Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 20, 1864, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 20, 1864 Page 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALD. WHOLE NO. 10,168. NEW YORK, WEDNESDJ"S>' JULY 20, 1864. PRICE THREE CENTS. SHERMAN. Advance of Our Forces Upon Atlanta. Tie Rebel Comnnaicatleaf Between Itliatt end Richmond and Montgomery Destroyed. The Latest Rebel Account* from Atlanta, ton k?H a?* Hr. "W. P. G. Shanks* Despatch. Mibbttlus, July 10 ? A. V. Tbe report from. 'New York to I be effect that AUaeta has been occupied Is without foundation. There are all hinds of rumors regarding the evacuation of Atlanta by the enemy ; but -nothing lu known positively of this. WHf N TBS n\ ACVATIOX CCfMMKNrsn . One of the r*>ports-say that during the delay of General Sherman at Use river the enemy ban been enabled to get hts valuables sway ; but In opposition t) tbis it is well known that a'.i had "been sent |away weeks since to Au gnsta. The/evscwitlon of Atlanta really began several weeks ago., GENERAL ailCRMAN MOVIJCO. Generairshenacn yesterday moved out of hte works on the south side or the ChattahooeSee to attack Joe John atom's foices, If found in front or them, or occupy the ?hy in tbe event of his retreat. Nothing later than the teTorrnrtien that be had moved has been received bere; hwt 1 hope tomorrow to announce the occapetion of At UssHft. who wtll nro the wsws f Geceral Ktnrman wtll probably do th1o himself, by tietegvaph to the War Department. It Is telievea here | \hat during the halt at tbo Cbattaboocbee General Shor wan completely destroyed all rebel communications botwocu Atlanta and Richmond and Atieuta and Mont. Oemery. Vbe Washington Telegrams. W ashikotojt, July 10, MM. ?k>vermaent Is In reaeipt this morning of glorious news 'from Sherman. It is not news of battle, but something 'hotter. General gberman announces that on yesterday, having previously crossed the Chattahoochee, his whole army advanced flv? miles south ol? the river and crossed Fe*cbtr*e creek. This advance was made without any resistance from Johnston's army, except slight skirmishing with his Mar as Do retired. Ibis movement necessarily forces Johnston into the Men res of Atlasita, and places the city within range of -Sherman' guns. A despatch from an offlctal source confirms the state ment hi this morning's papers of General Sherman's forces, or a part of them, having crossed tbe Chatta hoochee. Only a small cavalry force of tbo enemy was encountered. General Sherman subsequently occupied his troops in tearing up the railroads of tbe most use to the rebels. The distance of his forces from Atlanta is not men REBEL ACCOUNTS. The Situation at Atlanta. [From the Kicbmoud Examiner, July 18.] 1k? near approach of the onemy to Atlanta create* con able apprehension. The papers of tbat town give rational ylewa of tbe real state of things than have Mt been aiacte public. Tbe disproportion betweo tbe telle under tbe wmmand of Generals Johnston and sber fan (? admitted to be greater thawhuberto supposed, and tbe temporary occupation of Atlanta Is not considered by then, as an Impossible event. Following this it copies lengthy editorial walls from tbe Atlanta Int'lliotncer and. tbe Memphis Appeal on tbat subject, the latter of which* Hjl ? ?? We do not believe be would be permitted to ?ecupy it a month after tbo contest between Lee and Brant shall have been determined. ? ? ? We still Mre a lino further south, connecting tbe Hast and tbe West, which may be successfully defended, and this and atber facta may Incline our government authorities, In Is the event that both places cannot be held, to warran ter temporarily Atlanta rather than give up Richmond permanently, for If Richmond once I alls Into the (lands of enemy Its recapture will be an Impossibility." The JmteUli.r woer tries to tbrowtbo responsibility of tti" failure ?poo somebody who has not cat General Sherman's line ?f supplies. [From tbe Atlanta Confederacy ] Tbe river is of incalculable advantage to General John, -?ton, andfcia adversary will encounter great risks in tbe attempt to cross It. Onerating upon tbe radius of a Mini circle, our commander-in-chief Is enaoied 18 bring ap his reserves with greater rapidity, and to anticipate ?ny concentration of the enemy. ? ? ? The fe<taeals.are still at a considerable distanoe from tmr suburbs With a far better strategist than !-b? r aau the/ bave at one time appr. ached within four miles ?f Kicbmond, and yet tbe streete of the confederate capi tal are unpolluted by the tread ot Northern soldiery. Tbey may even approach as near to Atlanta; but If tbe the way is bravely contested it may be as safe as Rich Bond i-ver was. We cannot, of course, purchase tbe uncertain trial of a 4efence of Atlanta with the loss of any army like ours. There is wo m.ioh territory still to be fought over and tefeoded., aad too great a slake defending on the preser vation o( Johnston's army, to waste it in any engagement Whtch is no* decisive, and in wbicb victory is not at loast witbin the rango of probability . Mierman may, with a |- for<<> numerically superior, omilank General Johnston; but ho rannat so easily outflank General Johnston and the Chaitabouchve river together. Have the rumMe and dust of wagons upon her pavements, Atlanta appears to day as quiet as If there was not a Yankee in North Georgia. There Is no panic, nor any existing cause for It. We are satwOed tbat General Johnston is a better field Marshal than either Sherman or ourselves, and with him we repose tbe issue, be it wbat it may. JobnsttMC Kelnferred. A Confederate officer re; jrts to tbe Mobile Reciiter and tbe Kznminfr repeits the marked lact tb ?t ''theeaemy Irmiy believe that General JounAoo bas been raocutly reinl' rw I by two corps, and that be is now numerically as strung. If not stronger than they are." Second, "We are aw red by Hapls in Cot that t.oneral Johustou's re* sent retreat was not compulsory." Why Jsbnatoa Does Wot Fight. lFr>ra the tlav.imali Republican, j 1 bave?toticed anion gut the vari<uis r.orresi<onde?ti of 4he pre* i > cohaideratMe amount of perplexity in acoount lag for >'.tv lallure of t.nneral Johnston to give b title ai Oa?s tuian alter Ma fumous battle order of Hie V'ith of Mav. I ha e seon amongst other aacOnnM that of the army c>>r*?-.pon<lei t of the Augusta i ?nnthlntiomtliU, post, ttvoiy aseer.tng that Gen Johnston ha. I received impcra ttve orders ft <>m the War Ooi-artmeot at Richmond, forbid ding htm to ,-isfc any general engagement until reinforce mants might be sent to him from l(K> army of VirtfnH. Tbe exi lanaitnu is iiworrest. The true-reaMon for tin- re tr-at of th<- nritf from i'a?s station alter Johnston's bat. tie. order had I. -"0 re.uMto his troops was a failure npon tbopxrtol hu. on s coram miters to e^rr. ply with Joun Bton's pi in of u*U<e General JoIipr'oii having determined upon bis line or battle, iH'tllWii* troops tbat be wss n.tw ready and abmil to <ead V?-m to victory Fvery heart pulscjed wltt pstrt tic f?cv> r In recpoi so to the cstl or the tried and trusted ehMtam. Joo .lohMtn had deliberately Shoe en his time aa^ his poHgioti ? tbe word ba<l boon given and the d*d intiM ba done. Accordingly tiH, Joluistun ordered liia corps commanders to advaoee their com ?amln and acc.ipy oerUin tie. isnatsd positions. All was progressing admrafcly lor tUs happy coiit ui ifrulion nf this r.p.rndkl cotieepilon?wtifn a stall officer, charging sp to one of Johnstos s distinguished lieutenant gonorais, made the slsrtllng announcement tiwi me en my were jo his llaec la largo aad ttoroataaitig numbers. Placing Implicit confidence lb the atnouncewenl of a sltsir oltioer. the Peuteoant geoeral, rearing to move, felled to comply with ihe orders ef his oammandlng gen eral. In tho meanwhile tbe advancing column nf th<> ?Mioaiv gained tbe positi >u, and Johnston's plan was thus IrvitranvL I hero was no alternative now leu him hut to flgb: the enemy at a di'idrantai - or to rrtre.it to n safe position. To have rushe<l madly into ihe former. Gene ral Johnston is a man of tor1 much dniib'>r,iiioo and cvsn Mmimeed wla<1nm ? to have feared to do the latter, all the anathemas of an ignorant public could not prevail. Trlsgrsms te ???e Rlrhmend Hwpers, I From the Ricbtnosil (aqnlrer, ,'Uly 16.] Atmdta, Gs., .luly 14 Two brigades o.r Yankee cavalry Cmaeed the ( hatia fco^cheo at Moore'ltbrldge, nine ml'cs from Noon m, last r.niltt lsey were met by Armstrong's brigade of caval ry end d IV on back *'"1 'he hridgn burned. There is no ehatige* tD ^ sit ution of altlilrs st tbe front. Tiieeuemy aro firiDf^ artillery eoeaetonslly across lbs r"'r ATtairr*. Oa., Jnlj 1S.1RM. Oovernor Pmwn ftawii W ??W?al ad' uw* that persons within the military U'". der*H t-. tent , in si home In piusuil ^ lha" "Niuarv n?m-allni.a, -SxpresM i iletermlnation not 10 ??' Iftiaiit at ?Uuis lor ibe u.vnice Sf Uwtr L ius? mm! , Bute, Ms Instructed the proper officer* to ureal all such persona and send them under a guard to Atlanta, and that if forc? to wed against lawful authority suttlceet force will ba sent to any point to overcome the resistance. Ba admonishes tin men thai have bean detailed by tbo confederacy for agricultural purpoaea that their crops will not he endangered by their abaeaoe for a abort period. * ?ENERAL HUNTER'S EXPEDITION. What It DM aad How Ik Wai Done? Reaieai for its Non- Return Down the ?htMndoah Valley? Responsibility Iter the Maryland Invasion Piaectl Whwe It B?Un(t-Uea?ral Hunter iilu to he l^lierMl, die., dec. 'OCR HARPIB'B FBRRY OORKGSrONDBNCB. EUbi'KR's Fntuv, July 18, 1864. For every military dlaaater It appears the theory of certain persona btgh in authority that a scapegoat must Immediately be found. It makes little difference who ha f Is or what services he may have performed. If be be 'only an ? 'available" seapegoat he will be oaught, har dened with all the sins of the War Department, and "be turned loose into the wi Werners. . . At present the selected scapegoat for that want of foresight winch permitted the invasion of Maryland would mtm -to be Gen. Hunter. Those who accuso him should go astep further, aad held him responsible for all our recent disasters on tho Whits river and elsewhere. He is a broad shouldered officer, and could just as well be made to bear the responsibility for every mtoiortune that has overtaken us of late as for the one with which be is specially charged. This will be e comprehensive policy, and will enable all concerned, except himself, to refit and start out again with a clean bill of health. But as there are ? or rather as It is to be hoped there are? in the community ?>me few of the more antique and less progressive sort, who desire to found their judgment on evidence, and teel unwilling to condemn to day au offi cer whom they -rere lauding but a brief period since, let your correspondent, as one acquainted with the matter, place on record a brief statement of facts as a part answer 'to the writ call ing on General Hauler to show causa why be should not be made "goneral scapegoat'' for tbo recent invasion of Maryland. Just two mouths ago General Hunter was assigned to command the Department of West Virginia, bis orders being not to relieve General Sigel from duty in the de partment, but to tuko up the '?raiding force" of about ten thousand men, which had beoa beaten back from Newmarket under that officer, and to renew Heel's ad vance in tbe direction of Staunton. Ho win, "if lie could," to capture Staunton and destroy the railroads east and west of that place. If he found Staunton so well fortiQad and defended that to attack it would involve do lays and heavy sacrifices of life, then he wus to hurt the railroads on each 8l^a 11 88 much a 3 possible and to keep as large a number as possible of tho enemy's troops In employment. These were the orders to General digel, and it is to be presumed tbe expectations of success were not increased by the defeat of Newmnrket. Travelling without pause from Washington to Cc<I;\V oreek, General Hunter assumed oommand of tbe beaten army, which he round demoralized to a ilegreo that co.ild scarcely be exceeded. Nearly two thousand of its infant ry were without shoes. About one thousand bad thrown away their arms In their flight, and had to bo rearmed. Tbe appearance of a few guerillas in any direction pro duced a general stampede, tbe men having lost all confi dence In tboir commanding general, and expecting every moment that the troops who had chased them from Rood's Hill would reappear in force to continue tbe pursuit. How rapidly this command was reorganized and n bet ter spirit Infused would be on record in tbe publio mind If that mind were in a condition of health en abling It to remember an> thing. In a few days tbo little army was refitted in all particulars, and withlu twelve days from General Hunter's assumption of com mand the battle of Pledmout was fought and won by the Union forces, I'iedmont being ton miles further up the valley than any Union army bad pre viously penetrated. It ts true Breckinridge's division was not there to help tbe enemy, but Its place was amply supplied by the accession to the rebels of tbe com mand of General William E. Jones ? troops fully as good and numerous as those of Breckinridge, and commanded by an officer universally rated as his superior From Piedmont Hunter's little army advanced to Staunton, which it entered without opposition, the enemy being too much demoralized from the defeat of the day before to avail himself of the earthworks and lines of rifle pits constructed for tbe defence or thai city. Hero the railroad was destroyed west and east In the moat thorough niannor, and vast quantltios of ordnance, com missary and quartermaster (teres belonging to the rebol government were captured, and either if sued to jur mea or destroyed. Of details, however, there will be no tine to speak in tbis letter. At Staunton Hunter was Joined by tbe Infantry of ueneral Crook and tbe cavalry of General Averill? two officers as excellent and distinguished as any in the service. A cavalry division, under General A. N. Dullie, was sent to threaten Heoktisb Gap? defended by Breckin ridge and Imboden? with orders to cross tbe Blue Ridge, destroy tbe railroad at and around Charlottesville and Amherst Court House, nnd as*fardi>?vn aa they couJd reach, and then to rejoin tbo main advance at Lexington, within two days. From Staunton lo I .ex log ton eur troop* advanced, driving before them a cavalry (ore* ot about live -thou Hand men, under McCausland, wbo made a aland at lex ingtou, under ipeclal orders from Lieutenant General Robert E. Lee. Tbeee orders directed llcCaualand to bold Lexington, "at any oent," until lie oould be reinforced bjr troops from Richmocd, wbo bo was assured were al ready on the way to *uccor bim. Be made tbe stand accordingly; but, finding tbe town directly under tbe gun* of General Hunter's Inlantry acvance, and tbat he was being flanked by Averill's cavalry, who had forded tfce river higher up, McCausland finally 'ell back, Just in time to save himself and hi* command from capture. At ibis point occurred a delay of two da\t, which retailed from General Duffle's having lost hi* way in tbe mountains, ou tbe eastern si do ? if tbe Bl'ie Ridge He, however, destroyed two large trains ot government stores wbich the enemy wero mov ing by this route from Staunton to I.ynr,hbur?'. aod cap I tnred many prisoner*, lie could not, however, mate, rlsliy In ure the r-mrnad at sny point, being everywhere eot-ir n'ed by lmb> if^irs largely ?uperlor cavalry. Here and there only did he b'irn a bridge? cl]|bt injuries that rouM be rei.nired in half a day. Krotn r.exington the command of General Hunter, thus delayed two tins by General DttFie's blunder, marched towards I.ynrhhurg via Puetianan, partly because there might be difficulty in forninn the J a mew river below that polut (our pot t< 011 hrld :e being utterly worthless, as was p raved nt 1'ert Republic), and partly becauxe we bad mich iBfWMtM of toe reinforcement* from Richmond then arriving In the valley tfcat it boeasaa nece?<*ry to sei.uro two possible l>nen of retreat eiher than the r?*d of our advance. At Htichanan, moreover, were located soko 01 the n'fst important ruruaics. foundries and clotb mills or the rebel government, and these It wa' ep^ ntiMi to destroy Kroro Uuchanau tbe march was continued toward I.ywhburg, tbe country becoming barer a*J barer of supple* us we advanced. the people running ofl all their sioak and store" into the mountains to tbo right and left of us, and the business of foraging becoming more and mi re {ie/ardm:s. In c nsequeucn of tbe Urge retei cavalry for . e Witch euvel jed, ?r with a Cloud, our front >md flanss. On the 171b ol Jum the enemy made a resolute ntand si a Slaoo varwuslv call?d "Ohl Church" t "Dia mond Hi. I," ab ul four miles from Lynchburg, tut, alter rionte-tt of seme three or foar boors, were lor rod to ooa l!:n;e thrtr retreat. tverM-* rivalrv doing parileularly thin iighl snd Crook's infantry charging, through ? storm well in or grapesbet, clean over the rebel breastworks n about at nuie I'suseer moment of hesitation nr dHoi dor. (in the dtv inllnwimr General Hunter and hi* snbordt cntt coinmsn 'er? lesrr,<*l with precistoo of Hie arrival of the greater ;>art f I well's cori* on tholr trout, and a brisk aMerk, which lasted with brief intermisfli/is all day tong, devel' |ie?l a powerful line of tfefeere* In front ol us ? ionr regular enrtl works, 'veil Unnoted with artil lery, aod MH some years sro, connected together by lines if tfce nunal rebel rail rifle r'ts, on which our men had heard "the .lohtni--" hammering M'l eawing aJi (he previous night, We had also bend not less than e f lit? some ? tahl eleven? trains of ars ar riviOK ft%m :Ucii'non<l: and (rom the sortie- Bad* u'xat our line*, and irom what our men learntd In (heir two charges against the enemy's defences, it beta me ulnar by midday tbsl wc had then in iriint of u* a force o' veteran tmopr at leeat equal to our own in numbers, atjd probably superior, operating in tb*ir own country, acd constantly receiving both suppllr* and reinforcements by railroad from i;i< hnv nd, white we were absolutely with nit sup* pllea oilier tbitn a lltun sugar end eollee still left, and a drove ui entile ttaf ik had collected in <>nr MlVMN up the sbeo indmih valley. Worse ibau all, however, we were short of ammunition, tbe train expected under Gen. stuhel not then h iving arrived n Was therefore deter m ned in acouseiiof war, ennslsting ot fietierels Hunter, f'Hiivan. Crook and Averlli. thai our best coVrse wss to retire up>m Salem, there be teg from that po'tit tw t lines of retreat open to tie ? ot;e due wrst toward* Eastern Tennessee, and the other north and by we*i op the Ka nawfta valley ft It be a*k*'It wh) did net Henter return Inwards his Supp tes by the Me laedeah rente, up which be had ad v .need-' tint aeeWer Must take the I or an ol another que* t.ou: woiikl tb? aiyioe or oeutorioir of bit entire > on. ( maud have materially helped the Union cause?" The enemy bad a railroad o m of the Blue Ridge from Lynch burg to ftocktish Gap or Waynesboro, only twelve miles from &auutoo? the railroad which General I) u file bad unsuccessfully attempted to interrupt. By means of tbia road Me whole el Swell's oorps, and aa many otber troops as General [/? might think necessary, could easily bavo been tbrown rrom Sixty to eighty miles ia our rear, while RrecltlurMge, with the valley troops, held us on our front. And a 8 we had but Mule ammunition, Bnd were utterly out of supplies, while tbore would be uo cbauoe to collect in presence or a superior force of the enemy, it appeared reduced to a mathematical certainty that an attempt to return down the Shenandoah would be equivalent to tbo annihilation or surrender of our force. That General Grant was e t this opinion is abundantly testified by Uie anxiety ror our safoty which prevailed for several days %t bis headquarters. He believed thai we were in Imminent danger of being destroyed or captured for some time, end made vigorous eilbrts toemployall be could of (be enemy's forces In order to give Hunter a shance (or extrication from bis perilous position As to the material eflects of Duitie's dolav on the eastern side of Uie Blue Ridge, which apparently cost us two days In our advance upon Lynchburg, the mutter has been ex aggerated. Tlio enemy had siunal oflleera ti[>on every bill aixxiBd us, and knew all our movements. Ewell's corps was not despatched from Richmond until iu presence at Lynchburg was needod. Had we beeu there two days earlier Kwell's oorps would have been des patched in time to meet us. Had we been there six days earlier tho result would nave been the same. We wore fifteen days march Irom our regular bases of supplies, and were subsisting upon the enemy's country, while tho enemy, by means of the railroad from Lynchburg to Ricom<md. had at any time the i>ower ot concentrating against us just as many troops as General Leo could spare (row the splendid army of Northern Virginia. Retiring by the Kanawha valley. It wbr confidently expected that wo would meet abundant supplies of c.uu missary and quartermaster stores at Meadow's Riulf, about live or six dr.ys mirch from Lynchburg More than a million rations, about five or six days previous, bad been left tb?re by Generals Crock and Averill, under charge of two regiments of Ohio militia, sworn into the service for one hundred days. With theso rations token up our command could then await its am munition train under General St i hoi and continue to threaten I.ynchburff, noue then knowing or suspecting that the two Ohio militia regiments bad been stampeded by a lores of about seventy or eighty guerillas, under Captain McNeill, and tb?t they had retired iu ctnfuslon towards I?up creek and Cneverstoo, burning about one half tiie stores led in tbei:' charge, and carry 11 g the re tniiuiior with them in sucn transportation as they bad on hand. Of the difficulties encountered and surmounted by General Hunter in ibis march from near Lynchburg to Loup creek It is not proposed to speak. At Liberty tho enemy in lore# wer ? handsomely repulsed, and again near Salem. Our meu had no food tiut tho beef and sheep they drove before them or collected on the way. Our march was over ? ild ami abrupt mountains, forest clad precipice* yawning Jicneath us on one side of the ro..d, while f; rest clad imuntains towered ttiousauds of feet above us on the otber. 1 he disappointment in not re ceiving the expected supp les at Meadow's Blulf was severe; but never the ess the command held on, iu good beurt and heaiin, uhtil it neared (faulty bridge, whore tbe supply trams ordered up by General Hunter began to meet us# Willi tne exception of six guns, which hid boen ren dered unsorvir.< un'e by a sudden attack of the ercmy on this side of fcalctn. and which bad therefore to be de stroyed by ourselves, we i st uotuiug of bagiia?e or the material of our army in tii.s ruid. our infantry reached Lou jf creek in better health than they had started with, but were sorely in need of food, ammunition aud a now outfit. Most of the r.av ilry horses wore played out from the want ot forage, but, taking it lor all In all, no raid of the war has y*t inflicted so much losso n vital kind upon the enemy at s?> little a saenlice of men and material. I or two honored and forty mi. is up tho Hhenandoi.h V alloy wo bad destroyed every public work lutendod lor tbe beaettl o( the enemy's army, l-'urunces, Jounaries for shut and shell, gunst <CK lactorles, cloth mills, tun yards, r uhxads, factories of all kn df Ac., our lino of ui rch t) ing marked by a pillar of sin 'We by day and a pillar oi tire by night. lorme# tiom tbe uonlUigratiou of ILe pi. blic buildings of the eiusiuy s government. OI pri vate property nothing was injured with the exception of Governor Letcher's house, be having, tbe day previous Issued a proclamation against us, iucitiug tho inhabitants &!' tne country to * guerilla Wuriare. It was not until General Hunter, in advance of bis ooir.mmd, reached I'arkersburg, in Western Virginia, thai wo heard a syllable of ibe rebel raid tulo Maryland. All that could then be done to hurry forward our troops was at once > nor^eticuily undertaken; but there were not over twenty or twenty three indies of wuter in the Ohio, and the railroad from Cumberland lo Harper's terry bad been prett> welt crippled by the enemy, though noiouo Uitietb part so eile< .luolly as we had destroyed ihtir r.iil rouds in the v lenity oi Staunton and LyrchOurg. In the ta-k of re-equlppl'ig and Lurrying lorward our irsops to wards Maryland General Hunter labored with his usual tireless zeal and conscientious tidelity, being nobly seconded by tbe olforts oi Brigadier Geuorai Kelly, who was in command at Cumberland. For tho d.sgraccful sumpeiiu which had driven General tiigel back frnm Martinsburg to Maryland Heignts with out a contest, it is not tasy to see uow General Hunter can be held res|Hinsible. Uo had left under General Nigel a total of over leu tbousui d men, and yet this iorco retired beiore an undeveloped enemy, having lost (so far as can be ascertained) somewhat less man thirty-five men, all told, "killed, wound ed and missing." lnic was tho extent of tho 1 gallant ami stubborn resistance" by wbicb General Sigel "saved his invaluable tram," and sont it into Haiti more Lul can i.eueral Hunter bo held responsible lor the misconduct o( this officer, when we recollect that he had been ordered, on assuming command, to "retain tienorai ^-igel m employ tucut," tiouurul j?igol'a rank giving birn no option but lo oiler to that olUcer tho next highest coram nut to bis own. as ior .tie rest, the success of the rebel raid Into Mary lui.d is clearly due to tbe want of foresight unci adequate preparations ra other tbau '.en. Buster's ho'id'iuurturs. lien. Hunter'* locution waq thoroughly well known to tbo war author it iua, wboure uDdorutood to have i<ent him warm acknowledgments lor the brilliant achievements of his raul. ami Uio sueoaaaful manner tu winch, bo b.iddratvu < II btt c mm and uninjured from thai buzardous service With scarcely -uy water iu tho < ihio, and tbo railroad between t'umftorland and Harper's forrv bruk> u iu more limn a dozen pi ces, tt was a physical impossibility lor any pouiou <1 Humor a army tu have reaction Maryland iu tiuie to r? pel tbe rebel Invasion ; but, owing to (general Hunters personal exertion! and uucea.ilng labor." . mere than ten tnoueaiid ot bis moo were w ithiu tlrikiug dis tance o lb retreating enemy tw? dayt ago, lo talk of pursuit, however, from i bo North of trains going South, and guarded by i-o large a force as Generals t.jriy, Kauoorn and Breckinridge have under them, is the sheerest nonaeiie*. but ?a tbe supreme command of this puraulii^ lorce, such as it is ? and it is very lormldablo ? hti been riven, by older of tho ('resident, to Major Gen Wright. of tbo SiAth army corps, we ho|>e that the bett itsu.lt may be expected. lliu iBSlgnmeiit relieves tiene r.il Hunter from oil uppeur.u.cu of rest*, nsibntty in a matter ho uever ready bud any connection with; and f?r tbe success or i.mure or i.eoeral Wriihl'g ojieratiouR thiitoil.cer and tbe War Dei artnout win mono bo respon Fible beiore the country. It is well undorstood here, and tbore'ore can be uo violation of military conndence to hay. ttiat t.enoral Hunter bus asked to be relieved from command of this dep .rtmeut iu couseqMnce of tbo ac tion of tbe War lteparliiicut, in ordering nil bis available troo.s to reoort to Major (Jeuerai Wright, so mucb lor tbe late raid towards I.ynchburg, and for (iencral Hun ter's alleged responsibility in couuectlon with tbe Mary land invasion. GUERILLA FIGHTING IN MISSOURI. St. IjOtb, July 19, 1884. A special despatch from St. Joseph says: ? Tbe city and country are wild with rumors and excite meat. It 1* reported that Color el Ford attacked Thorn ton's guerillas fit Arnoldsvllle on Sunday, and tbe 3gkting was kept up all day, but the result was unknown. Another body of guerillas, fr-im three hundred to six hundred strong, aro encamped on Gordon's farm in f'latte county. Official in'ornntioa etites lh.it two hundred more of tho paid raw militia of I'latto aud Clay oounties have joined Thornton's guorilla*. A collision occurred in cbisan oounly, to what extont is not know;i. Tbe people arc constantly Socking Into St. Joseph from the aurrontiding nountten, and many are departing for other points, 'eaving tbe gram uu harvested, ia ooi.ee quencn of ? tiicb mucb sufiorlng 1a apprehended in thw e oeaiitiss. Tbe Erisl Retreat In Missouri Inter cepted* Sr. Joenn, Mo., July 10, 1804. Coloael Ford telegraphs headquarters born that bo has killed in all forty gucrtll >s, raptured two hundred stand of arms, merh ammunition and many borne*. Our troope are utlll p .riur g tbe guerillas. A Wku. Mkihd ( OMrMMixrr.? Tbe Brooklyn Board of Aldermen at their session on Monday, pasaod resolutions thanking tne Fire Department of that city, and tbe New York companies who a-taiswd at tbo disastrous lira en Friday last. Tbo resolutions give special credit lo tbo Chief Kttgltxer, John Cuiintnn'.iatn. for his undaunted bravery? morn worthy than tb?' of tho battle detd ? In dlrertlnc the hose, and le-idlDK "? his gn 11 ail I men <vltbln four (eel /)t Uie bottling bnlidtiys, at a timo when tho combustible materials within wereexpiodlnp and scatter - li g dflstrmn ten irotinrt, Tho ered.t time publicly given to Mr. Cuiilttngbasi ia well dopor-.nd. Mere is not a more e lictont oncer tu tbo piibllotervtre. indeed, all his s'tborriitates in tbe department claim com neudation at tbo bauds of trte pnbl n. Their coolnwm and bravery in thus* few hours of imminent danger and alarm was almost unparalleled. Tnn F.vwHTtti Oovwats *r mi r*a?.? TTio Park Oom ml'f.ioners announce that a cornet band will play on the lax* at tbe Tu? t'.l* afternoon and evening, c >ai. mmictngat half-past four o'clock r. M. , and playing until ten o'clock, with an Intermi-sinn of ono hour from half prvt six to half -tmat seven o'r.lot lr> i'ho attr otions of tioalli ," hjr the ll?hl of the fall moon, s nd listening st tbe same timo to the band, will rendor ,.thl? eveulng's aoursrt mere than usually attractive. GRANT! THE FIFTH COUPS. I9r> 1m A. Hendrlck's Dwyatch^ Hiaikii'artkrs, Fifth Akmv Court, \ BBTORB l'llTKTlSBCHO, July 18?8 A. M. J Everything is quiet as I band this to the HkrjLD dim songer leaving for City Point. An attack was anticipated at tbree o'clock tbls morning, and. our troops were In readiness to give tbo enemy a warm reception Bbould be make a hostile demonstration. Why the attack was not made ? and most positive indications were given of such intended attack? cannot be oonceived, unless the rebels made-up their minds, judging from the Impregnability of our position, that it would be something more than love's labor lost to attempt It. Nothing would please our boys more than for tbe enemy to charge on our works; for thore would be but one result ? a disastrous repulse of the assailants. HEAT 1ITD DUST. The dog star still continues at zenith, and the dust kef ps up a simoon activity. Conjectures as to tbe next movement in tbe campaign cease to be made, ar.d tbe leading topic of talk and speculation is the ace'imu'.ated increare in prices of everything to be bad either nf com missaries or sutlers. It is astonishing how prices have gone up. FR0V18TONAL. Whiskey hns qulutripled in price to what it was at the commencement of tlio wur. Thai it was bought at 34 cents u gallon, and bow it is $1 75 a gallon. Tobacco has increased at tbe samo rate. Beef that used to cost 7 cents a pound now coitt 18>? cents a pound. Pork has risen from 8 to 13 cents a pound, brown sugar from 9 to 16 cents a pound and white sugar from 13 to 24 cents a uound. Codec now sells ai 61 cents which used to sell at 28 ceut3 a pound, ft' d tea bM leaped from 40 cents to $106 a pound. Pickles, formerly selling at 20 cents a gallon, now brine $1 25 a gaik n. Potatoes and all vegeta bles are incredibly ki ami even hard tack has risou In price 26 per cent. Tbo burden of couine falls on officers, aud there >3 some complaint at the great increaso n cost ?J living and no iucruasn in pay. THE EICIlTEEilTIl C.'RPS. Kr. Joint A. Brady's Metpatch. liKADQUARTKIl". FltlMTHKNTH ARMV CORPS, \ In - iiic Kikiii, ,iuly 17, 1864. / Yesterday passed without a tingle sbot bolng flrerl along tho entire trout of tins corps. This state of nflalrs wan so unusual as to attract gescial attention. It is very probable, however, that a mutual agreement uot to Are has b on by some means tuado between tbe opposing pickets. TTTS B A TIT R IKS do not seem to have been Included In this arrangement, aud Parrott and mortar at limes break tho silenoo by bi.th salvos and occasional shots. Tbe artillery firing, as a general thing, takes plate in the morning, and is caused by the rubeis opening surue new battery on our line, for the purpose of getting tbo range, They are never successful io accomplishing" this to tbom very deaiAbie result; for the 'moke froiti tho first discbargo scarcely rises above their guns before the concentrated lire of Colonel Ilurton's innumerable batteries driven the rebel gunners from their posts aud silences the rebel guns. TTir. ARRANCkMKNT OP OTO CtrH8 attracts general attention from general officers. Posted wUarc every piece is rendered most effective, tbe fire tbey are en;: bled to concentrate on any point of tbe rebel line across tbe Appomattox renders it impossible for the enemy to remain thure alter a few discharges. Colonel Burton has succeeded In reducing artillery fighting to a complete science. Everything moves with tbe system of a gumo of chess; and the unity of purpose that governs every gun along our line renders tbe desultory fire from the rebel batterios a matter of but trifling importance? something tnat can last but a short time, and, while It lasts, is almost harmless. TUB BKRCT. WORKS In front of the Eighteenth nnrps are on both the right tlank and front. Petersburg lies on our front, defended by tbo line of rebel works along the low country, and by rifle pits and Intrencbmeut* tbat surmount the White House hill. Tbe first line Is defended by abatis or eh-m vx-de-fritt, with the exception of tbe line along Turner's front, which tho rebels have not been able to fortify in this manner, owing to its vicinity to our line, and tbe constant musketry firing that Is kept up on rebel working parties. run north sidb op Tire aftomattox Is one continuous line of works from Pocahontas, oppo site Petersburg, to Fort Clifton. The rebels evidently consider this as. their most important position. Here their nrtillery, that bo froqueutly opens upon ua, la posted, and every morning large working parties are discovered retiring from an all night's work at strength enlng the Intrencbmeots. The line nppears to commence with a large sqnare Tort In the roar of Whitehead's house, and runs along down tho river, through the woods, to ? large redoubt. Between the fort and redoubt four rifled pieces only aro mounted; but lli;ht batteries occasionally run their guns Into Ita embrasures The redoubt haa ten embrasures, and ts known to bare in poaitloo two Whiiwortbs, one thirty -pound, one twenty, and one ten pound Parrott and two Richmond guns. The works run through the woods along the river bank from tho redoubt to Fort Cl.fton. with bere and tbere|a battery in position. or ARTILLERY OK TTIK CITY. In the lower part of the city, which is all tb.il can be seen from the front of this corps, almost every bouso ap pears to have been bit; tome of them many times. In the upper part of the city It is impossible to say what damago haa bocn done, although It Is probable that the cannonading from tho front of the Ninth corps has In flicted great dnmage. A large chimney, thirty or forty feet in height, towering above a small house, haa been honeycombed by the fire from Turner s front. THK RAILROAD RRITKJS. The Weldon Rnllr ad bridge to Richmond haa been rendered entirely unserviceable to the enemy. Tt haa been badly splintered by our shells, and even If It were possible our runs would render It a serious matter for a team or horseman to venture acroea. ACT WO GF.NKTMI, nT.LM* B. BARTOX RXONBRATKn, (?'tlrral Ordrr$ ? Ae 82. HMmjt Ai:TM?s, Eightkkmyii Army Cori-h, I Nr*R Tetmi-huro, Vn. , July 7, 1HA4. j 1. Bofore a court of hiqulry, which convened at tbo headquarters ?f the Klvhteenth army corps, .lulv 4, IS ('?, pursuant to One ral Ordors No 84, dated headquarters, Ktgbteonth i'my cori s, near Petersburg, Va., July t, 11?i4, and of which Hrtradier (Jen 'ral 1 hoDlss H. Neill Is prfatdont, appeared Colonel Wm. H Itarton, Fortv-eirhth New York Volunteer*, commanding SoooDd brivudo. Second divl-lon, lentburmy corpo i tetniorarlly attached to the Eighteenth urmv cor| a), for examination id regard to his conduct on the 80th dcy of .June, ls<!4. 2. The court, aftar mature decoration upon the testi mony adduced relating to the alleged misconduct on tho 30; h day Of June, 1H*4, of Colon*) Wm R. Barton, Forty eU;Mlh New York Volunteers, commanding ,-ec ud bri gade. ? eeentl division, Tenth army oorps item; orarily attached to the Eighteenth urmv corps), h of the opinion that he should be exonerated from blame, and that It la for the best interest of the aervlco that no further action sbftuid be fak"n in tbe cave .1 The Mn<'r General commanding the onrpa approvea the opinion or tbo court, and direct" that Colonel Wm B. Barton. Forty niuhth New York Volunteers, resnmo com maud of the f-'econd brigade, Second dlvisiou, Teoib army corps (tcniioriirlly attached to tbe Eighteenth array cor pel. 4 Tho court of Inquiry, of winch Brigadier General Thome* H. Neill is president. Is hereby dissolved By Oomwand of Ma jor General W. P. SMITH Wm. Riism, Jr., Major and Assistant Adjt. General. Mr. 8. Tt Svlkley'a Dtipatrh. Fortbbs* Uohkor, July 18, 1864. ARRUAI. Of A FLAG 0? VBfl'B MTAUFR. Tbe flag of truce steamer C. W. Thomas, in charge of Major ha K. Mulford, agent of exchange, arrived last night from Aiken 'a landing, with a very heavy mall. Thia <a the first mill that has beeo received from tho go'itb since May, and Its arrival will duuhtiea ? carry joy aud gladneea to the hearts ot thousand* who have friends in the bands of tho enemy. A return malt, equally large, will leave here to morrow In fl g of tru *. I am authorised by Major MuJlord to make the follow ing statement for tho boueflt of those who Lave frlonda in tbo v'onth.? Nearly all or tho prisoners recently captured, together with those formerly ecu lined at Rich mind ami Lynch burg, have boon removed to Coorgla. Tbe etlloera' prison la located at Macon, and the prin clpal depot for cnlletod men la at And> rsouvltle, Gn, Most of (he Oltlzon |r Miners are at Salisbury, N. C. , and Columbia, H. 0. All letters by flag of truco shorid bo enclosed to Uawr (ion era 1 Bailor, commanding Department of Vlr glnta and North Carolina, or U Major John T. Mulford, Agent of Ex c bang*. One page of letter paper la all thai l? allowed to be written, and the oontenta wholly of a personal natuco. Ten ceata in Union currency muit be enclosed la each letter to pay postage tnaldo of the rebel linea. Observance of the above regulations will Insure the speedy for warding of letter*. I am alio authorized to stato that, In consequence of active operations at the front and the uncertainty of communication, no boxes destined for prisoners at the South bad better bo forwarded till further aotlce. BLOCKiMXa IBS .MMKS RIVER. T. The enemy, having failed in raising the siege of Rich mond by the Invasion of Maryland, have attempted to compel the withdrawal of General Grant's army by blockading the James river. As the flag of truce boat reached the vicinity of Deep Bottom, a few miles below City Point, she was opened upon by a number of batteries, so planted as to enfliade the river for a distance of ten mile?, compelling tier to turn about and go back to Bermuda Hundred. Several shell and shot struck w itbln a few feet of her. Shortly afterwards Generals Grant and Butler started up upon a reconnaissance and ran by the batteries, re ceiving several salutes, one Wbitwortb bolt passing be tween the smokeplpe*. Our gunboats are busily engaged in clearing tlio banks of the river of these obstructions, but in doing so get pretty woll peppered. Tho Mendota, 1 I understand, received several shots on Saturday. Tho Fortress Monroe Despatches* ? Foktrkhh Monro*, July 17, 1804. The steamer City of Hudson arrlvod from City Point at half past four o'clock this afternoon. She reports no news. The following order has been received here: ? Wan Peim rtmknt. W a shim; to*, July 14, 1884. Cknkra ? Tho Socrotary of War directs that you cause to be collected from every person taking passage ou any transport or mall boat in the government service, plying bctwi-eo this oity and Fortress Monroe, tne sum of live dollars passage money, and Irom every person takiug pass <ge from Washington for City Point, or from City Point for Washington , tho sum of seven dollars and fifty cents. Otllcers under orders and soldiers alone will be exempt. The fare botwean Norfolk and Fortress Monroe will be two dol'ars pat-sage money, and from aud between City Point and Fortress Monroe two dollars and flfty cent", in addition to the boat charges for berths and meals. C. A. DANA, Assistant Secretary of War. Fortkksb Mo.iros, July 18, 1864. Tho remains of tho brave and deeply lamented Liouten ant Colonel Chambers, of the Twenty-third Massachu setts Volunteers, leave here this evening for New York, via Baltimore. Commcdore B. M. Dove and E. C. Merriman have ar rived hero in the steamer Connecticut, from off Wil mtngton. Tho blockade runner steamer Boston, captured by the United States gunboat Fort Jackson, on the 8th instant, off Wilmington, arrived hero to-day with twenty prison ers, nino or whom are foreign subjects, and are held, this being their second oiTcnce. * i lee, VegetablcK, ?<kc., fur the Army of tlie Potomac. nosrox, July 19, 18S4. The fast schooner Charlotte Sbaw sailed to day lor City Point, Va.. undor a special clearance from the Treasury Department, with a Cull cargo of ice, vegetables nod hos pital stores, shipped l>y tho I'nlted States Christian Com mission lor the Army of tho Totomac REBEL ACCOUNTS. WAsmxc/roy, .Toly 19, 1864. A letter from near Petorsbnrg, dated July 17, says:? Tbe majority or the people of Potertburg have gone to Richmond. Tbe weather Is cool and more pleasant than usual. Tbe mortar and cannon practice le an sharp and intermittent In Its character aa ever. Rut few men are Injured dally. Our hospitals aro w excellent condition. [From tbe Richmond Kxaminer, July 13.] There wna a rumor, which pectus to bare taken great bold upon the popular mind, that Grant was withdrawing from our (ront.and about to abandon bla position on the James and Appomattox rivers. After the most diligent Inquiry we have tailed to ascertain one single tact In sup port of this rumor, and are therefore forced to conclude It is but a theory springing out of theJcnowledge that Washington city Is seriously menaced t>y our armies. People may naturally conclude that Grant Is not going to Kit Idly in the marshes of tbe Appomattox and allow the capital of bis nation to be captured All, however, that we kuov certainly Is tbat a belief Is entertained by military men that Grant, during last week sent oil to Washington considerable bodies of troops. Tbat he himself designs following them we see no good reason for thinking. Ho occupies ?n Intronched position behind two rivers, with anobstructed water communica tions. A comparatively small force should be able to bold such a position , and Grant Is not the man to abandon It, while doing so would be a confession of tbe failure of bis general campaign, and involve bim In everlasting disgrace with bis army and people. There are but two tbiog* that wo know of that can drive blm away? our army and tbe climate: and one or tbe other will do it before the leave* are ysllow By private advices from Petersburg we bear that all was quiet tbere yesterday, except the diabolic shelling of the old town was kept up as usual. Tbore wero many vessels at City Point . bat whether they were transports or vesse's sent by the Sanitary Committee, with oniona for tbe Yankee army , no ono could undertake to say. NEWS FROI^THE^OUTHWEST. General Sloeem Marching Into the In terior or Mfselaalppt? Itcportrd Defeat of General KUlott b jr the Rebels, <Kc. IIi ki m?, July 19, 1804. Vlckaburg advices to tbe 12tb report all quiet. Tbe expedition under General felocum, reinforced by the cavalry sent by General Wasbburne, sai marching again tor tho Interior of Mississippi. Tho latest accounts from Goneral Smith place blm near Pontotoc on tbe 10th instant. Korreat has iswued a call for all citlrens between tbe agea of fifteen and sixty five to rally to his support, and tbe old men and boys to come and take care of tbelr borses while his men engaged the enemy. Tbe report published in tbe Northern papers that Kor rent had communicated his loteotion to retaliate upon our officers for any citizen Injured under Wa.-hburne' s recent railroad order is false. The result proves conclu sively the wisdom of General Waahbtirne's order. Nearly every train on tbe railroad for teo days previous to this order was fired upon by bushwhackers and cltl/ens, and soldiers were killed and wounded. Since tbe order cot a gun has bcon tired. St. Lorw, July 19, 1804. The rebel aocounts of General Slocum's expedition to Jackson, Miss., olaim tbat a Union column, under Geo. IHlott, was attacked at the Junction of the Port Hudson and Roduey roads on tho Otb, unj repulsed with great i slaughter. Tho roads for miles were strown with dead negroes, t orses, guns, kc. This, doubtless, refers to the expedition consisting of tbe Marine brigade, ef two regiment! of negroes, which marched from Hotiney on the 4th, and wero attacked by five brigades of rebel cavalry and one of Infantry, and, after fighting nearly all day, the robots were driven olf. Our troops retwrned to their boats. Our loss was about one hundred and fifty, killed, wounded and missing. Capture of Brownaboro by the Rebels? Their Force Reported to be Ten l'hoa - ?and Strong? laton Reinforcement* Going Forward, ifcc., Ac. Loiiavuu, Ky., July 18, 1864. Early on 8aturday ^orning a large rebel force, said to bo under command of General Forrest, captured the Union stockado at Browntboro, on tbe Mempbis an 1 Chnrlesion Railroad. It waa garrisoned by one hundred men, most of whom escaped. Tbe rebels then moved on Huntsville, and after a sharp skirmish drove in the Union pickets. Our troops number somo five thousand and are strongly fortified. The rebel foroe la est I mated at from eight to ten thou sand Additional Union troops are leaving here to there!, f of UuuUTille. Interesting from rtemphl*. I UOVI3IONAI. ALt)Ri:MK?( AFttOlMTRO FOR MKUP HIS ? Y Ct-NSKAt, W ASII BI.'HNR, BTC. Cairo, III., July 18,1884. M- no phis papers lo tho evening of the 16 th Inst, are received. They contain no news of special importance. General Washburne has Uxtiod an order appointing aldermen lor tho different wart* in the city, who are to receive tbe usual nuiury, and, with tho Acting Mayor, be known as tbe Provlalonai Mayor an l Common Council of ti em phis. Brigadier General Payoe passed Op to Paducah this afterurori. The weather I* very warm at Memphis, and tho river there Is fulling about six Inchex dally. Tbe steamer Granam, from Memphis, pissed hero to day for 81. Louis, with one hundred asd thirty bales of 00UOM. ARRIVAL OF THE NORTHERS LIGHT. The Steamer Chased by a Sus picious Vessel, The steamship Northern Light, Captain Ttnklepaiigb, arrived at iMa port yesterday morning from Asplawal), which port abe left on the 10th tnatant. We have received by her two daya later new* from Panama. She report*:? July 17, at four P. M. , latitude 34, longi tude 74, made a fore-and-aft schooner rigged propeller, steering to the weet ward , under steam and can vaaa . Am soon as she espied our steamer she altered her course so as to out ua off. tthe continued to change her ooarse for that purpose, until tbe alteration In her course amounted to sixteen points, or from west to south and then to eoffc Bad the KngUstx nag dying; was an English built VOMOI, with a short bowsprit and long billet he id, carried foro* sail .mainsail and ]lb; the masts wore In one stick; BO topmasts, and a pilothouse forward, American stylo. She carried a heavy provsure of stoim, ascertained by tho lifting of the safety valve, whan the ves?el rolled. We saw at tbe same time a topsail achoo.ier, with short foremast , and a hermaphrodite brig. Tbe schoonor lacked and stood after us, when the steamer made for us. Taking It alto gether, tho manoeuvres of these vessel* were suspicious, to say tbe least. We altered our course Trom time to tlmo to koop the steamer at a respectful distance. Whoa nearest to us sbe was about four miles off. When the chaso was givon up, wbtcb continued for one hour and fifteen minutes, the propeller steered away south. Tbe following Is tho specie list of tho Northorn Light:? from asfi.xwali Schollo Kros $34,800 Wells. Fargo & Co. . . $1,100 Jeunings b Brewxtt-.r 10,900 Horace Kipley 2,700 J. B. Nowlon it Co.. 23.149 Parsons fc Petit oOO IT. l ohen &Co 72,300 8. I.. Isaacs 000 A Rich h Bro 6,0(>0 MeiFsner&t'o 400 Order 18.24(1 Total f 8 ,300 Tolal $243, 70S from SAjr framcisco. From Aspmwall 6,300 Weils. HargoACo.. .$79,400 Grand total $349,003 Oar Panama Correspondfiioe, Panama, Joiy 10, 1804. The I'nc'e S'am arrived at Panim* this evening. Sho was detained by rough weather and a. foul bottom. Tti'j United Stiles ship Cyune sailed hence for Acaputco on tho 9tb in.st. There is notbine new from Mexico. Tho French occu pied the town of Acapulco, and the Mexicans remained out side the city, preventing any fresh supplies being sent to the French forces. The Uulted states sIoqp St. Marvs remains at Panama. The Saginaw was at Acapulco. Her Britannic Ma)esty'? ship Devastation s<ils nonce on the I2tn inst. for Van couvers with tbe newly appointed Admiral Deuman The ete'imor Mosc* Taylor will probably get away from Panama for San Fr an cisco on the 12tti with tho passen gers brought out by tho Illinois There is nothing now here since my despatch lenl per Illinois. Panama, July 10, 1*84. Flnce the sailing of tho rillnois nothing of any Import ance whatever has occurred. Tbe sufferers by the late fire are getting matters ar ranged once more, and tbe losses, as I supposed would bo tbe case, are diminishing from what we thought tbejr would be tbe morning after thojdisaster. It 18 estimated now that thoy w ill not exceed seventy thousand dollar*. The United States ship C'yano, Lieutenant Commander R. L. Law, sailed yraterday alter noon for Acapulco. Tbe steamthlp Cncle Sam, from San Francisco on (to 23d ultimo, arrived here this morning. She brings tho following specie:? For England $728,584 #S For New York 243,790 3? Total $972,380 94 Her passengers will leave Asplnwall this evening. NEWS FROM NEW ORLEANS. Mr. William Yomi'i Despatch. Nkw Orlbans, July 10, 1804. OINMUT, Ft*-K!?FR lit LOL'tSIAJfA. The rebel General Buckner is Id command of Walker's division, In the Red river country. There aro do appre prebensions of offensive movements by the enemy at present. It is too hot to light or run. ?*WKRAL M'OIXSIS COMMANDS A PIVI*K>1?. General MoGlnnls, of Indiana, lately commanding ? division In the Thirteenth army corp, will be placed la command of a division of troops now at Algiers. lorisiA.VA rxrrsD statbs ssjatorj. Politicians are discussing the question as to who will bs the first United Stales Senator* from the regenerated State of Louisiana. Governor Habn and Commissioner Shaunon have been mentioned m that connection. GOV KR.N MR5T IRA KSfOKT tO tft. LOT IS. A government transport will leave for St. Louts this, moroiog. The new steamer Magenta la the boat taken as a transport. KIM'S RATTKHT ROINO ROUS. That portion of Nira's battery, Including faotaln Ninas, wblco has not r? enlisted, wilt leave for Massachusetts la about a week. SBCOXD TRIAS CAVAIRV. The Second Tens cavalry, now at Morganrla. *><t recently brought up from Brownsville, m composed mainly of Mexicans. H ROW NSVII.t Jl TO BE SV ACT AT*I?. H Is reported to-day, on what appears to be good authority, that the Union troops are about to evacuate Brownsville. This Is very important, if true. News by wnjr of Cairo. Cairo, III.. Jnly 18,1884. New Orlean- dales of the 12th inst. are received. No mall stcamor would lenvo > ew Orleans during Mm week following the 12tb lust. ; t ut itio mails for the Nortb and K?st would be forwarded via Cairo by aaob regular tteamer. The True Delta claims to bavo positive Information from Alexandria that the rebel General Dick Taylor left thai place throe weeks sioco for Richmond, and the troops lately under blm are now commanded by Gsnoral Walker. It is the belief at Alexandria that General Taylor, who bus lately been made a lieutenant general, hopes to be assigned to the Trans-Mississippi Department. In place of Uecerai Klrby Smith, and this is very likely, Taylor being a br tber-ln law of Je'l. Davis. There wis a mod. rate Inquiry at New Orleans for cot ton. The supply wan limited. Sales were snide of 10? bales of low ordinary at fl 03. and strict ordinary at 11 25. Tho receipts from Vlcksburg amounted to 4UO bales. Sugar and motassss were held very high, and no sales went being made. All the leading articles of Western produce continued In decided request, and prices were advancing. Provisions, India bagging and coffee were alto In active demand, and prices were b gber. Hour was also In active demand at bigber rata*, 'ales of 3 .000 bbla. were made at 10 *6 a f 10 for superfine and $10 36 a f 10 i0 for low extra. Hews By Way of St. Lesli. St. (jib, July 19, 1804. Tho Fnfon pnbllsbes an extract fr m a private latter, dated Now Orieans, 7th, which lays:? lest nigbt a staff officer told me that flttcen thousand men would start from this city and below, In ocean steamer*, to-day. They laka fifteen days' rati ns and ammunition. Thera la dow a large number of additional gunboats In lake Pontchartraln, and more vessels h ive been added to the fleet off Mobile. Some think this an expedition for the capture of Mobile, so as to m>??ess tho A i bain a river aud establish a base of suppi ?>* for General Sherman at Solma, while others believe the troops are ilealined far Fortress M<-nr>*. I Ins r r e may be aoaigoed to co ope rate with Oeneral Slocum * expedition from Vlckaburg, which has recently been reinforced and la again march ing Into the interior of Mississippi. The Champion Boat Race? Ilemmlll the Winner. Pmsst'sn, Pa- . July 19, 1M4. The boat race to day was charaeteriTwl by considera ble excitement among the ?port'ng fraternity. Tho city waa well filled by itrangers to wlineta It and bet on the reanlt. The Bills and roads along tbe river were crowded by thousands of spectators, and the river waa dotted with boats. Al tho start Himmill look tha lead and kapl I* throughout the rare. Wbon bo turned the stake boat be was one hundred yards ahead, and be came In al tbe close between two hundred and tfcroe hundred yards In advance of his compatltora. Tbe distance was flvs miles. HammlU's time '.vis thirty nine minutes, twenty Mcoudt. Considerable money changed hands. Ptre lit Buffalo. Jnly 10, 1<MW. A Ore took place laat nicbt which destroyed tbe vie* m gar factxrv of A. W To*, Main streetAwhoee loss W ibont SUi'.t'OO. The flrs als?, damaged Bill * Bonneli a lam i' factory and tba grocery store of K B. lJf?en? ?lightly.

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