Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 16, 1864, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 16, 1864 Page 4
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FEW YORK HERALD. JAJUI UUlllMMr BEHHITt MM AMD nOl'KBT0& ?rnoa n, v. co um or m-row and nabbau m. Wolnme XXIX N*. 196 ABtSBBBNTB THIS BTEMINOL BIBIXTB QABDBM, Broadvray.-Sn or lorn. WiLUOI'S THRATRR. Broadway.? T?? Wurnw Boit. , OLTMl'IO THBaTSB. Broadway. ?Bsslisb Oriii 0MA l?ur?w. 1 BBOADWAT THEATRE, Broadway.? Fbuicb 8rr? Daru.a Good Joaa. MBW BOWBBT THEATER. Btnrr-BuirrA Fu>h(ioi tms uasAt? Lima Skbtinbi. BARBUNS MUSE I'M. Broadwaj.-Tiro Uum Two PwAsra. Aiaiaoe. Wiai la It. Ac., a: <ul Lour*. Ma ?DU-AI U A. M , 3 and 7\ t. M WOOD'S BIMRTRBL HALL, 514 Broadway.? BtntonAB StoWOa. Dajiou. Ac. --Who Stolb hi iaki-kt Hah. CABMKLL MIN9TRBLB. 1W and SH Bownrv. ? Vabibd Amd bauiTiHu Miuim or Kimarux Odimtibs. BBV MM mnOH or AWATOBT. fI8 Broadway. #UMamn am* Lioidhu from 9 A. M. Oil 1U P. B BOOLni OPBBA BOUSE. Brooklyn.? Btaiortui HHaltowa. ?mij^ovbb. Be. " n - ' ? . ' ' *?w Tark, lal?HUjr, Jaly 16, 1M*. THB ?1TUATIOK. The rebels appoar to have entirely vanished from the lN*t of Waahingtoo. Our troops war* following them Sfeatarday, bavlng crossed at Edwarda' ferry, But thara Is no acooont of an/ conflict. Trains wora board ran BJag on the Orange and Alexandria Railroad daring tbe 4*7 up towards Manassas. It was supposed that Earl/ and Breckinridge were carrying off a portion of their plunder In that direction. It la now de ?tad that the rebels had at an/ time possession of any part of the fortifications of Washington, aa at first re ported. Tbe militia recently called out for the defence of the capital were mustered out of service yeaterday, their a? tauaoi being no longer needed. General Grant, although not making an y aerlous democstraticns at present against Petersburg, is working away gedulooaly with tbe spade, throwing up euch fortifications aa must ultimately prove not only Im pregnable agalnat aasanlt, but all powerful In reducing the city. Tbe rebels fired upon tbe steamers George Weens and United States, from a field battery, near Wilson's landing, ea Thursday Tbe former had a portion of her atom knocked off and three shota passed through the latter. Oeoeral Sheridan baa gone on another raid, tbe object o C which It would not be proper to state. We learn by deepatcbea from Saa Francisco that official la formation has been received at Quay mas, Mexico, of a oooaplraey to ealaa one or more or tbe steamers oa tbe ooast for privateers, and that a part/ has been seat (Tom the South for that porpoee. The persodfe indicated are Bald io be at G us/mas, where steps hare been taken to ?beck thrm. Tbe America* Oooeal at St. John, N B , baa notified , the Governor of Maine that a email gang of Southern emigrants tort Bt. Ma Wednesday night to commit de predations on the frontiers of Maine. Wo lean from the Nashville Union of tbe lttb that Oeoeral Sherman's forces bad driven back the rebels and were than in (root of the fortifications at Atlanta. EUBOPKA.M VEWB. The steamship Caledonia, from Glasgow on tho 6th of July , i*a*ed Cape Race yesterday morning oo bar voyae to New York. Her m*i, which is three days later, has been tslegrapbed to the Hmui v, sod is published tn our oolumos this morning. Mr. L> israelii want of confidence motion against the Palmer stoe government bad ho en adjourned. The United States frigate Niagara bad been ordered from Antwerp to Cherbourg. It wm said that the prlra tear Flor.da was outside of Cherbourg watching tbe Koaissrgn. Two officers of the Kearsarge were enteruined at a public breakfast bjr the Union Americans in London on the Fourth of July. Tbe Germans wore employed in erecticg batteries st Mlddleport, oppmte Funeo. Tbe Swedish sqssdron bn.i j received orders to put to sea immedistelr. 1 be blockade of Dantzic and Pil au was re-establlsbed by;tbe Danes, and tbe lighthouses were to be extinguished under certaiu contingencies Napoleon was about to go to Vichy from Footainebleau. Tbe Kvora of Madrid officially contradicts a(report or tbe prevatooco of distarbaoces tn tbe provinces of Spain. The financial >nd commercial reports of the Calodoola bat e not come to band. MISCELLANEOUS IXTTi Une of tbe most destructive conflagrations we bare bad (or a long time occurred yesterday in Brooklyn, at the foot of Joraicmon street. Tho fire originated in a warehouse occupied by Messrs. Jackson k Woodruff, which was tiled wltb infiammnbe goods or every description, consisting of nitrate of sods, I'jsse, petroleum, be. As tbe fire communicated to tbe nltratn of soda terrific exploeiota occurred, which slarm ed tbe wbeie city, and caused considerable damage for bioeks nroswd, tearing down o? II logs, smashing to win dows, sad in ons instance demolishing one side of a building n quarter of a mile off. The fire raged furiously for several boors destroying a vast amount of property, ?i*4, as tbe sxploaiooa followed infquick succession , reo *?'-? it extremely dangerous for any one in the vicinity, ?rvsral nremeo and arorkmon were more or less Injured; bnt ao one - ?- 'Jled lbe Are also comrasol cited to eeveral veaoeie lyttg - ^^.doct , which could n?t to* got out la time; but on ail b.ftv. .. atmm w#r# ei'lnguisbed befbre much damage wsT ~ _ Helena, a Hamburg brig, wse totally oonsu*. Tim skipping was to imminent danger, but, owing to tbe assistance given by the luge and otbnr boms, escaped the t.ireatened ganger Tbe gr safest coociernaiioo pro Tailed, and many ooeflicitog rumors were act afloat about the " ? frigate being oo fire and tiring into the city, n rebel gunboat abaiiing it, be., but tbe facta, though bad enough, would not bear then out. Tbe loee la set! m atcS tn be about one million doUara, part of which la ooversd by inauianoe, though not all. The s'*?tset crndH la lie to the fireman and barber police foe thn mv tng property." i? mbAfHug tbe flam ea nod . ? vam. oontnlnlng between eight an* hundred rebel prisoners, on their way to Elm Ira, jr y , cnaae M ool Helen wltb a?ml train betwoea Inckawaxeu' aod Sbnheln, Pt. , yesterday eftnrnoon , killing and wo and log i hundred persona Tbe ateambonls & t. Dix, Cher?t-?, ? ? ILt 0, gew , flenshlns and Northerner, with thou wert dsntroyed by fli? at St. IasIs yeetordsy afternoon ' n. ms m properly In ostMsoted at half a million of d utters We hove h tie Of papers from Monrovia, dated at liberie an tbe ?U sf April. There la no newt of la *?*eot. Comma ndnr Bsnedwt. of the Llbertnn navy, who nommanded (be war vessel (Just) tn her encounter n fow renrs etoos wltb s Spoaiah et earner, died of dysentery at Kobertspnrt. Intbecnseof the people vs. Amor J. Williamson, an option la which was to bave been rendered to day by Judge Uraiy , tbe docisbin at tbe request of counsel, was pntpoaed till Toss (ley nan . to the oase or tbe l otted Sutas against Isaac Boeder l,u N?vy Aireot, r barged with fronds upon tbe gov srnment, sfter s full beer leg Oommlaaionor Osbors, ??fore whom tbe tram nation was beld, yesterday com mined tbe accused .or trial Judgn Barnard, la ttupreme Court, chambers, yesterday, rei dered a decision oc a return made by lbs warden of ?ke Ot, Prison, on a writ of bsboaa oorpns to sbsw ennss Wby be detained In custody W. H jIM, u, the effect ?hat ton warden of the City Prtaon bad no right to reoelve or retain n prisoner of the tnlted Elates Tbe return WbS therefore bsid issnfflclent, tbe return setting fnrtb the* lease wns bold by tbe wnrrant of tailed WUs IMbMn rray as s blookads runner and prisoner of wm ChVbarotaJ aihlrs wnrs stilt unsettled y ester dsy, tbe front dentine In gnld having essrtod a ooa trolling is ?MUft. Kvorything In tbo domestic calendar waa lower, fcnft nerMaslarie ?<>meetle produce the sowulalors i>?tn? I 0B*rljr ooraared fw wast of funds I* oparals. Petroleum ?u dttH, i?4 Much loww, M dobIuL Ok 'Ckufi ibere m quit* * pule, aad all the loading staptoa war# materially loww Pork declined |ei|tptr bbl., Boor tic. aft, *bMt 10c a ssoc.. lard lc. a to , ui whlakay 6c a 8c All otttar articled operated la vara nora or .an aft Freight* vara Qrm. with a fair business. Lee'i Laal Failar?-Oar Opportaallf We bar a at length some deflaite particulars of the invasion of Maryland, in which it can be seen that Its real objeot was the capture of the national capital. It was made by a column at least thirty thousand strong, and very prob ably stronger still, under the command of Gen. Early. His infantry was commanded by Gen. Breckinridge and bis cavalry by Gen. Ransom. He was well supplied with artillery. Crossing the Potomac at different points, the various parts of the column were to move on converg ing lines so as to ooncentrate at Frederick, or between that and Washington, and at onoe ad vance against the oity. The resistanoe at the Monocacy, perhaps, compelled the concentra tion there of a larger force than was intended, and so delayed the advance. Hurrying on, after this delay, the enemy approached the capital in several lines. He hoped to storm the de fences on Sunday might, but perhaps could not get in position in time. He then arranged to storm them the next day, but en that day dis covered the Greek cross of the glorious Sixth corps in the forts, and, concluding that he could net sterm such forts, held by such men, he hur ried away, the rebel soldiers, who bad been promised the possession of Washington, literally cursing that they had marched three hundred mile* for nothing. General Lee has thus made a desperate at tempt to relieve Richmond and his own lines from the steady pressure made by Gen. Grant, and his attempt has ended in complete failure. Many advantages to the rebellion were doubt less contemplated by the projectors of tbis invasion. Plunder and cattle and horses were some of these advantages. We know that the rebel cavalry ba? lately been lamentably ineffi cient for want of horses, and it is likely that a large part of tbe foot force lately in Maryland was dismounted cavalry, whioh made itself effective by the capture of horses at every *tep of tbe way. Cut the great and main advan tage hoped for was the diversion of the Army of the Potomac from Richmond. Lee's earnest hope was that a dashing threat against Washing ton would so operate on the fears of the adminis tration that tbe whole army would be withdrawn from tbe James, and thus the war be at once transferred from the neighborhood of his capital to the neighborhood of ours. Or, if not the whole army, he at least hoped that so much of it would be turned away that the remainder would not be able to hold Grant's position against an im pe tuous assault. But Washington has been held against this advance, and the rebel oolumn compelled to retreat, without any material change in the state of affairs on the James. Grant still stands there? still presses tightly ths throat of the confederacy; and, though men were sent by him to Washington, they did not so reduce his strength that Lee dared venture an assault. Much ruin has been spread through a rich agricultural country by this advance; but it has not in any way weakened our main army or broken the force of our offensive operations against ths rebel capital. It has weakened the force entrusted with tbe defence of that capital. Whatever tbe strength of the rebel column was, supposing it now to receive no further barm from us, it will return to Richmond minus one third that strength, lost in battle and by desertion. It will return rich in horses and much needed cattle and in small supplies, but defeated, and with out having accomplished the real object for which it set out It may make the empty boast that it went as close to the defences of Wash- | Ington as Grant Is to those of Petersburg; but it could not stay there. Broken and worn out by an awtully hard service, it will return to 6nd that its hard labor has been useless, that Grant is still there, and Richmond as bard pressed ns ever. Its arrival under such circumstances will deepen the gloom that is already settling on tbe , Richmond people. But nil this is supposing that its present line of march will lead it safely into Richmond. There Is at least a fair probability that It will not, and that Lee will have even more to griove over than the defeat of this column. General Early, to cross the Potomac, must move some distance north of Washington, and, having crossed the rivsr, he must then march the same distance southward to be only opposite Wash ington on the other aide of the river. Our troops, crossing at Washington, can thus reach a point opposite that city in either the Bull run or the Shenandoah valley before the rebels can. In other words we hare Interior lines on which to operate against a retreating enemy, and if we make proper use of these lines Kat ly'.i eolumn may be destroyed entirely. There is " Th2 10 hop< tlu* lt wi" . v', -ot hour furntahee the grand oppor z&z&as* L-r b,;r i. virjioi, ..J man is once more going ahead ; he" ^ last stage to Atlanta, and Johnston b used rf? fnMMd des]>erately in Virginia, the enemy has just tried a last and meet desperate resource to love his vital point ef that pressure, but has trie* u, Ta{Q. He Is weak, exhausted, dis heartened, demoralised under that failure, and a great blow given new must finish him com pletely. w? know not what General Grant may do to take advantage of this failure of the enemy? whether He wm ? this ra?*'ug eolumn on Its return, or badly eNpple in its absence the body left behind. But the govern ment has it In its power to administer a blow that, in coqjunotion with what any be done by General Grant, will destroy the rebellion be yond hope. If It ean have the magnanimity to call McCiellan to the o^pltnl now, his name will give it a n<'W arniv of a tmudred thousand mt?n, and, operating fn conjunction with General Grant on t??e noitb side of Rloh mond, or wherever General Grant might de sire, he could with tuat farce flniah in the pres ent year a war that otherwise will linger on perhaps through three years more. Tnr Nomine** Insurrectionists.- Jake Thompson, fceorg. Ssnders, 'Colorado Jewett and other peace men are working on the other side of the Canada line to assist Vallandigbam, the Woods, Tom Seymonr and other peaoe men on this side the Canada lioe in their schemes to start a Northern insurrection In the Chicago Convention, just as they started a Souther a insurrection In the CbarlMiton Convention I Tk? Ur?k< CiUb of tk? Coaatrf?Hr. FcMeadtn la W?U ItnU. Mr. Fe??endeQ, the new Secretary of the Treasury, has been for several days negotiating I with oar city banks for aa immediate loan of fifty millions of dollars to meet the argent necessities of the government. No definite arrangement, however, has yet been agreed upon, and some days may yet elapse before Mr. Pessenden can report a rescue from his embarrassments. The plaa of relief suggested by our local banks embraces the proposition that they be made the depositories of this loan instead of those experimental sad conflicting institutions known as national banks. Upon this point 1 the shoe pinches. But if Mr. Fessenden cannot be persuaded that the interests of the Treasury can be best subserved by some reasonable con cessions to our looal banks, we apprehend that his mission will prove a failure. It cannot be expected that our State banks, representing the substantial wealth of the country, will agree to accommodate the Treasury with fifty millions to-day and fifty millions to-morrow if these advances are to be used to the prejudice of said banks in building up those rival insti tatisas, the national banks, which are supposed to be aiming at the complete absorption of the banking business of the country. In a word, oar local tfanks are ready to assist the Trea sury; but they are not prepared to assist in their own destruction. We hope, therefore, that the jnstfce ot the propositions made to Mr. Fessenden from our city banks will be recognised without fur ther unprofitable chaffering. In this matter, however, we have but one of several diffi culties that he must meet and overcome in order to secure the needful ways and means for a war expenditure of a thousand millions a year. The legacy left him by his predecessor is, indeed, a thankless burden. The political ambition of Mr. Chase has brought the Treasury to the verge of the dark abyss of bankruptcy. His promises, in the outset, that the rebellion would be speedily suppressed were so fully believed that he had only to ask for one hun dred and fifty millions from the New York batiks in order to obtain the money. But, in stead of laboring faithfully to redeem his promises, he labored to protract the war; to tule the administration and the army; to secure more loans of money; to inflate the currency, and to cheat the country with a show of finan cial prosperity, upon which he might ride over all competitors into the Presidency. His reck less ambition has been bis own ruin, and from the burdens of his follies and blunders Mr. Fessenden can be relieved only by a compre hensive system of reforms. As the malign influences of Mr. Chase extended to the army, the navy, and to every leading man and measure, in every department, connected with the general policy of the administration , and the question of the succession, so-jfar must the needful remedies be applied. Mr. Chase was the implacable Marplot of the Cabinet, to whose selfish in trigues more than to all other causes we may attribute the breaking up of the well considered military plans and combinations of General McClellan, and, fiually, his retirement from aotire service. The blunders of the War Office, nnder Secretary Stanton, and the drowsy in competency of Gideon Welles, served the politi cal purposes of Mr. Chase In protracting the war, and In thu9 making the bead of the Trea sury, as he supposed, absolute master of the Cabinet and the succession, in being master over the State banks, the capitalists of the country and the whole finanoial situation. Mr. Fessenden, then, must be relieved of the whole budget of Chase's blunders before he can ex pect to reach tbe solution of his financial difficulties. Our banku and money lenders wank to know when this war is to end. They want some visible evidences that It will be shortly finished. They mnst be convinced that there will be no more rebel invasions of Maryland, and no withdrawal of Grant's army from the James river, except through Ricbmend. Mr. Fcssen deo, in support of his financial requisitions upon our banks and capitalists, must give them these collateral securities. Mr. Lincoln, for Mr. Fessenden, can do it. Let him announce to the country that a new military department, to be called tbe Department of Washington, bat been created; that General MeClellan has been appointed to command it; that one hun dred thousand three montlis volunteers will be acoepted to serve under him, and Mr. Fessen den will at once begin to see daylight. Let the President next remodel his Cabinet, and make it a unit of harmonious, able and ex perienced men, each in tbe bvninees assigned him, and tbe Secretary of the Treasury, like Atlas, will be strong enough to bear the world upon bis shoulders. Give tbe bank" and the country these as surances tLat the^war will be speedily ended, and the Treasury and tbe administration will at onoe be saved. The Qt irkki. in thx Uktoh Leaovk Camf.? We publish elsewhere an expone of the pro ceedings of tbe Union I<eague organisation, with numerous dodges, tricks and schemes of tbe managers of that organ! xatien, which we com ?^pnd to the attention of our political renders, ceedlnjfe^ ? sequel to considerable of the pro and eriminatiea*obUo,ul P*rtJ? tb# *ran8,*# bibltions of dirty Unit ? characteristic feature of the ,uch a time past. It Is evident that the radical10"* Weed wing of the republican party have jnfc now got tall ooatrol of the Union League organisation of this State, and that it Is being ran in opposition to the Weed interests, and is even threatening the repudiation ot Mr. Lincoln as a Presidential candidate. In fact, it will bo seen that his nomination was flatly repudiated by the State Council prior to the assembling of tbe Baltimore Convention; and even to this day several of tbe leeal councils have refused to endorse his nomination. This, talr?n In con nection with tbe (bet that many of the leaders and those In high position In tbe league organisation are planning and worklag for tbe nomination of soms person at Chicago of un doubted record, with the little light between the two wings of the party in this city, presents an Interesting and net very flattering feature for Old Abe in the Presidential raoe. Put Powk nm Rectujok? If President Lin coln wants to put down tbe rebellion by next fall, let him give General MoCMlaa the oom mend of a new levy of one hundred and fifty thousand mm to aid General Grant The mm will volunteer If Modelled Is given n com mand; and with this auxiliary force the war will he nvar before Thauknrlvlnc Day r Tin Truth or Hjbtoby. ? We understand that Greeley anticipate* a large sale of hie his tor/ of the rebellion, end hepee thet tbie book will re trie re hie rained fortunes. But If hie history is net more fair, more honeet, more cendid end mere truthful then hie Tribune paragraphs about IfcOlellan, he will make little fame or fortune out of it We do not remember a more mean, con temptible end thoroughly dastardly article than the review of McClellan's Weet Point oration la yesterday's Tribune. McClellau is one of our purest and loftiest patriots, and his noble Indifference under the storm of abuse and slander with wbioh 'he is assailed marks him as one of the greatest men of the age. In his Weet Point oration he said what was pre cisely true, and he said it most eloquently. After reading that speech we can all understand why his soldiers lore him, and why no base malice has been able to deprive him of his hold upon the hearts of the people. The abolition agitators did oause the rebel lion at the South; for they gave the rebel leaders the only pretext they needed to Ore the South ern people and drag them into oivll war. The fire-eaters tried to raise a rebellion on the tariff question; but the people would not revolt. Then Greeley, Garrison and the other aboll tiooists deliberately set to work to drive the South Out of the Union. This has been con fessed by Greeley, by* Garrison and by Wendell Phillips, all of whom were original dfeusion iats. Greeley wrote the first article in favor of secession that appeared in a Northern paper. Wendell Phillips delivered the first speeoh in favor of the rebel confederacy from a Northern rostrum. Garrison declared that he trampled upon the infamous constitution. The rebel leaders simply took advantage of the ut terances of these abolitionists to ooax and frighten the people of the South into treason. They used the weapons with wbioh Northern fanatics supplied them. They employed the arguments which Greeley and his colleagues furnished them. They worked in ooncert with the abolitionists, and for the same traitorous end. When South Carolina seceded Greeley and Wendell Phillips raised howls of joy, which were only silenced by fears of the consequences when Northern patriots began to arm themselves against the rebels. This, wo assert, is the ezaot truth of history. If Greeley's history asserts anything different it is a false and lying book, and if General McClellan is abused for stating these facts be is abused for speaking the 'ruth, and Greeley knows it. A French Conspiracy Aoainst Opr Govbbn | ment. ? Ever since the commencement of the rebellion a French journal published in this city has made itself the mouthpiece and organ of the traitors of the South. Pro tected by the laws of this government, the journal in question has done aH in its power to iojnre and destroy the Union. It has fabricated the most unfavorable news for the European publio, and at one time published a European edition which con tained naught but the grossest misrepresenta tions of our affairs. These statements were made use of bj foreign journals to warp pnblic opinion against us; were cited as news taken from "an American journal," and certainly did us a deal ef mischief, as in all slanders there remains something uncontradicted. The French government, with the view of injuring this oountry, fostered the journal we are speaking ef, making ita editors members of the Legion of Honor, and otherwise distinguishing them for their "defenoe of French Interests on this side ef the Atlantic." The French journal published here has from the first done all in its power to nphold Napoleon's scheme of subvert ing the government of Mexioo, and at this very momont one of its chief editors is in the suite of Maximilian as honorary member of his Im perial Council, and has received the Cross of Guadalupe -the new Mexican decoration. Under his position as editor of the Fronch journal published here, this person sends out a "Programme of the Mexican Empire" ? has it printed here and distributed here; while, to add to these inimical efforts against our administration, the journal publishes each day articles filled with malicious aid false views of the occurrences of the day, all of which will be reproduced in Europe as taken from "an American journal." It surely ie time that the hostile efforts of this Frenoh organ be stopped. We have traitors and fools enough among us as it is to injure our govern ment, without submitting to the additional misrepresentations of there Frenoh people, who receive from Napoleon rewards to incite tbem against us. The government may, if K choose*, submit to the espionage of the persons sent by the Emperor of the French to dog the pro* ceedlngs of our arm es; but it should not tole rate the constant malignity of this New York French journal. There cao exist no doubt that, were the oases changed, and we were to attempt the publication in Paris of an American journal which should seek to sub vert the imperial government, U wonld be sup pressed without hesitation. Ikcindiabt Pap*b?.~ The Nttcs, the World and other Incendiary papers am continually talking about peaoe movements at the Went By peace movements they simply mean insuf reetionary movement. Napoleon's Pijls rot a Monarchy on this Conn?n>T not Owoinai.?Iu another portion of this Journal wo publish an interesting docu ?^yit en the "Mexicen Monarchy Muddle," emnlre en? conc,H*lT?,7 that the plan of an n^oiow. wr*Sri"*ji^,v,!2 phitipp. ..a . v. r-"" rl v b, Bovrboni iSftSSS the plan of a vast preponderance to be obtained on this continent by Fraaoe and Spain. King doms and empires were to be made out of tb< Southern and Central American republics at veil as Mexico. The plea was a very grand one. Seduced by Its varied attractions, Napo leon, aided by Spaia, It endeavoring to carry it out; but In this he has counted without the people of tbie country, and as n result must Ml. It will be seen by the extracts contained in the article referred to that In 1948 Senator John A. Dfx understood this European plan to subvert the weaker governments on thin con tinent, and that be openly denounced the soheme. We call particular attention to the mrpon made in this article. Tscs Paten OoNvmrrro*.? This concern ought to meet at Detroit, In order to be near the Cannda border, where George Sanders and Jake Thompson sojourn. Ton have changed the time ef mooting; ?ow clmtce the tin*. Taa CoNnuamjiTiOM in Brookltk Yiwrna oiT. ? ? fearful conflagration, attended ^ith ft Iom of property Amounting to nearly, IT not over, ft million of dollar*, and producing ? consternation almost unparalleled in the com munity, occurred in Brooklyn yesterday, the particulars of which are given in another column. Great fires are not uncommon in large cities; but the character of this disaster is peculiar, and affords a serious warning to our governing bodies ? both the Legislature and the Common Council ? of the necessity of prohibiting the storage of explosive materials within the limits of a populous city. In this case large quantities of saltpetre and nitrate of soda were stored in the warehouses which were consumed. Terrible explosions took plaoe at intervals, tearing the buildings to pieces, shaking to their foundations houses all around the neighborhood, shattering windows and sashes at a distance of several blooks, and setting fire to the shipping at the piers. Fortunately? and we might almost say miraculously ? no lives were sacrificed, as far as we know; but it would be almost impossi ble to exaggerate the?soene of terror which pre vailed in the vicinity of the fire. Families abandoned their hoOM, some oarryinf off their Airnlture, and others seeking only to preserve their lives. The gallant firemen were in some instances struck down by falling fragments whiohhad been fl ing high into the air, and nothing but the utmost daring sustained them while remaining at their posts. Now the moral to be drawn from this catastro phe is plain. Stringent ordlnanoes should b? passed prohibiting the storage of dangerous combustibles, such as saltpetre, gunpowder, nitrate of soda or fireworks, within the limits of this city or Brooklyn; and we trust that the lesson of yesterday will lead to such a result Colorado Jbwett. ? We have received a tele gram from this Individual, stating that he is at Niagara Falls, drinking gin cocktails and talk ing peace with George Sanders, the rebel agent, and Jake Thompson, the Secretary of the Interior under Buchanan, who allowed Floyd to steal the Indian bonfr. Jewett says we are all wrong on the war question, and volunteers to come on and set us right. He had much better stay where he is; for if he comes here he will certainly be shut up in Fort Lafayette. Why don't he reopen his cor respondence with his old friend Greeley? Peack Men.? George Sanders says that he Is in favor of peace. He is a fair representative of the peace men. They all want the same kind of peace that he does. TmUmmIsI to Qcnirsl NeOltllM from Oilman* or Detroit? A (Jatou* and Costly OUt-lk? PrtMBUtloa mm* Cor rMM?4?ae(, Ac. [From tba I)?troli Free Press, July 14.] During the continuation of the Sanitary Fair la Naw York, aad while the award conteat waa >a progress, a a umber of too admirers or tutor Oeoarai George I). McClailan la Uia city wleMamy cnutributad (be oum of four hundred dollars toward that n ember of votes in favor or tba hero of Aiidetam and tbe Poomeula. Tfcta sum, although a mere drop la the Imeket compared wHk the general contributions from tbo state and elty of Mew York, waa neverthelee* (bo largeat oontrlbuUoa for warded from any city or town la (bo Waat. It scarcely required tbti erldaaco to prove (bat Detroit is aound to tbo oora, where democratic principles aad correa pond log merit la ooaoaraad. Tba blatory of (be award ooa(es( la so familiar to (be public (bat any reference (a it here would be superfluous. No aao for a moment dare queatlou that although It may bare bean created In a proper, charitable aad patriotic spirit. U eaded la oorruptlao, that greenback*, not, principle; expediency, aot boaor, won the victory. Shortly alter the result became known, a number of our patriotic aad liberal minded citlseas, deetroae of pro tecting General MoClellaa wltn a token of their apprecia tion aud respect , adopted a very tasteful and elegant me thod of expressing their deelrea upon a sutondid sheet of Bristol board, a very beaatlful and original oesigo, repre senting the "pomp aod clrcutnstsnco of glorioua war," waa painted la aa artietlc maaaer by Mr. Schnbert, of the firm of Schubert k Beyer, of this city. Immediately above the oe ntre a correct likeness of General McC kalian waa Inserted, the figure being surrounded by a laurel wreath with warlike Impteaonio partially displayed la the circle. la tba immediate centre a beautiful scroll was sxecated lo oil colore, Inside whicli waa tbo preseo tattoo iaacriptloa, and beneath wore the names of the Conors of the beautiful girt. A well executed representa tion or the arms of the State of Michigan, surrounded by camp soon os, completed me bottom ol the picture, with toe exception of the bordering. lbe illuminated border war a most perfect specimen of a work of art. A moat elaborately executed national de sign, draped with national and other the whole sur mounted by a spread eagle, was supported upon Gothic pillars Inlaid with gold. Kaclrciiug tbeee pillars were scrolls of ribbon, upon whlc'i tbo names of tbe battles In walch the hero bad participated were Inscribed, fir twos* tbe wreaths, the principal features of tbe Oeneral's de spatches were written with the |*a ; to finely were they inscribed that it required tbo art ot a magnify >ng glaas to decipher tbe words. This portion of the work was per formed by our worthy City 1rea*jrer, A. A. Rabincau. Ksq., wbo deserves the hlghrst praise for tbe care and atteutK a ha bestowed upoa it, aa well as tbe artutlo fla ish ot the work. Tbe sheet waa l hen placed uooa a background of su perb bine velvet, (ringed with silver braid, which gave tbe whole ao app?ar*ace of great beauty aad finish. A magnificent pearl aad sliver mounted opera glasa, de signed for Mrs. McClellan, wns added to tbe girt and railed up la the testimonial, llieoe were clssped by a broad silver bead, wltb aa elegantly curved buckle and slide, aad cuaeed wltb taareL Oa tbe upper aide, loaide aa engraved paiel. were tbe words:? ?' ft* Major Geaeral George B McClellan, rrom the citiaeas of Detroit, April ?, IBM." Tbe sliver bend and opera glsaa were Iran tba establishment of M A. Smith, or Ibis city, aod tbe former waa designed ex pressly lor tbe occssloa. It l? needless to aay it was or tbe ususl excellence or that geotieman's m an u lec ture. The whole was eacliood in a beautiful roeewood box, of admirable workmanship, tionnd with ivory bands and inlaid wltb atara ef tbe aauti mstsrlaL This com plete 1 tbe aalque aad graceful testissonial, aad tbe origi nators aad those who perfected it muat feel highly gran dad wltb tbe tasnair la which It was carried out. Ibis baadseme gift was committed to tbe oharge of Mr. A. A. Rabineau, by whom it waa to be delivered la psraoa. While la New York, Mr. It. ecctdeotslly met the Geaeral, sad smbrsciog tba opportunity , preeented tbe testimonial Tbe ccoasion waa a particularly happy one. aad tbe racepuaa waa much more cordial aad agreeable to both than if delivered 1a a formal manner. Tbe Gene ral wag extremely delighted with the tokea of regard Irom his fr leads la tbo West, and remarked that bo valued It much More highly fbsa the sword Itself. Not blag could sxosed the kitdoesa with which Mr. Kablaeau waa received by the illustrious aoldier, who would act, for a moment, part with lbe gift, but took it bom# In lilt The follow leg letter, from his Honor, the Mayor, oa be half of himself aad tbe donors, wss forwarded to tbo Geaeral a few days ouhoequeat to the departure of Mr. Rabiamn ? Ctrv or Dsraotr, Maros'a Orrics, Jane 17, I Ml Major Oeaeral Oeoeas ? l'? a* *in-ha?log been, as we believe, uajnatly deprived of the grattdeatiea of securing your euesass in the awerd vote, at the sanitary Fair ia New Vork, by the laterforeaeo M lbe governmeat officials, and eonriaeed that youaotaally received tbe largset proportion or the boneet votes of tsat eaterprse, I beg leave, oa behalf of a portion of our cfti rens. to forward to you a copy of a paper psepaied at a few hours' notlos on that oraWea. la Itself of Utile value. It may aerre to remind you sf their uebouaded rcepect for tour military aktll, aad their adnira tieo for thedevot en er vour heari le too sacred eeuee of enr common reuatry. They amUl ted ao better llluotiallea than tlie tceoee of rotr e*a batlita, aad the manly le ?i?tehes and patriotic sentiments they bare called fmth f rom ? onr owa pan. May lbe "st ire r bead ' or "true democracy ' bold together the scattered end S rldod pertloaa ef ibo Co on; the oakea wreath be lie pi> dge or streagih, and the laurel erowo the brow of him wee ia the peept*'* rhotae 'O 'sad to vietorjr la tbo momeateua eim.fto wnleh la now before na 1 am, sir, very reapeottuiiy end traly rnura, ? K. O. bArkkR, Mavor of Doire I. 00 Tuesday the Mayor rot-el red an sutograen letter mm ia. ii.??| of which tbe following la a copy, the letter le creditable alia* la ha bead aad heart, aad Is characteristic of the am. Ia N there is no attempt to ttorlly blmieil for past deeds, nor murmur at the cruel treatment be has received from bis eoemiee: ? _ Onarnis, Daw Jbs*iv, July I, IW4 Hon K. C. Baaira. Ma/or ef Detroit ? Mr Ota a dia-Ybur tied letier ef the iTth J arte rsacbed ineoaiy jrmenlat: l'?t I rfslrfil some <ie> a alone, at the bands or Mr. Rabiaeaa tbe beauiirul tostlmonlsi to which It rsfora. 1 bog vou will raoetve fbr youreolf. sad ooe*ey to tbe oilier gentlemen eeoceraod. my stature and beat tf Ml tiiaaks for ibis me>t haudsome end weloo me evidence of T.2 well nnaieMod with tbe result of lite neatest to whleh you refer, especially as it bss beeu the mrsne ef brtaglag to my atleittea the fact thai I poe-essed so rasnr and sucfi warra frleads la Detroit. I shall preserve ihie souveslr with rare aad pride, aad shall aerer loos at it w thout being reminded that there are ibinxs mors desira ble thaa mere sueoees; aad I hare mueh to del* render mr self worthy ef the eenadeaoe you eatertaia la sa<\ With tbe renewed aad alaeore exprtasiea of my grateful appre aiallea ef this rsry bsantlfel girt, as wail aa ef the too kind terms la which It le ooareyed to me, aad with my earnest wishes fee the eeatiaaed presasrHr ef your whole otty, 1 Army. The Little Brl| Vlelea Ipebts. Mnotov, July II, IMA Ao little brig YMoa, Am Mow York for Inadoa, wsa , My ?, sa tbo asrtbsaot part of George *a Baak by i ef BiiMtlif. Ibo captala of tbo Mtrwa ? was tba ar?eitea? vesagi braver enaka, ?EW8 ntOM WA8?lK a? W 48(11X01051, Julf II,,,"**''' FIMANOIAIi M4TTUKI. ' Thd potloy of |be now Secret* ry of the Treasury m i* nrtoitltf Mm currency I* nettled by clrenmntanods b^' yoed his control The further iseue of Treasury ooiee ? a nooaoslty under ousting circumstances. No choice to toft. Thto MNMlijr to a legacy bequeathed by Qla pre 'aceaeor, from which there to no escape. The opinion prevail* that If Mr. Chaae la iWl had urged upou Ooa gress the peesage of ? revenue Mil, auch aa he asked iw? years later, the p*ua debia ooiWd have been pa* without laautaf mora than three haadred millions of legal tenders daring the war. Such was tha policy of Mr. Pl?? during the Napoleonic war, from 17IH to 18M; and, uadar ha toloeaea, during tha aighteea years suspension of apeoto payment, the htghoat premium attained tar gold vaa only forty-one per ceat. At tbs commencement of the war Mr. Chase, probably in fluenced by Presidential aspirations, declared that tha people would not submit to taxation, and srea deferred the eoltootioa of the twenty selllton tax aa property Imposed br Congress la July, 1MI. Before he had beoooae aroused to the alarming ooaditioa of our fineness and tha fatal error of his polioy, the exponese of tha war during the three years ending June 80, ISM, had reached twa than aaad millions, of which nearly two thlrda had to be raleed by paper money la some aha pa, and tha real by Loaaa, comparatively little baring been realised from re venae. Henoe tha rent rolume of currency depredated by M own greatness aad the Immense rise la gold, prortaione, olo|hlag and all materials. To avoid taxation, Mr. Chaae Issued various descriptions of paper meaey, which, being a floating currenoy, U aaade little diflbrenoe whetbet It was Interest bearing or nou-tntereet beerlag ? inoe It waa used la the payment of debts aad thl purchase of supplies. It to, therefore, oonsidered thai the imposition of additional taxes aad the oontracttoa el the currency now would not only do no good, bat inerta ably lead to financial rata. The only question to be Bat tled at present la whether the further issue of currenoy necessary for tha proaeoatloa of the war ahull bear later eat or aot. It to animated that by tha middle af thto month tha circulation of the national banks will resoh over half a million a day. It la argued that thla circulation and the additional issue of Treasury aotea will soon rollers the stringency or the money market aad attract oonveraloaa Into government bonds, it la doubtful, however, whether long gold Interest bearing bonds wta again be offered to the public. THS BSBSL PBISOKSU OP Yll. Threo'tAous nd rebel prisoners, in addition to thoee al ready forwarded to New York, are to be aant from Point Lookout to Dmira. The depot for prisoners at the latter plaoe will aooommodate about eight theuaaad. Tne stoppage of exohaagae, aad the exteaalre aad protracted military operations, cauae a very heavy aooumnlatlen eg priooners, of whom we now hold between fifty aad alxty thousand, w.lch number la weekly largely I acre as ad. The robela hold about half that number of Union prta. OMTSe TBI FIFTH WISCONSIN OOIMO HOKg. The Fifth Wisconsin regiment, Oolonei Allen, toerea Washington to-morrow for home, its term of serrtee baring expired. Thto regiment hsa participated In nearly every battle la which the Army of the Potomao baa been engaged, nod at Williamaburg waa complimented by General McClellan la person tar gallantry. The Colonel ha been woonded fenr times ? wloe at second Batl run, at Anttotam aad Kappa, bannock atatio i. The regiment haa captured the oolora of the Fifty-ninth North Garoltaa at WlUlamaburg, fonr guns at Fredarloksburg and the whole of the Twanlf fifth Virgiala regiment nt tha Wilder noes. Ia tha taaeooa charge at Mappahaanesk atatlon thla regiment, with two ol barn, captured alxleea hundred prisoners* oowon gieaa of artillery and light alaal of enters. A aambsr hare retuti vss here, aad, aolwUhatandlag that Ma tana of osr rtoe had expired, to! ua tooted to fa late the dmaohsa O twelve hundred nnd eighty seen which it hag had la the field but one hundred aad twoaty-oae retard. TBI gixra maim a ooimo homo. The Sixth Maiae, which hsa beea attaehod to the aa? brigade, atoo goes bosao to- morrow. aTATiovaar com ibaot. Tha ooatraot for aupplylag statiansry to the Trssaary Depart meet end all lla bnrenua tar the ensuing year ha* been awarded to Philp k Solomon, of this oity. FonaiON ooNWLd aaoooMiaaa. The Proaldsat has reoognised Glerannl Lulgi A vssassn aa rioo corneal of Italy at New Tor*, aad H. Ctousoenloa aa oooanl of Pruasia at Chleage. For North Carolina Camp Hiltoa Head, a. 0., fbr Carolina aad Florida ; Camp Ttckiburg, Mis*. lor aippl, ud Quip Nahvlil*, Teaa , fair Georgia* ktM. B?|iUtlou fbr BNraiilai la (ki B?h*l Wubmiioi, July IS, IMi Regulations for reorelUag la tba rebel Btatee for Ik* loyal States havebeea Issued. 11 to pro t Id ad that r*> cruitlng a|?oti moat bare a lettar of sppotataaaat rroaa tba Stat* Executive, l he particular field or a Slate to whloh the agent to to operate to to be speoified la the tot ter of appoiatmsal- Kxperleooe baa torn that tbaae agenta sh?ald not be paid for each reorult, bat thai tbef should hare a fixed oompeeeatloa for their aerrtoee Oth er wtoe fraudulent practices mar be resorted to fer the pecuniary benefit of the agent, to lb* great practice ef tbe State and military aervlce. All recruiting ageata will be latjeet to the rules aad article* of war. It to mad* U>* daty of lb* commanding officer of aay department or dtotrtet, la whloh reoruittng ageata ope rate, aid of commanding officers of rendexrona, I* order back to hto State or arrest aad hold for trial, a* be aay deem beat, aay recruiting agent wh* aball oammit franda upon tb* govern meat or recruits, or who aball vWate th* lastructtoaa laeeed to go vera this recruitment er b* guilty of any offenoe agalnat military law. Mo man shall b* recruited who to already la th* mili tary aervloe aa a eoMier, lee? tor, toberer, galde, ho., or who % ee employed by the military aatherHtoe aa la be of imporuaoe t* mi lltary operal kma Recrui la proo?r*d la aooordanoa with th* eel qweted, most be d*lir*rsd by th* reoraltlag agente a* eae of the follow lag aamed readesroaa-.Tla: OampCaaay, Vasb ingtoa, D. 0. for Nortbaaat Virglala; camp near Fortress Monroe for Poutb**et Vlrgtola; Camp Mewbera, N. 0 , fbr Heath Missis Oeorglaaod Ala. Wben received at th* r*ad*sv**s II shall b* tb* duly of Ibe Called ritateo officer* there to bare tb* recruits pmmptly *xamin*d, aad, if acoeptad, to bar* Ibasa Im mediately mastered lata the Halted stales sorvtos, prop erly provided for aad *e*t I* tba raglm*ate fbr which they may have b*ea enlwted or aaslgaad, or I* sucb *ther reglmeala a* the eervtc* may reqelre. lb* afcrsesld r*ao*xvoos are rs*ar*ad as military pasta aad will b* oood acted aa aack under the immediate erdota of tb* War Deper I meat, as toaaad tkroogk th* AdjaMM Oeeeral'e office; bat ilsparlmiat aad army o*aoaaandera are desired to exeretoe a super v I* Km *ver them, ee oeoe Ing within tb* Hmita of their departMata, to make aay reiporta to tht* effie* oooc*mlag them whloh may bh d*em*d advisable. If II to deei red la pal aa/ of th* vetanasr reeraHa oader this ad lata Me ae*?toe aa oubetHota, before er eftar the draft, they moot b*seat wttaoet aipsaai t* tb* gov*ram**t by tb* reerottlhg ageat I* tb* dletrlci m which the priaclpal to enrolled, sad th*re b* mastered bs by tb* proved marshal, who will mm th* proper sab SllteUea paper*. II to ssade the daty of oocamaedlag offioara la sflord la recrui i leg ageata all each factlitie* ee they ceo prerlda without detriment I* the pabito eervloe, ead to prsisaS reoraltlag by nassthsrlasl parties. Mavra fraaa *aa. Oartta* Dssartmeal. Sr. Ucm, Jaly is, 1SS&. A despatch from Maooa to the hosSqearlors bora say* that HaatovUl*, Raadolph ooaaty, was robbed Ibis saera lag by gaertiias of fltfioo or SltS.SS*. Oas ehlsea was kitlad. General Curtis telegraph* from I**v*sworth that *ar foroee, oadsr Oetoaei Ferd, overtook a gaag af gaerlllea last *lght at Caaadoa. Ray county, end routed them, kill lag Sfte**, capturing a large *?mb*r af sra* ead lea kegs of powd*r. ?mala la (ha Park. Tne Park Oomrawslooers anaoune* tkat there will ha rn iialo at th* Park, aa tba Mail, this afternoon, o?sa meo dag a half-part four o'clock, by the Park Hard, nader the leadership of H. B. Dodworth, If the weather to fia*. Tb* fslieeteg is th* pmgmmass rear nasv. 1. Park Uarob ?. B. Po*?ertb % Overture?1 "ToCbeval P* Broere" Anber ? So*g? "Ever of Ttww" *...F flelt A. Quickstep? "JtpetkiM .....Koohkolier pabt aaooan. 1. Oraed March from the new oper* of "Cert?ge, ibo Queea of flabe" Oeaae* t. Overture to "Marlteaa" Waliao* g. Koesance of 1 Mu-ella" and PeNaoee irea the '*iias Seville' ' Haifa ?. Graad aetootlea from th* "Rugtieaota" Neyarbeer rear taiaa. 1. Plia Leaa* Medley .....H. to Bodworth 1 Dream of the Ooeea Wait* . ....fl'iagB *. Urand Qalek Marsh fr*a "Rrasnl" Vredt ?. "Weigh Beti" (latop Cu:>e*t Nattoaal Pot Pwrrt {?arnica.? The lr*a Seahlk sadsr gasbasl Maasna wl b* IssaaSsd Ibis mam lug, a eevea i^ito, fr >m th* yard ef Themes V. how lead . Osallasatal (f*a Wertoa, Creeasotol U, f

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