Newspaper of The New York Herald, November 21, 1866, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated November 21, 1866 Page 4
Text content (automatically generated)

AFFAIRS IN ElIROPfi. Our St. Petersburg: and Flor ence Correspondence. Secretary Foi as an Orator and Exponent o! American Policy. Napoleon's Intrigues for the Annexa tion of Sardinia to France* Russian Absorption of Territory in Asia. Trench, Italian and British Opinion of the Allocations. OCEAN YOYACE OP AN ENGLISH YACHT. Abe. fte. Abe. The steamship Hlberniaa, Captain Dotton, which left -'v rp(K>i at 11 A Jt, of November 8th and London derry the 9lb, arrived at Portland, Maine, at 7-30 rearer day morning The telegraphic newa report and financial and com mcrcial advices have been anticipated In all their main point* by tho cable despatches published InthtHutim from day to day. A number of cabinet councils were being held in Lon don. The London 7hMi says the frequent Cabinet Councd. held to London can hardly be on tho subject ot reform, as the measure of the one in existence is scarcely likoly to be in so forward a slate as to permit an elaborate discussion of its details; and it therefore presumes the attention of tho council is occupied by de partmental business, amongst which the Timet hopos is Included tho army organization. JZ J' .V. K,n'Bht BrUCC' 1416 Lor<l J,,stiC8 the Court ol Jppea in London, died on tho 7th inst The drafis of Dent * Co, of China, aa reported bv the Kent' pit ?i ? 7th 'ns'nn'? refused acceptance by fn " ', ??r * Co" of Liverpool. The two firms are rou h/ ,1 Th? en?"Sements of the firm are ""'mated at ?3,000,000 sterling. The partners srewoahhy and it is believed the creditors will receive the whoie of their claims. J','" "onounf?? that ex-Governor Eyre, of Jamaica, would be arraigned at the Central Court of London in ?bout .en days, for the Jamaica murders. The ease or the Confederate steamer seized at L'ver Zl re To*"', ?f lh0 Uu'led SUlM BO'ernment, was be fore the Admiralty Court on the 7th instant. It was JJW on behalf of th. prosecui.on cJZal? before tho court, and that by .ho consent of ail parties the cases would stand over and the vessels remain aa they wem Liverpool. It was believed that the matter would he privately adjusted. RUSSIA. OUR ST. PETERSBURG CBRRtSRQMIRCE. The Late American lUI?elon-.Nfr. Nccretnrv The Fln"nv04in0r n"d J,art*"al ?*Ponent? wrJL Z ai A,,,;lnce ,vltl" Denmark?Pro Amia ?"a *rcliinr Towards Lnjrlnnd. . St PwrausniRo, Nov. St, 1888 LviTthlng American Is very popular with us Just now hkeZu"" "** CUmUry ^ tlle UaAvi?t dailies like The M,?cow (Huat, M(, qkt Voiee~ionn to thesallr . ?d weeklies?ilk. The Spark-hoye something to rev ?bout Amonre, her institutiona, her people, A-o. The * a ?MU tT94h m#mor7 of everybody, r.fW? ('te,UN 'llnC<, lhe of th, Amorican fleet from Cronstadt. Having spent two aummer months in Austria, observ ing 'be progress of th. last war at the very seat of it I was sorry to And on my arrival at St. Petersburg that ?tr Amorican friends wore already gen# to Moscow and N'.lnl-Novgorod. On their return to St. Petersburg tbcv ?topped hero but a short Una, and soon were off bound homeward. 9o I could not make even Mr. Fox'a and L?puin Murray', personal acquaintance. I hare had however, an opportunity of reading an immense number' of speeches made by the members or the American mis ?loo, as well as addressed to them. For a time all our pa pore ware actually inundatad with spontaneous outbursts ?f international feeling. The apmchm on the average were good. Perhaps llr. Fox was rather too sentimental hit speeches at times were models of magniUoent pero-' retiona In the Eastern style, and did not contribute much to convince ua. WhUe perusing one or the other of Mr. Fez's speeches fancied at time. I was reading aa allocution of some native dignitary; trestle m his style, magnificent in h,a hi?h sanding words, hot, with nil, empty of mean ing and vapid. Captain Murray's spoechea were more np to the mark His speech on the Amerioo-Humian alluiuce and its political significance produced here a sensation not easily to be forgotten. An orator In his war of patting the subject, he touched In such a masterly manner that deli cste question of political consequences of tho alliance as to produce s remarkable effect. However, I say u again, the (pooches on tlio avcrapo were good. Looking at Mr. Fox's Intellectual luce nnd penetrating ?y# (p?i trulls of the members of the embassy are lo be eeou here and there and everywhere). I do not think that even ho voluntarily, still less wantonly, adopted that flittonng and effate style so I it lie In unison with your great outspoken and plain, in IU dealing* and sav ings, nation. 1 must notice here one drawback to the late speech, ntak ng which perhaps would account for somo attempts at talking m Oriental style. There are comparatively but very few pe?pi0 1U ,hocaa sp^x EnglUh or understand It well. The translation of rp^ch.. ? ibey appeared in th. newspaper, may have been wretched. I have heard of acverel instance, of mistake. sodmtsunde?;.n,i,aK..riMng from want of knowledge of the Lngieh language. Let It not be forgotten that some ten or flffren year, ,g? ,U ? (aBd , najr the Pre* ideal *t Knclmh ?u -?,n 4 Kusala, esperially when compaied with th? ivl L" K'ench was spoken every?h4e, K?gTl.h /rdl.??v' where. Hnce then the study ol the En-I .h li? has mad. . rep," progresa/here Z ^ tovernnosos are eouzht lor by uioet of tlin ii,, ', * he. and French orIwln. coicrne?e', who Lire"^,""' unchecked .way all over K ama, are at . dl-eo mt u?.? wuh all thla much could not have |w?, Joon 2VSS 0,,d ?"?" ?pesk?nJ good French for one Ulking pa.-aMe Kogltanihl5 ought ao? to be left unnoticed. Kb .Imibt the meml?r. of yonr embassy aaw mueh leas In Russia, and learned oot all liter might through sheer inability ,o under viand or to make themselves well understood by the ,n habitants. ' * " The principal nowa is tho marriage of the Fmperoe iii(H?r b fldeat ?oof and future monarch of all the Kuans#, with tho lYinceaa llagmar They sav Sweden looks with a suspicious eye upon thla anion between the relgoln, dynsstleo of Russia and Denmark, and is try ing to conclude an all ance with lTmwia. All thla la very unlikely. Tie Emperor's late son, Prince Nicho las, chose tho Proce* Dogmar among all the other prioresses 0f Europe?so wo all believe here?for h r linden aide personal attractions It was well known that the prince* was the best looking reyal voung lady In all Europe, and a very clover girt 1 recollect my being present st the reception by tho London fol lea of their future Queen, the slater of the Princess llagmar. when atoc, arcom|>anled by her sister, made her entrance ?o the city av tbe Prineo of Wales' afflsnced bride The popular voice was then for the yonager Princess, as the better looking of the two. Prince Nicholas' death was ?'"V* b'?* 10 "J? ""penal family .. well aa to bla intended bride KmpTor Aletsnd r already treated Dagrnar aa his own child, and called her "our Dagrnar " When the death of tbe Intended hridogroom seemed to suddenly never the newly forme.) ties, between tbe slrl who> toon became a univermi f.vonie and her intended relations A bsodsoma vain was settled on the Princres nnd for s time It appeared that aho wis as unlikely to asceod the Russian throno as before Prince Nicholas won her affeciiona. Rut our court oould not forget the Prince*, nnd now she Is to become the wire of Emperor Aleiander's nest encceeaor to the throne 1 need net tell yon that tbe presuiere It teeming with prelMa of the yonng Prince* Fofte ,h#"|OI|(,. est, know nothing whatever of tbe Prince* or her accomplishments; however, the* who know her better entertain likewise a high opinion of her. May It be so for the personal qualities of aa Empress have always a deal to do with the desMalM of a country like Rama. Prince* Dagrnar la the Iret Danish Priors* of pure blood Introduced into the Imperial family circle of Hussla. According lo prevailing opinion Kuasla * a poi tical power, w* (bonded by Itnmlgrei.te of *candt navian origin, called Roan, or Re* whoever will take trouble to compare the Ruaptan language wire the Pwedish and Danish will find that the Ram sn langu** Is mors otoeelv allied lo the two latter thaa la cmeraliy KSSk sSssrsair.? rAKSSSs l* Jre Kiwlu than lb?l uf German Priuoomies who have muled Kosaian l'rlqora. . . K? it Prince oT Wai a U to come here to hejaiMWM ai thijweddlng. It will take him four diys to reech .iu Pefbburg from Loudon It is not known yet whether Ei.tnd s future Queen will P?y a vUut to her "uu,r' lb# fTrfcS":0f?totou in ?*r. thrust out of the Ger wTHand at the point of the bayonet she to now to lo^iier historical retiown for a.coMpltohing more than ajijJther Power in E-ro|to. By bor polillcJ BSMriages, Debark makes us lorgetthe name of the House of HhWv The tbroui s of KnRland, Russia, Denmark aalre ce either are, or will l>e, fl led by the scions of tt,d??D.?h royal family, uud this at the time when A Mian Maximilian did not succeed even among the The tables are changed. l'Tu Peh? Uwniu bend is annexed to Russia. It to one of the prin Dwns in middle AbIs. By Mow degrees the Russian are pushing still furtbc end further iu that direc It to a pity that EnyWid to guided by an egotistic - rm her dealings-Rh territorial arrangements in Axis i she to Jealous*' Russian progress in middle Asia She Dot take it Into consideration that, In a reason able fcj Mnsible point of view, it Is far better to see Asia ilft,led under ih? dominion of England and Russia than Ukjoive her U the mercy of the cut throats of Anghaui^iU and tie never ending rebels of China. WhnioverRojaian denization may be, it ia certainly the rlvilixatiun\n comprison with nil we see in Asia In the countries not tubjftod to foreign rule. Russia does not talk about hot "Moroe doctrine" in Asia She does not grudge England '?r Asiatic dominions, nor whatever she may get by *7 of farther acquisitions in India and thereabout. Tb prevailing idee here to that it to better to have En clan/** a neighbor than the Bokharlana 1 wlah Euglaod puld be of the same opinion of Russia Should the twioountrles at last agree as to their policy ia Asia?then*' China beware I It is not primps generally known in Amerioa that dnring the r*g? of the present Emperor of Russia, the national doysli baa been increased by the addition of at least ale thsisaid square German miles. During bis reign Russia los" but t small slip of land on the Donau. As far as the exunl of the empire to concerned the gain, as you see, exceed! the losses caused by the Crimean war. ITALY. OUR FUflEXCE CORRESPONDENCE. Popalar F?ello| at Venire-The Roman Que*, lion?Attitude of eke ltoinaoa?The Future ?' llt? Pnvacy-Ceueion of Sardinia to 'ranee?French Intrigue In that Direction Italian Fiuinicr, See. Flormoz, Nor. 8, 1808. Thenrst flush of the enthusiasm excited throughout Italy by the poisession of Voueti* has now subsided. Venice, ?f courw, will b? the last to calm down, for the city or the Dogfi has still a great and Imposing ceremony to witness?thai of the entry of hor new liogo lord, King Victor Kmaau.t II Re Gaiar>tuom?. Yet even that cere mony will loseeomewbat of Its effect by uomlng so long | after the occupation of the province by the Italian , troops and atfcninlstrative authorities. Venice at this season Is decUedlv damp and uncomfortable, and no people art so Impressed by the state of the weather as jour ardeut southerners. The spirit of the pageaut will bo lacking?even Venetians cannot twice foal that deep thrill of joy with which I three weeks ojo they saw the Italian standards ran np the tall Aagstaffc in St. Mark's place and proudly float In their tricolor*! glory in place of the hated Austrian Eagle, or polutra chicken, as the gamin of Venice Ir recorently onl It. The sense of deliveranoe from their ancient oppressors expressed Itself In that wild de lirium of Jjy which only those can feel on whom the Hapsburgyoko was so relentlessly pressed. The meanest Italian soldier was hatlod as a deliverer, a hero to wor ship, a brother to love; and the pen of the future hlsto rtau will And no more moving theme in our century than the picture of that spectacle of passionate gladness which Venice presented on the advent of her Italian brethren. As I bare already predicted in a prerloua latter, Italr directs her gaze towards Rome, and awaits the unravel ling of events in that quarter. All depends upon the loyal execution of the September Convention by France. If tho French troops really quit the Papal States, then Rome will as surely annex Itaelf to Italy as did Parma Modcoa aad Tuscanv. Nothing would give the Italtana greater delight (ban Spanish or Austrian intervention, since it would afford them a pretext for sending an army Into the Stales or the Church, which, once In the land of promise, would never loavo it till they bad made it fielr own. la that case, also, Italy might regain the laurels lost at Custozna. But the Idea of Spanish inter i\5' 2n J"*1!* scouted, notwithstanding the nlrs of importance wh'rh Spain affects in this mention and her assumption of the position of champion ef the Holv a en Ail that Spain can Jo, If auch be thePgorf%l?Suro Eldest 8011 of the Church, will be to ship his Holiness off to 8p*tn, where, however, he might go out of the frrinv P"?J'Bto 1^0 Are, elnoe the installation of the Papal Court drn. ?! P5*"t "dden country might be the last 'rP . oup 'he much enduring Spanish neoole. poison SZh? .mi bstwoea France, Spain and *1? ?*F have to re echo the old elacaiatlon ?n 1 me rom mF ,rienda " and lake a refuge, after all, In some eorner or "heretical" England's dominions I"*"*"'* hU independence. The majority or the Italian people, who am too Intimate with the ma en f??rZ.?K end long ago loet all rever ts* Wl" O"1" **> Kind to he relieved of what baa ever been and would alwavs poll,t '?ertloB and disaffection. Many Italian stateamen, have dreaded tbe day la wnieh Vict.* Emanuel should rule nt Rome aide by aide with n spiritual sovereign. It would be n reproduction of tbe Japanese government of Tycoon end Mikado?temnoral or?*lr1'UB|?It le but too probable, considering the aU ^rea^ h.e.D?C^in* P#"Cr ?' ^hollc Churoh in ^?V. the two powers would freqaeatlv clash' IffSSS ? Rather lei Florence remain tbe cjmlui and Rome hm ?till Mvered from Italy than Rome with its orientie system inceasnntly sapping tbe foundations of the civil P<m.r and insidiously working against the nailonel a th? ?J"?h"enmcnt of the people. Be sure thai the Romans themselves would be supremely hapuv whs? J rs ?1 ,helr fhoetlr rulers and 1st in light v nere darkneu hos fo lotirf held awav ]u<?AnwhviA ^rie^^hfT^i'ig?thr RUId*nco of lh?ir natioual ooml mlilee, tbey abstain Irom any set that might uiiord the shadow of a pretext lor the prolongation of tbe trench or.upuion htientlv do they'wdc Their to the foreigners who shall nitnrusrds dare to step in heiwoen Rome and Italy. Outside Homo the Mnaiioinn PI iT Blrr?dF chafes like a deerhound in the u ?!? *?u" 'bo'inands of receutly disbanded oet'T thoTr" o!j1 ? c?m,aB"d. :.nd wont would send them r the Iron Jcr to try cuncluylons with the Pope's mer er nar.es, w. ui what result It Is not ?hfflcitit to foresee December wUI bring the solution of the prohlem now cxorctMn* men s minds. We shell see ir the Prnnch w do ^Pi ,nfrWe W,'*t U,e Court will do. If Plus IX quits Rome, km v>yaa - to blm He cannot remain II his present disposition towards Italy . iB tho -'locution which he delivered on tho nuih ult, remains unchanged Hi- Iloiinsss was then as uncompromising a* . ver. protesting scsiust tbe aniM istion of the Pn,ol province!, to lu<y. aftdecllw lug It null and void as well as lbs PsoniarUaUon of the convent property and tbe law or civil marriage. On the tni ? PJ I'w"an? are as equally determined In contrary sense, and while tbu antagonism exists U|*in such vital points there can be no reooncillation be tween Italy and tbe Papacy. M? ?ldea. should the Italiaos come to Rome, and tbe Pope remain there, they miwt in ord-r to be consistent, maku a clean sweco of tho thousand con von i? and religious bodies thaT^Uoiirlsn unuer the shadow of ,-t. Pater a Their property must ^ "? powewoia, like their brethren throughout tho real of Italy, be deprived of ,hn bread of Idlenew, and thereby compel,ad to become useful mem bers 01 society At present, then. Italy sod the Papacy are Irreconc labia, and there Is no prospect of a change LoaV.4. ^ ?' ?u" ?nu?' give way to the other, and It Is not probablo that that 00c will he Italy. have noticed the uneasy feeling prevalent In Italy that ?ranee would not witness the aggrandisement of the kngdom without demanding a me freah territorial acquisition. Thla hitherto unspoken thought has now ?.rTpr*** 2" 10 ? rumor which points torardlnia M the object of French cupidity Th s will of course he world wn?0"^ rep"a?dH '"d denied again USUI the tacL t " ! . i lP ""w,> d,Jr 10 0nd " a0 accomplished OTII.J.S . i b*' a*10* of resistanoe on Ibe i?rt tlni-I'.o Ul Wbf c,n ?h* do If tbe arbiter of herdta c,^L !U ?no1 ^ aansfled without this Trice f^ tae Dtalntaiuetadfrolla'L11! 'I" futor# acquisition cf Rome. usim , . f,u'Od*hip la rare enough among Individ France ha. dons much ! *n,UJr "( "aUooa. she consider, pari n^m. JUlrr*"d hat , tcoelred what becorne still gr'ater aid !b?.r "T Wi'J a""w ''"'l ?? rcadjiisnng regards Hanlltila as a'soit ^ France iy to beloBK to h#r a f>w d*v? TS i. ntlura' found acatiered in tbe streets n P Ju*" lo.ns, hearing tba brwding^V ? aw'JL IT/ ^ la /Vimta/" These era the rira^TihZil ' y%? aatoto ruler lo aarerUln if tocune . btwSTu v.P, .'Ji" enough to hear blm to tba haven of hu a I! iP0' wiU fo'low manlfaetations and Sp,? 'hen the Anal act of universal auArage the rolr ,?! r to sanction a foregone conclusion ' Much la ue'nrTk' troubles which Italy sees ahead f Ul* The next and gravest lies In iter flnanrui a l.niun. and Van.,mna havn p.pwi^ nnd ?zallln? peana orer tbe oeaalnn of Veneiia, but the mil! must be paid. There le the coel of the war tflTK money, f 'ompensation to Austria, pine the .'iread!! .. Istlni and ever In ores at ag surplus af e?p..ndlture over receipt. A new aesama of ftirllament m<wu, lB cotjrse of November, aad all lbepautet.su, ,nd n? i forbenmaceef the t?ny leudetu will be nroeaasrv To viae some so.ad meant of meeting the national itahui ilea Ominose rumom are .famed rf a.tmS.Ttank^: cy; hut I have too much faith la Italian good mm. .ay nothia, at honor, to brH.ev. that ParWeuTSuW IMM to, much leea approve, auch a sumtdal coursa Italian.i must make a rigorous stfert U help tbemmlrs* Md looking ta tba ruaeuruaa aad fleaernl pvusnerityTr tbe country, the meane are *M waathar. ifitb?ik? will that fhAa why, then, a loan farewell te tbe aaenent greetaean of Italy. The conditfea ef Paala ifeTm lae^ruewu lemea upea the mauita edaaCal bed feata IB Ihdaniit mallnm ?WW. la i Admiral PvrMMv't ?r>?l bee not ret ofm tea tu the arm. ate, but the pubMc attach lUtto impsidaaee to this mat ter now. Nothing Mil shake their oeuvictloa of hit Incapacity lor the coin maud intrusted to Iritn, and mora rearm moat is felt against the had management of the government than the blunders of its o(llcers. There were capable men to ho louud, but intrigue and party feeling kept thetn out. We have not yet come buck to the good days or old which Itacaulay singB, When none were for a i>arty, But all were for the State. In no country is party intrigue more rire and more prejudicial to the efficiency of the admlnis'rat on, and this is one of the sad legacies of the com uriea of m rule and corruption with which Italy has boon alUtcied. Time and the honest practice of constitutionalism, will, let us hope, tnend mutters, and briug about a more hon est end patriotic state of feailog among public men and the nattou at large. THE POPE AND THE CZAR. The Allocution on the Condition of the Church In Ituaein. In the recent allocution concerning the condition of the Catholio Church in Russia, his Holiness, after men tioning several instances of what lie looks on as Individ* ual ill treatment praciisod against Catholic ecclesiastics in Poland, goes on to say In addition, my venerable brethren, the Russian gov ernment has promulgated deer-en by which the Catholic Chureb, its authority, its laws and its discipline are trod den undor foot. By them almost alt the monasteries of the regular orders of both sexes have been snppressed. all their property transferred to the public treasury, and the very small number of religious communities which still exist separated from the authority or tbeir superiors. They have been subjected to the jurisdiction of the ordi naries, and ail the Catholic clergy, as well in Poland as In the empire of Russia, has been despo led of its wealth, even although belonging to the bishops, chapters, parishes, incumbents or institutions for pious purposes. The revenues of these proportlos have been confided to the administration of the public finances. By these same decrees, contrary to tne ecclesiastical laws, to the authority of the Holy See, and to every right, a new or ganization of the Catholio clergy has been established, new regulations effected for the chapters of canons in ail the diocesos, and a new division of parishes made; the chapters of the collegiate cburchos have been abolished; the authority and libetrty of the bishops destroyed, as thev can no longer, without thecogsentof the secular power, name any curb, administrator of a'pArtlh, or vicar. By another decree, the Catholic diocese oi Kamenieky has been suppressed and taken away from its pastor to be added to the ad minbtratton of that of Zltoui'rC Th i lawful curbs or those of Sandomir and Cracow have been, at the caprice of the government, sent from one parish to another, tbeir classification changed and re placed by others. The edifices of the diocesan tra nlng school for young priests at Plock hare been confiscated, and the bishop compelled to send the ecclesiastics into the monastery which belonged to the Franciscans outside the walla All liberty ot communication being besides refused to the priests who can no 1 rnger go more than a mile from their residences lo have any communications amongst themselves, the intercourse of the faithful with the Apostolic See is thus interdicted and suppro sed by the Russian go-.ernment with such severity that we have ceased absolutely, to the great grief of our soul, to be able to give the cares of our apostolic ministry to tbat cherished portion of the Lord's flock, or to affbrd any succor to individual sufferinga Would to Uod tbat the sad news whieh has recently reached us may not b? confirmed, that the Bishop of Chelm and the larger part or the canons of the cathedral have, by order of the government, been transported Into unkuown regions! We do not speak of the ruses, arti fices and effort* ot all kinds by which the Russian gov ernment endeavors to tear her soru from the bosom of the church and to draw them with all its force toward the mot! fatal of schisms; wo say nothing of tho prisons, exile and other punishments with which the bishops and other holy ministers, as well as the religious bodies and the simple faitbrul, have been paiufolly visited for their firm attachment to religion and the defence of the rights of the church. All this will be more manifestly Cved In the deiailed account of the facts which we e ordered to be printed and to be speedily laid before you with the necessary documents in proof. Thus all the Catholic universe will become acquainted with this pro longed war which tho Russian government has declared against our holy religion, in order to efface it eutlrely from the kingdom of Roland and the empire of Russia. THE POPE'S ALLOCUTIONS. Fificb Opiuion of ihr Pontifical Deeltralin I Against Italy. ( JFrom the Journal des Dubai*, of Paris, Nov g 1 The language of the Pope surpasses in vZlence all that I ^ e*P??led, and, let ua add, all tbat could be .1?.^ W?, c*an,ot \icw wl*l>out a certain degree of IVJ I ? L ?V1'8 winch may be produced bv these reiterated defiance, of (ht Churcl, to the whole world. We say the Church, for It la the Church that haa spokon in .sPfr.'^n 01 148 ch'ef- Henceforth it la idle to draw artlftoial distinctions between the so-called parties within Catholic aaciety. Romo allows no controversy, and calls the least nesitation rebellion?Rmalocuta, caw a finita. i * ar?Knot surPrt8*<J those who saw the Holy Father leave the consistory remarked on his countenance traits of unwonted sadnoas and severity. The art which ho I had Just performed?the words which he had Just launched on the world?were Indeed terrible enough to cloud the human visage. It is not attains! Itsly only that iho oommon Father of the faithiul has launched bis I anathoma, hut againd the whole qf civilited society,- against the modern world, its laws, its manners, its constitution, its organisation against nil that it is even with ths oon eordats and the assent of ths Church Itsojf. [From the Aveair National, Nov. 6.1 It most be admitted that the question has been ciearlv ?UU. ni l* ,hT', ?* *U Mkwl 10 woonclle himself r.^t. 7.' ,bM.18 {? with the elviiisstlon of our epoch. It was to salt lor the Impossible To desire Plus tue Ninth to extend bis hand to a civilization which denies the InfhlUbiiUy of the Fope, which recognizes freedom of though t. freedom qf wonhip, and the nprem acy ofrmton, was to ask htm to extinguish himself?to SiSl?i<iWn 8bdi0*tt?% ?n'l ?be condemnation of doc Ulnes in tue name of which the Papacy has for three hundred years been engaged in n straggle which it looks on as a necessity and a> duty. The recent allocation is the agony of the last moments of the Papacy. [From tba Paris Temps, Nov. 6.1 * * * * Th* 'OP* to ths logic of his rOle ss spiritual and temporal poutlff, and we should be entirely out of place If we expressed the least astonishment at a nAoirMtitioQ which la In such rigorous conformity with the doctrines and traditions of the Church. [From La Nord, Nov. 6.1 The allocuiion is the flftleth edition, uurevlsedand un corrected, hut considerably augmented, of the com V"1 ?ombr* prophecies which the Holy See for the last seven years has been uttering against Italy and all the friends of Italy. It is palnftS T head of a religion of peace and charity the*wort2 "uurrecUon ?wl w'*hing tor thecenvulsiou of Wkat the Italians Hay. fFrom the Nazi one, of Florence, Nov. 6.1 tlnd la It the nsual lamentations, the customary circumlocutions, which, undercover ot pomp ous and mystical language, veil earthly ambition laiee and unjust accusations, vain griefs and Impotent threats. This is not worth, and, indeed, dnee not permit, oonfnia tloa. We prcier rather to observe that while the oxilo of some b.shops, the cause of which is studiously kept concealed, Is made ene of the strongest points against ns, the circular of llaron Kicasuli bad nut an end to this exceptional state of things seven day* before the publi cation of the elloeiition. But whet u a email matter ot dale* to ore term u themo*orqf eternity t (From the Dirttto. ot rurln, Nov. hi The Papacy ties eletrly declared its intent.,oa In ihe allocution just puhimhed. Rome hne dan...unrated ooe? more that In Its eyes catholio.sm Is e msner of n.i.-o in. tercet which must bo defended by all sorts of wuU m?_ lawfi.l and unknrfui, end Uist whoever attacks tb.it Interest, that is to say, whoever would take a war from the ecclesiastical power the ground and tho means of Its temporal dominion, whether by the supprosaion of tba monastic orders or the confiscation of ecclesiastical pro Ifrty, or the annexation of provinces?aims a mortal IT th. soul of the Papac), which no longer reposes on tho essence of morality, but on the purely mundane interests of a sect and a power. The Feeling In England. I-IOMLATIV* ABATSMS.xr OV HATtOgAL KTtUI TBI .'AVIST fFrom the Loudon Observer, Nov. 4.1 Kncouragcd by the presence of the .Spanish fleet at , Clvlta \ eccbla, and by the support of Ihe clerical pnrty ? France and In most of the < atbollc countrlea of Europe, the Pope baa delivered two allocutions, or in other words two philippics sgsmst ths proceedings of the Italian and Russian governments In reference to ecclesiastical per sons and property. The accuaatloos contained Inboib *r ?U?f??.\ !.T* i? f*?l!y "k8n8*i thus, against the A ' ,L r It* sil'ies the suppression of the religious or a'.I' . secularization of the ecclesiastical property, and tba law of civil marriage; whli > he allegsa against the Emperor of Russia the abolition or religious orders la Poland, the confiscation of ecclesiastical property the sapprsaslon of the legitimate Jurisdiction of bishops in ,b?(r. Oloeeses, nnd the persecutions exercised 51 .*5. t! 11Arcbbw,,0P ?' Warsaw. The note I of. '*? Iul'*" fovernment he declare, mall and mud. Against both sovereigns bis ?~-nre Uon resolves itself Into a protest against the tem poral power being In any wav allowed to legislate In rof to ecclesiastical persons or property for the public IJ* , Th* 1>0P*. '? f*et. asserts that ho, his clergy, and i all ecclesiastical property an above the lam mad beaZid i , jmt w tv n. Thli In the old cUim of tho Ron on Church, and It la n claim which moet rfaU ehed eJmrchee arc dis posed In make tn some/ rm and to team eaknt. It was not to bo expected that these allocutions would have tho ef fect of censing tUb acts done to he undone, but the dig nity of the Papal He# required that the world should be reminded of Ita antiquated pretension*. In the opinion of the Pope noibtng Is lost by mamtalalng a bold front. Fortunately for the peace of mankind, g.x>d order end In dependence of society, these pretentioae are contiuuaiiy ignored by the governments eten of (atbollc countries Kvsn In thnee countries the law asserts Its supremacy over ecclesiastical as well as lay suhiects, and will nol saflbe s Jurisdiction to be erected independent of itself. History plainly Indicate* the dangers which socrua by alt< wmg as reel hart, at corporation am eautence tn /pendent of the Mix, the legislature, and the government. These pre tensions eea only bo rightly defended and Justified on the ground that truthfulness, honesty, marellty, reli gious sentiment, the belief la the Huprome Being, end, in short, ef all virtuous spring* of notion, depend for thatr vary existence upon the rsnltuntton nnd cootinn sacu of. ladepeadent power or wealth among sceleslee twal oorriorottena. History nnd dally esperlsnce, bow ev#r, solHeleatly negative the exlateaee of any oonnee *l?? tb* ?*?? H mankind can be well conductod "llsl"** Wtttosswt sootssU?tics end tbetr property |"w. we do sse why both should not he reguistsd by the law, ns hen bean done tn Italy and therofOce, that even tn the ?_*r ?' "nsaettiml eocpeeuttons the latwv have T* ??*Mbl* ?? NNstdt-eh. "-'uFlX tas'lnSS iuHtattvs, andbee boon t'8* nf l4l?5 horsafur UksoasaaSan Unsm^s **?w.?eet which dsslam kin meet oNsmn aNs tp bd ?a#? ~ acmai^iari&s influence than upon 1ti? abvnwebf a snflMltlU ctrui-e. The Pope biui now supplUd him witb a reason which the King may or tuay not avail himself of, according to the expediency of (he caw; vit he holds, at least, abundant Just UcaUoA for w hatever be jnay do agaiust the tempo ral aud ecolc iaatlcal powir of the Peae. It le dHflcult to conceive that two Such anlogon atic Jurisdictions can both co-exist lor loug iu Italy, and it would appaar that

the weaker must mat* the country iu favor of the sirouger. Then- can be to question or abating proten sions. The King, supported as ho is by the great majority of UU people, certainly will not withdraw from what ho has done, aad the Pupal Se cannot abate Hi claims without destroying the character for iuralllbiiily which It lias always claimed, or at least without destroying the very foundation upon which ec clesiastical power!1, found d. Tbero Is a curious analogy between the course which the Emperor of Russia has adopted toward his nobility !o the case ol the abolition of serfdom and that which ttio King of Ituly has adopted towards the Roman Catholic clergy. Tlie Emperor de prived his nobles of a certain portion of their estate-, formerly in the occupation of the serfs, and gave it to the latter in complete ownership. As a compensation to the nobility Hie Emperor gave tbom bonds supposed to re present the annual vohit of the lands which were taken away, and he pays them that amount by way of interest upon the value of the land; in tact, the nobles obtain an smoual income In lien of the land, in Italy the ecclesiasti cal property was declared to be the property of the State, and In lieu of It the government pays all ecclesiastics an annual stipend, which is secured to them by law. In both cases the reason was the pnbllc good. In tho one case it was sought to raise the mass of the popu lation out of a state of servitude into a state of free dom, and in the other rate to abolish a jurisdiction utterly inconsistent with the existence of the civil law and the government of tho country. Evils of long growth can only ne ? abated by strong measures. These quati revolution* in the existing order of things effocted by the Into itself, %oha'tver hardship they may bring upon individual*, are to be preferred to resolutions effee'ed by force and violence. It is but two years since In 8weden the four bouses composing the Leglslatary were cut down to two. Tills also was a great revolution for that country; but It was peacefully effected by the regular process of law. In England we thought that a great transfer of power had been created by the Re form Act of 1832, but we And in the result that the wealthy classes have as much, If not More, influence than ever. In 1829 a great victory was thought to be gained by Catholics over Protestants when Sir Robert Peel pussed the Catholic Emancipation act, and yet Pro testantism is In no danger. In IBM tho corn laws were repealed, and yet landowners are even rieher than ever. So far, therefore, aa precedent goes it would appear that revolutionary measure*?for such those mentioned really were? pArned by the ordlnaiy legal methods have had no bad effects In this or In foreign countries. It is un doubtedly much better not to allow foolish and wicked laws to be enacted; but our ancestors ure in fault lor that. It is, moreover, a pity that such laws are not abolished as soon as their Inexpediency is discovered; but, at any rate, let them bo abolished before public in dlenatlon and the right sentiment of the mass of the people apply violence in order to effect their abolition. There are many foolish laiot and institution in existence in thi* country, and we frujf that Use present y vernmmt, though i' i* conservative, will not be slow in laying it* hand upon them. RUSSIA IN THE EAST. The March la Tnrkealaa-Anaaaartaa el Taaehkentl lo the Empire. presented with the fol ^irXru?b. Inhabitants ofTa^nkeud.n wbloh they ask to be admitted among the subjects of the of th* p?,^r,w have visited our country; tberc %%Mown tooffer yo.. bread and salt, according to the ?? S^WwJs^asra l&SfeSsgfffig Ti?M, to aoDre'claie bow great is the happiness 1 trMrh has fallen to be our k>U for our faitk lui> remaimtd 7} *MU our mtdrwii (uhooitf an tvffortrdand prn? inmoia .U.'jrmw? v )ar trn,unal) has hecn organ fT^iSrtTtoklngfor"guides equity, disinterestedness ^sSSB^-'Srarass vlrl: JXJrt calm Mid complete tranquillity reign In our walls'as ElSF ^CwKndtgTl "to"thhU?10thS; ESltt* thl RussTan troops leave the territory UDfofw*, ' ,,1 violence whicti posed to th? horrors, (h<> BuwiUn!,; there annTwe take the liberty to address you a most bumble '?? May Tour Excellency deign to free nn iorevor from that terrible thongbt, and to trio ,,, n ,n ffivi(ic u? ihe assurance that the dement White Tsar does consider oa to bo his children and like his other faithful subj-cta A aea cannot contain two ieM therefore there cannot be two empires In one; be X annnffh then to r6QUMt the union with Russia of KSSm vJhlcb will belong to her forever, ?nd cmtlie loot'ng of all the other carts of tbe empire. In omntinVoiir prayer you will bind ua to eternally pray heTimlgbty SV fir tbe health and prosperity of V|! tho White Tsar, and to bless your name and UM IHM of all Busslana who take eoroo interest In our ute and tbe organization of our country. (Here am appended the seals of sixty-one and fllteen signaturea of notable Inhabitant ol the provlnoe.) oeeera, on th<* nth of September the Alde-de-Camp ueoemi SSSSS SZ3&. iTh ShTlS?uc&n.of hla Majesty tbe Emptor, rm4 to them the following mocunATio*:? inhabitants of Taachkend-Hls Majesty the Emperor of all tbe Itoarla*, convinced by your gee^cciofthe ?tttfgspitv nf the wishes yon have expressed on several orcftsteDS of being admitted among the nubjncU of LTdakmSd to authorize me to receive you a. SSStan if you addraeameagaln to that effect on my arrival at Tascbkond. On tbe very day of my airltal In your town (on the vu7u-ti In receiving me according to the Rossi in cus tom with the offering of bread and salt, you have re newed once more io'vour addrem Ita MM ImUM nraver to bo admitird among the subjects or toe ?v?tts Tsar and to untie for over Tasrhkeud with the Loworful empire of Russia as an Incontestable part of 11* ? With the supreme assent 1 lulnl your wi-h. and In tho name or hit imperial Mslesty l declare you to be Rm-tao subjerta. ^ncerorth nnd torever vou pass under the powerful sceptre of the Emperor oi acquire all the rights granted to the Musammoa subjects of the empire. Convinced from your renam ed Manifestation. swsairass S?S your customs, protects you entirely avainst all < and vcxaiions from abroad and "home, 1AniMre ?>?* yo t will conscientiously and eagerly fulfil all. your duties of faithful subjo. la and therefore show over worthy ?>f the high aoveretgn favor which you arc honored with this day. mie-deCaniD 0s?e'mL0OV'?#r " MTJA-NOTSeT T>sc??iwo, AngustlT (SopC 8). MSnoinul This proclamation was read twice In lhe crt"clPW square of Tasct.kend, In preset** of ^nerat KrjJanovsk^r and s numeroue crowd of Inhabitants. Aft" . lug o' tbe proclamation, the fiovernor (>wT?(Lf*,mp''d mentod the people on their being Russian then received the oath of alteginnco In the from all the functionaries of the town of Taechksod and oi her low us. Then the l^sbllanto ofTseclike^d re quest?! the Aide-de Camp Ownl fffiKX? ward to hla Majesty the Emperor the following Raving received with an inmott Joy tlto ve^fgracious proclamation ot your exoellency, declarl g While ?ton among the subjects of the powerful wniie Tsar, and our unlow with the ??p'"S^S2?ulLm thi*rtfoo?f Irope^ JMSTy U. J&n ?P--^of sr lat.r'ga^aa'gj; all the Russians wbe,Un fSTlS that happlneea and dejlrered forever Worn toe enemies who surrounded us. The 8 T month of Zumad oul Oval (Sepwmber), of tbe yew wu ,0Uh,#?ber 11 the find atone of a? onhod?f^k temple was laid down " To.'ti'w"hich about thirty was followed by a national /*?, atwnlcb aoout ?ir y thousand Harkss and Klrphtam mnMed. the national custom the fM* began with home n*H. popular games followed, and the day waa meal offered to tbe whole populeiloti. ptete At lour o'clock tho Oewnjr Oejeraljpwj^WjJJ banquet, at wblch the health Of the Emp^ir wea drunk emldat the aoclamattona of the gueaU and or the multitude. aquatigi. Am HiaIM T"M* The iron iT'o"dismantling at Boutnamplon, ?IJW turued from a somewhat remwkoble voyN?? ?e?n wich Island, and beck, under the oommenw ei 0WTTar imeml. left her owner aod captain t chief oOeer and her attendant and a frow echM^tnd ?"_? Mr. (who had been a naval lleuteneotl, tw- poorh pent. r. six able ?eww, steward, cook ^hey ^ ing on her way at Mndena, Tsnenn^ iw, yito.and cwelw^ef Mag*1 - August, rounded Cnpe vWfin wne WMtem sn Inn, oteerlng tb*? iff Cnpn rtiw.m 'ranee of the Btmtta, , ?u. those geptembm, being a tMtw W day. nesmw i laMturtesi the vernal ^ ?^ ^ onlla?s i)n lh? l?8e< Deeemaer tMymew ^ gMdwieh iteasit-c. -?e. w. sand miles of seaway to fraverse, and the command had entirely devolved upon her owaar, the chief officer, who waa the only other person oa board acquainted with tho aolanoo of navigation, having dtod off the Island of Masrafnera oa lite 4th of November. Hawaii wo* made In forty days, and from the 23d of January, 1863, till tho 2Uth of November, the Thernia wu? kept cruising about among the Sandwich Inlands, every an chorage In them being once, or oftener, vi-lted. The Tbemla left the islands on the 2?th of November on her homeward voyago, taking the track to the south ward through the Marq leea group. Valparaiso was reached on the 8th of February, 1866, and at tbin port tho yacht was thoroughly refitted for the great feat of the vovage, her owner having deter mined to return hotne through the Parmlento Channel and the Strait? of Magellan. It may he mentioned that the Parmiento Channel la un addlllouul inoer navigation, branching northwest and north from the western part of tho straits, of over throe hundred miles In lenstb. Hie object In this was to judge for himself as to the advan tages or navigation through the straits in a considerable saving of distanoe, and an e.-asion of the tremendous seas and much of the Inclement weather for which (he higher latitudes rounding Cape Horn are so unenviably noiorous. Leaving Valparaiso on the 21st of February, the yacht on the 19th of March (corresponding to the time of our autumnal equinox) entered the Gulf ot Peuaa and the Saunicnto Channel round Byron's Island, a spot to be remembered as that on which the Wager waa lost from Anson's squadron in 1741. On the 23d of May the Themis Anally cleared the Straits of Magellan, and again rounded Cape Virgin into tho South Atlantic, the inter val having been employed In the careful exploration of cveyy Inlet and channel in (bis intricate navigation, the examination of aticliora: a and places for supply or shelter, and ascertaining tbo existence and correct posi tion of all known or suspected dangers. These investi gations, extending oyer a period of two months, were carried oa amid the difficulties of frost, sleet, darkness, storms, and narrow winding waters, so well known to navigators frequenting these inhospitable regions The yacht called at Montevideo, ana left that port for England on the 12th of June. Tb? most lam ntable Incident of the voyage waa the death, on the 6th of January last, of Mrs. Han nam, tbo who of the captain, whose remuius were carefully pre served on board the yacht, and on arrival burled in the spot prepared for them In Dorsetshire. Eiffflleh Scnllers' Race for SI HO. [From the London Times, Nov. 7. ] The scuUeis' race between John Augustine t'.iflln, a waterman of the Old Swan, London Bridge, and William Sadler, a waterman's apprentice, of Putney, came off yesterday afternoon for ?60 a side in old fashioned boats. Both tho men are well known. There is not such a disparity in their age as there is in their stature und weight, Caffln standing 6 feet 1)4 inches, and weighing 12 stone 12 lbs., and Sadler standing 3 leet 4)4 inches, and weighing B stono 12 lbs.. their ages being about twouty.flve. Both were in good coudltion, but unfavorable rumon were about, and as much as eight to one was laid on Caflln. Two steamers accompanied with large parties. Mr. J. Ireland was referee. Messrs. H. Salter nnd G. Hamne'r tun umpires for Coffin and Sadler reap ctlvely, while Robert Bain and Heurv Kelly were pilots. Catlln wen ttie toss and took the Middlesex side, on u stiff noser ami tide nearly done. He took the lead by hair a length, and i-adler rowing very badly was cleared at the Star and Garter, Caffln leading by three lengths at this point, and four at Hammersmith. Sadler, in fact, was never in the race, and was beaten by eight or ten lengths. Tho time was over thirty minutes. NEWS FROM AUSTRALASIA. OUR PANAMA CORRESPONDENCE Depression In Trade and Trouble* in I'oliilr*. Pan a m a, Not. 12, 1800. The stcnmor Klakoura, which reached Panama on the 6th imt, brings dates fri.m Australasia to the 8th of October. Sydney papers are received to October 1, which state that the New couth Wales Parliament was still in res slon and had passed several measures of domestic utility. On tho 27th of September the Treasurer made his finan cial stotemont of the aflalrs of the colony, and the facta revealed were of a gratifying character. The deficiencies of former years have been in great part made np. and the ordinary revenue not only meets the current expenditure, bat leaves a handsome balance in band. At the close of the present year there will be an estimated surplus of more tl.an ?70,000, and1 the revonne tor the year 1867 is esti mated at two millions and a quarter sterling, which, after deducting the expenditures as at present estimated, would leave a surplus of ?010.000 at the close of that year. Very satisfactory arrangements have been made for meeting the interunt on the public debt, ami the government havo felt justified in entering into lurther contracts to the amount of ?289,000 for railway exten sion. The pressure that was felt from the scarcity of money, and tho extreme caution exercised by the banks, bos been greatly relieved by the proceeds of increased taxation, and there is now not the lea?t doubt that the colony has passed triumphantly through the almost un precedented monetary crisis that has been felt ail over the world. Some commercial failures have ocottrred. as might have been expectod; but the numeroue banking establishments in (lie colony have hitherto remained firm, and although shipwrecks and other casualties have csuMtd large drafts on some of the Insurance offices, all responsibilities have been faithfully dlwbarg d. The state of commercial affairs throughout the whole of the Australasian colonies was one of depression, re sulting In part from the effects ef the panic in England, but la a great degme from local causes drought, loss of stock, and failure ?f crops. The failure of tho breadstuff crops was the most severely felt; as, In order to supply the deficiency the colonies have been obliged to draw I h avy supplies from Cbile and the United 8tatea Anion-1 can goods of Eastern manufacture were in excess of the demand, but prices ruled firm in anticipation of an in creased activity in trade. Tbe political Intelligence fiom New Zealand Is otilm Krtant Parliament was prorogued on the 8th of Octo r. Tbe new ministry bad succeeded In passing Its favorite measures. The Maori war was still waged. Several sklrmisboe had recently taken place between tbe government force* and tbe rebels,which tho former were generally succeeeful. In the last encounter the Hau Hau's were soundly beaten. Referring to the winding np of Parliament the S-mihtm C ou, of Aukland, says;?As tho sssslon Is drawing to a clots, the business before the House Increases. and the real work o< legislation Is being scrambled through. Ik U quite bo|?less to attempt to stem the tide or extravagance wblcb nothing but the extraor dinary elasticity of the country has enabled it to I .ear up against hitherto, So long as the goldfields aro productive and tbe greet balk of the popu lation remain tndlfTcreni to poliUor, no long will tbe offi cial classes and tbo squatters uphold a lavish expendi ture; but sbould my change for tbe worse take placo there must be a total collapse of the administrative sys tem. It now costs 1,000,000 sterling, In round numbers, l<> govern two hundred thousand souls, and yet the ave rage of , Nine Is lower, In proportion to the population, than in many countries more economically ruled. Iho new tariff Imposes duties upon articles of Ameri can manufacture heretofore imported free, as follows:? Wooden buckets, 2s. per dozen; wooden doors, la each; lasts, wooden pegs, Is. per cubic foot; kerosene and other mineral oils, fid. per gallon; sasb windows, per pair, Is.; wood tubs, per nest, 2s.; tarpnntlne. fid. per gallon; lumber, sewn, per hundred superficial feet, Is.; shinnies and laths, per thousand, la , paling*, per hun dred, la; posts, per hundred, da ; rails, per hundred, 2s; tar, por barrel, la ; nails, per cwt., la NEWS FROM BUENOS AYRES. OUR IUEN0S ATRES CORRESPONDENCE. Wi*r? Shearing and the Waal Prospect? Kflcct af Our Tariff an Wool (lrswls(-Onr Hundred Millions of Pounds of Waal far Hale? law af the Hteaasrr Oriental-Tele nraphic Schemes, &?. Braaos Avssa, a A., Kept 28, 18d& In tome parts of this province the sheep shears are already busy, and in the next two month* there will be fifty mllllonn of ebeep divested of their fleeces. The work of shearing Is not much different from tbe same work elsewhere, except that the great number* to be shorn require great despatch, and all arrange menu tend to tbla One man, or ten, an the case may be, catch** and ties the sheep at the feet of the shearer, and he bends to him on the ground, or on the floor of a shed, and tbe work goes on at tbe rate of thirty to one hnn dred sheep per day for each shearer. So many band* ? ployed i are employed at the larger farms that a flock of two tbourand sheep will be shorn In lees than one day. The Usees* ars gathered by men and boys, snd carried to the sorting room, where they are prepared for lb* pnoken or balers, and, often, tbe wool that warmed tbe sheep through the dewy night Is, before the next night, rked and n ~ hooped, baled, marked and roiled oat for shipment to Antwerp or to New Tork. This year wool* will be better, freer from burr, stronger fibre, better color and more even in quality than ever before. Tbe late severe winterbas kilted off most af the old eonrw and scabby, leaving younger, healthier, Oner sheep, The tariff la the United Hiatcs will keep out ol this market ail purchasers, except for fine clean woola As tbe finer wools pay a lam tariff, and as It Is by wolgbt, any remaining dirt bum pay a bl^b duty also. shall have oaa hundred millions of pound* of wool for sals this year. loss or tm aocTon munxn naimrrat. The United Mates steamer Kansas cam" up I mm Mon tevideo to bring np diving apparatus for ralstag the ori ental, a splendid steamer, built In Boston, now rooting on the sand In this harbor with great boles ia her bottom. It is one mora tax on oommero* levied by the inertne * of the port authorities la not removing tbo sunken an chor* in the harbor. Too mach praise cannot b* awarded Captain Walla, of tbe Kansas, for coming up with bis steamer to bring the necessary apparatus for raising her The United Mutes war steamer Mhamnkla, ' aptaia Crosby, M lying by the side of the Oriental, and lead* all the thus and services of from e ghty Is one hun dred men to endeavor to rescue her. There is stIU hop* of earing tbe eteamer. fibs ia mid to be I uttered, end bo long* to M***r*. Pavory h Co., New Tork. No mora beautdal steamer ever cam* to tbi* port tss oaiarrax ooia to mm As 1 close my letter the noble steamer Oriental 1* go ing |* pieces ta tbe harbor undor a tremendous storm. Yesterday wavas snd lids snd wind carried btr five hun dred yards, sod to-day sbe Is at their mer. y. The United state* *tearner Bhamofcla seat boat* yesterday to take off ati the moa on board. Her loan will be saveraiy fat In thin river. TstnoiiArwic ersxws*. The wire baa sensed for the new telegraph betwsan Una city sad Montevideo. Two Americana, Hopkins and Casey, bars obtained a shorter fn A was toObUe ' MEWS FROM CHILE. The .UMunihlp Ocean Queen, Captain Gray, which ?oiled from Asplnwall on the 12ih iu?t. arrived at this port yesterday morning, brtnglnc out A1"* ??A despatches from San Francisco, Panama and tbe South American republic* on the Pacific coast. The following is hee treasure list:? Weil & Co $32,600 Wells, Fargo A Co $400 Kug. Kelly.._ ... 86.2*0 Maillaud, Phelps J. W Sellgman.. 34,200 k Co 1,000 Duncan, Sherman Isaac Asbe 1.160 k Co 37,871 RlbonA Munos.. 2,001 Itobney, Morgan k Solomon Luezam s Co 109,260 Son 1.342 Welle, Fargo k Co 40.401 Hum 1 Hail 1,60* Leos k Waller.... 247,001 Order 800,000 Panama RR Co... 26,989 Total $1,121,394 OUR VALPARAISO CORRESPONDENCE. The As(le>Fresrh Mediation In Chilean Af fairs?What Is Proposed -The I,ate Mutiny In the Peruvian Navy a Muinll Affair?Chi lean Censors?Projected Railroads- fluano Mr hemes, Ac. Valpakaiso, Oct. 17, 1806. TBI ANOLO-(BENCH MKUIATION SCBEliB. F.verytbing relating to the Spanish-American war re mains in a state of uncertainty. Nothing definite hsa been received respecting the movements of the Spanish fleet; end while tbe preparations for dsrence are still going on tbe rumors of peace dally become more gener ally circulated and believed. Anglo-French mediation has been the theme of conversation and newspaper dis cission during tbe past two weeks. According to the moat reliable reports ffie proposals of thi mediators are, first, an armistice, and second, the allied republics and Spain to consent to the mediating Powers arranging tbe basis en which the difficulties may be adjusted, the belligerents being left free to accept or refuse tbe terms that may be submitted to them. Tbe Ecuadorian end Bolivian Ministers residing at Santi ago were consulted as to these proposals, and stated thai upon their aide there was no objection to them, since their respective countries bad received no injury or insult from Spain. Bolivia and Ecuador have taken part in the alliance only in defence of common American inter ests; it was the danger of Chile and Peru wbtoh produced tbolr adhesion to our cause. It belooga consequently to tbe two latter republics to sav if the moment baa arrived to put an end to tbe war. The opinion of tbe Peruvian govern ment was, then, alone wanting. The answer of tbe for mer was expected by this laat steamer, and wo should suppose that it has arrived, be ause the steamer brought 1) >u Marctal Marlines. Chilean Charg- d'Affaires at Umd, who will return In tbe steumer alter having ronierred w u ibe governmont here ou malteis ol grave import ance. These matter? can he no other than the -aid media tion, and we believe that at thin moment the vital ques tion of peace or war has reached a or ,t.cal stage in tbe deliberations of the allied governments The whole question will probably be settled one way or tbe other within a few weeka. Tbe indications srw that peace will be made, and I no longer entertain seri ous apprehensions of a lenewal of the war. Tbe people of the United States need not bo surprised to learn br the next steamer of tbe permanent oe-satlon of hortth ties, and the perfect restoration of .quiet on the Paoifle. THE MPTINT which broke out on tbe Peruvian corvette Union a short time since now aeema to nave been a very ridiculous affair. Captain Varea, who was at the bead of tbe revolt and escaped a few minutes after the a arm was given to tho other vessels of the squadron, was found hallow and coat less, accreted in an old shipyard. He is now impris oned, awaiting trial. It is believed that the mutiny rormed a part of a conspiracy against the government or General Prado. Some of the crew among the mutineers have testilled to this fact. The opposition to General Prado has caused a profound Impression in Chile, and this republic Is watohlng with tbe greatest solicitude the course of Peruvian pontics. Chile will sustain tbe Prado government in nny eme-gency. census or can* Tbe report of the census of Chile has just been pub lished. This census was taken ou the 9th of April or ItM present year, and gives considerable interesting informs lion. Area of Chile in square miles 132.000 Population of Chile, proper 2,001,140 Population of Arancanla 00.000 Population of Patagonia 3,800 Total population of Chile 2,004,044 Foreigners resident in Chile 23,220 F.xports oT 1804 *31,700,942 Imports of 1804 24,304^300 Revenues of tbe Custom Bouse for the four yeare including 1861 and 1804 $14,007,Ml Revenue of 1804 0i67*,0l0 Of the two millions of Inhabitants there are 832 from 100 to 140 years of age, and 9,030 physic ally or morally helpless. BOLIVIAN ars.NO. Since my last letter a new enterprise has been started la tbe hay of MexHIouee, near the Chilean and Bolivia* lines, for tbe development of tbe guano product of Um4 region. Tbe territory upon wbicn tbe guano exists hM long been a subject ot contention between the two re publics, wbo settled the question by treaty laet month | particilareoi which I forwarded to the New Yoee: H an a i* at the time. Baron de la BiviAre, agent of a large French dock and shipping company, has been out here several months negotiating for an exclusive privilege to wertt tbe guano fields at MexlHones, and has at length effected a bargain with Chill and Bolivia, by which be may lake from Mexllleaea all tbe guano bis company may wish at $0 per too. It la estimated that it will coot about gt p<r ten to get it en shipboard. Freight to France to $17 per ton, so that all over $27 per ton wilt be a clear profit to tbe compear. The guano Is inferior to that of tbe Chinch a islands, but la pronounced a vary goed fare tiliaer. He difference from Peruvian guano consist* la iu poesesxing a large amount of lima Instead of amme nta aa at the Chinches. This guano has been used to some extent is the United States, bat tbe Peruvian was always preferred. A large sea wall, an immense wharf, and all the arrangements for getting out the guano are contrasted for and are to be constructed at once. A email city has been laid out by tbe Bolivian authorities; and, as the bay adbrde one of tba 6neat harbors in the world, the place pronator* to become a port of some note. Ex tern! r a copper rain re abound in the immediate rlctnlty of the bar, and several are now bring opened with pros pect* of very large yields Some ot tbe mines are withia a few yards of the beach. Tbe guano la on a hill about 2,800 rest shore tho sea, and to to be loaded on ship by mean* of a long ohu e and a short railroad. Material for t4e bouses wuort, raiiroad. Ac., are now on the way to Mexillonee, aim it to expected to commence the shipment of guano In large quantities in a few months As the region in which tbe guano to found consists of a andy desert Tor many leagues all article* of food bare to be earned to Mexiiloues by vessels, and are consequently expensive. Water to distilled from tbe aea aaiuoADU. General Vlcken, of Philadelphia, bas a proposition before tbe ( hi lean Congress to build two railroads, one tea roi'e* Id length, Irom tbe Port of Talcahuano to the city of Cnucepcion, on the Bio Bio river, and ine other from Llaillai, on the Valparaiso and Bantiago Railroad, to baa Chill pe, In tbe ricb valley of Acoucayua. The totter will-be ? bo A thirty miiee long Tbe proposition comes up for final con* deration on the 20th lost., and It to un derstood will be favorably acted u|>on by a large majority of both Houses of Congress. The government, or rather tbe Beer tarr of Exterior end Interior relations, baa ?irnnaoiisly opposed giving tbo privilege to construct there road*, believing that it waa "toe good a thing" to give to private parties, and desiring to have the lines bniit by the gov rnioenl. Aa tba govornment has been no alow in carrying out plan* of internal Improvements. Congress seems inclined to prefer privet# enterprise, and to encouraging General Vlckera to commence preparation* for tbe pro Kd railroads. Ins Oeoeral to to build both roods sell, with tbe privilege of their exclusive ose for thirty years, at which lima the government may pur chase the in at sum* to be Uxed by commissioner* ap pointed on behalf of tba respective parties, to appraise tbe rood*, rolling stock, Ac. Tbe road from Talcahuano to Concepcloa wgt b* con structed l!ret Tbto work will not require much time eg outlay, as it extends through an almost perfectly level country. Talcahuano and Tome are tbe greet grain and flour exporting porta of Chile, and are nituaied so clean together that one railroad answer* for both The ship ment ef prodnoe over this road will be immense, and It la so doubt owing to tbe pro*peel of iu remunerative bust nana that Uie government hesitates to giro It to pri vate pari lea Tbe other rued will open a rant and aito g iber unworited copper region and n magnificent valley, which are now almo-t entirely excluded from tbe sen porta by rennon of the Inoonrentonces attending land t ran* portal Km In tbto country. The two enterprises am on neutered tbe beet that bars been given to private par ties In Chile, and reflect credit npon Yankee energy. SMOOTHS AFFIAT IM IROMLYN. Ke*v la m Ballroom -All A beat ? Ulr hut arr Policeman W oaadod -Capture of ih? OlfMln. OS Tbaraday night the Atlantic Social Clob Md their MDMtl ball at Ooihlr Ball, which opened aa *u*p ciooaly and happily aa the pravtoaa terpalchoreaa reualaaa of Ihla aaaoctatloa, which hare alwaya hooa popular. Until oaa o'clock all want merrily, whoa aa interruption, which nearly proved fatal to aome of the company, occurred. Among the youhg men preeent wee a certain Deaiet O'Keeflb, who resldea itNa t ralton ? venae Han Id, u appcan, got Into an argument ??th eoaae gentleman preeeat aa ? ?b* 'Mj1 I8 * fair partner la the nlnpta net which Ign j****" lag. Coaatable Coigan, who waa preeeat, bemg reqartg ed by lh? committee to conduct O Ao?ffe attempted to rnmpt*. While ta ?Mt t be In the diction of the dree?g%om hod gathered aroeed the draggling P^O"**? handled him rather rtmghly, and bataco, ho for drawing tan eewdver, ?e hewtohoe t? tail mi date them, la getting htm f#ll Mid bdort ht 99+lt ?*? SlaS? hS mmm* aSrweaatt&srsj: end ooarated to the Port y d rat precinct atatioa hoeea. ed over to the oBeer in oharga Q'Keeflb waa taken before Jnettce net guilty to tbo charge of ail'mat nataatwm wtu ha hatd on rawed a# , * niaran a'doek.