Newspaper of The New York Herald, November 27, 1866, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated November 27, 1866 Page 4
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CHICAGO TUNNEL Completion of the Great Un dertaking. Interesting Details of the lode of Contraction, Cost and Other Particulars. Ac., Ac., Ac. OUR CHICAGO CORRESPONDENCE. Chicago, m, Nov. 24, IMJ6. Toe gnat Lake Tunnel, which this city has (wen con structing for the last two and a half yeara, la at last an sssured success. At four o'clock this morning only thirteen inches of excavation remained for removal. The telegraph will Inform you, on Monday next, of the ceremonies which are to take place on the occasion of the formal completion of the work. With that telegram it will be Interesting to the million readers of the Hbsaid to read a complete historical sketch and correct descriptive detail of this Lake Tunnel, wh ich has been pronounced one of the grandest triumphs of engineering skill ever attempted in the history of human enterprise. ru? raojsci. ror a long time previous to the year IMS the impurity of the water supplied for drinking purposes was the chief objection to a residence in Chicago. The effect! of the Chicago river, reeking with the discharge of seveUy five miles of sewerage, and the refuse of numerons pack ing houses, breweries and distilleries, conld often be tfo tt ;ied in a sickening, disgusting and nauseating effluvia, wh. n made the drinking water supplied by the water works 01 Chicago until for the use of man. This water was pumped from the shore of the lake, three-quarter! or .1 wile north of the mouth of the river. Ai.<( horrible reality, the winds drifted the con centra'fl tilth of sewerage from the river, along the shore ot tli lake, to the very mouth of the inlet pipe at the water works, whore, ina slightly diluted state, it was puiSped up and to tho city, through one hundred tynd thirt/ one miles of pipe and hydrants, for use in the kitche/s nud dining rooms of the inhabitants. Hie con lamination of the lake water rapidly ii/reHsod. All sort, of lilthy refuse found their way fa to the Sitchers and kettles and pails of the agrloved s/pulti'lon. ven revolving fragment.-of human flesh and/me, from the dissecting rooms of medical colleges, c?.e Heating hack from their tortuous course through thy sewer into the river, and thence to the city pumping/ork- And the digjoi ted portions ol' dissected corpses/ere not uu (reqnently sceu on the pavement, whence/hey had been discharge,! from the liyilrants. / The nuisance having at length becord utterly intole rable, the municipal author,ties, imp/ssed with tho necessity of devising some plan t/ procure pure water, gave their earnest atyntion to the subject, and, alter considering nwnerons schemes, finally resolved to construct /? tunnel two miles in length under the witters of /ike Michigan. It was round that while tho deletc/us and corrupting , Influences of the r,ver aro percept/" for a i-onsldorahte distance along tlie lake shore, eitb/ way from its mouth,' the water of the lake at a distanc/>f one mile from the Bhore is always freo from Impur/. Its purity increases uuti! at the distance of two mi/'*, the water is as pure and clear as the purest and ele r-t spring water in the world. / The tunnel project was received with de rision, both by numeiv.p iniluontial citizens and by ninny eminent sr/utHic gent lemon whose opinion. were solicited/ But with a full reAllzalii* of tbe magaiti/' of the undertaking, the possibility ot failure, and th/coadomiiKtlon which would be their- in case of such /allera, tho city authorities adopted the project, II# splendidly tho wisdom of their anion is attested by Are tiual success and triumph of the undertaking! '/ PRRi.ixncAW iNTwmeATiose. It was aduitied at/he outset that the chances of sue 'oss would A determined lioyond per M\enturft by the /tare of the soil 'under the ben of the lake. U it were ant tiling else than a tin i foundation of wf or rock, it would bo useless to attempt the under (wing. Tho presence of quicksand would utterly destro/the i,o|ie of being able to olttaln pure enter through/a medium of a lake tunnel. Boring for au urt/ian well at a point very near the apot where 1! woul/be necessary to sink the shore shaft of the proponed t/net had previously demonstrated that uboui- tv ecty fee/below the surface a clay formation oemmMces. and monce exteada downward to a depth of one hundred Tetf. Early in the spring ol 1883 experi ments were ins/tuted in order to determine whether this favorabW formation existed along the whole line of the ybntemplated work, and at the same time variousZobeervaUene were made to test the ?luallty oi thy water at the proposed outer end and inlet of tho tunnel An auger, inclosed to an iron tubing, to secure specimens of earth, was sunk to a depth of thirty feet below tbe bed of the lake, at short intervals, along ibe ?l.oie length of the tunnol line. The clay formation, ?turn which none could have been more favorable to tho construction of a tunnel, was found to be uniform and continuous, for although the examinations were as thorough as jiosslble, the engineer- conducting them wore unable to discover auy place in which the formation was broken bf seam* er disturbed by lodges of rock. Tho information obtained on those and various other points Mtistied tho Board of Public Works that a tunnel would wccompllsh the desired results, sod that the work was entirely practicable. The necessary drawings and Upaci[motions were prepared as speedily as practicable, and advertisements were published in Now Yoru nnd BtHion, U well as bero, inviting projtosal.- for the doing ot the work. THE lOMKACT. The hldt wore received vnd opened September 0, 1S?3. As manv as eight different parties competed for tile cou tr;iet. 11.ey were iu follow ?u.hh-. Andrews, Pltta bur ;, I'it,, .*239,6.(h; James .1. Hull und Jura.,-. liumin, Hurri" .ur?, I'a.. $315,189; S. C. Walker, A. I>. Wood and W ltobluou, New York, $31:.,000; Thomas Williams, John Slcfican. A. S. Hro.vunudUeorgeNe.lFon, Cbtciigo, $490,000: Harvey Nash, Chicago, $40 per liuaal fool . D. L. D* (lolycr. Chicago, $020,000: Wm. Baldwin, New York, $1,0.'.0,000, The terms in which lbs .irst bid of the foregoing lint was expressed wcro an.:li (half apparently, thu bidder did not propone to con struct lh? whole work for a dnlinite sum, snd an no ,ID. doratood it wan rqjecvd an Indefinite and uncertain. 3 ho fiid of .Mensrs. Hull k Cowan, of Hxrrtshurg, I'a., being unconditional, ar.<i for the whole work, was accepted as the lowest and best offer. The contract no* executed and signed October $0, i-URk It provided for thu completion of the Murk be fote the 1st of NoTttnbor. 14(15, th* contractors a. itniiug all risk of accident and agree,n* to furnish nil materials of orcry kin I, beside* all Machinery ,in?t tool- re-mired for the construction of the tnnnnt. (J|.?>n the on . oetiou ol' the work, the contractu! * were to r - crlte $315,139 as tola! cotnu*p?at!rm for (he work, wltian, however, was to bo exclusive of (he oo?t of extra work ansiw from any change? In the mod* or construc tion that ought bo dictated bv the Board ot l'nblic Works, TUB WORK. U was irteuded to commence the work wltbmit delay. Hut the Board of Public Works determined upon acluiug* in the ipccWcaC ,rm for th* shore shaft, which was originally designed to be wholly of brick masonrv. The change W* a substitution o, three cast iron cylinders, recti I B fuel In length, essentially liko the iron cylin ders prop, ted for the lake Inlet,"in place of brick work for tbo upper thirty feet of Hie 4hart. Tills wa. re eolvod upon in order to facilitate th* -Inking of the shaft through the bed of quicksand overlying th* clay, the distance through the quieksnnd to the clay b"lnr alout -wenty-four feet. The fbfegetbg rlmngw, together wl'b the difficulty In obtaining the required cylinders from the foundries, deferred the commencement of the work until the spring of 1 KM Th* formal breaking of ground occurred on the 17tli Of March, 1S(M, and since that time has been iu alii." t uuiulerrupied progress, broken only hv tli.- uitwva twodn midnight of Satordnv" and midnight or Punduys, Ttiere hatre been occasional ihterruptlous by the br alt ave of nwrhlncTT, strikes irmntu- the workui'n, the pr recoct* of water or quick and., and the otphssa of gaies; but these stoppages were never of more t an brief 3ut?t-i >?. T*l It must, notlmruppo edtlnt ? work of inch inag. 'tuflc, , Ami vlng such mo p. r.ion* risks and such glffJV.rlc obsUoMl. ha liecn pforeoOMd without tite sld of In r liable |bWsevsfatt0* end ? ti qi.r. It? l engineering Skill In Uetory of .us end. risk ng would loll a "?iory of palK nl stritrglre . vn't . onsiantlr rrmir rioa |*irlls, hardghip . dowm iiritm..nt* ,..nd nnn.cial enioni.-iwiicnts, that have bin one parallel tn the pro ecutlon of the grsftest public work ever at tempted. Nature's grandest elements hare had to lie next overcome. There bam l<**u obsta cle-. inch almost halllcd the p v - ?>. h nan I rce and Ingonuity to r-'inoco. Th >.??". ? Niagara was hoi a foehle achievement a* compared will. Hie lake tuunci oi Ch cago. But ike darkest day? oi it* prepare found -It c Iiirartorerebdy, With fresh ewngn nidfliopr fol snthB-lesm. to battle witlt oveti guateraitllultio*. un sn iii" oi rut. rt v\n The wbot length of tbo t .on"!, is already Hilled, I" two miles; l ho depth of the shore ah oft, at the bottom , of wl xiu the bor.eeommen re It* dirrelinn out under| tun lake, sikty-aeven feet, and the depth oftnt lake, -hati below iko ? irfftce of the Inks slxty-foor fret. | vwi oiirms 'wart, i ll" rtrst thirty feci of tho almre haft are Ineioaed In tlirisj .ron evllndcnt two and a half ln> hea tn thiukae* , Brm'y l oii-d >'n."th*r. Bach . vllnd?r Is ten (bet In h ognt, nine feet In diameter, and weighs almost thirty ?hoosi.nd pound*, so thai the entire cylinder, the three Motions bvmg boll"J together. has m Aggregate weigl* of ninety thousand nrafeds, and a teal depth of thirty Ir*k Below tMs 11,0 ,h,f, contrnetotl ton diametw d a ght fe-i, and thsrn pushed on downward W a <lopU oi f..rt>-se en feei is?l ?w tlv bottom of tbeoyllnder, or Mil j.ty wsmn feet from us top, which Is level wlib ths surface of the ground. Flimi the cvllndsr downuwrd the ehaft ha* % linleg of bti. k, turulve Inches Iu tlitdlnena, (("log Ms lower part an ih-Me diameter of stt leet. Tun truawt. Tbdnm Fr-om the bottom of the shore sl aft the tanm I proper extends in n nearly easterly direction, at right biikIsn to ti.e shorn, to a distance euetlv two miles from Ita point of Vioglnnlng. It la nearly , ltw1taT )B 10ft, balu? fiT? fket two inchee high and five tret wid". It w IIKliUpb with brick masonry eight inrhe tbw k. Including tan AM shaft, th?re_ ~ of masonry it ii . mbers, about nxcavattoa of the tunnel, in order to give it tk* required d sio' i?r of Btn feet Inild* the msanory, n ta.o mi seven r- t w ile oeuamlUting the removal ot about 10,000 t i.r- vsrea of sastb. 4 is n ?(i corngMBonoeal tn Marok, l?*t, the work wan wui/ ? tin lire IDF K. IQriliaillg VflV there uro nearly ft.ooO eu'-a yartle in the tunivl, rsffwnhg. In round ut f<wr million brink* Thd oMtial prowouted with vigor, the average rate of program being, for the first year, ten feet per day. N'ght and dav (tie miners continued to push further and attll farther, xlo-vty indeed, but auiely, oat under the depths of l-akc Michi gan, through tl.e spring, summer and winter, until the 34th dav or July, 1866 when the certainty of success waa assured and the lake terminus of the tunnel was erected at the sjiot where it stands to-day, looking like a strong hold against the northeastern tioriaon. At seven o'clock on the morning of that day the miners had reached out under the lake to a distance of 3,2u6 feet from the shore abaft. Hut why oortain of success, with law than one third the total dtatan e accomplished f me "ciub." ft was feared from the inception of the great under taking that the one insurmountable obstacle to 'suoceaa uould he the difficulty of sinking the outer shaft through the bed of the lake to the loval of the tunnel. This wa? indeed an oh-tacl? of incalculable magnitude. When il is considered that the wators of Luke Michigan, when lashed into fury by the galea peculiar to their region, rage with a violence hardly equalled by that of an ocean tempest, then wlH the reader have a correal realisation uf the prime difficulty of sinking and maintain ing in position the mammoth "crib" which it waa necessary to erect in order to shut out the lake from the shaft. Bear in mind that without a shaft extending downwards from the lake the tunnel would be as valueless as the limb of a man/rippled by parol vela Remember, too, that the shaft oould only be constructed downwards, and that tt was necessary. In order to reaoh down through the water to the bed cf the lake, to construct some sort of protection to sh,:; out "the wares from the progress of operations. In other words, tt was necessary to stnk a shaft directly from the surfaue of tiie lake. This Incis ure or protection against tbo water was termed the "crib;" and second only, in interest and Importance, to the tunnel itself is the "crib," which, while forming the lake terminus of the tunnel and being really a part of the tunnel, is yet a separate and distinct feature. ?Tho crib is forty feet high ami pentagonal in form. JJach ol' its five sides is fifty-eight feet in breadth, malting /a diameter of uinely feel. " In the centre was the "well." open at the top oud bottom, and twenty-five feet in di ameter. Between the wall of this central space, or "well," was a third wall, so that, tho structure had three walls?the outer wall, the centre wall and the Inner wall ouch constructed of timbers twelve inches square, firmly Imped together, and made perfectly water tight. The space between these walls waa divided into 111 teen separate water tight compartments. There were used in the construction ol this gigantic structure 618,625 foot of lumber, 65 tons of iron belts and 400 bates of oakum. The whole structure cost uot far from $100,000, or nearly one third the contract price of tho tunuo'. The crib was built on the North Pier, at the mouth of the Chicago river, where it was launched in the presence of an immense multitude of spectator* on the 24th of July, 1866. It was towed ou the same day to its present position. Tho work of sinking It was somewhat delayed Iti consequence of defective arrangements and acc dents to the anchors. Owing to rough weather which inter vened ,i ust us the crib reached bottom much anxiety was felt for its safety, but by means of a wrecking pump It was filled nearly full of water, and thus kept very nearly in Its true position. After the storm had subsided the crib was found to have worked thirteen feci north of tlio correct line, and to ha o imbedded Itself firmly Into the clay at the bottom of tlm lake. It waa thought best not to attempt to raise it again, but to proceed immediately with filling it with atono, as tho variation from the exact position intended could be of no practical importance. Tbo work of filling the water tight compartments was continued for sovral weeks, alter which the crib was securely moored by immense cables, reaching iu every direction to Mitchell's patent marine moot ing screws forced far into tho hard bine clay. The crib, since it was thus loaded, sunk and moored, has boon thoroughly tested by violent storms, nud iu ihe winter by moving fields of ice. It withstood the shock both of stonu and ice without in.iury, and tho least change of position since it was fairly loaded lias not been discovered. TUP LARK TKXHTN0S. It lias boen already stated that t lie crib was a tempo rary structure. Boforo the tunnel is fully completed, tbo loose stone* place a in tho water-tight compartments of the crib will be removed xnd spreud upon the top, to keep tbo huge structure from lieing displaced. They wilt then Iki laid hack in l\v<lraulio commit, forming it firm foundation rising from the bed of the bike half way to the surface of the water. Above this the mn^onry will Eton- irt of ma.s I've blocks of granite, bolted together with imtnens ? iron bars. When entirely completed, with its massive masonry and numerous Imlis and liars running from one portion to the other and firmly binding the whole together, the lake terminus, it Is not unrea sonable to suppose, will resist for ayes the fiercest ga'eu and storms of Lake Michigan, t'pon the top of the structure will bo erocied a ponnanmit lighthouse, con structed and maintained ni the expense of the city. Ttir i.axk Hiiii r. The next step in the progress of the work, and by no mean the leu: t difficult, was the sinking of the iron cylinder or shuft through tliq interior of Ihe crib. This cylinder is sixty-three toet in length sad two hundred ami three thousand pounds in weight. It is divided Into seven sections, each of which is nine feet in length, nine feel lu diameter and two aud a half inches m thick n??x. These seven iron cylinders, making the inn part of the shall, were one by one connected und lowered to the bottom of the take, within the open apace or "well" in the cefitre of the crib. The cylinder - were then, after having beau brought to exactly the right position, forced down wards into the clay, to a depth of twenty-five feet, ino powerful pressure necessary to the accomplishment of this legis t was obtained hv tho pneumatic process, the water being wholly excluded from the cylinder, and a vacuum being created by means of air pumps. The masonry wwr then commenced. In tbe meantime tho ongino for hoisting and the necessary machinery were made ready and the bricks and cement and other materials and supplies wtilob were expected to be re quired during tho winter, wore collected and stored on the crtb. THE t.tAT NTAUE Of THE WORK. A much longer period than had heott anticipated was consumed In tnese prepare Hon*, no that it wne as late as the hrat day o' January of this year wb<?n ihe shaft Lad boen constructed and ihe work was fairly begun in the tunnel proper. Then the rate of propi*" of the work was dotili'el. Miners commenced wo kir at both enda, pushing the tunnel farther and farther from opposite directions to tlie floal point of junction, which was reached to-day, when Mr. Clu-abrmigh. the faithful, never doapoiiding father and chief of the undertaking, pierced through the ia*t thirteen inches of clay which separated the workmen. Tito tendency of the clay to swell, together with the small size of the tunnel and the dltticuliy of vetting a clear atmosphere, made the alignment of It. n matter of great difficulty. Hut ho successfully was this difficulty overcome that when I lie miners reached oa' h other to day the alignment had a deviation of.onlv eighteen inches on the aides and of only one Inch on the bottom. HOW Tlta W ATK* IN TO UK HSOUVBB I.VTO ASP IHSTRIBCTM) I-ROM TIIK TV EM 1.. In order that nothing of Importance in eonne> tion with ihe rrdi or the gntee (or control ling the ontmnce of water into the tunnel, after iut completion, might Iv emitted, Mr K. K Clieshrougb. Cltv Ktiginocr?under whose per-oual directlou and unpen ision the work Las tieen constructed in January last tnade a vlitit to Xew York. Host on and Philadelphia, for the parpoeo of securing further iufortuniiou autl of ad vising with Mr. Eiastna W. Smith chief engineer of the new bridi e at Harlem and coiioiiltiug engineer of the Chicago Hoard of Public Works The result of this visit was the aiiop'inu of Mr Smith's plans fot inlet gale? In the outer stiali. Those recciTod much steady aud care ful elsfKiriiiion. since it is aeeaaaary that the jates siiall be m> constructed a" toadmfl of tieneseary rejiirs, with out ahutling ofl the supply nt water from the city. It is needles- in girt a full srieutillc description of thsM> gales. Tbev arwatoace ingenious, massive and perfect, fhrough the mitsoury three opeange or flumes extend from the water to the Iron cylinder or shaft which 'tosceuds to the tunuel and couuects witli the cylinder by means of Iron gates, which are treely and easily opened or slmt by a simple hut blylily ing'-ri iu* Ooflinraiice of rods and ulieoU workeii from the ton. Rich llume I-1 four tod high by in e feet wide, and lliey ere placod on diitoreut sides ol I ho crib. One if placed ive fern from the hoMom Of the lake; another ten feci, and the ibird ilficen feet. It is not intended to keep inure than oun of these Rte open at tiieeame time, When the wind is blowing >tn the soutli fh" northern flume will he o|iened, tho. others t'<mainiag c|i>M-d; when n gain cornea sweeping from the north, ihe southern gnte will be opened, and ao on, water being always geoeived through the flume wld-h open- on the -ido np|*> iia Ilia ,-ource of the wind tine of the flutgc- heiug open, the water descends rapidly into the shaft, flllin. the tunnel completely ?ud rushing rapidly till M|h the lores Withe land theft, wiicrr It rums In ihe top and thence is received into an Immense reser voir. IVum this reservoir it will lie dtetptbetod by pow erful force pumps to all parts of the city cawittt or Tttg Trrtti lt 1a calculated that the tunnel, under the different le ads of iwo, eight and eighteen met. will deliver nine teen million, thirty-eight million and flf1 v-seven million gallons of wnier , so that tt la only neew-iuy m grder io (ncrei. c the supply to open a higher flume In (he lake ternunti* of toe tunnel. These hgure- ,-liow that the ttinne! will ttimlsh under a Lead of eight feet. Hater enough to attpply s population of two-ihlrda of ? trillion ni people wiih fifty aovi-u gallons dull* for eaoii Inhabitant hr a whole million. with the name quantity for each inubltant, with ahead of eighteen feet. THi. curr. It ha" been stated that the rontmet provided that the work Tioffid cost. $:.K>.13P: hut, owing to tha magai tude of the work, the great Increase to tha wages of latxii and the cost of materia1 and many changes in the original soar, fleet kins, It I* pmPeMe that the Common t'n'ir.eli v ill order the contractors to recehe at le*M t vi ooo Tlie co t of new pumping work* and of p'lttliir me tunnel In cimplete working order w ill t? nt i??,* f iMi (too in eddltion; ro that the nctual aggregate ? oat 10 the hit of ihe entire Improvement will tie tint l?ee than gsno.OOo Hut whether the roat is double e- ireWe that figure the benetit accruing from the work w ill be ?uch tf to tnake ihe tunnel cheap enough a' twice the price. 1EW SEAL FOd THMTATE OF 0H<0. ttoverner t o*, of Ohio, has leaned the following nrovlanrutnn, announcing a new a wl for the State of Ohio, and giving a description of It:? Wh-r-as. tlie (Jensral Assembly of this State did. at It* hie eeaaton. direct the cutting 01 a new aeal. to be used e? he great seal of the HUte. and ain-i, a seal* been pre ieied with the darters and mottoes five,I ?ud den-, rauifil hr iw. therc.oio I do hereb? publicly decline and im*e known hat auchnew seal will, from and utter this dale, lieiieed In PC anthenUcsilOti ofl all niielal documents issued front the ite-ntlve DSpagWeW, dltwilr or thrmivh tbe nib* of the bsnelerr ?f Stelrj nnd t'i*t Hie fHbiwIn,- Hi the ' _ , 'llowlbs la the description hereof, to irtt:?A round seal Iwo and one hair Inch** la In tl'Swiints, ' The (treat Mnar, h.ring mean the "iar?ln leal "f tbe |lult<i of Ohio," wiUtli), an eacntcheun COO talari on, . r. .i - ?_*, t ? ittd. bttndlo of -cveni'ien ar arrows a aheaf nf wIkmi. both is derive*, mUie left f?jgt> ?nd. ? Fines, I9d ,?| the right Of thearro I bright: in the baekgTmiui a range ot mnmrtalu*, over Ubl dh e appears* rialn* sun, from Ihe based the nriiinUlu* h rieet is II preseuMd i"Wl'H leWajtis the tigbl fore.,und; B- tie altlald a lebel ooataluiug tUo word* " /mperfx-i (w JbiiioiiT wb?rcof I h?T' hereunto art my hand and the area! *?>*! or tips State liltherto ujjd. tblr fl(U (lay of Wp ? - ? - HOvemher, in the yfa r of oar Ixwd one llmnsand '-igbt buodr vl and allty M>, end of tha Indepoodtnac of The Pen* I ditto* of Amer'a# the uln*y.y*t^ QTtmi)r FROM ALBANY. SPECIAL CORIESPOWENCE OF THF HERALD. The Halted Male* Heuu.iar*hip-Working* of the Wire Taller* and Manipulator*. Albaky, Nor. 26, 1886. Next to the agitation produced bp the struggle for power Ut the New York Central Railroad oorpor&ion, upon which the majority of uip moat recent cotnmunlca ttona from this capital hare turned, Is that now pervad ing political circles orer the coming question of the suc oessonhip of Senator Harris. The Central influence only apparently reaches the stockholders of that manmoth corporation; but hi reality it is felt bp all the otbir rail road organisations and commercial interests ?f the country. 80, too, the Senator question seems oaly to ooncern Sonator Harris, Horace Greeley, Governor Fen ton, and somewhat Judges Da vies. Ward Hunt, Noah Davis, James a Smith, of Ontario; Charles B Sedg-, wick, ex-Lieutenant Governor Alvord, Roscoo Cockling, Lyman T remains, Calvin T. Hurl hard, George William Curtis, and John A Griswotd; but in reality it la shaking all the political cliques and combinations In the country, more than did the late election of Governor. Wbl!e small fry politicians wore lumping their tterlle brains over Hoffmun and Fenton and second rate candidates for Congressional honors, a few old heads of the Weed Harris-Greelop-Morgan stamp were looking alter the Legislature on the question of the forthcoming Senator ship. Nobody has forgotten how Fsiwin D. Morgan was repeatedly made Governor and United States 8enator, 1 nor how Harris slipped in between Evarts and Greeley. Rvaits was the "old man's" candidate at the precise time wben the "old man's" political fortunes in the State were waning. Philosopher Greeley's star was Just then in the full ascendant. "H. G. "at that time had nn indisputable majority of the republicans of the Legis lature, but, as I remember, his troops were badly officered. Charles Augustus Dana, then "H. G. 's" friend, and Camp, the sordid, led with all the means supposed to be requisite, but they did not comprehend the Etinvass cither of menus, numbers or members. All that while Judge Harris, having found lhat the forces of Woed for Evarts, and Field, Opdyko A Co. for Groeley were nearly balanced, stood intact Willi his dozen professional friends, threatening both sides 1o go over, ilret to one Bide :utd thou to the other. Well do 1 remember the scqucL Weed took Harris into the Governor's room while the canvnss was seething, and in lift eon minutes struck a bargain which transferred F.vart's friends over bodily to Harris. I am particular in these reminiscences, because thoy have an c-vuntial bearing on the pending conflict. Just us the late Abraham Lincoln was con strained to plai'o the federal officers of this State and also the State Depart incut with its patronage into tho bunds of Me- -rs. Weed and So ward as the price of thetr support after the Chicago Convention of 1860, so Judge Harris promised to place his power over federal patronage at. the di.-posal of - f. W." as the prico of his nomination for United States Senator at the beginning of Mr. Lin coln's administration. Tho Senator kept his word, although botb partu s despised each other on account 01 tho transaction. "T. W." "put money In his purse'' as the result, and so did " Urother Ham" Harris. But instead of love batre.l came, and was the offspring of tho alliance. This fact cropped out rather inaus piclously In the autograph letter of Senutor Harris scut to Mayor Opdykc on tho occasion of the imputed libel, which was afterwards tried with so much political ex citement. From that timo to the presont "T. W." lias been determined that Senator Harris shall not, while the Senator has been equally determined tliat he will, be re elected lo Iho SouaLorship. "T. W.'s" plan was to elect enough conservative and democratic members lo the Assembly to bold ibe nomination in his hands, or, Tallin.,' to control it, to stove it off for another year. The retiring Senator's point was to secure the Legisla ture at all hazard", no matter what bccamo of the resi due of tho ticket. Senator Harris accordingly turned his attention to the nominat ion of liis particular rrieuds whenever an available man 01 his peculiar persuasion could be fouud. Not only was their nomination looked after, but tliolr olertion was attended to. It is said that the Senator's "brother Ham" has been quite fortunate In the matter of contracts during the scnator.-hlp: but however that mar be, they were enabled to put considerable money into tlic late canvass on their own account, and it will be found to tell In the senatorial election in January So >m may count contidently on twice the number of Harrla men to start with that the Senator lied In the laat contest, when he was elected. The*- will also prove to be Intact In the struggle. The loss of Clark B. Cochrane, of thia city, and (tcorpe 8. I'lerce, of Ulster, will, however, prove seriously damaging to his chance. Belles the Incum bent wilt hare another ew?ouilal advantage in-tbe (hot that there was morn than an implied understanding that Gov ernor Fenton should contribute all the power of his posi tion towards the Senalor'.s re-election, a* a condition pre cedent to the Governor s rennmination. To show that the ((uestiou was under the rontrbl of the Governor's oppononte, you noed only to have cited the fad that the Governor's associate (Alvord) was at the :-aute time thrown overtiourd as incon tinently a* he has hlmMf been hi the habit of doing such thlnsra. At the time of the last radical Gubernatorial Convention the friends of Harris. Greeley and Roscoe Conkllng (the Inner a con tingent candidate for the ftenntotsbip and may be again), combined to put Fenton where lie nnahl not be s*com petitor for the Scnatomblp: the place, by Ihe by. to gain which he sought the governorship, and was at ill anxious to hold because it is known to "pay lu-tler.'' and accordingly a pledge lor Harris was extracted from him. anil the 'iciuplauou removed in the ambition of Alvord in the l.icuteuanl Governorship The young man Woodford was substituted because he has not yet thought of-Ihe '-throne ol David." und lic au-'O of liuu It may be said, as it Is, thai "it will not answer lo put such an tnexi^nenood youtti into the executive chair." Vet to show you how tlm be^t laid plans will oil "gang I agico," I mmf im Mentally mentiou thai the Oeyrnor shin Una b<?-u suggested to the IJentenaul elect in the interest of his sup-rlor the Governor, anil, Inunvieb n? 1 be has more than intimated that he does not see wbol is to hmder him from officiating after the present iic ini bout, ho has had to !>e mollified by an assurance irnrn Philosopher Git. ley that whereas on honest ndm ui tm, | tion of the governor.-lilp " would noi pat ' j high us teu llioiisaud dollars has hoeit j-s d for l'i ?in stituting of a single committee of the f-snntr. sn > I.ieu'enan' Governor elect is understood to he elled to bis fate and the pliilo--opherf? ambition, n ..- r annied the ieui|>tathiu outweighed the logic ,.r || .-<? rs speetive suggestions Precisely here eotues in the -ue ? e.-w>r of one who attempted the fanioua exploit* on "the pinnacle ot ;he temple," and on "an exceedingly high rnounlain" re?oucttvely. "The old man. aoine Ilines the ohl bov, from going np and ilown between here mid Wa hln tton VeMWiy convened fcts Brand Conn ell in rntn city, and there determined lo utTor I the Seimtorablp to bis "frlead1' Horace Greeley. Mr weed Is known not to have drawn more than from si cen to seven lean voters rrom the iepubt?an party to In* famous conservative organization, so that, as ii-ual, lie wa* prepared to elsim the honors, no matter whii b Me ralybt win. Ac-ordingly. ha claim* a voice in the bene tor unestlon with the "arm- assurance that he will praaume again to cousnlt the Governor on his appointment* and approval of certain city railroads awl peruaious bilU -o lj , vol will have perceived that llwaa the H.s oil* strntegy of fenton to piuv on Greeley again*' Harrla; now tt' becomes a more masterly stroke lor tti?- "uw Mao" to make the Grealty dodge a mors aerlotis matter for the Governor than ever he i-ontemphrted, and to play out If poaatble all his adversaries at Albany as Wed ae at Washington. 80 "T. W " sends hit dint Ago tubed ?*ur anees of support to "H. G.," and as the public wouhl not suppose, but as "T. W." well Anew, the phll o- .phertook ton Iwtit, rape-dally a* it su soa?dned with an awurnnco of "the old man s, ' 1,uu he could lc tM crate eithor Harris or Teuton, bo' d-d apprr file the hiliutv t constderatpntv- in the .Vtagnr* and It?< iuuond ncgotiat'ons ? us olfer to imlt Je/Tbrsott Datl to |>a) $400 000.uoo for emancipated negroet-, and to ademlun the obnoxious pending amend uteri to the constitution Indeed, so innocently did the philosopher f?n mto ihe "springs." that he forthwith oatne ont with tbo pfnpoai. tlon at a third term for Governor Fenton. After that "H G." ac .epted the proflbrud nupnort, and wrote hi* his letter of acceptance to (be Wewburg Jattmnl. C\ on the qnast nipport of sundry quasi demoeratlo papers ontv sort ed to whet the philosopher's appetite, and to render htm all the more willing and even greedy. But where stand the Interval* of senator and Pratldent Johnson lu the m el Set It is plain enon ah to see at a glance where it plaow* Morgan. The lint tin advlnes liim to ye*1rii, In onler lo get ont of fire-ley's way. THies 'T. W," want bint to follow your ndvioc, or see htm jostled t Not If he is Henatm Morgan * fr.end, of which there inay lie an Inferouoe If nM a present 1 on elusion. Governor Fenton, howevor, has a double calculation In Horace'* candidacy. It la dropped by bta Kxcellen

cy's friends tbat in ease the Mmaegy reaultr, by Weed's figuring. In Greelev's succe^ that places both Senators in New York. 1 hen it wUI onlv be aereoaary u> dispose of ilie next gnheipatorlal nomlnttton te eastern or mid dle New York to secure the Morgan -mwusaersbip to the extreme west, which I wing interpret?d. means nothing bnt Cbatanqn*. Doee Weed mean that for Morgan, or will the bcnaier allow It for hlin elff It certainly does not look llkaly. What, then, I* "T W " driving al * Kit purely, or rathar Imnurclv, only pra*ent private gain 1 It la wall known that he bad lately become vers sordid and irasping, and that bla avarice has occasioned the Heorotary ol mate a great dsal of solicitude as wall as disappointment. Hut q? could not expect that the "old atariV' greed would take -ock a form aa Una. It will be muoh now rhlWual 10 l>elieve thai the "old man's" plan ta lo play nut all Hie pef. formers herein intmdnced except Morgan, tbo'igh It M not to be overlooked that Morgan's oonnw was aoms times too conservative during the day* oI tbe "Irmpret elbts roagiet," aa well aa too radical in these iliyatf compromise iiy tho 1'resident. This brings us ronr*ee ttvsbr to the tsU* that the fnaettooary at the A hue House Is ta play la this grant medley of esmiylr and drama, now being acted ta the Kmnife (Mats I caa assure yon tbe ntevtso yw have hsaid|eC di* 1'rssi deat'e hsKitwttag, doubting and egatvocaUag are of Thar low Weed's inrsottoo. but to the sad thai the "words ol Iks fnphto may hs fulflllrd," tt may ha fhirly catnelaisd that the pvoutiwm w?> oenas teprw Meooa at thi inevitable "T. W." inrtfnotlvely discovered that the election waa going jUrersely to the Philadelphia move ment he commenced hadgi ug. Complained that his con- I nerval!?e party had not been allowed a aeparate and dis tinct identity aud line of political action, whereas he had | himself advised the merger; and also oomplained because General Dlx was not nominated at Albany, whereas be had never been for Olz at all, because be bad always been fir Pruyn for Lieutenant Governor, and with Dlx be could not have Pruvn. In fact, Instead of Dlx he was for Ifurphy, Church or Hoffmann or anyone who would admit of Pruyn. But his hold on Washington must not be rolaxud. So be must needs prepare the way for the President's disappointment by disowning HolTmann and all othef defeated candi dates besides; but none of the elected members of Con gress, conservative or democratic. Indeed herein may again be discovered the Machiavellian policy and adroit ness of the wily "T. W." Knowing by experience of the impressibility of several constituencies between New York and Oneida, be looked out tor the nominations on both sides in the intermediate districts, and where he knew it was for hi* interests to have radicals (so called or t ho had (hem elected, instead of conserva tives or democrats. This (Albany and tsoboharle) dis trict was the "old man's" greatest pussier. Hs pro fessed to he for Pruyn (J. Y. L.), but the course oT Hugh Hastings and one or two others showed that he was for Bamsay. Besides Stewart, In New York, he olalms Robertson, of Westchester; Ketchum, of Dutchess; Cor nell, of Ulster; Oriswold, of Rensselaer; Marvin, of Sara toga; Seelye, of Monroe, aud some one or two more, besides Kellogg, of Oneida, whom he didn't get. and with those and a few others of oemi oonS'Tvativo leanings be proposes to set up a middle man power In Congress, backed by the President's patronage. Haviqg an eye to the windward it has leaked out that the "old man" not only favored the nomination of these members of Congress, hut raisod lane sums of money and contributed to tholr election. Of the latter report there is some doubt, because he iB of that class of milk ers that secretes more than it lets down. Anyway, the story goes that the "old man" successfully instated upon doing that part of the democratic conservative campaign ing which consisted of collecting and disbursing the as sessments of tbe federal officials In this State. Now the "old man'' promises if be can havo full swing of tbe federal patronage not only to secure a conservative suc cessor of Harris, or to render Senator Harris himself suf ficiently pliable; but to control enough members of the House of Representatives to prevent Impeachment and even tbe narrowing down of tbe power of appointment by the President. To prepare his Excellency's mind for tills disinterested accession of support, an impres sionable Chief Magistral" was harrowed up with the Im pending peril of losing his ]>ower, If not tils piaco itself. What a blessed boon it is for "a President or a King" to have a Mephistopheles for a toaster! Hence, I opt no you have tbe concurrent rumors that the President is disappointed in his experiment for demooratie support, amlltiatbe hesitates in further changes of his office I holders. It is the opinion of good political Juilgos that the allianco with Weed brought 110 votes to the democ- I racy, while il disgusted aud alienated innumerable silver I greys and old fashioned democrats. But with all that your correspondent has nothing to do. My province is I to give you the facts mid their legitimate deductions, I leaving Inferences, reflections and observation* to the cbsir editorial. SHERMANANO CAMPBELL OUR HAVANA CORRESPONDENCE. The Mexican Ministers in ((avium -Hemp* tion by the Captain General?Tlie Susiiuc banna to Krmnin There a Week to Await News from Vera C'ru-4, Arc. IIava.n a. Nov. 20, 1866. The steamer Liberty, Captain Rollins, from Havana on the 20th Inst., arrived at fllnllimgre on the 20th inst., aud brings us interesting and important nows. On Sunday morning, tbe ISth inst., un American war steamer hove in sight, which nlono is always a topic of interest here. But >ou may imagine our surprlso when we learned that it was tbe United States steamer .Susque hanna. Commodore James Alden, as wo thought her to. be on her way to Vera Crux. Knowing as wo all did from your columns the purport of her voyage aud the eminent persons whom she convoyed, her nrrivul at this port created a glowing sensation which we lind not ox pcrienc .il for a long time post. The name3 of the passengers, all more or less dis tinguisbed, are:?Ideutunant General Wm. T. Sherman and Colonel Andeureid, Chief of Staff; tho Hon. Lewis It. Campbell, Knvoy Extraordinary and Minister Pleni potentiary to the republic of Moxico; Mr. E. L. Plumb, Secretary of Legation; Henry Conquest Cittrkc, Private Secretary; Lieutenant Commander Preble, Captain Bishop, Captain Alfred Taylor, Dr. Lyon, and other pen ttemen more or less connected with this embassy. Soon after tbe Susquehanna anchored up the bay, the Captain General sen) a deputy on board, with many con gratulations on their safe arm a], and to offer the honors duo to the rank of General Sherman and the United States Minister on hoard. In the course of tbe morning tbe corresponding salutes were flrcd In exchange with the Susquehanna, the Spanish ship.- of-war in port and the forta. THE FA*TT ON SHORE. In tbeaftcrnooutho party disembarked, nail a sufficient number of carriages baring been pre-engaged for the ncc.iglon, while Sen or Miguel da Krnbil bad sent his own carriage tor General Sherman and suite; Mr. Minor, our Consul General, accompanied the party through the town and round the suburbs, tip to tlieCerro. After calltn'g upon a few frtenda, where they partook of some refr. dimenia, General Sherman, Hon. Mr. Campbell, Mr. Minor. and one or more of the party, dined at the roal dense of a congenial friend. AT TUB OI'KKA. Towards evening the General nud friends had a prome nade in our new "Park" and boulevard", after which they wont to the Tarun i heat re to hear the operetta, or I'arliiMraot Pifiufn. Honor Kmbll had placed bh private box at th>< dl-posal of the party?bet this was gracefully declined, and some of the due if I boxes on the side of the lay preferred. They. were, however, partly of?en. Geuerariberman, Willi great delicacy, went lift-umrds to the b \ of Hofu>r Fluibil, In ex> use for not Living at onto accepted of his box. It was ? pretty full hone. Tin -Inging was tolerably good, not worse than on nnv of the previous night*. The moment it woe wlii-pored thai General Sherman n- in their m .net he Nannie the object of public gare aud ton the eyes of UM iM'ople were rivetetl on iho lfit occupied tiy tho General. Kobsi and Maxiaailiaui mane exiraotdnary oflbrta to ??shine" on tli ? p.trtie itar occndon, hut ve y little at tention was :lven by the audience to (hooponi. li ter leaving the theatre Uic i arty went to Senur Km hil house ami partook of a cold collation -for althi ugb " ? "" 1> be it was niosi. sumptuous and deiioou i It could scarcely ?.ailed a supper; in fac?, .support are out of date. The luiriv reiirod at a saasoniible hour."mailing themselves of Sopor K.nbH't carriage, aud tiicu repaired on board. IN (MX DK\T occurred Whicli iu?v be nothlu;, in ronneciiou with Iho ei.-ntsof the day, but necertlelot* is not lu?l?niiieani. I -aw two gentlemen lu a c.irt..ige In very I veljr cop-, or -tiion after the party had left the shorn. One wag S?6or lii.ii'U, who, though hmg reside#* In this island.,la a Mexican t>v birth end a thorough republican or lib. rat, an l the o> uer nan St aor *'?? vaTlc. the Mexican consul at this port for tlie so-called Kmplrc of Mexico 1'iu.iiu miNO rnr. qcekx'm siivr a I'AT. Yesterday being the SelmM day of I ho Quern. the ring ?ng of belt ;.nd the roar of On lion .nvnV ? ns it sunrise. The Su"| "liauiia'F MbmHIg wMMlda nere among the salutes *?'?<! from the t'orw aud H loutish men-of-war. There w.>* ? general bitM among the troops the whole rooming. At twelve W. the Copt. In General I eid proud !? vde lu the name of bis Queen; It is tyled the H a JH'i->?*. or '-kisalng of hands," on which oedMion all the public funotionailee of (burvli and State civil, ii"vol and military authorities are preseat, M like*** the SiMiBi>-li gradoees und titled fbttts. The Captain tien orul, knowing that nil this potnti aud pageantry i ould scarcely laten-ar oar Aamrfoaa nutters, delicately wot word to Consul Minor ui wty thai his Khoellency would be most happy to locolve the party at one o'clock P. M., when all thp-"hubbub would hi nearly over. at mi: ra lac a At tin appointed uour tho'Its'.uguiidied tisitors pro oiedoil io tho tmlai c. where fhey wrne reuMvod will) due honor ami special regard; and. alter many oorrmt.ila tory Fompltmenls, General Sherman and onua wore in vited tn i Uo graud parade, which *n to lake place lu the ?wirds. A The hir-to wan placed at tbd General's houlevarda disposal; but he prefoTT'd to an tn a earrtaga with hi* friends, .ad Seiior hrnbll had airaady nroQared hint.and tonic conch to the (linoral. Half or Havana was oni liolldij -miking, and the Streets were completely crowd ed. In the aftcrooon all gathered near tba plaaa before ilia, as the troops defied. The American party was the foremost. The people gathered round Ihe coach of General iQtorman and si Ism ao manv got hanging and standing on th>. wheels and sides of the ooa.-h that hie aid wa.- obi .god to tuii the i<e<)ple that "The coach i ould cot res'st so much weight and was likely to break down al-ogether, which, in hht opinion, was not the In toatton." I have never eeen a larger number of di'tln guished Cuban" ondttpaaiards In a crowd than on th.s oc casion General Sherman seemed to form a rather fh vorabie opnton et the Spanish troop". The young aid of G. neral Sherman figured among the staff of General m.uimuio, and, bad he taken an American home, would have looked better, General Man* inn ttrldad up and promptly approached the coach at General Cher man, and in a graceful manner .saluted the latter, hat In hand. General Sherman, the Hon. Mr. Campbell and two more of the partr having accepted of the Captain General's d dinner, hta ex.*!looey immediately gave orders gland J . that the opera should not commence till eight o'clock, an that the honored visitors tnuht have a little repose before they went there. Th* Tmrlata wan given, and, I am sorry to any, that however hard the pupal pat* tried to render it satisfactory. It turned out not touch bolter than its prodecoeeor. Whether our American visitors expected anything better, Is more than 1 east tell, but they left mher early. | A Tair to uruntf | General Rhermsn having been Invited to vkrtt the country, since It bus been determined to await the next news from Mexico before the patty proceeds to Moxtoo, accepted of an oflbf from Honor Aldama to vtAtt bis plantation. Colonel Aqdcnrcld and nnolher friendlaft by the dm llataiiTaa train esriy this, and hn thoir way lotaod to sea the far (Mnod cave aad otlf jr objects ?I attrsouon m the vtetany of that town. Tba party will aot bo away longer than two or throe day*. f>n their m lurn a ball w to he given on board. I'toih Mexico ihetn will bo no steamer hero till the 2 nli, the Ciudad t'ondal; but whcttiar the tjusqaebanna will ntay here as long as that will no dou',)t depend upon clr uittstanceo. Maximilian, being ropw-sentetl an a per son of .telle ocy, may povhaps bo at? p,in? as to mm one as aooo on bo h?ar? that tbo Huaoaelaejna is approochtag ana tor. xhu news by iho Maabat'.ga will probably reach origaba an the ttUi oc HMh n?' t. Were Met aUllaa to arrive gm Mfere tho a?W'< of tho ttompMhaaaa, tho drama tetiM ha wound up V, a aoat nauae BOOK NOTICES. Thi Pontic al Works of Alfrrb Tennyson, Poet Laureate. Complete edition. Ticknor A Fields, Boston. Thin oompect little volame presents In dimiuntive hot ??f ?? and distinct type *?' of Tennjoon'a poems. It aveey way Justifies Its outside title of "Diamond Edition." Flowkr-m-Luui. By Henry Wads worth Long fellow. Bvamoklinr. A Tale of Aoadie. By Heury W. Longfellow. Tin Vision of 8m Lawnfal. By James Kossell Lowell. Maud Mullkr. By John G. Whittier. Ticknor A Fields, Boston. These four elegantly illustrated volumes are the first instalment of the holiday books which, in anticipation of Christmas and New Years, are beginning to illuminate the bookstores throughout the land. The poems them selves have, of course, a perennial charm, independent of their illustrations^ but the litter cballengo special at tention at this date. Those of "Fleur-de-Luce" are by H. Fenn, C. Perkins, 8. Eytinge, Jr., Win. Waud and 8. Colman, Jr. Those of "Evangeline" are by F. 0.0. Darley. Those of "The Vision of Sir Launfal'' are by M Eytinge, Jr., and those of "Maud Muiler" by W. J. Hen nessy. All are engraved by A. V. 8. Anthony, except a few in "Maud Muiler" by Marsh and by Davis. Wood engraving has not hitherto attained In this country, even when applied to the most costly publications, n high de gree of excellence. Bat n marked improvement is already visible. The use of the hand press is almost in dispensable for wood cuts, and We may add that the sure and delicate touch of woman's hand has already proved its value in this department of artistic labor. It oilers a new and tempting field In which, we are conildeul, woman's work will successfully combine the useful and the ornamental. To alter Burns' lines: ? Tne 'prentice han' will do for man, But lot us have the women, O! Thk Culprit Fay. A Poem. By Joseph Rodman Drake. Our Artist in Pkrc. [Fifty Drawings on Wood], Leaves from the Sketch Book of a Traveller, during the Winter of 1865-6, by Geo. W. Carle ton, Author of "Our Artist in Cuba," Ac. Carleton, Now York. The first of the precoding volumes is a superb edition of "The Culprit Fay," which has boon truly describod hs "the most poetical of American pooins." It is en rii'bed with one hundred illustrations by Arthur Lumley. In the second " Our Artist " carries us to Peru as he carried us lASt year to Cuba, and amuses us with similar comicalities of pen and pencil. We should be deli' lited to make such yearly trips with him until he shall hive circumnavigated the globe and put a girdle (of fun) around ttio earth, like I'uck. Um> Lurrm Days in ArpLn uoRPK. By Gail Hamilton. Ticknor A Fields, Boston. Stouiks of Many Lands. By Grace Greenwood. Ticknor A Fields. That Good Old Timk; or, Our Frksh and Salt Tutors. By Vlenx Moustache, llurd A Hough ton. New York. Tub Kino's Rino. By Theodore Tilton. Hnrd A Houghton. General Lee and Santa Claps. By Mrs. Louise Clack. Blelock A Co., New York. Thi - is another instalment of Holiday Books, but par ticularly intended for the dolectatlon of the little people. "Red Letter Days" gives fresli proof of Gall Hamilton's talent for telling stories to children?a rare nod happy faculty. Grace Greenwood In her "Stories" tells child ren about children in many lands, England. Scotland, Ireland, Switzerland, France and Italy, and in our own land as well. Little eon he said in praise of the indif ferent pictures in there two books. But such artists as Winslow Homer and M. F. IL De Haas hove furnished the illustrations to "That Good Old Time." a lively narrative of the adventures of five Boston boys, and their two instructors and companions, fifty years ajo, in a six months residence on one of the rocky promon tories which Jut out from the eastern coast of Mas-itt chusotts. "The King's Ring" is Illustrated by Frank .lone", and its red lettered and illuminated pages are quite dazzling. Mrs. Louise Clack's Christmas Gift to her Little southern Friends," will lie welcomed by matiy whom Santa (laus did not visit for four weary years of Tnu Sot'THKHK Pictorial Primkr axd First Readk-r?Thk Southern Elkmevtarv? Spell ing Book--Tint Southern Pictorial Second Header?Third Readick? Fourth Hi.adkr. Riuhardsou A Co. New York. The?" books bars been prepared under tbn able super vision of Professor George K. HoIiiior, I.I.P., of the University of Virginia, and belong to tlic ".Southern Uni versity Series" of oducat lonal works now in ppocCM of publication. All must applaud every right eflorf to re vive the influence* of education so rurt-ly mterruptod, and for so long a time, by war. ft is an encouraging sign of the times tbat the liest and most cultivated minds in the South are directly enlisted In this enterprise. boiiTHKas tliSTOB* ok-.UK War. By K. A. Pol lard, editor of the " Richmond Examiner." Two volumes in one. Charles B. Richardson - New York. At present we must be content with merely chronic ling the fact tbat llr. Pollard's "Southern History of tbe War has been issued in a single and rather buli.y vol umo Hie peculiar opportunities of the author for observing the "wheels within wheels'' of the recent revolution, hie prodigious indn? try, even his fiery ?"*?! for "the tost cause," and his bitter partisanship and soct^nnali-m, together with his forcible style, partly original aud parly ac quired from his Intimacy with th? late John If Dunlel? oucof the host spei imous of Carlyle's "Able Editor" ever produced by ibis country?all enabled him to col lect an accumulation of farts, and |SW"lll a striking array of views, which cannot he overlooked by historical students, from whatovsr point of a isw they may regard our grat civil wsr. Thh is ne of eveni* has Indeed . ouvctted this bulky volume into am're collection of mi nmirf )m> r terDtr, as tbe author himself Int.mule*; hut, after all allowance* and drawback*, it mu-t frt:Ua no incoimid'-rahls historical value. It Is printed and hound in hand ouie style, and is illustrated by lino -i '-el engravings of the portrait* of l*e, JeT lhi\ is. He.mre gard, Sfterliug Price, Polk, A. P. HP I, J. F? Johnston. liOngstreet. Braxton Bragg, Stonewall Jgekaon,' 'n >i>er, Ewed, Morgan, Hardoe, Klrby Smith, J. K. H -I uari, Hood, Wade Hampton, Alca. H. Stephens, and of the au thor himself. Tbs Huk vt Rebkllion: TtsSrcret History. Risk, Raoaaitaa. and I>i."Ari hops FAit.t rt*. Hv .loltn Minor Bolts, of Virgiuia. The Pblltfral Life of the Author Vindicated. Harper A Brothers. New York. ? The author's portrait, with Its aironglv charv'erlr.ed feature* and expression, ts nod appropriately prettied to this "autobiography.'' Mr. Rotta places on the Mtla page thisepigraph of his own:?"f knew Nottb, no South, no East, no West, f only knew my reunify, my whole country, and nothing but my < outitry." An<i this epigraph, hewovei commendable Hn spirit, strikingly illustrates at tbs same tune the egregious egotism <?[ tbe sutber, who keeps up throughout the work an Inec rant tire of Pa He persecutes the iwor ftr*t person'I pro noun, in alt its cases, as unrelentingly as be would wai with any Southern secessionist or Northern copperhead. ! Ho mntrt have put out every "1" ia everv font in the printing office of Maesrs. Harper, extensive as thet is. Cwear's ipec and Lam art I tie's fso are both nowhere before John Minor Belt* omnipeteat "L" hev rthc leas, the work of Mr. Bott" Is ? enrtou* led Important eontribuUon to the history of American polities. Thr SawcTuart. A story of the civil war. Bv George Ward Nichols, author of "Tbe Story of the (ircat March." with illnatrations. Harper & Brothers, New York. Oar clrtt war la a mine which the novelist as well as the historian will work to advantage. But it ie yet Ho soon for any one to attempt much more ttaa to record the tmpreaatoaa and the incidents withia his nwv par. sonal sphere ef experience atsd observation Tills task, honestly performed, wtll provide historian and novelist alike with invelnabie material. 80 far at Mr. Nlcbole baa aimed at this by the orraeional deartiptioni of scenery and Of campaign lift which he bM introduced tato "Tbe Saaetoary," his effort* are is tbs right direc tion. But base damstly mites tp fact and notion, and, worse still, he eeema to take such nnwamntalgk liber ties with the reel names of private individuals, as te make It obvious tbat be is rushing prematurely Into print aa a would-be novelist of the war. lii* pre pester oea story (of Bimrl, a negro, mors impossible, if less devout, than even Mr*. Beer her stowe". "pious and lm possible" "Uncle Tom," it alone enough to damn tbe llii.LT, OR Tsri Hit)D*x Cr^M. By Lnfv Ellen Goerneey, author of "*he Hl^n of the Cross," Ac. Coring, Boston. Tht* story of school g?,n \,fr, might serve for e pendant I to the mnrwfloos ?r wt,ooi hev life ur gin andre Dumas jm, Is his "4#kt?w Olm-mcem." It IS equal)/aeooraU if lew powerful, sad the dark SksiSS Of the plow re are aoftsoml bf a more be*v?aly light than the younger Duma.* admitted Into his muuatun pandemonium. Tag Colloquies of Edward Osbohne, Gmrav and Cloth Worker, op London. By ye author of "Mary Powell." Walter Qlbaon. Publiaber and Stationer, New York. This la an elegant reprint of a charming little work fey Miss Manning, ye author of "Mary Powell," and ? daughter of one of Charles Lamb's old friends. Mew Charles Lamb himself would hare delighted in reading it I Thackeray's "Henry Esmond" does not reproduce a period of past time with more minute faithfulness, both In spirit and form, than this revival of life on London bridge and in Jsmdon town during the days of the bright boy king Edward, tbe "good and godly" lady Janet "Bloody" Mary and "our glorious sovereign lady" Elisa beth, that stately regal Sham. Practice of the District Cocrtr and thr Ma rine Court. By Stephen H. Turnbnll. Baker, Vosrhis & Co. BeoouU edition. 1866. Tbe present edition of this book of practice, (ho tisl of which is favorably known to the legal profession, contains all the amendments of 1865 and 1866. THE F ASHION8. OUR PARIS SPECIAL, FASHIORS CORRESPONDENCE > Preparing for C'omplejme?Alexander Daman on Woman's Righto? Novelties In Drooo CoiubN nnd Iteuddreaaen Honneia and IlaS Htrlnga?Full Drras and Indoor Robon, .lack. rti, Shawls and Under Uurmenta-IIInfs About Laces. Psais, Nov. 0,1866. The fashionable topics of the day are, tlrstly, the splen dor or our autumn sun; secondly, the approaching fen. tivities at Uompiigne, and thirdly, oommonta on tba prevailing sombre stylos adopted by the ladies of the drmi-humd*, who walk about In black and no orinolina Little Madame Oruchette, who la the joyous, pretty wife of a seriously plain man, was lately near mo at the Hols, and turned Quite round every time she met one ef these mourners dad in flowing crape and jet cascade*. Sho at last thus expressed hor opinion?" It is becoming, but what a pity they have not the consolation of feeling that they really are in mourning." Of course Madame Cruchette's legal partner did not respond to the feeling and sententiouslv replied?" My dear Cruchotte, there was once upon a time a model woman by the name of. Artemesia, who hod a tomb erected to the memory of her husband that cost nearly a million of our money, and she loved him so that aba swallowed a spoonful of his ashes every morning." " Of tbe monumout's or of her husband's ?" inquired Madame Cruchotte in completo consternation. a "Of her husband's, my dear," answored Mr. ??; let ns call him Cruchon. "How very nasty I" oxcUtimed the. young wife. '? Well, thoro Is no accounting for tastes," she added, and what more she said I did not hear, for the Bois wet rather crowded, only 1 determined that this scrap ef conjugal conversation should be recordod. Other scraps, ton, I have, but of a different nature. I noted them on n fan which Alexander Duma0, the nov oilst, had toyed with a few moments, and on the ivory ribs of which he had while talking written the following pencilling!*:?"A brune deceive* and a blonde bet ray* Women are born to subjection from tbe day of their birth; those who resist arc not womeu, but men." Can this bo what i- meant by the sweet language at the fan?*I advise all those who stand tip for oar '"rights" uever to allow Alexander Dumas to make tba said swoots expressive. Tortoise shell Is ? thing no novel writor ban, 1 should think, over attempted to scribble on, though the way it is now made up Into combs would admit of * few observations. The near gallery combs are very artistic; they are generally mod# uf very light tortoise shell (fntith blende), and large bia k or rich brown spikes stand out of tho broad rim. Hotb light and dark are worn very high over the crow parting of tho hair. Some have rich tortoise shell pend ant., chains or Egyptian weights hanging from tba gallery. Another novelty in comta is to have them liea led with artificial tlowere Uxed on to a plain comb, anil a hanging trail on one or tioMi side* of the chignon. 1 do not ad mire tin* Htvle, as the (lowers eeleetrd by the people who dual in the article am the invariable forget-me-nots, which 1 think ought to he forgotten, for they are never beeomA tng uulese tired with white lilies of the valley. ? The new headdresses are perfectly lovely. They an mostly in the odalisque stvle. Knamelted heads, frosted lenvos, velvet or bronzed foliage are made up In csrdone. with a pair of pi on do to be put on onn side above tbe left temple. The prettle~i frosted flowers are the narcissus; without stalks, and tbe open convolvulus. Tbene are threaded In trails and wound according to require mania j round cbl motis and lietween tnulevax. I I.ung tulle veils of th<> titiest nnrt most vaporous tex I turn are also worn on tbe left side of the chignon, cow e aline bright green leather gram in their delicate fold*, .?sometimes the very queerest looking tinsel leaves <a gorgeous tints cling in and out of the light, drapery Ilk# llohen or bindweed 'these soft drapthy folds Imiiert e peiotiiar ha/y mlsr round the ootline of the neck or shoulders. Some clogautep end supreme coquettes roll slightly these tulle mists round their threats In prefer once to allowing the vulli to hang a t'orunlllr. They know Un- advantage of the >ecA-ceac, and that the plain est face looks almost pretty when framed In a snowy fnhth' (lotted over with tinsel or relieved by the shades ol luxuriant vegetation. dignities of tulle, cockscomb aliape, are raised abovw i Lionels ot pom can velvet end pearl drops Our fa shionable modistes are all making them, and on the head ihoy are not unlike a mitigated turban. I'ltc only pretty nonjiet f have wen si ore the last 1 described Nmad" of white terry velvet, I-atnhalle sliape, with an inrrnyalilo crown, t he iront Is a diadem of pearl pendants banglilg from a Iringe of eoed pearl net work. A pretty strng is the white cround wtth deep eapwimt border on one-side and light i-epuciac (fKU'tufivntj on thn I oilier; or what i? lasbionahle, a deep gold pheasant tsiidur of two ah.idcs on white. Ktiby satin robes are very much favored for f ull dress, arid I must tiere ann-nmo. the roiuru <>f tin srticle of tbw toilet which look* most on of place and iastidloue tn print. in la I, out oi pucu iu all the localities I have even It, and which, however, ts In a errnt hurry to bn introdnr<| to your render (>ur grandmothers u*ed te call it "bnvtllug,' or a ' hustle." Tliey are l unsiOercsl e- enllal under rnm-t trains oud long sweeping blnufck rooea. They are made ol springs oi course. ( A genteel afternoon lolh't is made o< violet cashmere, trimmed wiln violet satin cro--'folds and worn wltfc violet satin .iuevoc The same in lone Is equally fssMoniihte (fenoann fi'igroc ernnttionts ore nine It wotnon velvet. (Iraw poplins are vandyked con am?r over bright colored p'uur petticoats. The prettiest novelties for In-dim wesr are high wliitn lastuuurc chemisette: worked on the two tront' with crn-a silk, coral brwnch paliein. White cloth jarkais and formidable button' 'ailed "grants,'' or mure suitably in pUin English, cheese plate, are worn In "pen carriage* and at tbe rr<tm. \ ; . i ?olero-vsete for evening wenr is made of white gios rain, bordered with ?(\an's down Than* little hppjMAhJackets will bo worn neft winter over low liodles after danclni. end thus protec t, one from draughts, which unwise cotillon omateure will conn la.p uof lenionst ranee. ftie new lasbionahle colors ere tang end fiuni", the letter is ot a curious dove shade, uot tbe slate bordering on lilac, bat the dun bordering on fawn. The richest fllk 1 have seen sin- e my lest was bn* or light brown ground, uu Which bulrushes and fere leaves were weren In Mack velvet. I am happy to aav that the Imt long deeptand shawtn are returning to flivor, only dtey are not pot on as for morty, they art folded like se? f? wad the end" hang down the ?fde*, pefdnm style. Nothing will bo tuuvw a ccptable than thi" bit of news te 'lilts Who have tamo lor what n really eieynnl. neither can anything ha more comfortable than a suawt, be It s plots tartan or a ? oetly caahmcre. Tliere >?*?? nothing so easy la select as the latter article, nothing Is renlly sa diflicull, 1 maintain that an lUlclllgoM dealer in that pecnllar branoh mtis' be nome?hln, mora than ? sliswl store kee|ier, ter the texture, dots, psitere, fringe, size end we gin entail a c ertain degree of erudi tion sad exoeptional taste. A cashmere Iboteaa be worm villi anything or ev. rything should never be tMugSt wiibotii much previous npelUstinn. Tnmynetil will give a few hlete that may aesist youv random in the se lection of cnehmeree. f eces are also too often pure.based heeaneelhev ace old, expensive or rleh, without any constdeiwttua as to the style of dresn they are to be won with, it fire ?inertly oceur* tliat odd measures of Incn l-enmsr useless because length was not nonsuited wheaatpakless Isea insuia was on the purchaser. A 'ignad lefts." than at ten beeomen a ? omudersUe outlay. A wandoring Jew may get a y?/d or mora of fine Aleo con off Ms band* at a r ran paretics lose, and Ms isdy cus tomer mav sliow her neqnteuton naMBg lier friends In all the glory of having for oar# go* tba bettnr of Phylorki but has she really acquired a wrild advantage If aothtaf elegant can be made of the said polet, bersuOr there la either no* enough for one thing or tea much for another t I will also describe aomeof tfen la< e* thai have been sold lately tot throne robee to kuropeon crowned bends. . t ~~ THE TtfBf. | niss ( sersr. I.. I. Trot tin*. MowTur, Nor. JC- ?*?tch for $600, m'le host* Md three In At*. ?? wegon. I, K Aemmls named Wk g. Trio. /Received forfeit Ik UatU uamed b. g. Bough and Head*... Paid forfeit gowro* Yscttr ftrt ? Ths Boston Tacht fttnb. conatst. tng of ninety memberw, was duly organized on W ednee dav evening. No tembei 21, |iy cbe cboioe of Uie fottew ing ofllcers.?Commodore, Outer H. Pollett; Vice Oem modnre, Thomas Manelng- ifeaearar, ttarter m flteoa ttneeimvy, Thomas Oaaq^Tvaawrw. ? r, Thomas Pesat^Tvaaiarar, Angoetu* How . [i ietlalg,aeeftciO) BenjammDmn. Artba Cbeeoey, V?illiaml. Adams The aquadron eoat'vta net oTtMren tcbeogftft ft vithleen <tom