Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 17, 1864, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 17, 1864 Page 1
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THE NEW YORK / " - ? ? ? WHOLE NO. 10,196. NEW YORK, WEDNESDAY, AUGUST HERALD. 17, 1864. PRICE FOUR CENTS. SHERMAN. Additional Details of the Con test of the 6 th Instant. General Falmer Relieved by General Jeff. C. Davis. THE CAUSE AND EFFECT. Escape of One of Stonfman'8 Brigade Commanders from th? Rebels. HIS RECENT EXPERIENCE, Mr. J*m<i ft. Snell'i Dtipateh. Bbtori Atlanta, Ga , August 5, 1884 DBMOSSTRATiaNS AND THEIR OBIKi T. Yesterday afternoon, at half-put two, the Army or the Tttoesaee and the two corps on its left, (Twentieth aod Fourth), made a successful demonstration on the enemy's tees in their front, and carried the enemy's rifle pits nearly the whole length of the line. This movement , however, was to caver and draw the enemy's atten tion from another and more important one? that of throwing the corps of Schofleld and Palmer across the railroad south of Atlanta, at a point between White Hill and Bast Point. Tbey commenced to move about three f. M. , but mot so much opposition from the rebels that tt was with difficulty they got a position near the rail road. About dark they attained it, and now every train that leavoa the city will have to run a gauntlet of Mlnies and canister uuless Schofleld is dislodged, which we do not think of. J HOWARD'S OPUATIONS. ?JL The skirmishers of the Fifteenth and Seventeenth wrpa advauced and took an advanced position with little loss. The Sixteenth oorpe advanced auoui the same lime to tno rebel rifle pits, and were about to fortify to enable them to bold tbelr ground, when the rebels reinforced their skirmish line and pressed ours so b ird that tbey had to fail back to the reserve pickets. The right at;d left flanks of Corse's division received a galling Ore on aocouut of the commands resting upon thorn, not being far advanced, enabllog the enemy's pl> kets to swing nround tbem and enfilade the line. General Corse's loss Etwo killed, two missing and twenty-four wou. ded. I twenty eight; io officers. General Ranaom's lion lost about the same. The aggregate low to our ?rmy by the afternoon's engagement was nearly three hundred, not Including Scbotteld's operations m. tbe right, of which I have no definite report, but am inforiu od was heavy. hsavt skirmiihi!co continued during tbe night, owisg to attempts made by those parts of our line that bad fallen back to regain their posit In, which tbey did under the assisting Ore of Oar artillery. The weather Is hot, to tbe extreme verge of compan ion, and yet our army continues to act on the olTenslve. Reinforcements are on their way to give us a helping hand, and in regard to ' coming events" I can only say that you will hear rrom them soon. Newa from Nashville. Nashvuxr, Teon., August 15, 1844 Several correspondents of tbe different newspapers bavo arrived here from below. They anticipate no early move ments of Importance by onr forces. NEWSPAPER ACCOUNTS. [Correspondence of tbe Cincinnati Commercial. ] Otor Crbkk, Folr Milks Soctbwsst ok Atlanta, Ga., ) August 7. 1864. J Since my last writiag matters b?reabouta n?ve gone at a snail's pace and duloess bas reigned supremo. It is ??advance the skirmish line and take up a new position ." ? aeploy tbe linee and bold the ridge;" ??refuse the Aaat." "make a demonstration and cover tbe ad vance," "reconnoitre and fall bark;" and all tbkt, from tbe beginning of tbe day till tho end thercor. If there is one thmg more than another which is odious and exasperating, it is to be compelled to make daily note M tbe Hetty jangles and frictions of two large armies fac ing each other In the woods, and endeavoring each to get tbe better of tha other without getting in the way of but lata or spiiliog blood. Tbe extreme length of this cpm ttign. and the nameroua bard knocks which tbe srmies ?ve dealt ont at one time and another upon each other, Kre produced a spirit oi caution which will permit noth to be done on hazard, or at least without the closest possible previous calculation of chances. Tbe contest tiaa become tbat of two trained and wary giants of an hundred watchful eyas, sore and smarting from taotlnued batterings, and making a thousand faints and passes before venturing tbe solid thrust which comes straight from the shoulder. Before every aus|<lcioua picoe of woods the c,<nnon Bit down and' sound its depth* carefully before men are aant in, skirmishers push about every wbere, beating all husbee, and when they have come into line, tbey lie or ?ays ia positiou-f lart.ig at eicb other from bebtn 1 trees, and fences, ancTOcks, be' ore a regular advauco is at tem;<ted All this Is well, because necessary, but It is Tory slow. THE AIM OF IT. As a clue to the whole senna or operations for the pmu week or two, it ie perhaps uot too early to say that the ?Ian ia sttmly and a!"oe to get possession of the raiiroail belwiHitj Atlanta and Gaet Point. This given meaning and point to the whole business, el?e ao muddled and sonse. law. This accompltahed, and all ttte eiP-rt and sacritteo or I bate many days la fully repaid, foi railuro tn this ia a fa Jure to take Allnta ? a failure In evoi y thing. Ktght the e before us, about two and a half miles Id our (rout, beat-' this grat artery of ll'e to the rebel city , and a > long aa tb" wbe.ted knlie o: Inderal expectation ? he'd back from severing this jugular of treason, so long Is delayed (be hour wueu it chall utterly consume the whole rebel lions carcase. Atlanta might, ptrhao', be taken by a Aired aasault; but It would be muc i ton costly. Flank ton baa wrested from iho hands of traitors every strong pace, oven tbo strongest which this campaign has yet given us, ai.d shall it fail to give ug this ouer It require* time, sometimes much of it, but time ia cheaper than Mo. d Tbo rebels understand tho importance of tbts railroad sutlicient.y well to make tbem exceedingly vUilant against nil our attempts upon It Tbe prom p tress and dar ng with wbicb ibey follow up our successive advan ces southward, present Kig always an nudicioua front t i our front, (a something lemaikubie, and is getting to bs ? thing not a little puzzling. It seems to have been the expectation on our part that, by pushing successive masses of men along down our lluo with aecreay and celerity, and then, aa soon as Ibey began to ?xtond beyond our Unas that were fixed and ?olid, maklag tbem boar Inrd against tbo rebels before tb?y could como out aud protect their front With works, we saould, in tbe end, be able to gain tbo rmllro.id by a simple extension. This baa failed op to this time Corpa were brought around from the lert to tbo right witig, and, m it wore, piiou up, I'eilon on Osas, southward, in ttie hope that tbe rebels would dra.v their forces out or the city to up s>se it, and thus loave It opon to attack on the norih, but their Hues were on tbe Inside, ltd their regiments proved too numerous, and atlll the rebels confront us and desperately dlspcto every inch of any advance towards their railroad. What remains to bo doner Besides all tbl* they appo.tr to hare received Supplies of artillery ammunition for their can ion. bitbert i silent, aro fierce now, and as riotously laviali of their thundor as ears have i eon They have thrown Into our lines within the |>sal two days more shells, per haps, than wiilnn any wix.io week of the cnmitait;n. Yesterday one shell tell In a rank of prostrate men la the Fourteenth corps, and cost four men oo-.h a leg. Out of about thirty aaaca or wounded In the second division, 1 wool v -third corps, the surgeonl found over twenty 1 Shell wouuds needing amputation ? a degree of arfvsrity seilom.tr ever, equalled We sccra to be unable to atiompt any movement of Importance toward ttioir llaok but tbe rebels are ap pr:?-d of It, aud hurry heavy musses of men to meet It WUh the gie*te?t promptness. The tall spires of Atiaata doubtless give thera a wide range, bat how they aro utile -to fatnom tno tangled woods and ravines of the c uotry , and spy out our columns ao accurately , Is strange. Arni iT 3. I will give you In a diurnal succession whatever of In terest has transpired along these lines lor tho past three or four dnya. Uu the 'd tho business on hand to bo dono want (effect a lodgement on the smith bank oi Utoy creek, n small, but deep channelled creek running east and west about oti a linn of latitude four miles south of Atlanta, ft was s apposed this would he a work or illffl. sully, and General Sherman accordingly allotted the per formance ot it to the Twenty third corps. Qenorai gcho fleld aeked tieaeral Haacall if Sis division (tho ^-oond) could do It, He said it could. ?Too may try it then." I be b .nks or the crew am very steep and tholi sides aro tangled with vines and bushes, rendering ji difficult Of ascent. In addition there is a dam just at the p<oi,t where tne rond crosses, an* where tho rroasine was to he ?fbcied. thus rendering tbe water so deep above It that tbe rebels coiHd lurk behind it and deliver a raking flro ui>on the bridge as our men crossed I hev could have done s ?, out they d d aot. i.enenl Hascsll Called up n tbe flue brigade of Oikviel W. R Hobsoti for a rkirnnsh line to clinrgo across tbo ,'>rid?e and up the 'pposito In I. They came promptly forward end, supported by the ^Thirteenth Kentucky, Ilk* Colonel's own regiment, a arged rapidly over (be itrtdgs, and, deploying into litfv', pualied so impetuously a;> the hill that u.ey ran dtri\ tly over ibo relisi akirm.ah ?!?* and csptuaed them to a rv'?n A rebel captain eaa In cotntnasd of tneir line V'i I* seems. bad lu*.' recivod a mes. sane fro.'" Ills superior oltl. ??*',. leoulr.n' what all ih.it IV<M vv->* about, an I ?' timnndine inn to hold hi# lit# t*11 ??" ""d DToinlo.n* that be should rood bo reinforced The cantaln received | tbe orders, and wr te on ibo back, that the Yankees were lie ting d? ? U saucy thereabouts, but he would hold his position at alt coma. In live miuutes oar mon gobbled hliu bodily, together with a lieutenant and (<*ty ? "e men, aud brought them to ibe rear thoroughly crest fallen. Ibis was accomplished by one daring brigade, and only a pari ol that, a taxk v* bion, with lens audacity aud more manoeuvring and eelmg about, might, when nttemH ted at last, have wetted the bill sides with blood It w >s an tm ortani step ga ned toward the possession, ultimately, ot tbe Macon Kaiiroad. There were other movements during the day looking to a protection ol' the Hank, and givlug support to tbe lino ne tly established on tbe bill, but all of little importance. The ? b Jin of the second division crossed at ouoe, and proceeded to ftrtify the crest of tba hill carried by the brigade. Al ODST 4. ('reparations were made tor a genoral assault, which was understood to have been ordered for three o'clock in the afternoon real expectations were excited by the imp< sing rn >rch aud couutermarch ot tbe columns, and the galloping to and fro ol orderlies and aids; but it all came to nothing Fhe tro ps could not he got into Hue In seaton. So crooked were the llnea. and so tangled aud ja^teit the hill s>dus, ni^ht came on before preparations could bo completed, ai.d it must go over to tbe next day. fcany in the nay occurred one of those soeming acci dents of war, which, standing out alone aud solitary, cause a greater feeling of sadnes-s than the slaughter of buudreds on a nloody Held It was an event which, in tbe narrow circle it affected, wrought a feeling of xuch umelgned grtei as is not olten experienced in the breasts ot men wh ?e daily business it is to make war. Lieutenant Julius Karnasrh, of the thirty tlfth Mis souri, topographical I tigineer on the stuff of General Scbotield, w >b, early m tbe lorcnoon, far out on tbo skirmish Hue, taking observations for the puruose of making a map of the situation, when a musket ball from a rebel picket pierced him through tbe head, causing In stant death. So modest and unassuming, and yet so industrious and scrupulously honest in all his dealings, ao gentlemanly in uis conversation, with those whom be knew and ho noble and dignified in his bearing, be bad won tbe best opinion of all who knew him. A '"OUST 6 ? OFN PALMER KtLli SD. No assault yet. A question oi rank was to be settled between major generals. General Palmer, whos-e corps bad been temporarily det'ehed from tbe centro of tbe line, aud ordered on the right of the Tweuty third, was ordered to report to General -ohofleld for o dors. This tie refused to do, and was relieved from bis command, aud the coria given temnorurily to General .left Dtvia A vigorous charge of the skirmish line oi the Second division of tbe Fourteenth corps discovered (bat tbe worka in tbelr front were entirely too strong to be cur ried by direct assault, and tbe project of an assault In front was abandoned This discovery bad cost tbe regi ments which made it pratty severely. The wbolo lose was not less than seventy-five men; among whom was Ma.;or Irving, of the Hiirty-eighth Ohio, sevorelv wounded. They had charged so precipi tately that tbe ranel tdormlsbers were taken wholly by surprise and captured in large numbers. One hundred and lorty-two were brought in as the fruits of one charge, and enough more were taken during tbe day to swell the whole number to two buadred and llftv. irni lT 6 ? ASSAULT OF thk twenty-third corps. At a very early hour in tbe morning tbe meD were in motion, the Twemy-tblrd corps marching to tbe right ot tbe Fourteenth, and tbe two divisions of tbo latter wblch bad been lying, one on tbe flank and tbe other in reserve, were sent in to fill up tbe gaps. Tbe order was to attack the enemy's flank, and attempt to drive It back sufficiently to enable tbo corpe to swing around to tbe Macon Kaiiroad. Tbe Third divi sion (General Cox) was to bold the left of tbe co-p3. The Second ^General Hascall) tbe extremo rigbt. The Third division attacked early in tbe forenoon, and as it swung around on tbe enemy's flanlc tbe Second division of tbe Fourteenth corps, which joined it on the left, slowly fol lowed the movement so that tbe Fourteenth corps' was gradually brought into a Hue running almost at right angles across tue croek, and at a point distant about four and a half miles southwest or Atlanta, A skirmish line, composed of a company from each regiment of three brigades (tbe Fourth was nm-tly in reserve), and csmmaoded by Lieutenant Colonel lloti, of tbe Twelfth Kentucky, advanced first, through a dense piece or woods, and charged upon tbe rebel sklrmtsbsrs, driving idem out of their pits in fine style It wm dis covered, however, that their line was entirely too weak to take tbe maio rebel line of works, and it was accordingly Increased by tretsh detachments toiour hundred men. This force drove ibe rebels behind their main rifle pits, and kept up such a palling fire that n < man of them dared raiso hie bead above the breastworks. Still, it was evi dent that it would be folly to attempt to carry tbe works with thin number of men, and after holding the rebels down ttius about an hour and a half they were relieved by tbo hiret brigade, which charged impetuously upon too rebel breastworks. But they were too strong. Oar men rought bravely, pushed tbe attack so far that men even jumped upon tbe parapets and fell close before them, yet It was unavailing. They were compelled to fall back, and the rebels leaping over their works pursued them a short distance in turn. The brigade lost heavily, fall three hundred men The One Hundredth Ohio lost ninety-nine, which was tbe heaviest loss buffered by any one regiment. Tbe color company of the Eighth T nnessee got la ad vance, and, coming under an enfilading Are, was Bum inoued to surrender, and compelled to do it, with tho lose or Its colors. These were Insolently fluttered by tbe rebels in tbo very faces or our men as they charged upon them, and they were haughtily defied to retake them. Tao nature of the ground, or some other cause, seems to have prevented the brigades from acting well In ooncort and slraultaoenuiilyi The First suffered heavily. Tho others did not approsch so near to the fortifications, and suffered loss loss. In the end they all fell buck, after hiving brought olt most of their wounded. Still con siderable numbers were left lying close under the rebel works, and a great portion of tbe dead also could not be recovered. OTcoxn nivtsiox. It was along in the afternoon before this division was swung around sufficiently on tbe rebel flank to become seriously eng igcd. Colonel Hnbson's brignde, prompt as usual, went in first on tbe left or the division, and drove the robels at ouce from their rille pits Halting n little ror tbe first and Fourth, the latter on the extreme right, to swing around, they all charged gallantly about four o'clock, through an opon cornfield on the rebel breastworks, In which they had a section of artillery , and drove them entirely out. The rebels bad j hauled olT their cannon and securod them, but were ut- | terly driven out of their works, and kept out. Tbo men hud reversed tbe rebel works heforo night and prepared themselves fully to bold thom at all hazards, but since they were detached from tbo Third division by quite a gap, and were thrust far out Into tbo enemy's country, and no trcops could be spirod to be rormed on their 1 Hank tor protection, It was judged salest to wltudraw tliem across tbo corn field, and retire tbe right wing for saiety. They left tbe works, tben. by order, and retired In good order and wiiheut molestation. I LO?. Many of tbe killed an i wounded having been of neces sity left on tho field, it is difficult to stale positively whether the missing were killed or wounded, or neither. It is to be hoped tbat the ground will be recoverod suffi ciently soon to enable us to ascertain the number of each The whole number of killed, wounded and missing will not be very far from live hundred and fifty. DISTANCES. The right or the Twenty third corps reached a point three mile* from East I'olnt . and, as nearly as I can as certain, a mile and a half from the railroad. We are at last getting so near it tbat tbe rebels are growing anxious concern log It, and shower upon us a furious storm of sbells at the slightest Indication of any movement on oar park nCAIKM. The Twenty-third corps alter the fight assumed s posi tion nearly at right angles with tbe Fourteenth corps, and racing southward. Tbe Seoond division was slightly bunt back to protect the flank, and lies upon a strong and oasily defensible ridge, wbicb they will be able to hold ttfl another advance is determined upon Aootber such as the last oaa will bring the army nearly, if not quite, upon tbe coveted railroad. artilikst dcsl. At tbe time tbe Second division was abont to make an attack, tbo artillery along nearly tbe ontlre front or the Army of the Tmmessee opened on tbe rebels, to create a diversion In their favor, and at the same time the skir mish line was briskly pushed forward as if about to assault The small voice or the musketry was overwhelmed 111 the mighty thundorof fifty guns, which shook the .indent bills of Georgia as they were never shaken before? rolled through Ibe valleys and reverber ated through the streets or Atlanta, announcing to Its startled dwellers the beglnuing of tbe end, and warning tbera to flee rrom the wrath to come. This, as all such demonstrations, ended as it was Intended, in smoke and noise, and a vast expenditure of ammunition, with a small loss of lire. If any e lect wss produced, It was a moral, or perhaps demoralising one Coifvmiicnso AT I. .AWT a, August 7. 1864. It is Sunday, the quietest Sabbath of the campaign; and, by common consent, both sides seem to have agreed upon tbe observance o! the holy time. The forenoon passed off so quiet I v that wo could with difficulty make ourselves believe that the enemy were still In our front. Karly in the evening, however, as darkness settled upon tbe linos, the flash of rifles could bo seen, though but few sfiots were exchanged during the night. Taking advantage of the stillness, I rods to-dav to the extreme loft of the line, and was pleased ti mark the progress which has been made In the construction of works. In Kioibiil's, Wood's and Newton's front tho works are so formidable thai one line can successfully repel an assault from five times its number. Jt may be pronounced Impregnable, Indeed ibe same m-ty be said of other portions of tlio line in front of tho Army of the Tennessee and tbe Tweutteth oorps th* raospwr ! ,for sn early occupation of Atlanta Is not very hopeful, tmlssM a cocsiderable number of men are sacrllicea in IVie attempt. Sherman, every tody knows, is careful of ta* troops, snd prefors a lew weeks delay to assanlts tf. at are sure to be liiaved by death and pain to tlio thousands of our heroic, me.., who, for over ninety days, ha*e stood wttb their faces t < tbo foe. The battle of vestorday afternoon has pretty correctly demonstrated tbo Mtreegth nt the rebel works Here General Sherman ? ill fcave a new opportunity Of putting hts ilanking experience Into execution, and win a foothold in the city without loss l'hore are some In the arm* who are impotent at tiie delay but th? Majority ?r the nvrn knrm what ass mite produce, and prefer to tt ust to Mtermaas brains ihin powder and bullets for the crowning victory of the most remarkable campaign of tbe w?r. ?trnnnun i!? tiiw spai Small sqnaris of cavalry and guerillas have got In our rsar, and prowl i'ViuI is iiton point* ?n tiie roads from Msrp'tiato tho fro.1', <11 tbe upper roi l' ire caoger<>u* to tr vel, as (he nit, tary only empiojr itio lower r sd '?? Price's ferry an I keeh it w. n patrolled, -"'verai soldiers . bv nil it* ng Ibe right ,"0'd have been gobbled. Mo uep ! reda.i ns hive lie.-n ntydi iiinw the rallnal or iho j wagon trains that are continually passing to and from Mae front. Two Mims prom Atijnta, Oi., August 8 ? 8 A. M. Nothing new transpired yesterdav. I he Fourth corps advanced their line a little nearer the railroad last night, under a brisk Are from tbe enemy. This morning opens without any indication that any thing decisive is ou band. Tbe railroad t> alns come regularly to tbe front, bringing crowds ol convalescents. Colonel Opdyke, of tbe One Hundred and Twenty-fifth Ohio, has been placed in command of tbe brigade lately commanded by General Kimball. IUriktta, C!a., August 0. 1814. folonel Capron, witb bis son, a youth aged seventeen yearn, and Lieutenant Colklns, or tho Klghtb Michigan cavalry, arrived in town tbis morning, very much to the surprise ?r all who were famiiar witb the details ol ihe sun rise, the topography of the country throunh which be c mo. and the numerous bands or guerillas that in'ost the region of the Chattahoochee. It api>ears that after the battle of Hlllsboro bo 'onnd bis brigade to he coin posed o squads nnd detachments from the whole com mand. except Colonel Adtwng' brigade, which bad re mained organized. He was also alarmed to discover that n?t more than one third were armed. Having left Athens he marcbed day and night, thinking by these long and forced marches to eludo the enemy,, who be knew was following bim. to* smrrtif* Tbe night before the morniug of tbo attack be made a march of nearly forty miles Hie ob eel was to pass all cross roads, so that when he halted there would be le?s danger of au attack, because, wben beyond these, he supposed tbat tbe enemy could only come from tbe front or rear. A large number of contrabands bud followed the brlpade. and heretofore nt night had slept anvwiere within the picket lines: but tbis morning, at one o'clock, Colonel ('apron ordered tbom to encamp together on tbe left of tbe r<>ad. Tho rebelR, instead of coming along the main road, diverged before tbey came to the pickets, and came in through the woods on both sides. They en me upon tbe negroes first. Each one had two or more horses they were bringing through to our lines. The staint ede of the negroes, and hundreds of horses rushing Into the camp, frightoned by tho fiendish ye'ls of tbe rebels, was the first evidence of tbe attaok. Here the ?cene of con sternation is described as being terrific. Horses tramp ling upon our sleeping men; the armed foe murdering tbe unarmed; captains and lieutenants waking, and crying out for the men to form in line Captain Lord, after placing an armed guard in tbe ml in tbe rear and allowing no one to )ias*, suecoeded it rallying about one hundred men. Colonel Capron was on bis horse, without saddle, everywhere shouting to the men not to separate, but to remain together and retire in good order; but tho overpowering number of tbe enemy rushed on with ail the momentum of an avalanche. About this time Colonel Capron found it impracticable to ride without aaddle, and bad just finished saddling wben a dozen rebels rushed p ist, knocking bim undor bis horse and firing upon htm with tbeir revolvers. The Colonel, finding that he was unharmed, mounted his horse and started for the road, where about one hundred and fifty men were in line; but before reaching tbem another squad dashed against bim, using the most obscene aua themns and rending tbe air with those yells which are describable only to those who have heard them. The Colonel endeavored to flank tbem. They saw tbat he was an officer, and pursued him to a creek, into which he Im mediately plunged bis home and reacbcd the op posite bank in safety. His son followed him, but the "chivalry" wece afraid to jump the creek During the forenoon Colonel C. met a citizen, who proreeeed to be a loyal man, and he engaged him to pilot bim to Decatur. He rested a while at his house, when the loyal man ad vised bim to leave bis bors<s, as it would be Impossible to get through on horseback. This proved true; but tbe loyal man was quite pleased to know that it was true. He went with them until about twelve o'clock that nieht, and while the Colonel, bis son and Lieutenant Colkins, who bad joined tbem, were asleep, tbe very patriotic man. who was so willing to serve hii country, went home to take oare of the Colonel's horses. He, witb his son and the Lieutenant, were now left alone in the swamp. Finding himself without a guide the Colohel resolved to movo westward to the Cbattaboocheo river This march through woods and marshes was heart sickening. The women were even scouting tbe woods far fede rals. Tbey were scouted and bunted down like beasts. Very often tbis trlo? wonld And it convenient to conceal themselves until thehr matronly scouts bad passed. Tbe only article of lood tbey could obtain was a few berries and sometimes a biscuit a friendly negro would give tbem. Finally they ranched a ford on tbe Chattahoochee. As tbe Colonel lay concealed in tbe brush and undergrowth be saw a party of about one hundred rebels with fifty or our prisoners, heard their conversation, and saw tbein croes tbe rlvor, and chain tbe canoe on the opposite side, and move on south. Just as be was about to emerge from bis ambush a se cond party came with more prisoners. A violent thunder shower cime up at tbis time, and prevented their cross ing The Colonel now fully determined to take posses sion of the boat, and run the gauntlet by water. His son was sick, tbe Lieutenant's feet swollen and blistered, and himself exhausted with anxiety and fatigue. Ho hired a negro to swim the river, obtain tbe canoe and bring It to tbe opponite shore. Meantime the storm was raging furiously. Sambo's courage failed bim, but tbe desperate position of the party forced him to get up bis spunk. They started for tbe bank ? tbe darkness was so great that tbey all held each other's hands so as not to get separated. Arriving at the bank, Sambo s'tid, "Ma*sa Co'onel, 1'se can't go In dar In dls lightet.er " He trembled in every nerve, and It was more than an hour before he could regain self-command of himself so that the Colonel dare trust him to tbe turbid stream. Blackness plunged Into darkness, and all that could be beard was a splashing and puffing. Id a few momenta the gable rod of Neptune came to with the chain In hia mouth, towing the canoe. THB KMHARK ATIOH. the Colonel, Lieutenant and Sam immediately pushed out into the stream, hoping under cover of the darkness to make the greater part or the way to Ronswell bridge that night. The party had gone but a short distance when they beard the unwelcome roar of rapid*. They were too near to make the ahore. tha canoe being wholly controlled by the current. This was a moat critical moment. They who had bo narrowly escaped death in battle were now at the mercy of the maddened, impetuous water. Not all of the party could swim. so It was decided to remain in the boat, and if she foundered they would reet In the same watery grave together. Onward tho frail, trem bling canoe sped, beariag its precious burthen, amid a myriad or eddies and whirlpools, until at last she gave a sudden plunge, completely submerging the passengers, they all held tenaciously to her aides, when she came to the surface. and with their bats balled bor out. Once mure they began to paddle down the Chattahoochee: had gone but a mllo or so when that same dre.ided roir of falliug water cime through the darknese. falling with ap palling ellect upou thoir ears. The boat wan Immediately beaded to the shore. Beaching the bunk, they found that the ivv and briar* were so thick that it was almost im possible to land. Arter more than an hour of hard work they succeeded in getting a plare to lie down, where the water was not more than an inch deep, the rnin still pouring in torrents. At daylight the weary travellers again embarked, with scarcely a hope of their ever reaching their goal; but they must not relax their efforts now when so near home. The undergrowth is so high and thick that it is like a vast, green curtain, spread on either side for miles along the banks of this now historic stream. The bushwhackers were not look ing for Yankees In canoes, so they did not watch the river very closely. There were guards at the fords along the river, but their attention seemed to be directod Irom the water to the approaching roads, so, very fortunately for our refugees, they were permitted to quietly slip down unnoticed and unharmed. SAa the boat came around a bead in the river they saw e part of the Kosawell bridge. All bogan to cheer and olap their bands Tor Joy. Moving beyond, around the bend, tbey saw the whole bridge enveloped In a vast sbeet of flame. Colonel Capron says that no language can ever tell the bitter anguish of that moment. The first and only natural conclusion was that our whole army had been forced hack across tbe river, and In their retreat had burned the bridge Having landed, they cautiously ap proached some citizens, who said our army was all cut up and was beyond Marietta. For the first time since tbotr Journey began tbey were discouraged. All were unarmed, and, as tbey supposed, la the advance of the rebel army. However, tbey made np their minds to press on, and ir possible reach our rear before morning. They marched through tbe woods all night, and at daylight reached our pickets, who told them the true poeitlon of our army. This glorious news made them forget their hardships, their lacerations, their latigue. They came in town to be welcomed by many brave soufs who had suffered tbe same, though separated Irom them. Wben the Colonel left Hillsboro ho thinks bo had about eight hundred men. It is evident that since the surprise ao organization has existed in the brtga.lo. There are now BbO?t two hundred and flfty who hav" come Into camp In squids of two or three, soarcely more than four at a time. Thny say they were bunted with bloodhound*, and if found shot like wolves or any beasts of prey. The men from Colonel Adams' brigade are also continually coming hi. Both colonels say it will be impracticable to make out a list of casualties for several days, as there will probably two or three bnndred come Into camp witbiuaweek. f M ARlBTTA. There waa quite an eieitement In town last night, In consequence of a contemplated attack. Most of the regi ments slept on tbelr arms. Tbe city is under strict mar tial law, which went Into effect on tho 7tb Inst. Geaerol Shrrmaa on Negro Troops. (From the Boston Advertiser. I Mr. Spooner, agent for recruiting for Massachusetts In General Sherman s dep irtment, lately reeetved from that officer the following remaikable letter, setting forth in a clear, shrewd and bloat manner, characteristic of the mnn, the tienerni'a opinions en tbe mission in whldi Mr. Spooncr and so many other gentlemen are st present en gaged. The Irony of the seeond paragraph Is highly amusing ? KiAtMrARTKRx, VrtriAiiT 1M vision or T?m"| MiMOMHrri, id mi Kiian. Nbar y Asmnta, fta., July 30, 18?4 I i.uis A. NroouFR, Ml., \gi>nl for tho Commonwealth of Massachusetts. Manhvllie I nn ? e'm ? \ o ,r* fr< m Chattanooga. July i<, is received, no tifylng me of your appointment hy yo<\r Stale as Monte n nit i olonel and I'rovoM M itshal of (\rorgia, Alabama mid M HS'SSlppi, under llie act or < oagr*-<v. approved .1 y 4 In. I, to reuuit volunteers U> l<? ciedltte*1 to the .-late* rt spc lively. (in appV.vtng to General Webster at VastMlll*, lv will grant you .? M?*s through our lup : to those 'les, and, a I have h'?d consider diie ixp rl' nre tho <?" S'afrs, w III! Bug <vt ricrult! w depot? to be estnblV'1"1 t Mac' n ird I o'ltnb Mi*? M-lmi, j i*'i<I Mo b le. viabamii, .'tut U>li?mi>i:a. v tilie and -av vninib, ()o?r?'ia I l do not ace tut tho law ie iricts vo i t<j black ro cruita. but you are at liberty to celled white recruits also. Il in waste of time an. I m oey to open rendezvous In Nertbweat i>eorg|i; f r i it-sure vou 1 h.?ve u?t Ben U able bodied man, black or winte, more, til (i>r a sol di, r, who was uol id our army or ibe one opponed to it. You speuk ol the impression no;ng nlnod ffiat 1 am opposed to i tie organization o: co ored regiments. My opinions ar.< usually \er\ pogiiivo. and there is no reason why vou uli mid not Icm'tw tlieiu. Though entei titiiiiug profound reverence for our Cotigr-A*, 1 do doubt their wimkim in the passage of this law ? 1, Pecauso civilian agents about an army are a nul same. 'i. I be duty o' citizens to fight for their country Is too sacred a one to be peddied oil' by buving up the refuse of other Slate*. 3. It is aujust to the brave soldiers and volunteers wbo are fighting, as tb so who compose ibis army do, to place them on a par with the class of recruits you are after. 4. The negro la in a transition state, and la not the equal of tho white man. 6 lie ia liberated irom his bondage by act of war; and the armies in the Held are entitled to a" his asMManr.e in labor aud fighting In addition to tue ?-*.per quotas of tho State. a ?. This bidding and bartering for recruits, whito and black. buB delayed the reinforcement of our armle? at tho times when su> u eiuforceiiieijta would have enabled us to'iiiako our successes peruiaiieut 7. The law is an experiment which, pending. war, is unwi-o and unsafe, and nas delayed the universal draft whicb I firmly believe will become necessary to over come the wide'proid resintance ollored us; und I also believe tbe universal dralt will be wise aud bouetlcial; | for, under tbe Providence oi God, it will separate the sheep from in; tf<ata, and demonstrate what citr/.eus will tight ! for their cijiitry, and what will only talk. No one will infer from this that 1 am not a triond of the negro as well us o the white race. I contend that the treason and rebellion of the master freed the slave, and | tne armies I have commanded have conducted to safe points more negroes than tbose of any general officer in the army; but I prefer negroes lor pioueers, teamsters , cooks and servants; others gradually to experiment In tbe art of tbe soldier, beginning with ibe duties of looal garrisons, such as we bud at HemphlP, Vlcksburg, Natchez, Nashville and ChatUnooga; but I would not draw ou the poor race f r too large a proportion uf Its active, athletic young men, for somo must remain to seek new homes aud provide for tbe old and young, tbe leeblo and helpless. These are aome of ray peculiar notions; but I assure you they are shared by a large proportion of our fighting men. You may show this to tbe agents of the otber States in Uie same business as yourself. I am, &c., T. W SHERMAN, Major General. Official copy ? L. M. Dayton, AiddoCamp. GRANT. Brilliant Movement of a Part of the Army Before Petersburg. Splendid Results Al ready Achieved. The Eebel3 Surprised and Their Works Takes. CAPTURE OF GUIS AUD PRISONERS. ACTIVE MOVEMENTS IN PROGRESS. Genual Hancock Reported to be Within Two Miles of Fort Darling, fte., 9m. THE HERALD DESPATCHES. THEUIOro CORPS. Mr. Fin ley Anderson's DeipM?hn< FTR.AWBSRKY I'LilNB, NORTH BiNK J AMIS RlVIX, I August 14 ? Evening. f A7IOTHKR EXPEDITION VSimtt MJJOk GBXIRAL HiMUlV has cfTcciod a lodgment on the north bank of tbo .lame*. Tbe enemy, taken by surprise, as on the first occasion, has boen driven from bts first line of works on tho right by Birney, and on the left by Barlow, whilst this evening Foster's brigade baa captured four pieces of artillery. Tbe object of tbe present movement I shall leave to Individual surmise and the astuteness of tbe enemy. It (hows that General Grant is watchful, calculating, ener getic and always ready to take advantage of tho ouemy's operations. Neither is it necessary now to particularize the forces operating In this vicinity . It was surprising to many people, however, wno saw tho troops who embarked on transports at City Point on Saturday even ing, and started down the river, apparently on tbolr way to Washington, suddenly appear after midnight up the river on their way towards Richmond Tart of tho forces marched by land and crossed the pontoon bridges already laid over tbe river near Weep Botti m. 1 art came in transports, as I have mentioned. This midnight movement was made under the roost favorablo auspices. The sceue was magnificent, heightened as It was by tbo apparently innumerable lights on the transports, retlect ed on tbe water, and tbe brilliant moonlight. ?APIKR THE TROOPS Hill DEBARKED and taken their positions, some at the point which has been ocoupied by the brigade under General Foster, and some on this extemlve piece of open ground called Straw berry Plains, an advance was nude on the enemy's posi tion. This position is a strong ons. Tbe main line of works extends along a commanding ridge, crowned by formidable earthworks all along the crest. In front of this main defensive line, however, a series of rifle pits, Intended as a strong skirmish line, proved, as it was de signed, an effective obstacle to our advance. But early in the morning a portion of the troops on the left, under command of General Blrncy, tbo Twenty-fourth Ifassa chusetts and Tenth Connecticut in the advance, rushed forward, charging In gallant style, and almost without firing a shot drove the enemy from bis rifle pits covering tbe Klngsland road, and captured about one hundred pris oners. Arcong them were officers and privates from ten different regiments in K Ida's and Wilcox's divisions. Those were Longstreefs troops. THB REBELS DRIVBN TO Tit SIR WORM, The enemy retired Into bis main Intrenchments. Birney made good use of both his bayonets and his bat teries. During the afternoon the troops under his com mand drove the enemy from an Important position at tbe junction of the Kingtland and New Market reads, on the route to Richmond, and it was then that Foster's brigade, by a brilliant little charge, captured the rebel guns. It wis at first supposed that there were six brass field pic(S>? and two moriars. but when we came to haul them on we found that there were only four guns, but they were handsome eight-Inch howitzers. THK ADVAMCS ? CAVAI.RT SKIRMISHING From strawberry llama otlisr troops advanced on the roads leading towards Richmond The cavxlry under General tlrcgg look tbe t'haries Cltv road, * hence, arter a sharp en^anement, Hampton's rebel legion was driven in considerable confusion, retiring at last In a northerly direction. ind not Immediately upon Richmond The in fantrv punned forward on other roade, but lonnd them well mrtifled and well defended; for, from the moment the enomy perceived our debarkation, and arrangements for ottensive operations, which bo cculd easily do Tom tte commanding heights be occupies, be commenced moving troops from bis right to his left, and tmmedi. ately sent f r reinforcements, in order to protect his most vital and nvst threatened poMts? namely , tbep-in elpal highways Into Richmond. OKXtRAl. BAKLOW C1I4RI.SM ASH CAPTt RES THK *SH*I. *>rt? ptrs. Farly in the afternoon General I'arlow, with a portion of his cotnmaud, ehaiged one nn<< of rllle pits and t ok it. Tho eiierov resisted stubbornly with artillery and mus keiry but our troops assaulted the position? a sort or isolated crest? and to k and now hold It. tot.' Nt?l. M YVrMEVT Uter in the (Utjrtioon an attempt by Colonel Macy's brig ole to p'erce the main line >u tbe ere t bey o d, while it illustrated tbe galhotrv ol nor soldiers, was umor tnBWClv nnsiccessfill. fW'Hie Marys burse w killed beside mr "?n. lis immediately pr cur? d ,i other but It w;tf. alto s I> ? stint down liv hi- h" *r falling on him, tbo Col' tie: was In) i red Interna. ,y. and had to be carrtod from the Held. i 01 ata m u\ belongs to the Twcntleiii \l i,<-.iclnisett ? re/irtient and is a lery gailst M'Ycr W n<tr .t Gi itv-b ,r.'. where he lost a hand, and subscutteutlr weuu sd in tno Wilder- ' dm*, be bad only just returned to doty yesterday. And Uiih afternoon I >???* Uim cm r leil ir in the tleid nimn. ARI II.I.KRr? GkNEMAI. GkA>T, Captains How. Kli kettM and demon had eirh a section ' of their batteries iu po.-oti< a on the 01 on plain, fr?m which, for a tune, thev silenced the enemy's artillery, AU't disturbed the moving cntuinnso his Inuntry. Genera! Grant, acoom panted hv his staff, visited the scene ol' < .eueral Hancock 's present operations durlug the a! turnoon. prisoners taken since th-so this morning show that a considerable force of the enemy In here, and information receiver! this evening indicates that rebel reinforcements are arriviug OCR CASUALTIES during tbe day havo been s'lgbt. It Is impossible to procure a li*t ol them tbm erecing. Chptain Cooper, of tbe Second New York heavy irtillery, and Captain No. Ian, of the Twenty el hi h Massachusetts in antry. are said to be among tlie killed; and Cuptain Bronson, of tbe Fifty seventu New York among the wounded. He is adjutant of Col. Crand ll's brigade, and hai lost an arm. 01 R UNBH RTABLiSHKb. This evening our linen, ?s they always aro under Han cock, have been wo I established. Our dispositions and I operations are interesting but present piudeutinl reasons ; prevent me being more explicit. While skirmishing has been going on all day, not a | sound disturbs the solemn stillness of tins Sabbmb I evening now. And lam reminded, as the leaves ?re I rustling over mo that, closing this despatch, I am about 10 ! seek a Tow hours' reposo, until day light ushers In tho 1 beginning of new developments on the morrow, beneath the outspreading branches of the same grand old oaks I where, under somewhat similar circumstances, we awaited new developments while here two weeks ago. THE TENTH CORPS. Mr. Wm. H. Merrlam'* Despatches. In tiix Fibld. at Dhei- Bottom, Va., \ August 14 ? 7 V. If. ) This day has been signalized by tbe Initiation of a glow Ing attempt on tbe part of a largo body of Union troops to gain a position from this point as a bane, in the rear of Drewry's bluff and Fort Darling, looking to offensive operations against Richmond, In the nature of a genera' fight with Leo In front or his works, or the driving of film within bis defences altogetner. THE M0VKMBNT? THE TENTH COFPS. Tbe movemont from tbo beginning has been deliberate* ly and ably planned, and tbe Initial attempts of to day to perfect it and render It fruitful of results have been in tbo main brilliant and auspicious. This is particularly true uf the old and tried Tenth corps. Major General Bir noy commanding, who sent to the seen* a large portion of bis troops, and who, being ordered to be in readinoss to move at a certain moment, was fully ready at precisely that moment, and moved promptly to the Mid, arriving tbere between two and three o'clock this morning, and marching exaotly on timo across the pontoon brldgo, known as tbe upper bridge. When w#cooslder tbe delays that too frequently prevail to the prejudice of our success in many or our elaborate military movements, this energy and efficiency of the Tenth corps is tho more especially marked and gratifying. TllF. IREUMIRARY MOVEMENTS. In carrying out the designs of tho Lieutenant General, the embarking of nearly all the troops Intended to par ticinato in tbe operations of tbe day, and probably the week, on board transports was made a shrewd feature of the plan. Accordingly that portion of tbe Tenth corps assigned to co operative duty with tbe other troops sent forward received orders to hold themselves In readiness to march, with several days' cooked rations. Tbe opin ion was general among both officers and men that trans ports were to be taken for some distant point. The re suit showed this conclusion to bo erroneous, though, in tbe cose of other portloos of the forces, the deceptive aid of tbe ships was largely called Into requisition and with nattering success. AttUVAL OF THB TENTH COnPS Oil Till FIELD. Tho several divisions of tbo corps arrived at Deep Bot tom and crossed the bridge between two and three o'clock this morning, where they disposed themsolvoa l for rest and comfort until daybreak and tbe hour of at tack. mi! J MIX ART SKIRMISHING. Preliminary aklrmishlng, attendant upon getting the troopB of tbe corps in position, prevailed from daylight until about seven o'clock When everything was retdy for a more Imposing demonstration on tbe enemy by tbe divisions of the corps under command of General A II. Terry and Brigadier William Blrney. late of tbe Detri ment or tbe South. and more recently operating actively in Florida, and a brother of tbe M^Jor General command ing the corps, nnd who captured the guns ?s hereinafter related, General R. P. Foster's brigade occupied the outer lloe, which constituted the advance, because of their knowledge of tbo ground and position. MAJOR GENERAL UIRNKT'S GALLANT EXPLOIT. Just at dark,' and immediately provious to the dlscoB tlnuonce of operations for tbe day, Major General Blrney held a consultation with Lieutenant General Grant In refer ence to iho storming of a portion of tlie enemy's earth worn. With deliberation and caution Ma or General Rlrney moved bit troops on towards tho cnoray. ttio evident purpose being to storm with success. In a memcot tile gallant boys of th ; old Tenth cor|>s had charged and wore victorious. The enemy lied from their {Misition with tho utmost precipitation and left all betiitid. The result or the undertaking 'was the cap ture of (our heavy guns, two mortar* and a large number of prisoners. M*tor General Butler upon his arnvul .it detriment headquarters, at once sent an exceedingly complimentary telegraphic desi?tch to Maior General ISIrney, thanking him (or bis act, and assuring him that the government and the country would not fail to entertain a lively appreciation of the noble gallantry displayed by his victorious troops in this affair. The officers Ynd men of the Tenth feel, as is their right, unu sually good to night over their brilliant and gratifying success. A *rr>-*!?SFri toarub. When the hour or attack arrived two brigades of the Tenth corps, situated respectively on the right and lei l of our line, made a most courageous and splendid charge, under thn gallant lend of Brigadier General a. H. Terry, u|>on the on?ny,wbo were present in force in and in Trout of a belt of woods running nearly parallel to the northwest side of Redoubt We<-d (so named in honor of the lata Lieut. Col. Weed, who rell at Coal Harbor), and about a mile fr m the upper notit"on bridge. Ibe charge ? which was made through in 0|>en 0o!d ? was a grand one, and resulted in haii'lsotnely driving tho enemy out of position on his outor line o' works, captur ing upwards or a hundred prisoners, and leaving a largo number of dead and wouuded rebels on the (lold. Our entire loaves throughout id killed, wounded and prisoners Is about flity. I hope to be able to iinlsh this despatch In time to enable me to go over tho Held and verify this point. The scene was a truly inspiring one ? the charge, the reorganization of the troops, and the taking up ot a new position, occupying quite an hour. The participating regiments in this noble exploit were the Twenty-fourth Massachusetts, supported bv the One Hundredth New Turk, Colonel l*andy the kleveoth Maine, and tbe First Maryland cavalry. Tbo chance on tbe right waa made In line of battl^iy?be gallant aid Klgbty fifth Pennsylvania, tbe Sixty soaeatb <*hio, Colonel Voris; the Sixty second Ohio, Lieutenant Colonel Taylor, and the Thirty ninth Illinois ? all daabiog regiments and all equal to sucn tasks. Till UUUIKAL fOHITION throughout these scenes now under relation was as fol lows:? Major General Blrney, with two divisions of his corps, formed our left opposite the enemy's right, Gene ral W. S. Hancock holding our right In front of the rebel left, tbe small stream known as four Mile crsek running directly between oar right and left. Tbe rebel position was adjacent to and on both sides of tba bead of Four Mils creek, from which fact It will be noted that their communications were both uninterrupted and secure, while our communications wera naturally cut off by the Impasaabillty or Four Mile creek, rKRsoHAI. MOVBNBNT* OF Vtfl AETZRaIS. Among the generals on tho Mi | saw Lieutenant Gene ral Grant; Major (iener?l Jt, ?. Butler, commanding the department; Major Qgheral W. 8. Hanoock, commanding the Second corpt: Major General Barnard, Chief Engineer or the aratHi Major General iliroey, commanding tbe Tenth corps Brigadier General A. H. Terry and Rrigadlor General Wm. Rlrney, commanding dtvlslens In the Tenth corp*: Brigadier General Robert Foater, oomroandlng | United States rorces at r?eep Bottom, and Rrigadlor Gene I ral Sbepley, Military Governor. All these general officers were accompanied by tbelr respective staff officers, and one or two of them by clviliau friends rrom the North, I Impelled by a desire to see for themselves some tiling of the realties of war upon tbo immediate held I or battle. Lieutenant Geaerai Grant arrived early on tbe Held, and held several Interviews during the day with (.enerals Rutler and Uancock. All the generals seemed to be especially aaxioua and active, and what was Inspiring to behold, all seemed to act in gene rous and naso fish concert for lbs success of tbe plan whose execution this day saw Inaugurated. TBI RtCMKL USNKRAt I.SS must recall his forces o|<emtlng North under Karly , and, In addition, tnui>t como out and tlxht tn front of bis woras this week or wholly retire within the Richmond defeuces. in tbe rormer oaso let us Invoke ror him a sound thrash ing, In the latter wo know It will be the end of tbe rebel cause In Virginia, aad so, ultimately and speedily, on the continent. Arnntt 16 ? 6 A.M. Everything has been quiet throughout the nigbt op and about the scene of > estcrday's operations. Ibe opinion prevailed throughout the night that tbe enemy wou d open on us this morning all along tbe lines In front of Petersburg as well as on Foster's front. In th s we bnvc been disappointed. 1 do not think It poRtlbio that to-day can pass without further Oihtiog. II it does, then we ma* ooncitide that the enemy are reinforced and are foitliyitig iti our front. In thit ca*e time alOLe will determine the nature and extent of our successes. if'Mins at ditch up. IMr, Wm. II, iiitnlam'i I>?-si??tc ti? GSW.SRAt. Urti ** S llallHjr ANTtRS, August 10? S A. tt'iri AM> WORR. Kvorvtblna was quiet at I' uttfl Gap yesterday, an/'le diyging of tbe canal prcctdul uninterruptedly. Tfc* ?noiu> m id? u<> I'eiD 'i atrailon wtatmw during t? dST? th'ir Htten 1 1- >11 Unity wi.oily abho. bed by lb# DesP B<M l<>m movement. i he tr o, h aro earnest lu their an i win iirw*'')'* it to (occom. reiier1*' Butler sail*) t" ibo i.hi and the -ceiie o' the construction of tbe oanal at about twelve, uoon, yqpteiday: but immediately rs turned and .on.ed I.i?hi etunt ( eneral (.runt at We0 bottom (i neral Butler m suffering slight Illness till* morning trotn *hm h'? (main tr Iriends In cimp believe t'> It" hm oldNa'inna' Hotel disease, contra* ted in Wash ington nt lb* maiitiuri ion period ol ttie lata Mr. B? chat an W inn attacked tue ciunoral uHuaiiy suffers about twenty lour bourn. THE PRESS DESPATCHES. Tho Bermuda Hundred Despatch. Ukrmi'da Hcsdsbd, Va. , August 14, 1864. Yestrrday the Second corps (liancotlc'd) woro going into trim port* at City I'oiut all day, apparently for Wa-hiugton, and started down tbe river, their bands playing gayly. Of course the rebels were watching from tho shorn. and no doubt Colt much Interest in the move m?ut. The transports d'd lertainly go down tbo rlror for leu miles or more, w>)on, however, they pat about, and undor cover of Hie darkness returned, coming up by this plaoe umle/ full speed it ten P. M.,and proceeded up tbe river. At ihc earna utn? the Tautli corp*, with tho artil lery t f tho Seoond o irps, were cr s^lng to the north side ol tho .Ulrica rivor, awl were all landed up the river, within twelve mile j of Richmond, before three 6'clock this moruing. lhis loroe, v. lib Gonoral Poster's, makes quite a respectable army It is understood tbit their first move will lie to destroy, It p<i?sihln, the rebel pou toon bridges above I'ort Kirllng. If this is done l.ee will be unable io traimfer his army to the north liile without marching by way of M'xuchester, more than twenty mile-1. Hum tar all work* well. MuRketry firing was heard to tbe direction ol this movement thU inuruiug. Tbe F.tmem Monroe Despatch. 4 Fobtkfjm Minros, Annual 15, 1864. The hospital steamer Hero, of Now Jersey, Captain Hancock, arrived from Deep Bottom, on tbo James river, this afternoon, with one hundred wounded men who were wounded in tho fight ye.iterday, after landing on tbe north side. the following oOicers are among tbe number:? Captain W. K. Mnpes, 21th Xew York. < aptain .law. Mcvann, looth New York. Contain W. N. Saline, 4I1I1 Ma oe. Captain A. W. I'endix. 1 1th Maine. Major C. I*. Ba dwin, nth Maine. Lieutenant Hichtrd I lltiuton, I'ith Pennsylvania. Lieutenant (>. H. Brown, luth Connecticut. Lieutenant J. S. Mansur, iflh United Stales, colored. I leuienaut Edwd. E- iatrctiild, 9th United Mates, col ored. * Lieutenant P. McDavid, 2d South Carolina, robel pris oner. The Hero brought away all the wounded of the Eigh teenth army corps up to live o'clock yesterday arternoon. Artlllory and musketry firing bad beon kept up all day, and still continued wtea our informant leit. Our forces drove in tho rebel pickets early on Sunday moruing, and during tbe day succeeded In onrrylug two lines of the enemy's earthworks, tbe outer one being about nine miles irotn Richmond Thn loss In tbo Second army corps so far has been very small. Ueueruls Grant and Meade are commanding In person. LATKlt. The mall boat Eeyport has arrived from City Point, ano has on board one hundred rebol prisoners, captured dur ing tbe skirmishing of yesterday. Pesldes the earthworks captured yesterday by out forces, there was also captured one battery that bore unoo our men working upon tbe canal heretofore alluded to Ths Washington Despatches. Wasiimtoton, August 10, 1864. The mall boat Koyport reports the movement of tbe Second corps up the Jatnos river on 8aturday night, re sulting in the routing of a large rebel force at Dutch Gap and the capture of over live hundred prisoners, besides seven pieces or artillery. 'ihe position occupied by the enemy Is said to bave been a strong one, and Is now ocoupied by our troops, who aro able to hold it. Ibe Keyport took down rrom Bermuda Hundred to Fortress Monroe over one bnndred prisoners rrom this fight, about forty of u bom claim to be deserters. 1 here was but little bard fighting ('one. General Han cork accomplishing bis end by Fkliful manrruvring and a surprise, and consequently our loss was snail, it being estimated at less than one huudred. Previous to tho movement up the river the troops were placed upon tbe transports and moved down osten tatiously to below Harrison's Landing, thus completely deceiving tne rohels, who at on?e supposed the siege of Petersburg and Richmond was being raised. I Under tbe cover or the night tbe troops were turned up tbo river again, aod tbo result was a comploto surprise of the enemy. Our troops have now gained an Important position within two rnllos of Fort Darling a passenger in the mall butt rrom City Point arrived hero to day He reports that a detachment of the Second army corps on Sund iv swept round to Deep run and captured a number of prisoners. tbout eighty of them were landed at fortress Monroe, they are South Carolinians, and belong to General Long street's corps. Their appearance indicates extremely hard service. WAfRMflTOK, Auguit 10. 1804 On Saturday la< t Hancock's corps was put In motion on the Jamo* river, and by a circuitous route reached the north side of tbo river at Deep Bottom, near Dutch Gap, Saturday night. Turner and Terry'* division*, of tbe Tenth corps, also crossed over to Deep Bottom Satur day niKht. Foster's division, which bid been for somo titno potted at Deep B >Uom, was advance ! by General Hlroey a ilUle after sunrise on .Sunday morning, pushing tbe rebel line of skirmishers before them for time con siderable distance . wlieu the twenty fourth Massachu setts regiment, Colonel (labor ne, cbsrgod and broke tbo ribel line and ruptured seventy prisoners. Meantime General Green's cavalry hid cleared tbe roads for llanco. k. nnd he ^ot hia i tbe Second) corpa into lositlon on Htruoy't right, on tbo New Market roud, which lends from tbe vicinity of Malvern llill directly to Richmond. lbe position thua taken by Hancock is about ten mile* from Richmond. Birney in i le an aaanolt on h'S front anil carried a line of th" enemy's work*, which guard the approaches to Richmond in that quarter, capturing six pieces of cannon anil mor'ara. Some advices state the number of mortars at four pieces. Late aad Interesting from Cattle Thun der. Mr*. Margaret Leonard, of Boston, Mast., am red io this city yesterday from Castle Thunder, Richmond, she It on her wsy to Boston, where she resides, h'be let Richmond on tbe 12th inst.,aod mikes tbe fol'otflng statement of tbo circumstaucot attending ber capture, her treatment while in tbe rebel lines and ber experience In other reaper's ? My husbaud, New Ion I.onnard, volunteered in January laat, In tbe Second M?s?acbus< iU heavy artillery. Wh?a h.scoappany ww ordered to tbe seat of war I received permission to go with bis comptny as laundress. Tiiev' regiment >r?t went to Norfolk, Va., and from thence wat ordered to Plymouth, N. C. Thlt pi tee was captured en tbe 20th of April by the rebels, with all that was in It, Including my trunk*, over Which tbe rebel* and our own men bad a quarrel lor tbo pott est ton, but tbe rebels got thorn. The rebels gave me nothing back, not even a hat for my head. I had nothing only what wss on my back. They seized all the moony, goods and everything else they could tako In n . ur men. Th'r.i were a good many wounded at Plymouth alter tbo battie, and they left me there (oar weeks in tha hospital as a mrse. At the isd of that time I w a* taken to Andersenvtlle, lis.. In a bo i cert Ihev kept me ten days there and treated me kindly. My bu*han?l *aa allowed to vieit me every day. Tnia waa tbe only place at which they showed me any kliidneNt. At tbe end of ten days tboy took me io Richmond and lodged me in Castle thunder. I arrrved in Richmoed tbe Win of Juno and remained tbere till the 12th of August All inn rati nt tne prisoners have In Oittlo Thunder la corn bread and water and rotten bacon They btve not hair euough to eat. Kor tbe last Ave w<-?ks they gave ine uo soap, not as mucb ss would wash iny hauds. Tbe/ keep what they call d'terters, ? plan and Yankee bushwhackers In Castlo lli'.nler. Tiiere are not many prteouera in Richmond U"W but them are twenty seven thousand at Andersonvllle and Micon, Ga., and thay ?re <i^ng very isst of scurvy, chronic diarrhit-a snd dropsy If they are n >1 soon re leased there wilt not be msnv left to release, While I was .? Andersonvilie I saw them burying our prisoners every day. There are no prisoners now at Helle Isle, and \ery lew In the other Klchmoud pr s n . Thero were only two oib<r prisoners in the foinate depirimeut of the Castle wltb mo i Wo had mattr*?*es of strnw to sleep on. it Uigo is confined to a cell, and the rehels s?y he is a spy, *nd Is going |() be hnng. l'ber i?ed t" put him in a cell at night snd et - ?>- but now Iher keep him rh ii'ui I hive nothing to en but corn bre<d snd tn.. reb^i o cer* at Castle Thunder hue on v <ii. s-'int. vegut ibles tuey get o..t of ag<Men ?vo t?j*re. file r4r?nii Hull of the flriaaoit. :'A*?T<XU, AU.'USt 16 |SA| oKiaittee of irr m ;> m -mis li ive rt * ?? j tne grind tie toe* >u lor Friday niftbt, at Uoto i Hal thi? (lie ; pp^r will be pi <v ded by tbe Lels> aa Mr.. ? expected to ) ? uTireol

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