Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 16, 1864, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 16, 1864 Page 4
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....... Yr:r: nTCUALD. WtltUn UKWKTl U'l'Mii A*H I'Xt'" >4 WIICI ?. W. C'lllMJl 0? FV< I tin 1KI KiMtl tM IlKIt cut In w?Unu>'* M-*ty ?? iv by iu*u *'11 he ?t tlx i ?k ?* il? ?un lor {?< u+ out MKik b in curr at u fcsw Y<uK Itktwv. 1HF DAIt.Y ItCFULt*. Ibxw r?m* er anpf. Awt ftTix?antvr?. to ? i-'u>U>J bi'u. ?*' w il t?? ps-rled | 1r Ui* Wi KKLV Ulkiui. at, a Ui UM ' uroptau aud BIllWUi* MWmi tHt WUwKLT HKRALD, every Saturday. At F'r? oents fm copy. AonuM eubttoriptluu price.? Oi ? lopy S Mil ('opteS 8 UoODpiee ** rtwta^p five cwu per o>py f??r throe month*. Any larger number, adJroa^el to dmm of subscribers, 41 60 cacti. Ac extra copy will be tout to every club of teo. Twenty cop tee, to oae address, one year, 935, Mid ?! y larger number at ranee price An extra oopy will be int to clubs of twenty. Thmt rain make th? Whklt liu.AU> th* ck/apem pub! icatitm in th* country. "Ibe FraontA* Edition, every Wednesday, at Fnn oeata per oopy , 94 per Annum to nay part of Great Britain, or 46 to My perl of Uie Continent, both to Include postage. Hie Califowu Ei>moa, on the 34, 13th tad 334 of each month, at Six cents per eopy, or 93 per annum. VOI UNTARY CORRBSPONDKNOK, containing Import t>ct news, solicited from any quarter of the world; If u??4, win be liberally paid for. t^Oou Faunas Count rowiwirw a hb PAntouLAhLT Micmo to sbal all urr ?w axp radtAon cm tn. NO NOTICE taken of anoeymooe eerreepoadeooa We 60 not return rejected oommuuioattou. Vnlnmt XXIX 136 AMl'SKMBNTS THIS B VBNltll}. flDLO'l OARDBN, Broadway.? Bat. Dbbowio. WALLACK 8 THEATRE. Broadway.? Mosar. WINTER OARDBN, Broadway.? Ami bica* Cocsm? Vaduv Mitu' Hot OLVMTIC TIIBATRI. Broadway. -Satas id PaBU? Cm'KOIECIID Kb* alb NKW BOWKRY THBATRB. Bowery.? Jack Snspr ard? Mick or tub Woods? Tl-rh IFim Our. BOWBRY THEATRR. Bowery? Trb Hotr?s Tbat Jacb Bt'it/r? Holi.tuubb Hail? Caitain Ktd BARNUys Ml'SEl'M. Broad way.? Two OtAim. Two ?WAi<rs. Alsikos, What li It, Ac., at all hours. Hkli-ub ?.< k? At 3 HDd 7 ii Y. k. BRYANTS' MINSTRELS, Mechanic*' Hall. <73 Broad, way.- Ki 11:01-1 ak 8o!?us. Dancls, BvEiESttus*. Ac.? How AUK You liliLBNBAlK* ? WOOD'S minstrel HaLL, All Broadway.? Ethiopian Fog*, lilna. Ac.? UA.tor anpt BRuALWAi THEATRE, IS] Broadway.? B' ansa AMr.RlCAN THIATRB. No 441 Broadway.? BALLETS, rAIKTpaiilLS, UlBLkStjCICS. AC. ? DSC HA LAME AC. SALON DIABOLIQl'B. 684 Broadway.? Rosssr Hsllcb, MKW YORK MI'SEL'M Of ANATOMY. 818 Broadway.? triiiosiTiKs amd Lkctukks. from 9 A. M. till 10 P. M. HOOLEY'S OPERA HOUSE. Brooklyn.? Etbiopias Fonc.?. Dakck, Bvrlb-iqdbs, Ac. WITH SUPPLEMENT. New York, llonday, Nay 16. 1866. THE S1TUATIOW. According to Mr. Stanton'* bulletin, dated at a quarter past ten o'clock laat night, the latest official news from the Virginia battle Held* Is to seven o'clock yesterday morning. Tbero wan no eerlou* fighting for the past two day*. The amy akirmlsbing was going on all day Frl <1 y. General Lee 's army u on the right bank of the Po river. By ao official despatch received at the War Department from the (Md at Spousy vlanta Court House, dated lis o'clock Saturday morning, we learn that dnrtag Ftiday atfibt a movement was made by the Fifth sad Sixth corps to our left, and ao attack was to have been made 00 the ??emy at daylight; but no sound of battle had been beard Iron that quarter. This miaa-uvr* wis intended to place our forces tat QLee'a rear, and oompel blm to retreat towards Lynch burg, but tbe enemy evidently was not In that d:rsctiee, as no sot nd of battle was heard during Saturday at Belle Plain or Fredericksburg, which affords ground fbr Infer eooe that Lee bed retreated during Friday night, before Abe advance of the two oorpa. A despatch from our correspondent at Belle Plea, at Ave ?o'clock yesterday morning, says tbat both armies changed positions somewhat on Saturday, and about eeveo r. M. our artillery opened heavily 00 tbe enemy a ear SpoiUylvanla Court House for about an hour. Tbe result waa not known. It has beeo raining Incessantly, and lb* roads ers In a ssd condition of mud and mire. On* of tbe most brilliant feats of tbs campaign was ?h* cavalry expedition of General Sheridan ? announced In our c lumn* yeaterday? wb cb started on tbe 9tb Inatint. It wound np on tbe 131b at Dot* tem'a BriJge, from whence the Genoral ha* since Joined Gensrsl Butler st Turkey Bend, arter pawing between the fir ft and second lines of tbe eaemy'a works in front of Richmond, defeating tbe rebe's at several jotuls, snd doing vast dMtructioo to thilr rail roads, depot*, bridges and million* of ration*. Ws givs *?{4aodid mtp in another column, t pin which la faith* fully traced the route of General Sheridan and th: dif ferent points be vtated. His opsrsttona, tbe reaulta of which were of a moat rulnoaa character to the enemy :n their preeent critical c >ndltl90, may be briefly aummed up. Starting from hla beadquartera on the 9th, General feberidaa marched around tbe enemy's right flack , and on the evening of that day reached tbe North Anna river, without opp-jsltlon. Iiuring that night he destroyed tbe depot at Beaver Dam, three large train 1 of cars, and oae hundred cars, two One locomotives, and e torsi, amounting In all to one million and a half of r?bol ratloos . also the telegraph and railroad track for ahput too miles, embracing several culverts ; recaptured three hundred and seventy eight of our men, including two oolooels. oae maj/r, and several other officers. Next mom rag crossed the South Anna at Grand Sjulrrel bridgs, aad weal ioto camp. On the following day be destroyed locomotive*, cars, government atoree and six rallee of railroad at Aaliland. and tbec pue: el oa In tbe direction of Ricbmond. At Yellow Tavern be tell in with the rebel chief J. T. B. Btuart, and, after an obetlnate fight, vanquished his command and drove them over the north fork of tbe Chickabomiuy. In thia aklrnush two pleoct of rebel artillery were captured, and Ptuart himself wa* wound ed ?mortally It seeroe, for the Richmond papers alace an iiouace bla death from a gunabot wound. Having po* Mfeijnof tbe Itrockeltown road, a part ehar^ed along . the i,. We an t captured the first line of tbt enemy a worka around Richmond. During the night Gjner*l Sheridan marched th. whole jf Lis c 'Oiman l between tbe first and aeond un?e of the enemy's works oa tbe bluJH overlooking lbs line of tbe Virginia Oqatrel Railroad and tbe Mechanicsville turn pike Finding tbe works too atrwig for an asssult he recroes?d tie Ob lck shorn my, the broken Meadow bridge usdsr a heavy Are ef artiMery,#nd the SMatf HIV WalaM HiUs ta? >?????* ???* nut lr?u? I ,h. tr W~*? *?? ?"'HI- ? ? r~? " * KU?.M <irt?... i?. ? #" 0 | ,er0 ? ??? -h- .3tti the wt> 'I ? c mn,%r,l encampa-l -.1 tfeUoms *??*? altar aaeu?pli.-lun? U.0 ?o.l ! Mv.,r, o? Ihe *<r. A. throe ool-ci oo J saturd >y ?'??"' 00 ^or"1*0 lormed ? Junction with llutler's army at Turkey Rend on Hie J row river liis a hole locts ?u not over thr?e hundred .n killed, wuunlod and allying. Ttiei c *-i nothing later from Oouoral Puller. The (l?e map tabi'v ? reiorreJ to include* all tbo vKrtnlty and ibe location of hm array , as woll as ibe scens of ojwatioos of Ge amis Meade . Sheridan, Kautx, and l-ee. General Sherman had been actively engaged all day Saturday wlih udvautage on our tide, but without a de elded result up to eight o'clock In the evening We give a sketch In another column of the Ufa of General J. K. B. Stuart and the active services which ha rendered the rebel cauae since the war broke out. Thanksgiving servl??? were yea tar day porfonned in Trlaity churoh to this city for our reoeul Union victorias in obedlenoe to the request of the Right Rev. Ulahop Potter. Cr. Vinton preached the aermon, and alluded to the different battles, In which the arms of Ibe republic were triumphant. MISCELLANEOUS HEWS. The steamship City of Cork, from Queenst?wn oa the 3d of May, reached this port yeaterday morning. She landed about si* hundred passeogers. Our European Dies by the City of Cork and Africa are dated to the 3d of May. The papers contain very inter eating newa and news details. The oorreepondeot of the London Port, In Roma, writing on Ibe 30th of April, reports the grand reception of the Emperor and Kmpreea of Meiico by tie Pops, ana atatce thai it afforded mailer for surprlra to many people that the United States Minister and Secretary of Legation, General Rufus King and Mr. Clinton Booker, ahould have been preaent on the oocaston, considering the decided op poaltlon of the American government to -the establish men! of a European monarchy In Mexico. 0!f special correspondent at Stratford-on-Avon, for nlsbea ua a moat interesting account of the grand festival and frUt with which Ibe tercentenary anniversary of tbe birthday of Bhakspera waa celebrated In bia native t>wn. The anniversary exercises, banquet, balls, the atrteala, and other appropriate aojoymenta occupied a week, according to the programme. The Kingston, Jamaica, Jntrnal stataa tbat two young men, natives of ibe Island, bad been kidnapped Trom a Jesuit College in New York, and. as was feared, forced into tbe United States navy. Xbo Journal aaya thai tbe head or tbe college tcknowledges the loss of tbe boys, and suggests this casually In accounting Tor tbem. We have flies from the West Indies, dated at Kingston, Jamaica, on the Mb of May. The augar crop promised woli. The general health of the Island of Jamaica was good. We have news from Turks Islands dated to tbe 8ih of May. About seventeen thousand busbeis of salt bad been shipped in the week. The stock oo hand was very limited. Price, eleven cents. The Turks islands Stand ard, of the 33d of April, says:? ?? We learn thai a Spanlab warvoeeol had captured the schooner Forward, on her way from Porto Cabullo, St. Domingo, to this port, with a cargo of tobacco and eleven passenger? ? most or them belonging to this Island. The schooner Eliza bad also been taken and carried Into Porto Plata by a Spanish cruiser. We learn nothing further relative to tbe revo lutlon, neither is there any news of the proposed expedi tion from Bavana to Monte Cnrlstl." The obsequies of tbe late Brigadier General James C Rice were celebrated yeaterday afternoon at Rev. Dr. Adams' cburch, corner or Madleon avenue and Twenty 'ourth street, tbe cburch was thronged by tbe relatives md mends of tbe deceased soldier, who died while >ravely leading bin command against tbe enemy at tbe langulnary battle or Spotlsylvaola. An eloquent runeral lermon waa preached by tbe paator, Dr. Adams, who paid a blgh tribute to tbe memory and gallanl services or Lbe lamented deceaaed. Among the distinguished mill tary men preaent on tbe solemn occasion were Generals Dtx, Anderson and Sandrord, besides a large number of distinguished clvlliana. 1 The twenty-first sermon In the Christian Union series now being preached In the Church of tbe Purltana (Dr. Cheever'e), waa delivered laat evening by Rev. U N. Rice D. D., formerly of Kentucky, now of tbe Hfth avenue Preaby terlan cbnrcb. The discourse was a learned production, and was listened to with tbe deepest Interest. No alias ton was msde to national affairs, although be maintained thai civil and ecclesiastical affairs should be kept separata. II It a significant sign of tba tlmss when ministers berotoTors known as conservatives Ml side by side with a man whose whole life bos been devoted lo the promulgation of tbe most radical and fanatical jdlll. The anniversary masting oT the United States Christian Commission was bald last evening in the Academy of Music. Addressee were delivered by several eminent gentlemen. The Commission hare two hundred and twenty-Ova delegatee m (be Held, attending to the wonts of tbe soldiers, and bava aent for their relief, wllbln tbe past rew days, ovw twelve hundred boxee or hospital stores. They dsalre to rstse ror prssent necessities a fMd of one hundred tboaaand dollars, and of this between twsnty and thirty thousand dollars were subscribed issl evening. Following tbe example of other bodies, tba spiritualists have split. After tbe sojournment of the regular Con vention oa Friday night the radicals organized an auxiliary Convention, which was In session on Saturday and yeaterday. Uriah Clark, of Boaloa, was elected Preakdent. Resolutions were adopted favoring a more formal organisation or the aplrltnallsts snd tbe sending ef delegalea to a nallonal convention to be held at Chicago in August Tbe speakers comprised tbe leading mediums, and eloquent addresses were msde by Mrs. E. M. Spence, L C. Clark, Anna E. Doubleday and Meears. Toukey, Lovelapd, Dr. Bamilton, and others. Strong speeches were made againai tbe reporta of the Convention as tbey appeared in the dally journals, the only exception being trade in favor or M)e BaaaLb, which waa recognized as the leading newspaper In tbe United States. The supenor pbiUaophy of spiritualism waa reaffirmed, and tba Con vention adjourned, after establishing a si-clal platform recognizing the equal, social and political rlghta of all men and women. Tbe rlxtb and Seventh avenues railroad companies have refused to rant tba request of their drivers for a reduction or tbe boors of labor, and, tbe latter refusing to work under the old arrangement, a new lot of men were placed on the oars of those two lines yesterday. In anticipation of attacks on the new employes by tbe old ones, policemen yesterday kept guard in each of tbe cars of these roada. Tba Fullerton contempt mailer comes up on certiorari in ibe Supreme Court, general term, this morning. Tbe uuestion now turns upon the jurisdiction and authority of judge Garvin to discharge Mr. Kullerton on habeas cor pus, alter bia committal f?r oontemi-t by Surrogate tucker. Tub Ruirt., Lonostoeet.? This officer, one of tbe very bravest aud most skilful and thoroughly schooled and experienced in tbe rebel army, has been the most unfortunate of any general on either side participating in so many battles. He was first driven to tbe right about by General McDowell at the first Bull run, and but for Stonewall Jackson and Joe Johnston his military career would then have probably ended. He figured as a secondary character in the bloody Peninsula campaign of 1862, and signally failed in bis notable North Carolina expedi tion of the same year. He fought terribly but disastrously to bis own troops at Antietam and Gettysburg; be did nothing very remarka ble at Frederickabarg; his corps was cut to piece's by General Tbamas at Chlckamauga, and be was baffled and thoroughly beaten at all points by General Burnsid* at Knoxville. From his last repulse near tbe old battle ground of Chancellorsville he is reported to have been borne off mortally wounded. At all events, he is a very remarkable example of a great soldier of many battles and many defeats, and without a single victory that can be called b*s own. TjF.r a!?d Stonkwaix J iCIS'Mi. ? It Is a sug gestive fact that since tbe death of Stonewall Jackson nothing but misfortunes have attended tbe army ot General Lai*. ' from ? 'tlir Frum"-Tti? Hitumlori of l.rc'a Artnjr. Acrorilin/ to our I .ilust advices from "the fr< nt," .n Virginia, which are down to too o'clock ycnierrlay morning, General Lee had hailed iu bin retreat on the south aide of the little Po river, which croeaes the road# to Rich mond near Spotlsvlvania Court House. There, in a good defensive and strategical position, he evidently intended to try the fortunes of an other battle if olosely pressed; and an hour's cannonading from our side on Saturday even ing had admonished him to prepare to fight or fall back early in the morning. Ilia purpose would seem to be a stubborn Resistance at every stream oa the line of bii retreat; but we suspect that the exhausted condition of his army, the removal of his wounded, his limited transporta tion, and the heavy condition of the roads from the late soaking rains, have brought him to a stand. It Is necessity, and not policy, that has stepped him. His depots of supplies established between his army and Richmond have been destroyed by General Sheridan, and his railway Unea south and west have been seriously damaged. He can get no reinforcements from any quarter, and hie am munition and provisions on hand most be nearly consumed. General Sheridan's powerful cav alry column, completely successful in accom plishing the important work assigned It, after penetrating the exterior line of the defences of Richmond, has joined General Butler and Ad miral Lee on the James river, and the immedi ate danger to Richmond is thus Immensely in creased. Lee must push forward at ence te the rescue or be will be too late to save him self, even by a rapid retreat; for with Rich mond in the bands of "the Yankees" his army may as well be disbanded at once as to hold tbe field for a single day longer. If, from bis broken up railroads and broken down horses, and the miry condition of tbe com mon dirt roads of the country around him, he can not move at present and must run tbe hazards of another battle, theD, in all probability, he will be compelled, in his next move, to give a wide margin to Richmond. General Grant, mean time, Is repairing his losses in every way. His army ie now nearly if not quite aa strong as on tbe day it entered "the Wilderness." He feels perfectly sure that the game is in his bands, or he would not have detailed Sheri dan's heavy column of cavalry to tbe support of General Butler. The obstruction of mud may delay him a day or two; bat rainy weatber and miry roads in Virginia are no serious im pediments to the soldier who has had a whole summer's experience In moving a great army over the swamps of the Mississippi river. The Ladies' Anti- Extravagance Meettno. ? Tbe ladies of the late Sanitary Fair will meet to-day at the Cooper Union for the purpose of discouraging, by tbe expression of public opin ion, tbe lavish expenditure which character izes the hour; the wearing of costly foreign fabrics, jewels and so forth, and in fact extrava gance In dress, equipages and luxuries general ly. We have no doubt that the few worthy la dies who set this movement on foot will con scientiously practise what tbey preach; that tbey will deny themselves many things to which tbey have been accustomed, and will, if ne eessary, become as simple in their garb as Qua keresses and as quiet in their babits as nuns; and we wish them every success in their efforts, hoping that tbeir example may fructify and that the fruit may be good. But we do not see how they are to influence tbe shoddy por tion of the community, who never wore dia monds before, nor silks nor fine velvets, nor magnificent bats with all their sumptuous glit ter and promiscuous horticulture. We fear that the reform will not reach the inner circte of this class of people, who have suddenly be come millionaires by furnishing bad beef and bad coffee to the soldiers and broken down horses to the government. We shall look with some interest to the ef fects of tbe movement in tbe Park, the thea tres, tbe opera house and the fashionable watering pl?ces. We shall endeavor te ob serve whether tbe dashing "four-in-hand" will diminish te a modest pair of. bays; whether opera cloaks and diamonds may be valued by hundreds instead of thousands; whether Broadway will not be swept by as su perbly attired and pretentious street-cleaners as ever, and whether "fashion" in borrowed plumage will not flaunt it at the watering places with more than its usual extravagance. We are afraid that these good ladies are not equal to tbe task of reforming shoddy. Tbey are working in a field quite as new to them as to tbe general public. As for tbe advantage the movement may be to the government, in cutting off the supplies from import duties, we do not see it very clearly. However, we wish the enterprise godspeed; for it was conceived with tbe best intentions. Modern Military Phrases.? We have struck upon a new phase in our military dee patches which ia quite characteristic of tbe age and tbe rapid go-aheadativenegg of the people. In olden times great military commanders were wont to transmit the news of their victories la lengthy and pompous despatches, full of ver biage, often tedious, and not quite compre , hensible. Imperial and imperious Cesar set tbe first example of brevity in bis haughty " Veiii, vidi, vici but bis example has not been much followed. It was attempted in jest to manufacture a briefer despatch, by attributing to Sir Charles Napier, when he captured Scinde, in tbe Indian war, the single word, "Peccavi" ? I have sinned. It remained for our generals to coneoct quaint military phrases? brief, foroible and unequivocal despatches, such aa that of Perry on Lake Erie? "We have met the enemy, and they are ours;" or tbe emphatic expresaion of Old Zack ? "A little more grape, Captain Bragg;" or Grant's memorable declaration to Buckner ? "I propose to move immediately upon your works;" and bis recent despatch ? "I propose to fight it out on this line, if it takes all summer;" and Hancock's satisfactory announcement? "I have finished Johnson, aid now I am going into Early." Then we have General Ingalls' bulletins, of quite another nharacler, but equally terse ? "We made a ten *?rike to-day;" "The o'd republic is firm. Bet your pile on it-;** and 'We are bursting them u;>." Now, the#* m iy be very peculiar and uncoin mou |?hmses with military commanders; but they are model military dewpatches alter all, and suited to this last aga, aa well a* to the men wtione "headquarters are ia the saddle." Tney tell the story better than a quire of fools cap or a mile of telegraphic tape. Til* CUvtUad OaartnUaa-Tk* Pe?pl*'i CandliUlt. The convention which is to meet at Cleve land, on the 31st ?f Hay, ought te be, and probably will be, the last of suoh political assemblages. The system of nomi uating conventions has not worked well. It has given us poor Presidents and nearly rained the country. Besides this, it has bred up and kept alive a class of low, oorrupt and vioious politicians, representing nobody but themselves, eager to be bought with a price, and only influential over the unfortunate can didate who has to submit to the demands of these political swindlers before he can even en tertain the hope of a nomination. Now it is a characteristic) of the Amerioan people to do away with whatever is useless and to discard whatever works badly. We are not surprised to find, therefore, a general disposi tion to abolish the convention system and put an end to the nuisances it has created. There can be no better time than the present to carry out this idea. The political hucksters, who gave us poor Pierce and blundering Buchanan and loggerhead Linooln to afBict us, now pro pose to renominate Lincoln at Baltimore, and some opponent, of about the same calibre, at Chicago. If this be permitted we can only choose between the Baltimore inoofnpetent and the Chicago incompetent Under the old sys tem one or the other of them will be elected, and we can jump ont of the fryingpan into the fire or out of the fire Into the fryingpan, as we please. Of the two evils we can prefer the lesser ? and there our privilege ends. But what is the use of having any evil at all ? Why should we not kiok over the whole concern f Would it not be better to reject both the incom petents T There is a way to do this, and that way is through the Cleveland Convention. To that convention all the war democrats, all the really honest and patriotic republicans, and all the national conservatives, of every sort, should go in person or by their represen tatives. At least one hundred thousand peo ple, representing the sentiments and wishes of the leyal millions, ought to be present at Cleve land on the last day of May. Then let this People's Convention nominate Lieutenant Gene ral Grant for President, and General Fremont or Commodore Wilkes for Vice President, and the approaching election will be settled in ad vance. There will be nothing left for the sham conventions to do. They will probably never meet. If they should meet, it will be to ad journ sine die, amid the jeers and laugh ter of the whole q|tion. Heretofore the politicians have nominated the Presi dent, and the people merely elected him. Now we want the people to as sert their rights and take both the nomination and the election into their own hands. The revolution that is now disturbing the country must deliver us from the tyranny of imbecile party backs. They never expressed the true popular will, and they never can. The inde pendent press is the voice of the people, and that has superseded the convention system. What folly it is, in times like these, for cor rupt politicians to be prating about party lines, and party ties, and party platforms. The people want a man whose platform is his actions, and who has made bis own record, instead of having it manufactured for him out of the rubbish of old speeches aid old letters and rusty, musty, dusty, tasty Congressional documents. Such a maa they have found in General Grant. No oae cares what his poli tics are, what his record is upon the slavery question and the Maine law question, or what kind of a platform he stood upon ten or twenty years ago. They know that he has saved the nation, and that Is enough to know. Having saved it, be is not likely ever to betray it, or ever t? submit to anything that will impair its greatness and tarnish its glory. His politics? they are the constitution and the Union. His record? it will be found in the reports of his victories and in the hearts of bis countrymen. His platform? he has built it as broad as the United States and as high as Lookout Mountain. We expect his election to be as unanimous as that ot General Washing ton and as beneficial to the welfare of the re public. No one will vote against him, with the exception of shoddy contractors, whose palms itch for government money, and copperhead peacemongers, whose hearts are fwith Jeff. Davis, although their bodies are too cowardly to follow their hearts. Let every patriot who can possibly attend the Cleveland Convention be there on the 31st of May, and let those who .cannot go send worthy representatives. We shall see what politicians will be bold enough to try to run the Baltimore and Chisago ma chines, or take the field against a general who has never kaown defeat. Thb Financial Condition of Eirops. ? Revo lutions are ripe in Earope, because the majority of the great Powers have no money. They have squandered all their available resonrces and exhausted their credit for the sake of keep ing up formidable standing armies. In such a condition of affairs revolutions must ensue. It was the knowledge of this inevitable result which caused Napoleon the Third te seek new revenues far France. He is aware that Eng land has prospered, spite of her enoraoas debt, because she bad colonies. Be is aware that of all the European Powers Russia alone has great resources as yet undeveloped. He is aware that Aastria, Prussia, Spain, and even Italy, have drained to the dregs their limited resources, and that *.he*e nations must undergo the dangers of revolution, because they are bankrupt. Franco is in the same position, and benco the determination of Napoleon to colo nise. to get possession of great international thoroughfares, suoh as the oaaal of Sues and the proposed railroad aoross the Isthmus of Tohuantepec. With the view of making for Fraaoe new resources Napoleon undertook the Mexioan campaign, placing upon the new throne a puppet, whom be will displaoe at will? it be ing bis evident purpose to reap the benefits of the outrageous capture of so large a portion of this continent, made at a period when our in testine troubles prevented our Interference. The American nation is just In the infancy of its resources. We have vast untold wealth in our mining districts. Wo have boundless ex pans" of territory to settle and improve, and to us debt and present expenditure pan hrvtn hut little evil. A few years of peace will see the country more th .n ever prison*. The poer and need y of 01(1 Wor,J w'n to our shores to fill vw,t territory above referred to, and tbe revenues of our government will increase a hundredfold. The cessation of tbe war will be the signal for an immense movement in our . commercial world, and a great and material prosper^ will ensue. Not ao in Europe, where the old monarchies hare worn them vps away. Disorders and revolutions must overtake them; and, as this government will once more assume Its stand at the head of na tions, we ahall see the old rotten European edi fice crumbling lato dust. ?"r Our "Physical _ D*l?s?rs?j'." Some years ago the London Time# published a cunous article seeking to prove that tbe * * on this continent had de fvid* I ? m*nU* phyaically. At vidence of the first of these assertions it pointed to tbe corruption that was fast ln EXTST the hod7 ^??c,andM proof of the second to tbe lean, scraggy forms, sunken cheeks and pale (aces of American men end women. thfok. ,h?Uld l?9 kBOW wh4t tb? . ^ ?W- L Hare tbe ready sacrifices, the ?mbiime PatriotU? that hare arked the conduct of our people during the war done nothing towards altering Its opinion of our moral degradation T And as regards our ^?^?nfeeblement, has U ???? eothing to i^uceit to qualify its rlewi! Its oomments on Grant s operation. Ja Virginia will, we sx offer an answer to both these questions. Our contemporary, like the dupes of whom it is tbe organ, is always to be fbund on tbe to* Z , \ No tonn? be too strong fer the admiration that it will express ef the endurance and pluck or our Northern soldiers ? butit will ?!d "this was to be expected from men of the Anglo-Saxon race. We are proud of th? qualities they have exhibited, for they belong to us In common." i.ltor Ulmtoll rtM|4 u dwpeUed. The people of this republic have nothing in common with the English either in race or mental characteristics. We are a people as strongly defined and distinct in ourselves as any that the earth has produced. No country has ever before possessed a population com posed like ours. It is made up of the best blood and bone of half a dozen races, which are continually being fused inte it until their distinctive elements are lost. The result is seen in the unparalleled mental and physical progress we are making. In the arts, in the sciences, in music, painting and sculpture, we are making strides such as have never before been witnessed. And our physica 1 advancement is evidenced not merely by the stature and fine development of our men, but by tbeir wonder n Sf enduraDC?- Tbe records of ?11 the military campaigns that have been fought since fighting has been reduced to a science offer no such spectacles of energy and disregard of bodily fatigue and danger as have been presented by our soldiers during the present war. In Europe an army is thought to ve accomplished wonderful things when it has fought half a dozen great battles in a seseon Here our armies fight a great battle every day in the week, and that In a coun try where tbe natural difficulties of the ground increase tbe exertion tenfold. Nor are these qualities of the American race altered or enfeebled by climatie influences. The South erner exhibits just as much endurance and fight* just as desperately as the Northern man, al though be Hves under a sun which in Europe would in iUeir insure physical degeneration. The war has contributed immensely towards developing the physical superiority of our people. Its influence will not pass away with it. Tbe hundreds of thousands who have spent the last three years of their lives in tbe field exposed t? aU tbe fatigues of campaigning' cannot relapse again easily into the easy .od indolent habits of city life. They will seek Tresb opportunities for indulging the tastes thus acquired, and will in turn bring up their children in a healthful and natural way, fitting them either for the labors of the agriculturist or for tbe duties of the soldier. Henceforward we are to be a first class military nation, and every effort will be made to keep up the physi cal standard required to enable us to maintain that position. The gymnaslnm, tbe drill ser geant and the swimming school are every where becoming indispensable features of our system of education. Such is the degeneracy that gives our Europen critics so much concern It is producing its fruits. Let them beware of them. The Park? rue Piowera in Bloom. The wel weather and the strike of the. driven on two of tbe city railroad* prevented the usual attendance at the Park yesterday. The vegetation waa, however, bright, greeo and refreshing, and the treee are now get ting Into leaf. Tha awaliowa and olbar spring birds are to be seen and beard all over the grounds, which are cer tainly becoming very attractive The promenade, or mall, Is being widened about four feet oo each aide, giving to the walk eight feat formerly covered by grass. Tbe following nowers, to addition to those already ra ported, are now in bloom in the Ramble and other parts of tbe Park ? Acer peeudo platanue Sycamore maple. .Caculua bippocaatanum Tbe common horee chestnut. ?e<ilus carnea Ibe flesh colored ebestnut. >'aoilua Itava. Hweet buckeye. Aqnilegia vulgaris Garden columbine. Arie?'tna trtpbyllum Indian turnip. Azalea nudiflora Purple azalea, pin* ter flower Axaiea Poo l lea Pontio azalea. or rose bay. Herberts Canadensis Amerlcao berberry. Barberls vulgaris { ?B^ Eur0pWB ^ Caragana Altagana. Liberlan pea tree. Oalycantbua floridu. { 'trawber. Convener la majails I.ily of tbe valley. Co rues florid a Flowering dogwood. Oornus stolonlfe'ra ? . Kod oeler dogwood. Ooronllia emerus Scorpion senna ooronilla. Cynogloeaum sempervirena...Kvergre?o hound's tooguft Cytieos laburnum Laburnum. Deutxia gracilis Graceful I>etit/la. Erlgrron bellldlfolia Robin'a plantain. Kothergilla alnifolia Airier-leaved fotbergilla. Hales ta tatraptara Snow drop tree. Hex aquifollum, rum var European holly k varietMs. I.onlcera eempervlrans Trumpet honey suckle. Looi< era xyloeteum I'prigbl fly boney suckle. Magnolia fraeert Bar loaved cucumber tree. Magnolia Cmbreila Umbrella magnolia. Lyclum Kuropeum Barbary box thorn. f'olemonlum cicruleum Greek valerian. Ililygonatum Intiorum Smaller Solomon's seal. Potentlila Canadensis. Common cinque foil, or Ave Anger. Prunus Mahaleb Mahaleb cherry. Prunus Padua "Ird cherry. Prunus splnoaa Oommoa Moe thorn. Prunus trilobate { Pyxidantnere barbaiau ? ? . . . f Scarlet flowered tree rhodo Rhododendron arboraum . .. | ^emdron Ranunculus toolboeas Putter mpa. Mplraea Raeveall ^ ... Reaves' eplra. Spiraea Sinensis Chlneee spira. Spiraea triloba leaved spira. Spiraea ulmitolla Kim leaved spira. Stapbvlea plnnala Plnaale leaved hop trafc Staph v leu tri'olia Trifoliate bop tree. Tradescaotla Vlrglnlca common spider wort. cm { nZ'Z"- ?"?* Viola pabeecens Powny yellow violet. Vlb'irnum l/>nt*na. Wayfaring tree Viburnum Opulusterltis Guelder rose or snowball. Viburnum dontstum Arrow wo?>d. Viburnum acerlfolMm Mapiit Ixaved arrow wood. Viburnum prunilolmm Sloe blai k hsw. Veronica sespflitf"! a Thyme leaved a ea<lwell. Vasclmum I'eunsvivauicum Dwarf blackberry. NEWS FROM WASHIMTOR. fiuuntM.Mii 14, 1844. I'M POBBION DIPLOMATIST! AMD TUB *??*' Hom of foretgs diplomatists km, whan sym> pathies have not beea altogether with UM government, having despaired of Ihs success of the rebellion, are said to h?vs embraced th? pUttorm of Um peso* democrats, and to bo urging reconciliation by tbe withdrawal of lfe( President's amaoctpullou proclaoutleu. Tbs .'epreseta lives of England and franco, however, nro said to ha vsry discreet upon this subject. TUB HIT CM AND THREK-TBNTHd TRBASPBT MOTM. Tbo Treasury hu given tho folio# Inn notice to tha holders of the throe years seven -thirty notes, (ailing 4m after August 19 and October 1, 1864 ? The tbree years seven thirty notes issued under tho ncl of July 17, 1861,nraexchangeable at any time before or at maturity for six per oent bonds of the' acts of July IT ao4 August 6, 1841, when presented in sums not less tbaa $500. The throe yesrs notes were Issued bearing date of August 10 and October 1, 18fll, and become due alter August 19 and October 1, 1844. Holders of tbe notes ot either dale are notified that they m?jr be presented for Immediate exchange for six per oent bonds, with rail cou pons, drawing interest from July 1,1844. up to which date interest will bo paid without delay on tbo throe year* notes at tbe rate of seven thirty pep cent per annuo. Tbe Interest found to bo due on the three years notes, np to July 1. 1844. will be transmitted by tbe United States Treasurer's draft, payable In coin. The six per cool bonds wbtoh are exchanged for the principal ot the three years ooies will be issued, drawing Interest from July 1, 1844, the dale ?p to which tbe tbree years notes sre set tled. and will bo transmitted as fast as they can bo con veniently prepared. !*aruei wishing to exohange the three years notes In tbe above manner must send thorn to tho Trensnry Department lo sums of five hundred dol lars or its multiple, endorsed, "Hay to the Secretary of tho Treasury, for redemption," which endorsement must ) ho signed by the party on whose account they are te N exchanged. They must be accompanied by a letter, stating the numbers, denominations and dates of the notes, and tbe kind, registered or ooupon, and denomi nations of tbe six per cent bonds wanted in oxebangn. Tho alx per oent coupon hoc as sre of the denominations of 9604 and 91,000, and tho registered bonds are of tbo denomination* of 9604, 91,000, 96.000 so* 910.000. Wben r eg later od bonds are ordered parties must state ' of which tho following places tbey wish tbo Interest te bo paid, vis:? Now York, Philadelphia, Boston, BnltK ?sore, or Now Orleans. TBI SUBSCRIPTIONS TO TBI TBM-POBTT Y1ARI LOAN. The subscriptions to tbs ten-forty loan reported 10 Um Treasury to May 14 amount to 948,044,904. TBI MMDITtOK OF SLAYS T RADIUS. K is understood that an arrangement has been entered Into between our government and that of gpala for tha pnrpooe of rendering up slave traders who oacape from Cuba te the United Slates, and rrom tbe United States te Cuba, in this oonneotion tbe arrest of CoL Jose Augustls Ar gueiles Is significant. DBATin. Colonel Jobn Harris, commanding tba Marts* corps* died here yesterday. Hon. Charles D. Calvert, of Maryland, Representative In the last Congress, died suddenly ot paralysis, ea Thursday, at his residence In that State. TUB CREDENTIALS OP THB RBPRBSHMTATITBS PROK ARKANSAS. The credentials of Colonels Jacks and Johnson, as Re presentatives from Arkansas, are before the Commutes on Elect loos. TRANSFERS PROM TBE ARMT TO THB MATT ACT1TB. Notwithstanding the activity of our army, transfers te tbe navy are still going on, and large numbers of seamen are being forwarded to Philadelphia weekly. NEWS FROM KEY WEST. Naval and Military Affairs In Florida? The Blockade Runners still Bu?y?Th? Harriet Lim at Havana, &c. By Ibe arrival of the United State* transport Thaoaea we have news from. Key West, Ela., to the 9th lost. ovn KST W8J9T OOUKItdPON DUNCE. Kkt Wsbt, Kla., Ray T, 1864. More Prim* Captured ? Colored Troop* Mil U Ik * Maitti land? Influx of Bleekad'. Runner*? Arrival of Refn. gets ? Knjmeeri Recommended for Promotion, <te. Since tbe date of my last letter the following price* have boon captured and brought Into this port:? Schooner 0. K.,from Havana, bound for Mataaoroa ostensibly, by the United States supply steamer Union, Acting Volunteer Lieutenant Conway in command, bw> tween Charlotte's Harbor and Tampa Bay, on the afltlfc ult. She bad a general cargo on board, and was brought In by Acting Ensign W liking, asprixe master. Sohocner Miriam, Ward master, from Havana, cleared for New Orleans, by the United States steamer Honey suckle, Actiog Ensign Sears commanding, wKh a general cargo. Captured on the 29th ult. f loop Oscar , on the 1st Inst., by tbe United Stats* schooner Pox, Acting Jfoter Chase la oommand, from St. Marks, bouod to Havana, with ninety-three bales of est* ton on board. Ob the same dey tbe schooner Sponkey, by the United States schooner Beauregard, Actiog Master Healy Is com mand, wltb nine bales of ootton on board. The Spunkey has been sent to Fernendina for adjudication. With the exception of the ease of the Miriam thee* several captures ark devout of Interest, aad the vesesta and cergose will be ooademned by default, save tbe ooo named. Fbe was boarded two days before tbe oaptara, when, her papers appearing to be all right, she was al lowed to proceed on her voyage. She was, however, kept in view by tbe Honeysuckle, wben, having altered her coarse in a manner to excite suspicion, she was again bearded and brought In here for adjudication. The oseo is te be beard before Judge Boynton thta afternoon Tbe United States steamer Hussar lert here on the 3d Inst, wltb a reinforcement of colored troops for the mate land, where, 1 am not permitted to toll. Colonel Feilowee, ef tbe Second colored United States regiment, bas gone to command in person. Brigadier General Woodbury and Chputn Bawens. hie Adjutant General, accompany tbo expedition. We are in daily expectation of( iniormatloo which will enable us to Judge of the staff tbe colored sol diers are made of. Tbe United Mates schooner Stonewall arrived froea Tampa Ray, on IDe 4tb Instant, with eighteen refugees ? rebel deserters? on board These men are of a superior deacrlption to the refugees usually brought here from tbo continent. They are smarter in appearance, and, what la important, they brought their working tools with thane, in tbe shape ol serviceable muskets. This letter will be taken bv the United States supply schooner Raobel Seaman, Acting Master Potter, which ar rived bero on the <th instant from I'ensacola. On ber way bere she captured tbe British schooner Maria Albert, from Havauu. wltb an asnorted cargo. The prize was sent to New Orleans for adjudication. The bark Mary Stetson. Allen, from I'ensacola for New York, arrivod here on the 41b Inst., with tbe loss of ber mainyard, which, in falling, carried away her boats and stove her water casks Damages were promptly repaired, and she left on tbe 5tb test Key West at present oonlalos a goodly number of block ade runner*. You meet them at every turning There la no mistaking tbem lor any other specimen of the <.?nns home, tor a blockade runner can be as easily discovered, "by the cut of his ,1b," us a Tntun* man by tbe shape of bis bat and the fashion or his shirt collars. Tbe Board of United States Naval Engineers, presided over br Meet Engineer Zellor, whioh convened at this place on the lf?th of March last, to examine for promo tion such candidate* from tbo Engineer corps in the (Cast Gulf squadron, as registor tbe required amount of ssn service which entitles them to an examination for pro motion, has completed its labours. Tbe following are tbo mtmes of those who passed tbelr examination satisfac torily , and are recommended to the Navy Department for promotion ? Third Assistant Engineer Charles Jabex Coney, dor Second Assistant Engineer Third Assistant Engineer Jared K. Botsford, for Second Assistant Engineer. Third Assistant Engineer Henry Holmes, for Second Assistant Engineer. Third Assistant Engineer Jonathan M Emanuel, for Second Assistant Engineer Third Assistant Engineer James Long, for Second Assistant Engineer Third Assistant Engineer John Fornanos, for Second Assistant Engineer Third Assistant Engineer James B. McNamara, for Second Assistant Engineer Third Assistant Engineer Robert A. Wright, for Seoond Assistant Engineer .... Third Assistant Engineer John Franklin, Jr., ror **cond Assistant Engineer. Third Assistant Engineers Long, Wright and Frankllo !>elonged to the flagship Powhatan, ol the Vt est India xiuadron The Powhatan happened to stop hero while ibe board was In session. K?t Wiwr, May 0, 18M. blockatU Runner* in Harvnn ? Xtcnyt of <A? llamet I. am* from Qahttmn, <Mr. Information bu been reoelved from Havana tbni Ik* Harriet l.ane, which waa captured by tbe rebels In (iai veeton bay, on tbe lat of January, 1803, baa succeeded la ?leaping from that port wltk a cargo of cotton for Ha vana, where abe la now lying. Her armament baa bean renaovod, and abe ?? now employed In running bleckade. On tba 7ih Imt., as (be l ulled SUIaa steamer Money nick le waa runalng Into Havana, abe found bers?lf ? oompany with another steamer. Ske proved to bo Iks blockade running eUamer Matagorda, from tiatvnatnn, l'exaa, with nine hundred and Ally bales of cotton "? board. Aa tile two veaseW wore pausing the Moro < asil* ? man 00 ooard tbe Matagorda held up a handlul of ? >tl<>o towarda Ike Honeysuckle, ending out derisively mot pro. r?nelr,"?iod damn you; you dlun'tgiit tbese nine hundrM and flfty baieel" Whfle in Havana tbe Union and ih* rebel veserla lay aa lovingly together aa a dog and a oat thai bad become accustomed to ouch otbnr. Another steamer, called the lsa',?ei. auppoaed to hav? aboumwve-i hundred balne on board, baa also got into Havana from (ialveaton. Among tbe vosaels that contrived to run tbe blorkad* of Malvnaton I* the I.ancantor. Mhe'was chi?>vl by ? largo steamer, and, aa she Aad not reached Hivana on the Ttb, it waa auppoaed ske had been captured. Two *h"t* were flred at the Matagorda, both of wklck took effect. 8ho eaoapod, however.

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