Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 11, 1864, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 11, 1864 Page 1
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THE NEW YORK. HERALD. WHOLE NO. 10,099. NEW TORE, WEDNESDAY, MAY 11, 18G4.-WITH SUPPLEMENT PRICE THREE CENTS. RICHMOND! Grant's Army in Splen did Condition. Operations of Sunday, Monday and Fart of Tuesday. Warren's Corps in a Stubborn Fight on Sunday. Major General John Sedg wiok Killed. The Expected Great Battle To-day. OUR ARMY WITH PLENTY OF SUPPLIES. THE REBELS WITHOUT RATIONS THE REBEL ACCOUNTS. PANIC IN RICHMOND. The Wounded in Fredericks burg. The Llentenant General on the Battle Field. VBB PERILS OF ARMY CORRESPONDENTS, te. fte.i te IccnUry Stanton to General Dlz. Wasbinotos, May 10, 1984. To lhkjor General Dix:? Despatches have been received this oventng from Wajpr General Grant, dated at one o'clock yesterday. Ike enemy bare made a stand at SpottsyWanla Court Boose. There bad been some bard Ugbttng; but no gene nl battle bad uken ptaoe l be re. I deeply regret to announce that Major Otnnal Sedg mUk tool killed In yesterday's engagement at Spottsyl reala, being struck by a ball from a sharpshooter. His I? Ins are at Fredericksburg, and are expected here to ?Igbt. [A ball entered bis eye and passed through his kssd, killing bim instantly.] Tbe army is represented to be in excellent condition, end with ample supplies. Gen Robinson and Gen. Morris are wounded. No other sssoaltles to general officers are reported. Ota. [H.G.] Wright baa been placed in command of Sedgwick's corps. Oen. Grant did not deelgn to renew the attack to-day, belag engaged in replenishing from the supply train, so is to advance without it. EDWIN M STANTON, Secretary of War. THE BATTLE IH THE WILDERNESS. Mr, J*nu C. Plupktrlek'i Dnpatth, Washington, May 10, 1864. Airt are numerous little incidents connected with n?r| battle the relation of wblch goes to complete its history. Just aa a faint tint here and tbere lorm lha (In Wbmg touches to the artist's picture on canvas*. It may be that tbe story or the battle of the Wilderness wHI never be fally loH. It was so diverse, eo extended in Its character, every regiment having a volume or loci lents to Itself, tbat tbe complete narrative would exhaust ?ven tbe foiloe of tbe War Office. OIKBR4L ORAST DCR1KQ THS PATTIS. General Grant's headquarters were located In a field between tbe plank road and a small road leading to a WW* hamlet known as Parker's store. During tbe fight, however, be was principally with General Meade, whose headquarters were on a plney knoll In the rear of War ns* corps. 1 bad Keen Grant a. V tckuburg and In Itweaeee, and hie appearance was familiar; but?sl ?trolled through tbe group of officer* reclining under the Inee at headquarters I looked for blm some time In vain, ?Mb was bis Insignificant, unpretending aspect and con tact while the battle wes raging in all its fury. A stranger to tbe inelgnia of military rank would have lit Ue dreamed tbat tbe plain, quiet man who sat witb his back against a tree, apparently heedless and unmoved, m tbe one upoe whom tbe fortunes of tbe day, If not of Ike age and country, were hinging, It was only when ??me aid or orderly rode up In bot haste with a com munication from Borne portion of the battle field that hit ?fas upturned to seek In those ot tbe messenger tbe pur port of tbe meat ago. The consultation witb General Meade or tbe direct suggestion or command all took place with tbat stme imperturbability ?f countenance for which he has always been remarkable. No movement of the enemv snemed to pnszle or discoucert him. Fertile In repources, tbe peti ttoo tor reinforcement was speedily answored. And while all tbls transpired he stood calmly in tbe gr< up, ?t times smok ng his lavorlte soger? a more vigorous or ? more frequent puffing only Indicating tbe Inward work ing of tbe mind. If something transpired which he deemed needed his personal attention, away be darted oq horseback to the immediate scene, tbe one or two oi his ?Ma and an orderly exerting their utmost to keep up with him. Arrived on the spot, he calmly considered the mat Mr requiring bis attontlon, with ready judgment comma ?tested the necessary orders, and ihen galloped away lo another part of the field, or to his *eat beneath the pme tree, tbere to enter on the order book some record of tbe battle'e procreae. U waa amusing again at times to see him? the Commander In Chief? whittling ?wey with his knife upon the bark of a tree, pausing now and then to throw In a word or seatence In the conversa tion of those grouped about, aad then going to work again with ronewed vigor upon the incision of the pine Tbe contemplation of this by those who were with blm at Vtc.ksburg will recall an Incident of % similar character to tbat memorable (lege. When the columbiads were mounted In front of Logan'* line General Grant was de stroue of superintending the operations. Poring tbe pre liminary work of cutting the embrasures he mounted the epaulenient, and, while the reboi bullet a struck all him, deliberately whittled a rail until tbe guns war* paoed In position. ?ismLAnnons. Ot Friday tbe heat waa intense. Many of the soldiers ware sunstruck. Colonel Carrulb, of the Thirty fifth Massachusetts, commanding a brigade of Stevenson's fivttiM, ?M 0T|/C??t ?I Utf iwri r p u* ooMeet, j and wm borne from the field, tbe commuid subsequently devolving on Colonel Coombs, of tbe fifty-ninth Mmh cbuseus. This latter regiment loet its colors, and vainly endeavored to regain tbem by ? doaperate charge. Tbe Frtty seventh were more fortunate. Their colors were captured, wben by a desperate charge tbey were retaken, Colonel Bartiett beading the charge and receiving a painful though not dangerous bullet wound is the neck. Colonel Bartiett has already lost a leg in the service during tbe Peninsular campaign. Colonel Legeudre, of tbe Fifty-first New York, was wounded In the face. I saw him as be was borne to the hospital, and the sight Instantly recalled to my mind tbe time ol his first wound at the battle of Newberu,wben the surgeons pronounced his case a mortal one. French soldiers, many of them at least, have a sort of belief in tbe laws of chance wbich declare anon lit in idem In reference to tbe course of a bullet on tbe battle field. Colonel Legendre's case has disproved tbe (act, as on both occasions he has been wounded In tbe face. Tbe quantity of artillery massed in tbe rear of tbe army waa vast. Battery after battery was huddled to gelher in tbe open fields, useless in the contest, owing to the nature of tbe ground. OUB MAP OF THE BATTLE FIELD. In order to aid our readers in comprehending more fully tbe disposition or Crant's army In the battle of the Wilderness, we publish a map of the Immediate field, showing tbe location of tbe different corps as tbey fought on Friday. Tbe general contour of our line was a semi circle, seal loped so as to form a trefoil on tbe border of an ace of clubs. No name could bo more appropriately given iho battle tban that of tbe Wilderness. A dense wood, extending several miles east and west and south of the tnrnpike and plank road, was tbe position occupied by the rebels. Besides tbe usual timber, tbe intervals be tween the trees were filled with stunted pines and cedars Along tbefrontof this position the rebels introncbed them selves, behind extemporized barricades of felled timber and brush lightly covered with earth. Besides this natural wilderness, a sollection of bouses at tbe junction of tbe turnpike and plank road Is known as Wilderness Tavern, while a stream flows through tbe vicinity called Wilder ness run. It is a tributary of tbe Rapldao. Tbe rear of the Sixth cerps and of a portion of the Fifth corps rested near its right bank. An examination of the map will also afford an easy comprehension of tbe matmer in which General Grant solved the problem jf Friday night, when affairs possessed so gloomy an aspect. Tbe vigor of the rebel attack on tbe right threatened tbe separation of Sedgwick's corps. In the middle or the night, however, General (Jraut moved the troops back by tb? Ely 's ford road to t& turnpike, and thence to the left. Warren's corps thus became tbo f.treuie right. The general line ol battle was thus unchanged , so that when, on featur day morning, the enemy found no force to oppose tbem in tbe vicinity of Germanna ford, and a large force concen trated on their right, nc alternative was left them but to retreat. As if by a magician's wand, the whole aspect of affairs was changed, and the anxiety of Friday night turned to a feeling or inexpressible relier by Saturday noon, when tbe success of tb? movement manifested itself in tbe retirement of tbe rebels from their position of the two previous days. General Grant was not slow to take advantage of the opportunity thus afforded for another advance. By Saturday evening tbe whole army was again In motion toward Spousylvania Court House, and for tbe details of his operations in that vicinity we now await with breathless interest. THE PERILS OF CORRESPONDENTS, j Mr. S. CadwallBder't Despatch. Wirqmgtok, May 10, 1364. THE PTART FROM IBB FIELD. At three o'clock on Saturday afternoon I left the head quarters of the army in the Held, near the old Wilderness Tavern, and started for Washington, with full reports of the battle, and a complete list of casualties to that time general Lee baa just turned our right flank on the road to Germanna ford, and our cavalry were dashing into the lines Id great disorder, reporting the advance of rebel Infantry In great strength. To avoid these, Mr. Fltzpatrlck and myself took the road to Ely's ford. Intending to proceed from there to Rap pahannock Station, and thence to Washington by rail. It was understood at that time that a Urge number of slightly wounded and sick were to be sent back to the Washington hospitals, under a strong cavalry escort. When near Ely's we were overtaken by Mr. Cropsey, correspondent of the I'hiladelphla Inquirer. He had heard in some way of our having started for Washington, and determined to overtake and accompany us. At Ely's ford we learned that no trains were in readiness, and de termined to push on alone. The distance to Rappahan nock Station was about tweoty-flvo miles by the road we designed to travel. ocm march ? rxtON troop* met. This we supposed we could easily traverse by midnight, and if no train was likely to leave early the next day we could ride to Washington on horseback by Sunday even log. We bad less hesitation in undertaking the midnight ride from knowing that about three hundred of our ca valry had crossed at the lord hair an hour before, going In the same direction. But "the best laid schemes of mice and men aft gang aglee," and ibis proved no ex ception. Night found us a few miles from Ely's, on the road to Keiley's lord. Tnere was no moonlight, and the road was gloomy and forbidding. Thoughts of rebs, robbers and Ltbby prison were suggested by everything animate and inanimate. At a turn In the road we discovered a squad of Infantry approaching from the opposite- direc tion. The order to "bait and advance singly" was obeyed, and they proved to be Union soldiers, in somo way separated from their command, nud pushing ahead to rejoin It. We certainly breathed freer on learning who they were, and sincerely hope they did the same they had seen no rebels on the road, and believed none wore In the vicinity. tit* ot or* capitrk. Yet, before we had advanced fifty yards from that po sition, and while tho dusky forms of the infantry could be dimly seen in the distance, live mounted men plunged into the rond from the thicket that skirted It, in our front and rear, snd toe click of revolvers at our earn was instantaneous. "Surrender, give up your arms, speak and yon die," were the gentle but persuasive admoni tions of our new-found friends and admirers! We were surprised, surrounded, unarmed, defenceless. Compli ance with their modest demands bec-imn a "military necessity." One of the bold riders spurred to the side of each, satisfied himself thai we were Indeed unarmed, and taking our borsei by tbe reins, followed the captain (>f the party hastily through an open apace of ground to ?ome limber In the distance, where wo were compelled to dismount and submit to still further Interrogatories and examinations. Our story was briefly ami truly told. We nere newspaper correspoi dents, and could in no esse be considered a part of tho army. Our being unarmed at such a place and st such time proved us not belltger ents. I stated that 1 had boen captured before, never detained to e\<;e?<l sn hour, and expected to be promptly di?mi*sed again. For this reaeoa I ?rged tliem ti take us I" some gullible place examine our credentials and pa|>er* to sati?fy themselves that we repre- ented our doN|WM trul> , and then allow ns to proceed unmolested on our way to Washington Hut the proposition found small favor hi their eyee. We were mounted, taken through dark forests, deep ravine*, de serted isrm?, blind puttie and family house vards, till the roar ?f tailing water proclaimed the presence ot some mill dam on the Rappahannock. oi r hopes? ovr Roonnta run The skylight died out with the prospect of escai*. at we rode in sllen. e through the dismal waters and lorests, and the stunted plnee on every hand seemed tbe spectres ot departed hopes. Oh, w.m vou never eaptured, And feel tbe bitter pain That heavy sinking of tha heart You ne'er shall feel again' We finally lorded the Kappahannock, at an obecure ont oi the wav plaee, for from house or road, and late is the night struck the main road leading down to Fredericks burg. our captors stopped at one or two lonely bouses, and. nftrr short whisiiered consultations with the inmates at the door, proceeded in silence as before. Wo were Anally dismounted at tbe house <if Mr. strlngfellow, near Cold Spring, our horsee unsaddled and i?d, and our papers examined, when wc all retired to annpper room, containing three wlde.ttfd fash ioned leather beds, and were allowed to sloep till davltght Our captors stood guard over ns ail night and were as lynx eyed and vigilant to prevent onr escape as though we were modern Atlaso- . with the entire weight of tbe bogus confederacy on our shoulders. At (ARM DAWS we were ordered out. Two of the party and myself rode to the house of Mr Sears, near by , for breakfast, and the balance of the party honored Mr Strlngfellow b? accepting a similar hospitality, or our breftkfMt too no" in |walse cannot be said. It had the redeeming tent I ? heir.g ?ftf fcmglj preeemed. nor rw?l"< * wU# THE BATTLE OF THE WILDERNESS. 6ERMANNA FORD genuine housekeeper does not ? that she bad nettling better to otter us Her husband In a prisoner In Washtiig ton? an old, gray beaded man. If be ever meds a break may draw on me lor tbe favor. Ad bour later tbe party wa a reunited, and the captain announced hi* Intention ot taking ua ic F.vC-r'cfcSbiirg, and turning ui over to General Fltzhugh I,ee. "Llohy," with all Its re counted and uncounted horrors, teemed gaiilcj 10 receive us. When near Fredericksburg agenulno"butbw.^.i?tr," on foot, in citizen's clothes, armed with a double shotgun, emerged from the thicket at the side or tbe road, aod Informed the party tub rota that General bee was not in Fredericksburg, but thai tbe '-Yonks" were. Tbi? caused an Immediate "change of base." OCR KSCAPg Our ad vance got into a skirmish with what we now know to have been a squad of wounded I'nion soldier* on their way to Aquia creek. In tbe melee wc were ordered to the rear in charge of a sergeant, and managed to escape into tbe deuse thickets that covered the neighbor hood, minus horses, clothing, everything but what was on our persons The unexpected presence of our straggling men disconcerted our captors and probably compelled them to secure their own safety at the risk of losing us. Heavy firing was plainly beard at tbts time in tbe direction of Cbancellorsville. and an nounced tb a tbe mighty contest between tbe armies was not ?occluded. OtE EKF0RT9 0* THK IHIRSDAY'S FIC.HTIKO were eagerly perusod by tbe rebels, who seemed to at tach the utmost importance to their capture and aston ishment at tbtt amount of labor expended in compiling lists of casualties. Ibe latter they claimed were far short of tbe real loss to us in battle, but greatly larger than tbov supposed it possible we oould obtain io so short a time. In short, they unwittingly paid a high tribute to Herai.p enterprise, and were even sufficiently gracious to compliment Mr. Cropscy. OUR rRRKDOX a*i> how bmpioyktv On finding ourselves Indeod free, a council of war was called, In which it was determined that we should strike across to Aqu iaj creek as tbe nearest point on tbe Poto mac river, and endeavor to board some passing steamer. Tbe country was evidently full of enemies, many of whom were guerillas. Our only safely lay in avoiding roads and travelling undiscovered. M'e started at noon on Sunday. Of tbe toll and fatHrue of the trip 1 havo little disposition to apeak. We were taxed to me utmost limit of human endurance. Tbe country was exceedingly broken and woody, the ravines all inclined to tbe Rap pahannock for several miles, and bad to bo crossed at right angles to preservo our di-ect course. No bill, no forest, no jungle, was permitted to cause material devia tion. NoMiing but tbe presence of roads, habitations and people deterred us in tbe least, but flicse exerted peculiar terrorism. "a iiawo? a boy? akothkr dawi; " On one occasion the lurious barking of a dog betrayed tbe presence of a mountain cabin in tbe forest, and came near discovering us to a party or stalwortb rebels who were lounging in tbe yard. on another, while seated for a short rest In a thicket, a boy and aog came along a .path within a few feel of where we s it, but nether discovered our presence When about half of our Journey bad been accomplished, night came upon us in the edge of the open country on Potomac creek, and we lay in a thicket by the side of tbe stream till nearly midnight. A few hours' travol brought us, through tangled brush and briers, to wltbiu a mile of the railroad crossing of l'otomac creek, wnero we lay till daylight revealod our position. From there to Aquia creek wns made by nine o'clock. 1 without Interruption , although a mounted rebel scout was observing and following us some distance. AT AQt'IA OKU K we found about three hundred wounded solldiers (a list I of which was published In yesterday's Hkralo). who bad walked the entire distance from the battle ground, by way of Fredericksburg, and bad been compelled t > light their way a part of the time, though by far the largest portion were unarmed, 1'he citizens of Fredericksburg offered them every indignity possible as they passed thro gh tbe city, and the soldiers were with difficulty re strained from tiring and destroying the place. wk ti'rm mmmnn ? on stem* As vessels fear decors, they rarely answer signals from the Virginia shoro of tbe l'otomac. Tbe soldiers were busily engnged constructing rafts from fhe debris of rall ol'itforms and torn down bouse", with the Intention of crcsi-ing tbe river to Point Tobacco, i 1 making the best or their way here on the Maryland auoro Ye cor respondents not caring to be behind in enterprise, or in literal fact, began the construction of a nondescript ma rine craft capable of c.irrylng three persons, and were embarked on the bosotn of the river by noon. ??ArTAIX BAKFR A*!> HIS RKtlKCr A. The government transport IMaMt llarton, 'aptaln Raker, came along, found the river covered with rafts kindly furniehed ail a free passage to Washington, and placed everything on b .:?rd the vessel at tbe disposal of tbe wounded and hungry men. To Captain Haker tbe thanks of nearly three hundred men and tbe press gang are due. and are hereby tendered, with good wishes for bissuccsss In li.e,snd also or bis brine Rebecca. "?RNKI.o, RKWARR !" A more footsore, exb rusted and hungry trio conld not hive been found at Monday noon than we Of the reporto ? rial corps To a detachment of the Ninth Virginia cavalry? our captors ? commanded by Captain Curtis, we ' bave a debt to cope!. We hope to repay It In kind with reasonable And snfticient interest. If wc do but bide the hour, There never yet was hum in power That could csoape, If unforglven, Tbe patient search and vigil long Of him who treasures up a wrong. OUR BATTLE FIELD DESPATCHES. Oar Army Correspondence. Hk.umi arti:rs, in tbk 1' b.d, ) Pi?ity Vtunrti ?'Ht s ii, May k. 18?M. | Wc left our last headquarters at Wilderness run t night at dark, and rati o to our preseut position, reaching here at nine A. M. Oenerals t.'rai.t and Meade came by way of the Old Itrook road and Todd a tavern, a distance ef some twelve miles. The Brook road makes off from the Krederieksburg and Orange planxmad about a m.le east of the Intersection of the (Culpepper nnd Frederick* burg and Fredericksburg and orange plankroads, running In a southeasterly 1 irection to the old Fredericksburg and Orange court < >use turnpike, and leading directly to Hpotisylvaiiia < r House. A glance at tbe map will give a better Id ;he poeltions or tbe roads than can be acquired ft t 'lug ?ny description of my own. The lightiOK yesterday was but light, except that be tween tbe cavalry ?Diler Sheridan and the enemy's under Stuart, on our extreme left, In the vicinity of Todd's tavern, six miles north or gpottsylvanla Court House. Portions of the Pecond, Fifth tin 1 nth corps were en gaged at Intervals with smtll bodies of the enemy, snd these encounters generally terminated In success on our part. Towards evening it bocame apparent that tne main body of tbe enemy had withdrawn, leaving only a strong llae of skirmishers on our front aad flanks. Indeed, during the entire day we discovered that the enemy <Md not make so strong a res is tin o as on the day previous, and from tho developments it became evident that was moving his columns toward Spott sy 'vania and Fredericksburg, Ord 's then were ssaed to the surgeona in ?har,;? of the It ipit ils in remove their sick and noun led to My a foi d , and the supply trains wero onV red to move it tho night lo tbe vlclnily of ) He cvfofl at dark yae* )M u?e or march by way of Brook road, followed by Warren's Fifth cor pa on tbe snme route. Sedgwick and Burnsido took the old Cbanceltorsville road, and came forward, arriving on the field near Spottsylvonia at noon to-day. Warren proceeded to a point about two miles from Bpottsylvania Court House, where he cams up with the cavalry , who were engaging the enemy. Ha immedi iu?!y set to work, and a terrific contest Is now going on but an et "*t Is alraady In their saddles bound for Wash ington, and must close without giving the result of the contest. We have no .">ars, however, for we have whipped the roe regularly so far, and expect to be able to continue the chapter oT viotories. This Is the roarth day of uninterrupted fighting, and our troops are feeling the effector their labor severely All agree that to-day will tell the story. I eend you a further list of casualties reported np to last night. Generals Shaler and Seymour are prisoners. Generals Baxter, Getty and Robinson are wounded. Genorals A. Hays and J. 8. Wadsworth are killed. We i lost ulue colonels killed and twenty-two wounded. In the Fisi.n, May 8? P. M. Wiih us this has been decidedly the sultriest day of the season, and our troops have sutlered not lesa Irom the e (Tec is of the pun than from their encounters with the enemy. In coming from Chanrellorsvilie to this point, about three milea Irom Spottsyivania Court House, I noticed at least about twenty cases of coup <U loliW, and tho|proairation muat hive been even greater on the more active porticos of tbe field. When I c!o~ed my letter this morcing I expected to be able to get a messenger through by an escort which was promised to go back. Indeed, the troops was made ready and mounted, but for some reason tbe order was counter manded, and now I am told there will be no more chances to send despatches until the present contest is deflnltelv decided. Tbe fighting to day bag been confined thus far princi pally to the Filth corps and tbe cavalry, and to the early part of the day ins Roin take*. Moving down In a southeasterly direction through ibe Wilderness, from Wilderness run toward Spottsylvania Court House, we pasa for seven miles through a dense wood, with scarce an opening until we emerge luto the plantation country near the confluence of the lireck roid and that leading northward to Chancellorsvilie and Ely's Ford, at Todd s Tavern. Fortunately our march through the Wil dcrnoss was unobstructed, as the enemy was not looking for a flank movement in that direction , and at daylight this morning the Fifth corps came upon Gregg's force, at the Junction of the two roads, who were engtgmg the enemy with his cavalry and stexdily driving them. At that hour it was not thought that the enemy b?d more in our front than tbe cavalry, with which oura had been fighting all tbe time since Wednesday : but a mile be yond Tortd'a (Jen. Warren came upon tbe Infantry, under I-ongelreet and Kwell. The rebel cavalry were with drawn, and our own and I.ea-a Infantry again stood f,ce to face, and the musketry again opened. THK HELD. The field where tbe fighting took place to day la situated about three miles north of Spottsylvania Court House, to the left of the Brock road, stretching away to the east towarda tbe Spottsylvania ana Fredericksburg road. A large cultivated farm, owned by a Mr. J. M. Alsop, wns tbe ccntro of tbe theatre of tbe tragedy, but the ter rible fray extended in either direction for two or three miles. The topography of tfce field may be described aa con eislmg of a succosalon of low parallel ridges, dotted here and there with thick grevea of pino and ccdar, for a distance of perhaps a mile from the poiut where we break from the Wilderness into tbe open country. Then there Is a higher range of hills, well wo>dod. The Brock road runs |.astthe south and oast aid's or Alsop's [?rm over Sv river, a branch or tbe Mattacoey creek, to Spotsyl vanla Court House. An old road runs from tbe bend of the Brock road directly to Spottsylvania through Alsop a farm. It was upon this road that Warren farmed bis corpa when he found himself confronted by the rebel infantry. Of tho the detaila of the light, positions, fcc., I shall write nothing, as Moc*rs. Reclrick an I Bulkley have already prepared elaborato.accounts, which ara sent herewith. THIS RKPRT. MOVFMFV1M. When the enemy found that we had left the vicinity or W i.lerness run, lata on Saturday night, ho seams to bivu divined General Grunt s tactics and set ahr.ut thwarting him. Ewall'a corps, with a part of Long* sir- < t's, were marched upnn tbe doub o quick by an Inner road towards Spotisyivnnia Court House, reaching the scene of action almultur.euusly wKh Warren, and it is the sefurcs we have beeu contending witb to day. The Battle on Snnday. Mr. A. L. Ilrndrli k'a Despatch. lls*r>Qt'ARTBM Firm Army Com-*, May R And the work of war still goes on. This carps has a*a m been heavily angaged to-day. The closest and severest contest of the day baa only Just ended n?, column msrebed all night. It wns tbe last to leave the liitrenchments where the battles of the Wilderness were fought and, Brat in the fight mere, waa first alao iD tbe light here. Taking the Brook road, by way of Todda tavern and moving separata from train., 0.,r march was nnob strutted and rap.d. It waa not mo.d, ?f course, where we wesld meet the enemv. A rumor prevailed tbat only Fwetl's corps was auyiB, and t||>| ^ ^ or the rebel army was hurrying, with all iws. sihle speed, to resist the advance of ?),ner?l Hntlrr s forces on Richmond. The day a eventa developed a ill. To rent state of alTalra. There had baen a eavalry fight In rroot of ua and a repart came to General Warren that only cav.iir* -nd tome artillery bad been seen. and priaonera said there was no infantry near ua. The rasnlt showed this state mentto be inform, t. Advancing from Tndd s tavern, en Ibe road to Spottsj Ivaoia Court House, four regiment, of General Han let t's brigade, of General Hrif Ou'f 4j?I?jor? lha ?ut| Miches*, Fcrt^-fowth Jf?v Pitfhly third Penney Ivani* ?od Eigh teen h Massachusetts regtmeoia- were ?eo? ahead I M akirmiabera. A, pM,(KJ <owf| road abeca w.,a hurlea M u# wllb gr#%l rapm,ir 0#B Warreu and staff were advancing do?? ;u< asm* rou ?eoerai Warren bad b>? norae disabled ay ? piece of "bell. l ieutenant Colonel I. ocae, bs ?a..auu. adjutant general , ?i bit in (he cbeek by a ragroeot -* * ahe'.i, inflicting a severe but i>oi dangerous wound. Tue (Jone ral and naff, however, marched on, regardless ol tne ?ngoroua m i^wiloa railing about them rurlouaiy and fast. - veral casualties occurrel amoog the troops by tbo BOtlllOg. _*? we advanced the enemy fell back, making only Blight roiieUuco. Keac .ing what .8 called Allaop'a rm, we came into a clearing or about a hundred acre., and triangular lu form. The rebel artillery bad been at. tloued in tin* clearing. To the rear or the clearing la Ny Kun, a small stream, affording no obstacle to the advance 0 troopa. Tbe woods are a mixture ol plno, cedar and oak, but uot go dense as the scene of our late battles. 1 he wooded ground rises beyond the Kun and la ridgy I At the opening into tbe cloaring tbe road torka, both loading to Spottsylvanla Court House, some three miles dmtant irom tbls point. The battle line as formed comprised Goneral Griffin's division, on the right, aud Roblnson'e, on the o(t. lhe enemy's artillery was uow located In a small clearing on the ridge front lug ua. Captain Martins, Com pany C, Tbird Massachusetts Battery, and Lieutenant Rltleubonse, Company D, Firth United States artillery, were stationed on the right rorfc of tfao road and com manding the rebel batteries. Tboy aont back counter i shells. Tbe line of battle advanced through the clearing, flav lug driven tho enemy up to this po.ut two mi.os into tbe woods fronting us, our forces pushed tbem; and now began tbe serious opening or tbe day'e work, our troops ran on to three fines of the enemy, tbo last behind earthworks. Two corps or the enemy Ewell's and Longstroet s-as was afterwarda as i ortalned, were hero awaiting us. Tbe flghtjwas terrible. Ibe remaining divisions of the corps? General Crawford's *nd General Wadswortb'a, tbe latter now commanded by General Cutler? were hurried forward rapidly. The light becamo general ami lasted Tour bour?. Our troops behaved magnificently, keeping at bay more than treble tbeir number. It will bo understood i hut the remaining corps of tho nrmv, which had taken tbo road by way of chauuellore villo for this point, were still behind. It would not do to be driven back, and our men fought with a desperation, ihowing not only their usual Orm courage, but fullest ap preclatlon or the position or affairs and the importance of holding tbolr ground. This opening fight commenced about eight A. M. In the afternooQ there ivas a succession of other battles., the Firth still being engaged. Just be fore night one brigade or tho Sixth corps went to tho assistance or tbe corps, and, with this ex ception, the Firth did all the day's lighting. The cloalng struggle or tbe day was, ir anything, more desperate than tho one or the morning. The Horcost effort was made by tbo e jy to drive as back and get on our flanka; but the coolness and oourago of our men repelled every effort. We have beaten the enemy; b*, It baa been a most coetly victory. Oor losses are a*, down as thirteen hundred? killed, missing and wounded. To night our division is commanded by a colonel. Brigades have loat their commanders, and I know of one regiment? tbe fourth Michigan? that la commanded by a flrgL Iteu tenant. General Roblnaon, early In tbe engagement or bis dlvl aion, waa shot through the knee. The bone ia thought to be ahatterred, and that tbe limb will have to be ampu tated. Colonel Coulter now commands the division. Colonel Iiennison, commanding the Third brigade of the Fourth division, Is wounded in the arm. Captala Martin is allghtly wounded in the neck. His battery loat two killed and seven wounded. Among tbe kilted is Colonel Ryan, One Hundred and fortieth New York. Be waa formerly Aesietant Adju tant General of General Sykee. was a graduate of West Point and a young and most promlalng officer. Major Stark, ef hia regiment, waa alao killed. But I cannot particularize the killed and wounded at the time of aending this despatch, which I hare to close abruptly, to avail myseir of a poesible proapect of get ting it through. Several regimenta have Buffered terribly. The First Michigan, which went in with nearly two hundred men, came out at the end of tbe cloalng fight with only twenty- I three men left. The Thirty-aecond Massachusetts regi- ' ment. Colonel Prescott, captured the Sixth Alabama regimental flag At half-past five P. M. both Lieutenant (.eneral Grant and General Meade visited tbe scene or action. They rode directly to the front. Not only did the troop* not engaged cheer tbem lustily , but the meu in battle, knowing their presence, fought with more determined desperation. In my next despatch I shall labor to send a complete list of tbe day's casualties. Meantime the beat po<*tble attention ia being given to the wounded by Dr. Milbnu, Cbier Surgeon or tbe corps, and hia assistants. Captain IHinn, chier ambulance officer, haa brought all our wounded rrom the field. Tbe weather has been Intensely hot, and there have been during the day many aun strokes of our exhausted soldier a. The Situation on Monday. MoxnAT, May 8, 1864. We have now been out six days, and have bean fighting continuously . We have succeeded Id penetrating tome fifteen miles Into the rebel territory, and bare fifty milee further to fo to gel to Richmond. We bave eaten and uaod up a very large proportion of tbe supplies wbicb we look with us. If tbe rebela give as as raucb trouble oo tbe rest of tbe route as tbey have thus far our chances for sucess are slim Indeed. Oar losses bavo been terrible. I hardly dare to give my own opinion as to tbe numbers, but I tbinlc I aui within bounds when I give the estimates of those who are supp<ted to know, as follows ?Killed, three thou sand, wounded, eighteen thousand; missing, tlx thou sand. Total, twenty seven thousand. The Fighting on Tuesday. Oar Army Correspondence. Ahmt or nut I'onoiU'', May 10, 1864. TfTF I'SATII or i.XNRRAL MHM1WICK. Major Central John Sedgwick, commanding the Sixth corps, wm Killed yesterday morning while standing with l olo tie I McMalion and Major Wither, of his stuff, inside of an outer line of works two mrtes from Hpottsylvanla Court House. He was killed, not In action, but by a sharpshooter. Tbe built* entered bis bead about an inch below the left eye, and paased out Just buck of the right ear He died Instantly. Ills death has cast a gloon over the entire army. No General m the service was more re tpectcd and beloved. MUCUMCR uaNNUL VM. H. M"RhiS WOr.MDKD. Brigadier General Wm. H. Morris, commanding the First brigade, Third division, of tho Sixth corps, was wounded yesterday, but not dangerously, by a Mill e shot through tbe thigh. NiiiAim srxr t<i wAtinmiro*. Tbe bodies of t.eoerals Sedgwick and Flays are being tax. n to Washington to-day. TBS rifl HT 1 1*0 TO DAT. Tbere was but very iiHie tigbiing to-day, except skir mieblng until very late, and 1 have not learned what was tbe result. i t a tows*. Our looses in general officers during tbe five days' fight ing sre ? Kit ltd ? Major General Jofcn Sedgwick, Prigad'er (Jen eral James Wadswortb, and llrigadier General Alex ander Hays. Hvumlmi? Brigadier Generals G. W. <?etty, W. H. M"rns, H Haxter and Kooirison. /?rttvntr.'? Generals Sbaier and Seymour. COtONSL I'tUI MAM'S RXMAIMS. The body of lieutenant Colonel a B. Chapman, oeir warning the Fifty ?eventb regiment Now York Volun teers. who was tUled oti Thursday, has bteo tent bome.g ilkar*itJA*it ae, Akmt or tux I'ot?mai , I Mty 10, 1864. j f it day* of eoaikouooa marching and fighting Jus found us exhausted almost to tbe last extremity ; but we are In as good spirits as tired and tleepy men v?U i*H H. Wur rau*t arc U'lAficd^ but wUI ?r? left are as ready to resume our danger* ami trials ?n we were anion* to commence them and noiw Umi muig (be hardships we bave endured, and tbe grief we are ex perienclng for tbe loss of our breve comrades iu arms, we are willing to euder bill! more for tbe country of our birth aod adoption. Yesterday we bad a respite from tbe fearful onleal of conflict. Early Id tbe day we bad order* to bold tbe p< si ttooi we bad taken, but not to tight unless we were at tacked. Occasionally bowever, a report from amui-ket would be beard, and then tbe bellleb wbistle of a Mini, n ball above our bead*; but tbere wae none of tbut cootinu ous rattle of small arm*, or tbe booming ef artillery , al ready so common place, and our weary troope rented from their labors uj on tbe ground wbicb tbeir valor bad won. We bare gradually pushed tbe enemy toward Rich mond, aod baro penetrated to the Ny river, wblcb m about two miles to the northward if Spotsy Ivaoia Court House. The enemy are In force upon our front, Ewell holding tbe tuwn and heights this side of the Court House. It baa been a contoet of generalship thus far between Grant and,and time and combinations can only deter m me which I* the greatest. Thin morning a heavy can. nouading ha* begun, but I cannot wait for the result, an 1 learn that tbe Heralo'b correspondents ami iuo*>F<'ngora bave failed to get through, and now I Khali carry this to Wasbingten or Richmond. FKunnKicKsnriin, May 10? Noon. Tbe csnnonadlng baa been incessant all the forenoon. Not a moment of lull has existed since sunrise, aod I should not be surprised if Leeway making towards tbo lino of tbe Richmond and Fredericksburg Railroad, hp the reports or tbe artillery seem to be further aod fortbar hourly to tbe eastward. THE WASHINGTON TELEGRAMS. The Flret Oeipatch> Washiwoto*, May 19, 16M. A messonger got In last night rrom the army who left Spottsylvanla yestonlay at twelve o'o'.odh, <ind come on horseback to Aquia creek, and thence came op on a gunboat. At twolve o'clock yesterday a heavy fight wae going on at Spottsylvanla Court House. We held tbe placo at tbat hour, and Lee gave evidenco of being weakened and of falling back. Tbe messenger had an escort of one hnndred and Bfty rv ? -in ' i guerillas wore frei|iiently encountered upon il. t;?/, It is not Improbable tbat many of tbo erjt'irt wore captured when reluming to tbe army. Our wounded are reported to bo tlfteon thousand, most of wboiu aro at Fredericksburg, and so thlok tbalth. y are lying In tbe streets and npon the pavomeni.1. A cavalry patrol ordered out eould not do duty, an II waa difficult to pass between tbe rows of wounded without trampling upon tbem. It Is said tbere are between two thousand and three thousand rebel wounded (left upon tbe Held) tbere also. Tbe brigade in which wero tbe Baxtor Zouaves was cut up badly. The Second Despatch, Wasrihutoji, Muy 10, 1804. It Is believed from tbe reports which bave reached hero to-night tbat tbere was no general engagement yesterday. But, as heavy bring was beard tbls morning at Aqu la Creek, in tbe direction of Spottsylvanla Court House, the contoet must have been renewed. Our forces do not occupy tbe latter place, but are within eeveral mites of It. Large numbers of wounded are reaching Fredericks burg, and many of tbe officers who are wounded are ex? pectod to arrive in Washington to morrow. The Third Deapatelt. ?> . "iukmtos. May 10, 1804. Tbe Army of tbe Potomac ban bad a portion of a day te recuperate General Barastde on Thursday began tbe a*Uck on tbe left with great fury, and with an encouraging degree of success. He bad a light tbo day before. In wblcb, to use bis own words, he "whipped Old Longstreet." Our army could not be In a more cheerful condition. All tbe men are sanguine of success, and tbey count the days wben tbey shall In trlumpb enter tbe rebel capital. (Jen. Lee lately Issued an order in relation to supplies, in wblcb be . said rvmmunicatirrn with Richmorvi was c?l of and it was impossible to furnuh th?. men with utoru. (Jen. I/ill' t corps had no rations issued for thru day I. General Lee enjoyned upon bis mon tbe necessity of capturing supplies from tbe Yankees. Up to this moment tbey bave failed to capture a single wagon. Tbe roads are in excellent travelling order, but very dusty. All tbe battles thus far bave been a series of attacks aod repulses. Muskets were almost entirely used. Th? swampy nature of tbe grouad rendered artillery imprac ticable. Lee absolutely claims a victory, wben be withdraws from our front and marches towards Richmond. General Torbett's division of cavalry whipped tbe rebel cavalry near tbis place and drove tbem from Spottsylvanla Court House, but, being reinforced with Infantry, thoy drove our cavalry a short distance. The Maryland brigade, Fourth division, Sixth corps, com ing to their support, the lighting was exceedingly fierce. General Torbett and General Robinson were both wound ed, and are on tbeir way to W.ishlngton. In Fredericksburg to-day there were over twelve thousand of our wounded, who bave been crowding into tbe town since Sunday morn og. Wben tbe first party of three hundred maimed and bleeding soldiers came into the city, Mayor Slaughter and If r. Mayer, a prominent citizen, rail led a few guer illas and marched tbem Into tbo rebel lines as prlsooers of war. Mayor Slaughter and bis frioods are now m tbo guardhouse of Fredericksburg. Pontoons bave been laid across tbe Rappahannock bo low Fredericksburg, over which there will be commanl* cation to Aqula Creek, where our transports lie, a dis tance of about eight miles from Fredericksburg. Guerillas abound throughout tbe country in our rear. A report gaioed credence on Tuesday morning tbat our cavalry bad captured at Guroney's Station a train of cam which had been sent from Richmond for tbe rebel wounded, aod tbat they tore up tbe track tbere. The bodies of General* Sedgwick, Wadswortb and flays reached Washington to-night. Alargeaumber of wounded bave arrived from Acquia Creek. THE WOUNDED. WAewm.TU!*. May 10, 1SA4 Tn cor.seqiience of the capture of the re|>orts of tha Hf.kjilp correspondents on .'aturday, and the full lists of killed and wounded which had been compiled by tho ll?R/i.i' corps of army correspondents, II i? impossible to relieve the Interne anxiety of (hose who have friends id the f'nion army to know of their safety or other* |?>, Bui ? few of the wounded have a* yet arrived tiore, anil none of them are seriously Injured. It will be impossible, for two or three d?ys yet, for ttio bulk of the wound*! to l?e transported to this city. The Sanitary Commission ?ent down to Pelle Plain ano tber steamer l< aded with hospital mpu w and a lar^o number of nurses to relieve the sufferings of our wound, ed. The Commission will continue to tend forward sup, piie* and assistance as they may be needed. Phyildani and Money for the Wonndnl. fkmton, May 10, I8M. Three physcians lert Fltchburg, Mass. , yesterday, with 11.700 in money and a large quantity of supplies, con tributed by the citizens for the wounded. Hospital Stores tor the Wonncteri. Wawumto*, May 10, 1S64. The foiled States Sanitary C'mmlwlon sent this morn* ing to Aqnl* creek a siciuii boat which had been previously chartered and loaded with some seventy or eighty tons of hospital stores, also a barge loaded with wagons aoil horses for transporting these supplies to Fredericks* burg or eieewhern With tho steam hoot and huge were sent sixty relief agents and nurses, all carefully traine<i for the wirk By " feeding stations at various points the Commission Dope to meet the most urgent need. !faritl for the Wotinded. Thksto*, S. J , May 10, lt#4. Governor Tarker ha? sent some persona to I- rederifM burg to act as nursee to the wounded soirfn>? "f "?>? CONTINUED 0* JIOHTH PAQM.

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