Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 20, 1864, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 20, 1864 Page 4
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NEW YORK HERALD. JA.91BS UVRDUH UUNXBTH EDITOR AND PHOriUtTOX errto? *. w. cormcr or m.roN and nassac bts. Volume X\1X ?o. ?3i AMi.bK .ii.Nra THIS 1VKN1N0. aiVLO'a GARDEN. Lraaa WAlXACTt"5 TitUTBB. Broadway -Rout O'Mona? T* ias. WIMKK GARI'IN. ItrrAdwar. ? RviuVhodt * Ki;iv<id? Rjt DukDiiu. KB* BOWEBE 1HKATRK. I^werv.? Bintiitoif or r HIS? UUMI .1 Kfc? Xvkl ? V OlIHl AvklilCA. SOWER* THEATRE. Bowerj.^Fisuitaiuii or Lis ? CAkr.Nt.u or I'O km BABMUM'S Ml'SB'M l?ro*cj??r. ? Two Gmrrs. Two Z>?AKFA. A in I hot. biRf'M.1, i Hi kit houIA 'lllk k.?olC CATK? Al ll A !U., 3 AUd 7 4 P. >1 WOOD'S MINSTREL HAI.U.MI Bro? Jw?r.-Rr?to?AS bulltiS, 1IAMU. AC.? MILi-i H AND 11 A >1 J. S CAMPHBLI. MINSTKhliS. IW And SOI Itowf pr.? TaBIBD and txcrTiau Sl?ri.4?u? or UTHiorn* Odditis*. AMERICAN TtiBATRK. N? 411 Proiolwar ? BiLLBr*, r*Kro*illK3. ill JiLAXJUitS, At. ? 1>U> UltASKY kjKUMI'T. ?ewiork m 5kitm or anatovt ew n?*/iwar ? CumoklTiki A?l) iMrtVkKs. :roo? A. M. ill1, lur M. HOOI.WT'S OPERA POUSX. Brooklyn. ? Kintortaa Bo.\OS. IUNiK*. Hi 111 ? Ql'XS. AO. New York, Satuvdny, Aunutt MO, ISC'!. 171112 SITU AT J ON. Thero is very lillle to report Iro n Gcucral Grant's army. About one o'clock yesterday morDi:^ to tbe calm, bright moonligiU, the reno.s opened B lertlfic ariillc.-y fir* on fiuriibiJe'a posit lun oo our right and centre, wlich lusted for tw < hours. An assault by tbo enemy w as expected, but roi o w ta made. Ko dau.igo was dou 3 by the guns wo; tti noting. Everything conc- a:ng the pirate Tnt'sh tSio juat now ta interesting to the public, whatever it may be to the Nary Department, which appeirs to t ki very little Interest in her proceedings. Tbe British Admiral Hope, at Halifax, has ordered her to tako in uo more i oal, so that she has to sai! with tln-.e hundred inster.d of Ave hundred toes o.' essential material Ii ?u reported that a United States steamer was watching her oatEide of Halifax harbor. The Tallahassee's destructive ra:d includes several other vo-sels besides tboae aheaily reported, tbo named of which will be found dn.y chronicled lu our news col Our news from Geccral Sherman's army is important It Is reported at Louinville, Ky , Hut on Tuesday night General Stccdimo started from CbattauiK^a, nod met tiic rebel force uodor General iVhce or r.t iirtysvij^e, eighteen to I os distant. A screro ougagemeat ensued. Gcuerul ^teeJmau was severely wounded. Colonel Stra.ghl, of the Fifty -firi-t Indiana regiment, was killed. A rebel force is reported at Cleveland, TVnti.. aud a Union brlcnUe haa left Chattanooga for tha' plrcs. This id all the je.v? o( Interest we have from the Ati.iata reei on. The movement of General s>hei idan iu the Slionandoab valley is not regarded in'Washingtou aa a retreat by any means. He wa only obtaining an A'lvanta.oous | ositinn, commanding all the aveuues of approach to tbo Potomac. In fact, it has been ascertained that if tie c niiuued hit mirch beyoui Elrasburg tfce enemy might h ive gut in his rear, wiilUi would have been a di??greeao e piece of business for Gen. Shcrida.i; ?o that be very wisely has taken a position which wi I oo ib!e t" move upon the enemy with entire con 3 dence, no matter at what point he may appear. Tbe fords of the Ui p"i- I'oioni'ic and tho app: aclies u Har per's Ferry at:d the various gaps are covered l>y oar arm v. Our story of Admiral Fsrragut's attack on Mobile Is pereci. Our correspondents furnish a thorough bistory of the entire Our latest dates are by way of New Orleans on tbe 12lh instant. At that Iiko Admiral i Farragut bad prepared bis fleet for action, and ' ordered the at<*r-k on Fort &Ior^ u to be com- j tneoccd at eigi-t oMock on Tharsday morning. It i was to rcceive an enfilading Are fr m tbe Seet and j laud force, lis rear Is said to b:tve resisted the attack : wberetor there was a foot of gro-jud t ? it md upon. Tlie rebels bad deslroyod all tbe oulbtn dicgs of tbe fort, and had a 1*0 bu. ned their ? xly , lying ut.der its g-ns On .-sti;rday CTenirg Karra^ul detuar .l'.U the suricuderof the fort, bJt it was sot scceded to. MISCELLANEOUS NEWS. Ojr correi; nden e and Q'es by the A?h, d ited ti. the 6tli of Au ust, conta n v ry full details of the tel'gr.ii hi rept rt from Hanlax giveu in the Herald last Wednesday. The i'.rltUb p o; l? were very iudl;nant at the whole Bale t rritori*! fpcliati^n iuUicted on Denmark by Auetrla and I'ru ia i.t?'.or tbe p?uoe treaty drawn up at Vienna. Denmaiit could n i rest l longer In a ins. be Un^'llsb gov ernmeut ibi ? r > > a woi'd nU,or mid not aid he:; io tbe bran lit le kli gd< m bad to sue. jrn'u The roai friomls of Denm irk were cons.4ed with tbe hope thai tbe Herciaos would qtnir< I over th? d ri-im of the b"diy, aLd be in ttie end tbemseHvi rolhoil by Naj euc to a much greater extent. Tb- .ast in?!nlm?nt of tbeccrre'r -nJorrebelwean l ord I.yon.-, Earl I!ub t I .md terei ?ry re* rd, ;? V.:ve to the allege t of Brit -b eubjeei ? ? b- 1 her n pre trlo'is'y ?,?ldoa4?i'cd"' or "bocusscl ?I to the United Mato-. Aru y. bad been priseutcd to the f'.rili-b I'ar.u. moot o L''i ^oa corresponefeat Mateti thattiie ;ublic* ten o' thtve i r.oial | aj ers produced s itr >rg feeling :n tog land against oor miliUrjr B.rstem. acrl adr:?--s taat such acts, no matter by wb?m perpetrat d, aboard be j :tu media. e!y and dialiMUl Ui?av?w?4 b> the .orerniuei.t j in W isti .iigt 'o. A pr.r t? letter from St John* Vi-wfoundlsnd. da'ed lOtb ill-. ? , siatr* that a fro-', lu that ? c'.i >n ii few nights provi 'us to tt> at date is r"p rtea to Imc itjured the po tato orop ; fj( m ' xtl er Lsd been unusually eeld. Th^re ha i li.' i! e> .ely i i.j weitter. Th fi b'riOB had prorod almo i a total failure, And 'ears wc e fnMrts crd th?t the i> -r c: . ? :t wj_ d su>1cr gicsiiy tbe coml >g winter. Tbe slonmcr Jamaica TV get, '.jtsln Darrett, which sailed from Ki. .-ton, j. i ?. ., th. 9'X Inst., srritel at the l/i e Q nt>n; n >n the evening of lliursday la<t. C'ocBtBg fro? n port vhere in. all, ox is pftvailiag to some extent, alie waa detaiaca is; <pii>raBtiDB, but was alUaed t - oo ; e up tbo h.s;'. r jt iter ay &-.< n ,B{. ftie neas by this arris* is of little Ico^iUuce. lie sugar and'- ffse tro[* cf the inland wi-rc eap'.t'dtobe more than usually iarge. f'otton tu ? vati .n way. a'to recelriBg fliiite no i. it?ius. ibe r 1 *r* 1 ' iu, . nt, lr. idly K ibe want of proi?r steam comnv.mi ? ? ? n between t!ie (eland and Nr,t* Y< rtr, auJ 'i'l up ? the a ill. ? t, i to plaie a fa t : od ? a ; ma ve sol on the r< :'.e. / :??. ill - k of esri'i4...ike was f' i *1 n at tweu y aiiuutesto eight o' " It fo Saturday t. .hi, th*} Ctb '?! * guat. Th* obituary of the fwrlui|1* >s fW r i rge Of i?lit cal Bru il e if lull* <V cetbibf tf insntlfn. M ,tc,bB MbIIaIv, .!it r tf a v oekl/1 iper Ib tb ." city h .04 Ibe *? opiifi'cMt Htcordf WA ycBteri ky t?y Ob. ted States I epotj Marshal Peol.on b wsr.sft.t aaued ty Com t h. O*!>oro. Ti.e Warrant of a*rcit ?raa iaausd o tt ' l?,it of United i'atoB J'is'.i '?t Al to ney flMitli, which varraBt sets forth ths! the iiM VHliB'y.ln as ibc i !?? .f t> : at. Kiir d Of U?? 6th a Auguat I -t ca .?.d c >.? pi tied, iafced atii p .bluh Sl an ari' ? e tulei the ''mug I aft"' and etber art. o?, la which be mr ? .k . y.r.our and otter per teas to re a?t the diaii or.etd bj tie iietidenlof tbo I'Bl ed Stale*, to tale place ir. aftereber Beat lb< act need waa brought ap I e!. re ouin m oaer Osborn to aoew< r, hut examination into tLe aie ?aa postj d Mil Tweed sy neat, Mr. Mullaly ia tbe nieantime being admitted to bail IB tbe sum of $ a, to#. 4 mtHiaa of lbs National rajlir (.vnaiUtt is ii verlleed to Uk? place at Saratoga Spring* on Hit Moo dir. Tt>e object of tbe gaiberiug Is luted to be a gene ral ctoeultati o and interotiange or ideas. Tbe turaluiti -a or ttlgnor Brignoli, in the eaaa of Brig noli t? Graii, beTote Judge Barnard, or the Htiprene t (Wi t, was resumed yesterday; but, anide trom tbe refu ?al o! tbe celebrated teuor to aus-vcr fi>nu' trivial quae tiona put to him b? Mr t>rau'e couu>ol, nothing merest, lug traoRpired A very destructive Pre occurred In Cnrbcc ImI Friday oulil, Ibe euliro |i?<i be.rg estimated tit abi'Ui $100 1 00. a turn I forty t ullding* wero c<>ubun>od, bet,.dea au iin neaai quantity o' timber. Tra ?> trutierf wore substantia'!} the e?ro? ypate^dtv, tt >?i. it baaii ees ? hb h ti iC.e uioro active, and i.rlcoa *ii.:er ** * g> iieral it) ng. Ynere *a? son e ? demand f r a lew; tut there was no kmi'"*! activity. K\ or 5 tmng wa.i 0i mtr, b. wever. tn? bkh price# of g<ld enhancing ibe views or hul.Uxs o >i .. de. f h v Ct>l'on was ate.idy. I'elr le :m v.* 3 active, aud n imn.>|iy lc. a 2c hi ber. On 'Chance Hour who liuner, and whiut was Jo. a So. higher. Corn was a IriUn (timer. Oau were dull and Ecaiceiy so li.-ai. Pork was dull aud lowor. lit* r dull. L?rJ bi^uor, and Ahukcy ilruiar. lrei?lits quiet 1 lie ^pproncliing Presidential Elerilon. Al?ny persoi s proloss to bo!. eve that tbe coming Jiesidential olection will be accom panied by the most extravagant excitement. Tbore is talk of armed seciet societies and riots and a Northern insurrection. We liear vajjue predictions that blood will flow in our streets, and that the election day will be cele brated by taction fights and a possible mas sacre. Uneasy runiore are current th t either of the two parties in the field will contest the election by arms if it goes agninst them at the ballot boxes. Men soberly prophesy that tho nhtion will tie broken up by the cam paign, and that the ship of Slate will go down in November, wi>h her mutinous crow mail with excitement and cursing each other like fiends. For these rumors aud predictions* we cau find no basis of fact. So grave arc the Issues involved, so import ant the interests to be nffectcd by this election, tbit we can scarcely doubt that it will be as s oh n.n us a funeral. Ti e file of the nation, I ai>d perhaps of ti e world, bangs upon the de cision of the election day. We may search M.e.ent ar.d modern history in vain to tind a day so pregr&nt for good or ill to all mankind. Tho suspense of those twenty-four hours will be awful. The excitement will be too intense for ut'erai.ce or dealor>atration. Vi ben the nominations are all made, and the candidates are placed before the world, tho people will bo loft to decide upon their own destinies. Then that great problem of self-government, which las perplexed the wisest men of all ages, will be finally and definitely soived. We bhall then 6ee whether the people are able to govern themselres, and whether freemen know how to preserve their own liberties. From age to age this puz zlii.g problem has been passed onward, until it has come to us. In the zenith of tho world's progress, with the experiences of the past to warn us, and tbe unequalled Intelligence of brilliant epoch to guide us, we arc to set lie a question which has never yet been satis actorily answered. The responsibility is great; but the opportunity is sublime. A few votes may change the whole course of the world's future. Can any man, however hocdloaa, how ever ignorant, think of these things and not votu with as much gravity and solemnity as if his own life, as well as that of the nation, de pended upon his single ballot ? We look back upon the fathers of the repub lic and reverence their wisdom aud their patiiotism. We admire tbe grand souls that could rise with the dignity of ti e occus on, tint I a few statesmen and a lew heroes filled their era with glory, and left a continent and a country to their descendants. But what will "Ur children arid our children's children think when, from the standpoint of tho next century, they look back upon us? We have an opportunity moro sublime even than that of the Revolutionary fathers. It is in our power to check the pro ?>re*s of civil zation, throw all man k.nd at least a century backward, and ruin the Lopes of humanity e/ery where; or it is in our power to give despotism its death blow, inau gurate the era of popular governments, aud auvauce the world a thousand years in the path or the highest and truest freedom. Upon the consultation of tbe people in their meetings aud at tie polls tbcee momentous issues turn; for ?be people will either save or destroy the re- ! , ubiic, aud with the republic popular institu tions all over the earth must stand or fall. J Thus brought face to face with the events of I the past, the present and the future, our voters will be accomplices in the murder of the na tion and of the rights of the people if they allow any clamor about candidates, any parti san pratiugs about party, any prejudices in regard to minor ??uai subsidiary subjects, to divert their minds "from tbe tremendous busi ness befoie tbem. Candidates are nothing, except as the representatives of tfce principles at stake. Turtles are nothing, snd should fetter no American in this crisis. Prcjridices for or agsimt any side issue should not weigh a mo ment with any reasonable being when such an ?'>ction is at hand. All comparisons fail to express tbe immensity of the occasion and the grandeur of the duty which devolves upon every citizen. We can readily imagine the splendor of a restored Union. We can see onr bright flag floating over a happy, prosperous s'id reunited people: our sails agsin whitening every sea; our power rerpectcd and our influence feared; our citizens once more protected by the broad teg * of the Union, no matter whither their wandering steps mny lead thea. Again Europe lays her richest products at our feet. Again this great metropolis begins to engross tLo business aud the capital of two continents. Again our President tales reck among the sovereigns of the earth. Again tbe United Stales stand in the front rank of nations. But, on the other hand, what imagination Is strong er.ottgb to fathom tbe dark depths of perma nent d .sunion? That dreadful curtain which Webiter | rayed might never be removed in liie '.'.ay has been purtially drawn aside. We ?ee mountains of corpse? and oceans of blood. U ( -re our ?hips swfpt from the ocean sntfour commerce derij. We sec nur currency debased 1 to pa; or and our debt rk'cg Mke a financial : A'.ps. We see ourstlv s degraded to a fifth I r.?to I ower and 'he world mapping its fingers j .u <ur .ate. We see Europe laying violent | l'ti.ds upon tbe American continent. We see j a Is'er republic outraged, while we are power : les* to as* a Ler, and a foreign throne erected u, on our very border* We see the stara torn | from our flag and the b&stard bar* flaunting defiantly over traitors in arms. We Me our j influence derided and our name ? byword and a reproach. We see our former friends de serting us and laboring actively to deatroy as. We see our trsde broken up and our people I ivfctleaa, twhuw ?ud 4Jueti|$e<L fiut vfetft ii ?11 th's in comparison with the degradation which is to eomc if tbe Union be Indeed dis solved and the United States forever disunited? Mo one can paint that terrible picture. A dark pall covers it a? we cover the dead. Let us hope that this picturo will never be realized, j and that the people, in the supreme hour of I their country's need, will show themselves worthy of the freedom they have hitherto en ' joyed. Hl?e la Priee?-X>?prcflatt?n of th* Cur rency. The managers are preparing to ruise the admittance to the theatres. The rise ia tbe prices of all the necessaries mid com j forts of life is to be followed up by a j mo in the price of our amuaemeuta. From bu ohers to bootblacks, all elates of people hive increased their terms, and theatrical managers are determined to be no longer be hindhand. They have hold meetings aid tliey l:ave reso'ved Uiat tbey will charge from thirty to forty jter cent more for admission next sea sou. It is stated that their current exponscs and the salaries they pay to actors have in Creased in about tbe game proportion, and that the managers have resolved upon this mea&uro 1 only wheu compelled to do so by the pressure I of tho times. Wo have not hitherto been very favorably disposed towards such a rise; but what is the use of arguing against tho fatal fact of the daily depreciation of the currency? We would not consent to au increase iu the price ol the papers when it was first proposed; but tbe govornment money has gono down, and tho price of tho papers has ^one up, aad hero we are at four ccuts u copy almost iaspito ot ourselves. Wi.y should wo have one rule for one business and aaother ruls for another? The necessity ol the period is high prices; and the theatrical managers had better get as much money as they can from their performances and their patrons. II the curiency continues to depreciate there j is no telling what prices we shall have to pay be ore long. The price of the IIeimlu is now four cents; hut we may have to raise il to five cents by the l*t of December, and to ten cents before tho war is over. What with Chase's mismanagement of our finances andFessendon's attempt to tread, Indian like, in Qiia??'s trade, our greenbacks are becoming an worthless as ihe old French assign a ts or Moinmmger'e rebel bonds. Our resources are greater than those of tht? pld French republic or of Jeff. Davis' confederacy', and so it takes longer to reduce us to their financial condition. But those who travel the s;nne road re.ich the same goal, al though one may go faster and the other slower. The goal which we shall reach, if we contiuue I in this way, is tiio ui tor worthlessness of our 1 currency. When a one dollargrecnback is not worth a single debased nickel cent, then we shall have to turn about and retrace our steps towards specie payments. Whether we shall bo wise enough to retrace thein before we ar rive at that ruinous stage depends upon the Secretary of the Treasury. Mr. Fessenden seems to have no ideas about finance except those be has obtained at second liaud from Mr. Chase. Those ideas were originally shoddy, and when Chuso passed them over to Fesse ti de a they were pretty well worn out; so that the new Secretary did not roccivc anything very brilliant or valuable. Cut Cha?e evidently be lieved in his bad ideas. while Fossenden as evi dently does r.ot. Chaso stayed in Washington, and greased the wheels of his printing ma chinery, and covered his greenbacks with his photograph, in a desperate endeavor to .?ub I stitnte brass for gold. But Fessendon leaves J his proves to run on unheeded, and flees to Maine, where he avoids photographers, and frequents clambakes, and declares that the finances may go to Hades, which they are doing very fast. On the whole, then, we cannot regard Fes 6enden as nnv improvement upon Chj>?e. The ex-Sccretary was an extremely ignorant finan cier. Tbe new Secretory is just as ignoeant, and is more dangerous, because he does not care what becomes of us. Chase's ambition made him careful. He wanted to run the train smoothly until it carried Lim into the Presi dency. Even after that he would have an in terest in the concern, if elected, and could not think of a final crash with complacency. But Fessenden has no ambition. He accepted tbe office under pro'est, and shows that he does not care for it by neglecting it. The train runs as swiftly to destruction; but tbe new engineer is ?roasting clams npou the furnace fires and mak ing cfcowder in the boiler. Is there no geod financier in the republican party? Is there no one willing to accept the oflice and do his best in It? If not, we pity President Lincoln; for every paper dollar issued is a rote against him. All the strikes, too. and tbe unions, and the rise in groceries, and the rise in clothing, and the rise in everything, secure votes against Lincoln. Wheu tho peop'e have to pay thirty or forty per cent more, next season, to k"0 a favorite phiy or a popu'.ar actor, they will b*? sure to abuse Lincoln between tbe acls. When they have to pay fifty per cent more, as they may before election, it will certainly Influence their ballot*. All the organizations of work ing men to get higher wages are practi cal protests against this administration. Greeley, unable te pay his printers, and obliged to work at the case himself, hate? Lin coln more bitterly as the types stick to hfs un accustomed fingers. ar.d rushes down stars to relieve himself by writing an article in favor of Fremont. Even the eycophantic Tltnta is less enthusiastic In its support of Old Abe since it got into trouble with its compositors. All these s gns of the times shew that the masses understand wbo is to blame for the dreadful depreciation of tie currency, and they aie I more than likely to put all political issues asido and vote as tbey feel in November. Hard cid'T wa? the war cry of ere popular political revo lution. and bard cash will probably bo the wnr ery of this. If there be a competent financier in the country, tbeu, we advise Mr. Lincoln, both for his own sake and that of the nation, to hunt up this phtnontnon and put him in office at occe. Tu* Pkack Missions to Richmond.? Jaqnes and Giltnore, the late peace missionaries to Richmond, were as silly as Greeley and Colo rado Jewett. They displayed none of the diplomatic ability of Napoleon and the Cheva lier Wikoff. They humbugged President Lin coln badly enough; hut Jeff. Davie wound them round bis fingers. Two schoolboys could bave cut a better figure in the presence of the rebel ehief than Jaques and Gilmore did, judging them by their own story, Jeff. Dvria beat them npon every point, and finally cor nered them ee cruelly that they were very glad to saeak eut o f any further discussion. i cording le tfeeif ?Wft |?QQU4f?. Unit ISMWAt is u great u their Impudence. They were not authorized to offer any terms, and had no terms to offer. Jaques evidently set about the busi ness in order to get a furlough and be relieved of working and fighting in our army. Oil more's object was to collect material for a penny a line article lu a magazine, and to se duce newspapers into puffing his stupid books indirectly. We do not believe tbat tie slightest reliance can bo placed upon the statements of the roma .ce wliich Jaques and Gilmore huvo j written about their visit. Their accouut will doubtless be immediately disclaimed and con tradicted by Jeff. Davis, just as Lincoln now contradicts and disci vims his letter "To whom it may concern." Wheu will the Trosideut cease tampering with such simpletons as Gree ley, J aquae, Colorado Jewett and Gilmore, and officially offor aa armistice aud convention ot Stules? ___ "An Admiual or thr Oldsn Timk. ?On account of his glorieus achievements in this war, stout old Admiral Farragut stands among the gallant Jack Tars of the Union, as General Grant stands among our generals? at the head of the 'Toll of honor." The fearful Q?ry or deal from enfilading fortresses, rebel rams, turtles, gunboats, floating batteries and rarts of flaming combustibles through which the fearless Farragut fought his way up to New Orleans, with hia "wooden ships and iron hearts," rondo him the hero of the most won derful naval victory on record. There is nothing to compare with it in th? naral achievements of any other nation. Ha run ning of the gauntlet of tho r?bel batteries at Tort Hudson with his good ship Hart ford was also a daring and ro st peril ous feat, but a most important success in reference to tho reduction of both Yie'rtsburg and Port Hudson. In hi? late bril limit victory below Mobile we have another exh bit' on of the same great qualifies of skill, dUc'pilne, boldnoss, coolness and terrible oner in ba'tle. The good old {Unship Hartford, here h.-a n, did the lion's share of the work. J low sho 1 ought and conquered we r,ee<l not here repeat. But, as reported, there is one in cident of this fight which wo cannot p w over. It iggaid that on ent.?rtog 'l"to the engagement Admiral Farragut hud bitnsclf tied lo-nt among the rigging of bis ship; thai bis do* pilot fol lowed h?s example; aud thus, from their elevated positions, they were enabled to noto all the movoments of the enemy's ships, and through a sneaking tuho to the deck to direct the move r our own. V? ,6V0 ?,le" nailing tUe to tho nasi; W ncvor boforo Farragut have we heard of an admiral entering into a?heavy battle tied fast among the rigging. Apart from this incident, however, the victory of Mobile Pay ndds now lustre evea to the glo rious name of Farragut. The Man of Crotchets and the Man of Sknsi.? The letter of General Sherman on negro enlistments has seldom had its equal fqf sense and shrewdness. It meets and re futes the foolish aud dangerous doc'.riues of the abolitionists of New England, and is so popular that it lias commanded universal cir culation. Only one journal has anything to say against it, and that is the Tribune. Gree ley acknowledges General Sherman to he a brave and competent officer, but accuses him or boing ?' crotdietty." Now, who ifl tbo man of crotchets, Sherman or Greeley ? Sherman never advocated Fourrier phalansteries, freo love and communion of person and property. Greeley has. Who is the man or crotchets T Sherman never advocated the Maine law, tho Bloomer dress and Graham diet. Greeley has. Who is the man or crotcbels? Sherman never advocated spiritualism, mesmerism, psycholo gy, biology, nor any other or tbo litter or tho squaih philosophy. Greeley has. Who is the man of crotchets? The weight or evidonco ie decidedly in favor of Greeley. Grcoley kicks the beam as the man of crotchets, aud Sher man stands aB the man of sense. Cameron probably thought Shermau crotch?tty when, in reply to a question from the ex-Secretary of War as to how many men it would?require to open the Mississippi, he said, "Two hundred thousand." " Pooh 1 pooh T poohed the ex Secretary, "it will not take half that number." Cameron thought Sherman was a lunatic, and only fit tor an insane asylum. It has taken four hundred thousand me a to open the Missis sippi, and it seems likely to take a few more to ktep it open. With a few more crotchetty generals like Sherman the rebellion would toon be brought to a close, niggertem and se cersionism reccive their quietus, and the na tion revive and prosper under the wholesome rule of meu of sense. General Seymour ox thr Condition of tut: South. ? We would call attention to tho letter or General Tramaa Seymour, published in another column. The letter is liko General Seymour's Fpeecb, delivered when he was a ! prisoner at Gord insrille. It rings home to popular heart, and is rife with the promptings of patriotic fervor. It is tho utter ance of ft true democrat to democrats, and the picture it gives of tto depondcncy of tiie Soulh is full of hope to our armies. General Seymour's appeal to fill up our ranks promptly should uct be neglected. Be talks of matters hois familiar with, and talks with the 'rankness of a gallant soldier. He may be rig'.t; be ruay he wrong; b ;t of bis j c; feet sincerity in the matter, none who know his history will enter i tain any question. It is against this officer, we should remember, that the republican prefs lately raged, because at one time he expressed 1 the opinion that negro troops were less teliable than white eoldi*rs. No offioer mere gallant I to-day wears shoulder straps; and his letter ? whether we may agree with its conclusions or not? at leait deserves tho respectful considera tion of all who desire to form a r.ght estimate ol our chances in the present struggle Th* Court Martial or Gfnkral Pfixot.* wr a C (.06 KB Coi Nr ? We ore gratified to state that our reporter is idea in yesterday's IIkrald that the proceedings of the Spinola court martial are or are to be carried on with cloied doors is a mistake. The court has been, is and will be open to the public; but for good and suffi cient reasons the minutes of its proceedings are withheld from the press during the con tinuance of the trial. Tbat is all. Fall in thr Prior or Coal.? We are glad to see the price of eoal falling. Instead of $13 to $13 60 per ten, it it now selling for $11 to $12, wholesale. The publio should not be Clded by tkeee nook auction sales of coal. In it, tho newspapers should not report such sales, M they help to mislead Instead of guide I* tfeftpttttbuo o( ttalf tell, Bra Agekow uuxuno na Cm. ? la tbo Daily Nnc* of jeeterday Bea Woo4 not onlj acknowledgos tbat ho baa received a check for $25,000 la British gold from Montreal, but adda that he baa received $51,000 from the disunion abolitionists of Boston; $21,000 aa his share of the recent rebel raid into Pennsylva nia; $19,000 from the O. A. K. Society of Illi i oh, and $17,000 from California as his wages for workiug in favor of a Western confederacy All this ntonev, we suppose, ia to be used in breaking up the Chicago Convention. Again we call upon the government to investigate this matter, and put Ben Wood in Foil La fayette if his bta+ementa be true. THE PrtATE TALLAHASSEE. ITive Sehoosser* Burned bjr the Pirate. Bodrot, Auyusl 19, 1861 CaptMa Oolbath.of tho schooner St. Lawreoco, wbi. h arrived hera to day , repo.Ui A3 follows: ? On TuneJjy last, whoa of T M.itimcus Rook, spoke a fisbortuin, huving ou board tho ciowb or four or Qvo dif ferent vessels, steering lor Herring Out, where she in tended to land them. At the same time Cnptain Colbath saw the smoke of Ave burning schooners, and, rearing that uls own vessel would be captured, he steered close in to tlie I ind . and as night was coming on sucooeded in getting cleir ot the pirate, although the Tallahassee was thon iu sight. VtueU Belittled by the Tallnhmiie. Bostos, AurusI 10, ISrti Arrived, British brig Klla, Acklos, from New Brandon, Ooon. She reports that on the 10th Inst. , in latitude 42 65 , longitude 80 30, S iw tho plrata Tall ihsssiia destroying vos.-els. She was outliog away their spars and scuttling them. Two birks, one brig and throe schooners were in sight at the time? all Am t in voxels. Captain Aoklea prs'ed a Chatham schooner (probably the Mcrcy A. IIowo, before rop 'rted) which bad been se.iltloil, could not ascertain hor name; took Irotn Lor f( ur dories safe, &o. She sunk in taeniy minutes a'ter. Nest (lav ,in Intitule 4 2 50 and longitude 67 Of', sp^ke the Rioamcr Dacolab, steering, and roportod the above to ber. Capture of the Burk P. C. A.lexnnrtcr. Bosiov, August 19. 1864. The bark P. C. Alexander, of llnrps well, Mo., Captain Merrim iu, from Now \ork for i'ict,ou, wan cuptuiod on the 15th instant by tbo pirate Tallahassee, off M.nhegun. Tbo voasel was destroyed, and the crow laniod at atoalio^fln , arriving at liar pe well oh ibe 18lh. They re port that tho captiin o: tne Tallahassee s^W bo was a I'crt lander and wanted to capture.some I'oftl ?ud.JC'-ol6. Several of the captured cr6 w siaio that the "Captain Wood" of the pirato ia ooo Hacking, a Nova Sc. lian, who rosidod in Portland lor a short time a few joars ago. Iteport of the Schooner Leopard. Bos: on, Id, 1S64. Arrived, 6chiocer Leopard, from ('oruwallis. She makes the following ro;>ort: ? On the 16th Inst., at o'oven A. M. , o:: Msi.ntcus, bearing north ncrthwost, distant twenty Ovo miles, was captured by me Tallah tsaee, and ro teased on giving bonds for two thousand dollars. The Talla hassee put tor. men on board, belonging to a hark from Portland for Piotou tbat morning. The Leopard steered into Mnihegan, and the men lo.'t in a boat for the shore. These men were probably the crew of tho bark 1* C. Alexander, before reported. The Leopard eubsoquently raw the Tallahassoo capture and barn two schooacrs. Tho pirates destroyed all tho provisions and water on board of the Lo p .rd. The TaltHha?iev'i Supply or Ceal. Hauvix, August 19, 1864 At noon to-day Admiral Hope sent to the Tallubas-co several boats with crew?, and aa order to ceaso coaling, which was promptly enforced. Stie intended Uking flvo hundred chaldrons, for n long voyage but bat less than threo huudred? a week's supply She sal s duriog Hie night, beyond a donbi .or North Ray. It is impossible to obtain the names of the veaseia destroyed. The Falcon (blockade runner) is still here. lhe l'lrate Blskknded at Halifax. P-ohtov, August 19, 1964. It is reported that the pirate Tallitueeoe was at Ilali fai at ten o'cleck this mornin<, and that a Unitod States gunloat was outsilo of harbor. Rtiara of the tinnboat Dakota. Bomos, Augo t 19, 1834. The United States gunboat Dakota returned to this port to day, front a cruise after tho pirato Tkllabissee. A Suspicious Bark Itlggcd Kleamsr U<Y Cape llnnt. St. Joh.w, N. F. , August 18, 1884. A suspicions looking bark rig.-ed steamer kept lying off Cape Kico on Saturday, Sunday, Monday and Tuesday. The w. atiicr is very line. Aircet of BIr? John niiillaly* CNl'IiD STATES C0i2MIM?t0NKR"l5 OFF1C1. He'nre Commissi ner Osborn. ArfiCSl 19. ? Tb is day Mr. Jobu llullaly, editor of a weekly paper in this city called ihe M 'ropolilan Record, was .irreste<1 on a warrant issued by ( ommissiouer Os born, ou ihe ufiidavit ol ii. DeUGeld amltb, United Siales rictrlct Attorney. Tl-o warrant was rut Into the h.-in'.!s of officer Peel, De puty Unitod States Marsha' wbo promptly notified Mr. Mulla'.y, who, with his oouaatl, Mr. < bartcs Dotiohue, soon after appeared beloro tbo C'ommis. i >ror. The ailidavit of tlie I'uitcd ^utes Dlttrlot Attorney riads as lol'iows: ? Pi'TRirr or Nsw Tea*, Crr avd Cocxrr or Nr v ? l-: OicLii :i:i.d K-iiiif, Oiatr ' Attorney or tlst Cnited States for said dlatriet. bslng dnl* awurn, ?? * ? T.^at ihta denonrr.t tomp alne of John Wullslv. of aa"1 "'lly, and chki.,, tmi follows ? ?Thataaid 'ohn Mmlt. , a> the time of the publication liTeinai ;cr menllonex, wa*and an ! i* ihe a '.lt'<r aud proprietor of tlie ilrir;,'' a . !: mr<l Sew i i \ , h public joitinalaiid oewfpaper pnb.i lira In said rii* and rt a.rtet: thai In an i? n? of "ild tnrnaf il .t d aoJ pnl?i. ."bed im ibe t .n o' A n?t insian', in aaUl cltv and dUlrleU ?Hl?f John Mnllalrran ?d to be nrtnted and publi-lifil an arii le en'iil-il "ilie Coming l)r?tl ami otlmr ar<ic!ca; tbatiaaa nuue of eald jwinuli dated su.i published on tlie ."WtU ot J<: j lUtlrno, in said clt and dtMrcl i-atd J..l\n Mnilaly cauwd io b? prlr'M nnd p tblt*hed an arli > ev ;l<-d ? I .re I adred Tho i*and Jgo e V'lelin'* to Abo'ltlenl-sn, ' and <? ?.'r ar'le'e That copira o! said uam; rc?p?* t?v?.v arr r .w proda<ed to (lie Oomii-i" >uer. and t i-?n ? oh pr'?ent*t!on I s iVp-jn'nt reonens mat * warrant or . at be !*???? I a,ainat sild .lo: n MnPaly lo a ... a. ion ?>f semen iwenty-rne ol Ihe kri or ''on,re?? approved Mar'h S. i8>:!. rntf cd 'An act lor cor diiiig an ia"icg on ;be national f >re a and for ot'T pt;rpos s. ' and' *?! jn t*elrc : 11. e a t ap;n o e?l rebmary 'J, irf ? 4, entitled "Ai. a*' tnaoreno an art for en roling an 1 '?? .iugo ?' ti.e n- H nal forf?.'' ap:>rore t Mareh |9 ,:t. Thai in an 1 I * r.ld i lollcations said John Mnllaly wilfully ennaeels one I an ' Mbei (..'rnon* lo 'eaist a Crsi'tdire ted b. ib<- "J'ie Ident <-t ill i n! "d Slates in? pm mti't of the arr ,t?n afcr>? cued and counseia i ?l railed nr.en r. t to api ear. and wilful:? u.sauades iiie.u i fiom the perferxan'S <?? Military ? '..'re i red by law, ! ar.d incites, ? a <1 ene or?>e?i :.e ?<".vnio :r and other Sermon* fer In , to e> i nod i ptc*? m> mem or leied y competent so b ri1 In r'!ra':fln", f (aid acta of i-'on- | grc??, an<l otberwiae v < t*a the i ro<-l*lona of the law above mentieued. And Ibts de| . aent, i|^ n pr?u icing aalil coplea of ihe aid ouriia' be'M,* tsqi: t:ed i ? llio Commissioner _to ci mmll to writing ai d \ e. I? tbe ?ub?tan. e o' tbe enmpf la! tow made bv tbia <'fpoi ni sfa'nat mid .foha MuKa.f, re apect nlly aobin.ts tkN itstem'-Bt, and toskea < at.i ihere'o, and j.mi a, ui:>i *?.i' t a of a?id - .ma' may be 'aken a> a pan o? tins deposition, avd f ri'-er prays mat a warrant r.ay t'sue aka e?i said .lolin M aijr. o t . t end thai he ntay be dealt nlia a. to the ?" oft ? land. r. nr.LAHKifP 8VITH. ?n^pcrib^'' A rd i^ofi to b* f>p? ?r# Ihii lStn otT <?? A ngitt, IMA. iwlI.N A. (> ilOKN. Co*nm ? ?on?r. 1 exan Ire.t'.rr into Ibe tne was postponed until TMedsy mort. vg nest, and tbe ace 'fed w s la tbe mean limt kdauted lo bail In tbe r tr. or fi,6t0. Ptr oaal knttiligi ntr. Hca. * P r ctienriee aad T B. webeter, ot Washing ton , Rer. A rainier, ' Toronto' u H Fuller and lady, of t hi' ago; H. H M*t?r. of Vernect; P. ?' Herbert and iady.oi fsnasyivanla l. li Huggles, of Vermout, Bou. Ccor^e AahtnT, o Mn* huFf 'ts. and Mr. B. iown.or TetroM, ?re lUpptag ?t tue Astor Ht use. S B Ystemea scd lady, of t urtanali ^ J Wilder *nd la' y, el New Orieans, K. Woodward sod, tf ". Lou is, sud I 0. T utman. of 'eoerai S.tK stsif, sis sttpp'ng at tbe Ms trope: Itai. Koti! Irnve'ter ri,^ tiered at the a merican agency f ;bra tar, ? uijr 'ii -rrrt R. Btu'glsa, Boston a Y<rso Wr daa Koiisa neewsta.? The ie?*aa of a ycur.e W0MSB, sirsrettly abrut twenty years c." ape, whose tare e is v know r., w.-,? fo'tcd flontleg >n tb(*? ator at lie fact ot Slue' ii, h >troet. East river. Leoeuod was tail srd stout bui t, tn? bad dark lair. She wore a rne pie ttriped dresa, two wl.ile sJtlrts, alee1 boopa, wt,r?e themlae, white rot?f n no, H'l'ga srd high Balmoral bt?ts with big b l.eela Around b?r n?ea w*s e pir.k ribb.,n, snd fhe also wore white r.t.Ps aoo a collar. In one of g?. ceased' a was a p* rteaionnaie, ctDiaioii g about twenty-f ^H^cte. Tbe bs t?y bad been but three w,- fo ir days in thewatcr. It ia possible ihe renaaloe are those of Adella Brennsa, who waa drowned en the evening of tbe 16th intlABl by the npestllng of a small b#,?|, i be body can be aeen foot cf Hub street, Fait rlrer. Coro ner Wiidsy waa notiled to bold aa lnqniat. ?11 liar 4 Match at Hartford, Hi*TToaf>, A?v,ost 19, At the teanaaMBt to night Meaara Ke^/anaj h, heater and otbere were preaeat. Foete r beat r bad Ttsmaa ia a match gaase of three hundred oae buadred dollars. Be aleo beat H'jbbeil two i ?a? peiaia wok. oal ?C Mr,*. FROM WASHIR8TQIL WAR GAZKTTU OFFICIAL . J. O. D??li to Command tka Foarlcrnth Corps. ?KNHKAL OKDKRj ? NO. 241. Wi? Pwautmutt. Aojitakt Giitmil'i Orriot^ I Wa-HINUTOB, Aug us i 0, l?d4. J, Brevet Major General J. C. Davis Ih aaelgned lo the oo?*. BiunO of the Fourteenth army cor pa. according to nut bre vet rank, vice Major l*eneral Paliuer, rtttto.-ed al bis ow* request. By order or tbe PltBSIHKNT OF THE UNITED STATSS. K. D. Tow.nsbkd, Assistant Adjutant General. G1CNKRAL NEWS, Wa hinotos, August 10, 1964. OBUAM7.ATXOM OP NKUK?Krt IN MU.IriA. Orders b ivo b.-en leaned directing the organiaatleti of all the^tei ne^r -? tuo.i iu th. District ir.t . tuilllU, witU ban sets, fte. AU'C VAL or KF.BKt. OFPICBnH. A number or rebel olicers arrieod hore this raOrntag, aud were cousirned to the Old Capitol. BALK 4 or PUBLIC t.ANPl. At tbe I And Ofllco at Winnebago City, Minnesota, Sor ing the month of July, nineteen tHousaud ono hundred acres of public land were tilcon up under tbe Homestead act for actual, and oash sales amounting lo $l.6S9 were nude. FINANCIAL MATTKR9. Supplies of the Dew seven -thirty Treasury ooles were sent to day to tho Assistant Treasurer at I oston, New York and Philadelphia This causes uo interruption it filling subrcriptl^UB heretofore made. The subscriptions to the seven-thirty loan reported ti tbe Troosury Bopartms-u to d iy amounted to $1 , 214, 0?0t RK8I6NATI0N UK of MO HOI.DKRS OWING lO IU* uion PKifiR ok Livrxa. VTilhlti tbe last I wo months eipbteen of tbe I'onslo* Office clerks have lestwnHl, owing to tbe 1. 'adequacy si compensation, consi erniK tbe high prices of living. Their salaries rau ed irimi $1,200 to ft KuO per annua lhe vacancies thin oreulou have been 01 led. THE PLOTS A J NIAGARA FALLS, Ju<'^u IHat-U'e ilmilvn? (Ippailllou Of the Rebel to .lliCntliaii? Jit. I<tncolu f of Rfttjx uinj; 1'cuts Hegotlatlsna?$Uiitua in Faror of m AuuHiici', ?Sn., vfco. OOU t-l'EClA NIAGARA DIMPATCII. Caiara i Hooh*. Njaciara I'ail3, 19 ?J) :1ft P. M. Tbe developments to day show that Jud^e Hindi's mis sion horo was in reiereuoe to, the nominati n at ibo Chi? cago convention, and u d no c innection with tbe admtn idtrition, as rumored lust nu,bt. The rebel ugonts is Canada, whilst proic-simt to have no favorite candclatn, are exceedingly bitter Kg mist McC'oHau? in faot, o, eniy declare "anybody else but him ," even Old aW Mr. Black, whilst pars nally leaning in favor of tho oomt nation of Judge Nelson, endeavored to oonvioce then tbat Little Mac was ono of the most available candidates, and th'it under the present stite of public sentiment be would have to propose an armistice an t convention ol States if elected. But Sanders and Company still par. sis ted in their opposition, liny do not like McClellaa'i West Point oration, nor bis Hcondoroga speech. Tbert is too much war In both for ibom. For the last few days many who were witling to*? operate with thorn , on acojunt of their moderate plat form, are b iRinuin.' to repudiate ibom. Several pereoM wno came here opposed to McCieHan bave booomi. bis earnest advocates, aud deel ire that tbey will net be dto tated to as to who shall or wbo shall not be their candi date by men wbo claim to be out of the Union. Tbl li'ord, which they erroneously call his orgsn, tbey de clare is strongor lor war than tbe repubflcaa papers lhoy even threaten to work for L;nool* If McClellm is nominated, unions be anuouacos k favor of an armistice before the Chicago Convention assembles. These rebel gentlemen bave boon very persistent in this flgbt on Little Mao. The developments on tills point bave caused prominent democrats to loo'i with suspicion upon tboir plausthl* stories. It looks very m cli, viewed In the light of tM dm m reference to tho pl.ittorm and opjKisitioj to one particular mm, as tbough they really wauted an autooa*. ton nominated liks poor Pierce, or some superannuated fos?tl oi the Buchanan style ? i person who Is so wean that thoy can always inimgo and control him. It is reported tbat Sauders Is preparing an attaok upon McClolhm, and threatens to make him more odious to the North than Lincoln; but wo Iratgine that bo will find it ? little more difficult to ret him into a trap than be did Old Abe When last beard o< neither Stanton nor reward wm McClellan's adviier. Holcombo aud Thompson both loft to day for 81 Cath erine* to consult with Clay, be b.-ing there sick. Ttila consultation 13 said lo be over lacts slated by Black, aa weU as imjiortaui Imormation from Washington frona a seml otlloiil source. Tbo latter is to tbe effect that Old Abe is desirous of opening negotiations again. Having seen the lolly or hla ultima turn, he wants to cniraeooe negotiations oncn more to save bimsoir, also that Stan ton bas become alarmed, and sees, from the marked 4to approbation of the "To whom It may concern, 1 no plaeo to go to. A day of reckoning, judging from the ovidene* bore, i.i dreaded by both. Smdrra aud party openly state that tbey can get authority to go to Washington any dny that tbey pleas*; and, further, that they bave tbe fullest coaHdeno* that If McHellaD Is nom.nated I.lnoola wM open negotiations, proclaim an armistice and coom out as the |)?uce candidate to head off the democracy. Theso are curious sod sinsnlar facts; but tbe rebel sgeMa cl<<itn to bave the proof of their trutb. Tom Co, -win was beard to atate that I.ineoln was ready to yield to all tbe Southern States tbe rl^bt to bold slave*. M With tbls admission we may he pte.nared to bear alone* " anytbinjr. Infurmitlon from tbe We^t Is to the o'lect that there It a st ron f party there in favor of 1 lilinore's nomlnattoa, an 1 that he will be strongly pressed at tbe convention. The monster Mef lellan rn"etln^ in New York has alarmed the friends of al! other candidates. Tbe rebel representative! in Canada receive their man from the ?o'jth, by way of Wilmington and Nassau, regularly :.s tt& New York miil Id received here,! o:ily dillorcccc being in time. Is thoro really any person living as Gideon WeUos or Admiral I^ef L'<te letters re:elveJ from officials In Richmond down Cieiioral's !oi? in all tbe engagements with Cr^iit sii-ce be crossed tlie Hapi 1-n at el^htonn tboi^and, wb 'si ibey comp .te Cram's at over one^hutxlrel tboa sand. Senator Cuckilew of renary'vanla, 1? among lbs late arnvala. The Drlgaoll-Grnu < ?ae. (UrBHMH COCKT? llUVBKItS. He ere Judge Joseph BirUrtl. I /rot st 19.? Orignolx ri. Gtah ? be examination el Signer rasqeall Krirnell In bit S''lt ng unst Mr. (Irau wai resebied to day. lhe win ess tri. d to bs awlf composed, ; and endeavored to answer all tbe questions put to bins en the croea etamlnaitnc but several times the curiosity al > tbe legs! genllrtnse was uo nn:cb for tbe tenor, ar.d h* refused flatly to aneirer. ai.d it was cot until tho ' oar* 'BterTored that be ct tsetted te give lbs desired inform*. t:on. Whenever the coun?e a?ke>l tha witness sny que*, ti >n? abo-il his early life, or ?li?;eh' studied prevhnti" to hit at<|>earing in cftraat Pursa, seamed 'i?iitei ' nrvd. aud se"iB*d to '.k l* tbit ih" Liei r< gatories wt I wholly nnneee?s?ry. ! The nli.crt of tbe croK esani na'-Kn was to 1 Br ?noli on reveral oe?:aii|rns * iiated bis conte I neglecting u sing when Mil ui end to do ' consaqtience of inch ntp'eft t>i? drfenf | severe (MtnlMf 0M 1 j| ! dissppointinc 'te fikWntn BatMl i when bis alt nt on *s? calleii to a i " : timers in 1 he cou.d slut eo ! was vory Riscpy ?nd ni ssed i " I brought liim t.iere in so.u<u [ si< totally d-'v'tt I lutsr'st ; a tl?t Kiel limi er thai transpired A to rug My a?t?Blion i of the ICth inst. in w ni b It ia si I Suit against I a; sgcu to * Lim 1 1 assart I full I ?th? will

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