Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 15, 1864, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 15, 1864 Page 4
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NEW YORK HERALD. JAMIB GORDON BKKNBTT, UKTOB AMD PBOI'RILT >8. ?met s. w. corker or nriTOs and nassuc sts. TOUCH ouh Id adraaoa. Mosey m.u by mill will be ?t lb? rob oT th? aeudor. Kone but bank bills current Id Mi Yort uk?a THE DAILY HERALD. Tw*m eraU par copy. XXIX N*. 103 ?MCfcSMBMTS THIS EYKMMO AC'ADBM Y OP MUSIC. Irving Place.? Italia* On a a F 1C?T tilBLO'S l. ABDBY UioaJwaf. ?Fool's BsvMas. WALLACE'8 TBEATBh. Broadway.-Ahlsicaj.* in Tahi>?IUsai Fkucitr. WINTER UARDhN Br.?adway.-M*piiA-Ho''>lL? *oos. OLYMPIC TUI-ATr.L. Broadway.?Odr Win-Lota AI>A. NEW BoWEBY THEATRE. Bowery?CnnjO's CAvk? ?muuio?-Jack bu?rf?i>i'-AMo?t ami i'LkOCATUta. BOWEBY THEATRE. Uenery ? Pour or Cpdjo's Cavs? StowtttuD?Stats Backkt. BARNCM'S MPRErN. Broadway.-Two Oiaht?. Two Irakis albinos. What Is li. Ac.. w all hours. Aikro ha. on Sriwi 01 BKAim?At ^ and 7*4 P. M. BRYANTS MINSTRELS, Mechauios' Hall. tT- Rroad. ??ajEraioriAa botws. Dahcbs. BumLkanow. Ac?la. Samotrs Kami it. WOOD'S MINSTREL HALL, 514 Broalway.-EtnioriAn SCNGS, 1MICH.; to TUr Fain. DODWORTH (HALL, 806 Broadtvav.?'Tkke-a Car 1 BNO ?? Coxcrnr AMERICAN THEATRE. Ko. 441 Broadwsr. ?Ballktj, Taktoiimim, Btnut!>uL!s. Ac ?Frolics of Coco. H IPPOT'IEATRON, Fourteenth street. ? PtRroRuiNc POO- atd Moxhrvs. Afternoon and fci eniut; BOPE CHAPEU 718 Broadway.? STSRrnacoirriCOf n* MlkfcOK Or UmVIKSK. AND TWENTY-SSVEMTH STRSKT UllOXT. NEW YORK MT'SEUM OP ANATOMY 618 Broalway. Cl'RlOSITUS AND Ltm-RE\ IrOBJ 1' A. M. till 10 P. M HOOLEYS OPERA HOL'riE. Brooklyn.?Ethiopia* liOM,?, DiMI!, Bl'KI K<4U?3. Ac. WITH SI PPLKMKNT. New York, Friday, April 15. 180*. THE SITUATION. General Croat was in close consultation with tbe Presi dent yesterday morning. He will probably leave fur tbt a.-mv to day. Tbe Third division or tbe Second corps commanded by Genera! Birney, was reviewed yesterday by Genera: Hancock, and presented a splendid appear anue. General Meade was present and complimented the division and its commander It was reported, but on very vague authority, that tbe rebel* bad been recently seen in tbe Blue Kidge. Our news from N >rtb Carolina is to tbo effort that General Morgan is about to make a bold expedition to some quarter. By tbe arrival of the Creole from New Orleans we have Inte-enting intelligence from tbe Gulf. Rumors were rife to the effect that tbe rebel rams Missouri aad Sbreveport were blown up by their crews on tbe 26tb uft. to prevent their tailing into tbe hands of the Union rorces. Tnis fact is stated by tbe Natchez Courier of the 1st inst. It was said thai while a body of Union troops cumbering two hundred were at breakfast near Alexandria they w-?re sut rounded sad captured by General Diclc Taylor. Admiral Farragut arrived at New Orleans on Sunday w.-elt Thii arrival also bring? us news from Mobile, Mexi en aad Texas, which will be found in our correspondent's c >mmumcations. It is reported at New Orleans that k brilliant light recently took place at Penaacola between the Thirtieth aad Fourteenth cavalry and tbe lifty Bivcntu Alabama cavalry (V), in which the rebels were almost annihilated m a band to band encounter with a 1 bras Another ror tbe surrender of Padiicah, Ky., was made oy the en my je terdjy, and again retired by jtplain Hills, wu> seems d 'termined to fight It > 'it. Our correspond, nts in Ea^t Tennw* fend u-~ the tifjrniaiioa tbe muo force of I/jof.tre^t mar livf Jillen back mto Virginia as early m the firsi weel in <4piii. but an independent body of hit troops, ab'iut two thousand strong, had wheeled by Warm .Springs, ap inreotly with tbe intention of Jjin:"!? .1 >e Johnston's 1 ees in N'ortli vest em Geergia. De-patches from Donvcr City ye.-terdaj state that a detachment of the First Colorado caviiry had a with ? party "f ( beyeone- ou the north 'de of tUe I'latte rver.aei' Fremont's Orchard, eighty.five tuile' east ol Denver. .in the .state road, on the IStb instant. Two sol a er* were killed acd tour wounded. >cvcrat of the were ai?o killed. EUROPEAN MEWS. lb* ?U'?tn*iiipCity of l.imertek. from I.iverpool '>n the f.Ut ell. nud Quecnstown on the -d mst , arrived at this \ port bwt mchi "lue. stM-iistiip A .a, from yueenstowu on tbe M of Apr I, reached Ha.itiix yesterday, on her veyaga to Bos ton. <?.r l.nropean tile? by the Peruvian reached this city frjai Portland last nisbt. The news b> the Asia is two dare, la! r. The City o( New Vork still lay fast on Daunt's rock: *ut there was a good prospect o( her berig floated off. llie isnsan line te to be reioforced by a steamer called the City of Dublin. It t> said that Manmilian's difficulties with tbe Km )?ror of Austria were arranged, and that the throne of Metioo would boon be announced officially. It wa< not proclaimed, however, at tbe latest date. Napoleon de.?- | patched ooe of hi- generals to Vienna to aid in tbe koIu tiuu ot tbe Hap6burj{ family complications about Mexico ibe rebel privateer (Borgia was in tbe river Garoni.e, ^ranee, oi>|*?aiie Bordeaux, lor retittieg. The crew of tbe $?>rgui wuuid not give any information relative to tbe feneat ofwrstioas or tbe alleged burning of tbe American Itrji William < ramptoa. a roer?.ponrtnr>r ? between Secretary Seward and the ^ritisb autberitim on tbe Cbeeapoake case was published. kut tt add* notbint to what it already known on the sub Jact la Denmark the Preeeiac' bad opened the first sie?e paraU". before Dnppel. It it Mid that tbe Hungarians in tbe A oat nan arm.v ret iredji rmn before Frederic ia In a sort of revolutionarf or matinoua spirit. The negotiation* Tor the ceatereace war* *tlll going on. A Lond >a paper aajrs that .Napo eoa Will gam bis end in having a congress called by the very l"ower which rejected bis original pro poaitioe >or such aa assemblage. Tbe Hr'ttsh Channel ?q'iadri>n bad been ordered to make ready for see Garfes'.di was to have a very grand reception in South a tuple* Hungary wa? still excited by the revolutionary agi tattoo It **ia celebrated tbe anniversary of tbe entry of tbe All"?d army iutJ I'arl* by a grand military review In St. l'etera'iurj; tt t? expected that the \tlantic Wlegrsph will be laid and in working order iu t-tgbteen months. The I .irerpool cottoo market was quiet, with tinrhanced rates.ou lite .'id of Apr*:. RreadMufl* mi.ctive and look tnr <?"" nward. Povision-heavy. with a downward ten dency C itisote closed in I/iiidon. on the 2d of April. at 91 , a v?l , American se unties closed ilat. CONGRESS. In the .-enate yeste'day a motion t? print Ave hundred cotue* ol the report on the recent campaign in Florida was a'top '^ 1t?? bill to arry into o?ecl the treaty !or ttie tiiri ?ett.emeni of the claims ot the Hudt jn'* Bay Tod Pugat so?nd Ag ricu'tural tompanies was pat?e1. )he Maaae bill to enable tbe pe .p'e of Nebraska to form fe canst tutioo preparatory le adm?ssl? intt> Die Pntea af 1 stale, was also passed. The Nsv'sl Atiproiwiation >111 was then taken up and all the amendments agreed I larladiug the one providing for the return of tbe Java! Academy to Annapolis. Mr Powell rnnewed t.ts aineoiMasnt tepea iuf 'be fishing bounties but withdrew 41, *< Mr NOsraisD bad s gniUed htf ipieottou 19 aflw ? similar propo,ittcu what Uie Revenue bill corner up The Naval Api*oprtalwn bill was ilieu )>asMd, juiJ also several >Uier bills relating lo the navy Tlio bill enabling the people of Moutauo to form ? Territorial government was pa??ed. A bill to chock speculati >n> iu coin, bulhou and foreign exchange ?u reported by tbe Finance Committee. It provides that oouo but tana /dr owners. ia actual |K>sses.-ioo, shall make a contract for tbe bale of gold, and forbid* any bauker, broker or other parson. to make sale of (Old, coin or bullion, or fcreign exchange, or to make contract for aojr such purchase or sale. at otber than their ordinary places of business All I contracts violative o( the act are void. Tbe peuaittes for sucb violatioo are a line of not more than tou tbouaaud dollar? nor less th?u one tbousaua dollars, or linpriaon luouI for not lens thau three months nor more than oae year, or both, at the discrstiou of tbe court. Tbe Senate then wont into executive session, aud shortly altorwards adjourned In the House the case of Mr. 1/mg, of Ohio, wa.-. dls cussed throughout the entire -es tou Mr. Colfax with drew h^ resolution to expel Mr. lx>ng, and accepted Mr Broomall's resolution of centure The dehato was very spirited, and tbe galleries were crowded wiih spectators. Finally the resolution censuring Mr. I<uug for decUi in,j hira?ell in favor of tbe recognition .if the rebut eouiede racy was adopted by a vote of eighty against seventy. THE LEGISLATURE. In the State Senate yesterday the communication of General Dix in regard to tlie rase of Hawley D Clapp was tbe aubtect of a long discussion, m wtiich several nciutorw participated, some conteudmg that Clapp,? Uo is now confined in Fort Ltlayette for the alleged swind ling of volunteers, should be given up to tbe civil author! ties, and tried on tbe < liarges ai;aiusl liuu. whilst others maintained the position that the accused is clearly and exclusively subject to military trial. The whole matter was* finally disposed of by referring it lo the Judiciary Committee ilio bill exteuditig tbe Chenango Canal to tlie Pennsylvania State line, iu order to establish addi tional connection with tbe Pennsylvania coal fields, was debated for some time, and ordered to a third reading. It has already passed in the Assembly. The Assembly bill for the improvement of tbe Cbaniplaiu Canal was also ordered to its third reading. Among tbe bills reported I from the committees was that for the incorporation of tbe Home for Disabled Soldiers. The senate members of the joint c >mmitire of conference on the varying amend ments to tlie bill denning the manner In which tbe sol diers shall vote retried their inability to come to an agreement with tlie committeemen of tbe other bouse, and tbe Senate decided to adhere to its amendments lo the Assembly tbo disagreement of the Conference Committee ou the Soldiers' Voting bill was reported, and after some debate it was agreed to concur with tbe Senate in its amendments to the measure Tbe bill is therefore now ready for tbo signature of the Governor. As iiassed, i: provides that tbe soldior may send nis vote iu an en velope to any citizen to tbe district wherein he resided at tbe time of enlisting, and tbis citizen shall deposit the soldier's vote in the ballot box. Tht hilt maiuug appro priations to the charitable mstitutious of the Slate was passed. It bus not yet been passed by tbe Senate, lhe death of Mr. Lippitt, member from Madison county, was announced, and. after appropriate remarks and tbe adop tion of resolutions of respect to bis memory. the Assem bly adiourned Representatives of the New York Taxpayers' Associa tion appeared last eveoing bofore tbe senate Committee on Cities, and spoke in op|>osttioo to tbe Common Council tax levy, aud in advocacy of reform ia city legislation, tbe disproportion between the increase in oar taxatiou and tbo iuorease in our imputation and wealth. MISCELLANEOUS KEWS The steamship Ariel, Capta:n WiLsou, from Aspinwall 5th iostaut, with tbe Pacific mails, pjsseogers and $269, 522 in treasure, arrival at this port yesterday. Too ad vice* from South aud Central America aro unimportant The Orizaba left Panama on tbo 'id luslanl for San J ran cisco. The arrivals at this port ou Woduesday from sea were unusually numerous. There we>e ? Steamships 2 Brigs 27 Ships LI schooners 63 Barks V? ? Total This would indicate that the commerce of this port is not very seriously aiVcc.ted by the rebellion. Tbe ship Elvira, Captain Andrews, foundered in tbe Bay of Bengal, during a hurricane, on tbe 20th of January last, while on tho voyage from Calcutta lo Uosloo. Of her officers and crow, numbering twenty.nine souls, three ouly uere saved, lhe survivors, nam o I William H. Palmer, George D. Blake and James Anderson, were picked up by the rrencb ship (lair and lauded at Point de Guile When rescued they had been seveu days on a rait without victuals or drink or clothing, were covered with ulcers and S3 leelile that thev b id to be lifted on board tbe I ieucb ship, lhe Klvira wa- a ship of one thousand one hundred and thirly-eigm tons, owned by William Weld .V Co..of Boston, ana had a valuable cargo, both largely Insnred lhe l ulled Slates steamer Thomas A. Scott, Ca:??ain O'lirieu, from New Orleans Mar< b 1*. arrived al this |i<Tt yesterday, greatly to the relief of many persons who were apprehen ive ttiat she had been wre ked dur itig the recent gales. She wa? towed in by the British ,-t ;amer Lebuau. hence for Liverpool, winch returns in a damaged condition. Tbe f.incola Campaign Club held its regular weekly meeting last evening at Hope chipet. Hroalway Toe at- I t -n itnce was not very large, partly tee >unted for by the state of the weather and the Sanitary Fair, and other matters of public attraction The chairman aonouueed that the operations of tne club were progress! g mo-t satisfactorily. Speeches were made by several geutle men. but no busines of Importance was transacted. On tbe ad'ournment it was resolved that tbo friends of Mr. Lincoln shall meet in forco a.;atu at the anie ball on Thursday night next. The Hair continues to he the centre of attraction in our city, and the crowds seem lo iucrease instead of diminishing YeMerday was one of the most prosperous days Sinoe the Fair opened The <word rve still keeps all visitors on the 7*1 nee, aud last night McClellan was three hundred aud ninety -one aUeal of Grant. Ttie Italian iron-clad frigate Ke d Italia. limit by W R Webb, in this city. arrived tt Gibraltar, after a splendid passage of fourteen days aud twentv hours From til report* tbe ship aud eugiues behaved iu the best pjaaible manner. In the Court of General Sessions yesterday, City Judge A. D. Busael presiding, the trial ot Daniel Broou, tbe quadroon, indicted for the murder of Wm imitb Mr. MrKiuley's barkeeper, on the 2d of I ebruary last, was concluded, .lodge Russet cbsrged the iury, who. after remaining oot nesrly sis hours, returned an 1 rendered s verdict against the prisoner of guilty of manslaughter in lbs third degree. Prisoner scouusel announced that they did not intend 10 disturb the verdict, and Brooks waa remanded until ibis moroiog, when be will be sentenced The punishment to which he is liable ranges from two to four yeirs confinement in the Stats Prtsoo. Tbe senator insurance case is still on before J.ilge Utrvm, in tbe Superior Court. Kdwtrd Wtlsh, the owner or lhe vessel, was examined yesterday, bat nothing new was elicited Then came captain Cunningham, who com manded the ship at the time uf tbe disaster, who a wore positively that uoihmg but heavy weather caused her to founder. On tbe cros?-examtnaiion it was sought to prove tbo unseaworthiness of the vessel, but tbe witness firmly adhered to the opinion that the accident could only be attributed to the wesiber. which waa very beavy, with a cross set. Vtilliam Curtis Noyea appear, for tbe plaintiff and James T. Brady for the defeodaots Ibe esse will occupy seversl dsys yet In the case of GS >rge F. White vs. Peter Pierce, where the defendaut was sued for |50o at the endorier of a note to that amount, the mry <etterday brought m a verdict for toe ptamtiS, with interest from the date of tbe note Georgians N. lUte obtained a lulgrnent Tur fitr^ yes terday In the Court of Common Pleat, tiefore Judge Car doao, tgaimt two lawyers named Th?ua? J Kipp atd Thomas J. Stowl f?r loss of baggage, which >hs had plsccd 10 the ofllce ot tbe defen lauti for ^ife kee; ;ng. There was no defence oflered. The excitement in the go'd maiket v.-sterliy seemed to be perfectly uncontrollsble. and at one time tbe pre mium was run up to 19 Stocks were unaett'ed, but tbe market Inclined 10 buoyancy. Th? iiterest 00 tbe five twenty sit per oent bouJs will lie fai l to-J?y at tbe | oUii e of lbs Assisttnl Tres,urer The ecrentrlcltles m the gold market ye?ter lay created great exciti meal in trade < in an I uearly all kinds of merchandise?foreign and domestic ?were rendered en tireiy noin nai The radical advance ia gold during tbe mormog excited the markets. and all commodities were held mi.eli hirber hut the suh'eTiient decline unsettled | the markets and rendered everything towiaal Petro 1 Isum waa excited hut nnmins' Groceries, Ac, were very irreg ilar on 'Change floor agtio ail/anced I0< ? ?lf., wheat V. a t>r. wli skey an t c rn 2c a :?c.. tallow V,C.. pork $1, lard I and ml* Is -Kri-iglils ??rs d'J prsued. sal -avijs. f?r tin mn Ptrt. > The Impending Struggle fu Virginia 0?r !? inmarlai Affairs and ihc Pre?l dtatr. Constrained by General Lee and his Vir ginians to risk his " confederacy" in the de fence of Richmond, Jeff Davis, we may rest assured. ii muatering all his available strength for the protection of hia capital. Ka.-t of the Mississippi his forces in the field are estimated at three hundred thousand men, an estimate which, we presume, is based upon satisfactory information. Of this aggregate we shall not be surprised if one hundred and fifty thousand men are, within a month, gathered under the immediate command of General Lee. | Our latest advices of Longstreet's move- j meats in East Tennessee are very significant. I lie is slowly falling back towards Virginia, blockading the roads. destroying the bridges and laying waste the country behind him. Ills late preparations for a grand cavalry raid into Kentucky are report ed abandoned, and also his purpose of auotlirr campaign tor the recovery of Knox ville. He relinquishes East Tennessee as a prize that has beeu lost beyond recovery, ex cept through a victory between Richmond and W Arlington, so comprehensive in its results as to push back our forces in the West from Chat tanooga to Nashvillo. Longstreet. therefore, with his forfy or fifty thousand men, is moving to a junction with General Lee. Joe Johnston", meantime, while maintaining a bold front close to the advanced lines of General Thomas, is doubtless preparing for a repetition of his old Shenandoah \ alley game of a mysterious dis appearance. when least expected, but only to turn up in some other quarter, where his timely arrival may decide again, as at Bull run the fortunes of the day In a word, we believe that the present purpose of Jeff. Davis is to leave Georgia, Alabama and Mississippi compara tively defenceless for a time, in view of the momentous consequences, one way or the other, of a decisive battle in Virginia. I 'rom all the signs of the times, too, we are satisfied that General Grant has discovered tbrt the decisive battle fields of this coming cam paign will be in Eastern Virginia. He evident ly contemplates, from his careful preparations a terrible struggle with a powerful arm. for the possession of Richmond. He evident!v real izeshis great responsibilities-that the 'desti ntes of the country are in his hands, and that tue people and the armies of the loyul States with unmeasured conGdence in bis military skill, activity and discretion, anticipate the most glorious results. Within a month then anticipations may be fulfilled or defeated. If realized, all the Presidential party conventions and movements of the day will be speedily de molisbed in a spontaneous and ore. whelmin^ popular movement in the name of the nation's victorious liberator. Oa the other hand, should disasters or disappointments again attend our arms in Virginia, a financial panic and a politi cal convulsion will be apt to follow which will render the Baltimore Convention a miserable mockery and an ''obsolete idea.'' w hat, then, is the policy incumbent upon the administration. Clearly the policy of suspend ing the business of the Presidential campaign and of devoting all its energies in support of General Grant and the paramount business of the impending military campaign. And what are the duties devolving upon Congress? Surely not tbo .squandering of precious days, at this crisis, in idle debates upon the question of expelling a silly member seeking a disreputa ble notoriety, but the business of strengthening the bands of General Grant in every possible way. and the urgent business of rescuing our present misguided financial system from the downward road to destruction. The nort Presidency depends upon the salva tion of the country, the defeat of the rebel ar nies and the restoration of our paper monev ty.s:eui to a healthy condition. We rely upon Seneral Grant to do the military work assigued liim; we call upou Congress to adopt the ways ind means demauded to save the national credit and currency; and we admoni-h the ad ministration that between the issues uf the war and this money question the events of a single voCtten'4y I,r''Cipitule 3 -*<*Piag political re Tiik Wai.i. sJtkketGoldiSvw i r-AToR4*?1There were some rather startling fluctuation- ia the prices of gold at Exchange place yesterday At ten minutes to ten in the morning the gold dollar started at 1.80'^ in paper: three miuutes later it was 1.81; thirteen minute" still later. l.xr?. and twenty minutes after this it had run up to I .h:?. This was twelve minutes past ten o'clock; but sixteen minute* later gold had run down to l.rt'2 Thus within an hour our paper money Buffered a ilepreciatiou of nearly niii'1 per cent, and recovered six of it; and at the close of the day the price ran down to 174. This is, indeed, goid gambling run mad. There ia no cause for these violent fluctua tions. They are the bap-hazard ventures of the j faro banks. But the community at large may well cry oat to these gold gamblers, at the frogs ia the fable did to the boys who were pelting them with stones? This may be sport to you, but it is death to us." We presume that the Wall street gold opera tors yesterday were aware of the presence of Mr. Secretary Chase in town, and indulged in their fantastic tricks jtiat to show that they could snap their lingers at him. Where are we to look for relief? Congress might help ua; but Congress seems to be past all hope. We look, therefore, to General Grant and hia gal lant armies for a rescuo. With his success we shall have better times; but should the Wash ington Directory or the accidenta of war entangle him so as to bring upon him miafor tane instead ol success, why. tben, we may look for the deluge. G?u.t>, Goi.d, Gold.?Gold is publicly etated to have gone up yesterday to H9; but the peo ple ought to understand very clearly that this statcmeat Is not true. Tb?> price of gold is 165, as government is selling it at that. Any quo tation of gold al>ove that point is fictitious and not in any sense real, but how does it happen that thes?' statements of the high price of gold are made? An aniwer to this question shows that the newspapers must ne <?ssarilj connive at the deception. They must give the opera tions in gold on the street at whatever prices, though the operation* are mere Action* Every operation In gold in which the ostensible price is twenty-four cents liigbet than gold can bo bought for obviously has not the purchase of gold for its object, and such operations are of exsvtly the <am" niture ?< tb<? bets made between the tbimlilerigger and Ins accomplice to inveigle the gr^on one< who -Hand by Such the operation* in which gold goes to I Hit ? operations betv'^n i?old gsmblers to catch , third parties, and iucb operation are made to any extent without a dollar changing bands or buiug ever ?een by either part/ All this would do comparatively small harm if it stayed iu Wall street. But the news goe? abroad that gold has gone up to these high figures, and the retail dealer in the necessaries of life, even if be knows such a rise to be unreal, makes it the pretext for adding five or ten per cent to the price of the articles he deals in, and thus the people are cheated. Their only remedy is to know the truth, and not be imposed upon with auch a reason for a rise in prices. Tuk Polish Peasants Rkkimk thk Oil's OtKEB of Fkkvdom.?We noticed a day or two since that the Oar of Russia had issued a proclamation emancipating the serfs in Poland, and likened it to the famous procla mation of Old Abe. The news by the livst steamer completely corroborates our views upon this subject. The peasants in Poland treat with scorn the emancipation offered them by the Czar, and call together a force of one million to resist the ;>odious and fierce Muscovite, the greedy and astute Ger man.'' The peasants, under able leaders, are, ?'in the name of God. of country, of home, to organize e)i, the national government to designate the day upon which the general movement shall take place.1' Having accomplished this object?the deliv erance of Poland?the peasants will select chiefs to arrange the just repartition of taxes, and a national Diet will undertako the general management of the affairs of the country. This movement certainly assumes most import ant proportions. Tt is plain that the subjuga tion of Poland is not by any means a matter easily accomplished, and that the Czar, by his attempt to divide the peasants from the higher classes, has but cemented their union against bis rule. Should the peasants rise in such force an contemplated, it is a matter of doubt whether Russia, unaided, could sabdue them. It is doubtless with a view to this contingency that the Czar has sought the alliance of Prussia and Austria. Should these three Powers unite against unhappy Poland, the firebrand of a universal revolution throughout Western Europe will be lighted, and the destruction of the allies be come almost a matter of certainty. The people, once fully aroused, will prove that in this age of progress they, and not the effete monarchies, shall rule. The time has come when absolute sovereigns must deal liberally with the masses or be overthrown by them. Italian Opera. B,,^Tr7r ?1""* Wi?M l#" ai<b' ?'"? ?? Jim, ?.?.<? Of r.vor or applause. Medor. wa* M grMlI aa ovor to Alice. Brigooli was h?co moro brilltaot than U8?a| o^iallyintb. Sieilieune, which he ,.og but ?">' more c trdialhr ban ho deserved; for ne bas rareiy sung it w.ih no m?ci, rZ and rrUr 1 ??"? for "? ?*"time at the grand matinee lu.morrow, and we noed h.rdlv ,?,lr ?Per' '?V,n" ,,ut>lic m",liev uoi mi* the ana, performance or ? which. with it. B(,ieodid r^jteSL'r.ww !?>>*l>le K announced for the Brooklyn * ? V- '?'?bertle popular ,,'rr.S uH'tSwn ?m Wr ZZr?01 <00d ??':sa? *?r,n* ?"? Sn\EfS2SfX Watlonal Acmtnnjr 0r Urtlfa The thirty-ninth annual exhibition or this inatitution opens to the pub.ic to-day. V^terd.y the menu of Z | lumbers and the preM were admitted to ???private *i-w or tho colioction, which onablsi us thai early to review the leading features. We mar b*,,,, by saymg lhat #,h(?U) meagrooneas compared wi,h tW ?f tb? ^ year*, indeed we have rarely noticed a larger prcu-r tionof bad picture-. Th.a striken u. with the more sur Pnse from the fact ?h.t the Committee^ tl- Meld, by Nahllg, noticed by as a short sine, o? <he ground that ,t would occupy too ?,,,? W hen the h.storlc interest oi the work and its menta in other respects are considered m relation to the prese?c" * w many traahy work.. lb., de?i. cailuo f? th ? Wlt,i as,00""ta'*n? *? can p,ck u,?tt;,me thirty or l..rty^rea ,n the collection wlncn would the commonest s,gn p*,nt<*. and yet 7 aref ,0,rt rommittoe conld Hod no place ,,r a work of suci, nat.onal .mp.rt.aca afc that of Mr. Vebl.g. Wo h .ve again an evidence of the same unaccountable want of discrimination ,n the place assigned to Mr. Constant Mayer", beaut,ful work,'W latum. the best figure p,e,e in the collection, both lor the sentimeot that marks ,t and ?s admirable treatment Why should such a work be bung above the eyo i;ne and atane.evation wb,ct. pure, Hue ,,uaht.e. bevond the reach of examination We are to give crodit to he sUMes?on made to ,n expfanation of U,e?e facts thai tho Xlanning (^mmuiee ,s combed almost ent.rHv of figure paiuters, not one of whom baa ielt l.mseif com in tent to fr?iU'le with the gobjects wbfch have ,ust n? ' , much intereat (ffr the pabhe. We trua, and hope ,har a favling oi unworthy jealousy t? not at the bottom or thes^ acts of injustice. Be thi. m u may, we recommend Mr Nebhg to appea. from the Han, Committee to tho public, by exhibiting bis pin.ire >:< some gallerr whern it can be seen to proper advantage If the gonerai v,.ri?c, dooa not eom|?euaate him for tba scurvy treatment ho has raceired atjthe hand, of the ?i temi, urn, aball be vary mnrh turprist>d. I'asstog from this painful theme, we w, l now briefly aotice the works that are most .eaarvm, of mspedoj. la the small octagon room are a couple of cabinet picturea by Henessy (41, 42), which are praiseworthy both in seotimeol and quality. The ^c#ua to camp (TS) by Ho mar'..mgeaora! treatment, on. of the most successful adorn of this promising young artist. It ha a lauit however It doe. t?o? cl*rly express the ,daa that gested It. Heard's group of bears (12> ? Mother of |0^ iaimitabla an.mal carloads in which this Kaop of ibe bruahascai., Vedder, one of the most ,mMla.?ve of 1 bm m lh? ?*">? fl?n? ? 8htka|ieraa<i gro.p /Mi .a P?oted with great fores and humor. Another' of thoao extraordinary conception, which stamp bin as a mao af original f*on;s is hi. picture of tho (W7>- W# " tbera ..en"*!! hT W!i? W0U1'1 "?"? ??"orukm, ' ^ who could hare treated It so aneceaafulljr. Uu? f?g has . picture (154), "Attempt or a Scotch f.ady to Assmsi? oaw<w?m Elisabeth," which 8prrilH ta'eompoaiwon and color, but faulty m Thore are a couple or com scenes by Da Saw (lot, and 179) whi, h, tLigb aicellent la many res pets, do not please us as much aa some of his former pr^llctioos. Tba^r, piciare hy XO Br??n (14*) has some admirable points and soma bad onea Whilst, for instance, Ibe face of hi* heroine is carelessly painted, the satin of her dreas and itsdra periaa are elaborated w?b , .kill almost ,0 that of Willems W. Hay, plclure of -the ftug Pllrsue.l" (141) is open to a contrary criticism. The animal is good but the landscape ? wretched, the water, where it i* displaced by tbs plunge of the stag, reminding one more of broken Ice tbao a fluid element the p.rture '?Faithful uato the Last" (144), by T. Nast, is to be commanded for lis wotiment an I m some respect* for its handling. The ?'(lfe at Bagdad," by Mr. A. -ch.eiTt IS an interesting picture, inasmuch as It illustrates a plia-e of Kaiitern life witb which we are only a?,ua,ated through books. Oilman baa a beautiful rfpanmh scene (242), rich id d'taiis and Qne almoapberic efle<:N, Blerstadt baa a cene from the Kockr Muaniaius l*r>9) which is psnte.1 with great brendth and brilliancy The lands-ape by Hubbard fj4n though not lo biH ">est style, is st'll greatly to b0 a,( ' May, of 1'hiladeiphia, has a noble composition eoidled "Columbus 9ign.Bg II:-i Will' (m?j M if' paiKted grandly, and is very rich In color Tho best lartds.,a|ie to the ol'ect.oo is that by O.iTord fJ'M)) w., have seen nothing by this artist that plea??* fnor? Ibere are eeveral fine iwrlraus by Elhett, Hnutioatrm and fJarl Brandt TTiat of i.i Iga N?lson, by the latter ,< splendidly modnifed, and is .* ,thr rfspe;ti .most mariWrfouii wort THE ARMY Of THE POTOMAC. Review of Troopv-Rebels Recently Seen in tike Ulue Hld(t. WaSHimutom, April It, 1444 Account* from the Array of the Potomac Mr the Third division of the -Second corps, commanded by (inoril Btrney, was reviewed to Jay by tieueral Hancock, and presented a splendid appearance. General Meade an present and coui;>l uaouted the division and us com mander. After the review the generals partook of refrssbmentj with John M Botts, at hi* invitatiou, aud afterwards with Geceral Biraey. The day was beautiful. A rumor prevails, but no credit is given to it, that the rebels hsve recently been seen iu tho Blue Rid^e NEWS FROM KENTUCKY. Tlie Surrender of Padncalt Again Ue uaanded. Cairo, April 14,1864. Another demauil was made this afternoou for the sur render of I'adu'-ah, giving one hour ror the removal of womon nod cbildreu. Captain Hills decliued to surren der and propared to meet tho anticipated attack NEWS FROM TENNESSEE. The East Tennessee Contention. Knoxvim.e, Tenu.. April 13,1(W4. Tbe GroenviUe Oonventioa or 1801 reassembled yoster day at the Court Hou?e, About one hundred aud sixty delegates reported in person, representiag twenty-two counties. The President, 1. A. K. Kelson, on opening the Convention, made an explanatory speecn.and resigoed thecbair, Wilium Hessket wai' chosen I'resideot Some exciting debate arose ou a motion to appoint a committee on credentials, witb power to determine the loyally of delegate*. The whole matter was tabled, and a business committee of one from each county was ap pointed, which, up to noon to day, has not been able to agree and report resolutions. The disturbing question h wbotber the President's terras shall be adopted as ttie basis for readmitting Tounesseu as a free Mate Andy Johnson yesterday tmde a stroug emancipation speech, aud a llagstafl was erected on the spot where the rebels destroyed the old Liberty (<olo 1S61. Railroad to* vi tie Complete. London, Kv., April 13.1ett>4. Trains passed over the bridge at this place tbis alter nooo. Tbe connection with Kooxvitle is now complete. NEWS FROM THE SOUTH. An Important Rebel on Foot?The Price of Produce *1 Ka lelgh, &c. Nrwiirav, N. C., April It, lW Tbe Raleigh ComMcriUeanye:?"Gen. Morgan is aboi.l to uudertake one of tho boldest expeditious bo ban ever yet made, which, if successful, will be productive ot great good to our cause '' The Confederate also savs ? "A very malicious libei, published at the office of the guspeoded Standard, under the auspices of Dr. J. T. Leach, Congressman elect. and Mr. Holden, candidate for Governor, has been put lu circulation. It is styled 'An Appeudix to the Life and Times of Duncan K. McRao,'| and U {.i reproduction of a slander issued in London by II . lioorve N. Saudw . Tbe editor says ?"I have received a copy ot this pubic catiou and shall act upon the advice or counsel as to what tribunal 1 shall look Tut justice to myaeU and my ""^Jonta selling in RateigU at %i per pound butler. $6; corn $r 50 per Dushel, egus.^i per dozen flour. $*<0 uer barrel, molasses. $30 per Ration; potato. $!?? pei bushel; salt,$l per pound. sugar. {12 per |K>un<l. Movements in toe Sontliwe?i. (From the RichmondSentinel, April 7.) 1 Dai.tow , April ?. IHH4 News from within the eneny's liues states thai two brigades of inrantry b*ve gone towards NaslivtMe. By ?r>mo thev are nai l to have beet) i-ent to operate agetost Forrest, an l by others to be e* route Tor the Army of the Potomac I orty-(our regiments of inlantry and ten Oat teries who returned to Ohio to recruit raised onlytive thousand in throe months, ft is reported that McHier ] son relievos Taotnas. who will bo sent to .mother field Alao that ouo brigade of cavalry and one of infantry have tieeu sent forward to Chauanooga within the last lew a*lU? federals who weat out on a plundering expedition under lK?dce have ret imed to Decatur. Smith, coui. nuindini? the otner division of Logan s corps. is at Ur kiusvilie. picketing Utintsville, and Steveuaon on the rail road and river. Nineteen rcderals in Coolederate uni forms came to lriune Factory, noa: Summei vil;e. and committed uumerous depredstiou* on Saturday. Fight Near Itlnggoid. IFrom the Atlanta Register, April 4 \ We learii trom a gsotlenmii who leu the front on the nicht of the I3t instT, that (Jeneral Wtieo:or hud pretty Sharp bru?h with a body of Yankee cavaiy yesterday near 1'lngs td, driving the enemy bark We tiiv n> par ticulars of the tight Fending or the ltrl?el Debt. [from the Richmond sjutinei. April 7.| The following Wble from ibe Treasury shows the amount ot the national debt funded np to yen. terday. and how taken up by the diilerent State- ? Virginia... Norih Carolina }? -??.WW South Carolina i.eonna w .A Alabama :i7,7 Marietta. Us. (J Thomas!'lU.vKW Mi.-sissippi i no report). Louisiana east of Mississippi (no report). X?t8l tliw It win be -eeu from ibe above that there is n? return as yot from ib? Stales of Mississippi or louisiaua. and that more tuau half the lti Alabama Florida, South Carolina and North Carolina, besiiio* a number in Georgia and Virginia, are still to be heard from. lb avgreiiatc thus far is, nevertbeles", $19fi,8S:i.?0ti. l.yiich burs i* reporn-d. through the papers, at $s,7 >0,ooo. carrying the a mount above two hundred minions We think it safe to estimate tbo total tundmg this sido of to? Mism sippi at not le?a thao two hundred ami tiftv millions to which must be added that of ibe Irvie Missis-;ppi Slates. _ Happy State of Society. According to the Richmond Whig, It appears that w'? rotting and aasaulu with slongshot, for the pi>rj> se of robbery, is quite i.ommou in the gtiects ot tho rebel capi tal alter dark A noted translator, named Mr. Albert t-abro, tias suddenly disappeared. and t? supposed to be m ir iered. Burglaries are also common and in one tiaue of that lournal there are several casos reported of h ghway robbery, burglary and garotting *OTlllM> TO It AT IN ORORUtA. (From the Richmond Whig, April l.| a roo* oiiiutcs*. A white woman, about thirty years of age, dirty, r ig ged, draggled, haggard, whilst wandering about lb* street? Wednesday night, was picked up by tli<* wat> li men and carried to the watchhouse. Yesterday uiorn ing she was brought before the Mayor, me gave b<*r name as Kli/abeth McCoupland, and told the Mayor -tie was from Georgia, and that she bad come ou here to .-*<? tr it wan uot warmer here than there, and .f there was not more to eat. Hia Uonor directed her to lie carried to Mie almshouse, preliminary to her being returned lo Georgia. The Turf. UNION COt H>*K, LOWS ISLAND?TROTTI*"#. Tnctwnav, April 14.?Purss $60, mile besta, best three lo five, in harness. H. Woodruff entered br. m. Sally Come l'p I i I 1 J. I> McMann ontered b. g. Cardinal 5 1 - 'i I). Mace entered b. g. Wonderful dr D. Ptlfer entered ? m. Ida >lr. Time?2'ftl, $:6lU Yesterilay was the opening day of the trotting cam paign for the progoni year, and, notwithstanding the tin propitious state of the weather for tralniog purpose* for tbe last tweoty days, the season was insugurated by a very spirited contest, which required four heats to settle. As will be seen shove, but two of tbe four entries for tbe pnr.-e put in an appearance at the the horses were celled oo to prepare for action?vlir Sally Come Up in tbe bands of Hiram Woodruff, and Cardinal, under th? guidance of James McMaon. The bettleg was in favor of the mare,at about ten to eight previous to the start, and and two to one after the flrst heal. The track wns so verv heavy that the time made may be censldered capital,and so close was the contest throughout that towards tn? niid the most koowing of the spectators were pn/?led j'> ? tide ou wbicb of tho naas to invest their gr"?l,,Ja' K.verything considered, the opening day on lb Course wim a success. Arrivals and Departares. ARK1VALS. MrsNvin Maokwood^Ml'ohlld, Mrs T J Taylor Mrs ? Chap. Mrs " in Kaokwooa ana ? n, , ClarS chtidri-o ?B'i manandinfant, J A?to*art. ar^ ehlld. Mrs ? !?rviint; J O Hopper, li ? K? Jj ?Sorn Mrt m.t v Ms, RopkeandlweohlMren Mrs" MrsOoodall and ?? tenstein C Jl WmbelK A A M Coo)l Jin Vioio. Tl elilldren. Mlss L ? Kow^er J M H bmHwiIIi sn.l m o phatne. A B lloitonsnrt rui j u b???1 -tl. famny ..u I children. C?. C John*?"* 7 j vv Kendall. II H tohn fUi' ^ n^/sn^tAm.^eoMi-M,. H Kitshy and ser r liJr* t%ierllnB Mrs N Slhlfy. H Hlo< k and ?ir?. Ha v t ??lfe aa<1<^> l Id ;J a rti? a < ten I d, Mrs! Brad.o.d. H vid Thorns, w K Kent. J Ferguson. O II Tboip C 0 I?yen ?* ? ruyiool r. Trssk J Lee. |l, H Clement, .1 r i " ' ITSl! ind foui children *' II ?e? a a l? ilentiiaefk !im^1 'harnock Mrs H W Hmyth snd three ohlldren, Mrs H n nrtllj. Miss flre?<irr, Mi Thnmpson. wife, two .?hMdrfu < uKtal Chaa aallory, John Tranria. Adrliult/, Mis K fl^i" nnn II "?' ? ? r R|? cloha-di. I?,I? itrnwn WT Hafs W Uvbff A t ?* Weras NEWS FROM WA8HINOTON. Movement* of I.Untenant General Grant. Finale of the Case of Mr. Long, of Ohio, A Resolution of Censure Adopted by a Vote of Eighty Against Seventy. Passage of the Naval Appropriation Bill bjr tbe Senate. OTHER NAVAL BILLS ALSO PASSED Propositions to Cbeck Specula tion in Gold. As Anti-Lincoln Presidential Convention to Meet at Cleveland, tl, Ac. WUsaiNfiTuif, April 14,1864 MOVKMENTft OP OBN. GRANT. l ieutonant General Grant, has been occupied all day ot his headquarters in this city He will return to-morrow to bus bead quarters m the lieid. TIIK DEBATE ON TUB CARE Of MB. LONO The termination or the great expulsion debate *a readied in the House to-day. The galleries wore agatu crowded to hear the close of the affair, the Interest in which was scarcely abated by tho day wbich had inter vened since it was last under discussion. Tho speech of Mr. Colfax was listened to with much attention, and it ww au effort worthy of the distinguished Speakor. The debate had become un almost strictly party matter, and the vote* to-day weregivoo almost exclusively on party grounds. At the expiration of Mr. Colfax's hour, Mr. Cbaoler. of New York, objected to his continuing bis remarks, al though it was gouerally undorstood that he was to be al Idwo i additional time to the extent of that which had been occupied bv interruptions of other members. Mr Chao'er placed b.maelf in no very enviable position by this ungenerous use ot bis prerogativo-bis own pany friend* rebuking him lor it. His zeal evidontiy outraa his discretion. This business having been disposed of, It is hopea that the House wul now proceed to the transaction of tbe vitally important business which has so long been delayed One beneficial effect of this discussion has been to secure a fuU attendance of the members. 1US INTERNAL BBVKNCK BILL. Keoreseotalive Morrill to-day reported a new Tax bill, very long. rocoo*iructing tbe machinery of the present law, remedying Its defects, insuring more uniformity in the system of internal revenue to preveut evasions, and increasing taxes generally. Tbe further consideration of the subject was postponed until Tuesday. An unusual course was pursued with tbe Internal Rove nue bill, which, after being reported to tho House, waa ,ent to the printing olUce by a confidential messenger, with instructions that nobody should bo allowed to get it. Usually, after bills aro reported tbe representative* of the press are allowed to make abstracts of them lor telegraphic purposes. Thore may, however, have been some special reason for a departure from tho ordinary course in regard to this particular bill. SUBSCRIPTIONS TO THK QOTBKNMBNT LOAN. The amount of subscriptions reported at the Treasury lypirtmeut to-day to the ten forty loan waa $2,004,1)00 PROHIBITION OF SPKCULVriONS IN GOLD. Mr. Stevens tried, just as the Hoube was about to ad journ this afternoon, to get la a bill to prevont specula tions in gold, but the opposition members objected to it, and ii)3isted ou adjourning without transacting any fur ther business A KRIMIDhNTlAI. convention to bi OBLD AT CLBVSLAND. OHIO. ArMiigenioats have been definitely made for the rneot iug of a popular convention, including delcg-uioos of tbe republicans dissatisfied wflh tbe present uduiimstratioo, to be held at Cleveland, Ohio, about tbe 20th of May next It is proposed to nominate then and there a candidate for the presidency. The peculiar advocate* of the re election of Mr. I.inooln arc much more alarmed al this move ment th .u at Ibe proapcct o< either linancial or military disasters, NAVAL OBDKRB I i?utoaaiit Commander John II. K.issel! has been de? lathed from orduunce duly in Wasblneton, and ordered to the command of the Cimerone, vice Commander A. K. Hughes, awaiting orders. Lieutenant Commander .lames StiUwell is detached from *|x>ctal duty at New York, and ordered to the com n.aud ?f the llnaitilla, vice IJeutenaM Commander Georga Karon, detached, awaiting orders. KVTl KN OK ADMiBAL DAHLORKN. Tlii steamer Harvest Moon has arrived from Fortran Moii'Ou with Admiral l>ahlgreu, who ha-i again boon uu su< rMSful in obtaiuining tho body of his son. At'POlNTMBNTS COMFl ItMKD BT TUB RKNATB. Homo time ago the President nominated C.eoorals Wilde aod Shepard to be brigadier generals, to command col ored troops. These nominations were sent buck by tho senate, on the ground that the quallUcation would pro vent their being assigned to command any other tb*u colored troops. To day their names were returned by ttie President, omittm? the qualification. The appoint maul of General Wilde was confirmed, but that ot Gen# ra- -die par'I was objactod to, and after considerable da bale wa< laid over for further consideration. Th* Senate today confirmed the roliowlug nomma tlOtt* ? canu.o John P. HawkioB, Commissary of Subsistence, "saiasri. wrxjvT.???. "SSS'wffl-??'??" U.?M "iZSTi!*oSm?''fiS**** mw ?? 'r5jM.T,!S."i.ln!i, or the Thlrtf.thlrd Mimouri Indi La Ailsir. ior 10' a?lr,ct XOUUOCnto, nnMrlli. ?' .srrarSiJSJ: ?? I Maw are agency, CONSULAR APfOINTMNT. Horace Baymao was to dajr appomUd United SUtsa Consul at Kunchai, Madeira. IHIRTT-BIUHTH CtNORBII. riMT awiios. Washington, April 14. 1W in* nneott or tub rtowoA oawana. Mr Assort, (rop.), of R. I., moved tho 5,0?W copies of the report of the Committee oa ths Oou duct of the War in reference to tbe late Florida expedi tton Adopted. ths uu noon's ?AT ano mm aou*D oom-Airr a .tlaiib. The bill to carry into eflect tbe treaty botweeo the i n?..d stales and C.reat BrlUin for tbe Ooal set I fo ment of ih? claims of tbo Hudson's Bay and Puget Hound Agricultural Company waa taken ap and passed niwnmrtow of rn? spotta o? th* war. Mr Ciakwsr, (rep.) of Mich , Introduced a bill. In ad dition to the several acts In relation to ootnmerclal inter between the loyal and Insurrectionary States, pro vidtoii for the collection of abandoned property, author t/tnc tbe Secretary of the Tressury to designate nlace* wbere the abandoned property may be sold, charging agents with the loasing of abandoned lands, mid the employment and gonersl welfare of all persons formerly held ss slavee within the military linns, and regarding that properly as abandoned from which tho owner i* absent and engaged In the rebel service; tho surplus proceeds, after deducting expenses under the reguistions of the Secretary. to bo paid into the Troasury ? the prohibitions and provisions of the act of July, lsrt?. are exttoded to all commercial intercourse whatever within ibe military lines. Any portion of a loyal State overrun by rebel raids, or In immediate dsnwer from them t* placed under restrictions of the act. Tho present mode of distributing lines and 'orfelture* to Informers and collectors Is to be changed to an award of the court decreeing the condemnation. No property taken on Inland waters sbsll be snb.'ecl to maritime pri/e. It authorises tn<' appointment of agout? to purchase the products of t b<? Insurrectionary dwlrtcts at a price not greater than the market value of three-fourths value al New York, tne proceeds to be paid into the Treasury , and the Secretary of the Treasury is authorised to arrange the details of tho management of such property. Tue bill was referred to the Committee on ( ommerco Hornm roR asw to?k troops Mr Mosiiar, (rep ) of N Y., presented the )o?nl rf"* liitton if the 1/igislBlureof New fork, as follows ? Htwi'SJ. TI??11'iiavits *p4 R?pr8s?ntatl?e? l? Coogresa

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