Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 2, 1864, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 2, 1864 Page 4
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NEW YORK HERALD. JANB? UlUlOtM BHIRm U4T0M AMD PBOl'KUCTUA. OrFICI N. t. CUrtMKH O* IT I.TOM AK? NUUV 8T8. tUUB oMb Ik ndfMM Moaajr mm b / mail wit] M ?? U? nek (X lit* mwMt K.*a but bMk b.uj curroat la l!w Tort I <kao lWk lUlt.T HBtU). T ??? MN par copy. Hit WfcJCkJLIf ana Mturtky, ?* rui eaula |r copy. ABouki MteaiiHW Kic* - ?* llmo ? aptaa 8 Itn CVptn ? ? Bva oatit* par '?*? M??*" mullM. tofyor luslMf i hw*' n.4^ to ufliti of lubicribori, 91 60 A? ??"? ''""7 "I" b* mi to overy dab o t IM. i?r?ai/ ?*>'??. to . a- aJdrau, m year. 945, Md ?i ; feu-gar miaibar ai nae imot An oxtra copy will ba ?Mt I* eJuka ?i twMily. Thorn ratal bmIh thi Waaair Iiju.jU' /A? (Amitm ptiN mm ?* At aomMry. Ibr Fnomt Imtiom, orory Wadnaad<y , at FrmeooU f*r oo py . 94 par uma to ray part or Graat Brltata, or ?6 to My pari oj Ux ruminant, both to tnetuto poatat*. Tba ( lunnii Kmtkw, ?? tha M, ISth an* 2S4 oC aooh tnootlt, at 8n oMta par oopy, or 93 par unrn. /iTwnsmtn*. to a itaaitod inibot, wtU balnaortad Ik ttia Wmklt Hiuu.ial M tha fcwopoM aod CalHoraia *<M UWTARY nOBRKPONDENCI, eoetatntaf l?P*t aotaowa,aaltetio4 float My tMrtarof tha world; ifuaod, will bo llboral'y paM tor. Mr Ova Fommw Ohm iomwi mi MinovuiLr mm to mal all ur i??a in riouaa mm m MO NOTICE tafeM af aooaymoua carraapoadaaoa. Wa 4o not roiwi 0UOHMQ toslioM ??!??? 1XU ,Sw. Ill AMuasMBim ran btsninq. BlBLO'B OABDBN, IrtUwW.-Comi BOOOAB, WALLACE'S TBBATRB. BrMtn|.-B?UMlJ. WINTBB OABDBN. BruUmr -Vitii-loinUM OLYMPIC THBATBB. BrMlnr-litm Anr-Vl' nrri Ni:W ROWBBT TBBATBB. Bowery.? MA(arrA-CaAB Ooti BviMi-Tlt?( ??? Tilbs. POWRBY TBBATBB. Bowery ? Xioiiil- Tu Fltiko DUTCaMAH. BARN UN'S Mi <?B'-'M. Broadway. ?Two Oiairrs. Two X>wiKra. albinos. What 1i It, Ac., At ill hour*. Cobjo's Cavb? At 3 ana IKf . BL BBTA.NTf MINSiRBLB. Mechanics nail. <72 Broad, way.- Kih oriA* Bomm. Da.iobs, Bi blkkivb*. Ac.? llow ABB YOP U BBBN ,IA('B8 T WftOirg MIMRTKKL HALL, Ml Broadway.? BrntorlAa f-Cr U, 1'ABrBB Aft? Vo B FOB TBB ABB! SWOBD. BBOADWAT THBATRB, ASS Broadway.? Bimbo*! AMERICAN THBATRR. No. AM Broadway.? S Fa.ttobibbs, Hi'Bj.s* .:*?*. A<\ ? l?ov J cast. S\LOK DIABOLtlQUE. Mi Broad way.? Roaasr Hbllib. OOOl'ER INSTITUTE.? Da vswrour Bbotiiii MKW YORK MUBBUM Or ANATOMY. #1R Broadway ? CosiosiTtk* amd Lkcivuux from V A. M. till 10 F. M. ?OOLKY'S OPBRA HOUSE. Brooklya. ? BmortAB Boboa, Oahcba. Bkblb -sobs, Ao. ??w Yark, >)OB?Bf. Majf ?. 18ft*. THtt SITUATION. Rumor*, aa uaubI, of important army movements dis turbed the quietude of WaahiccVoa ye* tor day , bat reliable reports fail to coattrm aay of than ?? AU is quiet oo tba Raptdaa" was tbo aioat poaltlro aad cooclusivo news ap lo last Men tag. Alexandria waa alao axel led over flying ro porta that tbo whole army waa la motion, aad that a flgbt had tsfcan place south or tbo Rapides. Tbo return of (Ml wouodod from tba (laid basariyda. >*>???? It la oa Id that tbo troops who woat to Madlsbn Court Boass oa Ibareday, burned tbo town to asbss, bat It la oot known wbotbor they woro acting under orders la ao Mag. Geaoral Humalde vlaitod General Ifoado aad apoot aome boars in bta qaartora oa Saturday night. w* '**ra trra KftWa, si. C , tbat tbo rebola bare vacated that vicinity aad (one toward ftlchmoad, tba Brand oooverging poiat of tbo enemy, to which Boaoro gard, witb his South Carol laa troope, baa already gooo, ^wia Wiiaaiagtoa. Tm r reach veaaofc which waat lo City Folnt rooeotly, to brlag away lohaoo> from Richmond, have all returned to Haroptoa Roads without the eargoae eoagM for. i Bj deapatcbea rrom Camdoa , Arkaaaaa (without data), via St. Louis, wa bara informatioa that tba rebola were driveo irom fclkia's Farry by Ooa. Steele's forces, aad altar making a aland at Prairie do Anna? where tbotr riflo pita aaa dofeaoea axtaaded a mile aad a hair? w to agate dr.rea, by a flank movement, towards Waahlngua Ooooral Steele made a diversioa to Camdoa , and , after a Close race between his forces, accompanied by heavy akirmlshing, aad tbosa or tbo rebels Marmaduke and rnoo, Oon-ral staalo got there ttrM aad took poajeasion. Ilia leaa waa oaly two hundred. It will bo remembered ghat our previous oewa, by way of Red river, aunounced the rapture of Sbrereport, I a. , by General Steele, which Is Wrtbia fifty miles of Camdoa. ?IBCXLLAVXOOS JTEW8 Tba aiaaaashlp Ruropa, rrom Queeasrowo on the 17th of April, reached llali'ax last Saturday, oo her rcyage to Boston, where she wsa due at aa early hour this mora, lag. Iha mala jMstf a I her aews, which is three days ***' ~^T2Lrapt,<-d to tba naaAi.i> and published la our columns yaawnJaj morning. A full telegraph* re port to girea la our oolamas to-day. The Kmperor aad Empress of Mexico had sailed from Mirajnar for Rash aad Mexioa. It is agreed by a oo veattoa hat ? aaa France and Max loo that the French army ft to evacuate Mexico gradaally, their aarvioaa be lag paid far to July next, aad the aaw empire pay lag an ?auual subsidy to Fraaoa. Garibaldi had a grand oration ?t the Crystal Patsea, Loadon. The foroiga ambaasadors la W-odsa Whre ahasat from tba Docben of Bother land's bangoot to Oaribaldl, with tba exreptlon of the Ministers ?f the UaHad Mates aad Tarkay. Tba siaga of Doppol waa Ma grarrlad aa r tgaraasly by tba Alllae. Tbo I aao-Gor. anaa Coafaraaoa waa aboat k> orgaoiso la Umdoo Tba liwtaa gaiaraiarT baa wttbdrawa tta territorial sbolUr from Bteaatat. It to aaM that Fraaaa aad Kngland had beea oomptsMly raaaaetlad by Lard Cloraodon. eloasd la Loadaa oa the lgth of April at 91 H a ?1 k for meaoy Tba Baak of KagUad rawed its rata of discount to seven per coat oa tba 17th of April. Tbo l.lror ?<o?i ositoa market was qoiat. with rates anohaaged. froTiaioas ware dull, aad braadatafft qulot and easier. Tba Natieaal Moam Navlgatlaa Campaay's aUsmer l*ounar>vaata, which lart Liverpool at etevee o'dor.a >? gbe moralog of the 11th, aad Qaaaastoa a oo the 13th of April, arnvsd at tbB port ysaterday morning, liar ?ewa tm booa fully auttcipalod by tbo reports of the City of Hal i i more aad Buropa. A shoot lag affray occurred I sal evening in a drinking ?aleoa la Tbirtaaatb street, between a v eases A aad B, ?totwesa tno moo aaaM? Wa ituras aad William Brod ?ri.k. la wblob tba formsr rsceived a wooad rrom tba ?Ohcta of which It la tb? be aaaaot recover. Brod wriak waa arreetod aad takaa tn Um Sarantoeoth rrwtnc) ?tatisa bouaa ?" ' " - TwB I'bbbidbmtial Factiovh at Wabbikoton.? Bead our Waahlngtoo despatch of thU muru luf. Tb? contending factions are all in a itew; f. it . tliBf all a?>?m lo b?> ap probonaire that Gen. f .rait will turn their fat in the Are. They will hare to wait tbe upalot of hia plan* and i >mbiuatiot/a i.efora tbej can arrange tbelr ?wa. FriHM "Old A*" to the laat of t'ie IVeai 1enlt?l li?t, tl??J are *11 in the Mn-ls r f 4<obvi a! Urm?t Tkt HoMkaf W I'MTtatlrai, There is oav, at the very hour whoa tb* ooun r/ is about to put forth ito utmost ' strength for a final battle, the greatest possible ? among the politicians, seeking their ?wn ascendancy and profit. Eiongh men to I deoi e tbe result of a great battle m clearly hs Stoutfwsll Jackson's brigade decided the battle of Ball run are now most intense ,y bii*j upon tbo orpraiiz itlon and arrangement of conventions, hy which they expect to seoure, not tne s?fety of their country or tbe triumph of its cause, but tbe spoilt, tbe government patronage and power, the vast eontraots, and tbe oountleM profitable places. Eren in the republican party thore may be no less than three of these corrupt conclaves. One set of republicans have arranged to hold a conven t on at Baltimore in Juue. They have all their arrangements made, cut and dried, to nomi nate Mr. Lincoln at that time. Another set will bold a convention fct Cleveland, Ohio, in May, and will, perhaps, nominate Geneial Fre mont. And a third set, opposed particularly to tbe Juue couvention, desire that it shall be held in September, as they think that, by that time they can effect a change in the arrange ments that are now se decidedly in favor of Mr. Lincoln. All these conventions in the now dominant P*rty, M well as the Sheat-per-shent Couven tion to be held at Chicago, are humbugs, through and through. Not one or them has the least claim upon the intelligence or support of any portion of the people of this oountry. Mot a man who takes his seat in any of these conventions will represent in any sense the people of tbe district that nominally sent him there. The fact that a man is the member of a nominating convention is prima facie evidence that he is either a place holder or hunter, or a contractor, or that he expects to be bought by a place holder or hun ter, or a contractor. Nothing in the world was ever better understood between men than it was understood between this member of the convention and his clique of barroom con stituent* that in making him a member or the convention they gave him a piece of property? a vote that he could sell. Either a vote that he could sell, or In virtue of which he could bargain for a good fat place in the event of tbe successor tbe candidate he voted for. Not only did they understand and consider that they were giving him a piece of property in this vote, but they would regard him as a fool and a flat? a ' slouch"? ir he did not use it to his personal advantage, or sell it for a good round price. So positively is this the case that a city politician of any experience, though no arith metician, will tell to a nicety the value of such a place. He compares a seat in the convention with a place in the Custom House or Post Office, and its value is found by comparison with the value of the place he compares It to. We believe that the whtile convention system should be killed at once. These conventions are not one of the good traditions of our poli tical history, nor has their operation been ?ucb that the people should adhere to tbcm with any tenacity. AU our earner Presidents we're cbaaes ??d m nomination by caucuses ot their party friends in Congress. Jackson was nominated by a great popular movement, and with the next President the convention system began. Nominating conventions then gave us Van Buren, Harrison and Tyler, Polk, Taylor and Fillmore, Pierce and Buchanan. Compare these men with our earlier Presidents, and we 'irc^ uieir-gt/d II1(w the men who built up and established the / country tbe other system has given us all the I men of contemptible intellect that have occn- j pied the chief magistracy, and under whom the power and greatness of the country has well nigh crumbled away. We believe that the country should therefore go back to the old system, and relinquish a system that noto riously puts a man at the head of the nation beoause bo is not a great man, and because he is a man feeble enough to be bent to iheir pur poses by the politicians and spoils hunters who designate him for tbe place. Let us relinquish ntonce these corrupt conventions? atroeiou pieces of thievery, by which the people are swindled of their suffrages, ami give their birthright to pay for some sharper'* mee? of pottage. 1 Thr Relations Bktwkuv Fravk and land ? The Napoleonic Dtvastt.? Tbe latest advices from Euroj* state that I^rd Claren don, who visited the Emperor Napoleon for the purpose of allaying the irritation felt by the latter at tli# alleged participation of M?. Stans- i feld, ? member of the British Cubiner in the recent conspiracy against his .Majesty n life, has succeeded in bringing about a state r( good feeling between the EojliVband French Courts, and that it id likely he will settle also rbe re lations between these Powers and Ku.?siu upon a better footing. Tbe fact that It was derated necessary to deputize Lord Clarendon ?? a | peacemaker to the Emperor of the Fiench proves bow great an aacendaocy tbe latter 1mm < attained over the English government, au 1 ia an indication of the great decrease of ita ' power. England must indeed be lowared. when she is forced to una foi tbe good will of a i Napoleon, and one wbom for years Iter aristoc racy and her journals reviled as a usurper aa adventurer. If wa are nel mistaken, it wm through fear of the first Napoleon that England erased from bei standard tha JUur <U ly i . Cring ing to Napoleon the Third. England has submit ted to numberless nlights and msults, and Ins almost unconsciously uken her position among the second rate Towers of Europe. In tha House of Commons Lord Palmersten, tl* Pre mier of Queen Victoria, acknowledged that the personal safety or Napoleon die Third and that of his dynaaty were essential to the welfare ef all Europe. This concession more than avengr-a Waterloo. Tn* Civil Skrvicf..? Mr. Sumner's resolution providing for tbe greater efficiency of tbe civil service of the United 8tates, by institating a board of examination for candidates, would be aa excellent measure if practicable. We fear, however, tbat it li considerably in ad vance of pubUs sentiment, or rather of present feasibility. It is diffloult under I ftpublicai government ^ iMtit'ite tests of merit liks thi?. It Is especially so at a ' ueriod when a powerful and unscrupulous party have the control of everything. The time will no doubt oome when tbe pressure ol taxation will overpower the dislike oT tbe moneyed elates to take part in political con tests. and when through the ballot box some beneficial measures of thi* kind may possibly be carried. Then the desirability of estab lishing so-ni' test, by a boa*d of ?etft' ! ution or ?W?or". "*?, ' ? w?i!ch ths <|'?*U?lc*" > is 0? official candidates may be decided, will no doubt receive consideration. At present we d? net K6 any proept-ot of ?U fia<liug l??or wilb Congress. We are afraid the Mil lean urn will be upon us before tbM schemes foea into prac tioal operation. ? The War We Sappir Ertel?-t?e Dnty ? t Conjr??. We aend armies into tbe Held, and witu tbem supplies, not only for themselves, but for those tbey seek to oouquer. We capture cities and towns, garrison and hold them, jet seem I to be careful to establish depots whence the rebels can draw the neoessary articles to aid tbem In giving us battle. It is possible that this follows as a natural consequence; but to I the uninitiated the policy that permits the rebel to draw his support from the loyalist in the North appears a very sing ular one. On the opening of the ports ol Beaufort, Port Royal and New Orleans, the Union lines around which are 1 at the present time only a few miles outside j their respective town and city limits, a won- j derful and extraordinary Impetus was given to trade in those quarters, which still continues. I The advent of a few thousand troops within I their precinots seemed to have added to their l wants, as oompared with former periods, a I hundredfold. The soldiers had the ague and lever, and we sent them quinine enough In one month to supply ?M5b officer, private and I civilian within the lines with at least a dally ration for a year. We sent them drugs and medicines In unlimited quantities, and no sane man will for a moment believe that all of tbem found their way to good aad true loyal stomachs. Why should they! Rebels shake sometimes with ague as well as with fear, and I when a semi-loyalist Is in possession of quinine which cost him only two and a half dollars an ounce, and by sending it to his full fledged rebel friend just beyond the lines he can realize I fifty or sixty dollars per ounce, his loyalty to J his government wavers and Anally succumbs to I this very pressing claim from Mammon. This is our system of Internal trade. Now I let us glanee at our indirect trade with the j rebels, through neutral ports, by means of blockade rannera. The practice here, as every one is aware, is to ship goods to some point convenient for transshipment to the various ports in the South, among which may be prominently named Nassau, Havana J and Matamoros. It is true ws cannot claim to have furnished many of the supplies earned by blockade runners into Charleston, Savan nah and Wilmington; for it Is probable that at least nine-tenths of them came direct From Great Britain, and therefore the honor belongs to -her; yet, as our trade with the British West Indies and Cuba has increased o?e hundred i per cent since the breaking out of the rebel lion, it is fair to presume that we can right fully claim to share the honors with her Majesty's government. Our principal glory, however, lies in another direction. By reference to our files we notice a new and extraordinary feature in our trade with our neighbors, the Mexicans. Whe^ take into consideration the fact that prior to v- - #1 ?>?? ? 41 . * JM the 17th daj of August, 1861, no clearance wa3 ever gsaiited at this port for Matamoros, and that since that date oflfi hundred and flrty-two vessels, with an aggregate tonnage of nearly thirty -five thousand tons, having on board j large and valuable cargoes, have been olcared i for that destination from this port alone, wo ' may boldly assert that there exists some reason ! other than the alleged increase of trade_wijh quantities of goods sent there are Intended for consumption wHhin her borders. Large numbers of vessels from other poets of the United States have been sent there, while Havana and Nassau have served as depots from which goods, shipped here ostensibly for a West Indian market, have been transshipped to that destination; and it has not usfrequeatly happened that from eighty to one hundred ves sels have been lying at the mouth of the Rio Grande at one and the same time. Again : the goods sent there are such as are particularly adapted to the wants of the South, and, as a general rule, of the same character as were shipped to Galveston, Matagorda and Point Isabel in former years. While we cannot with justice lay elaim to more than, perhaps, one-tenth of the trade with tbat point during tbe pMt two years. oar trade with Moxico has increased nearly ene thousand per cent. The return cargoes of reseel* from this point are of the same character also- a* theme usually brought from Tezaa in pact yearn, consisting of cotton, wool and hides; and there never has been any attempt at concealment of tbe fact tbat these cargoes were the production* of tbe 8tate? in rebelHon. Yet for two yearn tbis trade has been regularly and systemati cally conductcd without hindrance. No oa* eauld chut his eyes to the fact tbat we were directly aiding the rebel* In prolong ing tbe war; yet the practice was continued, and Texas is now probably as well supplied with most of the necessaries of life at la former year*. We hare repeatedly called the atteation of government to the necessity of cutting off this source of supply; but, prior to tbe occupation of Brownsville by General Banks, we beliere no action bad beeu taken, except to atation on* old steamer, the Montgomery, at tba mouth of the Rio Grande, whose office it waa to watcb and control tbe movements of a fleet consisting of one hundred vessels from all part* of tbe world. It is true that our customs authorities hare complied with the requirement* of th* law in taking bonds tbat tbe goods should be landed in Mataraoroa and consumed within Mexican territory. Yet all know that tba goods whn exchanged for cotton and other product* of Texas. Certificates, duly rerlled by our eooMil, show that the good* were landed there, and tbe coa*ignee swear*, to th* best of hi* knowledge and belief, tbat tWy nre intended for consumption in tbe market where they are first landed: and this evidence has la many instances sufficed to reliar* tbe shipper from further liability, and hie bond has been cancelled. But who belierea. tbat tb(**e goods were consumed on tbe western side of tbe Bio Grande, when It is estimated tbat there hare been enough taken to the mouth of the rirer within the last two years to fill *T*ry building in tlx town of Matarnoros! The system by which tbh trade is permitted is evidently wrong, and some nv-an* other than those hitherto pursued should be adopted. If the rebels w<*e unable to obtain good* anywhere else than at the North we might possibly cut off tbelr supply by restrictions on trade with lb*** saspeeled ports; but whan we arc In pos session of tt'n fart that our trade with them, though Urge, i* scarcely noticeable when com j.j' -1 wl'h tl'Ci* ? jk'lr TyHh Hit time that we adopt ?owe other system by wh cb we caa mors speedily and affaoUuUly conquer t'?e peace we ull to mueb desire. 1/ the blockade cannot be made effective let us bare a of the lav i<*guUtiag trade, and make the oflb ce of ooairabaad trafflo with tbe rebels puu stable by d??th. Let Con gress look careiully into this natter, and iav te tbe wisdom of the East te aid then ia framing laws sailed to the yants of tbe preaeut or.sw, and tbe evil may be remedied. Our New Tou Msmheks or Conorbw on Financ*.? We have bad a variety of speeches lately in Congress, good, bad and Indifferent, on the finanoial situation of the country; and the representatives of this eity aad suburbs have figured prominently in these debates. Mr. Stebbins, for instance, has given us the views of sq experienced and mooessful and a loyal financier of Wall street. He is an in structive speaker, profoundly learned ia the < mysteries of the Broken' Board, banking, and the fluctuations between paper money aad spe cie; but he eontents hhnself with temporary expedients, like the Seoretary of the Treasury, and leaves us profoundly In doubt at to the final liquidation of all these "greenback" liabilities, lion. James Brooks has also given as his views on tbe flnanoes; but, like his paper, tbe Bvming Express, his Congressional speeches on finance, and everything else, are a jumble of odds and ends, and shreds aad patohes, without head or tail, system or purpose, beginning or ending. In the language of John Randolph, "The gen tleman's reasoning Is perplexing, though clear, sir? clear as the light of that window, wbioh ia not very olear, sir." In fact the Hon. James Brooks is a diffusive, discursive and mis cellaneous sort of speaker, of the rigmarole order, "full of sound and Airy, signifying nothing." The Hod. Fernaado Wood, Strang# m it may appear to the general reader accustomed to measure him bj the average degree of states manship peculiar to Mosart Ball, has given us the broadest, most consistent and comprehen sive exposition of the dangers of an excessive paper monej circulation that wo have had from an/ member of the present Congress. He has not confined himself to Wall street, but has brought forward the valuable lessons ef expe rience of other nations in this business, to warn us from the shoals and quicksands towards which we are drifting. But he has omitted the most striking examples of a worthless paper in flation which the world has ever exhibited in omitting the financial system of Jeff. Davis. This omission we must call upon Mr. Wood to Bupply. It will need no laborious efforts to show that Jeff. 's paper money is on its last legs, when five hundred dollars of it are required to buy a pair of boots next door to his Treasury Department. The simplest exposure of this so called Confederate Treasury, as it now stands, would overtop all other illustrations as a warn ing to Secretary Chase. We must have a speech, at all events, from Mr. Wood on the financial glOfjgg 9J the kingdom of Jeff. Davis be fore his arguments against oflt system will be accepted as having any botter object than a Northern political convulsion upon the ruins of the JfaUonal TretoST Maximilian's Phospkci^ w ^*,c0--~There is a good deal of similarity b etween the cir cum stances under whitfh Maxim.'1 laQ 0 Mexico and those under VTbloh J<*"*P parte went to Spain. He is footed en * popu lation hostile to bim, with nothing bttt fo- e1^" antecedents to oreate confidence In lu!* Ability. There is this difference: that be is furtt>r re moved from foreign assistance than was k.<Qff Joseph. Another element of danger for him lies in the fact that tbeftfexicans do not com prehend the necessity of stability in govern ments, and will not have it at any price. They love ebaage, and unless permanency of institu tions be forced upon them by a foreign stand ing army, which is scarcely possible, they will get rid of their new Emperor as quickly as tbey got rid or Iturbide. Besides, bow are tbe European Powers to control, tbe flibostering tendencies of onr own population. Once tbe rebellion is put down we shall b*ve on our baads a host of retired veteraos, wbo will want a fresh field for their energies, and wbo will natfc rally turn their eyes to Mexico as a prize worth contending for. Tb?y will flook there, with or without the.consent of onr gov ernment, and will speedily enable tbe Mexicaas to rid themselves of their foreign- encum brances. Tbe Archduke will soon discover that he bns made a great mistake in exchang ing the safe and pleasant halls of Miraimr for tbe uncertain nad troubled atmosphere of tbe Halls of the Mootesamas. Havh We a Bi.ock.awno Sqi amucn The blockade rutniers are doing a thriving business while Mr. Welles Is taking a comfortable nap. They are running freely, It appears, to aad fro upon the ocean, carrying rebel prodoatr to Eii rope, and bringing bock rebel supplies from the sympathisers on tbe other side of the At lantic. We bear of twelve vessels arriving at Liverpool in two days, laden with cotton from the rebel States.. We also learn by oar file* from Bermuda that the steamer Minnie haa just brought in tbe?e seven bandred and thirty-two tons of cotton and three hundred and thirty boxes of tobacco frona Wilmington, ant) that quite a fleet of steamerahad reached thai-island laden with merchandise for the use of tbo Houfhern rebels. These facts suggest tbe question have- we a blockading squadron on onr coast at nil ? The port of Wilmington cer tainly might as well be innocent of the pre sence of any sneh portion of tbe navai-< service. A Goo* Ormm or Tin Crrv Inspector.? Mr. Boole, the City Inspector, gives ootioe In oar advertiaiug coin no os to-day to all beat captains, ferry masters, railroad conductors, and others 1 connected with transportation fr?m tbe city, that they must rigidly observe the law which I forbids them from taking out of the city the j body of any deceased person whatever without a written permit from him. The penally for a violation of this rule will be enforced hence forth in every case. There in no doubt in sob , abuse arising out of carelcsuess in this regard. The vlger which the City Inspector manifest* in this, as in other mattera ronor <ted with the i duties of his department, furnishes additional ovldt nce of Che whdom of putting cunpeteo t men into important public offices. Tn? Tai K'W*? WhtS people get into spendthrift habity tbe task of retrenchment Is not an easy oncA It is plain that ir out munici pal taxation goes on IncrnsAiag in thi *wne ratio that \t been progressing at for tha la^t t'?? year/ It will soon svamp the ?ntlr* rental i lt>Q %\iy The iiffloultf U ty ti? vjue % Qerr$f Wtb, or father, whoa feui, to apply It Of the nam her of pi mm M reform mirtil. bom h<tre m yet seriously toaohed lb evIL The Board of Sapervlsors Wt up to ilbuy ? scheme of taitfot for fbe ooming year; ao did the Board el CowellMn, oad so did the Aldermen. By none of these wore the estimates reduced below $14,000,000. The Ck?aena' As sociation also furnished their scheme, oad have come down Areas Albany, claiming to have saved the public $3,000,000. But what hare they la reality accomplished f Alter meeting night after Bight for weeks, and deluding the publio into the notion that something might re sult from their labors, all that these sharp geaiuses hare effected is to add from a quarter to half a million to the highest estimate* fur nished by the oity boards. No; we ean oxpeot no relief from any Of theee sources. The real remedy must ooine from the ballot box. Ac cordingly as the burden of taxation Increases the more responsible classes of our oitizens will feel H necessary to take part ia the elections of our olty officials, aad by thus semiring honest publio servants they will Insure retrenchment and economy la nil departments of the public aervloe. A Doll ANWYutatar Wkkk. ? The an Hirer - sary time ia ooming; but the accustomed spirit and bustle, demonstration of white orarata and ao forth, do not seem to be ooming with it. An airersary week ia likely to be a very flat time this year; and yet It ought not to be ao. Now ia the hour for the abolitionists to take more special Interest thaa ever ia the new theory of misoe genation. Practically the science is yet but an infaat, and needs nil the tender nursing whioh can be bestowed upon it The Aotl-Slarery So ciety. which commences operations at Dr. Chee ?er's church on the 10th lost., will no doubt toko care of the question, and the Women's National League, whose object is to carry aorthera charity, ministers, teachers, Ac., into the Union portions of the South, must, from the nature of Its mission, take a hand in the arscege nation scheme. But where are all the other abo lition societies T If they would not perish en tirely, and the funds reach a lower point than they have already .oome to? and that is low enough ? they must go in with miscegenation. Slavery being now virtually dead. antUslavery becomes a paradox, aad, as they must do some thing for a living, the agitation of miscegenation is the only course left to them. Thk Rebel Forces in Viruinia. ? The strength of the rebel forces under the command of Gene ral Lee is pretty much a matter of conjecture. The highest estimate places his army ou the Rapidan at 95.000 men. We dare, 8a 7, how ever, that it does net exceed 75,000, and that his forces on and near the Richmond Peninsula do not number above 25,000. We guess, on the other band, that General Grant has made the necessary arrangements to grapple success fully with a rebel army ot 100,000 on the Rapi dan, and for more than 25,000 on the Penin sula ; and we guess that it is not hia intention to accommodate tbe enemy, as we hare heretofore accommodated him in Virginia, by having fifty or sixty thousand men standing idle at tbe tides, while our main army is engaged on the centre of tbe field ot combinations. Wo expect, there fore, a repetition in Virginia Mb time, not of Fredericksburg or . Ch*n?2jlo$|ville? but of Chattanooga, Not Mich to Boast of After We would advise tbe friends of" human freedom1" par excellence that tbe passage of tbe measure thrmi<rh Congress, after five months' of hard Ik. 4,-' ?4u?Mle? HN I ,mj v, vul nime HflU black ^[oidiers is not much of a natter for boasting aft*." late rebel Congress, in providing for tWem/ 'boutand black laborers, i>amsters, 4c., bond a?w ,ree- to the rebel army, fou^ no difficulty wba^toT in making their pay tbtP same as that of their* #bite soldiers. The rebei"* ^Mld not afford to Wk'te their time upon such A* Am. . v P^fMNSl iNUIIIftll**. Mrs. President /.iiaeola did a coosidsrabla amoral of sboppfag in this a-?ty last weak. She arrived a.t Ikt Metropolitan Hotel MiU Wednesday, aod was accompanied by ber sob, Master Tojvmy Lincoln Ruslne s being tbe object of ber visit, *bs d?vot*d Um wMe of ber time to k. Milliners, drss* makers , aoaalua ?stare and otber mrtitfet versed ia the mysterk* or female attire were consulted with ia reference to # suitable outfit far tbe approach lag raahioaable campngtifcyrb -a the dor star will la la lb* aKMdoi. aHvtiMr,iKarat?l 1 dtatont. Proas an early boar la tbe mem lag uatll lata In She evea ing Mra. Llaoola ransackeri'tbe treasures of tbe Broad way try goods atoms. Tbe evenings wvi spoat ha xom pany with a few private fries**, wbo ha J Jteea apprised ef ber arrival. Mra. Mdco<?- returned te Washington about seveo o'clock last evening-, after having- very satis factorlly accomplished tbe object of ber vlttt Ara-?g tbe cardinal*, bishop* and otber pennoaogae <4 disttnctlao wbo served tbe pilgrims at Rom.s; huMumoSt Thursday, In tbe repast eea? s? re Wag tbe Pa?*otr, wee the Portuguese Ambassador, wbo, girt wraa. a wMte apron, placed tbe soup on tbe t<Me. (ienerai 4a Cartel talac, senator '?f France, ha rfAprtt 9) died at lau, wbere be bad bee* residing .tngieg W* winter. General Jaaiea Abmuii. (be oldan offloer ?n Uie iVsigie fndtaa army , died r-c^.tlr at labors. Ileentm dthe Bengal Artillery In 1790. when l>poo Sultan ?u in the height or bis power. Ha wa* at tbe eiege of rush I, h* M03, in tbe same rnixth la wbicb air Arthur WeMarsiev i fought tbe battle of Assays. ' Folic* tatrlllgaaes. TUwmrsa A Sm.tssa ? Most or Tit Mow pit RwoA-sm ? I Frederick Rcfca, a soldier, wbo sscenily returned frt>m the war, look lodgiega at 100 .'ireaawlcl atreei, as<d while aalssp io bis room ee 8* bar Say night, Clarhs Brlnkmaa stealthily approached the bod of Kokc-aad rifled bM po skats ef legal tender antes to lbs amouat a f four hasered aod fifty dollars Th* theft was die oevsre*BO"B after* ards, and Rrtokasaa being sus|ie*t?e< was arr sated by officer Fink*, of lb* Twenty sereath precinct, and o* searching the prtaoaer three hnnde*4 and: Uty debars of tbe moaav- u inland to bava been *ln lew from tbe ratorned volunteer was found in bhs possession Br in km ao confaaaod takieg tbe money, a>4 Justice llogssi committed bin. to tbe Tombs for trial. OawmMBt Dommtk) ? rm an Pneraarrv KncoTsnaauT? Bis* Stuart, larmerly a doasstic la the family of Mr. Aarsah P WMaoa, of Molt Haveu, Wsetcbaater oouoty, was arresied bp detsatirs Btosrap, abargad with hawing robba* bar former aaiplopsr ot a large smmiat ef proper ty. Saase aonibs mac? Mrs. wnaoo disd s'iddealy . whea Mb. W. deter m toed to hroek nt? ba>?ank. e|Hag. At card btglp Ma e flee la were packed np aad planod in tbe car* of tbe accaaed, wbo anhasqoeatly removed tbe go?de where tba earaar coutd sot in d them. 1 elective Mowey , how ever, obtained a oaafbasion of guilt irom KHra, snd sub eaqeaatly fouad gouda valued at ?l/'OO secreted laa bowa sear Mr. WMeoa's raeiisaoe. A number of silk liissasi ware dtaeavarad assratsd la a poUto barrel aud 1* th? cellar ot Mr. Wlson'a bw?s* Tbe prleimer waa hikes before J Dittos Hare**, of Weab-beeter eonasp. sad b-sid to saswer a charge ef grand larceey. . The Opera. I 1 TO TBI BNTOa OP TBS HffltALP. ? Tbe Mat ems* Is eoatahscd la the article of yeeterday % , Iwue, beaded ?> Tbe Opara." I proaoune* faiee Th -re *werenosuoh difficult lee evWtlng between Mr Maret/ek and tbe orchestra af lb* Academy. We did m>t aek lor an lorraoaeof aalary, c ?a*'i jeotly could not be refused. Tbe writer of tbe above moatioaed arliole must have bs*o ralniolnimed. otherwise It Is a msllelous attempt to slsoder tbe or. bestra af the Academy. FU!WT GRIM* leader of tb* Aeedcmy of Muslo. Mi an a Kw'fira'. nt Fait *iwi.rai*.? Mr. F? T . narrla.>o | ban Wa migaged to give a aeries of q]>erss 10 Phlladel- , phis, in aid of the Called f*tatsa Htaltary Comielsetoa, ? and te give trJtu to the open,*g of the Ureal teuirai Saai 1 tary Fair. Mr Theodore Thnasas will act as diraclor, and , a Isrgs and brllliani array of voo^l and Instriimeiitnl tsleat has bees ongsge^, which promises to m?ke the fsailval one of the greatest tnusicsl troats that the r ill, ens nf rbiisdeiphla ba*?^bn)oyed for s lung time past Thi first o|i*ra of tl<s ss' iss will he(>v*ri ?a We'tunslsy ! tmitU'.tuv IP JP ? w mtk JHi 9fe ? Omih?#?n William D?r|| P*r(?h UalUd ItoUi ??vjr. Cwiliri WIIHm DarM fUrtw, r?iM Mi Ht?f, IM M haif-paM etgM a'otoak jMUrkf morntrg m ?| Luke's Hospital, aftar a painful aad liogertag IU? aa 0 (eur aaooths' duratios About three waaka ago ba baaaa* as laaaata of Una hospital, with a riew to rreatrs^saub treatment aa w aa thought weold cundoce to bta s*?edr re oo vary. Bta disasaa bad at tliaas givsa hopes of Ma ipt th>g the better of It, ana i|i? a ai> atfy diaeoliitlaB ??? apprehended. About Iva & clock yesterday morula* aa aat up and convert <t frsely . An buar latar, howavar, IV (ailed aa rapidly that It waa ba could aot ilvx but a raw nsomatia, which proved trua. Hi# ui >ibar, who wag vary oonttaato# bw riwuvery, left lor bar botaa la I'anaayivanla i<a lri**y. Commodore Porter wm a an* of tb- ceebratad Comma flora David Per tor, of I (tax fame, aad waa bora ia Kaw Orleans at tbe thao hie letbar waa c'einiaodaul o thai stall*. Ha wu a brother of Rwr Adnlrai l>. I) Porter. Ua waa appointed midshipman ,*anuar? 1 . 1 8'-'1 , but bad served before tba osast on the two ysars pre vtous to that data Ua served (a I bo Urandy wine frigate rr n July 8, 1826, lo July 30. 1827, under iVam 4 >rW Morrli aad Patterson. In IBM lie wm orde e<l to the Qustrlera, bat la October bit ordara wars revolted. Oa tba 1Mb of Mareh, 18S0, ha waa ordered ta tba Nstohes aa acting muster. Ha waa delaobad April S4, >n9I. On tbe Mtb of February . 1834, be waa ordered to tba Orsmpus, and aubaeqaaatly trana'ar red ta tba KKperlmaat. Ha joined tba frigate Unite* states H?y 1, 188?, and aerved In her until May 11. ISM In racenber, 1841, ba joined the Miaaiaaippi, ana re on* toed la bar until March 1 , 1842. Mia next ardera wan to tba Hocaa aquadmn. Oa tba lTth of July, 1849, ba waa ordered to command tba storesblp Frie, wbart ha remained until October It, MM Ha joined tba Water Witch, aa her commander, Aug net 14. 1861. Oa tbe 25th of May, 185?, be was placed In command of tbe sloop St Marys, and oo the Mb of Septeaaber, 1M1, ba was ordered ta 8t Louis, Mo. Here be asoi! .lad hb famous Iron clad Fasex, and successful ly o?oamaadnd bar until August IS, 1882, when be waa detached from bar. Ha waa at tha Norfolk acbool ta 1837, and as tba Mtb of January, 1828, ba was furloeghed far eight montba. June 13, 1829, ha waa ordered to tba Washington Navy Yard aa aseiataat master Oa tba 10tb of Mareh. 1888, be wua .ordered ta Natchez. In 18U ha waa granted an unlimited leave of absence On tba 4tb of Ootober, IBM be was ordered to tbe Norfolk Navy Yard. In 1838 be waa attached to tbe I.igbthouae Board. In 1M0 be waa agala oo duty at tba Washington Navy Yard, la 1844 be waa ordered to tbe receiving ship at Norfolk in 1844 ba waa ordered to tbe W-sbingtaa Navy Yard Oo I be 15th of September, 1855, be was placed < b tbe retired list On tbe GUt of January, 1858, be waa restored by the Preaident, and placed upon tba active list aa a cose m?nd?r. to date from September 14, 1855. la 1861 ba waa appointed lighthouse Inspector. On the lttb ot July , 1<m?2. be was oommiasl ned as a oommodere for galldht and marltorioua services Tbe Commodore has participated in tba followiag en gagements? Mlrxicao war, 1M8-47: Panama riot, I860; engaged as* disabled four rebel gun b Dais at Lucaa hend, Mississippi river, Jannary 11. 1?62: ut tort Henry ; February 8, 1??2; attacked the ram Arkansas aad f?rta at Vicksburg, July 22, 1802; Baton Rongr August 8, 18M ram Arkansaa. August 6, 1802; bombarded Natchos. Septomber 2, 1802 . attacked Vtcksbarg batteries Septet* her 6, 18f2; Fort Hudson, Septeml>er 7, 1802 lie w as appointed a mldshiuman January 1, 1828; act Ing master, March 10, 1830: pawed midshipman. March, | 23, 182V: lieutenant, December 31, 1833; comma odor January 0, I860: commotlore, August 4, 1842. He WM> wounded at Fori Henry ia tbe attack on tba Alb of Feb. ! ruary, 1862, and also at Vicksburg. July 22, 1802 B? i claimed the rounding of the present lljrhtbniwo system, and w?s thn designer of the IrOD-ctads Kssex, Fort Henry and C hoctaw. Tbe Commotlore wits about fitly yeass at 1 age, a dashing ofllcur, nnd full or Inventive faculties, and ' eate*med by a large circle or friends. At tbe time of bta { death he was waiting orders. His funasal will take placa j on Wadneaday, tba 4tb Inst. May Term ml the L?w CoArt*. Tbe May tarm of the la* ouurti commences to-d*y. judge Sutherland will preaide la part one of the Supreira Court, while a .lode* from ttu country will hold part two. Judgea Leonard , Baraard and Clarke #IU hold geoe. ral term, while a judge from the country will preaide at special term. la the Superior Court Judges Moncriet and Monell will praaiile at the trial terms; Judgea Rob ertson, Barbour and Mc' uan at the general term, and Judgo Garvla at the apecial term. In the Court oC Com* mon Plena Judgea Daly and Brady will hold the trial terms, while Judge Cardozo will prealda at chambers Id the Marine Court Judge Alker has been cboeeu prealtting officer. Several c?ees of Interest are on the calendar. The May term of the Conrt of '^""eai R* iOrJe r ftolFma? presiding, "will coramencl at sieve? o'clock this morning. A large amount of business has to be transacted daring the present term, and nineteen esses are on tbetfaiendar fbr to day. Of tbeoe four an for murder, two for manaUughter, three Tor folouloui oettery, Mrea for graaa iaieeoy,S>7 the remainder for miner oflcnoee. The murder cases ware removed from (be Oyer and Terminer to thla court teat week, ?nd ?mongst them la that of Robert C, Balnea, who stands indicted for the murder of the eo me what ?otorkws blltotlcksr, William Wllliama. It la not prcba bie that aoy trlala will take place to-day, aa after em? panne ling a Grand Jury the calendar will be called, and ? time aaalgnad far the trial of the various < COURT CALKNOAR ? THU PAT. Scrum Coon? Circuit? Part 1? (Court npsna at elsvoR o'clock A. M)? Kos. 16T3, 956, 15W. 1721, 173*. 800, MM, 1169, 774, V?7, J24A, 1361, 1971, 140T, J433, 1506, 949. 1661. 1668. 2*. fart 2 -< Court epeos at tea o'clock A. M., at 73 Ihtans street)? No*. ?02 16 it, 1434, 1608, *4. 900, 1422, M. *4. 1164, 904, 184?, 1604, 1M4, 1684, 1630, 1644, 900, lilt, 000. itramtOR flentr.? Part 1? Nos. 8416 , 3376 , 3678, 3403, 3405, 1976, 3?f,9, 3079, 3001. 3701, 38*9. 8646, 80f?. 37X1, 8736. Part t-Nos. 8384, 8292, 3100, 900, 1070, 1720, 3390, 3844, 8412, 3890, 9622, 8380, 3310, 2Mfc 2274. Oavnr or Oommox Fins ? Part 1? Nos. 222, 250. 267. 404, m, 400, 142, 448, 482, 442, 448 . 321, 604. 214, 39. Part 2? Nos. 007, 61S, K?. 461, 97, 402. 403, 146, 824, 400, 401, 401, 492, 446, StO. Til* McCMNia Sword. to tbk bditor op rai rmhald. rmnninrau, April 80, 1004. Enclaaed please Sod Are dollar# , the oontributloa sC ?ve persons hrthli city towards purchasing a sword for General MoCletfea, the gallant soldier who twloe saved thp capital a ad the frljhlfloed government officials whs make their abodb there, aad who would have defeated the enemy and saved the country If the aeld officiate bad njt hindered him from doing so by their factious oppo sition to bia meaiuraa, aad if the military geohm who now holds the Executive ubalr bad not prof erred bis brll' liant plans to tboee of the greatest general of the age. Ho, tot the real friends nf "Little Mac" unite tnd pro cure for him a sword, which, being the result of genuine eateein end Rdmlration. will he of morn value than that which waa secured to the ether general by partiean iofln euee, TO TUB KDITOE or TBK BKRAI.D. Nsw Yost, April 29, 1006. P1ea*e Oud enclosed flfty'ceats, from a working boy towards tlie contribution of a sworn for Mttle Mac. May Mm sword do justice to our bleeding country, PATKH#tH? BOT. Tlie Park. The pleassnt weathor of yesterday induced a large number of persona lo visit tbe Park, la which the advan tage of the recent ralas was clearly percept I We. The hue e> Ute sward waa particularly fresh sad beautiful , aad ?he richly oolored tulips aad goldsn foray thla variegated ?he general iaadacape. The large fountain at the Terrace was la full play yea ?erttay, and threw a stream of water te a great height ?this new stlracttoa drew e number of viel*** la that attraction during the afteruoee. The masonry eg tbe feu*. tain baa not yet been completed, hut wbea It la tbta ?M d'MN will form oee of the m?ay beautiful feeMisea whteh adorn the l*ark. The Casino will be ready ror opereltoos on tbe 0rs6 insslr day, aa the little that la new require* to flniefc It caa he completed tm a very short time. Ihietag the past week a regiment </ soldiers catered the Park and e?mmsaesl drilling on the green between the .iiath and Eighth avaeuea. altuengh warned that such a prnoedure was i breach of Ore OlRfereot by law* of the ? "(smteoto*. The h ofa of tbe borese duvlng the parade cut up the graaa to such an extent as to mre employ nasnt to U>e mau mr a month to resed tbe Inured pineea. It atteh drtlle were to tm allowed, in alt months thet pert of the I'srk would be completely dretroved. As Uie Mate iroops intist here s?ms pluce for outdoor parsdea, wo would saggset that Manhattan squsre be speoiellT set apart tor that ptirpoee, aad he titted up accordingly Appeal for ihs Cartiaea, TO TBI KIIITOB OP Tim R0RAt.ll. tUew aa eM*reader of your valuable paper to Nik why yoa are eo severe on csttmes. You ask that they are! he kept strictly to the petes the Ms allows them on Uajr I'ay, while all tbe rest of the year they are working (or | mush teae, or ror prices established when the ??cat of II v tm was ftity cset bek?w the present rates. Whllsa horse keeping aBd MMCksuutblnn have trebled, driver wajtea d<?nbled. and whila all rlaeea of mccbanlca f ?d laborers hsvs raeelred sn sdvance in wages, esri' /ten hsrakeiHsteari'Air ou at the old ratos, wnatlng lltraon atriase, tints '<?* sortooale ineonvoslenriog their em ployees- but liavs prefer r?d to leave HU> lite ine<r Anlmi ty o' employ ws lo increase their Day somewhat Vt pro portion lo tbe Increase In their expenses ; butler tstlh tulnees bas been unrewarded. .Mid now, 1 '.hmk It is unite time the oar in tea ahouHl have a holiday, or at lessi eee day oe which Ihev shell receive a just vmnpensetlon fbr Uielt labor ; ae <1 to etpent that th?v net taVe a.i t ventage of th ? .ley wruld he w "h ^ ^UamwMViH, - .'Vili'.t

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