Newspaper of The New York Herald, 20 Mayıs 1864, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated 20 Mayıs 1864 Page 4
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NEW YORK HERALD. JA11U.1 tumOON BKNHBTti ?MVOK AND rKOrtUCTlNL orrtut x. w. cuuhKH or ivltox akb namau srs. Vol nmf XXIX 140 " AMUm;4EKT3 tills BVBXISO. XIBLO'S OAUUK-V Bro?d*eT.-BiL DaaOMld. WA1XACK 8 THKATBB. Broadway? Tui Wint W1NTKK OARDRN, |ir..?d??f-Tui?t or LkATB Max OLYMl'IC THRATBB. Biuadway -Hatam i? Pabis Vi rua-.mc :m< Kbaalb. KKVV BOWKKV IIIBATJU. Jk.wory -THi.?* Kas* Hsu ? I'OM AM* JIHT? MAl^-fA-LOl* AKB Ml'BuBB. HOWKRY' TIIRaTKK. Bowery? K?>-ai ? Jack Soar ?U-OiuM>oVwH?iii-rogi Lovms? home Imp. BARKUM'8 MrPBL'M. Broadway.? Two ftuim Two I>iiAi:r*. auwk Wu At 1* It, to.. At all bour*. Hklphk cub At .Ition 7Si R BBTA NTS' *i INS VRRL8, Mediante*' Halt. 472 Broad. ?way.-Kroiorun S.ino*, IUncbs. Bublkaviuh. Ac How aiim iiia HOOH-S MINRTKBCi II ALU 514 Broadwey.-BrniOPll* tCf-Ca. l'A?i KA. At ? ii A.Mir AM.1T BROADWAY T1IBATRR, 1S5 Broadway.? Enqmsb Tbasbb* ? AMERICAN THKATBB. No. 4U Broadway.? Ballbts. rA>roMtafcti. BtBLNSQi'Ka. Ac.? Niconuvi'*. BALOM DI ABOi.lQUH, 685 Broadway. ? Robbbj Hbllkk, 1RYINQ HAI.Li, living plaoe.? STBttEOrriCOW. HEW YORK MtlKKUM Of ANATOMY. 6I? Broalway - ?ittKIOsiTiK* AMI) Lutoue*. from 9 A.M. till 181*. M. HOOLKY'S OTKRA H0D8B, Brooklyn.? Ktsiomab f Of un. DaN.HS. ](Cli:.B?Q2*.i. Ac. WKTH HUPPLEMKNT. Rfw York, Friday, Hay SO. 186*. THK SITUATION. Up to aquirter past ten e'clock last night? the date ol Mr Stanton's last bulletin ? there was no official news from General Giaut or General Butler. Nat so with General ?Sherman, however. A despatch from bim, dated at two ?o'clock "yeelerday. announces that be had reached King elon, Ga between Homo and Atlanta, the former place being dow occupied l?y the division of General Davis, of tbe Fourteenth corps. General Sherman advanced upon tbe enemy yesterday ranrninft, and they retrea'ed before ?urn Hooker's and Howard's batteries were playing away upon Jul;.. gun's forces. Both armies were in sight of each other aV a point two miles oast or Kincslon. A goad deal of f vanishing aud artillery fighting was fnlng on yes'ei.lny .u Virginia, between tho Fi tb corps And tbe enemy o indent iiments. The Second corp3 had m skirmish and drove tbe enemy from his first line of works, neir Sjioltsv Ivauia Court House. It is evident thai the ilfhtinc was pretty heavy The rebels are strongly intrenched They have thrown tip additional worlcf duriog the interval of rest A vigorous attack by Genera! Grant's torces was in preparation yesterday. The news of a prcat battle may reach tic at any momoat. The roads :tc In good order, and the army and Its gene ral? in fire spirits. Our loss wns coo 'arable, amounting to eight hundred killed and wounded, or whom one fourth belonged to Burnside'* corps. Ths Corcoran Irish Legion foug i splendidly, and maintained their ground tlrm'y for over an bour under a hot fire. Tbeir commander, Colonel Matthew Murphy, and other field Officers were wour. led. \ Tho enemy were driven behind an Impregnable abattie, which rendered It necessary for our troof* to withdraw, which they did in good order amid a terrific Ore ot grape ?hot and bhell Guyner's 'station, on tbe Virpinla Railroad, wu occu pied by 'our scouts yo-terdnj , and alt telegraph apparatus and a quantity or ctorr* destroyed. It Is reported at rniro that tbe rebel General Kirby itaiib Is threatening fire Bluff, Jeflbrfoc pounty, on the Arkansas river, In strong force, but as the placs la well Cortifled no fears are entertained of his being able to take it. I ha Arkansas river is very high. If tbe enemy should succeed in crossing it tbey would do doubt cause us mu' b annoyance on W bite river, and attempt to in teroopt General Steele's communication up that stream. By an srrlrat from Key West we learn that the town t>f Tampa, on the west coast of Florida, and commanding Tampa Bay. bag be n captured by the Union forces. We give a map of tbe lay la aaother oolimn. The rebel pirate Florida was at Bermuda 0* tbe 12th ins*. C0NQBE8 3. To the Fonate ycsVerday, tbe Intnrnel Til Mil WW I reported by (be Fiusnoe Commit'.ec, with amendeaenta, and ordered to be ;>rinted A bill to ameod the act ap jirovM February 29, 1804, extending tbe time for tba withdrawal of f?od? id bond frun tbe warehoosaa to California, wat n-ji t>d. Tbe (xxnmutee <f Conference on the Army Appropriation bill made a report recommending that tbe Beaste it Mat on tbe amendment* thereto, and oak for another committee of c n'erenre, which waa agreed to. tbe bill organising tbe Territory of Montana war finally passed by a vote of tvrcnty tlx to thir'een, tbe ctauae giving the right of suffrage to negroes baring been struck out by a committee of conference on the aubjeot After ibe transaction of some out important business, th" Senate adjourned Id tbe nouse of' P.eprereutativoo the Jndisn Approprla lion bill was passed, all tbe amendment? of tbe roinmi| lee of tbe Whole bavin* beon concurred in, excepting '-os reducing tbe appropriation for the Sioux Indians of Mtnne ?ota. I be joint retoluiioo providing for tbe appointment of oommtsslonnre In order to effect a more perfect red proctty of t ade between tbe United States and the British provinces was mouldered, Mr. Pike, of Maine, advo cating, and Mr. Aiuoid.of HHnoh, opposing tbe abroga tion of the reciproriiy treaty; but no action wu taken on tbe subject. Ibe i ?mainder of tbe session waa occupied ta poraonal explanations by Messrs THvrae. of Masse Obuaette, at d T?an. of Misaouri, and Me*<?r* Meilory, of Kentucky, and Julian, of Indiana. Tbe two last men lloned abused each other m a >er/lively manner. MJBCKLLA1EOOS WSWB. Tbe OH-Piuhaki I'otl, of Vienna, atataa that a depot for tbe en liniment of sailors lor the Mexican navy is alxiat to be eatablisbed at Cbloggte, la tbe Golf of Veniae. Tba Emperor Maximilian baa expr eased a wish to procure a o umber of Veaet *n senmee for bis fleet. Ibe imperial ext-.|ustur of France baa beoe granted tc M. OaHottl, Consul for Mexico ta Parti Tbe Paris Prate annouoaas that tba Ragaoc y of Mexloc baa aant an agent to Paris te prncare an opera company and a number of be'let daaeers for tbe city af Mexico. Tbe Bueooe Aj res Standard of tbe 24tb of Marcb laal says that the revolution la tbe Baada Oriental atlll eon Uauea. They bsd oommenoed making tbe Boenoa Ayrea < I real Southern Railway Tbe Baca road baa also bean .ooa?m?.oed. It eaya that at laat aocoanta tba port waa crowded with shipping, and oooaequently freight* bad fallen te a very low tgnre. Hue meet waa very daH there Prom tbe previnoe of Cordova wo leara thai tba Indian* Invaded tbe departmeut of Ban Jus to on tba 1Mb of March laat Tbey had swept the whole ooontry before Cham, murdering about thirty persons, and not evee ?part?f tba oblldrea in tbo eradis TbeCordovaee govern ?eat la rary feeble, and docs ant exert Itaelf ta tba leaat towards reprtllag tbe Indian*. Tbe proceedloge la the Board of Oeunclipen yesterday ware latereetiog, although a number o? routine papers %ara disposed of. A r?Ml?Uoe was oflbred and laid over providing for tbe appointment of a committee of ?re as embers from each board to make arratipamenti for tbe celebration of the coming snnivoraary of our national independence, and appropriating ten thousand dollar* tberofhr Bta Heoor tbe Mayor sub. . -d a commuolc* tten , whiob be received from Oer Cr.mke, Cbeli mic <4 the K ia*a County Board of Ftipervlsors, relative to the condition of tbo families of voluoteera. It Is stated <hai ? great many famine* are Mtually suffer i ,,g for tba oommna ^ceaaariea of life la Br<x>klyn, lud, m toe beads of tboaa femlliea volunteered in plsroa where tbey dtd not r*Mda Oeneral Crook* suggest* tb?t iMt muw sbouid be Made u? relieve tba waa id of these suffering people, * rejOHimeadatiou wuloh Mayor ?Uuntber endorses tor. Webster slated that be Wuew of a case where a whole New York reglmaat re entered the service id Brooklyn A teeolutlon iu adopted re erring (be paper te the Committee as NattcMl Affaire, with la struct ions to report upon It aa eoon as iweeibte 1 be ordinance adopted by tbe Aidermea, appropriating five buudred thousand dollar* |e> aid of tbe families of voli.a tee: ( frotu thin city, ?u co*iourred Mi. Tbe Bawd ad jutirued till lloftaay. ll o body of Brigadier General Jamas 8. Wadswortta arrived in this olty about half past aeven o'clock laat evening, and was placed la the Governor'* Room, City Ball. Tt<e fur nral prooe- Ion will take plaoe this after noon at three o'clock, and the remain* will be taken otf loGenetieo, l.ivlnitBinn county, for lalermeot. The venerable Charles King, LL. D , for so many years President of Columbia College, ha* reeljraed , and tba Rev Dr Purnard, formerly or the Mississippi Ualvorsity, ha* been ohr*?o to nil the vacancy. Dr Barnard la aa Kptaoo pal-olorgy man, and was bora In Sheffield, Mass. Etli elee tion too k place yesterday, end ha haa already entered apou tbe duties of his new poaltlon. Mr. James Gay'er baa been appointed apeolal agent al large of the Tost Offloe Department, aa snccsssor to the l?ts Mr. J. Holbrook. Mr. Oayler had for aoma years past been Mr. Holbrook'* official assistant, aad will ooe tiuue tba publication of the United Stale* Mail, formerly conducted by Mr. Holbrook. The New Tork Woman's Infirmary Association Inaugu rated their new institution yesterday afternoon In tbe grounds ad jaccnl to the building, which have been secured for tbe purpose, on Washington Heights. Ber. Mr. Mllbarn and Judge Kdmond* delivered brief addressee, and prayer was offered by Rev. Mr 8toddard. Tba tooaUea I* woU adapted for the purpose, being aitnatad on aa elevated plateau, commanding a full view of the Hudson and Har lem rivers. Dr. Mitchell Is the attending physician. 7 be strike of the car drivers may be said to have tar minuted. Ibe drivers have agreed to yield something to tbe railroad companies, and have resumed work on the basis of eleven and a half hours dally labor. Some of the most violent of the driver* have bee* dismissed perma nently, the companies considering It tnoompntlMe with their proper aelf-re*pect to hare any dealing whatever with them. The pollee were taken off the Sixth and Seventh avenue cars and those of ths Cross-Town Railroad yostorday, aud tbe ears worn running as nsoal last nlgbt. The settlement of the trouble will afford general satis faction. Tba cane or tbe United States against Solomon Kohn Rtamm was resumed yseterday, before Judge Nelson, in the United States Circuit Court. Several witnesses swore that the bills upon which the aocased, as alleged, drew large sums from Um government, aad which purported to bear tholr signatures, were all gross forgeries. Tba defence will be opened tbis morning. In tbe General Pensions yesterday William Kupher was tried and convicted of stealing a number of hams from tbe store of Gbristiaa F. Raw, No. 637 Third avenuo He wns remanded fOr sentence George Bvans was triad on aa Indictment for manslaughter in causing tbs death of John Bell, by firing a pistol, tnflioting a wound which re suited in hi* death a mouth after the occurrence. The af fray occurred on tbe 26th of February laat , at a dance house In Water street, among a lot of sailors, who, it appeared, were remitted to go to sea before the papers reached the District Attorney's office. Lockwood, the barkeeper, testified that Bell stated Evans fired the pistol; but it appeared that Evans was Insensible at tbe time, suffering from a severe wound in tbe bead. Tbis illegal evidence wae ruled out by tbe Reoorder, whereupon Assistant Dis trict Attorney Stewart abandoned tbe prosecution, and tbo Jury promptly rendered a verdict of "not guilty.'' Tbe Gragl Jury presented a large batch of Indictments, aid were dischsrged from service, with the thanks of tbe Cour'. Later in tbe day tbe prisoners, on being ar raigned , pleaded "not guilty," and were remanded tor trial. Tbe trial of Giovanni Lagormarcsnl, charged with stealing- over four hundred dollars In gold and United Slatns Treasury notes from Micbaol LongiooUie, was cow jucod, and will be ecntlnued to-day. Tbe markets were quiet yesterday, as a general thing, and but little merchandise was placed. Imported goods were particularly quiet, and rcarcely anything was doae. Prices were entirely nominal, owing to the variations in tbe price of gold. Petroleum was quiet, tbe excitement having entirely subsided, and pricea favored the buyer. Cotton was buoyant and. firmer. On 'Change flour waa be. a 10c. dearer on shipping grades, anA firm tor all kinds Wheat was In some instances slightly hlghsr. Corn was steady aad quiet, and oats, rye and barley dull. Pork fully a dollar per barrel higher ; but at tbe close a portion of the advaaee had been lost. The basic ess was large, both Iter Immediate .aad future delivery, at higher i prices. Lard siso brought better prices, while beef aad ether provlsiooa were dull. Whiskey wss Arm. Freights were quiet bat firm. Billow In brisk demand at full prices. . Tkt Armjf mt tCe ^aTemiu? Bl|M ?f Active W?rk? flktrata la 0M>fU OclMg Ak?a?L ^ The latest authentic intelligence before us from the Army of the Potomac is thai oo Wednesday morning last there waa a close re connoi*sance male of the enemj's works ia force, followed ap by a heavy bombardment which lasted several hoars, and that at six P. M. "from the firing it is believed that the enemy are falling baok, as the soand becomes fainter." Whether there waa a general engage ment yesterday, or whether the day waa spent in feeling about in the woods for the strong and the weak points of the enemy's line, or in poshing after his retreating columns, we have yet to learn. General Grant, with the field cleared of the impediments of the late | eight days' straggle, and with the mod suffi ciently hardened for the movement of his artil lery, Vas ready for the resumption of active work, while the elaborate defences discovered on the other side indicate anything but a purpose to fall back, except at the point of the bayonet As General Grant, however, turned the ene my's formidable works at Mine run, we hare no doubt be baa Jone or will do in this case, and compel bim to fight outside, and so with all the supposed tremendous chain of rebel defences from Spottsylrania Court House on to Richmond. However extensive tbey may be, un'.esa they stretch across an, impregnable line, from the Chesapeake Bay to the Bine Ridge, a distance of two hundred mttee, they can be turned, right or left, ot on either side. But Sberidaa'a late raid proves that this supposed chain of fortified positions between Lee and Ricbinond does not exist, and doubtless for the simple reason that it would have been a waste of time and labor to build them. The half dozen rive* between Lee and Richmond may afford cach some tern porary protection to a beaten and retreating army, but only sufficient at best, against the army, tactics and strategy ot General Grant, to escape into tbo rebel capital. Hard fighting is the only alternative loft to Lee. The Richmond Examintr aptly says of General Grant's campaign in Vinginia, "if he wins bore, be wins everything. The war might continue, the Confederates might possibly sur vire (a little while longer); but if Virginia is lost, tbo preseat Confederate organisation will I not probably survive." In other words. If Lee's army is driven out of Virginia or broken up in its efforts to save Richmond, the f>tri? confederacy is at ao ond. Hence ?w the last energies of UiO rebellion ^ he ^opt^tralcU in Leq'e army, tbe government abould concentrate every man that can be spared from efery oilier quarter in the Arm/ of tbe Potomac. To strengthen it to the fullest extent tbe available organised Militia of the Central States should be called at once to the defenoea of Washington, in order to relieve the veterans still on duty therein for aetive service In the front. We expect la the course of tbe day good news from General Grant Meaa'time tbe in telllgence from Gensral Sherman is or the moot cheering character. At the rate at which be is* advancing be will soon be absolute muster of tbe situation in Georgia, and la a condi tion to detail a heavy column into South or North Carolina, or up tbe Tennessee Railroad, into the rear of Riebmond, and- upon the last remaining depots of supplies of General Lee. The isU aparioai ProeiaMsUsn-i Rebel Otvlc* to Bwbullt Joka Bali. It may be difficult to unravel tbe mystery wblob shelters the guilty parties directly con oerned in uttering the late spurious proclama tion; but aa to the character of its contriver*, and tbe objects aimed at, there oan be no mystery whatever. The .formidable military combinations ef General Grant, and tbe heavy blows wbiob he has already given the rebellion, East and Went, since tbe opening of this cam paign, promise tbe speedy subjugation of Jeff. Davis, and a ruinous decline at oaoe of tbe slippery stock of. the so-called "Confederate cotton loan" In London. This aforesaid proclamation was, therefore, designed to be run into London ahead of the authentic news of our late military operations, to give s momentary lift to said "Confederate loan," whereby tbe initiated rebel Jeremy Diddlers would fill their pookets at tbe expense of credulous Joba BuM, and leave blm to the consoling reflection that "a fool and his money are soon parted." Tbat there is an organised gang of rebel emissaries, speculators and Bohemians in Lon don, in Paris and in New York, all playing into each other's bands; we have bad abun dant evidence furnished us In tbat delectable rebel correspondence found on board certain blockade runners captured off Wilmington, N. C., last winter, and published in the Herald of tbe 17th of last January. For instance, in a letter from the facetious C. A. L. Lamar, familiarly known among his fellows as Cbarlio Lamar, to bis father, G. B. Lamar, at Savannah, Ga., this promising chip of tbe old block, under the date of Paris, September 16, 1863, says:? "I am engaged in a number of speculations ? cot ton, Confederate loan and powder. ? ? ? I have made some $5,000 on cotton; am ar ranging to purchase $200,000 of gold in New York? Governor Foote, Bowers and self. Gulon is to borrow tbe greenbacks in New York, buy tbe gold and ship it to England; we then draw sterling, which is sold in New York for greenbacks, pay up what we owe, and tbe balance will be profit. It will go, I tbink, . to 200. Such speculations help us, and our governmeixt, too (Jeff. Davis); and it helps to I break their currency." Tbe dte closure* of this correspondence re sulted in tbe capture of some of "Charlie's" speculating confederates in this city; but we here no doubt that tbeir places have since been amply supplied by others. We apprehend, too, that there is new, and 'has been for some tine past, an Industrious clique of oopperb eads co operating with "Charlie" and his rebel Jggtbgl b9If ?gd }SSS. 3k ffr* tola tnslness of kespfag themselves and Jeff. Davis la tbefr ap pointed work of breaking down the nation el currency. Tbe copperhead joAnals of this city, whether they share in the profits or not, are oertaialy doing all be could deeire to for ward tbe diabolical speculative scheme* of this aprig of Southern chivalry , Lamar. We dare say that no revolutionary troubles of any nation, of any age, on the fhoe of this globe, bas ever turned leoee upon the world a ?ore numerous horde of reckless vagabonds and loafers than this Southern rebellion. The captured rebel correspondence alluded to shows that hi England, Paris and New York their name Is legion, and that, beggarly vagrants as they are, they talk of their oontracts for steamefs, iron-clads and gold operations, borrowing all the time, as glibly as if they owned tbe Bank of England. John Bull, too, the vlstlm of a credulity that is perfectly incomprehensible, is fleeeed and swindled by these sharpers to any extent. His numerous bankruptcies, resulting from bis silly ventures with these rebel confidence operators, have shaken his faith a little; but it will not surprise us if, In due time, we hear that there have been found stockjobbers in London who hare taken tbe bait of this aforesaid proclama tion, in spite of the conclusive accompanying evidence thet it Is a swindling forgery. It comes, no doubt, from the same mint as tbe spurious papef lately issued to the world as the official report of the rebel 8eeretary of tbe Navy, and the late correspondence purport ing to be between Earl Russell, Lord Lyons and Jeff. Davis. We may congratulate the country, at all events, that at last we have had an experiment which knock* the whole system of these vtllanous rebel fabrications In the head. Pickpockets ot Wai.i. Stkfet.? People who visit Wall street are spt to imagine that tbe only dangers to be encountered there are from the bulls and bears. This is a mistake, as they will learn to their cost. Wall street is fuH of pickpockets, both of ths manipulative and speculative order. Thrrs are street operators to be encountered at every corner who will help themselves not merely to the contents of one's pocketbook, but to the pocketbook itself. Dally we hear'of losses there which argoe but sMght watchfulness on tbe part of tbe police. It was only yesterday that Mr. Charles Duggin, the architect, was eased of three United States five-twenty six per cent bonds for a thousand dollars each, whilst walking from William street towards the Post Office. A boy came up to him crying an extra, and bs put the bonds, which he bad been csrrying in his band, in one of his side pockets, in order to pay for it. On looking for tbem again he found tb* some nimble fingered passer by bad helped himself to them. They will be no good to the tblef, as tbe num bers are fortunately known, and payment bas been stopped. It msy be as well to add that they are numbered seoeessively 36, MO, 36,6*1, 30,?K2. Tliey will of oourse be restored to the owner; but tbe fact may serve ss a warning to others. No one should enter this dangerous looality without bavin# all his senses about him It Is one of tbnfte place * In whlob a msn. would be sin * to l"''.vc Vu? if Oit* * if? nn^'U-'ng to gut 4M living ot totfUt A lew Holy Mapoleoa tit* Konmltr or lk? (?Irtgai! By the Persia we receive two days later news from Europe. Tbere are important move ments oh foot tltere. Tie Rus*>iau government has concentrated an army of sixty tbcmaand men at the mouth of the Danube j Austria has massed an army upon the frontiers of Serbia, and Turkey increases her forces in the Rou melia to one hundred and fifty thousand. To add to the uneasinoas caused throughout Ku rope by these warlike measures, and the fact that but little is hoped from the con ference in London towards the settlement of the Danish war, oomes an allocution from his Holiness Pius IX., whioh must be termed a bit ter attack upon t he-Czar of Russia; in fact, it is an Incentive to all Catholics te combine against Alexander. Coming at snob a time, tbere oan be bat little doubt that this alloeoiien was in spired by the Emperor of the French, and that it Is in .furtherance of his plana for pitting the Latin raoe against all others, with the wild idea of Its ultimate supremacy. The course punned on this continent by France against Mexico, and that of Spain against Pern, are other developments of the holy alliance. In 1622 a similar alliance was denounoed by England, and gave rise to the now celebrated Monroe doctrine. In the English Parliament Canning made a moet telling speech against the presumptuous idea that the Latin raoes could rule the world, and the government of this oonntry fully adopted the doctrine that Enrope should not rale on this continent Time has rolled on, and still thisjambitlous idea of a pos sible supremacy of the Latin race is enter tained. The Emperor of the French, a man of unbounded ambition and unscrupulous polioy, sees in the troubles of this country and of Russia an opportunity to push forward his pet scheme, ind be has done so, as far a* we are concerned, with a show of success. He has in stigated the Pope's attack upon the Cwir that he might be assured of the alltanoe and assist ance of all Catholic Powers when he shall un dertake to supplant Russia in the last. His plans are well laid, and will be carried out boldly. This none can doubt. Under his guidance the new holy alliance in Europe will be powerful. On this continent Napoleon will find it alto gether a different matter. Occupied now In suppressing the rebellion, we cannot pay at- * tentfon to the intrigue of France, who usurps Mexico with apparent impunity. But this is a temporary security. We have now reaohed that point in the struggle between the North and South which must terminate in the defeat of the latter and a consequent peace. Then, with a powerful army and an immense navy ready for immediate servTce, we shall be at leisure to devote to this Mox'rnn question an amount of attention which shall soon settle the fate of the Latin raco on this continent and vindicate the Monroe doctrine. Napoleon should be warned in time, and not bring upon himself the immense power of the reunited peo ple of America. His plans may succeed in Eu rope; in this country they can but fail. Tit* Rebellion? The Impossibility of Its Success? The Effect of tht Wsr aid Our History. The success of the rebellion would be iden tical with the destruction of the United States an a nation. The Southern leaden have ex cited Empathy in Europe, and even in our own cities, by clamorous misrepresentations of their cause, in which they have pictured tl em selves as a people ijnocentfj desirous #f ^erer Isj ? national association that was nd longer agreeable, and of fanning ? government for them selves witbont injury to us. But it is as well known to thosi leaders as it is to our peo ple that such a statement of their cause is false. We know well enough that such a division of the oountry as the Southern States propose will bring about other divisions. If the South goes, it owns the mouth of the Mississippi, and -the West must go with that river. In this way the great territorial fabric that stretches across the continent from ocean to ocean would crumble away piece by piece. The first division is vital, and the territory oecnpied by the Southern States is a geographical necessity to us. Not only can the Southern 8tates not go out of this Union and leave it with out injury to us, but the downfall of our government might justly be dated from the hour in which wo made a peace with the 8onthern States that acknowledged their de ' parture. We, therefore, are not fighting to keep in the Union so many unwilling States, as the European journals and the Southern leaders state it, but we are fighting the great battle for our national existence. Our people understand this clearly, and this ,is what has made the ultimate sucoees of the rebellion an impossibility from the first From the eommeneement there spread over the whole oountry the intuitive perception that this strug gle was one of self-defence? a struggle to keep alive, a struggle against elements that sought to destroy the nation? and that therefore we must fight tt through till the last It was this peroeption that originated those great im pnlsss of the people which arrayed such num bers of men in arms that, after all who have fallen in battle, there are yet a million equipped, and drilled and ready to fight It la this perception, now grown into s distinct conviction, that sustains and nerves the oountry, and that will inevitably carry us onward to the great success. It la this that will render it impossible for us to foil while there Is a dollar or a man left. We have had our btuoders, and Win have more. These are a ne oesnary part of national history. They belong more especially to free governments, where am bitious men can rusk readily into positions of truut and hold them until It Is made painfully apparent that they most be replaced by better men. We must have as fow mors blunders ss may be, and therefore wo must be turner eifol to blunderers. Banks has keen already removM for what took plaoe In Louisiana, and Slgel most bo removed for what has keen done is the Shenandoah Yalley. Grant has no confidence in Slgel; but the politicians Insisted that Sigsl mnat be kept there, on account of "the German element;" for the Germans oan vote magnifi cently. So Grant sent Ord out to see that Sigel should not blunder too greatly. 8igel,how ever, maaaged to send Ord to Wheeling, and wont ahead and blundered to his heart's con tent But there ra\ftt be no more of that, and the oountry now requires that no consideration or tenderness toward individuals should be permitted to stand In the way of our oause perhaps the 'last great battle that we may have to fight against the rebellion Is in progress J now. Wo ba^e ny fear for the result The life of ' ? u.ilioij 14 coucenUitled u? i-poU^ji ranis county, Virginia ? It Is la Law*! tray ? even km Lee. If ever any nu wti a attien, if ever Louis XIV. vm Krwaee, Lee is Ike rebellion. Both sides in the 'great straggle ere Adequately represented south of the R&p'dan, end there the "lew of natural selection" is la opera lion on e grand scale. It is as inevitable as fate, as Inevitable as any great event in the life of n nation can be, that the people who are best flitted to live and thrive in the world, as it now la, will prevail In that battle; and beyond all question we are that people. There the rebellion hi to fight with its intense strength, and there we mnsfr fight with, our utmost strength also. If the fight is to last for an other eight days, we most keep our army equal te it. There and wherever else It may be necessary we must marshal now all our power. For, though the result be oertaln, yet we may hasten it, and the mere freely and the more readily and earnestly the people support the government now the less time will it take to put down the rebellion and end the war. Let ms have the end nt onoe. The Reeeat blawla Meeting? A Gather, lag ef Use GHowls. The Llnooln meeting at the Cooper Institute last Friday evening was one of the most dis graoeful exhibitions of human depravity ever witnessed te this wicked world. It was a gathering of ghouls, vul tares, hyenas and other feeder* upon carrion, for the purpose of sur feiting themselves upon the slaughter of the recent battles. We remember nothing like it in the history of politics. The great ghoul at Washington, who authorised the meeting, and the little ghouls and vultures who conducted it, have suooeeded la completely disgusting the people of this eountry, and have damaged them selves irretrievably. In the midst of the terrible confllota of the past three weeks, while thousands of lives were being sacrificed for the national cause, aud while every patriotic man was watching with intense and anxious interest the painful pro gress of events, these ghouls thought only of Lincoln's renomination, the control of the Baltimore Convention and their own chance* for petty offices. At the sound of the cannon which was to. decide the fate ot the country these ghouls hurried down from the mountains, these vultures flocked from the . plains, these hyenas sneaked out of their holes, to feast upon the bodies of the slain and gorge themselves with the best blood of the land. They met in horrible Conclave in the Cooper Institute, and* proceeded to dig up the graves of our soldiers, to tear open the wounds of the wounded, to riot amid carnage and make themselves fat with. gore. There was Clay Smith, the Kentucky ghoul, and Oglesby, the military ghoul, and Arnold the Congressional ghoul, and Spencer, the legal ghoul. These were the orators of the meeting, and they all devoted themsolves to praising Lincoln, the great Presidential ghoul, and advocating his renomination and re-election. Their arguments were corpses. Their rhetoric was b'.ood. Their similes were drawn from death and wounds. Their logic was, that because Lincoln had killed so many moo be ought to be allowed another term to kill as many more. They cared nothing for the country, for the nation, for tho Union; but they rejoiced in carnage, becauso they hoped it would advance tbeir fortunes, and they gloated over the red river of blood, because they hoped that It would float them into power agajn. We repeat that so disgraceful and dis gusting an exhibition is nowhere chronicled in history of politics before. It is without a * ? -1 . L rjr 9K--*- > * P ' parallel or foaip&rlson, ana we lack words to stigmatise it as it deserves. If Lincoln's re-election were not Impossi ble; if the blunders be has committed end the criminalities for which be ls?respensibl? had not placed him ont of the Presidential ring; if tbe people bad not long ago decided that General Grant is to be our next President, this ghoul-like meeting would alone destroy bis oliances and render bis defeat a foregone oon elusion. Tbe trick of claiming credit for car nage and trying to make capital out of whole sale slaughter was too transparent and too boldly played. In ancient times tbe ghouls stole slyly to their abominable festivals at midnight, by the pale glimmer of tbe sickly moon; but these modern ghouls parade them selves in open day. advertise their purpose in tbe dally papers, and gather publicly In a ball lit with the blaze of gaslights, as if anxious to be universally abhorred and despised. Tbe head ghoa) at Washington . had not secse enough to forbid tbe meeting. Tbe ghouls and vultures here bad not sense enough to postpone it With brazen faces they confronted an au dience whose friends and relatives they were about to devour, and begged for a longer lease of powor. Conld the force of unblushing de pravity much I . 'her go? We anticipate .bat this meeting of political ghouls will alienate from Lincoln every honest man who bas hitherto been deluded into sup porting him. Through tbe action of the Cleveland Convention it will completely ex-, tinguiah tbe proposed convention at Baltimore. Tbe nominee of the Cleveland Convention bae been already sclectcd, not by politicians, but by events. General Grant, wbo baa hitherto saved tbe country, is tbe only man who can govern it for tbe next fonr years, and settle all the vexed questions which inrround the per manent suppression of tbe re be! Hon. For this work Lincoln has shown bhnself an incom petent, during tbe present administration, as be bas shown bhneelf destitute of any senti ment, any feeling, any judgment, by indulging in vulgar Jokes at tbe mo?t solemn crisis of oar history, and countenancing a gathering of po litical vultures while oar arrtee were actually engaged with those of Jeff. Dsrvta lor tbe moat desperate and decisive battles of tbe war. Wo hope to see at Cleveland m immense assem blage of tbe people of all political creeds, ac tuated by one patriotic Impulse. Many of tbe leading repubMeune ia tbe State will bo (tore. All tbe anti-Weed republicans will attend la a body. Tbe democrats will bo represented by their best and purest leaders, and by tfcMI%84l of tbe rank and file. Indued, there ffteml W boa strong disposition among deMffttl to make Grant their candidate. Nov Is the time for Tnmsanny Hall to folBl her pledges. Let democrats and republicans unite upon some ' snob ticket as Grant and Fremont, and Lincoln and bis ghouls will be annihilated in advance of an election Cat.!, Ort* mx M turn. ?Although tbe World * report tftiat the President has called for four hundred thonsand men is a forgery, yet we ! hop* that be will soon onli out on# hundred thousand of our orgaaiaed militia to awiJt in reinforcing our armies Buch a coll wUl do noiiam anil waj 4o much good Wooui?ot make victory to? an, nor havs too BUf soldiers in tho idd. Omujit ??> Gotkxxok Bbtmoob.? Poor Greeiejr complains that Governor Bejmoor has dono DoMilng to reinforoe our armies. Lot Greeley read the back file* of the Hiuu for news. Ho will find that ailitia regiments are now garrisoning the forts in our harbor, thos freeing the regulars, who ere now with Grant, and that militia regiments now garrison our arsenals. Rathon?'8 Ecloot or Linoota'.? Tbe modem Abelard bas found his lieloise. She wears trowsers and lives in the White Ilonae. See the Chevalier Raymond's "History of the Admin istration." Th? War Bktween Spaim and Per a? More work for our veterans when this civil war is over. ? The Monroe dootrine will thou settle all these difficulties. THE BOGUS PROCLAMATION. ?Mltomst In the City? The Journal of Commerce anil World Sttll Held by the Military, At, The announcement la yesterday's Hkralb thai the offices Of I be World and Journal c f Oommtrot had been taken posse?urn of by the military, in obedience te er ders from Washington, caused quite aa excitement throughout the city yesterday. Crowds gathered about the buildings of the suppressed journals from an earty boar Is the morning, and remained pretty stoadlly throughout the whole day. Soldiers kept a strict guard, and refused to let people pass up or down stairs without first exaotteg a full statement of the business, to., that carried them 'to the place. Even Mr. James T. Brady, unconditionally loyal aa he Is, was challenged by one off the soldiers on presenting himself at the door of the building No 37 Park row, on oae of the floors of whtoh hi* office is located. The office ef the Independent Telegraph Line, lo Jfaseu street, opposite the Post Office, war bold possession of bjr the military, In the same way m the offices or the VPertd and Journal if Ovmmtrt*. We have received the follow ing communication from the Secretary of the line : ? TO rnc KTTTOR OF TUB HSRAt.O. Oman or m Iwiwwvpknt I,m* or Tkl?irawi,> 2fl Namui* Strkkt. Nrw Yokr, May, 19, 1884. J Will you kindly publish the -tollowinz In your morniss edition? The follow lag telegram best just been received at this office Wasiiinctow. D. U.. Mar 19. IMt ? Myself and the operators here huve been teleated. I have tnat been to seethe SecrotAry of War nnd tbe 1'rnai 'eat. and evprct the Itne and operator* will bn rel?*Ked to-mnr row I shall bare an Interview with tlie 1'reaident to- tear row morning. J. N WOKL, M.taager, Aa The President of this comrany and one of the directors aro on their w:iy to Washigton, :>nd will have an Inter view with President Lincoln and tbe Fecretary of War to-m rrow. Ihi3 line lias to-day been under military iiUt'veillane*, and no business lias beon allowed to pass over our wires; but we expect that to-morrow's inter riew with the president and Secretary ol War will fully exonerate this company from all complicity In tho bo?os proclamation, and all ceusuro. and that Ihe government -will permit us to promptly transact our ro?u'.ar business. S1IAS C. HAY, Secretary of the Independent Liue c> Telegraph. Tho names of the persons arrested on Wednaeday night at tbe office ef this telegraph coinpauy , an4 sent t? Vert I.sfayotte, aro ns lollfws ? Mr. W. Inning, Manager, Messrs. A. N Aiding, J. W. FUh, R. V. Edwards, B. V. Johnson. additional RKWARD OKPSKBD. Tbe following pai?r was put in circulation yesterday, aiid received many signatures ? N?r Tort, May 10, IBM. In order to induce and* facilitate an exposure to de served public cootcin|>t and to brin^ to proper punish ment tho author or authors a: a the promulgators (It knowing it? faulty) of ttiecrnoi and Infamous fraud at tbe document purporting to be a pr?el?" ?tlon of the President of the United state*, dated the 17th Inst ,' and appearing in the World and Ju a! of Cvmm--rct the next day, wo, tho m;h?crlbe.ra, ajre? respectively to pay, on requeet. into tbe hands of tbe United Mates Pistrtot Attorney for the Southern district of Now York. the sums pet ooposite our nam?<i, as a fund to be paid asd d sir.biued by him In hi.< dl* -Hon, accor*'ng to Indi vidual merit, as rewards fur *uch useful a..d authentic evidence and in'ormation as sh ill lead to the ooovlltlon and public expoeure of tbe author or authors .or SMh wicked promulgators of tbe document referred to, asdte he an paid nnd distributed In proportionate susss aw te the Judyinont or aald District Attorney shall be equitable. It was expected all day yesterday that as order wee id be received from Washington re'easleg the WeH4 and Journal of Ctmrn rc* from miHtary surveillance; but up to a very late -hour nothing of the kind oaae over tbe lines. rivv hundred Mllasb sswasd orriMB s * MARSH 1 1 K9RRAT. f tilted Mates Marshal Murray has oAred a reward s t five hundred dollars to tbe rerson who delivered the bogus proclamation to tbe aowspaper officers, tf he wUI make hlsoself known ? Uxitsb Status Marshal's Orrcu,) Somnmn P MSinr or Nsw York. V NswYoas.Msy 19,1804. ) I am authorized to pay tbe aum of fire bundrod dollars to tbe peraon who delivered the manifold copies of the '??bogus proclamation" to the newspaper press on the morning of tbe l<ttb Inst. I am also authorized to guar antee him .protect toe from anv actios at law in the ssat ter against himself. Information may be Isft at tbe Mar shal's office, 41 Chambers street. ROOT. MURRAY, United States Marshal. Til* MMMthiHlll Rtpakllcu Stat* OMTtatlM. fihbt afpbabancb or wbxdbix phtimts? mis crrosiTiox to thb fbminnt? ?r. lixcolm w BOMID BT THB NKKTINO, BTC. IVurrow, Nijr 19, IBM. The R?pnhllean ?im Convention met In Tramont Tern plo to day, and anlrcted Governor Andrew, Ateaaudar H. Bullock, William Ciaflln and Jam* T. RoMmiiii aa gatea al Urge to the National Convention at Baltimore. Wendell l'bllllpa mad* bit Oral appearance to>d*p t? * political convention, and apoao at lengtb In oppcaltioB to I bo ronominatiou of Abraham Lincoln. The voice of tba Convention, however, was emphatic ally a?eioai bim, aa* tf.a ioUowiDrf resolution *ai adopted bp a unanlarovo Tul?:? Kea< lved, Thai the Integrity, flrmroa^ wfodom and li imnnilv eshlblfod by the. rrealdent of ttw United Ptatea during tha three rear* of hu edminieiraitoe. entitle hlaa to the cordial am! continued anpport of the people of the retivb'iio, and thai at the prenent time no person la co fully con: men led by experierc* and pflr*nni?t character to oar onnoldoratlon aa a candidate for the .exl Prealdeney a* Abrabnm Lttcotn. The metropolitan Fair. TO TIM BBtTOR OP Til* BRIU&O. I lend you the following atatement lllaatraltwa of bow certain matter* bar* been managed In Ihe 8an tary Pair? I aent aa a rtonat Ion- one copy ear h of my publication#, healda# aa ancient bonk, which wa< a great literary aa wall m a great antiquarian ourioeitv, namely, the Wurfea of Mnnyana the Areopagll*, a fireo.ian phile^phar who waa, aa tradition hath it, oon verted to tba l .brj*tl*a re ligion by M. Paul during bb aojurn In Athou. Tb< ' hutia volume waa bonnd in tba moat lubit mtial manner with oakea hoard* and bog akin cover, printed In black latter, and at??r other In a beautiful atata of preeervaiion and printed only about iWtv Ova yaara n'ter tha tn-?n<ion of printing, mukini the volume three hundred and alxty twa year* old. Vile curKMity.waa forwarded to the Pair bp expreaa and a receipt waa returned to the effect that it Bad bean de livered. NotwtthataeOtng many inqatriee have heea made a beat One book. It ha* never, aiace tba dallvary, bean aeoa nor beard of . WILLIAM OOW a WB, lur i, 1804 lis Mmaa atraat. The Prtai IhaMr Or*yhe?hd A BeMaa. Boarois. Map 10, IBM. Tba price ?learner Greyhound, captured off Wiirriac too, arrived hare tbla afttraoca TaeAamoaa rebel ?pp. Belle Boyd , la a paaaengjr. AaAOBwr w Kmc, Baoonnr ? The Engliah aper* troupe, ?enikMag of Madame Borchard, Mia* May*, Mr. fa. Caatle, Mr. Campbell . Mr. B. Segtiin and an oMciaak chorua and orchestra, willlppcar In Brooklyn aa Moadap aext la ibo favorite opera of Fra Plavolo, their eeg?ge aaeat being limited M two algbu only when thir appear B the kaeftra citiea Mb. abb Mm. Raamr Wiuubb a? m Baoacuw tc*. Mrr or Mraro? Theea ciavar aM original imperaon a tore or I risk aad Yankee character* take thalr Joint Weaoflt and hid rarawal to their Brooklyn frlandB tbla a reatng . The afcaple anpouaoemeBt la aoeugh to ait tba Academy, aa It baa been on aaoh ot thalr performaBcaa. T?,ey cioaa the preeent eaaeon to-morraw la M?w I la van, And thea ratira to tbair welt earned auaamer rrtrea* Court Calendar? Thle Hay, S'tubbb Pmirr ? Cracrrr. ?Part 1? (Our* open* al ela ; van a. M.' Short r.aa#a.? Itoa. 10M. MM, 1??, 2MS. 1 1108, WM4, *m. HU, MM, Mli Pari 3-1* I mane (treat. Cm act opena at ten A. M. Mot. Mt, 4/H, yA. >V ffMjJIII, 15,a, w0' ' TM, 1M, Ml, lMt, 11M 1*88, M8, 4?. S'-raaroB o.onr? fiuai. iaaa.? Part ?? ?Maa. M>, ttll, 4MB, 4806, HOT, OOtt, all, *?1?. **'*. < ??? tf!?1 , *m. 48?, 459T, ?8M, ?6l, ' 4Un'm 4BIT, M40, 488! . 88<?, 46K8, ??T, 8?l "to 4MT <?>?. fiT, 48TI 4IT8. USI tMi. '4848, MB, <.M?, ^ 3---Noa. rtn, mt, mi, MM, *m, f#M, MM. M?fc 4l?i. Tart t8*4 IBM,

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