Newspaper of The New York Herald, November 21, 1866, Page 6

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated November 21, 1866 Page 6
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NE?V YORK HERALD.' JAMW* UOBUON bkuhbtt, EDITOR AND PROPRIETY: OFFICI M. W. COKNKJt OF FULTON AND NASSAU 8TS, Volume XXXI No. 3*5, amusements this evening. BROADWAY THEATKE. Bri'Sdway, near Bioaup oireri .?Macrkto. NEW VORK THEATRE. Broadway, opposite New York Bolel?ORirriTH Gaunt, ok .Isaloi at. THEATRE FRANCAI8, FouiteenLli atreei. near Sixth Kreiiue.? MAST Stuakt. GERMAN START THEATRE. No*, oi and 47 Bower* Dub Roman Kink Akmim Junckn Mannas. GERMAN THaLIA THEATRE, No. 514 Broadway? Dsa Pkoccs*?Din Schwabin?Liar und Phlkuka. DODWORTII'SHAIiT,. ROf Broadway?PnnrusoR IIA Br x Br ill PmroRM his Mikaclbs?Tub Mtbtsbt 8TRINWAY HALL. Fourteenth alroet.? Second Wsdnks *AT I'OrULAU CONCERT. RAN FRANCISCO MIN8TKRLS. 585 Broad war. opposite ?he Metropolitan Hotel?In thbih hrmoriAN Bnti ktain ?anta SiNoiNd, Oancino anb Boulksuucs?Metkouio Bmowkrs on Faluno Stakb. FIFTH AVENUE OPERA HOUSE. Noa. 2 and 4 West Twenty-fourth atreet.?Budwobth'h Minstrels?Ethiopia* MINBTKBLST. BALLADS. BURLSSUUII *0. A TRIP TO THE Moon. KELLY A LEON'S MINSTRELS, 720 Broadway, oppo Kite the New York Hotel.?In tiikir Sonus, Dances. Kccen tbiotiss, Ao.?Exclusion Abound thk Wokld, A Thocblb aOKK LKdAOT. TONY PASTOR'S OPERA HOUSF.. ?l Bowery CoNto ?ooahsm?Nioao Minstrblst Ballet Ditkrtisskment, Ac.?Thb Faibiss or tub Hudson. Matuiee at 2}; o'clock. CHARLEY WHITE'S COMBINATION TROUPE, at Mechanics' Hall. 472 Broadway?In a Vabibtt or Light AND I.ACUHABLt ENTEUTAINKKNTS, CORPS DR BaLLLT. AO. Fekai.i I'LKiiaa in Washington. MRS F. B. CONWAY'S PARK THEATRE, Brooklyn. Kiwasboi.i; ok. thb Knatk or Hearts HOOLEY'SOPER A HOUSE, Brooklyn?Ethiopian Mi* aruBLsr. Ballads, Burlesques and Pantonine*. SEAVF.R'S OPERA HOUSE, Williamsburg.?Ethiopia* Minstukist, Ballads, Comic Pantonine*, Ac. NEW YORK MUSEUM OF ANATOMY. SIR Broadway? Lsctckki with the Oxt-Hydroukn Microscope twine dally. H?ad and Right Aku or Probst. Open from 8 A. M. tlU 10 P. H. TRIPLE SHEET. Mew York, Wednesday, November 31, 1806. THB Iff B W 8. EUBOPE. Bf 'lie Atlantic cable we bare a news and markets re port dated Tuesday, November 20. Napoleon, It Is said, will Issue a Foreign Office note on the Mexican question, conciliatory towards the Vnited ?States and inclining to a recognition of Juarez. The French troops are preparing to inarch from Konie on December 16. Russia proposes to negotiate a large loan in London. The Reform Leagues of England are determined to ?'head off" the tories in their plan to propose a sham reform measure to Parliament. General Floury, Napoleon's chief aide-de-camp, is in Florence The Emperor of France is said to have invited the King of Prussia to Paris. The Paris MonUewr says Itnly will observe the Septem ber Convention with Rome. The mails of the Ulbern an, dated to the 8th of No vember, reached this city last night from Portland, Me. Our special correspondence from St. Petersburg and Florence contains matter of considerable interest, f Mr. Secretary Fox's style of oratory, as well as the lauguago in which he clothed his ideas as an exponent of tbe national sentiment of the United States during his visit to Russia, are still commented on by the jour wall oi tbe empire and regarded as new and very pecu liar by the people. The citizens of Florence are quite certain that Italy ?Weill have Rome, and that the end of the temporal power of the Pope ia just at hand. Italy is not free, however, from danger. Tbe financial condition of the kingdom is aot at all healthy, and it is alleged that Napoleon la already engaged in an active intrigue for the annexation of Ssrdmla to France, in return for national services already rendered, or to be afforded In the future. The comments of the French, Italian and English press on the Papal allocations just issued are published at considerable length in our oolumns. Russia has formally annexed ths territory or Tasch ?nd, in Central Asia, to tho empire. The voyage of the Iron yacht Themis from England to the sandwich Islouds and Valparaiso, and thence home through the Sermiento Channel and straits of Magellan, ? reported. Console olosed at lor money, in London yester day. United States five-twenties ware at 70X. The Liverpool ootton mniket was dull, with prices un ehaoged yesterday. Middling uplands was at fourteen pence at the oloee. Breadstuff's slightly advancing. THE CITY. The investigation Into the charges against Comptroller Bronnen wilt be proceeded with oo Friday next, as the Comptroller has waived hi* right of exacting eight days' notice. His counsel will be the same that defended him against the same charges thirteen months ago. last evening, st their ball on Second avenue and Eleventh street, the New York Historical Society cele brated their sixty second anniversary, by appropriate re ligious exercises and an able address by Rev. damuel Osgood, D. D , on "New York In tbe Nineteenth Cen tury," in which be gave much valuable statistical Infor mation At a meeting of tbe line officer* of the Third brigade National Guard, held last evening st tho armory of the Seventh regiment, Colonel Joshua M. Vnrlan, of the Eighth regiment, was elected General of the brigade, vice William Hall placed on the retired list. In tbe Marine Court yost-rday, before Judge Alker. In the esse of Renevllle vs. Daly, which was an actlou by plaintiff to tecover compensation from defendant for translating into English four German certain plays, In cluding that of the well knosvu " Leah," the jory ren dered a verdict for the plaintiff of $148. This verdict establishes the fact that the plaintiff Is the transistor of *? Leah;" and It was aworu In evidence that the defend ant's brother was to adapt the pity to the stage. Th# Junto! will cose was on trial before Surrogate Tucker yesterday. The tegtimony ?w the game as that given In th# trial at circuit and on Its conclusion tbe tsurrovste rejected the will on the grounds of unsound ness of mind on the pert of Madame Jumci In the cases of Jamas M. Waterbury and the F.ast River Ferry Company vs. the Dry Dock East Rroad way and Battery Railroad Company, and soma other of the city railroad and ferry companies, which came before the June General Term of the Supreme Court, division* ware recently given by .instlcea Barnard, Sutherland aud Clerke. defining and limiting the extent to which the companies concerned may extend their tracks and privl ISfM. < ommiasioner Newton continued his examination 7-sterday Into tbe ollodged distillery fraud* which hare been recently discovered in tho city of Brooklyn and vicinity. Four new cues were brought up, and testi mony waa taken for ths prosecution The cases will ha continued to day. The steamship Florida, which arrived here some time ago with cholera on hoard, was released from quarantine yesterday James Dougherty wai arrested yesterday on ths charge of being implicated In tbe murder of Walter Westoott, on the 3d Inst., in First avenue The steamship South America, Captain Tlnklcpaogh, ?will anil to-morrow (Thursday), at three p. If , from pier 43 North river, for Rio Janeiro, touching nt St Thomas, Faro, Pwnambooo and Bahla, goitig and returning Ths Mills will cloas st the Tost Offlea st half past one o'clock. Tba fine ntssmshlp Morro fastis, Captain Richard Adams, will sail to-morrow (Thursday), at noon, for Havana direct Messrs Garrison k Allen, the agent#, announce that hereafter tbe xraaeli composing the t utted Mates mall Una to Havana will mil every Thurs day, at noon, Instead of Wednesday. The steamship Andalasle, Captain Buraley. of lory's Tina, will Mil at three t. M. to-day. from pier 14 East giver for Charleston, connecting with the steamer Dicta tor for tho florid# porta. Hereafter the steamers ot this llns wilt soil regularly every Wednesday and Saturday at jthrea P.*,* Ths stock Market was firm yesterday Gold was also ?0o? sad ctiMsl at Utw a u. The wheel* of commerce continue to be blocked by the dapreaaioe of gold end the material decline In the premium within the week peek, ?nd the merchandise market* yesterday were generally dull and heavy, while quotations were to a considerable ?stent nominal. Sugar under a manifest desire to ?ell ruled a shade easier, closing entirely nominal- Coffee was dull and heavy. Cotton steady. Petroleum Irregular. Naval stores generally quiet Freights quiet, and dry goods dull and drooping. On "Change flour was generally held at previous pricee. Wheal was about 8c. lower. Com lc. a 2c. lower. Oats lc. lower. Pork decidedly In buyer's favor, new mess closiug at $22 and no takers, lard and whiskey quiet and heavy. MISCELLANEOUS. Our correspondence from Saltlllo, Mexico, is dated November 1. and from Brownsville, Texas, November 8. Northern Mexico was alive with preparations for attacks upon Durango, Zacatecas and San Luis Potosi. The imperialists iverywhere were acting on the defensive, as it is believed they have barely force enough to hold open their line of communication between Mexico City and Vera ^ruz until their final departure. Mejia was alone in rommand of San Luis Potosi with Mexican sol dier* o?y, *11 the foreign troop* having loft From Brownsville our correspondent furnishes full details of the arost of General Ortega and his party, aa well as the ofilciil correspondence concerning it, among which ap peals the protest of the General. Our special despatches frost San Francisco, dated yesterday, state that the Fiench commander at Mazatlan had agreed to surrender oo the 24th of October. General Vega, who left San Francisco with a detachment of Americans, had been outlawed by Juarez, and was trying to escape to Arizona. Bevino had again deposed Lopez as Governor of Lower California. Minister Romero, at Washington, has received interesting information concerning Maxi milian'! attempt at an Informal abdication. Mar shal Bazaine, it seems, suspected nothing when Maximilian went to Orizaba. The latter, however, sent word to the commander of the frigate Dandolo to bo ready to start immediately, and the commander oom munlcated the fact to the French commander at Vera Cruz, who communicated It to Bazaine, and the Utter countermanded the order. He further notified Maximi lian that he could not leave without a formal abdication, as bis doing so would leave the French troops in a ridi culous position. The news from the seat of war in Paraguay comes by way of Rio Janeiro, dated October 0. Full details of the recent assault on Fort Curupaity by the allies, and their disastrous repulse, are given by our correspondent. The iron clads built by British contractors were com pletely disabled under the fire of tho fort. Floras, who commands the Oriental troops of the allied armies, with drew with bU forces after tho battle, and has probably abandoned the war. Our letter from Buenos Ayres is to the 20th of Septem ber. No nows of political or financial importance is mentioned. The steamer Oriental, owned by Savory k Co., of New York, was wrecked near the harbor, and uhen our correspondent mailed his letter was going to pieces in a tremendous gale. Our Valparaiso correspondence to the 17th nit. con tains interesting accounts of the state of aflhirs In Chile. The preparations for defence are still going on, although nothing has been heard from the Spanish fleet. There is little doubt, however, that peace will be permanently established, as two of the allied Powers bad consented to an Anglo-French mediation, and tho Chilean Minister was in consultation with tho other ministers on the sub ject. The matter would no doubt bo deflnltoly settled in a couple of weeks. General Vlckers, of Philadelphia, Is to have tho contraot to build two railroads for the gov ernment. Date* from Australasia to tho 18th ult. are received. The New South Wales Parliament had passed several measures of publlo utility, and the financial aflhirs of the colony were in a gratifying condition, although commer cial matters were seriously depressed owing to the panic . in England and the failure of orops in all the Australian colonies. The Parliament was prorogued on the 8th ult. The Maori war was still going on, tho government, how ever, obtaining several decisive advantages. The new tariff imposes duties on articles of American manufac ture heretofore imported free. The Equal Rights Convention called in May last met in Albany yesterday fbr the purpose of obtaining repre sentation In the approaching convention for amending the State constitution. Lucy Stone Black well was placed in the chair in the absence of Lucretia Mott, who was absent sick. Mrs. Cady Stanton, Lydia Molt, Fred. Douglas, Parker Plllsbury and n number of others of lesser fnrae were present. Resolutions were adopted demanding female and negro suffrage, and alternately lauding and denouncing the democratic party. The ceremony of laying the corner stono of the Ma sonic Temple at Baltimore, took place yesterday. An Imposing proooselon of the Masonic Boole ties was on* of ] the features of tho occasion. President Johnson arrived in the morning and reviewed tho procession from the steps of Governor Swann's mansion. News from Japan says that Mat* Faaht had succeeded to the Tycoonata, by proclamation. There are fifteen or twenty thousand troops oonoen trated In Washington, and between that city and Balti more. Various speculations are abroad as to the lslvn tlon in ooncentrating so large a fere* at th* present time. A special Court will he Wld la Toronto on the 10th proximo, to try the balance of the Fenian prisoners In that city. Two regiments of Infantry are to ha stationed at Bedford during the trial* of the prisoners tbaro. It Is now alleged that th* combinations of th* Far Western Railroad party, the Express Company and Mr. Erastcs Corning, which has been formed for th* pur pose of electing Mr. W. G. Fargo, President of the Mew York Central Railroad, has been made for the purpose of aggrandising the Interests of tho American Express Company to th* exclusion of th* Merchants' Union Ex press Company, and that ta the evest of Mr. Fargo'e election the oars of the Merchants' Union will be driven from the Central Railroad, thai leaving that line open for the American. A determined fight took place yesterday on the Vir ginia tide of the Potomac, below Alexandria, between Robert Whits, ot Boston, sad Michael Cur, of New To ? While broke his collar bona in the first round, but fought namely to the last, asd was declared victor after forty four severe rounds, when Carr made a foul hy striking liira in the breast when down. Frederick Weed, a nephew of Thuriow Weed sad well known in this city, committed suicide in Salt Lake City on the loth of November. He left a letter, which stated as a reason for his rash act that he was tired and dis couraged. A colored preacher in Richmond was shot yesterday hy another colored man. who caught him in a question able situation with the latter'? wife. He also shot his wife, but not dangerously. The preacher died and the murderer was arrested. Theodore Tllton lectured In Boston last evening, be fore the Parker Fraternity, on the subject of "The Cor ner Stone of Reconstruction." Two merchants of Boston disappeared yesterday, leav ing liabilities behind them to the amount of $174,000 and as-ota to the amount of nine pair of boot* and a boop ?kin Oovernnr Worth's m?M(t m sent to tb? North Caro lina Legislature yoeterdsy. He ttkee decided (round ncainsi the constitutional amendment, and rocommanda that the Northern 81 a tea moon rage the settling of negroes tn their own section of the country Re aaya the difficulties of moving them there may be overoome by diverting the appropriation to sustain the Freedmen's Bureau to defraying the expenses of those negroes who prefer to moss North. (Jorernor Manrln, of Florida, In a message to the legislature of that State, also takes ground against the adoption of the amendment Ex-Oorernor A. O. Magrath. of Charleston, 8. t\, has written a letter strongly urging on his fallow rltlsene In the Legislature tha adoption of tba constitutional amendment. Judge Cooper, of the Murfreosboro' (T?nn.) Circuit Court, has decided that the present Legislature of that Mate it bogus and the franchise law la unconstitutional Poor T***iAicr!?The used-up romp leaders of Tammany are In n sad and pitiable con dition. They ran John MoCool for Register, and be waa beaten by twenty thonaand votes. Incenaed at their ignominious defeat, they tnrn eplteftilly upon two of their own members who threw off the yoke end voted for Miles O'Reilly, and make an effort to expel them from Tammany. Bat, nine! the ramp leaders have not even strength enough left for the gratlfleatlon of revenge. Their follow era laughed at them nod reftued to tnrn out the recusant members. The whole rotten ooooorn U rapldlr drooping to pit PreaMeat J ah?a'a Flu-Tke Plaa af Caa ?raaa aa<l tbe Plaa DeaaaM fc? (ha OrMa. President Johnaoa'a plan of Southern re storation, failing in the South, discarded by Congress and condemned in the North, is dead and done for. In the outset, with its three conditions precedent, viz.:?The recog nition of the supreme national sovereignty of the United States, the ratification of the con stitutional amendment abolishing slavery, and the repudiation of the debts and obligations of the rebellion, it seemod to be a fair and promising programme. It started off hand somely, in the absence of Congress and under the stimulus of Executive pardons, but the State reorganizations thus effected were slip shod and too loosely put together to pass an examination under any test of the constitu tion or the law of nations. The civil rights of the liberated blacks and the important ques tion of negro suffrage and negro representa tion were meantime left untouched; for the leading idea of Nr. Johnson was to restore the disabled States, as for as possible, with their old State rights intact, as before the war. This was a grave mistake, and it was followed too for, as events have shown ; but it could have been easily repaired bad the President adhered to his original declarations, that his provisioual work was subject to the approval or rejection of Congress. This was the rock npon which he foundered?assuming an equal jurisdiction with Congress, and the popular verdict of the late Northern elections, in re jecting his policy and his defence of the course he has pursued in his conflict with Congress, amounts to a decree from the sovereign people taking this business from his hands and re storing it absolutely into the hands of Con gress. Hence the present views, inclinations and purposes of the President in this matter are important only eo far as they are likely to operate in facilitating or retarding a settlement by Congress. Tbe plan of Congress, endorsed by all the Northern States, is that embodied in the pend ing constitutional amendment. It appears to be, however, in the face of these recent elec tions, so bitterly repugnant to tbe South as to be hopeless of any voluntary ratification in that quarter during the existing generation of loading Southern politicians. The especially obnoxious feature of the amendment to those politicians is the section which oxcludcs from all federal offices hereafter, till absolved by a two-thirds vote of Congress, a certain class of the Southern loaders identified with the late rebellion. Leaders and followers plead that tbe dishonor of their own condemnation in volved in this condition they must at all hazards reject with scorn and disgust. This is a serious difficulty. How is it to be removed? Tbe duty of solving the problem will de volve upon Congress. The alternative pre sented is the exclusion of tbe unrecognized States to the end of the present generation, or some modifications of the amendment, in order to bring them in without fortber loss of time. A general amnesty will at once remove the main difficulty indicated, and universal suf frage will settle all the embarrassments arising from the negro question. But the prejudices of caste and color cultivated in the South for two hundred years are so infused into the blood and bones of the Southern white race that they revolt at this idea of negro political equality, and will never consent to it. What then? Is the Union to remain disorganized and discordant, is the South to be indulged indefinitely In a quasi state of rebellion, with its vast resources of wealth, trade and pros perity lying waste, and with its people drifting to sedition, riots and anarchy, because South ern prejudices block the way ? No! There must be a remedy for this evil, and tor the good of the whole country It must be applied. President Johnson has said that if there are but five thousand good and loyal men in one of these disabled State* they are enough for its reconstruction. Congress, then, in s lsw providing for certain organic State elec tions, and defining, as tbe President has done, who shall be voters, with the power and authority given to General Grant to enforce the law in these elections, may very readily overcome this aforesaid obstruction of caste and color. Soms such legislation, beginning at the bottom, is evidently demanded for Southern reconstruction. The interests of the Sonth, the North, the Treasury, and of tbe whole Union, demand this legislation. I Beginning tho work of reconstruction, then, de now, Congress, in an enabling act, has only to weed out the impracticable oecesb and fire eating elements of the States concerned and j to put General Grant on guard, in order to ' make the work of Southern restoration as simple as tbe rule of subtraction. The first essential is to accept the self-evident facts that the President's work of reconstruction is an embarrassment, that Congress must begin at I the beginning, from Virginia to Texas, inas much as the rebellion, from the Potomac to the Rio Grande, though disarmed, still remains , to be subdued. The Interioritt or the Enoijsh Iro.v-Ci.aim.? We published exclusively in the Hnui.n of yesterdsy the official reports of the important naval battle between the allied fleet and the Paraguayan* before the fort of Curupaity; and this morning we give additional particu lars from our correspondent at Rio Janeiro, fully explanatory of the movements looking towards negotiations for peace, their failure and the battle, detached and unintelligible ac

counts of which have come to as hy way of England and the cable. Those of our readers who are acquainted with naval warfare and war ships oannot bnt be deeply Interested In the fhcts developed by that engagement. It is appareot that the art of war. as practised in Paraguay, is but little behind our own in perfectaees; that not only have these Powers large armies and powerful fleets, bnt that they are well equip ped and splendidly armed with the best weapons of modern manufacture, while some of the engagements, including that before Cnrupsity on the 22d of September, have been of a magnitude and desperation second only to the Isle battles in this eonntry. Tn the last battle the allied forces were sup ported by a powerful fleet, embracing Ave Iron-clads, three of English and two of French oonstruction. When moving to the attack the two Frenoh vassals, the Bahla and Lima Bar* ros, were plaeed in advance, as If the allied oommatider bad greater confidence In their strength then In tkoee of Rnglleh make. Although in the moet exposed position, the Vroaoh vassal* ssoeped wtsheut Mary, being but seldom struck, owing to tho small surface above the water exposed to lire, and were not materially damaged when struck bp the shots of the sixtj-eight pounders of the enemy. Tho Brazil, an iron-clad of English manufacture, and, like all English war vessels, setting high above the water, was, on the contrary, badly damaged and really disabled by the same fire as that to which the French vessels were ex posed, even though she was not subjected to as close a shelling. The shots of the enemy frequently entered the portholes of the Brazil; her guns were disabled and silenced, the helm broken and her casemate so started and shat tered as to render her unfit to again go into action. This action is a further proof of the inferiority of the English built iron-clads, and every experience of our own war and those in South America has shown the inferiority, not only of those of the English and French, but of the iron-clads of all other nations compared with our own. ? t'lcy Gu aid Railroad Conpaalea aad their Abuse*?1The Duty ef the Loflilatire. The people of Boston are just now engaged in agitating the question of cheap gas. They have suddenly awakened to the fact that they are paying to the Boston Gas Light Company three dollars and twenty-five cents per thousand feet for their gas, while the city manufhctures a better article for its own consumption at the public institutions at Deer Island and Sonth Boston at a cost of only one dollar and thirty cents per thousand, which expense would, of course, be greatly reduced if it possessed equal facilities with the private corporation. The City Council, taking these (hots into considera tion, are debating the expediency of making the manufacture of gas for the whole city a public affair, repealing the charter of the Gas Light Company, and supplying the consumers at the minimum cost, after defraying the neces sary expenses of management In Cincinnati, a few months ago, a similar movement was made, and in the discussion to which it gave rise it was demonstrated that wherever cities are supplied by private companies the people are compelled to pay for their gas abont double the prioe it costs when manufactured by the city. The agitation of the question is not confined to this country; for several English cities are petitioning for a law authorising the municipal corporations to manufacture gas for public consumption, to be supplied to the con sumer at the lowest possible cost. It is time for the citizens of New York to direct their attention to this important subject and to be prepared to press upon the Legisla ture, which will soon convene, their demand for an immediate reform in this city and Brooklyn. Next to cheap food and cheap fuel the great mass of our people are interested in securing cheap light, cheap water and cheap transportation. The policy which made the supply of water a public matter and established the Croton Aqueduct Department has secured this great necessary of life to the public at a very trifling cost. The polioy which has bestowed upon private individuals the gas and railroad franchises of the two cities has left the people at the mercy of greedy corporations and com pelled them to submit to their extortions. In this city the price of gas is three dollars and a half a thousand feet. In Brooklyn there are two companies, divided by Atlantic street, one of which charges three dollars and seventy five cents and the other three dollars and twenty-five cents. In both cities gas could be manufactured and supplied, after paymont of all cost, for less than two dollars a thousand, leaving a profit to the city for the benefit of the taxpayers. In like manner the railroad franchises of the two cities have been given away to private individuals, who are making enormous fortunes at the expense of the public. The cities get no benefit from them; the people are defrauded by them. Three years ago the Third Avenne Railroad Company divided eighty-aeven and a half per cent, and every year it pays a dividend of twelve per cent. Other city railroads are realising eqaally enormous profits, taken out of the hard earn ings of the working population and put into the pockets mainly of political adventurers and lobby speculators. A city railroad bill passes in Albany with fifty names in it as cor porators. Probably forty of these represent members and lobbymen, and are bought out by the remaining ten, receiving each a little fortune as his share of the plunder. All this outlay the travelling publio have to make good, as well as to enrich a dozen individuals, comprising contrac tors, brewers, "ring" politicians, worn out editors. ex^Clcrks ot the Assembly, ex-Sen ators and ex-Assemblymen from the rural dis tricts. who remain in to run the concern and purchase houses, and live in a shoddy aris tocracy atyie in the upper part of the city ont o.! the profits. Bnt for the greed of these pri rnte corporations the laboring man could ride b om one end of the island to the other for three cents, and at that rate he could afford to live in a healthy, decent neighborhood and take his family out of the reach of the diseases that hover about the crowded cheap neighbor hoods where he is now compelled to find a home. There is but one way to remedy these evils. The people are entitled to all the benefits and profits to be derived from the valuable fran chises of the city. There is no reason why poor men should any longer be compelled to pay exorbitant prices for light and transporta tion to enrich private individuals. The taxa tion of the city reaches twenty million dollars. It is not just that this heavy burden should be laid upon the taxpayers while they are debarred from realizing any benefit from the city franchises. The Legislature should repeal every gas and railroad charter granted to private individuals in New York and Brook lyn and place tbem in the bands of the city governments. A Board of Public Works should be created, and the manufacture <?f gas and the running of the eity railroads should be under its controL Light shoald be supplied and transportation famished to the citizens at the lowest possible expense. The workingman would then he able to travel to any part of either city for three cents, and the housekeeper would find his gas bill cut down more than one-half. Aad even at these moderate rates a good profit weald be realised by the city, which would go towards lightening the preeent heavy bardea of the taxpayer. At a rough calculation the profits of the gas and railroad companies In New York and Brooklyn eaonot be lees then fifteen to twenty million dollars aoqaatlv. ?*** d^Jor of this enormous revenue goes into private pockets, when it justly belongs to the people and should be appropriated to their benefit. The country legislators talk about the terrible democratic vote of wicked New York and naughty Brooklyn. Here is a way to wipe out these party majorities. Let the republican Legislature show that they deserve the con fidence of the masses of the working people by repealing every private gas and railroad charter they have granted, instead of dealing out new jobs to the lobby; let them legislate so as to secure to the citizens cheap gas and cheap fere, through the medium of a Board of Public Works, and the popular endorsement of their conduct will soon be made manifest at the ballot box, even in these benighted municipalities. The Ocean Yaok, Hace I. December-*?b ?crlptlon by New Yerk Merchants. The meteoric shower, the benefit of Madame Riatori, the defeat of the " ring," Cornell's more or less than Christian resignation, the Herald's new plan of reeo nstracting the South by means of another Union army, the varying phases of the Mexican question, the last new fashions of short skirts, no crinoline and bro caded silks, the improvements along Broad way and Fifth avenue, the prospeots of a bril liant winter season, the pictures at the Acade my of Design, the possible and probable can didates for the Comptrollersbip, the anniver sary of the founding of the Historical Society, the projected alliance between President John son and Chief Justice Chase, the arrangements for public and private balls, the nomination of1 Greeley for Senator, and?last but not least? the weather, are current topics of conversa tion in the various circles of society; but everywhere the topic that seems to supersede all others in interest and to excite the most general attention and debate is the approach ing ocean race between three members of the New York Yacht Club. No new developments have recently transpired officially, and the questions whether the owners of the yachts are to sail in them, and whether other yachts are to be admitted to competition with the Fleetwing, Vesta and Henrietta, are still unsettled. Never theless, the newspapers continue to discuss the subject, and in their articles, as well as in con versation and in the letters of correspondents, numerous suggestions are made. One of our contemporaries, for example, tries to throw cold water upon the yachts mon?who will probably have enough of it before they get across the ocean?by insinu ating that their only purpose is "to win and pocket a given sum of money," and that their yaohts are bound "for Cowes and a market." Nothing is to be gained by such ill-natured sneers as these. When our contemporary talks of "Cowes and a market" in connection with American yachtsmen it commits a posi tive bull We have already pointed out the obvious fact that If yachtsmen simply desire to win money they can do so without goiug to sea. Up to the present time the members of | our Yacht Club have been content to cruise about the Sound in pleasant weather, and their greatest achievement has been a race to Cape May and return. The sweepstakes now arranged will revolutionise all this and inau gurate a new era in American yachting. It is true, as our contemporary states, that yachts have already crossed the Atlantic, and that the America, the Sylvie and the Alice have accom plished this feat; but that it is no very easy journey is proven by the fact that only these three yachts have attempted it. Neither did the Sylvie, the America and the Alice under take to race across, but they started for a more voyage, selecting the summer months and not caring how long they were on the way, so that tbey could arrive safely at last. We have no intention of under-estimating the performances of these stout and stanch boats; but there is the same difference between their voyages and the race to be sailed in December as there Is between riding around the Park roads for exercise some pleasant afternoon and dashing over the Jerome park course in a steeplechase over hedges, hurdles, walla and brooks. The latter may be a dan gerous pastime, but it requires pluck, endur ance and skill to perform; and these are pre cisely the qualities to be developed in our young men by ocean yacht races, and are to be valued for themselves and for their effect upon our national character and reputation, quite aside from any pecuniary reward that may accrue from their cultivation and ex hibition. But it is a curious instance of the diversity of public opinion that we should receive, on '^T ?"J contemporary's article appeared, a letter from a South street mer chant expressing very diverse views. Our contemporary seems to complain because there is some money at stake upon the ocenn race, while the Houtb street merchant anxious that the stake should be made larger by a voluntary subscription of ono hundred thousand dollars, to be divided into prises for the three yachts now entered. Sncb a sub scription would be thoroughly American and exceedingly liberal and generous. The vachts men do not aak for It; Indeed, so lar as we are informed, the contestant* are very well satisfied with the terms of (be race already arranged These terms were not hastily proposed and accepted, but were deliberately agreed upon alter considerable consultation. At the same time we do not believe that the yachtsmen would refuse to allow our leading merchants to interest themselves in s matter which is. as onr correspondent reminds us, a national affair involving our national pride. Each of tbe contestants is naturally hopeful of winning the race, and consequently gives no thought to tbe expense ; bat as only one can win two must lose, and if our merchants choose to re munerate the losers for the money expended in preparing for tbe race, tbe offer ought not to be declined through any talse sentiment. Every one will remember tbe effect which the victory of tbe America had npon the business of our sbip builders and npon the estimation which English yachtsmen bad for their breth ren upon this aide of tbe ocean; and as the December raoe will be even more national and more exciting than that of the America, we anticipate even greater results from it. partic ularly as it is to be followed by a match be tween the winner and the fastest British yacht In this view the chaff of onr eontemporarv ?bout "Cowes and a market" 1. excessively ill-timed, and the suggestion of onr South ?fr-t correspondent d^erv*. . earefW and practical consideration from the large claaa of wW(?h * 09011| The Recall etf Orm* 4* UwMeatkora Kiripc Agalut the Nwthtn Rower*. It is reported in Paris tbat M. Droajn do Lhnys, recently displaced from the Ministry, is to be recalled, and will again hare the port folio of Foreign Affairs. This fact?If it shall prove that the statement is true?will tend to confirm all that has been heard of the dan gerous complications of Buropean diplomacy that have occurred since the close of the war. It was very broadly stated in the summer that the Emperor had arranged bis sobeme with Prussia over the head of Drouyn de Lhuys, and that the Minister and the sovereign were at direct and even stormy issue as to what the rdle of France shonld be in the premises. The Emperor may very possibly now be convinced that his able and experienced Minister saw the case more clearly than he himself did. He may feel that he has been out-played in the great political game of the erection of Prussia into a first class Power, and, under the influ ence of that impression, naturally turns to the astute adviser who warned bim of the conse quences from the first. If the recall of the Minister has any such starting point as this, we may expect to see, under the joint influence of de Lhnys in France and von Beast in Aus tria?the two great opponents of Bismarck and the Prussian policy?the initiation of a very earnest and practical Franco-Austrian alUanoe and attempt to recover the ground lost M. Drouyn de Lhuys is perhaps the man who can be relied upon to make the most of the game against the Northern alliance. The Con vention of September was his handiwork, and knowing best how to avoid it, he may yet easily enough make Rome the price of Italian compliance with French plans. There are sev eral escapes from the binding foroe of the oon vention, and be had his thoughts upon one of these long ago, when he informed the Italian government that in case after the agreement had once been actually carried out by France and Italy the Holy Father should aot be able to sustain himself, for such an event France reserved her "liberty of action." That is, France would take away her troops in 1866 because of her promise, but nothing should prevent her sending them baek in 1867 if she saw fit. Here is the price of another ally against the North, an ally ot the Latin race. And the consolidated kingdom of the Iberian Peninsula will fnraiah another. The Portuguese press has been refractory ou the subject of the union of the Iberian kingdoms. They have declared that Portugal did not desire such an event, and had no ideas of *el?*ggran dixement or thoughts inimical to Spain. Just now M. Monthoiou, some time the Emperor's representative in the Important mission near this government, has been sent to Lisbon. Evi dently. tben, the Lusatian capital has become a place as important as Washington was during our great war and while the scheme of a Mexi can empire was in full bloom. United France, Italy, Spain and Portugal, with Austria, wijl be a tair balance to the Russo-Prussian alli ance, and the Emperor will even have reason to thank Prussia if the plans of that turbulent Power should help to a happy conclusion his pet idea of coalescing the Latin races. Thk Sons or Downing thi Freer.?It is gratifying to know that some members of the colored raoe, who bare attained a respectable and pecuniarily prominent position, have ths good sense to stick to tbeir business and keep clear of politics. The two sons of Downing, the first colored king in the land of oysterdom, whose reputation tor pickling the delioious bivalves on new and improved principles has outlived his decease, are examples of good sense in this regard: for we perceive that they are sedulously pursuing the policy of their suave, polite and distinguished father of Im mortal Broad street memory, by devoting themselves to pickling oysters and furnishing fashionable entertainments with the luxuries of life from their apartments in the Custom House building on William street, with a con venient side door on Wall street for tl|e modest denizens of that Rialto. It is true that one of the Downing fill some time ago undertook to lecture President Johnson in Washington on the rights and privileges of the colored race, but finding the President too much of a hard shell politician for his skill in the manipula tion of mollusks, he wisely abandoned politios and fell back on his original base in the cuisine department of the Custom House, for which we congratulate the boir ot our ancient friend Downing, to whose ashes be there peace 1 ? Emigration to Baasu-?An agency for the transportation of emigrants to Brazil baa been recently opened in Broadway. It is situated directly opposite the offices of the Brazilian Consulate, and is asid to be acting under its authorization. It promises, by advertisements and bills profusely distributed, a free passage and "homestead*," the extent of which, how ever, is not specified. The temptations thus held out have attracted large numbers of the poorer classes. and the entrance to the office in crowded from morning till night. From cir cumstances that have transpired, and especially from the fact that the applicants are required to sign an obligation for the repayment of fifty dollars, it would seem thst the passage is not free, as stated in the bill*. If there is any doubt on this point it should be at once cleared up in the interest of thoae who trust to these promises. There are precedents in the con duct of the Brazilian governmeut towards the German emigrants?who have been forced to enter the Brazilian army or to work as peonee at miserable wages?which suggest doubts whether these offers are not made to entrap recruits for the bloody campaign now being waged In Paraguay, or at least to seenre labor ers at the same starvation rates. The news just received from Paraguay .is of a character to suggest caution on the part of emigrants before they accept the inducements beid not to them in the bills of the Brazilian agency. If the doubts suggested are not well founded tbey ought at once to be set at rest by aa offl ciai refutation of tbem on the part of the Bra zilian Consul. The New Post Owen.?Hoard of Al dermen has -amended the order" conveying the lower end of the City Hall Park to the general government, so as to make the price one million dollar* Instead of half that sum. The additional half million tires demanded above what the government is ready to give is donbtlesa fbr the 44 ring" ; bnt the demand tsa great mistake on the port of those financiers. It will delay the sale. Government is ready to give the half million now; but the demand for a milllOQ Will tbr(ow the wjj.jls tqtytgt baot^