Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 23, 1864, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 23, 1864 Page 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALD. WH0L1 NO. 10,202. NEW YORK, TUESDAY, AUGUST 23, 1864. PRICE FOUR CENTS. FARRAGUT. Granger Within Five Hundred Yards of Fort M irgan, LAID OPERATIONS AGAINST MOBILE. Th% Union Ftrc*i Advancing #n Etcb Sidt ?! (be Bay. Rebel Account of tbe Recent Naval Engagement, !??, &?.. Mi Oar Mobile Buy Corrtipond?ne?. . Dauphin Island, August 12, 1804. ??I LAUD rOKCIS or GRAKGBR W1TBIW FIVB HCNOBBO YARDS OK PORT MOBtiAX. Tbe land forces of General Granger are within Qve bun ln< yards or Fort Morgan. 1k? gunboats and mortar b itterles and siege guns ara ready to begin tbe bombardment as ra>n as orders are (tren. voir MORGAN DISlROIJiflD TO riOBT. The ram Tennessee was ordered to approach Fort Mor faa and Are Into It. wblob was done without causing any Ml of hostility on tbe part of tbe fort. It is supposed the rebels have tbeir reasons (or holding out In Mils Mllen, silent, non-com oallve manner. It may be that have certain thing* to ace >mpllsh before surrender fesg, and a llitle time is precious to ibem just at this Juno ture of affairs Be tbla as It may, our naval and military MUMrllie* are exerting themselves In a most c>mmenda ble way (or the fulfllmer.tof their mission, and the rebels ?annot deli y tbe final result very loog. Fort M org no bas (el to fall, and our troops will taxe possession of Mobile. 1 ken are events which will most certainly transpire. KXClTRMCilT AT MOBILB. Passengers who left Mobile on Wednesday last represent tbe people tbore aa In a fearful stale of excitement The rebel Major (;e?eral Miury was in command of the de< feooes of Mobile, and was pressing every male inhabitant Into hi* service, without regard to age or color. He ie en tirely dependent on soldiers obtained in this manner to Make anything liko resistance to our arras, being left without any veteran regular force. In other words, ho is meetly dependent on tbe militia, or citizen reserve sol Mere of tbe State, to resist tbe progress of our arms in that direction He might as well have men of straw. Many of the people are opposed to the rebel authori ties, and are must anxious that our forces should take ycseojHioo. TRAPS IX MOB T1X There is very little trade or business of any kind in Mobile. What little there Is doing Is in groceries and produce brought from tbe Interior, Corn ia tbe prii cip ? 1 ?rep that is being raised, and a groat deal of this Is made kite whiskey and Hold as groceries. Many of tbe cotton presses In Mobile have been transmogrified Into whL?key distilleries, where corn is manufactured into a liquid state ?ad made to act as a great promoter of Southern rebel courage, this la one way of keeping up courage and business ai tbe same time. Mobile has suffered severely from Ores since the rebel Hon, many or Its most prominent and beautirul buildings iMivtug been destroyed, among theui tbe Court House. Tbe people who bad residences on the bay bavo all re. Bored to Mobile since tbe appearance of our fleet. xoniiR PILOTS. Jbur of tbe principal Mobile pilots volunteered to take MT fleet ie. Tbey manltei<l tbe m<>st friendly spirit, and ?re ready to do everything in thuir pewer to assist our Ibroes. They are beaded by Mr. Robert Moore, an old, Md, we understand, aa accomplished pilot of that sec Uoa. These men bave all tx-eu auflerers by tbe rebel tjoa, and they are anxious to see the authority of tbe Ubited States restored onoe more. TORT MOHdAX WILL WjT FURREJfPKR. Tbe commander of toe fort will not surrender until tbe laot brick is swept awsy. THR nan 8KMC OS TBI RIHRIUOlf. Tbis la not, however, tbe feeling of the men In Fort Morgan. However muob the ofllcera may desire to be wtragulabed In tbe war of becoming perfect bricks in Port Morgan, tbla kind or ambition baa 1 >ng since left tbo Ms, and tbeir greatest desire now ta to see the Stars and Stripes again waving over Its rightful possessions, the Men in Fort Morgan hall irom ail sections of the S>utn Tbey are heartily sick of the rebellion and lta Inglorious, beartlu-s leaders, an t are anxious to o me to terms and take the oath of allegiance to the United -tales. ?OW RB Rcirs ARB OUTAIBKU. A youth, fourteen years of aae, who visited Fort Gaines iMt previous to tbe attack of our forcea, to see some friends there, was pressed Into the rebel service, and ?bond tbere when our lore s took possession. He belonged to tbe inter or of Alabama Tbe youngster seeped much fteaaed at being under the lolds of tbe American flag once more, and said if he could help it be would never be found battling against it again Tbe little fellow oeema to have been inspired with a spirit of genuine Prtottsm from seeing tbe biilltant cnduct of our lorcea action. Tbe grandeur of the rcere muat have been uniting and inspiring, to heboid a fleet of vessels passing ft chain of fort I float ions, strongly garrisoned and fortified tbe implements of death fend destruction, and od by a fleet wboee atrengtb was the pride and boast ef tbe enemy, and manned, too, by desperate men. To ??oounter all this, and successfully overcome It, Is a work that must crown our nary ai.d the galiaut old Far ragut with Imperishable glory. "But this Is only a chap Mr In the life of tbis brave man, and his life Is composed ?r many chapters tbat are iutimately connected with tbe glory or bis country. Suoh a man is just tbo one to take Mobil*; and the work is aa good as accomplished when he baa oommenoed it; for he takea no atop backwards. Or? Most m, August 12, ISM. t%e prrnd "Gulf City," tbe lent rebel stronghold of flfee Bontbweet? Mobile^- M doomed. Our noble, frail aut lnvlocibio Farragut baa again astonished the world >H^iBiibir of bis grand, rapid and brlTllant vlctorlee In Mm abort days from tbe commencement of operallona Ml tbe forta and fleet of tbe rebels og this city we oount m f'Bows:? Two forta, oa* powerful Iron-clad and Mother ganboat, one gunboat sunk, between twelve and MMrteee hundred prisoner* surrendered unconditionally, ?boat tlit/ splendid cannon, ordnance stores and ammu alUon la large quantities, thousands of small arms, snb ?townee stores for a jrear for a garrison of eight bun feed, kc. Port Morgan and the city of Mobile must be ours In a very fbw days, and wben we capture tbe letter we bare Me key to the bogus Southern confederacy In eur hands. Had Rear Admiral rarragut been ordered to Charleeton far the purpoee of eommsnolng operations there, how leaf, think yoe, would he have been Ibere before that hotbed nf treason was bis unoooditiooally? Not mora ?ore tb?A (free months, I flrmly beiiere, from the time Ifeat be reoelved die orJer, . . what is ooma ok ore kohls now. Knee tbe serrsodtr of Fort Oatoss we bars been doing very little apparently; yet, nevertheless, we hare done a large amouat or Important work, fort Morgan, for la f&aace, Is oompletely Invested by wir land and ] fsroee. The former are reported alre<?y in ? withm fleer hundred yards sf the fort, and gradually and con Meetly working tbeir way Ut[*r< Tbe former rebel ram Nnheseee has been folly re. paired, aad la bow ready for aotioo. Tbe old emoke ?tack wbleb waa shot away bts been replaced by aaotber from New Orieene, and thus, the ram appeared In her P** dreee this morning In front of Fort Morgan, and ssnt ?er compliments to her former old friend In the shape of tabell. but such unusual treattnsat from sucb a souroe was treated with client contempt, aad, finding that tbs ?srt had ae Intention of replying the Tenneeeee waa ?Kent loo, and turned round and steamed ofT. ?lbar* eteange In thw continued ?Meooe of Fort Morgan, teesels her* approached tbs tort eery cloee for tbe purpoee or reconnoiterlng, and our ?eldlera ou land are approaching tbe fort, come say to Within three hundred yards, and ret not a gee opera Cim the fort. A steamer (tbe Kate I>alei grounded under r gunc, was agrouad two hours, end wee < not Bred ?poe. It oea ecarcely be possible that they are almoat ?at of ammunition already, and are reeerrlng their flre ea that account. Tbe reason probably Is that they de aet wlcb te expocc the pocitlon of their guns to the fleet They must eipone them all coon la order te protect t hem eel ves, as In addition to tbe fleet, land attack aad mor. tars aow there, a considerable number of tbe latter bare arrived to day, and will opea Immediately apoa tbe Ion. * laud roam advaikjm ok b*ob etna or nontut^ar. A lend ferae Is now asareblog an on each side eP the bay la tbe direction of Mobile. The oee oa the Fort' ?nines elde, It Is said, Is attempting la surprise and rap iers tbe baiter lee between tbe fbrt aad tbe eitr. The feroe en the oppoeiu side le from t enaaoola, and Is tup peeed te be a raid lag party. In my humble opinion tbeee foreee are seat for other purpeeee tbsa sarprleing end ?urlng forts and raiding. If I mistake net, Mobile Is point aimed at, aad as aereral of our gunboats are to bare teased (Tver Dog river bar sad up tbe be* te witbio a mile aud a half of the city, and Monitor* can be lighter*] o?er tbe bar, tt certainly looks as If a combined ait 'Ck waa about &? iu? made on Mobile t>y the naval and , land fureeu. Tbe enemy have ao batteries at the bar, as 1 waa at first rep rted Titer* la now a Utile over six feet 01 water <>? tlio bar Tbe bombardment of Fart Morgan la expected to com meace in a day or two. Tbe greatest excitement exists In the city, and every available man la conscripted tor Its defence. Newspaper Accounts. [From the New Orleans Times, Auguat 14.] Hi* despatch steamer Glasgow arrived thla morning from tbe Mobile fleet. The mo*t formidable preparation! aro making to bom bard Kort Morgan. The lorces under G*n. Granger have thoroughly invert ed the w< riu, completely cutting off all means of com munication. Mortar batteries have been erected wltbln five Hundred yards of tbe fort. lb* gunooata and Monltora ar* all ready for tbe ??? lick H Is tb* opinion of oar naval offio*ra (bat tb* reduction of Morgan la oply a matter of lime. Tbe fort ta supp>?*<Mo contain about alz hundred men, Wttb a large supply of provisions and ammunition. With lo three or four days (be bombardment will be op*n*d by tb* mortar bailer ie*. REBEL ACCOUNTS. Tit* Cttlmen* of Mobil* Arming la De fence off tb* Clty-Maay Reluctant to Take Up Arm*? Free I a mat Ion of tU* Mayor, it*. [From tb* Mobil* Adv*rtl*or, August T.] We at a tod yesterday that tbe city waa arming to aid the regular troope In Its deieoco. We ar* glad to say this morning that tbe city Is armed The alacrity with which tbe peop e of all claasea and ag*a bav* Ukan arms Is gra tiiying to tb* prld* of overy Confederate and every Mobi lity. There are still some few holding back In lukewarm n*ss or distaste for tb* patrlotto duty. Rut tb* wav* of the true public spirit ta too overpowering to permit of aku Iking. No man oan do It without tb* brand of altbcr disloyalty or cowardice. ibe entire line of work* la manned, and If we gat none or tbe reinforcement* that ar* on the way to the city tt oan be beld ag linst all tbe available forces tbe enemy can bring against It. Mobile Is in fact and deed stripped for tho Uiiht, and tbe public oompesure tella unerringly of tb* publio determination. PROCLAMATION TO TIIH riOPLI OP MOBIL! . The enemy 's vessels . as you all know, have run post tbe torts and are now in the bay; so that tb* outer water defences are of no further present us* for the security of our city and homes. What the purpose of the onomy la wo have not yet discovered ? whether t* hold command of the bay, In order to dominate the rorta, or by bis shallowest vessels to attompt lo draw near oaougb to * pen a bombardment on it. it Is now Imposslbl* to say. We must act without ibis-iniormatlon. We must ga ther every man lit for defence into some organised body, and bold ourselves in roadines* to repel attack, come from what quarter It may. Ibis is the only way to make our efforts useful, and to stand strong against the pro gress of tbe foe, in case be should approach ua wltbln reach ot the weapons that we have at cmm&nd. the ndraoM on us hus been unexpected, aud our arms cannot impede or repol the enemy lo bis present position: but his ulterior Intentions may soon be unmasked in such form as will brlug our services Into use, and tben on your valor will depend (lie safoty of tbe city. We must defend this city to ttie last point of resistance, l ot it not be said that Mobile is craven, while we have tbe illustrious exnmplos of Richmond, Petersburg and C harleston looking us iu the face. Lot Bot the name of this city s'aud iu tbe historical records of this uuox ampled war beueatb, er In contrast with, these grand in stances of heroic fortitude and endurance. Fellow citizen*, I eau only counsel alacrity In thla business, aud a cheerful obedience to your coiqmanders. Tlicy are striving'witb all their might, and they will not lead you to dishonor. My flwu services will be givqp to the ctuse with all tbe zeal 1 possess. And, so trusting to Hie ben'gn influences of God and our own bands and hearts. 1 hopo we shall evcap* all danger, or battl* through it to a successiul end. R H. SLOUGH, Mayor. The Defence* off Mobile. [From tbe Savannah Republican, August 14.] Cbarlestou baa been assailed from the beginning of tbe war by the most powerful armament that the eaotny could li; log against it. She has been bombarded nearly four hundred days, and is now as safe as when tbe en emy flrst began the siege. In act, no city has yet been ?iken by ttie enemy alter time aud preparation fonju do.unce. with tbe exception of Vlckaburv, which was not taken by rorco, but starved into subjection. And why should Mobile fall, after over three years' preparation for Its defenoe 7 Kort Mnriran, one of Its strongholds, is the post formidable work of the kind, next to Fortress Mon roe, ou the American continent; besides her otber de fences are strong and tenable. Wo can't believe the Yankee flag will ever float over the city of Mobile. Colonel Aadernon uad the Surrender of Fort Malnti. [Prom the Savannah Republic ?n, August 14.] Wo cordially unit* with our oootemporary er the Co Inmbu* Knq irer in condemning tba, hasiy judging of "treason Hod cowardice" tbat has been entered up ao generally by the press and telegraph atpriust Col. Ander sou (or the surrender or Fort (<Atues. The esse has a bad aspect witb eur limited view of the reasons that led to it; but it Is evident that) the public knows too little of the circumstances of the capitulation to enable It to form ? Just opinion of Its re .1 character. Col. Anderson and bis men are in the hands of the enemy and cannot be beard; and so long as their Hps shall be Closed in tbelr own de:ence we protest against all attempts to blackon tbelr character as men and sully tbelr fiuie as soldiers. An Alab ima commander of Alabama troops Is not tbe man to disgrace bis name and State to a struggle for liberty. It Is riot in tbe blood, and we belieTe that a satisfactory explanation will yet be msdo of tbe extraor (Unary A' d lamentable occurrence. I*t as hear before we strike. ^ Rebel Accounts of ths Naval Engage ment In Dlobile Bay. [From the Mobile Tribune, August 9.] Early on Thursday, tbe 4tU or August, tbe federal fleet, with twenty.six sail, including two double aDd one single turreted Monitor and an Iron-chd double ender.com menced closing in tbeir line southeast of Fort Morgan, as with a view to concentrate their efforts on Fort Gaines, having, during the proceding nights, lauded a lorce of rrum tbree to five thousand iuea ua Itauphln Island. lMr iugabe early part or the day they kept np an Irregular and desultory Are on tbe fort, as if designing to make against that point a combined attack by laud sad sea. Rut this feint did not succeed In blinding tbe cool old veteran who commanded tbe line of lower defouccs, and koeping on the watch lor the wily toe, he stood ready for tbem at any tine < f tbe night or day. Towards sundown the fleet seemed to draw off some distance east or 1'ellcnn Island, and night olosed In upon us with the quiet and balmy stHlness of a Southern mid summer day. As the sun rose on tbe following day, we discovered tbat tbe fleet had during the night hauled off to the eastward, and contracted tbeir lines into a semi circle nearly due south of tbe tort, and witbin not more than three ml lee from the main inlet into tbe chtnnel. 'lhelr appearand) was quite maatlal. The broad pen nons that floated to the breetefrom the top of their dark turrets seemed to bid defiance* to tbe diminutive forces that were roaming tbe ramparts of Fort Morgan, and call up a sneering comparison betweea tbeir bulky forms and tbe puny size of our now little fleet, which wss coolly expecting the advance of their formidable adversaries. At thirty minutes past six the signal shot was Bred from tbe extreme right wisg of the federals, tbe shot falling short southeast or the fort, which was soon sfter followed by a shell, which burst ovor the fort, sending Its death dealing over tbe ofBo-rs quar ters outside. By this time all was movement and ac tivity within the walls? the' officers rushing to tbeir several leading -their detachments to Mie southern bastions; and tbe Arm, steady tramp Sf their bravo followers was tbe oely sound heard through the stillness or tbe morning. Tbe fleet then commenced their forward movement, and cloeing up on tbe centre, so as to bring tbelr leading ship* or the extreme right and led abreast, tbey soon found themselves Into edition sad tnsds their way toward the bead of the pass. In front, westward, rode tbsTo cumseh, a double turreted monster, vomiting Are through eight apertures, constantly revolving Job her lert a large sized frigate, and In theft wake tho balance of the Ueet, eaob succeeding file ooverlng la part tbat which pre oeded It. Thus sailed up tbe federal fleet with a force of over three hundred guns or the largest calibre to overpower a foiriauJ ''-*41 gou^tlng >0t more tban forty or vastly in ferior weight. * ? ... .. . ,. At half past seven A. U., M tbelr "?>? rftisood, they discharged their broadsides atjbf fcept moving on uotl !?. n?H<flB*5T?S"u T*4* *ltbU *** won tAm a fillefrom our batteries, ftuddeuly a deep voice le beard, and tbe command "? omittance firing*' rang along our batteries. It is answered with a cheer, a soul stir ring cheer, tbat oomes from tho willtug and dsvoted breast* of brave men, who, for twenty minutes, haae stood like statuss by the side of their guns. .s*<n the plecee are Sighted, tbe lanyards pulled, and the shrill, sharp sout d of tbe heavy Psrrott goes whistling through tbe air. Hut to each shot tired by its a hundred Rbert* reply. Soon tbe beavy slope of the southern glacis and ths turf of the parapet are seen tearing up id every direction, burying under tbelr fly lug tmseSt tbe heavy chases or our cannon and oovering up with rubbish the gallant fellows serving the plecee. But the firing, wMi b on the part of the rederals is kept I up at a furious though almost harmless rate, on our side is csln end deliherste. While lbs cowardly Ysnk? e, eos sclous or their overpowlrlng numbers, are wildly waft ing their ammunition, our chiefs are busbandlng theirs as I men who need not the Intoxication ol a furious cannonade [ to keep up their sinking courage. Aa almost everv shell rrotn tbe fleet parses over i tie fort and explode* far be ynud Its products, sot a shot or ours Is uselessly thro?n away, but Is hesrd crashing is ths heavy timbers of their wooden ships , or shaking in the r deep secksts the almost Impenetrable steel plates which pretest tbeir sidss Knob bastion aod battery Is worked with ejus! skill and gal lantry. e e ? ? ? ? ? Tet tbe long line still slowly advances, and as the Drst file is entering tbe channel our Are ooWenlrsle* on tbe Monitor Tecumseb, who, steering oil westward, seems bravely to stand the shock, till suddenly, snd just aa Captain Hugbee has sent hsr am id ship one of bis heaviest shots, she disappears as by magic. ihjib tbe broad # som of U>e waters, engulpbed In a whirlpool, whlab so rapidly oleeee upon Iter tbat before tbe asionisblag gaze ot the speetator has commenced ssarehlng for her nothing more than a ripple le seen settling on the surface or those waves which a moment before she was so proudly riding. ? ? Yet tbe (rightful example before tbem deters tbem set, ?M rushing ee, safer increased steam . tb*y arfrance, coming through tbe p as till the foremost onee have *1 ready preoeuied then- broadsides to tbe western flanks or the lori. Hui there, log ead of belog able to on* oeotraie our wbol? Are Ore on theiu, the travereoa VI M awkwardly dinpated that the guns of tbe aoutheropbae tionu caunut be brought to bear on ttie channel , (bar* being no room to swing tbem to the right; and thus, aa predicted by the gallant Ha^o and bis predeoeeoor, the intrepid Htgglna, oomaa the Illustration of their oft re peate 1 prophecies as to the folly to provide the (art with defences calculated only to repel the ei emy while off In the Gull, instead of tempting him to o?me right n breast of the fort, and the pouring in our deadly volley*. Thus, aa each succeeding iHe pane* out of the range or oar bear teat metal, the brave canuouiers are compelled to turn Uielr muzzlaa away from It and direct their tire on tbo sno ceedlng Die. ao that at no time mors ih?n Ave, and some times leas than three guns, are engaged In Impeding the progress 01 the fleet. ? ? e ? e e The Tenneaaee then makes her appearance and JolM In the engagement. Admiral Buchanan confronts them; end as each passes and fearful of his blows, glvee him a wide berth to the eastward, bo pours Into ihsm hie steady and regular Ore? first the Monitors, shying off to the west at leust twelve hundred yards, then the oaatlous Brooklyn and Hartiord, tben the whole fleet running past him, in terror as much of bis name as hie deeds. One, two, three, then sis, tben ten, then twelve, seven teen pais him afar off, and seventeen receive his salute; and then, with the wings that fear lends to the pale face and poltroon, they rush down towarda the western shore, far beyond his range. Of thnee who lag behind two engage the selraa, each of which could haul bar upon her deck as a fancy Jolly boat; three make for tbe Gaines, which, in still greater disproportion rushes In their midst, and boldly attempla to grapple the moat i>owerfuI of her advestariea. foiled In hia foolhardy snterpr'se, receiving In a few mlautea fifteen shots through her bull and machinery, crippled %cd alaiMt alnkjpg, she setgtf . uutier IbrfTvlfyint Wuch or toe gall in t BenFeTt, fo recover one moment t Q6 spas modic energies of a dying man, extricating herself by?a snprems snort from tbe graap of ber powerful enemy. she tr nticaily rushes towards shore, where, as she benches h gh and dry on tbe solid sand, ber whole frame shattered ad exhausted by tbe eflbrt, renders a low, rumbling tound, as the death rattle of a giant. But yonder, yonder near the western sboro, the Setma, aked loro and aft by tbe broadside of her antagonist, ia ?wept by tbolr shot, and ber decks covered with dead and dying. 8he strikes that flag which she ao valiantly defended. Thus the gallant Pat. Murphy falls Into the bands of the enemy, who triumphantly raise their tufa m?us Stars and Stripes over tbe immaculate standard of tbe South. Meantime the Morgan has hugged In the eastern shore, and exchanging rapid shots with two of tbe federal ships, she adroitly manages to draw from the unequal contest, and thus save at leist one of our gallant ships after re ceiving only slight Injuries. Well did she aet, tbe bravo ship, tor as tbe Gaines and Seima were already disposed of, she would have been beset by not less thm seven of the must powerful gunboats. With tbe gallant dead of Captain Harrison, who on tbe same nigbt look up his vessel to Mobile, keeping up a running tight with three of tbe enemy, the world is already acquainted; but what they know not is, that when she started he and hi" noble orow bad pledged themselves on their sacred lives und honor to blow her up sooner than let her fall into the enemy's hands. And now ull anxious eyes are turned towards ths Ten nessee, and as she nears the western shore the cnemy.'e fl'.et scatters in every direction? four towards town, und eleveu, with the two Monitors, north and south of her. Still she keeps on ber frantic race, driving tbem before ber, when, sooner tban be beached, tbey finally turn and accept tbe challenge. There in the midst of thirteen vessels, tW" of wbicb more powerful than herself, with eight guns against two hundred, she engages tbe fight, gives tbe first signal, makes tbe first change, and keei>s up the unequal contest in spite of tbe fearful odds nguinst ber. In the midst of tbo group watching the engagement from the ramparts stovd our general, who, letting his glass fall, exclaimed, "Sho has ceased firing." Thus closed, at forty minutes past nine \. M., the con test for the possession of Mobile bay, having last d two hours and a half, and resulted disastrously, but uot in gloriously, to our arms Of the garrison of tort Morgan the people may well be proud, and well m*y they confide in tbem that sr> long as tbey will be able to support animal life tho Confederate flag shall wavo over ber ramparts. Tbe casualties in tho fort wero few. Lieutenant Smith, Company A, First Alabama, while slgbtiug his gun, hud his right hand so badly shattered by a shrapnol shot a; to render amputation eecesfftry, and three men were slightly bruised by tho falling bricks from the banquettes and parapet*. * ? e ? * TLU is the sad but truthful history of the invasion of Mobile bay. As to Its consequences 1 am not able to Judge, boi" they very slightly alter the state of things previously existing. If Mobile was secure agaiupt a water attack It was not on account of Morgan, (Jaincs and lowell, bat on account of tho shallow waters of tbo upiier bay. That same obstacle si 111 remains. An 1 if pbe was open to Ian t attack by way of Patcagoula and Ravou ie Batre khe oaunoi be much woree on, because tho sue my can inud at Oog river. The river is, therefore, as before, tbe real outer line of our defences, and on Its b >oks moat be fought tbe battle for the possession of MobtU. True, we lose command of tbe bay, but this is a matter of private inconvenience, and not of military Importance, as we draw no sappltee from tbe bay .shore* beyond fire wood and lumber, which may as easily be procured up tbe river; and by effectually closing up every poos i bio even uo into the Apalachea, Teusas and Spanish rivors, we a# laugh at their vain efforts. Tbe real loss Is iu the destruction or capture of our fleet, and. above all, In the capture of Admiral Buchanan. Captain Johnsou aud their heroic crew. That fleet, atn-?li at it was, informed prodigies of valor, and iea.ro tbe most emphatic denial to the sneers and slanders indulged in at their expense. Tbey have done their duty, their whole duty, and a grateful nation will never forget it. Tilt S accessor of Buchanan. [From tbs Mobile Tribune.] Commodore Karrand has assumed command of the rebel navy at Mobile, In place or Admiral Buchanrfn. SHERMAN. Movement! of W Heeler's Rebel Forces? Capture of Trains by the Entmy Kuoxvllle Heavily Fortified? Wenerat Buckntr Reported Killed In Battle, dec. Lonraviixs, Ky., August 22, 1864. , Tbe Nashville Tfmt? contains a report that General Wheeler's rebel forces have crossed the river above Chat tanooga, though there Is a report that he has gone to East I Tennessee. The last Is discredited. It Is reported that a train bound from Knoxvllle to | Chattanooga was oaptured near Cleveland by the rebels, I and that an empty train bound from Chattanooga to At lanta was also captured b J them. This occurred on Thursday. The fortifications of Knoxvllle can resist effectually live limes the number of men to Wheeler's force. General Steedmau's wound was only a light scratch under the eye. He drove tbe rebels for fire miles, and then escaped to Chattanooga. A discredited report prevailed at Nashville that the rebel Ueoeral Buckner had been killed in a reoent battle. Rebel Aeceinti, TgK CHATTABOOCBKK BtVKB 0RJS8RD BY THE RUCKL fRKtEAL wmtin'1 CAVAbRY? THE COST KM FLAT H.D ATTACK OfOM rBE FEDKRAl, kear? shbk mam'8 limb of communication expected to bs tfESlBOYED, 4c. [From the Maoon Telegraph, August 15. 1 All tbe reports which we published on yesterday have proven premature, although the city is still full oi ex travagnnl rumors ef exploits of General Wheeler and his cavalry. Frflm a responsible source we learn that General Wheeler crossed tbe Chattahoochee rlvsr on Thursday fright with three separate bodies ol cavalry , numbeung several thousand effect Ivo men.ai.il pro ceeded on his march fur the eoemy's rear, on tbe following day a picked body of mounted men were started on a secret expoduioa of great Importance, the resuK of which has not transpired. We also lenrn th.it a distinguished general' . in (be Army of Tennessee informed a gentlemin that on Saturday last, one week ago, General Roddy, with thousand men, started from Opellk* to co-operate with General Wheeler. Ihese aceonnts are probably correct. It Is well known that our oavairy have started for tbe enemy's rear In ? few dsys we shall have authentic Information of their explolta, when we trust lo giT? ,-^T readers a gratify m* eegguat of tJM destruction of ahaj-^jig^ ujwjf w?min^ caiion. A great deal depends Upon e*iuu;I!5-, we trust It will be In evory respect a?aucoea*rul one. TBE UNION FniSONKRt AT ANDKKMN VILLB, UA. [From the Augusta Sentinel.] The large number of federals we have been captunng lately, says tbe Augusta JHsfmeJ, h ?s luorenaed the "<im her or prisoners at An'lersonvtlle to over thirty-thousand, and the cry is "suit they come." We learu. sajs tbe Macon Tr!*tr-nph, that not n day passes without iron one hundred to one thousand arrive and are added to the number. Tbe United States Steamer Kensington. The United Slates steamer Kensington, reported en shorn on the Romer Shoals, arrived stfely yesterday evening at the Navy Yard, having sustained no Injury whatever. She went ashoro about nine P. M. on Sunday, white coming lo from Fortress Monroe In charge of ber coast pilot. Her signals for assistance were answered by tbe steamer Meteor rcturniug from an excursion, wlik-h waa boarded by an eualgo from tbe Kensington, to solicit a low, which the captain of the Moteor was unable le give, bis steamer being undt for the purpose, but who kindly sent bsck assistance upon Uls arrival in town. Boat Race.? A two-pair-o: scull race between seron teen feet boats from Whitehall and the Battery came off yesterday afternoon. Tbe diatance rowed was from Pro fessor Hall's bslb, around Bsdloe's Island and back, and was mads, against a strong wind, in forty two minutes, the WMteballers being tbe victors. The boats were rowed by O'Malley and Hennssy, from Whitehall, and Neville and ? Ugee" from His Battery. Tbe odds were largely in favor of the l attery boys, and cossld* srable funds ohaamd buds la oooteaaenee THE UIIOH PBISOIEB8 II GEORGIA Arrival of Four Commissioners from ths Prison* Affecting Narrathr* of th# Sofftringi ?f Its iMSatCSe Shocking: Barbarity of Their Treatment. WHOLESALE MORTALITY AMONG THEM. URGENT APPEAL TO PIBS1DINT LINCOLN, &6i| JUu 4it Among the passengers who arrived last evening by the Arago from Hilton Head, 8. C. , are four exchanged pris oners ? Messrs. E. Batea, Forty-seoond New York; P. Tracy, Eighty-second New Yorlr; H. C. Bigginson, Nine teenth Illinois, and B. Nolrot, Fifth Naw Jersey? com missioners appointed at a monster meeting of the 35,000 Union prisoners confined In Camp Sumter, Andersonville, I Ua., to wait upon tha executive at Wasblngtoo, with a ! petition praying that immediate action be taken to ter* mlnate their sufferings, either by parole or exchango? sufl'erlngs described to be almo?t'lncredlble. Two-tbirda of them are without shelter of any kind to protect them ' from the aerce rays or a tropical sun and the cold, heavy | dews and thuudor showers peculiar to tliat olimate. The onmtnlesloners describe the food upon which the prison ers ontirely and exclusively subsist aa of a character to produce nausea even in the hungriest stomach!*, consist ing or bread made from unbolted corn meal, half ground, badly baked and without salt, with about two ounces of At, rancid and rusty bacon (daily ration), fit only for the soap factor. The water used by those unhappy men ,m V >lscuous, being taken frum a muddy, cozy stream that flows for bulf a mile through impurities of ! tbo filthiest and most noxious cli?:acter, buforo It enters the stockade, or bull pen, in which our brave fellows are huddled as thick as herrings packed lu a barrel. The clothes worn by u majority of the prisoners are misera ble shredg and putchop, Insulllcient evon for the purposes I of ordinary deceucy, tilled with vermin, and altogether i presenting scenes saddening and humiliating to our com tnon humanity. The results are an araouut of disease anil a mortality truly fearful. When the commission left the beastly pen, on the 7th Inst , the deaths had rescued one hundred and forty tbreo porday, and this without any epidemic among the prlsouors; and from the rapid inorcasc of deaths dally occurring at Camp Sumter, the mortality must have r? ached, bv tbis date, at least ouo hundred and eighty dally? soon, doubtless, to ascend to two hundred a day. Ibe nature or the dlso.isos which sweep away our bravo fellows, as with a scythe ot death, are diarrhrn*, dlseutery aud scurvy, with, recently increasing, typhoid lever. As indicating the raragos of disease produced by the catiFCR already Elated, the denths since the oponing of tne prison on the '24th or last February up to the 31st of July were 6,890. In tlie m nth of July alone the deaths were 2,180, Including 6.10 from scurvy. It is added ? and it makes the picture heartrending? that upwards ot four hundred of the prisoners are una nlacs wandering through the enmp, their miuds having given way by the ieurful prospect? despairing of ever being otther exchanged or paroled Thousands of these prisoners huvu spent from eloven to Ufleuu mouths in lielle It land aud Camp Sumter; and no word- of hnpo ever reach them that they will bo exchanged. Indeed so terriiiie is tbo agony of raiod endured by the prisoners tnat dozens of them are sbnt down weekly on tbo"d?ad line," whore they rush and invite the guards to kill tliein, lu order to terminate their snilerlugs ? an invita tion always carefully complied with, being In strict ac cordance with the Instruction* to tlie guards to shojl any prisoner wbo Infringes on tbe "dead Hue." These are terrible facts to liy before our government and tbe public, and cry aleud for immediute aud effectlvo action on tho part of those whose duty It is to protect those wbo have fought so nobly, so unselfishly, and so i patriotically for our oountry. . The Memorial of (lie UhIom Prliontri to t l?e PifildMt. CoMvitnwurK Hvatks Pmso*, 1 | Charlbsm*, S. C., August ? , 1804. J ' To TBI PRKSIDHTT Oi' TUB UMITKI) SrATUI:? The condition of tho enlisted men belonging to tbu Union ariuios, now poisoner* to the Confederate rebel forces, i- such tbat it becomes our duty, and trie duty of every commissioned officer, to mnko known tbe facts In 'the cose to the government of tbe Hulled States, and to use every honorable efF rt to secure a general exeboogo 01 prisoners, thereby relieving thousands of our comrades from tho horrors uow surrounding them. I For some time past there has boon a concentration or prisoners from all parts of tbe rebel territory to the State of Georgia? tbe commissioned officers belu,; con lined at 1 Macon, and the enli&ted men at Andersonrllle. Recent movements of tbe Union armies under Geueral Sherman have compelled the removal of prisoners to other poiits, ?uid it Is uow understood tbat they will be removed to Savanuah, Georgia, and Columbus and Charleston, South Carolina. But no change of this kind hold* out any pros pect of relief to our poor men. Indeed, as the localities i selected are lar more unhealthy, there musi be an in crease rather tb'ia a dimluutloa of sufferlsg. Colonel Hill, Provost Marshal lieneral . Confederate States .Army . at AtiantH stated :o one or tbe uudersigued tbnt thore were thirty five thousand prisoners at Anderson vllle. and by all aceounta from the lulled States soldier* who hive boen confined there the number is uot overstated by him. Those thirty- Ova thousand are confined In a Held of some thirty acres, enclosed by a board fence, heavily guarded. About one third have various kinds of indilftrent sbel ter; but upwards of thirty thousand are wholly without shelter, or even shade, of aoy kind, and are exposed to the storms and rains, which sre or almost dally occur renoe; the coid dews of the night, and tbe more terrible effects of tbe sun striking with almost tropical Oercene?s upon their unprotected heads, l'bls mass uf men jo*tie and crowd each other up and down Hie limits of their enclosure. In storm or sun, aud others lie down upon tho pitiless earth at nigbt, with no other covering thtn tbe clothing upon their hacks, few of them having even a blanket, lipoa entering the prison every man is deliberately stripped of money aod otber property, and as no clothing or blanksts sre ever supplied to their prisoners by tbe rebel authorities tbe condition of tbe api?rel of the snl diers, Just from an active campaign, can be easily imagined. Thousands are without pants or coata, aod hundreds without even a pair of drawers to oover their nakedness. To these men, as Indeed to all prisoners, there Is iosued three quarters of a pound of breed or meel, and one eighth of a pound of most per day. This is tbe entiro r.ition, and upon it tbe prisoner must lire or die. Tbe m??i is often unsifted and sour, and ihe meat such as in the North in consigned to the s<>apmaker. Mich are tbe rations upon wblcb I n loo soldiers are 'ed hy I be rebel authorities, and hy wb'.ch they are barely holding on to lire, fiut to starvation uud exposure, to sun aud storm, add the sn-lrnes* which prevails to u moot alarming and terrible extent. On au sv srage one hundred die daily. It Is impossible tbst any Union soldier should know ail the facta peruinli'g to thin terrible mortality, a* thev are not paraded hy the rebel authorities. Suco statement as tbe following, made by ? ? , spoilt.- eloquent to*. llmony. Slid he ?" Of twolve of us wiio were captured, six died; four are In the hospital, and I never ex i*ct to soe them again. There ,?re bu' two of us left " In lst)2, at jjoptgomsrw. pHUrTtr'B?? ?,:rsble cir- J ''uiukMnces, tbe pri-os?is being protected by sb*d?( j from one hundred and flfty to two hun Ired were sick fn tn diarrhena and chills, out ot (oven hundred. The same percentage would giro sevoc thousand sick at Andersoovllle It needs no comment, no eirorts at word painting, to make such a picture stand out boldly in most horrible colors. Nor is this si*. Among the Ill-fated of the many wbo have sultered amputation in c?>nseqoenco of injuries re ceived bafore capture, seut from rebel hospitals beiore their wounds were heited, there are el?<juent witnesses of the hsrbarlties of which they are victims. If to those facta is ad<;ed this, tbat nothing more demorali/ea soldiers and develops the evil pssnioos of nun than star vation , the terrible condition of Union prisoners at Andursonvtlla can bo resdtly imagined. Tttey are fast l?oln< hope, and becoming utterly reckless of Ihe. Numbers, crazed by their sufferings, wander about in a state of idiocy; otber* deiiberotsiy cross tho "dead line," snd are "remorselessly shot down In bebaif of tbese men we most earnestly appeal to tho I'reeident of the Tutted States. Few of them have been captured except In the front af bottle, lo tbe deadly encounter, and only when overpowered by num hers. T|i#y constitute as gal!ant a ponton of our arm es as carry our banocrs anywhors. If released, they would r<>on relcrn to iignln do vigorous battle for our cause. We are told that the only obstacle tn the way of ex change is tbe status of enlisted negroeo captured from our armies, th? United Btatee claiming that the cartel oovara ail who serve uadsr its nag, asd tbe Confederate Hates refusing to consider tbe oolored soldiers, hereto fore slaves, as prisoners of war. We beg leave to suggest tome fscts bearing npoa the question or axchai ge, which we would urge upon this consideration. Is it not consistent with the national honor, without waiving the claim tbat tbe negro Midlers shall be treated aa prisoner* of war, to effect an ex change of I ha white aoidisrsr Tbe two elsaaea are treated differently by the eeesoy The whites ara coatned In such prisons as Ubhr and Anderoou villa. starved and treuta* with abarbai&ra uaknown to clvittcad nations. The blacks, en the contrary, are se'dom Imprisoned. They hts distrinuted among iu? cltixeus, ? r ?uii>i?y?ii on government work* Uudor llts e c rcutn imcu ihey r# ceive euougb to eat and arc w rBe.l an harder than tbojr bare been accustornad lobe. I tier are neither star v?d nor killed otf by tbe pes 1 1 lance la the dungeons 01 K cb moad and Charleston. It le true tbev are again mule al tree, bat their si ivsry )? freedom and b*ppn>*?t C"tn pared with the er ai existence imjKwed ui?>ii our guhaat ?ien. They are not bertfi of hope, ?* are tho wbHe *>l dlers. dying by piecemeal. Their dunce* of escape are tenfold greUer than ituwe of the- white soldiers, and U?e r condition, lo all Ita lights, it tolerable In comparison wltb tbat oi tbe prisoners of war now languishing IB too dan* and pen* of kc?h no. Whils, tberefore, believing tbe claim* of our govern ment, in matter* of eacbaugo, to be Just, we are pro foundly Impresaad wltb tHa conviction tbat the clrcum ? lances or toe two claaaea of sow ler* are ao widely differ ent tbat tha government oau honorably consent to au ex change, waiving for a time lb* established principle Justly claimed to be applicable In tba case. Let thirty live thousand suffering, starving and dying enlists* Win aid tbla appeal. By prompt and decided sot ion If* ?heir behalf thirty five thousand heme will be made happy For Uie eighteen hundred commissioned officers now prisoners we urge nothing. '* Although desirous of return ing to our duty, we can bear imprisonment witb ra >r? fortitude If the enlisted men, who-e suilurings we know to he intolerable, were restored to liberty and lift. NEWS FROM NORTH CAROLINA. Mr. Geo* H. Ilart's Despatch. Bsachrt, N. C.. August 16, 1864. On Sunday laat six deserter* were (hot at Ncwbsrn, 1b accordance with the decision of court martial. *Ua DAKOTA, formerly a captured blockade runner, was seized on sus picion, whilst eatward bound from New York, and brought to this port. She Is laden with potatoes, and hsr destination the West Indies. Her oaso being investi gated, she was reloaded. ins nut)* iHtunM-Mll rack. ' Tba aew trade regulations not being as jet completed, | Colonel Heatoo, the Treasury Agent, is restricted in hi* act*, which lends somewhat to embarra** the trading community. A nail boat race came ofT at this poful, Mr. Good ale, well known in New York, acting as umpire. The yacht Qui Vive, owned and sailed by Mr. Wardell, of tbe Arm of Steele k Co , won the first price handsome I j. The KutU Hall, owned and sailed by Mr. William H. Hall, won tbe second. IIKCTKVATT MA SO, One Hundred and fifty -eighth Now Vork Volunteers, Is doiog duly as Provost Marshal or Murebead City. 1Mb administration is much com mended and la characterized by a strict regard for justioa. Oor Newhera Correspondence. Nkwhkrv, August 19, 1804. The Raleigh (N. C. ) Conretera e ?>ys that General S. D Lee recently arrived at Atlanta from Mississippi, wltb a large number of reiuforenmeuu, and participated lo tbe Iato battle, Intelligence has been received hers stating tbat since tbe dep*rtore of tbe robel pirato Tallahassee from Wil mington t hut seven more steamers of alike character have arrived there, and are now receiving their a ma mem with a view of runnmg tbe blockade, to war upon our .'.omiQorco. Tbe North Carolina Tim't, speaking of tbo recent elec tl l?, says:? The Holden men have a majority In the legislature Ih? citizens of North Carolina desire peace, notwith standing the fact that rebel bayonets were used to over Awe tho conservative party, who supported Holden. In Ibe extreme western couuties, we luarn that Holden ob tains some very beavy majorities, but their voto was thrown out on the ground that they were not considered "loyal" to tbe Confederate government. At Kiss Ion, men were imprisoned for voting for Holden. Arrival of the United States Steamer Florida. Tbo United States steam gunboat Florida, Lieutenant Commanding Samuel Magaw, arrived at this port yes terdsy morning, from the blockade ofl" Wilmington 16th Ins'., and Beaufort 19th inst., where she bas been stationed for the last eighteen months, duriug which time she hts captured and destroys t runners of an abro gate va.ue of over two ami a hair millions of dollars. A nnmbor of ber ofllcers were deuclvd at Beaulorf, N. C. Tbe following Is a list of her officers': ? Lieutenant Commanding ? Samuel Magtw. Ac ting Master ami Executive Utter? John McGowan. Ae'ing Assittant Sit rpeen? R. F. Brooks. Aexng AnMan' Paym'it'ir? W. F. Keeler. Acting hnti n ? C. Washburn. Acting MaUtr't Mate ? Hi T. I'age. Engineers? Chief, William Mcl^enn : First Assistant, D. Mc Arthur; Second Assistant, .1. W. Hooketl: Third Assist ants, Ceorge F. Smith, til hurt Webb and Rdward Tray nor. Acting Gunner ? A. S. Lopor. Gift ain't Cte'k ? W. F. '/nnlzlnger. Paymarier't Clerk ? W. W. Gilbert. Paymaster'* Steward? J. B \Vi>od house. Surgeon'* Stevxiid ? Thomas McK fever. HEWS FROM THE SOUTH. Tit* Critical Stuff e of tlie War? Caution a t??l Pat Icnce Ntnleil? The Approaching Union Draft? The People u> the iivntu Ilcai t II y Sick or the War, ?fcc. [From the Kfohmond Sentinel, August 20 I We have arrived ut a very critical at ago of the war, and oiIdi cirounos|>eciion, caution and patient eu(lur;iD<-o are needed lo c^rry u* successfully through tt. To weather tbe next six weoks will be a most dilDctM task lor the North. She Is well awaro or this, and will no do u lit ho very busy in endeavoring to ci trap us into hasty compromises, oonre*gi<ms or ndnrs ? < i tll?t may deprive uh of the vantage ground which w are nkely lo attnlu lo less than im months Within that timo it is uot nt all lmprolialile that the armies or Grant, Shonnau ami SheridHU, by losses to battlo and by other causes, will have been al moat annihilated. \\ i hlii tlut tiuie It is almost certain that the apprcaclilng Chicago Tolivon lion will have thrown its apple of discord and destruc tion Into tbe already dintucted. and discordant ranks oi tbe North. It may suggest terms of honora ble peace. At least It will be sure to endeavor to ba ile rather than protnMA tho pv< uliar wsr poilcv o' Llacnlo, because It belives that his war |?licy !<? equ ally directed ufColult tbe liberty ol tbe North and the ludei endcnce or tbe South. Let us await patiently tbe rwauits or that Con vrntlwi nofore finally committing ourselves toany S|iocitlc terms Of peao; for they have much to Tear from that re-ult. we nothing to apprehend Irom It. It may Itni od ?, thwart or embarrass the plana aud purjOsen or* tbe witr party at the North. It may make their situation worsx, but cannot affect ours. * I?t us await, ton. the eNpsrinient of tbe Impending draft. If It fall*, tbe North will be simost without an army, and we abould be sure or better terms or peace than we could aow even hope for. That it will fell, at least partially, aeema to bo expected or apprehended by all partlea, even among themselves. It may give riae to mobs, rlota, revolutionary outbursts and civil war la that section. It will crtaioiy increase aud ex acerbate tbo hatred of New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey and tbe Northwest toward* New Kngland. Tbe former States and section sustain thla war aa a matter of honor, New Kngland aa a source of wealth. MM is grow ing richer and richer every day by it s pr< se utlon, while they ara being impoverished hy it. He believe, accord ing to the duello code, the requirement* ol honor ara * .tlsfled when biood (however lltt.e) has been drawn [ Those Biates and that section have abed whole oeeans or It. Neither tbe code or honor nor tbe dictate* of tbe most generous m.ignanlrrity require that they should shad more. To do so would he favage brutnlitv, not generous chivalry. Tbey should aay, and might sav most truly to New Kngland, '-You brought on this war. It is your war. Ymi have made millions or money by It. We made common cause with you. for we n-lt tbit tbo storming ot Kort Suiuter was an insult to tbo whole N?rth. Rut tt was a mere Insult, and onewbicb New Kng:aud men and muaaures coiutel'ed tbo Sooth la offer ua. We have abed enough blood and loat or ex pended enough treasure to wipe oir a thousand such in so ts. We can bear and sulfcr uo mora to satiate your hatreds and build up your wealth, whilst by so doing wa are waiting our own lives, wastlag our own treasure, ruining ourselves and entailing hopeless poverty on our posterity, litis drart we will Dot bear." K.ven If any one State sbcuid take the slaud we saggest, the fur ther prosecution or the war would bo hopeless, Tor tther States would soon follow the example. Hut suppose the draft succeeds. It will only put in [Wl uedHClPlmed. reluflfamt recruits and mercenary substitutes to supple the pi area or volunteer veterma. We shall be batter situated to treat ror peace arter the draft than now, eveu if it sucoeed. There will be a long Interval or gap of time between ma enlist tog or drafted men and the making aoldlera of tbem w herein ws may carry on the war to advantage or treat (or i*ace on Uir and equal terma. In the moaowbilti the aspiration ol tba terms of sorvloo of their three years veterans and oue hundred days men will be oootlaually weakening them and relatively strengthening us. Ihelr currency, too, Is sura lo t row continually w tsc, and without money? money that la readily current? Ibey cannot long pr<we cute tbe war. Our curret cy la 'S*t and steadily improv ing. and Congreaa, nt Its next srsai. n, baa only boldly to proceed with the stringent measures It baa already In augurated to relieve us In a abort time of all dlrtleuitjr aa to money matters I Six weeks hence w? are almoat sure te be In a much belter condition to treat for peace than we are now, and cur enemy la a much worse Condition. Wttbln that time It may be that we shall have defeated ami gotten rid of the armiea of (Irant, Sherman and ftheridaa, capturing part of them and expelling tbo balance from oar territo r v. Mx weeka hence, instead or waging defensive warfare, we may be invading tbe en< my'a soil, and oarryiag on ollensive warfare. He have little te apprehoed aod much to hope for within that period. Time le victory to us snd death to our eneoilea We are heartily sick and tired of this long, bloody and oruel war; eo are all or our people. But let ua oautlously beware, leal our aaxiety for peace sfeould give our cunning snd wary eaemy the opportunity to overreach aad entrap ua Into Improper concessions At no tims daring the war have we etood on such blgb vantage ground, At no time have we bad *o good reaaoa to insist on all we have ever asked unlram mailed, unconditional indeeeodeo.e. la tbe "*?a?niie let ua be ever read v to lisieu to propositions for peace, however prepoeteroua the terms pjopoeed, iwoviaee tb se terms, like all other matters that either part r may propoee, shall be open to rroe dlseuatkni aad Ml laid down aa ultima'**- Let ua be ready to oi a.j negotiations for peace at an j time u equals treating w tti e>i uls. but lo no otbsr ? ay. Ivery Uav ih?? ib? ne^otiatlm proceeds we ?-ba 1 be growing r? atlvely ?trouper, our eoeroy positively ? taker. Aa to the matter ?f tn? arruUtice, the ai.b,er,? |? anrrounded with ureal d faculties, nd we ?re not pre pred lo venture an oplai o. It may be propoeel a* ? m?re trick to net Hbermtn'e and Grant'e armies out of llieir em ban suing situations and safely ho a. All along aich h de of tbe UtsMssippi, to, the enemy IU? troupe ih.it, in returning home, would b.tve lo run IB#* gauntlet of thousands of our raiders and guerilla troops that would barars ?nd decimate ibero ' rom eillvr banlf of thai Iook an<t tedio.ia i Wer. We bold theenesoylna tight place and pr bibijr should rather press our a4 Tttutt?? tbao nlleve him cx bia difficulties by owa?all>| to au armistice. SHERIDAN. HEAVY 8KIRM'Mm 01 SUNDAY. An Engagement Probably Go ing on Near Charlestown. L?? Reported Marching Fp the Valley With a Large Fercf, A*., <ta., U. Mr* T. O. Wlimn'i Dtapatehti, Avebill'b Cavii.HT, iw ran Piblo, > Auguat 22?8 A. M. J There waa heavy skirmishing yesterday on a portion of Geuer?l Sbertdan'a lio?, wblob lasted all day IV* loat between one and two hundred killed and wounded; the enemy 'a lose about tbo aamc. Heavy fir lug la going on thia mom log on the Berry Till* road aud Smltbfleld piko. The enemy 'a mun lorce Is concentrating on our right , and be aeema inclined to Ugbt and advauoe. I.v Tna Kield, August 22?6 30 P. M. Heavy firing was beard to day in the direction of Charlestown, and the supposition la that an engagement Is going on near there. There was u smull skirmish ye?terd?y at Ham Ho. 6 on the Potomac river. Tbe r bel roconnoltering party wa? driven back and prevented Irom crossing. We bold Martlnsburg jestcrdiy until threo P. M., when tbo rebola euta>od it, Harry Gllaior'a cuminaml bolog in tho advanco. During tbo night we druve tbo rebels again. Up lo thia time no rebel force baa crossed the PoU>> mac between Willi imaport and Harper's Ferry. Mr. lharlta II. Hannnm'i DrapaH ti. Heaths abtebs, 8ixm Armt Coma, 1 Near CnABUftrtowN, V.i.. August 10, 1804. J uriixiii My last despatch closed r - abruptly. Tbe 8litk corpa had just (Wedneed" ruing) arrived In tba neighborhood of Winches* zing marched all night from Cedar Greek. Tr , a were halted for a fair hours aud then mar' .ertiie Opequan oreck, tkilf way between Winch' -nd Berryvllle, where thej were batte l for tbe ? cqlobei j'b uric in* Etciiian. A very revere f >w place during tbe afternoon of the sntnc] day re j Wincbrator and Newtown pike, about one mile f- . the former p'ace. General Torbert h<d ai-ked that tbe First briga-te, Firat dlvislor, sutb cor pi, Coion'el W. H. 1'enrof.e c< ainianrting, should b? temporarily detached from tbe corps nod left behind us ? support for a division of cavalry. General Torbert hid command of the wnoie lorce. About one o'clock rebel cavalry pickets made their appearance, and front that hour uiitu four o'cl.-ck Unug couuuued wiib great rapidity. Colonel Penrose wu c mpelted lo deploy lb* wholu brigado as *klrhii*ii'!rs, 'ind bis line was about two mi ss long, a force of cavalry being on either liank. I be strength oi the rebel iiue was gradually increased, and their attacks mere ucd in impetuosity. it waa about thto timo tnal ibe cavalry retired hod formed In the rear of tbe town. At n?ic ut'tali tbe rebels cbargcd, wilb two liuoa ot battle, on the stone wall behind w bicti < oionel Penrose's oommaud w eh -Itered. The Pulon line waa tlankcl and brck-o, and tho meo fell bcck and sciitereA in every direction. Tbe losses on this occasion war* very heavy. U it of a lorce or eiKbl hundred men en> gated but "live hundred have yet roturneil to date, al though It is probable thai this number ivill be rligiitly Incrcaaed when all the stragglers are collec'cd. I am unafcle u nay what orders Gonoral Toi bert acted uoler. hut if tho -land was tn de tor tbe i itrpoae at ch.-ckrig the rebel pursuit, tbe Jersey br'^adt most Bob. J performed the ta-k. tbe Uat tiut a >ic'.rinisb line should li Id lb<j rebel urrny in check for so uiany houra Ik a subject of it' m rat Iqu thro igl.out tbe whole ariny. Colonel Peurose s ks? hi the blub, si terms of lb* br.ive. y and nctn ny ill pl;y?-d tiy l.tcuti iiant l aul. Act ing Ak' i- um Ad u'aM i/cncr.J. nd tenant I) rd, i i' t ? cav.liv, 4< it aiJ do ctmp ? ti pis staff, lieutenant ( oloriel Campbell and Major H eniao, com mvuilinrf tha lilt eutli regiment New icrfjr \ uivmi- ?r?, ire ?ilso very highly i-poktn >.t lor the maimer ? wLi :b timy belli the right of the Urn', where some of tbeteve < at flgbtiug took piice. Cnioucl Penrote md a n^Wihaf 01 b.a o::.curri only -tircO'-ded in rejoining the con.* at a l ite h?>ui last uiglit. No I is I of rasu-itle* c*n be ol>ta nod, as the greater part of our woi.Lded fell into th* na<id? of the rebut*. I lie rollo* iuv oilier* are rejcirlod missing: ? list or i *Ni'*iJiira JMuao commmmomd dtii iu or in HH%T SRTOADK, fiRST Mtm.o.1, CIXTU AKMT COR1 fl. f'aptaln Samuel M (iaui, F, 4th Sew Jer*ey, mtonln. Lio'iiennni Colonel Charles H Kay, lOtti New Jersey, Duplet i.leutrn til Murphy. A. lOiti New Jer*sy, misting. l,ii'uiriif in l'B|ir>er, H. lOiu New .leraey, missing. i npiaiu W. H. Srowilen, P. lotu Saw .lertey. rotating. I.ieutenaat Uutijainiu V. Ruaacll, F, 10th New Jertey, minting. Captain George W. Ilommelt, H, 10th New Jar t*y, aliasing Captain Win. H. Franklin, I. ICtb New Jersey. woandeC I'uptaiu R. S. I'omiett, A lath New Jerrey, wounded. Lieutenant Ponneiiy, A, 16th New Jersey, mta*lng. The Fourth regiment was bro.gki out of tne action by a first lieutenant. From a prisoner captured ?arlr In tbo fight it w?a ascertained that He command* of Breckio ridge, Kwell and Longatreet were on th>- pike in tbeirfroal. rnaittairowii was kbaiwup at a lata hour lad nigiu, and although ibere are reports of reb?i forced all around ua the m<ln bod/ baa not yet made Ua appearance. I Lea Reported Merlnf Up Ifta VkiUf With Pertf Tlmoeand Men. Balt.mo*s, August 22, 1804. Large number* of refngeea from Richmond continue to arrive at Point Lookout. I hey report that a large force or Infantry and cavalry ,. under General I*a in person, aa having gone up toe She nan i')ah valley to reiuforce General Karly. 1 hey assort that Ibis b?dy of rebel troope number as many aa forty thousand, their purpose being to seuara the plunder that waa captured by Early In Maryland, which they fear will bo takon by tba advance of General Mterldan, and alao to attaoK Waahlngtoo and Invade ibe Nurtb. Eultcment at Hageratewn, Md. W AHni.iOTOif, Aaguet S3, ISM Ad view from Hagerstowa, Hd. , repreeent that t*e ? cltemcnt at thai place oovtlnuea. Refugees are arriving there in large number*. The farmer* living along tba Potomac river ere again running ofl their stock towards Pennsylvania for safety. REBEL ACCOUNTS. Cavalry Rfclrmlelllng below Itraihurg 'the Rebel General Vau|hau Woai??l ed, <kc. fFrom the Richmond Sentinel, August 20.1 We are wiihont ofll< lal inforssaiwa fmm the valley, and la the preonni admirable condition of the postal ser. vice ou the rslir. ad leading to that **etloo, we eipect to bear (rem iJtily, via (.'alhorina, **r*ral day* ahead ef ih* valley ibiil. We hAe aeea a letter dafed Idmbnrg, seventeen m lea from straaburg, August 13. In whuk the writer (a gal ant 7' ung *oldier. who w*a wounded when i.eneral Early first advanced Into Maryland,) ?a?*:? "I am lure Parly will ngbt them at Ptraaburf. aa<l t wlil be, from all appearance, a large fitbt. rhe Yankee* have beea reiotorced by two corpe of Grant's men. The enemy are skirmishing with our cavalry beow Mrw bnrr. lh?y are a coti?Merabie dlatanee ibie ante of Middietowo. which le tbtrteea tnileafrom Wlnebe?ter m l 0>a mlies from Straaburg. The oltlsena are ocafldent Kerly will defeat tbe enemy. Brigadier General Vaoghan, of ihecavalr/, pasted through bate yesterday, wounded. Tne eoenay Qave not bnraed aaytbiag *o far that I hear of." Wallace's Th*ats*. ? Mian Olive Lagan ma le a double debut at tbta theatre last evening. Pbe m*de her list appearance on the Itew York etage as the heroine ef hjr own play. The twofold latereet of tb? occasion attrarted an esoeiient audience, la spite of the very dirtgreeabl* weather. Wa believe that all tboec who ventured o?k tbrt'Ugh ths rals wtre well repaid for their eatar^rlM.

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