Newspaper of The New York Herald, November 22, 1866, Page 6

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated November 22, 1866 Page 6
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NEW YORK HERALD. JAMBS OOBDCftr bssbtbtt, lditqji and PROPBxrroa OFFICE N. W. COHNKB OP PULTON AND NASSAU 3TS. THE DAILY HERALD, published every day in the year, Four cent* p?r oopy. Annual subscription price, 914. THE WEEKLY HERALD, every Saturday, at Fin ?eats per oopy.^ Annual subscription prtoe:? OneCopp iH Three Copies 5 rive Copies S Ten Copies IS Any larger number addressed to names of subscribers f 1 SO each. An extra copy will be sent to every club often Twenty ooptes to one address, one year, 9*9, and any larger number at same price. An extra copy will be sent to clubs of twenty. These rates make ;Ae IFjmklt Hcaau) the cheapest publication in the oountry. Footage Ave cents per copy for three months. NO NOTICE taken of anonymous correspondence We do not return rejected communications. JOB PRINTING y every description, alto Stereotyp ing and Bngrantng, neatly and promptly executed at the outest rates Volume XXXI No* AMUSEMENTS THIS EVENING. ?. BROADWAY THEATRE Broadway, near fiioome ?treat.?Th* Merchant or Venice. NEW YORK THEATRE, Broadway. opposite New York Hotel.?OuirriTH (Jaunt, ob Jealoust. THEATRE FRANOAIS, Fourteenth streat. near Sixth avenue.?Zampa, the Bridh or Marble. GERMAN THALIA THEATRE. No. 514 Broadway.? Humobistiscuk Studies?Die Zillkrthaleu. GERMAN STADT THEATRE, Noe. 45 and 47 Bowery ? m M asoh i nen haver; odkb, Arbeit Mac in Das Lrbkn use. DODWORTH'SHALL. 8Ufi Broad w?v.?Prope$sor Harts will Fkkfokm his Miracles.?Tut Mtsteiit. P B< RAN FRANCISCO MINSTRELS. 585 Broadwav, opposite the Metropolitan Hotel?Is their F.rnioriAN Entertain ments, SINGING, DaNCINO AMD BCULKSUUES? MeTROUIC Showers ok Falling Stars. FIFTH AVENUE OPERA HOUSE, Nos. 2 and 4 West Twenty-fourth streei.?Bvdwortii's Minstrels.?'Cthiopian MiNSTKRi.tr. Ballads, Burlesques, Ac. A Trip to tub Moon. KELLY A LEON'S MINSTRELS. 720 Broadway, oppo. lite the New York Hotel.?In their Sonus, Dances. Eccen raioTias, Ac.?Excursion Abound tux World, a Trouble bore Lruaot. TONT PASTOR'S OPERA HOUSE. 201 Bowrrv. ? Coma VoOAl l?x ? NkuRO MlNSTRRLST BALLBC DIVERTISSEMENT, Ac.?The Faikibs or the Hudson.. CHARLEY WIIITE'8 COMBINATION TROUPE, at Meehanlrs' Hall, 472 Broadway?In a VARirrrr or Light AND LaUORARLK ENTERTAINMENTS, CORPS DE BaLLRT. AU. Fbnalb Clerks in Washington. BROOKLYN ACADEMY OF MUSIC ?Elizabeth. MRS. r. B. CONWAY'S PARK THEATRE, Brooklyn.? Rocambole; or, the Knave or Hbarts. HOOLRY'SOPERA HOUSE, Brooklyn ?Ethiopian Min? erRRL.tr. Ballads, Burlesques and Pantomimes. SBAVBR'S OPERA HOUSE, Williamsburg.?Ethiopian Winstkelst, Ballads, Comic Pantomimes, Ac. NATIONAL HALL, Harlem.?Grand Inauguration Con ceit. , NEW YORK MUSEUM OF ANATOMY. 618 Broadway. Yectthes with the Oet-Hydrogen Microscope twice dally. IIpad and Humit Arm or Probst. Open from a A. M. tilt 10 P. M. TRIPLE SHEET. Mew York, Thursday, November 'ft, I SOB. IBB N 8 W S, ZUBOFX. We reeelvod no cable news report last night, the New foundland telegraph Unea being "down." By the steamships ViUe tie Paris at this port and Af rica at Halifax, yesterday, we have Interesting mall de tails of the advices to the 11th of November. Our spocial correspondence from Smyrna, with a newspaper extract, published to-day, afford ovidence of the rapid oxtension of American ideas la Asia Minor, and the solid footing which an enterprising bond of our countrymen have obtained, by actual settlement, In Palestine. The British Cabinet ministers attended the banquet given by the new Lord Mayor of London. Earl Derby made a speech In which he oxprcssed friendly senti ments towards the United States. Tho Premier claimed that by the completion of the Atlantic telegraph Eng land perpetuates her title as "mistress or tho seas." General Caelolneau, It is said, Informs Napoleon that Maximilian will not abandon bis position in Mexico. The Krench Emperor promises to "protect" the Pope, both In his spiritual character and as a temporal sov ereign. During sn interview with Mr. Glsdstooe, ex-Chan ceHor of lite English Exohequer, Pius the Ninth hinted st Ireland ess place of reluge should be ho compelled to leave Rome the crrr. In the Board of Education laet evening a communica tion was rsooived from the Mayor nominating inspectors for the seven school districts of the city In the piece of tlioee whose terms of office expire on the 31st of Decem ber The other bualnese that camo up was not of any special interest to the public. The Common Counoil Commutes sppotntsd to con sider tbs application of ths government for land near the Battery, on which to oonsiruol a pier, met yosterlay, but booausn a quorum was not presont the meeting was adjourned for a week. The second annual parade of the Metropolitan Fire Department came off yesterday, and proved a decided Bucoeas The companies wsre reviewed at the Metro politan Hotel by the Commissioners, members of the Oovernor's staff, membsrs of the State legislature and a large number of citizen*. The procession pa-sod through several of the principal streets and was everywhere well received. The Shipowners' Association, In an address to the Sen ate Committee on Wharves and Piers of this city and Brooklyn, which have been In session for the last few days, recommended the creation of a commission autho rised to extinguish the titles of present ownera of wharves and piers and to devise plans for a |>erman*nt rebuilding. The Centre* and delegates of tha Fenian Rrmherhood Id till* vicinity held a meeting nt the Apollo Rooum, Id Prtno* afreet, on Sunday night, and eddrosned a Dnal appeal lor aid In tha revolution which la about to l>e In augurated In Iraland||to all cttlxena of the Metropolitan district and New Jeraey. A lectnro on "Brltlah Misrule In Ireland"'waa deliv ered laat evening, In the large hall of the Cooper Insti tute, by the Rev Father Vaughan, recently of county Clare, Ireland. The Congreaelonial Retrenchment Committee, while Inveatigatingthe aflhlr* of the New York Cnalom Ilouae, fliaoovered that the clerka were taxed four dollars a month for political purpoeea. and. If they refuted to pay, ?rare dieaharged. A very handeome eum haa been made |>y the Colleolor In the matter of bonded warehouaee, end it i* atated that he now makes $40,000 a year out of tits office. ? The I/eglelattve OommHtee had under consideration yesterday at the Street Commlaeloner'a office, the varl on* plana for the relief of Broadway by means of eleva ted and underground ntllwaya The Weet Side Aeeociation bold a meeting at Everett Ball laat evening, for the purpoea of conalderlng tha ?abject of rapid tntnaportation of paaaengera In the city. Resolutions were adopted oppoelng the gratuitoua giving Of railroad franchieee to Indivlduala or companies. Mr. Vanderburgh aobmltted a proposiuoo lor the construc tion of a railway from the battery to Harlem nrer under aenlh Broadway. An up town dletlltery waa yeeterday Uken pomaaalon OT by the Internal revenue offleera of tbe government, end e large quantity of eplrtle celled on a charge of a Violation of the Internal Revenue act Proceedings for the con (location of tha whlakey have been commenced. III* said that acrerat other dietiUerlee hare gone into tbe custody of tha collectors till the operations of tha proprietor* In tbe burning fluid dodge hare been inves tigetod. The examination of the distillers arrested re centlr in Brooklyn was oontlouad before Commie aloner Pew loo restart lev rrodegto^ Opchn^a^ VPMMOT flf ?1 m ?1 Internal rmiu, wtU b* this morning on tkl charg* of reoelvtnff p ^rtbe, and John hL Wttoon, a dim Mil* of Brooklyn, will b* triad for ottering * hrlh* to an inspector of the reronuo. Mr. Wllaoa had made an affidavit charging Cochue with receiving money from him. In the United State* Circuit Court yesterday, Judge Nelson presiding, the question of the legality of further arrests of dealers m lottery ticket* until the question of law In the oases at issue are decided, was dlsoussed at considerable length. The important opinion wa* given by Judge Nelson that no further arrests should be made till the Supreme Court had passed upon the point raised?whether the law contemplated on the part of lottery dealers a payment of a license or the Imposition of a tax for tho business. The question came up on the arratngment of two parties, who were discharged on their own recognizance. A full report of the matter will he found among our law Intelligence. In the United Slates Circuit Oourt, Judge Nelson de nied a motion for an injunction to prohibit dentists from usiug in their business Uoodyear's Dental Vulcanite pre paration. A cause In this matter la fixed for trial in the uext term of the oourt. . Before Justice Dowling yesterday afternoon, at the Tombs Police Court, the witnesses against Frank Helten and W. K. Bahcock, were examined, tending to prove an allogod .complicity in the Lord bond robbery. Mr. Gun uing a Bedford, Jr., Assistant District Attorney, ap peared for the people, Mr. John E. Burrill for Jay Cooke & Co., and lleeara. 0. L. Stuart, Algernon a Sullivan and ox-Judge Stuart for the prisoners. Ball was refused and they were remanded, the case being postponed nntll next Friday afternoon. The case of Rov. George T. Williams, the F.plscopal clergyman, who was recently arreetod ou a charge ot picking a lady's pocket in a Fifth avenue stage, was again before Justice Dodge yesterday. The complainant, Mrs. Moore, was not present, and, altora brier examina tion of witnesses, the case was adjourned uutil Thursday, December 0. James Dougherty was yestorday committed by Coroner Naiimann on the chargO of being implicated in the mur der of Walter Westcott. In First avenue, on tho 3d tnst. The evidence against him was given by two other mon, who were also arrosled ou the same charges and volun teered to turu Htalo'9 evidence. The further recession of gold restricted mercantile transactions within rather narrow limits yesterday, and though tho markets wero generally quiet, prices were, to a great extont, nominal. The chief Interest centred on 'Change, where tho markets were more than usually irregular. Cotton was quiet. Coflbe was unchanged, and sugar was a shade easior. On 'Change flour opened firmer, hut closed dull at prorioua prices. Whoat was a shade firmer. Corn was firm at the opening, but dull and heavy at the close. Oats wore lc. lowor. Pork was higher. Beof and lard were steady at unchunged prices. Freights steady, and whiskey dull and nomiual. MISCELLANEOUS. News from Moxico city to tbo 10th lust, has been re ceived. Maximilian was still at Orizaba, but was ex pected daily in tho capital. The Austrian frigate Dandolo was still In tho harbor of Vora Cruz ready to carry the Emperor to Europe. Our letter from Havana, Cuba, is dated November 12. Valuable mercantile statistics regarding the products, exportation, Importations, shipping and other commer cial matters arc contained in it, all of which is of interest to the bualneea community. Ten suspicions looking characters were arrested in Toronto yesterday. There arc only thirty-two Foeians in tho jail now who have not been tried. An appeal for a new trial for Lynch and the others condemned will be made to-day. A parly of American hunters have been killing deer for the New York market in large numbers hack of Ottawa, and the newspapers are urging that means bo adopted to put a stop lo tt. The ship Lampedo, on her trip from Savannah to New York, was cotnpellod to put into Fortress Monroe on Monday, wtth thirteen feet of water in her hold and badly disabled. The stoainship San Jacinto, from New York for Savannah, is a-horo off Fort l'ulaski. General Barrera and other officers of the Mexican gov ernment are In Norfolk, having been on board the Vixen when ehe was compelled to seek reruge in that port from the recent storm Robert Ould, the former robel Commtaaisner of Ex change; Jeff Deris' niece etui three Methodist preachers visited Jeff Davis on Tuesday. A family has been discovered in Chicago in a starving condition, and the wife and mother claims to be a sis Ux or John MorrisMy, Congressman elect from Now York, to whom she says alio has applied for aid. Rufus IV. Cowden, a jronug married man, living in Providence, R. I., attempted on Tuesday to cut the throat of his wife, from whom ho had been soparatcd, but was driven off by her grandfather after indicting sixteen severe wounds on her poison. Ho escaped until yesterday morning, when he cauio near his father's boose and cut his own throat so severely that the wounds will proliahly be fatal. The Boston Arm which was reported in the Henano yesterday as having abeoonded, leaving heavy liabilities behind, is now said to be the houso of Bars tow, Edson A Co , doing business on Federal street. The heaviest creditors are the Lynn and Mllford shoemakers. The East Boston Ferry Company has been Indicted for manslaughter, in the Boston Superior Court, on account of the killing of a man named Burns, who it Is alleged In the indictment was thrown from hia wagon by the improper adjustment of the ferry bridge and waa run over and killed. We were yestorday Informed that a landslide had oc curred on the line of the Allentown Railroad, and that trains were passing at considerable risk. The precis* locality was not stated. Six passenger cars on the Eastward bound Express train of the New York Central Railaoad were thrown from the track yesterday morning by a broken rail near Lyons. Twelvo or fifteen passengers wore Injured, but none of thorn soriously. The Canal Commissioners at Albany announce that tbe canals will be clcsed on the 13th proximo, except tbe Cham plain Canal, which will be closed on the 6th. five brothers, named Titus, got Into an altercation with a man named Elgin, in Missouri City, Kamuu, on Sunday last, wheu Elgin killod two of the brothers and escaped to a house, where lie was overtaken by the tur vlvors and killed while Winning. A band of regulators In Marion county, Kentucky, has been organized and three men have been hung. Others in the county jail would probably be soon served in the fame summary manner. An attempt was made on Friday night to take three prisoners from the Lebanon lall and hapg thjm. hut it proyed unsuccessful. ffis Eqnaf Rights Convention roassembled at Albany yeat rday. Mr Parker Pillabury offered a resolution protesting against the adopting of the constitutional amendment by the Bute Legislature. In the evening session a resolution was adoptod to present this protest to the State Legislature, and also a declaration of right to be repreeented by women as well as men In the Con vention to revise the constitution. Mrs. Cady Stanton, Charles L. Remond, Parker Piltshury and Lu<-g stone then hurled their respective oracular thunderbolts, and the convontlon adjourned nV du. , Uard to Swallow.?In another column will he found a communication addressed to us by ex-Governor Perry, of South Carolina, in whicit.. he vehemently denounces tbe constitutional amendment. We are not surprised at this. We must expect from the South all sorts of argu ments to prove that It will not do. But it will do, and must do. Whera is the patient that does not make wry fares at the medicine offered him t He may kick against It, but it is not tbe lese necessary to force it on him. The South just now in one of the sickeet of the politically sick, and the worst feature in its case Is that it does not know what is good for ft Its friend s and well wishers feel that there is but one remedy adapted to its ailmeots, and that Is the constitutional amendmant If it will not acoept It willingly, the inevitable re sult will be that this Coagress,',or tbe Congress that succeeds it, will, acting on tbe sentiments of the people as tndloated in tbe late elections, take poeeeeeion of the country, appoint mili tary governors and solve tbe diffloulty accord ing to its own views. We leave It to the Southern people to say whether they will be gainers by forcing matters to snob extremes. It is a wise maxim whloh says, "wheu you oan't have things your own way make the wayx of those you have to deal with OS smooth aad itaMi Tfc* to VUMUff^Ndi aImw f7 Btmtm mt l^rdatiw. An Important question In the history of our hemisphere is beiqg tried In die gallant strug gle that the Btanoh little free State of Paraguay is making against the Brazilian empire and its ulllea. This struggle, in its ultimate analysis, is for the South American continent just what onr war was for North America. It is a strug gle to determine the point of prevalence between systems?whether aristocratic and monarchical institutions?the imported tra ditions of the Old World?shall predominate, or whether democratic and republican institu tions in States formed on our own model shall shape the destinies of that continent In the recent important victory of Paraguay at Curu paity, as well as in the whole conduct of the war by that Power, we see the best augury for the result, for the absolute triumph of the real American system of free States and the downfall and destruction of the last Ameri can monarohy?the last stronghold of Eu ropean principles on this side the Atlantic. As has been the oase in many wars before, the real primary oause of the war, the sub ject that has brought the two systems of gov ernment in contact and put them on a trial of their merits, has searoely been named in the list ot reasons. This was simply the desire on the part of Brazil to control the vast river system?the Paraguay, Parana and Plate that drains the southern pari of her ter ritory. Only ' three little republics stood in tbe way. But tor I'uraguay, Uruguay and a strip of the Argentine Confedera tion, the southern boundaries of Brazil would be natural, the symmetry of her terri tory perfect and her way to the ocean by that great system absolutely free. Uruguay was distracted by a rebellion, and Brazil found a reason to interfere. Her reason was nearly tbo same as that given by France for intervention in Mexico. She must protect the interest of Brazilian subjects; and at the same time that she announced her intention to interfere and put a stop to tho rebellion that was breaking down the little republic she was fostering the rebellion by material assistance. Brazil succooded in inducing the Argentine republic to join her in tho pretended attempt to restore order in Uruguay. Tbe republic was perhaps tho dupe of Brazilian diplomacy, and its cupidity may have been excited by th? promise of some special favors in the naviga tion of the Paraguay river. One Power saw the true state of the case and divined the real purpose of Brazilian interference in the afTairs of her neighbor. This was Paraguay. Her government saw that the flght was on the ques tion of the existenoe of tho republics, and that Uruguay, once destroyed, Paraguay's turn would come noxt. That government, therefore, immediately informed Brazil that it would con sider the invasion of Uruguay by Brazilian troops a cause of war. Treating this bold re public with contempt, Brazil carried out her original design and occupied Uruguay. Para guay at once declared war. This was in the summer of 1864. The war has, therefore, lasted over two years, and now, as Paraguay stands on her defence, the present results of the two years' attempt to beat her down are instruc tive to the world as to the power of resistance inherent in free States. Tho war on the part of Brazil was in keep ing with the whole rush for the propagation and extension of monarchy iu America, which beg.in when it was so mistakenly supposed that the great republic of tbe United States had fallen to pieces. France rushed to Mexico, Sp tin nished first to Dominica, then to Chile, and Brazil rushed at ber apparently feeble neighbor, all finding the occasion in the immu nity that our danger gave. But all built on a false basis. Tho great republic was not ruined; and now France is drawing out and Spain is doing her best to follow the example. Brazil also must relinquish her designs. With her, however, the case is different. She has not the happiness of the other Powers in being able to retire to Europe. She is the next door neigh bor of the republics, and must stood and face the consequences of her attempt against their existence. This may involve the destruction ot the empire. The alliance against Paraguay is proved to be contemptibly powerless. It must break up. This failure will be the for feiture of tbe moral influence of Brazil on (he continent, and tbe next step will be a close league of all the SoiUh American republics, under the lead of Paraguay, and a general war against the empire on the score of com mon safety. Oue empire cannot stand in tbe presence of two continents filled with repub lics, nod tho tune is not far distant when the Emperor of Brazil may condole with his Mexi can Majesty at Mir a mar. A New Metrotomtan Government.?One oT the most important duties of the next Legislature, upon its assemblage in January, is to provide a good government Tor this eity. It is hardly necessary tp *f\y that t|je compli cated, corrupt and inefficient machinery under which we now live is worse than no govern ment at all. It is, in tact, divided up into half a dozen irresponsible departments, the only unity in the system being the fidelity of each department to practices of fraud and public stealing. The Legislature, therefore, should give us a stable government in place of the ricketj concern now existing; and tlte only way to do this is to appoint a Metropolitan Commission, comprising a consolidated gov ernment for New York, Brooklyn, Williams burg, Astoria and Richmond county. The interests of all these localities ars identical; in fact thsy comprise virtually but one popula tion, New York being the centre of a vast metropolitan district. Some yearn ago there

were several municipalities contained with in the limits which now compose the city of London; but they bsvs all been merged into one muolcipal system, which" i* found to work admirably. With the extraor dinary (hcllities for communication with all the suburbs of New York by meant of railroads and ferries, this eity is really as sompact?In cluding the Ikubonrgs named on Long Island and Staten Island?as the British metropolis. There is no reason, then, why it should not be placed under one grand metropolitan government. If the Legislators will enact snch a law and appoint a commission of the right kind to carry it into Operation we will have reached the point so long desired?an efficient and honest system of metropolitan government A department of public works should be embraoed In the plan, and this would cover all the deficiencies In the present mode of constructing unsafe buildings. Tbe manago ?Hifit ""* ""mil In^l and gas QfiMfis thus chezjf fajfef W?d cfieap liJVt to the popple, besides throwing an 1mmerne jevp nue into the public treasury for the rapport of | the government, which in distributed among the private pompaniee aud corporations now | reaping enormous profits out ef those franchises which properly belong to the over-burdened taxpayers. ( Thero Is no measure of reform so absolutely needed as this, and we earnestly commend it to the attention of the members of the Legis lature. The Charier RlertlM-The Hlnjr at Ira Old Tricks. The overthrow of the Tammany and Fer nando Wood candidate in the connty election by a majority of twenty thousand, and the defeat of the Baron von Hoffman and bis femous mustache by a majority of fifteen thousand in the State, might very well have been supposed to have disposed of the '-ring" and to have put a final stop to their intrigues and enterprises. But recent events show that the men who have so long fattened upon the city and enjoyod the good things of life at the expense of the taxpayers are not going to yield the control of twenty million dollars a year, with all Us jobs aud commissions, Its pickings and stealings, without a hard struggle. The approaching charter election begins to develop some exceedingly ingenious thimble rigging tricks on the part of the "ring" opera tors. First, we had Comptroller Brennan's letter to a few wealthy citizens, who signed what they supposed was a "character" for him upon leaving bis place, as a mistress will some times do for a maid when she wants to get rid of her. In this letter Brennan pitched into certain persons and made a parado of pretended honesty and a show of retiring from the contest for the Comptroller ship. It was thought to be a very ounningly devised co>ip d'etat, designed to divert public attention from Brennan until a late hour of the canvass, and is geuerally supposed to have been concocted and written by Peter Bogus Sweeney or Peter Blatherskite Sweeney or Peter Buncombe Sweeney, or probably by Bogus, Blatherskite and Buncombe Sweeney, all in one. Next wo had the resignation of StreeJ Commissioner Cornell, by which Judge Whiting was temporarily nonplussed, and the nomination by tho head of the "ring" of Mr. Isaac Bell as his successor, /he Aldermen hung up Mr. Bell, and the result is that Tweed, who is included in the charges of corruption made against Cornell, and who has always fur nished the polittaal brains to run the office for the benefit of the "ring," remains in as Street Commissioner and has the patronage and *?ds of the department under his thumb until after the charter election. From all this it is evident that Hofftaan, Peter Balderdash Sweeney, Tweed A Co., have resolved to run Brennan again for Comptroller as tho Tammany "ring" candidate, and to bold on to the Street Commissioner's office until after election, in order to use it for his sucoess. At present there is no prominent candidate in the field. The two Connollys, Mike and Dick, aro bustling about on their own account, but they do not amount to anything, and will have to wait a few years longer before they get the key of the city strong-box into their bands. The real object of all the Sweeneys is to secure the re-election of Brennan, aud he is their only candidate. We want our taxpayers and respect able citizens to thoroughly understand that all Peter Blubbering Sweeney's tears and protes tations pre make-believe, and that his true design is to put Brennan on tbe track at a late day, when his merits cannot be fully dironssed. Brennan, it is well known, is in no respect fit for the office. lie has neither sense, education nor financial ability. Neither his training in ?be grogshops or the Five Points nor his experience on the police, as constable or justice, fit him ror the chief financial office in the city. His complicity with the 'ring" lenders him above atl an undesirable person for the position. Since he has been Comp troller it is a notorious feet that the city office holders who are in the "ring" have all grown to be wealthy men, and that persons who have hud salaries of five or six thousand dollars a year Imve accumulated property and lived in ? style that fifty thousand dollars a year would not cover. And yet Peter Brazen Sweeney pretends that Brennan is not friendly to tbe '?ring.' Let our respectable citizens and in dependent voters remember that the true game of Tammany is to spring Brennan upon them as a candidate for Comptroller, and let them m.ike up their minds to vote against him and not to l>? cajoled and wheedled over by I 'ctor Bu llonbolo Swcmcy, Thk Mtvtkriohs Inuwci or the Herald.? Some of our contemporaries arc very much exercised about the extraordinary influenco of the Hmuld. and think that, like Providence, we Tflbve in a mysbyious war otir wouderstojjer form. According to tHelr account" the ffiRALD manage* and regulates everything in a moat peculiar manner. Sometime* we oppose a candidate in order to elect liira. Sometime* we favor a measure in order to defeat it. We All the pockeU of the "ring'' of associated managers by showing np their immorality, and we enrich the independent managers by ap plauding Ihem. We stop the meteoric shower here by announcing it, and get up a meteoric shower in England so that we may nonplus Professor Loom is and beat alt the other papers our special cable despatch. Well, we ac knowledge that all this is ve^^iirioulf lhd wi do not blame our contemporaries for not un derstanding ail our movements; but they have the consolation of knowing that if they wait long enough they will see the results of the Urrald's operations, and that "whatever K is right," or ought to be. Whereabouts or Yocwo Retchcr.?A report was put into circulation some time since, to ths effect that young Ketcbum had been secretly released from fc?ing 8ing Prison and ssnt to Europe, where be was to remain until near the close of the term of his imprisonment, then to return, and be on hand to receive his formal discharge. This story is set at rest by a letter to an Albany paper, which statea that young Ketcbum cheerfhlly acquiesced in his sentence, went to prison unresistingly, haa remained there submissively ever sinee, discharging his duties with intelligence, Industry and accuracy, and winning confldenoc by bis exemplary con duct. His friends will be gratified at this In telligence and will no donbt make prepara tion# to ran him for Congress on bis I ? position for whioh he will be dely qualified us soon ae hs has woffcffi oet fiia teem Is the i i BIstMiMl WwujhfM ft Aatflaa Oh. \ ?rata. The mm U not ? flattering MrMt Pbtytfr, bat we dUoiples of Daguerrq beet 8)f Thpmas Lawrence In making faithful likenesses. Crom well, wnp cried " Paint ute [as I am," shoi^ld have lived la these days, when photography flourishes. Pe^aps even he would have have winced under the light which Mr. Shanks uses in photographing the more prominent generals in the recent American war. Daring that war " very few generals appeared great to the war correspondents," and Mr. Shanks, who has been desoribed by a contemporary as "the best writer among the Herald's sixty-three war correspondents," lias written a book entitled "Personal Recolleotions of Distin guished Generals," in which he reduces some of his subjects to truly lilipullan proportions. His bnmp of veneration not being inordinately developed, he could not see an Alexander in every officer, and not all of his sitters and their admirers will be apt to applaud the oan dor and impartiality which he manifests. It may he that in wishing to avoid the fulsome flatteries en the one hand, aud the indiscrim inate abase on the other, to whioh certain idols or oertain scapegoats of the public have beeome accustomed, the author of "Per sonal Recollections" may fail to have his motives appreciated by all. He may bate erred sometimes in his impressions, but be has certainly given such as he had. And it is refreshing, if only by way of variety, to moot with a writer who aims to give honestly his actual impvessions, oven if be is tempted occasionally to nse rather stronger language than may suit an over-fastidious taste. The advance sheets of Mr. Shanks' handsomely printed and illustrated volume have been sent to us by the publishers, Messrs. Harper & Brothers, and hive enabled us to verify the author's statement In bis preface:?"I write with the Arm belief that historical truth should be only less sacred than religious truth." Without fear or favor he exhibits to the reader a group of generals, just as he saw them him self, "not on parade, but in undress uniform." He aims to illustrate not only their great mili tary qualities, but more particularly their mental peculiarities and characteristics. His pages will be found to contain m&Dy facts about some of the groat battles which official reports have left untold, with such recollec tions of our generals as history proper will not perhaps condescend to record, and to em brace singular facts about great campaigns and strange stories about great men. "The portraits are freely drawn. They are made from actual studies, if not special sittings; and whilo taking care to give every beauty, I have omitted," says the author, "none of the de formities or blemishes of my subjects, though I have told in full detail their virtues, and have touched on their fault* and vices lightly. I have avoided alike extr. me extravagance in praise or oensnre. Still there is enough shadow to the pictures to give tho necessary, if not agreeable, contrast to the lights." Sherman is depicted in this volumo as the strategist, the genius of the war, full of life, energy and originality, but ill-tempered, egotistical, and "as great a despot at heart as was Frederick the Great." Thomas, the tena cious, is a tactician, without originality or strategic ability?of cold blood, and, ap parently, cold heart, but "pure as Bayard;"? of colossal mind, like Kleber, and slow In exe cution, like McDonald?in a word, the reverse of Sherman. Grant?whose genius the Ukraid wa.i tbe flr-ir to appreciate ami proclaim?Is the writer's hero, ami he is delineated as the perfect general?the full combination of the strategist. Sherman, and the tactician, Thomas. Sherman is 14 as mercurial as a Frenchman and as demonstrative as an Italian ; Thomas as phlegmatic as a Dutchman and as tena cious as an Englishman; while Grant, in everj characteristic, in doggedness, per. tinacity, positiveness and taciturnity, is tborsughly American, and nothing else." Sheridan is called - an inspiration, not a general," without strategy and of rather er ratic tactics, but a quick, dashing, stubborn fighter. A neatly drawn parallel between him and Sherman makes the latter's peculiar energy "that of the brain, inspired;" Sheridan's " that of the blood, inflamed." {looker is pro nounced to be of the same school of "fighting generals," and one so addicted to forcing quar rels to direct issues that when there is no enemy to fight he attacks his Mends. Rousseau is made "a natural leader of men?bold and rugged of nature, and loyal, true and affection ate to the backbone." Duel 1 Is at once one of the greatest generals and the greatest failures of the wur?44 a perfect soldier In manner, bearing, coolness, courage and energy." Mc Cook Is represented as "an overgrown school boy," whom Sherman jocosely called "the juvenile McCook." Crittenden, who has lately been taken from private life and made colonel of one ot tjje jj^w regular regtmenls, Is de scribed as 44 a lawyer, with little legal and no military ability," and Gilbert as "a martinet, without an idea of discipline or system?the worst kind of a martinet." Rosecrans is made out '? an iWp9?tor on thj; Amerjgfrii public; knowing nothing of war butIts tricks, more fit to be a chief of spios than a general; nervous to incoherency and Incapacity." Gordon Gran ger, in command of a corps, is made to appear only as a captain of a battery. 44 Old steady" Steedman stands forth equally brave, bold, positive, firm, unflinching, practical and impu dent, nod is the real 44 character" of the book. Logan is the representative General of the wlWrg army. Negley appears as the bsst read and m?t thoroughly well Informed among the officers of the Tolnnteer army. T. J. Wood, captious and energetic, ***? credit for the good work of Crittenden'* corps, and Is said " to bare tarnished Crittenu*? ^1 the military brains and formed for him a.'1 it* military character he ever bad." O. O. How ard ie, in Mr. Shanks' opinion, " a soldier on principle, a reformer and an enthusiast, bat not an aeatU." " Black Jsok Logan," who is said to resemble in person the "Jack of Spadas" (Sheridan is called the "Jack of Clnba "), la made oat "the same daring, en thusiastic and valorous fighter that Sheridan ia, tali of dash and vim and go, and of a naturally warm, enthusiastic and daring temperament;" and a similar portrait Is presented of the ad venturous Geary, of Pennsylvania. Occasional allusions to General Halleck throughout the work do not indieate any wish to flatter him; on the contrary, they suggest a suspicion that the writer has clearly understood the "great Inoompeteat," whoae only boast was that "no responsibility tar feitum coald be p?t on ? tami At itaifc!! to the main all the portraits ft** th* Kb 8hlak? hM fttpted to ?tjlotlp latpartUl ttj[ falthfil. fft ognoludiflg opaptdv pf & book to filled with aneodoMl aad incident* illustrj?tfsg tyt peculiatftlra of the vetehni tf both the Eastern and t^e Western armiM, and is an eloquent tribute to them. We must not1,omit to mention that the spirit with wbioh the ^uthor alludes to offloera and men In the Confederate army is free from tho superfluous maligndstoy still indulged ia by some chroniclers of tfce war. Of oouree hid estimates of the forces opposed to the Union armies are oonsonant ww his loyal point of view. He is by no means disposed to exag gerate the prowess of the ^Southern troops; perhaps he inolines to the other extreme. Bat he recognises the plack and enduraooe of the admirably mobilised "Army of Jforthern Vir ginia." He sees nothing bat "Weakness" In General Lee's unwillingness "to raise hie hand ugainst his relatives and friends" and in hid refraining from foroibly putting an end to what be saw in 1866 was a hopeless straggle, "even If be had been compelled to put Jeff Davie In irons to do so." But he renders jnstloe to Stonewall Jackson, and particularly to the Fabian policy of Johnston, whom he oalla a "really great soldier" and ie tempted to hall as "the nobtest Roman of them all." In one or two instances Mr. Shanks boldly anticipates the reversal by posterity of the popular verdict of tbe day upon certain federal officers, and be makes a strong argument in each case. On the whole his book is a remark ably tine exception to the general worthless ness of works ooasioned by our late war. It Is a relief to come unexpectedly upon it in the Dismal Swamp of contemporaneous history. City Improvement We publish to-day an interesting description of tbe most important new bnildings now in course of erection in New York aad its vicin ity, giving a bird's eye view of olty improve ments generally, including business buildings, oi?gant dwellings for our millionaires, cosy residences for our less wealthy classes, tene ment houses for our laboring population* churches for our saints, taverns for our sinners, magnifioent storehouses, publio buildings, fbq torice, workshops .and suburban villas. Accord ing to the graphto description and comprehegv sive views of our reporter, we are soon tohafe a metropolis that will vie with London la woalth and population and exoel Paris la beauty and splendor. Tbe enterprise of our oiUsens is very wisely directed towards these improvements, and every year adds to the architectural beauty of the city. We have already individual build ings, such as the new Hsrald structure, whlqn will compare favorably with those of any oily in tbe world. But tbe great blemish upon our general comeliness is the deplorable want ok uniformity everywhere apparent, not only In localities where new and old buildings are mixed together, but in blooks wbioh have been entirely built up anew. It is not nnoommou to soe half a dozen new buildings in the same block, each differing from its fellows In stylf of architecture as well as in height; and thus, although all may be handsome ereotloos el themselves, the general effect of the improve ment Is materially marred, if not totally de stroyed. Take, for Instance, tbe Herald strao ture, the most unique, tasteful and elaborate in tbe city. We understand that tbe parties who have purchased tbe adjoining ground base decided to put op a building, handsome in itself, but not in conformity with its magnifi cent neighbor. While nothing can destroy the beauty ot tbe Herald building, which is unlike anything on Ibis continent, yet the effect of the improvement, so far as the appearanoe of tbe city is concernod, will be greatly lessened by this break in the style of architecture. If the whole block to tbe oorner of Fulton street were built up after tbe Hbrald model, it would not have its equal in tbe world. It is to bo regretted that some plan cannot be devised by which uniformity in buildings in the main thoroughfares of the city could bo secured. In Paris, where the government exercises the power to make publio improve ments and to dictate the style of architecture to be followed by builders, the advantage oI such a rule is evident It would be well for the Legislature to create a commission, with power to make all the necessary and sweeping improvements demanded by the rapid growth of the Metropolis, such as tbe continuation of the Fifth and Seventh avenues to tho Battery and the widening of Pearl street, so as to open another broad thoroughfare through the length of the city from the Fourth uvonue and the Bowery. These improvements would pay for themselves by the increased value of tbe property along their lines and would sweep away all objections as to the building of rail roads, which have now become an American iustitution and a public necessity. Such a commission might do much towards securing uniformity in the style of building, even if tbe power could not be given it to enforoe architectural regularity. When those who In vest their money in new buildings can be made to understand that they greatly enhanoe the value of their own property by following a uniform style and thus adding to tbe general beauty or the locality, they will soon be willing to adopt any rules laid down by such s commis sion as we propose. Thi Dsmoeauzation or the Deeocbact.? Pi liable indeed U tbe^OD<^^ tbe [grains of tbe Northern ramp Mid hump or the iate great democratic party. They are demoralised, disorganised, broken down, broken op, all a* sizes and serene, and all adrift. Out in tbe West, where down to tbe iate eleotione they looked upon the negro, like Jndge Taney, as an outside barbarian, baring "no rights whioh a white man la bound to respect," they now ball him as " a igan and a brother," and are becoming clamorous (or nnirersal suffrage for Mail)hp-Jumbo, Sambo" t*d all. This cry is echoed from tbe did pro-slavef*, negro-bating, spoils-loving, copperhead organ oT Boston, and re-echoed by tbe ring-streaked and .striped oracle of tbe Albany Regency. At these t*rfnl aberrations of their Nor'western and Nor'eaet ern brethren the irrepressible and implacable pro-slavery flre-eating Kentucky democracy set up a long bowl of wrath and agony, and It reverberates from Richmond to Texas and all the way down tbe Mississippi from Cairo. Thus it is made manifest to the Gentiles that tbe ten lost tribes of tbe democratic Israel can not be reealled together with tbe Shibboleth of naivenal suffrage, Including Sambo. Tbe ten tribes nhtch revolted to bold Sambo in tbo bones of bondage recoil with Mm* hoppr fromthn iMkm