Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 26, 1864, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 26, 1864 Page 4
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XVEVV YORK HERALD. 'AUW UVKOOI lunn; ?*** AMD ?WML 5""" *? *? COMH* or hlLTOM AMD NIMig am. ?*?UN XXIX. 11* AMU8EMKBTS THIS IfKNIIQ. KIBLO'S GARDEN, Broadway.?Connis Soooas. ViliLiCK'l TgBATKE. Broadway.? Bosoali WJKTBB OiRDBK, Brutdw^.^Soicnw]. i OLmPIC THBaTBB, BiMdnf.-Omi firi-Lsn MEW BOWERV THEATRE, Bowi?r.r ? Br Okskim?Poca ?OatAl?Wandskiiku Min*tbai.? laisu Dejioa. BOWBBT THEATBE. Bowery?ro? or Cuojo's Cats? INNI BARN CM'ft XI'JKI'K Rroid?,r,.Two Oum. Two Swash, albinos. What Js 1t^ Ac.. ?t Alt hours. Cudjo's CATS?Vnai Hbllb?At 3 and r. M. BBTANTfl MIN.STBEL8, Mechanic*' Hall. 473 Broad. way.-liB'OriAH Sanaa. Dahces, Buhlisouas. Ac-uT.w Ail loo liBBBKBACSS f ^ UuW WOOD'S MIN8TBEL HALL, 5U Broadwar.-ETn.oP.A I'AACM. tft?FaiLnilllOBlCCKIlAIIUEIHtAMAI, SALON DIABOLIQUB. 68j Broadway.?Ronar Hblle*. ?^war-BALL?T., mM Co*i(M.?2??.j|,72?OM ANATOMT. Ulfl Rraadwar.? I VQKioatTiaa ado Lactones. from 9 a. Jf. till 1U f.M. i ?J!2?If?r8 OPERA HOCTSB. Brooklyn.?Ethiopian Soros. Damcbs, Bcrujqobs. Ao. WITH SUPPLEMENT. Hew York, Tuesday. April 26. 18G*. ADVERTISEMENTS FOR THE COUNTRY, Advertisements for the Weekly Huald must bo band fd in before ten o'clock every Wednesday evening Its circulation among tbe enterprising mechanics, farmers, morchants, manufacturers and gentlemen throughout the country is increasing very rapidly. Advertisements in- 1 serted in tbe W rat it Hkrald will thus he seen by a largo ' portion of tbe active and energetic people or the United States. THE SITUATION. It does not appear from late despatches that General I*e bas changed, or Is likely to change, bis position on the Rspidan. Hie forces are said to amount to elghtyflve tboottud men with bis recent reioforcemeuu. From reports received>at Williamsburg it appears that tbo ene my are strengthening themselves at various points on tbe : peninsula, to provide against an attack in tbat quarter. The Navy Department received yesterday an official account of tbe reoent expedition up tbe Rappahannock Worn Commander Fox, of tbe Potomac flotilla. He re ports as the result of bis expedition two ferries broken up,seven large lighters, each capable of carrying a bun died men; f r e pontoon boats, twenty-two large skiffs and oaooee, two huudred white oak beams and knees, large enough for tbe construction of a sloop of-war; twenty two large boats, one of which is capable or car rying small arms , a large amount'of bacon and wheat, and a large lot of smaller articles, which were brought off at lighter's Point. The Governors of the different Stales are exhibiting their loyalty by tendering the services of the militia to the weooral government. AH the companies of heavy artillery in Massachusetts have been ordered to Washing ton. a sufficient number of tbe State militia will take their places In the forts. Covernor Parker, of rfew Jorscy, bas received In ktmetioas from the War Department to raise one regi men of twelvo batteries of heavy artillery by tbe loth ?f May, which, no doubt, be will accomplish Our correspondents at riymoittb.S C.,glr? a very j full and detailed account of the surrender of tbat town by General * essells to tMe rebel forces on Wednesday last, after a severe and protracted defence of four day*. Tbe whole garrison, two thousand strong, was taken by the enemy. The defences of the town were captured In detail, and every Inch of ground seemeJ to be contested by the Union troops. We give a map of tbe plaee to day. The rebels lost one thousand Ave hundred men. Our loss to killed does not appear to exceed one hundred and Ifty.. s une reporta got abroad that tbe negroes in Ply mouth were murdered by tbe successful rebel soldiers, but they are oot oonfirmed. General Peck, commander of tbe district, officially announces the disaster in these "With feehn?s of the deepett sorrow tho Commanding Qeaeral announces tbe fall of Plymouth, N. C., ud tbe etpture of its gallant com mm !<r, Brigadier General H. W. WmicI s ud Lis command. Tbe reeult, how?ver, w.te not obtained until after tbe most gallant and deter mined remittance bad been made. Fire timet tbe eaimy itormed tbe line* of tbe general, and at many timet were '?bey handsomely repulsed w.tb grutt tlaugbter, and but 'or the powerful assistance of tbe rebel iron clad ram, u>d tbe floating sharpshooter battery, tbe Cotton Plant, Plymouth would etill be in our bands." . Cairo despatches of day before yesterday state that It t generally conceded that tbe late battles In IvouMana <rere not favorable to General Baokt, Intsmurh at he ??treated forty milet, for want of wttcr, while tbe toeoay maintained their ground. Tbe tteamert Rob Roy ?nd Maine Stephens, which arrived at New Orleaot torn Red river, had to tight tbeir way down through a : >natant lire from guerillas no tbe banks. Memphis dales to tbe 2U tty that Forrest was still moving to warts Alabama, followed by General Grkeraen, who bad a D^hC ?>tb them on tbe 21et, near Hudsonvllle, Mies , and cap.ured a number of pritooers, wagons, h or tee and molua. General Prion has evacuated Cam Jen and General Steele hat taken i otsMBka of It. COlOBEIt. In tbe Denat* yesterday a hill establishing a commit ?ton to adjutt tho claims of aliens for damages to their properly or person by tbe cirit, military or naval au th ritles, d irisg tbe war, wss introduced sod referred to tbe Committee on Foreign negations. A bill to recilltate postal aod military oommunicaiioo among tbelStalet ?|4 introduced and referred to tbe Military Committee. The safe ect of tbe disagreeing votes of the two bouses on the bill to provide a territorial government for Montana waa taken up aod Mr. Poohttle.of Witcuntin, made an effective speech In opposition to tbe extension of tbe right of snf. frag* to negroes. Mr W, kioton. xrho oflerod tbe ameod meot permitting negroes to rote, replied briefly, end tbe Beaate agreed to tbe request of tie J louse for another emmutee of conference. Two or three private bill* were then pea ed, and tbe S nite adjourned. la the lloute of Kepresrijiaiivei, a resolution was adopt-4, instructing tb? Committee ?n Military Affslrt to report a bill giving tbAbounty of one hundred dollars to any non commissioned oft. er, private, musician or artilcer who shall have been honorably dischsrged In oooaequeora c.f wounds received or mluries in tbe ?ervice and in the lino of bis duty and a fro rata share of Mid bounty of one b rod red dollars to any ?otantenrt for tbe proportionate term of service e*. enading three months, te Is now provided by law fer yjoee nerving two years. A bill wss introduced fAvldlac (tar tbe more speedy punishment of guerillas. It aatMrlsat tbe oom manning generals in tbe field to carry Ma tnteetW Awtanoen against gnerillat and penman 1'ilitf tf rthhtry, arm, burglar?,'rat* and vMati'?n of the 1M Mi custom* of war, and spies. wrtiwew and murderers The bill ?u referred to Ui? Committee oe II llltary Affairs The Internal TUblU vu tttan tsksa t?P is Committee of the Whols. iMtdiiMli wsre adopted taxing aalee of gold, silver, bullion aid coin, sterling ox change, promissory I0M and securities of svery At. aoription one fifth of one per cent, slaughtered awine (en, and sheep end Limbs am cents per heed, and increasing the (axes on various other srtioles. At the e restac session a Joint resolution U? creasing the dutiee on all imported merchandise, exoept printing raper, any per cent, tUl July 1. wee adopt ed, with not more than a doses dissenting votes. There appears to be no doubt whatever hut that the Senate wili speedily oonrur with the (louse on this im portant subject. The assignment of ?en. Blair to the command or the Seventeenth army corps by the President hha caused qute a sensation, and on motion at Mr. Dawes s resolution waa adopted requesting the President to ocmmunioate to the House whe ther Hon V. P. Blair, representative from Missouri, now holds any appointment or commission In the military service , and if so, whether he iJ new acting under any such appointment. Mr. Fernanda Wood's resolution for the protection of the government's interest In the mineral lands of Colorado sod Arlsona jras laid on the table by a vote of sixty two against fifty. The Joint resolutions ef the Maine Legislature, asking for the pro tection of the northeastern boundary of that Sttte, were referred to a select committee of seven, and tba House adjourned. MUCELLAJTBOUS HEWS. The Counoilmen met at two o'clock yesterday, President Hayes in ths chair. The Mayor transmitted copios of a correspondence between Major General Dix aud himself, In which General Oix asks permission to erect three buildings on the Battery for the reception of slot and wounded soldiors previous to ibelr transfer to the hos pitals. Rererred to the Committee on National Affairs. After transacting a largo amount of Routine business, the resolution directing the Clerk of the Common Council to prepare the Annual Manual of the Corporation, and oause nine thousand cop os C> be published under his direction and supervision, was called up and adopted. The Board then adjourned until Thursday next at two o'clock. The Groeley contempt case was on again yesterday be fore Judge Barnard. The defendant neglected to answer the intorrogatorios served upon him by order of the Court, and through his counsel asked for a delay of a few days, so that the matter might be brought before the general term. Judge Barnard was not disposed to grant tho motion, and issued an attachment against the de fendant, returnable at eleven o'clock on Thursday. An effort was made to obtain a writ of prohibition beT>re Judge Marvin, which would have the effect or taking the case out or Judge Barnard's bands; but the Court decided not to interfere in the matter nntil he had given the papers his careful consideration. The argument on ttie appeal from Judge Hilton's de cision iu the case or Clark vs. Brooks commenced yester day is (he Ootirt of Common Pleas, general term Mr M K on appeared for the defeodanta, and argued that the order for the sale of the paper would be detrlmeuial to the interests of the defendants, without doing the plain tiff a particle of good. He too'i the ground that the issues framed are yet undetermined, and that on their trial tlie necessity for a sate might be obviated. Mr. Rooinson appeared tor the plaintiff, and argued that the order of Judge Hilton was perfectly just and legal, and that it wus the only way Mr. Clark would ever come Into possess iou of his share of the business. The argument was not con cluded when the Court adjourned. Several cases for the infringement of the United States Internal Revenue law were disposed of yoUorday in the United States Circuit Court, bo'ore Judge Hall aud a Jury. The several par ies in the salts were iudicted for breaches of the law or July 1, 1862, in selling liquor without Iinceses. None of the accused were present, and es h, on proof of the case, was mulcted in a penalty of sixty dollars, being thrice the amount of tho llncense fee m&ich they were required to pay for the legal earrying on of their business. The case of the United States against Captain Cunning ham, for the alleged scuttling or the ship Senator, was again up before Judge Hat) yesterday In the (Jnited States Circuit Court. Tho District Attorney expressed bis intea lion to have a nolle pros, eutered in the case, but which he wished to have adjourned one day longer. Tiio case Anally ernes up to-morrow, when there is tittle dO'ibt but the charge against Captain Cunningham will be dismissed forever. The investigation Into the causes of the explosion on board the Chenango was resumed again ye^prd*? bor<we Coroner Noiris in Brooklyn. Ihe testimony of several i engineers was taken la reference to the character and j qualiUcations of the class of boilers with which the : Chenango w.is provided, their evidence being principally j composed of technicalities peculiar to their profession. I J'he examination will be resumed at three o'clock this I According to the City fospector's report, there were 418 death* in the city during ttte wok out]lug April ?J.> ?an increase of 3 as compared with id* mortality of trie week previon, and 71 less than occurred during ttj* correspond,n? week last year. The recapitulation table give* 3 deaths of alcoholism. i of diseases or ttie bones, joiota, be 38 of the braiu and narvos, 6 of the generative organs, 21 of the heart aod blood vessels, 141 of the lungs, throat, Icc.; 11 of old age, 45 of diseases of tho skin and eruptive fevers, 6 prematura births, 83 of d.MtBM of the stomach, bowels and other digestive o gans, 39 of uncertain seat sod general fevera, 8 of disea*e* of the u .nary org ms, 12 from violence, Ac., and 2 unknown Tnere were'107 natives of lbs United States, 8H of Ireland, 8 o( England, 1 of Scotland, 31 of Ger many, and the balance of variwa foreign countries. The stock m rket was again buoyant yesterday, and, with I- ? good fee.in* that prevailed, nearly every share on the list advanced. There was some ex itemont In the gold market over the news from North Carolina, and Hie premium advanced from 78 If to 8'Hj. Government so< i? ritiee were inactive but firm. Mon<ry was ?vi,v obtained at the legal rale of interest. The tips aod do.vns of-gold and the rainy weather combined bad the ffect to restrict commercial tr <nsac tiuua within a narrow compass yesterday, aod tho sales reported were very moderate in Dearly all kinds of do mestic and imported gioi*. but especially is imported, which were untitled by the big chaages in gold. I'a trolaum was Irregular. Cotton wa? firmer. On 'C'b.mge all the leading commodities ware upward, and some ware activu, in sympathy with the rl.'t in gold. Kioir closet oc a 10c batter. Wheat rose lc. a 2c. Cora was Arm. Oats wera active and lc. dearer. Whiskey was active, but oo higher Freights were a shade better. Ibe fail ire of a leading chipping honre was announced, and aome fear wm expressed lest the suspension would lead to trouble among ether firms A petition id favor of a more prompt dismissal from Change alter the last gong was circrfa'ed oo Vhaoge, and was very t?r.*raliy s.gnad by the bull neas man. A Hist fob thk War Dcrxu hfvt.?At the close of the Crimean campaign Louis Napoleon adtkeaeed to the French Minister of War a let ter, in which be expressed hi* ^en-e of the ?wcryy aod promptness witb which th? efforts of bis generals bad been seconded by the d* parlmeut. ' Had it not been lor the activity and devotion displayed by you.'' added the Em peror, "our britTf troops might have been sub jected to severe disasters. The success of a campaign depends as much upon the punctu ality of its supplies as upon skilful strategy."' We trust Secretary Stanton will not lose sight of this important truth in the tremendous con test thai is impending. It will compensate tor many pa*t blunders if at the dote of the pres ent seasons operations the commander of our armies ia enabled to pay him the same compli ment. ENoitMors Impoktations.?Spite of the con tinuance of the moat gigantic war the world has ever witnessed, spite of our heavy taxa tion, the high price of gold and consequent de preciation of oar currency, our importations of foreign luxuries surpaaa all precedent. ^JUks, satins, laces and rich goods of auch a descrip tion as to be termed mere luxuries aM ftiori generally used now than at any prevtofll da* in our history, aa may be witnessed t) the Opera, the theatres, the Park and in the streets, where we And the ladies trailing through the dust and mud with the rirbest and most ex pansive dresses. A spirit of unbottoded ex travagance is certainly displayed, wbiah givea rise to the largely increased importation# we notioe. The result of it all will doubtlew be apparent b? aud b|. Look out for breaker*. Th? Lata Altlr la R?Hh 0?r?lta?? What ?? H?tai, m? WhM U K*q?lr*4 to OtflMl M? mrn?mj'? DmI|ii< Tbe recapture by the rebels of the town of Plymouth, N. G.# with tha reported low to tho Union aide of twenty-live hundred nan, the fort, thirty piecee of artillery, a gunboat or two and a large amount of military atores, all thlnga considered, ia a mora mortifying mis fortune than tha late dioaeter In Florida. A? iron-clad rebel ram, of which Secretary Welles baa bad aix month*' warning, haa, with thia rebel aucceaa at Plymouth, paeeod out of tha Boanoko river Into Albemarla Sound. It if known, too, that the enemy hare another ram at Kinston, on the Neuae river, above New born, and it ia ahrewdly auapeoted that, unleaa speedily disposed of, the Roanoke ram will pass over into Pamlico Sound, and, ascending the Neuae to Newborn, will bo joined by the ram from Kiaston and by the twelve or fifteen thousand troops of General Hoke In a simul taneous land and water attack upon the town. The capture of Newbern is the main object of these rebel movements ia North Carolina, [ and the importance of this enterprise to the enemy will bo understood with the simple ex planation that its success ia indispensable te tbe subsistence and safety of Lee's army in Virginia. That army is now fed mainly from the supplies of Georgia, through the North Carolina railroads; and a flank move ment of Qur forces from Plymouth or Little Washington, or Newbern, upon those roada, in cutting off the supplies of Lee, might oompel him to abandon Virginia, even without a battle, to recover his arteries of subsistence and to save his army. But should General Hoke aud those rebel rams succeed in an attack upon Newbern, the "Yankees"' will be removed from North Carolina, her railroads will be safe, and large additious of rebel troops relieved from the duty of guarding them, and large supplies I of captured artillery, munitions of war and provisions, if time be allowed them, may thus be secured for the army of Lee. Wo are there fore waiting with some interest for further in telligence of tho movements and fighting quali ties of the Roanoke ram; for upon that single rebel craft may depend the issue of tbe cam paign in North Carolina. As this matter stands, however, it exposes the drowsy inca pacity of Secretary Welles, in the head of the navy, in the boldest relief. General Grant is thus called upon to repair the blunders of the Navy Department as well as tbe budget of blunders of the War Office. These last named blunders may be reduced to the single blunder, persistently followed up, of frittering away great armies in such exposed and secondary p]aoe? as Harper's Ferry, Win chester and Front Royal, only to be captured by the enemy?troops by the thousands, artil lery, ammunition and provisions to the extent of millions of dollais?and while so far weak ening at tbe samo time our main Army of the Potomac as to bring upon it the heaviest bat tles of the war with the smallest results. This disastrous policy of scattering our troops all over the enemy a country, to be "gobbled up'' at useless towns and cross road post offices, we are satisfied General Grant has abolished. It is evident that be enters upon the work of this campaign. not with the false idea that this is a war far territorial conquests, and that every{oot or ground we gaiu must bo guarded, but that it is a war for the suppression of the armed forces of a great rebellion, and that little defenceless rebel towns and cross roads in his rear go for nothing while there ia a great rebel j army between him and tbe rebel capital. We need not here remind our readers that I this policy of abandoning all these little side exited it ion ? and secondary place* for tbe pur pose of massing an overwhelming forco against Richmond, or the main rebel army of Virginia, which is the same thing, has been again and again urged upon the administration by the Mkiiu.u from the beginning of the war. Wo rejoice at length to kuow that concentration? the Grant system of warfare so splendidly suc cessful in the Went?has, with General Grant himself, beeu introduced into Kastern Vir ginia. We expect such glorious ??suits that we are disposed to regard these rebel demonstra tions in North Carolina, even if completely suc cessful, as really amounting to nothing: for a deceive victory over Lee demolishes the rebel I on. # Extortions o* Gas Compamkh. ? From evi dence receutly given before a commit tec of the British House of Commons it appears that, al though the maximum price of gas furnished by ttie thirteen London companies is only a dollar and a half per thousand feet, the average divi dend paid by them is tea per cent. Ia Liver pool the price ranges uuder a dollar, and the average dividend is also ten per ceat. It is the nme lu Birmingham. Manchester, Bristol and VVolverbampt6n. In some places the price runs as low as fifty-eight cents. Making due aHowauce for ditto renew in the price of coal, transportation. Ac., there is no just reason why gas should cost with u> two dollars and a half and in some places three dollars a thousand. The gas companies lay in their stocks of eoal at low prices; their facilities of manufacture are as great as, if not greater than, those of tbe London companies, and the competitioa is There is not a company ia operatiou in any of our seaboard cities which in not in a position to furnish gas as cheaply and pay as large dividends as tl e London companies If it were not for the corrupt influences prevailing at .Albany we might now be in the enjoyment of cbeip light without interfering with the just profits of tbe capital embarked in tbexe speculations. It ia disgraceful that the consumer should be com pelled to pay for bis supply more than double what it is worth by the shutting out of compe tition. We trust that in tbe next Legislature some one will be found honest and energetic enough to expose the combinations by which the price of this iidispensablo article is kept up. and to introduce a measure by which they may be defeated. Thi Low ok Fm uoito.?Rebel reports and our own go to show that tbe garrison of Plymouth, not much short of two thousand, twenty-five pieces of artillery and a vast amount of stores have fallen into tbe powor of the enemy. Also wc hare lost a number of gunboats sunk by a rebel ram, which baa been tb? principal cause of tbe disaster*, above de tailed. Months since it vaa known that this ram was being completed; bat the people of the North depended upon tbe unceasing vigi lance of Secretary Welles, who has spent sixty millions on iron clads, to destroy this vessel and defeat tbe purposes of its construction. The result proves how reliable our venerable Secret** ia. Tm Shoddy PfAOOB?For soma time put a number of traaohereus and?to the medical faculty?not qalta oomprehenalble dlaeases have beea naakiog serious ravages upoa tha health of tha community, la many iaataaoaa, suoh, aa will ba remembered, ocoarred reoent ly at Long Braaoh, -eoasideMble fatality at tended tbam. They took tha form la soma cases of typhoid, aid area tha aiare virulent stage of typhus ferer. la othera affections af the throat ware the prevailing oharaoterialloa. It la eooaewhat remarkable that hi a aeaaon aot parttaalarly unhealthy aaoh mortality ahooId prevail, la tha oaaaa at Laag Braaoh alluded to the phyaiolaoa, after mature dellberaUoa, appear to hare bee a unable to arrive at a poeitire diagnosis, and could frame ao stronger theory than that the mysterious disease arose from the gai evolved by keroseae lampa left buralnf la the sleeping rooms of the vietlms. We do not know whether this theory la ao copied by the profession, but it aeema to us that, considering the extensive use of kero sene oil, and the infrequaaoy of dangerous results therefrom heretofore, we must fall back oa some other theory for the oause of the dis ease and mortality at Long Braaoh, as well as for the numerous oases of low fevers and other oomplalnts which now prevail la thla city. Can it be that a shoddy plague Is creeping stealthily Into our midst??some unknown terror, which medical science has not contem plated or provided for; a combination of dis eases, originating from a oause hitherto not olisting in this country; the poison of the hos pital and the battle field, conveyed in the form of shoddy blankets, shoddy flannels and shod dy muslin goods? We believe there is no doubt that the mate rials of which these articles are oomposed come mainly from these sources. We have it on the authority of one of the managers of a prominent shoddy factory in Pennsylvania tliat the shirts, blankets, and even the bandages, of the wounded, dead and diseased, both on the field and in the hospltala, are received there actually moist with blood and corruption, and in this state are torn into shreds in the ma chines, and manufactured into shoddy flannels, blankets and cotton material. If this he true, then the ahoddy manufacturers outvie in their hideous but profitable trade the exultation of the wretoh Ghowles in his subterranean orgies, as Alnsworth describes him, during the plague of London. * I Such material infected as it must be with the virus of all kinds of disease?smallpox of course included?for we must not suppose that the harpies who follow this line of business are at all scrupulous?must fearfully affect the i systems of those who wear thetn, because the I natural heac of the body will necessarily ex tract the potion. We trust that the mysterious diseases which now afflict the community may be traceable to some less horrible and inhuman cause ; but we trust also that the medical ! faculty will diligently investigate the matter, [ for it is one of a very grave and startling char acter. ? Tiik Rkpurmcavs Titrixa to Prevent Our Soj.dibrs krom Voting.?Tbe headers and or gans of the miscegenation party bare of late beea expressing great anxiety as to tbe vote of the soldiers in thin and other loyal States. Poor Greeley, who "was born black as a coal." oa the authority of his .biographer, Par too, has been particularly exercised about the mat ter. Halt a jjozen times he has quitted his moral history of this immoral conflict to cau tion his party associates of the dangers to be apprehended from the conservative instincts or tlie aruiy. tie knows that the good souse of (<eo<>rals Grant and McClellaa is opposed to his fanatical chimeras, and Is not without fear that the army vote, honestly cast an i recorded, would be all but unanimous in favor of one or other of those great national heroes. Acting on Greeley's hints, therefore, and yet anxious to throw on the democratic party the appuient responsibility tor denying the right ef suffrage to our soldiers in the field, the republican* of our State Legislature put into their bill for en abling absent soldiers to vote a pro vision flagrantly in violation of the State constitution, this provision being nothing less than a gift of tb? right of suffrage to every colored soldier sent from New York, while our State constitution emphatically declares that no negroes but those possessed of real estate to a cert kin specified amount shall po*s<As tbe right of voting, or be otherwise considered as citizens. This unconstitutional provision, the republicans hoped, would compel tbe Governor to veto the bill and send it back to them for amendment, which they would pretend they had not time to five it. But tbe Governor has signed the bill, although his concurrence will be of no value, as the act is unconstitutional, and therefore null and void on it* face. There are otber objections to tbe measure hardly less serious in their nature. It gives all the power of casting the votes of absent soldiers te tbe clerks in our various post offices, and should really be entitled "An act to enable tbe Hon. Montgomery Blair, Postmas ter General, to become political attorney for tbe army, and cast its vote as he pleases.'* It is to tbe interest of all true lovers of our country that tbe men who understand this rebellion best?our soldiers in the fields-should be allowed full voice in the next Presidential con test, and it is. therefore, a pity that an uncon stitutional law lies been enacted in this State. Garibaldi in Enulano.?Tbe recent recep tion of Garibaldi by tbe English people, Tie wed in tbe light of the whole history of England and of Italy, is a very curious spectacle. Italian unity is an idea of very recent growth in modern Italian politics. It is an idea that has lain dormant ia the history of that beauti | ful land since the great days of Rome. By the social war the minor Italian States compelled Roma to acknowledge their equality, and when Rome accorded the franchise to tbe citizens of those several States Italy was as distinct a unity as the United States have ever been. But as the old Roman power died away so did tbe unity of Italy, and through all the centuries in which the Church baa been dominant the several cities of Italy have been divided by sectional jealousies, and have waged bITtcr wars against ene another. All those centuries of sectional strife hare their reaction now, and it is at once a reastion against tbe Pope and In favor of Italian unity. The representative man of this idea in Italian politloa is Garibaldi.* Garibaldi is unlike a modem Italian. In no lineament does his character answer to that received idea of Italian character that has been current sinoe j the time of Maohlavelli. Bat be is like an old Roman. He li as simple minded, aa pare, as nprlgbt, aa Pabrioius er Regulus. AqQ it if a ?UuuU|r olrouuutanoe^la history that this man of the oM Roman type?fte modern champion of an old Roman idee? ?bonlil receive his greatest encouragement In Europe from that country In whloh the Roman* found only savage*. If this matter were clearly understood in France?or if there were any sinoerlty in the Emperor's championship of the Latin raoes?England oouid hardly have been the first to extend the hand of fellowship to Garibaldi ? ? I Tan RaofeMT Sword Comtmt.?The so-called loyal men ef New Yorh made* a grand rally, round General Grant, er rather his sword, and by ooming in at the proper moment, gave him a majority of fifteen thousand dollars. We hope that these very loyal people will continue to show the same seal in favor of Grant. Also that they will see that he obtains all that h* needs to oarry out his plans successfully. SEWS FROM THE SOUTHWEST. Affair* on KM Hirer?What 1. bum it the Race at Battles?The Arsay Fortify lag at Grata Bewt-Osiy Five Vtet of Water la the River?Aotlvlty or the Gaedllae? New'UrUani H*rk?u, Ae. Sr. Loam, April 26, IBM Cairo dates of yasterday by mail say the steamer Yes 1'hul, from Now Orleans the evening of tbo 1Mb, bad ar rived. It Hceraod to be generally cenoeded that the battles In Louisiana bad been against General Bantu, for, while the enemy remained oa the ground alter Saturday's fight, tanks retreated forty miles. The transport Black Bawk suffered considerably above Alexandri! from the enemy, besides having several killed and wounded. The report that there was another fight oa tue 10th was a mistake. The steamers Rob Roy and Malt i a Stephens had ar rived at New Orleans from the Red river, Ukvlng run the gauntlet of a large number of guerillas ea the hanks. Tue Bob Rey bad four guns, and fought moat or her way down. A cannon ball passed through the olerk's office. One soldier was killod and wounded oa the Mettle Stephens. 'l'ue rebels were still in the vicinity of Pleasant Ridge. Our army was at Grand Score, fortifying on both banks of tbo river. Admiral Porter reported thu tbere were only five feat of water at Qrand Eeore. The gunboat Eaatpori was aground tbere. All the large boats were below, but those of ligbt draught were above. Prisoners sav that Kirby Smith and Sibley were killed In the recent battles. The steamer LaCrosse, from the Red river for New Or leans, having stopped atflant Station to take on cotton, the crew and soldiers got druok at a distillery at that place, when a company of the First Lnuisiana rebol cavalry made a descent on the boat, and tbe passengers and crew were robbed and paroled. Tbo New Orleans cotton market bad declined, prices ranging from 66c. ror low middling to76o. for strictly middling. Sugar active and advanced 13c. to 23>?c. for inferior to white clarified. Molasses soarce at 85c. a 89c. Movements of the Rebels la Missis sippi?Skirmish at Hudeoavllle?Oeca patloa of Camden, Ark., by General Steele, dee. St. Lows, April 26,1864. Messrs. Wade and Gooch, of tbe Committee on the Conduct of tbe War, arrived at Cairo on tbeftst, to inves tigate tbe Fort Pillow missacre. Generals Huribut and Iiggett had also reached tbero. Nearly two thousand biles of cotton bad arrived sinee the 'lit; about one thousand were for Cincinnati, fotir bun trod for Louisville and two hundred and eighty fur Kvansviiie. Memphis dates to the 22d say that Forrest's entire force was moving towards Alabama, followed byGrier aoo. Polk Is said to be marching North. Forrest will probably join him. On tbe morning of tbe 21st Grior son's cavalry came upon florae of Forrest's troops Dear Hudsonville, Miss. A sharp fight ensued, and tbe rebels retreated in the direction of Jackson, passing through Lagrange. A number ot prisoners, horses, mules, wagons. 4c , were taken and carried to Memphis. General I'rloe has evacuated Camden, Arkansas, and General Steele occupied tbe place. The Meinpbia cotton market was firm. Considerable inquiry. Holders are keeping bock stock for higher price*. Receipts, 140 bales. Prices ranged from 64c. a 69c Tbe steamer Idaho collided with a gunboat and was sunk at Paducab on Friday. Ebe can be raised. About one hundred guerillas burned a large lot of wood near Uartield Point on Friday, and captured a number of citi.-ens of Brownsville. v Mkmf.ih, April 22,1S04 Grlerson has picked up a few of Forrest's men; but Forrest keeps bm troops well together, and is too strong for success: ul attack. Uis headquarters are still at Jack son, Ten ii. Caiao, April 25,13S4. Tbe steamer Itarling, from Memphis, pas.-od witb Ove h nil red bales of cotton for Cincinnati. luaagaratlon of Governor Murphy, of Arkansas. Lim.s R" k , Aprd 19, 1864. Governor Murphy was Inaugurated yesterday. Ornr ten thousand citizens and soldiers were present. A grand procession or tbe military, members of the Legislature, State officers, fre-dmeo, Ae., preceded tbe ceremonies, which were very impressive, and elicited the most en thusiastic chesring. Tbe city was brilliantly lllumi nated at nighl. The Governor's message was sent to the legislature la^ week. NEWS FROM 8ALVEST0N. it. I.oura, April 25,1894. Galveston date# of April 4, received at New Orleans, say tlie schooner Mary ?or ley, with two hundred and fifty bales of cotton, was capturel on tbe night of the 3d Hast , while attempting to run tbe blockade. lbe Harriet iJine, an Kngiish steamer, tbe IsabelU and a baric were lying bebind the fort*, waiting lor an oppor tunlty to run the blockade. lbe Navy. Tbe Monitor Canonlcu* and steamer Osceola, from Bos ton via I<ong IslandSotiod, arrived at the Navy Turd, Brooklyn, yesterday. Tbe following la * list of tbe Osceola's officers ? C'mmandv?J. M. B. Cllt*. L*tub nam*?John Wiedman. Paymaster? Kdward Bellows. Acting Autmnt Surgeon?Oeorge F. Winslow. Acting Matter?K. B. Hnssef A ttnti tJvngiu?J. Arnold Cross, C bar I as B NcQ iia, Setb L. laPieu ^ A'^gmeeu?first Assistant, Thomas McCausiandMUtag Second, Richard Koran, Robert Callett; Acting TOtrd, C. J. Cooper, Robert Heigamiu. Oiinw?J, C. Breslgn Mat'rr't itn'f? Thomas liogsrs. H. G. Roblnsoa, Chaa 8. Hardy. /'aysiatfir'i Clerk?Hm. M G*od. , Captain'i Cleric?0. Emerson Caiiosircs? iron clad, t guns. This vessel arrived st tbe Brooklyn Navy Yard yesterday, in tow of the Osceo la, from Boston. Tbe following is a Hat of ber officer*:? Commander? K. 0. f'arrott. Lieutenant?R. 8. McCook. Amstant Surgecn?V H. Adsms Acting Amttant I'aitmatier?R. P. Lit Si*. Acting Master? P. 8. Murphy. Acting Knugnt?T. T? Harris, M W. Weld, B. C. Daws. gn0n?'ri?Chief, D. B. Macomb; Acting first Assist ant. C. G. Conklin; Becood Assistant, 8. R. IIrooks. Acting Second Asatxtant, F. A. Hutcbmsoir. Third Assistant,X Brown. Acting Third Assistant, N. C. Brown. Row* from California. San Fsajtcisco, April 33, IMA Sailed, tbb opposition stesmsblp Moeee Taylor, and the Pacific Mali Company'* steamship 8t. Tflul*. Tbe latter has tlx buodred and tw*nty-flv* paasengers, the former more The St. Lout* carrle* |1,340 ,000 la ir*a*uw. Tbe ship* Fran kiln sod Twilight bar* nil* d for Manila tbd New York. Busin*** I* unlet. Flour and wheat ar* Arm, Arizona dates to tbe Atb SUM that Colonel Pa?t*n bad arrived at Upas with a party ror a campaign agaion the hoatii* Indlaaa. j Th* H*ii.t? or B*Lt?*c* Hospital ?Wf ar* glad to l?arn that lb* Inroad* of typhus fever at H*JI*vv,e Hospl I tal have *ot b**n ao serious aa represented. wipe pta caution* tev* !>**? Uk*n by tbe CommiMtonfjrs of Cbart tia* and Oar reel to* to prevent th* spread <*. tbe dt**a*? by tba *r est loo of tenU on lffackw*ll'* Island for the treat. otNt ar favtr patlenM applying for ad?r?lon to tbe Ho* glial. Bf this means not only will tb? spread *f the oon tagion b* arr*al*d, but th* psrc*ntj^e of rsoovwtss wil I nm FROM wuHi^afBC Important Amendments to till Tax Bill. Raid on the 'Money and Stoek Broker*. Tonperorj licrtase if thi Tartfl ea laperu. A Reulntiot Adding Fifty Per Cent to the Tariff for Sixty Dajri Adopted by tbe House. Speech of Senator Z>oolittle in Op' position to If egroes Voting, WAR GAZETTE. OFFIOIAL. OBKBRAL 0RDBR8?NO. 154. Was DafAKTMurr, Adjutawt Glares ai/s Omn, ft Wahuik<:toii, April T, 1864. J Rrigadier General James R. Wilson, Umted State* VOl tiuteers, is hereby relieved as obief of tbe Cavalry Bureaa ef the War Department,and will report to Lieutasast General Grant for assignment to duty. By ardor of t be BKCRKTARY OF WAR. ft. D. fowMHKHu, Assistant Adjutant General. MEMORANDUM TO OINUAl OBDRRS? MO. 12, 1864' QOABT*BMA8TSa Ommui'i Ortuw, I Wabuliratom, April 13,1864. J Tbe eleventh paragraph of tbe circular of tbe SecoaS Comptroller, dated March 1, 1804, published in General Orders No. 12, our reel aeries, has boon chanced to raat as follow# ? ? V XI Soldiers rendering little or no service on the day of enlistment or disc barge, payment for both by (be govornment is uniuBt. The day of enlistment, therefore^ will hereafter be allowed, and the day of dischargee* eluded. ? M. C. MKIG8, Quartcrm as to rfG eneral Untied States Army. GENERAL NEWS. Wuamarw, April 45,1804. THB INTERNAL TAX BILL. The Hoaso has^kept at work pretty steadily to day oa tbe Tax bill, with tbe exception of en boar, from half-peat one to hair-past two, to see the negro troops passing tur >ugh the city. A good many or the members forgot to come back at the end of tbe hour, and the consequence was that the committee was practically without a quo rum during the rest oT tbe afternoo. The oommittea Boomed to be particularly savage oa the stock brokers, and, at the instance of Mr. Finck, voted a tax or one flftb of one per cent on all sales made by them by a large majority. Other taxes were considerably raise*, some to double or mire than double the ratsa of the Committee ol Ways and Meaas. If aH the taxes Imposed by the bill, as amended, arepaM, tbero will be no question hereafter about tbe oredlt of the government. No attempt was made to reduoe ths rate of the income tax; but, on the contrary, thera seemed to be a dlspositipn rather to increase the tax oa Incomes derived from Interest oa government securities. Without Anally deciding this point the o ommKtee roes, and it will come ep again to morrow. INCREASE OF THB TARIFF OM IMPORTS. Contrarylo expectation, tbe House to-night passed nr. Stevens' resolution to Increase tbe rates of duties oa 4ss ports Qfty per cent until July 1. Mr. Morrill, frost tha Committee of Ways and Means, reported a bill making ? discriminating advance on tbe leading articles, and thla led to a very lively debate, in wbioh the advocates or protection to particular intereets participated al great length in five minute speeches. Finally, Ml it became apparent that no satisfactory result would bq reached, all parties tcok up Mr. Steveos' substitute aa4 passed It as the best measure under the clroumstaassa. There was no x>pposition to tbe proviso proposed by Mr". Kasson exempting printing p?per from the operatiea <4 tbe resolution. There is little doubt of the prosit pss sage or the resolution by the Senate. > 8KKA10R nOOI.ITTLK'8 8PBSCH ON NFOBO S0PFRASB. The conservative S|>eech of Senator D olittle oa uegrs suffrage in Monton t Territory has caused a profound sea s.aiou am on 3 tbe radicals, some of wbom affeot to regard htm as a backslider from the miscegenation faith. Mr. Wiikinsoo, a few days since, made a desperate effort Is convince tbe Senate that tbe negro population of Mom* tana, limited to two men, was the mojt respectable <4 that community, as-erting that one who diad a (sir week, age was worth Qfty thousand dollars. The pub licity o' the Tact thit said negro and richei consisted of an unworked claim or speculative value, and that he was indebted to uearly every minor ol bis acquaintance for pecuniary contributions, detracts not a little from tbs force of that Senator's argument, and has modified to a considerable extent the views of many hitherto favorably dmpoaod towards tbe measure. There is little doubt that this proposition will be ultimately defeated, tbs majority of tbe republicans fearing to raise an addiilooat issue with the conservatives by obooxious leglslatioa jpon an abstraction. TDK STATUS OF GKNKRAL FRANK BI. AIR. Ibere is an evident disposition on the part or * at jority of tba House to coolest the action of the Prosidenl lo rescinding bis acceptance of Prank Blair's resignation or h a commission as major general. The resolution of In quiry introduced by Sir. unwcs in referonoe to thin matter his a bearing on the pending contest <x bie rig hi to a s?at as Representative. It is not probable, it re nominated by the 1'reeldeut, that be would be couQrmed by the Senate, bis violent attack* on Secretary Chare bavtag m ide him many enemies. ALL TUB REQUISITIONS ON TBI TREASURY PAID. The statement that the United States Treasury is large ly in arrears Is without foundation, w'a learn ibat there is not a single requisition (or a dollar due from the gov ernment now unpaid at tba Department, nor has there been (or several days. The balance at the disposal of lb* Treasury la now not leas than twenty millions. THl CAM O# SURGEON OENBRAI. HAKNOffD. General Starkweather, of the Bammond Court Martini, left for the West last nigbt. The court baa adjourns* till In ordsr to enable the defence to arrange and print thsir evidence. CArnmi op oubrii.las. A scouting party of the First Michigan cavalry, under Lieut Jaooxon, went ont from Alexandria on Saturday night aad attacked a band oi rebel guerillas near Oreoquna, oayturicg four prisoners, one of whom has siase died of his wounds. Two of our own men weresligbtly woijadod. BIDS FOR TBI FLOUR CONTRACT. Bids for furnishing the government, with flour were opened here to-day at the Quartermaster's oBoe Twenty Six thousand barrels of Ho. 2 flour were offered at prices ranging from |8 60 to |8 16. A CAM of COMrfCIBVCS. The Secretary or ths Treasury acknowledged the receipt of two dollars and tlfly cents from a clergymen of thn Catholic church, to wbom thn money was returned through the confessional, by a person wbs acknowledged It to be dus to !M United states. BLOCKADE OF TUB ISLAND OF FlMBItK. The State Department bas been officially informod that the island of Femern, which was fn the first tnatnnoo ex empted from the blockade by thn Danish government of the porta and Inlets on the east coast of thn duckies of Ssbleswlg and Holsteln, Is now also, blockaded, thn blockade having bees ordered to jommenee on lbs 3M ultimo. ( CAPTORKD PRIZES. The following captures have tten reported M the Navy Department ? Ichoocer Mary Darley, bj ths Unittd states steamee, ?clots, eff Galveston, Texan, on the 4th Inst Hbn wnft formerly the United States rnvenun cutter ttodgn, and Wis seixed by the rebels in Galveston bay it the com mencement of the rebellion. Ths British soboonsr M. P. Burton, by thn United' (ttateistenmnr A roes took, loaded wigi Iron and sVm. Bbn elsnred ffost dhviuan, and purported to b* bound v Mau storon. ., / RBNTKNOB OF COLONEL ft SR. < Colonel Fish, lain Provost Marshal oft Bal'.fmore, under General Hcbeook, baa keen aentenoed by r/wrt raartUI to ?M ytnr In tbs Albany Penitentiary . m CASE OF PROVOST IfARSAAt. BAEBR lbs three Indictments agaisru OMenel I? U Raker. apsnUl Provost Marshal of tbt 'war Dspnrlsnent, tor falsi Imprisonment. KM sad ty.wMUr taktM Croat tot Pa*

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