Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 3, 1864, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 3, 1864 Page 4
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NEW YORK HERALD. JAMBS ooaooi BBIim ?BOOB AMD PBOPR1B1ML tmoi a. w. ooknkk or wltom and Hi map sts. TKum XXIX ?. us AMUSEMENTS TU II EVENING. BIBLO'8 OARDBX, Broadway ? Coinrii SoouaB WALLACE'S THEATRE. Bi-oadwaj-Lora Cms* WIMTEB OABOBti, Br?dfV.-Biil*r. OLYMriO rniATBI. Broadway. -IIiMUKS Hoi ?a*p? Lotalika. NBW BOWBRT THEATRE. Botrrrf. -Miiarr A? C?1B Coal Bubnbs? Tbppt t?? Tilmm. BO WEB T THEATRE. Bowerjr-MACBXrH-Tns Fltwo OCTCIKAl BABWUM8 MC8EIM Breadway.?Two OlAltTS. Twe J?i?n Aun* WHAf I* It, Ac.. ?t all hour*. Ccd'O's Cava-Ai 3a?d 7* P. M. BBTAKT8' WINS I RELS, Mechanles' RaII. m Broad war.-BTBioriA* bo?,4, Dam ccs, Bvaus^uas. Ac? U?w Asa Toe UtuKuctal WOOD'S MINSTREL HALL, BM Broadway.? BrHIOriA* fttti. Laacaa. A?.? Yors roa hi s wotu. BROADWAT THEATRE, 483 Broad war .-Itmoq. AMERICAN THBATRB. Mo. ?4I Broridsear-BALLStS. P ABTOH1MBA, BcBUtSQUKS AO.? MaOIc if LOT*. SALON DIABOUQUE, 684 Broad waj-Ro?s?r Hell**. OOOPBB INSTITUTE. ? Dat a* roar Bmtiiu. BBW TORE MUSEUM OF ANATOMY. 61* Broadway. - CcKiOMTwa AMD Ltoioiu from DAM. mi 10 P. M HOOLBT1 OPVRA BOUSK. Bnoklya.? Etb:opiim Sows. Daaoaa, Boklbsqcbs, Au. WITH SUPPLEMENT. ??W Tmrk, Tutidajr, May 3. ISO*. ADVERTISEMENTS FOR THE COUNTRY. Advertisements for the Wkeklt Herald must be band ed In before ton o'clock every Wednesday evening 1U circulation among the enterprising mechanics, farmers, merchants, manufacturers and gentlemen throughout the coon try Is Increasing very rapidly. Advertisements in serted in the WnsLT IIxrald will thus be (sen by a large portion o( the active and energetic people of the United Butss. THE SITUATIOIf. All the reliable information which has been acquired relative to General Lee's movements and designs shows pretty clearly that he Intends, not to fall back on Rich mond, but to await the attack of General Grant's army on the Rapt dan, where 1m Is being largely reinforced. Bis troops are concentrating at Qrange Court House, at which point the preparations for Osfeaos can be distinctly seen from our signal stations. The rumor that Madison Court House? ths beautiful little town commanding one of the finest views of Virginia soeoery, sad looated within ninety-six miles of Washing ton sad seventy of Richmond ? wss totally burned down by ths Union troops proves to bs literally true. It ap pears* that lbs sxpadltion met as rebels uatll it reached within half-mile of the place, and aftsrfa brief skirmish, in which ths Union forces lost not a mas , but five of ths soessy were killed, the latter fell back into ths town, asd attempted to defend themselves fr m lbs houses, ai beleaguered troops ordinarily do whan s town is entered by a storming party. Not being able to dislodge them by any other means, ths Union soldlsrs were ordered to apply tbe torch aad burn them sat. It was promptly done. The re beta, of coarse, were compelled to leave, and tbe whole town, with all Its property in mills, oburtbes and floe maasloos, was given to the flames, and hardly a vestige of it left. A cavalry expedition set out rrom Tieans on Thursdsy last, under Colonel Lowell, and visited Leesburg, Rector town and Upperviile. Near tbe latter place they had s fight with some of Mosby's guerillas snd took twenty ? three prisoners and a considerable quantity of goods, which Colonel Lowell's men picked up on the w?y. , Test preparations for hospital purposes were being made in General Butler's Department, saMcipslory of tbe furthcoming great battle. 8?vi rai important changes have taken place in tbe De pirtmeot of the South. General Gillmore has been re lieved from duty at Hilton Head, and is succeeded by Brigadier General John P. Huch. Brigadier General Wm Birney, of tbe colored troops, takes General Hatch's place in Florida. General Terry is succeeded in the com mand of tbe Northern district by General Schemelfinig. Other changes of lees note have also occurred. The Union troops evacuated Little Washington, N. C. , On Thursday I St. Senator Wade andfMr. Goocb, tbe Sob-Committee on tbe (Joodoct of ths War, who went to Fort Pillow to ascer- j tain tbe (acts as to tbe slleged massacre of colersd troops there, have returned, and report thst ths stories have not been exaggerated That great cruelty was practise! by tbe rebel troops after tbe surrender of tbe fort there can be ao doubt It ie slated In despatches from Cairo that Generals 8 oele and Thayer had made an attack upon the enemy's r jar, and recaptured eighteen of the pieces captured from General Basks at rieasant Hill, and that ths forces under General Steele are marching down lbs north side of the Red to effect a junction with Backs. Our dates from New O. leans and Memphis, via Cairo, ars to tbe ?6:h and 29th ult. respectively. At the latter point ths suthoritie? were pressing tbo horses of the citi tens for the use o tbe cavalry. Our gunboats and trans ports are being constantly attacked by guerillas, and all sorts or attempts te destroy them by ths supply of ex. pWosire materials in tbe firewood aad other meaas. XUKOFXAB IITI I Tbeeteamablp City of Wiahiagtoo, from Queeoatowb oath* Slat of April, r Me bed tbm port ye?terday i ftar boo*. Tbe Mm kip Belgian (late tbf Hainmooa). from Loo*aod?rry oa Mm Ml of April, pwH Part aa Haaque, Kewtoeodlend., yootordy, on b?r ?' ytge to Portland. Tbe miIi or UN Bwop? reached this city from Boetoa y mtnrday ef fg. Oar brapMi adeicee , br telegraph and mail, frtMB thaoe ooarcee, are flee daya later. The new* m of a t ory nrM ud important character. Tn.< Kmperor and Bmpreaa of tlrxioo bad a royal and diplomatic reooptieo la B me. Tney Ml that city on tbe 20tb alt. for Hrtta Teccbla, to embtrk for Hexioo Tbey bad a > mdleooe of tbe Pope on tbe lOib of April, aad bia Uoltnea* retained tbe eiait. Maximilian'* mi a later to France bad prevented bia credeotuia la Par la Napoleoa bad recwmaoded a redact mo to tbe taxao of franco, to ccnneiueooe of the coming payment of an initalmenl of tbe Meiicaa indemnity I uppel waa carried by (torm by tbeCermai Allies 01 tbe latb of April after a fierce conflict Tbe l?nea evacuated lb* worlco and retreated to tbe lilaod of Aiwo Tbe I>?mb report *bowi tbat tbeir army loat four hundred < fl) r?, i?n ibouaaod alt hundred men and ninety (una. It waa and that the Truiaian lose amounted to two (oo -rata, alxty officers ai d Fix bun dled private* , killed and wounded. Tbe Gorman trnopo were ordered to occupy tbe wh'sle province < f Jutland, and to lay aiexe to FrederlcU Immediately. In tbe Diemitime tbe Ooi lerence bad bad an informal organ l ta II b it Ixadoo, anrtjdfb.ito*. without reeult, bad taken pla<e in tbe liritiab Parlumet* <? tbe *ab ect of tbe war. Tbe f reer b preaa Mill advocate! Napoleoi/a plan of tbe elect n?n of a foe orb went by tbe poojle of tt>? tocblet of Kbledwlg Holatein t.aribaJdt a tour In Fng'and had l>e?n brought to a lud dec bait, aad the Geaeral wa? preparing to re I torn to Cajrera II waa aald tbat bid health waa Inj mouaiy allotted by the es< ttem?nt prod iced by the frtet, and tbat tbe i bjaioiant rer >m ? mended tb to court* It wit aaaerted, on tbe other b?ad, I bet the British government, cored by Napo leon, bad roqueeted bim to leave, and ulao tbat tbe ?'abl let ihmight tbat the popular agltatloa la Knglead had reached a ferer beu bt lb* Parti M Ixwd Pal Bi.-ret'w and T/w4 Clarendon deny any a?*i.rfi by Napoleon la ttx> matter Oarlbaldl received tbe freedom o' the fit; of labtequeat*, rroouMM W f W j rural diet**.- TI..?o(M^ta4 bean eubeorlhed at the Dafce of SuOMrUalt U the MmmmmM ef e fund t e ??*** a persoaoeol prbvtalesi far ibe Qmtr* end htS feOQl'V I II vu reported that the ateemer Bavarte, whloh left Hamburg for Now Yes* oa Sunday, the I Tib ot April, bad beeo captured by a Dan lea frigate off Ut moeU ot the Water. The B?r?rt? bad a largo number of paaaao 1 gore oo board, aod tbo vaiue of the ebip ead oar?o ?M estimated at ?120.000 sterling The report of bar 0*p ure wa a contradicted. tko German ?teamor Haaaa waa brought to by a shot from a Oanlab war vawl, over hauled, aad permitted to proceed. Tbo aailtog or the German la was delayed. The steemehlp City of New York bad broken op and disappeared off Daunt 'a Rook. Consols ciaaed la Loodoo oa the 23d of April at MX a M-H tor moaef . Tbo bullion In tbo Bask of England had decreaaed by ?437,000 In tbo week. The demand for American eecuritlee waa very restricted In London, aod the CootlnoQlal demand had eeaaed enUrely. Tbo rebel oottoa loan adraaoed one per coot in London. It waa said that tbia movement waa produced by the report of the action of the Houeo of Repreeentattvea In Washington against an empire In Mexico. The Liverpool oottoa market waa buoyant during the week, at an advance of one-fourth of a penny on American .and ciaaed arm, with quotation* unchanged, on the 83d of April. Breadstuff* were dull and tending downward. Provietona were quiet and aieady. The City of Washington landed about eeveu hundred passengers at tbia port. I COHQBESS. 1 Id the aenate yesterday Mile were 1 certain land* in California end for lb. refuUllonof tb. foreign and coasting trade on tb. northern, northeastern and northwestern frontiere. The Internal was received from the House and referred to the Finance Committee, and one ihousan.l eitra of U were or^ dered to be printed for the use of the Senate. A petition from naval officers was presented, representing that they ars obliged to perform the duties of higher grades of officers witUout receiving the corresponding rank and pay, and praj ' ?? for relief. TDe petition was referred to the Nav. Com. ml tie*. Resolutions were adopted to provide additional ground for the cemetery of the District of Columbia Soldiers' Home, and directing the Military Committee to Inquire Into the preeent condition and administration the Home, and as to whether some other mode of relier would not be to the benefit or the soldiers and the public interests. The resolution requesting the I're eittcnt to communicate th. Attorney General, opinion as to the right, of colored persons in the military aorvlce was adopted. A bill was introduced providing for a grant of one million acres of the public lands for the benefit of the District of Columbia public schools. A communication w.s received from the President, enelor log a letter from Governor Nye, relative to the rejection by the people of Nevada of the State constitution. The bill for the relief of certain rrlendly Indians was reported back, with ameodmeau, by the I'ablic Lands Committee, and ordered to be printed. The Army Appropriation bill was received from the House, with smendmonts. referred to the finance Committee, and ordered to be printed. The National Bank bill was presented to the Senate, as reported by ihe Committee of the Whole. An amendment was adopted preventing associations under the act from holding real estate for more than five years. An amendment that all tbe ssaocistions doing business under the act shall be compelled to redeem their notes In gold and silver 1b si* mouths sfter tbe rebellion shsll be crushed wss offered, discussed and rejected. Without further pro oeodlngs oo the bill, It was laid over, and the joint reso lution from the House appropriating twenty nve mll'ioo I dollars to pay tbe ooe hundred days volunteers recently called for by tbe Western Governors, being reported from tbe Finance Committee, wa. debated at length, aod finally adopted, by twenty-two yeas to thirteen nsys, after which the Senate adjourned. In the House of Kepreeeotattves tbe resolution calling on the Secretary of the Treasury for information a* to tbe amount of debts Incurred by the severel Ststss to s.d in suppressing tbe rebellion, and declaring that such indebtedness should be assumed by tbs nnltooal?gov ernment, was referred to tbe Military Committee. A resolution offered In Deoember lent, by Mr. Harding, I of Kentucky, declaring that whenever any rebellion State shall be subdaed or vohu^ tartly submit to the nntional authorities, it shall be restored w all its original rights under the constitution of tbe Unitsd Rtstes, and its own ooo.titutioo , including the right to regulate Its domsstlc institutions, wss tsken up discussed, sod laid oo the table by slity-seven yeas to Orty-s.x nays The resolutions of tbs New York Legislature approving of| President Lmcoo I proc ? '.vor.o, ? *a"TPre. bibition smendment to the constitution were presented ud referred to the Judiciary Committee. A resolution offered by Mr. Wadsworth.of Keotucky, declaring tbat the President cannot legally interfere with certain reeerved rights of the State* was discussed for some time, and then 1 referred to the Committee oo tbe Rebellious States. Tbe District of Columbia Committee were Instructed to in 1 quire into the expediency of Instituting s sy.tem of drain a^e for the city of Washington th.t shall free it from the miasmatic atmosphere which now per vades It. Tbe Secretary or tbe Wavy was called on by resolution for lolormation relative to the building by tbe rebels in North Carolina of tbs iron clad rem Albemarle, and as to why It was not prevented A meesage Trom the President, giviog tbe information called for relative to tbe assignment of Mr. Frank P. Rlsir Jr., to the command or the Seventeenth army' corps, was received and reared to the Com mittee on Elections. Several hill, making ep- 1 | proprialioas ror th. Indians were passed. AJoin t i resolution was adopted msking tbs psy and a Km ancss of tbe staff officers of tbe Lieutenant General the same as those of the staff officers of oorps commanders of liks rank. Tbs Senate's ameodmeots to tb. M.anesota I And aod Railroad bill were coocorred is. An evening section was bel l . which wa. devoted entirely to speecbee 00 tbe bill for tbe reconstruct toe of tbe rebel States I Without reaching a vote, tbe House, at half-past ten I o'clock, spurned I MISCELLANEOUS jfKWS A terrlb e calamity by fire oocarre-1 y?-terday morn iq. ,t the corner of Doyer street and Chatham square Shortly before sli o'clock a Ore broke out In ths third ?torv of ?10 Chatham square, In tbe apartments occupied by John Sullivan. Tbe Oam* spread Into tbs adjoining building and to ths dwelling apartments of William Heir ning, wbone wife and three children perished In tb? flames. Henning, in MS endeavor to make bis ??cape, leu or jossped fro* the third sury wls^ was picksd np insens.bls and conveyed by the pollnete the New Tork HonpKal. where be died In cm? (MM >ro- mm I V .rs wsrs removed from tbe b irnt ruins, by order or ' Captain the honee. at which place ' Coroner Raoney wHI Mid - ?n<i W-*ay. Tbe other ox psnu of tbe premis- , u.k sbout the origin or ths fire as ooo of great suspicion, an?l Firo Mar-bal >*<er baa the matter under Investigation. Wo publish s sswtiere s f i account of this melancholy sQatr The Board of Aldermen mot yetterday afternoon President Jlenry to the rhair. A resolutlen was sdif'ted 1 making provleion for * pub I- run.ral la ti e case of lbs late Commodore Porter Alderman ofTbrs.l a rose lotion Inetructtng tbe Comptroller to pureh??e the bi ild 1 tegs Istely occupied by the Sanitary Pair t-.mnis* on .1 loion squsrs, for the purposs of quaueiisg coined troope there, which wss ?aia over. The INMMMM tbs Hoard of Councilman, aboiiebln* t'.e <> r<* of Super intendent of City RailroadO, was concurred lu bv . vots or ten to five. Aldermen Ryere reported an ordinance appropriating ?M?(000 far U?? puff"" lh* famine, of volunteers. After tbe transaction some ordinary routine business the Bonrd earned until Wed oe?day at two e clock P M. Tbe Oouncilmen met at two e'cloclt yeetsrdsy , Freel dent Hayes In ths cbstr. The Board concurred with tbs Aldermen in adopting a as rise of reflations 10 refsrence to tbs decease of Commodore Forter. A resolution wss sdopted directing tbs Counsel te tbe Oorporstton to escor ts n tb. litis of the city to tbs Fort Oeneevoort property, w tb a view of having Its loterssts protected Oo motion 01 Mr Opdyke a resolution was sdopted thsl tbs future meet.ngi of tbe Board be bold on tbe second andfourtb M ndsys oT each mooih Tbe Board adjourned to WedhOS dsv next, st two o'clock. Ti ers wa but little buslnsos transacted IS the law c irts yesterday, In oooeequenoe or the nooat ten dance o' rors, who were busy movisg Tbs Supreme Court, general term, opened, aod n large number of duoislon. mere rendered, bnt nothing of public Interset treaiplroi. J'idge Foster, of lbs fifth Judicial district, prsnldsd la tbs f'iprem* Court ( hsmbers Jsdgs Mooell, of the Superior Court, commenced yes terday the trial or a salt sgalnal the Panama lUtlroafi i?mpany for service, rendered by Dr Stepbee Rogers on the occasion of an accident In 19M. I *? May Court ef ^oor?? mtmcu yeoterdty morning, Reoor*r HolMt oa tbo boooh. MMMm imWmm ?*rt mnu MtMirW Jw?ra ui Br. JoMfl M. Ooo?ar n|Blnl ?or? an tW tomrtir i>?pi ikMMtkiMIM u4 >ww of graad )uriM, after whioh mm aaiaaportaat ImIimi ?u dla?md of, and tba eoart adjoaraed aatil WMMdv moralnr a* eleven ?'?took. Aa interacting oaoe of BslooaH eocarrad yaoterda; y >? tbaSarrogatetOoort. Surrogate Tacfear, ooMldartng tt?e language and oonduot of Mr. WdUarn fullorteo. ? bmo bar af (M bar, to MMUt (om Ktterruptiaa of boalaeaa, anda contempt of "r n? am Mr. rut lertoa by oa otltekaoM, thick woo duly wool** by Sheriff Lynch. Mr. rallertoa, a poo his oiroot, Imsae dlately ipyM for a bobooo corpus, tklok woo looued by Judga MoooU, of ttao Sopor lor Court. The Sheriff m?d? bio return that ho hold tbo prieooor by authority of toe Sarrogate, and tbo hearing oo tbo bobooo oar pas woo oot down for this mora tug Oooor O. Barnard, tbo young moo wbo woo rooaatly or. rooted oa a obarge of boring foloaloualy appropriated th? goods of bio am ploy era, Moaoro. IJamlm, Green k Co. , waa yootorday acqulttod, tbo avideaca being Insufficient to prove tbo gulit of i bo oocuood. Mr. N. M Moan, ogoat of tbo Was ten Sanitary Com rnlu loo, baa written a letter from Vlckaburg to the Pros Idoatortbe Commission, at St. I/Hils, giving a sad ac count of the condition of tbo Union refugees, many o{ them women and children. Ho writoo:? "I wish you could ooo a case whioh name to my notlao yootorday, tbat painfully Illustrates tbo condition of many of tbom. Just a few atopa above tbo Soldiers' Homo 1 waa called la by tba poet surgeon to see a caae of want. Tbo foul air as I entered tba door was sickening la tba extreme , and there, cro rded Into two small rooms, were tweoty per aono. Of these three were able to stand, ooo little child was dead, another dying, and the other fifteen sick upon the floor and oa one dirty bed. This morning the ohild, thank Ood I is dead, and another that waa bora there last night la dead also." Mr. Mann wisbes to establish a home for these sufferers, where the sick caa bo cared for, and the destitute and unemployed wait for work. The taking of testimony in referenoe to the boiler ex plosion on board the double eoder gunboat Chaaango waa concluded yesterday evening, after contlaulng over two weeks. Three witnesses were examined yesterday, In cluding Mr. James Montgomery, the originol Inventor of the Martin boiler, aod Mr. Daniel B. Martin, tba present patentee. Mr. Montgomery stated tbat since hia interest In these boilers terminated tbey have boon so much al tered tbat be considers them unsafe and unsuited for the purposes to which they are now applied. This morning at tea o'clock Coroner Korrio will commence his charge to the jury, oo the conclusion of which the case will be given up to them for their declaioo. According to the City Inspector's report tbere were 458 deaths in the city during the weak aodlng May 2? an increase of 0 as compared with tna mortality of the week previous, and 28 more than occurred during the corresponding week last year. The stock market waa languid yeeterday, and prices again fell off. Gold was also Inactive, and sold down to 7T'|. Money wss quite plenty, and call loans could be negotiated at six per cent. Government securities were steady, without alteration. Commercial matters were Irregular yesterday, and moat articles were little better than nominal. The fall in gold and foreign exchange had the tendency to unsettle the market prices to some extent, and the 'dealers, In the abaenco of actual sales, reported priceo nominal, especial ly for Imported merchandise. Domestic produce was also Id a rather unsettled condition. Petroleum was ir regular and varied to the extern of 3c. a 4c. a gallon. Oottoa waa steady at Saturday's priceo. On 'Change floor waa tc a 10c. lower, wheat dull and drooping, corn and oats supported, whiskey 5c. dearer, pork |1 hither, lard dull, beef ateady, freights dull. Another meeting of com mercial brokers is to be held oo 'Change to-day in relation to the proposed tax upon their ealeo? the com mittee appointed to proceed to Waahlngton to remonstrate having failed to accomplish what Is desired. The Abolition of BISvtrjwThc Propottd Const It at Ion* I Amendment. The proposition for the abolition of slavery throughout the United States through an amend ment of the federal constitution is steadily gaining ground. Resolutions approving the measure have been formally reported in the Massachusetts Legislature, and will doubtless pass through both bouses almost unanimously. We are thus getting at one of the fountain beads of this great evil, which, by violence or by law, the moat indifferent observer of passing events must now pee, will surelj be removed. When the thirteen original States of the Union met together in Convention to frame the organic law of their general government slavery had no other support ia this country than its pecu niary profits. It had not risen to the dignity of a divine institution in the South. It was everywhere regarded as a moral, social and political evil. There were three conditions or divisions of public sentiment on the sub ject. or three parties, as we may say. First, there were the great states men of those days, such as Washington, Hamilton. Jefferson. Adams, Franklin, Madi son and their compeers and disciples. They represented, as anti-slavery men, the predomi nant public opinion of the countrv. But. then, there were the slaveholders the South and the slave traders of the New England States, and tbey together, in the Convention, held the balance of power. Hence, while the evils and inconsistencies of slavery are everywhere con fessed in the constitution, in the careful avoid ance of the word slave or slavery? for they were ashamed of it and all its derivations? we find African slavery recognized and protect ed by tbe constitution, Indefinitely as to time, and the African slave trade itself adopted for a period of twenty years. This compromise between tbe slaveholders of South Carolina and tbe slave traders of Massachusetts the leading anti-slavery fathers of tbe constitution were constrained to accept to secure tbe Union of tbe Statee under a common national government Bnt Washington, Madison, Hamilton, Frank lin and their colleagues. In common with tbe people at large, from Ma<"achusetts to 8outh Carolina, believed that this incubus of slavery would soon die a natural death. Had they foreseen tbe invention of Whitney's cotton gin. and the tremendous power and the fearful consequences it was destined to give slavery, if not removed in the interval, tbey would, we are sure, have provided a limitation not only to the African slave trade, but to slavery But, believing in the speedy decline and extinction of slavery, they compromised with it for tbe temporary advantages and urgent necessities of the Union; and this wea tbe planting of the dragon's teeth which bave sprouted in our day, and filled tbe land with armed men and all the horrors of desolating war. It is well, therefore, that Massachusetts should move now for a constitutional abolition of slavery, in view of the consequences wbicb the compromises of her slavetrading ancestors? of her Parkers and Pillsburys, her Sumnert and Wilsons? have entailed upon tbe country. But what is tbe prospect T Tbe proposed constitu tional amendment has passed one braach of Congreaa by mere than the necessary twe- thirds Majority ; but it sticks in the House. Pubiio opinien is for it ; bat the scheming politicians I ef Congress, republican and opposition, seep to be afraid of it. Some prefsr Old Abe's emancipation proclamations; some are afraid that this coBHtitutional measure will rob them of their political stock in trade, and some de lot wish to incur tbe wrath of Jeff. Davis. There is hardly a republican journal to be foaad advo cating this great movement fer tbe quiet and permanent removal of this taoubleeome thing oj m?-fi thW U | mooratle journal that has Um moral ntarags to toueh it ; tbe Baii|ii( politicians of the ad ministration and opposition camps aro ?~n-g to evade It in every wa y ; but otlU U in gaining ground. Wo do not rot despair of tho paanago of tho Sonato resolution b y the House before the oloee of tbe preeent session. The people oomprebeod tbe wisdom of tbis measure bolter than tbe politicians. Tbe mMses of tbe people of the loyal States, wo believe, are In favor of tbe abolition of slavery fh rough the constitution, and booauno they see that it hi tbe shortest and easiest way to settle tbe slavery question, and tbe only way to settle it permanently. They see that this method of abolition does not In volve suoh fallacies as negro equality, political or social, with the white race; that the remedy proposed will remove the evil of slavery, aod leave each State oon oerned to arrange a new system ot negro labor for Itself. Finally, as tbe question is simply whether It is better to end this trouble of slavery at once, or to tinker at it, agitato It, and fight over it, for years and generations to come, we believe this proposed constitutional amend ment will prevail. Let Its advocates In Con gress seise every opportunity to call it up, discuss it, and push it to the test of n vote. Let us see how many members of the House at this crisis are disposed to hold fast to sla very for party purposes. Graerals Grant, MeClellaa and Fr? uoaUTk* Necessity or Harmony and a United People. Some of the papers still insist that General Grant desires to give to Generals McClellan and Fremont positions in whioh they can once more serve tho country in the field. How true this may be wo do not know; but we believe that in tbis great emergency the country is en titled to the services of every one of her sons who can serve her, and who wishes to serve her; and wo believe, therefore, that if the state ment is not true it ought to be. Generals Mc Clellan and Fremont have bad in their respec tive careers the admiration and sympathy of large proportions of tbe people of this country, | and the name especially of General McClellan has an immense influence in our greatest army; sod it is clear that so long as the government keeps these men in a position of forced retire ment it keeps the immense number of their friends in a quasi position of hostility to tbe government, and to that extent divides and weakens the country. Just now it would be easy for the adminis tration to withdraw from tbe position of? per haps apparent rather than real? hostility to these men in which events have placed It. Under the Lieutenant General both could be honorably subordinate. Fremont could not make to Grant tbe objection that he naturally made to Pope; and McClellan, if permitted to serve bis country, will, we feel certain, make j no difficulty over minor points. By a wise and timely employment of these generals the gov- j ernmeot has now the opportunity to add to tbe number of its supporters all those who sympa thize with McClellan or Fremont; and this would almost make tbe North a unit. Such a measure would add immensely to the moral s or our army also; aod a corps under Little Mac would be indeed invincible. There seems to bo a disposition among the friends of Mr. Chase to make the most of j General Banks' recent mishap on tbe Red river. It is US be regretted that our military operations may thus, perhaps, be deranged through Mr. Chase's fears that General Banks may prove to be a dangerous candidate for tbe Presidency. It is so clearly our policy, at tbe present time, to be frank and generous with our soldiers, and to asaist tbem to the utmost r.ither than discourage tbem bv misera ble scheming* against the good posi tions that they occupy in the minds of tbe people, that any contrary action seems to be suicidal. We must keep together, and we must keep united on tbe one point of tbe prosecu tion of tbe war, all the elements of power in the country. That is the only way in which we can finish the war this summer; and if we do not finish tbe war this sununor tho war will 6nisb us. If General Grant should defeat Leo in Vir ginia. and the North be able to present itself to tbe South after iuch a victory without dissen sions or div:?ions in its councils, but as a com- | pact unit for the prosecution of tbe war, tbe immense moral effect of such a spectacle would j crush tbe South without another blow. Some I of tbe Southern States would likely yield at j once, in tbe desire to save what might be left of slavery; and the question of their admission would become one of the questions of tbe Presidential can va#s; or tbe whole 8outh might propose to unite with tbe North once more to drivo the French out of Mexico, and thus, coming toge tber for a specific purpose, tbe Union would merge into its former condition, and continue after the accomplishment of its special object. But wo must gain our victory first, and that we may the country must be a unit f A Nxw Foumsurr* Institution. ? The disco veries of detective Baker, of tbe War Depart ment, allow that a new Fourierite institution baa been started in the Treasury Department. Greeley tried several of these institutions, where tbe men, womea and mutton were in common; but they all failed, because they did aot pay. Secretary Chase, who is also a radi cal philosopher, has concluded that Fourierite ism can be made successful if it be backed with greenbacks and Treasury notes, and baa therefore organized a phalanx in the Trea sury building, where tbe greenbacks and notes are made. Several members of Congress bave been let into the ring, it is said. If Chase needs any information about carrying on tbe institution let bim apply to Mr. Dana, Assist ant Secretary of War, who once bad some ex perience in a phalanx, near Boston, and knows all about It. Stocxjobbino Journals. ? The three leading stookj<ri>bing journals in this city are the Times, World and Commercial. Tbeae are managed by stockjobbers and are entirely In tbe stockjob bing interest Generally tbe Timet and Com mercial are on tbe bull side and the World on the bear side of tbe market. In regard to tuning bubbles, however, tbe World is very enthusiastic, while the Commercial don't like gold minea at all. Queer institutions, those stockjobbing organs. 8t anton m Tbootlb.? It appears that one of Secretary Stanton's detectives, named Baker, bM discovered Immoralities In the Treaanry Department. This has aatooiabed Stanton and got him Into a great deal of trouble. He don't know what to do about It Let him oall upon "t?a Spirit (M Url" lioMioiriL Tun un tea Ciraam' Asaoca 4tioh. ? Ws publish In another column a letter written on behalf of the Executive Committee of the Citiaeoa' Assoc latioa, in refereooe to the operation* of that asaoolation at Albany in re gard to the city and count/ tax leviee. This commanlcatlon is In response to an editorial in yesterday's Hbiuud, showing that the Citi zens' Association did not reduce our taxes. The writer claims that they did secure a reduction of over one million of dollars, and that they are preparing a statement of "item by item" for publication. We would like to see the statement and proof of this assertion. We cer tainly are unable to see anything to justify such an assertion In the two tax levies as they passed. In the flnit place, there were three tax budgets presented to the Legislature, besides the county levy of the Supervisors. The Comptroller's budget, which was the lowest of all, called for $13,061,753, including olty, oounty and State taxes. The highest fell but little short of $18,000,000. The latter was sent to the Senate and referred to the Com mittee on Cities, of whloh Senator Andrews, of Otsego, was ohairman. It came into the hands of that committee in the afternoon, and was on the next morning reported adversely to the Senate and killed? and that, teo, before any member of the Citizens' Association reached Albany, or even knew that any such bill had been presented to the Legislature, un less they saw it announced in the New York morning papers. Whatever credit there is in the rejeetion of that budget belongs to the Sen ate Committee on Cities, and not to the Citizens' Association. ? There were two or three budgets pre sented to the lower house, and referred to the Committee en Cities In that branch of the Legislature. Before that oo mailt tee held any publio meetings, or any person or persons whatever had a hearing before them, they de cided to discard all the estimates except that of Comptroller Brennan, believing bis budget to be the fairest and lowest of all presented. The agents of the Citizens' Association appeared before the committee subsequent to that de cision, and raised a clamor in regard to the taxes being fifteen millions. Comptroller Brennan interrupted them, and asked the chair man of the committee if they were not acting upon bis budget, whioh called for thirteen millions, and was answered in the affirmative. Upon this the agents of the association reported to a meeting in this oity that they had secured a reduction of two millions In the taxes. The foregoing facts are all the bases that they had for such a statement at that time. The Assembly Committee on Cities made numerous reductions in the items as they stood in the Comptroller's estimates, and several additions. When they reported the two tax levies to the House there was a redaction from the Comptroller's budget of about three hun dred thousand dollars. The Assembly reduced a few items and increased others. The result was that the bills, as sent to the Senate, v&ried but little In gross from the original estimates of the Comptroller. The items were further increased in the Senate, althongh a few or the appropriations were cut down In that body. The final result was that the tax leviea, as they became laws, call for a larger sum than the original estimate of the Comptroller. It is true thst a number of items have been reduced; but some of them are of a character that will cost the city extra expense in litigation and judgments, thus increasing the amount rather than reducing it. How, under this state of affairs, the Citizens' Association can make out that tbey reduced the taxes over a million is a problem whioh we will leave them to solve for the public. We have no doubt, judging from past professions and assertions, that tbey are sufficiently versed in figures to prove almost anything. Official Corruption and Complicity with Treason. ? The Times, in its Washington cor respondence. asserts that, owing to tbe conni vance of the Custom House officials, aa enor mous trade is still being carried on from this city with the rebels. A rebel agent, it was added, was here lately purchasing material and machinery for an iron-clad ram, and a large number of our machinists have engaged them selves in tbe rebel service without any effort being made to arrest them. It is further more stated that evidence of these facts U in possession of the Congressional committee ap pointed to investigate the affairs of the New York Custom House. What humiliating admissions for a republi can organ to be compelled to make. Can there be anytbiog more damaging to tbe pretensions of the men who base their claims to another term of office on their assumed incorruptibility and patriotism* Had tbe President and Mr. Chase done their duty frem tbe euteet the operations to which we refer would have been nipped in the bud and the guilty parties pun ished. Enough transpired some twelvs months b ck to pat tbe government on the track of these discoveries. It shut its eyes, however, as long as it could to the facts pressed apon Its attention, from the fear tbat the Interests of tbe party would suffer if light were thrown upon them. Of course every effort will now be made to diminish their damaging effect, and they will Anally be smothered up, like Qeneral Frank Blair's charges against tbe Secretary of tbe Treasury. No one expects that the latter will ever be investigated by the present Con grew. And yet no accusations more damaging to the character of a high public functionary, or that he sbonld be more anxious to meet, have ever been brought before the national legislature. Republican placeholders are tbick skinnsd. They require to be dragged by the ears before the bar of public opinion before they exhibit any sensitiveness to charges affect ing their official integrity. Immorality m ran Tmasurt Department.? Congress has appointed a committee to Investi gate the charges against Secretary Chase, and we hope that this committee will expose all tbe sins of the Treasury Department. It seems that some members of Congress bave used tbe Department as a sort of asylum for their fsmale friends, whom they take on to Washington during tbe session to see the lions of tbe capi tal. It was stated, when Mr. Chase began to employ women, that be Intended to provide fer tbe widows and daughters of ear brave soldiers. IMbis be tbe way in whieb bis prom ises have been kept, tbe sooner Congress makes a clean sweep through the Department the bet ter it will be fer all concerned. Forum PRoeAjmxTTes.? Should General Grant thrash the rebels on tbe Rapldaa we wenld not be surprised to nee tbe rebel Stales return to *9 Wo* fedl* fighUnfr, tfta forestall Old Abe's reoooatructV0 sohemei That would change the oheooas of t be Prnsldua i tt&l electloa, end restore the old to the oouutry. Then, If the united armlet ot* Union end rebel States marched down lot*/ Mexico, the Fresch soldiers would have to with'* draw, Maximilian would skedaddle, aad the entire policy of Europe would be altered, Stranger probabilities than this hare become realities in our time. Bboadwat Theami ? Ms. Snnfom.? There Is e tsrttahls rerlral la the black art. The Davenport Brotbera oad m msglclea, with Um NawUn mum ot Heller, mystify large audiences nightly at dllferent esUhliahassam, aa* a third magtolaa, with Um uamatkial ud ua# rslsaSIs* dim of Slmmone, mads ate first k** Isst sight at tea ptNiut UttU theatre formerly knows M WaBaok's, aew celled Um Broadway. H?vlog three eatertalaaMeta e4 ibis deoorlptloo in operaUoe le Um oily u Um mom Um, Um number e oooiptote, and the charm, we aappuss. ?*? root; aad whatever Um public may do Um msgtolaas Ihem selves may conscientiously hope Um4 UMtr number My not be looreaaed. Simmons la a email man, and Mai appearance vary mooh like otbsr moo. He wean ? black drsss coat and baa bla hair oat abort. Hi hum apparatus but tbe bale of I be audience. He has pocket* la his hands. He has a bole In bla left shoulder, In whiah ha carries four quarts of water. He keeps a devil lea tumbler. He Is tied le bis ofaalr wtib rope# by fee# strooft men, and he fete out ie a manner that would have been thought wonderful in Jsok Sbeppard. He aat ea> tshee the people, of oeurse. Gesso Ooobai. FnenvA l? Tbis sveolag tbe last res lie a| of Um obolr boys from the Orpbeoa free chorister scheme will be giren el the Brooklyn Aoedamy of Mum, anSae ths direction of Mr. 0. Jerome Hopkins. Tbe programme Is well m looted, and it will no doubt be dene full >us Bee to by Um juvenile talent tbat will be assembled on this occasion. Mas Tasasa Busowds'h Rbadikos ? this petrlotio little Isdy advertises for to-morrow (Wed need ay) evening, aS Irving Hall, ths last pabllo readings that ahs proposes te give. We trust that this farewell asneencsmont, whtsk will be heerd with general regret, Is oely s preliminary toaohange In bar condition, nod that She will suit be snabted to Indulge In the rorm of ourtala lectures? aa elo quence which has gives eojoymest to thonmaile. AM gallant bachalon, but eopeoialiy gallant Irtshmen, shoal* muster Is force oa this oooastos. Mar or ta Cm or Csablbrov, lis ArrsOAaass as* Dsravoss? A yosng gen Hemes, a satire of the BooSS, who eooaped from Charleston Isst January, sod rstarasi to his allegiance to the Union flag, has test marts a?sry Use map of tbe city of Charleston, Is wbioh ha shews the posttloa of the rebel strooghold, lis harbor, lis Ibrts, all ths surrounding islands, and its approaohM both by lea*, aad water. Ths situation of the network of ohelrncltsa* which hare been placed Is the chaansls, la ths hsrbsv and around the Islands is also pointed oat. The map la published la very elegant styte (colored > by Chsrles Ba brech k Company, No. 213 Broadway, New York, aad Is a very useful aad Interesting work. The Fair. There was rather a slim sttendanoo el the anotloa salsa of the Fair yeeterday, but notwithstanding qnlM liberal amounts were paid for the articles soM. All the eelsMa and inside fixtures of ths Fourteenth street building were sold, together with e number of goods whtsk resumed oa bend since tbe reoeat sales. Ths imnaal of yssterdsy's sale will be nearly fire thonsaad dollars. Ths amounts brought for the principal arUdss wig appear ae follows:? Restaurant counters, Ac., $18T; ship and maohuM fixtures, $6:15; Fourteenth strest sidewalk. $176; Fifteenth street cattle shed sad stalls, $?*; woo#, work of msin ealranee, $480. There were a large aesshev of other articles sold, which brought indifferent prises. PRKSBNTATION IK TUB AUKS ABO TBOPBIBS Mr AST unrr. At tbe olose of the Fair s sword aad belt were pnssatsB to Sergeant John Pugney, of Weet Point, by theOom mlttee on Arms and Trophies. This prmsalallnw wan made aa a compliaeeat to Bergeeat Pugney for his sasr> getie ezertloee during the Fair. Oa the sword was the following inscription:?" Prsssalsd to John hgjW, Ser geant of Ordnance , West Point, by the Anas sad TropMe* Depart meat of the Metropolitan Fair, New Tors, Apr* St, 1864.'* The April 10.1^ ^""^loeed ten dollars srs for gn ? The enclosed ten ^ qraKB MttAM IfoMO." ?worst for MeClellstm. TO TBS BDITOB OF TUB HBBaLD. Nsw Yos?, May I, 1804. Enclosed yes wlU find $S, which 1 will thank yea ?B add to tbe Hind for tbe purohnse of a sword for Qeaorsl George B. McClellnn. A YOUNG OFFICER OF THE REGULAR ARMY. ?word far Oea. Oeary. TO TBB KDITOB OF TBI BBSALD. Nsw Yobs, May I, ISM. Enclosed please And $1, tbe first subscribed to bay a aword for tbe first general la tbe field, aad oae who him. In fnct, done more hard fighting tbaa say other asaarol eiooe tbe war commenced. It le Qeaeral John W. Oeary, late of California. You will aee a rush of his friends IS the polls. Hs must and shall have e sword worthy sg be rteede. "Down with tbe dust." TRUE. The Porter Ohsesgatoa. CBMBRAL ORDERS? NO. 14. Hsadqcaktsss, Eighty -roc*TH Rauiuairr K. 0. S. N. Y. 1 Naw Yoaa, May 11, 1864. f Th e regiment , having been detailed as aa escort to the remains or the late Commodore W. D. Porter, will parade in full fatigue oa Wedoesday, May 4. Tbe regimen tel Hue will be torsMd at oae O'clock P. M. oo Fourth etreet, tbe right reeling oa Broadway. Tbe field end SUIT wilt report to the Colonel at head quarters, at a quarter before oee o'clock. The non-oommaeloned staff and music will report to the Adjutant, on the ground, at osm o'clock precisely. Bp ?order of F. A. CONELNO, Colonel Pnmiaaadtag > C. B. MiTcsnsx, Adjutant. Ths Cltlsens' Asooclattoss ssd the Teas Levy. TO TBB KDITOB OF TBI BBS ALB. Orrics No. 813 BaoanwAr, May S, 18S4 Ratbar severe observations are made ta the Hssats St this morning upon tbs sseerted taeAcieaoy of the Ottt xens' Associatioa Is regsrd ta effecting a tedeotloa by the legislature of our city and oonoty tax levy. The easocistioe bas s statement nearly complete for publication, showing, Item by Uses, a red ad km of $1 ,100,000 from tbe moot recently prsssnted ssU mates of tbe various municlpei departmeate The eetimalee first pressated were much higher Uma thoos Isst made, end were revised enUrsly through tbe aetlsa of the aaeociatloo. The Secretary of Stale will shortly forward to the aesoclstlon e certified copy of tbe mi lery. The eeeoclatioa bas greet dlfflcnltlM to st ruga Is against, and claims all tbe Indulgence that the preee cos beetow. lu eflerte have not been without result thuB far, and II le sow uareasmgly oecnpled In organlKlog the various wards for tbe nest electloa. Very reepeotfuTiy , for the Iieee tiro Committee, TH06- M. NEWBOUSB. Htavf Otl? m Lalu MtaklfM. Ob tb? 27th nit. a vary bityr Dortbaeat sal* waa ?* prreaoad oa Lake Michigan. Two riaetla, aamad ttt Cream City and Pride of America, vara driraa aabere at Milwaukee, both of which were rail of water, aad N to aupixwed will ba gotten off. Tba for mar, with bar aarya, la valued at $100 ,0*0, and waa insured for fffJM. na Milwaukee Wii*-' win Of the nth ah. eaya? Ibe Pride af America baa a cargo af twenty tbooaaod baahala aC wbaat, and aallad from bara for Port Oaibaraa aa Monday. Both vaaaal and cargo era laaorad to Caaada. Sba baa aoataiaed ooaaldarabla maty from banging up agaiaet tba creaa OHy mS otberwlea. and waa abandooad by bar araw yiai day afiaroooa. There will naeaaaarUy ba caaaiaerabto eioenae to make bar aaawortliy agaia. Tba Moaaooa wlb probably be got off without much trouble Oaptata Deyta yaatarday artaraaoa reported aeeaa veeeete aakara W> twean Groaa Patat and < htcago. bet waa Ignore? or their nnmee. Captain Hunt, of Iba arapal lar Nile, re porta baring Been the ecbeaoer W el rue aahore on a reef near Wabaahank llghta, alao a propel ler, name unknown, aahore la tba Mralta of Macklaao, aa Mcfiulpln'a Point. Tba propeller Cdltb la a* Nortbport, bound up. with both whoeta disabled. Hbe baa baa* there ear era I daya, waltlag ta ba lowed to tbla port. Tba brig R W. Croae, of Chicago, baa rataraad to tbla port aa a leaky condition, and will bara to ualoed. Hba waa loaded here wttb wheal by Fred. Uylon. Tba oarfa of tba < roaa waa laaurad In the Columbian Inauraaaa Company of Haw York, and bar boll la Iba .Vine, al Chicago. Tba aobooner Harraat Homo alao put back, aatf arrived bare la a leaky conditio, aad will have to naablp bar load and go Into dry dock Hha nailed (roaa ctiioage loaded with wbaat, and undoubtedly both cargo and ball were loaared In that city. Two Contrabanda Pich?d Op. TO Tn* RD1TOR OP *M BBKALD. Two oontrabande, one of whom waa aaptorad oa Iba Smith Brigga, were picked np early tbla mom lag by tba picket boat Commodore Jonaa, off the mouth of Pagaa creek. They found their way to our gunbnata la a aaaall canoe. They report tba enemy to ba la foroe al fltaHb Nawroai'sNiwa, Va .April M, ISM. Qeld. low, ITO?, ?WI| ?<???, ??"?. Is-ai, ...i, vw, , ?1ft, Ml, 10W, 11M. Pari S-T8 Ihiana atreet? Coart opeaa at taa o olock A. M. Adjourned to Wadnaaday, tba ?tb mat. Prima ma Conat? Tatar Tana ? Part 1? Noa. Mil. 13 T?,

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