) of N. Y., it was re solved that tbo Committee of Wavs and Means be in structed to inquire into tbe expediency of reporting a bill laying ad valorem taxes on all sales of bonds, stocks, specie, merchandise or all descriptions, and on the re ceipts of railroads, coal, gas and all otber luoorporatcd companies. ran no* or a **w fkwow?ncMov*i. witi anatows Tbe Rouse resumed tbe consideration of the bill to erect a penitentiary, jail ami bouse of correction in tbe District of Columbia Mr. PAmniHiK, (rep.) of y. H., said the gentleman from Illinois (Mr. Wasbtnirne) yesterday cbarged him witb voting for a swindle. To answer tbe etegant fronr.y of the gentleman a person's brains ought to He <n bis mettle to do It. Mr. WAijui sn, (rep.) of III., asked rrom what tbo gentleman read. Mr. Pattsssor replied?Tbe House report Id tbe Ckroniclt. Mr. Wasrsi7ri<b eald wbat he uttered would be found in tbo oolumns of ttx- r'tmpnttumal Glnbt. | Nor*.?Tbe OMs report represents Mr Wasbburne as saying -4trhe people of Cbarlestowo ??w tbe pur chase of grounds to extend tte Charleetnwn Navy Yaril to bo a swindle and sent a committee hero to ox pone it, and I remarked tbe gentleman from New Hampshire would not go with mo in my vain attempt to *et tbe committee to stri?e it out; hut bo voted, tf I nghtly re. member, to keep 1t in tbo bill. It was a little thing ? only $136,000?a mere bagatelle?and '1 grew "toqnanl over It,'ns the gentleman would say, and ho refused to vote against the appropriation I opposed the appropria tion on tbe gronnii that tbe sum named was enormous and extravagant,and, in fact, tbat It was reported to ha a swindle, as it has turned out to be since.") Mr. PAmnmossatd that otber members underst"od tbe gentleman s (Mr. Washburae's) remarks as he ill<l, and that tbe Cbalrtmn of the Committee on Naval affairs had promptly denied that It was a swindle If be (Mr. Pstts'son) voted for a swindle of $13ft,00Si)e bad very good company on hith sides of tho Howe. It was hardly courteous in nny member to accuse another of voting for a swindle Was It necessary lor tbe gentleman (Mr. Wasbburne) to misrepresent tbe Tacts? Mr Ka*?oi?. (rep. 1 of Iowa, said be was one of those who eniertalne.1 do.ipt as to ths mirchase of tbo ground, but these doubts were removed by subsequent persosal inspection He regretted the charge sf a swindle had been made on tbe floor of the House. Mr. pAmesoH, (resuming) said tbat ths gentleman from Illinois bin thought proper to compere bis (Mr. Patterson s) brief career witb his (Mr. Washburna's) own bright and glorious career of ten pears; but perhsps the longer he (Mr Patterson) should serve here be would be more successful in bringing up bis votes to tbe popular standard. and he would now m*te the general remark that if any mai dared to charge him wlthbaving wilfully voted for a corruption fund or fraud of $133,000 be won Id tmrl bark the infamous cbarge with scorn and eon tempt tn bis teeth. ft wss sn Insult to all who voted for tbat measure. Mr Wash si ?*."*? said tba* bs wss somewhat surprised that his distinguished friend, after resting during tbe nlgbt, should ei me here to deliver himself as he had mtN aa episode which look plaes yesterday. Ths gsatlsaaa Mad net have told them be was a new men tar: fcr tf he were aa old member he would not have takaa fhIs tittle matter to haart. He (Mr. Weatiburro) M not intend to dishonorably reflect nron tbe gentie ?aa; but tbe gentleman would remember tbat he him self commence this saatter, becaus be (Mr.Washburne) saw III to oppose the approprlatloa of a pHfui sum of $4,000 for a steam engine. Yesterday tba gentleman from New Hampshire said be (Mr. Washbnrne) had be Oosm very eloquent over a small matter Mo, ha (Mr. Washburn*) never bacams elo<(ueal over a small or big matter Mr rAmntMift explained that bis rsmark yesterday was a general ons, hut lha gsatleman taw lit to take it op for reasons best knows to himself Mr WAsnsrnss replied?The gentleman nndosbtedly referred to him. He could not escape in that way And not centent With that, the gentleman who now came here wlUi ?a much Indignation said he (Mr Wasbburne) era* ' eloquent over little things, while bo ?u willing to vote for larncr and more extravagant appropriations, re ferring ?o the Illinois Canal la that connection. Of course tho gentleman fl>d not allude to bun. \nd notwitbstand | log tbe gent loin,in from Iowa (Mr. Kassou) had come to the reecue, he (Mr Wasbburne) now stood where he did yesterday as to that appropriation. He had said bis friend Patterson hud voted against striking out the appropriation of fi,is,000 for the purchase of a lot. for the extension of tho Cbariestown Navy Yard, which watt not ooly an extravagant and enormous price, but since boeu charged and proved a swindle. Mr. SPAPtmnu, (rep.) of Ohio, aeke<l whether It was in order for the gentleman to accuse Hie i nmmittee on Naval Affairs of a wart of good faith in asking for an appropria tion for a swindle? Mr. Washbcrvk said that this was the flrsi time he had hoard that thu omaiilti ejwcre Implicated lu anything of Mr. Shaciwnc caict that the Committee on Naval Affliirs bad the matter before them for two weeks, and then recommended the appropriation to the Committee on WayR and Meant, the Naval Committee were satisfied that the prioe was a fair one. Mr. Waaum rxk said that be did not east reflections on any member of this ilousc* lie had referred to the gen tleman from New Hampshire (Mr. Patterson) aa voting for an appropriation which he thought outrageous, and wan astonished that the gentleman should taink it was ? reflection upon him, when it was not. Mr. ParrssfmN laid, as tbe Kentleman (Mr. Washburne) disclaimed charging htm with a design of voting lor a corruption fund, he exonerated bim fully. Mr. W4911111HNR replied that tbo gentleman bad nover heard bim use the words "corruption fund." Mr. Patterhin said tbe gentleman used tbe word "fraud." Mr. WASHBrr.Ni further explained that ho had said that the gentleman bad voted for a matter which bad since been charged to be a swindle. Mr. Morrjli. (rep.) of Yt., said tbe subject of this purchase had been (tending several years, and the property was sold for tbe tiame amount that was given for it. Tho <'<>mm>tiee of Wuys and Means had a con ference witb Admiral Smith, a well known honest man, and be recommended the appropriation in view of tbe public interests. The House recommitted the pending hill, with Instruc tions to inquire Into the expediency of reporting ono i moroly providing (or building a bouse of correction in the District of Columbia. morgan's raid ijtto omo. 1 The House passed ibe hill authorizing tbe Postmaster General to allow tbe Postmaster at Harrison, Ohio, five hundred and twenty-three dollars, that being theamount of money and postage stamps taken from his office by Morgan's rebel foroe during his raid in July laat. I.ANI) CRAWIN 'OR OOI.UEOKP. The House proceeded to the consideration of the Senate bill extending tho time for Mates to accept grants of land for agricultural aud mechanical college purposes. Mr. Holmav, (opp.) of Ind., offered an amendment,, providing that auy state or Territory mar appropriate the revenue derived from lands donated to) them for the education of orphans of soldiers and sailors. Mr. Morrim, (rep.) of Vt., protested against diverting the act from its original purpose. Several other gentlemen i nk a smllar position. Mr. Holman defended bis amendment, which was sub sequently rejected. Toe hill passed, with an amendment including tbe State of West Virginia in its provisions. CKNKIUI. MHATt. Tbe House wvnt into Committeo of tbe Whole on tbe State of tbe Union, and took op tbe lhresident's annual message. i Mr. I/.'Nfi, (opp ) of Ohio, made an hour's speech, In the course of wbicb be said aid and comfort were not given to the enemy by tboee who were opposed to the republican party, but by that party ntul the administration, who, by their confiscation acts, and proclamations of emancipa tion and amuef ty, and other extraordinary and onronstl I tutional measures, were strengthening the hand* of the South, and weakening tbe I'nion feeling In that section. He quoted from Hen ton, Lincoln, Seward, Everott, John (Julncy Adams, Fillmore and others, to show that coer cion could not be successful under our republican system, and that the last Uiroe years had proved the truth of the proposition. He agreed with tbe gentleman from Penn sylvania (Mr. Stevens) that the Confederates are an In dependent power d? facto; that they maintained their declaration three years by tbe force of arms: and while they have cut asunder all tbe ligaments which beond them, they have separated trout aUUhe obligations which held them under the constitution. He accepted this as true, and if a charge of disloyalty should he made against bim for this opinion, he would take abetter under the broad mantle of the distinguished leader of the republican party. He' would make any reasonable sacrifice to bring back the seeedod states, but not use force, for tbe TTnion could only exist In the hearts and witb tho con sent of the people. If the democratic party wore now in ?->wer, they could not restore the union of the States. here were only two question*?first, the recognition of the confederacy and, second, tbe continuation of the war for the subjugation of the South. Of the two be prefer red the former He believed the democratic party were for peace and would be placed m a false position If they nominated a war candidate. Mr. Long r boor having expired, fce asked a few minute.1 longer to conclude Lis speech. Mi W*snm'R!??, (rep.) of 111., said?I hope tbe gentle man will be allowed to finish his speech, as it Is tbe key note of tbe democratic party for tbe coming election. Cries of " Order, order," from the opposition side of tbe bouse. Mr. WASnsr???? It means tbe recognition of tbe South ern confcdsrtcy by foreign Powers, and peace on the terms of disunion. Mr. Lojwi gained permission to finish bis speech. Mr. Gahfirui, (rep.) of Ohio, said he remembered,when two armies stood face to face in the West, that under a white flag he went u;< to a innn in the uniform of the confederacy, ?n<t reached out his hand and told bim be respected bim as a brave and honest man though he wore the emblems of disloyalty and treason, under his vestments he iiebeid a brave and Lonesi soul. He (Mr. Garfield) would reintroduce that scene, witb a change ooly of porsons. Were there a flag of truce, he would ?x tend his right band and ask tbe member who had lust addressed the oomraittee to meet blm and let Lim ghalco hauds with Inm. because be honored his bravory and toonesty, and because ho believed what hid fallen lrom Ins lips were the honest sentiment* of hi* heart, and in hie utter,them he had made a new epoch in the history of tbo war He bad done a new thing under the Run?a braver th ug that; most men c >n perform. He would now o?k that tlie white t'?f be taker awiy. while he returned to the Union linen aiid B|>oke of what bis col ,e:?gi e had done What the member said might be pirtured by Para-use I/at. When .-atari. who hail re belled apainst the glory of Cod, wu hurled down from Heaven, be suddenly lilted up his head, exclaiming, '?Which way 1 fl> e Is hell." And. like Sutnn, bis rot league might have added, "myself am bell ?' During the Kevoluii nurv *\ar Lord Fairfax. ufter deliberation, decided to go over to the mother country, and went over grandly and solemnly. But there was another man who bad joined his fortunes t'i the struggling country, and remained with it till th? war was well nigh done, but, a* in the darkness which precedes the morning, that man hatched treison to surrender to the enemy all thnt had ?een gained. And that man was Benedict Arnold When tbo present war commenced somo men hesitated as to what they should do. while others went oyer to the enemy. Robert E. Ies, who snt at bis heme tt Arlington. he< listing and doubting, at last went over nl most tearfully. But now, when hundreds of thousands or our brave soldiers have ascended to Ood under the thadow o: the banner whi<-tj nnw waves ov<t us,and w nen thousands more have gone Into a state of decrepitude, when three years of terrific war have been raging and our arms have pushed back tbe rebellion, and now, when the nplltMfl arm of majestic Dower is ready to let fall the lightn.BL's of vigorous execution, here. In tbe quiet of tins ball, rises the dark purpose of Benedict Arnold, which would surrender the nation, ita flag, and honor and glory to tbe hrtter curses ot th? traitors of our country. For tbo first time in the blatory of tbe war it Is proposed to give rp the struggle and abandon the war. and let treason run riot in tbe land. Mr. Oarfield then con troverted hie colleague's positions. The issue la now made u|. We should use tbe common weapons of war. If with these we should not succeed, be would take measures an he would against the ?Avase who attacked himself ?r family. He would resort to any elemen' of destruction, and, if necessary, lie would Hinge all consti tutional aanctkins to the winds rather than loe* his country Hr Elpsimis. (opp.)of Wis., a?ked htm whether he had oot sw rn to support the constitution. Mr 0**r?u> replied be had,and be was glad the gen tleman bad asked the question He recollected that tho constitution declared tbe purposes for which et was formed It wa for the general welfare and public de fence, and on tha; ground he swo.e to support It, re gretting that be had not a sword in his uplifted hand at the time lo ahow a determination to Interpose all >neans to overthrow t'ii* cursed rebellion. He said that when he ?ss m the military service a spy brought to him two lettrrs addref'otl to John C Breckinridge They con. taieed commendations of the bearer, who de?ired a place In the ranks to fight the aboliMonisti. One of them* was written ny a man who lately held a seat oa this floor, and wa< from Indiana. Me*'rs. ?om?lrLC. A. Whits and others on the oppo situ a side railed for the nstne or tbe writer Mr. (}*ssuaii replied he ba4 the latter, and was under stood to say that be would g*ve the name at the proper time Ho thee alluded to the Heights of the r.olden Or cle with their secret signs and passwords. Pucb ori'snl rations came op before the American people under tbe lead of the party over tbe way. This will be the signal for throwing up blue lights at tbe Capitol a'R hrnond This he believed to be the elevated banner, the eigne] to be aeswered by trailers all over the land Mr lean ftplled that be said very dlstir.-tly when he commenced his remarks that he spoke for himself, and that he was alone responsible (or his utterance#. He wss well aware of all be did say He Mid it deliberately, hecsvso his conscience told hiss it was right, and his (ndgarnt approved It. He said it because when be ap proach"! front ef the desk and held up his band to swesr to support tbe oenetltutleti before Heaven, he intended to maintain the solemnity of tbe ob ligation And so help him (Jod, fearless of all charges wl?eh e??ild be made by that gentleman or others, in spite of all the mesas 0f power to the land, he never would violate that eath nor shriek from the reetionrt bilitv be s'sumed on tbe first day ?r the session. He never belonged le a party which took tbe oath with a mental reservation. He remembered tbe district of country frem wh*ch his colleague hailed. Vke reslsiancs to ths fugitive Wave law, and tbe setting ai defiance of ths most sol- mo acts of Uoagress aed the decision of the Puprems court, occurred there. He bad never been guilty of that. If tae gentleman charged hiin with being a traitor, be ought to remember the authorities frem which he (Mr 1-eag) quoted to support his post!ion I hey were ths opinions of the le?<ler< of his own partr, who had advocated the doctrine which he had pre mulgited today ferretarv Chase had advo cated the MientUAl drrtrlne If thie was treason all those ?en were trailers li this was treason they might make lbs, most st It. He was wtliuu to abide the eneaeassscos and take tho responsibility. He had no knowledge of tbo Knights or tin Ool.lou Circle. With God's help be would never be roi>oi<ci?<i with that Oriler. Mr. Gamulu diua qo .lid not charge his goUeague with being connected with it bill that it was under the pa tronise -"ill protection of the <leni<icratic party Mr. I.onc: ro|iorted tiiat ho made bi-t e|ieerh because It met tho approbation of bis Judgment. fie believed that thern was do power un Lbi- the constitution to courco the sovereign Males. Mr. (>AHrrKi n explained that he would leap over the constitution In order to preserve the uational existence; but It would bo into the arms of tho people who made tho Constitution. Mr. I/ihi; said while hi* colleague would leap over the constitution be bimaelf would iit^r being calicU a traitor for supporting the constitution. Ho would stand by this position if be stood alone. He would not retract one syl lable. He would back tbe charge-i of traitor, lho inen who were destroyiu?-thla fair rabric of liborty wore ihi lirst who declared that the Cnlon could not exist part slave and part free. The* started the ball which had produced the present condition of alfiira. He believed our lathers wero its good as we were. They were as good Christians and patriot#. They would not push from the communion table thofo wh<> held slaves. God prospered tbem. What our fathers had provided wan good enough for him and his children. He wan ready to make any sacrifice to restore the t'nlon. Hut this was not to he douo by such exhibitions ua they bad recently had in thin ball. Applaun* to the echo had been given to the sentiment* of those who had always been trying to sunder the bonds which united ua. Ho would prefer having liberty in the litllo State of Ohio, or in <;reeoe, or in Switzerland, than to live under a despotism like that or Austria, with bayo notH constantly pointing ui him. Mr HuLitax, (opp.) of Ind., wished to a?k the name of tho Indlanian alleged to have written the treasonable loi ter, but goneral consent was not given. At a quarter past six o'clock the committee rose and the Bouae adjourned. NEWS FROM ALBANY. Important Action of tho Legislature Regarding Railroads. The Br tad way Underground Rail road Project Killed* Report in Favor of Increasing the Harlem Railroad Company's Capital. N Adverse Report on the Bill Compelling New York City Railroad* to Pay Ten Per Cent of Their Grots Re* ceipta Into the City Treasury. Petition from a Prisoner in Fort A Divorce Bill Passed by the Assembly, be* Mh be. > . Albany, April 8,1964. nut MARum juuaoan. The Railroad Committee In the Senate this morning re lieved itself of quite a number of railroad bills. There was, in fact, quite a slaughter of Innocents. The drat bill reported by the committee this morning waa the bill lntroduoed yesterday, authorizing the Harlem Railroad to Increase lta capital stock throe millions q?A>Hars, for the purpose of completing Its double track; a&o to authorize the bondholders to convert their bonds Into stock, nnder such regulations as the Board of Directors may determine, was reported favorably by the committee and sent to the Committee of the Whole. Then followed anvntsa rcporth on a large batch of city railroads. The reports read as fallows-"Messrs. Beach, Williams and Woodruff, from the standing Committee on Railroads, report adversely," ftc., Jtc. The first bill that was reported In this way was tbe bill authorizing the construction of a railroad In Blooming dale road and Eleventh avenue. .Senator Fields moved that the question of agreeing with tbe adverse report be laid on tbe table, which was carried. Then came an adverse roport on the bill authorizing tbe construction of a railway In Thirty-second street and in other streets and avenuos in the city of New York. Ncit followed afl advorse report on the bill rt juirlng &11 the city railroad* Id tho city of Nfcw York to pay Into the treasury ten per cent of their gross receipts and to keep the pavement in repair from curb to curb. Tue Mil was Rent up by Mayor fi'intber. or at least recom menced by him in a nie-sage to the Common 0 uncll. to lowing this crime the Metropolitan Kallwny bill, authorizing the construction of the underground rail road in a tunnel under Broadway The same three members of the commiilca reported adversely to this bill. Thus we are to have noltlier a railroad In or under Broadway this year. But then I suppose tint the world will more on us usual. Mr. Angel, chairman of the committee, it seems disagreed with tho report of Messrs. Beach, Williams and Woodruff, on the bill compiling the railroads to pay ten per cent of fhelr gross receipts Into the city treasury, also on t&e underground railroad, an* moved that the question of agraeuig with the adverse reports be laid on tho table, which was carried. There is, however, ho hope of the decision of the committee being reversed st this late hour of tue session. The committee stood throe to two on tbolr reports The majority gave as the reason for their acton in the committee, (hat there would tie a bill for a railroad In Hroadway here next year,and this would prove aa obstacle in tbc way unless disposed of now. The Aneembly bill to enable the t'bMdretTs Aid Society of the city of New York to hold real aod personal estate was reix.rted favorably in the Senate. The hill to tar dividends of Massachusetts stockholders in N?w York corporations was reported favorably. soi4>ians von no. The bill that passed the Assembly, regulating the mode ror soldiers to cast their rotes, was reported favorably by the Judiciary ''ommittee of the Senate without any amendment*. It is to be regretted that some amendments were not proposod by the committee of tne .Senate, which would afford additional safeguards to the soldier in the convey ing from camp to poetoffice, and tbencu to the proper bcality of the soldier's vote. Tbsse I* in the bill grounds for fear that frauds In this egpect rr.ay be successfully practised, had agents beet appointed by the Governor and t omptroller (constituted as they would be of both political parties) to receive tin envelopes MBtaialag the votes of the soldiers in taking charge of the same, and conveying them to tin hands or the Inspector*, it is believed that much ground for fear of fraud would have been removed. A TOME k ? rOKT i< imil. The following petition was prr->snted this morning frem Uawloy f). Clapp, now confined in Port Iatayetta ? He represents that he Is not nnd has not b>-en en gaged in or connected with the military authorities of this Mate or of the t'mtod States, that he has not held at any tlmeoRice under the general government or had any con tracts with the government that lie has not been guilty of any crime or offence against the laws of the Mate or of the United states that he has not been arrested upon ?ny process iMNi out of any -Mate or federal court; but that such arrest and imprisonment is by virtue of aii order issued by Ma,or General Oil. Ami your petitioner further shows that on the 17tb day of Ke'vruary, ls?4, he waa arrested and imprisoned in 1 oft f.msyitc, where he ha* since remaned in confinement, sub erted to the him treatment and indignities Inflicted and imp'wed upon traitors and pirates and your petitionee further shows that he has been informed that sech imprisonment and indignities are impved and minded u|k>u him to eiturt from him laiormatlon which it Is al'eged he pes sesses, though yoer petitioner bee repeatedly averred, and still avers, that be does not poestss the lurermetion that is attempted to be extorted from him by theee In qoisttorisl acts, and that be ban offered to aoewor und ir oatn any interrogation relating to hie allege# knowledge Miat he has repeatedly demanded u hearing upon I lie obarges aeeinst him, winch hearing bas been reiuse.1; that he has oiiered good snd sufficient bill to ep|?tar and anewer any charge again*t him and that such offer ban been refuted Aod yonr petitioner, as a leyal citizen that w w uever accused of crime, claim* the protection of the laweof this Male, and invokes your honorablb b?dy to taise some measure thai will recover him bis ronsttlu itonal rights and shield him from unjust oppression HAWLKir v. CLAFf. Nsw Tom, April S, 1#<M The petition was referred to the Judiciary <-ommittee. rns *iss*Y ssim.r. The quest mo of authorising the change of location of the bridge acroee the llitdeon river at this point was agaiti under consideration in the senate this morning The change M opposed by the same parties who have touvht the coMt met Nil of t be ; ridge st this point ever since the contest eominen. ed. It is, therefore, not so much a con test over a cheese of I be location as It is a contest to pr?. vent its construct** at any p'soe. Tho debate ibis Booming ethlbltC'l ? great deal of strength Csr tho bill, and an evident determinat on on ibe part of the Senate to secure, as far as their official action could bring it absnl, tho construction of a bridge si tbie DCiat Srn.tlor While. Mi debate. referrcd to ami nent men who bad on th Ir deathbed stated that thelv d>> uli wan ca . .od by dU'aMH contracted while crowing tbe lerry at thin point The quextioo, however at Ihiv.h w;m r ally at>iteti by senator Folger, when he Ht.ited that II might do very well lor .Senators to talk ab ut the inte rests of tbe jmoplo at Albany and Troy or above; bat there were other ialaresui to come in here. Tbe interior and weHlern 'portion of the Btate bad Rome interest tri this matter Ibe Kust had an Interest. The question was whether the < ommerce of the weatnrn portion of th* Ht i'.e should be Impeded hero, fur tho ?ike oI a i<>< al qnar rel bet w en parties here and in Troy. In thie tbe great Woet.witb Its Taut and increasing commerce, bad some in terest. This Is unquestionably the whole question. It m narrowed down to a question w hot her 111 teen or twenty thousand Inhabitants shall be allowed to stand In m* way of several million*, who will be benefited by this im provement; or shall the rights of the several millions be protected against the interference of a lew thousand)1 Tbt? is the whole quSHtion in thla bill, and an easy one to dec,do. Some two hours were apent over It in tbe Senato this morning, and the bill wus 'finally ordered to a third reading. lUI.UI I'APVKII IK TUB ASHKMIiLT. The Assembly waa engaged all the mon ing to third rending of bill*. Among those passed ia the lAbaiMW Springs iiailroad bill, also a bill creating a hoard of traa tees in the town of Morrisama, and to provide for a gene ral expenditure of money, fat otUoee and enormoua expen ditures (or the people in that locality. It ia on* of I ha big things of tbe session. It now goes to the senate, and the protest that the property holders have made against it may be listened to in thai body. The vote by which ilio Mil regulating wbarves In New York that may be used by the Ran tan and Delaware Kailroad waa lost was reconsidered, and the hill pasaed. The bills to amend the oharter of thu New York Medi cal College for Womeu, to amend the charter of the Home Insurance Company of the city of New York, and that to incorporate tho Krlo Iwck Company baain in the city of Brooklyn were also passed. There wero lirty Ave bilia road the third time, ty'ty-four paaaed and one was loet. A large number of tbo hills were claims for canal dam ages. A DIVORIB RIM. PASSU). A divorce bill passed the Assembly, among othors? the last bill that was read. It provides Dial di vorces may be docreed and marriages dissolved when ever there has been a wilful and continued desertion of a wife by ber husband or of a husband by his wife for ten consecutive years, provided there is al the time or tbe commencement of tho action no living iaauo by the marriage. J?!SW YORK SrniUKUTS'B OFTir*. There was quite an exciting debate at the close or tbo executive session in the Senate yoaterday before the doom were opened over charges in regard to the management of the Surrogate's office in New York city. A resolution was read for the information of tbe Senate, and tbe ques tion was discussed in a spirited manner. It was laid aside for tbe time balng; but It is understood that it will come up again. What tho particularcbarges against thai department are I am unable to ascertain. THR 8TRIKB Qt'RSTlON. The meeting of the trades unions and working-men in New York, in Tompkins square, created quite a coin motion here on the reception of tho (latum to day. It has canned a great deal of araiiaemom on one side as well as wincing on the other. 1 notice that they call Senator Folgor a foreigner. That Is not the cane, (le s a native of Nantucket, and therefore not a foreigner. nia cass or charub m. jamnne?tub HATiiirws wAiwit MURDKU. In the case of Charles M. Jofferds, convicted of tbe murder of Mathews, killed at tbe same time with Walton, the conviction has been afllrmed by tbe Court of Appeals. A reargument was ordered last December, but the de cision is now oiionimouc. coRRBfnow. In my despatch of yesterday, in to-day's Qebaid, In th* haste of writing I Inadvertently stated that " three Bil lion of bonds " bad been paseed for tbe Now York Court Houao. It should read 41 one million " Ibe bill now be fore the legislature asks for tbo increase of eight hun dred thousand, making tbe entire amount of Court House stock one million eight hundred thousand dollars. TUB HAKHBGS ARI1 MUD FLA KB OT Senators nestings and Field to day apologised to tbe Senate for the language used In the ad ray yesterday Tbe former stated that, laboring under an indiapoeitioo, be uaed language that he oiwbt aet to bare wed. Sena tor Field apologized to the Senate, and declared that be bad not plaeed to his llpe that day a drop of liquor. There waa no apology to earh other, and the two Senator a Bleed upon the same footing personally to each other aa they did before they apologized to tbe Senate. thr BOLDadN' Torino au. fleoator Murphy presented a substitute this afternoo? for the soldiers' Voting bill reported by tbe oomoituee >o tbe Senate. It is based db tho proxy principle, bat re quires that commissioners sbal) be appointed by the Gov ernor aud Comptroller to receive tbe proxies meieed of sending them by mail. FR1VATK BILBH 0'RIRU.Y UOORKtl. The prtvllegoof the lloor of tbe House was to-night unanimously extended to Private Miles O'Rlelly during his stay in Albany. THE ARMY OF mjPOTOMAC. Hr. Flnley Anderaon'a Despatch. IlBAnqrARTKRH, Arhy of tit* POTOMAC, April 8,1M4. Tbero Is nothing of spccial interest to report iron the Army of tbe Potomac. General sberidaa bae assumed command of tbe cavalry corps. For tbe last two weeks the camps have been well nigh submerged in mad, and tbe roads almost impassable. A few days of tbe comparatively pleasant weatherwear* having now will effect a wonderful change In tbelr condi tion. The sun shone out brightly yesterday, and a marked Improvement in the condition of tbe road* I* vtslb le ajreodj, ? Engineer and pk-ueor parties are busily engaged repair' ing those bridges which have been slightly injured in. consequence of tbe recent rains. officers in tbo several c< rpe are aastdioiialy employed perfecting tho many detail* rendered necessary id tbo reorganization of this army. Tlie cncmr is evidently preparing to show ? stubborn resistance tu the anticipated advance of tho Army or tbo Potomac. The main bodice of tho oppo?.ug armies are separated by tlx- Kapidan. The rebels aro *tltl construct ing definitive works on the south side of the narrow stro im. They aro digging rifle pita to front of the fords and at other point*, a* well as throwing up m?>re eaten give works for Oold artillery rhey aro also repairing the railroad bridge ncrotw the Rapidau. Tit* Preii Dcipatrk. i WAfHis'i-piH, April 8, 1804. A letter from the Army of the Potomac say* ?No events of general importance havo recently occurred. Captain Jehnson.of the Ninety-third Sew York, baa been promoted to be lieutenant colonel of the Oao Hundred* and rtfteooth New York, and I ieutcn.nt Irannao, ef tbo rarue regiment, eaptaio. ltte Provst Marshal's Oepartment has bee* rooc gml/ed with a view to greater efficiency, and now rulee ?*abli?hod for theorgsnlntloii and equipment of pioneer parties of the army regulation for the Inspector Ueooral'a< Department have also ?>eon officially promulgated GENERAL BUTLER'S DEPARTMENT. Dlri Wm. H. Mtlncr'a Dripatch. Fortrkmi Mowkob, April 7,18<W. A OmSOAT tllT-DITlCN TO TJIR l-MICKAnomirV was sent up from Norfolk on Monday, the 4tn instant, By P.rigndier lienoral Charles K Oraham, commamling the naval brigade of this department. The forco consisted of the gunbnata Snniuel I.. lirewster, under Captain Arnold Harris, and Coneral Jesnp, under Ueutonant Bladen heu ?er, Third Pennsylvania artillery. The two gunboats reached the mouth of the Chk kahominy at daybreak o? Tuesday morning, and steamed llftcen miles further, '.vhen lieutenant RlaJenheuser, In command ef fifty men, landed and scoured the country. The two gunboat*. in the meantime, nailed around a huge bend, a di*tance or twelve miles, wocn the skirmishing party was ngaiu picked un. 'iah*v rh?*j. cavairt on the flanks, the officer In command of the troops on ?bore was compel'*! to adopt the create*! caution and watch the movements of the rebel* very strictly to avoid being ambuscaded. Shola were evni?ngel freely , hut no damnge was done to etther' tide. Our troops, however, eluded the vigilance o the "uemy, and reached tbe gun boats surely Not reit*hinit tho ugly appearance of the guns of the Rrewster and J-mip, the rebels wisely kept out of range. tub osjwt o* rnr r.tnmrrum, which penetrated to within about fifteen mile* of the rebel uapltol, was for secret purposes of tbe utmost tm poriance, and was faithfully per orneti throorhout Whatcvor It may have been, the officers rooeerned in II? namely, Captem Harris, I.leu'enaat Chambers and l4e? tenant Hiadeiibeuaer- deserve great credit for their prompt snd fesrteea execution of the General's orders, fti-me rorty negroes were brought back on the Brewste.' ami (esup last evening, when tbe expedition returae# which were turned over to captato Orlando Hrown, Assistant Quartern sfer and Superintendent of Neiro Affair* of ihe flrsi district, by sbrnn Ibey have been due trlbuied throughout the government plantations. Tli? Press Dripatek, Kosiaw* tloiiaoa, April T, 1M4 Two steamers, the New York aod the Mpress, left to day,under 1W. of truce, for < ity Point, to bring down all the fedora: officers snd soldiers now prlnoners of war at Richmond, about a thousand in number. The I nderwrite. S boat Atlantic attempted lo efeM Cape henry to day lo look after the wrecks, bul the weather was ?o rou h the bo it returned. The Raitimore boat arrived at three P kl , elgM honrs lata. Itavlgatlon of lite |?ewnbf?Of. Batrumi, Me., April 9, IM4 Tbe ice le't the PewbswH 'o num.

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