Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 29, 1864, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 29, 1864 Page 1
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THE NEW WHOLE NO. 10,208. NEW * YORK HEItALB YORK, MONDAY, AUGUST 29, 1864. PRICE FOUR CENTS. FARRA6UT. GLORIOUS NEWS! CAPTURE OF FORT MORGAN. Description of the Fort and Its Armament. ITS HISTORY. snatch of the Rebel General Page. *Oper ? tions of the United States Military Forces. WE4T HAS BEEN ACCOMPLISHED. Condition ef the Water Approaches to Mobile. JPo Batteries or Troops Below Dog River. General Maury Fortifying Mobile. Feud Between the Civil and Military Authorities, as. Iiwtiwy Stanton to Oen?r?l Dlz. WdrewtotoK, August 38, 1864. imor General Da:? A despatch irom General Grant, just received states that tho Kio&roond papers cf yesterday (27th) auuounce that Fort Morgan is lu our possession. It Is not stated whether the fort was aurreudered or whether It was blown up. Aaether -despatch pi**'- the following extract from the HtehMOixl Ji&inun er of yesterday:? "Port Morgan is In the eniaiy's possession? whether blown up or evacuated je not Known.'' llr. William 11. Wells' D(?p?tchci. On- Fort Fort Mohuas, Ala., August 17, 1804, HO DJitAGK DONB UT 1KB UK* (IF KOKT MORi.AW. Tb* firo from Fort Morgan on Monday night did no fur ther damage than to mterfero somewhat witfc our work' lag parties on the fortijcatious. The interference was oa'.y tsr.iporary ONLY ORK MAR WOVNMD OS gORC.AN Some deirrterR who cARie out from Morgan on Sunday ?l^lit report that one man bad been won: ded (none fciliod; end very liiue damage done to the works of the fort. TBI RIRIU STRBNf.ll;l'N.>0 1KB 1 OKI. Tbey report that the rebels are busy as bees strength, salat; tho Inside of the fort. ALAIUMl RA f TAl IOH UPT IN TRF FORT RT SBAnPSnOOTntf. Tbey elso say tbat the men of an Alabama battalion ?re all anxious to get out, but are prevented by two ?omt'itnicR of Tennessee sharpshooters, of wtom they ?taad in deadly fear. TIIRBB more KCAPF. FROM M0B1LR. I bad a conversation yesterday with a man wbo es caped from Mobile on Sunday night, 14tb inst. ile bas bs. ii employed as a pilot on thus bay sin. -6 lbs baginning of tbe war. His lamily live on Mobile I'oint, about tbree Miles from Kort Morgan. Tbey wsrc about to conscript Kim. and bo ran away. He recti. s to be an intelligent man bul was not at all eLwmunlcative: in fact, be w.n decidedly reticent, answoria?: m questions as bristly as possible. fBBY WERE FIRKP (I* BT 1 "JI X JUTTRRT AWT CAVALRY. Last Monday night be aiMl two others (all pilot ) loft Mobile in a small boat, and, after travelling very cau Mously , reached our lines on Tuesday morning. At Dog rlvsr, nlue miles below Mobile, tbey wera tired on by a rebel battery, and also by some rebel cavalry above that point. RO BA1-TBRU-R OS TROOPS H*nW DOd KlVSR. Tbero are no butteries below Poj river, and no rebel troops of auy description were soen below that point. 0SNKRAI. MAUHV FORtirriMC MOlllll, | Ueueral Maury commands ut Yobile, at J is busy at ' work iwkltyiug tbo approaches to the city Torpedoes and otbor obstructions are being placod in the bay. They do not Know how many troops are Mere. Cltlz. c# aro not allowed to visit lbs fortifications. FKI II BKlWfcBN Civil. A*n Ifll.lTARl At'THOtiriSJ. There ia u bitter feud bet ween tho civil and military ?. ythiritleo, the former desiring to -lave, tbe l tlt >rtj destroy, tUe city in mm tbe Yaokues should spi-rmcb. ?IRAnnlMT3 LKAYWO, STORKS CtiOJlU, aiEJX Ct'RRWICT nntiBi Desponding and g'onm |)?rvado all class**, and all who ?v jsibly are leaving tbe city. The stores are being i clu ied, -ind la some caios rebol currency has actually u*? . i re ursd, IlimiNAfiOlf AT Rtt Rt!Rr:s*DKR OF FOt'.t dtlNM, rbs ultl/.ons wjro indignant at the surrender of Corl iJainvs. Tbey thltilt it was too easily given up, and tc cuso i olotml Audorrion. its Uto comroandT, ot cowardice and Iroachery. lit. CHADS Mt'XIKHM tun IRON Cl.iin AT MOBIf.K. The blockade runners Mary, Vir^ n. Heroins and Red tW-mtiiH? ail Eo;:lWh steamors? cleared from Havana, at lying at Mobile, Also tbo rebel iron-clad Nashville, the gunboat Morgu, which ran away from our fleet, and lbs two r. mi lluntivllie nn>: Tine- ale. n. MORU.R MARKETS. Fleur, $-W0 |>er barrel, auil holders unwilling to sell at thai moderate price. Corn, $10 per bushel. Corn meal, $i per pouud. Fresh meat, }2 60 per pound. Cloar aide 1 , $4 I'Sr pound. Men a common shoes, $iw per pair. W imon's common rh^es, $1H0 per pair Coffee, $18 a $20 per pound. Sugar, $0 for pouud. All other articles pro port ion at sly blgb. POO* I SOCI.S I.IV1RO RTCIX'SIVSLT on otstsrs. Prices for all tbo necessaries of lite are so exorbitant Hut poor p? 'pie ore compel!) I to livo exclusively on ?ystcrs, of which, fortunately, tbe bsy yields sn .sbnudauoe. MORIIR HtOT't.S llk.AI.TIIY The only blessslug Uie people of Mobile enjoy Is good he? lb lb" CUT was never so healthy as now. RtMK'"OTFn MkM, WOMSN ANIM till PRKR Ai tbo citizens 1 ba VP area around here ar? barefooted ? ?i. n. women and cbildroo. Ih^v have neither boots, nor stockiir' AIIA VAt. ->r ()r*FR?IS AkSOflt ARtl lw IKV. J teMAcra^/ACiu^ tv? lb% s. Gnlf, but arrived, and Is super mtesdiog the movement 01 siege materials collected here. ti?.ier*l Bai4ev , of Red river fane, has also arrived. uud ban beou assigned to tbe command of all tbe iniauiry on the Point. <.KNRR?LH GRANUKR, ARNOLD > NI' Bill ST AT WORK. Yesterday it rained hard, and almom uoeoasmgly , from ten -o'clock m the morning until after four tn tbe afteruocu, which considerably retarded our ofleusive opu. rations. Notwithstanding tbo inclemency of tbe wea ther, Generate Arnold, Granger and Bailey were busily engaged in inapectmf and directing tbe work upon our batteries. SORT MORGAN oriwe? A rfURTY rODM'lB PARROTl' KKl'LliH AMI A MONITOR KIKl.e ALL NIGHT. About six o'clock Fort Morgan opened on our batteries from a pivot gus ou the further or seaside of tbe fort. Some pretty accurate tiring was made, but nobody hurt. One of our tfctrty-pounder Parrottg replied, but with out visible effect. As usual, one of tb? Monitors tired at long intervals during the night. AN INDIGNANT KKIIKL FKMAIi DEMAND? RATION*. An indigent femalo and unalterable rebel, residiniren this point, came to General Granger's headquarters to day and demanded rations for herself and small children. She has a husband and sou in Kort Morgan, but that was no reason, she Insisted , why tbe government should not provide (or all her wants. General Granger may take a diiterout view of the matter. Off Fort Mom. an, August IB, 1864. ALL gCIBT ALONG THK I INK. "A'lqulct alorg the lfnes'' yesterday. Our working parties were buoy all day yesterday and last night, and without interruption from the enemy. SIKIIC okihatiunh go on stradii.t. Siege operations go on steadily and are assuming a for midable appearance. Off Fori Morgan, August 18? Evening. PRt.fA NATION? K0R THK GRAND 1IOMRARDHKNT. So far no tiring today. Everybody still busy at work, preparing for tlio grand bombardment, which cannot be delayed many days. NKI.ROBS COXING TO TUB YANK RIS. Tbis morning three ii'.-groes came in from the v.eimty of Mobile. Tbey had hoard that tbe Yankees wer* look ing fur them, and concluded to look up tbe Yankees. Off Fort Morgan, August 16, 1864. ALL H1LKNT. last night our guns and those of tbe enemy were silent as tbe tomb. Nothing occurred to interrupt the preparations for the siege. Developments ef the Naval Rrconnols Mincc of Mobile Buy. New Orlksns, August 20, 1864. A communication, dated Blockading Squadron, Mobile Bay, August 16, lays:? The naval recontioissanoe towards Hnblle on tbe 15th found formidable but not insurmountable obstruction). Besides batteries, rams and sunken vessels, there is a strong catenated fort, mounting ten gnns. In all the spaces between tbo batteries and sunken vessels, and on both shores, piles are driven, the topi o< which are sawed off just below tho surface of the water, and 'have heavy iron bolts in them, sharpened at tbe upper end, so aa to tear off tbe bottom of a boat passing ovor them. Men wore seen working on two ram-looking contriv ances. Tbe wharves were crowded with steamboats, and among them were four English built craftB, probably 1 blockuto runners. Tbe streets of the city ware com pletely deserted. The rebela are completely cut off from tbeir rear worka. Tbe health of the army and navy Is good. The fleet was at that date ;lf>ih> still pounding away at Fort Morgan with considerable effect. No casualties are reported on our side. Description or Fort Morgan. Fort Morgan is a much older work than Fort Gaines, ami ia far belter constructed. It was built for the del'enco of Mobile Bay. ami was erected on Mobile Point for that purpose. It Is a very strong wok, Its only weak point, if it can be said 1 1 have any, being on tbe land side. It occupies tbe site of Fort Bowyti, a work noted tu tlie war ol 181:4. By direct fire the fort is invulneruble, It baring no cut male*: in the outer wails, which ure protected by a glacis or sand, In which all the shot and shell tu tbe world could bo innocently buried. Tbe guns are mounted en barbftte, und In the ccntre of the works are bomb proof quartern Throwing shell over and dropping them inside tbe work would do no Uatattge to tbe defenders, as tbe troops have only to keep away rrom tbe area? and they have no occasion to he thero, for do lighting is ei pecteti to bo d ,cc theie. Tho following, from a Mobile pa(?r, is interesting:? Wo lake it that iu a Bland off fight or tbe sort twenty wooden walls, even with tbo help of three iron-clad*, will l?r> no uiatch lor the huavv ordnance, tlie saud and shell, and gallantry ot l ort Morgiin. Our brave boys In that work have been waiting tbioe long years in putient inactivity lor the stirring scones in which their c< no rades In arms at other points Uuvo pari imputed. The Yankee Admiral seems disposed to gratify their desire lor "llesblng then maiden swords," and testing their heavy artillery practice on real an l living targets. Iliey have been c?refully and w>ll instructed lbeyarocinri mande.1 by an artillerist distinguished for scieniult .?jd practical skill, and tbey have i<s pretty u lor a beauii.ul light aud lor winning glory as o uid possi bly be ollered to gallant soldiers Let them remember that itic idei of Vinkeo nnvnl aud gunboat invincibility i<as long since been exploded: that the ions in Cu irleb'.ou harbor wliipi ed and disabled and drove oil nine ol the Yankee invincible Monitors, and that one heavy .-.liot, fairly bitting a Monitor turret, jar-< it so that it will not turn. mid its guns are thus rendered ui-eless. As fi r the wooden ships, every encounter id this war had proved that a land battery well served can always whip them, hilly men In a four gun battory at Sabine I'a^a bent a Yankee squadron, sinking aud capturing some, and taking n> re prisoners than d utile the number or the nttlm. If an. ii >au feels any o' thai aw of the Yan kee navy which used to be generally prevalent, and which now lias its depressing effects upon s'ims of the oftlcers who were brought up on its de< ks, lot him remember General Mag ruder in Galveston Hay, who armed iwo or three old nigh pressure steamboats, made ramparts of colt n bales three deep, and then boldly sailed out and attacked, captured, sunk and dispersed a Yankee squad ron. Nor loraet the glorious example of the lamented Villcpigue *t Fort McCree, In tbe harbor at f'ensacola, who, with a sand battery monnting two eight inch guns, whipped the Yankee leamsbips the Richmond ami the Niagara, rite garri'ou at Fort Morgan should take cour age i rem these esamules. and if ih 'y serve their gnns C' oily nnd brsmly tbey have an opportuatty of wearing the brightest Kurels of this war. ft would scorn from tbe above that the rebels deemed tho work impregnable and easily defended, and our dia gram plainly shows it to have been very rtroug ami well armed, it was named after Hngadier General Morgan, of Revolutionary fatne. It was sei/ed by the robel Alabama Iro'psott January*, 1811, and was immediately garrt si ued by them under orders from the Governor of tho tit tle Preparations were tben being made to repair tbo whasf, and tbe wcrk had actually commenced. 1be CtriiCturo bad cost tho Unita<ftMates $1,244,652 TMK AKMAMSVT OF Tftlt FORT. The fort Is defended by several very honvy guns and r.rtny pieces of a lighter character, for rapid movements dut itig a dcieaslvo action agai.isl a sb.rmlng column. Our dlar.ram can be roferrcd to, as Illustrating the following description ? Tbe bastion behind Ilie Lighthouse Imttorv wo ? ill call No. 1, and continue the Humbert by following a line to tho left around the fort. Tho I.ignthouse battery In arrrod with iwn thirty-two pound banded and rllle guns and tro thirty two pound smooth bores. Htruon No. I, bebioi' It, has ono ?c\en luch Brookes ridel gun, one thirty-two pound rllle and one thirty-two p^nnd smooth > boro. lletweon bestions Nos. 1 and 2 are one t8t> inch nlnmhlad and one night inch Hlakeiey gun. Ic baetiou Vo. 2 ar-j ono thirty-two pound rlfto, ear thirty-two ponod sn looth-bor o and one tan inctk Columbiml. Betweeo bas- | Moot Num. ~ ami 3 are two thirty-two pound smooth borrs and o e eight Inch Oahlgreo, dofending maga/mc. j In bastion N?. 3 aroonc thirty-two pound rilla, ?ne thir ty-tv?\o poun?: smooth bore and ono ten inch Columbia*!. Betwee n bantians No*. 3 aud 4 re two thirty-two pound smoothbores and ab eight inch Brookes rlfloil guo. In bastion Wo. 4 ar* live thirty two pound smootll- bor<* Between Imstiaas Mos. 4 aud ft aro thiee tbrty twopouud smooth bore*. Baktlon No. 5 has three heavy guns, ai<d mid way between jlluit and the ue*t bs>tion is an olght Inch lilakoley. The bK'lery in front of bastion No. ft son tains four heavy guns. The shore battery contains two thirty two pound rilloe, f ck* Un inch Columb'ads undone SI* inch rilled Dahlgren. The tt>rrnpl*ln Ic guarded by a moveable Whltworth gun and in the ditch, guarding the sallyport, are a howiuor anil a l'*vrol gun. Within the cssnm.ites of the hsstlnns of tbe iit.on ourialn, or Inner wall, aro two howiu.erl on ea> h an^lo, making twenty guns In all, sweeping |||P mmn ditcii or trench t'tiier auij K* Wuutid Xvf U|e r^illlfU I KBHKBNCES IN DIAGRAM. A A A. ? Bastions Tor flank defence, with traverse guns and casemates beneath (or delenc* of mam dltcb. B B B Covered war, with salient places of arms at tbe angles, mounting each several gun*. On tbe west fronts tbe covered way contains a beavy battery, mount ing fifteen or twenty guu* of large calibre, and called tbe Ligfft House Battery, or Hboro Battery. Tbe outer line or tbe coverod way Is tbo top of tbe glacis, wblcb Is irregular for Dank defence. CC C ? Stairways. D D D.? Terreplu;n, carrying main armament of Tort. The Military Forces. In consequence of the very full details of tbe naval operation* occupying so much of our space we bave heretofore been uuable to devote proper attention to tbe movements of the military forces. Tbe omission we now will endeavor to remedy by a brier resume of wbal tbe land forces had accomplished np to our last advice*. It Is due to the army to state that tbey also bave taken no mean part Ib tbe capture of tbe defences of Mobile bar bor. Tbe United States military forces that were to ope rate In and ubout Mobile bay, arrived at their appointed rendezvous on August 2. and began debarcing on Iteuphino Island about six miles west of Fort Gaines. Tbey had been placed under tbe command of Major Geueral Gordon (Granger, who directed tbe mam movements, whl'e a sub ordinate officer led the troops in the field. The Invest ment of Fort Games on tbo land side caused or helped to oause its surrender on August 8. Since tbat surrender and the commencement of urtillery operations against Kort Morgan, ueneral Richard Arnold, formerly Chief or Artillery on the stafT or General Hanks, baa been placed In command, under General Granger, or tbe troops operating against Fort Morgan. nil Kin ru* mkhkjiosr or fort morcan ? rn* nut ssr MINT. It will be remembered that General Granger, in con junction with Admiral l< arragut, made a demand of sur render of Kort Morgan on August 0. wbicb demand waft refused by General I'a^e. The refusal to surrendor was followed by the throwing of a few moro shells into tbe fort by both tbe navy and artillery; but io ordor to allow the land forces to advance tbeir offensive works toward* tbe fort, and to erect batteries, the licet withdrew for a time. Tbe work of constructing batteries vu prosecuted wab tbe utmost vigor, and our an vices from New Or leans to the ltltb luatant stale tbat tbe army had ad vanced to witbiu three bundled yards of the fort. Tbe rebels were reported by deserters to be six hundred strong within tbe fort, mid to be provisioned for six months. Their reply to our 4emao<l to surrender indi cated a determination to liold out to tbe last. But alter a few days' vigorous shelling they appear to have Changed their minds. It was represented that wben our fleet passed into tbe harbor the tremendous Ore we gave them utterly demoralized their gunners, who could not be kept at their pieces. TIIK BBECL f .1MM1NHV.R was, bowover, a man of considerable ability In tbe mat ter of ordnance, as will be perceived by tbe accompany ing sketch or bia life: and It was doubtless supposed that after bis reply to tbe demand for surrender be would use all tbo means at bis disposal? and it will be seen by tbe description of Fort Morgan tbey were not meugre? - to defend the fort to the last. Doubtless be ha>- found tbat some slight improvement bus taken place in tbe ordnance of tbo United States military and naval forces since tbe time be beld tbe position of assistant in spector of tbat branch of tbe service at Noriolk. OKXER1I. C. RANC.KR AMD HIS STAFF. General Granger, wben appointed to tbe command of the l'n tied Mated military forced operating againsi Mo bile, bad detailed to bim a very efficient -taff. Tbe staff ollkers reported to btm singly at the very moment of sailiug. Tbey we i e all, with tbe exception of bis tbreo personal aids, ontire strangers to bim, and were ordered to bim for duty by Major General Canby, commanding tbe military division. They bave heretofore exhibited much ability and fltnesi tor the par tlcuiar duties to which they huve so receotly been aa siku d. and we doubtless shall hear that they bave done their duty in the Held to ibe satisfaction of their eom 1 mundcr and the country. (Tbe following is the list of General Granger's staff ? At/u'aiU Adjulan r General ? Captain jaiues K. Moot i gomery. I Mult al Director? Surgeon C. B. White, United State* Volunteers Aui ? Major T. O. Heahain. Aid ? < -nptaln I'. S Avery. AH? i aptain .1. G. Taylor. I Chief Qunnermcuter? Captain F. W. Perkins, Acting j Quartermaster. Chief *,1 Artillery? Captain H. W Cloesen, First United States irtillery. Chief Cnmmmort/ ? Captain P. P. Jndsoo, Acting Com missary of Mibsisteuce. Ordnanc (Jficr ? <'?otam J. J. Williamson, One Hun dred and Twioty eighth New York Volunteers. Aisistaul Ordnantt Officer ? Lieutenant U. B. Beehe, Ordnance c< rp?. i Chief Siymil Officer? Captain K W Marston Chief of y ujmei r.i? l.ieuteuant A H. Biirnbam, I'nited stnies hngineer*. A 'tielanl t. npimrr Officer? Lieutenant U J. Allen, j I United Mates Kngmeert. I FORT GA/NES TRENCHES SM?Pr Br HOWITZERS IN BASTION CASEMATES iALDT-PO/iT Dcacrtptlo* n* Kort Fort 'Saloaa to a work of comparatively recent construction, having bern bull! on Dauphin Island, Mobile itay, under the direction of U>? board |or ganlzed For ooast defence by the Secretary or War, .lefTbrnon Davis. U was In prvcesn or construction at the time U was seized by tha Alabama Stat* troops, during January, 1861, and there l?n1 been ex pended upon M about <321, .'>W. It wan or<'? ted on tha 3lta nf tha aid hmnch fort, whlcll had U'-en con strutted uodor tlvs supervision or Do llmuvillo about tie yoar 1 70U. About 1700 tbe colony was coded to Ihe Urii tab, and In 17H0 thin old fort w;?? raptured by (t?e -pin lah fionaral Don (ialvee. During 181.1 II waa recaptured from thn Sfanlnh, with Ihe city tf Mobile, by tli" Celt Ml Stain* forrf, since time it ha* belonged m tb" ClM states. The new i<>rl built t>o tbe site by tbe f Ontted t*latw?covcrBn>eet aud held by tfcni until He?<Hi erously seized l>y the rebels in On Kriday, (he of August, t*Mf it was nurrandered by thn enemy I" the I oiled Stutaa authorities , <nd the nattoMl tl >k <?< "" waves over It l^wis named in comi limenf to >1 1 General (iainea, Of liv* war or 1H12. Iba ia(ratti will Ijite a correct idea of the Mrougtb of the worir i?arrii':Niv." in diaoiiam. A H 0 O H ? i ntraiiC'i t<l at itritnlr.t'* Im i? I prvoft. / fcvvye?? and or vff latitat .\eU* ?* lin la Hie Kcbcl Ornrml I*a?e } RrUadinr (Jeneral Richard J? I'age, the cmmao-iaol of Fort Morgan, H ? Virginian, and ft cousin of Ciaeral J.o bnrt K. ! ee. Ho i* between flftT and silly yeara ?f age, and is described in the rebel paper* aa "a Mil, ?t#telf nmn of formal military and dignified hearing. Ilia white *??* ir ana whiskers are cut and trimmed 10 tlie moat approved style, an 1 1 hi* energetic yet banaroiaol feature* boar tbc stamp of Ineffable quiet." oei.eral Page *w formerly connected with the United SUtee navy , which bo entered aa ? midehipmtn on the l!2tb of March, 1M'' Uis Arm service waj on board t'je North Carolina, sev enly I'our guna, then stationed id tba Mediterranean. He remained in her until 1*27, when he <*m transferred In tlif frignlc Cue lit it Ion, forty-four guna, belonging to ttie same squadron. froas thie tcma1 be returned (o the lulled ??-'tate* during 1*2(1, and after a course of sl.idy passed bis etiimiii tiion on the 20th of February, ie.,0 He wum then ordered to iho sloop Cooeerd, elgli leen cut*. #tl ws* .igain attached to the Mcditernne in squadron. From tbw he wan det*<-brd in IMS, and orJeied to the xrhnoi er Kox, three guns, wtoieli v< *s??l wn? , wri' I'd ?? th* receiving ship at Baltimore. Here again lie l?'Kn to study In view of a further | romtfticn, ?i d e? ihe i h nf Mur-h. l,?lt, obtained hN eoir.miesioa at ii the navr. lie we* Iben attached t ibe | i v. ? r . nterpr ??, twelve emir. ?>? i)i?r it vn oflictrt vnOi'I I eutensid ?\>ujtnai i t rge N. ilvil.oa, pf ) Mississippi river rehel ram notoriety, and was senttojoia the Last India squadron, uuder CoDiaadon Kenusdy. Thu eqii idron at ilils timo only ootieisted of two small war v?8Mta, aa our navy was then but In Its infancy He ramalnedaci this nation until the fall of 1KJ7, wli?n he returned home and was allowed an extended leave of absence. Turing I be year 1839 tie a^aln enterod upon active ser vice, aod waa attached to thu Irigato Macedonian, thirty' sl? gunw, belonging U> the Went Indian squadron. lie remained upon this vessel until 1841, when he wan again ordered home, and wan appointed lo the Norfolk rendez vous, where he remained for two year -i. Alter a short leave of absence he was altitched, early id 1S44, to tho sloop Plymouth, twenty guns, and nailed once more for the Mediterranean, where ho remained until the spring of 1845 lie tigaiu returned to Norfolk, and obtaiue i a position on the Pennsylvania, one hundred and twenty guns, then school ship of that port. At this time tho navy a" well as the aimywus preparing lor a war with Mexico, aud during 184o Lieutenant Page was selected us tho executive officer of the razee Independent e, fifty four guns, llagsbip of Commodore Sliubrick, of the Pacific squadron. He remained in that vessel and on that station during the whole of the Mexican war, reluming during May, IK 10, I.ieuleiiiint Page waa again attached to 11 e rendezvous ht Norfolk, and aiming the o dicers lu charge of thestatiuu was Commauder David G. l-'arragut, his present naval opponent , who, at that tiiuo was second lu command of the Norfolk N'avv Yard. Tho subject of these remarks remained there until 18.r)l, when a number of officers ' were selected for special scrvlco on ordnance duty, and among th<'se oflicors were Commander 1'arraftut and l ieutenant Page. The latter remained on this doty for about twelve months, and it is a curious coincidence that the navy companions of nearly four years at Norloik, Va , should now bo the commanding officers of two hos tile lor ?'os arrayed against e eh other in Mobile Ray. During 1S52 Lieutenant Page was placed in command of the brig Perry, a ten gun vessel, afterwards reduced to six, ami attacbed to tho African squadron, with which he remained connected until July, 1H54, when he again returned to Norfolk to take the position of executive officer. On September 14, !Sft5, he was promoted to commander iu the navy, and was appointed Assistant Inspector of Ordnance at tho N'orfolk Navy Yard, where be remained until after tbc inauguration of President Much, v. en, in 1857, wnen be wns ordered to the command of the Gormuntown, twenty-two guns, and uttached to the East India squadron, under Commodore Tatnall. The equadron then consisted of four steam vesselB-of-war and three sloop?, Bumbc-rlug altogether one hundred and thirty-seven guns, s. nie of very beavy metal? a remark able dlllereoce to tho squadron on the same Btati n to wbich be bad been attached in 1836 and 1837. He re mained with thu squadron until April, 1880, when be re turned to tho L'uited States and was placed in command of the rendezvous at Norfolk, where he was stationed at the outbreak of thu rebellion. It will thus bo seen that during tbe political excitement of the elections of 1*06 the cow rebel General l'age held a vary important position at Norfolk, Va. , so as to be ready apparently to aid in the seizure of that Southern station at the proper time. It witl lie remembered that when the Nor folk Navy Yard was taken possession of by tbo rebels Commander Page, who had resigned tbe United Stales service, was most active in sinking tbe obstructions st the entrance of the harbor. For bis services bo waa made a commander In tbe rebel navy on June 10, 1801. He was then assigned to tbe charge of the naval worka at Charlesto^, and was tbus engaged at tbe beginning of 1863. lie was subsequently assigned to a similar dutv at Mobile, aud was but recently appointed u> tbe rebel army aa a brigadier general or tho regular aervtco. Re was then placed in command of the deiencea of Mobile, under General Maury, with headquarters at Fort Morgan. Ralcaaa of Farraigut'it Fi?tt?Th? Valat 1 of thi Ram Ttnitimte. The surrender of Kort Morgan, at the entrance to Mobil* Kay. gjvcs us the enliro control or those waters to wltlilu a few miles of ibo city Itself. Admiral Karragut's shot riddled fleet is now free to act la- whatever quarter will best serve the interests of the goTornment. A few small vesels can prevent the rebels <*ulng us any harm. The Ironclads can now be ordered to duty olaowhere. Ad- i in i ml Karragut, by his splendid naval tactics and the capture of the leonossee, has furnished our navy with the finest Iron-clad a lout? a vessel which withstood, com. paratlvely uninjured, a fierce cannonading by ten times her number for over an hour, and but for the disar rangement ol her steering gear she might have lou^ht for hours longer. Wo have always favored ca?-imatn iron-clads, and the naval O^bt in Mobile Hay confirms our oft expressed opinions. lh? Tennessee was reported roady for servlco under tne Stars and Stripes in a short timo al ter her sur render ?ihe has no turrets to relute to rovulvo, no deli cate machinery to get out of order, and carries a battery capable' of makinr an impression upon works rf atiy de scripliou, snd if tho Navy Department Is at all Impressed with ner value. It will not be long before we shall bear of nei thundering at the Rites of a rebel seaport city whicn has thus far denied admittance to o ir. Monitor Meet. Our naval officers leal proud to ibink we bavo added to our navy list such a powerful and Invulnerable craft; anil wo ?egret that, with all the money we have expended in building an iron clad navy, we have net had the wisdom ij construct some vemeis like tne Tennessee. \lhal Una IJren A?coir?pllsl*r?1. The forte delimiting Mobile 'my | is'cd August 5 The rebel ram lenue " e oiptiued August i The rebel gunboat Melma captured August fi The ret ol gunboat tiaiues badly ttpired August & krt I'owell blown up auri.sI f> Kort Oaiues Invested August 7 Kort fialnes eurrtmlcred August s the surrender of I ort Morgan demanded August 9 Kort Morgan partially inv?> ted vugust 9 Kort Morgan first attack' d \ugu?l 9 Kort Morgue aurmsilei ed ,s ippoaed luguei 26 Improvtmcnt in sleeping Care on Kail Uayi. No country in the world porhaps cm beast of ?ucfc railroad aod accommodation as the I'nlted Mates. Our ferry boas and railroad cars have long challenged tbe admiration of European tourists visiting this country, aod efforts nave been made In several cities of the Old World to Imitate us In particular depart ment of progress, with but very poor success, To any person who has travelled much by railroad it is unnecee sary to say that tbe ">nifort and ceo*. 1 oi 'oco of sloeplng car i are almost Indispeusable. A new aty ie of steeping car was introduced on Saturiliy afternoon on tbe Central Railroad of New Jersey, frcm tho n> w depot of the torn pany, opposite .Jeriey City, * Inch for el< ,'incc and com fort surpasses anything hitherto Introduced. Several prominent patentees of vv . is styles of sleeping cars formed a olnt stock ast . atioo, which bus resulted in the production of a ear which cotnbncs aitbeexe i lenrlen of th< old etylia, with the addltoo of rna .y lmn> riant improvements. IbeieutUS, two of which will be attached to every through Iran to the Went, are lorty eigb'. leet long, about nine leet wide and ten feet hirb from tbe floor to the roof. Kacb ear la divided on ettbar aide ioto comportments six feet lone, containing four e*ai f, wtien not used for * eoi eg, and are all thoroughly veotoafd by means of an apt trans placed on top of the ear, tbrogb wb. h a curreil of air is forced <towu p'tea plaat between tho laurr and outer sheath tut of the sides, auJ Ul tributad by moans small legiftera ihruu. U the variou mpartu. is lueairth < admit led la purilled by pM-a>tg between suiali t.u.ks tired wub water, whicb separata! any particle* of <1 si wliii h would otherwise be lobaisd by the pa rngeis. I Ihey are he<led hv an inr ieut apparatus pla?d under Um husum each car, a hub has a metal plate i?vel .villi tbe ' or with;.' t.-s h. ri ? t>. tally aling t lie side* ?n I with small f"gi~t?r? in e li cnipartic?|it, so that the tvee; s its can graduate the temperature to suit their iud:v i a! titles without inter feruig in any >vay nl h tbe convent' oc of their ne . h ' b r?. At night, win n the pa*.<#ngera w ?h to retirw to bed, they have nftjy tc untold the buavy ilatnulk curia us vithwli tli eacn compartment i* ?uppl'*.| , and m the mo.i complete prtvac* retlru to rrst. liie trav?! ok pu oil win tied ihe>.e cars a most Jesirabis iinproveiueui on the ol 1 at) o ol sleep; eg cars. City Intslllgrntr. Panwa yi Casrai Tisa.- a boat, rotita-nlng Mr. WtlTtam . reeil.htS two step children aed his fnther- n-law, w is cap i. nl.n rluudfty alternoc n ii the I ??l river, o(r ihe sot tliwsi (njli.t of Iti^er s lsla 'd In iltemptiDg is ?trim a?li " a iihth l?o . !)? hen Mr reoiik. lis le. 1 father in t>.w end the twoehl' t n?'i( aaved >-f a : ?? ? i?ir iii'it. I eeeaaad ?aa a uati v* of kegiand snl thirty /??ar* ? i ?ge. bit ie? M- eneya youin; mac, aged t: ie..-?<, wbit" sitting '?n tie* hU ?? i. eo of um pter at the f<a>t of V est imr In 'Jiu atrent.os -^at iiday eveniii|,?cei leully feli -er bi rd and wa* dr wed before *i<i-ni i;ec'nH 'r?' tiered, ''l e h 0 y Ii 1 not been e n>?i >d. ? 1 jaunts I reside in Vi i> >t Filitfeeih street, ciiar Sovetiih evaiin'- I SHERIDAN The Rebels Falling Back from the Front of Our Forces. Losses Suffered by Thtm in Killed, Weuuded aud Prisoners* Early Supposed to be Retreating from the Shenandoah Valley. I HIS FEINTS TO CROSS THE POTOMAC, JM- Mm. Secretary Stanton to General Dit. W tSII'.MUTON, August M, 18(>4. Major Goneral Pix ? General ShorMnn, id a despatch dated yesterday, at hair-past two P. M., reports ? "The enemy left my troot last night, fnll iot| bark to Smltbfleld or Mlddtcway. Wo cnpture<l euo hundred anil one prisoners yestorday, and lolllcted a logs of one hun. dred and tlfty killed and wounded. Tbere have been a few feints to cross the rtver by cavalry at Wniiam?port; but tbere was no strength shown. Tbe indiratlona to day are that tbey will rail back out or Ibe valley." Other report* auto that tbe enemy la leaving the She oaodoah valley. Nothing baa beco received from General Sherman for two day*. EDWIN M. STANTON, Seoretary of Wa?. Our Special Waahlngton Ortpatrh. WaSHtffUTON, August 28, ISM. It la not improbable that the disappearance or Rarly'g forces from Hneridan's from la due to tbe late disaster? or I.eo at Petersburg, and that be boa been hastily sun. mout'd back to provent further anticipated movements of tbo Union army. The rebel campaign in the Shenan* doab la a failure, at any rato, and naa enabled General Grant to strike a deadly blow at tbe rebel capital by lb* seizure of their principal railroad. The Press Despatches. WaaHiNOTOii, August 28, 1844. A loiter received hero tj-day irom tbo Upper i'otoniM says tbe rebeln In cavalry rorce were but aocn at Cberrr run, eleven miles west of Hagerstown, on Friday. Tb? mall stage arrived at Ihe latter place from Hancock, a distance of about twenty-four miles, on tbe nlgbl of thai day. Tbe shelling of Williamspprt by tbe enemy from tb? opposite side of tbo river on Friday did no injury te indi viduals, but three houses were somewhat damaged. IlKanwaRTKIIS, Mll'PI.K Miiitarv I 'I vision, > August '27?9 A. U. J Friday afternoon, at five o'clock, General < rook moved out Wells' brigade ol 'lhoburu'a division from tbo left of our tluo to reconnoitre the enemy's position and ascertain If tbey bad an; force or Importune* stationed la bi4 front. Our men advanced In line or battle, witb a heavy skirmish line out in front, and soon engaged tbe enemy 'it skirmishers, who rapidly retreated on their reserve*^ stationed a abort distance in tbe rear oi tbe skirm.ab line. Our men advanced boldly and rapidly until tbey oamo within live hundred yards of ibe enemy's iine, drawn up to receive them, wb > opened a heavy tiro of musketry^ which lasted nearly twenty minutes, wben toe enerujr broke and ran under cover of a battery of artillery| which had in the me;intimo be'n brought up and placed in front of the works id exactly tbe name position wh< rfl they had a batiery last lbursday, wben we made a ?)>?? liar r< couboissance. After tbe enemy had broken and retreated, which they did in great disorder, lome of tin m throwing down tbeig arm* to expedite ibclr escape, Colonel Lowell, of int second Massachusetts, dashed In with bis reniment o| cavalry, aud charging over tbe open Held, killed ai 4 wounded qulto a number, and succeeded n capturing amy nm? prisoners? among tbem one liectouant oolunel and tive other officers of lesser grade. As soou us tbe onerny b.t>l retired ucdor cover of hi* artillery, aud id close proximity to bis earthworks, wbicb extend across tbe Cbsrlesmwn road, tbeir bs? terv opened on our line with great fury, tbuoderirig away rapidly , but witb no elFecl whatever. The shot* were flred at r ludom. and most of the shells fell sbort or exploded over the heads of our men. CuUuel Wells having obtained tbe information desire<9j and accomplished the ob;ert of the rec"nnoirsai>< e, quietly withdrew his command , taking off tbe killed and wouodrd, whieb will lint exceed con hundred. lho Hfib New York heavy artillery , at pre?eot aerr. ing as infantry, were oonspic.oits for gallantry. If Oey l ad not been recalled tbey would have charged clear >p to the enemy's earthworks. Among the wouuded I regret to announce Major Ca*i rf Lrlnin a brave and dlsnuguishcd officer. lie was strie ? on the "boulder by a spent ball. After our men had beeo recalled tbe enemy oontinaed to sboll us witb tbeir batiery, nod were replied to bp llatlery 15, of tbo Kll'tb Coiled flutes artillery, Com* macUid by Captain Dupcnt. Tke artillery duel lasted half an hour, wben tbe enemy a battery withdrew. some cornstaeks, situated in tbe rear of the enemy '? skirml'h line, behind wbich they bave been 10 tbe halol of secreting themselves, were set on lire by the e?ploemn( of one of our *hei?. and burned to tbe ground. Tbe reoor no:.?s?rirc now in progress on tbe left devef lops the fact that tbo em my bave withdrawn theirs forcei lu our immediate front an I evacuated their serttvJ worts. It te runiored that tbey are moving iu tbe dirco* tion of Sh' pherd-tow n. Inf> atnation was received yesterday evening here lha% Get. oral Averill htd a spirited fight at Wilitam?port witb two rcsimenu of rebel cavalry and soma infantry, whtctg bad attempted to cr> ss at that place. During tbe early part of tbo ergigomeot General Averill sent to General Custer lor assistance but afterwards sent him word thai he had a sufficient force, sad bad driven bach tba enemy. You may look for tlie resumption of active operall< tm in this drparim- nl immsd.stelr ; and, uness t am verf mucb mistaken, we will have tbo long locked for balti* sariy in tbe coming week. better from Major (itnrriti Win. K. Smltlt* TO ItlK t un OR OF r II K KRKALD. >'** Yokk, August il, few To your issue of tbo '.'4th is a at? lament from Washinf ton wbtcb demmids notiie frt m im, (specially ?s it ? prefaced by the remark that it is given apoo a ubority which may bs regarded beyond contradiction." Th# w iter slaw* that up< n my return to tbe front I call?4 nr->n fietieral t.rsut, reporting for duty, and thenpr^ ?? ds to say ? I pun ?h s i leneral Oranl prod "<?' sn ?r<t?r or letter > ? Ins., .et. n trim he ftr, .lent fur tbe ft In imi wnlol lien t* H I er lo III I Heol m 1 t av? j t . ri-*r ihp swriwr* of War. Sir. Lit* :on i-Min/'- ' " ? MiMUrintlty f.illowii ^ I llL r/n iiflnin i B H - r 'n h ? tor iu r ',r-fo 1 r rr itr/ ?f vf*r? IaI? or.W, f ?u w ?1 I .2 m- ,"r.....l ? t-v e'ert.og o.'Srlf to Sv.dd >f -? i "of "eroi'-en rritntfoo with Ma^or Oeneral Holler^ si least '.n't . ? r a lta.eniin. ' I h?d two n ierviawa srtta Weneral lirant after tnt r<v, g-rti it eh- li one was present but onrtel.eA ,v% th.?? interview J no order or letter of instruct) ns of mr j,.?, r >' ?" iri">! "" President wss produced by (.enor O i, m, n i did be stato or intimate that he bsd reo?.lveit eh an order. -n ni i li don to others, ard perhaps I may be |-er? n tt"'l ?" add, ?s a matter per?< nai to mvMll, mat H ? further ?tatiment in the a. ttole retorred to, that at that iniorview "t.emral ^mith grew personally aiury, ati"?r? 'ng hi< te'ii er to gat lho better or him, aud bsd an io*?? .or " eia Mth t.eiieial (.rant." Is eotially without tli< ? t udation intact Ths intarvisw was o( sr* on ial eh tractor, and Una ron<lncted tnrongl'O'it wittv* i'ii lugsr or any exhibit o of temper on elibsr sM^ Ri (<f tl ;lly, WM. V !S?lfH, Ma:er t?e?ar?l.

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