Newspaper of The New York Herald, November 23, 1866, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated November 23, 1866 Page 4
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NEW YORK HERALD. JAMBS GORDON HBNNKTT. EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR IFF1CI R. W. COBNW OF FULTON AND NASSAU ST8. THE DAILY HERALD, pubUtbed retry day in Oleytar, FoeneenU per copy. Annuel subscription price, $14. NO NOTICE tsksn of anonymous correspondence. We j, got r?turn rejected communications. JOB PRINTING y ttery deieriptiom, alee Stereotypy ipg and Bngraving, neatly and promptly executed at Hit oueet rate*. Vain me XXXI No. 349 AMUSEMENTS THIS RVENLVO. BROADWAY THKaTRB, Broadway near Broome street.?Kuia Less. _____ NEW YORK TBEATRR, Broadway, opposite New York Hotel.?Gairmn Gaunt, on Jealousy. THEATRE FRANCAI9, Fourteenth street near Slith nrsnue?Media?Macbeth. OKRMAN THALIA THKATRB, No. 514 Broadway. ? Dss Konmo'e Banna. MRKAN 8TADT THEATRE. Noe. 45 and 47 Bowery? Liasohur WiLDannuTU. DODWORfa'S HALL. 80SBroadway?Pnormoon Bun ? ill Fswon tas Mieaolbs?Tan Mystery. IAN PRANCI80O MTN8TRKL9. 585 B raid WET, opposite the Metropolitan Hotel?is thsih Ethiopian BsranrAis ?awn, Hinoinu, Dancine add Bvrlssuvm?Mbthoric Bnowans on Faluno otahs. FIFTH ATKNl'E OPERA I10U9E, Not. t and 4 West Twenty-fourth street? Buowohth'j Missieels?RTntortAN Hisstuur Ballads. BciLisocns, Ac. A Tntr to Tan Moon. KELLY A LRON'S MINSTRRLS. 730 Broadway, oppo site the New York Hotel ?lit TUsta Bonos, Dances. Kccen Tiionas, Ae?Ezck'niiON Abound tun Would. A Trousle some Lstacr. TONY PASTOR'S OPERA HOUSE. S0| Bowery?Co?t? Tocalum?Neoeo Minsthelst Ballet Litrriujeeeni, Ac ?The Fairies or iu Hudson. CHARLEY WHITE'S COMBINATION TROUPE, at Mechaoies' Hall. 473 Broadway?In a Vakieit or Lions and Lauohablb EimmAiNniHTs, Cours or Ballet. Ac. FiUALR CLRRES IN WAgaiNOTON. BROOKLYN {ACADEMY OF MUSIC?Zauta, Tan Uridk Of Marblr. MRS. F. B. CONWAY'S PARK THEATRE, Brooklyn? IIKir at Law. HOOLEY'SOPERA IIOU9B, Brooklyn?KTntoptAN Min btrbiat. Ballads, Burlzsuuks and Pantohihbs. STEINWAT HALL. Fourteenth street.?WoLrsOHN's Second BsirrnoTRN Matinkz at Three o'clock. NEW YORK MUSEUM OF ANATOMY. 518 Brondway? Lectures with thk Ozt-Htdrouen MtUROscori twice A*'S' tliuop T RiaBT AR* ?* Open from i New York, Friday, November 4.T, I Htiti. TBS srswa. ETJBOPE. By the Atlantic cable we have epoclal telegrams fron. Madrid and Rome, with a general news report dated to November 21. John fl. Hurratt, the Lincoln assassin conapirator, baa been identlQed aerving In the Papal Zouaves, in or near Rome, under the name of John Watson. He waa arrested on demand of United States Miuister King. Surratt broke from his guard, Jumped down a precipice and es caped Into the Italian terf itory. The Italian government la on the alert to effect his recapture. A Madrid report lays the King of Prussia has writ ten to the Pope, offering "protection" to hia Holiness. The London Timet effect* a sneer at the promise or the United States Treasury to pay the government bonds In gold. Lord Stanley, the foreign Secretary of England, up holds, as It appears, the seizure of the ex-rebel American vessels by the United States. The Hungarian Diet Is In session. The Austrian re script asks the members to remove the " difficulties In the way of unity" and the autonomy of the kingdom will be re-established. The legislators of Crete deny that the Christians have submitted to the Turks. Consols closed IntLondoo at 90%, for money, N'ovem ber 21. United States live-twenties were at 70.1. The Liverpool cotton market waa uncbanged on No vember 21. Middling uplands fourteen pence. Bread stuffs firmer. Provisions declining. mSCELLAHEOUS. The Board of Aldermen met in special session yester day. The committte appointed to consider lb" nomina tion of Mr. Isaac Bell as Street Commissioner reported adversely to hia appointment, on the ground, that he has been an active politician for years, ami tbev think it unwise to Invite him to leave bis present position, with the duties of which be is perfectly conversant aod where experience forms the least qualification The report was approved. The Board ol Councilman met yesterday and discussed the report of the Joint loinmlttee appointed to confer with the United States governmoul in referen e to the purchase of the lower end of the Park as a site for the new Poet offloe. Ihe amendment made to the report b r the Aldermen, demanding one million of dollars instead of five hundred thousand dollers, was oppoa d, and the aum of 760,000 named. That amendment was laid upon the table, and further action in the matter waa deferred till Monday next. The Board ol Sup-rvlsors yesterday filled the vacancy occasioned In that body by the dea'h Mr. Purity by the election of O. N. Hermann as one of its iu -mbori Other buslnees of smaller Importance ? ngagod the attention of the Board till thoy adjourned. The Chamber of Commerce met veeterday for the pur. ptisa of memorialising Congress on tbe subject of tho ???? tew tax. A reiiorl on tbo subnet was read bv the chair maw, and a committee waa appotuted to prepare the ?am aria t Another meeting of the Convention of l-i.e Insuran a companies vi? held yesterday at the Chamber of Com merce rooms, and after a very lorn; *-<aion a couHtuution waa adopted and olficsr* were elected lor the ensuing year. The organisation la called ??The Chamber ot I.Te Insurance of tbe United States ' Another meating will be beld ible morning. Tbe Proteetaot Kpiacopii churches of Long Hand met yesterday lo joint convention at Crare chruh. Bn>< klvn The eubject of a dvlsinu oi the d orene aud the e*t?bli?li ment of cheap schools was disco sel. ami two don.iM >ua of $1,000 each made Tor the latter purpose It Is reported that proinioen r? licit* bel l a raneoe ,n Philadelphia on the 20th, when article* or imp-a- , nvnt against tbe President were drain up ?n-l will he aub milted to a republican eaucu* ol the memH?i* - t'ou gram toon after tbe reasremhimu iu Ws Uiii.tou The Retrenchment Commit two now ? tl>ng in Wa h ingtoa have discovered Inels implicating high a id ??? sponsible parties under ihe government In tbe oiwtoi, frauds The ship Mercury airlvod si line irort on We.!n??dav with cbol 'ra on board, thirty-three lealb* having <?? eurred oo tbe voyage. Hie wa*deuin?d at ilie I "??r Quarantine Ka (lovernor Winston, of Alabama, lis* been elecie.1 to the position of L'nlt 'd -Males Senator from ilist for tho long term, comuism'iug next March. Two young otll era o. Ilie household of ill* I'riu.o of H.go, a potentate of Ihe lauane * eminr ? are ?>?>!"? i nnig la the city, A alight fall of snow occurred yas'-rda* n till* city and also in Philadelphia, Pougllka-p-ie, it iffslo and at Other point*. The weail* I was clear and bfmiltg A largo annetatlnn meaiing waa held m Kingston I' W., on Wodnaday night. In winch annotation with the United States. on the i<rin u-ono nd by the 'salt'on aondot, so 1 the p ^ ? net e? Hod far losviag to* . .n >r wtioooi * *ov Tho nppesl fur new trial* in the i ?*"? of Lyweh awd tho other comiemn-1 pr nor- ?* -niered yeourday mad will probably h. r ,Qi,d x ,,?? ,?n i* betag signed la Montieat, a** *g the ho.,,,. ^ ,v..rniwo?i to settle the Alabama claim, m ury r< c .-uia are quit# active. The volim-m- (rn , ... re?etit wholesale pardoning of pr .oner* u, ,,., i,. flraad Trunk Railroad col'.Jei ??>. ti. . it, , 4 . , oral p-rmna were injured It Is rumored la n>?ii.etv*t ? ? , '.?? i. , . thai Hoveruor Wells will b? i >. ? * , , ? bllag of the L nilsian? L* islaiure n ' . ?? tsmptiag to subvert the dte?e j"??r?mei, AO ecttoo was brought before lodge ion ?* n ? - , poriov Court yeetcrdav. by lame* W Ti ? . * . , promiaant Republ cat point an aga set Cat am -no 0 Spotgbt, of the Met'opolMan Polo *, for . 'gn ? i 'mprisewnaeal Sa>ai?i ei loose** pert ?tam n?i asl tbe cm* vu adjourned until thit morning The damages are laid at ? oaaa l? now being triad befora Judge Sutherland, In the Supreme Court, Cbsmbere, to determine what con atltuteaa "man of color." Th# Board of Registers of Old Seoond district, Eighteenth ward, refuted to regular Jamoa A. Darnall, ea the ground that he waa a colored man and had not the requisite property qualification, and thla suit was brought to oompel the board to show cause why he should not be registered. The relator's counsel said that his olleat was dark complex loned, but that might be the result of a bilious attack. The oase waa adjourned until next Monday. The cases of Wilson and Cocbue, who wore charged with imphoatloa In the recent Brooklyn distillery frau ds, were before Commissioner Newton yesterday, but owing to the absenoe of counsel for the acouaed were ad journed until to-day. Another distillery was seised on Wednesday la Williamsburg, where apparently another shrewd scheme wss going on to outwit the law. The still and distillery are kept In a seemingly unfinished condition, and the owners intimate that they will take out a license as soon as they finish repairing their establishment. But tbe officers discovered a still in full blast about four o'clock in the morning, and arrested the proprietors. The case of the alleged privateer Meteor waa up be fore Judge Nelson in the United btatea Circuit Court yesterday, on a pro forma discussion as to fixing a day for hearing argument in the case in connection with Judge Betta' decision condemning the vessel The United Statee District Attorney was in fhvor of letting tbe oase go at onoe, without argument in the Circuit Court, to the bench of the Supreme Court of the United Statee at Waahingtoa. This will, la all probability, bo the oourso adopted. The trial oT Eugene J. Fergus for the murder of Pat rick McOuann, on tbe 0th of August last, la trurman street, Brooklyn, was commenced yesterday morning in the Court of Oyer and Terminer. The evidenoe for the prosecution was completed, and the trial will probably clues to-day. A public sohool teacher In South Boston recently com mitted forgeries to ths amount of $0,000 and deoamped. News rrom Mexico by the way or San Francisco says that another force had left El Panes to attack Ourango. Tbe Pennsylvania Anti-Slavery 8ociety commenced a session in Philadelphia yesterday, when a petition pray ing for the impeachment of the President was read. A train of twelve cars loaded with crude petroleum was destroyed by Are on the New York and Erie Rail road on Tuesday, near Adrian. Tho National Steam Navigation Company's steamer Erin, Captain Cutting, will sail at noon to-morrow (Satur day), from pier No. 47 North river, for Queenstown and Liverpool. There was great exclteraont In Wall street yesterday, and gold declined to 13774- Tbe stock market ?was in a state of panio and heavy sacrifices were made, but at the close both gold and stocks showed increasing firmness, the fall having apparently exhausted Itself. General trade was about a9 dull as possible yesterday. The continued decline in the gold premium exerted a most unfavorable influence on oommerolal values, and as a rula, merchandise and produce was decidedly In buyer's favor. Tbeoourseof trade was very irrecular and prices all day were more or less nominal Cotton opened ai previous prices, but subsequently declined, with no buyers, even at a material concession. Sugar was unusually dull and prices were entirely nominal. Coffee was quiet. Naval stores Inactive. Petroleum neglocted and nominal, and dry goods heavy and slow of sale. On 'Change flour was dull and 10c. a 30c. lower. Wheat was nominally 3c. a 5c. lower. Corn declined 2o. s 80., with a moderate demand. Oats were dull and de pressed. Pork ruled moderately active and a shade eaater. Beef wu more active, but at a alight decllno. Lard was quiet eed e trifle lower. Whiskey was dull end nominal. Freights were quiet. ltMUratl** by On* Plan er An ?Char the Natleaal NeeeMlty. Restoration of the Southern States without delay is necessary both In a politioal point of ?lew and for the material intereata of the country. If it cannot be brought about In one way it must in another. The politicians may wish to keep the question open for party or political purposes, but the mase of the people do not?they want it closed up. The con tinued exclusion of so large and such an im portant part of the country from restoration and representation at Washington has politi cal danger in it, is a great strain upon our in stitutions and form of government, and is cal culated to paralyze the productive power of the South as well as the commercial and ma terial interests of the North. There is, in truth, great danger every way in such an anomalous and unnatural state oi things. We must have prompt restoration at any cost and by all means?not two, three or more years hence, not after the next Presidential election, bnt, if possible, before the term of the present Congress shall expire next Marob. We have seen in history that the riohest and fairest portion of the earth may become a wilderness under paralyzing political oiroum stsuees. The South, with all its natural re sources, might become so. In all probability the productions of that section of the country, which have been declining very much since the war, would become less next year, still less the year after, and so on till general ruin would follow, if*restoration be delayed. All the best portion of the population that could getaway would leave; ambition, whicb is the great incentive to industry and action, would be destroyed, and capital would turn aside from a couutry so situated. Shall we suffer this part of our territory, richer and with more varied productions than India, to lie thus destroyed ? Shall we jeopardize out free republican institutions by keep ing half the continent and nearly a third of the population in an unrepre sented condition and nnder despotic rale? No statesman or patriot, nor any one who has studied history to advantage, would wish to see such a state of things. Taking it for granted, then, that the mass of our citixena?that the people of the North? earnestly desire a speedy restoration of the South to its former relations in the Union, the ipiedion arises, how is this to be accomplished ? We hoped, heretofore, that the constitutional amendment might be adopted and thna aettle the matter. The people of the North deolarcd iu the recent elections that to be the plan of settlement. U would have been a safe, ready and e ?sy mode of restoration. But it doea not appear that this can be oarried through. Three-fourths of the States must adopt the amendment before it can beoomo a part of the constitution. All the Southern States refttec to adopt it, and therefore the over whelming popular majority in the Northern States iu its fhvor is rendered powerless. It is oven donbtfnl if a suflolent number of new States could be erected to carry the amend ment while the Month holds oat Besides the attempt to overrnle (be South in this way would cause great delay, whioh, as we have said, would he highly injurious and danger ous. What, then, can be done T Clearly this : If lite South will not accept restoration on the (??t in* offered through the constitutional ?n?. nd wieut, restoration ought to be forced upon them !-? tome other way by Congress. This seems to ?n the only alternative. The interests of the North of the whole country?yea, the Intereata f * he Mouth iw? wall as of the North?demand ?v It la tolly to talk of the rights of the - ?'i h.-rn Mia tee We are In a quasi state of ; lb* war is not closed up while tbcae ?t' vwa ramain unr**tor?t. and they are oom pletely under the power and at the mercy of the North. The will of the Northern people, and consequently of Congress, as representing the Northern people, is the absolute law in the case. The South has placed itself in its pres ent exoluded situation and must bear the con sequences. All appeals to former constitu tional rights are useless, If even a strict techni cal interpretation of the constitution might seem to favor them, because the war power? the power of the conqueror orer the oon quered?is superior to everything else. We may regret that restoration has not been brought about or oould not be reached under other oiroumstanoes; but that is not the ques tion now; we hare to deal with facts; we hare to take things as they are and make the most of them. Under all the circumstances we conclude, therefore, that it is best for Congress, as soon as it shall assemble, to legislate for the entire and complete reconstruction of the Southern States. The President has tried his plan, from the best motires, doubtless, and it has foiled. The people hare not acoepted It. Now let Congress begin anew at the foundation. Let an act granting unirersal amnesty and udtar sal suffrage be passed under the war power. Let the Southern States be immediately recon structed on th:s basis. Let the whole machinery of gorerament spring Into action upon it, and then let the members and Sena tors from every Southern State be forthwith admitted to Congress. This would be prac tical, early and complete restoration. Our political troubles would be at an end. As for as the South is concerned that seotion would have a larger number of members in Congress than ever. It would control the negro vote for years, and in time to come the white popu lation would grow so largely over the negro that there would be no danger from negro suffrage. The most levelling radicals of the Noith would be disarmed in their hostility, and, the cause of trouble being removed, we should have peace. This is, we believe, the most logical, safe and prompt method of re storation under the circumstances. We hope Congress will adopt it and let us have a thoroughly restored Union before next March. It will save the South and give universal prosperity to the whole country. Thk Chartkr Election?Thx Tricks or Tammany.?The charter election, in which the people will be called upon to make choice of the chief financial officer of the city govern ment, will take place in less than two weeks from to-day, and no party has yet put in the field a candidate who is fit to occupy the posi tion or who can command sufficient strength to render his success probable. The Tammany primaries have boen held, and the list of dele gates shows that it is the intention, of the "ring" to spring the nomination of Brennan upon the city at the eleventh hour, ip the tyiope that there will not be sufflcieai time left to unite the respectable and independent portion of the electors in opposition. It is now well known that the pretended withdrawal of Bren nan was a trick designed to silence his oppo nents, and that a desperate effort will be made by the " ring" to retain their hold upon the important office of Comptroller. The action of the various outside organisations in nominat ing candidates who stand no chance of an elec tion encourages Hoffman, Sweeney, Tweed A ! Co. to persist in their policy of holding on to Brennan, and gives them some hope of suocess. In furtherance of thin scheme the "ring" still retain possession of the Street Commis sioner's Department, with their most compe tent manager, Tweed, at its bead. The Board of Aldermen reject Mr- Isaac Bell on the im pudent pretence that they object to him as being a "politician," and the Mayor will no doubt make another nomination designed to leave the control of the dopartment in the hands of Deputy Tweed until after election. It is now time for the citizens to move in the matter. Thoy may rest satisfied that it is the design of Tammnny to renominate Brennan. Nothing but the demonstrated certainty of his detorft will deter them from putting him into the field, and should they dospair of the suc cess of their trick, they will select some other candidate equally objectionable. Let the In dependent and taxpayers unite on a I good man, and his success is certain. It is very desirable that the office of Comptroller should now be filled acceptably to the tax payers and by an incumbent who is free from any complication with tho men who havo no long misgoverned the city. The next Comp troller should be one who will be willing to co-operate with the Legislature in any effbrt to secure to New York aa honest and economical government and who will not offer any fac tious opposition to the measures of reform which will be demanded of our representatives , at Albany. Lord Derby's Aptf-h-Pinner Spkkcb.?In Lord Derby's post-prandial oration at the Lord Major's banquet in London the other day, he stated that the Atlantic cable had estab Iishod England as mistress of the seas. He did not definitely state, however, whether it was of the bottom of the sea, whore the eabie iiep, she was mistress, or of the surface, where she used to "rufs the wares"?in song. Lord Derby ought to know, after the erente of the late war, that this oountry is bonnd to be the mistress of the seas in a very few years, if she is not so already, with or without the Atlantio cable; but it is very well tor the Premier to keep up the spirits of the British people by still claiming fbr them the supremacy of the ocean, in an after-dinner speech, racy, no doubt, with allusions to "hearts of oak," "the flag that brared a thousand year* the battle and the breese," and other pleasant remi niscences of IMbden and other nautical min strels ; but nothing can prevent the United States from becoming the great naval Power of the world. There Is la the language of Ijord Derby's speech a moot friendly feeling towards this oountry, which we are quite wilihlg to recipro cate and preserve upon one condition, and that is the las mediate payment of the money dne to us for the damage done oar commerce by the Confederate pirates seat out from Eng lish ports. The settlement of the Alabama claims Is Indispensable to that cordiality of sentiment which the British Cabinet so much covet. A Hcuonr.u Haroaiv?It is rumored that (he A dermamc "ring," who yeaterifny rejected the nam- of Mr. Isaac Bell as Street Commis sioner, have promised to confirm any other nomination the Msyor may make, provided be will pledge the Presidency of the Crotoa

Aqueduct Board to one of their number, Alderman Ignatius Fljnn. It la to be hoped that no such bargain has been concluded. The Croton Aqueduct Department has hitherto escaped the contamination of the "ring" and has been managed for the good of the city and to the satisfaction of the public. If it is now to be used in the trading operations of the squabbl ng operators of the "ring," we hope the Legislature will take all control over the department out of the hands of the city gov ernment The Oeeaa Yacht Bare aad Its Beaeloial Result*. Amid the general ohorus of congratulations upon the pluck and the enterprise of Ameri can yachtmen, as displayed in the recent races to Cape May and in the arrangements for an ocean sweepstakes from New York to Cowes during the oold and stormy month of Decem ber, we hear bnt one discordant voice. It is thai of a copperhead contemporary, which, having opposed the war for the Union and the restoration of the Union, is very naturally an tagonistic to anything national. The navigator of the "elbows of the Mlnoio formed by the sympathies of youth," is of course bettor acquainted with the Atlantic and its dangers than those older but less experienced sailors who have crossed the ocean oftener than he has seen salt water. 8peaUng with author ity, therefore, and not as the Scribes, this horse marine is able to declare that it is no great feat to sail from New York to England in December, that the winds will be calm and the waves as smooth as glass and that the ocean race is a mere game for money?no more hazardous or exoiting than the rolling of two rain drops down a window pane. The tempests of the mid-ocean and the snow squalls of the British channel are nothing to him. Not intending to go in any of the yachts, he can contemplate these matters with perfect complacenoy and write caustic criti cisms upon one or two of the yacht owners who cannot accompany their vessels on account of business duties or family obliga tions. We should be disposed to place a great deal more reliance upon the pleasant predictions of our copperhead contemporary did not events so often flatly contradict him. He railed against the war, as he now rails against the ocean yacht race ; but the war was a suc cess after all. He decided, in advance of the people, that all the recent elections were to go against the republloans and in favor of the democrats; but the elections went just the other way, and the democratic party is Anally dead and buried. He insisted that the "ring" of Associated Managers was to rule the metro polis and that all the independent managers, headed by the unrivalled Grau, were to flail dismally; but the " ring" is breaking up, resorting to immoral spectacles and leaving the theatrical business, while the independent managers, now largely in the majority, are having crowded bouses nightly, and Ristori, who was specially singled out for attack, and who makes her farewell speech at her fare well benefit to-night, has drawn larger audiences, under Grau's able management, than any other artiste who ever .visited this country. These circumstances, with others that might be mentioned, convince us that our copperhead contemporary is neither a prophet nor the son of a prophet, and that be knows as little about yachting as he does about war, politics, theatricals or journalism. The only result of his sneers, thus far, has been to increase the popular interest in the first great American ocean race and to cause the mer chants of this city to broach the project of sub scribing a purse of one hundred thousand dol lars for the yachts now entered. On the other band, we hear from every side the most encouraging accounts of the bene ficial effects which the excitement about the ocean race has already produced. In Boston the leading gentlemen have held a meeting to form a yacht club. In Philadelphia a move ment is on foot to Increase the membership of the half-and-half club now in existence there, and to procure larger yachts than those which no^ skim about the river and contend for little prizes in catboat contests. In Baltimore a yacht club will soon be organized upon a national basis. Other sesboard cities will take action in regard to this matter presently, and ws have reason to hope that be fore another year has passed a grand ocean sweepstakes will be opened for Ameri can yachts and that the yachtmen of every seaport, from Portland to New Orleans, will struggle for the prise. The victory of the America over the Engliqb fleet created a mania for yachting which gave new life to the New York Yacht Club and led to the present marked improvement in yachting, and we anticipate that the approaching ocean race, inaugurating a new era of the marine sport* of thin country, will lead to the establishment of similar clubs all along the coast. Hitherto gentlemen have been rather more disposed to spend their money upon fast horses than upon fast yachts. The reports that yachts which attempted to cross the ocean in the most favorable weather have been Ave days under water, or have arrived in port almost total wrecks, did much to encourage this indiffer ence to yachting. But we believe that the December sweepstakes will prove that Ameri can yachts, keel or centre board, are as safe and as seaworthy, if properly handled, as the largest ships, and that hundreds of Amerioan gentlemen will hereafter keep their yaohts as they now keep their carriages. The spice of danger snlts the American character preoisely, and the expense will be more than compen sated by the enjoyment. How beneficial such a state of affairs will be to our ship builders and to all others concerned in fitting out ves sels is quite evident. We leave our copper bead contemporary to explain, if he can, how all theee facts coincide with bis statements that the ocean race amounts to nothing more than a private wager between three gentie Ths htuas Mission.?That portion of the press which discusses the Important Mexican mission takes It up In a quite erroneous way, giving the whole credit of the measure to the State Department and Mr. Seward. There can be no greater mistake. The State Department has blundered on hopelessly in the Mexican muddle for four years, and would have blun dered on as hopelessly for an indefinite length of time and never touched the key-note of set tlement. The present negotiation originated with the President, and has taken Its tone en tirely from his straightforward, positive mind. Mr. Seward seems to have done one thine In the matter, however. He has, apparently, made provision in the negotiation for many jobs; and it may prove that he has fciven it a greater weight in that sort of commodity than it*can cairy. The jobs, whatever they are express jobs, California jobs and all?are his part of the diplomacy. Undoubtedly they constitute a weak point hi our case; and if this attempt to settle the trouble shall fall, the failure will be due entirely to the fiaot that the Commissioners were embarrassed with this new difficulty?that is, it will be dne to Mr. Seward's part of the diplomacy. It is announced that now that the Mexican negotiation has reached a definite point in its progress, M?Montholon, the French Minister, leaving Washington, will go to Lisbon, a point ordinarily of no great note, but that just now, and in view of new complications in Europe, rises in dignity and - interest and is likely very shortly to be a point of the greatest importance. Important Improvbhsnt or oca Harbor and Coast.?We have ipade frequent reference of late to the oondltion in whloh the coast is left by the Lighthouse Board of the Treasury De partment ; but remoostranoe seems to be of little avail, and Commodore Shubrtok takes no steps to remedy the evils whloh are daily oem plained of by our seamen. Every day for a month past the ship news column of the Herald has contained notices of the drifting or total disappearance of buoys and lighthouse ships, and accounts of numerous disasters in oonse quenoe. It is well that accidents of a minor charaoter only have resulted from this neglect of the Lighthouse Board. Let there be an appalling disaster in consequence of similar negleottosome one of the large European pas senger steamers to this port, like that of the Evening Star in consequence of her defective machinery, and the Board will find itself roused by the indignation of the people from the lethargy into which they have lapsed. While the admirably lighted ooast of England is being improved every season, (our columns yesterday contained official notioe of the plac ing of not less than eighteen buoys and light ships on the English coast), no effort is being made to improve either our ooast or harbors, and our merohant marine is continually ex posed on a ooast of which they know nothing positive. Commodore Shubriok and his board should wake up to their duty or give place to more active men. We hope our representatives in Congress will take an early opportunity to bring before that body the subject of the improvement of our coast and of Now York harbor, by the deepening of Hell Gate channel, thus giving the English lines of steamers the advantage of the short route by Long island Sound. When the overorowded state of the lower part of the city forces business, as is being done every year, higher up*the island, a similar move ment to accommodate the shipping will be come necessary. With Hell Gate channel ren dered safe and available for the largest ves sels docks will be built on the East river, and business will tend in that direotlon, as it has done on the west side, This would tend - i* i ' t'li f to relieve the lower part of the city and rapidly improve property in that direction. The advantages to be derived from the deep ening of Hell Gate will he felt and should be appreciated now by every merchant, shipper, shipowner and property holder in the city, and the subject should be seriously thought of ' and actively advooated by them. Fine AITI. The annual rooeption of tha Amerloaa Invtltute of Architect! tu held Uet evening et the Studio building, to Tenth street. Thta ioetltute wee incorporated m 1MT. Ite officers ere Richard Upjohn, President; R K. Hunt andJD. Liennu, Vlce'J'resldeoU; R O. Hetfleld, Treasurer; Chariot D. Uambrlll, Recording Secretary end Librarian; H. H. Rlchnrdeon, Corresponding Secretary; R Upjohn. L Eldletz, R M. Hunt, O. Lienau, R O. Hatfield, Cal vert Vaux and H. Dudley, Truateee. Iuatoad of the uaiial dinner, the Institute this year preferred to give "a feast of reason and a flow of soul," tn a eonvertatum* to which ?heir Wends, as well as their brethren devoted to the sister arts of painting and aoulplure were Invited, an elegant supper and an eahlbltion aa Interesting, as it was novel and unique, of architectural designs. An impromptu ethlbttlon, It coaaiated of only about one hundred and fifty pieces, but many of these were striking proofs of the rapid progress which architecture has made la Jhie country within the past few yean. Among the exhibitor* we noticed the names of Alexander, Cady, Clinton, Draper, Dudley, Oambrtll, Hatfield, Holly, R M Hunt, Lienau, Llttell, 1'ost, Potter, Ren wick, Mends, Upjohn, Van Brant, Vaux, Welter, Were, Wight, Withers end Hat borne. The walls of tbe eahlbltion room were hung with designs of parka, fountains, synagogues, churches, memorial buildings, monasteries, tombs, schools, town houses, ooort houses, houses of refuge, armory drill rooms, fine art museums, libraries, vttlaa, rural cottages, city residences, buildings for banks, Insurance companies, stores, bridges, all aorta of structures In fins, except railway depots, where, accord ing to our notion, American architecture has yet s chance of eflecttng something peculiarly appropriate and aa ? tional. We have not lime or space to particular!so, or we should gladly dwell upon the designs of Upjohn, Veut, Hunt, Oaabrill and Post, Wright, Csdy, Dudley, Lleasu, Van Brunt and Vaux, and se oral other architects of renown. Suffice it to say at present that we saw enough to convince us that In the direction of architecture, aa well as of the other fine arte, encouraging program has been made When tbe suggestion of the Hualu shall have been adopted, and a Board of Pubtlo Works shall have been instituted, we feel sure that tbe arohliecia of Now York will not fall to lend their eld In corre-tlng the wasteful abuses which now lead to th? disfigurement of tbe finest streets of our metropolis and la elevating the standard of public taste tbrougboat tbe lend. Besides the architectural designs to which we hare alluded, tbe picturee of Mr. Oembart'S fifth exhibition of works by artists of the French, English end Flemish schools decorated the hell. RECEPTION IT THE ECLECTIC CLUI. The mansion recently secured by the Eclectic Club, who lately quitted their establishment at the corner of Seventeenth street and Fifth avenue, and were installed ta a haa&mmer structure, located el the Junction of Fifth avflknad Twentr-aisih street, was last evening thrown fijn to the guests of the organ sail en The male friends of the club, apparently some four or five hundred in number, gathered at eight o'clock and ?trolled through tbe mngnlfloeat apartments to tbe ?weet strains discoursed by n band of music. Thsy visited lbs isrge salens on the first floor, the prtrate dining rooms end well liabted billiard hell on the aaoond, and stepped into tbe several card noma on tbe third floor. The kHabeas nag pantries were hnfcr fa sten of which an many ? warns ef prapnrty am apt tn beast, wot voted perffiet. the furnishing of the dwelling, the upholstering of the apartments, the tufted earpnto, whereupon footfalls were Inaudible, la tarn elicited the encomiums of tbe visitors, end wen the approbation of thorn coaaoimoura and man of teste who, by past ex perfeace, knew the requirements of n first class club house, end were therefore qualified to pern Judgment upon the claims made by tha Eclectic to the occupancy of e first clam U*w fie rdwwsest The gnects baring been duly escorted over tbe premises, subsequently returned to tbe sn'on, wh*n?e they were ushered mto tbe large dln'ng room Th to the snoiai qualities of tbe throng wet. brought to Hxht. when ell wern aeeted el e board graced with a carefully prepared collation, sad freighted with a cargo of geeerons ernes The exaemhlege did eot disperse anill e let* hour, the frtreda of the Eclectic well pleased with the hearty welcome eitended to them, end the members of tbe club highly satisfied with the success or the entertainment end tha goad effect pro duced br the rlewimr at the house WASHINGTON The Retrenchment Committee Investi gating the Cotton Frauds. InflveiiUnl derernmeit Officials 8aM U be Implicated. Radicals ia Philadelphia Preparing the Articles at Impeachment Against the President. Wash BOTO*, Nor. SI, ISM. ISTMtl|stl*s nf the Cotton PrssU-PutlM Utah la Authority Implicated. The Retrenchment Committee, which Is bow holding iU eeeeiooe ia this eltf, has been busily encased to-day Investigating tho oottoe frauds. The investigation bee the eflect of implicating psrties occupying high eat influential positions uadsr the government with Una frauds. The committee bee made some astonishing developments la this regard. A great deal of fraud, more then at Diet supposed, has been practised open the government end cltiseas of tho South br tho oottea agents. It appears that these agents were la the hahtt of conflsceting large quantities of oottoe In the name a# the government, end after It had remaned la their hands for e short ttmo they would turn it over to ea out. side party, who sold It end divided the proceeds with the agents. Another game which wee resorted to extensively by these men wee to release the oottoe upon the pay ment or e handsome boaua The committee will con tinue their investigation of this matter several da vs. L srge numbers of witnesses have been celled here from different sections of tho country to testify la relet!ea la these frauds. The committee will meet again to-morrow. The Impeachment of the President. We have e report hero that prominent radicals had a meeting la Philadelphia on the 20th last., at which artloles of Impeaobment against the President were pre pared. They are to be submitted to e cauous of re publican members or Congress on the Saturday preced ing the meeting of Congress. Tho Dames of tho parties attending the oaueus In Philadelphia will be furnished ia duo time. Speolal Cabinet Meeting. A special meeting of the Cabinet waa celled by the President to-day. Tlio meeting was fully at tended, and continued from about half-past two until four o'clock. Tho session was held, it is said, to dispose of the puhlio business which had aooumulated on account of the esual session having been omitted on Tuaeday last, In ooose quence ot the President's visit to Baltimore to attend the Vaaonlo celebration. A Wot Blanket for Ofllee Serkrri. Tho publication Is made, apparently by authority, la the Natonal Republican or this morning, that the Pre sident Is neoesearlly engaged upon Important public matters, preparatory lo the assembling of Congress end will have no time until after the m eting of that body to give the slightest attention to applicants for offloe. All such matter* are referred to the heads of the different departments. Offloe seekers and their friends can save themselves muob Urns, labor sad expense by acting upon the above hint, and wlU relievo the President from the unpleeaeat nfesslty of deollalag to entertain and examine their applications. It la a phyeical impossibility for him to prepare his Message and at the seme una transact In detail beslnem appro priately belonging to bis Cabinet Ministers. Ayyr.yrlutt| thf Jg-t ih# following Items of appropriation bare Jest bee* officially oompilod from Um acts passed at the lata see ij?U of Congress.? ~ T Pensions |1T,040,000 Defloisocy for sundry oivil expenses...._ Navel eervloe. year ending June 80. 1MT 18,004,1 Poet Offloe Department, year ending Jane, . "07 19, (ft, 109 Military Academy, year ending June 80,1MT. 801,409 Fortifications and other works of defonoo.... 1,4 Completion ofpublic worke 0,008,04V Arftiy MT (La Jfflar ?bdln| June 80, 180T 08,004*841 Legislative, executive end Judicial ex; > y<-ar ending June 80, 14M 04,430,400 Consular and diplomatic expenses lor too year ending Jeae 30, 180T 1,404,484 Indian Department, year ending June 80,1807 8,778,430 Sundry olvll expenses, year ceding Jane 30, _ MOT T,974,100 Deflolenrim for the year ending June 30, 1807 614,100 Misoellaneoue. 10,704,030 Total ?1M.M1.TM Tho Trawps Aran ad WukliftM. Much misapprehension in? to exist throughout Ibt country in regard to die number of troopo now on duty within the department of Washington, and it haa bees rartouaiy elated at from arteen hundred to twenty thou aand. Prominent offloera, who hare been for yean on duty la thla city, and who would therefore naturally bo auppoted to poaaeaa correct Information on the subject, hare elated the force In thle department to bo nearly twenty thousand. An extract from an official return, however, giree the number of troopo hero now to ho on follower? Garrison of Waahington, 2,000; Fort McHenry, lid., 160; Fort Waahington, ,60, Fort Whipple, ISO; Battery Roger*, 160; Fort Foot, 160, and rendearoue of distribution, BOO. Total, 0,060. Fourth Day of the Hares. The fourth race on the National Course took place to day. The horsea oonleating were Polly Ann and the Baltimore Colt, both pacer*. The race waa for a puree of $000, one mile and re|>eat, under saddle. Polly Aon woo the winner. Time?Flret hem, 2:3T; aooond boat, 2 81. The beet lime was made oa (he laat quarter ef the mill heal?namely, In thirty-three seconds. Appointment bp the President. The President hae appointed Edward (Tfat, of Now Tort, Catted But- o Consul at Guatemala. The Klahta of I'elered Moldlor* to Beauty. At a conference between the Second Comptroller and lUcead Auditor In relation to bounty In cases of oolered troops, It waa deotded that proof of froadom oa the ltife of April, 1801, should bo no longer required, but fuM oflbct given to Ibe law of Congress approved June 16* 1808, and the soldier acoordetf the henoflt of the pre sumption If the contrary did not appear upoa the muster rolls, and the bounty allowed, If otherwise eat!tied. Tbn 8'oond Auditor has decided that whore discharged oolored soldiers have applied or may hereafter apply It bis office far any arreoragea of pay not paid on flaal dis charge, or for any bounty provided by the act of Jaly 22, 1MI, bo will also allow In the settlement e( such claims the add 11 lows I bounty providi-d by the act of inly 28, 1880, If each bounty shall bo found due. Obergulr* at Captain Walker. Captain William Walker, of the United Slates navy, who died In Now Fork, woo to day burled from bin residence In tbls city with tho usaal naval honors. A California Planner la Washington. Oencrsl John A. Sutter, tho California ploaeer, is now In this city andaavoring to get a claim against the gar* em meat allowed. It will bo re gym he red tbat It woo upoa ibe General's farm that gold 'was drat discovered in Califorala Tho Arapahw and thevonne Indiana Poaca aMa. Tho Commissioner of Indian Althira yesterday room red a communication from Colonel Wyukoop, agent for the Arapahoaa and Cbeyeunee. Tbe letter waa dated at Fort ?llsworlb, November 12, and staled that lbs Information telegraphed to various pane of tba country from Lea venworth end Atchison, to the effect tbet depredations were being ootnmittsd, and tbat war was threatened by tho Cbeyeunee and Arapahoe a, la without foundation. The country adjacent to tho Smoky Hill roots, whieh to Inhabited by thaw tribes, may bo travelled through a* pressnt without fear of interruption by tbe Indians Tbn Hoot horn IMotrht Of Ohio agnrsholnhlp. General Oaerga P. Betsy denies the* be ie a candidate Ibr the poalt.oo of United Htatee Nambal for the NoTth em dletnct of Obio Personal. Oeuorei Fartiewortb, of lllmolo. Colonel Wbaley, er West Virginia, and Hoo Tbaddeus 8te ene, ?f renoayl varus, have arrived in the city. Preparing tbe lapllnl foe Catigreue. A host of work uien bee been employed for eomi. I\y? pant la refltting and preparing the Capitol for tbo rocop Una of Congress. Mrrrnolle to Troaoorv Official*. A serenade hy the marine band waa given this even ing to Assistant decreiaiy *a R end J B Mr arte*, Superintendent of the Treatarr Bu dreg, *y o number of ta? emrh-vea of the Tew urr Vr Oandlsr having b en call d upon, madeefiw remark) In *e kaowledaomot, dnring whloh he a"nded to <he pr??ewt Oeuditiea of affair, in tho <.>untry, tad endorsed tea potior Of the I'roetdaal